tideman, bruno joannes

• 1 Blood group antibody Bruno

• 2 Blood group antigen Bruno

• 3 Bruno血型抗体

• 4 Bruno血型抗原

• 5 Bruno

['bru:nәu]
n. 布魯諾(m.)
• 6 joannes

[dʒәu'æni:z]
n. 葡萄牙十八, 九世紀的金幣
• 7 square

adj. ›› SHAPE 形状 1. (geometry 几何) having four straight equal sides and four angles of 90° • 正方形的；四方形的:
»a square room
2. forming an angle of 90° exactly or approximately • 成直角的；方的:
»The book had rounded, not square, corners.
这本书是圆角的,而不是方角的。
»square shoulders
»He had a firm, square jaw.
他的下巴方正而坚定。
›› MEASUREMENT 量度 3. used after a unit of measurement to say that sth measures the same amount on each of four sides • (用于表示长度的单位后,表示某物四个边等长)…见方的:
»a carpet four metres square
4. (abbr. sq) used after a number to give a measurement of area • (用于数字后表示面积)平方:
»an area of 36 square metres
* 36 平方米的面积
›› BROAD / SOLID 宽阔；结实 5. used to describe sth that is broad or that looks solid in shape • 宽阔的；结实的；厚实的:
»a man of square build
--› see also four-square ›› LEVEL / PARALLEL 相齐；平行 6. [not before noun] square (with sth) level with or parallel to sth • (和某物)相齐,平行:
»tables arranged square with the wall
›› WITH MONEY 钱 7. (informal) if two people are square, neither of them owes money to the other • 彼此无欠账的；两清的；结清账的:
»Hereˈs the £10 I owe you—now weˈre square.
这是我欠你的 10 英镑——这下我们两清了。
›› IN SPORT 体育运动 8. square (with sb) if two teams are square, they have the same number of points • 打平的；平局的:
»The teams were all square at half-time.
两队上半场打成平局。
›› FAIR / HONEST 公平；诚实 9. fair or honest, especially in business matters • (尤指在生意上)公平的,公正的,诚实的:
»a square deal
»Are you being square with me?
你对我是以诚相待吗？
›› IN AGREEMENT 一致 10. square with sth in agreement with sth • (和某事物)相一致的,相吻合的:
»That isnˈt quite square with what you said yesterday.
这跟你昨天所讲的不大吻合。
›› BORING 乏味 11. (informal, disapproving) (of a person 人) considered to be boring, for example, because they are old-fashioned or work too hard at school • 乏味的；古板的；太循规蹈矩的 【IDIOMS】 a square ˈmeal • a good, satisfying meal • 一顿丰盛的饭:
»He looks as though he hasnˈt had a square meal for weeks.
看他那样子,就好像几个星期没吃过一顿像样的饭了。
a square ˈpeg (in a round ˈhole) ( BrE, informal) • a person who does not feel happy or comfortable in a particular situation, or who is not suitable for it • 用非所长者；方枘圆凿 noun ›› SHAPE 形状 1. a shape with four straight sides of equal length and four angles of 90°; a piece of sth that has this shape • 正方形；四方形；正方形物:
»First break the chocolate into squares.
先把巧克力掰成方块。
»The floor was tiled in squares of grey and white marble.
地上铺的是灰白两色的大理石方砖。
--› see also set square, T-square ›› IN TOWN 城镇 2. an open area in a town, usually with four sides, surrounded by buildings • (通常为方形的)广场:
»The hotel is just off the main square.
旅馆就在主广场附近。
»the market / town / village square
集市/镇 / 村广场
3. Square [sing.] (abbr. Sq.) (used in addresses 用于地址)
»They live at 95 Russell Square.
他们住在拉塞尔广场 95 号。
›› MATHEMATICS 数学 4. the number obtained when you multiply a number by itself • 平方；二次幂:
»The square of 7 is 49.
* 7 的平方是 49。
›› BORING PERSON 乏味的人 5. (informal, disapproving) a person who is considered to be boring, for example because they are old-fashioned or because they work too hard at school • 乏味的人；古板的人；老古董；书呆子 back to square ˈone • a return to the situation you were in at the beginning of a project, task, etc., because you have made no real progress • (因无进展)回到起点,从头再来:
»If this suggestion isnˈt accepted, weˈll be back to square one.
如果这个建议得不到采纳,我们就得从头再来了。
verb [VN] ›› SHAPE 使成形 1. square sth (off) to make sth have straight edges and corners • 使成正方形；使成四方形:
»It was like trying to square a circle. That is, it was impossible.
这就好比要把圆的变成方的。也就是说,是不可能的。
»The boat is rounded at the front but squared off at the back.
这条船船头是圆的,船尾则是方的。
›› MATHEMATICS 数学 2. [usually passive] to multiply a number by itself • 使成平方；使成二次幂:
»Three squared is written 3'Arialˈ, ˈ细明体ˈ">2.
* 3 的平方写作 3'
Arialˈ, ˈ细明体ˈ">2。
»Four squared equals 16.
* 4 的平方等于 16。
›› SHOULDERS 肩膀 3. if you square yourself, or square your shoulders, you make your back and shoulders straight to show you are ready or determined to do sth • 挺直身子；挺起胸膛:
»Bruno squared himself to face the waiting journalists.
布鲁诺挺起胸膛面对等候的记者。
›› IN SPORT 体育运动 4. ( especially BrE) to make the number of points you have scored in a game or competition equal to those of your opponents • (使)打成平局,打平:
»His goal squared the game 1–1.
他进了一球,使比赛打成 1:1 平。
›› PAY MONEY 付钱 5. (informal) to pay money to sb in order to get their help • 贿赂；收买；买通:
»They must have squared the mayor before they got their plan underway.
一定是买通了市长,他们的计划才得以实施。
【PHR V】 ˌsquare sth∽aˈway [usually passive] ( NAmE) • to put sth in order; to finish sth completely • 归整；办妥；了结 ˌsquare ˈoff (against sb) ( NAmE) • to fight or prepare to fight sb • (和某人)打斗；摆好架势(和某人)打斗 ˌsquare ˈup (to sb / sth) 1. to face a difficult situation and deal with it in a determined way • 勇敢地面对；毅然面对 2. to face sb as if you are going to fight them • 气势汹汹地面对(某人)；摆好与(某人)打斗的架势 ˌsquare ˈup (with sb) • to pay money that you owe • (向某人)付清欠款；(与某人)结清账:
»Can I leave you to square up with the waiter?
我先走,你来和服务员结账好不好？
ˈsquare sth with sth | ˈsquare with sth • to make two ideas, facts or situations agree or combine well with each other; to agree or be consistent with another idea, fact or situation • (使)与…一致,与…相符:
»The interests of farmers need to be squared with those of consumers.
农场主的利益需要同消费者的利益相一致。
»How can you square this with your conscience ?
做这样的事你怎么能问心无愧呢？
»Your theory does not square with the facts.
你的理论与事实不符。
ˈsquare sth with sb • to ask permission or check with sb that they approve of what you want to do • 就…征得…同意(或认可):
»I think Iˈll be able to come, but Iˈll square it with my parents first.
我想我能来,不过我要先征得我父母的同意。
adv. • (only used after the verb 仅用于动词后) directly; not at an angle • 正对着地；迳直地 【SYN】 squarely:
»I looked her square in the face.
我直视着她的脸。
* * *
[skwєә]
n. 正方形, 廣場, 平方, 直角尺
adj. 正方形的, 四方的, 直角的, 正直的, 公平的, 結清的, 平方的, 徹底的
v. 使成方形, 弄平, 使直, 與...一致, 符合, 自乘, 結算
• 8 American Rule

"Legal Lexicon":
AMERICAN RULE - California follows what is commonly referred to as the American rule, which provides that each party to a lawsuit must ordinarily pay his own attorney fees. (Gray v. Don Miller & Associates, Inc. (1984) 35 Cal.3d 498, 504; United Services Auto. Assn. v. Dalrymple (1991) 232 Cal.App.3d 182, 87.) The Legislature codified the American rule in 1872 when it enacted Code of Civil Procedure section 1021, which states in pertinent part that "Except as attorney's fees are specifically provided for by statute, the measure and mode of compensation of attorneys and counselors at law is left to the agreement, express or implied, of the parties;..." (See, e.g., Bruno v. Bell (1979) 91 Cal.App.3d 776, 781 【American rule codified by Code Civ. Proc., section 1021】.) The Legislature has since enacted several statutory exceptions to the American rule, and we have relied on our "inherent equitable authority" to develop three additional exceptions-the common fund, substantial benefit, and private attorney general theories of recovery. (See Gray v. Don Miller & Associates, Inc., supra, 35 Cal.3d 498, 505; Consumers Lobby Against Monopolies v. Public Utilities Com. (1979) 25 Cal.3d 891, 906 (Consumers Lobby); Serrano v. Priest (1977) 20 Cal.3d 25; see generally Cal. Attorney Fee Awards (Cont. Ed. Bar 2d ed. 1994) ch. 7.)
• 9 Public Figure

"Legal Lexicon":
PUBLIC FIGURE - A term usually used in the context of libel and defamation actions where the standards of proof are higher if the party claiming defamation is a public figure and therefore has to prove defamatory statements were made with actual malice. Harte-Hanks Communications v. Connaughton (1989) 491 U.S. 657, 666-668.
The "public figure" issue is not cut and dried. To begin with, a fairly high threshold of public activity is necessary to elevate a person to public figure status, Brown v. Kelly Broadcasting Co. (1989) 48 Cal.3d 711, 745, and, as to those who are not pervasively involved in public affairs, they must have "thrust themselves to the forefront of particular public controversies in order to influence the resolution of the issues involved" to be considered a "limited purpose" public figure. Gertz v. Robert Welch, Inc. (1974) 418 U.S. 323, 345.
A "particularized determination" is required to decide whether a person is a limited purpose public figure, Bruno & Stillman, Inc. v. Globe Newspaper Co. (1st Cir. 1980) 633 F.2d 583, 589, a standard ensuring that reasonable minds may differ on this subject.
Advertisements themselves are not usually sufficient to transform someone into a public figure. Vegod Corp. v. American Broadcasting Companies, Inc. (1979) 25 Cal.3d 763, 770 【a person in the business world advertising his wares does not necessarily become part of an existing public controversy】; Rancho La Costa, Inc. v. Superior Court (1980) 106 Cal.App.3d 646, 661 【advertising is not thrusting oneself into the vortex of a controversy】.
• 10 Sanctions, Rule 11 (3)

"Legal Lexicon":
A district court may impose monetary sanctions, in the form of attorneys' fees, upon plaintiffs who file Title VII claims that are "frivolous, unreasonable, or without foundation." See EEOC v. Bruno's Restaurant, 13 F.3d 285, 287 (9th Cir. 1993) (quoting Christiansburg Garment Co. v. EEOC, 434 U.S. 412, 421-22 (1978)). However, "【b】ecause Congress intended to `promote the vigorous enforcement of the provisions of Title VII,' a district court must exercise caution in awarding fees to a prevailing defendant in order to avoid discouraging legitimate suits that may not be `airtight.' " Id. (quoting Christiansburg, 434 U.S. at 422); see also EEOC v. Consolidated Serv. Sys., 30 F.3d 58, 59 (7th Cir. 1994) (suggesting that the "frivolous" standard is much more stringent than merely "not substantially justified"). Courts must heed "the Supreme Court's warning in Christiansburg against the `temptation to engage in post hoc reasoning by concluding that, because a plaintiff did not ultimately prevail, his action must have been unreasonable or without foundation.' " Bruno's Restaurant, 13 F.3d at 290 (quoting Christiansburg, 434 U.S. at 421-22); see also Forsberg v. Pacific Northwest Bell Tel. Co., 840 F.2d 1409, 1422 (9th Cir. 1988) (applying the same "frivolous, unreasonable, or without foundation" standard to request for sanctions under Rule 11 and 42 U.S.C. S 2000e-5(k)).
Kizer v. Children's Learning Ctr., 962 F.2d 608, 613 (7th Cir. 1992) affirms a district court's decision not to impose Rule 11 sanctions on a plaintiff who had failed to make out a prima facie case under Title VII because the claim was not filed with improper motives or inadequate investigation.
Rule 11 sanctions are only available with regard to papers filed with the court, not attorney misconduct. Fed. R. Civ. P. 11; see also United Energy Owners Comm., Inc. v. United States Energy Management Systems, Inc., 837 F.2d 356, 364-65 (9th Cir. 1988). (Under pre-'93 rule)

Look at other dictionaries:

• Tideman, Bruno Joannes — SUBJECT AREA: Ports and shipping [br] b. 7 August 1834 Amsterdam, The Netherlands d. 11 February 1883 Amsterdam, The Netherlands [br] Dutch naval architect and constructor, early hydrodyna midst. [br] The first thirty years of Tideman s life… …   Biographical history of technology

• TIDEMAN — NETHERLANDS (see also List of Individuals) 7.8.1834 Amsterdam/NL 11.2.1883 Amsterdam After training as a naval constructor at the Military Academy in Breda, Bruno Joannes Tideman entered the full time service of his country in 1857. During the… …   Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000

• List of Individuals — see also about The following is a list of all individuals considered, with name, first name(s), years of birth and death, * portrait available and location of main professional activity. Names of persons contained in volume 1 are in italic and… …   Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000

• Ports and shipping — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Archimedes of Syracuse Armstrong, Sir William George Atwood, George Ayre, Sir Amos Lowrey Barlow, Peter Barnaby, Kenneth C. Barnett, James Rennie Bell, Henry …   Biographical history of technology

• ROTA — ITALY (see also List of Individuals) 18.11.1860 Napoli/I 24.12.1953 Roma/I Giuseppe Rota graduated as a naval engineer from the Scuola Superiore Navale of Genova in 1882 and from there entered the Italian marine forces, where he essentially spent …   Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000

• DENNY W — UNITED KINGDOM (see also List of Individuals) 25.5.1847 Dumbarton/UK 17.3.1887 Buenos Aires/AR William Denny was educated at Royal High School in Edinburgh and then commenced at his father s shipyard an apprenticeship. He not only showed great… …   Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000