Translation: from latin

things made

  • 1 scorteus

        scorteus adj.    [scortum], of hides, leathern.— As subst n.: Scortea inferre sacello, things made of leather, O.
    * * *
    scortea, scorteum ADJ
    of hide/hides, leather

    Latin-English dictionary > scorteus

  • 2 creatum

    things made (pl.)

    Latin-English dictionary > creatum

  • 3 Arbor

    1.
    arbor ( arbŏs, Lucr. 1, 774; 6, 786 Lachm.; Ov. M. 2, 212; id. F. 1, 153 (but Merk. arbor, in both places); Verg. E. 3, 56; id. G. 2, 57; 2, 81; id. A. 3, 27; 6, 206 Rib. al.: acc. arbosem, Paul. ex Fest. p. 15 Müll.), ŏris, f. (m., INTER DVOS ARBORES, Inscr. Lyon, I. 27) [v. arduus].
    I.
    A tree.
    A.
    In gen.: arbores serere, to plant, Caecil. Stat. ap. Cic. Tusc. 1, 14, 31; Cic. Sen. 17, 59:

    poni,

    Verg. G. 2, 278:

    arbos se sustulit,

    id. ib. 2, 57:

    arbores putare,

    Cato, R. R. 32, 1: arbores frondescere, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 1, 28, 69:

    arboribus frondes redeunt,

    Ov. F. 3, 237:

    arbos silvestris,

    Verg. E. 3, 70:

    ramosa,

    Lucr. 5 [1096]:

    umbrosa,

    Verg. G. 2, 66; so Ov. P. 4, 5, 41:

    ingens,

    Verg. G. 2, 81:

    alta,

    Ov. M. 15, 404:

    summa,

    Verg. G. 4, 557; so Ov. M. 12, 15:

    patula,

    id. ib. 1, 106:

    fertilis,

    Verg. G. 4, 142:

    in quibus (arboribus) non truncus, non rami, non folia sunt,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 46, 178:

    sub ramis arboris altae,

    Lucr. 2, 30, and Verg. A. 7, 108:

    arborum rami,

    Vulg. Sap. 17, 17:

    arbor nuda sine frondibus,

    Ov. M. 13, 690; Vulg. Marc. 11, 8:

    arborum cortices,

    Vulg. Job, 30, 4:

    arbores ab radicibus subruere,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 27; Plin. 16, 31, 56, § 130; Vulg. Matt. 3, 10:

    quarum (arborum) baca,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 14, 31:

    jacent sua quāque sub arbore poma,

    Verg. E. 7, 54; Vulg. Lev. 26, 20:

    fructus arborum,

    Quint. 8, 5, 26; Vulg. Sap. 10, 7.—
    B.
    Spec. with gen. of species: alni, the alder-tree, Varr. R. R. 1, 7, 7:

    fici,

    the fig-tree, Cic. Fl. 17, 41; Vulg. Matt. 21, 19:

    arbores ficorum,

    Col. 11, 2, 59: arbor ficus (nom.), Vulg. Jud. 9, 10:

    abietis arbores,

    fir trees, Liv. 24, 3:

    arbor palmae,

    the palm-tree, Suet. Aug. 94:

    cupressūs,

    the cypress, id. Vesp. 5:

    arbor sycomorus,

    a sycamore, Vulg. Luc. 19, 4; so,

    arbor morus,

    ib. ib. 17, 6:

    arbores olivarum,

    olive trees, ib. Exod. 27, 20.— Poet.:

    Jovis,

    the oak-tree, Ov. M. 1, 106:

    Phoebi,

    the laurel-tree, id. F. 3, 139 (cf. id. ib. 6, 91:

    Apollinea laurus): Palladis,

    the olive-tree, id. A. A. 2, 518:

    arbor Herculea,

    the poplar, Verg. G. 2, 66 (cf.:

    Arborum genera numinibus suis dicata perpetuo servantur, ut Jovi aesculus, Apollini laurus, Minervae olea, Veneri myrtus, Herculi populus,

    Plin. 12, 1, 2, § 3; Phaedr. 3, 17) al.—
    II.
    Meton.
    A.
    Things made of wood (cf.: Mille sunt usus earum (arborum), sine quīs vita degi non possit. Arbore sulcamus, maria terrasque admovemus; arbore exaedificamus tecta;

    arborea et simulacra numinum fuere etc.,

    Plin. 12, 1, 2, § 5).
    1.
    A mast.
    (α).
    With mali:

    adversique infigitur arbore mali,

    Verg. A. 5, 504.—
    (β).
    Without mali, Luc. 9, 332; Sil. 3, 129; Paul. Sent. 1. 2, t. 3.—
    2.
    The lever or bar of a press, press-beam, Cato, R. R. 18, 4; 18, 12; Plin. 18, 31, 74, § 317.—
    3.
    An oar:

    centenāque arbore fluctum Verberat adsurgens,

    Verg. A. 10, 207.—
    4.
    A ship:

    Phrixeam petiit Pelias arbor ovem,

    the ship Argo, Ov. H. 12, 8.—
    5.
    The shaft of a javelin, a javelin, Stat. Th. 12, 769.—
    6.
    Euphemist.: arbor infelix, a gallows, gibbet:

    caput obnubito, arbori infelici suspendito,

    Cic. Rab. 4 fin.; Liv. 1, 26, 7; cf. Plin. 16, 26, 45, § 108 (Niebuhr, Röm. Gesch. I. § 365, compares the words of the Fries. law: am argen vordern Baum henken; cf. in Engl. to hang on the accursed tree).—
    B.
    The fabulous polypus, which was fancied to have arms like the branches of a tree:

    In Gaditano Oceano arbor in tantum vastis dispansa armis, ut fretum numquam intrāsse credatur,

    Plin. 9, 4, 3, § 8.
    2.
    Arbor infelix, a town and castle in Rhœtia, now Arbon, Tab. Peut.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Arbor

  • 4 argentum

    argentum, i, n. [argêeis, argês, Dor. argas, white, like Tarentum, from Taras, Doed. Syn. III. p. 193; prop. white metal; cf. Sanscr. arǵunas = bright; raǵatam = silver; hence], silver, whose mineralogical description is found in Plin. 33, 6, 31, § 95.
    I.
    A.. Lit.:

    argenti metalla,

    Plin. 33, 6, 33, § 101:

    argenti aerisque metalla,

    Vulg. Exod. 35, 24:

    argenti vena,

    Plin. 33, 6, 31, § 95: argenti fodina, v. argenti-fodina;

    argenti scoria,

    id. 3, 6, 5, § 105:

    spuma argenti,

    id. 33, 6, 35, § 106:

    argenti duae differentiae (sunt),

    id. 33, 10, 44, § 127:

    argentum candidum, rufum, nigrum,

    id. ib.:

    argentum infectum,

    unwrought silver, Liv. 26, 47; Dig. 34, 2, 19:

    argenti montes,

    Plaut. Mil. 4, 2, 73: argentum purum, Foedus ap. Gell. 6, 5:

    argento circumcludere cornua,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 28:

    Concisum argentum in titulos faciesque minutas,

    Juv. 14, 291:

    quod usquam est Auri atque argenti,

    id. 8, 123:

    argentum et aurum,

    Tac. G. 5; id. A. 2, 60, id. H. 4, 53; Vulg. Gen. 24, 35:

    aurum argentumque,

    Tac. H. 2. 82:

    aurum et argentum,

    Vulg. Gen. 13, 2.—
    B.
    Meton.
    1.
    Wrought silver, things made of silver; silver-plate, silver-work:

    tu argentum eluito,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 2, 29:

    nec domus argento fulget auroque renidet,

    Lucr. 2, 27; so,

    ridet argento domus,

    Hor. C. 4, 11, 6:

    argenti quod erat solis fulgebat in armis,

    Juv. 11, 109:

    argentumque expositum in aedibus,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 15:

    navis plena argenti facti atque signati,

    full of wrought and stamped silver, id. ib. 2, 5, 25; so Liv. 34, 25 and 26:

    argentum caelatum,

    Cic. Verr. 4, 23, 52; id. Tusc. 5, 21, 61:

    apponitur cena in argento puro et antiquo,

    Plin. Ep. 3, 1, 9:

    argentum et marmor vetus aeraque et artīs Suspice,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 6, 17; so id. ib. 1, 16, 76; 2, 2, 181; id. S. 1, 4, 28:

    argenti vascula puri,

    Juv. 9, 141; 10, 19:

    vasa omnia ex argento,

    Vulg. Num. 7, 85; ib. Act. 17, 29:

    leve argentum,

    Juv. 14, 62:

    argentum paternum,

    id. 6, 355:

    argentum vetus,

    id. 1, 76:

    argentum mittere,

    id. 12, 43:

    Empturus pueros, argentum, murrina, villas,

    id. 7, 133 et saep.—
    2.
    Silver as weighed out for money, or money coined from silver, silver, silver money; and, as the most current coin, for money in gen.:

    appendit pecuniam, quadringentos siclos argenti,

    Vulg. Gen. 23, 16: Ratio quidem hercle adparet; argentum oichetai, Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 15 sq. (quoted by Cic., Pis. 25 fin.):

    expetere,

    id. Cist. 4, 2, 73:

    adnumerare,

    Ter. Ad. 3, 3, 15; so id. Heaut. 4, 4, 15; id. Ad. 3, 3, 56; 4, 4, 20; 5, 9, 20 al.:

    argenti sitis famesque,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 23; id. S. 1, 1, 86:

    quis audet Argento praeferre caput,

    Juv. 12, 49:

    tenue argentum venaeque secundae,

    id. 9, 31:

    hic modium argenti,

    id. 3, 220:

    venter Argenti gravis capax,

    id. 11, 41:

    Argentum et aurum non est mihi,

    Vulg. Act. 3, 6; 20, 35 et saep.—
    II.
    Argentum vivum, quicksilver, Plin. 33, 6, 32, § 100; Vitr. 7, 8, 1 sqq.; so,

    argentum liquidum,

    Isid. Orig. 16, 19, 2.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > argentum

  • 5 aurum

    aurum (Sab. ausum, Paul. ex Fest. p. 9 Müll.; vulg. Lat., ōrum, ib. p. 183; cf. Ital. and Span. oro and Fr. or), i, n. [v. aes].
    I.
    Gold; as a mineral, v. Plin. 33, 4, 21, § 66 sqq.:

    auri venas invenire,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 60, 151:

    venas auri sequi,

    Lucr. 6, 808; Tac. G. 5:

    aurum igni perspicere,

    Cic. Fam. 9, 16:

    eruere terrā,

    Ov. Am. 3, 8, 53:

    auri fodina,

    Plin. 33, 4, 21, § 78; Vulg. Gen. 2, 11; ib. 2 Par. 2, 7; ib. Matt. 2, 11; Naev. ap. Serv. ad Verg. A. 2, 797:

    ex auro vestis,

    id. 2, 22 (ap. Isid. Orig. 19, 22, 20) et saep.—

    Provv.: montes auri polliceri,

    to promise mountains of gold, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 18:

    carius auro,

    more precious than gold, Cat. 107, 3 (cf.: kreissona chrusou, Aesch. Choëph. 372; chrusou chrusotera, Sapph. Fr. 122. Ellis).—
    II.
    Meton.
    A.
    Things made of gold, an ornament of gold, a golden vessel, utensil, etc.:

    Nec domus argento fulget nec auro renidet,

    gold plate, Lucr. 2, 27. So,
    1.
    A golden goblet:

    et pleno se proluit auro,

    Verg. A. 1, 739:

    Regales epulae mensis et Bacchus in auro Ponitur,

    Ov. M. 6, 488:

    tibi non committitur aurum,

    Juv. 5, 39; 10, 27; Stat. Th. 5, 188;

    and in the hendiadys: pateris libamus et auro = pateris aureis,

    Verg. G. 2, 192.—
    2.
    A golden chain, buckle, clasp, necklace, jewelry:

    Oneratas veste atque auro,

    Ter. Heaut. 3, 1, 43:

    Donec eum conjunx fatale poposcerit aurum,

    Ov. M. 9, 411; 14, 394.—
    3.
    A gold ring:

    Ventilet aestivum digitis sudantibus aurum,

    Juv. 1, 28.—
    4.
    A golden bit:

    fulvum mandunt sub dentibus aurum,

    Verg. A. 7, 279; 5, 817.—
    5.
    The golden fleece:

    auro Heros Aesonius potitur,

    Ov. M. 7, 155.—
    6.
    A golden hairband, krôbulos:

    crines nodantur in aurum,

    Verg. A. 4, 138 Serv.—
    7.
    Esp. freq., gold as coined money:

    si quis illam invenerit Aulam onustam auri,

    Plaut. Aul. 4, 2, 4:

    De Caelio vide, quaeso, ne quae lacuna sit in auro,

    Cic. Att. 12, 6, 1:

    Aurum omnes victā jam pietate colunt,

    Prop. 4, 12, 48 sq.:

    quid non mortalia pectora cogis Auri sacra fames?

    Verg. A. 3, 56; cf. Plin. 37, 1, 3, § 6; so Hor. C. 2, 16, 8; 2, 18, 36; 3, 16, 9; id. S. 2, 2, 25; 2, 3, 109; 2, 3, 142; id. Ep. 2, 2, 179; Vulg. Matt. 10, 9; ib. Act. 3, 6 et saep.—
    B.
    The color or lustre of gold, the gleam or brightness of gold, Ov. M. 9, 689:

    anguis cristis praesignis et auro (hendiadys, for cristis aureis),

    id. ib. 3, 32:

    saevo cum nox accenditur auro,

    Val. Fl. 5, 369 (i. e. mala portendente splendore, Wagn.); so,

    fulgor auri, of the face,

    Cat. 64, 100, ubi v. Ellis.—
    C.
    The Golden Age:

    redeant in aurum Tempora priscum,

    Hor. C. 4, 2, 39:

    subiit argentea proles, Auro deterior,

    Ov. M. 1, 115; 15, 260.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > aurum

  • 6 buxus

    buxus, i, f., = puxos (cf. Prisc. p. 549, and the letter B).
    I.
    Lit., the pale, evergreen box-tree, Enn. ap. Phylarg. l. l.:

    buxus densa foliis,

    Ov. A. A. 3, 691:

    crispata,

    Claud. Rapt. Pros. 2, 110:

    horrida,

    id. ib. 2, 268:

    perpetuo virens,

    Ov. M. 10, 97; Plin. 16, 43, 84, § 230; for its natural history, v. Plin. 16, 16, 28, § 70 sq.—
    II.
    For things made of boxwood (cf. Plin. 16, 36, 66, § 172), a pipe or flute: tympana vos buxasque vocant Berecyntia. Verg. A. 9, 619 Forbig. ad loc.; Ov. M. 4, 30; Stat. Th. 2, 77; 9, 480; Claud. in Eutr. 2, 286; id. Rapt. Pros. 1, 209; 3, 130.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > buxus

  • 7 carbasus

    carbăsus, i, f. (m., Val. Max. 1, 1, 7; acc. sing. n. carbasum leve, Pacat. Paneg. in Theod. 33); plur. heterocl. carbăsa, ōrum, n. ( acc. m. carbasos supremos, Amm. 14, 8, 14), = karpasos [Heb. ; Sanscr. karpāsa, cotton], very fine Spanish flax (unwrought or woven), fine linen, cambric, Plin. 19, 1, 2, § 10; Cat. 64, 227; plur. carbasa, Col. 10, 17 (Bip. galbana).—
    II.
    Transf., of things made of carbasus,
    A.
    A fine linen garment, Verg. A. 8, 34 Serv.; cf. Non. p. 541, 13 sq.; Curt. 8, 9, 21; Val. Max. 1, 1, 7; cf. Prop. 4 (5), 11, 54.—In plur.:

    carbasa,

    Ov. M. 11, 48; Luc. 3, 239; Val. Fl. 6, 225, and adj.:

    carbasa lina,

    Prop. 4 (5), 3, 64.—
    B.
    A curtain, Lucr. 6, 109.—
    C.
    A sail, as the Engl. canvas, Enn. Ann. 560 Vahl.; Verg. A. 3, 357; 4, 417.—In plur., Ov. M. 6, 233; 11, 477; 13, 419; 14, 533; id. H. 7, 171; id. F. 3, 587; Luc. 3, 596 al.—
    D.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > carbasus

  • 8 cereo

    1.
    crĕo (old form cerĕo, in Varr. L. L. 6, § 81 Müll.), āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [kindred with Sanscr. kar, kri, to make], to bring forth, produce, make, create, beget (very freq. in every period and species of composition).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen.:

    rerum primordia pandam, Unde omnes natura creet res auctet alatque,

    Lucr. 1, 51:

    animalia,

    id. 2, 1152:

    genus humanum,

    id. 5, 820:

    mortalia saecla,

    id. 5, 789:

    fruges,

    id. 2, 170:

    ignem,

    id. 1, 799; cf.:

    ignes e lignis,

    id. 1, 910 et saep.:

    (Silvius) Aenean Silvium creat,

    Liv. 1, 3, 7; cf.:

    fortes creantur fortibus et bonis,

    Hor. C. 4, 4, 29.—Also of woman:

    pueris beata creandis Uxor,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 44; Pall. Febr. 26, 2.—Hence, in poets freq. in part. perf.: crĕātus, a, with abl. ( masc. or fem.), sprung from, begotten by, born of; or subst., an offspring, a child, Ov. M. 5, 145; 11, 295; 11, 303 al.— Subst.: crĕāta, ōrum, n., things made:

    servare,

    Lucr. 2, 572.—
    B.
    In partic., publicist. t. t. (cf. facio), to make or create for any jurisdiction or office, i. e. to choose, elect (freq.):

    qui comitiatu creare consules rite possint,

    Cic. Leg. 3, 3, 9; so,

    consules,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 1; Liv. 4, 7, 2; 4, 7, 7; 4, 7, 10:

    duo ex unā familiā magistratus,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 33:

    Patres,

    Liv. 1, 8, 7:

    dictatorem,

    id. 2, 18 (five times):

    magistrum equitum,

    id. 2, 18, 5; 4, 57, 6:

    interregem,

    id. 4, 7, 7; 5, 31, 8:

    tribunum,

    id. 2, 33, 3:

    tribuniciam potestatem,

    id. 5, 2, 8:

    censores,

    Suet. Aug. 37:

    Imperatorem (with eligere),

    id. Vesp. 6:

    ducem gerendo bello,

    Liv. 1, 23, 8. curatorem reipublicae, Dig. 50, 8, 3.—
    2.
    Of the officer who appoints or superintends an election:

    quos (consules) cum Ti. Gracchus consul iterum crearet,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 4, 10.—
    3.
    In eccl. Lat. of the exercise of divine power in creation, to create, call into being, endow with existence, etc.:

    caelum et terram,

    Vulg. Gen. 1, 1:

    hominem,

    id. ib. 5, 1:

    omnia,

    id. Eph. 3, 9.—
    b.
    Meton.:

    cor mundum in me,

    Vulg. Psa. 50, 11 al. —
    II.
    Trop., to produce, prepare, cause, occasion:

    voluptatem meis inimicis,

    Plaut. Cas. 2, 7, 3:

    commoditatem mihi,

    id. Poen. 4, 2, 94:

    lites,

    id. ib. 3, 2, 9:

    omnis has aerumnas,

    id. Mil. 1, 1, 33:

    capitalem fraudem tuis cruribus capitique,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 23:

    moram dictis,

    id. Ps. 1, 3, 174:

    errorem (similitudo),

    Cic. Div. 2, 26, 55:

    luxuriam,

    id. Rosc. Am. 27, 75:

    seditionem,

    Vell. 2, 20:

    taedium ac satietatem ex similitudine,

    Quint. 9, 4, 143:

    vomitum dissolutionemque stomachi,

    Plin. 9, 48, 72, § 155 et saep.
    2.
    Crĕo, or, anal. to the Gr., Crĕon, ontis, m., = Kreôn.
    I.
    A king of Corinth, who betrothed his daughter Creusa to Jason, Hyg. Fab. 25; Sen. Med. 526; Hor. Epod. 5, 64.—
    II.
    A brother of Jocaste, at Thebes, Hyg. Fab. 72; Stat. Th. 12, 477; 12, 678.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > cereo

  • 9 Chalybs

    1.
    chălybs, ybis, m., = chalups, steel (cf. Plin. 34, 14, 41, § 142 sq.):

    vulnificus (because weapons were made of it),

    Verg. A. 8, 446;

    on account of its hardness: ferro durior et chalybe,

    Prop. 1, 16, 30; cf. Sen. Herc. Oet. 152; Sil. 1, 171; 2, 403.—
    II.
    Meton., the things made of it.
    A.
    A sword:

    strictus,

    Sen. Thyest. 364.—
    B.
    A horse ' s bit, Luc. 6, 398.—
    C.
    The point of an arrow, Luc. 7, 518; Val. Fl. 6, 342; Sil. 2, 107 al.—
    D.
    An iron rail, Luc. 6, 547.
    2.
    Chălybs, ybis, m., a river in Lusitania, Just. 44, 3, 9.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Chalybs

  • 10 creata

    1.
    crĕo (old form cerĕo, in Varr. L. L. 6, § 81 Müll.), āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [kindred with Sanscr. kar, kri, to make], to bring forth, produce, make, create, beget (very freq. in every period and species of composition).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen.:

    rerum primordia pandam, Unde omnes natura creet res auctet alatque,

    Lucr. 1, 51:

    animalia,

    id. 2, 1152:

    genus humanum,

    id. 5, 820:

    mortalia saecla,

    id. 5, 789:

    fruges,

    id. 2, 170:

    ignem,

    id. 1, 799; cf.:

    ignes e lignis,

    id. 1, 910 et saep.:

    (Silvius) Aenean Silvium creat,

    Liv. 1, 3, 7; cf.:

    fortes creantur fortibus et bonis,

    Hor. C. 4, 4, 29.—Also of woman:

    pueris beata creandis Uxor,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 44; Pall. Febr. 26, 2.—Hence, in poets freq. in part. perf.: crĕātus, a, with abl. ( masc. or fem.), sprung from, begotten by, born of; or subst., an offspring, a child, Ov. M. 5, 145; 11, 295; 11, 303 al.— Subst.: crĕāta, ōrum, n., things made:

    servare,

    Lucr. 2, 572.—
    B.
    In partic., publicist. t. t. (cf. facio), to make or create for any jurisdiction or office, i. e. to choose, elect (freq.):

    qui comitiatu creare consules rite possint,

    Cic. Leg. 3, 3, 9; so,

    consules,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 1; Liv. 4, 7, 2; 4, 7, 7; 4, 7, 10:

    duo ex unā familiā magistratus,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 33:

    Patres,

    Liv. 1, 8, 7:

    dictatorem,

    id. 2, 18 (five times):

    magistrum equitum,

    id. 2, 18, 5; 4, 57, 6:

    interregem,

    id. 4, 7, 7; 5, 31, 8:

    tribunum,

    id. 2, 33, 3:

    tribuniciam potestatem,

    id. 5, 2, 8:

    censores,

    Suet. Aug. 37:

    Imperatorem (with eligere),

    id. Vesp. 6:

    ducem gerendo bello,

    Liv. 1, 23, 8. curatorem reipublicae, Dig. 50, 8, 3.—
    2.
    Of the officer who appoints or superintends an election:

    quos (consules) cum Ti. Gracchus consul iterum crearet,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 4, 10.—
    3.
    In eccl. Lat. of the exercise of divine power in creation, to create, call into being, endow with existence, etc.:

    caelum et terram,

    Vulg. Gen. 1, 1:

    hominem,

    id. ib. 5, 1:

    omnia,

    id. Eph. 3, 9.—
    b.
    Meton.:

    cor mundum in me,

    Vulg. Psa. 50, 11 al. —
    II.
    Trop., to produce, prepare, cause, occasion:

    voluptatem meis inimicis,

    Plaut. Cas. 2, 7, 3:

    commoditatem mihi,

    id. Poen. 4, 2, 94:

    lites,

    id. ib. 3, 2, 9:

    omnis has aerumnas,

    id. Mil. 1, 1, 33:

    capitalem fraudem tuis cruribus capitique,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 23:

    moram dictis,

    id. Ps. 1, 3, 174:

    errorem (similitudo),

    Cic. Div. 2, 26, 55:

    luxuriam,

    id. Rosc. Am. 27, 75:

    seditionem,

    Vell. 2, 20:

    taedium ac satietatem ex similitudine,

    Quint. 9, 4, 143:

    vomitum dissolutionemque stomachi,

    Plin. 9, 48, 72, § 155 et saep.
    2.
    Crĕo, or, anal. to the Gr., Crĕon, ontis, m., = Kreôn.
    I.
    A king of Corinth, who betrothed his daughter Creusa to Jason, Hyg. Fab. 25; Sen. Med. 526; Hor. Epod. 5, 64.—
    II.
    A brother of Jocaste, at Thebes, Hyg. Fab. 72; Stat. Th. 12, 477; 12, 678.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > creata

  • 11 creatus

    1.
    crĕo (old form cerĕo, in Varr. L. L. 6, § 81 Müll.), āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [kindred with Sanscr. kar, kri, to make], to bring forth, produce, make, create, beget (very freq. in every period and species of composition).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen.:

    rerum primordia pandam, Unde omnes natura creet res auctet alatque,

    Lucr. 1, 51:

    animalia,

    id. 2, 1152:

    genus humanum,

    id. 5, 820:

    mortalia saecla,

    id. 5, 789:

    fruges,

    id. 2, 170:

    ignem,

    id. 1, 799; cf.:

    ignes e lignis,

    id. 1, 910 et saep.:

    (Silvius) Aenean Silvium creat,

    Liv. 1, 3, 7; cf.:

    fortes creantur fortibus et bonis,

    Hor. C. 4, 4, 29.—Also of woman:

    pueris beata creandis Uxor,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 44; Pall. Febr. 26, 2.—Hence, in poets freq. in part. perf.: crĕātus, a, with abl. ( masc. or fem.), sprung from, begotten by, born of; or subst., an offspring, a child, Ov. M. 5, 145; 11, 295; 11, 303 al.— Subst.: crĕāta, ōrum, n., things made:

    servare,

    Lucr. 2, 572.—
    B.
    In partic., publicist. t. t. (cf. facio), to make or create for any jurisdiction or office, i. e. to choose, elect (freq.):

    qui comitiatu creare consules rite possint,

    Cic. Leg. 3, 3, 9; so,

    consules,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 1; Liv. 4, 7, 2; 4, 7, 7; 4, 7, 10:

    duo ex unā familiā magistratus,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 33:

    Patres,

    Liv. 1, 8, 7:

    dictatorem,

    id. 2, 18 (five times):

    magistrum equitum,

    id. 2, 18, 5; 4, 57, 6:

    interregem,

    id. 4, 7, 7; 5, 31, 8:

    tribunum,

    id. 2, 33, 3:

    tribuniciam potestatem,

    id. 5, 2, 8:

    censores,

    Suet. Aug. 37:

    Imperatorem (with eligere),

    id. Vesp. 6:

    ducem gerendo bello,

    Liv. 1, 23, 8. curatorem reipublicae, Dig. 50, 8, 3.—
    2.
    Of the officer who appoints or superintends an election:

    quos (consules) cum Ti. Gracchus consul iterum crearet,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 4, 10.—
    3.
    In eccl. Lat. of the exercise of divine power in creation, to create, call into being, endow with existence, etc.:

    caelum et terram,

    Vulg. Gen. 1, 1:

    hominem,

    id. ib. 5, 1:

    omnia,

    id. Eph. 3, 9.—
    b.
    Meton.:

    cor mundum in me,

    Vulg. Psa. 50, 11 al. —
    II.
    Trop., to produce, prepare, cause, occasion:

    voluptatem meis inimicis,

    Plaut. Cas. 2, 7, 3:

    commoditatem mihi,

    id. Poen. 4, 2, 94:

    lites,

    id. ib. 3, 2, 9:

    omnis has aerumnas,

    id. Mil. 1, 1, 33:

    capitalem fraudem tuis cruribus capitique,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 23:

    moram dictis,

    id. Ps. 1, 3, 174:

    errorem (similitudo),

    Cic. Div. 2, 26, 55:

    luxuriam,

    id. Rosc. Am. 27, 75:

    seditionem,

    Vell. 2, 20:

    taedium ac satietatem ex similitudine,

    Quint. 9, 4, 143:

    vomitum dissolutionemque stomachi,

    Plin. 9, 48, 72, § 155 et saep.
    2.
    Crĕo, or, anal. to the Gr., Crĕon, ontis, m., = Kreôn.
    I.
    A king of Corinth, who betrothed his daughter Creusa to Jason, Hyg. Fab. 25; Sen. Med. 526; Hor. Epod. 5, 64.—
    II.
    A brother of Jocaste, at Thebes, Hyg. Fab. 72; Stat. Th. 12, 477; 12, 678.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > creatus

  • 12 Creo

    1.
    crĕo (old form cerĕo, in Varr. L. L. 6, § 81 Müll.), āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [kindred with Sanscr. kar, kri, to make], to bring forth, produce, make, create, beget (very freq. in every period and species of composition).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen.:

    rerum primordia pandam, Unde omnes natura creet res auctet alatque,

    Lucr. 1, 51:

    animalia,

    id. 2, 1152:

    genus humanum,

    id. 5, 820:

    mortalia saecla,

    id. 5, 789:

    fruges,

    id. 2, 170:

    ignem,

    id. 1, 799; cf.:

    ignes e lignis,

    id. 1, 910 et saep.:

    (Silvius) Aenean Silvium creat,

    Liv. 1, 3, 7; cf.:

    fortes creantur fortibus et bonis,

    Hor. C. 4, 4, 29.—Also of woman:

    pueris beata creandis Uxor,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 44; Pall. Febr. 26, 2.—Hence, in poets freq. in part. perf.: crĕātus, a, with abl. ( masc. or fem.), sprung from, begotten by, born of; or subst., an offspring, a child, Ov. M. 5, 145; 11, 295; 11, 303 al.— Subst.: crĕāta, ōrum, n., things made:

    servare,

    Lucr. 2, 572.—
    B.
    In partic., publicist. t. t. (cf. facio), to make or create for any jurisdiction or office, i. e. to choose, elect (freq.):

    qui comitiatu creare consules rite possint,

    Cic. Leg. 3, 3, 9; so,

    consules,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 1; Liv. 4, 7, 2; 4, 7, 7; 4, 7, 10:

    duo ex unā familiā magistratus,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 33:

    Patres,

    Liv. 1, 8, 7:

    dictatorem,

    id. 2, 18 (five times):

    magistrum equitum,

    id. 2, 18, 5; 4, 57, 6:

    interregem,

    id. 4, 7, 7; 5, 31, 8:

    tribunum,

    id. 2, 33, 3:

    tribuniciam potestatem,

    id. 5, 2, 8:

    censores,

    Suet. Aug. 37:

    Imperatorem (with eligere),

    id. Vesp. 6:

    ducem gerendo bello,

    Liv. 1, 23, 8. curatorem reipublicae, Dig. 50, 8, 3.—
    2.
    Of the officer who appoints or superintends an election:

    quos (consules) cum Ti. Gracchus consul iterum crearet,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 4, 10.—
    3.
    In eccl. Lat. of the exercise of divine power in creation, to create, call into being, endow with existence, etc.:

    caelum et terram,

    Vulg. Gen. 1, 1:

    hominem,

    id. ib. 5, 1:

    omnia,

    id. Eph. 3, 9.—
    b.
    Meton.:

    cor mundum in me,

    Vulg. Psa. 50, 11 al. —
    II.
    Trop., to produce, prepare, cause, occasion:

    voluptatem meis inimicis,

    Plaut. Cas. 2, 7, 3:

    commoditatem mihi,

    id. Poen. 4, 2, 94:

    lites,

    id. ib. 3, 2, 9:

    omnis has aerumnas,

    id. Mil. 1, 1, 33:

    capitalem fraudem tuis cruribus capitique,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 23:

    moram dictis,

    id. Ps. 1, 3, 174:

    errorem (similitudo),

    Cic. Div. 2, 26, 55:

    luxuriam,

    id. Rosc. Am. 27, 75:

    seditionem,

    Vell. 2, 20:

    taedium ac satietatem ex similitudine,

    Quint. 9, 4, 143:

    vomitum dissolutionemque stomachi,

    Plin. 9, 48, 72, § 155 et saep.
    2.
    Crĕo, or, anal. to the Gr., Crĕon, ontis, m., = Kreôn.
    I.
    A king of Corinth, who betrothed his daughter Creusa to Jason, Hyg. Fab. 25; Sen. Med. 526; Hor. Epod. 5, 64.—
    II.
    A brother of Jocaste, at Thebes, Hyg. Fab. 72; Stat. Th. 12, 477; 12, 678.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Creo

  • 13 Creon

    1.
    crĕo (old form cerĕo, in Varr. L. L. 6, § 81 Müll.), āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [kindred with Sanscr. kar, kri, to make], to bring forth, produce, make, create, beget (very freq. in every period and species of composition).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen.:

    rerum primordia pandam, Unde omnes natura creet res auctet alatque,

    Lucr. 1, 51:

    animalia,

    id. 2, 1152:

    genus humanum,

    id. 5, 820:

    mortalia saecla,

    id. 5, 789:

    fruges,

    id. 2, 170:

    ignem,

    id. 1, 799; cf.:

    ignes e lignis,

    id. 1, 910 et saep.:

    (Silvius) Aenean Silvium creat,

    Liv. 1, 3, 7; cf.:

    fortes creantur fortibus et bonis,

    Hor. C. 4, 4, 29.—Also of woman:

    pueris beata creandis Uxor,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 44; Pall. Febr. 26, 2.—Hence, in poets freq. in part. perf.: crĕātus, a, with abl. ( masc. or fem.), sprung from, begotten by, born of; or subst., an offspring, a child, Ov. M. 5, 145; 11, 295; 11, 303 al.— Subst.: crĕāta, ōrum, n., things made:

    servare,

    Lucr. 2, 572.—
    B.
    In partic., publicist. t. t. (cf. facio), to make or create for any jurisdiction or office, i. e. to choose, elect (freq.):

    qui comitiatu creare consules rite possint,

    Cic. Leg. 3, 3, 9; so,

    consules,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 1; Liv. 4, 7, 2; 4, 7, 7; 4, 7, 10:

    duo ex unā familiā magistratus,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 33:

    Patres,

    Liv. 1, 8, 7:

    dictatorem,

    id. 2, 18 (five times):

    magistrum equitum,

    id. 2, 18, 5; 4, 57, 6:

    interregem,

    id. 4, 7, 7; 5, 31, 8:

    tribunum,

    id. 2, 33, 3:

    tribuniciam potestatem,

    id. 5, 2, 8:

    censores,

    Suet. Aug. 37:

    Imperatorem (with eligere),

    id. Vesp. 6:

    ducem gerendo bello,

    Liv. 1, 23, 8. curatorem reipublicae, Dig. 50, 8, 3.—
    2.
    Of the officer who appoints or superintends an election:

    quos (consules) cum Ti. Gracchus consul iterum crearet,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 4, 10.—
    3.
    In eccl. Lat. of the exercise of divine power in creation, to create, call into being, endow with existence, etc.:

    caelum et terram,

    Vulg. Gen. 1, 1:

    hominem,

    id. ib. 5, 1:

    omnia,

    id. Eph. 3, 9.—
    b.
    Meton.:

    cor mundum in me,

    Vulg. Psa. 50, 11 al. —
    II.
    Trop., to produce, prepare, cause, occasion:

    voluptatem meis inimicis,

    Plaut. Cas. 2, 7, 3:

    commoditatem mihi,

    id. Poen. 4, 2, 94:

    lites,

    id. ib. 3, 2, 9:

    omnis has aerumnas,

    id. Mil. 1, 1, 33:

    capitalem fraudem tuis cruribus capitique,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 23:

    moram dictis,

    id. Ps. 1, 3, 174:

    errorem (similitudo),

    Cic. Div. 2, 26, 55:

    luxuriam,

    id. Rosc. Am. 27, 75:

    seditionem,

    Vell. 2, 20:

    taedium ac satietatem ex similitudine,

    Quint. 9, 4, 143:

    vomitum dissolutionemque stomachi,

    Plin. 9, 48, 72, § 155 et saep.
    2.
    Crĕo, or, anal. to the Gr., Crĕon, ontis, m., = Kreôn.
    I.
    A king of Corinth, who betrothed his daughter Creusa to Jason, Hyg. Fab. 25; Sen. Med. 526; Hor. Epod. 5, 64.—
    II.
    A brother of Jocaste, at Thebes, Hyg. Fab. 72; Stat. Th. 12, 477; 12, 678.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Creon

  • 14 duplex

    dū̆plex, ĭcis (abl. commonly duplici;

    duplice,

    Hor. S. 2, 2, 122), adj. [duo-plico], twofold, double.
    I.
    Lit.:

    et duplices hominum facies et corpora bina,

    Lucr. 4, 452; cf.

    aër (with geminus),

    id. 4, 274:

    cursus (with duae viae),

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 30:

    pars (opp. simplex),

    Quint. 8, 5, 4; cf. id. 4, 4, 5:

    modus (opp. par and sesquiplex),

    Cic. Or. 57, 193 et saep.:

    duplici de semine,

    Lucr. 4, 1229:

    quem locum duplici altissimo muro munierant,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 29, 3:

    fossa duodenūm pedum,

    id. ib. 7, 36 fin.:

    vallum,

    id. B. C. 3, 63, 3:

    rates,

    id. ib. 1, 25, 6:

    tabellae,

    consisting of two leaves, Suet. Aug. 27:

    dorsum,

    consisting of two boards, Verg. G. 1, 172:

    acies,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 24, 1; id. B. C. 1, 83, 1; 3, 67, 3 al.; cf.

    proelium,

    Suet. Aug. 13:

    seditio,

    id. Tib. 25:

    triumphus,

    id. Dom. 6:

    cura,

    id. Tib. 8 et saep.—Prov.:

    duplex fit bonitas, simul accessit celeritas,

    who gives promptly gives twice, Pub. Syr. 141 (Rib.).—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    Of things made double by being divided into two, cloven, bipartite, double:

    ne duplices habeatis linguas, ne ego bilingues vos necem,

    Plaut. Truc. 4, 3, 7; cf. id. As. 3, 3, 105:

    ficus,

    Hor. S. 2, 2, 122; Plin. 20, 6, 23, § 52; Veg. Vet. 2, 10, 6 (1, 38, p. 265 Bip; cf. id. 1, 56, p. 281 Bip.):

    folia palmae,

    Plin. 16, 24, 38, § 90:

    lex,

    Quint. 7, 7, 10.—
    2.
    Poet., like the Gr. diplous, of things in pairs, for ambo or uterque, both:

    oculi,

    Lucr. 6, 1145:

    palmae,

    Verg. A. 1, 93; cf. Ov. Am. 3, 327.—
    3.
    Opp. to single, like the Gr. diplous and our double, for thick, strong, stout:

    clavi,

    Cato R. R. 20:

    amiculum,

    Nep. Dat. 3; cf.

    pannus,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 17, 25:

    fenus,

    Prop. 3 (4), 1, 22 (for which:

    magnum fenus,

    Tib. 2, 6, 22). —
    4.
    With quam in post-Aug. prose, for alterum tantum, twice as much as, Col. 1, 8, 8:

    duplex quam ceteris pretium,

    Plin. 19, 1, 2, § 9; Quint. 2, 3, 3.
    II.
    Trop.
    1.
    Of words, of a double sense, ambiguous:

    verba dubia et quasi duplicia,

    Quint. 9, 2, 69.—
    2.
    In poets, like the Gr. diplous, of character, qs. double-tongued, double-faced, i. e. false, deceitful:

    Ulixes,

    Hor. C. 1, 6, 7:

    Amathusia,

    Cat. 68, 51; so,

    animo,

    Vulg. Jacob. 1, 8; 4, 8.— Adv.: dū̆plĭcĭter, doubly, on two accounts, Lucr. 6, 510; Cic. Ac. 2, 32, 104; id. Fam. 9, 20:

    res conscriptae,

    ambiguously, Arn. 5, p. 182; Vulg. Sirach, 23, 13.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > duplex

  • 15 ebur

    ĕbur, ŏris (cf. Quint. 1, 6, 22 sq.), n. [Copt. ebu; cf. Sanscr. ibhas, elephant; whence Gr. elephas, Semit. article el being prefixed], ivory.
    I.
    Prop., Cic. Leg. 2, 18; id. Brut. 73 fin.; id. Par. 1, 3; Quint. 2, 21, 9; Verg. G. 1, 57; id. A. 10, 137; 12, 68; Hor. C. 1, 31, 6; id. Ep. 2, 1, 96 et saep.—Prov.: ebur atramento candefacere, v. atramentum.—
    II.
    Meton.
    A.
    Things made of ivory. So of statues, Verg. G. 1, 480; Ov. M. 15, 792;

    of the tibia,

    Verg. G. 2, 193;

    of a scabbard,

    Ov. M. 4, 148;

    of the sella curulis,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 6, 54; Ov. F. 5, 51; id. Pont. 4, 5, 18.—
    * B.
    An elephant, Juv. 12, 112.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > ebur

  • 16 factitamenta

    factĭtāmenta, ōrum, n. [factito], things made, works (eccl. Lat.), Tert. Anim. 18 fin.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > factitamenta

  • 17 gemma

    gemma, ae, f. [cf. Gr. gemô, to be full; Lat. gumia;

    lit. a fulness, swelling. The ancients supposed the original meaning to be a precious stone,

    Quint. 8, 6, 6; cf. Cic. Or. 24, 81; id. de Or. 3, 38, 155], a bud, eye, or gem on a plant.
    I.
    Lit.:

    ineunte vere exsistit tamquam ad articulos sarmentorum ea, quae gemma dicitur,

    Cic. de Sen. 15, 53:

    (pampinus) trudit gemmas et frondes explicat omnes,

    Verg. G. 2, 335;

    jam laeto turgent in palmite gemmae,

    id. E. 7, 48; Col. 4, 29, 4.—
    II.
    Transf. (from the resemblance to buds in shape and color), a precious stone, esp. one already cut, a jewel, gem, the predom. signif. of the word (opp. lapillus, one that is opaque, v. Dig. 34, 2, 19, § 17; cf.

    also: margarita, unio): nego in Sicilia tota... ullam gemmam aut margaritam, quicquam ex auro aut ebore factum... quin conquisierit, etc.,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 1, § 1:

    pocula ex auro gemmis distincta clarissimis,

    id. ib. 2, 4, 27, §

    62: vas vinarium ex una gemma pergrandi,

    id. ib.:

    Cyri ornatus Persicus multo auro multisque gemmis,

    id. de Sen. 17, 59:

    gemmas sunt qui non habeant,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 180:

    cum virides gemmas collo circumdedit (mulier),

    Juv. 6, 458:

    non gemmis venale,

    Hor. C. 2, 16, 7:

    vitrea,

    i. e. a false gem, Plin. 35, 6, 30, § 48;

    also called facticia,

    id. 37, 7, 26, § 98:

    nec premit articulos lucida gemma meos,

    Ov. H. 15, 74:

    nec sufferre queat majoris pondera gemmae,

    Juv. 1, 29: usus luxuriantis aetatis signaturas pretiosis gemmis coepit insculpere, Capitol. ap. Macr. S. 7, 13, 11; Vulg. Exod. 25, 7 et saep. —
    2.
    Transf.
    a.
    Things made of precious stones.
    (α).
    A drinking-vessel, goblet or cup, made of a precious stone:

    nec bibit e gemma divite nostra sitis,

    Prop. 3, 5 (4, 4), 4; cf.:

    ut gemmā bibat,

    Verg. G. 2, 506:

    gemmā ministrare,

    Sen. Prov. 3 fin.; cf.

    also: in gemma posuere merum,

    Ov. M. 8, 572.—
    (β).
    A seal ring, signet:

    protinus impressā signat sua crimina gemmā,

    Ov. M. 9, 566; cf. Plin. 37, 1, 2, § 3; 37, 5, 20, § 78: arguit ipsorum quos littera gemmaque, Juv. 13, 138; 1, 68.—Hence, comically: Pl. Opsecro parentis ne meos mihi prohibeas? Cu. Quid? ego sub gemmane apstrussos habeo tuam matrem et patrem? i. e. under lock and key, Plaut. Curc. 5, 2, 8.—
    b.
    A pearl ( poet.): legitur rubris gemma sub aequoribus. Prop. 1, 14, 12:

    cedet Erythraeis eruta gemma vadis,

    Mart. 8, 28, 14. —
    c.
    The eyes of the peacock's tail:

    gemmis caudam stellantibus implet,

    Ov. M. 1, 723; cf.:

    gemmea cauda,

    Phaedr. 3, 18, 8). —
    B.
    Trop., like gem in English, ornament, beauty (post-Aug. and very rare):

    multas in digitis, plures in carmine gemmas Invenies,

    Mart. 5, 11, 3:

    Hesperius gemma amicorum,

    Sid. Ep. 4, 22.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > gemma

  • 18 quercus

    quercus, ūs ( gen. querci, Pall. 4, 7, 8; gen. plur. quercorum, Cic. Fragm. ap. Prisc. p. 717 P.; dat. and abl. plur. do not occur), f. [perh. from root kar (kal-k), to be hard; cf.: cornu calx, calculus].
    I.
    An oak, oaktree, esp. the Italian or esculent oak, sacred to Jupiter (cf. robur): quercus dicitur, quod id genus arboris grave sit ac durum, tum etiam in ingentem evadat amplitudinem: querqueram enim gravem et magnam putant dici, Paul. ex Fest. p. 259 Müll.: percellunt magnas quercus, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 2 (Ann. v. 194 Vahl.):

    magna Jovis quercus,

    Verg. G. 3, 332:

    glandiferae,

    Lucr. 5, 939; Cic. Leg. 1, 1, 2:

    aëriae,

    Verg. A. 3, 680:

    quercus et ilex Multā fruge pecus juvat,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 16, 9:

    auritae,

    id. C. 1, 12, 12:

    aridae,

    id. ib. 4, 13, 10:

    durior annosā quercu,

    Ov. M. 13, 799: quercorum rami, Cic. Fragm. ap. Prisc. p. 717 P.—
    II.
    Poet., transf.
    A.
    Of things made of oak-wood. Of a ship, of the ship Argo, Val. Fl. 5, 65.— Of a javelin, Val. Fl. 6, 243.— Of a drinkingvessel, Sil. 7, 190.—

    Capitolina,

    a garland of oak-leaves, Juv. 6, 386;

    usually bestowed upon one who had saved the life of a citizen in battle,

    Ov. F. 4, 953; id. M. 1, 563; Luc. 1, 357:

    civilis,

    Verg. A. 6, 772. —
    B.
    For acorns (very rare):

    veteris fastidia quercūs,

    Juv. 14, 184.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > quercus

  • 19 robor

    rōbur ( rōbor, v. Lucr. p. 140 Lachm.; also an older form rōbus, Cato, R. R. 17, 1; Col. 2, 6, 1; cf. Paul. ex Fest. p. 264 Müll.), ŏris, n. [cf. Sanscr. radh-as, abundance; Gr. rhônnumi for rhôthnumi, to strengthen, rhômê], a very hard kind of oak (cf.:

    quercus, ilex),

    Plin. 16, 6, 8, § 19; 16, 7, 10, § 28; 16, 38, 73, § 186; 16, 40, 76, § 204; 16, 40, 77, § 218.— Hence,
    I.
    Lit.
    1.
    In gen., a very hard kind of tree or wood:

    morsus roboris,

    i. e. of the wild olive, Verg. A. 12, 783 (a little before: foliis oleaster amaris Hic steterat);

    so of the same,

    id. G. 2, 305; cf.:

    solido de robore myrtus,

    id. ib. 2, 64:

    annoso validam robore quercum,

    i. e. of an old and sturdy trunk, id. A. 4, 441; so,

    annoso robore quercus,

    Ov. M. 8, 743:

    antiquo robore quercus,

    with ancient trunk, Verg. G. 3, 332:

    Massyla, i. e. citri,

    Stat. S. 3, 3, 94; also,

    Maurorum,

    id. ib. 4, 2, 39.—
    2.
    Absol., usu., an oak-tree, an oak in gen.:

    fixa est pariter cum robore cervix,

    i. e. was pinned fast to the oak, Ov. M. 3, 92:

    agitata robora pulsant (delphines),

    id. ib. 1, 303.—
    3.
    Oak-wood, oak:

    naves totae factae ex robore,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 13; cf.:

    (sapiens) non est e saxo sculptus aut e robore dolatus,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 31, 101; and with this cf. id. Div. 2, 41, 85. — Poet.:

    illi robur et aes triplex Circa pectus erat,

    Hor. C. 1, 3, 9; cf.:

    o saxis nimirum et robore nati!

    Stat. Th. 4, 340. —
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    Of things made of oak or of any other hard wood.
    1.
    In gen.:

    Lacedaemonii cottidianis epulis in robore accumbunt,

    i. e. on oaken, hard benches, Cic. Mur. 35, 74.— So of the wooden horse before Troy:

    sacrum,

    Verg. A. 2, 230; of a lance:

    ferro praefixum,

    id. ib. 10, 479; Sil. 2, 244; 267; of a club, Ov. M. 12, 349; Mart. 9, 44, 4 et saep.:

    aratri,

    i. e. the oaken plough, Verg. G. 1, 162; Val. Fl. 7, 555.—
    2.
    In partic., the lower and stronger part of the prison at Rome, built by Servius Tullius, was called Robur (also Tullianum):

    Robus in carcere dicitur is locus, quo praecipitatur maleficorum genus, quod ante arcis robusteis includebatur, Paul. ex Fest. s. v. robum, p. 264 Müll.: in robore et tenebris exspiret,

    Liv. 38, 59 fin.:

    robur et saxum minitari,

    Tac. A. 4, 29; Val. Max. 6, 3, 1:

    verbera, carnifices, robur,

    Lucr. 3, 1017; Hor. C. 2, 13, 19 (v. carcer and Tullianum).—
    B.
    Hardness, strength, firmness, vigor, power (cf. vires; v. Fabri ad Liv. 21, 1, 2).
    1.
    Lit.:

    duri robora ferri,

    Lucr. 2, 449; so,

    ferri,

    Verg. A. 7, 609:

    saxi,

    Lucr. 1, 882:

    navium,

    Liv. 37, 30: omnia pariter crescunt et robora sumunt, gain strength, [p. 1598] Lucr. 5, 820; 895; cf.:

    qui si jam satis aetatis atque roboris haberet, ipse pro Sex. Roscio diceret,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 51, 149:

    paululum jam roboris accessit aetati,

    id. Cael. 30, 73:

    solidaeque suo stant robore vires,

    Verg. A. 2, 639; Vulg. Judic. 8, 21:

    si quod est robur,

    Flor. 2, 1, 1.—
    2.
    Trop., power, strength, force, vigor (very freq.):

    alter virtutis robore firmior quam aetatis,

    Cic. Phil. 10, 8, 16:

    in animi excelsi atque invicti magnitudine ac robore,

    id. Off. 1, 5, 14; so,

    animi (with magnitudo),

    id. de Or. 2, 84, 343; id. Tusc. 1, 40, 95:

    robur incredibile animi,

    id. Mil. 37, 101:

    quantum in cujusque animo roboris est ac nervorum,

    id. Fam. 6, 1, 3:

    multo plus firmamenti ac roboris,

    id. Imp. Pomp. 4, 10; so (with firmamentum) id. Mur. 28, 58; (with firmitas) id. Fin. 5, 5, 12:

    hi tot equites Romani quid roboris hujus petitioni attulerunt?

    id. Planc. 8, 21:

    pectus robore fultum,

    Ov. Tr. 5, 12, 11:

    te mea robora fallunt,

    id. H. 16, 367:

    velocitate pari, robore animi virumque praestanti,

    Liv. 24, 26, 11:

    verba quanti roboris plena,

    Sen. Ep 10, 3:

    qui robur aliquod in stilo fecerint,

    Quint. 10, 3, 10; cf.:

    robur oratorium adicere sententiis,

    id. 10, 5, 4; 8, prooem. §

    3: illi robur et aes triplex Circa pectus erat,

    Hor. C. 1, 3, 9; cf.:

    O saxis nimirum et robore nati,

    Stat. Th. 4, 340. —
    b.
    Authority: nostrarum constitutionum, Just. Inst. prooem. 6.—
    c.
    Concr., the strongest, most effective, or best part, the pith, kernel, strength of any thing; of soldiers, the flower of the troops, choice troops, etc. (freq. and class.):

    versaris in optimorum civium vel flore vel robore,

    Cic. Or. 10, 34: et robur et suboles militum interiit, Asin. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 33; cf.:

    quod fuit roboris, duobus proeliis interiit,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 87:

    quod roboris ea provincia habuerat,

    Liv. 30, 2; Ov. M. 14, 454 al.:

    senatūs robur,

    Liv. 5, 39. — Plur.:

    tunc C. Flavius Pusio, Cn. Titinnius, C. Maecenas, illa robora populi Romani,

    Cic. Clu. 56, 163:

    haec sunt nostra robora,

    id. Att. 6, 5, 3; Liv. 7, 7; 12; 21, 54; 22, 6; 23, 16; 25, 6 init.:

    robora pubis,

    Verg. A. 8, 518; Ov. M. 7, 510:

    ingentia robora virorum,

    Plin. Pan. 34, 3:

    conferta robora virorum,

    Curt. 3, 5, 13: betae, i. e. stalks, Col. poët. 10, 326. — Of a place, a stronghold:

    quod coloniam virium et opum validam robur ac sedem bello legisset,

    Tac. H. 2, 19.— Absol.: robus, the name of an excellent kind of wheat:

    quoniam et pondere et nitore praestat,

    Col. 2, 6, 1.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > robor

  • 20 robur

    rōbur ( rōbor, v. Lucr. p. 140 Lachm.; also an older form rōbus, Cato, R. R. 17, 1; Col. 2, 6, 1; cf. Paul. ex Fest. p. 264 Müll.), ŏris, n. [cf. Sanscr. radh-as, abundance; Gr. rhônnumi for rhôthnumi, to strengthen, rhômê], a very hard kind of oak (cf.:

    quercus, ilex),

    Plin. 16, 6, 8, § 19; 16, 7, 10, § 28; 16, 38, 73, § 186; 16, 40, 76, § 204; 16, 40, 77, § 218.— Hence,
    I.
    Lit.
    1.
    In gen., a very hard kind of tree or wood:

    morsus roboris,

    i. e. of the wild olive, Verg. A. 12, 783 (a little before: foliis oleaster amaris Hic steterat);

    so of the same,

    id. G. 2, 305; cf.:

    solido de robore myrtus,

    id. ib. 2, 64:

    annoso validam robore quercum,

    i. e. of an old and sturdy trunk, id. A. 4, 441; so,

    annoso robore quercus,

    Ov. M. 8, 743:

    antiquo robore quercus,

    with ancient trunk, Verg. G. 3, 332:

    Massyla, i. e. citri,

    Stat. S. 3, 3, 94; also,

    Maurorum,

    id. ib. 4, 2, 39.—
    2.
    Absol., usu., an oak-tree, an oak in gen.:

    fixa est pariter cum robore cervix,

    i. e. was pinned fast to the oak, Ov. M. 3, 92:

    agitata robora pulsant (delphines),

    id. ib. 1, 303.—
    3.
    Oak-wood, oak:

    naves totae factae ex robore,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 13; cf.:

    (sapiens) non est e saxo sculptus aut e robore dolatus,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 31, 101; and with this cf. id. Div. 2, 41, 85. — Poet.:

    illi robur et aes triplex Circa pectus erat,

    Hor. C. 1, 3, 9; cf.:

    o saxis nimirum et robore nati!

    Stat. Th. 4, 340. —
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    Of things made of oak or of any other hard wood.
    1.
    In gen.:

    Lacedaemonii cottidianis epulis in robore accumbunt,

    i. e. on oaken, hard benches, Cic. Mur. 35, 74.— So of the wooden horse before Troy:

    sacrum,

    Verg. A. 2, 230; of a lance:

    ferro praefixum,

    id. ib. 10, 479; Sil. 2, 244; 267; of a club, Ov. M. 12, 349; Mart. 9, 44, 4 et saep.:

    aratri,

    i. e. the oaken plough, Verg. G. 1, 162; Val. Fl. 7, 555.—
    2.
    In partic., the lower and stronger part of the prison at Rome, built by Servius Tullius, was called Robur (also Tullianum):

    Robus in carcere dicitur is locus, quo praecipitatur maleficorum genus, quod ante arcis robusteis includebatur, Paul. ex Fest. s. v. robum, p. 264 Müll.: in robore et tenebris exspiret,

    Liv. 38, 59 fin.:

    robur et saxum minitari,

    Tac. A. 4, 29; Val. Max. 6, 3, 1:

    verbera, carnifices, robur,

    Lucr. 3, 1017; Hor. C. 2, 13, 19 (v. carcer and Tullianum).—
    B.
    Hardness, strength, firmness, vigor, power (cf. vires; v. Fabri ad Liv. 21, 1, 2).
    1.
    Lit.:

    duri robora ferri,

    Lucr. 2, 449; so,

    ferri,

    Verg. A. 7, 609:

    saxi,

    Lucr. 1, 882:

    navium,

    Liv. 37, 30: omnia pariter crescunt et robora sumunt, gain strength, [p. 1598] Lucr. 5, 820; 895; cf.:

    qui si jam satis aetatis atque roboris haberet, ipse pro Sex. Roscio diceret,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 51, 149:

    paululum jam roboris accessit aetati,

    id. Cael. 30, 73:

    solidaeque suo stant robore vires,

    Verg. A. 2, 639; Vulg. Judic. 8, 21:

    si quod est robur,

    Flor. 2, 1, 1.—
    2.
    Trop., power, strength, force, vigor (very freq.):

    alter virtutis robore firmior quam aetatis,

    Cic. Phil. 10, 8, 16:

    in animi excelsi atque invicti magnitudine ac robore,

    id. Off. 1, 5, 14; so,

    animi (with magnitudo),

    id. de Or. 2, 84, 343; id. Tusc. 1, 40, 95:

    robur incredibile animi,

    id. Mil. 37, 101:

    quantum in cujusque animo roboris est ac nervorum,

    id. Fam. 6, 1, 3:

    multo plus firmamenti ac roboris,

    id. Imp. Pomp. 4, 10; so (with firmamentum) id. Mur. 28, 58; (with firmitas) id. Fin. 5, 5, 12:

    hi tot equites Romani quid roboris hujus petitioni attulerunt?

    id. Planc. 8, 21:

    pectus robore fultum,

    Ov. Tr. 5, 12, 11:

    te mea robora fallunt,

    id. H. 16, 367:

    velocitate pari, robore animi virumque praestanti,

    Liv. 24, 26, 11:

    verba quanti roboris plena,

    Sen. Ep 10, 3:

    qui robur aliquod in stilo fecerint,

    Quint. 10, 3, 10; cf.:

    robur oratorium adicere sententiis,

    id. 10, 5, 4; 8, prooem. §

    3: illi robur et aes triplex Circa pectus erat,

    Hor. C. 1, 3, 9; cf.:

    O saxis nimirum et robore nati,

    Stat. Th. 4, 340. —
    b.
    Authority: nostrarum constitutionum, Just. Inst. prooem. 6.—
    c.
    Concr., the strongest, most effective, or best part, the pith, kernel, strength of any thing; of soldiers, the flower of the troops, choice troops, etc. (freq. and class.):

    versaris in optimorum civium vel flore vel robore,

    Cic. Or. 10, 34: et robur et suboles militum interiit, Asin. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 33; cf.:

    quod fuit roboris, duobus proeliis interiit,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 87:

    quod roboris ea provincia habuerat,

    Liv. 30, 2; Ov. M. 14, 454 al.:

    senatūs robur,

    Liv. 5, 39. — Plur.:

    tunc C. Flavius Pusio, Cn. Titinnius, C. Maecenas, illa robora populi Romani,

    Cic. Clu. 56, 163:

    haec sunt nostra robora,

    id. Att. 6, 5, 3; Liv. 7, 7; 12; 21, 54; 22, 6; 23, 16; 25, 6 init.:

    robora pubis,

    Verg. A. 8, 518; Ov. M. 7, 510:

    ingentia robora virorum,

    Plin. Pan. 34, 3:

    conferta robora virorum,

    Curt. 3, 5, 13: betae, i. e. stalks, Col. poët. 10, 326. — Of a place, a stronghold:

    quod coloniam virium et opum validam robur ac sedem bello legisset,

    Tac. H. 2, 19.— Absol.: robus, the name of an excellent kind of wheat:

    quoniam et pondere et nitore praestat,

    Col. 2, 6, 1.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > robur

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