Translation: from english

thin-lens approximation

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  • Thin lens — In optics, a thin lens is a lens with a thickness (distance along the optical axis between the two surfaces of the lens) that is negligible compared to the focal length of the lens. Lenses whose thickness is not negligible are sometimes called… …   Wikipedia

  • Lens (optics) — For other uses, see Lens. A lens. Lenses can be used to focus light. A lens is an optical device with perfect or approximate axial symmetry which tra …   Wikipedia

  • Lens clock — A lens clock is a mechanical dial caliper that is used to measure dioptric power of a lens. It is a specialized version of a spherometer. A lens clock measures the curvature of a surface, but gives the result in diopters, assuming the lens is… …   Wikipedia

  • Gravitational lensing formalism — In general relativity, a point mass deflects a light ray with impact parameter b by an angle hat{alpha} = frac{4GM}{c^2b}. A naïve application of Newtonian gravity can yield exactly half this value, where the light ray is assumed as a massed… …   Wikipedia

  • Weak gravitational lensing — While the presence of any mass bends the path of light passing near it, this effect rarely produces the giant arcs and multiple images associated with strong gravitational lensing. Most lines of sight in the universe are thoroughly in the weak… …   Wikipedia

  • Focal length — The focal length of an optical system is a measure of how strongly it converges (focuses) or diverges (diffuses) light. A system with a shorter focal length has greater optical power than one with a long focal length. Thin lens approximation For… …   Wikipedia

  • Optical aberration — v · d · e Optical aberration …   Wikipedia

  • Depth of field — The area within the depth of field appears sharp, while the areas in front of and beyond the depth of field appear blurry …   Wikipedia

  • Numerical aperture — The numerical aperture with respect to a point P depends on the half angle θ of the maximum cone of light that can enter or exit the lens. In optics, the numerical aperture (NA) of an optical system is a dimensionless number that characterizes… …   Wikipedia

  • optics — /op tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of physical science that deals with the properties and phenomena of both visible and invisible light and with vision. [1605 15; < ML optica < Gk optiká, n. use of neut. pl. of OPTIKÓS; see OPTIC,… …   Universalium

  • Ray transfer matrix analysis — (also known as ABCD matrix analysis) is a type of ray tracing technique used in the design of some optical systems, particularly lasers. It involves the construction of a ray transfer matrix which describes the optical system; tracing of a light… …   Wikipedia

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