Translation: from latin

the younger

  • 1 adulēscēns

        adulēscēns (not adol-), ntis    [P. of adolesco], adj. with comp, growing, near maturity, young, youthful: admodum: adulescentior Academia, younger: homines, Cs.: filia. — As subst, m. and f a youth, young man or woman (between pueritia and senectus): adulescentes bonā indole praediti: optuma, T.: Brutus adulescens, junior, Cs.
    * * *
    I
    young man, youth; youthful person; young woman/girl
    II
    adulescentis (gen.), adulescentior -or -us, adulescentissimus -a -um ADJ
    young, youthful; "minor" (in reference to the younger of two having same name)

    Latin-English dictionary > adulēscēns

  • 2 minor

        minor minus, ōris, adj. comp. (for posit. and sup. see parvus, minimus)    [3 MAN-], smaller, less: navigia, Cs.: pecunia minor facta: inter ignīs Luna minores, H.: Hibernia dimidio minor quam Britannia, less by half, Cs.: genibus minor, i. e. kneeling, H.: Neve minor sit quinto actu Fabula, shorter, H.: luna, waning, H.—As subst n.: minus praedae quam speraverant fuit, L.: sociis dimidio minus quam civibus datum, less by half, L.: minus opinione suā efficere, Cs.—Of time, less, shorter, briefer: tempus, O.: dies sermone minor, too short for, O.—Of age, younger, junior: minor natu: filia minor regis, Cs.: aetate minores, O.: minor uno mense, H.—Plur. as subst, posterity, descendants: nostri minores, V.: Et fessae referunt se minores, the young, V.—Fig., inferior, less important: res: sapiens uno minor est Iove, H.: sunt notitiā multa minora tuā, unworthy of, O.: in certamine, beaten, H.: tanto certare, unfit to cope with, H.: capitis minor, see caput.—As subst n. genit., in expressions of value or price, at a lower price, of less value: minoris vendere: (suam fidem) non minoris quam publicam ducere, S.: minores facere filium quam, etc., care less for.
    * * *
    I
    minari, minatus sum V DEP
    threaten, speak/act menacingly; make threatening movement; give indication of
    II
    those inferior in rank/grade/age, subordinate; descendants (pl.)

    Latin-English dictionary > minor

  • 3 adolescens

    I
    young man, youth; youthful person; young woman/girl
    II
    adolescentis (gen.), adolescentior -or -us, adolescentissimus -a -um ADJ
    young, youthful; "minor" (in reference to the younger of two having same name)

    Latin-English dictionary > adolescens

  • 4 antenatus

    Latin-English dictionary > antenatus

  • 5 juni

    Latin-English dictionary > juni

  • 6 junior

    younger man, junior; (in Rome a man younger than 45)

    Latin-English dictionary > junior

  • 7 natus

    I
    nata, natum ADJ
    born, arisen; made; destined; designed, intended, produced by nature; aged, old
    II
    son; child; children (pl.)
    III
    birth; age, years

    minor natu -- younger; maior natu -- older

    Latin-English dictionary > natus

  • 8 postnatus

    I
    postnata, postnatum ADJ
    II

    Latin-English dictionary > postnatus

  • 9 Difficile est tenere quae acceperis nisi exerceas

    It is difficult to retain what you may have learned unless you should practice it. (Pliny the Younger)

    Latin Quotes (Latin to English) > Difficile est tenere quae acceperis nisi exerceas

  • 10 Nullus est liber tam malus ut non aliqua parte prosit

    There is no book so bad that it is not profitable on some part. (Pliny the Younger)

    Latin Quotes (Latin to English) > Nullus est liber tam malus ut non aliqua parte prosit

  • 11 adulescens

    ădŭlescens (only ădŏl- in the verb and part. proper), entis ( gen. plur. usu. adulescentium, e. g. Cic. Tusc. 5, 27 al.:

    adulescentum,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 130).
    A.
    P. a., growing up, not yet come to full growth, young:

    eodem ut jure uti senem liceat, quo jure sum usus adulescentior, Ter. Hec. prol. alt. 3: uti adulescentior aetati concederet, etc.,

    Sall. H. 1, 11 (Fragm. ap. Prisc. 902).— Trop., of the new Academic philosophy:

    adulescentior Academia,

    Cic. Fam. 9, 8, 1.— Sup. and adv. not used.—
    B.
    Subst. comm. gen., one who has not yet attained maturity, a youth, a young man; a young woman, a maiden (between the puer and juvenis, from the 15th or 17th until past the 30th year, often even until near the 40th; but the same person is often called in one place adulescens, and in another juvenis, e. g. Cic. Fam. 2, 1, with Att. 2, 12; cf. id. Top. 7; often the adulescentia passes beyond the period of manhood, even to senectus; while in other cases adulescentia is limited to 25 years, Cic. Tusc. 2, 1, 2 Goer.: “Primo gradu usque ad annum XV. pueros dictos, quod sint puri, i. e. impubes. Secundo ad XXX. annum ab adolescendo sic nominatos,” Varr. ap. Censor. cap. 14. “Tertia (aetas) adulescentia ad gignendum adulta, quae porrigitur (ab anno XIV.) usque ad vigesimum octavum annum,” Isid. Orig. 11, 2, 4. Thus Cicero, in de Or. 2, 2, calls Crassus adulescens, though he was 34 years old; in id. Phil. 2, 44, Brutus and Cassius, when in their 40th year, are called adulescentes; and in id. ib. 46, Cicero calls himself, at the time of his consulship, i. e. in his 44th year, adulescens; cf. Manut. ap. Cic. Fam. 2, 1, p. 146):

    tute me ut fateare faciam esse adulescentem moribus,

    Plaut. Mil. 3, 1, 67:

    bonus adulescens,

    Ter. And. 4, 7, 4:

    adulescentes bonā indole praediti,

    Cic. Sen. 8, 26:

    adulescens luxu perditus,

    Ter. Ad. 4, 7, 42:

    adulescens perditus et dissolutus,

    Cic. Tusc. 4, 25; Vulg. Gen. 34, 19; ib. Matt. 19, 20.—Homo and adulescens are often used together:

    amanti homini adulescenti,

    Plaut. Trin. 4, 2, 94; Ter. Phorm. 5, 9, 53; Cic. Fam. 2, 15:

    hoc se labore durant homines adulescentes,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 28; Sall. C. 38; id. J. 6; Liv. 2, 6.— Fem.:

    optimae adulescenti facere injuriam,

    Ter. And. 3, 2, 8:

    Africani filia adulescens,

    Cic. Div. 1, 18 fin. The young Romans who attended the proconsuls and propraetors in the provinces were sometimes called adulescentes (commonly contubernales), Caes. B. C. 1, 23; 1, 51. Sometimes adulescens serves to distinguish the younger of two persons of the same name:

    Brutus adulescens,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 87: P. Crassus adulescens, id. ib. 1, 52, and 3, 7:

    L. Caesar adulescens,

    id. B. C. 1, 8.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > adulescens

  • 12 alioqui

    ălĭōquī (Corssen, Ausspr. II. p. 839, questions the MS. authority for the forms ălĭ-ōquin and cĕtĕrōquin, but if they are genuine, he believes they have the prep. in affixed, as in deoin), adv. (prop. abl. alioqui, i. e. alio quo modo, in some other way; used in the ante-Aug. per. only once in Lucr.; but freq. after that per., esp. by the histt., and by Pliny the younger).
    I.
    Lit., to indicate that something has its existence or right in all but the exception given, in other respects, for the rest, otherwise; Gr. allôs, often with adj. standing either before or after it:

    milites tantum, qui sequerentur currum, defuerunt: alioqui magnificus triumphus fuit,

    Liv. 37, 46 Madv.;

    8, 9: Hannibal tumulum tutum commodumque alioqui, nisi quod longinquae aquationis erat, cepit,

    id. 30, 29, 10:

    atqui si vitiis mediocribus ac mea paucis Mendosa est natura, alioquin recta,

    Hor. S. 1, 6, 66 K. and H.:

    solitus alioquin id temporis luxus principis intendere,

    Tac. A. 13, 20 Halm; so id. ib. 4, 37; Curt. 7, 4, 8; 8, 2, 2.—Sometimes concessive, hence also with quamquam, quamvis, cum, as for the rest, besides: triumphatum de Tiburtibus: alioqui mitis victoria fuit, i. e. although in other respects the victory was, etc., Liv. 7, 19: at si tantula pars oculi media illa peresa est, Incolumis quamvis alioqui splendidus orbis ( al though in other respects uninjured and clear) occidit extemplo lumen, Lucr. 3, 414 (Lachmann rejected this line; Munro receives it and reads alioquoi):

    ideo nondum eum legi, cum alioqui validissime cupiam,

    Plin. Ep. 9, 35 Keil; so Plin. 10, 69, 93, § 198.—
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    To indicate that something exists, avails, or has influence in other cases beside those mentioned, yet, besides, moreover (syn.:

    porro, praeterea): sed haec quidem alioquin memoria magni professoris, uti interponeremus, effecit,

    Cels. 8, 4:

    ne pugnemus igitur, cum praesertim plurimis alioqui Graecis sit utendum,

    very many other Greek words besides, Quint. 2, 14, 4 Halm:

    non tenuit iram Alexander, cujus alioqui potens non erat,

    of which he had not the control at other times, Curt. 4, 2, 6; Tac. H. 3, 32:

    quā occasione Caesar, validus alioquin spernendis honoribus hujuscemodi orationem coepit,

    id. A. 4, 37.—So in questions, Quint. 4, 5, 3.—Also et alioqui in Pliny: afficior curā; et alioqui meus pudor, mea dignitas in discrimen adducitur, Plin Ep. 2, 9, 1; so id. ib. 10, 42, 2; id. Pan. 45, 4; 68, 7; 7, 9.—And in copulative clauses with et... et, cum... tum, etc., both in general (or in other respects)... and:

    et alioqui opportune situm, et transitus eā est in Labeates,

    Liv. 43, 19:

    mors Marcelli cum alioqui miserabilis fuit, tum quod, etc.,

    id. 27, 27, 11; so Quint. 5, 6, 4; 12, 10, 63.—
    B.
    To indicate that something is in itself situated so and so, or avails in a certain manner, in itself, even in itself, himself, etc.: corpus, quod illa (Phryne) speciosissima alioqui ( in herself even most beautiful) diductā nudaverat tunicā, Quint. 2, 15, 9 Spald.; 10, 3, 13; 2, 1, 4.—
    C.
    Ellipt. like the Gr. allôs, and commonly placed at the beginning of a clause, to indicate that something must happen, if the previous assertion or assumption shall not be (which fact is not [p. 86] expressed), otherwise, else (cf. aliter, b. g):

    vidistine aliquando Clitumnum fontem? si nondum (et puto nondum: alioqui narrāsses mihi),

    Plin. Ep. 8, 8; 1, 20: Nec, si pugnent inter se, qui idem didicerunt, idcirco ars, quae utrique tradita est, non erit;

    alioqui nec armorum, etc.,

    Quint. 2, 17, 33; so id. 4, 2, 23:

    non inornata debet esse brevitas, alioqui sit indocta,

    id. 4, 2, 46:

    Da mihi liberos, alioquin moriar,

    Vulg. Gen. 30, 1; ib. Matt. 6, 1; ib. Heb. 9, 17:

    languescet alioqui industria, si nullus ex se metus aut spes,

    Tac. A. 2, 38.—
    D.
    (Eccl. Lat.) As an advers. conj., but (cf. ceterum and the Gr. alla):

    alioquin mitte manum tuam et tange os ejus et carnem,

    Vulg. Job, 2, 5. Cf. Hand, Turs. I. pp. 234-241.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > alioqui

  • 13 alioquin

    ălĭōquī (Corssen, Ausspr. II. p. 839, questions the MS. authority for the forms ălĭ-ōquin and cĕtĕrōquin, but if they are genuine, he believes they have the prep. in affixed, as in deoin), adv. (prop. abl. alioqui, i. e. alio quo modo, in some other way; used in the ante-Aug. per. only once in Lucr.; but freq. after that per., esp. by the histt., and by Pliny the younger).
    I.
    Lit., to indicate that something has its existence or right in all but the exception given, in other respects, for the rest, otherwise; Gr. allôs, often with adj. standing either before or after it:

    milites tantum, qui sequerentur currum, defuerunt: alioqui magnificus triumphus fuit,

    Liv. 37, 46 Madv.;

    8, 9: Hannibal tumulum tutum commodumque alioqui, nisi quod longinquae aquationis erat, cepit,

    id. 30, 29, 10:

    atqui si vitiis mediocribus ac mea paucis Mendosa est natura, alioquin recta,

    Hor. S. 1, 6, 66 K. and H.:

    solitus alioquin id temporis luxus principis intendere,

    Tac. A. 13, 20 Halm; so id. ib. 4, 37; Curt. 7, 4, 8; 8, 2, 2.—Sometimes concessive, hence also with quamquam, quamvis, cum, as for the rest, besides: triumphatum de Tiburtibus: alioqui mitis victoria fuit, i. e. although in other respects the victory was, etc., Liv. 7, 19: at si tantula pars oculi media illa peresa est, Incolumis quamvis alioqui splendidus orbis ( al though in other respects uninjured and clear) occidit extemplo lumen, Lucr. 3, 414 (Lachmann rejected this line; Munro receives it and reads alioquoi):

    ideo nondum eum legi, cum alioqui validissime cupiam,

    Plin. Ep. 9, 35 Keil; so Plin. 10, 69, 93, § 198.—
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    To indicate that something exists, avails, or has influence in other cases beside those mentioned, yet, besides, moreover (syn.:

    porro, praeterea): sed haec quidem alioquin memoria magni professoris, uti interponeremus, effecit,

    Cels. 8, 4:

    ne pugnemus igitur, cum praesertim plurimis alioqui Graecis sit utendum,

    very many other Greek words besides, Quint. 2, 14, 4 Halm:

    non tenuit iram Alexander, cujus alioqui potens non erat,

    of which he had not the control at other times, Curt. 4, 2, 6; Tac. H. 3, 32:

    quā occasione Caesar, validus alioquin spernendis honoribus hujuscemodi orationem coepit,

    id. A. 4, 37.—So in questions, Quint. 4, 5, 3.—Also et alioqui in Pliny: afficior curā; et alioqui meus pudor, mea dignitas in discrimen adducitur, Plin Ep. 2, 9, 1; so id. ib. 10, 42, 2; id. Pan. 45, 4; 68, 7; 7, 9.—And in copulative clauses with et... et, cum... tum, etc., both in general (or in other respects)... and:

    et alioqui opportune situm, et transitus eā est in Labeates,

    Liv. 43, 19:

    mors Marcelli cum alioqui miserabilis fuit, tum quod, etc.,

    id. 27, 27, 11; so Quint. 5, 6, 4; 12, 10, 63.—
    B.
    To indicate that something is in itself situated so and so, or avails in a certain manner, in itself, even in itself, himself, etc.: corpus, quod illa (Phryne) speciosissima alioqui ( in herself even most beautiful) diductā nudaverat tunicā, Quint. 2, 15, 9 Spald.; 10, 3, 13; 2, 1, 4.—
    C.
    Ellipt. like the Gr. allôs, and commonly placed at the beginning of a clause, to indicate that something must happen, if the previous assertion or assumption shall not be (which fact is not [p. 86] expressed), otherwise, else (cf. aliter, b. g):

    vidistine aliquando Clitumnum fontem? si nondum (et puto nondum: alioqui narrāsses mihi),

    Plin. Ep. 8, 8; 1, 20: Nec, si pugnent inter se, qui idem didicerunt, idcirco ars, quae utrique tradita est, non erit;

    alioqui nec armorum, etc.,

    Quint. 2, 17, 33; so id. 4, 2, 23:

    non inornata debet esse brevitas, alioqui sit indocta,

    id. 4, 2, 46:

    Da mihi liberos, alioquin moriar,

    Vulg. Gen. 30, 1; ib. Matt. 6, 1; ib. Heb. 9, 17:

    languescet alioqui industria, si nullus ex se metus aut spes,

    Tac. A. 2, 38.—
    D.
    (Eccl. Lat.) As an advers. conj., but (cf. ceterum and the Gr. alla):

    alioquin mitte manum tuam et tange os ejus et carnem,

    Vulg. Job, 2, 5. Cf. Hand, Turs. I. pp. 234-241.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > alioquin

  • 14 Arche

    archē, ēs, f., = archê (beginning).
    I.
    One of the Æons of Valentinus, Tert. adv. Val. 35.—
    II.
    Archē, one of the four muses; a daughter of the younger Jupiter, Cic. N. D. 3, 21, 54.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Arche

  • 15 Aruns

    Aruns, untis, m., an Etruscan name of the younger son, while the elder was called Lar or Lars [in pure Etruscan, Arnth.; Gr. Arrôn or Arrouns].
    I.
    A brother of Lucumo (Tarquinius Priscus), Liv. 1, 34.—
    II.
    A younger son of Tarquin the Proud, Liv. 1, 56; 2, 6.—
    III.
    A son of Porsenna, Liv. 2, 14.—
    IV.
    An Etruscan seer, Luc. 1, 585; v. Müll. Etrusk. 1, pp. 405 and 409.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Aruns

  • 16 Aspasia

    Aspāsĭa, ae, f., = Aspasia.
    I.
    The accomplished friend of Socrates, afterwards wife of Pericles, Cic. Inv. 1, 31, 51; Quint. 5, 11, 27.—
    II.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Aspasia

  • 17 Attius

    Attĭus or Accĭus (both forms are equally attested; Attius predominated under the empire, and the Greeks always wrote Attios. Teuffel), ii, m., = Attios, a Roman proper name.
    I.
    L. Attius, a distinguished Roman poet of the ante-class. per., younger than Pacuvius, and his rival in tragedy and comedy. Of his poems a considerable number of fragments yet remain; cf. Bähr, Lit. Gesch. pp. 44 and 45; Teuffel, Rom. Lit. § 49, and Schmid ad Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 56.—Hence,
    B.
    Attĭānus ( Acc-), a, um, adj., of or pertaining to Attius:

    versus,

    Cic. Fam. 9, 16, 4:

    Attianum illud: nihil credo auguribus,

    Gell. 14, 1, 34.—
    II.
    Attius Navius, a soothsayer, who, in the presence and at the bidding of Tarquinius Priscus, cut in pieces a stone with a razor, Liv. 1, 36; Val. Max. 1, 4, n. 1; Cic. Div. 1, 17, 31 sqq.; 2, 38, 80.—
    III.
    P. Attius Varus, a prœtor in Africa at the time of the civil war between Cœsar and Pompey, Caes. B. C. 1, 13; Cic. Att. 7, 13.—Hence,
    B.
    Attĭānus, a, um, adj., of or pertaining to Attius:

    milites,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 13:

    legiones,

    Cic. Att. 7, 15 and 20.—
    IV.
    T. Attius, an orator of Pisaurum, in the time of Cicero, Cic. Clu. 23.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Attius

  • 18 Cato

    Căto, ōnis, m. [1. catus], a cognomen of several celebrated Romans in the gens Porcia, Valeria, Vettia al.
    I.
    M. Porcius Cato the elder, distinguished as a rigid judge of morals; hence with the appel. Censorius;

    whose most celebrated works were the Origines and De Re Rustica,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 33, 135; Liv. 31, 1 sqq.; Plin. 7, 27, 28, § 100; 7, 30, 31, § 112; cf., concerning him, Bernhardy, Röm. Litt. p. 521 sq.; 650; Bähr, Lit. Gesch. p. 515; 258; 354 al.;

    Ellendt, Cic. Brut. p. xix.-xxv.—As appel. of a severe judge,

    Mart. 1, prooem. fin.; Phaedr. 4, 7, 21.—Hence,
    B.
    Cătōnĭānus, a, um, adj., of Cato:

    familia,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 4, 6, 5:

    aetas,

    Sen. Tranq. 7, 5:

    illa (i. e. praecepta),

    id. Ep. 94, 27:

    lingua,

    i. e. of high morality, Mart. 9, 27, 14.—
    II.
    His descendant, M. Porcius Cato the younger, the enemy of Cœsar, who committed suicide after the battle of Pharsalia, at Utica; hence with the appel. Uticensis.—
    B.
    Cătōnīni, ōrum, m., the adherents or friends of Cato, Cic. Fam. 7, 25, 1; cf. catonium.—Concerning both, and the Porcian family in gen., v. Gell. 13, 20 Hertz, p. 19 Bip.—On account of their serious and austere character, serious, or gloomy, morose men are called Catones, Sen. Ep. 120, 19; cf. Juv. 2, 40; Phaedr. 4, 7, 21; Petr. 132.—
    III.
    Valerius Cato, a celebrated grammarian of Gaul, and poet of the time of Sulla, Cat. 56; Ov. Tr. 2, 436; Suet. Gram. 2; 4; 11.—
    IV.
    Dionysius Cato, author of the Disticha de moribus, prob. about the time of Constantine; v. the Disticha, with the Sententiae of Syrus, at the end of the Fabulae of Phaedrus, Bip.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Cato

  • 19 causa

    causa (by Cicero, and also a little after him, caussa, Quint. 1, 7, 20; so Fast. Praenest. pp. 321, 322; Inscr. Orell. 3681; 4077; 4698 al.; in Mon. Ancyr. 3, 1 dub.), ae, f. [perh. root cav- of caveo, prop. that which is defended or protected; cf. cura], that by, on account of, or through which any thing takes place or is done; a cause, reason, motive, inducement; also, in gen., an occasion, opportunity (opp. effectis, Quint. 6, 3, 66; 7, 3, 29:

    factis,

    id. 4, 2, 52; 12, 1, 36 al.; very freq. in all periods, and in all kinds of discourse. In its different meanings syn. with ratio, principium, fons, origo, caput; excusatio, defensio; judicium, controversia, lis; partes, actio; condicio, negotium, commodum, al.).
    I.
    In gen.: causa ea est, quae id efficit, cujus est causa; ut vulnus mortis; cruditas morbi;

    ignis ardoris. Itaque non sic causa intellegi debet, ut quod cuique antecedat, id ei causa sit, sed quod cuique efficienter antecedat,

    Cic. Fat. 15, 34:

    justa et magna et perspicua,

    id. Rosc. Am. 14, 40: id. Phil. 2, 22, 53; id. Att. 16, 7, 6:

    sontica causa, v. sonticus.—Followed by a particle of cause: causa, quamobrem, etc.,

    Ter. And. 5, 1, 18; id. Eun. 1, 2, 65; id. [p. 304] Heaut. 2, 3, 95; id. Hec. 3, 3, 22; 3, 5, 2; 4, 4, 73; Cic. Fin. 4, 16, 44:

    causa, quare, etc.,

    Cic. Inv. 2, 20, 60:

    causa, cur, etc.,

    id. Ac. 1, 3, 10; Quint. 11, 3, 16; 2, 3, 11; Hor. C. 1, 16, 19 al.:

    causa quod, etc.,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 46, § 109; id. Phil. 6, 1, 1; Quint. 2, 1, 1; 5, 10, 30 al.:

    ut, etc.,

    Plaut. Capt. 2, 2, 7; Ter. Eun. 3, 3, 6; Cic. Fam. 1, 8, 4 al.:

    haud causa quin, etc.,

    Plaut. Most. 2, 2, 4:

    quae causa est quin,

    id. Capt. 2, 2, 103:

    quid causae est quin,

    Ter. And. 3, 4, 21; Cic. Tusc. 5, 11, 32; Hor. S. 1, 1, 20:

    nulla causa est quin,

    Cic. Fam. 2, 17, 1:

    causa quominus,

    Sall. C. 51, 41; Liv. 34, 56, 9:

    causa ne,

    id. 34, 39, 9:

    nihil causae est cur non, etc.,

    Quint. 11, 3, 59:

    causae propter quas, etc.,

    id. 4, 2, 12; 5, 7, 24; 8, 6, 23.—With gen. obj.:

    is, qui causa mortis fuit,

    Cic. Phil. 9, 3, 7; Liv. 21, 21, 1; Quint. 7, 3, 18; 7, 4, 42:

    salutis,

    Lucr. 3, 349:

    morbi,

    id. 3, 502; Verg. G. 4, 397; Hor. C. 2, 2, 14:

    nos causa belli sumus,

    Liv. 1, 13, 3:

    causa mortis fuistis,

    Quint. 7, 3, 32; Sen. Ira, 2, 27, 3:

    explicandae philosophiae,

    Cic. Div. 2, 2, 6:

    nec vero umquam bellorum civilium semen et causa deerit,

    id. Off. 2, 8, 29; so,

    belli,

    Sall. C. 2, 2; Verg. A. 7, 553; Hor. C. 2, 1, 2; id. S. 1, 3, 108; id. Ep. 1, 2, 9:

    felix qui potuit rerum cognoscere causas,

    Verg. G. 2, 490:

    vera objurgandi causa,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 131; cf. with ad:

    causa ad objurgandum,

    id. ib. 1, 1, 123; id. Hec. 4, 4, 71; and poet. with inf.:

    consurgere in arma,

    Verg. A. 10, 90:

    perire,

    Tib. 3, 2, 30:

    gestare carinas,

    Luc. 5, 464.— With prepp.:

    cum causā,

    with good reason, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 8, § 21; id. de Or. 2, 60, 247; Varr. R. R. 1, 17, 4:

    sine causā,

    without good reason, Cic. Div. 2, 28, 61; id. Fat. 9, 18; id. de Or. 2, 60, 246; id. Att. 13, 22, 1; Caes. B. G. 1, 14; Nep. Alcib. 6, 2; Quint. 1, 10, 35; 1, 12, 9:

    his de causis,

    Cic. Att. 6, 1, 6:

    id nisi gravi de causā non fecisset,

    id. ib. 7, 7, 3:

    justis de causis,

    id. Fam. 5, 20, 2:

    quā de causā,

    id. Off. 1, 41, 147; id. Ac. 1, 12, 43; Caes. B. G. 1, 1:

    quibus de causis,

    Quint. 4, 2, 15;

    less freq. in ante-Aug. prose: quā ex causa,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 7, 13; id. Mur. 17, 36; but very freq. in Quint., Sen., and the younger Plin.; so,

    nullā aliā ex causā,

    Sen. Ep. 29, 1:

    multis ex causis,

    Quint. 5, 12, 3:

    quibus ex causis,

    id. 4, 2, 15; Plin. Ep. 6, 6, 8:

    ex plurimis causis,

    id. ib. 1, 3, 6:

    ex his (causis),

    id. ib. 5, 8, 6:—ob eam causam scribo, ut, etc., Cic. Fam. 1, 8, 4:

    illa festinatio fuit ob illam causam, ne, etc.,

    id. Verr. 2, 2, 40, § 99; Nep. Milt. 6, 2:

    ob eam causam, quia, etc.,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 20, 51:

    ob eas causas,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 10:

    ob eam ipsam causam,

    Cic. Brut. 7, 29:

    quam ob causam,

    Nep. Paus. 2, 6:

    propter eam quam dixi causam,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 46, § 110:

    causae propter quas,

    Quint. 4, 2, 12.—In causā esse, to be the cause of, responsible for, etc. (rare):

    in causā haec sunt,

    Cic. Fam. 1, 1, 1:

    vim morbi in causā esse, quo serius perficeretur,

    Liv. 40, 26, 5:

    verecundiam multis in causā fuisse, ut, etc.,

    Quint. 12, 5, 2; Plin. Ep. 6, 10, 3; 7, 5, 1; Plin. 9, 30, 49, § 94; cf.:

    tarditatis causa in senatu fuit,

    Liv. 4, 58, 4.—
    b.
    Causā, in abl. with gen. or possess. adj. (usu. put after the noun), as patris causā, meā causā, on account of, for the sake of (in the best prose, almost always referring to the future, and implying a purpose; cf. propter with acc. of the pre-existing cause or motive):

    honoris tui causā huc ad te venimus,

    Plaut. Poen. 3, 3, 25; Ter. Phorm. 5, 7, 35; Cic. Fam. 13, 26, 2 al.:

    animi causa, v. animus, II., etc.: exempli causā, v. exemplum: causā meā,

    Plaut. Most. 5, 2, 47; id. Poen. 1, 2, 160; id. Am. 1, 3, 42 al.; Ter. Heaut. prol. 41; 5, 5, 23 al.;

    causā meāpte,

    id. ib. 4, 3, 8:

    nostra causa,

    id. Phorm. 4, 4, 14; Cic. Ac. 2, 38, 120; Quint. 7, 4, 9:

    vestrā magis hoc causā volebam quam meā,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 35. 162:

    aliena potius causa quam sua,

    Quint. 3, 7, 16.—Put before the noun:

    rastros capsit causă potiendi agri,

    Enn. Ann. 324 Vahl.:

    quidquid hujus feci, causā virginis Feci,

    Ter. Eun. 1, 2, 122; so Liv. 26, 32, 6; 31, 12, 4; 39, 14, 8; 40, 41 fin.; 40, 44, 10.—Rarely with propter in the same sense:

    vestrarum sedum templorumque causā, propter salutem meorum civium,

    Cic. Sest. 20, 45.—With gen. of pers. or reflex. pron. instead of possess. very rare (v. Lahmeyer ad Cic. Lael. 16, 57):

    quod illi semper sui causā fecerant,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 52, § 121.
    II.
    Esp.
    A.
    = justa causa, good reason, just cause, full right:

    cum causā accedere ad accusandum,

    with good reason, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 8, § 21; so,

    cum causā,

    id. de Or. 2, 60, 247; Varr. R. R. 1, 17, 4; 3, 16, 7;

    and the contrary: sine causā,

    without good reason, Cic. Div. 2, 28, 61; id. de Or. 2, 60, 246; Caes. B. G. 1, 14; Nep. Alcib. 6, 2 al.—
    B.
    An apology, excuse, Cato, R. R. 2, 2; Plaut. Capt. 3, 4, 92; Ter. Phorm. 2, 1, 42; Cic. Fam. 16, 19 fin.; Verg. A. 9, 219 al.—
    C.
    Causam alicui dare alicujus rei, occasion:

    qui (Nebatius) mihi dedit causam harum litterarum,

    Cic. Fam. 11, 27, 8;

    for which poët.: Bacchus et ad culpam causas dedit,

    Verg. G. 2, 455 Forbig. ad loc.—
    D.
    A feigned cause, a pretext, pretence, = praetextus, prophasis:

    habere causam,

    Plaut. As. 4, 1, 44:

    fingere falsas causas,

    Ter. Hec. 4, 4, 71; id. And. 1, 3, 8 Ruhnk.; 4, 1, 18; id. Phorm. 2, 1, 4:

    fingit causas ne det,

    id. Eun. 1, 2, 58; cf. Tib. 1, 6, 11:

    morae facere,

    to pretend reasons for the delay, Sall. J. 36, 2:

    inferre causam,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 39, 2:

    causam interponere,

    Nep. Them. 7, 1; cf. id. Milt. 4, 1:

    bellandi,

    id. Ham. 3, 1:

    belli,

    Tac. A. 12, 45:

    jurgii,

    Phaedr. 1, 1, 4 al. (On the other hand, causa, a true cause, is opp. to praetextus, a pretext, Suet. Caes. 30.)—So freq. per causam, under the pretext, Caes. B. C. 3, 24; 3, 76; 3, 87; Liv. 2, 32, 1 Drak.; 22, 61, 8; Suet. Caes. 2; id. Oth. 3; id. Vesp. 1; Tib. 1, 6, 26; Ov. H. 20, 140; id. Tr. 2, 452.—
    E.
    In judic. lang. t. t., a cause, judicial process, lawsuit:

    privatae,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 3, 4:

    publicae,

    id. de Or. 3, 20, 74; id. Rosc. Am. 21, 59:

    capitis aut famae,

    id. Fam. 9, 21, 1:

    causam agere,

    id. de Or. 2, 48, 199; Quint. 6, 1, 54; 7, 2, 55; 10, 7, 30;

    11, 1, 67 et saep.: constituere,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 1, § 1:

    perorare,

    id. Quint. 24, 77:

    defendere,

    Quint. 3, 6, 9; 12, 1, 24; 12, 1, 37; Suet. Caes. 49:

    exponere,

    Quint. 2, 5, 7:

    perdere,

    Cic. Rosc. Com. 4, 10:

    obtinere,

    id. Fam. 1, 4, 1:

    tenere (= obticere),

    Ov. M. 13, 190: causā cadere, v. cado, II.: causam dicere, to defend one ' s self, or to make a defence (as an advocate), Cic. Rosc. Am. 5, 12 and 13; 21, 54; id. Sest. 8, 18; id. Quint. 8, 31; Liv. 29, 19, 5; Quint. 5, 11, 39; 8, 2, 24; Suet. Caes. 30 et saep.— Poet.: causa prior, the first part of the process, i. e. the trial, Ov. M. 15, 37.—Hence,
    2.
    Out of the sphere of judicial proceedings, the party, faction, cause that one defends:

    ne condemnare causam illam, quam secutus esset, videretur, etc.,

    Cic. Lig. 9, 27 sq.:

    suarum partium causa,

    Quint. 3, 8, 57:

    causa Caesaris melior,

    id. 5, 11, 42; Tac. A. 1, 36 al. —Hence,
    b.
    Meton.
    (α).
    A relation of friendship, connection:

    quīcum tibi adfininitas, societas, omnes denique causae et necessitudines veteres intercedebant,

    Cic. Quint. 15, 48:

    explicare breviter, quae mihi sit ratio et causa cum Caesare,

    id. Prov. Cons. 17, 40; id. Fam. 13, 19, 1.—
    (β).
    In gen., = condicio, a condition, state, situation, relation, position:

    ut nonnumquam mortem sibi ipse consciscere aliquis debeat, alius in eādem causā non debeat: num enim aliā in causā M. Cato fuit, alia ceteri, qui se in Africā Caesari tradiderunt?

    Cic. Off. 1, 31, 112; so Caes. B. G. 4, 4 Herz.:

    (Regulus) erat in meliore causā quam, etc.,

    Cic. Off. 3, 27, 100; id. Agr. 3, 2, 9 (where for causa in the foll. clause is condicio):

    atque in hoc genere mea causa est, ut, etc.,

    id. Fam. 2, 4, 1; cf. id. ib. 9, 13, 1.—
    (γ).
    = negotium, a cause, business undertaken for any one, an employment:

    cui senatus dederat publice causam, ut mihi gratias ageret,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 73, § 170:

    quod nemo eorum rediisset, qui super tali causā eodem missi erant,

    Nep. Paus. 4, 1.—
    F.
    In medic. lang., a cause for disease:

    causam metuere,

    Cels. 3, 3; so Sen. Cons. ad Marc. 11 fin.; Plin. 28, 15, 61, § 218.—Hence in late Lat. for disease, Cael. Aur. Tard. 5, 10, 95; id. Acut. 2, 29, 157; Veg. 1, 25, 1; 3, 6, 11; 3, 45, 5; 4, 4, 2 al.—
    G.
    That which lies at the basis of a rhetorical representation, matter, subject, hupothesis, Cic. Top. 21, 79; id. Inv. 1, 6, 8; Auct. Her. 1, 11, 18; Quint. 3, 5, 7 sq.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > causa

  • 20 ceteroquin

    ălĭōquī (Corssen, Ausspr. II. p. 839, questions the MS. authority for the forms ălĭ-ōquin and cĕtĕrōquin, but if they are genuine, he believes they have the prep. in affixed, as in deoin), adv. (prop. abl. alioqui, i. e. alio quo modo, in some other way; used in the ante-Aug. per. only once in Lucr.; but freq. after that per., esp. by the histt., and by Pliny the younger).
    I.
    Lit., to indicate that something has its existence or right in all but the exception given, in other respects, for the rest, otherwise; Gr. allôs, often with adj. standing either before or after it:

    milites tantum, qui sequerentur currum, defuerunt: alioqui magnificus triumphus fuit,

    Liv. 37, 46 Madv.;

    8, 9: Hannibal tumulum tutum commodumque alioqui, nisi quod longinquae aquationis erat, cepit,

    id. 30, 29, 10:

    atqui si vitiis mediocribus ac mea paucis Mendosa est natura, alioquin recta,

    Hor. S. 1, 6, 66 K. and H.:

    solitus alioquin id temporis luxus principis intendere,

    Tac. A. 13, 20 Halm; so id. ib. 4, 37; Curt. 7, 4, 8; 8, 2, 2.—Sometimes concessive, hence also with quamquam, quamvis, cum, as for the rest, besides: triumphatum de Tiburtibus: alioqui mitis victoria fuit, i. e. although in other respects the victory was, etc., Liv. 7, 19: at si tantula pars oculi media illa peresa est, Incolumis quamvis alioqui splendidus orbis ( al though in other respects uninjured and clear) occidit extemplo lumen, Lucr. 3, 414 (Lachmann rejected this line; Munro receives it and reads alioquoi):

    ideo nondum eum legi, cum alioqui validissime cupiam,

    Plin. Ep. 9, 35 Keil; so Plin. 10, 69, 93, § 198.—
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    To indicate that something exists, avails, or has influence in other cases beside those mentioned, yet, besides, moreover (syn.:

    porro, praeterea): sed haec quidem alioquin memoria magni professoris, uti interponeremus, effecit,

    Cels. 8, 4:

    ne pugnemus igitur, cum praesertim plurimis alioqui Graecis sit utendum,

    very many other Greek words besides, Quint. 2, 14, 4 Halm:

    non tenuit iram Alexander, cujus alioqui potens non erat,

    of which he had not the control at other times, Curt. 4, 2, 6; Tac. H. 3, 32:

    quā occasione Caesar, validus alioquin spernendis honoribus hujuscemodi orationem coepit,

    id. A. 4, 37.—So in questions, Quint. 4, 5, 3.—Also et alioqui in Pliny: afficior curā; et alioqui meus pudor, mea dignitas in discrimen adducitur, Plin Ep. 2, 9, 1; so id. ib. 10, 42, 2; id. Pan. 45, 4; 68, 7; 7, 9.—And in copulative clauses with et... et, cum... tum, etc., both in general (or in other respects)... and:

    et alioqui opportune situm, et transitus eā est in Labeates,

    Liv. 43, 19:

    mors Marcelli cum alioqui miserabilis fuit, tum quod, etc.,

    id. 27, 27, 11; so Quint. 5, 6, 4; 12, 10, 63.—
    B.
    To indicate that something is in itself situated so and so, or avails in a certain manner, in itself, even in itself, himself, etc.: corpus, quod illa (Phryne) speciosissima alioqui ( in herself even most beautiful) diductā nudaverat tunicā, Quint. 2, 15, 9 Spald.; 10, 3, 13; 2, 1, 4.—
    C.
    Ellipt. like the Gr. allôs, and commonly placed at the beginning of a clause, to indicate that something must happen, if the previous assertion or assumption shall not be (which fact is not [p. 86] expressed), otherwise, else (cf. aliter, b. g):

    vidistine aliquando Clitumnum fontem? si nondum (et puto nondum: alioqui narrāsses mihi),

    Plin. Ep. 8, 8; 1, 20: Nec, si pugnent inter se, qui idem didicerunt, idcirco ars, quae utrique tradita est, non erit;

    alioqui nec armorum, etc.,

    Quint. 2, 17, 33; so id. 4, 2, 23:

    non inornata debet esse brevitas, alioqui sit indocta,

    id. 4, 2, 46:

    Da mihi liberos, alioquin moriar,

    Vulg. Gen. 30, 1; ib. Matt. 6, 1; ib. Heb. 9, 17:

    languescet alioqui industria, si nullus ex se metus aut spes,

    Tac. A. 2, 38.—
    D.
    (Eccl. Lat.) As an advers. conj., but (cf. ceterum and the Gr. alla):

    alioquin mitte manum tuam et tange os ejus et carnem,

    Vulg. Job, 2, 5. Cf. Hand, Turs. I. pp. 234-241.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > ceteroquin

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