Translation: from latin

the enemy of Cœsar

  • 1 Cato

    Căto, ōnis, m. [1. catus], a cognomen of several celebrated Romans in the gens Porcia, Valeria, Vettia al.
    I.
    M. Porcius Cato the elder, distinguished as a rigid judge of morals; hence with the appel. Censorius;

    whose most celebrated works were the Origines and De Re Rustica,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 33, 135; Liv. 31, 1 sqq.; Plin. 7, 27, 28, § 100; 7, 30, 31, § 112; cf., concerning him, Bernhardy, Röm. Litt. p. 521 sq.; 650; Bähr, Lit. Gesch. p. 515; 258; 354 al.;

    Ellendt, Cic. Brut. p. xix.-xxv.—As appel. of a severe judge,

    Mart. 1, prooem. fin.; Phaedr. 4, 7, 21.—Hence,
    B.
    Cătōnĭānus, a, um, adj., of Cato:

    familia,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 4, 6, 5:

    aetas,

    Sen. Tranq. 7, 5:

    illa (i. e. praecepta),

    id. Ep. 94, 27:

    lingua,

    i. e. of high morality, Mart. 9, 27, 14.—
    II.
    His descendant, M. Porcius Cato the younger, the enemy of Cœsar, who committed suicide after the battle of Pharsalia, at Utica; hence with the appel. Uticensis.—
    B.
    Cătōnīni, ōrum, m., the adherents or friends of Cato, Cic. Fam. 7, 25, 1; cf. catonium.—Concerning both, and the Porcian family in gen., v. Gell. 13, 20 Hertz, p. 19 Bip.—On account of their serious and austere character, serious, or gloomy, morose men are called Catones, Sen. Ep. 120, 19; cf. Juv. 2, 40; Phaedr. 4, 7, 21; Petr. 132.—
    III.
    Valerius Cato, a celebrated grammarian of Gaul, and poet of the time of Sulla, Cat. 56; Ov. Tr. 2, 436; Suet. Gram. 2; 4; 11.—
    IV.
    Dionysius Cato, author of the Disticha de moribus, prob. about the time of Constantine; v. the Disticha, with the Sententiae of Syrus, at the end of the Fabulae of Phaedrus, Bip.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Cato

  • 2 Ganymedes

    Gănymēdes, is ( gen. i, Cic. Tusc. 4, 33, 71;

    also in a Latinized form Catamitus,

    Plaut. Men. 1, 2, 35; cf. Paul. ex Fest. s. h. v. p. 44, and s. v. alcedo, p. 7 Müll.), m., = Ganumêdês.
    I.
    Ganymede, a son of Laomedon (acc. to the cyclic poets, whom Cicero follows; acc. to Homer, a son of Tros; acc. to Hyginus, of Assaracus or of Erichthonius), who, on account of his youthful beauty, was carried off by Jupiter's eagle from Mount Ida to heaven, and there made Jupiter's cup-bearer in place of Hebe; as a constellation, the Waterman (Aquarius), Cic. Tusc. 1, 26, 65; 4, 33, 71; id. N. D. 1, 40, 112; Hyg. Fab. 271; id. Astr. 2, 16; 29; Verg. A. 1, 28; Ov. M. 10, 155 al.—
    B.
    Deriv. Gănymē-dēus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to Ganymede, Ganymedean:

    comae,

    Mart. 9, 17, 6;

    manu mixta pocula,

    id. 8, 39, 4:

    chorus,

    i. e. of beautiful servants, id. 7, 50, 4.—
    II.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Ganymedes

  • 3 Ganymedeus

    Gănymēdes, is ( gen. i, Cic. Tusc. 4, 33, 71;

    also in a Latinized form Catamitus,

    Plaut. Men. 1, 2, 35; cf. Paul. ex Fest. s. h. v. p. 44, and s. v. alcedo, p. 7 Müll.), m., = Ganumêdês.
    I.
    Ganymede, a son of Laomedon (acc. to the cyclic poets, whom Cicero follows; acc. to Homer, a son of Tros; acc. to Hyginus, of Assaracus or of Erichthonius), who, on account of his youthful beauty, was carried off by Jupiter's eagle from Mount Ida to heaven, and there made Jupiter's cup-bearer in place of Hebe; as a constellation, the Waterman (Aquarius), Cic. Tusc. 1, 26, 65; 4, 33, 71; id. N. D. 1, 40, 112; Hyg. Fab. 271; id. Astr. 2, 16; 29; Verg. A. 1, 28; Ov. M. 10, 155 al.—
    B.
    Deriv. Gănymē-dēus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to Ganymede, Ganymedean:

    comae,

    Mart. 9, 17, 6;

    manu mixta pocula,

    id. 8, 39, 4:

    chorus,

    i. e. of beautiful servants, id. 7, 50, 4.—
    II.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Ganymedeus

  • 4 accidō

        accidō cidī, —, ere    [ad + cado], to fall upon, fall to, reach by falling: ut tela missa a Gallis gravius acciderent, Cs.: tela ab omni parte accidebant, L.—Of persons, to arrive, come: de inproviso, had come unexpectedly, S.: alqd simulare, quo inprovisus gravior accideret, that his attack might be a surprise, and more formidable, S. — Esp., to fall before, fall at the feet: ad genua accidit Lacrumans, T.: ad pedes omnium.—Of the senses, to strike, reach, come: nihil quod ad oculos animumque acciderit: ad aurīs tuas: unde nec ad nos nomen famaque eius accidere posset, reach, L.: auribus, L.: animo, T.— Absol, to come to the ears, come, be heard, be raised: clamor deinde accidit novus, L.: concitatior accidens clamor ab increscente certamine, L.: ut vox etiam ad hostes accideret (with acc. and inf.), L.—To befit, become, suit (poet.): istuc verbum vere in te accidit, was true of you, T.—Fig., to come to pass, happen, occur, fall out, take place, befall: res eo gravius ferre, quo minus merito accidissent, Cs.: si quid mali accidisset, S.: cum tantum periculi accidisset, Cs.: quae victis acciderent enumeravere, the fate of the conquered, S.: si gravius quid acciderit, if any calamity occur, Cs.: casu accidit ut: sic accidit, uti, etc., thus it happened, that, Cs. — Pleonast. in narrations: accidit ut esset luna plena, Cs.: neque saepe accidit, ut, etc., Cs.—Of what is fortunate or welcome: quid optatius populo R. accidere potuit, quam, etc.? interea aliquid acciderit boni, T.— Esp., si quid cui accidat, or si quid humanitus accidat, if anything should happen to one (euphemist. for die): si quid mihi humanitus accidisset: si quid ei gravius a Caesare accidisset, i. e. if Cœsar should put him to death, Cs.: si quid accidat Romanis, if the Romans are destroyed, Cs.—To end, result, turn out: contra opinionem, disappoint us, Cs.: peius victoribus quam victis accidisse, Cs.
    * * *
    I
    accidere, accidi, - V
    fall upon/down/to/at or near, descend, alight; happen, occur; happen to (DAT)
    II
    accidere, accidi, accisus V TRANS
    cut, cut into/down/up, hack, hew, fell; overthrow, destroy; cut short; weaken

    Latin-English dictionary > accidō

  • 5 accipiō

        accipiō cēpī, ceptus, ere    [ad+capio], to take without effort, receive, get, accept. — Of voluntary taking, to take, accept, take into possession, receive: obsides, Cs.: divitias, N.: aliquid a patre, inherit, N.: suspitio acceptae pecuniae ob rem iudicandam (of a bribe): pecuniam per Volcatium, by the hands of: alqm gremio, V.: milites urbe tectisve, L.: sucos ore aut volnere, O. — Fig.: oculis aut pectore noctem, V.—To admit, let in: armatos in arcem, L.: alqm in amicitiam: (parentes) in civitatem, to citizenship, L.— To take under protection: (virginem) accepi, acceptam servabo, T.: taedā accepta iugali, i. e. wedded, O.—To receive as a guest, entertain, welcome: Laurentes nymphae, accipite Aenean, V.: quam Delos orantem accepit, O.: (eum) in vestram fidem, into your confidence.— Ironically, to entertain, deal with, treat: indignis modis, T.: quo te modo accepissem, nisi iratus essem: eum male acceptum... coegit, etc. (of a defeated enemy), N.—In busines, to collect (money): a praetore pecuniam. — acceptus, P., received, collected: accepta pecunia. — Esp. in the phrase, referre acceptum (alqd), to credit, give credit for: amplius sestertium ducentiens acceptum hereditatibus rettuli, entered to the credit of inheritance, i. e. owe to bequests: alcui vitam suam referre acceptam, acknowledge that he owes his life, etc.: salutem imperi uni omnes acceptam relaturos, Cs. — In law: sponsionem acceptam facere, to discharge the bond, acknowledge payment of the sponsio.—Of involuntary taking, to receive, get, be the recipient of, take, submit to, suffer, bear: volnera tergo, V.: graviore volnere accepto, Cs.: cum semel accepit solem (leo), has felt the power of, H.: hunc metum, i. e. take this risk, T.: contumeliam, T. — Esp. of places, to admit, take in, receive, open to: Strophadum me litora primum Accipiunt, V.: nullae eum urbes accipiunt, nulla moenia, L.: illum unda accipit sinu vasto, V. — Fig., of perception and thought: quae accepi auribus, T.: mandata auribus: quem ipse accepi oculis animoque sensum, hunc, etc., the impression I received.—In gen., to take, hear, attend to, perceive, understand, learn: Accipe nunc Danaum insidias, listen to, V.: sicut ego accepi, as I have heard, S.: ut accepi a senibus: accipite... veterem orationem Archytae: quae postea acciderant, Cs.: reliquos ne famā quidem acceperunt, have not heard of them, Cs.: si te aequo animo ferre accipiet, T.: hoc sic fieri solere accepimus: ex parente ita accepi, munditias mulieribus convenire, S.: ut celeriter acciperet quae tradebantur, understood, N.— Absol: non recte accipis, T.: volenti animo de ambobus acceperant, had eagerly welcomed news of both, S.—In partic., of a word or pledge, take: accipe daque fidem, i. e. exchange solemn assurances, V.—Praegn., to take, interpret, explain: ad contumeliam omnia, to regard as an insult, T.: his in maius acceptis, being exaggerated, L.: hoc in bonam partem, take kindly: alqd durius: facinus severe accipere, with displeasure: aliter tuom amorem atque est, T.: aequo animo, S. — Accipere aliquid in omen, to regard a thing as an omen, accept the omen: id a plerisque in omen magni terroris acceptum, L.; but accipere omen, to receive as a ( favorable) omen, L.—With ellips. of omen: Accipio, adgnoscoque deos, I accept ( the omen) and, etc., V.—To accept, be satisfied with, approve: dos, Pamphile, est decem talenta. Pam. Accipio, T.: ‘equi te esse feri similem, dico.’ Ridemus et ipse Messius, ‘accipio,’ I allow it, exactly so, H.: ab hoste armato condicionem, Cs.— To take upon one, undertake, assume, undergo: bellum, quod novus imperator noster accipiat, in which... succeeds to the command: causam: eos (magistratūs): iudicium (of the defendant), stand the trial: iudicium accipere pro Quinctio, i. e. agree for Q. to stand trial.
    * * *
    accipere, accepi, acceptus V TRANS
    take, grasp, receive, accept, undertake; admit, let in, hear, learn; obey

    Latin-English dictionary > accipiō

  • 6 ad-orior

        ad-orior ortus, īrī, dep.,    to approach as an enemy, fall upon, assail, assault, attack: a tergo Milonem: hominem tumultuosissime: tribunum gladiis: impeditos, Cs.: urbem vi, L.: oppugnatio eos atrocior adorta est, L. — To accost, address: cesso hunc adoriri, T. — To attack, undertake, engage in: nefas, V — With infin: dominam deducere, V.: virginem perlicere, L.

    Latin-English dictionary > ad-orior

  • 7 ad - surgō (ass-)

        ad - surgō (ass-) surrēxī, surrēctus, ere,    to rise up, rise, stand up: adsurgite: querellis Haud iustis, V.: arbore fluctum Verberat adsurgens, rising to the oars, V.: adsurgentis dextrā Aeneae, towering, V.: quantus in clipeum adsurgat, against the (enemy's) shield, V.: ex morbo, i. e. recover, L.: alcui in curiam venienti, to rise (out of respect to): viro chorus omnis, V.: Tmolius adsurgit quibus, i. e. yields the palm, V.: decedi, appeti, adsurgi, i. e. to meet with signs of respect: cum adsurrectum ei non esset, L.—Poet.: turres, V.: septem in ulnas, seven ells high, V.: adsurgens fluctu Orion, V.: adsurgunt irae, V.

    Latin-English dictionary > ad - surgō (ass-)

  • 8 adversārius (advor-)

        adversārius (advor-) adj.    [adversor], opposite, hostile, contrary: duces: multitudinis temeritati: rebus nox, unfavorable, Cs.: oratori opinio, injurious. — As substt. m. and f an opponent, adversary, enemy: acerrimus: multitudo adversariorum, N.: mulierum: adversaria, a female opponent. — Plur. n., the opponent's arguments, C.— Memoranda, a temporary note-book: negligenter scribere.

    Latin-English dictionary > adversārius (advor-)

  • 9 adversus

        adversus ī, m    an enemy, opponent: vir populi partium, an opponent of the democrats, S. —    2.
    * * *
    I
    opposite, against, in opposite direction; in opposition; (w/ire go to meet)
    II
    facing, opposite, against, towards; contrary to; face to face, in presence of
    III
    adversa -um, adversior -or -us, adversissimus -a -um ADJ
    opposite, directly facing, ranged against; adverse, evil, hostile; unfavorable
    IV
    person/foe opposite/directly facing (w/hostile intent); political opponent

    Latin-English dictionary > adversus

  • 10 aequō

        aequō āvī, ātus, āre    [aequus], to make equal, equalize: suas opes cum potentissimis aequari, Cs.: numerum (corporum) cum navibus, V.: fortunam animis, L.: tecta caelo, raise, V.: illi... amorem, returns equal love, V.: imperium terris, animos Olympo, extend, V.: solo aequandae sunt dictaturae, abolished, L.: nocti ludum, i. e. play all night, V.: Ibant aequati numero, i. e. kept step to the song, V.: aequato omnium periculo, Cs.: aequato Marte, L.: cur non omnia aequantur? i. e. equally vested in the two parties, L.: caelo te laudibus, raise, V.: laborem Partibus iustis (abl.), distribute equally, V.: foedera cum rigidis aequata Sabinis, i. e. made on equal terms, H. — To place on an equality with, compare: scelera cum aliis. — Of places, to make level, even, smooth: locum, Cs.: area aequanda cylindro, V.: pumice omnia, Ct.: aciem, i. e. make as long as the enemy's, L.: nec tamen aequari frontes poterant, L. — To become equal, equal, come up to, attain, reach: illis se: caelum, to reach, O.: cum sulcos aequant sata, i. e. grow as high as the ridges, V.: facta dictis, i. e. speak worthily of the achievements, L.: lacrimis labores, lament adequately, V.: regum opes animis, i. e. rival by his spirit, V.: ducem passibus, keep pace with, V.: sagitta aequans ventos, as swift as the winds, V.: vellera nebulas aequantia, i. e. as fine as mist, O.: munia comparis, i. e. draw even with her mate, H.
    * * *
    aequare, aequavi, aequatus V TRANS
    level, make even/straight; equal; compare; reach as high or deep as

    Latin-English dictionary > aequō

  • 11 āversus

        āversus adj. with sup.    [P. of averto], turned away, turned back, on the back side, behind, backwards: et adversus et aversus impudicus es: aversum hostem videre, the backs of the enemy, Cs.: ne aversi ab hoste circumvenirentur, shut off in the rear, Cs.: quem aversum transfixit, in the back, N.: aversos boves caudis in speluncam traxit, L.: porta, in the rear, L.: porta aversissima, farthest back, L. — Plur n. as subst, the hinder part, back: per aversa urbis fuga, L.: insulae, L.—Fig., withdrawn: milites a proelio, Cs.— Disinclined, alienated, unfavorable, opposed, averse, hostile: a Musis: aversissimo a me animo esse: a proposito, L.: aversis auribus questa, to deaf. ears, L.: Deae mens, V.: amici, H.—With dat: nobis, Ta.: mercaturis, H.: lucro, not greedy of, H.
    * * *
    aversa -um, aversior -or -us, aversissimus -a -um ADJ
    turned/facing away, w/back turned; behind, in rear; distant; averse; hostile

    Latin-English dictionary > āversus

  • 12 capitālis

        capitālis e, adj. with comp.    [caput], of the head, chief, foremost, pre - eminent, distinguished: Ingenium, O.: ille, a writer of the first rank: erat capitalior, quod, etc., more distinguished.—In law, of life, involving life, capital: accusare alquem rei capitalis, of a capital crime: cui rei capitalis dies dicta sit, L.: reus rerum capitalium: flagitia, T.: noxa, L.: iudicium trium virorum capitalium, who had charge of the prisons and of executions.—Fig., deadly, pernicious, irreconcilable, bitter: flagitia, outrageous, T.: hostis, a deadly enemy: ira, H.: oratio, dangerous: nulla capitalior pestis.
    * * *
    capitale, capitalior -or -us, capitalissimus -a -um ADJ
    of/belonging to head/life; deadly, mortal; dangerous; excellent, first-rate

    Latin-English dictionary > capitālis

  • 13 cēdō

        cēdō cessī, cessus, ere    [1 CAD-], to go from, give place, remove, withdraw, go away, depart, retire: cedam atque abibo: ex ingratā civitate: patriā: carinā, Ct.: per ora (hominum), i. e. to be seen, H.: Siciliā sibi omni cedi, to be evacuated, L.: cedere foro, to leave the exchange, i. e. be bankrupt, Iu.: alicui hortorum possessione, i. e. to cede, assign: ut possessionibus cederent: loco cedere, to retreat, N.: ex acie, abandon, L.: locum ex quo cesserant repetunt, L.: cedentes insequi, the retreating enemy, Cs.—Fig., to pass away, go from, drop out, vanish: vitā, die: e vitā: horae quidem cedunt et dies, elapse: memoriā, be forgotten, L.: fiducia cessit Quo tibi, diva, mei? V. —To come to, fall ( as a possession), to fall to the lot of, accrue: ut is quaestus huic cederet: quae captae urbi cessura forent, L.: regnorum cessit Pars Heleno, V.: undae cesserunt piscibus habitandae, O.: summa rerum in ducem cessit, Ta.: aurum in paucorum praedam cessisse, L.: quod cedit in altera iura, H.—To result, happen, turn out, fall out, work: gesta quae prospere ei cesserunt, were successful, N.: neque insidiae prospere cessere, S.: prout prima cessissent, in proportion to his success at the outset, Ta.: Quā Parcae sinebant Cedere res Latio, V.: neque si male cesserat, neque si bene, H.—With in and acc, to take the place of, supply the want of, be a substitute for: poena in vicem fidei cesserat, L.: victoribus fortuna in sapientiam cessit, Ta.: epulae pro stipendio cedunt, are taken in commutation, Ta. — To yield, give place: quasi locum dare et cedere: pete cedentem aëra disco, H.: in tutum, L.: cedere nescius, H.: pars cedere, alii insequi, S.: huc omnis aratri Cessit amor, i. e. to warlike zeal, V.— With dat, to yield to, retreat before, submit to, be overcome by: Viriatho exercitūs nostri imperatoresque cesserunt: hosti, N.: comites, quibus ensis et ignis Cesserunt, i. e. who were unharmed, O.: fortunae, S.: loco iniquo, non hosti cessum, L.: Tu ne cede malis, succumb, V.—To yield in rank, be inferior: nullā re cedens caelestibus: virtute nostris, Cs.: laudibus lanificae artis, O.: in re nullā Agesilao, N.: ut non multum Graecis cederetur, were not inferior.—To comply with, yield to, obey, conform to: auctoritati viri: cessit tibi blandienti Cerberus, H.: deae, O.: Cedo equidem, I comply, V.—To grant, concede, allow, give up, yield, permit: aliquid amicitiae: currum ei, L.: cessit patribus, ut in praesentiā tribuni crearentur, L.
    * * *
    I
    give/bring here!/hand over, come (now/here); tell/show us, out with it! behold!
    II
    cedere, cessi, cessus V
    go/pass (from/away); withdraw/retire/leave; step aside/make way; take place of; grant, concede, yield, submit; fall back/to; happen/result; start (period)

    Latin-English dictionary > cēdō

  • 14 cīnctus

        cīnctus    P. of cingo.
    * * *
    I
    cincta, cinctum ADJ
    surrounded/encircled; surrounded (by friends/people/enemy); bordered, enclosed; having one's dress girt in special way; fastened round

    w/alte -- for action

    II
    girdle, method of girding clothes; crown/garland; belt

    Latin-English dictionary > cīnctus

  • 15 cīnctus

        cīnctus ūs, m    [cingo], a girding: Gabinus, a manner of girding the toga: incinctus cinctu Gabino, L.: cinctu Gabino Insignis, V.
    * * *
    I
    cincta, cinctum ADJ
    surrounded/encircled; surrounded (by friends/people/enemy); bordered, enclosed; having one's dress girt in special way; fastened round

    w/alte -- for action

    II
    girdle, method of girding clothes; crown/garland; belt

    Latin-English dictionary > cīnctus

  • 16 condō

        condō didī, ditus, ere    [com- + do], to put together, make by joining, found, establish, build, settle: oppida, H.: urbem: urbs condita vi et armis, L.: ante Romam conditam, before the foundation of Rome: post urbem conditam: gentem, V.: optato conduntur Thybridis alveo, they settle, V.—To erect, make, construct, build, found: aram, L.: sepulcrum, H.: moenia, V.—To compose, write, celebrate, treat, describe: conditum ab Livio poëtā carmen, L.: poëma: festa numeris, O. — To establish, found, be the author of, produce, make: aurea saecula, V.: collegium novum, L.—To put away, lay by, lay up, store, treasure: pecuniam: fructūs: (pocula) condita servo, V.: quod mox depromere possim, H.: Sabinum testā lēvi, H.: mella puris amphoris, H.: messīs, O.: (piratas) in carcerem, to imprison: captivos in vincula, L.: sortes eo: litteras in aerario: se (aves) in foliis, V.: domi conditus consulatus, i. e. safe: omne bonum in visceribus medullisque.—To preserve, pickle: corna in faece, O.—To inter, bury: mortuos cerā circumlitos: animam sepulcro, V.: te humi, V.: fraternas umbras tumulo, O.: patrem, Ph.: fulgura publica, i. e. things blasted, Iu.: tempora Notis condita fastis, i. e. recorded, H.: longos Cantando soles, to bury, dispose of, V.: diem collibus in suis, H.: lūstrum, to complete, close (by offering sacrifices): idque conditum lūstrum appellavit, L.—To conceal, hide, secrete, suppress: Sibylla condita: aetas condet nitentia, H.: caelum umbrā, V.: aliquid iocoso furto, make away with, H.: voltum aequore, O.: ensīs, sheathe, H.: ferrum, Ph.: oculos, shut, O.: lumina, V.: se in viscera (terrae), O.: per omnīs se portas, retire, V.: Numidarum turmas medio in saltu, place in ambush, L.—To strike deep, plunge, bury: in gurgitis ima sceptrum, O.: digitos in lumina, O.: Pectore in adverso ensem, V.: telum iugulo, O.: stimulos caecos in pectore, O.
    * * *
    condere, condidi, conditus V TRANS
    put/insert (into); store up/put away, preserve, bottle (wine); bury/inter; sink; build/found, make; shut (eyes); conceal/hide/keep safe; put together, compose; restore; sheathe (sword); plunge/bury (weapon in enemy); put out of sight

    Latin-English dictionary > condō

  • 17 contrā

        contrā adv. and praep.    [comp. of com-; see 1 cum].    I.adv., of position, in opposition, opposite, face to face, in front, on the other side: signum contra animo finivit, i. e. mentally drew a line, L.: stare, Iu.: ulmus erat contra, in front, O.: consistere, to make front, Cs.: positā Hispaniā, opposite, Ta.: intueri, in the face, L.: oscula non pervenientia contra, so as to meet, O.—Fig., of actions, in turn, in return, back, on the other hand, likewise: Audi nunc, in turn, T.: Mettius Tullo gratulatur, contra Tullus Mettium adloquitur, L.: at tibi contra Evenit, ut, etc., you have your reward, H.: cui latrans contra senex (i. e. respondit), Ph.: si scias quod donum huic dono contra comparet, what counter-gift, T.: Facere contra huic aegre, T.: tibi contra gratiam Referre, T. — Of opposition or strife, in opposition, on the other side: obniti contra sufficere, to have strength to resist, V.: pugnare, O.: vociferans, L.: pauca accipe contra, H.: contra feriundi copia, making a counter-attack, S.: quid, si de litteris corruptis contra venit? as his accuser: est contra iudicatum, an adverse decision: licere, to compete, Cs.: nihil quod contra peterent, to compete for: qui contra fecerit, the transgressor.—With verbs of saying, in opposition, on the other side, in answer: cum contra dicturus Hortensius esset, as opposing counsel: contra qui dicit, the opponent: cum nemo contra diceret, denied it: nihil contra disputabo priusquam dixerit, make no objection: quid contra reus? says in reply: contra dicentibus inimicis, Cs.: quid contra dicerem meditabar, how to reply: id quod contra diceretur refellere, the objections: quod in eā causā contra dicendum est: dicitur contra, nullum esse testamentum, the objection is made: respondit nec contra dici quin, etc., there was no objection, L.— Reversely, in an opposite manner, the contrary, the opposite: in stultitiā contra est, with fools the reverse is true: quod contra est, S.: utrumque contra accidit: alia probabilia, contra alia dicimus, improbable: cognoscere quid boni utrisque aut contra esset (i. e. mali), S. — On the contrary, on the other hand, conversely: tu contra obicies: Romanus conserere pugnam velle, contra eludere Poenus, L.: iusta omnia decora sunt, iniusta contra indecora: ut hi miseri, sic contra illi beati quos, etc.: imperavi nihil, et contra patribus parui, but on the contrary: non enim tua culpa est... contraque summa laus: at contra: sed contra: contra autem: falso queritur quod, etc.: nam contra, etc., S.: quin contra, nay on the contrary, L.—Followed by atque or ac, contrary to, different from, otherwise than: simulacrum, contra atque ante fuerat, ad orientem convertere: contra atque esset dictum, Cs.: si haec contra ac dico essent omnia: contra ac ratus erat, S.: contra quam fas erat, contrary to the divine law: contra quam ipse censnisset, contrary to its own resolution.    II. Praep., with acc. (in prose before its case, except sometimes a rel. pron.), of position, before, against, facing, towards, opposite to, contrary to, over against: insulae latus est contra Galliam, Cs.: pacatis contra insulam suam terris, L.: Carthago Italiam contra, V.—Opposite, towards, against, facing, over against: contra vos in contione consistere, to face you: a fronte contra hostem, Cs.: Albanos contra legionem conlocat, L.: quos agmina contra Procurrunt, V.: contra hanc Romam altera Roma, a rival to.—Fig., in answer to, in reply to: contra ea facturos clamitabat, etc., Cs.: contra ea aiebat, etc., L.: contra postulata nuntios mittit, S.: Quae contra breviter fata est vates, V.—With valere, to weigh against, counterbalance, avail against: hac ratio contra omne ius iurandum valet: contrane lucrum nil valere Pauperis ingenium? H. —Of opposition or strife, against, with, in hostility to, as the enemy of: contra Caesarem gerere bellum: arma contra senatum tuli: armis contendere contra populum R., Cs.: contra Crustuminos profectus, marched against, L.: nihil se contra Sequanos consili inire, take hostile measures against, Cs.: contra salutem urbis incitari: paratus contra eum: agere contra hominem, plead against: nihil satis firmum contra Metellum, S.: contra difficultates providere, S.: vi contra vim resistere, L.: defensio contra vim: contra me sentire, hold an unfavorable opinion: quem contra veneris antea, for whose adversary you were counsel: pugnandum contra morbum: (provinciam) contra Caesarem retenturi, as the enemy of: eae res contra nos faciunt, make against.—Against, in opposition to, as the opponent of: tibi contra nos dicendum putes: contra iuris consultos dicere, against their opinions: contra caput dicere, to plead against life: contra Epicurum dictum est, in reply to: consuetudo contra deos disputandi, i. e. against the existence.—Against, injurious to, unfavorable to, to the disadvantage of: nihil contra me fecit odio mei: aliquid contra Caesarem Pompeio suadere: contra se ipse misericors, to his own injury, Ph.: contra valetudinis commodum laborare.—Esp., of offences, against, in violation of: pecuniam contra leges auferre: contra fas: contra ius gentium, L.: contra verecundiam, in disregard of: contra rem p. fecisse, to have been guilty of treason: vim eam contra rem p. factam decernere, L.: contra morem facere: quod contra legem esset: contra fidem. — Of opposition in thought, contrary to, opposite to, the reverse of: sed mihi contra ea videtur, the contrary seems true, S.: contra ea Caesar putabat, otherwise, Cs.: contra ea benigne, on the other hand, L.: cuius a me corpus crematum est, quod contra decuit ab illo meum (sc. cremari), whereas: quod contra oportebat delicto dolere, correctione gaudere, while, on the contrary.—With an abstract noun, contrary to, beyond, against: contra omnium opinionem (i. e. contra ac rati erant), Cs.: contra opinionem Iugurthae, against the expectation, S.: cetera contra spem salva invenit, L.: contra timorem animi praemia sceleris adeptus, S.
    * * *
    I
    facing, face-to-face, in the eyes; towards/up to; across; in opposite direction; against, opposite, opposed/hostile/contrary/in reply to; directly over/level; otherwise, differently; conversely; on the contrary; vice versa
    II
    against, facing, opposite; weighed against; as against; in resistance/reply to; contrary to, not in conformance with; the reverse of; otherwise than; towards/up to, in direction of; directly over/level with; to detriment of

    Latin-English dictionary > contrā

  • 18 con-vertō (-vortō)

       con-vertō (-vortō) tī, sus, ere.—     Trans, to turn round, cause to turn, turn back, reverse, direct: in infimo orbe luna convertitur: vox Herculem convertit, L.: ter se, O.: vias, V.: caeli conversa per auras, wheeled, V.: conversae acies nituntur, face to face, V.: conversis in eam partem navibus, Cs.: haec (sica) conversa est in me: conversā cuspide montem Impulit, pointed the spear and struck, V.: se in Phrygiam, N.: ad hunc se, Cs.: colla ad freta, O.: legiones ab itinere ad suam potentiam, withdraw... to reinforce, Cs.: tigna contra vim fluminis, Cs.: aspectum quo vellent.—Of an army, to wheel, turn, change the direction of: conversa signa in hostes inferre, change front and charge, Cs.: signa ad hostem converti, to face the enemy, Cs.: sese, to retreat, Cs.: conversis signis redire, L.: itinere converso, by a flank movement, Cs.: acies in fugam conversa, routed, Cs.: convorso equo, S.— Intrans, to return, turn away: ad pedites, S.: in regnum suum, S.: ad uxorem Silviam, Ta. — Fig., trans, to turn, direct, throw back: risum in iudicem: haec ad suos quaestūs: animum ad curam, L.: se ad timorem: subitam convertor in iram, O.: animos: aculeum testimoni sui: omen in ipsum, V.: se ad eos, to their support, N.: omnium ora in me convorsa esse, S.— To attract, fix, rivet, draw: volgi ora, H.: animos, L.—To change, alter, transform, turn, convert, pervert: se ex homine in beluam: tellus Induit conversa figuras, O.: rem p., to bring into disorder: animum avaritiā, S.: civitatis lingua convorsa conubio Numidarum, S.: castra castris, to change continually, Cs.: conversa numina, alienated, V.: casūs conversi, which undergo a change of form: ad salutem convorti hoc malum, T.: ludi ad funus civitatis conversi: id ad salutem, N.: Deum in hominem, T.: in classem nymphas, V.: praemia in pestem, S.: amicitiae se in graves inimicitias. —To translate: aliqua de Graecis: librum in Latinum.— Intrans, to change, turn, be changed, go over, C.: imperium in superbiam, S.: ad aliquem, to the support of: ad sapientiora, Ta.

    Latin-English dictionary > con-vertō (-vortō)

  • 19 dē-cernō

        dē-cernō crēvī    (often decrēram, decrērim, etc.), crētus, ere.—Officially, to decide, determine, pronounce a decision, judge, decree, resolve, vote: inter quos iam decreverat decretumque mutabat, alias, etc.: si caedes facta, īdem (Druides) decernunt, i. e. pass judgment, Cs.: non decrevi solum, sed etiam ut vos decerneretis laboravi: qui ordo decrevit invitus, on compulsion: dierum viginti supplicationem, Cs.: vindicias secundum servitutem, in favor of slavery, i. e. restore the slave to his master, L.: triumphum Africano: praemium servo libertatem, S.: tres legatos: id quod senatus me auctore decrevit: provinciae privatis decernuntur, Cs.: meā diligentiā patefactam esse coniurationem decrevistis: supplicium sumendum decreverat, had voted, S.: senatus Romae decrevit, ut, etc., L.: mea sententia tibi decernit, ut regem reducas, etc.: senatus decrevit, darent operam consules, ut, etc., S.: ita censeo decernendum: acerbissime decernitur, Cs.: in parricidas rei p. decretum esse, S.: libere decernendi potestas, of voting freely, Cs.—In gen., to decide, determine, judge, fix, settle: rem dubiam decrevit vox opportune emissa, L.: utri utris imperent, sine magnā clade, L.: Duo talenta pro re nostrā ego esse decrevi satis, T.: in quo omnia mea posita esse decrevi: mihi decretum est, with acc. and inf, I am fully convinced, Ta.: alqm hostem, to proclaim an enemy: omnibus quae postulaverat decretis, S.: pauci ferocius decernunt, insist on harsher measures, S.—Of battle, to decide by combat, fight out, fight, combat, contend: Samnis Romanusne Italiam regant, decernamus, L.: gladiatorium certamen ferro decernitur: ne armis decernatur: cornibus inter se, V.: acie, L.: classe decreturi, N.: integriore exercitu, N.: lacessere ad decernendum, L. — In gen., to contend, compete, struggle: decernite criminibus, mox ferro decreturi, L.: cursibus et crudo caestu, V.: de salute rei p.: pro meā famā.—To decide, determine, form a purpose, resolve: num quis quicquam decernit invitus?: Rhenum transire decreverat, Cs.: decretumst pati, T.: certum atque decretum est non dare signum, L.: aetatem a rei p. procul habendam, S.: praetoris imperio parendum esse: hic decernit ut miser sit: quā suis opem ferrent, L.

    Latin-English dictionary > dē-cernō

  • 20 exīstimō or exīstumō

        exīstimō or exīstumō āvī, ātus, āre    [ex + aestimo], to value, estimate, reckon: vita tanti existimata: magni operam eius, N. — To appreciate, value, esteem, judge, consider, suppose, think, expect: vitae consuetudinem, pass judgment on, T.: alqd nullo modo: eum avarum: se parem armis, S.: Fulcinius honestus existimatus est: se minus timidos existimari velle, Cs.: utcunque (haec) existimata erunt, L.: quem ad modum existimes, vide, your habits of thought: te non existimas conflagraturum?: praecavendum existimabat, Cs.: disciplina in Galliam translata esse existimatur, Cs.: ita intellegimus volgo existimari: Quanto labore partum, T.: facta an dicta pluris sint, S.: utrum... an... existimari non poterat, be determined, Cs.: de alquā causā, L.: quid de imperatoribus existiment: aliter de sapiente, quin, etc.: existimari de ingeniis eorum potest, an estimate may be formed: in hostium numero existimari, be regarded as an enemy.

    Latin-English dictionary > exīstimō or exīstumō

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