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take another route

  • 1 petō

        petō īvī and iī (perf. petīt, V., O; petīstī, C., V.; petīsse, C., O.; petīssem, C., L, O.), petītus, ere    [PET-], to strive for, seek, aim at, repair to, make for, travel to: summum locum, Cs.: maris oras: navīs, take refuge in, N.: Troia peteretur classibus, V.: caelum pennis, fly to, O.: Grais Phasi petite viris, visited by the Greeks, O.: ille Reginam petit, turns to, V.: campum petit amnis, V.: mons petit astra, rises to, O.— To fall upon, rush at, attack, assault, assail, fly at, aim at, thrust at: Indutiomarum, aim at, Cs.: cuius latus mucro ille petebat: non latus, sed caput, aim at: Tarquinium spiculo infeste, L.: Mālo me, throw an apple at, V.: cui petit ungue genas, O.: Vos turba saxis petens, stoning, H.—Fig., to attack, assail: me epistulā: uter ab utro petitus insidiis esset, L.— To demand, exact, require: ex iis tantum, quantum res petet, hauriemus: poenas ab optimo quoque sui doloris, i. e. exact satisfaction.—To demand at law, sue for, claim: unde petitur... qui petit, the defendant... the plaintiff, T.: qui per se litem contestatur, sibi soli petit: alienos fundos.— To beg, beseech, ask, request, desire, entreat: flentes pacem petere, Cs.: Curtio tribunatum a Caesare, ask for Curtius: a te pro Ligario, intercede with you for: reus ut absolvatur: a te, ut, etc.—Of office, to solicit, be a candidate: nemo est ex iis, qui nunc petunt, qui, etc.: ambitiose regnum, L.— To woo, court, solicit: ut viros saepius peteret quam peteretur, S.: illam, O.: virgo ad libidinem petita, L.— To pursue, seek, strive after, aim at: fugā salutem, Cs.: praedam pedibus, O.: gloriam, S.: eloquentiae principatum: bene vivere, H.: conubiis natam sociare Latinis, V.: ex hostium ducibus victoriam, over, L.: imperium ex victis hostibus, L.— To fetch, bring, elicit, obtain, wrest, draw: E flammā cibum, T.: custodem in vincula, V.: a litteris doloris oblivionem: latere petitus imo spiritus, H.: gemitūs alto de corde petiti, O.— To take, betake oneself to, repair to: alium cursum, take another route: aliam in partem fugam, betake themselves to flight, Cs.— To refer to, relate to: Troianos haec monstra petunt, V.
    * * *
    petere, petivi, petitus V
    attack; aim at; desire; beg, entreat, ask (for); reach towards, make for

    Latin-English dictionary > petō

  • 2 peto

    pĕto, īvi and ĭi, ītum, 3 ( perf. petīt, Verg. A. 9, 9;

    Ov F. 1, 109: petisti,

    Cic. Cat. 1, 5, 11; Verg. A. 4, 100; 12, 359:

    petistis,

    Auct. Her. 4, 15, 22:

    petissem,

    Cic. Verr. 1, 55, 145; Ov. M. 5, 26; Liv. 30, 25, 2:

    petisse,

    Cic. Quint. 11, 37; id. Verr. 2, 4, 63, § 140; Ov. [p. 1365] M. 9, 623; cf. Neue, Formenl. 2, 516 sq.), v. a. [Sanscr. root pat-, to fall upon, fly, find; Gr. pet- in piptô (pi-petô), to fall; cf. Lat. impetus and in petomai, to fly; cf. Lat. penna, acci-pit-er, etc.; the root of piptô, and therefore orig. to fall, fall upon; hence, to endeavor to reach or attain any thing].
    I.
    To fall upon any thing.
    A.
    Lit.
    1.
    In a hostile sense, to rush at, attack, assault, assail; to let fly at, aim a blow at, thrust at, etc. (class.; cf.:

    invado, aggredior): gladiatores et vitando caute, et petendo vehementer,

    Cic. Or. 68, 228:

    cujus latus mucro ille petebat,

    id. Lig. 3, 9:

    non latus aut ventrem, sed caput et collum petere,

    to thrust at, id. Mur. 26, 52:

    aliquem spiculo infeste,

    Liv. 2, 20:

    aliquem mālo,

    to throw an apple at any one, Verg. E. 3, 64:

    alicui ungue genas,

    Ov. A. A. 2, 452:

    aliquem saxis, id. de Nuce, 2: aprum jaculis,

    Suet. Tib. 72:

    aëra disco,

    Hor. S. 2, 2, 13:

    bello Penatìs,

    Verg. A. 3, 603:

    armis patriam,

    Vell. 2, 68, 3.—
    2.
    Without the notion of hostility: petere collum alicujus amplexu, to fall upon one's neck, to embrace one, M. Cael. ap. Quint. 4, 2, 124.—Esp. freq., to seek, to direct one's course to, to go or repair to, to make for, travel to a place:

    grues loca calidiora petentes,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 49, 125:

    Cyzicum,

    id. Fam. 14, 4, 3:

    Dyrrhachium,

    id. Planc. 41, 97:

    naves,

    to seek, take refuge in their ships, Nep. Milt. 5, 5:

    caelum pennis,

    to fly, Ov. F. 3, 457:

    Graiis Phasi petite viris,

    visited by the Greeks, id. P. 4, 10, 52:

    Metellus Postumium ad bellum gerendum Africam petentem,... urbem egredi passus non est,

    attempting to go, starting, Val. Max. 1, 1, 2.— Transf., of things, to proceed or go towards:

    campum petit amnis,

    Verg. G. 3, 522:

    mons petit astra,

    towers toward the stars, Ov. M. 1, 316: aliquem, to seek, go to a person:

    reginam,

    Verg. A. 1, 717:

    ut te supplex peterem, et tua limina adirem,

    id. ib. 6, 115: aliquid in locum or ad aliquem, to go to a place or person for something, to go in quest of, go to fetch:

    visum est tanti in extremam Italiam petere Brundisium ostreas,

    to go to Brundisium for oysters, Plin. 9, 54, 79, § 169:

    myrrham ad Troglodytas,

    id. 12, 15, 33, § 66:

    harena ad Aethiopas usque petitur,

    id. 36, 6, 9, § 51:

    collis, in quem vimina petebantur,

    id. 16, 10, 15, § 37:

    quaeque trans maria petimus,

    fetch, id. 19, 4, 19, §§ 58, 52.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    To attack, assail one with any thing (class.):

    aiiquem epistulā,

    Cic. Att. 2, 2, 2:

    aliquem fraude et insidiis,

    Liv. 40, 55:

    aliquem falsis criminibus,

    Tac. A. 4, 31.—
    B.
    To demand, seek, require (cf. posco).
    1.
    In gen.:

    ita petit asparagus,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 23:

    ex iis tantum, quantum res petet, hauriemus,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 31, 123:

    aliquem in vincula,

    Quint. 7, 1, 55:

    aliquem ad supplicium,

    id. 7, 6, 6: poenas ab aliquo, to seek satisfaction from or revenge one's self on any one. ut poenas ab optimo quoque peteret sui doloris, Cic. Att. 1, 16, 7:

    ut merito ab eā poenas liberi sui petere debuerint,

    Quint. 3, 11, 12.—
    2.
    In partic.
    a.
    To demand or claim at law, to bring an action to recover, to sue for any thing (syn.:

    postulo): causam dicere Prius unde petitur... Quam ille qui petit,

    Ter. Eun. prol. 11:

    qui per se litem contestatur, sibi soli petit,

    Cic. Rosc Com. 18, 53: aliquando cum servis Habiti furti egit;

    nuper ab ipso Habito petere coepit,

    id. Clu. 59, 163:

    qui non calumniā litium alienos fundos, sed castris, exercitu, signis inferendis petebat,

    id. Mil. 27, 74.—
    b.
    To beg, beseech, ask, request, desire, entreat (syn.: rogo, flagito, obsecro); constr with ab and abl. of pers. (cf. infra); ante- and postclass., with acc. of pers.:

    vos volo, vos peto atque obsecro,

    Plaut. Curc. 1, 2, 60; freq. with ut:

    a te etiam atque etiam peto atque contendo, ut, etc.,

    Cic. Fam. 13, 1, 5:

    peto quaesoque, ut, etc.,

    id. ib. 5, 4, 2:

    peto igitur a te, vel, si pateris, oro, ut,

    id. ib. 9, 13, 3:

    petere in beneficii loco et gratiae, ut,

    id. Verr 2, 3, 82, § 189:

    petere precibus per litteras ab aliquo, ut,

    id. Sull. 19, 55:

    pacem ab aliquo,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 13:

    opem ab aliquo,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 2, 5:

    vitam nocenti,

    Tac. A. 2, 31:

    petito, ut intrare urbem liceret,

    Just. 43, 5, 6.—Also, with id or illud, and ut, etc.: illud autem te peto, ut, etc., Dolab. ap. Cic. Fam. 9, 9, 2.—With obj.-clause (mostly poet.):

    arma umeris arcumque animosa petebat Ferre,

    Stat. Achill. 1, 352; cf.: cum peteret (solum) donari quasi proprio suo deo, Suet. Aug. 5: petit aes sibi dari eis artous, Gell. 9, 2, 1.—De aliquo (for ab aliquo), to beg or request of one (post-class.):

    si de me petisses, ut, etc.,

    Dig. 13, 6, 5.—Ab aliquo aliquid alicui, to beg a thing of one person for another (class.):

    M. Curtio tribunatum a Caesare petivi,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 15, 3: ab aliquo pro aliquo petere, to intercede for:

    in eorum studiis, qui a te pro Ligario petunt,

    Cic. Lig. 10, 31.—With ex and abl. pers. (v. infra d.):

    eum petit litteris, ut ad Britanniam proficisceretur,

    Capitol. Pertin. 3, 5; Eutr. 2, 24.—Hence, pĕtītum, i, n., a prayer, desire, request, entreaty, Cat. 68, 39.—
    (β).
    Polit. t. t., to apply or solicit for an office, to be a candidate for office (different from ambire, to go about among the people to collect their votes, to canvass, which took place after the petitio):

    nemo est ex iis, qui nunc petunt, qui, etc.,

    Cic. Att. 1, 1, 2:

    consulatum,

    id. Phil. 2, 30, 76:

    praeturam,

    id. Verr. 1, 8, 23; Liv. 1, 35.—
    c.
    To solicit a person, to seek to possess, to woo:

    libidine sic accensa (Sempronia) ut viros saepius peteret quam peteretur,

    Sall. C. 25, 3:

    cum te tam multi peterent, tu me una petisti,

    Prop. 3, 13, 27:

    formosam quisque petit,

    id. 3, 32, 4:

    multi illam petiere,

    Ov. M. 1, 478; cf.: quae tuus Vir petet, cave, ne neges;

    Ne petitum aliunde eat,

    Cat. 61, 151.—
    d.
    To endeavor to obtain or pursue, to seek, strive after any thing, Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 40:

    fugā salutem petere,

    Nep. Hann. 11, 4:

    praedam pedibus,

    Ov. M. 1, 534:

    gloriam,

    Sall. C. 54, 5:

    eloquentiae principatum,

    Cic. Or. 17, 56:

    sanguinis profusio vel fortuita vel petita,

    intentional, designed, produced by artificial means, Cels. 2, 8.—With inf.:

    bene vivere,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 29:

    victricemque petunt dextrae conjungere dextram,

    Ov. M. 8, 421; 14, 571:

    conubiis natam sociare Latinis,

    Verg. A. 7, 96:

    aliquem transfigere ferro,

    Mart. 5, 51, 3.—With ex and abl., over, in the case of:

    ex hostibus victoriam petere,

    Liv. 8, 33, 13:

    supplicium ex se, non victoriam peti,

    id. 28, 19, 11:

    imperium ex victis hostibus populum Romanum petere,

    id. 30, 16, 7.—
    e.
    To fetch any thing:

    qui argentum petit,

    Plaut. Ep. 1, 1, 53:

    cibum e flammā,

    Ter. Eun, 3, 2, 38:

    altius initium rei demonstrandae,

    Cic. Caecin. 4, 10:

    aliquid a Graecis,

    id. Ac. 1, 2, 8:

    a litteris exiguam doloris oblivionem,

    to obtain, id. Fam. 5, 15, 4:

    suspirium alte,

    to fetch a deep sigh, Plaut. Cist. 1, 1, 57; cf.:

    latere petitus imo spiritus,

    Hor. Epod. 11, 10; and:

    gemitus alto de corde petiti,

    Ov. M. 2, 622:

    haec ex veteri memoriā petita,

    Tac. H. 3, 5, 1.—
    f.
    To take, betake one's self to any thing:

    iter a Vibone Brundisium terrā petere contendi,

    Cic. Planc. 40, 96:

    diversas vias,

    Val. Fl. 1, 91:

    alium cursum,

    to take another route, Cic. Att. 3, 8, 2:

    aliam in partem petebant fugam,

    betook themselves to flight, fled, Caes. B. G. 2, 24.—
    g.
    To refer to, relate to ( poet.):

    Trojanos haec monstra petunt,

    Verg. A. 9, 128.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > peto

  • 3 dis-simulō

        dis-simulō āvī, ātus, āre,    to make unlike, disguise: tauro dissimulante deum, concealing the divinity, O.: se, to assume another form, O.: capillos Dissimulant plumae, i. e. take the place of, O.—To dissemble, hide, conceal, keep secret: etsi ea dissimulas, pretend that it is not so, T.: dissimulatus amor, T.: neque dissimulari tantum scelus poterat: rem diutius, Cs.: occultam febrem, H.: gaudia, O.: se scire, etc: quin delecter: de coniuratione, S.: quae rebus sit causa novandis, V.: Ridens dissimulare, pretend not to take my meaning, H.: dissimulant, repress their feelings, V.— To disregard, pass unnoticed, ignore: Aeolia sine supplicio dissimulata, Ta.: conscientiā belli Sacrovir diu dissimulatus, Ta.

    Latin-English dictionary > dis-simulō

  • 4 faciō

        faciō fēcī (old fut perf. faxo; subj. faxim), factus, ere; imper. fac (old, face); pass. fīō, fierī; pass imper. fī    [2 FAC-], to make, construct, fashion, frame, build, erect, produce, compose: Lectulos faciundos dedit, T.: navīs: candelabrum factum e gemmis: de marmore signum, O.: pontem in Arare, Cs.: (fanum) a civitatibus factum, founded, L.: duumviri ad aedem faciendam, L.: statuam faciendam locare: (valvae) ad cludendum factae: comoedias, T.: sermonem: epigramma: verbum, speak: carmina, Iu.: scutis ex cortice factis, Cs.: auri pondera facti, wrought, V.—Of actions, to do, perform, make, carry on, execute: Opus, T.: officium, T.: Si tibi quid feci quod placeat, T.: proelium, join, Cs.: iter, Cs.: clamores: clamor fit: eruptiones ex oppido, Cs.: gradum: imperata, Cs.: promissum, fulfil: iudicium: deditionem, S.: fac periclum in litteris, put (him) to the test, T.: me advorsum omnia, oppose me in everything, T.: omnia amici causā: multa crudeliter, N.: initium, begin: praeter aetatem Facere, work too hard for your years, T.: perfacile factu esse, conata perficere, Cs.— To make, produce, cause, occasion, bring about, bring to pass: turbam, T.: ignem ex lignis: iniuriam, Cs.: causas morae, S.: ducis admirationem, excite, L.: luxuriae modum, impose, S.: fugam ex ripā fecit (i. e. fugavit), L.: somnum, induce, Iu.: metum insidiarum, excite, L.: silentio facto, L.: ne qua eius adventūs significatio fiat, become known, Cs.: faciam ut intellegatis: facito, ut sciam: putasne te posse facere, ut, etc.?: fieri potest, ut recte quis sentiat, it may happen: ita fit, ut adsint, it happens: faciendum mihi est, ut exponam, is incumbent: me Facit ut te moneam, compels, T.: facere non possum, quin mittam, etc., I cannot forbear: di faxint ne sit alter (cui, etc.): fac ne quid aliud cures, take care: domi adsitis, facite, T.: ita fac cupidus sis, ut, etc., be sure: iam faxo scies, T.: nulla res magis talīs oratores videri facit, quales, etc. (i. e. ut viderentur): hoc me Flere facit, O.— To make, acquire, obtain, gather, accumulate, gain, take, receive, incur, suffer: rem, T.: praedam, Cs.: pecuniam: stipendia, earn, S.: corhortīs, form, Cs.: corpus, grow fat, Ph.: viam sibi, force, L.: alqm suum, win as a friend, T.: terram suam, i. e. conquer, Cs.: vitae iacturam, Cs.: naufragium: damnum.— To make, render, grant, give, impart, confer: arbitria, H.: potestatem dicendi: sibi iure iurando fidem, give assurance, Cs.: Romanis animum, inspire, L.: copiam pugnandi militibus, L.: audientiam orationi: cui si libido Fecerit auspicium, i. e. if the whim seize him, H.: cognomen colli, L.: mihi medicinam, administer: nobis otia, V.: alcui dolorem: desiderium decemviros creandi, L.— To celebrate, conduct, give, perform, represent: cenas: res divinas: sacra pro civibus: cui (Iunoni), make offerings: vitulā pro frugibus, make sacrifice, V.: cum pro populo fieret: ut fieret, edere, L. — To practise, follow: naviculariam: mercaturas.— To make, depict, represent, assert, say, pretend: in libro se exeuntem e senatu: pugnam ex auro, V.: me unum ex iis feci, qui, etc., pretended to be: ex industriā factus ad imitationem stultitiae, L.: inpendere apud inferos saxum Tantalo: Fecerat et fetam Procubuisse lupam, V.: facio me alias res agere, make as if.—To suppose, assume, grant, admit (only imper. with obj clause): fac audisse (Glauciam): fac ita esse: fac (me) velle, V.— To make, constitute, choose, appoint, render: senatum firmiorem vestrā auctoritate: heredem filiam: exercitum sibi fidum, S.: iter factum conruptius imbri, H.: hi consules facti sunt: ex coriis utres fierent, S.: Candida de nigris, O.: si ille factus esset, had been chosen (consul): alqm certiorem facere, inform ; see certus: ne hoc quidem sibi reliqui facit, ut, etc., does not leave himself so much character.—Pass., to become, be turned into, be made: fit Aurum ingens coluber, V.: sua cuique deus fit dira cupido? V.— To put in possession of, subject to, refer to: omnia quae mulieris fuerunt, viri fiunt: omnem oram Romanae dicionis fecit, L.: dicionis alienae facti, L.— To value, esteem, regard, appraise, prize: parum id facio, S.: te maxumi, T.: quos plurimi faciunt: voluptatem minimi: dolorem nihili: istuc Aequi bonique facio, am content with, T.— To do (resuming the meaning of another verb): cessas ire ac facere, i. e. do as I say, T.: oppidani bellum parare: idem nostri facere, S.: ‘evolve eius librum’—‘Feci mehercule:’ bestiae simile quiddam faciunt (i. e. patiuntur): aut facere aut non promisse, Ct.: Sicuti fieri consuevit, to happen, S.— To do, act, deal, conduct oneself: Facere contra huic aegre, T.: tuis dignum factis feceris, will act like yourself, T.: bene: adroganter, Cs.: per malitiam, with malice: aliter, S.: facere quam dicere malle, act, S.: mature facto opus est, prompt action, S. — To act, take part, take sides: idem plebes facit, S.: idem sentire et secum facere Sullam: cum veritas cum hoc faciat, is on his side: nihilo magis ab adversariis quam a nobis: eae res contra nos faciunt: adversus quos fecerint, N.— To arrange, adjust, set: Vela, spread, V.: pedem, brace, V.— To be fit, be useful, make, serve, answer, do: Ad talem formam non facit iste locus, O.: ad scelus omne, O.: Stemmata quid faciunt? avail, Iu.
    * * *
    I
    facere, additional forms V
    do, make; create; acquire; cause, bring about, fashion; compose; accomplish
    II
    facere, feci, factus V
    do, make; create; acquire; cause, bring about, fashion; compose; accomplish

    Latin-English dictionary > faciō

  • 5 intercipiō

        intercipiō cēpī, ceptus, ere    [inter+capio], to seize in passing, intercept: quod nos capere oportet, T.: pila intercepta remittere, Cs.: venenum, take the poison intended for another: numerum iumentorum, Cs.: ab suis interceptus, cut off, L.: Terga caput tangunt, colla intercepta videntur, to be wanting, O.: Quam (hastam) Rhoeteus intercipit, V.—To interrupt, hinder, cut off, preoccupy, preclude: itinere intercepto, L.: opportuna loca, L.: spem anni, O.—To take away, snatch, rob: eum a populo R., L.: Myrrha Intercepta neci est, O.: interceptus veneno, carried off, Ta.
    * * *
    intercipere, intercepi, interceptus V
    cut off; intercept, interrupt; steal

    Latin-English dictionary > intercipiō

  • 6 praedor

        praedor ātus, ārī    [praeda], to make booty, plunder, spoil, rob: spes praedandi: licentia praedandi, L.: praedantes milites, Cs.: classis pluribus locis praedata, Ta.: in re frumentariā: omnibus in rebus, upon every opportunity: ex alterius inscientiā, make use of another's ignorance to defraud him: Italiae callīs et pastorum stabula: socios, Ta.— Supin. acc.: praedatum ire, L.— To take, catch, make prey of: ovem unam, O.—Fig., to rob, ravish, take: quae me praedata puella est, has <*>aught me, O.: Singula de nobis anni praedantur euntes, H.
    * * *
    praedari, praedatus sum V DEP
    acquire loot (by robbery/war/depredation); obtain food by hunting/preying; pillage, despoil; plunder, loot; take as prey/catch

    Latin-English dictionary > praedor

  • 7 ratiō

        ratiō ōnis, f    [RA-], a reckoning, numbering, casting up, account, calculation, computation: ut par sit ratio acceptorum et datorum: quibus in tabulis ratio confecta erat, qui numerus domo exisset, etc., Cs.: auri ratio constat, the account tallies: rationem argenti ducere, reckoning: pecuniae habere rationem, to take an account: ratione initā, on casting up the account, Cs.: mihimet ineunda ratio est: (pecuniam) in rationem inducere, bring into their accounts: aeraria, the rate of exchange (the value of money of one standard in that of another): rationes ad aerarium continuo detuli, rendered accounts: rationes cum publicanis putare: rationes a colono accepit: longis rationibus assem in partīs diducere, calculations, H.— A list, manifest, protocol, report, statement: cedo rationem carceris, quae diligentissime conficitur.— A transaction, business, matter, affair, concern, circumstance: re ac ratione cum aliquo coniunctus: in publicis privatisque rationibus, Cs.: nummaria: popularis: comitiorum: ad omnem rationem humanitatis: meam.—Plur., with pron poss., account, interest, advantage: alquis in meis rationibus tibi adiungendus: alienum suis rationibus existimans, etc., inconsistent with his interests, S.—Fig., a reckoning, account, settlement, computation, explanation: rationem reddere earum rerum: secum has rationes putare, T.: initā subductāque ratione scelera meditantes, i. e. after full deliberation: quod posteaquam iste cognovit, hanc rationem habere coepit, reflection: totius rei consilium his rationibus explicabat, ut si, etc., upon the following calculation, Cs.: ut habere rationem possis, quo loco me convenias, etc., i. e. means of determining: semper ita vivamus, ut rationem reddendam nobis arbitremur, must account to ourselves: si gravius quid acciderit, abs te rationem reposcent, will hold you responsible, Cs.— Relation, reference, respect, connection, community: (agricolae) habent rationem cum terrā, quae, etc., have to do: cum omnibus Musis rationem habere: omnes, quibuscum ratio huic est.— A respect, regard, concern, consideration, care: utriusque (sc. naturae et fortunae) omnino habenda ratio est in deligendo genere vitae: (deos) piorum et impiorum habere rationem: sauciorum et aegrorum habitā ratione, Cs.: propter rationem brevitatis, out of regard for: habeo rationem, quid a populo R. acceperim, consider: neque illud rationis habuisti, provinciam ad summam stultitiam venisse? did you not consider?—Course, conduct, procedure, mode, manner, method, fashion, plan, principle: tua ratio est, ut... mea, ut, etc.: defensionis ratio viaque: itaque in praesentiā Pompei sequendi rationem omittit, Cs.: in philosophiā disserendi: ut, quo primum curreretur, vix ratio iniri possit, Cs.: hoc aditu laudis vitae meae rationes prohibuerunt, plan of life.—Arrangement, relation, condition, kind, fashion, way, manner, style: ratio atque usus belli, the art and practice of war, Cs.: novae bellandi rationes, Cs.: quorum operum haec erat ratio, etc., Cs.: rationem pontis hanc instituit; tigna bina, etc., Cs.: iuris: haec eadem ratio est in summā totius Galliae, Cs.: eādem ratione, quā pridie, ab nostris resistitur, Cs: quid refert, quā me ratione cogatis?: nullā ratione, Cs.: tota ratio talium largitionum genere vitiosa est, principle.—The faculty of computing, judgment, understanding, reason, reasoning, reflection: Ita fit, ut ratio praesit, appetitus obtemperet: homo, quod rationis est particeps, causas rerum videt: lex est ratio summa: ut, quos ratio non posset, eos ad officium religio duceret: si ratio et prudentia curas aufert, H.: mulier abundat audaciā, consilio et ratione deficitur: Arma amens capio, nec sat rationis in armis, V.: ratione fecisti, sensibly.—Ground, motive, reason: quid tandem habuit argumenti aut rationis res, quam ob rem, etc.: nostra confirmare argumentis ac rationibus: noverit orator argumentorum et rationum locos: ad eam sententiam haec ratio eos deduxit, quod, etc., Cs.: rationibus conquisitis de voluptate disputandum putant: Num parva causa aut prava ratiost? reason, excuse, T.— Reasonableness, reason, propriety, law, rule, order: omnia, quae ratione docentur et viā, reasonably and regularly: ut ratione et viā procedat oratio: quae res ratione modoque Tractari non volt, H.: intervallis pro ratā parte ratione distinctis, divided proportionally by rule: vincit ipsa rerum p. natura saepe rationem, system.—A theory, doctrine, system, science: haec nova et ignota ratio, solem lunae oppositum solere deficere: Epicuri, doctrine: Stoicorum: ratio vivendi... ratio civilis, the art of living... statesmanship.—Knowledge, science. si qua (est in me) huiusce rei ratio aliqua.— A view, opinion, conviction: Mea sic est ratio, T.: cum in eam rationem pro suo quisque sensu loqueretur: cuius ratio etsi non valuit, N.
    * * *
    I II
    account, reckoning; plan; prudence; method; reasoning; rule; regard

    Latin-English dictionary > ratiō

  • 8 spondeō

        spondeō spopondī, spōnsus, ēre    [cf. σπένδω], to promise sacredly, warrant, vow, give assurance: promitto, recipio, spondeo, C. Caesarem talem semper fore civem, etc.: quis est qui spondeat eundum animum postea fore, L.: spondebant animis id (bellum) Cornelium finiturum, i. e. were entirely confident, L.: spondebo enim tibi, vel potius spondeo in meque recipio, eos esse M'. Curi mores: praemia, quae spopondimus: fidem, O.: legionibus agros: non si mihi Iuppiter auctor Spondeat, hoc sperem, V.—In law, to assume an obligation, promise solemnly, bind oneself, undertake: quis spopondisse me dicit? nemo: si quis quod spopondit... si id non facit, condemnatur. —In behalf of another, to engage, vouch, become security, enter bail: pro multis: et se quisque paratum ad spondendum Icilio ostendere, L.: Hic sponsum (me) vocat, H.: Fraudator homines cum advocat sponsum inprobos, Ph.— To make a wager of law, agree to a forfeit on failure to prove an assertion: eum illi iacenti latera tunderentur, ut aliquando spondere se diceret.—In public life, to engage, stipulate, agree, conclude, promise: spoponderunt consules, legati (in concluding peace), L.: quod spondendo pacem servassent exercitum, L.: hosti nihil spopondistis, civem neminem spondere pro vobis iussistis, L.: quid tandem si spopondissemus urbem hanc relicturum populum R.? L.— To promise in marriage, engage, betroth: quae sponsa est mihi, T.—Of things, to promise, forbode: nec quicquam placidum spondentia Sidera, O.: quod prope diem futurum spondet fortuna vestra, L.
    * * *
    I
    spondere, spepondi, sponsus V INTRANS
    promise, give pledge/undertaking/surety; contract to give/take in marriage
    II
    spondere, spopondi, sponsus V INTRANS
    promise, give pledge/undertaking/surety; contract to give/take in marriage

    Latin-English dictionary > spondeō

  • 9 succēdō

        succēdō cessī, cessus, ere    [sub+cedo], to go below, come under, enter: tectum, cui succederet: tectis nostris, V.: Rex iussae succedit aquae, O.: tumulo, i. e. to be buried, V.— To go from under, go up, mount, ascend: alto caelo, V.: in arduum, L.: hoc itinere est fons, quo mare succedit longius, Cs.: muros, L.— To follow, follow after, take the place of, relieve, succeed, receive by succession: ut integri defatigatis succederent, Cs.: integri fessis successerunt, L.: succedam ego vicarius tuo muneri: proelio, L.: non solum, quod tibi succederetur, sed, etc.: in stationem, Cs.: in paternas opes, L.: in Pompei locum heres: Aspicit in teretes lignum succedere suras, O.: ad alteram partem, come next, Cs.— To approach, draw near, march on, advance, march up: sub montem, Cs.: ad hostium latebras, L.: temere moenibus, L.: portas, Cs.: murum, L.: ubicumque iniquo successum erat loco, L.—Fig., to come under, submit to: omnes sententiae sub acumen stili succedant necesse est: Succedoque oneri, take up, V.— To follow, follow after, succeed: successit ipse magnis (oratoribus): horum aetati successit Isocrates: Tertia post illas successit aënea proles, O.: orationi, quae, etc., i. e. speak after: male gestis rebus alterius successum est, to another's bad administration, L.— To go on well, be successful, prosper, succeed: quando hoc bene successit, T.: quod res nulla successerat, Cs.: cum neque satis inceptum succederet, L.: voti Phoebus succedere partem Mente dedit, V.: Hac non successit; aliā adgrediemur viā, T.: si ex sententiā successerit: cui (fraudi) quoniam parum succedit, L.: successurumque Minervae Indoluit, O.: nolle successum non patribus, L.: ubicumque iniquo successum erat loco, had been victorious under disadvantages of position, L.
    * * *
    succedere, successi, successus V
    climb; advance; follow; succeed in

    Latin-English dictionary > succēdō

  • 10 alia

    by another/different way/route

    Latin-English dictionary > alia

  • 11 accenseo

    ac-censĕo ( ŭi), nsum, 2, v. a., to reckon to or among, to add to; as a verb. finit. very rare:

    numine sub dominae lateo atque accenseor illi,

    i. e. I am her companion, Ov. M. 15, 546; and: accensi, qui his accensebantur, id est attribuebantur, Non. 520, 7.—But hence in frequent use, ac-census, a, um, P. a., reckoned among, or subst. accensus, i., m.
    A.
    One who attends another of higher rank, an attendant, follower; hence, a state officer who attended one of the highest magistrates (consul, proconsul, praetor, etc.) at Rome or in the provinces, for the purpose of summoning parties to court, maintaining order and quiet during its sessions, and proclaiming the hours; an apparitor, attendant, orderly (on account of this office, Varr. 6, § 89 Müll., would derive the word from accieo), Varr. ap. Non. 59, 2 sq.; Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 4 and 7; id. Att. 4, 16; Liv. 45, 29, 2; Suet. Caes. 20 al.—The person to whom one is accensus is annexed in dat. or gen.:

    qui tum accensus Neroni fuit,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 28:

    libertus, accensus Gabinii,

    id. Att. 4, 16, 12. The Decurions and Centurions also [p. 16] had their accensi as aids, Varr. L. L. 7, § 58 Müll.;

    also at funerals, as leader of the procession,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61. Cf. on the accensi, Necker's Antiq. 2, 2, p. 375 sq.—
    B.
    accensi, a kind of reserve troops who followed the army as supernumeraries (= ascripticii, or, in later times, supernumerarii), to take the place of those who fell in battle. They had no arms, and were only clothed with the military cloak, and hence called velati: quia vestiti et inermes sequuntur exercitum, Paul. ex Fest. p. 369 Müll.; they used in battle only slings and stones. They were also employed in constructing public roads. Cf. Mommsen, Degli Accensi Velati, in Annali del. Inst. vol. xxi. (1849), p. 209 sq.; and Necker's Antiq. 3, 2, p. 242 sq.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > accenseo

  • 12 accensi

    ac-censĕo ( ŭi), nsum, 2, v. a., to reckon to or among, to add to; as a verb. finit. very rare:

    numine sub dominae lateo atque accenseor illi,

    i. e. I am her companion, Ov. M. 15, 546; and: accensi, qui his accensebantur, id est attribuebantur, Non. 520, 7.—But hence in frequent use, ac-census, a, um, P. a., reckoned among, or subst. accensus, i., m.
    A.
    One who attends another of higher rank, an attendant, follower; hence, a state officer who attended one of the highest magistrates (consul, proconsul, praetor, etc.) at Rome or in the provinces, for the purpose of summoning parties to court, maintaining order and quiet during its sessions, and proclaiming the hours; an apparitor, attendant, orderly (on account of this office, Varr. 6, § 89 Müll., would derive the word from accieo), Varr. ap. Non. 59, 2 sq.; Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 4 and 7; id. Att. 4, 16; Liv. 45, 29, 2; Suet. Caes. 20 al.—The person to whom one is accensus is annexed in dat. or gen.:

    qui tum accensus Neroni fuit,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 28:

    libertus, accensus Gabinii,

    id. Att. 4, 16, 12. The Decurions and Centurions also [p. 16] had their accensi as aids, Varr. L. L. 7, § 58 Müll.;

    also at funerals, as leader of the procession,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61. Cf. on the accensi, Necker's Antiq. 2, 2, p. 375 sq.—
    B.
    accensi, a kind of reserve troops who followed the army as supernumeraries (= ascripticii, or, in later times, supernumerarii), to take the place of those who fell in battle. They had no arms, and were only clothed with the military cloak, and hence called velati: quia vestiti et inermes sequuntur exercitum, Paul. ex Fest. p. 369 Müll.; they used in battle only slings and stones. They were also employed in constructing public roads. Cf. Mommsen, Degli Accensi Velati, in Annali del. Inst. vol. xxi. (1849), p. 209 sq.; and Necker's Antiq. 3, 2, p. 242 sq.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > accensi

  • 13 accepte

    ac-cĭpĭo, cēpi, ceptum, 3, v. a. ( fut. perf. accepso = accepero, Pac. ap. Non. 74, 31, or Rib. Trag. Rel. 118) [capio], to accept.
    I.
    In gen., to take a person or thing to one's self: leno ad se accipiet hominem et aurum, will take the man and his money to himself (into his house), Plaut. Poen. 1, 1, 51.
    a.
    Of things received by the hand, to take, receive: cette manus vestras measque accipite, Enn. ap. Non. 85, 1 (Trag. v. 320 ed. Vahl.):

    ex tua accepi manu pateram,

    Plaut. Amph. 2, 2, 132; hence, trop. of the word given, the promise, with which a grasping of the hand was usually connected: accipe daque fidem, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 1 (Ann. v. 33 ed. Vahl.; so in the Gr. pista dounai kai labein); cf. Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 87; so Verg. A. 8, 150;

    in Ter. of a person to be protected: hanc (virginem) accepi, acceptam servabo,

    Ter. And. 1, 5, 62; cf. Cic. Fam. 7, 5, and Sall. C. 6, 5, —
    b.
    Of things received or taken by different parts of the body: accipite hoc onus in vestros collos, Cato ap. Non. 200, 23:

    gremio,

    Verg. A. 1, 685:

    oculis aut pectore noctem (i. e. somnum),

    id. ib. 4, 531.—
    c.
    In gen., very freq.,
    (α).
    as implying action, to take, to take possession of, to accept (Gr. dechesthai);
    (β).
    of something that falls to one's share, to get, to receive, to be the recipient of (Gr. lambanein).—
    (α).
    To take, accept:

    hanc epistulam accipe a me,

    take this letter from me, Plaut. Ps. 2, 2, 52; 4, 2, 26; cf. id. Ep. 3, 4, 26:

    persuasit aliis, ut pecuniam accipere mallent,

    Cic. Off. 2, 23, 82:

    condicionem pacis,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 15:

    armis obsidibusque acceptis Crassus profectus est,

    after he had taken into his possession the arms and hostages, id. ib. 3, 23:

    divitias,

    Nep. Epam. 4, 3:

    aliquid a patre,

    to inherit, id. Timoth. 1, 1; id. Att. 1:

    accipe et haec, manuum tibi quae monumenta mearum sint,

    Verg. A. 3, 486 al. —Hence to receive or entertain as guest:

    haec (tellus) fessos placidissima portu accipit,

    Verg. A. 3, 78:

    Laurentes nymphae, accipite Aenean,

    id. ib. 8, 71; 155; Ov. M. 8, 655 al.—Of admittance to political privileges:

    Nomentani et Pedani in civitatem accepti,

    Liv. 8, 14; cf. Cic. Off. 1, 11, 35:

    magnifice volo summos viros accipere,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 2, 34:

    in loco festivo sumus festive accepti,

    id. ib. 5, 19; so id. Cist. 1, 1, 12; id. Men. 5, 2, 44; id. Pers. 1, 1, 32, etc.; Ter. Eun. 5, 9, 52; Lucr. 3, 907; Cic. Att. 16, 6; Ov. F. 2, 725 al.—Hence also ironically, to entertain, to treat, deal with:

    ego te miseris jam accipiam modis,

    Plaut. Aul. 4, 4, 3:

    hominem accipiam quibus dictis maeret,

    id. Men. 5, 1, 7:

    indignis acceptus modis,

    Ter. Ad. 2, 1, 12. Perh. also Lucil. ap. Non. 521, 1: adeo male me accipiunt decimae, treat or use me ill, deal harshly with me; and ib. 240, 8: sic, inquam, veteratorem illum vetulum lupum Hannibalem acceptum (Non. explains the latter in a very unusual manner, by deceptum).—
    (β).
    To get, to receive, to be the recipient of, Pac. ap. Non. 74, 31; Lucr. 1, 819, 909; 2, 762, 885, 1009:

    ictus,

    id. 4, 1048 (cf. Verg. A. 3, 243: vulnera accipiunt tergo): aridior nubes accipit ignem, takes or catches fire, Lucr. 6, 150; Caes. B. G. 1, 48:

    humanitatem iis tribuere debemus, a quibus accepimus,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 9:

    pecuniam ob rem judicandam,

    id. Verr. 1, 38:

    luna lumen solis accipit,

    id. de Or. 3, 45; cf. Hor. Ep. 1, 10, 17:

    praeclarum accepimus a majoribus morem,

    Cic. Off. 3, 10, 44: praecepta, Caes. B. G. 2, 6: accepi tuas litteras (in another sense than above), I have received your letter, it has reached me (allatae sunt ad me), Cic. Fam. 1, 9, 14; 2, 1, 1; 10, 1 al.:

    acceptā injuriā ignoscere quam persequi malebant,

    Sall. C. 9, 3; Caes. B. G. 2, 33:

    calamitatem,

    ib. 1, 31:

    detrimenta,

    ib. 5, 22; cf. Cic. Mur. 21, 44 al. So often of dignities and offices:

    provinciam,

    id. Fam. 2, 10, 2:

    consulatum,

    Suet. Aug. 10:

    Galliam,

    id. Caes. 22 al.
    II.
    In partic.
    A.
    To take a thing by hearing, i. e.,
    1.
    To hear, to perceive, to observe, to learn (cf. opp. do = I give in words, i. e. I say): hoc simul accipe dictum, Enn. ap. Cic. Off. 1, 12, 38 (Ann. v. 204): quod ego inaudivi, accipite, Pac. ap. Non. 126, 22 (Rib. Trag. Rel. p. 81): hoc etiam accipe quod dico, Lucil. ap. Non. 240, 1:

    carmen auribus,

    Lucr. 4, 983 (so id. 6, 164); 1, 270; cf. Verg. A. 2, 65:

    voces,

    Lucr. 4, 613 (so 6, 171):

    si te aequo animo ferre accipiet,

    Ter. And. 2, 3, 23:

    quae gerantur, accipies ex Pollione,

    Cic. Fam. 1, 6; 1, 9, 4; Liv. 1, 7. —Hence very freq. in the histt., to get or receive intelligence of any thing, to learn:

    urbem Romam, sicuti ego accepi, condidere atque habuere initio Trojani,

    as I have learned, Sall. C. 6, 1, and so al.—
    2.
    To comprehend or understand any thing communicated:

    haud satis meo corde accepi querelas tuas,

    Plaut. Cas. 2, 2, 18:

    et si quis est, qui haec putet arte accipi posse,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 25, 114:

    ut non solum celeriter acciperet, quae tradebantur, etc.,

    Nep. Att. 1, 3; so Quint. 1, 3, 3; 2, 9, 3 al.—
    3.
    With the accessory idea of judging, to take a thing thus or thus, to interpret or explain, usually constr. with ad or in c. acc.:

    quibus res sunt minus secundae... ad contumeliam omnia accipiunt magis,

    the more unfortunate one is, the more inclined is he to regard every thing as an insult, Ter. Ad. 4, 3, 15:

    in eam partem accipio,

    id. Eun. 5, 2, 37; cf. Cic. Fam. 10, 6; id. Att. 16, 6; Ter. Eun. 1, 2, 2:

    non recte accipis,

    you put a wrong construction upon this, id. And. 2, 2, 30:

    quae sibi quisque facilia factu putat, aequo animo accipit,

    Sall. C. 3, 2.— Hence: accipere aliquid omen, or in omen, to regard a thing as a ( favorable) omen, to accept the omen (cf. dechesthai ton oiônon), Cic. Div. 1, 46, 103; 2, 40, 83; Liv. 1, 7, 11; 21, 63 fin.; Tac. H. 1, 62; id. A. 1, 28; 2, 13; Flor. 4, 12, 14 al.—Hence poet.:

    accipio agnoscoque deos,

    Verg. A. 12, 260; cf. Ov. M. 7, 620.—
    B.
    To take a thing upon one's self, to undertake (syn. suscipio):

    accipito hanc ad te litem,

    Plaut. Most. 5, 2, 23: meā causā causam accipite, Ter. Hec. alt. prol. 47; cf. Cic. Fam. 7, 24; so id. Verr. 2, 3, 22; Quint. 20 al.—Hence also,
    C.
    To bear, endure, suffer any thing disagreeable or troublesome:

    hanccine ego ut contumeliam tam insignem ad me accipiam!

    Ter. Eun. 4, 7, 1:

    nil satis firmi video, quamobrem accipere hunc me expediat metum,

    id. Heaut. 2, 3, 96; 5, 1, 59; id. Eun. 4, 6, 24; id. Ad. 2, 1, 53; id. Ph. 5, 2, 4; Cic. Tusc. 5, 19, 56:

    calamitatem,

    id. Off. 3, 26:

    injuriam,

    id. ib. 1, 11 al.—
    D.
    To accept a thing, to be satisfied with, to approve: dos, Pamphile, est decem talenta; Pam.:

    Accipio,

    Ter. And. 5, 4, 48:

    accepit condicionem, dein quaestum accipit,

    id. ib. 1, 1, 52:

    visa ista... accipio iisque interdum etiam assentior, nec percipio tamen,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 20, 66:

    preces suas acceptas ab dis immortalibus ominati,

    Liv. 42, 30, 8 Drak. Cf. Herz, Caes. B. G. 5, 1: “equi te esse feri similem, dico.” Ridemus et ipse Messius: “accipio.” I allow it, Exactly so, Hor. S. 1, 5, 58.—
    E.
    In mercant. lang., t. t., to receive or collect a sum:

    pro quo (frumento) cum a Varinio praetore pecuniam accepisset,

    Cic. Fl. 45; hence subst.: acceptum, i, n., the receipt, and in account-books the credit side:

    in acceptum referre alicui,

    to carry over to the credit side, to place to one's credit, Cic. Verr. 1, 36, 57; id. Rosc. Com. 2; id. Phil. 2, 16; id. Caec. 6, 17; Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 234 (opp. datum or expensum).—Hence also trop., to owe or be indebted to one, in a good or a bad sense:

    ut esset nemo qui non mihi vitam suam, liberos, remp. referret acceptam,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 5:

    omnia mala, quae postea vidimus, uni accepta referemus Antonio,

    ascribe, id. ib. 22; Caes. B. G. 8, 58; id. B. C, 3, 57: Acceptum [p. 18] refero versibus, esse nocens, Ov. Trist. 2, 10. —
    F.
    In the gram m., to take a word or phrase thus or thus, to explain a word in any manner:

    adversus interdum promiscue accipitur,

    Charis. p. 207 P. al.—(Syn. nanciscor and adipiscor: he to whom something is given, accipit; he who gets by a fortunate occurrence, nanciscitur; he who obtains it by exertion, adipiscitur. Sumimus ipsi: accipimus ab alio,” Vel. Long. p. 2243 P.—“Inter tenere, sumere et accipere hoc interest, quod tenemus quae sunt in nostra potestate: sumimus posita: accipimus data,” Isid. Diff. 1).—Hence, acceptus, a, um, P. a., welcome, agreeable, acceptable (syn. gratus. Acceptus is related to gratus, as the effect to the cause; he who is gratus, i. e. dear, is on that account acceptus, welcome, acceptable;

    hence the usual position: gratus atque acceptus).—First, of persons: essetne apud te is servus acceptissimus?

    Plaut. Cap. 3, 5, 56:

    plebi acceptus erat,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 13;

    acceptus erat in oculis,

    Vulg. 1 Reg. 18, 5.—

    Of things: dis et hominibus est acceptum quod, etc.,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 16, 5:

    quod vero approbaris. id gratum acceptumque habendum,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 15, 45:

    munus eorum gratum acceptumque esse,

    Nep. Hann. 7, 3:

    quorum mihi dona accepta et grata habeo,

    Plaut. Truc. 2, 7, 56:

    rem populo Romano gratam acceptamque,

    Cic. Phil. 13, 50;

    tempore accepto exaudivi,

    Vulg. 2 Cor. 6, 2.— Comp., Plaut. Pers. 4, 4, 96; Cic. Rep. 6, 13; Tac. A. 6, 45 al.— Sup., see above.— Adv. accepte does not occur.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > accepte

  • 14 accipio

    ac-cĭpĭo, cēpi, ceptum, 3, v. a. ( fut. perf. accepso = accepero, Pac. ap. Non. 74, 31, or Rib. Trag. Rel. 118) [capio], to accept.
    I.
    In gen., to take a person or thing to one's self: leno ad se accipiet hominem et aurum, will take the man and his money to himself (into his house), Plaut. Poen. 1, 1, 51.
    a.
    Of things received by the hand, to take, receive: cette manus vestras measque accipite, Enn. ap. Non. 85, 1 (Trag. v. 320 ed. Vahl.):

    ex tua accepi manu pateram,

    Plaut. Amph. 2, 2, 132; hence, trop. of the word given, the promise, with which a grasping of the hand was usually connected: accipe daque fidem, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 1 (Ann. v. 33 ed. Vahl.; so in the Gr. pista dounai kai labein); cf. Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 87; so Verg. A. 8, 150;

    in Ter. of a person to be protected: hanc (virginem) accepi, acceptam servabo,

    Ter. And. 1, 5, 62; cf. Cic. Fam. 7, 5, and Sall. C. 6, 5, —
    b.
    Of things received or taken by different parts of the body: accipite hoc onus in vestros collos, Cato ap. Non. 200, 23:

    gremio,

    Verg. A. 1, 685:

    oculis aut pectore noctem (i. e. somnum),

    id. ib. 4, 531.—
    c.
    In gen., very freq.,
    (α).
    as implying action, to take, to take possession of, to accept (Gr. dechesthai);
    (β).
    of something that falls to one's share, to get, to receive, to be the recipient of (Gr. lambanein).—
    (α).
    To take, accept:

    hanc epistulam accipe a me,

    take this letter from me, Plaut. Ps. 2, 2, 52; 4, 2, 26; cf. id. Ep. 3, 4, 26:

    persuasit aliis, ut pecuniam accipere mallent,

    Cic. Off. 2, 23, 82:

    condicionem pacis,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 15:

    armis obsidibusque acceptis Crassus profectus est,

    after he had taken into his possession the arms and hostages, id. ib. 3, 23:

    divitias,

    Nep. Epam. 4, 3:

    aliquid a patre,

    to inherit, id. Timoth. 1, 1; id. Att. 1:

    accipe et haec, manuum tibi quae monumenta mearum sint,

    Verg. A. 3, 486 al. —Hence to receive or entertain as guest:

    haec (tellus) fessos placidissima portu accipit,

    Verg. A. 3, 78:

    Laurentes nymphae, accipite Aenean,

    id. ib. 8, 71; 155; Ov. M. 8, 655 al.—Of admittance to political privileges:

    Nomentani et Pedani in civitatem accepti,

    Liv. 8, 14; cf. Cic. Off. 1, 11, 35:

    magnifice volo summos viros accipere,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 2, 34:

    in loco festivo sumus festive accepti,

    id. ib. 5, 19; so id. Cist. 1, 1, 12; id. Men. 5, 2, 44; id. Pers. 1, 1, 32, etc.; Ter. Eun. 5, 9, 52; Lucr. 3, 907; Cic. Att. 16, 6; Ov. F. 2, 725 al.—Hence also ironically, to entertain, to treat, deal with:

    ego te miseris jam accipiam modis,

    Plaut. Aul. 4, 4, 3:

    hominem accipiam quibus dictis maeret,

    id. Men. 5, 1, 7:

    indignis acceptus modis,

    Ter. Ad. 2, 1, 12. Perh. also Lucil. ap. Non. 521, 1: adeo male me accipiunt decimae, treat or use me ill, deal harshly with me; and ib. 240, 8: sic, inquam, veteratorem illum vetulum lupum Hannibalem acceptum (Non. explains the latter in a very unusual manner, by deceptum).—
    (β).
    To get, to receive, to be the recipient of, Pac. ap. Non. 74, 31; Lucr. 1, 819, 909; 2, 762, 885, 1009:

    ictus,

    id. 4, 1048 (cf. Verg. A. 3, 243: vulnera accipiunt tergo): aridior nubes accipit ignem, takes or catches fire, Lucr. 6, 150; Caes. B. G. 1, 48:

    humanitatem iis tribuere debemus, a quibus accepimus,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 9:

    pecuniam ob rem judicandam,

    id. Verr. 1, 38:

    luna lumen solis accipit,

    id. de Or. 3, 45; cf. Hor. Ep. 1, 10, 17:

    praeclarum accepimus a majoribus morem,

    Cic. Off. 3, 10, 44: praecepta, Caes. B. G. 2, 6: accepi tuas litteras (in another sense than above), I have received your letter, it has reached me (allatae sunt ad me), Cic. Fam. 1, 9, 14; 2, 1, 1; 10, 1 al.:

    acceptā injuriā ignoscere quam persequi malebant,

    Sall. C. 9, 3; Caes. B. G. 2, 33:

    calamitatem,

    ib. 1, 31:

    detrimenta,

    ib. 5, 22; cf. Cic. Mur. 21, 44 al. So often of dignities and offices:

    provinciam,

    id. Fam. 2, 10, 2:

    consulatum,

    Suet. Aug. 10:

    Galliam,

    id. Caes. 22 al.
    II.
    In partic.
    A.
    To take a thing by hearing, i. e.,
    1.
    To hear, to perceive, to observe, to learn (cf. opp. do = I give in words, i. e. I say): hoc simul accipe dictum, Enn. ap. Cic. Off. 1, 12, 38 (Ann. v. 204): quod ego inaudivi, accipite, Pac. ap. Non. 126, 22 (Rib. Trag. Rel. p. 81): hoc etiam accipe quod dico, Lucil. ap. Non. 240, 1:

    carmen auribus,

    Lucr. 4, 983 (so id. 6, 164); 1, 270; cf. Verg. A. 2, 65:

    voces,

    Lucr. 4, 613 (so 6, 171):

    si te aequo animo ferre accipiet,

    Ter. And. 2, 3, 23:

    quae gerantur, accipies ex Pollione,

    Cic. Fam. 1, 6; 1, 9, 4; Liv. 1, 7. —Hence very freq. in the histt., to get or receive intelligence of any thing, to learn:

    urbem Romam, sicuti ego accepi, condidere atque habuere initio Trojani,

    as I have learned, Sall. C. 6, 1, and so al.—
    2.
    To comprehend or understand any thing communicated:

    haud satis meo corde accepi querelas tuas,

    Plaut. Cas. 2, 2, 18:

    et si quis est, qui haec putet arte accipi posse,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 25, 114:

    ut non solum celeriter acciperet, quae tradebantur, etc.,

    Nep. Att. 1, 3; so Quint. 1, 3, 3; 2, 9, 3 al.—
    3.
    With the accessory idea of judging, to take a thing thus or thus, to interpret or explain, usually constr. with ad or in c. acc.:

    quibus res sunt minus secundae... ad contumeliam omnia accipiunt magis,

    the more unfortunate one is, the more inclined is he to regard every thing as an insult, Ter. Ad. 4, 3, 15:

    in eam partem accipio,

    id. Eun. 5, 2, 37; cf. Cic. Fam. 10, 6; id. Att. 16, 6; Ter. Eun. 1, 2, 2:

    non recte accipis,

    you put a wrong construction upon this, id. And. 2, 2, 30:

    quae sibi quisque facilia factu putat, aequo animo accipit,

    Sall. C. 3, 2.— Hence: accipere aliquid omen, or in omen, to regard a thing as a ( favorable) omen, to accept the omen (cf. dechesthai ton oiônon), Cic. Div. 1, 46, 103; 2, 40, 83; Liv. 1, 7, 11; 21, 63 fin.; Tac. H. 1, 62; id. A. 1, 28; 2, 13; Flor. 4, 12, 14 al.—Hence poet.:

    accipio agnoscoque deos,

    Verg. A. 12, 260; cf. Ov. M. 7, 620.—
    B.
    To take a thing upon one's self, to undertake (syn. suscipio):

    accipito hanc ad te litem,

    Plaut. Most. 5, 2, 23: meā causā causam accipite, Ter. Hec. alt. prol. 47; cf. Cic. Fam. 7, 24; so id. Verr. 2, 3, 22; Quint. 20 al.—Hence also,
    C.
    To bear, endure, suffer any thing disagreeable or troublesome:

    hanccine ego ut contumeliam tam insignem ad me accipiam!

    Ter. Eun. 4, 7, 1:

    nil satis firmi video, quamobrem accipere hunc me expediat metum,

    id. Heaut. 2, 3, 96; 5, 1, 59; id. Eun. 4, 6, 24; id. Ad. 2, 1, 53; id. Ph. 5, 2, 4; Cic. Tusc. 5, 19, 56:

    calamitatem,

    id. Off. 3, 26:

    injuriam,

    id. ib. 1, 11 al.—
    D.
    To accept a thing, to be satisfied with, to approve: dos, Pamphile, est decem talenta; Pam.:

    Accipio,

    Ter. And. 5, 4, 48:

    accepit condicionem, dein quaestum accipit,

    id. ib. 1, 1, 52:

    visa ista... accipio iisque interdum etiam assentior, nec percipio tamen,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 20, 66:

    preces suas acceptas ab dis immortalibus ominati,

    Liv. 42, 30, 8 Drak. Cf. Herz, Caes. B. G. 5, 1: “equi te esse feri similem, dico.” Ridemus et ipse Messius: “accipio.” I allow it, Exactly so, Hor. S. 1, 5, 58.—
    E.
    In mercant. lang., t. t., to receive or collect a sum:

    pro quo (frumento) cum a Varinio praetore pecuniam accepisset,

    Cic. Fl. 45; hence subst.: acceptum, i, n., the receipt, and in account-books the credit side:

    in acceptum referre alicui,

    to carry over to the credit side, to place to one's credit, Cic. Verr. 1, 36, 57; id. Rosc. Com. 2; id. Phil. 2, 16; id. Caec. 6, 17; Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 234 (opp. datum or expensum).—Hence also trop., to owe or be indebted to one, in a good or a bad sense:

    ut esset nemo qui non mihi vitam suam, liberos, remp. referret acceptam,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 5:

    omnia mala, quae postea vidimus, uni accepta referemus Antonio,

    ascribe, id. ib. 22; Caes. B. G. 8, 58; id. B. C, 3, 57: Acceptum [p. 18] refero versibus, esse nocens, Ov. Trist. 2, 10. —
    F.
    In the gram m., to take a word or phrase thus or thus, to explain a word in any manner:

    adversus interdum promiscue accipitur,

    Charis. p. 207 P. al.—(Syn. nanciscor and adipiscor: he to whom something is given, accipit; he who gets by a fortunate occurrence, nanciscitur; he who obtains it by exertion, adipiscitur. Sumimus ipsi: accipimus ab alio,” Vel. Long. p. 2243 P.—“Inter tenere, sumere et accipere hoc interest, quod tenemus quae sunt in nostra potestate: sumimus posita: accipimus data,” Isid. Diff. 1).—Hence, acceptus, a, um, P. a., welcome, agreeable, acceptable (syn. gratus. Acceptus is related to gratus, as the effect to the cause; he who is gratus, i. e. dear, is on that account acceptus, welcome, acceptable;

    hence the usual position: gratus atque acceptus).—First, of persons: essetne apud te is servus acceptissimus?

    Plaut. Cap. 3, 5, 56:

    plebi acceptus erat,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 13;

    acceptus erat in oculis,

    Vulg. 1 Reg. 18, 5.—

    Of things: dis et hominibus est acceptum quod, etc.,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 16, 5:

    quod vero approbaris. id gratum acceptumque habendum,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 15, 45:

    munus eorum gratum acceptumque esse,

    Nep. Hann. 7, 3:

    quorum mihi dona accepta et grata habeo,

    Plaut. Truc. 2, 7, 56:

    rem populo Romano gratam acceptamque,

    Cic. Phil. 13, 50;

    tempore accepto exaudivi,

    Vulg. 2 Cor. 6, 2.— Comp., Plaut. Pers. 4, 4, 96; Cic. Rep. 6, 13; Tac. A. 6, 45 al.— Sup., see above.— Adv. accepte does not occur.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > accipio

  • 15 adduco

    ad-dūco, xi, ctum, 3, v. a. (adduce for adduc, Plaut. Poen. 1, 3, 15; Ter. Ph. 2, 1, 29; Afr. ap. Non. 174, 32:

    adduxti for adduxisti,

    Ter. Heaut. 4, 6, 15; id. Eun. 4, 7, 24:

    adduxe = adduxisse,

    Plaut. Rud. 4, 4, 3), to lead to, to bring or convey to, draw to any place or to one's self (opp. abduco, q. v.; syn.: adfero, apporto, adveho, induco).
    I.
    Lit.:

    quaeso, quī possim animum bonum habere, qui te ad me adducam domum,

    Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 78:

    ille alter venit, quem secum adduxit Parmenio,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 4, 27; Afr. ap. Non. 174, 32: quos secum Mitylenis Cratippus adduxit, Cic. Fil. ap. Cic. Fam. 16, 21, 5:

    Demetrius Epimachum secum adduxit,

    Vitr. 10, 22, 262.—With ad:

    ad lenam,

    Plaut. As. 5, 2, 65; cf. id. Mil. 3, 1, 193: ad cenam, Lucil. ap. Non. 159, 25 (cf.:

    abduxi ad cenam,

    Ter. Heaut. 1, 2 [p. 32] 9):

    adduxit ea ad Adam,

    Vulg. Gen. 2, 19; ib. Marc. 14, 53.—Or with a local adv.:

    tu istos adduce intro,

    Plaut. Poen. 5, 3, 54:

    quia te adducturam huc dixeras eumpse non eampse,

    id. Truc. 1, 2, 31; so Ter. And. 5, 3, 29:

    adduc huc filium tuum,

    Vulg. Luc. 9, 41. —
    2.
    In gen., without regard to the access. idea of accompanying, to lead or bring a person or thing to a place, to take or conduct from one place to another (of living beings which have the power of motion, while affero is properly used of things: attuli hunc. Pseud. Quid? attulisti? Ca. Adduxi volui dicere, Plaut. Ps. 2, 4, 21).—So of conducting an army:

    exercitum,

    Cic. Att. 7, 9:

    aquam,

    to lead to, id. Cael. 14.—With in:

    gentes feras in Italiam,

    Cic. Att. 8, 11, 2; cf. Oud. ad Caes. B. G. 4, 22, and Auct. B. G. 8, 35:

    in judicium adductus,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 10, 28:

    adducta res in judicium est,

    id. Off. 3, 16, 67; so id. Clu. 17.—With dat.:

    puero nutricem adducit,

    Ter. Hec. 5, 2, 4:

    qui ex Gallia pueros venales isti adducebat,

    Cic. Quint. 6.— Poet. with acc.:

    Diae telluris ad oras applicor et dextris adducor litora remis,

    Ov. M. 3, 598 (cf. advertor oras Scythicas, id. ib. 5, 649, and Rudd. II. p. 327):

    adducere ad populum, i. e. in judicium populi vocare,

    Cic. Agr. 2, 6.—Of a courtesan, to procure:

    puero scorta,

    Nep. Dion, 5:

    paelicem,

    Ov. Fast. 3, 483.— Poet. also of a place, which is, as it were, brought near. Thus Hor. in describing the attractions of his Sabine farm: dicas adductum propius frondere Tarentum, Ep. 1, 16, 11.—
    B.
    Esp.
    1.
    To bring a thing to a destined place by drawing or pulling, to draw or pull to one's self:

    tormenta eo graviores emissiones habent, quo sunt contenta atque adducta vehementius,

    Cic. Tusc. 2, 24:

    adducto arcu,

    Verg. A. 5, 507; so,

    adducta sagitta,

    id. ib. 9, 632:

    utque volat moles, adducto concita nervo,

    Ov. M. 8, 357:

    adducta funibus arbor corruit,

    id. ib. 775:

    funem,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 14: so Luc. 3, 700:

    colla parvis lacertis,

    Ov. M. 6, 625:

    equos,

    id. Fast. 6, 586.—Hence trop.:

    habenas amicitiae,

    to tighten, Cic. Lael. 13, 45; cf. Verg. A. 9, 632, and 1, 63.—
    2.
    Of the skin or a part of the body, to draw up, wrinkle, contract:

    adducit cutem macies,

    wrinkles the skin, Ov. M. 3, 397:

    sitis miseros adduxerat artus,

    Verg. G. 3, 483; so, frontem (opp. remittere), to contract:

    interrogavit, quae causa frontis tam adductae?

    a brow so clouded? Quint. 10, 3, 13; so Sen. Benef. 1, 1.
    II.
    Fig.
    A.
    To bring a person or thing into a certain condition; with ad or in:

    numquam animum quaesti gratiā ad malas adducam partīs,

    Ter. Hec. 5, 3, 38:

    rem adduci ad interregnum,

    Cic. Att. 7, 9:

    ad arbitrium alterius,

    id. Fam. 5, 20:

    ad suam auctoritatem,

    id. Deiot. 10, 29:

    numquam prius discessit, quam ad finem sermo esset adductus,

    Nep. Ep. 3:

    iambos ad umbilicum adducere,

    Hor. Epod. 14, 8:

    in discrimen extremum,

    Cic. Phil. 6, 7; cf. Liv. 45, 8:

    in summas angustias,

    Cic. Quint. 5:

    in invidiam falso crimine,

    id. Off. 3, 20:

    in necessitatem,

    Liv. 8, 7:

    vitam in extremum,

    Tac. A. 14, 61.—
    B.
    To bring or lead one to a certain act, feeling, or opinion; to prompt, induce, prevail upon, persuade, move, incite to it; with ad, in, or ut (very freq. and class., and for the most part in a good sense; while seducere and inducere denote instigating or seducing to something bad, Herz. Caes. B. G. 1, 3;

    although there are exceptions, as the foll. examples show): ad misericordiam,

    Ter. Heaut. 5, 2, 42:

    ad nequitiem,

    id. Ad. 3, 3, 4:

    ad iracundiam, ad fletum,

    Cic. Brut. 93, 322:

    quae causa ad facinus adduxit,

    id. Rosc. Am. 31:

    in metum,

    id. Mur. 24:

    in summam exspectationem,

    id. Tusc. 1, 17:

    in spem,

    id. Att. 2, 22:

    in opinionem,

    id. Fam. 1, 1:

    in suspicionem alicui,

    Nep. Hann. 7:

    ad paenitentiam,

    Vulg. Rom. 2, 4; ib. 10, 19.—With gerund:

    ad suspicandum,

    Cic. Pr. Cons. 16:

    ad credendum,

    Nep. Con. 3.—With ut:

    adductus sum officio, fide, misericordia, etc., ut onus hoc laboris mihi suscipiendum putarem,

    Cic. Verr. 1, 2:

    nullo imbre, nullo frigore adduci, ut capite operto sit,

    id. de Sen. 10: id. Cat. 1, 2; id. Fam. 3, 9; 6, 10, etc.; Caes. B. G. 6, 12; Liv. 4, 49 al.—And absol. in pass.:

    quibus rebus adductus ad causam accesserim demonstravi,

    Cic. Verr. 1, 3:

    his rebus adducti,

    being induced, Caes. B. G. 1, 3; 6, 10.—With quin:

    adduci nequeo quin existimem,

    Suet. Tib. 21.—With inf.: facilius adducor ferre humana humanitus, Afr. ap. Non. 514, 20.—
    C.
    Adducor with inf., or with ut and subj. = adducor ad credendum, peithomai, to be induced to believe:

    ego non adducor, quemquam bonum ullam salutem putare mihi tanti fuisse,

    Cic. Att. 11, 16:

    ut jam videar adduci, hanc quoque, quae te procrearit, esse patriam,

    id. Leg. 2, 3:

    illud adduci vix possum, ut... videantur,

    id. Fin. 1, 5, 14; id. ib. 4, 20, 55; Lucr. 5, 1341.—Hence, adductus, a, um, P. a.
    A.
    Drawn tight, stretched, strained, contracted. — Trop.:

    vultus,

    Suet. Tib. 68:

    frons in supercilia adductior,

    Capitol. Ver. 10; cf. Plin. Ep. 1, 16.—Hence,
    B.
    Of place, narrow, contracted, strait:

    (Africa) ex spatio paulatim adductior,

    Mel. 1, 4.—
    C.
    Of character, strict, serious, severe:

    modo familiaritate juvenili Nero et rursus adductus, quasi seria consociaret,

    Tac. A. 14, 4:

    adductum et quasi virile servitium,

    id. ib. 12, 7:

    vis pressior et adductior,

    Plin. Ep. 1, 16.— Sup. not used.— Adv. only in comp. adductĭus,
    1.
    More tightly:

    adductius contorquere jacula,

    Aus. Grat. Act. 27.—
    2.
    Trop., more strictly:

    imperitare,

    Tac. H. 3, 7:

    regnari,

    id. Germ. 43.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > adduco

  • 16 adopto

    ăd-opto, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a., to take to one's self by wish, choice (optando); to choose, select.
    I.
    In gen.:

    sociam te mihi adopto ad meam salutem,

    Plaut. Cist. 4, 2, 78:

    qui manstutorem me adoptavit bonis,

    who has chosen me as a guardian of his property, id. Truc. 4, 4, 6:

    quem sibi illa (provincia) defensorem sui juris adoptavit,

    Cic. Div. in Caecin. 16 fin.: eum sibi patronum, id ib. 20, 64: quem potius adoptem aut invocem, Vatin. ap. Cic. Fam. 5, 9: Frater, Pater, adde; Ut cuique est aetas, ita quemque facetus adopta (i. e. adscisce, adjunge, sc. tuo alloquio, Cruqu.), make him by thy greeting a father, brother, etc., i. e. call him, Hor. Ep. 1, 6, 55:

    Etruscas Turnus adoptat opes,

    strives after, Ov. F. 4, 880.—Hence: adoptare se alicui, to give or attach one's self to:

    qui se potentiae causā Caesaris libertis adoptāsset,

    Plin. 12, 1, 5, § 12.—
    II.
    Esp. as t. t., to take one in the place of a child or grandchild, to adopt (diff. from arrogo; v. adoptio).
    A.
    Lit., constr. with aliquem, also with ab aliquo aliquem (from the real father, a patre naturali), Plaut. Poen. prol. 74 (cf. id. ib. 4, 2, 82):

    adoptat illum puerum subreptitium sibi filium,

    id. Men. prol. 60:

    filium senatorem populum Romanum sibi velle adoptare,

    Cic. Dom. 14:

    adoptatus patricius a plebeio,

    id. Att. 7, 7:

    is qui hunc minorem Scipionem a Paulo adoptavit,

    id. Brut. 19, 77:

    adoptavit eum heredemque fecit ex dodrante,

    Nep. Att. 5, 2:

    adoptatus testamento,

    Suet. Tib. 6: adoptari a se Pisonem pronuntiat, Tac. H. 1, 18:

    Pisonem pro contione adoptavit,

    Suet. Galb. 17:

    quem illa adoptavit,

    Vulg. Exod. 2, 10.—With in and acc.:

    in regnum,

    Sall. J. 22, 3:

    in familiam nomenque,

    Suet. Caes. 83:

    in successionem,

    Just. 9, 2.—
    B.
    Fig.:

    servi in bona libertatis nostrae adoptantur,

    are, as it were, adopted into freedom, are made participants of freedom, Flor. 3, 20;

    and of ingrafting (cf. adoptivus): venerit insitio: fac ramum ramus adoptet,

    Ov. R. Am. 195; so Col. 10, 38. Those who were adopted commonly received the family name of the adoptive father, with the ending -anus, e. g. Aemilianus, Pomponianus, etc.—Hence Cic. says ironic. of one who appropriated to himself the name of another:

    ipse se adoptat: et C. Stalenus, qui se ipse adoptaverat et de Staleno Aelium fecerat,

    had changed himself from a Stalenus to an Ælius, Brut. 68, 241; and Vitruv.: Zoilus qui adoptavit cognomen, ut Homeromastix vocitaretur, had himself called, 7, 8. So:

    ergo aliquod gratum Musis tibi nomen adopta,

    Mart. 6, 31; in Pliny, very often, adoptare aliquid (also with the addition of nomine suo or in nomen), to give a thing its name: Baetis Oceanum Atlanticum, provinciam adoptans, petit, while it gives to the province the name (Baetica). Plin. 3, 1, 3, § 9:

    A Zmyrna Hermus campos facit et nomini suo adoptat,

    id. 5, 29, 31, § 119;

    so 25, 3, 7, § 22: in nomen,

    id. 37, 3, 12, § 50; so also Statius, Theb. 7, 259.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > adopto

  • 17 adrogo

    ar-rŏgo ( adr-, Fleck., B. and K., Dietsch, Halm, Weissenb.; arr-, Holder, Dinter; Keller uses both forms), āvi, ātum, 1, v. a.
    I.
    Jurid. and polit. t. t.
    A.
    To ask or inquire of one, to question: Venus haec volo adroget te, * Plaut. Rud. 5, 2, 45; cf. Dig. 1, 7, 2.—
    * B.
    Alicui, t. t., to add one officer to another, to associate with, place by the side of:

    cui consuli dictatorem adrogari haud satis decorum visum est patribus,

    Liv. 7, 25, 11.—
    C.
    To take a homo sui juris in the place of a child, to adopt (v. arrogatio), Gell. 5, 19, 4; cf. Dig. 1, 7, 1; 1, 7, 2; 1, 7, 22 al.—Hence,
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    To appropriate that which does not belong to one, to claim as one's own, to arrogate to one's self, to assume:

    quamquam mihi non sumo tantum, judices, neque adrogo, ut, etc.,

    Cic. Planc. 1:

    non enim mihi tantum derogo, tametsi nihil adrogo, ut, etc.,

    id. Rosc. Am. 32:

    sapientiam sibi adrogare,

    id. Brut. 85, 292: ego tantum tibi tribuo, [p. 166] quantum mihi fortasse arrogo, id. Fam. 4, 1 fin.:

    Quod ex alienā virtute sibi adrogant, id mihi ex meā non concedunt,

    Sall. J. 85, 25:

    Nihil adrogabo mihi nobilitatis aut modestiae,

    Tac. H. 1, 30:

    Nec sibi cenarum quivis temere arroget artem,

    Hor. S. 2, 4, 35.—
    B.
    Poet.: alicui aliquid, to adjudge something to another as his own, to confer upon or procure for (opp. abrogare):

    Scire velim, chartis pretium quotus adroget annus,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 35:

    decus arrogavit,

    id. C. 4, 14, 40:

    nihil non arroget armis,

    adjudge every thing to arms, think every thing must yield to, id. A. P. 121.— Hence, arrŏgans ( adr-), antis, P. a., acc. to II. A., appropriating something not one's own; hence, assuming, arrogant (syn.: superbus, insolens, ferox).
    A.
    Lit.:

    si essent adrogantes, non possem ferre fastidium,

    Cic. Phil. 10, 9:

    Induciomarus iste minax atque adrogans,

    id. Font. 12; id. Verr. 2, 1, 60:

    ne arrogans in praeripiendo populi beneficio videretur,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 1:

    pigritia adrogantior,

    Quint. 12, 3, 12:

    adrogantissima persuasio,

    id. Decl. 8, 9.—
    B.
    As a consequence of assumption, haughty, proud, overbearing, insolent (cf. arrogantia, I. B.):

    proponit inania mihi nobilitatis, hoc est hominum adrogantium nomina,

    Cic. Verr. 1, 6:

    de se persuasio,

    Quint. 2, 4, 16:

    crudelitas adrogans,

    Cic. Fam. 5, 4, 2:

    dictum,

    id. Sull. 8, 25:

    consilium,

    id. de Or. 2, 39, 165:

    moderatio,

    Tac. A. 1, 3:

    adversus superiores tristi adulatione, adrogans minoribus, inter pares difficilis,

    id. ib. 11, 21:

    omnem adrogantem humilia,

    Vulg. Job, 40, 6:

    abominatio Domino est omnis adrogans,

    ib. Prov. 16, 5:

    beatos dicimus adrogantes,

    ib. Mal. 3, 15.— Adv.: arrŏgan-ter ( adr-), with assumption, arrogantly, haughtily, proudly, insolently:

    aliquid dicere,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 83, 339; id. Off. 1, 1, 2; Quint. 4, 2, 86:

    scribere,

    Cic. Att. 6, 1:

    aliquid praejudicare,

    id. ad Brut. 1, 4:

    petere,

    id. Lig. 10, 30:

    adsentire,

    id. Inv. 2, 3, 10:

    facere,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 40: adversarios sustinere, D. Brutus ap. Cic. Fam. 11, 13, 4: ingredi, * Vulg. Soph. 1, 9:

    consulere in deditos,

    Tac. Agr. 16.— Comp.:

    multo adrogantius factum,

    Suet. Caes. 79:

    insolentius et adrogantius uti gloriā artis,

    Plin. 36, 10, 36, § 71:

    adrogantius et elatius praefari,

    Gell. 9, 15.— Sup., Oros. 7, 25; 7, 35.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > adrogo

  • 18 aes

    aes, aeris (often used in plur. nom. and acc.; abl. aeribus, Cato ap. Paul. ex Fest. p. 27 Müll., and Lucr. 2, 636; gen. AERVM, Inscr. Orell. 3551), n. [cf. Germ. Eisen = iron, Erz = copper; Goth. aiz = copper, gold; Angl.Sax. ar, ær = ore, copper, brass; Eng. iron, ore; Lat. aurum; with the com. notion of brightness; cf. aurora, etc.].
    I.
    Any crude metal dug out of the earth, except gold and silver; esp.,
    a.
    Aes Cyprium, whence cuprum, copper: scoria aeris, copper dross or scoria, Plin. 34, 11, 24, § 107:

    aeris flos,

    flowers of copper, id. 34, 11, 24, § 107:

    squama aeris,

    scales of copper, Cels. 2, 12 init.:

    aes fundere,

    Plin. 33, 5, 30, § 94:

    conflare et temperare,

    id. 7, 56, 57, § 197:

    India neque aes neque plumbum habet,

    id. 34, 17, 48, § 163:

    aurum et argentum et aes,

    Vulg. Ex. 25, 3.—
    b.
    An alloy, for the most part of copper and tin, bronze (brass, an alloy of copper and zinc, was hardly known to the ancients. For their bronze coins the Greeks adhered to copper and tin till B.C. 400, after which they added lead. Silver is rare in Greek bronze coins. The Romans admitted lead into their bronze coins, but gradually reduced the quantity, and, under Calig., Nero, Vesp., and Domit., issued pure copper coins, and then reverted to the mixture of lead. In the bronze mirrors now existing, which are nearly all Etruscan, silver predominated to give a highly reflecting surface. The antique bronze had about 87 parts of copper to 13 of tin. An analysis of several objects has given the following centesimal parts: statua ex aere, Cic. Phil. 9, 6:

    simulacrum ex aere factum,

    Plin. 34, 4, 9, § 15:

    valvas ex aere factitavere,

    id. 34, 3, 7, § 13.—Hence:

    ducere aliquem ex aere,

    to cast one's image in bronze, id. 7, 37, 38, § 125; and in the same sense poet.:

    ducere aera,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 240:

    aes Corinthium,

    Plin. 34, 2, 3, §§ 5-8; v. Corinthius.—
    II.
    Meton.
    A.
    (Esp. in the poets.) For everything made or prepared from copper, bronze, etc. ( statues, tables of laws, money), and (as the ancients had the art of hardening and tempering copper and bronze) weapons, armor, utensils of husbandry: aes sonit, franguntur hastae, the trumpet sounds, Enn. ap. Non. 504, 32 (Trag. v. 213 Vahl.):

    Et prior aeris erat quam ferri cognitus usus: Aere solum terrae tractabant, aereque belli Miscebant fluctus et vulnera vasta serebant, etc.,

    Lucr. 5, 1287:

    quae ille in aes incidit, in quo populi jussa perpetuasque leges esse voluit,

    Cic. Phil. 1, 17; cf. id. Fam. 12, 1; Tac. A. 11, 14; 12, 53; id. H. 4, 40: aere ( with the trumpet, horn) ciere viros, Verg. A. 6, 165:

    non tuba directi, non aeris cornua flexi,

    Ov. M. 1, 98 (hence also rectum aes, the tuba, in contr. with the crooked buccina, Juv. 2, 118); a brazen prow, Verg. A. 1, 35; the brazen age, Hor. Epod. 16, 64.—In plur.: aera, Cato ap. Paul. ex Fest. p. 27 Müll.; Verg. A. 2, 734; Hor. C. 4, 8, 2 al.—
    B.
    Money: the first Roman money consisted of small rude masses of copper, called aes rude, Plin. 33, 3, 13, § 43; afterwards as coined:

    aes signatum,

    Cic. Leg. 3, 3; Plin. 33, 3, 13, § 43;

    so aes alone: si aes habent, dant mercem,

    Plaut. As. 1, 3, 49:

    ancilla aere suo empta,

    Ter. Phorm. 3, 2, 26: aes circumforaneum. borrowed from the brokers in the forum, Cic. Att. 2, 1: Hic meret aera liber Sosiis, earns them money, Hor. A. P. [p. 61] 345:

    gravis aere dextra,

    Verg. E. 1, 36:

    effusum est aes tuum,

    Vulg. Ez. 16, 36:

    neque in zona aes (tollerent),

    ib. Maarc. 6, 8:

    etiam aureos nummos aes dicimus,

    Dig. 50, 16, 159.—Hence,
    1.
    Aes alienum, lit. the money of another; hence, in reference to him who has it, the sum owed, a debt, Plaut. Curc. 3, 1, 2:

    habere aes alienum,

    Cic. Fam. 5, 6:

    aes alienum amicorum suscipere,

    to take upon one's self, id. Off. 2, 16:

    contrahere,

    to run up, id. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 8:

    facere,

    id. Att. 13, 46:

    conflare,

    Sall. C. 14, 2; 24, 3:

    in aes alienum incidere,

    to fall into debt, Cic. Cat. 2, 9:

    in aere alieno esse,

    to be in debt, id. Verr. 2, 2, 4, § 6; so,

    aere alieno oppressum esse,

    id. Font. 1; so Vulg. 1 Reg. 22, 2:

    laborare ex aere alieno,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 22:

    liberare se aere alieno,

    to get quit of, Cic. Att. 6, 2; so,

    aes alienum dissolvere,

    id. Sull. 56:

    aere alieno exire,

    to get out of, id. Phil. 11, 6.—
    2.
    In aere meo est, trop., he is, as it were, among my effects, he is my friend (only in the language of common conversation):

    in animo habui te in aere meo esse propter Lamiae nostri conjunctionem,

    Cic. Fam. 13, 62; 15, 14.—
    * 3.
    Alicujus aeris esse, to be of some value, Gell. 18, 5.—
    * 4.
    In aere suo censeri, to be esteemed according to its own worth, Sen. Ep. 87.—
    C.
    Sometimes = as, the unit of the standard of money (cf. as); hence, aes grave, the old heary money (as weighed, not counted out):

    denis milibus aeris gravis reos condemnavit,

    Liv. 5, 12:

    indicibus dena milia aeris gravis, quae tum divitiae habebantur, data,

    id. 4, 60; so, aes alone and in the gen. sing., instead of assium:

    aeris miliens, triciens,

    a hundred millions, three millions, Cic. Rep. 3, 10:

    qui milibus aeris quinquaginta census fuisset,

    Liv. 24, 11.—Also for coins that are smaller than an as (quadrans, triens, etc.):

    nec pueri credunt, nisi qui nondum aere, i. e. quadrante, lavantur (those who bathed paid each a quadrans),

    Juv. 2, 152 (cf.:

    dum tu quadrante lavatum Rex ibis,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 137).—
    D.
    Wages, pay.
    1.
    A soldier's pay = stipendium:

    negabant danda esse aera militibus,

    Liv. 5, 4. And soon after: annua aera habes: annuam operam ede.— Hence in plur., = stipendia, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 13, § 33.—
    2.
    Reward, payment, in gen., Juv. 6, 125: nullum in bonis numero, quod ad aes exit, that has in view or aims at pay, reward, Sen. Ep. 88.—
    E.
    In plur.: aera, counters; hence also the items of a computed sum (for which, later, a sing. form aera, ae (q. v.), came into use): si aera singula probāsti, summam, quae ex his confecta sit, non probare? Cic. ap. Non. 3, 18.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > aes

  • 19 aio

    āio, verb. defect. The forms in use are: pres. indic. āio, ăis, ait—aiunt; subj. aias, aiat—aiant; imperf. indic. throughout, aiebam, aiebas, etc.; imper. ai, rare; part. pres. aiens, rare; once in App. M. 6, p. 178 Elm.; and once as P. a. in Cic. Top. 11, 49, v. below. Cic. wrote the pres. aiio, acc. to Quint. 1, 4, 11.—From ais with the interrog. part. ne, ain is used in colloquial language. For imperf. also aibas, Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 28; Ter. Ad. 4, 2, 22:

    aibat,

    Plaut. Trin. 4, 2, 33; 5, 2, 16:

    aibant,

    id. ib. 1, 2, 175; 4, 2, 102; Ter. And. 3, 3, 3; ai is dissyl., but in the imper. also monosyl., Plaut. Truc. 5, 49; cf. Bentl. ad Ter. Ad. 4, 6, 5. Acc. to Prisc. 818 P., the pres. ait seems to take the place of a perf., but acc. to Val. Prob. 1482 P., there was a real perf. ai, aisti, ait;

    as aisti,

    Aug. Ep. 54 and 174:

    aierunt,

    Tert. Fuga in Persec. 6; the pres. inf. aiere is found in Aug. Trin. 9, 10 [cf. êmi = I say; Sanscr. perf. 3d sing. āha = he spake; ad ag ium, ad ag io; negare for ne ig are; Umbr. ai tu = dicito; Engl. aye = yea, yes, and Germ. ja], to say yes, to assent (opp. nego, to say no; with the ending - tumo, aiutumo; contract. autumo; opp. negumo; v. autumo).
    I.
    In gen.: vel ai vel nega, Naev. ap. Prisc. 473 P.:

    veltu mihi aias vel neges,

    Plaut. Rud. 2, 4, 14:

    negat quis? nego. Ait? aio,

    Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 21:

    Diogenes ait, Antipater negat,

    Cic. Off. 3, 23:

    quasi ego id curem, quid ille aiat aut neget,

    id. Fin. 2, 22; so id. Rab. Post. 12, 34.—
    II.
    Esp.
    A.
    To say, affirm, or assert something (while dicere signifies to speak in order to inform, and affirmare, to speak in affirmation, Doed. Syn. 4, 6 sq.—Therefore different from inquam, I say, I reply, since aio is commonly used in indirect, and inquam in direct discourse; cf. Doed. as cited above; Herz. ad Sall. C. 48, 3; and Ramsh. Gr. 800).
    a.
    In indirect discourse: insanam autem illam (sc. esse) aiunt, quia, etc., Pac. ap. Cic. Her. 2, 23, 36; Plaut. Capt. 1, 1, 3: Ch. Hodie uxorem ducis? Pa. Aiunt, they say so, id. ib. 2, 1, 21:

    ait hac laetitiā Deiotarum elatum vino se obruisse,

    Cic. Deiot. 9:

    debere eum aiebat, etc.,

    id. Verr. 2, 1, 18:

    Tarquinium a Cicerone immissum aiebant,

    Sall. C. 48, 8:

    Vos sapere et solos aio bene vivere,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 15, 45; id. S. 1, 2, 121; id. Ep. 1, 1, 88; 1, 7, 22.—
    b.
    In direct discourse: Ennio delector, ait quispiam, quod non discedit a communi more verborum;

    Pacuvio, inquit alius,

    Cic. Or. 11, 36:

    Vos o, quibus integer aevi Sanguis, ait, solidaeque, etc.,

    Verg. A. 2, 639; 6, 630; 7, 121;

    12, 156: O fortunati mercatores! gravis annis Miles ait,

    Hor. S. 1, 1, 4; id. Ep. 1, 15, 40; 1, 16, 47; id. S. 2, 7, 72; 1, 3, 22.—
    c.
    With acc.:

    Causa optumast, Nisi quid pater ait aliud,

    Ter. And. 5, 4, 47:

    Admirans ait haec,

    Cat. 5, 3, 4; 63, 84:

    Haec ait,

    Verg. A. 1, 297; v. B.—
    B.
    Simply to speak, and esp. in the form of transition, sic ait, thus he speaks or says (cf. the Hom. hôs phato):

    Sic ait, et dicto citius tumida aequora placat,

    Verg. A. 1, 142; 5, 365; 9, 749.—

    Also of what follows: Sic ait in molli fixa toro cubitum: “Tandem,” etc.,

    Prop. 1, 3, 34.—
    C.
    Ut ait quispiam (regularly in this order in Cic.), in quoting an unusual expression, as one says:

    ut ait Statius noster in Synephebis,

    Cic. Sen. 7:

    ut ait Homerus,

    id. ib. 10:

    ut ait Theophrastus,

    id. Tusc. 1, 19, 45:

    ut ait Thucydides,

    Nep. Them. 2:

    ut ait Cicero,

    Quint. 7, 1, 51; 8, 6, 73; 9, 4, 40;

    9, 56, 60: ut Cicero ait,

    id. 10, 7, 14; 12, 3, 11:

    ut Demosthenes ait,

    id. 11, 1, 22:

    ut rumor ait,

    Prop. 5, 4, 47: uti mos vester ait, Hor S. 2, 7, 79.—So without def. subject:

    ut ait in Synephebis,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 14, 31.—
    D.
    Aiunt, ut aiunt, quemadmodum or quod aiunt, in quoting a proverbial or technical phrase, as they say, as is said, as the saying is (Gr. to legomenon, hôs phasi; Fr. on dit;

    Germ. man sagt), either placed after it or interposed: eum rem fidemque perdere aiunt,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 2, 18: ut quimus, aiunt;

    quando, ut volumus, non licet,

    Ter. And. 4, 5, 10:

    docebo sus, ut aiunt, oratorem eum,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 57:

    Iste claudus, quemadmodum aiunt, pilam,

    id. Pis. 28 B. and K. —Also in telling an anecdote:

    conspexit, ut aiunt, Adrasum quendam vacuā tonsoris in umbrā,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 49; 1, 17, 18.—
    E.
    In judic. lang.: ait lex, ait praetor, etc., the law, the prœtor says, i. e. prescribes, commands:

    ut ait lex Julia,

    Dig. 24, 3, 64:

    Praetor ait, in eadem causā eum exhibere, etc.,

    ib. 2, 9, 1:

    Aiunt aediles, qui mancipia vendunt, etc.,

    ib. 21, 1, 1:

    Ait oratio, fas esse eum, etc.,

    ib. 24, 1, 32 al. —
    F.
    Ain? = aisne? also often strengthened: ain tu? ain tute? ain tandem? ain vero? in conversational lang., a form of interrogation which includes the idea of surprise or wonder, sometimes also of reproof or sorrow, do you really mean so? indeed? really? is it possible? often only an emphatic what? Plaut. Ep. 3, 4, 73: Merc. Servus esne an liber? Sos. Utcumque animo conlibitumst meo. Merc. Ain vero? Sos. Aio enim vero, id. ib. 3, 4, 188; id. Am. 1, 1, 128: Phil. Pater, inquam, aderit jam hic meus. Call. Ain tu, pater? id. Most. 2, 1, 36; id. Ep. 5, 2, 33; id. Aul. 2, 2, 9; id. Curc. 2, 3, 44; Ter. Hec. 3, 4, 1; id. Eun. 3, 5, 19 al:

    Ain tu? Scipio hic Metellus proavum suum nescit censorem non fuisse?

    Cic. Att. 6, 1; 4, 5 al.:

    ain tute,

    Plaut. Truc. 1, 2, 90:

    ain tandem ita esse, ut dicis?

    id. Aul. 2, 4, 19; so id. As. 5, 2, 47; id. Trin. 4, 2, 145; Ter. And. 5, 3, 4:

    ain tandem? insanire tibi videris, quod, etc.,

    Cic. Fam. 9, 21 Manut.; id. Att. 6, 2.—Also with a plur. verb (cf. age with plur. verb, s. v. ago, IV. a.):

    ain tandem? inquit, num castra vallata non habetis?

    Liv. 10, 25.—
    G.
    Quid ais? (as in conversation).—
    a.
    With the idea of surprise, astonishment, Ti legeis (cf. Quid dixisti? Ter. And. 3, 4, 14; id. Eun. 5, 6, 16, Ti eipas); what do you say? what? Merc. Quis herus est igitur tibi? Sos. Amphitruo, quicum nuptast Alcumena. Merc. Quid ais? Quid nomen tibist? Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 208; so Ter. And. 4, 1, 42; id. Heaut. 5, 1, 27.—
    b.
    When one asks [p. 79] another for his meaning, opinion, or judgment, what do you mean? what do you say or think? Th. Ita me di ament, honestust. Pa. Quid tu ais, Gnatho? Num quid habes, quod contemnas? Quid tu autem, Thraso? Ter. Eun. 3, 2, 21: Hunc ais? Do you mean this man? (= dicis, q. v., II.) Pers. 4, 27.—
    c.
    When one wishes to try or prove another, what is your opinion? what do you say? Sed quid ais? quid Amphitruoni [dono] a Telebois datumst? Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 262.—Hence, * āiens, entis, P. a., affirming, affirmative (usu. affirmativus):

    negantia contraria aientibus,

    Cic. Top. 11, 49.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > aio

  • 20 alieno

    ălĭēno, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [id.] (purely prosaic, but class.).
    I.
    Orig., to make one person or thing another:

    facere, ut aliquis alius sit. Thus, in Plaut., Sosia says to Mercury, who represented himself as Sosia: certe edepol tu me alienabis numquam, quin noster siem,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 243. So also Pliny:

    sacopenium, quod apud nos gignitur, in totum transmarino alienatur,

    is entirely other than, different from, the transmarine one, Plin. 20, 18, 75, § 197.—Hence, of things, a t. t. in the Roman lang. of business, to make something the property of another, to alienate, to transfer by sale (in the jurid. sense, diff. from vendere: Alienatum non proprie dicitur, quod adhuc in dominio venditoris manet? venditum tamen recte dicetur, Dig. 50, 16, 67; the former, therefore, includes the idea of a complete transfer of the thing sold):

    pretio parvo ea, quae accepissent a majoribus, vendidisse atque alienāsse,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 60:

    venire vestras res proprias atque in perpetuum a vobis alienari,

    id. Agr. 2, 21, 54:

    vectigalia (opp. frui),

    id. ib. 2, 13, 33; so Varr. R. R. 2, 1; Dig. 4, 7, 4.—Esp., to remove, separate, make foreign:

    urbs maxuma alienata,

    Sall. J. 48, 1.—
    II.
    Transf. to mental objects, and with esp. reference to that from which any person or thing is separated or removed, to cast off, to alienate, estrange, set at variance, render averse, make enemies ( Abalienatus dicitur, quem quis a se removerit; alienatus, qui alienus est factus, Paul. ex Fest. p. 25 Müll.; class., esp. freq. in the part. alienatus).
    A.
    In gen.:

    eum omnibus eadem res publica reconciliavit, quae alienārat,

    Cic. Prov. Cons. 9:

    legati alienati,

    id. Pis. 96:

    alienati sunt peccatores,

    Vulg. Psa. 51, 4; ib. Col. 1, 21:

    alienari a Senatu,

    Cic. Att. 1, 14:

    studium ab aliquo,

    id. Pis. 76:

    si alienatus fuerit a me,

    Vulg. Ezech. 14, 7:

    alienati a viā Dei,

    ib. Eph. 4, 18:

    voluntatem ab aliquo,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 38; id. Fam. 3, 6:

    tantā contumeliā acceptā omnium suorum voluntates alienare (sc. a se),

    Caes. B. G. 7, 10:

    voluntate alienati,

    Sall. J. 66, 2; Nep. Alcib. 5, 1:

    falsā suspitione alienatum esse,

    neglected, discarded, Sall. C. 35, 3:

    animos eorum alienare a causā,

    Cic. Prov. Cons. 21:

    a dictatore animos,

    Liv. 8, 35:

    sibi animum alicujus,

    Vell. 2, 112; Tac. H. 1, 59; Just. 1, 7, 18.—
    B.
    Esp.
    1.
    Mentem alienare alicui, to take away or deprive of reason, to make crazy, insane, to drive mad (not before the Aug. per., perh. first by Livy):

    erat opinio Flaccum minus compotem fuisse sui: vulgo Junonis iram alienāsse mentem ferebant,

    Liv. 42, 28:

    signum alienatae mentis,

    of insanity, Suet. Aug. 99:

    alienata mens,

    Sall. Rep. Ord. 2, 12, 6 (cf. Liv. 25, 39: alienatus sensibus).—And absol.:

    odor sulfuris saepius haustus alienat,

    deprives of reason, Sen. Q. N. 2, 53.—Hence, pass.:

    alienari mente,

    to be insane, Plin. 28, 8, 27, § 93:

    ita alienatus mente Antiochus (erat),

    Vulg. 2 Macc. 5, 17.—
    2.
    In medic. lang.: alienari, of parts of the body, to die, perish:

    intestina momento alienantur,

    Cels. 7, 16; 8, 10; 5, 26, n. 23:

    in corpore alienato,

    Sen. Ep. 89:

    (spodium) alienata explet,

    Plin. 23, 4, 38, § 76.—
    3.
    Alienari ab aliquā re, to keep at a distance from something, i. e. to be disinclined to, have an aversion for, to avoid = abhorrere (only in Cic.):

    a falsā assensione magis nos alienatos esse quam a ceteris rebus,

    Cic. Fin. 3, 5, 18:

    alienari ab interitu iisque rebus, quae interitum videantur afferre,

    id. ib. 3, 5, 16.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > alieno

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