Translation: from latin

rough

  • 1 acerbus

        acerbus adj. with comp. and sup.    [2 AC-].—In taste, harsh, bitter, unripe: uva, Ph. — Meton., to the senses, harsh, sharp, bitter: frigus, H.: recitator, of harsh voice, H. — Neut. plur. As adv.: acerba sonans, V. — Fig., of character and conduct, rough, harsh, violent, rigorous, crabbed, severe, repulsive, hard, morose: acerbus odistis et fugis, H.: occupat speciem taciturnus acerbi, morose, H.: convicium, Ph. — Neut. plur. As adv.: acerba fremens, chafing with rage, V. — Of things, events, etc., premature, crude, unripe: virginis aures, O.: funus, V.: mors, O. — Grievous, bitter, severe, oppressive, burdensome, distressing: dilectus, a rigid conscription, L.: acerba fata Romanos agunt, H.: volnus, V.: imperium acerbius, N.: luctus: mors acerbissima.— Subst: quidquid acerbi est, all the bitterness (of death), V.: tot acerba, V.
    * * *
    acerba -um, acerbior -or -us, acerbissimus -a -um ADJ
    harsh, strident, bitter, sour; unripe, green, unfinished; grievous; gloomy

    Latin-English dictionary > acerbus

  • 2 asper

        asper era, erum (poet., abl plur. aspris, V.), adj. with comp. and sup.    [ab + spes], without hope, adverse, calamitous, troublesome, cruel, perilous: tempora: oppugnatio, Cs.: mala res, spes multo asperior, S.: venatus, V.: fata, V. — As subst: aspera multa pertulit, hardships, H. — Of nature and character, rough, harsh, hard, violent, unkind, cruel: homo naturā: Iuno, V.: iuvenis monitoribus, H.: asperrimi ad condicionem pacis, L.: rebus non asper egenis, V.: cladibus asper, exasperated, O.: doctrina asperior: fores, i. e. of a cruel mistress, H.: Asperior tribulis (Galatea). more unfeeling, O. — Wild, savage, fierce: (anguis) siti, V.: tactu leo, H.: facetiae.—Of climate, harsh, severe: caelo Germania, Ta.: hiemps, S.: asperrimo hiemis, in the depth, Ta. — Of style, harsh: oratio. — Rough, uneven: regio: loca, Cs.: rura dumis, V.: rubus, prickly, V.: aequora ventis, H.: pocula signis, i. e. wrought in relief, V.: frons cornu, O.: capilli (i. e. hirsuti), H.: maria, stormy, V.: vinum, harsh, T.: pronuntiationis genus, rough: littera, i. e. the letter r, O.
    * * *
    I
    aspera -um, asperior -or -us, asperrimus -a -um ADJ
    rude/unrefined; cruel/violent/savage/raging/drastic; stern/severe/bitter; hard; rough/uneven/shaggy, coarse, harsh; embossed/encrusted; (mint condition coins); sharp/pointed, jagged/irregular, rugged/severe; sour, pungent, grating, keen
    II
    aspra -um, asprior -or -us, asprissimus -a -um ADJ
    rough/uneven, coarse/harsh; sharp/pointed; rude; savage; pungent; keen; bitter

    Latin-English dictionary > asper

  • 3 asperē

        asperē adv. with comp. and sup.    [asper], harshly, severely, sternly: in homines invehi: asperius scribere: ius dicere, L.: asperrime loqui, harshly. —Coarsely: vestitus.
    * * *
    asperius, asperrime ADV
    roughly, harshly, severely, vehemently; with rough materials; coarsely

    Latin-English dictionary > asperē

  • 4 asperō

        asperō āvī, ātus, āre    [asper], to make rough: aquilonibus undas, V.: sagittas ossibus, point, Ta.: pugionem saxo, to whet, Ta.—Fig., to excite, exasperate: hunc in saevitiam, Ta.: iram, Ta.
    * * *
    asperare, asperavi, asperatus V TRANS
    roughen; sharpen, point, tip; enrage, make fierce/violent; grate on; aggravate

    Latin-English dictionary > asperō

  • 5 aspīrātiō (ads-)

        aspīrātiō (ads-) ōnis, f    [aspiro], a breathing on, blowing upon: aëris.—Fig., a rough breathing, aspirate. — Exhalation, evaporation: terrarum.— Influence: caeli.

    Latin-English dictionary > aspīrātiō (ads-)

  • 6 asprēta

        asprēta ōrum, n    [asper], rough places, L.

    Latin-English dictionary > asprēta

  • 7 caligātus

        caligātus adj.    [caliga], wearing soldiers' boots; hence, in hob-nailed boots, rough-shod, Iu.
    * * *
    I
    caligata, caligatum ADJ
    wearing army boots; of common soldier; booted, wearing heavy boots/brogans
    II
    common soldier; private

    Latin-English dictionary > caligātus

  • 8 callis

        callis is, m and f    [1 CEL-, CER-], a stony footway, foot-path, mountain-path, pass, defile: inviis callibus, L.: angustus, V.: suum servare cal<*>em, O.: deviae, L.: vix singulis pervii, Cu.—A mountain-pasturage, alp: Italiae callīs praedari: per occultos calles, V.
    * * *
    rough/stony track, path; moorland/mountain pasture; mountain pass/defile (L+S)

    Latin-English dictionary > callis

  • 9 cautēs

        cautēs is, or    (in plur.)
    * * *
    rough pointed/detached rock, loose stone; rocks (pl.), cliff, crag; reef

    Latin-English dictionary > cautēs

  • 10 cōtēs

        cōtēs f    [1 CA-], a pointed rock, crag: obnoxia ventis, Tb.: saxa et cautes timere, Cs.: durae, V.: scrupulosae cotes: durae, V.: inviae, Cu.
    * * *
    rough pointed/detached rock, loose stone; rocks (pl.), cliff, crag; reef

    Latin-English dictionary > cōtēs

  • 11 clāva

        clāva ae, f    [1 CEL-], a knotty branch, rough stick, cudgel, club: sternentes agmina clavā, V.: male mulcati clavis: Herculea, Pr. — A foil (for exercise).
    * * *
    I
    golf-club; (Cal)
    II
    club, cudgel; staff; knotty/rough/wooden stick; exercise sword; Spartan scytale

    Latin-English dictionary > clāva

  • 12 cōn - fragōsus

        cōn - fragōsus adj.,    broken, rough, uneven: loca, L.: viae, L.— Plur n. as subst: inter confragosa (sc. loca), L.

    Latin-English dictionary > cōn - fragōsus

  • 13 contumēlia

        contumēlia ae, f    [com-+1 TEM-], insult, abuse, affront, reproach, invective, contumely: ei facere contumeliam, T.: contumelias dicere, L.: improborum: tam insignem in me accipere, T.: tantā adfectus: tantā acceptā, Cs.: contumeliam remanere in exercitu sinere, disgrace, S.: addere contumeliam iniuriae, Ph.: contumelias perferre, Cs.: graves, H.: verborum: a quibus contumeliā perfugae appellarentur, Cs.: ingenium contumeliā adcensum, S.: quam sine contumeliā describo.— Person.: Contumeliae fanum. — Fig., injury, assault, violence: naves factae ad contumeliam perferendam, violence, Cs.: praebere ora contumeliis, to the blows, Ta.
    * * *
    indignity, affront, abuse/insult; insulting language/behavior; rough treatment

    Latin-English dictionary > contumēlia

  • 14 cōtēs

        cōtēs ium, f, see cautēs.
    * * *
    rough pointed/detached rock, loose stone; rocks (pl.), cliff, crag; reef

    Latin-English dictionary > cōtēs

  • 15 crassus

        crassus adj.    [CART-], solid, thick, fat, gross, stout: unguentum, H.: cruor, V.: ager: (homo), T.: toga, H.: filum, O.—Thick, dense, heavy: aër: caelum.—Fig., stolid, dense: Rusticus crassā Minervā, H.
    * * *
    I
    crassa -um, crassior -or -us, crassissimus -a -um ADJ
    thick/deep; thick coated (w/ABL); turbid/muddy (river); dense/concentrated/solid fat/stout; rude, coarse, rough, harsh, heavy, gross; stupid, crass/insensitive
    II
    Crassus, Roman cognomen; M. Licinius Crassus Dives, the triumvir

    Latin-English dictionary > crassus

  • 16 crūdus

        crūdus adj. with comp.    [CRV-], bloody, bleeding, trickling with blood: volnera, O.: exta, L.— With full stomach, stuffed with food, dyspeptic: qui de conviviis auferantur crudi: pilā ludere inimicum crudis, H.: (homo) crudior: bos, H.—Unripe, immature, crude, raw: poma: equa marito, H.: servitium, too new, Ta.—Fresh, vigorous: senectus, V., Ta.—Unprepared, immature, raw, crude: caestus, of raw hide, V.: rudis cortice crudo hasta, V.: pavo, undigested, Iu.: quia crudus fuerit, hoarse.—Fig., rough, unfeeling, cruel, merciless: ille precantem defodit Crudus humo, O.: ensis, V.: tyrannis, Iu.
    * * *
    cruda -um, crudior -or -us, crudissimus -a -um ADJ
    raw; bloody/bleeding; crude, cruel, rough, merciless; fierce/savage; grievous; youthful/hardy/vigorous; fresh/green/immature; undigested; w/undigested food

    Latin-English dictionary > crūdus

  • 17 dolō

        dolō āvī, ātus, āre    [DAL-], to chip with an axe, hew: robur: stipes falce dolatus, Pr.: robore dolatus. — To cudgel, belabor, drub: fuste, H. — Fig., to rough-hew, hack out: opus.
    * * *
    dolare, dolavi, dolatus V TRANS
    hew/chop into shape, fashion/devise; inflict blows, batter/cudgel soundly, drub

    Latin-English dictionary > dolō

  • 18 dūrus

        dūrus adj.    with comp. and sup, hard (to the touch): silex, V.: ferrum, H.: bipennes, H.: cutis, O.: corpus, impenetrable, O.: dumeta, i. e. rough, O.: gallina, tough, H.—As subst n.: nil extra est in nuce duri, no shell, H.—Hard, harsh, of a taste: sapor Bacchi, V. — Of a sound, C. — Fig., rough, rude, uncultivated: oratione et moribus: poëta durissimus: durior ad haec studia: virtus, Ta.: gens duro robore nata, V.: componere versūs, H. — Hardy, vigorous, rough: Spartiatae: in armis genus, L.: vindemiator, H.: ilia messorum, H.: iuvenci, O. — Harsh, rough, stern, unyielding, unfeeling, pitiless, insensible, obstinate: pater, T.: se durum agrestemque praebere: durior Diogenes: iudex durior: duri hominis vel potius vix hominis videtur: nos dura aetas, H.: ōs, shameless, impudent, T.: ore durissimo esse: ferrum, cruel, V.: aures, V.: flectere (me) Mollibus Iam durum imperiis, H.—Of things, hard, severe, toilsome, oppressive, distressing, burdensome, adverse: provincia, T.: fortuna: hiemps: venatus, O.: durissimo tempore anni, inclement, Cs.: valetudo, H.: dolores, V.: iter, V.: proelia, V.: Durum: sed levius fit patientiā, etc., H.: hi, si quid erat durius, concurrebant, a difficulty, Cs.: si nihil esset durius, Cs.— Plur n. as subst, hardships, difficulties: Siccis omnia dura deus proposuit, H.: multa, V.: ego dura tuli, O.
    * * *
    dura -um, durior -or -us, durissimus -a -um ADJ
    hard, stern; harsh, rough, vigorous; cruel, unfeeling, inflexible; durable

    Latin-English dictionary > dūrus

  • 19 endromis

        endromis idis, f, ἐνδρομίσ, a coarse woollen cloak, athlete's wrapper, Iu.
    * * *

    Latin-English dictionary > endromis

  • 20 ex-asperō

        ex-asperō āvī, ātus, āre,    to make rough, roughen: exasperato fluctibus mari, L.: fretum, O.—Fig., to irritate, provoke, exasperate: durati tot malis exasperatique, L.: animos, L.

    Latin-English dictionary > ex-asperō

Look at other dictionaries:

  • rough — [ruf] adj. [ME ruh, rugh < OE ruh, akin to Ger rauh < IE * reuk < base * reu , to tear, tear out (> RUG, ROTTEN): prob. basic sense “hairy, woolly”] 1. a) not smooth or level; having bumps, projections, etc.; uneven [a rough surface]… …   English World dictionary

  • Rough — Rough, a. [Compar. {Rougher}; superl. {Roughest}.] [OE. rou?, rou, row, rugh, ruh, AS. r?h; akin to LG. rug, D. rug, D. ruig, ruw, OHG. r?h, G. rauh, rauch; cf. Lith. raukas wrinkle, rukti to wrinkle. [root] 18. Cf. {Rug}, n.] 1. Having… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rough — adj 1 Rough, harsh, uneven, rugged, scabrous are comparable when they mean not having a smooth or even surface, exterior, or texture. Rough, the usual and comprehensive word, basically applies to whatever may be said to have a surface or an… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • rough — ► ADJECTIVE 1) having an uneven or irregular surface; not smooth or level. 2) not gentle; violent or boisterous: rough treatment. 3) (of weather or the sea) wild and stormy. 4) lacking sophistication or refinement. 5) not finished tidily; plain… …   English terms dictionary

  • rough — [rʌf] adjective 1. a rough figure or amount is not exact: • It is possible to give here only very rough figures. • I can only give you a rough estimate at this stage. 2. not finished: • a rough draft of the report 3 …   Financial and business terms

  • rough — [ rɶf ] n. m. • 1932; mot angl. « raboteux, grossier » ♦ Anglic. 1 ♦ Golf Partie d un terrain de golf non entretenue. 2 ♦ Ébauche, projet, dans les arts graphiques. Faire des roughs. ● rough nom masculin (anglais rough, terrain accidenté) Terrain …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rough — Rough, v. t. 1. To render rough; to roughen. [1913 Webster] 2. To break in, as a horse, especially for military purposes. Crabb. [1913 Webster] 3. To cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; with out; as, to rough out a carving, a sketch. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rough — rough, roughen Rough is used as a verb chiefly in the expressions to rough it (= do without basic comforts), to rough out (= to make a sketch of), to rough up (= to attack). Otherwise the verb from rough, meaning ‘to make or become rough’ is… …   Modern English usage

  • Rough — Rough, n. 1. Boisterous weather. [Obs.] Fletcher. [1913 Webster] 2. A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy. [1913 Webster] {In the rough}, in an unwrought or rude condition; unpolished; as, a diamond or a sketch in the rough. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Rough — may refer to:* Roughness * Rough, the area outside the fairway in golf * Rough (manga) * Rough (facility), gas storage in England * Rough (Tina Turner Album) …   Wikipedia

  • rough — [adj1] uneven, irregular asperous, bearded, brambly, bristly, broken, bumpy, bushy, chapped, choppy, coarse, cragged, craggy, cross grained, disheveled, fuzzy, hairy, harsh, jagged, knobby, knotty, nappy, nodular, not smooth, ridged, rocky,… …   New thesaurus

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