Translation: from latin to english

from english to latin

injured

  • 1 aeger

        aeger gra, grum, adj.,    unwell, ill, sick, diseased, suffering, feeble: uxor, T.: homines morbo: aegro corpore esse: volneribus, N.: pedibus, S.: anhelitus, shortness of breath, V.: sues, V.: seges, V. —As subst, a sick person: aegro adhibere medicinam: non aegris facultas quietis datur, Cs.— Troubled, dejected, distempered, agitated: animus, S.: aegris animis legati, i. e. dissatisfied, L.: mortales, i. e. miseri, V.: animus avaritiā, S.: curis, V.: aeger animi, despondent, L. — Of the state, weak, frail, feeble: rei p. pars: aegri aliquid in re p., L. — Causing pain, unfortunate: amor, V.: luctus, O.
    * * *
    I
    aegra -um, aegrior -or -us, aegerrimus -a -um ADJ
    sick/ill, infirm; unsound, injured; painful, grievous; corrupt; sad/sorrowful
    II
    sick person, invalid, patient

    Latin-English dictionary > aeger

  • 2 amb-ūrō

        amb-ūrō ūssī, ūstus, ere    [ambi + uro], to burn round, scorch, singe, consume: hic (Verres) sociorum ambustus incendio: Terret ambustus Phaethon avaras Spes, H.—Jestingly: tribunus ambustus, singed: libris Ambustus propriis, on a funeral pile of his own books, H.: torris, i. e. still burning, V.—Meton., to injure by cold, benumb: ambusti vi frigoris, Ta. — Fig., P. pass., singed, injured, damaged: fortunarum mearum reliquias: damnatione collegae prope ambustus, L.

    Latin-English dictionary > amb-ūrō

  • 3 audiō

        audiō īvī or iī, ītus, īre    [2 AV-], to hear: quae vera audivi, taceo, T.: verbum ex te, T.: de te ex te, your account of yourself: ista de maioribus: ab ipso, H.: eum querentem, N.: hoc maiores natu dicere: a maioribus natu mirari solitum, etc.: Audiet civīs acuisse ferrum, H.: Bibulus nondum audiebatur esse in Syria: Cur ita crediderim audi, H.: audi Quid ferat, H.: id ex eo audivi, cum diceret, etc.: de Psaltriā hac audivit, T.: illos de quibus audivi: quin tu hoc audi, listen, T.: audin' (for audisne?), do you hear? T.—Supin. acc.: vocat (me) hic auditum scripta, H.—Supin. abl.: O rem auditu crudelem.—P. pass.: cui non sunt auditae Demosthenis vigiliae: non uni militi sed universis audiuntur, L.: Audita arboribus fides, H.: auditi advertitis cursum, already known by report, V. — Subst: nihil habeo praeter auditum, hearsay: refert audita, what he had heard, O.—To listen to, give attention to: etsi a vobis sic audior, ut, etc.: audi, Iuppiter, et tu, Iane, L.—To hear, be taught by, learn from: te annum iam audientem Cratippum: audiendum sibi de ambitu, i. e. must examine the charge: de pace audisse, entertained proposals, L.: dolos, investigate, V. — To listen to, lend an ear, regard, hear, grant: di meas preces audiverunt: neque preces audiri intellegit, Cs.: si sensisset auditas preces, L.: Audiit et genitor Intonuit, V.: puellas Ter vocata audis, H.—To hear with assent, accept, agree with, approve, yield to, grant, allow: fabulas: tum id audirem, si, etc., I would assent to it, if, etc.: audio, nunc dicis aliquid, granted: non audio, I do not admit it.—To obey, heed: sapientiam: me, L.: te tellus audit Hiberiae, H.: neque audit currus habenas, V.— In the phrase, dicto audiens esse, to obey: sunt illi quidem dicto audientes: dicto audientes in tantā re: dicto audiens esse huic ordini: Tullio iubere populum dicto audientem esse, L.: dicto audiens fuit iussis, N.—To be called, be named, reported, regarded: si curas esse quod audis, H.: Id audire, to bear that name, V.: bene audire velle, to be praised: bene a parentibus: male audies, you will be in bad repute, T.: insuetus male audiendi, N.: minus commode audire, i. e. to be injured in reputation.
    * * *
    audire, audivi, auditus V
    hear, listen, accept, agree with; obey; harken, pay attention; be able to hear

    Latin-English dictionary > audiō

  • 4 īnfrāctus

        īnfrāctus adj.    [P. of infringo], broken, exhausted, weakened, subdued: infractos animos gerere, L.: oratio, L.: fama, injured, V.: Latini, broken, V.—Of speech: infracta et amputata loqui, disconnectedly.
    * * *
    infracta, infractum ADJ
    broken; humble in tone

    Latin-English dictionary > īnfrāctus

  • 5 mālus

        mālus ī, m    [1 MAC-], an upright pole, beam, mast: antemnas ad malos destinare, Cs.: malum erigi imperavit: altus, V.: saucius, injured, H.: summo malo, O.— A standard, prop, staff: in circo instabilis, L.: turrium mali, Cs.
    * * *
    I
    mala -um, pejor -or -us, - ADJ
    bad, evil, wicked; ugly; unlucky
    II III
    mast; beam; tall pole, upright pole; standard, prop, staff

    Latin-English dictionary > mālus

  • 6 saucius

        saucius adj.,    wounded, hurt: graviter: sauciorum modo habitā ratione, Cs.: homines: Bracchia direptā saucia fecit acu, O.—Smitten, injured, enfeebled, ill, sick, distempered: gladiator: (tellus) nec ullis Saucia vomeribus, torn, O.: malus celeri saucius Africo, H.: glacies inserto saucia sole, melted, O.—Fig., wounded, smitten: Medea amore saucia: regina gravi saucia curā, V.: vir Pieriā paelice, H.: ipse e nostro igne, O.—Wounded, hurt, offended, injured: animus.
    * * *
    saucia, saucium ADJ
    wounded; ill, sick

    Latin-English dictionary > saucius

  • 7 violābilis

        violābilis e, adj.    [violo], that may be injured, easily wounded, violable: levibus cor telis, O.: non violabile numen, V.
    * * *
    violabilis, violabile ADJ

    Latin-English dictionary > violābilis

  • 8 alsiosus

    I
    alsiosa, alsiosum ADJ
    II
    people (pl.) liable to catch cold

    Latin-English dictionary > alsiosus

  • 9 Proprium humani ingenii est odisse quem laeseris

    Latin Quotes (Latin to English) > Proprium humani ingenii est odisse quem laeseris

  • 10 damnosus

    damnōsus, a, um, adj. [damnum], full of injury; and hence,
    I.
    Act., that causes injury, injurious, hurtful, destructive, pernicious (very freq. since the Aug. period, not in Cicero or Caesar):

    quid tibi commerci est cum dis damnosissimis?

    Plaut. Bac. 1, 2, 9; cf.

    Venus,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 21:

    libido,

    id. ib. 2, 1, 107: canes, the worst cast of the tali (v. canis), Prop. 4, 8, 46; cf. Isid. Orig. 18, 65 al.:

    et reipublicae et societatibus infidus damnosusque,

    Liv. 25, 1:

    bellum sumptuosum et damnosum ipsis Romanis,

    id. 45, 3; Ov. M. 10, 707 et saep.—
    * II.
    Pass., that suffers injury, injured, unfortunate:

    senex,

    Plaut. Epid. 2, 3, 14.—
    III.
    Mid., that injures himself, wasteful, prodigal; a spendthrift:

    dites mariti,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 24: id. Ps. 1, 5, 1; Ter. Heaut. 5, 4, 11:

    non in alia re damnosior quam in aedificando,

    Suet. Ner. 31.—
    * Adv.: damnōse (acc. to no. I.), in conversational language = immodice: nos nisi damnose bibimus, moriemur inulti, to the injury of the host, i. e. deep, hard, Hor. S. 2, 8, 34.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > damnosus

  • 11 harundo

    hărundo (better than ărundo, Bramb. s. v.; Wagn. Orthog. Verg. p. 441; Rib. Prol. Verg. p. 422, though the latter is freq. in MSS. and edd.; v. infra), ĭnis, f. [etym. dub.; perh. from root ar-, to set in motion; Sanscr. aras, swift; aranjas, a wood, as that which grows; cf.: ulmus, ulva, alnus, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 530 sq.].
    I.
    Prop., the reed, cane (taller than canna; cf.

    also: culmus, calamus, stipula),

    Cato, R. R. 6, 3; Plin. 16, 36, 64, § 156 sqq.:

    intus medullam sabuci (habent)... inanitatem harundines,

    id. 13, 22, 42, § 122:

    longa parvae sub arundine cannae,

    Ov. M. 8, 337:

    fluvialis,

    Verg. G. 2, 414;

    used for covering or thatching huts and houses,

    Plin. 16, 36, 64, § 156; Vitr. 2, 1, 3;

    esp. in encampments: casae ex harundinibus textae,

    Liv. 35, 27, 3 Weissenb.:

    teneris harundinum radicibus contusis equos alere,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 58, 3.—Prov.:

    arundo vento agitata,

    Vulg. Matt. 11, 7; Luc. 7, 24:

    arundinem quassatam non confringet,

    ib. Matt. 12, 20. —
    II.
    Meton. of any thing made of reed or cane.
    A.
    A fishing-rod:

    hisce hami atque haec harundines sunt nobis quaestu,

    Plaut. Rud. 2, 1, 5:

    haec laqueo volucres, hacc captat arundine pisces,

    Tib. 2, 6, 23 Müll.:

    hos aliquis tremula, dum captat arundine pisces, vidit,

    Ov. M. 8, 217 Merk.; 13, 293; 14, 651.—
    B.
    Limed twigs for catching birds:

    parati aucupes cum harundinibus fuerunt,

    Petr. 40, 6:

    volucres, quas textis harundinibus peritus artifex tetigit,

    id. 109, 7:

    cantu fallitur ales, callida dum tacita crescit harundo manu,

    Mart. 14, 218, 2 Schneidewin:

    aut (si) crescente levis traheretur arundine praeda,

    id. 9, 54, 3 id.:

    ut qui viscatos populatur arundine lucos,

    Sil. 7, 674:

    harundine sumptā Faunus plumoso sum deus aucupio,

    Prop. 4 (5), 2, 33.—
    C.
    A wreath or crown made of reeds;

    as the head of Priapus: ast inportunas volucres in vertice harundo terret fixa,

    Hor. S. 1, 8, 6 B. and K.;

    v. Orell. ad loc.—Esp. worn by river deities: (Tiberini) crines umbrosa tegebat harundo,

    Verg. A. 8, 34 Rib.;

    of the river Calydonius: inornatos redimitus arundine crines,

    Ov. M. 9, 3:

    subita cur pulcher arundine crines velat Hylas,

    Val. Fl. 1, 218:

    (Glaucus) caputque redimitus arundine,

    Vell. Pat. 2, 83;

    and of the Tiber: et arundinis altae concolor in viridi fluitabat silva capillo,

    Sid. Paneg. Anthem. 333:

    velatus harundine glauca Mincius,

    Verg. A. 10, 205 Rib.—
    D.
    The shaft of an arrow:

    quod fugat obtusum est, et habet sub arundine plumbum,

    Ov. M. 1, 471:

    pennaque citatior ibat quae redit in pugnas fugientis arundine Parthi,

    Sil. 10, 12; Cels. 7, 5, 2.—Hence (pars pro toto), an arrow:

    inque cor hamata percussit arundine Ditem,

    Ov. M. 5, 384; 8, 382; 10, 526;

    11, 325: haeret lateri letalis harundo,

    Verg. A. 4, 73 Rib. (Forbig. and Conington, arundo); id. ib. 7, 499.—
    E.
    A pen:

    neve notet lusus tristis harundo tuos,

    Mart. 1, 3, 10:

    inque manus chartae, nodosaque venit harundo,

    Pers. 3, 11. The best came from Cnidus:

    Cnidia,

    Aus. Ep. 7, 49; and:

    Acidalia,

    Mart. 9, 14, 3.—
    F.
    A reed pipe, shepherd's pipe, Pan-pipes, = surinx (an instrument made of several reeds, fastened together with wax, each successive reed somewhat shorter than the preceding):

    junctisque canendo vincere arundinibus servantia lumina temptat,

    Ov. M. 1, 684; cf. id. ib. 1, 707 sq.;

    11, 154: agrestem tenui meditabor harundine Musam,

    Verg. E. 6, 8; cf.:

    compacta solitum modulatur harundine carmen,

    id. Cul. 100:

    nec crepuit fissa me propter harundine custos,

    Prop. 4 (5), 7, 25.—
    G.
    A flute (made of the kalamos aulêtikos, Theophr. 4, 12):

    Satyri reminiscitur alter, quem Tritoniaca Latoüs arundine victum affecit poena,

    Ov. M. 6, 384.—
    H. K.
    A reed for brushing down cobwebs:

    ecferte huc scopas semulque harundinem,

    Plaut. Stich. 2, 2, 23.—
    L.
    A kind of transverse bar along which vines were trained:

    jugorum genera fere quatuor,... harundo, ut in Arpino,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 8, 2.—
    M.
    A rod (for beating, punishing):

    ac me iterum in cellam perduxit, et harundinem ab ostio rapuit iterumque mulcavit,

    Petr. 134.—
    N.
    Splints for holding together injured parts of the body, Suet. Aug. 80.—
    O.
    A measuring-rod, Prud. Psych. 826.—
    P.
    A hobbyhorse, cane-horse, as a child's plaything:

    equitare in harundine longa,

    Hor. S. 2, 3, 248; cf.:

    non erubuit (Socrates) cum, interposita arundine cruribus suis, cum parvulis filiolis ludens, ab Alcibiade risus est,

    Val. Max. 8, 8 ext. 1.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > harundo

  • 12 incussa

    incŭtĭo, cussi, cussum, ĕre, v. a. [inquatio], to strike upon or against (syn.: impingo, illido, infligo; class.; in Cic. only in the trop. signif.).
    I.
    Lit.:

    scipionem in caput alicujus,

    Liv. 5, 41, 9: pedem terrae, to strike or dash against, Quint. 2, 12, 10:

    pollicem limini cubiculi,

    Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 181:

    tignum capiti,

    Juv. 3, 246:

    incutiebantur puppibus prorae,

    Curt. 9, 9:

    incussi articuli,

    i. e. injured by a blow, Plin. 30, 9, 23, § 78.—Hence, subst.: incussa, ōrum, n. plur., bruised or injured parts, Plin. 29, 2, 9, § 33; 22, 14, 16, § 37.—
    B.
    Transf., to throw, cast, hurl:

    tormentis faces et hastas,

    Tac. A. 13, 39:

    tela saxaque,

    id. H. 3, 31:

    imber grandinem incutiens,

    Curt. 8, 4, 5:

    colaphum,

    to give a box on the ear, Juv. 9, 5. —
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    To strike into, to inspire with, inflict, excite, produce terror, disturbance, etc.
    (α).
    With dat.: multis magnum metum, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 4, 2:

    terrorem alicui,

    Cic. Univ. 10 fin.:

    religionem animo,

    Liv. 22, 42, 9:

    alicui foedum nuntium,

    bring bad news, id. 2, 8, 7:

    animis subitam formidinem,

    Curt. 4, 13, 13:

    ingentem animo sollicitudinem,

    id. 3, 6, 5:

    desiderium urbis,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 14, 22:

    ne forte negoti Incutiat tibi quid sanctarum inscitia legum,

    should occasion trouble, id. S. 2, 1, 80. —
    (β).
    Without dat.:

    timor incutitur aut ex ipsorum periculis aut ex communibus,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 51, 209. —
    B.
    To shake, cause to tremble:

    crebrior incussit mentem pavor,

    Val. Fl. 5, 551.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > incussa

  • 13 incutio

    incŭtĭo, cussi, cussum, ĕre, v. a. [inquatio], to strike upon or against (syn.: impingo, illido, infligo; class.; in Cic. only in the trop. signif.).
    I.
    Lit.:

    scipionem in caput alicujus,

    Liv. 5, 41, 9: pedem terrae, to strike or dash against, Quint. 2, 12, 10:

    pollicem limini cubiculi,

    Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 181:

    tignum capiti,

    Juv. 3, 246:

    incutiebantur puppibus prorae,

    Curt. 9, 9:

    incussi articuli,

    i. e. injured by a blow, Plin. 30, 9, 23, § 78.—Hence, subst.: incussa, ōrum, n. plur., bruised or injured parts, Plin. 29, 2, 9, § 33; 22, 14, 16, § 37.—
    B.
    Transf., to throw, cast, hurl:

    tormentis faces et hastas,

    Tac. A. 13, 39:

    tela saxaque,

    id. H. 3, 31:

    imber grandinem incutiens,

    Curt. 8, 4, 5:

    colaphum,

    to give a box on the ear, Juv. 9, 5. —
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    To strike into, to inspire with, inflict, excite, produce terror, disturbance, etc.
    (α).
    With dat.: multis magnum metum, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 4, 2:

    terrorem alicui,

    Cic. Univ. 10 fin.:

    religionem animo,

    Liv. 22, 42, 9:

    alicui foedum nuntium,

    bring bad news, id. 2, 8, 7:

    animis subitam formidinem,

    Curt. 4, 13, 13:

    ingentem animo sollicitudinem,

    id. 3, 6, 5:

    desiderium urbis,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 14, 22:

    ne forte negoti Incutiat tibi quid sanctarum inscitia legum,

    should occasion trouble, id. S. 2, 1, 80. —
    (β).
    Without dat.:

    timor incutitur aut ex ipsorum periculis aut ex communibus,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 51, 209. —
    B.
    To shake, cause to tremble:

    crebrior incussit mentem pavor,

    Val. Fl. 5, 551.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > incutio

  • 14 infringo

    in-fringo, frēgi, fractum, 3, v. a. [infrango], to break off, to break, bruise, crack.
    I.
    Lit.:

    infractis omnibus hastis,

    Liv. 40, 40, 7:

    ut si quis violas riguove papavera in horto Liliaque infringat,

    Ov. M. 10, 191:

    genibusque tumens infringitur unda,

    Val. Fl. 5, 412: manus, to snap or crack one ' s fingers, Petr. 17:

    articulos,

    Quint. 11, 3, 158: latus liminibus, to bruise one ' s side by lying on the threshold, Hor. Epod. 11, 22: infractus remus, appearing broken, in consequence of the refraction of the rays in the water, Cic. Ac. 2, 25; cf.:

    infracti radii resiliunt,

    Plin. 2, 38, 38, § 103:

    ossa infracta extrahere,

    id. 23, 7, 63, § 119.—
    B.
    Transf., to strike one thing against another: digitos citharae, to strike or play upon the lute, Stat. Ach. 1, 575:

    alicui colaphum,

    to give one a box on the ear, Ter. Ad. 2, 1, 46; Plin. 8, 36, 54, § 130:

    linguam (metu),

    to stammer, Lucr. 3, 155.—
    II.
    Trop., to break, check, weaken, lessen, diminish, mitigate, assuage:

    ut primus incursus et vis militum infringeretur,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 92:

    conatus adversariorum,

    id. ib. 2, 21:

    florem dignitatis,

    Cic. Balb. 6, 15:

    militum gloriam,

    id. Mil. 2, 5:

    animos hostium,

    Liv. 38, 16:

    spem,

    Cic. Or. 2, 6:

    tribunatum alicujus,

    id. de Or. 1, 7, 24:

    vehementius esse quiddam suspicor, quod te infringat,

    id. Att. 7, 2, 2:

    continuam laudem humanitatis,

    Plin. Ep. 7, 31, 3:

    res Samnitium,

    Liv. 8, 39, 10:

    difficultatem,

    to overcome, Col. 2, 4, 10:

    jus consulis,

    Dig. 34, 9, 5 fin.:

    fortia facta suis modis,

    to weaken, Ov. Tr. 2, 412:

    deos precatu,

    to appease by entreaties, Stat. Ach. 1, 144:

    infringitur ille quasi verborum ambitus,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 48, 186:

    infringendis concidendisque numeris,

    id. Or. 69, 230:

    vocem de industria,

    purposely to make plaintive, Sen. Contr. 3, 19.—
    B.
    To destroy, make void, break:

    quoniam haec gloriatio non infringetur in me,

    Vulg. 2 Cor. 11, 10:

    legem,

    ib. 1 Macc. 1, 66. — Hence, infractus, a, um, P. a., broken, bent.
    1.
    Lit.:

    mares caprarum longis auribus infractisque probant,

    Plin. 8, 50, 76, § 202.—
    2.
    Trop., broken, exhausted, weakened, subdued.
    a.
    In gen.:

    infractos animos gerere,

    Liv. 7, 31, 6:

    nihil infractus Appii animus,

    id. 2, 59, 4:

    oratio submissa et infracta,

    id. 38, 14:

    infractae ad proelia vires,

    Verg. A. 9, 499:

    veritas,

    falsified, Tac. H. 1, 1:

    fides metu infracta,

    shaken, id. ib. 3, 42:

    tributa,

    diminished, id. ib. 4, 57:

    potentia matris,

    id. A. 13, 12:

    fama,

    injured reputation, Verg. A. 7, 332; Tac. H. 2, 22:

    Latini,

    broken, Verg. A. 12, 1.—
    b.
    Diluted:

    fel aqua infractum,

    Plin. 28, 12, 50, § 186.—
    c.
    In partic., of speech, broken off:

    infracta et amputata loqui,

    broken, unconnected, Cic. Or. 51, 170:

    infracta loquela,

    broken talk, baby - talk, Lucr. 5, 230:

    cum vocem ejus (delicati) infractam videret,

    effeminate, Gell. 3, 5, 2:

    vocibus delinitus infractis,

    Arn. 4, 141.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > infringo

  • 15 malefio

    mălĕfīo or mălfīo, fĭĕri, v. n. [malefio], to be injured (late Lat.), Cael. Aur. Signif. Diaet. Pass. 89.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > malefio

  • 16 malfio

    mălĕfīo or mălfīo, fĭĕri, v. n. [malefio], to be injured (late Lat.), Cael. Aur. Signif. Diaet. Pass. 89.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > malfio

  • 17 malus

    1.
    mălus, a, um, adj. [Sanscr. mala, dirt; Gr. melas, black; cf. macula; Germ. mal in Mutter-mal, etc.].— Comp.: pējor, pejus.— Sup.: pessimus, a, um, bad, in the widest sense of the word (opp. bonus), evil, wicked, injurious, destructive, mischievous, hurtful; of personal appearance, ill-looking, ugly, deformed; of weight, bad, light; of fate, evil, unlucky, etc.:

    malus et nequam homo,

    Plaut. Ps. 4, 7, 1:

    pessima puella,

    Cat. 36, 9; 55, 10:

    delituit mala,

    Plaut. Rud. 2, 5, 9:

    philosophi minime mali illi quidem, sed non satis acuti,

    Cic. Off. 3, 9, 23:

    malam opinionem habere de aliquo,

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 24, § 59:

    consuetudo,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 36:

    conscientia,

    Quint. 12, 1, 3:

    mens,

    id. ib.:

    mores,

    Sall. C. 18:

    fures,

    Hor. S. 1, 1, 77:

    Furiae,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 135:

    virus,

    Verg. G. 1, 129:

    cicuta,

    Hor. S. 2, 1, 56:

    libido,

    Liv. 1, 57:

    falx,

    Verg. E. 3, 11:

    gramina,

    id. A. 2, 471: carmen, i. e. an incantation, Leg. XII. Tab. ap. Plin. 28, 2, 4, § 17:

    abi in malam rem,

    go and be hanged! Ter. And. 2, 1, 17:

    pugna,

    unsuccessful, adverse, Cic. Div. 2, 25, 54; Sall. J. 56:

    avis,

    i. e. ill-boding, Hor. C. 1, 15, 5; cf. id. ib. 3, 6, 46:

    ales,

    id. Epod. 10, 1: aetas, burdensome, i. e. senectus, Plaut. Aul. 1, 1, 4:

    haud mala est mulier,

    not badlooking, id. Bacch. 5, 2, 42:

    facies,

    Quint. 6, 3, 32; Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 43:

    crus,

    i. e. deformed, Hor. S. 1, 2, 102:

    pondus,

    i. e. light, deficient, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 156.—Of the sick:

    in malis aeger est,

    in great danger, Cels. 3, 15 fin.:

    tempus a quo omnis aeger pejor fiat,

    id. 3, 5 med.:

    eo tempore fere pessimi sunt qui aegrotant,

    id. ib. —In neutr. sing., as adv.:

    ne gallina malum responset dura palato,

    Hor. S. 2, 4, 18.— Comp.: pejor, worse:

    via,

    Hor. S. 1, 5, 96.—Hence,
    1.
    mă-lum, i, n., any thing bad, an evil, mischief, misfortune, calamity, etc.
    A.
    In gen.:

    orarem, ut ei, quod posses mali facere, faceres,

    Plaut. Bacch. 3, 6, 25:

    quam sit bellum, cavere malum,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 58, 247:

    nihil enim mali accidisse Scipioni puto,

    id. Lael. 3, 10:

    hostes inopinato malo turbati,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 12:

    externum, i. e. bellum,

    Nep. Hamilc. 21:

    ne in cotidianam id malum vertat, i. e. febris,

    Cels. 3, 15:

    hoc malo domitos potius cultores agrorum fore, quam, etc.,

    Liv. 2, 34, 11.—
    B.
    In partic.
    (α).
    Punishment; hurt, harm, severity, injury:

    malo domandam tribuniciam potestatem,

    Liv. 2, 54, 10:

    malo exercitum coërcere,

    Sall. J. 100, 5:

    sine malo,

    Plaut. Rud. 4, 4, 81; so Ter. Eun. 4, 4, 45; Liv. 4, 49, 11:

    vi, malo, plagis adductus est, ut frumenti daret,

    ill-usage, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 23, § 56:

    amanti amoenitas malo est: nobis lucro est,

    is hurtful, injurious, Plaut. Men. 2, 3, 5:

    clementiam illi malo fuisse,

    was injurious, unfortunate, Cic. Att. 14, 22, 1: malo hercle magno suo convivat sine modo, to his own [p. 1105] hurt, Enn. ap. Non. 474, 23 (Sat. v. 1 Vahl.):

    olet homo quidam malo suo,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 165:

    male merenti bona es: at malo cum tuo,

    to your own hurt, id. As. 1, 3, 3.—
    (β).
    Wrong-doing:

    causae, quae numquam malo defuturae sunt, Sen. de Ira, 1, 16, 3: sperans famam exstingui veterum sic posse malorum,

    Verg. A. 6, 527; Anthol. Lat. 1, 178.—
    (γ).
    As a term of abuse, plague, mischief, torment:

    quid tu, malum, me sequere?

    Plaut. Cas. 1, 3:

    qui, malum, alii?

    Ter. Eun. 4, 7, 10:

    quae, malum, est ista tanta audacia?

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 20, § 54; so id. Off. 2, 15, 53; Curt. 8, 14, 41.—
    (δ).
    As an exclamation, alas! misery! Plaut. Capt. 3, 3, 16; id. Men. 2, 3, 37 Brix ad loc.—
    2.
    măle, adv., badly, ill, wrongly, wickedly, unfortunately, erroneously, improperly, etc.: dubitas, quin lubenter tuo ero meus, quod possiet facere, faciat male? will do all the harm to him, etc., Plaut. Poen. 4, 2, 66: si iste Italiam relinquet, faciet omnino male, et, ut ego existimo, alogistôs, will act altogether unwisely, Attic. ap. Cic. Att. 9, 10:

    di isti Segulio male faciant,

    do harm to him, punish him, Cic. Fam. 11, 21, 1:

    o factum male de Alexione!

    id. Att. 15, 1, 1:

    male velle alicui,

    to wish ill, Plaut. As. 5, 1, 13:

    Karthagini male jamdiu cogitanti bellum multo ante denuntio, cogitare de aliquo,

    Cic. Sen. 6, 18:

    male loqui,

    id. Rosc. Am. 48:

    male loqui alicui, for maledicere,

    Ter. Phorm. 2, 3, 25:

    male accipere verbis aliquem,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 54, § 140:

    equitatu agmen adversariorum, male habere,

    to harass, annoy, Caes. B. C. 1, 63:

    hoc male habet virum,

    annoys, vexes him, Ter. And. 2, 6, 5:

    male se habere,

    to feel ill, dejected, low-spirited, id. Eun. 4, 2, 6:

    male est animo,

    it vexes me, id. Ad. 4, 5, 21:

    male est animo,

    I feel unwell, Plaut. Curc. 2, 3, 33:

    male fit animo,

    I am beginning to feel bad, am getting unwell, id. Rud. 2, 6, 26: L. Antonio male sit, si quidem, etc., evil betide him! (a formula of imprecation), Cic. Att. 15, 15, 1:

    quae res tibi vertat male,

    much harm may it do you! Ter. Ad. 2, 1, 37:

    male tibi esse malo quam molliter,

    I would rather you should be unfortunate than effeminate, Sen. Ep. 82, 1:

    proelium male pugnatum,

    unsuccessfully, Sall. J. 54, 7:

    ea quae male empta sunt,

    at a bad bargain, Cic. Att. 2, 4, 1:

    male vendere,

    at a sacrifice, id. Verr. 2, 3, 98, § 227:

    male reprehendunt praemeditationem rerum futurarum,

    id. Tusc. 3, 16, 34:

    male tegere mutationem fortunae,

    Tac. H. 1, 66:

    male sustinere arma,

    unskilfully, Liv. 1, 25, 12: non dubito, quin me male oderit, i. e. very much, intensely, Caes. ap. Cic. Att. 14, 1, 2:

    male metuo, ne, etc.,

    exceedingly, much, Ter. Hec. 3, 2, 2:

    rauci,

    miserably, Hor. S. 1, 4, 66.—

    When attached to an adjective, it freq. gives it the opposite meaning: male sanus = insanus,

    insane, deranged, Cic. Att. 9, 15, 5:

    male sana,

    with mind disturbed, Verg. A. 4, 8:

    gratus,

    i. e. ungrateful, Ov. H. 7, 27:

    male fidas provincias,

    unfaithful, Tac. H. 1, 17:

    statio male fida carinis,

    unsafe, Verg. A. 2, 23.— Comp.:

    oderam multo pejus hunc quam illum ipsum Clodium,

    Cic. Fam. 7, 2, 3; cf.:

    pejusque leto flagitium timet,

    Hor. C. 4, 9, 50; and:

    cane pejus vitabit chlamydem,

    id. Ep. 1, 17, 30.
    2.
    mālus, i, f., Gr. mêlea, an appletree:

    malus bifera,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 7:

    et steriles platani malos gessere valentes,

    Verg. G. 2, 70:

    malus granata,

    the pomegranate, Isid. 17, 7, 6:

    felices arbores putantur esse quercus...malus, etc.,

    Macr. S. 3, 20, 2.
    3.
    mālus, i, m. [by some referred to root mac-; Gr. makros; Lat. magnus; but perh. the same word with 2. malus], an upright mast, pole, or beam.
    I.
    In gen.:

    malos exaequantes altitudinem jugi surrexit,

    Front. Strat. 3, 8, 3.—
    II.
    Esp.
    A.
    A mast of a ship:

    ut si qui gubernatorem in navigando agere nihil dicant, cum alii malos scandant, etc.,

    Cic. Sen. 6, 17:

    malum erigi, vela fieri imperavit,

    id. Verr. 2, 5, 34, § 88:

    attolli malos,

    Verg. A. 5, 829:

    malo suspendit ab alto,

    id. ib. 5, 489:

    saucius,

    injured, Hor. C. 1, 14, 5.—
    B.
    A standard or pole, to which the awnings spread over the theatre were attached, Lucr. 6, 110; Liv. 39, 7, 8.—
    C.
    The beam in the middle of a wine-press, Plin. 18, 31, 74, § 317.—
    D.
    The corner beams of a tower:

    turrium mali,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 22, 4.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > malus

  • 18 noceo

    nŏcĕo, cŭi, cĭtum, 2 ( inf. pres. pass. nocerier, Plaut. Curc. 2, 3, 73; gen. plur. nocentūm, Ov. P. 1, 8, 19; perf. subj. noxit: ne boa noxit, Lucil. ap. Paul. ex Fest. s. v. Fama, p. 360 Müll.; Fronto ad M. Caesarem, 3, 13 Mai.), v. n. (and a.; v. infra e) [Sanscr. root nac, disappear; Gr. nekus; cf.: neco, nex, noxa, pernic-ies], to do harm, inflict injury, do hurt to (cf.: obsum, obficio, laedo).—Constr.
    (α).
    Absol. or with dat.:

    declinare ea, quae nocitura videantur,

    Cic. Off. 1, 4, 11:

    arma alia ad tegendum, alia ad nocendum,

    id. Caecin. 21, 60:

    nihil nocet,

    it does no harm, id. Att. 12, 47, 1:

    nocere alteri,

    id. Off. 3, 5, 23:

    jurejurando accepto, nihil iis nocituros hostes,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 28:

    jura te nociturum non esse homini de hac re nemini,

    Plaut. Mil. 5, 18.—
    (β).
    With a homogeneous or a general (pronominal) object: OB EAM REM NOXAM NOCVERVNT, have been guilty of a crime, from an old fetial formula, Liv. 9, 10, 9:

    si uredo aut grando quippiam nocuit,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 35, 86:

    quid nocet haec?

    Juv. 14, 153.—
    (γ).
    In pass. (very rare), to be harmed, injured:

    larix ab carie aut a tineā non nocetur,

    Vitr. 2, 9 med.:

    noceri eas (ciconias) omnibus quidem locis nefas ducunt, sed, etc.,

    Sol. 40 fin.
    (δ).
    Impers. pass. (class.), an injury is done or inflicted:

    ut ne cui noceatur,

    Cic. Off. 1, 10, 31:

    mihi nihil ab istis noceri potest,

    id. Cat. 3, 12, 37: ut in agris vastandis [p. 1212] hostibus noceretur, Caes. B. G. 5, 19:

    ipsi nihil nocitum iri,

    id. ib. 5, 36:

    neque diem decet me morari, neque nocti nocerier,

    that injury be done to the night, Plaut. Curc. 2, 3, 73.—
    (ε).
    Act. (late Lat.):

    nihil illum nocuit,

    Vulg. Luc. 4, 35; id. Act. 7, 26; 18, 10.—Hence, nŏcens, entis, P. a., that commits a wicked action, bad, wicked, culpable, criminal (cf.:

    sons, reus): nocens et nefarius,

    Cic. Off. 2, 14, 51:

    homines nocentissimi,

    id. Div. in Caecil. 3, 9:

    nocentissima victoria,

    id. Verr. 1, 14, 41:

    nocentissimi mores,

    Quint. 2, 15, 32: meritā caede nocentūm ( poet. for nocentium; cf. Auct. Her. 4, 35, 45), Ov. P. 1, 8, 19.—
    II.
    In gen., hurtful, harmful, pernicious, baneful, injurious:

    a pestiferis et nocentibus refugere,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 47, 120:

    boletus,

    Juv. 6, 620.— Comp.:

    edit cicutis allium nocentius,

    Hor. Epod. 3, 3.—Hence, adv.: nŏcenter, hurtfully, injuriously (not ante-Aug.):

    nocenter armata,

    Col. 8, 2, 10:

    abscessus nocenter adulescit,

    Cels. 5, 28, 11; Tert. Apol. 14.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > noceo

  • 19 quassatura

    quassātūra, ae, f. [quasso], a shaking; hence, transf.,
    I.
    An injury occasioned by shaking:

    quassaturas fovere,

    Plin. Val. 4, 5.—
    II.
    A part injured by shaking, Veg. Vet. 1, 28, 5.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > quassatura

  • 20 satis

    sătis, and abbreviated, săt (cf. the letter S.: satin', contr. for satisne; v.the foll.), adv. [root in Gr. adên, hadên, orig. a comp. form, weakened from satius; cf.: magis, nimis, etc.], enough, sufficiently (objectively, so that one needs nothing more; whereas affatim subjectively, so that one wishes nothing more).
    I.
    Posit.
    1.
    Adject., enough, sufficient, satisfactory.
    a.
    Form sătis:

    quod (faenum et pabulum) bubus satis siet, qui illic sient,

    Cato, R. R. 137: cui, si conjuret populus, vix totu' satis sit, were enough, adequate, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 193 P.: libram aiebant satis esse ambobus farris Intritae, Titin. ap. Non. 81, 13; Hor. S. 1, 5, 68:

    duo talenta pro re nostrā ego esse decrevi satis,

    Ter. Heaut. 5, 1, 67; id. Ad. 5, 3, 24:

    dies mihi hic ut sit satis vereor Ad agendum,

    id. And. 4, 2, 22; cf. Liv. 21, 17:

    quicquid adjecissent ipsi terroris satis ad perniciem fore rati,

    id. 21, 33; cf. Quint. 12, 11, 19:

    animo satis haec vestigia parva sagaci Sunt, per quae possis cognoscere cetera tute,

    Lucr. 1, 402:

    satis est tibi in te, satis in legibus, satis in mediocribus amicitiis praesidium,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 26, 84:

    ut semper vobis auxilium adversus inimicos satis sit,

    Liv. 6, 18:

    satis esse Italiae unum consulem censebat,

    id. 34, 43; Cic. Planc. 38, 92; cf.:

    ipse Romam venirem, si satis consilium quādam de re haberem,

    id. Att. 12, 50:

    id modo si mercedis Datur mihi... satis Mihi esse ducam,

    will content myself, Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 16:

    satis hoc tibi est,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 7, 40:

    animo istuc satis est, auribus non satis,

    Cic. Or. 63, 215:

    dicebant de re publicā quod esset illis viris et consulari dignitati satis,

    id. Brut. 35, 135; hence, in a play on the word: Le. Jam satis est mihi. Li. Tum igitur tu dives es factus? Plaut. As. 2, 2, 64:

    quidvis satis est, dum vivat modo,

    Ter. Heaut. 4, 1, 28; id. Hec. 5, 2, 17:

    qui non sentirent, quid esset satis,

    Cic. Or. 22, 73:

    sum avidior etiam, quam satis est, gloriae,

    id. Fam. 9, 14, 2:

    plus quam satis doleo,

    id. Verr. 2, 5, 46, § 123:

    semel fugiendi si data est occasio, Satis est,

    Plaut. Capt. 1, 2, 9:

    satis esse deberet, si, etc.,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 41, 174:

    satin' habes, si feminarum nulla'st, quam aeque diligam?

    Plaut. Am. 1, 3, 11:

    ars satis praestat, si, etc.,

    Quint. 7, 10, 15:

    non satis efficit oratio, si, etc.,

    id. 8, 3, 62:

    satis superque est,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 14:

    poenas dedit usque superque Quam satis est,

    Hor. S. 1, 2, 66:

    satis superque habere dicit, quod sibi ab arbitrio tribuatur,

    Cic. Rosc. Com. 4, 11:

    tanta repente caelo missa vis aquae, ut ea modo exercitui satis superque foret,

    Sall. J. 75, 7; cf.:

    satis una excidia,

    Verg. A. 2, 642 (v. infra, g and 2. b); cf.:

    plura quam satis est,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 10, 46:

    ultra quam satis est,

    id. ib. 1, 6, 16.—
    (β).
    Satis est (habeo, credo, etc.), with inf. or a subject- ( object-) clause:

    huic satis illud erit planum facere atque probare,

    Lucr. 2, 934; Cic. de Or. 1, 28, 127:

    satis erat respondere Magnas: ingentes, inquit,

    id. Lael. 26, 98:

    velut satis sit, scire ipsos,

    Quint. 8, 2, 19:

    si oratori satis esset docere,

    id. 10, 1, 78:

    nunc libertatem repeti satis est,

    Liv. 3, 53 fin.:

    vos satis habebatis animam retinere,

    Sall. J. 31, 20:

    illud satis habeo dicere,

    Quint. 6, 5, 11: satis habeo with si, Nep. Them. 8, 4; id. Timol. 2, 4; Liv. 5, 21, 9; Tac. A. 2, 37; 4, 38.—With quod, Liv. 40, 29, 13; Just. 22, 8, 14:

    satis putant vitio carere,

    Quint. 2, 4, 9:

    si res nudas atque inornatas indicare satis videretur,

    id. 2, 4, 3:

    Herennium et Numisium legatos vinciri satis visum,

    Tac. H. 4, 59. —Rarely with ut:

    Fabio satis visum, ut ovans urbem iniret,

    Liv. 7, 11, 9.—Negatively:

    quarum (rerum) unam dicere causam Non satis est, verum plures,

    Lucr. 6, 704:

    nec vero habere virtutem satis est, nisi utare,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 2, 2:

    opera exstruentibus satis non est, saxa atque materiam congerere,

    Quint. 7, prooem. §

    1: non satis est, pulchra esse poëmata,

    Hor. A. P. 99 et saep.—With inf. perf. (not freq. till after the Aug. period; cf.

    Zumpt, Gram. § 590): nunc satis est dixisse: ego mira poëmata pango, etc.,

    Hor. A. P. 416:

    quod hactenus ostendisse satis est,

    Quint. 6, 3, 62:

    atque id viro bono satis est, docuisse quod sciret,

    id. 12, 11, 8:

    illud notasse satis habeo,

    id. 9, 4, 15.—Negatively:

    non ille satis cognosse Sabinae Gentis habet ritus,

    Ov. M. 15, 4:

    non satis credunt excepisse quae relicta erant,

    Quint. 2, 1, 2.— Absol.: gaudeo. Ch. Satis credo, Ter. Eun. 5, 8, 21.—
    (γ).
    With gen.: As. Salve. St. Satis mihi est tuae salutis, Plaut. Truc. 2, 2, 4:

    satis historiarum est,

    id. Bacch. 1, 2, 48:

    verborum,

    id. Capt. 1, 2, 16:

    satis mihi id habeam supplicii,

    Ter. Ad. 3, 2, 15:

    ea amicitia non satis habet firmitatis,

    Cic. Lael. 5, 19:

    ad dicendum temporis satis habere,

    id. Verr. 2, 2, 1, § 2; cf. Quint. 10, 2, 15: satis praesidii, Cic. Fin. 2, 26, 84 Madv. N. cr.:

    satis poenarum dedisse,

    Quint. 7, 4, 18:

    jam satis terris nivis atque dirae Grandinis misit pater,

    Hor. C. 1, 2, 1:

    satis superque esse sibi suarum cuique rerum,

    Cic. Lael. 13, 45; so, satis superque, with gen.:

    vitae,

    Liv. 2, 42, 6; 63, 67, 3; 25, 32, 6; 28, 29, 7; Hor. Epod. 17, 19.— Comp.: satius; v. infra, B. —
    b.
    Form săt (most freq. in the poets):

    quibus (dis) sat esse non queam?

    to be sufficient, equal to, Plaut. Pers. 1, 1, 27:

    pol vel legioni sat est (obsonium),

    id. Aul. 3, 6, 24:

    in jure causam dicito, hic verbum sat est,

    id. Rud. 3, 6, 28; cf. id. Bacch. 4, 8, 37; id. Truc. 2, 8, 14:

    tantum quantum sat est,

    Cic. Sen. 14, 48:

    tantum sat habes?

    Ter. Heaut. 4, 3, 40:

    si hoc sat est,

    Quint. 2, 11, 7:

    amabo jam sat est,

    Plaut. As. 3, 3, 117; Ter. And. 1, 1, 143; id. Eun. 4, 4, 38; id. Phorm. 1, 4, 34:

    paene plus quam sat erat,

    id. ib. 5, 3, 14:

    sat habeo,

    id. And. 2, 1, 35; 4, 2, 22 et saep.—
    (β).
    Sat est (habeo, credo, etc.), with inf. or a subject- ( object-) clause:

    nonne id sat erat, Accipere ab illo injuriam?

    Ter. Phorm. 5, 2, 3:

    perdere posse sat est,

    Ov. H. 12, 75: qui non sat habuit conjugem illexe in stuprum, Poët. ap. Cic. N. D. 3, 27, 68.—
    (γ).
    With gen.:

    sat habet favitorum semper, qui recte facit,

    Plaut. Am. prol. 79: Ar. Mater salve. Art. Sat salutis't, id. As. 5, 2, 61:

    vocis,

    id. Truc. 2, 3, 29:

    signi,

    Ter. Hec. 2, 1, 39:

    poenae,

    Prop. 1, 17, 10 et saep.—
    2.
    Adverb., enough, sufficiently.
    a.
    Form sătis.
    (α).
    With verbs:

    si sis sanus, aut sapias satis,

    Plaut. Am. 3, 2, 23:

    satis deludere,

    id. ib. 5, 1, 45:

    satis jam dolui ex animo et curā me satis Et lacrimis maceravi,

    id. Capt. 5, 1, 7:

    satin' me illi hodie scelesti ceperunt dolo?

    id. ib. 3, 4, 120:

    ego istuc satis scio,

    Ter. Hec. 5, 4, 37; Cic. Rep. 1, 34, 53:

    satis ostenderit, reliquos, etc.,

    id. ib. 2, 31, 54 et saep.: quod bruti nec satis sardare queunt, Naev. ap. Fest. p. 322 Müll.:

    neque audio neque oculis prospicio satis,

    Plaut. Am. 5, 1, 7:

    contra Epicurum satis superque dictum est,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 1, 2; id. Tusc. 1, 45, 110; Hor. Epod. 1, 31; cf.:

    quidque furor valeat, Penthea caede satisque Ac super ostendit,

    Ov. M. 4, 429 (v. in the foll. II. D. 1. a).—
    (β).
    With adjectives:

    satis dives,

    Plaut. Aul. 2, 1, 44; id. Capt. 2, 2, 74:

    dotata,

    id. Aul. 2, 2, 62:

    dicacula,

    id. As. 3, 1, 8:

    satis multa restant,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 44, 71:

    video te testimoniis satis instructum,

    id. ib. 1, 38, 59:

    rura tibi magna satis,

    Verg. E. 1, 48 et saep.:

    satis superque humilis est, qui, etc.,

    Liv. 3, 53 fin. —Sometimes, like the Engl. enough, it denotes diminution, tolerably, moderately:

    videor mihi nostrum illum consularem exercitum bonorum omnium, etiam satis bonorum, habere firmissimum,

    Cic. Att. 2, 19, 4:

    satis litteratus (with nec infacetus),

    id. Off. 3, 14, 58:

    satis bonus (locus),

    Cato, R. R. 136:

    res satis amplae,

    Just. 2, 1, 1; cf. the foll. g and b. b.—
    (γ).
    With adverbs or adverbial phrases:

    satis audacter,

    Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 208:

    satis certo scio,

    id. Ps. 4, 5, 5:

    satis superbe illuditis me,

    Ter. Phorm. 5, 7, 22:

    satis scite,

    id. Heaut. 4, 4, 7:

    non satis honeste,

    Cic. Lael. 16, 57:

    satis cum periculo,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 104: et quidem hercle formā luculentā (haec meretrix). Ch. Sic satis, id. Heaut. 3, 2, 12:

    satis opportune occidisse,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 22:

    satis recte,

    Plaut. Pers. 4, 4, 53:

    satis saepe,

    Sall. J. 62, 1:

    satis bene ornatae,

    dressed well enough, Plaut. Poen. 1, 2, 73; hence satis bene sometimes, like the Engl. well enough, = tolerably, moderately, or pretty well:

    a quo (Catone) cum quaereretur, quid maxime in re familiari expediret? respondit: Bene pascere. Quid secundum? Satis bene pascere. Quid tertium? Male pascere. Quid quartum? Arare,

    Cic. Off. 2, 25, 89 (for which, in the same narration, mediocriter pascere, Col. 6, praef. § 4; and Plin. 18, 5, 6, § 30); cf. supra, a. b, and infra, b. b.—
    b.
    Form săt.
    (α).
    With verbs:

    sat scio,

    Plaut. Aul. 3, 6, 25; Ter. Eun. 3, 2, 34; id. Ad. 3, 2, 41; 3, 3, 6; 4, 1, 10; id. Phorm. 4, 3, 31:

    sat prata biberunt,

    Verg. E. 3, 111.—
    (β).
    With adjectives:

    accusator sat bonus,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 32, 89:

    non sat idoneus Pugnae,

    Hor. C. 2, 19, 26: sat planum. Liv. 6, 18 fin. —Signifying diminution, like the Engl. enough, tolerably, moderately, passably:

    laetantibus omnibus bonis, etiam sat bonis,

    Cic. Att. 14, 10, 1; so, sat bonus (less than bonus): [p. 1634] sl me voltis esse oratorem, si etiam sat bonum, si bonum denique, non repugnabo, id. de Or. 3, 22, 84.—
    (γ).
    With adverbs:

    qui sat diu vixisse sese arbitrabitur,

    Plaut. Capt. 4, 2, 12:

    sat commode,

    Ter. And. 3, 1, 17:

    sat recte,

    id. Heaut. 5, 2, 43.—
    B.
    Comp.: satius (prop. more satisfying; hence), better, more serviceable, fitter, preferable.
    1.
    Adject., in the phrase satius est, with a subject-clause (cf. supra, 1. a. b, and b. b) followed by quam:

    scire satius est quam loqui Servum hominem,

    Plaut. Ep. 1, 1, 57; id. Bacch. 3, 2, 11; id. Cas. 1, 24; Ter. Heaut. 3, 1, 66; 5, 2, 16; id. Ad. 1, 1, 33; Cic. Att. 7, 1, 4; id. Inv. 2, 32, 100; Liv. 26, 29; 42, 23 fin. al.; cf.:

    nimio satius est, ut opu'st, te ita esse, quam ut animo lubet,

    Plaut. Trin. 2, 2, 30:

    quanto satius est, te id dare operam... Quam id loqui, etc.,

    Ter. And. 2, 1, 7; cf.

    also: satius multo fuisse, non moveri bellum adversus eum, quam omitti motum,

    Liv. 34, 33:

    nonne fuit satius tristis Amaryllidis iras pati?

    Verg. E. 2, 14:

    hos te satius est docere, ut, quando agas, quid agant, sciant,

    Plaut. Poen. 3, 1, 49:

    mori me satius est,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 7, 2; id. Phorm. 5, 7, 63; cf.:

    repertus est nemo, qui mori diceret satius esse,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 36, § 88:

    mortuom hercle me duco satius,

    Plaut. Truc. 5, 34:

    terga impugnare hostium satius visum est,

    Liv. 3, 70; Plaut. Ps. 1, 5, 34.—In a positive signif., it serves, benefits, is of use: nihil phluarein satius est, miles (perh. in reference to the preceding speech of the miles:

    mortuum me duco satius),

    Plaut. Truc. 5, 36: satius putare, with an object-clause, to believe it to be better, Nep. Paus. 5, 1.—
    * 2.
    Adverb., with a verb, rather (syn. potius):

    ego quod magis pertineat ad Fundanii valetudinem, satius dicam,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 2, 26.
    II.
    Particular phrases.
    A.
    Sat agito (also in one word, satagito), and sat agere suarum rerum, to have enough to do, have one ' s hands full; to be busy, be troubled (only in the foll. passages):

    nunc agitas sat tute tuarum rerum,

    Plaut. Bacch. 4, 3, 23:

    is quoque suarum rerum sat agitat, tamen, etc.,

    Ter. Heaut. 2, 1, 13 Bentl., followed by Umpfenb.; and so ap. Charis. p. 193 P. (Fleck. sat agit, tamen).—
    B.
    Satis ago or sat ago (also in one word, satago).
    1.
    T. t. in business lang., to satisfy, content, pay a creditor:

    nunc satagit,

    Plaut. As. 2, 4, 34.—
    2.
    To have enough to do, have one ' s hands full; to be in trouble (the predom. signif. of the word).
    (α).
    Form satis ago (class.): jam apud vallum nostri satis agebant, Cato ap. Charis. p. 193 P.:

    cum Pyrrhus rex in terrā Italiā esset satisque agerent Romani,

    Gell. 3, 8, 1:

    ego nocte hac proximā In somnis egi satis et fui homo exercitus,

    Plaut. Merc. 2, 1, 4:

    complorantibus omnibus nostris atque in sentinā satis agentibus,

    Gell. 19, 1, 3; 9, 11, 4:

    satis agentes rerum suarum,

    App. M. 8, p. 209, 6.— Impers. pass.:

    pugnatur acriter: agitur tamen satii,

    Cic. Att. 4, 15, 9.—
    (β).
    Form sat ago (satago) (very rare): Caesar alte-ram alam mittit, qui satagentibus celeriter occurrerent, Auct. B. Afr. 78, 7; cf. supra, II. A.—
    3.
    To bustle about, make a to-do, be full of business, polupragmoneuô (postAug. and very rare):

    (Domitius) Afer venuste Mallium Suram multum in agendo discursantem, salientem, manus jactantem, etc.... non agere dixit, sed satagere. Est enim dictum per se urbanum satagere, etc.,

    Quint. 6, 3, 54; cf. id. 11, 3, 126:

    curris, stupes, satagis tamquam mus in matellā,

    Petr. 58, 9.—Also act.: interea haec satagens, busily doing or performing, Petr. 137, 10.—
    C.
    Satis accipio, caveo, do, exigo, peto, offero, etc., t: t. of business lang., to take, give, ask, offer, etc., sufficient bail or security:

    satis accipio,

    Cic. Quint. 13, 44 sq.; id. Rosc. Com. 14, 40; id. Verr. 2, 1, 45, § 115; Plaut. Stich. 4, 1, 4; Dig. 36, 4, 5; 45, 1, 4; 46, 1, 33.— Pass., Cato, R. R. 2, 6:

    satis acceptum habere,

    to be fully assured, Plaut. Most. 1, 3, 90; 1, 3, 67:

    satis caveo,

    Dig. 7, 1, 60 (cf. caveo, II. 2.):

    satis do (also as one word, satisdo),

    Cic. Quint. 13, 44 sq.; id. Verr. 2, 1, 56, § 146; 2, 2, 24, § 60; id. Rosc. Com. 12, 35; id. Fam. 13, 28, a, 2; id. Att. 5, 1, 2; Dig. 1, 2, 8; 1, 2, 7 fin.; 36, 4, 1; 36, 4, 5; 46, 6, 1.—With gen.:

    judicatae pecuniae,

    Val. Max. 4, 1, 8:

    damni infecti,

    Plin. 36, 2, 2, § 6:

    fidei commissi,

    Dig. 36, 4, 5; 46, 4, 5: satisdato (caveo, promitto, debeo, etc.), by giving bail or security, ib. 5, 1, 2 fin.; 2, 11, 4 fin.; 40, 5, 4; Cic. Att. 16, 15, 2:

    satis exigo,

    Dig. 26, 7, 45 fin.; 36, 3, 18:

    satis offero,

    to tender security, ib. 26, 10, 5; 36, 4, 3; 48, 17, 1:

    satis peto,

    to demand security, ib. 35, 1, 70.—
    D.
    Sătis făcĭo, or, in one word, sătisfăcĭo ( pass. satisfacitur, Varr. ap. Prisc. p. 789 P.), to give satisfaction, to satisfy, content:

    satisfacere dicimur ei, cujus desiderium implemus,

    Dig. 2, 8, 1 (very freq. and class.).
    1.
    In gen.
    (α).
    With dat.:

    ut illis satis facerem ex disciplinā,

    Plaut. Ps. 5, 1, 28:

    Siculis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 53, § 139:

    alicui petenti,

    id. Or. 41, 140:

    operam dabo ut tibi satisfaciam,

    id. Att. 2, 4, 3:

    deo pie et caste,

    id. Fam. 14, 7, 1:

    domino vel populo (gladiatores),

    id. Tusc. 2, 17, 41.—In mal. part., Petr. 75; 77.—Of things:

    cum aut morte aut victoriā se satisfacturum rei publicae spopondisset,

    Cic. Phil. 14, 9, 26:

    cui (vitae meae) satis feci vel aetate vel factis,

    id. Fam. 10, 1, 1:

    me omnibus satis esse facturum,

    id. Balb. 1, 2:

    causae atque officio satis facere,

    id. Div. in Caecil. 14, 47; cf.:

    satis officio meo, satis illorum voluntati, qui a me hoc petiverunt, factum esse arbitrabor,

    id. Verr. 2, 5, 49, § 130:

    gravibus seriisque rebus,

    id. Off. 1, 29, 103:

    etsi nullo modo poterit oratio mea satis facere vestrae scientiae,

    id. Phil. 2, 23, 57; cf.:

    qui et naturae et legibus satis fecit,

    id. Clu. 10, 29:

    amicitiae nostrae,

    id. Fam. 10, 1, 3:

    me plus satis nostrae conjunctioni amorique facturum,

    id. ib. 4, 8, 2:

    ut omnium vel suspicioni vel malevolentiae vel crudelitati satis fiat,

    id. Rab. Post. 17, 45:

    mihi vero satis superque abs te videtur istorum studiis... esse factum,

    id. de Or. 1, 47, 204:

    se avarissimi hominis cupiditati satis facere posse,

    id. Verr. 1, 14, 41:

    odio alicujus,

    Suet. Tib. 66 fin.:

    libidini alicujus,

    Lact. 6, 11, 23:

    voluntati voluntate satisfecimus,

    Sen. Ben. 2, 35, 1:

    condicioni,

    Dig. 36, 1, 77.—
    (β).
    With in aliquā re:

    qui (histriones) in dissimillimis personis satisfaciebant,

    Cic. Or. 31, 109; so,

    in historiā,

    id. Leg. 1, 2, 5:

    in jure civili,

    id. de Or. 1, 37, 170:

    in omni genere,

    id. Att. 16, 5, 2.—
    (γ).
    With dat. and obj.-clause (rare):

    quibus quoniam satisfeci me nihil reliqui fecisse, quod ad sanandum me pertineret, reliquum est, ut, etc.,

    Nep. Att. 21, 5.—
    (δ).
    Absol.:

    quamobrem tandem non satisfacit?

    Cic. Fin. 1, 5, 15.—With de:

    nos plene et statim de eo satis esse facturos,

    Quint. 4, 5, 18.—
    2.
    In partic.
    a.
    T. t. of business lang., to satisfy, content (by payment or security), to pay or secure a creditor:

    pecunia petitur ab Hermippo: Hermippus ab Heraclide petit, ipse tamen Fufiis satisfacit absentibus et fidem suam liberat,

    Cic. Fl. 20, 47:

    cum de visceribus tuis et filii tui satis facturus sis quibus debes,

    id. Q. Fr. 1, 3, 7: ut si mihi in pecuniā minus satisfecisset, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 12, 2; Caes. B. C. 3, 60 fin.; Dig. 40, 1, 4:

    omnis pecunia exsoluta esse debet aut eo nomine satisfactum esse: satisfactum autem accipimus, quemadmodum voluit creditor, licet non sit solutum, etc.,

    ib. 13, 7, 9; so (opp. solvere) ib. 18, 1, 19:

    Stichus servus meus heredi meo mille nummos si solverit, satisve fecerit, etc.,

    ib. 40, 4, 41; 40, 7, 39, § 1.—With gen. of the thing:

    cui ususfructus legatus esset, donec ei totius dotis (sc. nomine) satis fieret, etc.,

    Dig. 33, 2, 30.—
    b.
    To give satisfaction (by word or deed); to make amends or reparation; to make excuse; to ask pardon, apologize to a person offended, injured, etc.
    (α).
    With dat.:

    aut satisfaciat mihi ille, etc.,

    Plaut. Am. 3, 2, 8:

    si Aeduis de injuriis... item si Allobrogibus satisfaciant,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 14:

    deinde reliquae legiones per tribunos militum egerunt, ut Caesari satisfacerent, etc.,

    id. ib. 1, 41:

    acceperam jam ante Caesaris litteras, ut mihi satisfieri paterer a te,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 20, 49.—
    (β).
    With de and abl.:

    omnibus rationibus de injuriis,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 1, 7.—
    (γ).
    With gen.:

    injuriarum satisfecisti L. Labieno,

    Auct. Her. 4, 27, 37.—
    (δ).
    Absol.:

    missis ad Caesarem satisfaciundi causā legatis,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 54:

    in quā civitate legatus populi Romani aliquā ex parte violatus sit, nisi publice satis factum sit, el civitati bellum indici atque inferri solere,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 31, § 79:

    satisfacientes aut supplicantes summittimus (manus),

    Quint. 11, 3, 115 et saep.—
    c.
    To give satisfaction by suffering a penalty: saepe satisfecit praedae venator, Mart. 12, 14, 3.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > satis

Look at other dictionaries:

  • injured — adj. 1. having received an injury; usually used of physical or mental injury to persons. Opposite of {uninjured}. [Narrower terms: {abraded, scraped, skinned ; {battle scarred, scarred}; {bit, bitten, stung ; {black and blue, livid ; {bruised,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • injured — injured; un·injured; …   English syllables

  • injured — index aggrieved (harmed), aggrieved (victimized), blemished, broken (fractured), defective, faulty, imperfect …   Law dictionary

  • injured — ► ADJECTIVE 1) harmed or wounded. 2) offended; wronged …   English terms dictionary

  • injured — in|jured [ ındʒərd ] adjective * 1. ) hurt in an accident or attack: Peter brushed aside worries about his injured knee. The injured man was taken to a hospital. seriously injured: a seriously injured patient a ) the injured people who have been… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • injured */ — UK [ˈɪndʒə(r)d] / US [ˈɪndʒərd] adjective 1) a) hurt in an accident or attack Peter brushed aside worries about his injured knee. The injured man was taken to hospital. seriously injured: a seriously injured patient b) the injured people who have …   English dictionary

  • injured — in|jured [ˈındʒəd US ərd] adj 1.) having a wound or damage to part of your body →↑wounded ▪ an injured bird ▪ Chelsea have three injured players. ▪ Grandpa was badly injured in the war. ▪ The car accident left him seriously injured . 2.) the… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • injured — [[t]ɪ̱nʤə(r)d[/t]] ♦♦♦ 1) ADJ GRADED An injured person or animal has physical damage to part of their body, usually as a result of an accident or fighting. The other injured man had a superficial stomach wound... Many of them will have died… …   English dictionary

  • injured — adjective 1 having an injury: He isn t injured just shocked. 2 the injured injured people: Firefighters had to cut open the wreckage in order to get the injured out. 3 an injured look/expression etc a look that shows you feel you have been… …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • injured — adj. VERBS ▪ be, lie ▪ He could have been lying injured on the moors after a fall from his horse. ▪ get ADVERB ▪ badly, criti …   Collocations dictionary

  • injured — adjective 1) his injured arm Syn: hurt, wounded, damaged, sore, bruised; crippled, lame, disabled; maimed, mutilated, deformed, mangled, broken, fractured Ant: healthy …   Thesaurus of popular words

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

Wir verwenden Cookies für die beste Präsentation unserer Website. Wenn Sie diese Website weiterhin nutzen, stimmen Sie dem zu.