Translation: from english


  • 1 Nexum

    "Legal Lexicon":
    NEXUM - Rom. civ. law. Viewed as to its object and legal effect, nexum was either the transfer of the ownership of a thing or the transfer of a thing to a creditor as a security. Accordingly in one sense nexum included mancipium, in another sense mancipium and nexum are opposed in the same way in which sale and mortgage or pledge are opposed. The formal part of both transactions consisted in a transfer per Des et libram. The person who became nexus by the effect of a nexum placed himself in a servile condition, not becoming a slave, his ingenuitas being only in suspense, and was said nexum inire. The phrases nexi datio and nexi liberatio respectively express the contracting and the release from the obligation.
    The Roman law, as to the payment of borrowed money, was very strict. A curious passage of Gellius gives us the ancient mode of legal procedure in the case of debt as fixed by the Twelve Tables. If the debtor admitted the debt, or bad been condemned in the amount of the debt by a judex, he had thirty days allowed him for payment. At the expiration of this time he was liable to the manus injectio, and ultimately to be assigned over to the creditor (addictus) by the sentence of the praetor. The creditor was required to keep him for sixty days in chains, during which time he publicly exposed the debtor, on three occassions, and proclaimed the amount of his debt. If no person released the prisoner by paying the debt, the creditor might sell him as a slave or put him to death. If there were several debtors, the letter of the law allowed them to cut the debtor in pieces and take their share of his body in proportion to their debt. Gellius says that there was no instance of a creditor ever having adopted this extreme mode of satisfying his debt. But the creditor might treat the debtor as a slave and compel him to work out his debt, and the treatment was often very severe. In this passage Gellius does not speak of nexi but only of addicti, which is sometimes alleged as evidence of the identity of nexus and addictus, but it proves no such identity. If a nexus is what he is here supposed to be, the laws of the Twelve Tables could not apply; for when a man became nexus with respect to one creditor, he could not become nexus to another; and if he became nexus to several at once, in this case the creditors must abide by their contract in taking a joint security. This law of the Twelve Tables only applied to the case of a debtor being signed over by a judicial sentence to several debtors, and it provided for a settlement of their conflicting claims. The precise condition of a nexus has, however, been a subject of much discussion among scholars.

    English-Chinese law dictionary (法律英汉双解大词典) > Nexum


    CANDOR (-ORIS) (M)

    English-Latin dictionary > FRANKNESS



    English-Latin dictionary > FREE BIRTH



    English-Latin dictionary > INGENUOUSNESS



    English-Latin dictionary > NAIVETY



    English-Latin dictionary > NOBLE-MINDEDNESS

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ingenuitas — /injan(y)uwataes/ Freedom; liberty; the state or condition of one who is free. Also liberty given to a servant by manumission …   Black's law dictionary

  • ingenuitas — The condition of a freeman or that of a manumitted slave …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • ingenuitas regni — /injan(y)uwatss regnay/ In old English law, the freemen, yeomanry, or commonalty of the kingdom. Applied sometimes also to the barons …   Black's law dictionary

  • ingenuitas regni — The freemen or yeomanry of the kingdom …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • ingenuità — {{hw}}{{ingenuità}}{{/hw}}s. f. 1 Candore d animo | Semplicità, inesperienza | (spreg.) Semplicioneria; CONTR. Furbizia, scaltrezza. 2 Atto, parola da persona ingenua …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • ingénuité — [ ɛ̃ʒenɥite ] n. f. • 1372; lat. ingenuitas 1 ♦ Dr. rom. État d une personne née libre. 2 ♦ (1546) Sincérité innocente et naïve. ⇒ candeur, franchise, innocence, naïveté, pureté, simplicité, sincérité. « Toute la personne de Cosette était naïveté …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ingenui — For the Roman commander with this name, see Ingenuus. Ingenui or ingenuitas (singular ingenuus ), was a legal term of ancient Rome indicating those who were born free, as distinct from, for example, freedmen, who were freemen who had once been… …   Wikipedia

  • ingenuitate — INGENUITÁTE s.f. Simplitate, naturaleţe împletită cu sinceritate şi naivitate; puritate, candoare (în comportări). [pr.: nu i ] – Din fr. ingénuité, lat. ingenuitas, atis. Trimis de valeriu, 21.07.2003. Sursa: DEX 98  INGENUITÁTE s. candoare,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Ingenuität — In|ge|nu|i|tät 〈f. 20; unz.; geh.〉 Freimut, Offenheit, Aufrichtigkeit [<lat. ingenuitas „Stand der Freigeborenen, Edelmut, offener Sinn“] * * * In|ge|nu|i|tät, die; [lat. ingenuitas]: 1. (veraltet) Freimut, Offenheit; Natürlichkeit im Benehmen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ingenuity — In ge*nu i*ty, n. [L. ingenuitas ingenuousness: cf. F. ing[ e]nuit[ e]. See {Ingenuous}.] 1. The quality or power of ready invention; quickness or acuteness in forming new combinations; ingeniousness; skill in devising or combining. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Marcius Agrippa — For others with this name, see Agrippa (disambiguation). Marcius Agrippa (fl. late 2nd/early 3rd century) was originally a slave serving as a beautician. He later became a freedman in some unknown way and then (illegally) started to encroach upon …   Wikipedia

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