Translation: from english

hard´-sell´er

  • 1 hard

    hard

    English-Dutch technical dictionary > hard

  • 2 hard

    hard hard adj. (hard∙er, hard∙est) ›› SOLID / STIFF 坚固;坚硬 1. solid, firm or stiff and difficult to bend or break • 坚固的;坚硬的;结实的:
    »Wait for the concrete to go hard.
    等待混凝土凝结。
    »a hard mattress
    »Diamonds are the hardest known mineral.
    钻石是已知的最坚硬的矿石。
    【OPP】 soft ›› DIFFICULT 不易 2. hard (for sb) (to do sth) difficult to do, understand or answer • 难做的;难懂的;难以回答的:
    »a hard choice / question
    为难的选择;难以回答的问题
    »It is hard to believe that sheˈs only nine.
    很难相信她只有九岁。
    »Itˈs hard to see how they can lose.
    很难理解他们怎么会输。
    »ˈWhen will the job be finished?ˈ ˈItˈs hard to say (= it is difficult to be certain).ˈ
    "什么时候能完成这项工作?" "难说。"
    »I find his attitude very hard to take (= difficult to accept).
    他的态度让我难以接受。
    »Itˈs hard for old people to change their ways.
    老年人难以改变他们的习惯。
    »It must be hard for her, bringing up four children on her own.
    她一个人抚养四个孩子一定很艰难。
    »Weˈre finding reliable staff hard to come by (= difficult to get).
    我们觉得难以找到可靠的职员。
    【OPP】 easy 3. full of difficulty and problems, especially because of a lack of money • 困苦的;艰苦的;艰难的 【SYN】 tough:
    »Times were hard at the end of the war.
    战争后期生活很艰苦。
    »Sheˈs had a hard life.
    她一生艰苦。
    【OPP】 easy ›› NEEDING / USING EFFORT 费力;用力 4. needing or using a lot of physical strength or mental effort • 耗费体力(或脑力)的;辛苦的:
    »Itˈs hard work shovelling snow.
    铲雪是个苦活儿。
    »Iˈve had a long hard day.
    我这一天是又长又累。
    --› note at difficult 5. (of people 人) putting a lot of effort or energy into an activity • 努力的;勤劳的:
    »Sheˈs a very hard worker.
    她工作很卖力。
    »Heˈs hard at work on a new novel.
    他正努力忙着写一本新小说。
    »When I left they were all still hard at it (= working hard).
    我离开的时候他们都还在努力工作。
    --› note at difficult 6. done with a lot of strength or force • 用力的;猛烈的:
    »He gave the door a good hard kick.
    他狠狠踢了一下门。
    »a hard punch
    ›› WITHOUT SYMPATHY 缺乏同情心 7. showing no sympathy or affection • 冷酷无情的;硬心肠的;苛刻的:
    »My father was a hard man.
    我父亲是个不讲情面的人。
    »She gave me a hard stare.
    她狠狠地看了我一眼。
    »He said some very hard things to me.
    他对我说了些很不近人情的话。
    ›› NOT AFRAID 不畏惧 8. (informal) (of people 人) ready to fight and showing no signs of fear or weakness • 准备战斗的;不软弱退缩的:
    »Come and get me if you think youˈre hard enough.
    你要是觉得自己有种,就冲着我来吧。
    »You think youˈre really hard, donˈt you?
    你是不是以为自己真的很勇猛?
    ›› FACTS / EVIDENCE 事实;证据 9. [only before noun] definitely true and based on information that can be proved • 确凿的;可证实的;可靠的:
    »Is there any hard evidence either way?
    不管正反,有什么确凿证据吗?
    »The newspaper story is based on hard facts.
    报纸的这篇报道有可靠的事实根据。
    ›› WEATHER 天气 10. very cold and severe • 寒冷的;凛冽的:
    »It had been a hard winter.
    那年的冬天特别的冷。
    »There was a hard frost that night.
    那天晚上寒冷多霜。
    --› compare mild (2) ›› DRINK 饮料 11. [only before noun] strongly alcoholic • 酒精浓度高的;烈性的:
    »hard liquor
    »(informal) a drop of the hard stuff (= a strong alcoholic drink)
    --› compare soft drink ›› WATER 水 12. containing calcium and other mineral salts that make mixing with soap difficult • 硬的(含钙及镁盐较多):
    »a hard water area
    »Our water is very hard.
    我们的水很硬。
    【OPP】 soft ›› CONSONANTS 辅音 13. (phonetics 语音) used to describe a letter c or g when pronounced as in ˈcatˈ or ˈgoˈ, rather than as in ˈcityˈ or ˈgiantˈ • 硬音的(如字母 c 或 g 在 cat 或 go 等词中的发音) 【OPP】 soft hard∙ness noun :
    »water hardness
    »hardness of heart
    【IDIOMS】 be ˈhard on sb / sth 1. to treat or criticize sb in a very severe or strict way • 严厉对待,严格批评(某人/某事):
    »Donˈt be too hard on him—heˈs very young.
    别对他太苛刻了——他还很小呢。
    2. to be difficult for or unfair to sb / sth • 使…为难;对…不公平:
    »Itˈs hard on people who donˈt have a car.
    对于没有车的人来说,这不公平。
    3. to be likely to hurt or damage sth • 可能损伤,可能损坏(某物):
    »Looking at a computer screen all day can be very hard on the eyes.
    成天盯着计算机屏幕可能会对眼睛造成严重损害。
    drive / strike a hard ˈbargain • to argue in an aggressive way and force sb to agree on the best possible price or arrangement • 狠狠地杀价 give sb a hard ˈtime • to deliberately make a situation difficult and unpleasant for sb • 给某人找茬儿;使某人不好过:
    »They really gave me a hard time at the interview.
    面试时他们确实是在难为我。
    ˌhard and ˈfast (especially after a negative 尤用于否定词后) • that cannot be changed in any circumstances • 板上钉钉;不容更改:
    »There are no hard and fast rules about this.
    这事没有什么硬性的规定。
    (as) ˌhard as ˈnails • showing no sympathy, kindness or fear • 冷酷无情;铁石心肠;毫无惧色 ˌhard ˈcheese • ( BrE, informal) used as a way of saying that you are sorry about sth, usually [u]ironically
    (= you really mean the opposite) • (常作反话)太不幸了,真够倒霉 ˌhard ˈgoing • difficult to understand or needing a lot of effort • 难懂;费力:
    »Iˈm finding his latest novel very hard going.
    我觉得他最近的这部小说很晦涩。
    ˌhard ˈluck / ˈlines • ( BrE) used to tell sb that you feel sorry for them • (表示惋惜)真遗憾,太不幸了:
    »ˈFailed again, Iˈm afraid.ˈ ˈOh, hard luck.ˈ
    "恐怕我又失败了。" "哦,太不幸了。"
    the ˈhard way • by having an unpleasant experience or by making mistakes • 通过痛苦的经历;通过出错:
    »She wonˈt listen to my advice so sheˈll just have to learn the hard way.
    她不肯听我的忠告,所以只好吃了苦头才知道厉害。
    make hard ˈwork of sth • to use more time or energy on a task than is necessary • 在某事上耗费过多时间(或精力);费冤枉力 no hard ˈfeelings • used to tell sb you have been arguing with or have beaten in a contest that you would still like to be friendly with them • (向争论或打败的对方表示继续友好)别往心里去,别记恨:
    »It looks like Iˈm the winner again. No hard feelings, Dave, eh?
    看来我又赢了。你不会不高兴吧,戴夫?
    play hard to ˈget •(informal) to make yourself seem more attractive or interesting by not immediately accepting an invitation to do sth • 故作姿态;故意摆谱;佯装拿架子 too much like hard ˈwork • needing too much effort • 太费力:
    »I canˈt be bothered making a hot meal—itˈs too much like hard work.
    我懒得做热饭热菜——太麻烦了。
    --› more at act n., job, nut n., rock n. adv. (hard∙er, hard∙est) ›› WITH EFFORT 努力 1. with great effort; with difficulty • 努力地;费力地;艰难地:
    »to work hard
    »You must try harder.
    你得更加努力。
    »She tried her hardest not to show how disappointed she was.
    她竭力不流露出自己有多失望。
    »Donˈt hit it so hard!
    别这么用力打!
    »He was still breathing hard after his run.
    他跑完步,现在还气喘吁吁的。
    »Our victory was hard won (= won with great difficulty).
    我们的胜利来之不易。
    ›› WITH FORCE 猛力 2. with great force • 猛力地;猛烈地: (figurative)
    »Small businesses have been hit hard / hard hit by the recession.
    小企业受到了经济衰退的沉重打击。
    ›› CAREFULLY 仔细 3. very carefully and thoroughly • 彻底认真地:
    »to think hard
    »We thought long and hard before deciding to move house.
    我们经过长久慎重的考虑之后才决定搬家。
    ›› A LOT 大量 4. heavily; a lot or for a long time • 沉重地;大量地;长时间地:
    »It was raining hard when we set off.
    我们出发时正下着大雨。
    ›› LEFT / RIGHT 左;右 5. at a sharp angle to the left / right • 向左/右急转弯:
    »Turn hard right at the next junction.
    在下个路口处向右急转弯。
    be / feel hard ˈdone by •(informal) to be or feel unfairly treated • 受到不公平待遇;感到委屈:
    »She has every right to feel hard done by—her parents have given her nothing.
    她完全有权觉得委屈——她父母什么都没给她。
    be ˌhard ˈpressed / ˈpushed to do sth | be hard ˈput (to it) to do sth • to find it very difficult to do sth • 很难做某事:
    »He was hard put to it to explain her disappearance.
    他很难对她的消失作出解释。
    be hard ˈup for sth • to have too few or too little of sth • 某物匮乏:
    »Weˈre hard up for ideas.
    我们再想不出主意了。
    --› see also hard up ˈhard on sth • very soon after • 紧接着:
    »His death followed hard on hers.
    她死后不久,他也死了。
    take sth ˈhard • to be very upset by sth • 为某事很苦恼(或难受):
    »He took his wifeˈs death very hard.
    他对妻子的死感到很难过。
    --› more at die v., heel n.
    * * *
    [hɑ:d]
    adj. 硬的, 堅固的, (問題, 工作等)困難的, 艱苦的, 猛烈的, 確實的
    adv. 努力地, 辛苦地, 堅硬地, 牢固地, 接近地, 猛烈地

    English-Chinese dictionary > hard

  • 3 hard

    hard [hɑ:d]
    1. a
    1) твёрдый, жёсткий;

    hard apple жёсткое я́блоко

    ;

    hard collar крахма́льный воротничо́к

    ;
    а) зерново́й корм;
    б) гру́бая, невку́сная пи́ща
    2) тру́дный, тяжёлый; тре́бующий напряже́ния;

    to learn smth. the hard way напряжённо учи́ться, вкла́дывать все си́лы в учёбу

    ;
    а) тру́дный слу́чай;
    б) закорене́лый престу́пник;

    hard to cure трудноизлечи́мый

    3) несча́стный, тяжёлый;

    hard lines ( или lot, luck, cheese) тяжёлая, несча́стная судьба́; тяжёлое испыта́ние

    4) стро́гий; суро́вый; безжа́лостный;

    hard discipline суро́вая дисципли́на

    ;

    to be hard on smb. быть (сли́шком) стро́гим с кем-л.

    5) суро́вый, холо́дный
    6) ре́зкий, неприя́тный ( для слуха, глаза)
    7) усе́рдный, упо́рный
    8) уси́ленно предаю́щийся (чему-л.);

    hard drinker пья́ница

    9) кре́пкий, си́льный;

    hard blow си́льный уда́р

    10) полит. кра́йний, приде́рживающийся кра́йних взгля́дов;

    the hard right кра́йний пра́вый

    11) кре́пкий ( о напитках и т.п.); сильноде́йствующий и вызыва́ющий привыка́ние ( о наркотике)
    12) скупо́й, жа́дный
    13) физ. проника́ющий, жёсткий
    14) жёсткий ( о воде)
    15) определённый, подтверждённый;

    hard fact неопровержи́мый факт

    16) усто́йчивый; высо́кий;

    hard prices усто́йчивые це́ны

    ;

    hard currency твёрдая, конверти́руемая валю́та

    17) фон. твёрдый ( о согласном)
    18) фото, кино контра́стный;

    hard image контра́стное изображе́ние

    hard and fast неги́бкий, твёрдый, жёсткий ( о правилах); стро́го определённый; про́чный

    ;

    hard labour ка́торжные рабо́ты

    ;

    hard cash (амер. money) нали́чные ( деньги); зво́нкая моне́та

    ;

    hard of hearing туго́й на́ ухо

    2. adv
    1) насто́йчиво, упо́рно, энерги́чно;

    to try hard упо́рно пыта́ться; о́чень стара́ться

    2) твёрдо; кре́пко; си́льно;

    it froze hard yesterday вчера́ си́льно моро́зило

    3) с трудо́м, тяжело́
    4) суро́во, жесто́ко;

    to criticize hard ре́зко критикова́ть

    5) чрезме́рно, неуме́ренно;

    to swear hard руга́ться после́дними слова́ми

    6) бли́зко, вплотну́ю, по пята́м;

    hard by бли́зко, ря́дом

    ;

    to follow hard after ( или behind, upon) сле́довать по пята́м за

    hard pressed, hard pushed в тру́дном, тяжёлом положе́нии

    ;

    hard put to it в затрудне́нии, запу́тавшийся

    ;

    it goes hard with him его́ дела́ пло́хи

    3. n
    1) песча́ное ме́сто для вы́садки на бе́рег; проходи́мое ме́сто на то́пком боло́те; брод
    2) разг. ка́торга

    Англо-русский словарь Мюллера > hard

  • 4 hard

    HARD, HARDLY
    Наречие hard 'крепко, сильно, энергично, настойчиво' стоит в предложении после глагола-сказуемого: he studies hard; it rained hard yesterday; you must work hard to succeed. Hardly, означающее 'с трудом, почти не, едва', предшествует глаголу-сказуемому: he hardly works; в сложном глагольном сказуемом hardly ставится между модальным глаголом и инфинитивом: he could hardly walk. Hardly 'едва ли' в составном именном сказуемом ставится между глаголом-связкой и именной частью: it is hardly true.

    Difficulties of the English language (lexical reference) English-Russian dictionary > hard

  • 5 hard-on

    tr['hɑːdɒn]
    1 taboo erección nombre femenino
    noun (sl) erección f

    to have a hard-on — tenerla* dura or (AmL tb) parada (arg), estar* empalmado (Esp arg)

    ['hɑːdɒn]
    N empalme m (Sp) ***, erección f

    he had a hard-on — se le puso dura, se empalmó (Sp) ***, se le empinó (Sp) ***

    * * *
    noun (sl) erección f

    to have a hard-on — tenerla* dura or (AmL tb) parada (arg), estar* empalmado (Esp arg)

    English-spanish dictionary > hard-on

  • 6 hard up

    hard up ˌhard ˈup adj. (informal) 1. having very little money, especially for a short period of time • 拮据的,缺钱的(尤指暂时性的) --› note at poor 2. hard up (for sth) lacking in sth interesting to do, talk about, etc. • 无所事事的;无聊的:
    »ˈYou could always go out with Steve.ˈ ˈIˈm not that hard up!ˈ
    "你总可以和史蒂夫出去玩玩吧。" "我还没无聊到那个地步呢!"
    * * *
    [口]經濟困難
    缺錢

    English-Chinese dictionary > hard up

  • 7 hard-on

    vulgar to have a hard-on bander;
    to get a hard-on se mettre à bander;
    to give sb a hard-on faire bander qn

    Un panorama unique de l'anglais et du français > hard-on

  • 8 hard

    hard braking
    резкое торможение
    hard landing
    грубая посадка
    hard surface aerodrome
    аэродром с твердым покрытием
    navigation hard copy
    распечатка сведений о полете

    English-Russian aviation dictionary > hard

  • 9 hard by

    hard by ˌhard ˈby prep. • (old-fashioned)very near sth • 很接近;临近 ˌhard ˈby adv.
    * * *
    adv. 在近處

    English-Chinese dictionary > hard by

  • 10 hard up

    ( fam)
    1) ( broke) knapp bei Kasse präd ( fam), in finanziellen Schwierigkeiten präd
    2) ( lacking)
    to be \hard up for sth etw entbehren;
    to be \hard up for suggestions um Vorschläge verlegen sein

    English-German students dictionary > hard up

  • 11 hard by

    hard by близко, рядом to follow hard after/behind/upon следовать по пятамза

    Англо-русский словарь Мюллера > hard by

  • 12 hard up

    hard up [ˏhɑ:dˊʌp] a
    разг.
    1) си́льно нужда́ющийся ( в деньгах)
    2) в тру́дном положе́нии;

    he was hard up for smth. to say он не знал, что сказа́ть

    Англо-русский словарь Мюллера > hard up

  • 13 hard-on

    hard-on ˈhard-on noun • (taboo, slang)an erection (1) • 阴茎勃起
    * * *
    n. <美俚>渴望獲得, <美俚><粗>陰莖的勃起

    English-Chinese dictionary > hard-on

  • 14 hard up

    voorbeelden:
    be hard up for something grote behoefte aan iets hebben

    English-Dutch dictionary > hard up

  • 15 hard-on

    hard-on
    〈vulgair; slang〉
    stijve
    voorbeelden:
    1   have/get a hard-on een stijve hebben/krijgen

    English-Dutch dictionary > hard-on

  • 16 hard on

    \hard on sb's heels dicht auf jds Fersen

    English-german dictionary > hard on

  • 17 hard on

    nahe auf +dat;
    \hard on sb's heels dicht auf jds Fersen

    English-German students dictionary > hard on

  • 18 hard up

    hard up adj fauché , désargenté ; to be hard up for sth être à court de qch.

    Big English-French dictionary > hard up

  • 19 hard-on

    Big English-French dictionary > hard-on

  • 20 hard T/L

    hard T/L, hard (non-flexible) timeline
    ЖЦ, жесткий цикл

    English-Russian dictionary of program "Mir-Shuttle" > hard T/L

Look at other dictionaries:

  • hard — hard …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Hard — (h[aum]rd), a. [Compar. {Harder} ( [ e]r); superl. {Hardest}.] [OE. hard, heard, AS. heard; akin to OS. & D. hard, G. hart, OHG. herti, harti, Icel. har[eth]r, Dan. haard, Sw. h[*a]rd, Goth. hardus, Gr. kraty s strong, ka rtos, kra tos, strength …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hard — Hard …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Hard — Hard, adv. [OE. harde, AS. hearde.] 1. With pressure; with urgency; hence, diligently; earnestly. [1913 Webster] And prayed so hard for mercy from the prince. Dryden. [1913 Webster] My father Is hard at study; pray now, rest yourself. Shak. [1913 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hard by — Hard Hard, adv. [OE. harde, AS. hearde.] 1. With pressure; with urgency; hence, diligently; earnestly. [1913 Webster] And prayed so hard for mercy from the prince. Dryden. [1913 Webster] My father Is hard at study; pray now, rest yourself. Shak.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hard up — Hard Hard, adv. [OE. harde, AS. hearde.] 1. With pressure; with urgency; hence, diligently; earnestly. [1913 Webster] And prayed so hard for mercy from the prince. Dryden. [1913 Webster] My father Is hard at study; pray now, rest yourself. Shak.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • hard — ► ADJECTIVE 1) solid, firm, and rigid; not easily broken, bent, or pierced. 2) requiring or demonstrating a great deal of endurance or effort; difficult. 3) (of a person) not showing any signs of weakness; tough. 4) (of information or a subject… …   English terms dictionary

  • Hard fi — beim Hurricane Festival auf der Greenstage Gründung 2002 Genre Alternative Rock, Independent …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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