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from english to latin

greater evil

  • 1 malus

        malus adj.    [MAL-]; it adopts as comp. and sup. pēior, us, gen. ōris, and pessimus PED]; bad, not good: philosophi: leges: mores, S.: consuetudo, improper, H.: opinio de vobis, unfavorable: pugna, unsuccessful, S.: pudor, false, H.: crus, deformed, H.: Laurens (aper), unsavory, H.: via peior, H.: pessima munerum Ferre, H.— Morally bad, wicked, criminal, depraved, mischievous, malicious: mater, Quod nil praeter pretium dulcest, T.: auctor: fures, H.: repudiatus malis suasoribus: libido, L.: malā vitīs incidere falce, V. — Plur m. as subst: regibus boni quam mali suspectiores sunt, S.— Bad, unfortunate, injurious, destructive, pernicious: Peiore rex loco non potis est esse, T.: pestis: mala copia sollicitat stomachum, overloading, H.: virus, V.: cicuta, H.: Iuppiter, i. e. unwholesome, H.: avis, ill-boding, H.—In imprecations: Abin hinc in malam rem? to the mischief, T.: in malam crucem, T.: malarum quas amor curas habet oblivisci (i. e. curarum, quas, etc.), H.—As subst n.: peius victoribus quam victis accidisse, greater evil, Cs.; see also 1 malum. — Neut. sing. As adv.: malum responsare, unacceptably, H.
    * * *
    I
    mala -um, pejor -or -us, - ADJ
    bad, evil, wicked; ugly; unlucky
    II III
    mast; beam; tall pole, upright pole; standard, prop, staff

    Latin-English dictionary > malus

  • 2 autem

    autem, conj. [v. aut init. ], on the other hand, but, yet, however, nevertheless; sometimes an emphasized and (it is never found at the beginning of a clause, but after one or more words; v. fin.; like at, it joins to a preceding thought a new one, either entirely antithetical or simply different; it differs from the restricting sed in like manner with at; v. at init., and cf.: [Popilius imperator tenebat provinciam;

    in cujus exercitu Catonis filius tiro militabat. Cum autem Popilio videretur unam dimittere legionem, Catonis quoque filium... dimisit. Sed cum amore pugnandi in exercitu permansisset, Cato ad Popilium scripsit, etc.],

    Cic. Off. 1, 11, 36 B. and K. (most freq. in philos. lang.; rare in the histt., being used by Caes. only 59 times, by Sall. 23, and by Tac. 31; and very rare in the poets).
    I.
    In joining an entirely antithetical thought, on the contrary, but = at quidem, at vero, se sê, esp. freq. with the pronouns ego, tu, ille, qui, etc.:

    Ait se obligāsse crus fractum Aesculapio, Apollini autem bracchium,

    Plaut. Men. 5, 3, 9:

    Nam injusta ab justis impetrari non decet, Justa autem ab injustis petere insipientiast,

    id. Am. prol. 35:

    ego hic cesso, quia ipse nihil scribo: lego autem libentissime,

    Cic. Fam. 16, 22; id. de Or. 1, 25, 115; Plaut. Men. 2, 1, 43: i sane cum illo, Phrygia;

    tu autem, Eleusium, Huc intro abi ad nos,

    id. Aul. 2, 5, 7; id. Capt. 2, 3, 4; id. Bacch. 4, 8, 58; id. Mil. 4, 4, 13; id. Ep. 5, 2, 7; Cic. Ac. 2, 19, 61:

    mihi ad enarrandum hoc argumentumst comitas, Si ad auscultandum vostra erit benignitas. Qui autem auscultare nolit, exsurgat foras,

    Plaut. Mil. 2, 1, 3; so id. Ep. 2, 2, 95; id. Capt. 3, 4, 24:

    Quid tu aïs, Gnatho? Numquid habes quod contemnas? Quid tu autem, Thraso?

    Ter. Eun. 3, 2, 22: e principio oriuntur omnia;

    ipsum autem nullā ex re aliā nasci potest,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 23, 54.—
    II.
    In joining a thought that is simply different.
    A.
    In gen., on the other hand, but, moreover.
    a.
    Absol., as the Gr. se:

    Vehit hic clitellas, vehit hic autem alter senex,

    Plaut. Most. 3, 2, 91:

    cum Speusippum, sororis filium, Plato philosophiae quasi heredem reliquisset, duo autem praestantissimos studio atque doctrinā, Xenocratem Chalcedonium et Aristotelem Stagiritem, etc.,

    Cic. Ac. 1, 4, 17; id. Off. 1, 5, 16:

    Alexandrum consultum, cui relinqueret regnum, voluisse optimum deligi, judicatum autem ab ipso optimum Perdiccam, cui anulum tradidisset,

    Curt. 10, 6, 16:

    Atque haec in moribus. De benevolentiā autem, quam etc.,

    Cic. Off. 1, 15, 46 sq.; 1, 23, 81: Sed poëtae quid quemque deceat ex personā judicabunt;

    nobis autem personam imposuit natura etc.,

    id. ib. 1, 28, 97; 1, 28, 98; 1, 43, 152: Quod semper movetur aeternum est;

    quod autem motum adfert alicui etc.,

    id. Tusc. 1, 23, 53; 1, 28, 68 sq.; 1, 30, 74; 1, 36, 87.—So sometimes when one conditional sentence is opposed to another, si—sin autem, in Gr. ei men— ei se:

    Nam si supremus ille dies non exstinctionem, sed commutationem adfert loci, quid optabilius? Sin autem etc.,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 49, 117; 1, 49, 118 al.—In adducing an example of a rule:

    Et Demosthenes autem ad Aeschinem orationem in prooemio convertit, et M. Tullius etc.,

    Quint. 4, 1, 66 Spald.;

    also in passing from a particular to a general thought: Et sane plus habemus quam capimus. Insatiabilis autem avaritia est etc.,

    Curt. 8, 8, 12.—
    b.
    Preceded by quidem, as in Gr. men—se (perh. most freq. in Cicero's philosophical works, under the influence of Greek style): Et haec quidem hoc modo;

    nihil autem melius extremo,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 41, 99:

    Sed nunc quidem valetudini tribuamus aliquid, cras autem etc.,

    id. ib. 1, 49, 119; id. Off. 1, 7, 24; and thus in Tac. several times, but only in Ann. and Or.: bene intellegit ceteros quidem iis niti... Marcellum autem et Crispum attulisse etc., Or. 8; 18 bis; 25; A. 3, 53; 3, 73;

    4, 28.—So often in transitions from one subject to another: Ac de inferendā quidem injuriā satis dictum est. Praetermittendae autem defensionis etc.,

    Cic. Off. 1, 8, 27 sq.; 1, 13, 41; 1, 45, 160.—So very often in Vulg. in direct reproduction of men—se: Ego quidem baptizo vos in aquā in paenitentiam; qui autem post me etc., Matt. 3, 11; 9, 37; 13, 23; 13, 32; 17, 11 sq.; 23, 28; 25, 33; 26, 24. —
    B.
    Esp.
    1.
    In any kind of transition:

    M. Antonius in eo libro, quem unum reliquit, disertos ait se vidisse multos, eloquentem omnino neminem. Vir autem acerrimo ingenio (sic enim fuit) multa etc.,

    Cic. Or. 5, 18:

    hic (pater) prout ipse amabat litteras, omnibus doctrinis, quibus puerilis aetas impertiri debet, filium erudivit: erat autem in puero summa suavitas oris,

    Nep. Att. 1, 2;

    also in questions: Quid autem magno opere Oppianicum metuebat, etc.,

    Cic. Clu. 60, 167. Freq. several times repeated:

    Expetuntur autem divitiae cum ad usus vitae necessarios, tum ad perfruendas voluptates: in quibus autem major est animus, in iis pecuniae cupiditas spectat ad opes, etc.,

    Cic. Off. 1, 8, 24 and 25; cf. Wopkens, Lectt. Tull. pp. 53 and 122: Orbis situm dicere adgredior... Dicam autem alias plura et exactius, Mel. prooem. 2.—
    2.
    In repeating a word from a previous clause, in continuing a train of thought:

    admoneri me satis est: admonebit autem nemo alius nisi rei publicae tempus,

    Cic. Pis. 38, 94: disces quam diu voles;

    tam diu autem velle debebis, quoad etc.,

    id. Off. 1, 1, 2:

    nunc quod agitur, agamus: agitur autem, liberine vivamus an mortem obeamus,

    id. Phil. 11, 10, 24. —So esp. in impassioned discourse, Plant. Mil. 3, 1, 84:

    humanum amare est, humanum autem ignoscere est,

    id. Merc. 2, 2, 48; id. Ps. 4, 8, 1:

    quot potiones mulsi! quot autem prandia!

    id. Stich. 1, 3, 68; id. Ep. 5, 2, 6:

    quā pulchritudine urbem, quibus autem opibus praeditam, servitute oppressam tenuit civitatem,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 20, 57.—
    3.
    Like sed, vero, igitur, etc., in resuming a train of thought interrupted by a parenthesis:

    Omnino illud honestum, quod ex animo excelso magnificoque quaerimus, animi efficitur non corporis viribus: exercendum tamen corpus et ita adficiendum est, ut oboedire consilio rationique possit in exsequendis negotiis et in labore tolerando: honestum autem id, quod exquirimus, totum est positum in animi curā, etc.,

    Cic. Off. 1, 23, 79; 1, 43, 153.—
    4.
    In introducing a parenthetical clause itself: quae autem nos ut recta aut recte facta dicamus, si placet (illi autem appellant katorthômata) omnes numeros virtutis continent, Cic. Fin. 3, 7, 24:

    quod vitium effugere qui volet (omnes autem velle debent) adhibebit etc.,

    id. Off. 1, 6, 18; 1, 33, 120; id. Tusc. 1, 33, 80; 1, 36, 88:

    In primis foedera ac leges (erant autem eae duodecim tabuiae et quaedam regiae leges) conquiri etc.,

    Liv. 6, 1, 10; Curt. 4, 6, 2:

    ex hoc Quodcumque est (minus est autem quam rhetoris aera) Discipuli custos praemordet,

    Juv. 7, 217.—
    5.
    In enumerations, for the purpose of adding an important circumstance:

    magnus dicendi labor, magna res, magna dignitas, summa autem gratia,

    but, and indeed, Cic. Mur. 13, 29:

    animis omnes tenduntur insidiae... vel ab eā, quae penitus in omni sensu implicata insidet, imitatrix boni, voluptas, malorum autem mater omnium,

    yea, the parent of all evil, id. Leg. 1, 17, 47; id. N. D. 2, 22, 58:

    docet ratio mathematicorum, luna quantum absit a proxumā Mercurii stellā, multo autem longius a Veneris,

    id. Div. 2, 43, 91.—
    6.
    In the syllogism, to introduce the minor proposition (the assumptio or propositio minor; cf. atque, IV. 9., and atqui, II. D.), now, but; but now:

    Aut hoc, aut illud: hoc autem non, igitur illud. Itemque: aut hoc, aut illud: non autem hoc: illud igitur,

    Cic. Top. 14, 56:

    Si lucet, lucet: lucet autem, lucet igitur,

    id. Ac. 2, 30, 96:

    Si dicis te mentiri verumque dicis, mentiris: dicis autem te mentiri verumque dicis: mentiris igitur,

    id. ib.; id. Top. 2, 9; id. Tusc. 5, 16, 47.—
    7.
    Like the Gr. se or sê in adding an emphatic question (freq. in the comic poets), but, indeed.
    a.
    In gen.:

    Quem te autem deum nominem?

    Plaut. As. 3, 3, 126:

    Perii: quid hoc autemst mali?

    Ter. Eun. 5, 7, 5:

    Quī istuc? Quae res te sollicitat autem?

    id. Heaut. 2, 3, 10:

    Quae autem divina? Vigere, sapere, invenire, meminisse,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 26, 65: Quo modo autem moveri animus ad appetendum potest, si id, quod videtur, non percipitur? pôs sê, id. Ac. 2, 8, 25:

    Quo modo autem tibi placebit JOVEM LAPIDEM jurare, cum scias etc.,

    id. Fam. 7, 12, 2:

    Veni ad Caesarem: quis est autem Caesar?

    Flor. 3, 10, 11.—So in exclamations:

    Quantā delectatione autem adficerer, cum etc.,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 41, 98.—
    b.
    In questions implying rebuke, reproach: Ba. Metuo credere. Ps. Credere autem? eho, etc., Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 70: Th. Ego non tangam meam? Ch. Tuam autem, furcifer? yours do you say? yours indeed! Ter. Eun. 4, 7, 28.—
    c.
    In a question where a correction is made: Num quis testis Postumum appellavit? testis autem? ( witness did I say?) num accusator? Cic. Rab. Post. 5, 10:

    Alio me vocat numerosa gloria tua: alio autem? quasi vero etc.,

    Plin. Pan. 28:

    Quid tandem isti mali in tam tenerā insulā non fecissent? non fecissent autem? imo quid ante adventum meum non fecerunt?

    Cic. Att. 6, 2; 5, 13; 7, 1: Adimas etiam Hispanias? Et si inde cessero, in Africam transcendes. Transcendes autem dico? Liv. 21, 44, 7 Weissenb.—
    8.
    And in questions sed autem are sometimes both used, especially by the comic poets, but indeed, but now, like the Gr. alla—se Alla pou se boulei kathezomenoi anagnômen; Plat. Phaedr. 228 E.):

    Sed autem quid si hanc hinc apstulerit quispiam Sacram urnam Veneris?

    Plaut. Rud. 2, 5, 15;

    and separated: Sed quid haec hic autem tam diu ante aedīs stetit?

    id. Truc. 2, 3, 14:

    Attat Phaedriae Pater venit. Sed quid pertimui autem, belua?

    Ter. Phorm. 4, 2, 11: Sed quid ego haec autem nequiquam ingrata revolvo? * Verg. A. 2, 101.—Once ast autem: ast autem tenui [p. 212] quae candent lumine Phatnae, Cic. Fragm. ap. Prisc. p. 1170 P. (IV. 2, p. 555 Orell.).—
    9.
    With interjections:

    Heia autem inimicos!

    Plaut. Am. 3, 2, 20:

    Ecce autem litigium,

    but lo! id. Men. 5, 2, 34; so id. Curc. 1, 2, 41; id. Most. 2, 1, 35; id. Mil. 2, 2, 48; id. Most. 3, 1, 131; 3, 1, 146:

    Ecce autem alterum,

    Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 6 Ruhnk.:

    Ecce autem subitum divortium,

    Cic. Clu. 5, 14; so id. Verr. 2, 5, 34; id. Leg. 1, 2, 5; id. Rep. 1, 35, 55; id. Or. 9, 30:

    Ecce autem aliud minus dubium,

    Liv. 7, 35, 10:

    Eccere autem capite nutat,

    Plaut. Mil. 2, 2, 52; so id. Pers. 2, 4, 29:

    eccui autem non proditur [revertenti]?

    Cic. Mur. 33, 68.
    In good prose writers autem is usu.
    placed after the first word of a clause; but if several words, a subst. and prep., the verb esse with the predicate, a word with a negative, etc., together form one idea, then autem stands after the second or third word. But the poets, especially the comic poets, allow themselves greater liberty, and sometimes place this particle, without any necessity in the nature of the clause, in the third, fourth, or fifth place; but autem is never found in good writers at the beginning of a clause or sentence; cf. Quint. 1, 5, 39. See more upon this word in Hand, Turs. I. pp. 558-588.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > autem

  • 3 abigō

        abigō ēgī, āctus, ere    [ab+ago], to drive away, drive off: alqm rus, T.: mercatorem, H.: muscas. —Esp. of cattle, etc., to drive away (as plunder), carry off: pecus: partum sibi medicamentis, to force a birth.—Fig., to drive away, repel, expel: Pauperiem epulis regum, H.: curas, H.
    * * *
    I
    abigere, abegi, abactus V TRANS
    drive/send away/off; expel, repel; steal, plunder (cattle), rustle; seduce; remove/cure (disease); drive away (an evil); force birth; procure abortion
    II
    abigere, abigi, abactus V TRANS
    drive/send away/off; expel, repel; steal, plunder (cattle), rustle; seduce; remove/cure (disease); drive away (an evil); force birth; procure abortion

    Latin-English dictionary > abigō

  • 4 accrēscō (ad-c-)

        accrēscō (ad-c-) crēvī, crētus, ere,    to grow progressively, increase, become greater: flumen subito: amicitia cum aetate adcrevit, T.: invidia, H. — Meton., to come gradually into being, arise, grow up: dictis factisque vana fides, L. — To be attached to, bestowed on: unde etiam trimetris accrescere iussit (iambus) Nomen iambeis, cum senos redderit ictūs, i. e. (the quickness of) the iambus caused the verse of six feet to be named trimeter, H.

    Latin-English dictionary > accrēscō (ad-c-)

  • 5 adaugēscō

        adaugēscō —, —, ere, inch.    [adaugeo], to grow, increase: stridor scopulorum.
    * * *
    adaugescere, -, - V INTRANS
    become greater/more numerous, increase

    Latin-English dictionary > adaugēscō

  • 6 adversus

        adversus ī, m    an enemy, opponent: vir populi partium, an opponent of the democrats, S. —    2.
    * * *
    I
    opposite, against, in opposite direction; in opposition; (w/ire go to meet)
    II
    facing, opposite, against, towards; contrary to; face to face, in presence of
    III
    adversa -um, adversior -or -us, adversissimus -a -um ADJ
    opposite, directly facing, ranged against; adverse, evil, hostile; unfavorable
    IV
    person/foe opposite/directly facing (w/hostile intent); political opponent

    Latin-English dictionary > adversus

  • 7 amplificātiō

        amplificātiō ōnis, f    [amplifico], an extending, enlarging: pecuniae: rei familiaris.—Fig.: honoris.—In rhet., an ornate description, amplification.
    * * *
    enlargement, amplification, augmentation, increasing, making greater

    Latin-English dictionary > amplificātiō

  • 8 amplius

        amplius indecl.    [ comp n. of amplus], orig. a neut. adj. used with indef. subj., or substantively; also As adv.; and with numerals, etc., without grammatical construction.    I. adj.—With indef subjj., nihil, quid, hoc, etc., more, further, besides, in addition: quid faciam amplius? T.: Numquid nam amplius tibi cum illā fuit? T.: quid a me amplius dicendum putatis?: Quid tibi mea ars efficere hoc possit amplius? T.: nec rei amplius quicquam fuit, T.: nihil amplius dicam quam victoriam, etc.: et hoc amplius censeo, make this further motion: nihil amplius, that is all: Excedam tectis, an, si nihil amplius, obstem? i. e. if I can do no more, O.—    II. As subst, more, a greater amount, larger sum: aedilis, hoc est paulo amplius quam privatus, something more: nescio an amplius mihi negoti contrahatur: si sit opus liquidi non amplius urnā, H.: at ego amplius dico, make a broader assertion: Segestanis imponere amplius quam ferre possent: amplius frumenti auferre: si amplius obsidum velit, dare pollicentur, Cs.: alii plures (uxores) habent, sed reges eo amplius, i. e. as many more as they are able to have, being kings, S.: at ne quos amplius Rhenum transire pateretur, no more, Cs.—Esp., with comp abl. of space, time, and number: uti... non amplius quinis aut senis milibus passuum interesset, no greater space, Cs.: ab Capsā non amplius duum millium intervallo, S.: cum iam amplius horis sex continenter pugnaretur, longer than, Cs.: amplius uno die morari, S.: non amplius duobus milibus habere, more, S.—    III. As adv., more, further, besides, beyond: ut esset amplius populo cautum, give further security: non luctabor tecum amplius: vadari amplius, to exact additional bail: quoniam amplius arma valuissent, S.: nec amplius armis, sed votis... exposcere pacem, no longer, V.: nec se celare tenebris amplius... potuit, V.: in illo exercitu cuncta fuere et alia amplius, S.: felices ter et amplius, H.: neque amplius potestatem faciundam, nisi de eo indicaret, S.—Esp., in court, in postponing a cause: amplius pronuntiare. —    IV. Idiomat., mostly with numerals, more than: amplius viginti urbes incenduntur, more than twenty, Cs.: amplius annos triginta tribunus fuerat, S.: me non amplius novem annos nato, N.: noctem non amplius unam, V.: non amplius milia passuum decem abesse, Cs.: spatium, quod est non amplius pedum sexcentorum, Cs.: amplius sestertium ducentiens: amplius centum cives: cum mille non amplius equitibus, S.: binas aut amplius domos continuare, i. e. occupy two or more residences each, S.: medium non amplius aequor Puppe secabatur, not more than half-way, O.: ne reiciendi quidem amplius quam trium iudicum... potestas (the phrase amplius quam trium is treated as a num.): non amplius quam terna milia... expensum, N.
    * * *
    I
    greater number (than); further, more, beyond, besides; more than (w/numerals)
    II
    greater amount/number/distance, more, any more/further; "judgment reserved"

    Latin-English dictionary > amplius

  • 9 amplus

        amplus adj. with comp. and sup.    [am- (for ambi-) + PLE-], of large extent, great, ample, spacious, roomy: domus, V.: civitas, Cs., C.: porticūs, V.: ter amplum Geryonem... compescit, H.: amplum et excelsum signum, broad and tall: collis castris parum amplus, not broad enough, S.: amplissima curia.—Meton., abundant, numerous, great, full, copious, large: res familiaris: divitiae, H.: dimissis amplioribus copiis, the greater part of the troops, Cs.: ampliores copias expectare, larger reinforcements, Cs.: ut is amplior numerus esset: commeatus spe amplior, S.: amplissima pecunia.—Fig., ample, great, strong, violent: morbus amplior factus, T.: metus: spes, S.: pro amplissimis meritis (honos).—Of external appearance, etc., magnificent, splendid, glorious: praemia: funus, N.: res gestae, S.: honores, H.: occasio calumniae: orator, eminent: munus aedilitatis amplius: ut ampliore quam gerebat dignus haberetur (sc, potestate), S.: funere ampliore efferri, L.: monumentum quam amplissimum facere: mihi gratiae verbis amplissimis aguntur, in the handsomest terms.—In opinion or judgment, illustrious, noble, renowned, distinguished, glorious: familia: Etruscae gentis regem amplum Tuscis ratus, a proud thing for, L.: sibi amplum esse urbem ab se captam frequentari, L.: parvi et ampli, small and great, H.: amplissimo genere natus, Cs.: honos et nomen: ut quisque est genere copiisque amplissimus, Cs.—Esp.: amplissimus, most honorable (of a high office or an illustrious man): amplissimum collegium decemvirale: res gestae: vir.—Of an orator, copious; see also amplius.
    * * *
    ampla -um, amplior -or -us, amplissimus -a -um ADJ
    great, large, spacious, wide, ample; distinguished, important, honorable

    Latin-English dictionary > amplus

  • 10 bellicōsus

        bellicōsus adj. with comp. and sup.    [bellicus], warlike, martial, valorous, given to fighting: gentes: bellicosissimae nationes: naturā gens, S.: provinciae, Cs.: quod bellicosius fuerit, would have been a greater achievement, L.: bellicosior annus, a more warlike year, L.
    * * *
    bellicosa -um, bellicosior -or -us, bellicosissimus -a -um ADJ
    warlike, fierce; fond of war

    Latin-English dictionary > bellicōsus

  • 11 bonus

        bonus adj.    [old duonus], good; as comp. in use melior, ōris cf. μᾶλλον, better; as sup. optimus 2 AP-, OP-, best: vir bonus, morally good, perfect; rarely bonus vir: in virorum bonorum numero haberi, honest: quem voles virum bonum nominato, producam, respectable: bone accusator, honorable: socer eius vir multum bonus est: vir optimus, most worthy: optimus olim Vergilius, H.: iudex, just: imperator, skilful, S.: consul, L.: opifex, H.: pater familias, thrifty, N.: servus, faithful: vir, a good husband, L.: custos, T.: civis, a good citizen.—Of the gods: fata bonique divi, H.: pater optime (Iuppiter), O.: in templo Iovis Optimi Maximi: O di boni, gracious gods: o mihi, Manes, este boni, propitious, V.— Of things, good, of good quality, well-made, useful: scyphi optimi, most artistic: agrum Meliorem nemo habet, more fertile, T.: nummi, current: voltūs, good looks, O.: navigatio, prosperous: tempestas, fine weather: ova suci melioris, fine flavor, H.: aetas, the prime of life: melior sensus, keener: mentem vobis meliorem dari, more sense, T.: bonam deperdere famam, good name, H.: otium, valuable, S.: optimae fabulae: esse meliore condicione, better off: esse spe bonā: meliora responsa, more favorable, L.: amnis Doctus iter melius, less injurious, H.: meliore Tempore dicam, more opportune, H.: librorum Copia, ample, H.: meliorem militem id certamen fecit, L.: vobis eadem quae mihi bona malaque esse, S.: bona bello Cornus, useful, V.: pecori bonus alendo (mons) erat, L.: eloqui copiose melius est quam, etc.: optimum visum est captivos deportare, L.: constituerunt optimum esse domum reverti, Cs.: optumum factu credens exercitum augere, S.: hoc vero optimum, ut is nesciat, etc. — In particular phrases, with venia: bonā veniā, with (your) kind permission, by (your) leave: abs te hoc bonā veniā expeto, T.: oravit bonā veniā Quirites, ne, etc., L.—With pax: cum bonā pace, or bonā pace, without dispute: alteri populo cum bonā pace imperitare, by common consent, L.: omnia bonā pace obtinere, L.— With res: bonae res, comforts, luxury, prosperity: bonis rebus morte privari: omnibus optimis rebus usus est, N.: bonis Rebus agit laetum convivum, in luxury, H.: de bonis rebus in vitā, de malis, of moral good and evil. — With ars: bonae artes, honorable conduct, S.: artis bonae famam quaerere, an honorable achievement, S.: bonarum artium studia, liberal studies: optimarum artium studia, the highest cnlture.—With fides: bona fides or fides bona, good faith, sincerity, fairness: polliceor hoc vobis bonā fide: ego defendi fide optimā, in perfect sincerity: ad fidem bonam pertinere, notum esse, etc., equity: quidquid dare facere oportet ex fide bonā (in a judicial decree).—With pars: melior pars, the better party, party in the right: maior pars (senatūs) meliorem vicit, L.: gratia melioris partis, the optimates, L.: (fuit) meliorum partium, of the aristocracy: bona pars, a large part, good share: bonam magnamque partem ad te attulit, T.: sermonis: hominum, H.: melior pars acta diei, most, V.: in optimam partem accipere, most kindly: in optimam partem cognosci, most favorably. — With mores: boni mores, morality, an upright life: propter eius suavissimos et optimos mores: ex optimo more.—With animus, good spirits: bono animo es, cheer up, T.: hoc animo meliore ferre, more cheerfully, O.: bonum animum habere, L.: bono animo dicere, kindly: bono animo in populum R. videri, friendly, Cs. — With ius: iure optimo, with entire justice, deservedly: quod ei optimo iure contigit. — As subst., of persons, a good man: nec cuique bono mali quidquam evenire potest: Qui meliorem vocet in ius, a better man, H.: da locum melioribus, your betters, T.: apud bonos beneficium conlocare: Fortes creantur fortibus et bonis, H.— Plur, the better classes, aristocracy, rich: meam causam omnes boni susceperant: bonis invidere, S.: comitantibus omnibus bonis, N.: bonorum consuetudo, of gentlemen: boni, my good friends, H.: me consulit, ‘O bone,’ good friend, H.: ‘O bone, ne te Frustreris,’ my good fellow, H.: optimus quisque, every good man, all the good: sua consilia optimo cuique probare: dolor quem optimus quisque suscipit: optimo cuique pereundum erat, all eminent citizens: optimo et nobilissimo cuique oratio gratissima, the patricians: imperium semper ad optumum quemque transfertur, the best man in each case, S.: qui (aditus laudis) semper optimo cuique maxime patuit.—Of things: bonum, a good thing: summum bonum, the chief good, end of being: nihil boni nosti, nothing useful: gaude isto tam excellenti bono: maximum bonum in celeritate ponere, advantage, S.: gratiam bono publico quaerere, by a public service, L. — Prov.: cui bono? for whose advantage?—Plur.: tria genera bonorum, maxima animi: bona tolerare, prosperity, T.: bona mea deripere, my property.—With aequum, fairness, equity: neque bonum atque aequom scire, T.: alqd aequi bonique impetrare: istuc Aequi bonique facio, regard as fair, T.
    * * *
    I
    bona -um, melior -or -us, optimus -a -um ADJ
    good, honest, brave, noble, kind, pleasant, right, useful; valid; healthy
    II
    good/moral/honest/brave man; man of honor, gentleman; better/rich people (pl.)

    Latin-English dictionary > bonus

  • 12 cadō

        cadō cecidī, casūrus, ere    [CAD-], to fall, fall down, descend: lucrumae cadunt gaudio, T.: (apes) praecipites cadunt, V.: caelo ceciderunt sereno Fulgura, V.: a mento cadit manus, O.: de manibus arma cecidissent: vela cadunt, are furled, V.: Altius atque cadant imbres, from a greater height, V.—To fall, fall down, fall prostrate, fall over: ne ille ceciderit, has had a fall, T.: velut si prolapsus cecidisset, L.: prolapsa in volnus moribunda cecidit, L.: in pectus pronus, O.: casura moenia Troum, O.: casurae arces, V.—Of heavenly bodies, to set, go down, fall, sink: iuxta solem cadentem, V.: quā (nocte) Orion cadit, H.: oriens mediusve cadensve Phoebus, O.: primis cadentibus astris, fading, i. e. at dawn, V.—To fall off, fall away, fall out, drop off, be shed: barba, V.: Prima (folia) cadunt, H.: gregibus lanae cadunt, O.: poma ramis, O.: elapsae manibus cecidere tabellae, O.—Of a stream, to fall, empty itself: in sinum maris, L.—Of dice, to be thrown, fall, turn up: illud, quod cecidit forte, T.—Of shadows, to be thrown, fall (poet.): cadunt de montibus umbrae, V.—To fall dead, fall, die, be slain: in acie: Civili acie, O.: pauci de nostris cadunt, Cs.: plures Saguntini cadebant quam Poeni, L.: ante diem, prematurely, V.: suo Marte (i. e. suā manu), O.: iustā Morte, H.: femineo Marte, O.: a tanto viro, O.: a centurione, Ta.: In pio officio, O.: in patriā cadendum est, we must perish.—Of victims, to be slain, be offered, be sacrificed, fall (poet.): Multa tibi cadet hostia, V.: Si tener cadit haedus, H.: Victima vota cadit, O.—Of a woman, to yield, Tb. —Fig., to come, fall under, fall, be subject, be exposed: sub sensum: in conspectum, to become visible: si regnum ad servitia caderet, into servile hands, L.: sub imperium Romanorum: in deliberationem: in suspicionem alicuius, N.—To belong, be in accordance, agree, refer, be suitable, apply, fit, suit, become: non cadit in hos mores ista suspitio: cadit ergo in bonum virum mentiri?: Heu, cadit in quemquam tantum scelus? V.: sub eandem rationem.—Of time, to fall upon: in alienissimum tempus: in hanc aetatem.— To fall due: in eam diem cadere nummos.—To befall, fall to the lot of, happen, come to pass, occur, result, turn out, fall out: mihi peropportune: insperanti mihi cecidit, ut, etc.: Sunt quibus ad portas cecidit custodia sorti, V.: Ut illis... voluptas cadat, H.: verba cadentia, uttered at random, H.: verba si Graeco fonte cadent, be derived from, H.: verebar quorsum id casurum esset, how it would turn out: praeter opinionem, N.: si quid adversi caderet, L.: fortuito in melius casura, Ta.: curare Quo promissa cadent, how fulfilled, H.: Vota cadunt, are fulfilled, Tb.: tibi pro vano benigna cadant, Pr.: Quo res cumque cadent, V.: si non omnia caderent secunda, Cs.: ut inrita promissa eius caderent, L.: libertas in servitutem cadit: in hunc hominem ista suspitio: ad inritum cadens spes, turning out to be vain, L.—To lose strength, fall, perish, be overthrown, drop, decline, vanish, decay, cease: cadentem rem p. fulcire: tua laus pariter cum re p. cecidit: virtute Neronis Armenius cecidit, H.: non tibi ira cecidit, L.: animus, to fail. L.: cadere animis, to lose courage: cecidere illis animi, O.— To fail (in speaking), falter: orator cadet.—Causā cadere, to lose the cause: cadere in iudicio: Ut cecidit fortuna Phrygum, O.— Of the countenance or features: tibi tamen oculi, voltus, verba cecidissent, i. e. expressed terror.— Of words: Multa renascentur, quae iam cecidere, fallen into disuse, H.—Of theatrical representations, to fail, be condemned: cadat an recto stet fabula talo, H.—Of the wind, to abate, subside, die away: cadit Eurus, O.: venti vis omnis cecidit, L.—Of words and clauses, to be terminated, end, close: verba melius in syllabas longiores cadunt: similiter cadentia, having the same endings.
    * * *
    cadere, cecidi, casus V INTRANS
    fall, sink, drop, plummet, topple; be slain, die; end, cease, abate; decay

    Latin-English dictionary > cadō

  • 13 camīnus

        camīnus ī, m, κάμινοσ, a furnace, smeltingfurnace, forge: pleni, O.: semper ardens, Iu.— Poet., the forge of Vulcan under Aetna, V.—A furnace for heating an apartment, H.—Fire: camino luculento uti: ramos urente camino, H.— Prov.: oleum addere camino, i. e. to aggravate the evil, H.
    * * *
    smelting/foundry furnace, forge; home stove/furnace; vent (underground fires)

    Latin-English dictionary > camīnus

  • 14 cumulō

        cumulō āvī, ātus, āre    [cumulus], to heap, accumulate, pile: arma in acervum, L.—To fill full, fill, load, pile, cover: locum strage muri, L.: cumulatae flore ministrae, O.: altaria donis, V.: struem rogi odoribus, Ta.—Fig., to augment, increase, heap, amass, accumulate: invidiam, L.: aes alienum usuris, L.: gloriam eloquentiā.—To fill, overload, overwhelm, crown, complete: alqm laude: civitas cumulata tuis iniuriis: meum cor cumulatur irā: alio scelere hoc scelus: ad cumulandum gaudium: Quam (veniam) cumulatam morte remittam, i. e. will by my death do a greater favor in return, V.
    * * *
    cumulare, cumulavi, cumulatus V TRANS
    heap/pile up/high, gather into a pile/heap; accumulate, amass; load/fill full; increase/augment/enhance; perfect/finish up; (PASS) be made/composed of

    Latin-English dictionary > cumulō

  • 15 dēpulsor

        dēpulsor ōris, m    [de+1 PAL-], a destroyer: dominatūs.
    * * *
    one who repels/averts/removes/drives away; (of Jupiter as averter of evil)

    Latin-English dictionary > dēpulsor

  • 16 effugiō (ecf-)

        effugiō (ecf-) fūgī, —, ere    [ex + fugio].— Intrans, to flee away, get away, escape: huc foras, T.: e proelio: ad regem, Cu.: Numquam hodie effugies, V.: viā Nolam ferente, L.: ne quid simile paterentur, L.— Trans, to flee from, escape, avoid, shun: pericula: mortem, Cs.: equitatum, Cs.: vincula, H.: haec morte effugiuntur: petitiones corpore effugi, i. e. barely: beatus futura effugisse, the evil to come, Ta.— To escape the notice of, be disregarded by: nihil te effugiet: nullius rei cura Romanos effugiebat, L.: meas effugit nuntius aurīs, V.

    Latin-English dictionary > effugiō (ecf-)

  • 17 fīnis

        fīnis is, m (often f in sing., C., V., H., O.)    [2 FID-], that which divides, a boundary, limit, border: loci: imperi, S.: haud procul Argivorum fine positis castris, L.: arbiter Nolanis de finibus: inter eos finīs, quos feci, L.— A mark, starting-point, goal: finibus omnes Prosiluere suis, V.: trans finem iaculo expedito, H.: Solus superest in fine, at the goal, V.— Borders, territory, land, country: iter in Santonum finīs facere, Cs.: his finibus eiectus sum, S.: alienos populari finīs, L.: Atlanteus, the remote land of Atlas, H.—Abl. with gen, up to, as far as: matres pectoris fine prominentes, Cs.: Fine genūs succincta, O.—Fig., a limit, bound: ingeni sui fines: finem aequitatis transire: finem potentia caeli Non habet, O.: sunt certi denique fines, H.: intra Naturae finīs vivere, H.— An end, termination, close, conclusion, period, stop: finem iniuriis facturus, Cs.: orandi finem face, T.: scribendi: vitae: orationi finem facere: operum, H.: Imperium sine fine, everlasting, V.: Poscens sine fine Oscula, O.: usque ad eum finem, dum, etc., until the time when: quem ad finem sese iactabit audacia? till when?: quem ad finem? how long? —An end, death: invidiam supremo fine domari, H.: quem tibi Finem di dederint, H.— An end, extremity, highest point, greatest degree, summit: omnia: fines bonorum et malorum, i. e. supreme good and evil: honorum: aequi iuris, Ta.— An end, purpose, aim, object: domūs finis est usus: Quae finis standi? V.
    * * *
    boundary, end, limit, goal; (pl.) country, territory, land

    Latin-English dictionary > fīnis

  • 18 gravis

        gravis e, adj. with comp. gravior, and sup. gravissimus    [2 GAR-], heavy, weighty, ponderous, burdensome, loaded, laden, burdened: gravi onere armorum oppressi, Cs.: corpus: Ipse gravis graviter Concidit, V.: bullae aureae: navigia, Cs.: agmen, L.: gravius dorso subiit onus, H.: robur aratri, V.: tellus, V.: naves spoliis graves, L.: aere dextra, V.: imbre nubes, L.—After the as was reduced in weight: aes grave, heavy money, money of the old standard (a full pound in each as), L. — With young, pregnant: sacerdos Marte, V.: uterus, O.—Of sound, deep, grave, low, bass: sonus, H.: gravissimus sonus: sonus auditur gravior, V.: fragor, O.—Of smell or flavor, strong, unpleasant, offensive: hircus in alis, rank, H.: ellebori, V.: odor caeni, V.: sentina, Iu.— Burdening, oppressive, serious, gross, indigestible, unwholesome, noxious, severe, sick: cibus: cantantibus umbra, V.: anni tempore gravissimo, season: autumnus in Apuliā, Cs.: virus, H.: tempus, weather, L.: graviore tempore anni acto, season, L.: morbo gravis, sick, V.: aetate et viribus gravior, L.: vino, O.: spiritus gemitu, difficult, V.: oculi, heavy, V.—Fig., hard to bear, heavy, burdensome, oppressive, troublesome, grievous, painful, hard, harsh, severe, disagreeable, unpleasant: paupertas, T.: labores: gravissima hiemps, Cs.: volnus: numquam tibi senectutem gravem esse: Appia (via) tardis, H.: miserior graviorque fortuna, Cs.: Principum amicitiae, oppressive, H.: si tibi grave non erit, a trouble: in Caesarem contiones, hostile, Cs.: verbum gravius: ne quid gravius in fratrem statueret, Cs.: gravius est verberari quam necari, S.: edictum, L.: graviora (pericula), more serious, V.: quo inprovisus gravior accederet, more formidable, S.: adversarius imperi.—As subst n.: O passi graviora, greater hardships, V.—Of things, strong, weighty, important, grave, influential: inperium gravius, T.: quae mihi ad spem obtinendae veritatis gravissima sunt: gravissima caerimonia, most solemn, Cs.: nihil sibi gravius esse faciendum, quam ut, etc.: exemplum, H.: gravissima civitas.—Of character, of weight, of authority, eminent, venerable, great: animus natu gravior, T.: auctoritate graviores: omnes gravioris aetatis, more settled, Cs.: homo, sober: gravis Entellum dictis castigat (i. e. graviter), V.
    * * *
    grave, gravior -or -us, gravissimus -a -um ADJ
    heavy; painful; important; serious; pregnant; grave, oppressive, burdensome

    Latin-English dictionary > gravis

  • 19 in-differēns

        in-differēns entis, adj.,    not to be sought or shunned, indifferent, neither good nor evil.

    Latin-English dictionary > in-differēns

  • 20 inveterātiō

        inveterātiō ōnis, f    [invetero], an inveterate disease, chronic evil.
    * * *
    inveterateness, permanence

    Latin-English dictionary > inveterātiō

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