Translation:

give+her+this+from+me

  • 1 give

    give [gɪv]
    donner1A (a)-(c), 1B (b)-(d), 1C (a), 1C (d), 1C (e), 1D (a), 1D (c)-(f), 2 (a) offrir1A (a), 1A (c) conférer1B (a) imposer1C (b) reconnaître1C (f) faire1D (a)-(c), 1D (f) s'affaisser2D (b) élasticité3
    (pt gave [geɪv], pp given ['gɪvən])
    A.
    (a) (hand over) donner; (as gift) donner, offrir;
    I gave him the book, I gave the book to him je lui ai donné le livre;
    we gave our host a gift nous avons offert un cadeau à notre hôte;
    the family gave the paintings to the museum la famille a fait don des tableaux au musée;
    he gave his daughter in marriage il a donné sa fille en mariage;
    she gave him her hand (to hold) elle lui a donné ou tendu la main; (in marriage) elle lui a accordé sa main;
    literary to give oneself to sb se donner à qn;
    I give you the newlyweds! (in toast) je lève mon verre au bonheur des nouveaux mariés!;
    I gave him my coat to hold je lui ai confié mon manteau;
    she gave them her trust elle leur a fait confiance, elle leur a donné sa confiance;
    familiar give it all you've got! mets-y le paquet!;
    familiar I'll give you something to cry about! je vais te donner une bonne raison de pleurer, moi!;
    familiar to give it to sb (beat up) rosser qn; (reprimand) passer un savon à qn;
    give it to them! allez-y!;
    familiar I gave him what for! (reprimanded him) je lui ai passé un savon!;
    familiar caviare on toast? I'll give him caviare on toast! (in annoyance at request) du caviar et des toasts! je vais lui en donner, moi, du caviar et des toasts!
    (b) (grant → right, permission, importance) donner;
    give the matter your full attention prêtez une attention toute particulière à cette affaire;
    he gave your suggestion careful consideration il a considéré votre suggestion avec beaucoup d'attention;
    Law the court gave her custody of the child la cour lui a accordé la garde de l'enfant;
    she hasn't given her approval yet elle n'a pas encore donné son consentement
    (c) (provide with → drink, food) donner, offrir; (→ lessons, classes, advice) donner; (→ help) prêter;
    give our guests something to eat/drink donnez à manger/à boire à nos invités;
    we gave them lunch nous les avons invités ou nous leur avons fait à déjeuner;
    I think I'll give them beef for lunch je crois que je vais leur faire du bœuf au déjeuner;
    let me give you some advice laissez-moi vous donner un conseil;
    I gave her the biggest bedroom je lui ai donné la plus grande chambre;
    they're giving us a pay rise ils nous donnent une augmentation de salaire;
    an investment that gives 10 percent un placement qui rend ou rapporte 10 pour cent;
    the children can wash up, it will give them something to do les enfants peuvent faire la vaisselle, ça les occupera;
    she gave him two lovely daughters elle lui a donné deux adorables filles;
    to give a child a name donner un nom à un enfant;
    to give sb/sth one's support soutenir qn/qch;
    do you give a discount? faites-vous des tarifs préférentiels?;
    this lamp gives a poor light cette lampe éclaire mal;
    give me time to think donnez-moi ou laissez-moi le temps de réfléchir;
    she didn't give him time to say no elle ne lui a pas laissé le temps de dire non;
    just give me time! sois patient!;
    we were given a choice on nous a fait choisir;
    give me a chance! donne-moi une chance!;
    such talent is not given to us all nous n'avons pas tous un tel talent;
    familiar give me classical music any day! à mon avis rien ne vaut la musique classique!
    B.
    (a) (confer → award) conférer;
    they gave her an honorary degree ils lui ont conféré un diplôme honorifique
    (b) (dedicate) donner, consacrer;
    she gave all she had to the cause elle s'est entièrement consacrée à cette cause;
    can you give me a few minutes? pouvez-vous m'accorder ou me consacrer quelques instants?;
    he gave his life to save the child il est mort ou il a donné sa vie pour sauver l'enfant;
    I've given you six years of my life je t'ai donné six ans de ma vie;
    she gave this job the best years of her life elle a consacré à ce travail les plus belles années de sa vie
    (c) (in exchange) donner; (pay) payer;
    I gave him my sweater in exchange for his gloves je lui ai échangé mon pull contre ses gants;
    I'll give you a good price for the table je vous donnerai ou payerai un bon prix pour la table;
    how much will you give me for it? combien m'en donneras-tu?;
    I would give a lot or a great deal to know… je donnerais beaucoup pour savoir…
    (d) (transmit) donner, passer;
    I hope I don't give you my cold j'espère que je ne vais pas te passer mon rhume
    C.
    (a) (cause) donner, causer; (headache) donner; (pleasure, surprise, shock) faire;
    the walk gave him an appetite la promenade l'a mis en appétit ou lui a ouvert l'appétit;
    the news gave me a shock la nouvelle m'a fait un choc;
    to give oneself trouble se donner du mal
    (b) (impose → task) imposer; (→ punishment) infliger;
    the teacher gave us three tests this week le professeur nous a donné trois interrogations cette semaine;
    to give sb a black mark infliger un blâme à qn;
    Law he was given (a sentence of) fifteen years il a été condamné à quinze ans de prison
    (c) (announce → verdict, judgment)
    the court gives its decision today la cour prononce ou rend l'arrêt aujourd'hui;
    the court gave the case against/for the management la cour a décidé contre/en faveur de la direction;
    given this third day of March délivré le 3 mars;
    given under my hand and seal reçu par-devant moi et sous mon sceau;
    Sport the umpire gave the batsman out l'arbitre a déclaré le joueur hors jeu
    (d) (communicate → impression, order, signal) donner; (→ address, information) donner, fournir; (→ news, decision) annoncer;
    to give sb a message communiquer un message à qn;
    she gave her age as forty-five elle a déclaré avoir quarante-cinq ans;
    give her my love embrasse-la pour moi;
    he is to give his decision tomorrow il devra faire connaître ou annoncer sa décision demain;
    I gave a description of the suspect j'ai donné ou fourni une description du suspect;
    you gave me to believe he was trustworthy vous m'avez laissé entendre qu'on pouvait lui faire confiance;
    I was given to understand she was ill on m'a donné à croire qu'elle était malade;
    she gave no sign of life elle n'a donné aucun signe de vie
    (e) (suggest, propose → explanation, reason) donner, avancer; (→ hint) donner;
    that's given me an idea ça me donne une idée;
    don't go giving him ideas! ne va pas lui mettre des idées dans la tête!;
    give us a clue donne-nous un indice;
    let me give you an example laissez-moi vous donner un exemple;
    don't give me any nonsense about missing your train! ne me raconte pas que tu as raté ton train!;
    familiar don't give me that (nonsense)! ne me raconte pas d'histoires!
    (f) (admit, concede) reconnaître, accorder;
    she's certainly intelligent, I'll give you that elle est très intelligente, ça, je te l'accorde;
    Sport he gave me the game il m'a concédé la partie
    D.
    (a) (utter → sound) rendre, émettre; (→ answer) donner, faire; (→ cry, sigh) pousser;
    he gave a laugh il a laissé échapper un rire;
    he gave a loud laugh il a éclaté de rire;
    give us a song chantez-nous quelque chose
    (b) (make → action, gesture) faire;
    she gave them an odd look elle leur a jeté ou lancé un regard curieux;
    he gave her hand a squeeze il lui a pressé la main;
    she gave her hair a comb elle s'est donné un coup de peigne;
    he gave his face a wash il s'est lavé le visage;
    he gave the table a wipe il a essuyé la table;
    give me a kiss (gen) fais-moi la bise; (lover) embrasse-moi;
    I gave the boy a push j'ai poussé le garçon;
    the train gave a lurch le train a cahoté;
    she gave him a slap elle lui a donné une claque;
    she gave him a flirtatious smile elle lui a adressé ou fait un sourire séducteur;
    he gave an embarrassed smile il a eu un sourire gêné
    (c) (perform in public → concert) donner; (→ lecture, speech) faire; (→ interview) accorder;
    that evening she gave the performance of a lifetime ce soir-là elle était au sommet de son art
    (d) (hold → lunch, party, supper) donner, organiser;
    they gave a dinner for the professor ils ont donné un dîner en l'honneur du professeur
    (e) (estimate the duration of) donner, estimer;
    I give him one week at most je lui donne une semaine (au) maximum;
    I'd give their marriage about a year if that je donne un an maximum à leur mariage
    (f) Mathematics (produce) donner, faire;
    17 minus 4 gives 13 17 moins 4 font ou égalent 13;
    that gives a total of 26 ça donne un total de 26
    to give way (ground) s'affaisser; (bridge, building, ceiling) s'effondrer, s'affaisser; (ladder, rope) céder, (se) casser;
    the ground gave way beneath or under our feet le terrain s'est affaissé sous nos pieds;
    her legs gave way (beneath her) ses jambes se sont dérobées sous elle;
    his health finally gave way sa santé a fini par se détériorer ou se gâter;
    their strength gave way leurs forces leur ont manqué;
    it's easier to give way to his demands than to argue il est plus commode de céder à ses exigences que de lui résister;
    don't give way if he cries ne cède pas s'il pleure;
    I gave way to tears/to anger je me suis laissé aller à pleurer/emporter par la colère;
    he gave way to despair il s'est abandonné au désespoir;
    the fields gave way to factories les champs ont fait place aux usines;
    his joy gave way to sorrow sa joie a fait place à la peine;
    natural fibres have given way to synthetics les fibres naturelles ont été remplacées par les synthétiques;
    give way to vehicles on your right (sign) priorité aux véhicules qui viennent de droite;
    give way to pedestrians (sign) priorité aux piétons;
    give way (sign) cédez le passage
    (a) (contribute) donner;
    please give generously nous nous en remettons à votre générosité;
    to give generously of one's time donner beaucoup de son temps;
    proverb it is better to give than to receive donner vaut mieux que recevoir;
    in any relationship you have to learn to give and take dans toutes les relations, il faut apprendre à faire des concessions ou il faut que chacun y mette du sien;
    to give as good as one gets rendre coup pour coup
    (b) (collapse, yield → ground, wall) s'affaisser; (→ cloth, elastic) se relâcher; (→ person) céder;
    the fence gave beneath or under my weight la barrière a cédé ou s'est affaissée sous mon poids;
    something's got to give quelque chose va lâcher
    now give! accouche!, vide ton sac!
    what gives? qu'est-ce qui se passe?
    3 noun
    (of metal, wood) élasticité f, souplesse f;
    there's not enough give in this sweater ce pull n'est pas assez ample
    à... près;
    give or take a few days à quelques jours près
    ►► give way sign signal m de priorité
    (a) (hand over) donner; (as gift) donner, faire cadeau de; (prize) distribuer;
    it's so cheap they're practically giving it away c'est tellement bon marché, c'est comme s'ils en faisaient cadeau;
    you couldn't give them away tu n'arriveras pas à t'en débarrasser (même si tu en faisais cadeau)
    (b) (bride) conduire à l'autel
    (c) (throw away → chance, opportunity) gâcher, gaspiller
    (d) (reveal → information) révéler; (→ secret) révéler, trahir;
    he didn't give anything away il n'a rien dit
    (e) (betray) trahir;
    her accent gave her away son accent l'a trahie;
    no prisoner would give another prisoner away aucun prisonnier n'en trahirait un autre;
    to give oneself away se trahir
    (f) Australian (renounce → habit) renoncer à, abandonner; (resign from → job) quitter; (→ position) démissionner de
    (a) (return) rendre; (property, stolen object) restituer;
    give the book back to her rendez-lui le livre;
    the store gave him his money back le magasin l'a remboursé
    (b) (reflect → image, light) refléter, renvoyer; (→ sound) renvoyer
    give in
    (relent, yield) céder;
    to give in to sb/sth céder à qn/qch;
    the country refused to give in to terrorist threats le pays a refusé de céder aux menaces des terroristes
    (hand in → book, exam paper) rendre; (→ found object, parcel) remettre; (→ application, name) donner
    (a) (emit, produce → gas, smell) émettre
    donner sur
    (a) (hand out) distribuer
    (b) (emit → smell) dégager; (→ heat) répandre; (→ sound) émettre, faire entendre
    (c) (make known) annoncer, faire savoir;
    the hospital gave out information on her condition to them l'hôpital les a renseignés sur son état de santé;
    it was given out that he was leaving on a dit ou annoncé qu'il partait
    (a) (fail → machine) tomber en panne; (→ brakes) lâcher; (→ heart) flancher;
    the old car finally gave out la vieille voiture a fini par rendre l'âme
    (b) (run out) s'épuiser, manquer;
    her strength was giving out elle était à bout de forces, elle n'en pouvait plus;
    his mother's patience gave out sa mère a perdu patience;
    my luck gave out la chance m'a abandonné
    he gave out to me because I was late (scolded) il m'a enguirlandé parce que j'étais en retard
    donner sur
    (a) (entrust) donner, confier;
    he gave the children over to his mother il a confié les enfants à sa mère
    (b) (set aside) donner, consacrer; Administration affecter;
    the land was given over to agriculture la terre a été consacrée à l'agriculture;
    she gave herself over to helping the poor elle s'est consacrée à l'aide aux pauvres
    British familiar cesser de, arrêter de ;
    give over crying! cesse de pleurer!
    British familiar cesser, arrêter ;
    give over! assez!, arrête!
    give up
    (a) (renounce → habit) renoncer à, abandonner; (→ friend) abandonner, délaisser; (→ chair, place) céder; (→ activity) cesser;
    she'll never give him up elle ne renoncera jamais à lui;
    he's given up smoking il a arrêté de fumer, il a renoncé au tabac;
    I haven't given up the idea of going to China je n'ai pas renoncé à l'idée d'aller en Chine;
    he gave up his seat to the old woman il a cédé sa place à la vieille dame;
    don't give up hope ne perdez pas espoir;
    he was ready to give up his life for his country il était prêt à mourir pour la patrie;
    they gave up the game or the struggle ils ont abandonné la partie;
    we gave her brother up for dead nous avons conclu que son frère était mort;
    they gave the cause up for lost ils ont considéré que c'était une cause perdue;
    to give up the throne renoncer au trône;
    the doctors have given him up les médecins disent qu'il est perdu
    (b) (resign from → job) quitter; (→ position) démissionner de;
    they gave up the restaurant business ils se sont retirés de la restauration
    (c) (hand over → keys) rendre, remettre; (→ prisoner) livrer; (→ responsibility) se démettre de;
    the murderer gave himself up (to the police) le meurtrier s'est rendu ou livré (à la police);
    he gave his accomplices up to the police il a dénoncé ou livré ses complices à la police
    give it up for… je vous demande d'applaudir…
    I give up (in game, project) je renonce; (in guessing game) je donne ma langue au chat;
    we can't give up now! on ne va pas laisser tomber maintenant!
    to give up on sb (stop waiting for) renoncer à attendre qn; (stop expecting something from) ne plus rien attendre de qn;
    I give up on him, he won't even try j'abandonne, il ne fait pas le moindre effort
    to give oneself up to sth se livrer à qch;
    they gave themselves up to a life of pleasure ils se sont livrés à une vie de plaisir;
    he gave his life up to caring for the elderly il a consacré sa vie à soigner les personnes âgées;
    his mornings were given up to business ses matinées étaient consacrées aux affaires

    Un panorama unique de l'anglais et du français > give

  • 2 give

    give give verb (gave given) ›› HAND / PROVIDE 交给;提供 1. give sth to sb | give sb sth to hand sth to sb so that they can look at it, use it or keep it for a time • 给;交给 ▪ [VN VNN]
    »Give the letter to your mother when youˈve read it.
    信看完后交给你母亲。
    »Give your mother the letter.
    把信给你母亲。
    ▪ [VNN]
    »They were all given a box to carry.
    给了他们每人一个箱子让他们搬。
    ▪ [VN]
    »She gave her ticket to the woman at the check-in desk.
    她把票递给了登机手续服务枱上的女服务员。
    2. give sth to sb | give sb sth to hand sth to sb as a present; to allow sb to have sth as a present • 赠送;赠与;送给: ▪ [VNN]
    »What are you giving your father for his birthday?
    你打算送给你父亲什么生日礼物?
    »She was given a huge bunch of flowers.
    有人给她送了一大束花。
    »Did you give the waiter a tip?
    你给服务员小费了吗?
    ▪ [VN]
    »We donˈt usually give presents to people at work.
    我们一般不给在职职工送礼。
    ▪ [V]
    »They say itˈs better to give than to receive.
    人们说施比受有福。
    3. give sth to sb | give sb sth to provide sb with sth • (为某人)提供,供给,供应: ▪ [VNN]
    »They were all thirsty so I gave them a drink.
    他们都口渴了,所以我给了他们一杯饮料。
    »Give me your name and address.
    把你的名字和地址报给我。
    »Weˈve been given a 2% pay increase.
    我们获得了 2% 的加薪。
    »I was hoping you would give me a job.
    我还盼望着你能给我份工作呢。
    »He was given a new heart in a five-hour operation.
    经过五个小时的手术给他移植了一颗新的心脏。
    »She wants a job that gives her more responsibility.
    她想得到一份责任更大的工作。
    »Can I give you a ride to the station?
    你搭我的便车去车站好吗?
    »They couldnˈt give me any more information.
    他们不可能给我提供更多的信息。
    »Iˈll give you (= allow you to have) ten minutes to prepare your answer.
    我给你十分钟时间准备回答。
    »Donˈt give me any of that backchat (= donˈt be rude).
    别跟我顶嘴。
    ▪ [VN]
    »He gives Italian lessons to his colleagues.
    他给同事们上意大利语课。
    »The reforms should give a better chance to the less able children.
    这些改革将会给予能力较低的儿童更好的机会。
    ›› MONEY 金钱 4. give (sth) to sth to pay money to a charity, etc., to help people • 捐助;捐赠;捐款: ▪ [V]
    »We need your help—please give generously.
    我们需要您的帮助,请慷慨解囊吧。
    »They both gave regularly to charity.
    他俩定期为慈善事业捐款。
    ▪ [VN]
    »I gave a small donation.
    我给了一点微薄的捐助。
    5. give (sb) sth for sth to pay in order to have or do sth • (为购买某物或做某事而)支付,付款: ▪ [VNN]
    »How much will you give me for the car?
    你肯出多少钱买我这辆汽车?
    »Iˈd give anything to see him again.
    只要能再见他一面我出多少钱都愿意。
    ▪ [VN]
    »I gave £50 for the lot.
    我出 50 英镑一下全买了。
    ›› TREAT AS IMPORTANT 视为重要 6. give sth to sb / sth to use time, energy, etc. for sb / sth • 将(时间、精力等)用于 ▪ [VNN VN]
    »I gave the matter a lot of thought.
    我反复思考过这个问题。
    »I gave a lot of thought to the matter.
    我反复思考过这个问题。
    ▪ [VN]
    »The government has given top priority to reforming the tax system.
    政府优先致力于税制改革。
    ›› PUNISHMENT 惩罚 7. give sth to sb | give sb sth to make sb suffer a particular punishment • 使受…惩罚: ▪ [VNN]
    »The judge gave him a nine-month suspended sentence.
    法官判处他有期徒刑九个月,缓期执行。
    ▪ [VN]
    »We discussed what punishment should be given to the boys.
    我们讨论了该如何惩罚这些男孩。
    ›› ILLNESS 疾病 8. give sth to sb | give sb sth to infect sb with an illness • 把(疾病)传染给: ▪ [VNN]
    »Youˈve given me your cold.
    你把感冒传染给我了。
    ▪ [VN]
    »Sheˈd given the bug to all her colleagues.
    她把这种病毒传染给了所有的同事。
    ›› PARTY / EVENT 聚会;活动 9. [VN] if you give a party, you organize it and invite people • 举办;举行 10. [VN] to perform sth in public • 表演;公开进行:
    »She gave a reading from her latest volume of poetry.
    她朗诵了她最近出版的诗集里的一首诗。
    »The President will be giving a press conference this afternoon.
    总统今天下午将举行记者招待会。
    ›› DO / PRODUCE STH 做;产生 11. used with a noun to describe a particular action, giving the same meaning as the related verb • (与名词连用描述某一动作,意义与该名词相应的动词相同) ▪ [VN]
    »She gave a shrug of her shoulders (= she shrugged).
    她耸了耸肩。
    »He turned to us and gave a big smile (= smiled broadly).
    他转身对着我们开心地笑。
    »She looked up from her work and gave a yawn (= yawned).
    她停下工作抬起头来打了个呵欠。
    »He gave a loud cry (= cried out loudly) and fell to the floor.
    他大叫了一声倒在地板上。
    »Her work has given pleasure to (= pleased) millions of readers.
    她的着作给数百万读者带来了欢乐。
    ▪ [VNN]
    »He gave her a kiss (= kissed her).
    他吻了她一下。
    »I have to admit that the news gave us a shock (= shocked us).
    我不得不承认这个消息让我们大为震惊。
    »Weˈll give you all the help we can (= help you in every way we can).
    我们将尽力帮助你。
    【HELP】For other similar expressions, look up the nouns in each. For example, you will find give your approval at approval. • 其他类似词组见有关名词词条。如 give your approval 在词条 approval 下可以查到。 12. [VNN] to produce a particular feeling in sb • 使产生(某种感觉):
    »All that driving has given me a headache.
    这一路开车让我头都痛了。
    »Go for a walk. Itˈll give you an appetite.
    去散散步,你就有食欲了。
    ›› TELEPHONE CALL 电话 13. [VNN] to make a telephone call to sb • 给(某人)打(电话):
    »Give me a call tomorrow.
    明天给我打个电话。
    »( BrE) Iˈll give you a ring.
    我会给你打电话的。
    ›› MARK / GRADE 分数;等级 14. to judge sb / sth to be of a particular standard • 给…评定(等级): ▪ [VNN]
    »She had given the assignment an A.
    她给这份作业打了个优。
    »I give it two out of two for originality.
    因其创意我给它打满分。
    ▪ [also VN] ›› PREDICT HOW LONG 预计多长时间 15. [VNN] to predict that sth will last a particular length of time • 预计将持续(时间):
    »That marriage wonˈt last. Iˈll give them ten years, at the outside.
    那样的婚姻不会持久。我看他们最多不过两年。
    ›› IN SPORT 体育运动 16. [VN-ADJ] to say that a player or the ball is in a particular position • 裁定,判(球员或球所处位置):
    »The umpire gave the ball out.
    裁判员判球出界。
    ›› BEND 弯曲 17. [V] to bend or stretch under pressure • (在压力下)弯曲,伸长,支撑不住:
    »The branch began to give under his weight.
    他身体的重量把树枝都压弯了。
    »(figurative) We canˈt go on like this— somethingˈs got to give.
    我们不能继续这样了——肯定会出事的。
    18. [V] to agree to change your mind or give up some of your demands • 让步;妥协:
    »Youˈre going to have to give a little.
    你可能非得稍为让步不可。
    【IDIOMS】Most idioms containing give are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example, give rise to sth is at rise n. • 大多数含 give 的习语,都可在该等习语中的名词及形容词相关词条找到,如 give rise to sth 在词条 rise 的名词部份。 donˈt give me ˈthat • (informal) used to tell sb that you do not accept what they say • (表示不相信对方说的话)别跟我来这一套,别以为我会相信你:
    »ˈI didnˈt have time to do it.ˈ ˈOh, donˈt give me that!ˈ
    "我没有时间做这事。" "哦,别以为我会相信你的鬼话!"
    ˌgive and ˈtake • to be willing, in a relationship, to accept what sb else wants and to give up some of what you want • 互相让步;双方迁就:
    »Youˈre going to have to learn to give and take.
    你们必须学会互相迁就。
    give as good as you ˈget • to react with equal force when sb attacks or criticizes you • 回敬;回击;以牙还牙:
    »She can give as good as she gets.
    她能够给以回击。
    give it up (for sb) •(informal) to show your approval of sb by clapping your hands • 鼓掌表示支持(某人):
    »Give it up for Eddie Izzard!
    给埃迪 · 伊泽德鼓鼓掌表示支持!
    ˈgive me sth / sb (any day / time) • (informal) used to say that you prefer a particular thing or person to the six that has just been mentioned • 我宁愿;我更喜欢;我宁可选择:
    »We donˈt go out much. Give me a quiet night in front of the TV any day!
    我们不常出去。我宁愿坐在电视机前安安静静地过一夜!
    give or ˈtake (sth) • if sth is correct give or take a particular amount, it is approximately correct • 相差不到;出入至多:
    »Itˈll take about seven weeks, give or take a day or so.
    这要花大约三周时间,出入不过一天左右。
    give sb to believe / understand (that)... [often passive] (formal) • to make sb believe / understand sth • 使某人相信;使某人作…理解:
    »I was given to understand that she had resigned.
    我得知她已经辞职了。
    I give you... • used to ask people to drink a toast to sb • 我提议为(某人)干杯:
    »Ladies and gentlemen, I give you Geoff Ogilby!
    女士们,先生们,我提议为杰夫 · 奥格尔比干杯!
    I / Iˈll give you ˈthat • (informal) used when you are admitting that sth is true • 我承认这事有理;我承认这是事实 what ˈgives? •(informal) what is happening?; what is the news? • 发生了什么事;有什么消息 【PHR V】 ˌgive sb aˈway (in a marriage ceremony 在婚礼上) • to lead the bride to the bridegroom and formally allow her to marry him • 将新娘交给新郎:
    »The bride was given away by her father.
    新娘由父亲交给新郎。
    ˌgive sth∽aˈway 1. to give sth as a gift • 赠送;捐赠:
    »He gave away most of his money to charity.
    他把他的大部份钱都捐赠给了慈善事业。
    »(informal) Check out the prices of our pizzas—weˈre virtually giving them away!
    查看一下比萨饼的价格吧——我们实际上是在白送!
    --› related noun giveaway (1) 2. to present sth • 颁发;分发:
    »The mayor gave away the prizes at the school sports day.
    市长在学校运动会那天颁发了奖项。
    3. to carelessly allow sb to have an advantage • 失去,丧失,错失(优势):
    »Theyˈve given away ten goals already.
    他们已白送对手两分了。
    ˌgive sth / sb∽aˈway • to make known sth that sb wants to keep secret • 泄露;暴露 【SYN】 betray:
    »She gave away state secrets to the enemy.
    她把国家机密泄露给了敌人。
    »It was supposed to be a surprise but the children gave the game away.
    本想给人一个意外,可孩子们把计划泄露了。
    »His voice gave him away (= showed who he really was).
    他的声音使他露馅了。
    --› related noun giveaway (2) ˌgive sb ˈback sth | ˌgive sth∽ˈback (to sb) 1. to return sth to its owner • 归还;送回:
    »Could you give me back my pen?
    把钢笔还给我好吗?
    »Could you give me my pen back?
    把钢笔还给我好吗?
    »I picked it up and gave it back to him.
    我把它捡起来还给了他。
    »(informal) Give it me back!
    把它还给我!
    2. to allow sb to have sth again • 使恢复;使重新获得:
    »The operation gave him back the use of his legs.
    手术使他双腿恢复了功能。
    ˌgive ˈin (to sb / sth) 1. to admit that you have been defeated by sb / sth • 屈服;认输;投降:
    »The rebels were forced to give in.
    叛乱分子被迫投降了。
    2. to agree to do sth that you do not want to do • 让步;勉强同意:
    »The authorities have shown no signs of giving in to the kidnappersˈ demands.
    当局对绑架者的要求没有丝毫让步的迹象。
    ˌgive sth ˈin (to sb) ( BrE) (also ˌhand sth∽ˈin (to sb) BrE, NAmE) • to hand over sth to sb in authority • 呈上;交上:
    »Please give your work in before Monday.
    请在星期一之前把作业交上来。
    ˌgive ˈoff sth • to produce sth such as a smell, heat, light, etc. • 发出,放出(气味、热、光等):
    »The flowers gave off a fragrant perfume.
    花儿散发出芳香。
    ˈgive on to / onto sth [no passive] ( BrE) • to have a view of sth; to lead directly to sth • 朝向;面向;通向:
    »The bedroom windows give on to the street.
    卧室的窗户面向街道。
    »This door gives onto the hall.
    这道门通往大厅。
    ˌgive ˈout 1. to come to an end; to be completely used up • 用完;耗尽:
    »After a month their food supplies gave out.
    一个月以后他们的食物储备消耗殆尽。
    »Her patience finally gave out.
    她最终忍无可忍了。
    2. to stop working • 停止运行;停止运转:
    »One of the planeˈs engines gave out in mid-Atlantic.
    飞机飞到大西洋中部时一个发动机失灵了。
    »Her legs gave out and she collapsed.
    她腿一软倒了下去。
    ˌgive sth∽ˈout • to give sth to a lot of people • 分发;散发:
    »The teacher gave out the exam papers.
    老师分发了试卷。
    ˌgive ˈout sth 1. to produce sth such as heat, light, etc. • 发出,放出(热、光等):
    »The radiator gives out a lot of heat.
    散热器释放出大量的热。
    2. [often passive] ( especially BrE) to tell people about sth or broadcast sth • 公布;宣布;播放 ˌgive ˈover ( BrE, informal) • used to tell sb to stop doing sth • 别再…了;到此为止吧;住手:
    »Give over, Chris! Youˈre hurting me.
    住手,克里斯!你把我弄痛了。
    ▪ [+ -ing ]
    »Give over complaining!
    别抱怨了!
    ˌgive yourself ˈover to sth (also ˌgive yourself ˈup to sth) • to spend all your time doing sth or thinking about sth; to allow sth to completely control your life • 致力于;沉溺于 ˌgive sth∽ˈover to sth [usually passive] • to use sth for six particular purpose • 把…专用作(某种用途):
    »The gallery is given over to British art.
    此陈列室专门用于陈列英国艺术品。
    ˌgive ˈup • to stop trying to do sth • 投降;认输;放弃:
    »They gave up without a fight.
    他们不战而降。
    »She doesnˈt give up easily.
    她决不轻易认输。
    »I give up—tell me the answer.
    我猜不着了,把答案告诉我吧。
    ˌgive sb ˈup 1. (also ˌgive ˈup on sb especially in NAmE) to believe that sb is never going to arrive, get better, be found, etc. • 对某人的到来(或康复、能否找到等)不再抱有希望:
    »There you are at last! Weˈd given you up.
    你终于来了!我们都以为你不来了呢。
    »We hadnˈt heard from him for so long, weˈd given him up for dead.
    我们这么长时间没有他的音信,都以为他死了。
    2. to stop having a relationship with sb • 与某人断绝关系;不再与某人交往:
    »Why donˈt you give him up?
    你为什么不与他一刀两断呢?
    ˌgive sth∽ˈup 1. [no passive] to stop doing or having sth • 停止;中止;放弃;抛弃:
    »She didnˈt give up work when she had the baby.
    她有孩子后并未放弃工作。
    »Weˈd given up hope of ever having children.
    我们已放弃生孩子的希望。
    ▪ [+ -ing ]
    »You ought to give up smoking.
    你应该戒烟。
    2. to spend time on a task that you would normally spend on sth else • 把(本该做其他事的时间)耗费于:
    »I gave up my weekend to help him paint his apartment.
    我耗费了一个周末帮他粉刷房间。
    ˌgive sth∽ˈup (to sb) • to hand sth over to sb else • 把…交给(或让与):
    »We had to give our passports up to the authorities.
    我们得把护照交给当局。
    »He gave up his seat to a pregnant woman (= stood up to allow her to sit down).
    他把座位让给了一位孕妇。
    ˌgive yourself / sb ˈup (to sb) • to offer yourself / sb to be captured • 自首;投案;投降:
    »After a week on the run he gave himself up to the police.
    他逃跑一周后向警方投案自首了。
    ˌgive yourself ˈup to sth = give yourself over to sth ˌgive ˈup on sb 1. to stop hoping or believing that sb will change, get better, etc. • 对…不再抱希望(或不再相信):
    »His teachers seem to have given up on him.
    他的老师似乎不再对他抱有希望。
    2. ( especially NAmE) = give sb up (1) noun [U] • the ability of sth to bend or stretch under pressure • 伸展性;弹性:
    »The shoes may seem tight at first, but the leather has plenty of give in it.
    这鞋刚开始穿时可能显得紧,但皮子的伸展性很好。
    ˌgive and ˈtake 1. willingness in a relationship to accept what sb else wants and give up some of what you want • 双方迁就;相互让步;互相忍让 2. an exchange of words or ideas • 交谈;思想交流:
    »to encourage a lively give and take
    * * *
    [giv]
    n. 彈性, 可彎性
    vt. 給, 授予, 供給, 獻出, 讓步, 引起, 發表, 捐助
    vi. 捐贈, 讓步

    English-Chinese dictionary > give

  • 3 give

    give [gɪv]
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    3. noun
    ━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━
    ► vb: pret gave, ptp given
    ━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━
    ━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━
    ► When give is part of a set combination, eg give evidence, give blood, look up the other word.
    ━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━
       a. donner (to à ) ; [+ gift] offrir (to à)
    what are you going to give her? (as present) qu'est-ce que tu vas lui offrir ?
    ━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━
    give + noun may be translated by a verb alone.
    ━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━
    can you give me a bed for the night? pouvez-vous me loger pour la nuit ?
    to be given ( = receive)
    ━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━
    ► In French the recipient is not made the subject of a passive construction.
    ━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━
    a hundred people, give or take a few à peu près cent personnes
       b. ( = cause, cause to feel) faire
    I was given to understand that... on m'avait laissé entendre que...
    it gives me great pleasure to introduce... c'est avec grand plaisir que je vous présente...
       c. ( = pass on) OK, I'll give him the message d'accord, je lui ferai la commission
       d. ( = put through to) passer
    could you give me Mr Smith/extension 231? pouvez-vous me passer M. Smith/le poste 231 ?
    give me time! attends un peu !
    I can't give you any longer, you must pay me now je ne peux plus vous accorder de délai, il faut que vous payiez maintenant
       f. ( = utter) [+ sigh, cry] pousser
       g. ( = pay) payer ; ( = offer) donner
    what did you give for it? combien l'avez-vous payé ?
    I'd give a lot/anything to know je donnerais gros/n'importe quoi pour savoir
    what will you give me for it? combien m'en donnez-vous ?
    give it all you've got! (inf) mets-y le paquet ! (inf)
    I'll give him something to cry about! (inf) je lui apprendrai à pleurer !
    he wants $100? I'll give him $100! (inf) il veut 100 dollars ? il peut toujours courir ! (inf)
       i. ► to give way ( = yield) [person] céder ( to sth à qch ) ; ( = stand back) s'écarter ; ( = agree) finir par donner son accord ; [car, traffic] céder le passage ; ( = collapse) [bridge, ceiling, floor] s'effondrer ; [ground] se dérober ; [cable, rope] céder ; [legs] fléchir
    "give way" « cédez le passage »
    "give way to traffic from the right" « priorité à droite »
       a. ( = collapse) céder
       b. ( = yield) [cloth, elastic] se détendre
       c. (US) what gives? (inf) alors, qu'est-ce qui se passe ?
    3. noun
    ( = flexibility) (inf) mou m
       a. [+ prizes] distribuer ; [+ bride] conduire à l'autel ; [+ money, goods] donner
       b. [+ names, details] donner ; [+ secrets] révéler
    to give sb away [+ person, accomplice] dénoncer qn ; [reaction, expression] trahir qn
    to give o.s. away se trahir
    [+ object, freedom] rendre
    ( = surrender) capituler ; ( = yield) céder (to à)
    [+ essay, exam paper, key] rendre ; [+ manuscript, report] remettre give off separable transitive verb
    [+ heat, gas, smell] dégager
    [supplies] s'épuiser ; [patience] être à bout ; [heart] lâcher
       a. [+ books, food] distribuer
       b. [+ information, details] donner
       c. [+ radio signal] émettre give up
    don't give up! tenez bon !
       a. ( = renounce) [+ interests] abandonner ; [+ seat, territory] céder ; [+ habit, idea, hope, claim] renoncer à ; [+ job] quitter ; [+ business] se retirer de
       b. ( = stop) arrêter
       c. ( = deliver, hand over) to give o.s. up se rendre
       a. ( = renounce) [+ idea] renoncer à
       b. ( = stop expecting) [+ visitor] ne plus attendre ; ( = lose faith in) perdre espoir en
    * * *
    [gɪv] 1.
    noun élasticité f
    2.
    transitive verb (prét gave; pp given)
    1) ( hand over) gen donner (to à); offrir [present, drink, sandwich] (to à)

    to give somebody somethinggen donner quelque chose à quelqu'un; (politely, as gift) offrir quelque chose à quelqu'un

    give it me! —

    what wouldn't I give for...! — je donnerais cher pour...!

    to give somebody something —

    to give something to somebodydonner quelque chose à quelqu'un [headache, nightmares, advice, information]; transmettre or passer quelque chose à quelqu'un [disease]

    3) (provide, produce) donner [milk, flavour, result, answer, sum]; apporter [heat, light, nutrient]; faire [total]
    4) (allow, accord) accorder [custody, grant]; laisser [quelque chose] à quelqu'un [seat]

    to give somebody somethingdonner or accorder quelque chose à quelqu'un [time, time period]

    she can sing, I'll give her that — elle sait chanter, je lui reconnais au moins ça

    it's original, I'll give you that — c'est original, je te l'accorde

    to give somebody something —

    to give something to somebodydonner quelque chose à quelqu'un [treatment, medicine]; greffer quelque chose à quelqu'un [organ]; poser quelque chose à quelqu'un [device]; faire quelque chose à quelqu'un [injection, massage]

    give me the sales manager, please — passez-moi le directeur commercial, s'il vous plaît

    3.
    1) ( contribute) donner, faire un don

    ‘please give generously’ — ‘merci (de vos dons)’

    2) ( bend) [mattress, sofa] s'affaisser; [shelf, floorboard] fléchir; [branch] ployer; [leather, fabric] s'assouplir
    3) (yield, break) = give way
    4) ( yield) [person, side] céder
    Phrasal Verbs:
    ••

    don't give me that! — (colloq) ne (me) raconte pas d'histoires!

    if this is the big city, give me a village every time — (colloq) si c'est ça la ville, alors vive les petits villages

    ‘I give you the bride and groom!’ — ‘je bois à la santé des mariés!’

    I'll give you something to complain about! — (colloq) je vais t'apprendre à te plaindre!

    to give it all one's got — (colloq) (y) mettre le paquet

    to give somebody what for — (colloq) passer un savon à quelqu'un (colloq)

    what gives? — (colloq) qu'est-ce qui se passe?

    English-French dictionary > give

  • 4 give smb. the slip

    (give smb. the slip (тж. give the slip to smb.))
    удрать, ускользнуть, улизнуть от кого-л.

    Mind what I say - he has given his friends the slip, and persuaded this delicate young creetur [= creature], all along of her fondness for him, to be his guide and travelling companion... (Ch. Dickens, ‘The Old Curiosity Shop’, ch. XVIII) — Он дал тягу от своих родственников. Ты в это вникни! Дал тягу и подговорил это нежное существо, которое в нем души не чает, бежать вместе с ним...

    ‘I didn't try to give you the slip,’ said Marvel, in a voice that was not far remote from tears. (H. G. Wells, ‘The Invisible Man’, ch. 13) — - Я и не думал удирать от вас, - сказал Марвел чуть не плача.

    I guessed Cap Hawkins would get a search party out after me, and he did rightenough, but I managed to give 'em the slip. (K. S. Prichard, ‘The Roaring Nineties’, ch. 3) — Я понимал, что Хаукинс вышлет людей разыскивать меня. Так он и сделал, да я ускользнул.

    Large English-Russian phrasebook > give smb. the slip

  • 5 give

    1. I
    the door gave дверь подалась; the ice gave лед сломался /не выдержал/; the foundations are giving фундамент оседает; at the height of the storm the bridge gave в самый разгар бури мост не выдержал и рухнул; his knees seemed to give ему казалось, что у него подкашиваются ноги; the branch gave but did not break ветка прогнулась, но не сломалась; а soft chair (a bed, a mattress, etc.) gives [when one sits on it] мягкий стул и т. д. проминается [, когда на него садятся]; the frost is beginning to give мороз начинает слабеть
    2. II
    1) give in some manner. give generously /unsparingly, abundantly/ щедро и т. д. давать /дарить, одаривать/; give grudgingly нехотя делать подарки
    2) give in some manner this chair (the mattress, the bed, etc.) gives comfortably (a lot) этот стул и т. д. приятно (сильно) проминается; the springs won't give enough /much/ пружины довольно тугие; the горе has given a good deal веревка сильно растянулась /ослабла/; give for some time the frost did not give all day мороз не отпускал весь день
    3. III
    give smth.
    1) give food (medicine, L 3, etc.) давать еду и т. д., give presents дарить /делать/ подарки; give a grant давать дотацию /пособие/; give a scholarship предоставлять стипендию; give a medal награждать медалью; give alms подавать милостыню
    2) give a message передавать записку /сообщение/; give one's regards передать привет
    3) give a large crop (10 per cent profit, etc.) приносить / давать/ большой урожай и т. д.; give fruit плодоносить; give milk давать молоке; give heat излучать тепло; the lamp gives a poor light лампа светит тускло /дает, излучает тусклый свет/; his work gives good results его работа дает хорошие результаты; two times two /two multiplied by two/ gives four дважды два give четыре
    4) give facts (news, details, the following figures, etc.) приводить /сообщать/ факты и т. д.; give an example /an instance/ приводить /давать/ пример: the dictionary doesn't give this word в словаре нет этого слова; the list gives ten names в списке [приведено /указано/] / список содержит/ десять имен; he gave a full account of the event он все рассказал /дал полный отчет/ об этом событии; he gave no particulars он не сообщил никаких подробностей; give a portrait (a character, the scenery of the country, etc.) нарисовать портрет и т. д.; in his book he gives a description of their customs в своей книге он описывает их нравы; give evidence /testimony/ давать показания; give one's name and address дать /назвать/ свой фамилию и адрес
    5) the thermometer gives forty degrees термометр показывает сорок градусов; the barometer gives rain барометр пошел на дождь; give no sign of life не подавать признаков жизни; give no sign of recognition a) не подать виду, что узнал; б) не узнать; give no sign of embarrassment нисколько не смутиться
    6) give a dinner (a dinner party, a ball, a party, a concert, a performance, etc.) давать /устраивать/ обед и т. д.
    7) give lessons (instruction, exact information, etc.) давать уроки и т. д., give smth. in smth. give lessons in mathematics (instruction in golf, etc.) давать уроки по математике и т. д.; give smth. on smth. give lectures on psychology (on biology, on various subjects, etc.) читать лекции по психологии и т. д., give a lecture прочитать лекцию, выступить с лекцией; give a song (one of Beethoven's sonatas, a concerto, etc.) исполнять песню и т. д., give a recital (a recitation) выступать с сольным концертом (с художественным чтением)
    8) give one's good wishes желать всего доброго / хорошего/; give one's blessing давать свое благословение: give a toast провозглашать тост; give smb.'s health /the health of smb./ поднимать тост за чье-л. здоровье
    9) give a point in the argument уступить по одному какому-л. вопросу в споре; give way /ground/ отступать, сдавать [свои] позиции; the army (our troops, the crowd, etc.) gave way армия и т. д. отступила; the door (the axle, the railing, etc.) gave way дверь и т. д. подалась; the bridge (the ice, the floor, the ground, etc.) gave way мост и т. д. провалился; the rope /the line/ gave way веревка лопнула; my legs gave way у меня подкосились ноги; his health is giving way его здоровье пошатнулось; his strength is giving way силы оставляют его; if he argues don't give way если он будет спорить, не уступайте
    10) give a decision сообщать решение; give judg (e)ment выносить приговор; give notice а) предупреждать о предстоящем увольнении; б) уведомлять
    11) semiaux give a look glance/ взглянуть, бросить взгляд; give a jump leap/ (под)прыгнуть, сделать прыжок; give a push (a pull) толкнуть (потянуть); give a kick ударить ногой, лягнуть; give a smile улыбнуться; give a kiss поцеловать; give a loud laugh громко засмеяться /рассмеяться/; give a cry shout/ издавать крик; give a sigh вздохнуть; give a groan застонать; give a sob всхлипнуть; give a start вздрогнуть; give a nod кивнуть; give a shake [of one's head] отрицательно покачать головой; give an injection делать укол; give a shrug of the shoulders пожать плечами; give a wave of the hand махнуть рукой; give a blow ударить; give a rebuff давать отпор; give a beating задать порку, избить; give chase пускаться в погоню; give a wag of the tail вильнуть хвостом; give an order (a command, instructions, etc.) отдавать приказ /распоряжение/ и т. д.; give an answer reply/ давать ответ, отвечать; give help оказывать помощь; give the alert объявлять тревогу; give a warning делать предупреждение; give advice советовать, давать совет; give a suggestion предлагать, выдвигать предложение; give a promise (one's word, one's pledge, etc.) давать обещание и т. д.; give shelter давать /предоставлять/ убежище; give a volley дать залп; the gun gave a loud report раздался громкий ружейный выстрел; give offence обижать, наносить обиду; give battle давать бой; give a chance (an opportunity, power, etc.) предоставлять /давать/ возможность и т. д.
    4. IV
    give smth. somewhere
    1) give back the books you borrowed (my pen, my newspaper, etc.) возвращать книги, которые вы взяли и т. д.; give smth. in some manner give money generously (grudgingly, freely, etc.) щедро и т. д. давать деньги; regularly give presents регулярно делать подарки
    2) give smth. at some time give a message immediately немедленно передать записку
    3) give smth. at some time give profit (10 per cent, etc.) regularly (annually, etc.) регулярно и т. д. приносить прибыль и т. д.
    4) give smth. in some manner give an extract in full (at length, in detail, etc.) приводить отрывок полностью и т. д.
    5) semiaux give smth. in some manner give aid willingly охотно оказывать помощь; give one's answers loudly (distinctly, etc.) давать ответы /отвечать/ громко и т. д.
    5. V
    1) give smb. smth. give me your pencil (him this book, her your hand, me a match, the child a glass of milk, the boy his medicine, etc.) дайте мне ваш карандаш и т. д., give smb. a present сделать кому-л. подарок; give him watch (her a ring, etc.) подарить ему часы и т. д.; give her a bunch of flowers преподнести ей букет цветов; what has he given you? что он вам подарил /преподнес/?; give him a letter from his mother (her a note from me, etc.) передавать ему письмо от матери и т. д.; give an actor a role (him a job, etc.) предлагать /давать/ актеру роль и т. д.; give smb. the place of honour отвести кому-л. почетное место; give me long distance дайте мне междугородную; I give you my word (my promise, my consent, etc.) 'даю вам слово и т. д.; give smb. smth. for smth. give smb. a watch for a present преподнести кому-л. часы в качестве подарка; give women equal pay with men for their work оплачивать труд женщин наравне с трудом мужчин; give smb. smth. in smth. give them parts in his new play распределять между ними роли в его новой пьесе; give smb. smb. she gave him a beautiful baby boy она родила ему прекрасного мальчика
    2) give smb. smth. give him the message (me the letter, etc.) передавать ему записку и т. д.; give smb. one's love (one's compliments, one's kind regards, etc.) передавать кому-л. привет и т. д.; give him my thanks передайте ему мою благодарность; I give you my very best wishes желаю вам всего самого лучшего
    3) give smb. smth. give smb. an illness (measles, a sore throat, etc.) заразить кого-л. какой-л. болезнью и т. д.; you've given me your cold вы заразили меня насморком, я от вас заразился насморком
    4) give smb., smth. smth. give us warmth and light (us fruit, people meat, us milk, us wool and leather, etc.) давать нам тепло и свет и т. д.; give men pleasure (him joy, the children enjoyment, her satisfaction, etc.) доставлять людям удовольствие и т. д.; give smb. [much] pain (much trouble, sorrow, etc.) причинять кому-л. боль и т. д.; too much noise gives me a headache от сильного шума у меня начинается головная боль; give smb. courage (me patience, him strength, her more self-confidence, etc.) придавать кому-л. мужество и т. д.; that gave me the idea of travelling это навело меня на мысль о путешествии; give smth. flavour придавать чему-л. вкус
    5) give smb. smth. give the commission an account of his trip (us a good description of the man, him wrong information, him good proof, etc.) давать комиссии отчет /отчитываться перед комиссией/ о своей поездке и т. д.; give me your opinion сообщите мне свое мнение; give us human nature truthfully (the reader a true picture of his age, etc.) описать /воссоздать/ для нас подлинную картину человеческой природы и т. д.
    6) give smb. smth. give the child a name дать ребенку имя; give smth. smth. give the book a strange title дать книге странное заглавие /название/; this town gave the battle its name эта битва получила название по городу, близ которого она произошла
    7) give smb. smth. give smb. lessons (music lessons, lessons in French, consultations, instruction, etc.) давать кому-л. уроки и т. д., give smb. a concerto (a play, etc.) исполнить для кого-л. концерт и т. д.; give us Bach (us another song, etc.) исполните нам /для нас/ Баха и т. д.; who will give us a song? кто вам споет? || give smb. an example служить кому-л. примером; give the other boys an example подавать другим мальчикам пример
    8) give smb. smth. give smb. good morning (him good day, us good evening, etc.) пожелать кому-л. доброго утра и т. д., give smb. one's blessing благословлять кого-л.; give smb. smth., smb. give them our country (our host, the Governor, etc.) предложить им выпить за нашу страну и т. д.
    9) give smb. smth. give smb. six months' imprisonment (five years, two years of hard labour, etc.) приговорить кого-л. к пяти месяцам тюремного заключения и т. д.
    10) semiaux give smb., smth. smth. give smb. a look (a fleeting glance, etc.) бросить на кого-л. взгляд и т. д.; give smb. a smile улыбнуться кому-л.; give smb. a kiss поцеловать кого-л.; give smb. a blow нанести кому-л. удар, стукнуть кого-л.; give smb. a push толкнуть кого-л.; give smb. a kick лягнуть, ударить кого-л. ногой; give smb. a nod кивнуть кому-л. [головой]; give smb. a beating избить /поколотить/ кого-л.; give one's hat a brush почистить шляпу; give a blackboard a wipe стереть с доски; give smb.'s hand a squeeze сжать или пожать кому-л. руку; give them our support (him help, him a hand, them every assistance, etc.) оказать им поддержку и т. д.; give the matter every care внимательно отнестись к вопросу; give smb. a warning предупреждать кого-л.; give smb. an order (instructions, etc.) отдать кому-л. приказ и т. д.; give smb. an answer reply/ давать кому-л. ответ, отвечать кому-л.; my old coat gives me good service мое старое пальто все еще служит мне; give me a chance (him another opportunity, etc.) предоставьте мне возможность и т. д.
    6. VII
    1) give smth. to do smth. give a signal to start (notice to leave, etc.) давать сигнал к отправлению и т. д.; give a push to open the door толкнуть дверь, чтобы она открылась; give a lot to know it (anything to know what happened, the world to have it, the world to secure such a thing, etc.) многое отдать, чтобы узнать это и т. д. || give smb. to understand дать кому-л. понять
    2) give smb. smth. to do give him a book to read (me something to eat, her a glass of water to drink, him the right to complain, him a week to make up his mind, us an hour to get there, myself time to think it over, etc.) дать ему прочесть книгу и т. д.; give a porter one's bags to carry (a groom one's horse to hold, etc.) попросить носильщика отнести вещи и т. д.; give him a letter to mail дать /велеть/ ему отправить письмо; give her a message to deliver дать ей записку для передачи
    7. XI
    1) be given smth. he was given a job (quarters, a rest, etc.) ему дали /предложили/ работу и т. д., he was given a book (a watch, L 50, a ring, etc.) ему подарили книгу и т. д.; be given to smb., smth. a book (a watch, etc.) was given to him ему подарили книгу и т. д., he was given a contract с ним заключили контракт; be given in some manner our services are given free of charge мы оказываем услуги бесплатно; invitations are given gratuitously (periodically, willingly, etc.) приглашения рассылаются бесплатно и т. д., be given somewhere articles (books, etc.) must be given back статьи и т. д. должны быть возвращены
    2) be given to smb. of all the books that have been given to the public on the problem из всех выпущенных по данному вопросу книг
    3) || semiaux I was given to understand that... мне дали понять, что...
    4) be given to smth. be given to idleness (to luxury and pleasure, to drink, to these pursuits, etc.) иметь склонность к безделью и т. д., he is much given to music он увлекается музыкой; be given in so me manner I am not given that way у меня не такой склад /характер/; be given to doing smth. be given to drinking (to day-dreaming, to lying, to contradicting, to swearing, to shooting and hunting, etc.) любить выпить, иметь пристрастие к выпивке и т. д.; he is given to stealing он нечист на руку; he is given to boasting он хвастлив || semiaux (not) be given to smb. to do smth. it is not given to him to understand it (to appreciate beauty, to express his thoughts eloquently, to become famous, etc.) ему не дано понять это и т. д.
    5) be given somewhere the figures (the data, the results, etc.) are given below ( above) цифры и т. д. приведены ниже (выше); as given below (above) как показано /сказано/ ниже (выше); the word (this phrase, etc.) is not given in the dictionary словарь не дает /не приводит/ этого слова и т. д., be given in some manner the prices are given separately цены даются отдельно; this is given as a hypothesis это приводится в виде гипотезы
    6) be given smth. he was given the name of John его назвали Джоном; be given in some manner the subtitle is given rather grandiloquently дан очень пышный подзаголовок
    7) be given at some place the opera (the play, etc.) was first given in Paris (on this stage, etc.) эта опера и т. д. была впервые поставлена в Париже и т. д.; be given at some time the play is to be given again next month пьеса вновь пойдет /пьесу снова покажут/ в следующем месяце
    8) be given smth. be given six years' imprisonment (a severe punishment, a stiff sentence, a reprieve, etc.) получить шесть лет тюрьмы и т. д.; be given for (against) smb. the decision (the judg(e)ment, etc.) was given for (against) the defendant ( the plaintiff, etc.) решение и т. д. было вынесено в пользу (против) обвиняемого и т. д.
    8. XVI
    1) give to /for/ smth., smb. give to the Red Cross (to charity, to the poor, for the relief of the victims of the flood, etc.) жертвовать [средства] в пользу Красного Креста и т. д.
    2) give under smth. the fence (the beam, etc.) may give under the weight забор и т. д. может рухнуть под такой тяжестью; the earth /the soil/ (the marshy ground, etc.) gave under the vehicle под тяжестью машины почва и т. д. осела; the step gave under his feet ступенька сломалась у него под ногами; the lock gave under hard pushing мы напирали на дверь, пока замок не сломался; give on smth. we can't negotiate until each side is willing to give on some points успешные переговоры невозможны [до тех пор], пока каждая сторона не пойдет на определенные уступки
    3) give (up)on (into, onto) smth. the window ( the door, the gate, etc.) gives (up)on the street (on the garden, on the side street, into /on(to)/ the yard, on the sea, etc.) окно и т. д. выходит на улицу и т. д., the road gave onto the highway дорога выходила на шоссе
    9. XVIII
    give oneself to smth. give oneself to mathematics (to study, to science, etc.) посвятить себя математике и т. д.; give oneself to thought (to meditation, to prayer, etc.) предаваться размышлениям и т. д.; the invaders gave themselves to plunder захватчики занимались грабежом
    10. XXI1
    1) give smth. to smb., smth. give a book to each of the boys (food to the hungry, medicine to a patient, money to a beggar, etc.) давать каждому мальчику по книге и т. д.; money to the Red Cross (all his books to the library, his collection to the college, etc.) передать /( пожертвовать/ деньги Красному Кресту и т.
    ; give one's hand to the visitor подать / пожать, протянуть/ руку посетителю; give a part to an actor дать актеру роль; give place to the old woman (to new methods, etc.) уступить место пожилой женщине и т. д.; give her face to the sun подставить лицо солнцу; give smth. for smb., smth. give his life for his friends (for his country, for a cause, etc.) отдать свою жизнь за друзей и т. д.; give smth. to smth., smb. give (no) thought to it (не) задумываться над этим; give [one's] attention to smb. оказывать кому-л. внимание; give credit to smth. прислушиваться к чему-л.; give credit to the report доверять сообщению || give one's ear to smb., smth. прислушиваться к кому-л., чему-л.; give ear to the rumour прислушиваться к тому, что говорят; give one's daughter in marriage выдавать /отдавать/ дочь замуж
    2) give smth. to smb. give the command of the regiment to him поручить ему командование полком; give my love /my kind regards, my compliments/ to her (to your family, etc.) передавать ей и т. д. привет; give smb., smth. into smb., smth. give the children into smb.'s hands (into smb.'s care, into smb.'s charge, etc.) передавать детей в чьи-л. руки и т. д., поручать детей кому-л. и т. д., give the thief into the hands of the police передать вора в руки полиции; give the prisoner into custody отдать заключенного под стражу
    3) give smth. to smth., smb. give perfume to the linen (an edge to the appetite, brilliance to the thing, etc.) придавать белью аромат и т. д.; give a disease to smb. (a cold to the boy, measles to a whole school, etc.) заразить кого-л. какой-л. болезнью и т. д.; give motion to the wheel привести колесо в движение; give currency to smth. пускать что-л. в обращение; give currency to rumours распускать слухи; his novel gave currency to this phrase после выхода в свет его романа это выражение стало крылатым; give rise to smth. породить /вызвать/ что-л.; his behaviour gave rise to rumours его поведение дало повод разговорам
    4) give smth. for smth. give five pounds for the hat (as much as L 3 for this book, a good price for the car, etc.) (заплатать пять фунтов за шляпу и т. д.; how much /what/ did you give for that? сколько вы за это заплатили?; give prizes /premiums/ for the best exhibits выдавать призы за лучшие экспонаты; give smth. to smb. give good wages to the workers хорошо платить рабочим
    5) give smth. to smth., smb. give one's free time to golf (one's mind to scientific research, one's attention to study, one's heart to art, one's energy to political affairs, one's love to her, etc.) отдавать все свое свободное время игре в гольф и т. д.; give one's life to science (to the cause of peace, to study, to one's duty, etc.) отдать /посвятить/ свой жизнь науке и т. д.
    6) give smth. with smth. give the story with many unnecessary particulars (a description with many side remarks, evidence with no trace of bias, etc.) рассказать эту историю со многими ненужными подробностями и т. д.; give the scenery with great fidelity описывать /воспроизводить/ пейзаж с большой точностью; give smth. for smth. give his reasons for his absence (for the delay, for her lateness, etc.) объяснять свое отсутствие и т. д.
    7) give smth. at smth. the bulletin gives the population of the country at 90 millions (the average number of attempts at 3, the number of instances at 8, etc.) в бюллетене указывается, что население этой страны ранки девяноста миллионам и т. д.; give smth. in smth. give 30° in the shade (in the sun) показывать /регистрировать/ тридцать градусов в тени (на солнце)
    8) give smth. to smth. the city gave its name to the battle эта ботва получила название по городу, близ которого она произошла; the largest city gave its name to the province эта область названа по самому большому городу
    9) give smth. for smb. give a dinner (a party, etc.) for 20 guests давать обед и т. д. на двадцать человек /персон/
    10) give smth. to smb. give instruction to a class of adults (lessons to children, interviews to journalists, etc.) давать уроки группе взрослых и т. д., give a talk to the recruits провести беседу с новобранцами
    11) give smth. to smb. give three hearty cheers to the winners встречать победителей троекратным "ура"
    12) || give way to smth., smb. отступать перед чем-л., кем-л.; give way to а саг (to traffic coming in from the right, to the man, etc.) пропускать автомобиль и т. д., давать дорогу автомобилю и т. д.; give way to despair впасть в отчаяние; give way to temptation (to grief, etc.) поддаться соблазну и т. д.; give way to emotions уступить чувствам, быть не в состоянии справиться со своими чувствами; give way to tears не сдержать слезы, расплакаться; give way to his whims (to him, to these impudent demands, etc.) уступать его капризам и т. д., give way to anger не сдержать гнева, дать волю гневу; give place to smth., smb. отступать перед чем-л., кем-л.; spring gave place to summer на смену весне пришло лето
    13) semiaux give smth., to smb., smth. give a blow to smb. нанести кому-л. удар; give a signal to the guard подавать сигнал часовому; give a turn to a key in the lock повернуть ключ в замке; give help to the needy оказывать помощь нуждающимся; give an order to the servants (a command to the soldiers. etc.) отдать распоряжение слугам и т. д.; give an answer to the man ответить этому человеку; give encouragement to the boy ободрить /подбодрить/ мальчика; give chase to a ship [начать] преследовать корабль
    11. XXIV1
    give smth. as smth. give a book (a jack-knife, etc.) as a present давать книгу и т. д. в качестве подарка, дарить книгу и т. д., give smth. as a keepsake дарить что-л. на память

    English-Russian dictionary of verb phrases > give

  • 6 give

    1. transitive verb,
    1) (hand over, pass) geben; (transfer from one's authority, custody, or responsibility) überbringen; übergeben (to an + Akk.)

    she gave him her bag to carrysie gab ihm ihre Tasche zum Tragen

    Give it to me! I'll do itGib her! Ich mache das

    give me... — (on telephone) geben Sie mir...; verbinden Sie mich mit...

    2) (as gift) schenken; (donate) spenden; geben; (bequeath) vermachen

    give somebody something, give something to somebody — jemandem etwas schenken

    the book was given [to] me by my son — das Buch hat mir mein Sohn geschenkt

    I wouldn't have it if it was given [to] me — ich würde es nicht mal geschenkt nehmen; abs.

    give [a donation] to charity — für wohltätige Zwecke spenden

    give and take(fig.) Kompromisse eingehen; (in marriage etc.) geben und nehmen

    3) (sell) verkaufen; geben; (pay) zahlen; geben (ugs.); (sacrifice) geben; opfern

    give somebody something [in exchange] for something — jemandem etwas für etwas [im Tausch] geben

    I would give anything or my right arm/a lot to be there — ich würde alles/viel darum geben, wenn ich dort sein könnte

    4) (assign) aufgeben [Hausaufgaben, Strafarbeit usw.]; (sentence to) geben [10 Jahre Gefängnis usw.]
    5) (grant, award) geben [Erlaubnis, Arbeitsplatz, Interview, Rabatt, Fähigkeit, Kraft]; verleihen [Preis, Titel, Orden usw.]

    he was given the privilege/honour of doing it — ihm wurde das Vorrecht/die Ehre zuteil, es zu tun

    give somebody to understand or believe that... — jemanden glauben lassen, dass...

    6) (entrust somebody with) übertragen (to Dat.)

    give somebody the power to do something — jemanden ermächtigen, etwas zu tun

    7) (allow somebody to have) geben [Recht, Zeit, Arbeit]; überlassen [seinen Sitzplatz]; lassen [Wahl, Zeit]

    they gave me [the use of] their car for the weekend — sie überließen mir ihr Auto übers Wochenende

    give yourself time to think about itlass dir Zeit, und denk darüber nach

    give me London any day or time or every time — (fig. coll.) London ist mir zehnmal lieber

    I['ll] give you/him etc. that — (fig. coll.): (grant) das gebe ich zu; zugegeben

    you've got to give it to him(fig. coll.) das muss man ihm lassen

    it cost £5, give or take a few pence — es hat so um die fünf Pfund gekostet (ugs.)

    given that(because) da; (if) wenn

    given the right toolsmit dem richtigen Werkzeug

    given time, I'll do it — wenn ich Zeit habe, mache ich es

    8) (offer to somebody) geben, reichen [Arm, Hand usw.]
    9) (cause somebody/something to have) geben; verleihen [Charme, Reiz, Gewicht, Nachdruck]; bereiten, machen [Freude, Mühe, Kummer]; bereiten, verursachen [Schmerz]; bieten [Abwechslung, Schutz]; leisten [Hilfe]; gewähren [Unterstützung]

    I was given the guest roomman gab mir das Gästezimmer

    give a clear picture(Telev.) ein gutes Bild haben

    give somebody what for(sl.) es jemandem geben (ugs.)

    10) (convey in words, tell, communicate) angeben [Namen, Anschrift, Alter, Grund, Zahl]; nennen [Grund, Einzelheiten, Losungswort]; geben [Rat, Beispiel, Befehl, Anweisung, Antwort]; fällen [Urteil, Entscheidung]; sagen [Meinung]; bekannt geben [Nachricht, Ergebnis]; machen [Andeutung]; erteilen [Verweis, Rüge]; (present, set forth) [Wörterbuch, Brief:] enthalten; [Zeitung:] bringen [Bericht]

    give somebody the factsjemanden mit den Fakten vertraut od. bekannt machen

    don't give me that!(coll.) erzähl mir [doch] nichts! (ugs.)

    11) given (specified) gegeben
    12) (perform, read, sing, etc.) geben [Vorstellung, Konzert]; halten [Vortrag, Seminar]; vorlesen [Gedicht, Erzählung]; singen [Lied]; spielen [Schauspiel, Oper, Musikstück]

    give us a songsing mal was

    13) ausbringen [Toast, Trinkspruch]; (as toast)

    ladies and gentlemen, I give you the Queen — meine Damen, meine Herren, auf die Königin od. das Wohl der Königin

    14) (produce) geben [Licht, Milch]; tragen [Früchte]; ergeben [Zahlen, Resultat]; erbringen [Ernte]
    15) (cause to develop) machen
    16) (make somebody undergo) geben; versetzen [Schlag, Stoß]; verabreichen (geh.), geben [Arznei]

    give somebody a [friendly] look — jemandem einen [freundlichen] Blick zuwerfen

    he gave her hand a squeezeer drückte ihr die Hand

    give as good as one gets(coll.) es jemandem mit gleicher Münze heimzahlen

    17) (execute, make, show) geben [Zeichen, Stoß, Tritt]; machen [Satz, Ruck]; ausstoßen [Schrei, Seufzer, Pfiff]

    give a [little] smile — [schwach] lächeln

    give something/somebody a look — sich (Dat.) etwas/jemanden ansehen

    18) (devote, dedicate) widmen

    be given to something/doing something — zu etwas neigen/etwas gern tun

    give all one's got(coll.) sein möglichstes tun

    19) (be host at) geben [Party, Empfang, Essen usw.]
    20)

    give somebody/something two months/a year — jemandem/einer Sache zwei Monate/ein Jahr geben

    2. intransitive verb,
    gave, given
    1) (yield, bend) nachgeben (auch fig.); [Knie:] weich werden; [Bett:] federn; (break down) zusammenbrechen; [Brücke:] einstürzen; (fig.) nachlassen
    2) (lead)

    give on to the street/garden — [Tür usw.:] auf die Straße hinausführen/in den Garten führen

    3. noun
    1) Nachgiebigkeit, die; (elasticity) Elastizität, die

    have [no] give — [nicht] nachgeben

    2)

    give and take(compromise) Kompromiss, der; (exchange of concessions) Geben und Nehmen, das

    Phrasal Verbs:
    - academic2.ru/31217/give_away">give away
    - give back
    - give in
    - give off
    - give out
    - give over
    - give up
    - give way
    * * *
    (to dismiss (someone) or to be dismissed (usually from a job): He got the boot for always being late.) rausgeschmissen werden
    * * *
    [gɪv]
    <gave, given>
    1. (in collocations) see birth 1, blood I. 1, call I. 1, chase I. 1, evidence I. 2, kiss2 I. 1, look I. 1, smile I.
    2. (hand over)
    to \give sb sth [or sth to sb] jdm etw geben
    to \give sb a cold jdn mit seiner Erkältung anstecken
    to \give a woman in marriage to sb eine Frau an jdn verheiraten
    she gave him two sons sie schenkte ihm zwei Söhne
    to \give sb sth medicine jdm etw geben
    to \give sb a sedative jdm ein Beruhigungsmittel geben
    4. (as present)
    to \give sb sth [or sth to sb] jdm etw schenken; (donate) jdm etw spenden
    this book was given to me by my best friend dieses Buch hat mir meine beste Freundin geschenkt
    please \give generously wir bitten um großzügige Spenden
    to \give sb a present jdm etwas schenken
    to \give sb sth as a present jdm etw schenken
    to \give sb sth jdm etw geben
    to \give sb an excuse for sth/for doing [or to do] sth jdm als Entschuldigung für etw akk dienen
    to \give sb food jdm zu essen geben
    to \give sb one's seat jdm seinen Platz anbieten
    to \give sb something to eat/drink jdm etwas zu essen/trinken anbieten
    they gave us pork for dinner zum Abendessen servierten sie Schweinefleisch
    \given the choice wenn ich die Wahl hätte; see also example 1, strength 12, support II. 2, 4
    to \give one's baby/sth into sb's care jdm sein Baby/etw anvertrauen
    to \give sb the power to do sth jdn dazu bevollmächtigen, etw zu tun
    I'd \give anything [or the world] [or my right arm] to be... ich würde alles dafür geben [o tun],... zu sein
    8. (sell, pay)
    to \give sb sth for £20 jdm etw für 20 Pfund verkaufen
    to \give sb £20 for sth jdm für etw akk 20 Pfund zahlen
    how much did you \give for that? wie viel hast du dafür gezahlt?
    I'll \give you the camera for £100 für 100 Pfund gehört die Kamera dir!
    to \give sb sth etw bei jdm hervorrufen
    sth \gives sb a headache jd bekommt von etw dat Kopfschmerzen; ( fig) etw bereitet jdm Kopfschmerzen
    to \give sb/sth a bad name jdn/etw in Verruf bringen
    to \give sb to understand that... jdm zu verstehen geben, dass...
    the fresh air has \given us an appetite die frische Luft hat uns Appetit gemacht
    that will \give you something to think about! darüber kannst du ja mal nachdenken!
    what gave you that idea? wie kommst du denn auf die Idee?; see also joy 1, pleasure 1, pain I. 1, 2, trouble I. 4
    to \give sb sth jdm etw geben
    to \give sb his/her due jdm Ehre erweisen
    \give the devil his due Ehre, wem Ehre gebührt
    to \give sb encouragement jdn ermutigen
    to \give sb permission [to do sth] jdm die Erlaubnis erteilen[, etw zu tun]
    11. (impart)
    to \give one's age/name sein Alter/seinen Namen angeben
    to \give a decision court ein Urteil fällen
    to \give sb the news of sth jdm etw mitteilen
    can you \give me any details? können Sie mir irgendwelche Einzelheiten nennen?
    she wouldn't \give me her opinion sie wollte mir nicht sagen, was sie denkt
    he couldn't \give me a reason why... er konnte mir auch nicht sagen, warum...
    \give him my thanks richten Sie ihm meinen Dank aus
    \give her my regards [or my best wishes] grüß' sie schön von mir!; see also advice 1, answer I. 1, information I. 1, notice II. 4, warning 2
    to be given full sentence/life imprisonment die Höchststrafe/lebenslang bekommen
    the teacher gave us no exercises today der Lehrer hat uns heute nichts aufgegeben
    13. usu imper (connect with)
    \give me the police/sales department/Mr Smith verbinden Sie mich bitte mit der Polizei/der Verkaufsabteilung/Mr. Smith
    to \give sb sth time jdm etw geben
    just \give me two more days geben Sie mir noch zwei Tage extra
    I'll \give you a day to think it over ich lasse dir einen Tag Bedenkzeit
    \give yourself time to get over it lass' dir Zeit, um darüber hinwegzukommen
    \give or take mehr oder weniger
    he came at six o'clock, \give or take a few minutes er kam so gegen sechs
    15. (predict)
    to \give sb/sth three months/five years marriage, relationship jdm/etw drei Monate/fünf Jahre geben
    to \give a concert ein Konzert geben
    to \give a speech/lecture eine Rede/einen Vortrag halten
    \give us a song, John sing uns was vor John!
    17. (host)
    to \give a party/reception eine Party/einen Empfang geben
    18. (utter, emit)
    to \give a bark bellen
    to \give a cry/groan aufschreien/-stöhnen
    to \give a noise ein Geräusch von sich dat geben; see also laugh I. 1, sigh I.
    19. (like best)
    \give me PONS every time [or any day] es geht doch nichts über PONS!
    20. (value)
    to not \give much [or anything] for sth nicht viel auf etw akk geben fam
    to \give one's life to sth etw dat sein Leben widmen
    22. ( fam: punish)
    I'll \give you what for, young lady, coming home at 2 o'clock in the morning! ich geb' dir gleich was, junge Dame — um zwei Uhr morgens nach Hause zu kommen!
    to \give sth result, number etw ergeben
    to \give milk/light Milch/Licht geben
    to \give warmth Wärme spenden
    24. (do)
    to \give sb's hand a squeeze jdm die Hand drücken
    to \give sb a [dirty/friendly] look jdm einen vernichtenden/freundlichen Blick zuwerfen
    to \give a shrug mit den Schultern [o Achseln] zucken
    25. (admit/grant)
    she's quite brave, I'll \give you that das gestehe ich dir zu — Mut hat sie
    I'll \give you that das muss man dir lassen
    26. ( form: prone to)
    to be \given to sth zu etw dat neigen
    to \give a toast to sb auf jdn einen Tost ausbringen
    I \give you the president auf den Präsidenten!; (as speaker) das Wort hat der Präsident
    28.
    \give me a break! jetzt mach aber mal halblang! fam; (stop) jetzt hör' aber auf! fam; (don't believe) das glaubst du doch selbst nicht! fam
    I don't \give a damn ( fam) [or (fam!) a shit] [or ( vulg) a fuck] das ist mir scheißegal! derb
    to \give a dog a bad name BRIT ( saying) alte Geschichten [wieder] aufwärmen
    don't \give me that! komm mir doch nicht damit! fam
    you just have to \give it a go du musst es einfach versuchen! fam
    <gave, -n>
    to \give to sth charity für etw akk spenden
    to \give of one's best sein Bestes geben
    to \give of one's money/time sein Geld/seine Zeit opfern
    to \give generously großzügig spenden
    to \give and take [gegenseitige] Kompromisse machen
    2. (bend, yield) rope reißen; bed federn; knees weich werden
    to \give [under [or with] sth] weight [unter etw dat] nachgeben
    3. (collapse) bridge einstürzen; seam platzen
    you can't work so hard all the time, something's bound to \give du kannst nicht die ganze Zeit so hart arbeiten, sonst wird das irgendwann mal ganz böse ausgehen! sl
    4. (be at an end)
    sth \gives patience mit etw dat ist es vorbei; nerves, voice etw versagt
    what \gives? was gibt's Neues?
    what \gives here? was ist hier so los? fam
    \give! erzähl' schon! fam
    7.
    it is better [or more blessed] to \give than to receive ( prov) Geben ist seliger denn Nehmen prov
    to \give as good as one gets Gleiches mit Gleichem vergelten
    III. NOUN
    no pl Nachgiebigkeit f; (elasticity) Elastizität f; of bed Federung f
    to [not] have much \give [nicht] sehr nachgeben; (elastic) [nicht] sehr elastisch sein
    * * *
    [gɪv] vb: pret gave, ptp given
    1. TRANSITIVE VERB
    When give is part of a set combination, eg. give evidence, give chase, look up the other word.

    we were given three exercises she was given a sedativewir haben drei Übungen bekommen or (as homework) aufbekommen man hat ihr or ihr wurde ein Beruhigungsmittel gegeben

    I'd give a lot/the world/anything to know... —

    what wouldn't I give to be like you — was würde ich nicht darum geben, so wie du zu sein

    11 o'clock, give or take a few minutes — so gegen 11 Uhr

    six foot, give or take a few inches — ungefähr sechs Fuß

    2) as present schenken; (= donate) spenden, geben

    it was given to me by my uncle, I was given it by my uncle — ich habe es von meinem Onkel bekommen or geschenkt bekommen

    he gave me a book as a present — er schenkte mir ein Buch, er machte mir ein Buch zum Geschenk

    3) with abstract nouns trouble machen; one's love, attention schenken; hospitality gewähren

    he gave the impression he didn't care — er machte den Eindruck, als ob es ihm egal wäre

    to give sb support —

    (God) give me strength to do it — Gott gebe mir die Kraft, es zu tun!

    give me strength/patience! — großer Gott! (inf)

    to give sb a look/smile — jdn ansehen/anlächeln

    to give sb a blow — jdn schlagen, jdm einen Schlag versetzen

    to give sb a push/kick — jdm einen Stoß/Tritt geben, jdn stoßen/treten

    to give one's hair a brush/wash — sich (dat) die Haare bürsten/waschen

    this incident gave him the basic plot of the story — durch dieses Ereignis bekam er die Grundidee für die Handlung der Geschichte

    who gave you that idea?wer hat dich denn auf die Idee gebracht?

    that will give you something to think aboutda hast du etwas, worüber du nachdenken kannst

    I'll give you something to cry about — ich werde schon zusehen, dass du weißt, warum du weinst

    give me Shakespeare/Spain (every time)! (inf)

    give me Renoir and Rembrandt, not these surrealist artists — mir sind Renoir und Rembrandt viel lieber als diese Surrealisten

    I was expecting him to give way — ich nahm an, er würde mir die Vorfahrt lassen

    "give way" — "Vorfahrt (gewähren)"

    4) = cause, cause to feel pleasure, joy machen, bereiten; pain bereiten

    to give sb painjdm wehtun (also fig), jdm Schmerzen bereiten

    it gives me great pleasure to... — es ist mir eine große Freude...

    to give sb a shockjdm einen Schock versetzen __diams; to give sb to understand that...

    I was given to understand/believe that... — mir wurde zu verstehen gegeben, dass...

    5) = punish with erteilen

    he gave the child a smacker gab dem Kind einen Klaps

    to give sb five years — jdn zu fünf Jahren verurteilen, jdm fünf Jahre aufbrummen

    he was given a thrashing/five years — er hat eine Tracht Prügel/fünf Jahre bekommen

    6)

    = utter to give a cry/groan/laugh/sigh — aufschreien/-stöhnen/-lachen/-seufzen

    7) = yield, produce milk, warmth, light etc geben; results (er)bringen; answer liefern
    8) = allow time geben

    they gave me a week to do it — sie gaben or ließen mir eine Woche Zeit, um es zu machen

    give yourself time to recover — lassen Sie sich Zeit, um sich zu erholen

    it's an improvement, I'll give you that — es ist eine Verbesserung, das gestehe ich (dir) ein

    he's a good worker, I'll give him that — eines muss man ihm lassen, er arbeitet gut

    9) = report, tell information, details, description, answer, advice geben; one's name, particulars angeben; suggestion machen; (= let sb know by letter, phone etc) decision, opinion, results mitteilen

    he wouldn't give me his decision/opinion — er wollte mir seine Entscheidung/Meinung nicht sagen

    they interrupted the film to give the football results — sie unterbrachen den Film, um die Fußballergebnisse zu bringen

    give him my regards — bestellen Sie ihm (schöne) Grüße, richten Sie ihm (schöne) Grüße von mir aus

    to give no/the right answer — nicht/richtig antworten

    his letter gave us the latest news —

    he forgot to give us the date — er hat vergessen, uns das Datum anzugeben or (verbally also) zu sagen or (by letter, phone etc also) mitzuteilen

    10) = hold, perform party, dinner, play geben; speech halten; song singen; toast ausbringen (to sb auf jdn)

    give us a song —

    I give you Mary (as toast) (as speaker) — auf Mary!, auf Marys Wohl! ich gebe Mary das Wort

    11)

    = do the child gave a little jump of excitement — das Kind machte vor Aufregung einen kleinen Luftsprung

    12) = devote widmen (
    to +dat)

    he has given himself entirely to medicine —

    he gave himself/his life to God — er weihte sich/sein Leben Gott

    2. INTRANSITIVE VERB
    1) = give way lit, fig = collapse, yield nachgeben; (strength, health, nerve, voice) versagen; (= break, rope, cable) reißen; (cold weather) nachlassen

    when you're under as much strain as that, something is bound to give (inf) — wenn man unter so viel Druck steht, muss es ja irgendwo aushaken (inf)

    2) = bend, be flexible nachgeben; (bed) federn; (dress) sich dehnen or weiten
    3) = give money etc geben, spenden

    you have to be prepared to give and take (fig) — man muss zu Kompromissen bereit sein, man muss auch mal zurückstecken können

    4)

    = be the matter esp US inf what gives? — was gibts? (inf), was ist los? (inf)

    5)

    = tell US inf OK, now give! — also, raus mit der Sprache! (inf)

    3. NOUN
    Nachgiebigkeit f, Elastizität f; (of floor, bed, chair) Federung f
    4. PHRASAL VERBS
    * * *
    give [ɡıv]
    A s
    1. Elastizität f, (des Bodens etc) Federung f:
    there is too much give in the rope das Seil ist zu locker (gespannt)
    2. fig
    a) Elastizität f, Flexibilität f
    b) Nachgiebigkeit f:
    there is no give in him er gibt nie nach
    B v/t prät gave [ɡeıv], pperf given [ˈɡıvn]
    1. a) geben:
    give sb the name of William jemandem den Namen William geben;
    give or take plus/minus;
    he has given me his cold er hat mich mit seiner Erkältung angesteckt
    b) schenken:
    c) Blut etc spenden
    2. geben, reichen:
    give sb one’s hand jemandem die Hand geben
    3. einen Brief etc (über)geben
    4. (als Gegenwert) geben, (be)zahlen:
    how much did you give for that coat?;
    give as good as one gets ( oder takes) mit gleicher Münze zurückzahlen
    5. eine Auskunft, einen Rat etc geben, erteilen:
    give a description eine Beschreibung geben (of gen oder von)
    6. sein Wort geben
    7. widmen:
    give one’s attention (energies) to sth einer Sache seine Aufmerksamkeit (Kraft) widmen
    8. sein Leben hingeben, opfern ( beide:
    for für)
    9. ein Recht, einen Titel, ein Amt etc verleihen, geben, übertragen:
    give sb a part in a play jemandem eine Rolle in einem Stück geben
    10. geben, gewähren, zugestehen:
    give sb a favo(u)r jemandem eine Gunst gewähren;
    just give me 24 hours geben Sie mir (nur) 24 Stunden (Zeit);
    give sb until …
    a) jemandem bis … Zeit geben oder lassen ( to do zu tun),
    b) jemandem bis … Bedenkzeit geben;
    I give you that point in diesem Punkt gebe ich Ihnen recht;
    give me the good old times! da lobe ich mir die gute alte Zeit!;
    give me Mozart any time Mozart geht mir über alles;
    it was not given to him to do it es war ihm nicht gegeben oder vergönnt, es zu tun
    11. einen Befehl, Auftrag etc geben, erteilen
    12. Hilfe gewähren, leisten, Schutz bieten
    13. einen Preis zuerkennen, zusprechen
    14. eine Arznei (ein)geben, verabreichen
    15. jemandem ein Zimmer etc geben, zuteilen, zuweisen
    16. Grüße etc übermitteln:
    give him my love bestelle ihm herzliche Grüße von mir
    17. übergeben, einliefern:
    give sb into custody jemanden der Polizei übergeben, jemanden verhaften lassen
    18. jemandem einen Schlag etc geben, versetzen
    20. a) von sich geben, äußern: cry A 1, laugh A 1, shout C 1, sign A 6, smile C 1, start A 6
    b) eine Erklärung etc abgeben
    c) eine Rede etc halten
    21. (an)geben, mitteilen, seine Telefonnummer etc angeben:
    give a reason einen Grund angeben;
    don’t give me that! das glaubst du doch selbst nicht!;
    this clock gives the right time diese Uhr zeigt die richtige Zeit an; name Bes Redew
    22. ein Lied etc zum Besten geben, vortragen
    23. ein Konzert etc geben, veranstalten:
    give a dinner ein Essen geben;
    give a play ein (Theater)Stück geben oder aufführen
    24. bereiten, verursachen:
    give pain Schmerzen bereiten, wehtun;
    give sb many problems jemandem viele Probleme aufgeben; pain A 1, A 2, pleasure A 1
    25. (er)geben:
    give no result ohne Ergebnis bleiben
    26. geben, hervorbringen:
    cows give milk Kühe geben Milch;
    the lamp gives a good light die Lampe gibt gutes Licht
    27. einen Trinkspruch ausbringen auf (akk):
    I give you the ladies ich trinke auf das Wohl der Damen
    28. geben, zuschreiben:
    I give him 50 years ich schätze ihn auf 50 Jahre
    29. jemandem zu tun, zu trinken etc geben:
    I was given to understand that … man gab mir zu verstehen, dass …
    give attention achtgeben (to auf akk);
    give it to him! umg gibs ihm!;
    C v/i
    1. geben, spenden (to dat):
    give and take geben und nehmen, einander entgegenkommen, kompromissbereit sein
    2. nachgeben (auch Preise):
    the foundations are giving das Fundament senkt sich;
    the chair gives comfortably der Stuhl federt angenehm;
    his knees gave under him seine Knie versagten
    3. what gives? sl was gibts?;
    what gives with him? sl was ist los mit ihm?
    4. nachlassen, schwächer werden
    5. versagen (Nerven etc)
    6. a) nachgeben, (Boden etc) federn
    b) sich dehnen (Kleidungsstück)
    7. sich anpassen (to dat oder an akk)
    8. a) führen ( into in akk; on[to] auf akk, nach) (Straße etc)
    b) gehen (on[to] nach) (Fenster etc)
    9. US umg
    a) sprechen:
    come on, give! los, raus mit der Sprache!
    b) aus sich herausgehen
    * * *
    1. transitive verb,
    1) (hand over, pass) geben; (transfer from one's authority, custody, or responsibility) überbringen; übergeben (to an + Akk.)

    give me... — (on telephone) geben Sie mir...; verbinden Sie mich mit...

    2) (as gift) schenken; (donate) spenden; geben; (bequeath) vermachen

    give somebody something, give something to somebody — jemandem etwas schenken

    the book was given [to] me by my son — das Buch hat mir mein Sohn geschenkt

    I wouldn't have it if it was given [to] me — ich würde es nicht mal geschenkt nehmen; abs.

    give [a donation] to charity — für wohltätige Zwecke spenden

    give and take(fig.) Kompromisse eingehen; (in marriage etc.) geben und nehmen

    3) (sell) verkaufen; geben; (pay) zahlen; geben (ugs.); (sacrifice) geben; opfern

    give somebody something [in exchange] for something — jemandem etwas für etwas [im Tausch] geben

    I would give anything or my right arm/a lot to be there — ich würde alles/viel darum geben, wenn ich dort sein könnte

    4) (assign) aufgeben [Hausaufgaben, Strafarbeit usw.]; (sentence to) geben [10 Jahre Gefängnis usw.]
    5) (grant, award) geben [Erlaubnis, Arbeitsplatz, Interview, Rabatt, Fähigkeit, Kraft]; verleihen [Preis, Titel, Orden usw.]

    he was given the privilege/honour of doing it — ihm wurde das Vorrecht/die Ehre zuteil, es zu tun

    give somebody to understand or believe that... — jemanden glauben lassen, dass...

    6) (entrust somebody with) übertragen (to Dat.)

    give somebody the power to do something — jemanden ermächtigen, etwas zu tun

    7) (allow somebody to have) geben [Recht, Zeit, Arbeit]; überlassen [seinen Sitzplatz]; lassen [Wahl, Zeit]

    they gave me [the use of] their car for the weekend — sie überließen mir ihr Auto übers Wochenende

    give yourself time to think about it — lass dir Zeit, und denk darüber nach

    give me London any day or time or every time — (fig. coll.) London ist mir zehnmal lieber

    I['ll] give you/him etc. that — (fig. coll.): (grant) das gebe ich zu; zugegeben

    you've got to give it to him(fig. coll.) das muss man ihm lassen

    it cost £5, give or take a few pence — es hat so um die fünf Pfund gekostet (ugs.)

    given that (because) da; (if) wenn

    given time, I'll do it — wenn ich Zeit habe, mache ich es

    8) (offer to somebody) geben, reichen [Arm, Hand usw.]
    9) (cause somebody/something to have) geben; verleihen [Charme, Reiz, Gewicht, Nachdruck]; bereiten, machen [Freude, Mühe, Kummer]; bereiten, verursachen [Schmerz]; bieten [Abwechslung, Schutz]; leisten [Hilfe]; gewähren [Unterstützung]

    give a clear picture(Telev.) ein gutes Bild haben

    give somebody what for(sl.) es jemandem geben (ugs.)

    10) (convey in words, tell, communicate) angeben [Namen, Anschrift, Alter, Grund, Zahl]; nennen [Grund, Einzelheiten, Losungswort]; geben [Rat, Beispiel, Befehl, Anweisung, Antwort]; fällen [Urteil, Entscheidung]; sagen [Meinung]; bekannt geben [Nachricht, Ergebnis]; machen [Andeutung]; erteilen [Verweis, Rüge]; (present, set forth) [Wörterbuch, Brief:] enthalten; [Zeitung:] bringen [Bericht]

    don't give me that!(coll.) erzähl mir [doch] nichts! (ugs.)

    11) given (specified) gegeben
    12) (perform, read, sing, etc.) geben [Vorstellung, Konzert]; halten [Vortrag, Seminar]; vorlesen [Gedicht, Erzählung]; singen [Lied]; spielen [Schauspiel, Oper, Musikstück]
    13) ausbringen [Toast, Trinkspruch]; (as toast)

    ladies and gentlemen, I give you the Queen — meine Damen, meine Herren, auf die Königin od. das Wohl der Königin

    14) (produce) geben [Licht, Milch]; tragen [Früchte]; ergeben [Zahlen, Resultat]; erbringen [Ernte]
    16) (make somebody undergo) geben; versetzen [Schlag, Stoß]; verabreichen (geh.), geben [Arznei]

    give somebody a [friendly] look — jemandem einen [freundlichen] Blick zuwerfen

    give as good as one gets(coll.) es jemandem mit gleicher Münze heimzahlen

    17) (execute, make, show) geben [Zeichen, Stoß, Tritt]; machen [Satz, Ruck]; ausstoßen [Schrei, Seufzer, Pfiff]

    give a [little] smile — [schwach] lächeln

    give something/somebody a look — sich (Dat.) etwas/jemanden ansehen

    18) (devote, dedicate) widmen

    be given to something/doing something — zu etwas neigen/etwas gern tun

    give all one's got(coll.) sein möglichstes tun

    19) (be host at) geben [Party, Empfang, Essen usw.]
    20)

    give somebody/something two months/a year — jemandem/einer Sache zwei Monate/ein Jahr geben

    2. intransitive verb,
    gave, given
    1) (yield, bend) nachgeben (auch fig.); [Knie:] weich werden; [Bett:] federn; (break down) zusammenbrechen; [Brücke:] einstürzen; (fig.) nachlassen

    give on to the street/garden — [Tür usw.:] auf die Straße hinausführen/in den Garten führen

    3. noun
    1) Nachgiebigkeit, die; (elasticity) Elastizität, die

    have [no] give — [nicht] nachgeben

    2)

    give and take (compromise) Kompromiss, der; (exchange of concessions) Geben und Nehmen, das

    Phrasal Verbs:
    * * *
    (a lecture, etc.) v.
    abhalten (Lehrstunde, Vorlesung) v. v.
    (§ p.,p.p.: gave, given)
    = bereiten v.
    eingeben v.
    geben v.
    (§ p.,pp.: gab, gegeben)
    hingeben v.
    verursachen v.
    widmen v.

    English-german dictionary > give

  • 7 give

    (to dismiss (someone) or to be dismissed (usually from a job): He got the boot for always being late.) despedir, ser puesto de patitas en la calle
    give vb
    1. dar
    can you give him a message? ¿le puedes dar un recado?
    2. regalar
    what did you give him? ¿qué le regalaste?
    tr[gɪv]
    1 (flexibility) elasticidad nombre femenino, flexibilidad nombre femenino
    transitive verb (pt gave tr[geɪv], pp given tr['gɪvən], ger giving)
    1 (gen) dar
    you've given me a great idea! ¡me has dado una idea estupenda!
    2 (deliver, convey) dar, entregar
    could you give him a message? ¿le podrías dar un mensaje?
    3 (as a gift) dar, regalar
    4 (provide) dar, suministrar
    5 (pay) pagar, dar
    how much did you give for it? ¿cuánto pagó por ello?
    7 (dedicate) dedicar, consagrar
    8 (cause) causar, ocasionar
    9 (yield) ceder, conceder
    I'll give you that it isn't easy le concedo que no es fácil, te doy la razón en que no es fácil
    1 (yield) ceder; (cloth, elastic) dar de sí
    \
    SMALLIDIOMATIC EXPRESSION/SMALL
    not to give a damn importarle a uno un bledo
    to give evidence prestar declaración
    to give it all one's got dar lo mejor de sí
    to give the game away descubrir el pastel
    'Give way' (road sign) "Ceda el paso"
    to give way (gen) ceder, conceder 2 (ground) hundirse 3 (ladder) romperse 3 (legs) doblarse
    don't give me that! familiar ¡no me vengas con esas!
    give me... every time! familiar ¡para mí no hay nada como...!
    to give somebody one's support prestarle apoyo a alguien
    to give somebody up for dead dar por muerto,-a a alguien
    what gives? familiar ¿qué pasa?
    give ['gɪv] v, gave ['geɪv] ; given ['gɪvə n] ; giving vt
    1) hand, present: dar, regalar, obsequiar
    give it to me: dámelo
    they gave him a gold watch: le regalaron un reloj de oro
    2) pay: dar, pagar
    I'll give you $10 for this one: te daré $10 por éste
    3) utter: dar, pronunciar
    to give a shout: dar un grito
    to give a speech: pronunciar un discurso
    to give a verdict: dictar sentencia
    4) provide: dar
    to give one's word: dar uno su palabra
    to give a party: dar una fiesta
    5) cause: dar, causar, ocasionar
    to give trouble: causar problemas
    to give someone to understand: darle a entender a alguien
    6) grant: dar, otorgar
    to give permission: dar permiso
    give vi
    1) : hacer regalos
    2) yield: ceder, romperse
    it gave under the weight of the crowd: cedió bajo el peso de la muchedumbre
    3)
    to give in or to give up surrender: rendirse, entregarse
    4)
    to give out : agotarse, acabarse
    the supplies gave out: las provisiones se agotaron
    give n
    flexibility: flexibilidad f, elasticidad f
    n.
    elasticidad s.f.
    expr.
    criticar (a alguien) v.
    hacer (a alguien) pasar mal expr.
    expr.
    cantarle las cuarenta verdades* (a alguien) expr.
    decir cuántas son cinco* expr.
    give (s.o.) the slip
    expr.
    dar esquinazo* v.
    lograr escaparse (de alguien) expr.
    lograr zafarse (de alguien) expr.
    v.
    (§ p.,p.p.: gave, given) = dar v.
    (§pres: doy, das...) subj: dé-
    pret: di-•)
    donar v.
    entregar v.
    obsequiar v.
    ofrecer v.
    ofrendar v.
    otorgar v.
    presentar v.
    prestar v.
    regalar v.
    rendir v.

    I
    1. gɪv
    1) (past gave; past p given) transitive verb
    2)
    a) (hand, pass) dar*

    give her/me/them a glass of water — dale/dame/dales un vaso de agua

    b) ( as gift) regalar, obsequiar (frml)

    to give somebody a present — hacerle* un regalo a alguien, regalarle algo a alguien

    c) ( donate) dar*, donar

    they have given $100,000 for/toward a new music room — han dado or donado $100.000/han contribuido con $100.000 para una nueva sala de música

    d) (dedicate, devote) \<\<love/affection\>\> dar*; \<\<attention\>\> prestar

    to give it all one's got — dar* lo mejor de sí

    e) ( sacrifice) \<\<life\>\> dar*, entregar*
    f) \<\<injection/sedative\>\> dar*, administrar (frml)
    3)
    a) (supply, grant) \<\<protection\>\> dar*; \<\<help\>\> dar*, brindar; \<\<idea\>\> dar*
    b) (allow, concede) \<\<opportunity/permission\>\> dar*, conceder (frml)

    given the choice, I'd... — si me dieran a elegir, yo...

    he's a good worker, I'll give him that, but... — es muy trabajador, hay que reconocerlo, pero...

    it would take us 15 months, give or take a week or two — nos llevaría unos 15 meses, semana más, semana menos

    4)
    a) ( cause) \<\<pleasure/shock\>\> dar*; \<\<cough\>\> dar*

    don't give us your germs/cold! — no nos pegues tus microbios/tu resfriado! (fam)

    b) ( yield) \<\<results/fruit\>\> dar*
    5)
    a) (award, allot) \<\<title/degree\>\> dar*, otorgar* (frml), conferir* (frml); \<\<authority/right\>\> dar*, otorgar* (frml), conceder (frml); \<\<contract\>\> dar*, adjudicar*; \<\<mark\>\> dar*, poner*
    b) ( entrust) \<\<task/responsibility\>\> dar*, confiar*
    6) (pay, exchange) dar*
    7) ( care) (colloq)

    I don't give a damnme importa un bledo or un comino or un pepino (fam)

    8)
    a) ( convey) \<\<apologies/news\>\> dar*

    please give my regards to your motherdale recuerdos or (AmL tb) cariños a tu madre

    she gave me to understand that... — me dio a entender que...

    b) (state, reveal) \<\<information\>\> dar*
    9) (make sound, movement) \<\<cry/jump\>\> dar*, pegar* (fam); \<\<laugh\>\> soltar*

    to give somebody a kiss/a wink — darle* un beso a alguien/hacerle* un guiño a alguien

    10) ( indicate) \<\<speed/temperature\>\> señalar, marcar*
    11)
    a) ( hold) \<\<party/dinner\>\> dar*, ofrecer* (frml)
    b) \<\<concert\>\> dar*; \<\<speech\>\> decir*, pronunciar

    2.
    vi
    1)
    a) ( yield under pressure) ceder, dar* de sí
    b) (break, give way) \<\<planks/branch\>\> romperse*
    2) ( make gift) dar*

    to give to charity — dar* dinero a organizaciones de caridad

    Phrasal Verbs:

    II
    mass noun elasticidad f
    [ɡɪv] (pt gave) (pp given)
    1. TRANSITIVE VERB
    When give is part of a set combination, eg give evidence, give a lecture, give a party, give a yawn, look up the other word.
    1) [+ possession, object] dar; (for special occasion) regalar, obsequiar frm; [+ title, honour, award, prize] dar, otorgar frm; [+ organ, blood] dar, donar; (Scol) [+ mark] poner

    he was given a gold watch when he retiredle regalaron or frm obsequiaron un reloj de oro cuando se jubiló

    he gave her a dictionary for her birthday — le regaló un diccionario por su cumpleaños

    he was given an award for braveryle dieron or otorgaron un galardón por su valentía

    to give sb a penalty — (Sport) conceder un penalti or penalty a algn

    to give o.s to sb — entregarse a algn

    2) (=pass on) [+ message] dar; [+ goods, document] dar, entregar more frm ; [+ illness] contagiar, pegar *

    give them my regards or best wishes — dales saludos de mi parte

    can you give Mary the keys when you see her? — ¿puedes darle las llaves a Mary cuando la veas?

    to give sb a cold — contagiar el resfriado a algn, pegar el resfriado a algn *

    to give sth into sb's handsliter entregar or confiar algo a algn

    3) (=offer) [+ party, dinner] dar

    to give a party for sbdar or ofrecer una fiesta en honor de algn

    why don't you give them melon to start with? — ¿por qué no les das melón para empezar?

    what can I give him to eat/for dinner? — ¿qué puedo hacerle para comer/cenar?

    4) (=provide) [+ money, information, idea] dar; [+ task] dar, confiar

    can you give him something to do? — ¿puedes darle algo para hacer?

    I'll never be able to give you a childnunca podré darte un hijo

    they gave us a lot of helpnos ayudaron mucho

    it gave us a good laugh *nos hizo reír mucho

    give or take... —

    12 o'clock, give or take a few minutes — más o menos las doce

    in A.D. 500 give or take a few years — aproximadamente en el año 500 después de J.C.

    5) (=cause) [+ shock, surprise] dar, causar; [+ pain] causar, provocar

    it gives me great pleasure to welcome you all — es un gran placer para mí darles la bienvenida a todos

    to give sb a kick/push — dar una patada/un empujón a algn

    to give sb to believe that... — hacer creer a algn que...

    I was given to believe that... — me hicieron creer que...

    to give sb to understand that... — dar a entender a algn que...

    6) (=grant, allow)
    a) [+ permission] dar, conceder; [+ chance, time] dar

    can't you give me another week? — ¿no me puedes dar otra semana?

    he's honest, I give you that — es honrado, lo reconozco

    how long would you give that marriage? — ¿cuánto tiempo crees que durará ese matrimonio?

    7) (=dedicate) [+ life, time] dedicar
    8) (=sacrifice) [+ life] dar
    9) (=pay) dar

    what will you give me for it? — ¿qué me das por ello?

    how much did you give for it? — ¿cuánto diste or pagaste por él?

    10) (=put through to) poner con

    could you give me Mr Smith/extension 3443? — ¿me podría poner con el Sr. Smith/con la extensión 3443?

    11) (=punish with)

    to give it to sb *(=beat) dar una paliza a algn; (verbally) poner a algn como un trapo *

    12) (=present) presentar a

    ladies and gentlemen, I give you our guest speaker this evening,... — damas y caballeros, les presento a nuestro conferenciante de esta noche,...

    14) (=produce, supply) [+ milk, fruit] dar, producir; [+ light, heat] dar; [+ result] arrojar; [+ help, advice] dar, proporcionar

    it gives 6% a year — rinde un 6% al año

    15) (=state) [+ name, age, address] dar; (on form) poner

    to give the right/wrong answer — dar la respuesta correcta/equivocada

    16) (=care)
    17) (=make) [+ speech] dar, pronunciar frm; [+ lecture, concert] dar
    18)

    to give way

    a) (=collapse) [bridge, beam, floor, ceiling] ceder, hundirse; [cable, rope] romperse; [legs] flaquear

    the chair gave way under his weight — la silla no soportó su peso, la silla cedió bajo su peso

    b) (=break) [rope] romperse
    c)

    to give way (to sth)(=be replaced) ser reemplazado (por algo); (to demands) ceder (a algo); (to traffic) ceder el paso (a algo)

    give way(Brit) (Aut) ceda el paso

    don't give me that! * — ¡no me vengas con esas! *

    I'll give you something to cry about! * — ¡ya te daré yo razones para llorar!

    holidays? I'll give you holidays! * — ¿vacaciones? ya te voy a dar yo a ti vacaciones *, ¿vacaciones? ¡ni vacaciones ni narices! *

    he wants £100? I'll give him £100! * — ¿que quiere 100 libras? ¡ni cien libras ni nada!

    I'll give him what for! * — ¡se va a enterar! *

    give me the old songs! — ¡para mí las canciones viejas!

    give me a gas cooker every time! * — ¡prefiero mil veces una cocina de gas!

    children? give me dogs any time! — ¿niños? ¡prefiero mucho antes un perro!

    2. INTRANSITIVE VERB
    1) dar

    please give generously — por favor, sean generosos

    to give to charity — hacer donativos a organizaciones benéficas, dar dinero a organizaciones benéficas

    to give and takehacer concesiones mutuas

    - give as good as one gets
    2) (=give way)
    a) (=collapse) [bridge, beam, floor, ceiling] ceder, hundirse; [knees] flaquear

    the chair gave under his weight — la silla cedió bajo su peso, la silla no soportó su peso

    b) (=break) [rope] romperse
    c) (=yield) [door] ceder
    3) (US)
    *

    what gives? — ¿qué pasa?, ¿qué se cuece por ahí? *

    3.
    NOUN (=flexibility) [of material] elasticidad f

    there's a lot of give in this chair/bed — esta silla/cama es muy mullida

    how much give has there been on their side? — ¿cuánto han cedido ellos?

    give and take, you won't achieve an agreement without a bit of give and take — no vais a conseguir un acuerdo sin hacer concesiones mutuas

    * * *

    I
    1. [gɪv]
    1) (past gave; past p given) transitive verb
    2)
    a) (hand, pass) dar*

    give her/me/them a glass of water — dale/dame/dales un vaso de agua

    b) ( as gift) regalar, obsequiar (frml)

    to give somebody a present — hacerle* un regalo a alguien, regalarle algo a alguien

    c) ( donate) dar*, donar

    they have given $100,000 for/toward a new music room — han dado or donado $100.000/han contribuido con $100.000 para una nueva sala de música

    d) (dedicate, devote) \<\<love/affection\>\> dar*; \<\<attention\>\> prestar

    to give it all one's got — dar* lo mejor de sí

    e) ( sacrifice) \<\<life\>\> dar*, entregar*
    f) \<\<injection/sedative\>\> dar*, administrar (frml)
    3)
    a) (supply, grant) \<\<protection\>\> dar*; \<\<help\>\> dar*, brindar; \<\<idea\>\> dar*
    b) (allow, concede) \<\<opportunity/permission\>\> dar*, conceder (frml)

    given the choice, I'd... — si me dieran a elegir, yo...

    he's a good worker, I'll give him that, but... — es muy trabajador, hay que reconocerlo, pero...

    it would take us 15 months, give or take a week or two — nos llevaría unos 15 meses, semana más, semana menos

    4)
    a) ( cause) \<\<pleasure/shock\>\> dar*; \<\<cough\>\> dar*

    don't give us your germs/cold! — no nos pegues tus microbios/tu resfriado! (fam)

    b) ( yield) \<\<results/fruit\>\> dar*
    5)
    a) (award, allot) \<\<title/degree\>\> dar*, otorgar* (frml), conferir* (frml); \<\<authority/right\>\> dar*, otorgar* (frml), conceder (frml); \<\<contract\>\> dar*, adjudicar*; \<\<mark\>\> dar*, poner*
    b) ( entrust) \<\<task/responsibility\>\> dar*, confiar*
    6) (pay, exchange) dar*
    7) ( care) (colloq)

    I don't give a damnme importa un bledo or un comino or un pepino (fam)

    8)
    a) ( convey) \<\<apologies/news\>\> dar*

    please give my regards to your motherdale recuerdos or (AmL tb) cariños a tu madre

    she gave me to understand that... — me dio a entender que...

    b) (state, reveal) \<\<information\>\> dar*
    9) (make sound, movement) \<\<cry/jump\>\> dar*, pegar* (fam); \<\<laugh\>\> soltar*

    to give somebody a kiss/a wink — darle* un beso a alguien/hacerle* un guiño a alguien

    10) ( indicate) \<\<speed/temperature\>\> señalar, marcar*
    11)
    a) ( hold) \<\<party/dinner\>\> dar*, ofrecer* (frml)
    b) \<\<concert\>\> dar*; \<\<speech\>\> decir*, pronunciar

    2.
    vi
    1)
    a) ( yield under pressure) ceder, dar* de sí
    b) (break, give way) \<\<planks/branch\>\> romperse*
    2) ( make gift) dar*

    to give to charity — dar* dinero a organizaciones de caridad

    Phrasal Verbs:

    II
    mass noun elasticidad f

    English-spanish dictionary > give

  • 8 give

    I
    1. [gıv] n
    1. 1) податливость, уступчивость
    2) смягчение
    2. упругость, эластичность; пружинистость

    there was too much give in the rope and it slipped off the box - верёвка легко растягивалась, и поэтому она соскочила с коробки

    there is not much give in this cloth - этот материал /эта ткань/ почти совсем не тянется

    3. тех. зазор, игра
    4. спец. упругая деформация
    2. [gıv] v (gave; given)
    I
    1. давать

    to give smb. a pencil [a cup of tea] - дать кому-л. карандаш [чашку чаю]

    give me a day to think the problem over - дайте мне день, чтобы продумать этот вопрос /подумать над этим вопросом/

    to give smb. to eat [to drink] - дать кому-л. поесть [попить]; накормить [напоить] кого-л.

    can you give me a bed for the night? - не могли бы вы устроить меня переночевать?

    give us liberty or give us death! - возвыш. свободу или смерть!

    2. 1) дарить, одаривать

    to give smb. a present - сделать кому-л. подарок

    to give smb. a bunch of flowers - преподнести кому-л. букет цветов

    to give smth. as a keepsake - подарить что-л. на память

    I don't know what to give her for her birthday - я не знаю, что подарить ей в день рождения

    he gave all his books to the college - он передал все свои книги /свою библиотеку/ колледжу

    2) давать, даровать, жаловать

    to give a grant - а) (по)жаловать какую-л. сумму; б) дать стипендию или пособие

    the new law gives women equal pay with men - по новому закону оплата труда женщин приравнивается к оплате труда мужчин

    it was not given to him to achieve happiness - ему было не дано добиться счастья

    3) жертвовать

    he gave generously to charities - он щедро жертвовал на благотворительные цели

    4) завещать, отказать

    to give smb. smth. in one's will - завещать что-л. кому-л.

    3. 1) предоставлять, отдавать

    to give smb. the place of honour - предоставить кому-л. почётное место; усадить кого-л. на почётное место

    2) поручать, давать поручение

    to give the command of a regiment to a major - поручить майору командование полком

    to give a porter one's bag to carry - попросить носильщика отнести чемодан

    I gave him a letter to mail - я велел ему отправить /опустить/ письмо

    4. передавать, вручать

    to give the note - отдать /передать/ записку

    5. платить, отдавать

    how much /what/ did you give for the thing? - сколько вы заплатили /отдали/ за эту вещь?

    I gave it to him for nothing - я отдал это ему бесплатно /даром/

    to give a fair day's wage for a fair day's work - хорошо заплатить за честно отработанный день

    6. придавать

    to give smb. assurance /confidence/ - придавать кому-л. уверенность

    to give smb. strength - придавать кому-л. силу

    to give smth. form - придавать чему-л. форму

    to give smth. brilliance - придавать чему-л. блеск

    its deep seclusion gives it a peculiar charm - полное уединение придаёт этому месту (дому и т. п.) особое очарование

    to give spring to the take-off - спорт. сообщить толчку прыгучесть; усилить толчок

    7. давать, быть источником, производить

    this farm gives good crops - эта ферма /это хозяйство/ даёт хорошие урожаи

    the lamp gave an uncertain light - лампа давала тусклый свет /тускло светила/

    that book has given me several ideas - эта книга заставила меня кое о чём подумать /пробудила во мне кое-какие мысли/

    8. сообщать

    to give details - рассказывать /передавать/ подробности

    this newspaper gives a full story of the game - эта газета напечатала полный отчёт о матче

    to give an account of smth. - отчитаться в чём-л.

    this dictionary gives many new words - в этом словаре (содержится) много новых слов

    to give to the public /to the world/ - опубликовать, обнародовать

    9. описывать, изображать

    to give a portrait /a character/ - дать /нарисовать/ образ

    he gives the scenery of the country with much fidelity - он описывает пейзаж страны очень точно

    the text is enhanced by a number of plates, all of which are given detailed descriptions - интерес к тексту возрастает благодаря репродукциям, которые сопровождаются подробными описаниями

    10. (to) подставлять; протягивать

    she gave her face to the bright sunrays - она подставила лицо ярким лучам солнца

    he gave his hand to the visitor - он протянул руку посетителю [ср. тж. ]

    11. 1) отступить, отпрянуть
    2) уступать, соглашаться

    to give smb. the point - согласиться с кем-л. /уступить кому-л./ в данном вопросе

    I'll give you that! - а) ладно! в этом я с вами согласен!; б) это я за вами признаю!

    12. 1) подаваться, ослабевать

    she stopped, her knees giving - она остановилась, колени её подкосились

    2) быть эластичным, сгибаться, гнуться

    the rod gave but did not break - стержень согнулся, но не сломался

    the passengers gave to the motion of the ship - пассажиры приспособились к качке

    3) оседать, подаваться

    the floor of the summer-house gave and some of its boards broke - пол в беседке осел, и половицы кое-где проломились

    4) портиться, изнашиваться
    5) спец. коробиться, перекашиваться
    II А
    1. 1) давать ( имя)

    to give a child a name - называть ребёнка, давать ребёнку имя

    what name will you give him? - как вы его назовёте?

    the river gives its name to the province - своё название провинция получила от реки

    2) присваивать (звание, титул)
    2. 1) налагать ( наказание); выносить ( приговор)

    to give punishment - наказывать; налагать взыскание

    to give smb. six months' hard labour - приговорить кого-л. к шести месяцам каторжных работ

    the doctors gave him two years (to live) - врачи считали, что ему осталось жить два года

    2) отдавать, воздавать ( должное)

    to give smb. his due - отдавать кому-л. должное, воздавать кому-л. по заслугам

    he was given a standing ovation at the end - в конце все встали и устроили ему овацию

    3) давать (о возрасте, о времени)

    I can give him 15 - я могу дать ему пятнадцать (лет), он выглядит на пятнадцать

    how long do you give that marriage? - сколько, по-вашему, продлится этот брак?

    3. 1) отдавать, посвящать (время, жизнь)

    to give one's mind wholly to scientific research - полностью посвятить себя научным изысканиям

    he gave all his free time to golf - всё своё свободное время он посвящал игре в гольф /тратил на гольф, проводил за игрой в гольф/

    2) уделять ( внимание)

    to give one's attention to smth., smb. - уделять внимание чему-л., кому-л.

    she seemed to give most of her attention to the occupants of the adjoining box - казалось, (что) всё её внимание направлено на сидящих в соседней ложе

    3) предоставлять ( выбор)
    4. 1) устраивать (обед, вечер)

    he gave a very good party - он устроил у себя хорошую /весёлую/ вечеринку

    2) дать (концерт, спектакль); исполнять ( перед аудиторией)

    to give a concert [a performance] - дать концерт [спектакль]

    who will give us a song? - кто споёт нам?

    5. давать ( уроки); проводить ( занятия); прочитать ( лекцию)

    to give a lesson [a lecture] - дать урок [прочитать лекцию] [ср. тж. ]

    to give instruction in Latin - преподавать латынь [ср. тж. 6]

    6. отдавать (распоряжение и т. п.)

    to give orders - отдавать приказы, распоряжаться

    to give instructions - давать указания [ср. тж. 5]

    7. 1) причинять (беспокойство, неприятность)

    to give sorrow - печалить, огорчать

    I'm afraid he gave you a lot of trouble - боюсь, что он доставил вам массу хлопот

    it gave us much pain to listen to his words - больно было слушать его слова

    2) наносить (обиду, оскорбление)

    to give offence - нанести обиду; оскорбить

    3) доставлять ( удовольствие); давать ( удовлетворение)

    to give smb. a treat - а) угостить кого-л.; б) доставить удовольствие кому-л.

    8. 1) показывать, давать показания ( о приборах)

    the thermometer gives 25u00B0 in the shade - термометр показывает 25u00B0 в тени

    2) давать какие-л. результаты (об исследовании и т. п.)

    seventy-five divided by five gives fifteen - семьдесят пять, делённое на пять, - пятнадцать

    3) подавать ( пример)
    9. уступать (место, позиции)

    to give place to - а) уступать место; spring gave place to summer - на смену весне пришло лето; б) уступать первенство

    10. 1) провозглашать ( тост)

    I give you the King! - (я поднимаю свой бокал) за здоровье короля!

    I give you joy - возвыш. желаю вам счастья

    2) передавать ( в устной форме)

    to give regards /love/ to smb. - передавать привет кому-л.

    11. соединять ( с абонентом)

    he asked central to give him the long distance operator - он попросил станцию соединить его с телефонисткой междугородной линии

    give me Newtown 231 - соедините меня с номером двести тридцать один в Ньютауне, дайте мне Ньютаун двести тридцать один

    12. выходить (об окне, коридоре, доме и т. п.)
    13. высказывать ( свои соображения); аргументировать
    14. приписывать ( авторство)

    a sound argument for giving the painting to Rembrandt - убедительное доказательство того, что картина принадлежит Рембрандту

    15. заражать, передавать ( болезнь)

    one child can give measles to a whole class - один ребёнок может заразить корью весь класс

    16. передавать, вручать

    to give smb. into custody [into the hands /in charge/ of the police] - отдавать кого-л. под стражу [передавать кого-л. в руки /под надзор/ полиции]

    to give smth. in charge - отдать что-л. на сохранение

    to give smth. into smb.'s hands - передать что-л. в чьи-л. руки

    17. выдавать, отдавать замуж (уст. тж. give in marriage)
    II Б

    to be given to smth. предаваться чему-л.; отдаваться, посвящать себя чему-л.

    music was her only consolation and she was given to it wholly - музыка была её единственным утешением, и она целиком отдавалась ей

    to be given to luxury - любить роскошь; окружить себя роскошью

    III А

    to give rise to smth. - а) давать начало чему-л.; б) вызывать что-л., приводить к каким-л. результатам; в) давать повод к чему-л.

    to give birth - а) родить, породить; б) дать начало

    to give currency to smth. - пускать что-л. в обращение

    2) действие, соответствующее значению существительного:

    to give an answer /a reply/ - отвечать

    to give smb. effectual help - оказать кому-л. существенную помощь

    to give an oath - клясться, давать присягу

    to give notice - а) уведомлять; предупреждать; б) предупреждать о предстоящем увольнении

    to give thought to smth. - задуматься над чем-л.

    to give battle /fight/ - книжн. дать сражение /бой/

    to give a rebuff - книжн. давать отпор

    to give smb. a good scolding - дать кому-л. нагоняй

    to give smb. a thrashing /a dusting, a flopping, a flogging, a licking/ - избить /поколотить/ кого-л.

    3) единичный акт или кратковременное действие, соответствующее значению существительного:

    to give a cry /a shout/ - вскрикнуть

    to give a look /a glance/ - взглянуть

    to give a push [a pull] - толкнуть [потянуть]

    to give smb.'s hand a squeeze - пожать кому-л. руку

    to give one's hand - жениться; выйти замуж [ср. тж. I 10]

    to give smb. a leg up - а) подсадить кого-л., помочь кому-л. взобраться; б) помочь кому-л. преодолеть трудности /препятствия/

    to give lip service - поддерживать, одобрять и т. п. на словах

    to give smb. good words - напутствовать кого-л. добрым словом

    to give smb. to understand - дать кому-л. понять

    to give points to - а) спорт. давать несколько очков вперёд; б) заткнуть за пояс; в) подсказать, намекнуть

    to give the case for [against] smth. - высказаться за что-л. [против чего-л.]

    to give fits - ругать; задать головомойку [см. тж. fit2 ]

    to give a lesson /a lecture/ to smb. - прочесть кому-л. нотацию; отчитать кого-л. [ср. тж. II А 5]

    to give it smb. hot /strong/ - задать кому-л. жару, взгреть кого-л.

    to give smb. hell - а) взгреть кого-л., задать перцу /жару/ кому-л., ругать кого-л. на чём свет стоит; б) наступать; атаковать

    to give smb. a piece of one's mind - высказаться напрямик; отчитать кого-л.

    to give smb. what for - всыпать кому-л. по первое число, задать кому-л. перцу

    to give ground - а) отступать; б) уступать; ослаблять ( усилие); в) обосновывать; давать основание

    to give tongue - а) подавать голос (о гончих, напавших на след); б) говорить громко, орать; высказываться

    to give a year or so either way - с возможным отклонением в год в ту или другую сторону

    to give a horse his head - опустить поводья, дать лошади самой выбирать дорогу

    to give line /head, rein/ - предоставлять свободу действий; не вмешиваться

    to give smb. a blank cheque - предоставить кому-л. свободу действий, дать кому-л. карт-бланш

    to give a good account of oneself - а) хорошо себя зарекомендовать; б) добиться хороших результатов

    to give smb. the mitten /the push/ - отказать жениху; оставить кого-л. с носом

    to give smb. the creeps /the jim-jams/ - нагнать страху на кого-л.; привести кого-л. в содрогание

    to give smb. rope - предоставить кому-л. свободу действий (для того, чтобы погубить и т. п.)

    to give (smb.) as good as one gets - платить (кому-л.) той же монетой, не оставаться (у кого-л.) в долгу

    what gives? - что нового?; что происходит?

    give or take - приблизительно, примерно; ≅ плюс-минус

    he will be here at nine give or take five minutes - он будет здесь в девять (часов) плюс-минус пять минут

    in this way I earn a hundred, give or take a tenner - таким путём я зарабатываю сотню плюс-минус десятку

    give me Mozart [Rembrandt, etc] every time! - по-моему, никто не может сравниться с Моцартом [с Рембрандтом и т. д.]

    II [gıv] уст. = gyve I

    НБАРС > give

  • 9 give

    {giv}
    I. 1. v (gave, given) давам (something to someone, someone something някому нещо)
    a book was GIVEn to me, I wasGIVEn a book дадоха ми/дадена ми бе една книга
    2. подарявам, давам, оставям, завещавам
    it was GIVE n to me пoдaрък ми e, подариха ми го
    3. Предавам (съобщение, поздрави и пр.)
    4. давам, плащам
    5. давам, посвещавам, отдавам
    to GIVE one's life for давам/жертвувам живота си за
    to GIVE one's life to посвещавам живота си на
    6. определям, налагам (наказание), осъждам на, наказвам с, юр. издавам (решение), отсъждам
    they gave him six months hard labour осъдиха го на шест месеца каторжна работа
    7. със същ., изразяващи действие, се превежда със съответен бълг. гл.
    to GIVE one's hat a brush изчетквам си шапката
    to GIVE a shrug of the shoulders свивам рамене
    to GIVE a sigh/groan въздъхвам, изпъшквам
    to GIVE three cheers викам три пъти ура
    8. давам, излъчвам, изпускам (светлина, топлина и пр.)
    to GIVE a report изгърмявам
    9. показвам, отбелязвам, бележа, соча, давам
    further analysis GIVEs по-задълбоченият анализ показва/сочи
    10. изнасям, давам, устройвам, уреждам, изпълнявам (концерт, пиеса и пр.)
    11. предлагам/вдигам наздравица за, пия за здравето и пр. на
    I GIVE you our host (предлагам) да пием за (здравето на) домакина
    12. създавам, причинявам (болка, неприятности и пр.), доставям, правя (удоволствие и пр.)
    13. давам, нося, донасям (доход и пр.), раждам (за дърво и пр.)
    this field GIVEs a good crop of barley тази нива ражда добра реколта от ечемик
    14. давам, предавам, описвам, обрисувам
    15. отстъпвам, съгласявам се с
    I GIVE you that point in the argument тук си прав, по тази точка в спора се съгласявам с тебе
    16. поддавам, огъвам се, хлътвам, еластичен съм
    счупвам се (и с way), отпускам се, отхлабвам се, разхлабвам се
    my knees gave (way) beneath me коленете ми се огънаха, краката ми се подкосиха
    17. to GIVE way вж. way
    18. започвам да се топя, омеквам (за време)
    to GIVE as good as one gets, to GIVE tit for tat прен. не оставам длъжен
    to GIVE it someone (hot) наругавам/накастрям някого
    GIVE it them! дай им да се разберат! I was GIVEn to understand that увериха ме, че
    to GIVE someone what for прен. разг. нареждам някого, давам някому да се разбере
    to GIVE to the public/the world публикувам, издавам, правя обществено достояние
    GIVE you joy! бъди/бъдете щастлив/щастливи! it is not GIVEn to all to не всеки може, не всекиму е дадено да
    she's thirty, GIVE or take a year or two тя е около трийсетгодишна
    give away подарявам
    раздавам (something to someone), предавам (булка) на младоженец (като част от, сватбения обред), отказвам се от, жертвувам, разг. издавам (съзнателно или не)
    to GIVE the show/game away разг. издавам тайна, изплювам камъчето
    give back връщам, възстановявам, отразявам (ехо, образ), оттеглям се, отстъпвам
    give forth излъчвам, (из) пускам (светлина, арoмат и пр.), хим. освобождавам, пускам (издънки и пр.), издавам (звук), съобщавам, разгласявам
    give in (пре) давам, връчвам (пакет, писмо и пр.), съобщавам (името си, за да бъда представен, записан), отстъпвам
    предавам се, оставям се, отдавам се (to)
    to GIVE in to someone ам. отстъпвам някому, изпълнявам нечие желание
    GIVEn in търг. като добавка
    give off give forth
    give on водя, гледам към (за врата и прозорец)
    give out раздавам, разпределям, издавам, излъчвам (звук, топлина и пр.), съобщавам, оповестявам
    refl представям се (as за)
    aм. давам (интервю), свършвам се, привършвам, изчерпвам се, към края съм
    his heart/luck gave out сърцето/щастието му изневери
    give over предавам, оставям (something to someone)
    спирам, преставам (с ger), отказвам се (от), изоставям
    to GIVE over trying преставам да се мъча
    GIVE over crying престани да плачещ, стига си плакал
    reft отдавам се, жертва съм (to на) (u pass)
    give up отстъпвам, предавам (се), отказвам (се), жертвувам, отказвам се от, (из) оставям, зарязвам
    to GIVE up smoking отказвам се от пушенето
    I GIVE her uр отказвам се от нея, вдигам ръце от нея
    the doctors have GIVEn him up лекарите ca го отписали
    I had GIVEn you up не те очаквах вече, бях изгубил вече надежда, че ще дойдеш
    to GIVE up (all) hope отчайвам се, оставям всякаква надежда
    to GIVE up for lost смятам за загубен, предавам (на полицията и пр.), издавам (имена на съучастници и пр.)
    refl отдавам се, предавам се, задълбочавам се
    посвещавам се (to в, на)
    give uрon give on
    II. n еластичност, гъвкавост (и прен.)
    * * *
    {giv} v (gave {geiv}; given {'givn}) l. давам (s. th. to s.o
    * * *
    оставям; отдавам; придавам; предавам; предоставям; давам; завещавам; налагам;
    * * *
    1. 1 to give way вж. way 2. 1 давам, нося, донасям (доход и пр.), раждам (за дърво и пр.) 3. 1 давам, предавам, описвам, обрисувам 4. 1 започвам да се топя, омеквам (за време) 5. 1 отстъпвам, съгласявам се с 6. 1 поддавам, огъвам се, хлътвам, еластичен съм 7. 1 предлагам/вдигам наздравица за, пия за здравето и пр. на 8. 1 създавам, причинявам (болка, неприятности и пр.), доставям, правя (удоволствие и пр.) 9. a book was given to me, i wasgiven a book дадоха ми/дадена ми бе една книга 10. aм. давам (интервю), свършвам се, привършвам, изчерпвам се, към края съм 11. further analysis gives по-задълбоченият анализ показва/сочи 12. give away подарявам 13. give back връщам, възстановявам, отразявам (ехо, образ), оттеглям се, отстъпвам 14. give forth излъчвам, (из) пускам (светлина, арoмат и пр.), хим. освобождавам, пускам (издънки и пр.), издавам (звук), съобщавам, разгласявам 15. give in (пре) давам, връчвам (пакет, писмо и пр.), съобщавам (името си, за да бъда представен, записан), отстъпвам 16. give it them! дай им да се разберат! i was given to understand that увериха ме, че 17. give off give forth 18. give on водя, гледам към (за врата и прозорец) 19. give out раздавам, разпределям, издавам, излъчвам (звук, топлина и пр.), съобщавам, оповестявам 20. give over crying престани да плачещ, стига си плакал 21. give over предавам, оставям (something to someone) 22. give up отстъпвам, предавам (се), отказвам (се), жертвувам, отказвам се от, (из) оставям, зарязвам 23. give uрon give on 24. give you joy! бъди/бъдете щастлив/щастливи! it is not given to all to не всеки може, не всекиму е дадено да 25. given in търг. като добавка 26. his heart/luck gave out сърцето/щастието му изневери 27. i give her uр отказвам се от нея, вдигам ръце от нея 28. i give you our host (предлагам) да пием за (здравето на) домакина 29. i give you that point in the argument тук си прав, по тази точка в спора се съгласявам с тебе 30. i had given you up не те очаквах вече, бях изгубил вече надежда, че ще дойдеш 31. i. v (gave, given) давам (something to someone, someone something някому нещо) 32. ii. n еластичност, гъвкавост (и прен.) 33. it was give n to me пoдaрък ми e, подариха ми го 34. my knees gave (way) beneath me коленете ми се огънаха, краката ми се подкосиха 35. refl отдавам се, предавам се, задълбочавам се 36. refl представям се (as за) 37. reft отдавам се, жертва съм (to на) (u pass) 38. she's thirty, give or take a year or two тя е около трийсетгодишна 39. the doctors have given him up лекарите ca го отписали 40. they gave him six months hard labour осъдиха го на шест месеца каторжна работа 41. this field gives a good crop of barley тази нива ражда добра реколта от ечемик 42. to give a report изгърмявам 43. to give a shrug of the shoulders свивам рамене 44. to give a sigh/groan въздъхвам, изпъшквам 45. to give as good as one gets, to give tit for tat прен. не оставам длъжен 46. to give in to someone ам. отстъпвам някому, изпълнявам нечие желание 47. to give it someone (hot) наругавам/накастрям някого 48. to give one's hat a brush изчетквам си шапката 49. to give one's life for давам/жертвувам живота си за 50. to give one's life to посвещавам живота си на 51. to give over trying преставам да се мъча 52. to give someone what for прен. разг. нареждам някого, давам някому да се разбере 53. to give the show/game away разг. издавам тайна, изплювам камъчето 54. to give three cheers викам три пъти ура 55. to give to the public/the world публикувам, издавам, правя обществено достояние 56. to give up (all) hope отчайвам се, оставям всякаква надежда 57. to give up for lost смятам за загубен, предавам (на полицията и пр.), издавам (имена на съучастници и пр.) 58. to give up smoking отказвам се от пушенето 59. Предавам (съобщение, поздрави и пр.) 60. давам, излъчвам, изпускам (светлина, топлина и пр.) 61. давам, плащам 62. давам, посвещавам, отдавам 63. изнасям, давам, устройвам, уреждам, изпълнявам (концерт, пиеса и пр.) 64. определям, налагам (наказание), осъждам на, наказвам с, юр. издавам (решение), отсъждам 65. подарявам, давам, оставям, завещавам 66. показвам, отбелязвам, бележа, соча, давам 67. посвещавам се (to в, на) 68. предавам се, оставям се, отдавам се (to) 69. раздавам (something to someone), предавам (булка) на младоженец (като част от, сватбения обред), отказвам се от, жертвувам, разг. издавам (съзнателно или не) 70. спирам, преставам (с ger), отказвам се (от), изоставям 71. счупвам се (и с way), отпускам се, отхлабвам се, разхлабвам се 72. със същ., изразяващи действие, се превежда със съответен бълг. гл
    * * *
    give [giv] ( gave [geiv], given[givən]) I. v 1. давам, връчвам (s.th. to s.o., s.o. s.th. някому нещо); a pen was \given to me, I was \given a pen дадоха ми един химикал; to \give an answer давам отговор, отговарям; to \give lessons ( instruction) in давам уроци (преподавам) по; to \give o.'s daughter in marriage давам дъщеря си за жена (to на); 2. подарявам, давам; оставям, завещавам; what are you giving him for his birthday? какво ще му подариш за рождения ден? it was \given to him подарък му е, подариха му го; 3. предавам, връчвам; съобщавам; they gave her bad news at the hospital съобщиха ѝ лоша новина в болницата; to \give s.o. a letter from предавам някому писмо от; to \give s.o. into custody ( in charge) предавам някого на полицията; \give my regards to your daughter поздрави от мен дъщеря си; 4. заплащам, давам, плащам; the lady gave me a dollar tip дамата ми даде бакшиш от един долар; 5. давам, посещавам, отдавам; to \give o.'s life for давам живота си за; to \give o.'s life to посвещавам живота си на; to give o.'s attention to насочвам вниманието си към; 6. определям, налагам ( наказание); осъждам на, наказвам с; юрид. издавам ( решение); отсъждам; he was \given 10 years in prison осъдиха го на 10 години; they gave him 3 months hard labour осъдиха го на 3 месеца тежък физически труд; 7. със същ., които изразяват действие, се превежда със съответен български глагол; to \give a blow удрям; to give a cry ( shout) извиквам, надавам вик; to \give a jump подскачам; to \give a kick ритвам; to \give a look ( glance) поглеждам; to \give a shrug of the shoulders свивам рамене; to \give a sigh ( groan) въздъхвам, изпъшквам; to \give a speech произнасям реч; to \give a lecture изнасям лекция; to \give three cheers викам три пъти "ура"; 8. давам, излъчвам, изпускам, източник съм на (светлина, топлина и пр.); to \give a report изгърмявам; 9. показвам, отбелязвам, бележа, давам; he gave no sign of life той не даваше (показваше) никакви признаци на живот; 10. изнасям, давам, устройвам, уреждам ( банкет); изпълнявам (концерт, пиеса и пр.); to \give a recitation рецитирам; to \give a party давам (устройвам, уреждам) забава; каня гости; 11. предлагам (вдигам) наздравица, пия за (здравето и пр.) на; I \give you our host (предлагам) да пием за (здравето на) домакина; 12. създавам, причинявам (болка, неприятност и пр.); заразявам; доставям, правя (удоволствие и пр.); the noise \gives me a headache от шума ме боли главата; does your ear \give you pain? боли ли те ухото? to \give o.s. trouble правя си (създавам си) труд; 13. давам, нося, донасям, докарвам (доход и пр.); раждам (за дърво и пр.); this field \gives a good crop of barley тази нива ражда добър ечемик; 14. давам, предавам, описвам, обрисувам; 15. отстъпвам, съгласявам се с; the government's got to \give, or the miners will go on strike правителството трябва да отстъпи, иначе миньорите ще вдигнат стачка; 16. поддавам се, огъвам се, хлътвам, еластичен съм; счупвам се (и way); отпускам се, отхлабвам се, разхлабвам се; if the ladder \gives he will fall ако се счупи стълбата, той ще падне; he felt his legs gave beneath him той чувстваше, че не го държат краката (че краката му се подкосяват); 17.: to \give way отстъпвам, оставям се, отдавам се; отстъпвам място, оставям да мине (to); падам (за цени, акции и пр.); мор. греба силно, натискам силно греблата; to \give way to s.o. отстъпвам някому; to \give way to despair (grief etc.) оставям се (отдавам се) на отчаяние (скръб и пр.); to \give way to anger ( tears) давам воля на яда (сълзите) си; to \give way to traffic coming from the right давам предимство на автомобилите, идващи от дясната страна; 18. избелява (за цвят); 19. започва да се топи; затопля се, омеква, стопля се (за време); to \give a child a name кръщавам, именувам, наричам, назовавам; to \give a dog a bad name черня, очерням някого, изкарвам някому лошо име; to \give s.o. the fidgets ( jumps) разг. дразня, нервирам някого, лазя по нервите на; to \give as good as one gets, to \give tit for tat прен. не оставам длъжен; to \give birth to раждам; пораждам, предизвиквам, докарвам; to \give chase гоня, прогонвам; to \give ear слушам, послушвам, вслушвам се в; to \give effect to привеждам в изпълнение (действие), изпълнявам; to \give ground отстъпвам (особ. за войски); to \give o.'s right arm ( eye teeth) давам мило и драго; готов съм на всичко; to \give it to s.o. ( hot, strong), to \give s.o. hell давам някому да се разбере, наругавам, накастрям; to \give offence ( umbrage) обиждам; to \give place to отстъпвам място на, бивам заместен от; to \give rise to предизвиквам, причинявам, докарвам, пораждам; to \give s.o. the sack ( mitten) уволнявам, изгонвам от работа; отказвам на кандидат за женитба; to \give s.o. the slip измъквам се, изплъзвам се; to \give s.o. what for прен. нареждам някого, давам някому да се разбере; to \give the time of day поздравявам, казвам "добро утро" (добър ден и пр.); to \give to the public ( world) публикувам, издавам; правя обществено достояние; not to \give a damn пет пари не давам, не ме е грижа, не ме интересува; \give me the good old days къде са добрите стари времена, няма по-хубаво от добрите стари времена; you are a bright kid, I'll \give you that признавам, че си умно дете; добре де, умно дете си ( съгласен съм); it is not \given to all to не всеки може, не всекиму е дадено; \give me... разг. предпочитам ...; some people like country life \give me the town някои хора харесват живота на село, но аз предпочитам града; don't \give me that! не ми ги пробутвай тия! не вярвам! не може да бъде! II. n еластичност, гъвкавост (и прен.); отстъпчивост, примирителност, мекушавост, добрина.

    English-Bulgarian dictionary > give

  • 10 give

    I 1. [gɪv]
    verbo transitivo (pass. gave; p.pass. given)
    1) (hand over) dare [object, money, prize, hand]; offrire [present, drink, sandwich]

    to give sb. sth. to give sth. to sb. dare qcs. a qcn.; (politely, as gift) offrire qcs. a qcn.; how much will you give me for it? quanto mi dai per questo? what wouldn't I give for...! — che cosa non darei per...!

    to give sb. [sth.] to give [sth.] to sb. fare venire a qcn. [headache, nightmares]; attaccare o trasmettere a qcn. [ disease]; to give sb. pleasure — dare o fare piacere a qcn

    3) (provide, produce) dare [milk, flavour, result, answer, sum]; fornire [heat, nutrient]
    4) (allow, accord) affidare [ custody]; concedere, accordare [ grant]; cedere [ seat]

    to give sb. time — dare o concedere tempo a qcn.

    to give sb. enough room — dare o lasciare a qcn. spazio sufficiente

    it's original, I'll give you that — è originale, te lo concedo

    5) med.

    to give sb. sth. to give sth. to sb. — dare qcs. a qcn. [treatment, medicine]; trapiantare qcs. a qcn. [ organ]; mettere qcs. a qcn. [ pacemaker]; fare qcs. a qcn. [injection, massage]

    6) (communicate) dare [advice, information]
    7) tel.

    to give sb. sth. — passare a qcn. [number, department]

    give me the sales manager, please — mi passi il direttore commerciale, per favore

    2.
    verbo intransitivo (pass. gave; p.pass. given)
    1) (contribute) dare, donare

    "please give generously" — "donate con generosità"

    2) (bend) [mattress, sofa] infossarsi; [shelf, floorboard, fabric] cedere; [ branch] piegarsi
    3) (yield) [person, side] cedere
    ••

    don't give me that!colloq. non cercare di darmela a bere!

    give or take an inch (or two) — centimetro più, centimetro meno

    if this is the big city, give me a village every time — colloq. se questa è la grande città, preferisco mille volte i paesini

    "I give you the bride and groom!" — = formula che si usa al termine di un discorso per brindare agli sposi

    I'll give you something to complain about!colloq. te la do io una ragione per lamentarti!

    to give it all one's gotcolloq. metterci l'anima

    to give sb. what for — colloq. dare a qcn. una lavata di capo

    what gives?colloq. che cosa succede?

    II [gɪv]
    nome elasticità f.
    * * *
    (to dismiss (someone) or to be dismissed (usually from a job): He got the boot for always being late.) licenziare; essere licenziato
    * * *
    give /gɪv/
    n. [u]
    3 cedevolezza; elasticità: The give of this material is excellent, questo materiale ha un'ottima elasticità.
    ♦ (to) give /gɪv/
    (pass. gave, p. p. given)
    A v. t.
    1 dare; donare; regalare; consegnare; fruttare, rendere; concedere; accordare; elargire; emettere; assegnare; attribuire: They gave the singer some flowers, diedero dei fiori alla cantante; I gave it to him, glielo diedi; (telef.) Give me the Fire Brigade, mi dia i pompieri!; to give (sb.) one's word, dare la propria parola (a q.); to give the all-clear, dare il segnale di via libera; to give a cry, dare un grido; to give no sign of life, non dare segno di vita; They gave a concert, diedero un concerto; to give a sigh, emettere (o mandare) un sospiro NOTA D'USO: - to give o to get?-; I gave him a scarf for Christmas, gli ho regalato una sciarpa per Natale
    2 pagare: How much did you give ( them) for that car?, quanto hai pagato (loro) quell'automobile?
    3 porgere; offrire; portare; trasmettere: Give my regards to your mother, porgi (o porta) i miei saluti a tua madre; (comm.) to give a discount, offrire (o fare) uno sconto
    5 fare: to give sb. 's name, fare il nome di q.; menzionare q.; The doctor gave the patient an injection, il dottore ha fatto un'iniezione al paziente
    6 dare; rappresentare; rendere ( artisticamente): to give a play, dare una commedia; rappresentare un dramma
    7 dedicare: He has given his life to this company, ha dedicato la vita a questa ditta
    8 (mat.) dare come risultato; fare: Ten plus five gives fifteen, dieci più cinque fa quindici
    9 ( di un orologio, uno strumento) segnare: My watch doesn't give the right time, il mio orologio non segna l'ora giusta
    10 (med., fam.) attaccare, trasmettere ( una malattia): The little girl has given me her cold, la bambina mi ha attaccato il raffreddore
    11 proporre un brindisi a (q.): Gentlemen, I give you the chairman, signori, propongo di brindare al presidente
    B v. i.
    1 dare (o fare) doni (o elargizioni): to give to charity, dare in beneficenza
    2 cedere; piegarsi; essere cedevole; essere elastico: The floor gave under their weight, il pavimento cedette sotto il loro peso
    3 ( del tempo) addolcirsi; farsi mite
    5 (fam.) accadere; succedere: What gives?, che succede?
    to give oneself airs, darsi delle arie □ to give and take, fare concessioni reciproche; fare un compromesso □ to give birth to, dare alla luce, mettere al mondo ( anche fig.); dare origine a, essere la patria di: New Orleans gave birth to jazz, New Orleans fu la patria del jazz □ (pop.) to give sb. a bit of one's mind, dire a q. il fatto suo; dirne quattro a q. □ (leg.) to give the case (o to give it) for sb., pronunciarsi in favore di q. to give chase, dare la caccia □ to give ear, ascoltare; prestare orecchio □ to give an eye to, dare un'occhiata a; badare a □ to give ground, cedere terreno; ritirarsi; ripiegare; ( di prezzi, ecc.) cedere, segnare una flessione □ to give sb. a hand, dare una mano a q.; ( anche) applaudire (q.) □ ( slang volg.) to give sb. head, fare un pompino a q. (volg.) □ to give heed to, fare attenzione a (qc.); dare retta a (q.) □ (fam., arc.) to give it to sb. ( spesso: to give it to sb. hot), dare una (bella) lavata di capo a q.; punire q. (spec. un bambino) □ to give one's name, dare il (proprio) nome; declinare le generalità □ to give oneself, darsi, dedicarsi (a qc.): She gave herself to the study of palaeontology, si diede allo studio della paleontologia □ give or take, più o meno; all'incirca: It will take two hours, give or take a few minutes, ci vorranno due ore, minuto più minuto meno □ (telef.) to give sb. a ring, dare un colpo di telefono a q. to give rise to, dare origine a; cagionare; causare □ (fam.) to give sb. the sack, licenziare q.; mandar via q. □ ( slang) to give sb. the slip, sfuggire a q. ( una persona sgradita, ecc.); seminare q. ( un inseguitore, ecc.) □ to give the time of day, (fig.) rivolgere la parola: He wouldn't even give me the time of day, non volle neanche rivolgermi la parola □ to give thought to, pensare a, riflettere su; curarsi di: He gives no thought to his mother's feelings, non si cura dei sentimenti di sua madre □ to give tongue to, esprimere, manifestare □ to give vent to, sfogare; dare sfogo a □ to give voice to, esprimere ( opinioni, ecc.) □ to give way, cedere, rompersi, spezzarsi; cedere terreno, ritirarsi, ripiegare; abbandonarsi, lasciarsi andare ( a un sentimento); cedere il passo (a qc. di nuovo); ( anche autom.) dare la precedenza: The bridge gave way, il ponte si è spezzato □ (fam.) to give sb. what for, darle a q.; picchiare q.; sgridare q. to give weight to, avvalorare ( un fatto, una previsione); rafforzare ( una richiesta, ecc.); integrare ( una domanda).
    * * *
    I 1. [gɪv]
    verbo transitivo (pass. gave; p.pass. given)
    1) (hand over) dare [object, money, prize, hand]; offrire [present, drink, sandwich]

    to give sb. sth. to give sth. to sb. dare qcs. a qcn.; (politely, as gift) offrire qcs. a qcn.; how much will you give me for it? quanto mi dai per questo? what wouldn't I give for...! — che cosa non darei per...!

    to give sb. [sth.] to give [sth.] to sb. fare venire a qcn. [headache, nightmares]; attaccare o trasmettere a qcn. [ disease]; to give sb. pleasure — dare o fare piacere a qcn

    3) (provide, produce) dare [milk, flavour, result, answer, sum]; fornire [heat, nutrient]
    4) (allow, accord) affidare [ custody]; concedere, accordare [ grant]; cedere [ seat]

    to give sb. time — dare o concedere tempo a qcn.

    to give sb. enough room — dare o lasciare a qcn. spazio sufficiente

    it's original, I'll give you that — è originale, te lo concedo

    5) med.

    to give sb. sth. to give sth. to sb. — dare qcs. a qcn. [treatment, medicine]; trapiantare qcs. a qcn. [ organ]; mettere qcs. a qcn. [ pacemaker]; fare qcs. a qcn. [injection, massage]

    6) (communicate) dare [advice, information]
    7) tel.

    to give sb. sth. — passare a qcn. [number, department]

    give me the sales manager, please — mi passi il direttore commerciale, per favore

    2.
    verbo intransitivo (pass. gave; p.pass. given)
    1) (contribute) dare, donare

    "please give generously" — "donate con generosità"

    2) (bend) [mattress, sofa] infossarsi; [shelf, floorboard, fabric] cedere; [ branch] piegarsi
    3) (yield) [person, side] cedere
    ••

    don't give me that!colloq. non cercare di darmela a bere!

    give or take an inch (or two) — centimetro più, centimetro meno

    if this is the big city, give me a village every time — colloq. se questa è la grande città, preferisco mille volte i paesini

    "I give you the bride and groom!" — = formula che si usa al termine di un discorso per brindare agli sposi

    I'll give you something to complain about!colloq. te la do io una ragione per lamentarti!

    to give it all one's gotcolloq. metterci l'anima

    to give sb. what for — colloq. dare a qcn. una lavata di capo

    what gives?colloq. che cosa succede?

    II [gɪv]
    nome elasticità f.

    English-Italian dictionary > give

  • 11 give way

    1) отступать, давать дорогу; расступиться, раздвинуться, пропустить

    The crowd gave way, and one by one the prisoners were thrust in. (U. Sinclair, ‘Jimmie Higgins’, ch. VI) — Толпа расступилась, и арестованных поодиночке впихнули в машину.

    2) (to smb. или smth.) уступать, идти на уступки кому-л. или чему-л., сдавать свои позиции; уступать место чему-л., сменяться чем-л.

    In the beginning he had been watched with anxiety, perhaps even with misgiving. But soon this gave way to open admiration. (A. J. Cronin, ‘A Thing of Beauty’, part II, ch. XIV) — Сначала за его работой наблюдали с опасением, почти с тревогой. Но вскоре тревога сменилась открытым восхищением.

    ‘I've heard rumors of the story - what really happened?’ she asked, the woman in her giving way to the reporter. (S. Heym, ‘The Crusaders’, book I, ch. 2) — - Я слышала об этой истории. Расскажите, как было дело. - В Карен заговорило не любопытство женщины, а профессиональный интерес.

    Sir H: "I am not giving way, so the hon. member need not get ants in his pants. I have only two minutes and he took too long anyway." (‘Parliamentary Debates’, ‘House of Commons’) — Сэр Г: "Я не собираюсь уступать место другому оратору. Почтенный джентльмен может не трепыхаться. В моем распоряжении только две минуты, а он проговорил больше положенного времени."

    The Government must not give way to political blackmail from the arms kings. (‘Daily Worker’) — Правительство не должно идти на уступки торговцам оружием, прибегающим к политическому шантажу.

    3) отказать, испортиться, сломаться; сдать (о здоровье, нервах); помутиться ( о рассудке); подкоситься ( о ногах)

    Something gave way in him, and words came welling up... (J. Galsworthy, ‘Caravan’, ‘Salvation of a Forsyte’) — Что-то прорвалось в нем, и слова посыпались одно за другим...

    The uproar was appalling, perilous to the ear-drums; one feared there was too much sound for the room to hold - that the walls must give way or the ceiling crack. (U. Sinclair, ‘The Jungle’, ch. III) — Шум стоял невообразимый: казалось, что лопнут барабанные перепонки, что зал не вместит в себя все эти звуки и обвалятся стены или обрушится потолок.

    Something seemed to give way in his heart; it really felt to him as though something were breaking, and he felt strangely weak. (W. S. Maugham, ‘Of Human Bondage’, ch. 75) — Что-то неладное творилось у него с сердцем: ему казалось, что оно действительно рвется на части, и он чувствовал непривычную слабость.

    Her words startled him; his composure began to give way... (A. J. Cronin, ‘Three Loves’, book II, ch. 29) — Слова матери встревожили Питера. Спокойствие изменило ему...

    He moved forward and his legs gave way and he fell awkwardly and completely on his side, his arms and head flinging themselves loosely at will. (J. Aldridge, ‘The Diplomat’, ch. 16) — Он сделал движение вперед, ноги у него разъехались, и он, неуклюже взмахнув руками, боком грохнулся на лед.

    ...we have to do with one whose mind has given way under continued strain. (I. Murdoch, ‘The Black Prince’, ‘Postscript by Rachel’) —...перед нами человек, чей рассудок не выдержал длительного напряжения.

    4) (to smth.) давать волю чему-л., поддаваться, предаваться (какому-л. чувству); потерять самообладание, контроль

    Rebecca gave way to some very sincere and touching regrets that a piece of marvellous good fortune should have been so near her, and she actually obliged to decline it. (W. Thackeray, ‘Vanity Fair’, ch. XV) — Ребекка предавалась весьма искренним и трогательным сожалениям по поводу того, что удача была так близко, а между тем она была вынуждена отказаться от нее.

    Here the dame was... inclined to give way to a passion of tears. (W. Scott, ‘The Fortunes of Nigel’, ch. XXXVI) — В эту минуту дама... готова была залиться горькими слезами.

    Margery: "Oh! What shall we do?" Dorothy: "Don't give way, Marge. It's not certain yet." (W. S. Maugham, ‘The Bread-Winner’, sc. 1) — Марджери: "Боже! Что с нами будет?" Дороти: "Держи себя в руках, Мардж. Пока еще ничего не известно."

    Left alone in her strange abode Jennie gave way to her saddened feelings. (Th. Dreiser, ‘Jennie Gerhardt’, ch. X) — Оставшись одна в новом, чужом месте, Дженни дала волю своему горю.

    5) налечь на вёсла, прибавить ходу

    And the next moment he and the captain had dropped aboard of us, and we had showed off and given way. (R. L. Stevenson, ‘Treasure Island’, ch. XVI) — Грей и капитан быстро прыгнули в шлюпку, мы отчалили и налегли на весла.

    6) ком. понизиться в цене ( об акциях на фондовой бирже)

    Large English-Russian phrasebook > give way

  • 12 give

    4
    дава́ть, дать

    gíve sig — удава́ться

    gíve sig af med nóget — вози́ться с чем-л.

    gíve sig til at gǿre nóget — начина́ть де́лать что-л.

    * * *
    administer, allow, award, bring, deal, deliver, extend, gift, give, grant, hand, lend, provide, quote, render, set, treat
    * * *
    vb (gav, givet) give;
    ( indbringe, frembringe) yield, produce;
    ( give kort) deal;
    ( ved bordet: øse op til) help to ( fx let me (, can I) help you to some more rice),
    ( række) pass ( fx will you pass me the salt, please);
    (om måltid etc: være vært ved) give ( fx a good dinner),
    ( traktere med, betale for) treat to,
    T stand ( fx let me treat you to (, stand you) a good dinner; he
    stood us a drink);
    [ jeg giver!] this is on me!
    [ give afgrøde] yield a crop;
    [ gi' den med rose i knaphullet] sport a rose in one's buttonhole;
    [ han gi'r den som rigmand] he acts (the part of) the rich man;
    [ der gives børn som] there are children who;
    [ jeg skal gi' dig!] you will catch it (from me)! I'll give it you!
    [ give fri], se frigive og I. fri;
    ( i kortspil) whose deal is it?
    [ give løn] pay wages;
    [ hvad giver du mig!] can you beat it! and what do you think! if you please
    ( fx and then, if you please, he just walked away!);
    [ give blomsterne vand] water the flowers;
    køb, I. & II. lov, luft, mening, ord, rente, tid);
    [ med præp & adv:]
    (fig) set the tone, lead,
    ( i mode) set (el. lead) the fashion;
    [ give efter] yield, give in ( for to, fx him, his entreaties; at last he gave in and agreed to do it),
    F give way ( for to, fx their demands);
    ( om ting) give way,
    F yield ( fx at last the door yielded);
    [ give ham en lektie for] set him a piece of homework;
    [ give fra sig] give up ( fx a secret; one's children),
    (mere F) surrender;
    [ han gav ikke en lyd fra sig] he did not utter a sound;
    [ give et skrig fra sig] give a cry;
    [ give ham en bog i fødselsdagsgave (, julegave)] give him a book for a birthday (, Christmas) present;
    [ give igen] give back, return,
    ( byttepenge) give change,
    (gengælde fornærmelse etc) pay him (, her etc) back (in the same coin),
    F retaliate;
    [ kan du give igen på den!] so there! put that in your pipe and smoke it!
    [ kan De give igen på en pundseddel?] have you got change for (el. can you change) a pound note?
    [ give `om]
    ( i kortspil) have a new deal;
    [ give op] give (it) up, throw up the game;
    [ give bolden op] serve,
    ( i fodbold) kick off;
    (fig) start the ball rolling;
    [ give ud] spend;
    [ de penge var godt givet ud] that was money well spent;
    [ give noget ud for noget andet] pass something off as (el. for) something else ( fx pass the copy off as the original);
    [ med sig:]
    [ give sig] give way, give in, surrender,
    ( jamre sig) groan,
    ( om tøj) stretch,
    ( fortage sig) wear off, pass away;
    [ jeg giver mig!] I give in!
    T you win!
    [ give sig af med] occupy oneself with, have to do with;
    [ det giver sig af sig selv] it is self-evident;
    [ give sig mine af at være] pretend to be;
    [ give sig hen i sin sorg] give way to one's grief,
    F abandon oneself to one's grief;
    [ give sig i snak med] enter into conversation with;
    [ give sig Gud i vold] commend oneself to God;
    [ give sig ind under] submit to;
    [ det giver sig nok] it will be all right;
    [ give sig til at] begin ( fx begin to work), start -ing ( fx start working);

    Danish-English dictionary > give

  • 13 give way

       1) дaвaть дopoгу; paccтупитьcя, пpoпуcтить
        The crowd gave way, and one by one the prisoners were thrust in (U. Sinclair)
       2) (to smb. или smth.) уcтупaть, идти нa уcтупки кoму-л. или чeму-л., cдaвaть cвoи пoзиции; уcтупaть мecтo чeму-л., cмeнятьcя чём-л.
        The Government must not give way to political blackmail from the arms kings (Daily Worker). In the beginning he had been watched with anxiety, perhaps even with misgiving. But soon this gave way to open admiration (A. J. Cronin)
       3) oткaзaть, иcпopтитьcя, cлoмaтьcя; нaдлoмитьcя, oбpушитьcя, oбвaлитьcя; cдaть (o здopoвьe, нepвax); пoдкocитьcя (o нoгax)', пoмутитьcя (o paccудкe)
        Something gave way in him, and words came welling up (J. Galsworthy). The uproar was appalling, perilous to the eardrums; one feared there was too much sound for the room to hold - that the wall must give way or the ceiling crack (U. Sinclair). He moved forward and his legs gave way and he fell awkwardly and completely on his side (J. Aldridge). We have to do with one whose mind has given way under continued strain (J. Murdoch)
       4) (to smth.) дaвaть вoлю чeму-л., пoддaвaтьcя, пpeдaвaтьcя (кaкoму-л. чувcтву); пoтepять caмooблaдaниe
        Norah. Oh, it's cruel. Miss Pringle. (Trying to console her). My dear, don't give way. I'm sure you'll have no difficulty in finding another situation (W. S. Maugham). You mustn't give way to your feelings like this. You must not cry (Th. Dreiser). George fancied that, if it had not been for the restraining influence of the sweet woman at his side, the young man might have given way to violent language (J. K. Jerome)

    Concise English-Russian phrasebook > give way

  • 14 HALDA

    * * *
    (held; hélt, héldum; haldinn), v.
    I. with dat.
    1) to hold fast (Gunnarr var kyrr svá at honum hélt einn maðr);
    to keep back, restrain (Hrafn fekk eigi haldit henni heima);
    2) to withhold (héldu bœndrgjaldinu);
    3) to keep, retain (þú skalt jafhan þessu sæti halda);
    to preserve (halda virðingu sinni, lífi ok limum);
    halda vöku sinni, to keep oneself awake;
    4) to hold, keep one’s stock;
    also ellipt. (vetr var illr ok héldu menn illa);
    5) phrases, halda njósnum, to keep watch, to spy (= halda njósnum til um e-t);
    halda (hendi) fyrir auga, to hold (the hand) before the eyes, shade the eyes;
    halda hendi yfir e-m, to protect one;
    6) to hold, stand, steer, ellipt., þeir héldu aptr (held back again) um haustit;
    þeir héldu út eptir fírði, they stood out the firth;
    halda heim, to steer homewards;
    7) to graze, put in the field (halda fé til haga);
    8) impers. to continue, last (hélt því lengi um vetrinn);
    II. with acc.
    1) to hold in possession, a fief, land, estate (þeir héldu alla hina beztu staði með sjónum);
    2) to hold, keep, observe, a feast, holiday (í hvers minning heldr þú þenna. dag?);
    3) to keep (halda orð sín, eið, sættir, frið);
    to observe (halda guðs lög ok landsins);
    4) to uphold, maintain, support (halda vini sína, halda e-n til ríkis);
    5) halda sik, to comport oneself (kunna halda sik með hófi);
    halda sik ríkmannliga, to fare sumptuously;
    halda sik aptr af e-u, to abstain from;
    6) to hold, consider, deem (hón hélt engan hans jafningja);
    7) to hold, keep up;
    halda varnir, to keep up a defence;
    halda vörð, to keep watch;
    8) to hold, compel, bind (heldr mik þá ekki til útanferðar);
    þó heldr þik várkunn til at leita á, thou hast some excuse for trying;
    III. with preps.:
    halda á e-u, to hold, wield in the hand (halda á sverði);
    to hold to a thing, go on with it, be busy about (halda á drykkju, á ferð sinni, á sýslu);
    halda e-t af e-m, to hold (land, office) from or of one (þeir er höfðu haldið land af Danakonungi);
    halda mikit af e-m, to make much of one;
    halda eptir e-m, to pursue one;
    halda e-u eptir, to keep back;
    halda sik frá e-u, to keep oneself back from, refrain from;
    halda e-u fram, to uphold, support;
    halda e-u fyrir e-u, to withhold from one;
    to protect against (héldu engar grindr fénu fyrir birninum);
    halda e-n fyrir e-t, to hold, consider one to be so and so (síðan hélt konungr Erling fyrir tryggvan vin);
    halda í e-t, to hold fast, grasp (þú skalt halda í hurðarhringinn);
    halda til e-s, to be the cause of, be conducive to;
    heldr þar margt til þess, there are many reasons for this;
    hélt til þess (conduced to it) góðgirni hans;
    halda til e-s, to be bent on, fond of (halda mjök til skarts, til gleði);
    halda til jafns við e-n, to bear up against one, to be a match for one;
    halda um e-t, to grasp with the hand (= halda hendi um e-t);
    halda barni undir skírn, to hold at baptism;
    halda e-u upp, to hold aloft, lift (halda upp höndum);
    halda upp árum, to hold up the oars, cease pulling;
    to uphold, maintain, support (halda upp hofum, kristninni);
    to keep going (halda upp bardaga);
    to discharge (halda upp kostnaði, bótum);
    halda upp bœnum fyrir e-m, to pray for one;
    halda e-u við, to maintain a thing;
    halda við e-m, to stand against (hvar sem harm kom fram, hélt ekki við honum);
    hélt þá við atgöngu (acc.), they were near coming to fight;
    heldr nú við hót, it is little short of threats;
    IV. refl., haldast.
    * * *
    pret. hélt (= Goth. haihald), 2nd pérs. hélt, mod. hélzt, pl. héldum; pres. held, pl. höldum; pret. subj. héldi; part. haldinn; imperat. hald and haltú: [Ulf. haldan = βόσκειν, ποιμαίνειν, whereas he renders to keep, hold by other words; Hel. haldan = alere, fovere, colere, which thus seems to be the primitive sense of the word, and to be akin to Lat. cŏlo; again, A. S. healdan, Engl. hold, O. H. G. haltan, Germ. halten, Swed. hålla, halda, Dan. holde, are all of them used in a more general sense]:—to hold.
    A. WITH DAT. to hold to:
    I. to hold fast by; with the notion of restraint or force, tók Gizurr förunaut Ögmundar ok hélt honum, Sturl. i. 150; Gunnarr var kyrr svá at honum hélt einn maðr, Nj. 92; ef maðr heldr manni …, varðar fjörbaugs-garð, Grág. ii. 110; h. e-m undir drep, 17; h. skipum ( to grapple the ships) með stafnljám, Fms. ii. 315: to keep back, Hrafn fékk eigi haldit henni heima þar, Ísl. ii. 249; ok halda þeim veðr í enni sömu höfn, Grág. i. 92; h. (sér) í e-t, to hold oneself fast by, grasp, þú skalt h. í hurðar-hringinn, Dropl. 29; heldr sér í faxit, Sd. 177.
    β. so in the phrases, halda barni (manni) undir skírn, vatn, primsignan, biskups hönd, eccl. to hold a bairn ( man) at baptism, prima signatio, confirmation, Grág. i. 29; h. vatni (tárum), to hold one’s tears, 623. 56, Fms. viii. 232, vi. (in a verse); halda munni, to hold one’s tongue, be silent, vii. 227; halda tungu sinni, Þórð.
    2. to withhold; þá megu þeir h. tíundum hans í móti, K. Þ. K. 62; h. vætti, Grág. i. 42; h. gögnum, 56; ef goði heldr tylftar-kvið, er hann heldr kviðnum, 58; halda matinum fyrir honum, 47; h. sköttum fyrir e-m, Nj. 8; h. skógar-manni fyrir e-m, Finnb. 334; um þat er hann hefir konunni haldit, Grág. i. 313; héldu bændr gjaldinu, Fms. vii. 302; hélt ek því (i. e. the money) fyrir honum, i. e. paid it not, Ísl. ii. 244.
    II. to hold, of a rope or the like; sá maðr hugði h. mundu er festi, … ok h. mundu í slíku veðri, Grág. ii. 361; reip þau tíu er tveggja manna afli haldi hvert, id.; skal hann svá göra at haldi fyrir fyrnsku, 268.
    β. to hold, hold out, last; optast halda þar íllviðri litla hríð, Sks. 212; sunnudags-helgi ríss upp á laugardegi, ok heldr ( lasts) til mánadags, N. G. L. i. 138.
    III. to keep, retain, Germ. behalten; fá-ein skip héldu seglum sinum, Fms. x. 143; þú skalt jafnan þessu sæti h., Nj. 6; h. bústað sínum, Ld. 26; h. ríki sínu, Al. 58, Fms. i. 13; h. öllum Noregi, viii. 155; h. frelsi ok eignum, vi. 40; h. hlut sínum, to uphold one’s right, Eg. passim; halt sömum vinum sem ek hefi haft, Fas. i. 375; h. hreinleik sínum, Al. 58.
    β. to hold, keep safe, preserve; h. hlut sínum, Ld. 54; h. heilsu, Grág. i. 145; h. virðingu sinni, Ld. 16; þá heldr hann kosti sínum, Grág. ii. 209; h. tíma ( honour) sínum, Al. 59; h. lífi ok limum, Eg. 89; h. lífinu, Nj. 111; h. trúnaði sínum, 109; vináttu sinni, Ld. 200; einorð sinni, Fb. ii. 265; h. sér réttum, to keep oneself right, Ld. 158; h. e-m heilum, Odd. 30; h. ríki fyrir e-m, Fms. v. 279; h. manna-forræði fyrir e-m, Hrafn. 19; h. réttu máli fyrir e-m, Fms. vii. 64.
    2. to continue to keep, keep all along; h. teknum hætti, Fms. iv. 254; h. vöku, to keep oneself awake, Ld. 152; but h. vöku fyrir e-m, to keep another awake; halda sýslu sinni, Fs. 36; h. högum, to keep grazing, Eb. 104, Ld. 148.
    3. to hold, keep one’s stock; ellipt., vetr var íllr ok héldu menn ílla, the winter was cold and it was ill to keep live stock, Sturl. ii. 143, (cp. fjár-höld); hann hélt vel svá at nær lifði hvat-vetna, Hrafn. 22: metaph., ílla hefir þinn faðir þá haldit, Fms. xi. 144; öld hefir ílla haldit, the people have had a sad loss, vi. (in a verse); h. fangi, and also ellipt. halda, of sheep and cattle, opp. to ‘to go back.’
    4. phrases, halda njósnum, to keep watch, to spy, Fms. viii. 146, Nj. 113; hann hélt njósnum til Önundar, Landn. 287; hélt konungr njósnum til, ef …, Fms. vii. 128; hann skyldi h. njósnum til ok gera orð konungi, i. 54; h. njósnum til um e-t, iv. 119, Nj. 93; halda njósn (sing.) um skip þat, Eg. 74; þér haldit njósnum nær færi gefr á Arnkatli, Eb. 186; hann lét h. njósnum uppi á landi, Fms. vii. 316; hann hélt fréttum til, ef …, iv. 349.
    β. halda (hendi) fyrir auga, to hold ( the hand) before the eyes, shade the eyes, Nj. 132, Fms. v. 196; h. fyrir munn e-m, to hold ( the hand) over one’s mouth; h. hendi yfir e-m, to hold the hand over one, protect one, Nj. 266, Fbr. 22, Korm.; h. hendi um háls e-m, to clasp the hands around one’s neck, Fms. i. 9; h. skildi fyrir e-n, to hold the shield for one as a second in a duel, Ísl. ii. 257, passim; h. e-m til náms, to hold one to the book, make one study, K. Þ. K. 56; h. e-m til virðingar, Ld. 98.
    IV. ellipt. (liði, skipi, för, stefnu, etc. understood), to hold, stand in a certain direction, esp. as a naut. term; þeir héldu aptr ( stood back again) um haustið, Eg. 69; treystisk hann eigi á haf at halda, Eb. 6; héldu þeir vestr um haf, id.; stigu þeir á skip sín, ok héldu út ( stood out) eptir firði, Fms. i. 63; þeir héldu þat sama sumar til Íslands, Ld. 6; hann hélt upp eptir hinni eystri kvísl, Fms. vii. 55; h. heim, to hold one’s course, stand homewards, Odd. 30; h. á braut, Grág. i. 92; Hrútr hélt suðr til Eyrar-sunds, Nj. 8; h. eptir e-m, to pursue one, 7; h. undan, to fly, Fms. x. 396, Nj. 98 (on land); kom móti þeim sunnan-veðr með myrkri, ok urðu þeir fyrir at h., to lay one’s course for the wind, A. A. 271; h. útleið, to stand on the outer tack, Eg. 78; h. til, to turn against, attack (on sea), Fms. xi. 72; hélt hann liði sínu suðr á Mæri, i. 62; þeir héldu liði sínu norðr til Þrándheims, id.; Haraldr konungr hélt norðan liði sínu, Eg. 32; héldu þeir skipi því suðr með landi, 69; skipi því lét hann halda vestr til Englands, id.; Unnr hélt skipinu í Orkneyjar, eptir þat hélt Unnr skipi sínu til Færeyja, Ld. 8.
    β. to graze, put in the field, of sheep, cattle; þykkir mér þat miklu skipta at þeim sé vel til haga haldit, Eg. 714; hvert Steinarr hafði látið nautum sínum halda, 715; ok bað hann h. nautunum annan veg, 716.
    γ. phrases, halda kyrru fyrir, to hold still, remain quiet, Ld. 216, Þórð. 30 new Ed., Nj. 223, 258; Hallr heldr nú til fangs ( went fishing) sem áðr, Ld. 38.
    V. with prep.; halda á e-u, to hold, wield in the hand, freq. in mod. usage, h. á bók, penna, fjöðr, hníf, skærum, nál, etc.; hafði hverr þat er hélt á, Nj. 279; h. á sverði, Fb. i. 33; hann tók við öxinni ok hélt (viz. á), ok sá á, Eg. 180: to hold fast, heldr nú maðr á manni, Fas. i. 12; eigi máttu helvítis byrgi h. á honum, 656 C. 6; ef hann heldr á fénu ( withholds it), Grág. i. 427.
    β. [Germ. anhalten], to hold to a thing, go on with, be busy about; h. á sýslu, to be busy, Rm. 14; h. á keri, qs. halda á drykkju, to go on drinking, carousing, Hm. 18: h. á hinni sömu bæn, Stj. 417; h. á fyrirsátrum við e-n, Þórð. 51 new Ed.; h. á búnaði sínum, Ld. 164; hélt hann þá á búnaði sínum sem skjótligast, Fms. ix. 215, x. 119, Sturl. ii. 245; þogar á bak Jólum hélt Ólafr konungr á búningi, Fms. v. 41; hann heldr nú á málinu, Nj. 259; nú heldr Þórðr á málinu ok verðr Oddný honum gipt, Bjarn. 11, Konr. (Fr.); h. á tilkalli, Fms. i. 84; h. á þessum sið, xi. 41; h. á för, to go on with one’s journey, Sighvat; gengu síðan brott ok héldu á ferð sinni, and went on their journey, Sturl.;—whence the mod. phrase, halda áfram, to go on, which seems not to occur in old writers.
    2. halda e-u fram, to hold up, make much of; bróðir minn mun mér mjök hafa fram haldit fyrir ástar sakir, Nj. 3.
    β. to hold on doing, (hence fram-hald, continuation); halda fram upp-teknu efni, Fms. i. 263; slíku hélt hann fram meðan hann lifði, iv. 254; hélt hann (fram) teknum hætti um veizlurnar, id., Grett. 14.
    3. halda saman, to hold together, Eluc. 6, Fms. vii. 140, Rb. 340.
    4. halda e-u upp, to hold aloft, Yngvarr hélt upp vísu þeirri, Eg. 152; steinninn heldr upp annarr öðrum, Rb. 390; h. upp árum, to hold up the oars, cease pulling, Fas. ii. 517, N. G. L. i. 65.
    β. to uphold, maintain, support; halda upp hofi, Landn. 64, Eb. 24; h. upp hofum ok efla blót, Fms. i. 91; h. upp kirkju, K. Þ. K. 52; h. upp Kristninni, Fms. i. 32: to keep going, h. upp bardaga, orrostu, xi. 66, 188, 340.
    γ. to discharge; h. upp féráns-dómi, Grág. i. 120; h. upp lögskilum, 145; h. upp svörum, Ó. H. 174; h. upp kostnaði, Eg. 77; h. upp gjaldi, Grág. i. 384; gjöldum, Fms. i. 81; h. upp bót, Grág. ii. 182; bótum, Eb. 100, 162, N. G. L. i. 311; ef hann heldr upp yfirbót ( penance) þeirri, Hom. 70; h. upp bænum fyrir e-m, to pray for one, Fms. xi. 271; hélt hann því vel upp sem vera átti, discharged it well, x. 93.
    δ. halda sér vel upp, to hold oneself well up, Sturl.
    ε. metaph., skal-at hann lögvillr verða, svá at honum haldi þat uppi (i. e. went unpunished), Grág. i. 316; ok heldr honum þat uppi ( that will save him), ef hann er rétt-hafi at orðinn, ii. 242.
    5. halda e-u við, to maintain a thing, Hkr. i. 195.
    VI. impers.,
    1. to continue, last; hélt því nokkura stund dags, Fms. x. 125: hélt því lengi um vetrinn, Ld. 288; regni hélt haustnótt gegnum, Fms. vi. 83.
    2. with prep. við, to be on the brink of; hélt þá við atgöngu, they were within a hair’s breadth of coming to fight, Hkr. i. 143; hélt þá við vandræði, Fms. ix. 434; heldr við bardaga, vi. 8; heldr nú við hót, it is little short of a threat, i. 305; hélt við blót, x. 106; ok hélt við flótta, i. 174; hélt við meiðingar, Nj. 21, Sd. 143; henni hélt við, at hón mundi drepa hana, Nj. 118; þeim hélt við váða sjálfan, Ó. H. 168; konungi hélt við, hvárt hann mundi standask eðr eigi, Mag. 100; honum hélt við kafnan, Bs. i. 18; hélt þó við at þeir mundi berjask, Fs. 53.
    B. WITH ACC. to hold:
    I. to hold in possession, a fief, land, estate, office, or the like; þeir héldu alla hina beztu staði með sjónum, Fms. xi. 131; þeir er áðr höfðu haldit land af Dana-konungi, i. 232; Eirekr skyldi h. land af Aðalsteini konungi, 23; Vemundr hélt Firða-fylki, Eg. 12; hélt hann þat ríki undir Knút konungi, Ísl. ii. 242; í þeirri borg héldu þeir langfeðgar fimmtán konungdóma, Ver. 37; h. land sem leigu-land, Grág. ii. 278; konungrinn heldr af Guði nafnit, Sks. 599 B; prestar er kirkjur halda, H. E. i. 486; sá prestr er heldr Pétrs-kirkju, N. G. L. i. 312; presta þeirra er kirkju halda, 346; skal sá maðr ráða er kirkju heldr, K. Þ. K. 60; Ólafs kirkju þá er Væringjar halda (the parish church of W.), Hkr. iii. 408.
    2. halda ábyrgju, ábyrgð á e-n, to have the responsibility of a thing, Grág. ii. 399, K. Þ. K. 66; h. grip, to be in the possession of, Grág. i. 438, ii. 190; h. skóla, to keep a school, Mar.; h. fylgð, to perform, Fms. ix. 279; eiga vandræði at h., to be in a strait, difficulty, Eb. 108.
    II. to hold, keep, observe, a feast, holiday, or the like; halda kirkju-dag, K. Þ. K. 42; í hvers minning heldr þú þenna dag? Nj. 157; h. helgan þvátt-dag hvern, Pr. 437; h. helga daga, Sl.; h. Jóla-dag, Páska, Hvíta-sunnu, Rb. 134; minnstú að h. helgan hvíldar-daginn Drottins Guðs þíns (the Fourth Commandment in the Icel. version); h. heilagt, to keep holiday, Dipl. ii. 14; í dag þá hátíð höldum vér til himna sté vor Herra, Hólabók 54; er Júdar héldu hátíðligt, Stj. 110; (hence forn-haldinn, time-honoured): of the day-marks (vide dagr, p. 95), er þaðan haldinn miðr-morgin, Hrafn. 9.
    2. to keep; halda orð sín, to keep one’s word, Fms. x. 95; höldum öll einka-mál vár, vii. 305; h. sættir, Nj. 57; gerðú svá vel, félagi, at þú halt vel sætt þessa, 111, Sturl. iii. 153, Fs. 65, Gullþ. 20; hann kvaðsk vilja hafa svardaga af þeim ok festu, at halda, Nj. 164; h. eið, Sturl. iii. 153; h. frið, to keep peace, Greg. 7; ef þú vilt nokkura hluti eigi h. þá er ek hefi á lagt við þik, Eg. 738: to observe faith, law, rite, etc., halda átrúnað, Fms. i. 34, x. 277; h. Guðs lög ok landsins, vii. 305; h. lands lög, viii. 155; h. ein lög, 625. 52; hafa ok halda þau lög, Fms. i. 34; h. Kristilega trú, K. Á. 74; h. mál (orð) e-s, Greg. 17; h. alla hluti með athugasamlegu minni, Sks. 439.
    3. to keep, tend; halda geitr, Hkv. 2. 20 (exactly as in Gothic).
    III. to uphold, maintain, support; þykkir mér þér sé nú ísjár-vert, hvárt þú munt fá haldit þik eðr eigi, Nj. 155; munu vér þó ekki einhlitir at h. oss eptir þessi verk, Háv. 50; at hón mætti með valdi h. sik ok menn sína, Fas. i. 375; þat væri nokkurr várkunn, at þú héldir frænda þinn eðr fóstbróður, en þetta er alls engi (at) halda útlaga konungs, Ó. H. 145; enda ætla ek lítinn viljann til at h. vini þína, Fms. vii. 244; því at Eysteinn konungr kenndi Inga konungi, at hann héldi þá menn, 248; ef þú heldr hann ( upholdest him) til þess at ganga á vini mína, Eg. 339; viljum vér allir fylgja þér ok þik til konungs halda, Fms. i. 34; Stephanus skyldi h. hann til laga ok réttinda, Sks. 653; h. e-n til ríkis, Fb. i. 236; vinsæld föður hans hélt hann mest til alþýðu vináttu, Fms. vii. 175; þeir sem upp h. ( sustain) þenna líkama, Anecd. 4.
    β. phrases, halda e-m kost, borð, to keep at board, entertain, Fms. ix. 220, x. 105, 146, Nj. 6; or, halda e-n at klæðum ok drykk, Ó. H. 69; h. stríð, bellum gerere (not class.), Fms. x. 51; h. úfrið, Fas. ii. 539.
    2. halda sik, to comfort oneself, Sks. 281, Hom. 29; kunna sik með hófi at h., Sturl. iii. 108; h. sik ríkmannliga, to fare sumptuously, Ld. 234; hann hélt betr húskarla sína en aðrir, Fms. vii. 242; h. mjök til skarts, to dress fine, Ld. 196; þar var Hrefna ok hélt allmjök til skarts, id.; hann var hægr hvers-dagliga, ok hélt mjök til gleði, Sturl. iii. 123; hélt hann hér mjök til vinsælda ok virðinga, he enjoyed much popularity and fame, Ld. 298.
    β. ellipt. (sik understood), at h. til jafns við e-n, to bear up against one, to be a match for one, Ld. 40; ef þér hefir eigi til þess hug eðr afl at h. til jafns við e-n húskarl Þorsteins, Eg. 714; h. til fullnaðar, to stand on one’s full rights; ef þær taka eigi fullrétti, eðr h. eigi til fullnaðar, Grág. ii. 109; h. fullara, to hold one above other men, Ó. H. (in a verse); lét konungr þá h. mjök til ( make great preparations) at syngja messu hátíðliga, Hkr. i. 287.
    3. to hold forth, put forward; at þeim inyiidi þungbýlt vera í nánd honum, ef þeir héldi nokkurn annan fyrir betra mann en hann, Ld. 26; síðan hélt konungr Erling fyrir tryggvan mann, Fms. ix. 399.
    β. to hold, deem, be of opinion; the old writers seem not to use the word exactly in this sense, but near to it come such phrases as, hón hélt engan hans jafningja innan hirðar hvárki í orðum né öðrum hlutum, i. e. she held him to be above all men, Ld. 60; halda menn hann fyrir konung, Fb. i. 216; still closer, halda menn at Oddný sé nú betr gipt, Bjarn. 12 (but only preserved in a paper MS.): this sense is very freq. in mod. usage, to hold, mean, eg held það; eg held ekki, I think not; (hence hald, opinion.)
    γ. phrases, halda mikit upp á e-n, to hold one in much esteem, love, Stj. 33; halda af e-m, id., Fas. i. 458, ii. 63, 200, iii. 520, esp. freq. in mod. usage, (upp-á-hald, af-hald, esteem.)
    4. to hold on, keep up; halda varnir, to keep up a defence, Sks. 583; halda vörð, to keep watch, Eg. 120, Grág. i. 32, 264; halda njósn, Eg. 72, 74, Fms. xi. 46; halda tal af e-m, to speak, communicate with one, ii. 88.
    5. to hold, be valid, be in force, a law term; á sú sekt öll at halda, Grág. i. 89; á þat at h. allt er þeir urðu á sáttir, 86; enda á þat at h. með þeim síðan, ii. 336.
    IV. to hold, compel, bind (with the notion of obligation or duty); heldr mik þá ekki til utan-ferðar, Nj. 112; þó heldr þik várkunn til at leita á, i. e. thou art excused, thou hast some excuse in trying, 21; var auðsætt hvat til hélt um sættir, Bjarn. 70; þik heldr eigi hér svá mart, at þú megir eigi vel bægja héraðs-vist þinni, Eb. 252; þar mælir þú þar, er þik heldr várkunn til at mæla, Nj. 227; ek mun vera vinr hans, ok alla þá, er at mínum orðum láta, halda til vináttu við hann, i. e. I will be his friend, and all those who lend ear to my words I will hold to friendship with him, Eg. 18.
    2. halda sik frá e-u, to keep oneself from, to refrain from a thing, Sks. 276 B; h. sik frá munaðlífi, Post. 656 A. ii. 16, Hom. 53, 135; h. sik aptr af e-u, to abstain from, Hkr. i. 512.
    V. absol. to be the cause of, be conducive to a thing; heldr þar margt til þess, there are many reasons for this, Nj. 192; vildim vér vita hvat til heldr, Fms. vii. 106; en hann vissi eigi hvat til hafði haldit, er hann kom eigi, xi. 11; margir hlutir héldu til þess, Eg. 38; þat hélt til þess, at …, Al. 94; hélt til þess ( conduced to it) góðgirnd hans, stórmennska ok vitsmunir, Fs. 29; hefir þat mjök til haldit, er ek hefi svá lengi dvalizt, at ek ætlaða, Ld. 32; hann lét bæði til h. vingan ok mágsemd, Fs. 24; heldr þat mest til at þá var komit útfall sjávar, Ld. 56; hélt þat mest til þess, at hann gafsk bezt í öllum mannraunum, 60; þat eitt hélt til, at þeir fóru eigi málum á hendr Þórði, at þeir höfðu eigi styrk til, 138.
    VI. to hold, comprise; sólar-öld heldr tuttugu ok átta ár, Rb. 510; h. skor (of weight), Grág. i. 500.
    ☞ In some instances the use of dat. and acc. wavers, e. g. halda húsum, to keep up the houses, Grág. ii. 278, 335; h. hliði, to keep the gate in repair, 265; but halda hlið (acc.), 332: to keep, observe, h. lögum, griðum, boðorðum, Glúm. 333, Grág. i. 357, ii. 166, 623. 28; hélt hann þessu sumu, Fms. x. 416 (Ágrip); halda ílla orðum, vii. (in a verse); þeir er því þingi áttu at h., Glúm. 386; h. sáttum, St. 17; h. eiðum, Bkv. 18; Gizuri þótti biskup h. ríkt ( protect strongly) brennu-mönnum, Sturl. i. 201 C; Guð er sínum skepnum heldr (keeps, protects) ok geymir, Mar.; þá hélt engi kirkju mönnum, … kept no man safe, Fms. ix. 508; h. njósn (acc.) um e-t, Eg. 74; h. til njósn, 72; njósnir, Fms. xi. 46. In most of these instances the acc. is the correct case, and the dat. is due either to careless transcribers or incorrect speaking: in some instances an enclitic um has been taken for a dative inflexion, thus e. g. sáttum haldi in Stor. l. c. is to be restored to sátt um haldi; eiðum haldit in Bkv. l. c. to eið (for eiða) um haldit; in others the prep. um has caused the confusion, as ‘halda njósn um at’ has been changed into halda njósnum at. But in the main the distinction between the use of dat. and acc. is fixed even at the present time: the acc. seems to represent the more primitive usage of this verb, the dat. the secondary.
    C. REFLEX.:
    I. to hold oneself, to stay; héldusk þeir þá ekki fyrir norðan Stað, Fms. i. 63; mátti hann eigi þar haldask, Landn. 246; h. á baki, to keep oneself on horseback, keep one’s seat, Grág. ii. 95; munu þeir skamma stund hér við haldask, Nj. 247: to be kept, remain, þá skal hann h. með Helju, Edda 39: to resist, megu vér ekki við h. fyrir ofreflis-mönnum þessum, Nj. 254; hélzk þá ekki við honum, Eg. 289; mann er svá hefir haldisk við höfuð-syndum, Hom. 157.
    β. to hold out, last, continue; ok hélzk ferillinn, Eg. 579; hélzk undr þetta allt til dags, Nj. 272 (twice); hélzk konungdómr í kyni hans, Rb. 394; lengi síðan hélzk bruna-öld með Svíum, Yngl. S.; lengi hélzk þat í ætt þeirri, at …, Eg. 770; hélzk vinátta með þeim, Nj. 66; þat hefir enn haldizk í ætt hans, Fms. iv. 8; ok hefir þat haldizk ( it has continued to be so) síðan er ek hefi hann séð, Ld. 174; honum haldisk (imperat.) sigr ok langt líf, Ver. 57; betr þætti mér, at hún héldisk þér, that it (the luck) would hold out for thee, Fb. ii. 74; ef hann helzk í útrú sinni, if he perseveres in his untruth, 623. 26.
    γ. to be kept safe and sound; menn allir héldusk ( all bands were saved) ok svá fé, Ld. 8, Fs. 143; þar héldusk menn allir ok mestr hluti fjár, Eg. 405; hafði fé vel haldizk, has been well kept, done well, Ld. 34.
    δ. to be valid, stand; eigu þau handsöl hennar at haldask, Grág. i. 334; engi má haldask dómr hans, Edda 15; skyldu þau (the truce) haldask um þingit, Nj. 348.
    2. impers., mér helzk, e-m helzk vel, ílla, á e-u, to have a good hold, have luck with a thing; mér helzk lítt á sauða-mönnum, Grett. 110 A.
    3. recipr., haldask á, to hold or pull one against another, wrestle, (hence á-höld); var sagt Magnúsi, at þeir héldisk á úti, that they were fighting outside, Sturl. ii. 44.
    II. part. pass. haldinn, [Dan. holden], so ‘holden,’ in such and such a state; vel haldinn, in good condition, faring well, well to do, Eg. 20, 234; hugðusk þar ok haldnir ( safe) mundu vera, Ver. 34; þungliga h., very sick, Eg. 565, Hkr. ii. 199; vel haldinn, doing well; tak heldr annat fé, svá mikit, at þú þykisk vel haldinn af, i. e. fully satisfied, having got full redress, Boll. 350; Sveinn sagði, at hann vill hafa tvá hluti fjárins, Hrani sagðisk ekki af því haldinn ( satisfied) vera, Fms. iv. 31: in the phrase, heilu ok höldnu, safe and sound, Bs. i. 191, Fms. xi. 376, Hkr. i. 319; með höldnu hljóði, preserving the sound, Skálda 175.
    2. ok mun þykkja sér misboðit ef þú ert haldinn (kept, protected), Finnb. 344.
    β. kept, observed, Fms. xi. 99.
    γ. held in custody, in prison, Bs. i. 419, Sturl. i. 151.
    III. gerund., haldandi, holding good, valid; sá dómr er eigi haldandi, is not valid, K. Á. 304; af öllu afli er friðr haldandi, Hom. 5.
    2. part. act., með upp haldandi höndum, with uplifted hands, Bs. i. 684.

    Íslensk-ensk orðabók > HALDA

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