Translation: from latin

friends of Cato

  • 1 Cato

    Căto, ōnis, m. [1. catus], a cognomen of several celebrated Romans in the gens Porcia, Valeria, Vettia al.
    I.
    M. Porcius Cato the elder, distinguished as a rigid judge of morals; hence with the appel. Censorius;

    whose most celebrated works were the Origines and De Re Rustica,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 33, 135; Liv. 31, 1 sqq.; Plin. 7, 27, 28, § 100; 7, 30, 31, § 112; cf., concerning him, Bernhardy, Röm. Litt. p. 521 sq.; 650; Bähr, Lit. Gesch. p. 515; 258; 354 al.;

    Ellendt, Cic. Brut. p. xix.-xxv.—As appel. of a severe judge,

    Mart. 1, prooem. fin.; Phaedr. 4, 7, 21.—Hence,
    B.
    Cătōnĭānus, a, um, adj., of Cato:

    familia,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 4, 6, 5:

    aetas,

    Sen. Tranq. 7, 5:

    illa (i. e. praecepta),

    id. Ep. 94, 27:

    lingua,

    i. e. of high morality, Mart. 9, 27, 14.—
    II.
    His descendant, M. Porcius Cato the younger, the enemy of Cœsar, who committed suicide after the battle of Pharsalia, at Utica; hence with the appel. Uticensis.—
    B.
    Cătōnīni, ōrum, m., the adherents or friends of Cato, Cic. Fam. 7, 25, 1; cf. catonium.—Concerning both, and the Porcian family in gen., v. Gell. 13, 20 Hertz, p. 19 Bip.—On account of their serious and austere character, serious, or gloomy, morose men are called Catones, Sen. Ep. 120, 19; cf. Juv. 2, 40; Phaedr. 4, 7, 21; Petr. 132.—
    III.
    Valerius Cato, a celebrated grammarian of Gaul, and poet of the time of Sulla, Cat. 56; Ov. Tr. 2, 436; Suet. Gram. 2; 4; 11.—
    IV.
    Dionysius Cato, author of the Disticha de moribus, prob. about the time of Constantine; v. the Disticha, with the Sententiae of Syrus, at the end of the Fabulae of Phaedrus, Bip.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Cato

  • 2 Cato

    M. Portius Cato (Censor, Priscus) 234-149 до н. э.

    Латинско-русский словарь > Cato

  • 3 cato [1]

    1. cato, āre (vulgär), sehen, Isid. 12, 2, 38.

    lateinisch-deutsches > cato [1]

  • 4 Cato [2]

    2. Cato, ōnis, m., I) ein Beiname der Porcii (s. Gell. 13, 19), von denen bes. bekannt sind: A) M. Porcius Cato, der ältere, geb. 235 v. Chr., gest. 147 v. Chr., als strenger Sittenrichter bekannt, dah. mit dem Beinamen Censorius, dessen berühmteste Werke die origines u. de re rustica sind, u. dem Cicero seine Schrift Cato Maior s. de senectute widmete, s. bes. Cic. de or. 3, 135. Liv. 31, 1 sqq. Plin. 7, 100 u. 112; – Wegen seiner Strenge appell. = »strenger Richter« Phaedr. 4, 7, 21: Cato severe, Mart. epist. lib. 1. praem. extr. – Dav. Catōniānus, a, um, katonianisch, Cic. u.a.: aetas, Sen. – B) M. Porcius Cato, der jüngere, der sich aus Mißmut über den Untergang der Republik zu Utika entleibte (46 v. Chr.), dah. mit dem Beinamen Uticensis, s. bes. Sall. Cat. 53, 6. Vell. 2, 35, 1 sqq. Plin. 7, 113. Lucan. 2, 380 (außerdem oft bei Cic. u.a.). – Dav. Catōnīnī, ōrum, m., die Anhänger, Freunde des jüngern Kato, Cic. – Wegen des streng sittlichen Wesens der Katonen steht Cato und namentlich Plur. Catones appell. für: Mann od. Männer von strenger Sittlichkeit u. streng republik. Gesinnung, Muster aller Tugenden, Cic. de amic. 21; de or. 2, 290 u. 3, 56. Hor. ep. 2, 2, 117. Sen. ep. 70, 22; 97, 10; 118, 4; 120, 19. Plin. ep. 1, 17, 3. Iuven. 2, 40. Suet. Aug. 87, 1 (wo contenti simus hoc Catone, d.i. verlangen wir nichts Besseres); vgl. Catonum rigoros, Fulg. myth. 1. prol. p. 15 M. – II) Valerius Cato, aus Gallien, Freigelassener, ein berühmter Grammatiker und Dichter zur Zeit des Sulla, Catull. 56, 1 sqq. Ov. trist. 2, 436. Suet. gr. 2.

    lateinisch-deutsches > Cato [2]

  • 5 cato

    1. cato, āre (vulgär), sehen, Isid. 12, 2, 38.

    Ausführliches Lateinisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch > cato

  • 6 Cato

    2. Cato, ōnis, m., I) ein Beiname der Porcii (s. Gell. 13, 19), von denen bes. bekannt sind: A) M. Porcius Cato, der ältere, geb. 235 v. Chr., gest. 147 v. Chr., als strenger Sittenrichter bekannt, dah. mit dem Beinamen Censorius, dessen berühmteste Werke die origines u. de re rustica sind, u. dem Cicero seine Schrift Cato Maior s. de senectute widmete, s. bes. Cic. de or. 3, 135. Liv. 31, 1 sqq. Plin. 7, 100 u. 112; – Wegen seiner Strenge appell. = »strenger Richter« Phaedr. 4, 7, 21: Cato severe, Mart. epist. lib. 1. praem. extr. – Dav. Catōniānus, a, um, katonianisch, Cic. u.a.: aetas, Sen. – B) M. Porcius Cato, der jüngere, der sich aus Mißmut über den Untergang der Republik zu Utika entleibte (46 v. Chr.), dah. mit dem Beinamen Uticensis, s. bes. Sall. Cat. 53, 6. Vell. 2, 35, 1 sqq. Plin. 7, 113. Lucan. 2, 380 (außerdem oft bei Cic. u.a.). – Dav. Catōnīnī, ōrum, m., die Anhänger, Freunde des jüngern Kato, Cic. – Wegen des streng sittlichen Wesens der Katonen steht Cato und namentlich Plur. Catones appell. für: Mann od. Männer von strenger Sittlichkeit u. streng republik. Gesinnung, Muster aller Tugenden, Cic. de amic. 21; de or. 2, 290 u. 3, 56. Hor. ep. 2, 2, 117. Sen. ep. 70, 22; 97, 10; 118, 4; 120, 19. Plin. ep. 1, 17, 3. Iuven. 2, 40. Suet. Aug. 87, 1 (wo contenti simus hoc Catone, d.i. verlangen wir nichts Besse-
    ————
    res); vgl. Catonum rigoros, Fulg. myth. 1. prol. p. 15 M. – II) Valerius Cato, aus Gallien, Freigelassener, ein berühmter Grammatiker und Dichter zur Zeit des Sulla, Catull. 56, 1 sqq. Ov. trist. 2, 436. Suet. gr. 2.

    Ausführliches Lateinisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch > Cato

  • 7 cato

    Cato; (Roman cognomen); (M. Porcius Cato, Censor)

    Latin-English dictionary > cato

  • 8 Cato

    ōnis m.
    Катон, cognomen в роде Порциев; наиболее известны
    1) M. Porcius C. Старший (Superior, Prisais, Censorius или Major), род. в 234 г. до н. э. в Тускуле, консул в 195 г. до н. э.; в 194 г. до н. э., будучи проконсулом, покорил Испанию; в 191 г. до н. э. одержал победу при Фермопилах; в 184 г. до н. э. цензор (за проявленную при этом строгость получил cognomen Censorius); известен своей враждой ко всяким новшествам; непреклонный враг Карфагена; автор «De re rustica» и «Origines»; умер в 149 г. до н. э. C, M, Su
    2) M. Porcius C. Младший ( по месту смерти Uticensis), род. в 95 г. до н. э., правнук предыдущего, консерватор-республиканец, противник Цезаря; после поражения Помпея при Tance в 46 г. до н. э. покончил с собой в Утике Sl, C, VP, Lcn etc.
    3) M. Porcius C., сын предыдущего, пал в сражении при Филиппах (42 г. до н. э.) C
    4) Valerius C., родом галл, вольноотпущенник, грамматик и поэт Ctl, O, Su
    5) Dionysius C.— см. Dionysius

    Латинско-русский словарь > Cato

  • 9 cato

    (Marcus Portius), princeps Porciae familiae (род. 520, ум. 605 г.), известный оратор и юрист (1. 2 § 38 D. 1, 2. cic. de or. 3, 33, 135). Замечателен, как юрист был его сын по прозванию Лициний, автор обширных толкований гражданского права (cic. de or. 2, 33, 142. 1. 4 § 1 D. 45, 1). С именем Катонов связано происхождение Катонова правила (regula Catoniana), которое относится к наследственным отказам (1. 44 pr. D. 24, 3. 1. 98 § 1 D. 50, 16. tit. D. 34, 7. 1. 41 § 2. D. 30); тк. sententia Caton. (1. 86 D. 35, 1), иногда просто Catoniana (1. 13 pr. D. 33, 5).

    Латинско-русский словарь к источникам римского права > cato

  • 10 Cato

    , onis m
      Катон, римский cognomen; Marcus Porcius C. Major Марк Порций К. Старший, непримиримый враг Карфагена (234 – 149 до н.э.)

    Dictionary Latin-Russian new > Cato

  • 11 māximus

        māximus    [1 MAC-].—Of size, large, great, big, high, tall, long, broad, extensive, spacious: fons, S.: aedificium: urbs: solitudines, S.: simulacrum facere maius: oppidum non maximum maximis locis decoravit: aquae magnae fuerunt, inundations, L.: Maior (belua) dimidio, by half, H.: maior videri (Scylla), statelier, V.: Calceus pede maior, too large for, H.: onus parvo corpore maius, H.—Of number or quantity, great, large, abundant, considerable, much: numerus frumenti: copia pabuli, Cs.: maiorem pecuniam polliceri: tibi praeda cedat Maior an illi, i. e. the victor's spoils, H.: populus, V.: tribunorum pars maior, the majority, L.: turba clientium maior, more numerous, H.: maximum pondus auri: Si maiorem feci rem, increased my estate, H.—Of value, great, large, considerable: magni preti servi: ager preti maioris, T.: magna munera et maiora promissa, S.: cuius auctoritas magni habebatur, was highly esteemed, Cs.: qui auctoritatem magni putet, esteems highly: quem tu Non magni pendis, H.: multo maioris vēnire, dearer, Ph.: quorum longe maximi consilia fuerunt, most valuable: haec te semper fecit maxumi, prized most highly, T.: conduxit non magno domum, at no high price: magno illi ea cunctatio stetit, cost him dear, L.—Of force, strong, powerful, vehement, loud: manu magnā euntem Inpulit, V.: magnā voce confiteri: strenitus, H.—Of time, great, long, extended: annum, V.: annum, i. e. the Platonic cycle of the heavens.—Early, high, long past: iam magno natu, aged, N.: magno natu non sufficientibus viribus, through old age, L.: maximo natu filius, N.: maior patria, original, Cu.—Of persons, aged, old, advanced ; only in comp. and sup, elder, eldest: omnes maiores natu, elders, Cs.: maior natu quam Plautus: frater suus maior natu, elder, L.: maximus natu ex iis, the oldest, L.: ex duobus filiis maior, Cs.: Maior Neronum, the elder, H.: (homo) annos natus maior quadraginta, more than forty years old: annos natast sedecim, non maior, T.: non maior annis quinquaginta, L.— Plur m. as subst: maiores, the fathers, ancestors, ancients, men of old: maiores vestri: nostri: more maiorum.—Fig., great, noble, grand, mighty, important, weighty, momentous: rebus maximis gestis: missi magnis de rebus, important business, H.: in agro maiora opera: causa, weighty: omen, significant, V.: spectaculum, impressive, H.: aliquid invadere magnum, enterprise, V.: haud magna memoratu res est, L.—As subst n.: id magnum est, a great thing: magna di curant, parva neglegunt: maiora audere, V.: ad maiora properat oratio: magnum loqui, loftily, H.: Omnia magna loquens, of everything magnificent, H.—Of rank or station, great, high, eminent, powerful: potestas: dignitas: di, Enn. ap. C.: rex Olympi, V.: maximus Ilioneus, V.: maiorum ne quis amicus, one of your great friends, H.: Iuppiter optimus maximus: pontifex maximus, chief: maioribus uti, associate with superiors, H.—Of mind or character, great, elevated, noble, lofty: vir acris animi magnique: magno animo est: vir magnus: Cato magnus habetur, S.: magnus hoc bello Themistocles fuit, N.: invidiā maior, above, H.: maior reprensis, greater than those criticised, H.: nebulo, thorough-paced, T.: fur. —In force or degree, great, severe, strong, intense: morbi: dolor, Cs.: minae: amor, V.: gemitus luctusque: quid potuere maius? more heinous, H.: Mari virtutem in maius celebrare, magnify, S.: his in maius etiam acceptis, L.: incerta in maius vero ferri solent, be exaggerated, L.— Proud, boastful, lofty, assuming: nobis ut res dant sese, ita magni atque humiles sumus, T.: lingua, H.: verba, V.

    Latin-English dictionary > māximus

  • 12 alter

    alter, tĕra, tĕrum, adj. (the measure of the gen. sing. āltĕrĭŭs as paeon primus is supported in good Latin only by examples from dactylic verse (but see alterĭus in trochaic measure, Plaut. Capt. 2, 2, 56), in which īpsĭŭs, īllĭŭs, īstĭŭs, ūnĭŭs, etc., are used as dactyls; on the contr., the regular measure āltĕrīŭs, as ditrochaeus, is sufficiently confirmed by the foll. verses of Enn., Ter., and Ter. Maur.: mox cum alterīus abligurias bona, Enn. ap. Donat. ad Ter. Phorm. 2, 2, 25 (Sat. 29 Vahl.):

    alterīus sua comparent commoda? ah!

    Ter. And. 4, 1, 4:

    nec alter[imacracute]us indigéns opís veni,

    Ter. Maur. p. 2432 P.;

    and sescupló vel una víncet alter[imacracute]us singulum,

    id. ib. p. 2412 ib.; Prisc. p. 695 ib.; alterius is also commonly used as the gen. of alius, as alīus is little used (v. h. v. fin.).— Dat. sing. f.:

    alterae,

    Plaut. Rud. 3, 4, 45; Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 30; Caes. B. G. 5, 27; Nep. Eum. 1, 6; Col. 5, 11, 10) [a comp. form of al-ius; cf. Sanscr. antara = alius; Goth. anthar; Lith. antras = secundus; Germ. ander; Gr. heteros; Engl. either, other; also Sanscr. itara = alius], the other of two, one of two, the other, ho heteros.
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen.:

    nam huic alterae patria quae sit, profecto nescio,

    Plaut. Rud. 3, 4, 45:

    necesse est enim sit alterum de duobus,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 41, 97:

    altera ex duabus legionibus,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 20: mihi cum viris ambobus est amicitia;

    cum altero vero magnus usus,

    Cic. Clu. 42, 117:

    alter consulum,

    Liv. 40, 59:

    alter ex censoribus,

    id. 40, 52:

    in alterā parte fluminis legatum reliquit,

    on the other side, Caes. B. G. 2, 5; id. B. C. 3, 54:

    si quis te percusserit in dexteram maxillam tuam, praebe illi et alteram,

    Vulg. Matt. 5, 39; 28, 1.—Hence: alter ambove, one or both; commonly in the abbreviation:

    A. A. S. E. V. = alter ambove si eis videretur: utique C. Pansa, A. Hirtius consules alter ambove S. E. V. rationem agri habeant,

    Cic. Phil. 5 fin. Wernsd.; cf. id. ib. 8, 11; 9, 7 fin.; 14, 14 fin.; cf.

    Brison. Form. pp. 218 and 219: absente consulum altero ambobusve,

    Liv. 30, 23: ambo alterve, S. C. ap. Front. Aquaed. 100 fin.
    B.
    Esp.
    1.
    a.. In distributive clauses: alter... alter, the one... the other (cf. alius, II. A.): ho heteros... ho heteros:

    Si duobus praefurniis coques, lacunā nihil opus erit. Cum cinere eruto opus erit, altero praefurnio eruito, in altero ignis erit,

    Cato, R. R. 38, 9:

    alteram ille amat sororem, ego alteram,

    Plaut. Bacch. 4, 4, 68; id. Am. 1, 2, 19; 1, 2, 20; Ter. Ad. 1, 2, 50:

    quorum alter exercitum perdidit, alter vendidit,

    Cic. Planc. 35; so id. Rosc. Am. 6, 16: namque alterā ex parte Bellovaci instabant;

    alteram Camulogenus tenebat,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 59 Herz.:

    conjunxit alteram (cortinam) alteri,

    Vulg. Exod. 36, 10; 36, 22; ib. Joan. 13, 14; ib. Rom. 12, 5.—
    b.
    In same sense, unus... alter, one... the other, as in later Gr. heis men... heteros de: vitis insitio una est per ver, altera est cum uva floret;

    ea optima est,

    Cato, R. R. 41, 1: Phorm. Una injuria est tecum. Chrem. Lege agito ergo. Phorm. Altera est tecum, Ter. Phorm. 5, 8, 90: uni epistolae respondi;

    venio ad alteram,

    Cic. Fam. 2, 17, 6:

    nomen uni Ada, et nomen alteri Sella,

    Vulg. Gen. 4, 19; ib. Matt. 6, 24:

    Erant duae factiones, quarum una populi causam agebat, altera optimatium,

    Nep. Phoc. 3, 1; Liv. 31, 21:

    consules coepere duo creari, ut si unus malus esse voluisset, alter eum coërceret,

    Eutr. 1, 8:

    Duo homines ascenderunt in templum, unus pharisaeus et alter publicanus,

    Vulg. Luc. 18, 10 al. —
    c.
    Sometimes a subst., or hic, ille, etc., stands in the place of the second alter:

    Epaminondas... Leonidas: quorum alter, etc... Leonidas autem, etc.,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 30, 97; so Vell. 2, 71, 3:

    alter gladiator habetur, hic autem, etc.,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 6, 17:

    quorum alteri Capitoni cognomen est, iste, qui adest, magnus vocatur,

    id. ib.:

    alterum corporis aegritudo, illum, etc.,

    Flor. 4, 7.—Sometimes
    (α).
    one alter is entirely omitted (cf. alius, II. A.; heteros, L. and S. I. 2.):

    duae turmae haesere: altera metu dedita hosti, pertinacior (sc. altera), etc.,

    Liv. 29, 33:

    hujus lateris alter angulus ad orientem solem, inferior ad meridiem spectat,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 13; or
    (β).
    the form changed:

    dialecticam adjungunt et physicam, alteram quod habeat rationem.... Physicae quoque etc.,

    Cic. Fin. 3, 21, 72, and 3, 22, 73. —Sometimes a further distributive word is added:

    alter adulescens decessit, alter senex, aliquis praeter hos infans,

    Sen. Ep. 66, 39:

    alter in vincula ducitur, alter insperatae praeficitur potestati, alius etc.,

    Amm. 14, 11.—
    d.
    In plur.: nec ad vivos pertineat, nec ad mortuos;

    alteri nulli sunt, alteros non attinget,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 38, 91:

    alteri dimicant, alteri victorem timent,

    id. Fam. 6, 3: binas a te accepi litteras; quarum alteris mihi gratulabare... alteris dicebas etc., in one of which,... in the other, id. ib. 4, 14:

    quorum alteri adjuvabant, alteri etc.,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 17: duplices similitudines, unae rerum, alterae verborum, Auct. ad Her. 3, 20. —
    e.
    The second alter in a different case:

    alter alterius ova frangit,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 49:

    uterque numerus plenus, alter alterā de causā habetur,

    Macr. Somn. Scip. 2:

    qui noxii ambo, alter in alterum causam conferant,

    Liv. 5, 11:

    alteri alteros aliquantum attriverant,

    Sall. J. 79, 4; so id. ib. 42, 4;

    53, 7 al. —Also with alteruter: ne alteruter alterum praeoccuparet,

    Nep. Dion. 4, 1.—With unus:

    quom inter nos sorderemus unus alteri,

    Plaut. Truc. 2, 4, 30:

    dicunt unus ad alterum,

    Vulg. Ez. 33, 30:

    ne unus adversus alterum infletur pro alio,

    ib. 1 Cor. 4, 6.—With uterque:

    uterque suo studio delectatus contempsit alterum,

    Cic. Off. 1, 1, 4:

    utrique alteris freti finitimos sub imperium suum coëgere,

    Sall. J. 18, 12.—With nemo, nullus, neuter:

    ut nemo sit alteri similis,

    Quint. 2, 9, 2:

    cum tot saeculis nulla referta sit causa, quae esset tota alteri similis,

    id. 7, prooem. 4:

    neutrum eorum contra alterum juvare,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 1, 3:

    ut neutra alteri officiat,

    Quint. 1, 1, 3.—After two substt., the first alter generally refers to the first subst., and the second to the second:

    Philippum rebus gestis superatum a filio, facilitate video superiorem fuisse. Itaque alter semper magnus, alter saepe turpissimus,

    Cic. Off. 1, 26; cf. Plaut. Am. 1, 2, 21; Brem. ad Suet. Claud. 20.—Sometimes the order is reversed: contra nos (summa gratia et eloquentia) raciunt in hoc tempore;

    quarum alteram (i. e. eloquentiam) vereor, alteram (i. e. gratiam) metuo,

    Cic. Quinct. 1; so id. Off. 3, 18; 1, 12; cf. Spald. ad Quint. 9, 2, 6.—
    2.
    As a numeral = secundus, the second, the next, o heteros:

    primo die, alter dies, tertius dies, deinde reliquis diebus etc.,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 7:

    proximo, altero, tertio, reliquis consecutis diebus non intermittebas etc.,

    id. Phil. 1, 13 Wernsd.:

    quadriennio post alterum consulatum,

    id. Sen. 9:

    die altero,

    Vulg. Jos. 10, 32: alteris Te mensis adhibet deum, i. e. at the dessert (= mensā secundā), Hor. C. 4, 5, 31.—So, alterā die, the next day, têi allêi hêmerai, têi heterai:

    se alterā die ad conloquium venturum,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 19; Vulg. Gen. 19, 34; ib. Matt. 27, 62:

    die altero,

    ib. Num. 11, 32; ib. Jos. 5, 11 al.—So in comparative sense:

    alterā die quam a Brindisio solvit, in Macedoniam trajecit,

    Liv. 31, 14; Suet. Vit. 3:

    intermittere diem alterum quemque oportet,

    every other day, Cels. 3, 23; 3, 13; 4, 12:

    Olea non continuis annis, sed fere altero quoque fructum adfert,

    Col. R. R. 5, 8.—With prepp.:

    qui (Ptolemaeus) tum regnabat alter post Alexandream conditam,

    next after, Cic. Off. 2, 23, 82; so, fortunate puer, tu nunc eris alter ab illo, the second or next after him, Verg. E. 5, 49:

    alter ab undecimo jam tum me ceperat annus,

    id. ib. 8, 39.—Hence,
    b.
    Also with tens, hundreds, etc.:

    accepi tuas litteras, quas mihi Cornificius altero vicesimo die reddidit,

    on the twenty-second day, Cic. Fam. 12, 25 Manut.:

    anno trecentesimo altero quam condita Roma erat,

    in the three hundred and second year, Liv. 3, 33:

    vicesima et altera laedit,

    Manil. 4, 466.—
    c.
    So of a number collectively:

    remissarios pedum XII., alteros pedum X.,

    a second ten, Cato, R. R. 19, 2:

    ad Brutum hos libros alteros quinque mittemus,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 41, 121:

    basia mille, deinde centum, dein mille altera, dein secunda centum,

    Cat. 5, 7.—So with the numeral understood: aurea mala decem misi;

    cras altera (sc. decem) mittam,

    a second ten, Verg. E. 3, 71.—Hence,
    d.
    Unus et alter, unus atque alter, unus alterque, the one and the other.
    (α).
    For two (as in Gr. heis kai heteros):

    unus et alter dies intercesserat,

    Cic. Clu. 26:

    adductus sum tuis unis et alteris litteris,

    id. Att. 14, 18:

    et sub eā versus unus et alter erunt,

    Ov. H. 15, 182; so Suet. Tib. 63; id. Calig. 56; id. Claud. 12 (cf. id. Gram. 24: unum vel alterum, vel, cum plurimos, tres aut quattuor admittere).—
    (β).
    More freq. of an indef. number, one and another; and: unusalterve, one or two:

    Unus et item alter,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 50:

    mora si quem tibi item unum alterumve diem abstulerit,

    Cic. Fam. 3, 9; so id. Clu. 13, 38; 13, 26:

    versus paulo concinnior unus et alter,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 74; so id. S. 1, 6, 102; 2, 5, 24; id. A. P. 15:

    ex illis unus et alter ait,

    Ov. F. 2, 394; id. Am. 2, 5, 22; Petr. 108; Plin. Pan. 45 Schwarz; cf. id. ib. 52, 2; Suet. Caes. 20; id. Galb. 14 al.:

    paucis loricae, vix uni alterive cassis aut galea,

    Tac. G. 6.—
    e.
    Alterum tantum, as much more or again, twice as much (cf. Gr. heteron tosouton or hetera tosauta):

    etiamsi alterum tantum perdundum est, perdam potius quam sinam, etc.,

    Plaut. Ep. 3, 4, 81; so id. Bacch. 5, 2, 65:

    altero tanto aut sesqui major,

    Cic. Or. 56, 188:

    altero tanto longior,

    Nep. Eum. 8, 5; so Dig. 28, 2, 13:

    numero tantum alterum adjecit,

    Liv. 1, 36; so id. 10, 46; Auct. B. Hisp. 30; Dig. 49, 14, 3 al.—
    f.
    Alteri totidem, as many more:

    de alteris totidem scribere incipiamus,

    Varr. L. L. 8, 24 Müll. —
    g.
    To mark the similarity of one object to another in qualities, etc., a second, another (as in English, a second father, my second self, and the like). So,
    (α).
    With a proper name, used as an appellative (cf. alius, II. G.):

    Verres, alter Orcus,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 50:

    alterum se Verrem putabat,

    id. ib. 5, 33 fin.:

    Hamilcar, Mars alter,

    Liv. 21, 10.—
    (β).
    With a com. noun:

    me sicut alterum parentem observat,

    Cic. Fam. 5, 8:

    altera patria,

    Flor. 2, 6, 42 al. —
    (γ).
    Alter ego, a second self, of very intimate friends (in the class. per. perh. only in Cic. Ep.; cf. ho hetairos, heteros egô, Clem. Al. 450):

    vide quam mihi persuaserim te me esse alterum,

    Cic. Fam. 7, 5:

    me alterum se fore dixit,

    id. Att. 4, 1:

    quoniam alterum me reliquissem,

    id. Fam. 2, 15; Aus. praef. 2, 15.—
    (δ).
    Alter idem, a second self, like heteroi hautoi, Arist. Eth. M. 8, 12, 3 (on account of the singularity of the expression, introduced by tamquam):

    amicus est tamquam alter idem,

    Cic. Lael. 21, 82.—
    3.
    The one of two, either of two, without a more precise designation, for alteruter:

    non uterque sed alter,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 43, 132:

    fortasse utrumque, alterum certe,

    id. Att. 11, 18:

    melius peribimus quam sine alteris vestrūm vivemus,

    Liv. 1, 13:

    nec rogarem, ut mea de vobis altera amica foret,

    Ov. A. A. 3, 520:

    ex duobus, quorum alterum petis, etc.,

    Plin. Ep. 1, 7, 3:

    ex duobus (quorum necesse est alterum verum), etc.,

    Quint. 5, 10, 69:

    ac si necesse est in alteram errare partem, maluerim etc.,

    id. 10, 1, 26; 1, 4, 24; 9, 3, 6 al.—Once also with a negative, neither of two: hos, tamquam medios, [p. 98] nec in alterius favorem inclinatos, miserat rex, Liv. 40, 20, 4.—
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    Another of a class = alius (as opp. to one's self, to another); subst., another, a neighbor, a fellow-creature, ho pelas (so sometimes heteros, Xen. Cyr. 2, 3, 17); cf. Ochsn. Eclog. 90 and 458 (alter designates the similarity of two objects; alius a difference in the objects contrasted): SI. INIVRIAM. FAXIT. ALTERI., Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Gell. 20, 1:

    qui alterum incusat probri, eum ipsum se intueri oportet,

    Plaut. Truc. 1, 2, 58; id. Am. prol. 84: mox dum alterius abligurias bona, quid censes dominis esse animi? Enn. ap. Don. ad Ter. Phorm. 2, 2, 25:

    ut malis gaudeant atque ex incommodis Alterius sua ut comparent commoda,

    Ter. And. 4, 1, 3: qui alteris exitium paret, etc., Att. ap. Cic. Tusc. 2, 17, 39:

    qui nihil alterius causā facit et metitur suis commodis omnia,

    Cic. Leg. 1, 14:

    ut aeque quisque altero delectetur ac se ipso,

    id. Off. 1, 17, 56; 1, 2, 4:

    scientem in errorem alterum inducere,

    id. ib. 3, 13, 55 et saep.:

    cave ne portus occupet alter,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 6, 32 Schmid.:

    nil obstet tibi, dum ne sit te ditior alter,

    id. S. 1, 1, 40; 1, 5, 33:

    canis parturiens cum rogāsset alteram, ut etc.,

    Phaedr. 1, 19:

    nec patientem sessoris alterius (equum) primus ascendit,

    Suet. Caes. 61; id. Tib. 58:

    in quo judicas alterum, te ipsum condemnas,

    Vulg. Rom. 2, 1:

    nemo quod suum est quaerat, sed quod alterius,

    ib. 1 Cor. 10, 24;

    14, 17: sic in semet ipso tantum gloriam habebit et non in altero,

    ib. Gal. 6, 4 al. —Hence, alter with a neg., or neg. question and comp., as an emphatic expression (mostly ante-class.; cf.

    alius, II. H.): scelestiorem nullum illuxere alterum,

    Plaut. Bacch. 2, 3, 22:

    scelestiorem in terrā nullam esse alteram,

    id. Cist. 4, 1, 8:

    qui me alter audacior est homo?

    id. Am. 1, 1, 1; id. Ep. 1, 1, 24.—
    B.
    The other, the opposite:

    alterius factionis principes,

    the leaders of the opposite party, Nep. Pelop. 1, 4 (cf. id. ib. 1, 2:

    adversariae factioni): studiosiorem partis alterius,

    Suet. Tib. 11. —
    C.
    In gen., different:

    quotiens te speculo videris alterum,

    Hor. C. 4, 10, 6: abeuntes post carnem alteram (Gr. heteros, q. v. L. and S. III.), Vulg. Jud. 7.—
    D.
    In the lang. of augury, euphem. for infaustus, unfavorable, unpropitious, Fest. p. 6 (v. L. and S. Gr. Lex. s. v. heteros, III. 2.).
    The gen.
    alterius commonly serves as gen. of alius instead of alīus, Cic. Fam. 15, 1, 1; id. Att. 1, 5, 1; 1, 20, 2; Caes. B. G. 1, 36, 1; Sall. C. 52, 8; Liv. 21, 13, 3; 22, 14, 4; 26, 8, 2; 28, 37, 6 al.; Col. 8, 17, 2; 11, 2, 87; 12, 22, 2; Sen. Ep. 72, 10; 102, 3; id. Ben. 4, 3, 1; id. Ot. Sap. 4, 1; id. Brev. Vit. 16, 2; id. Q. N. 2, 34, 1 al.; Quint. 7, 9, 8; 8, 3, 73 al.; Tac. A. 15, 25; id. H. 2, 90; Plin. Ep. 10, 114, 2; Suet. Caes. 61; id. Tib. 58 al.; Gell. 2, 28 al.—It also stands as correlative to alius:

    alius inter cenandum solutus est, alterius continuata mors somno est,

    Sen. Ep. 66, 39:

    cum inventum sit ex veris (gemmis) generis alterius in aliud falsas traducere,

    Plin. 37, 12, 75, § 197; Plin. Pan. 2, 6 (Neue, Formenl. II. p. 216).
    altĕras, adv.
    [alter], for alias, acc. to Paul. ex. Fest. p. 27 Müll.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > alter

  • 13 alteras

    alter, tĕra, tĕrum, adj. (the measure of the gen. sing. āltĕrĭŭs as paeon primus is supported in good Latin only by examples from dactylic verse (but see alterĭus in trochaic measure, Plaut. Capt. 2, 2, 56), in which īpsĭŭs, īllĭŭs, īstĭŭs, ūnĭŭs, etc., are used as dactyls; on the contr., the regular measure āltĕrīŭs, as ditrochaeus, is sufficiently confirmed by the foll. verses of Enn., Ter., and Ter. Maur.: mox cum alterīus abligurias bona, Enn. ap. Donat. ad Ter. Phorm. 2, 2, 25 (Sat. 29 Vahl.):

    alterīus sua comparent commoda? ah!

    Ter. And. 4, 1, 4:

    nec alter[imacracute]us indigéns opís veni,

    Ter. Maur. p. 2432 P.;

    and sescupló vel una víncet alter[imacracute]us singulum,

    id. ib. p. 2412 ib.; Prisc. p. 695 ib.; alterius is also commonly used as the gen. of alius, as alīus is little used (v. h. v. fin.).— Dat. sing. f.:

    alterae,

    Plaut. Rud. 3, 4, 45; Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 30; Caes. B. G. 5, 27; Nep. Eum. 1, 6; Col. 5, 11, 10) [a comp. form of al-ius; cf. Sanscr. antara = alius; Goth. anthar; Lith. antras = secundus; Germ. ander; Gr. heteros; Engl. either, other; also Sanscr. itara = alius], the other of two, one of two, the other, ho heteros.
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen.:

    nam huic alterae patria quae sit, profecto nescio,

    Plaut. Rud. 3, 4, 45:

    necesse est enim sit alterum de duobus,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 41, 97:

    altera ex duabus legionibus,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 20: mihi cum viris ambobus est amicitia;

    cum altero vero magnus usus,

    Cic. Clu. 42, 117:

    alter consulum,

    Liv. 40, 59:

    alter ex censoribus,

    id. 40, 52:

    in alterā parte fluminis legatum reliquit,

    on the other side, Caes. B. G. 2, 5; id. B. C. 3, 54:

    si quis te percusserit in dexteram maxillam tuam, praebe illi et alteram,

    Vulg. Matt. 5, 39; 28, 1.—Hence: alter ambove, one or both; commonly in the abbreviation:

    A. A. S. E. V. = alter ambove si eis videretur: utique C. Pansa, A. Hirtius consules alter ambove S. E. V. rationem agri habeant,

    Cic. Phil. 5 fin. Wernsd.; cf. id. ib. 8, 11; 9, 7 fin.; 14, 14 fin.; cf.

    Brison. Form. pp. 218 and 219: absente consulum altero ambobusve,

    Liv. 30, 23: ambo alterve, S. C. ap. Front. Aquaed. 100 fin.
    B.
    Esp.
    1.
    a.. In distributive clauses: alter... alter, the one... the other (cf. alius, II. A.): ho heteros... ho heteros:

    Si duobus praefurniis coques, lacunā nihil opus erit. Cum cinere eruto opus erit, altero praefurnio eruito, in altero ignis erit,

    Cato, R. R. 38, 9:

    alteram ille amat sororem, ego alteram,

    Plaut. Bacch. 4, 4, 68; id. Am. 1, 2, 19; 1, 2, 20; Ter. Ad. 1, 2, 50:

    quorum alter exercitum perdidit, alter vendidit,

    Cic. Planc. 35; so id. Rosc. Am. 6, 16: namque alterā ex parte Bellovaci instabant;

    alteram Camulogenus tenebat,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 59 Herz.:

    conjunxit alteram (cortinam) alteri,

    Vulg. Exod. 36, 10; 36, 22; ib. Joan. 13, 14; ib. Rom. 12, 5.—
    b.
    In same sense, unus... alter, one... the other, as in later Gr. heis men... heteros de: vitis insitio una est per ver, altera est cum uva floret;

    ea optima est,

    Cato, R. R. 41, 1: Phorm. Una injuria est tecum. Chrem. Lege agito ergo. Phorm. Altera est tecum, Ter. Phorm. 5, 8, 90: uni epistolae respondi;

    venio ad alteram,

    Cic. Fam. 2, 17, 6:

    nomen uni Ada, et nomen alteri Sella,

    Vulg. Gen. 4, 19; ib. Matt. 6, 24:

    Erant duae factiones, quarum una populi causam agebat, altera optimatium,

    Nep. Phoc. 3, 1; Liv. 31, 21:

    consules coepere duo creari, ut si unus malus esse voluisset, alter eum coërceret,

    Eutr. 1, 8:

    Duo homines ascenderunt in templum, unus pharisaeus et alter publicanus,

    Vulg. Luc. 18, 10 al. —
    c.
    Sometimes a subst., or hic, ille, etc., stands in the place of the second alter:

    Epaminondas... Leonidas: quorum alter, etc... Leonidas autem, etc.,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 30, 97; so Vell. 2, 71, 3:

    alter gladiator habetur, hic autem, etc.,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 6, 17:

    quorum alteri Capitoni cognomen est, iste, qui adest, magnus vocatur,

    id. ib.:

    alterum corporis aegritudo, illum, etc.,

    Flor. 4, 7.—Sometimes
    (α).
    one alter is entirely omitted (cf. alius, II. A.; heteros, L. and S. I. 2.):

    duae turmae haesere: altera metu dedita hosti, pertinacior (sc. altera), etc.,

    Liv. 29, 33:

    hujus lateris alter angulus ad orientem solem, inferior ad meridiem spectat,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 13; or
    (β).
    the form changed:

    dialecticam adjungunt et physicam, alteram quod habeat rationem.... Physicae quoque etc.,

    Cic. Fin. 3, 21, 72, and 3, 22, 73. —Sometimes a further distributive word is added:

    alter adulescens decessit, alter senex, aliquis praeter hos infans,

    Sen. Ep. 66, 39:

    alter in vincula ducitur, alter insperatae praeficitur potestati, alius etc.,

    Amm. 14, 11.—
    d.
    In plur.: nec ad vivos pertineat, nec ad mortuos;

    alteri nulli sunt, alteros non attinget,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 38, 91:

    alteri dimicant, alteri victorem timent,

    id. Fam. 6, 3: binas a te accepi litteras; quarum alteris mihi gratulabare... alteris dicebas etc., in one of which,... in the other, id. ib. 4, 14:

    quorum alteri adjuvabant, alteri etc.,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 17: duplices similitudines, unae rerum, alterae verborum, Auct. ad Her. 3, 20. —
    e.
    The second alter in a different case:

    alter alterius ova frangit,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 49:

    uterque numerus plenus, alter alterā de causā habetur,

    Macr. Somn. Scip. 2:

    qui noxii ambo, alter in alterum causam conferant,

    Liv. 5, 11:

    alteri alteros aliquantum attriverant,

    Sall. J. 79, 4; so id. ib. 42, 4;

    53, 7 al. —Also with alteruter: ne alteruter alterum praeoccuparet,

    Nep. Dion. 4, 1.—With unus:

    quom inter nos sorderemus unus alteri,

    Plaut. Truc. 2, 4, 30:

    dicunt unus ad alterum,

    Vulg. Ez. 33, 30:

    ne unus adversus alterum infletur pro alio,

    ib. 1 Cor. 4, 6.—With uterque:

    uterque suo studio delectatus contempsit alterum,

    Cic. Off. 1, 1, 4:

    utrique alteris freti finitimos sub imperium suum coëgere,

    Sall. J. 18, 12.—With nemo, nullus, neuter:

    ut nemo sit alteri similis,

    Quint. 2, 9, 2:

    cum tot saeculis nulla referta sit causa, quae esset tota alteri similis,

    id. 7, prooem. 4:

    neutrum eorum contra alterum juvare,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 1, 3:

    ut neutra alteri officiat,

    Quint. 1, 1, 3.—After two substt., the first alter generally refers to the first subst., and the second to the second:

    Philippum rebus gestis superatum a filio, facilitate video superiorem fuisse. Itaque alter semper magnus, alter saepe turpissimus,

    Cic. Off. 1, 26; cf. Plaut. Am. 1, 2, 21; Brem. ad Suet. Claud. 20.—Sometimes the order is reversed: contra nos (summa gratia et eloquentia) raciunt in hoc tempore;

    quarum alteram (i. e. eloquentiam) vereor, alteram (i. e. gratiam) metuo,

    Cic. Quinct. 1; so id. Off. 3, 18; 1, 12; cf. Spald. ad Quint. 9, 2, 6.—
    2.
    As a numeral = secundus, the second, the next, o heteros:

    primo die, alter dies, tertius dies, deinde reliquis diebus etc.,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 7:

    proximo, altero, tertio, reliquis consecutis diebus non intermittebas etc.,

    id. Phil. 1, 13 Wernsd.:

    quadriennio post alterum consulatum,

    id. Sen. 9:

    die altero,

    Vulg. Jos. 10, 32: alteris Te mensis adhibet deum, i. e. at the dessert (= mensā secundā), Hor. C. 4, 5, 31.—So, alterā die, the next day, têi allêi hêmerai, têi heterai:

    se alterā die ad conloquium venturum,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 19; Vulg. Gen. 19, 34; ib. Matt. 27, 62:

    die altero,

    ib. Num. 11, 32; ib. Jos. 5, 11 al.—So in comparative sense:

    alterā die quam a Brindisio solvit, in Macedoniam trajecit,

    Liv. 31, 14; Suet. Vit. 3:

    intermittere diem alterum quemque oportet,

    every other day, Cels. 3, 23; 3, 13; 4, 12:

    Olea non continuis annis, sed fere altero quoque fructum adfert,

    Col. R. R. 5, 8.—With prepp.:

    qui (Ptolemaeus) tum regnabat alter post Alexandream conditam,

    next after, Cic. Off. 2, 23, 82; so, fortunate puer, tu nunc eris alter ab illo, the second or next after him, Verg. E. 5, 49:

    alter ab undecimo jam tum me ceperat annus,

    id. ib. 8, 39.—Hence,
    b.
    Also with tens, hundreds, etc.:

    accepi tuas litteras, quas mihi Cornificius altero vicesimo die reddidit,

    on the twenty-second day, Cic. Fam. 12, 25 Manut.:

    anno trecentesimo altero quam condita Roma erat,

    in the three hundred and second year, Liv. 3, 33:

    vicesima et altera laedit,

    Manil. 4, 466.—
    c.
    So of a number collectively:

    remissarios pedum XII., alteros pedum X.,

    a second ten, Cato, R. R. 19, 2:

    ad Brutum hos libros alteros quinque mittemus,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 41, 121:

    basia mille, deinde centum, dein mille altera, dein secunda centum,

    Cat. 5, 7.—So with the numeral understood: aurea mala decem misi;

    cras altera (sc. decem) mittam,

    a second ten, Verg. E. 3, 71.—Hence,
    d.
    Unus et alter, unus atque alter, unus alterque, the one and the other.
    (α).
    For two (as in Gr. heis kai heteros):

    unus et alter dies intercesserat,

    Cic. Clu. 26:

    adductus sum tuis unis et alteris litteris,

    id. Att. 14, 18:

    et sub eā versus unus et alter erunt,

    Ov. H. 15, 182; so Suet. Tib. 63; id. Calig. 56; id. Claud. 12 (cf. id. Gram. 24: unum vel alterum, vel, cum plurimos, tres aut quattuor admittere).—
    (β).
    More freq. of an indef. number, one and another; and: unusalterve, one or two:

    Unus et item alter,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 50:

    mora si quem tibi item unum alterumve diem abstulerit,

    Cic. Fam. 3, 9; so id. Clu. 13, 38; 13, 26:

    versus paulo concinnior unus et alter,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 74; so id. S. 1, 6, 102; 2, 5, 24; id. A. P. 15:

    ex illis unus et alter ait,

    Ov. F. 2, 394; id. Am. 2, 5, 22; Petr. 108; Plin. Pan. 45 Schwarz; cf. id. ib. 52, 2; Suet. Caes. 20; id. Galb. 14 al.:

    paucis loricae, vix uni alterive cassis aut galea,

    Tac. G. 6.—
    e.
    Alterum tantum, as much more or again, twice as much (cf. Gr. heteron tosouton or hetera tosauta):

    etiamsi alterum tantum perdundum est, perdam potius quam sinam, etc.,

    Plaut. Ep. 3, 4, 81; so id. Bacch. 5, 2, 65:

    altero tanto aut sesqui major,

    Cic. Or. 56, 188:

    altero tanto longior,

    Nep. Eum. 8, 5; so Dig. 28, 2, 13:

    numero tantum alterum adjecit,

    Liv. 1, 36; so id. 10, 46; Auct. B. Hisp. 30; Dig. 49, 14, 3 al.—
    f.
    Alteri totidem, as many more:

    de alteris totidem scribere incipiamus,

    Varr. L. L. 8, 24 Müll. —
    g.
    To mark the similarity of one object to another in qualities, etc., a second, another (as in English, a second father, my second self, and the like). So,
    (α).
    With a proper name, used as an appellative (cf. alius, II. G.):

    Verres, alter Orcus,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 50:

    alterum se Verrem putabat,

    id. ib. 5, 33 fin.:

    Hamilcar, Mars alter,

    Liv. 21, 10.—
    (β).
    With a com. noun:

    me sicut alterum parentem observat,

    Cic. Fam. 5, 8:

    altera patria,

    Flor. 2, 6, 42 al. —
    (γ).
    Alter ego, a second self, of very intimate friends (in the class. per. perh. only in Cic. Ep.; cf. ho hetairos, heteros egô, Clem. Al. 450):

    vide quam mihi persuaserim te me esse alterum,

    Cic. Fam. 7, 5:

    me alterum se fore dixit,

    id. Att. 4, 1:

    quoniam alterum me reliquissem,

    id. Fam. 2, 15; Aus. praef. 2, 15.—
    (δ).
    Alter idem, a second self, like heteroi hautoi, Arist. Eth. M. 8, 12, 3 (on account of the singularity of the expression, introduced by tamquam):

    amicus est tamquam alter idem,

    Cic. Lael. 21, 82.—
    3.
    The one of two, either of two, without a more precise designation, for alteruter:

    non uterque sed alter,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 43, 132:

    fortasse utrumque, alterum certe,

    id. Att. 11, 18:

    melius peribimus quam sine alteris vestrūm vivemus,

    Liv. 1, 13:

    nec rogarem, ut mea de vobis altera amica foret,

    Ov. A. A. 3, 520:

    ex duobus, quorum alterum petis, etc.,

    Plin. Ep. 1, 7, 3:

    ex duobus (quorum necesse est alterum verum), etc.,

    Quint. 5, 10, 69:

    ac si necesse est in alteram errare partem, maluerim etc.,

    id. 10, 1, 26; 1, 4, 24; 9, 3, 6 al.—Once also with a negative, neither of two: hos, tamquam medios, [p. 98] nec in alterius favorem inclinatos, miserat rex, Liv. 40, 20, 4.—
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    Another of a class = alius (as opp. to one's self, to another); subst., another, a neighbor, a fellow-creature, ho pelas (so sometimes heteros, Xen. Cyr. 2, 3, 17); cf. Ochsn. Eclog. 90 and 458 (alter designates the similarity of two objects; alius a difference in the objects contrasted): SI. INIVRIAM. FAXIT. ALTERI., Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Gell. 20, 1:

    qui alterum incusat probri, eum ipsum se intueri oportet,

    Plaut. Truc. 1, 2, 58; id. Am. prol. 84: mox dum alterius abligurias bona, quid censes dominis esse animi? Enn. ap. Don. ad Ter. Phorm. 2, 2, 25:

    ut malis gaudeant atque ex incommodis Alterius sua ut comparent commoda,

    Ter. And. 4, 1, 3: qui alteris exitium paret, etc., Att. ap. Cic. Tusc. 2, 17, 39:

    qui nihil alterius causā facit et metitur suis commodis omnia,

    Cic. Leg. 1, 14:

    ut aeque quisque altero delectetur ac se ipso,

    id. Off. 1, 17, 56; 1, 2, 4:

    scientem in errorem alterum inducere,

    id. ib. 3, 13, 55 et saep.:

    cave ne portus occupet alter,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 6, 32 Schmid.:

    nil obstet tibi, dum ne sit te ditior alter,

    id. S. 1, 1, 40; 1, 5, 33:

    canis parturiens cum rogāsset alteram, ut etc.,

    Phaedr. 1, 19:

    nec patientem sessoris alterius (equum) primus ascendit,

    Suet. Caes. 61; id. Tib. 58:

    in quo judicas alterum, te ipsum condemnas,

    Vulg. Rom. 2, 1:

    nemo quod suum est quaerat, sed quod alterius,

    ib. 1 Cor. 10, 24;

    14, 17: sic in semet ipso tantum gloriam habebit et non in altero,

    ib. Gal. 6, 4 al. —Hence, alter with a neg., or neg. question and comp., as an emphatic expression (mostly ante-class.; cf.

    alius, II. H.): scelestiorem nullum illuxere alterum,

    Plaut. Bacch. 2, 3, 22:

    scelestiorem in terrā nullam esse alteram,

    id. Cist. 4, 1, 8:

    qui me alter audacior est homo?

    id. Am. 1, 1, 1; id. Ep. 1, 1, 24.—
    B.
    The other, the opposite:

    alterius factionis principes,

    the leaders of the opposite party, Nep. Pelop. 1, 4 (cf. id. ib. 1, 2:

    adversariae factioni): studiosiorem partis alterius,

    Suet. Tib. 11. —
    C.
    In gen., different:

    quotiens te speculo videris alterum,

    Hor. C. 4, 10, 6: abeuntes post carnem alteram (Gr. heteros, q. v. L. and S. III.), Vulg. Jud. 7.—
    D.
    In the lang. of augury, euphem. for infaustus, unfavorable, unpropitious, Fest. p. 6 (v. L. and S. Gr. Lex. s. v. heteros, III. 2.).
    The gen.
    alterius commonly serves as gen. of alius instead of alīus, Cic. Fam. 15, 1, 1; id. Att. 1, 5, 1; 1, 20, 2; Caes. B. G. 1, 36, 1; Sall. C. 52, 8; Liv. 21, 13, 3; 22, 14, 4; 26, 8, 2; 28, 37, 6 al.; Col. 8, 17, 2; 11, 2, 87; 12, 22, 2; Sen. Ep. 72, 10; 102, 3; id. Ben. 4, 3, 1; id. Ot. Sap. 4, 1; id. Brev. Vit. 16, 2; id. Q. N. 2, 34, 1 al.; Quint. 7, 9, 8; 8, 3, 73 al.; Tac. A. 15, 25; id. H. 2, 90; Plin. Ep. 10, 114, 2; Suet. Caes. 61; id. Tib. 58 al.; Gell. 2, 28 al.—It also stands as correlative to alius:

    alius inter cenandum solutus est, alterius continuata mors somno est,

    Sen. Ep. 66, 39:

    cum inventum sit ex veris (gemmis) generis alterius in aliud falsas traducere,

    Plin. 37, 12, 75, § 197; Plin. Pan. 2, 6 (Neue, Formenl. II. p. 216).
    altĕras, adv.
    [alter], for alias, acc. to Paul. ex. Fest. p. 27 Müll.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > alteras

  • 14 circum

    circum [properly acc. from circus = kirkos], adv. and prep., designates either an entire encompassing or surrounding of an object, or a proximity only partially em. bracing or comprehending it, around, about, all around, peri, amphi
    I.
    Adv.
    A.
    Around, round about, all around, etc., perix:

    furcas circum offigito,

    Cato, R. R. 48, 2; Varr. R. R. 3, 14, 1;

    Verg A 3, 230: quia (locus) vastis circum saltibus claudebatur,

    Tac. A. 4, 25:

    molli circum est ansas amplexus acantho,

    Verg. E. 3, 45:

    age tu interim Da cito ab Delphio Cantharum circum,

    Plaut. Most. 1, 4, 33:

    quae circum essent opera tueri,

    Caes. B. C 2, 10:

    interea Rutuli portis circum omnibus instant,

    Verg. A. 10, 118 (i. e. circumcirca fusi:

    nam modo circum adverbium loci est, Serv.): omnem, quae nuno.umida circum Caligat, nu. bem eripiam,

    id. ib. 2, 605; Tib. 1, 3, 77; 1, 5, 11. sed circum tutae sub moenibus urbis aquantur, round about under the walls, Verg. G 4, 193. faciundum haras quadratas circum binos pedes, all around, i. e. on every side, two feet, Varr. R. R. 3, 10, 3 Schneid.—
    b.
    Strengthened with undique (in later Latin also sometimes written as one word, circumundique), from everywhere around, around on all sides:

    circum Undique convenere,

    Verg. A. 4, 416; Lucr. 3, 404:

    clausis circum undique portis,

    Stat. S. 2, 5, 13; 5, 1, 155; id. Th. 2, 228:

    oppositu circumundique aliarum aedium,

    Gell. 4, 5, 3; 13, 24, 1; 14, 2, 9;

    so with totus and omnis,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 14, 1; Verg. A. 10, 118.—
    B.
    Of an incomplete circuit, esp. of the part that meets the view, lies on the hither side, etc. (v. under II.):

    hostilibus circum litoribus,

    Tac. A. 2, 24:

    aestas... aperto circum pelago peramoena,

    id. ib. 4, 67:

    gentibus innumeris circum infraque relictis,

    Ov. M. 4, 668; Stat. Achill. 1, 56:

    corpus servans circumque supraque vertitur,

    id. Th. 9, 114; Albin. Carm. ap. Maecen. 46.
    II.
    Prep. with acc.
    A.
    Around, abow (implying a complete circuit):

    armillas quattuor facito, quas circum orbem indas,

    Cato, R. R. 21, 4:

    terra circum axem se summā celeritate convertit,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 39, 123; Quint. 2, 17, 19 Zumpt N. cr.:

    ligato circum collum sudario,

    Suet. Ner. 51:

    terque novas circum felix eat hostia fruges,

    Verg. G. 1, 345:

    at genitor circum caput omne micantes Deposuit radios,

    Ov. M. 2, 40.—
    B.
    As in adv. B., of an incomplete circuit, about, upon, around, near:

    capillus sparsus, promissus, circum caput Rejectus neglegenter,

    Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 49:

    flexo circum cava tempora cornu,

    Ov. M. 7, 313; 10, 116; 11, 159:

    tum Salii ad cantus incensa altaria circum adsunt,

    Verg. A. 8, 285:

    varios hic flumina circum Fundit humus flores,

    on the borders of the rivulets, id. E. 9, 40:

    urgeris turbā circum te stante,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 135; cf. id. C. 2, 16, 33:

    circum renidentes Lares,

    id. Epod. 2, 66; Verg. G. 2, 484; cf. Luc. 2, 557:

    illi indignantes Circum claustra fremunt,

    Verg. A. 1, 56:

    oras et litora circum errantem,

    id. ib. 3, 75.—
    C.
    Circum very freq. expresses, not a relative motion around a given central point, but an absol. circular movement, in which several objects named form separate points of a periphery, in, into, among... around, to... around, etc.:

    te adloquor, Quae circum vicinos vages,

    Plaut. Mil. 2, 5, 14: ego Arpini volo esse pridie Cal., deinde circum villulas nostras errare, not round about our villas, but in our villas around, Cic. Att. 8, 9, 3; cf Hor. S. 1, 6, 58:

    tum Naevius pueros circum amicos dimittit,

    to friends around, Cic. Quint. 6, 25; Suet. Ner. 47:

    cum praetorem circum omnia fora sectaretur,

    Cic. Verr 2, 2, 70, § 169:

    Apronius ducebat eos circum civitates,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 26, §

    65: ille circum hospites cursabat,

    id. ib. 2, 4, 19, §

    41: lenonem quondam Lentuli concursare circum tabernas,

    id. Cat. 4, 8, 17:

    dimissis circum municipia litteris,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 22:

    circum oram maritimam misit, ut, etc.,

    Liv. 29, 24, 9:

    legatio sub idem tempus in Asiam et circum insulas missa,

    id. 42, 45, 1; Suet. Aug. 64; id. Caes. 41; id. Calig. 28; 41; Hor. S. 2, 3, 281; id. Ep 1, 1, 49: et te circum omnes alias irata puellas Differet, to or among all the other maidens around, Prop. 1, 4, 21—
    D.
    With the prevailing idea of neighborhood, vicinity, in the environs of, in the vicinity of, at, near:

    circum haec loca commorabor,

    Cic. Att. 3, 17, 2; Pompei ib. 8, 12, C, 1 exercitu in foro et in omnibus templis, quae circum forum sunt, conlocato, Cic. Opt. Gen. 4, 10:

    urbes, quae circum Capuam sunt,

    id. Agr. 1, 7, 20:

    cum tot essent circum hastam illam,

    id. Phil. 2, 26, 64 Wernsd. N. cr.:

    non succurrit tibi, quamdiu circum Bactra haereas?

    Curt. 7, 8, 21, Tac. A. 4, 74. —
    E.
    Of persons who surround one (as attendants, friends, etc.); in Gr.peri or amphi tina:

    paucae, quae circum illam essent,

    Ter. Eun. 3, 5, 33; Cic. Att. 9, 9, 4:

    omnium flagitiorum atque facinorum circum se tamquam stipatorum catervas habebat,

    Sall. C. 14, 1; cf. id. ib. 26, 4:

    Hectora circum,

    Verg. A. 6, 166.—Circum pedes for ad pedes, of servants in attendance, is rare, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 36, § 92;

    v ad, I. D. 3. b.—

    Circum is sometimes placed after its subst.
    ,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 31 Müll., Lucr 1, 937; 4, 220; 6, 427; Cic. N. D. 2, 41, 105; Verg. E. 8, 12; 8, 74; 9, 40; id. A. 1, 32; 2, 515; 2, 564; 3, 75: 6, 166; 6, 329; 9, 440; Tib. 1, 1, 23; 1, 5, 51; Stat. Th. 3, 395.—
    III.
    In composition the m remains unchanged before consonants; before vowels it was, acc. to Prisc. p. 567 P., and Cassiod. p. 2294 ib., written in like manner, but (except before j and v) not pronounced. Yet in the best MSS. we find the orthography circuitio, circuitus, and even circueo together with circumeo; cf. Neue, Formenl. 2, p. 736 sq. —Signif.,
    a.
    Acc. to II. A.: circumcido, circumcludo, circumculco, circumfluo, circumfodio, circumfundo, etc.—
    b.
    Acc. to II. B.: circumcolo, circumflecto, circumjaceo, circumicio.—
    c.
    Acc. to II. C.: circumcellio, circumcurso, circumduco, circumfero, circumforaneus.—In many compounds, circum has sometimes one and sometimes another signif., as in circumdo, circumeo, circumsisto, etc.; v. h. vv.—
    With verbs compounded with circum, this preposition is never repeated before the following [p.
    336] object; e. g. circumcursare circum aliquid and similar phrases are not found.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > circum

  • 15 compraehendo

    com-prĕhendo ( conp-; also com-prendo, very freq. in MSS. and edd.; cf. Quint. 1, 5, 21. In MSS. also comprae-hendo and compraendo, v. prehendo), di, sum, 3, v. a., to lay hold of something on all sides; to take or catch hold of, seize, grasp, apprehend; to comprehend, comprise (class. in prose and poetry).
    I.
    Prop.
    A.
    In gen.:

    quid (opus est) manibus, si nihil comprehendendum est?

    Cic. N. D. 1, 33, 92:

    (vulva) non multo major quam ut manu comprehendatur,

    Cels. 4, 1 fin.:

    cum (forfex) dentem comprehendere non possit,

    id. 7, 12, 1:

    mordicus manum eorum (elephantorum),

    Plin. 9, 15, 17, § 46:

    morsu guttura,

    Luc. 4, 727:

    nuces modio,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 7, 3:

    naves,

    to join one to another, fasten together, Liv. 30, 10, 5; cf.:

    oras vulneris suturae comprehendunt,

    Cels. 7, 4, 3:

    comprehendunt utrumque et orant,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 31:

    ter frustra comprensa manus effugit imago,

    Verg. A. 2, 794; cf.

    aures,

    Tib. 2, 5, 92:

    nisi quae validissima (ovis), non comprehendatur (sc. stabulis) hieme,

    let none but the strongest be kept in the winter, Col. 7, 3, 15 Schneid.:

    naves in flumine Vulturno comprehensae,

    assembled together, put under an embargo, Liv. 26, 7, 9; so id. 29, 24, 9; Suet. Tib. 38; id. Calig. 39:

    ignem,

    to take, catch, Caes. B. G. 5, 43;

    and in a reverse constr.: ignis robora comprendit,

    Verg. G. 2, 305; cf.:

    opera flammā comprehensa,

    Hirt. B. G. 8, 43; and:

    avidis comprenditur ignibus agger,

    Ov. M. 9, 234:

    loca vallo,

    Front. 2, 11, 7; and absol.:

    comprehensa aedificia,

    Liv. 26, 27, 3.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    To attack, seize upon in a hostile manner, to seize, lay hold of, arrest, catch, apprehend:

    aliquem pro moecho Comprehendere et constringere,

    Ter. Eun. 5, 5, 23; 5, 1, 20:

    tam capitalem hostem,

    Cic. Cat. 2, 2, 3:

    hominem,

    id. Q. Fr. 1, 2, 4, § 14:

    nefarios duces,

    id. Cat. 3, 7, 16:

    Virginium,

    Liv. 3, 48, 6; cf. id. 1, 41, 1:

    praesidium Punicum,

    id. 26, 14, 7:

    hunc comprehenderant atque in vincula conjecerant,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 27; 5, 25:

    in fugā,

    id. ib. 5, 21.—Rarely of disease:

    comprehensus morbo,

    Just. 23, 2, 4; cf.:

    comprehensi pestiferā lue,

    id. 32, 3, 9.—Of places, to occupy, seize upon:

    aliis comprehensis collibus munitiones perfecerunt,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 46 fin.
    * b.
    Of things, to intercept' -epistulas, Just. 20, 5, 12.—
    2.
    To seize upon one, to apprehend him in any crime:

    fures,

    Cat. 62, 35.—With inf.: qui interesse concentibus interdictis fuerint comprehensi, Cod. Th. 16, 4, 5.—Hence,
    b.
    Transf. to the crime:

    nefandum adulterium,

    to discover, detect it, Cic. Mil. 27, 72:

    res ejus indicio,

    id. Clu. 16, 47.—
    3.
    Of plants, to take root; of a graft:

    cum comprehendit (surculus),

    Varr. R. R. 1, 40 fin.; so,

    in gen.,

    Col. 3, 5, 1; 5, 6, 18; Pall. Jan. 13, 5.—
    4.
    Of women, to conceive, become pregnant, = concipere:

    si mulier non comprehendit, etc.,

    Cels. 5, 21 fin.
    5.
    Of a space, to contain, comprise, comprehend, include:

    ut nuces integras, quas uno modio comprehendere possis,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 7, 3:

    circuitus ejus triginta et duo stadia comprehendit,

    Curt. 6, 6, 24. —
    6.
    In late medic. lang., of medicines, to combine:

    aliquid melle,

    Veg. Art. Vet. 6, 27, 1; Scrib. Comp. 88; 227 al.—
    7.
    Of the range of a missile:

    quantum impulsa valet comprehendere lancea nodo,

    Sil. 4, 102.—
    8.
    Of the reach of a surgical instrument:

    si vitium in angusto est, quod comprehendere modiolus possit,

    Cels. 8, 3 init.
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    To comprehend by the sense of sight, to perceive, observe, see (very rare):

    aliquid visu,

    Sil. 3, 408;

    and without visu: comprehendere vix litterarum apices,

    Gell. 13, 30, 10.—
    B.
    To comprehend something intellectually, to receive into one's mind, to grasp, perceive, comprehend; with abl.: si quam opinionem jam mentibus vestris comprehendistis: si eam ratio convellet, si oratio labefactabit, etc., if any opinion has already taken root in your mind (the figure taken from the rooting of plants; v. supra, I. B. 3.), Cic. Clu. 2, 6:

    omnes animo virtutes,

    id. Balb. 1, 3; id. N. D. 3, 25, 64:

    animo haec tenemus comprehensa, non sensibus,

    id. Ac. 2, 7, 21 sq.:

    omnia animis et cogitatione,

    id. Fl. 27, 66; cf. id. de Or. 2, 31, 136:

    aliquid mente,

    id. N. D. 3, 8, 21:

    aliquid memoriā,

    id. Tusc. 5, 41, 121:

    qualis animus sit vacans corpore, intellegere et cogitatione comprehendere,

    id. ib. 1, 22, 50:

    aliquid certis signis,

    Col. 6, 24, 3:

    aliquid experimentis assiduis,

    Pall. 2, 13, 8.—Without abl.:

    esse aliquid, quod conprehendi et percipi posset,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 6, 17; 2, 6, 18:

    virtutum cognitio confirmat percipi et conprehendi multa posse,

    id. ib. 2, 8, 23; 1, 11, 42.—
    C.
    To comprehend or include in words; to comprise in discourse or in writing, to express, describe, recount, narrate, etc.:

    breviter paucis comprendere multa,

    Lucr. 6, 1082; cf.:

    breviter comprehensa sententia,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 7, 20; Quint. 9, 3, 91:

    comprehendam brevi,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 8, 34:

    perinde ac si in hanc formulam omnia judicia conclusa et comprehensa sint,

    id. Rosc. Com. 5, 15:

    (Cato) verbis luculentioribus et pluribus rem eandem comprehenderat,

    id. Att. 12, 21, 1:

    ipsa natura circumscriptione quādam verborum comprehendit concluditque sententiam,

    id. Brut. 8, 34:

    in eā (terrā) enim et lapis et harena et cetera ejus generis sunt in nominando comprehensa,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 9, 1:

    emplastra quoque, quae supra comprehensa sunt,

    Cels. 5, 27, 3; so absol.:

    ad veterum rerum nostrarum memoriam comprehendendam impulsi sumus,

    Cic. Brut. 5, 19:

    aliquid dictis,

    Ov. M. 13, 160:

    quae si comprendere coner,

    id. Tr. 5, 2, 27. —
    2.
    Poet.: aliquid numero, to number, enumerate:

    neque enim numero comprendere refert,

    Verg. G. 2, 104; Ov. A. A. 2, 447; cf.:

    numerum quorum comprendere non est,

    id. Tr. 5, 11, 19.—
    D.
    To comprehend any one in affection, to bind to one's self, to put under obligation, to embrace with kindness (rare;

    mostly in Cic.): multos amicitiā, tueri obsequio, etc.,

    to have many friends, Cic. Cael. 6, 13:

    adulescentem humanitate tuā,

    id. Fam. 13, 15, 3:

    quod omnibus officiis per se, per patrem, per majores suos totam Atinatem praefecturam comprehenderit,

    id. Planc. 19. 47.—
    E.
    To shut in, include (late Lat.):

    spiritum in effigiem,

    Lact. 4, 8, 9:

    elementorum figurae humanā specie comprehensae,

    id. 2, 6, 1.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > compraehendo

  • 16 compraendo

    com-prĕhendo ( conp-; also com-prendo, very freq. in MSS. and edd.; cf. Quint. 1, 5, 21. In MSS. also comprae-hendo and compraendo, v. prehendo), di, sum, 3, v. a., to lay hold of something on all sides; to take or catch hold of, seize, grasp, apprehend; to comprehend, comprise (class. in prose and poetry).
    I.
    Prop.
    A.
    In gen.:

    quid (opus est) manibus, si nihil comprehendendum est?

    Cic. N. D. 1, 33, 92:

    (vulva) non multo major quam ut manu comprehendatur,

    Cels. 4, 1 fin.:

    cum (forfex) dentem comprehendere non possit,

    id. 7, 12, 1:

    mordicus manum eorum (elephantorum),

    Plin. 9, 15, 17, § 46:

    morsu guttura,

    Luc. 4, 727:

    nuces modio,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 7, 3:

    naves,

    to join one to another, fasten together, Liv. 30, 10, 5; cf.:

    oras vulneris suturae comprehendunt,

    Cels. 7, 4, 3:

    comprehendunt utrumque et orant,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 31:

    ter frustra comprensa manus effugit imago,

    Verg. A. 2, 794; cf.

    aures,

    Tib. 2, 5, 92:

    nisi quae validissima (ovis), non comprehendatur (sc. stabulis) hieme,

    let none but the strongest be kept in the winter, Col. 7, 3, 15 Schneid.:

    naves in flumine Vulturno comprehensae,

    assembled together, put under an embargo, Liv. 26, 7, 9; so id. 29, 24, 9; Suet. Tib. 38; id. Calig. 39:

    ignem,

    to take, catch, Caes. B. G. 5, 43;

    and in a reverse constr.: ignis robora comprendit,

    Verg. G. 2, 305; cf.:

    opera flammā comprehensa,

    Hirt. B. G. 8, 43; and:

    avidis comprenditur ignibus agger,

    Ov. M. 9, 234:

    loca vallo,

    Front. 2, 11, 7; and absol.:

    comprehensa aedificia,

    Liv. 26, 27, 3.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    To attack, seize upon in a hostile manner, to seize, lay hold of, arrest, catch, apprehend:

    aliquem pro moecho Comprehendere et constringere,

    Ter. Eun. 5, 5, 23; 5, 1, 20:

    tam capitalem hostem,

    Cic. Cat. 2, 2, 3:

    hominem,

    id. Q. Fr. 1, 2, 4, § 14:

    nefarios duces,

    id. Cat. 3, 7, 16:

    Virginium,

    Liv. 3, 48, 6; cf. id. 1, 41, 1:

    praesidium Punicum,

    id. 26, 14, 7:

    hunc comprehenderant atque in vincula conjecerant,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 27; 5, 25:

    in fugā,

    id. ib. 5, 21.—Rarely of disease:

    comprehensus morbo,

    Just. 23, 2, 4; cf.:

    comprehensi pestiferā lue,

    id. 32, 3, 9.—Of places, to occupy, seize upon:

    aliis comprehensis collibus munitiones perfecerunt,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 46 fin.
    * b.
    Of things, to intercept' -epistulas, Just. 20, 5, 12.—
    2.
    To seize upon one, to apprehend him in any crime:

    fures,

    Cat. 62, 35.—With inf.: qui interesse concentibus interdictis fuerint comprehensi, Cod. Th. 16, 4, 5.—Hence,
    b.
    Transf. to the crime:

    nefandum adulterium,

    to discover, detect it, Cic. Mil. 27, 72:

    res ejus indicio,

    id. Clu. 16, 47.—
    3.
    Of plants, to take root; of a graft:

    cum comprehendit (surculus),

    Varr. R. R. 1, 40 fin.; so,

    in gen.,

    Col. 3, 5, 1; 5, 6, 18; Pall. Jan. 13, 5.—
    4.
    Of women, to conceive, become pregnant, = concipere:

    si mulier non comprehendit, etc.,

    Cels. 5, 21 fin.
    5.
    Of a space, to contain, comprise, comprehend, include:

    ut nuces integras, quas uno modio comprehendere possis,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 7, 3:

    circuitus ejus triginta et duo stadia comprehendit,

    Curt. 6, 6, 24. —
    6.
    In late medic. lang., of medicines, to combine:

    aliquid melle,

    Veg. Art. Vet. 6, 27, 1; Scrib. Comp. 88; 227 al.—
    7.
    Of the range of a missile:

    quantum impulsa valet comprehendere lancea nodo,

    Sil. 4, 102.—
    8.
    Of the reach of a surgical instrument:

    si vitium in angusto est, quod comprehendere modiolus possit,

    Cels. 8, 3 init.
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    To comprehend by the sense of sight, to perceive, observe, see (very rare):

    aliquid visu,

    Sil. 3, 408;

    and without visu: comprehendere vix litterarum apices,

    Gell. 13, 30, 10.—
    B.
    To comprehend something intellectually, to receive into one's mind, to grasp, perceive, comprehend; with abl.: si quam opinionem jam mentibus vestris comprehendistis: si eam ratio convellet, si oratio labefactabit, etc., if any opinion has already taken root in your mind (the figure taken from the rooting of plants; v. supra, I. B. 3.), Cic. Clu. 2, 6:

    omnes animo virtutes,

    id. Balb. 1, 3; id. N. D. 3, 25, 64:

    animo haec tenemus comprehensa, non sensibus,

    id. Ac. 2, 7, 21 sq.:

    omnia animis et cogitatione,

    id. Fl. 27, 66; cf. id. de Or. 2, 31, 136:

    aliquid mente,

    id. N. D. 3, 8, 21:

    aliquid memoriā,

    id. Tusc. 5, 41, 121:

    qualis animus sit vacans corpore, intellegere et cogitatione comprehendere,

    id. ib. 1, 22, 50:

    aliquid certis signis,

    Col. 6, 24, 3:

    aliquid experimentis assiduis,

    Pall. 2, 13, 8.—Without abl.:

    esse aliquid, quod conprehendi et percipi posset,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 6, 17; 2, 6, 18:

    virtutum cognitio confirmat percipi et conprehendi multa posse,

    id. ib. 2, 8, 23; 1, 11, 42.—
    C.
    To comprehend or include in words; to comprise in discourse or in writing, to express, describe, recount, narrate, etc.:

    breviter paucis comprendere multa,

    Lucr. 6, 1082; cf.:

    breviter comprehensa sententia,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 7, 20; Quint. 9, 3, 91:

    comprehendam brevi,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 8, 34:

    perinde ac si in hanc formulam omnia judicia conclusa et comprehensa sint,

    id. Rosc. Com. 5, 15:

    (Cato) verbis luculentioribus et pluribus rem eandem comprehenderat,

    id. Att. 12, 21, 1:

    ipsa natura circumscriptione quādam verborum comprehendit concluditque sententiam,

    id. Brut. 8, 34:

    in eā (terrā) enim et lapis et harena et cetera ejus generis sunt in nominando comprehensa,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 9, 1:

    emplastra quoque, quae supra comprehensa sunt,

    Cels. 5, 27, 3; so absol.:

    ad veterum rerum nostrarum memoriam comprehendendam impulsi sumus,

    Cic. Brut. 5, 19:

    aliquid dictis,

    Ov. M. 13, 160:

    quae si comprendere coner,

    id. Tr. 5, 2, 27. —
    2.
    Poet.: aliquid numero, to number, enumerate:

    neque enim numero comprendere refert,

    Verg. G. 2, 104; Ov. A. A. 2, 447; cf.:

    numerum quorum comprendere non est,

    id. Tr. 5, 11, 19.—
    D.
    To comprehend any one in affection, to bind to one's self, to put under obligation, to embrace with kindness (rare;

    mostly in Cic.): multos amicitiā, tueri obsequio, etc.,

    to have many friends, Cic. Cael. 6, 13:

    adulescentem humanitate tuā,

    id. Fam. 13, 15, 3:

    quod omnibus officiis per se, per patrem, per majores suos totam Atinatem praefecturam comprehenderit,

    id. Planc. 19. 47.—
    E.
    To shut in, include (late Lat.):

    spiritum in effigiem,

    Lact. 4, 8, 9:

    elementorum figurae humanā specie comprehensae,

    id. 2, 6, 1.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > compraendo

  • 17 comprehendo

    com-prĕhendo ( conp-; also com-prendo, very freq. in MSS. and edd.; cf. Quint. 1, 5, 21. In MSS. also comprae-hendo and compraendo, v. prehendo), di, sum, 3, v. a., to lay hold of something on all sides; to take or catch hold of, seize, grasp, apprehend; to comprehend, comprise (class. in prose and poetry).
    I.
    Prop.
    A.
    In gen.:

    quid (opus est) manibus, si nihil comprehendendum est?

    Cic. N. D. 1, 33, 92:

    (vulva) non multo major quam ut manu comprehendatur,

    Cels. 4, 1 fin.:

    cum (forfex) dentem comprehendere non possit,

    id. 7, 12, 1:

    mordicus manum eorum (elephantorum),

    Plin. 9, 15, 17, § 46:

    morsu guttura,

    Luc. 4, 727:

    nuces modio,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 7, 3:

    naves,

    to join one to another, fasten together, Liv. 30, 10, 5; cf.:

    oras vulneris suturae comprehendunt,

    Cels. 7, 4, 3:

    comprehendunt utrumque et orant,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 31:

    ter frustra comprensa manus effugit imago,

    Verg. A. 2, 794; cf.

    aures,

    Tib. 2, 5, 92:

    nisi quae validissima (ovis), non comprehendatur (sc. stabulis) hieme,

    let none but the strongest be kept in the winter, Col. 7, 3, 15 Schneid.:

    naves in flumine Vulturno comprehensae,

    assembled together, put under an embargo, Liv. 26, 7, 9; so id. 29, 24, 9; Suet. Tib. 38; id. Calig. 39:

    ignem,

    to take, catch, Caes. B. G. 5, 43;

    and in a reverse constr.: ignis robora comprendit,

    Verg. G. 2, 305; cf.:

    opera flammā comprehensa,

    Hirt. B. G. 8, 43; and:

    avidis comprenditur ignibus agger,

    Ov. M. 9, 234:

    loca vallo,

    Front. 2, 11, 7; and absol.:

    comprehensa aedificia,

    Liv. 26, 27, 3.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    To attack, seize upon in a hostile manner, to seize, lay hold of, arrest, catch, apprehend:

    aliquem pro moecho Comprehendere et constringere,

    Ter. Eun. 5, 5, 23; 5, 1, 20:

    tam capitalem hostem,

    Cic. Cat. 2, 2, 3:

    hominem,

    id. Q. Fr. 1, 2, 4, § 14:

    nefarios duces,

    id. Cat. 3, 7, 16:

    Virginium,

    Liv. 3, 48, 6; cf. id. 1, 41, 1:

    praesidium Punicum,

    id. 26, 14, 7:

    hunc comprehenderant atque in vincula conjecerant,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 27; 5, 25:

    in fugā,

    id. ib. 5, 21.—Rarely of disease:

    comprehensus morbo,

    Just. 23, 2, 4; cf.:

    comprehensi pestiferā lue,

    id. 32, 3, 9.—Of places, to occupy, seize upon:

    aliis comprehensis collibus munitiones perfecerunt,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 46 fin.
    * b.
    Of things, to intercept' -epistulas, Just. 20, 5, 12.—
    2.
    To seize upon one, to apprehend him in any crime:

    fures,

    Cat. 62, 35.—With inf.: qui interesse concentibus interdictis fuerint comprehensi, Cod. Th. 16, 4, 5.—Hence,
    b.
    Transf. to the crime:

    nefandum adulterium,

    to discover, detect it, Cic. Mil. 27, 72:

    res ejus indicio,

    id. Clu. 16, 47.—
    3.
    Of plants, to take root; of a graft:

    cum comprehendit (surculus),

    Varr. R. R. 1, 40 fin.; so,

    in gen.,

    Col. 3, 5, 1; 5, 6, 18; Pall. Jan. 13, 5.—
    4.
    Of women, to conceive, become pregnant, = concipere:

    si mulier non comprehendit, etc.,

    Cels. 5, 21 fin.
    5.
    Of a space, to contain, comprise, comprehend, include:

    ut nuces integras, quas uno modio comprehendere possis,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 7, 3:

    circuitus ejus triginta et duo stadia comprehendit,

    Curt. 6, 6, 24. —
    6.
    In late medic. lang., of medicines, to combine:

    aliquid melle,

    Veg. Art. Vet. 6, 27, 1; Scrib. Comp. 88; 227 al.—
    7.
    Of the range of a missile:

    quantum impulsa valet comprehendere lancea nodo,

    Sil. 4, 102.—
    8.
    Of the reach of a surgical instrument:

    si vitium in angusto est, quod comprehendere modiolus possit,

    Cels. 8, 3 init.
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    To comprehend by the sense of sight, to perceive, observe, see (very rare):

    aliquid visu,

    Sil. 3, 408;

    and without visu: comprehendere vix litterarum apices,

    Gell. 13, 30, 10.—
    B.
    To comprehend something intellectually, to receive into one's mind, to grasp, perceive, comprehend; with abl.: si quam opinionem jam mentibus vestris comprehendistis: si eam ratio convellet, si oratio labefactabit, etc., if any opinion has already taken root in your mind (the figure taken from the rooting of plants; v. supra, I. B. 3.), Cic. Clu. 2, 6:

    omnes animo virtutes,

    id. Balb. 1, 3; id. N. D. 3, 25, 64:

    animo haec tenemus comprehensa, non sensibus,

    id. Ac. 2, 7, 21 sq.:

    omnia animis et cogitatione,

    id. Fl. 27, 66; cf. id. de Or. 2, 31, 136:

    aliquid mente,

    id. N. D. 3, 8, 21:

    aliquid memoriā,

    id. Tusc. 5, 41, 121:

    qualis animus sit vacans corpore, intellegere et cogitatione comprehendere,

    id. ib. 1, 22, 50:

    aliquid certis signis,

    Col. 6, 24, 3:

    aliquid experimentis assiduis,

    Pall. 2, 13, 8.—Without abl.:

    esse aliquid, quod conprehendi et percipi posset,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 6, 17; 2, 6, 18:

    virtutum cognitio confirmat percipi et conprehendi multa posse,

    id. ib. 2, 8, 23; 1, 11, 42.—
    C.
    To comprehend or include in words; to comprise in discourse or in writing, to express, describe, recount, narrate, etc.:

    breviter paucis comprendere multa,

    Lucr. 6, 1082; cf.:

    breviter comprehensa sententia,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 7, 20; Quint. 9, 3, 91:

    comprehendam brevi,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 8, 34:

    perinde ac si in hanc formulam omnia judicia conclusa et comprehensa sint,

    id. Rosc. Com. 5, 15:

    (Cato) verbis luculentioribus et pluribus rem eandem comprehenderat,

    id. Att. 12, 21, 1:

    ipsa natura circumscriptione quādam verborum comprehendit concluditque sententiam,

    id. Brut. 8, 34:

    in eā (terrā) enim et lapis et harena et cetera ejus generis sunt in nominando comprehensa,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 9, 1:

    emplastra quoque, quae supra comprehensa sunt,

    Cels. 5, 27, 3; so absol.:

    ad veterum rerum nostrarum memoriam comprehendendam impulsi sumus,

    Cic. Brut. 5, 19:

    aliquid dictis,

    Ov. M. 13, 160:

    quae si comprendere coner,

    id. Tr. 5, 2, 27. —
    2.
    Poet.: aliquid numero, to number, enumerate:

    neque enim numero comprendere refert,

    Verg. G. 2, 104; Ov. A. A. 2, 447; cf.:

    numerum quorum comprendere non est,

    id. Tr. 5, 11, 19.—
    D.
    To comprehend any one in affection, to bind to one's self, to put under obligation, to embrace with kindness (rare;

    mostly in Cic.): multos amicitiā, tueri obsequio, etc.,

    to have many friends, Cic. Cael. 6, 13:

    adulescentem humanitate tuā,

    id. Fam. 13, 15, 3:

    quod omnibus officiis per se, per patrem, per majores suos totam Atinatem praefecturam comprehenderit,

    id. Planc. 19. 47.—
    E.
    To shut in, include (late Lat.):

    spiritum in effigiem,

    Lact. 4, 8, 9:

    elementorum figurae humanā specie comprehensae,

    id. 2, 6, 1.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > comprehendo

  • 18 congiarius

    congĭārĭus, a, um, adj. [congius], pertaining to a congius, holding a congius.
    I.
    As adj. rare: vinum, given by measure, Cato ap. Fronto Ep. ad Antonin. 1, 2, p. 149 Mai: cadi, Varr. ap. Plin. 14, 14, 17, § 96.—But very freq. subst.,
    II.
    congĭārĭum, ii, n.
    A.
    (Sc. vas.) A vessel that holds a congius, Dig. 33, 7, 13; cf. Isid. Orig. 16, 26, 7.—
    B.
    (Sc. donum.) A gift divided among the people of the measure of a congius; cf. Quint. 6, 3, 52. Orig. this present was in food;

    as in oil,

    Liv. 25, 2, 8 (v. congius);

    in salt,

    Plin. 31, 7, 41, § 89;

    in wine,

    id. 14, 14, 17, § 96. Afterwards congiarium was also used for a largess in money of undefined amount; divided among the soldiers, Cic. Att. 16, 8, 2; 10, 7, 3; id. Phil. 2, 45, 116; Curt. 6, 2, 10; among the people, Monum. Ancyr. 3, 10 sq.; Suet. Aug. 41 sq.; id. Tib. 20; 54; id. Calig. 17; id. Claud. 21; Plin. Pan. 51 fin., in which sense post-Aug. authors contrast it with the donativum of the soldiers, Suet. Ner. 7; Plin. Pan. 25, 2; Tac. A. 12, 41; 14, 11; or among private friends, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 1, 4; Sen. Brev. Vit. 8, 2; id. Ben. 2, 16, 2; Quint. l. l.; Suet. Caes. 27; id. Vesp. 18; id. Rhet. 5; cf.

    Dict. of Antiq.: in hunc maxime quod multa congiaria habuerat, favor populi se inclinabat,

    because he had made many distributions, Liv. 37, 57, 11 (v. Drak. ad h. l.); so Tac. Or. 17.—
    2.
    Transf., in gen., a gift, present, Sen. Cons. ad Marc. 22, 4; cf. id. Tranq. 7, 2.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > congiarius

  • 19 conprehendo

    com-prĕhendo ( conp-; also com-prendo, very freq. in MSS. and edd.; cf. Quint. 1, 5, 21. In MSS. also comprae-hendo and compraendo, v. prehendo), di, sum, 3, v. a., to lay hold of something on all sides; to take or catch hold of, seize, grasp, apprehend; to comprehend, comprise (class. in prose and poetry).
    I.
    Prop.
    A.
    In gen.:

    quid (opus est) manibus, si nihil comprehendendum est?

    Cic. N. D. 1, 33, 92:

    (vulva) non multo major quam ut manu comprehendatur,

    Cels. 4, 1 fin.:

    cum (forfex) dentem comprehendere non possit,

    id. 7, 12, 1:

    mordicus manum eorum (elephantorum),

    Plin. 9, 15, 17, § 46:

    morsu guttura,

    Luc. 4, 727:

    nuces modio,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 7, 3:

    naves,

    to join one to another, fasten together, Liv. 30, 10, 5; cf.:

    oras vulneris suturae comprehendunt,

    Cels. 7, 4, 3:

    comprehendunt utrumque et orant,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 31:

    ter frustra comprensa manus effugit imago,

    Verg. A. 2, 794; cf.

    aures,

    Tib. 2, 5, 92:

    nisi quae validissima (ovis), non comprehendatur (sc. stabulis) hieme,

    let none but the strongest be kept in the winter, Col. 7, 3, 15 Schneid.:

    naves in flumine Vulturno comprehensae,

    assembled together, put under an embargo, Liv. 26, 7, 9; so id. 29, 24, 9; Suet. Tib. 38; id. Calig. 39:

    ignem,

    to take, catch, Caes. B. G. 5, 43;

    and in a reverse constr.: ignis robora comprendit,

    Verg. G. 2, 305; cf.:

    opera flammā comprehensa,

    Hirt. B. G. 8, 43; and:

    avidis comprenditur ignibus agger,

    Ov. M. 9, 234:

    loca vallo,

    Front. 2, 11, 7; and absol.:

    comprehensa aedificia,

    Liv. 26, 27, 3.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    To attack, seize upon in a hostile manner, to seize, lay hold of, arrest, catch, apprehend:

    aliquem pro moecho Comprehendere et constringere,

    Ter. Eun. 5, 5, 23; 5, 1, 20:

    tam capitalem hostem,

    Cic. Cat. 2, 2, 3:

    hominem,

    id. Q. Fr. 1, 2, 4, § 14:

    nefarios duces,

    id. Cat. 3, 7, 16:

    Virginium,

    Liv. 3, 48, 6; cf. id. 1, 41, 1:

    praesidium Punicum,

    id. 26, 14, 7:

    hunc comprehenderant atque in vincula conjecerant,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 27; 5, 25:

    in fugā,

    id. ib. 5, 21.—Rarely of disease:

    comprehensus morbo,

    Just. 23, 2, 4; cf.:

    comprehensi pestiferā lue,

    id. 32, 3, 9.—Of places, to occupy, seize upon:

    aliis comprehensis collibus munitiones perfecerunt,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 46 fin.
    * b.
    Of things, to intercept' -epistulas, Just. 20, 5, 12.—
    2.
    To seize upon one, to apprehend him in any crime:

    fures,

    Cat. 62, 35.—With inf.: qui interesse concentibus interdictis fuerint comprehensi, Cod. Th. 16, 4, 5.—Hence,
    b.
    Transf. to the crime:

    nefandum adulterium,

    to discover, detect it, Cic. Mil. 27, 72:

    res ejus indicio,

    id. Clu. 16, 47.—
    3.
    Of plants, to take root; of a graft:

    cum comprehendit (surculus),

    Varr. R. R. 1, 40 fin.; so,

    in gen.,

    Col. 3, 5, 1; 5, 6, 18; Pall. Jan. 13, 5.—
    4.
    Of women, to conceive, become pregnant, = concipere:

    si mulier non comprehendit, etc.,

    Cels. 5, 21 fin.
    5.
    Of a space, to contain, comprise, comprehend, include:

    ut nuces integras, quas uno modio comprehendere possis,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 7, 3:

    circuitus ejus triginta et duo stadia comprehendit,

    Curt. 6, 6, 24. —
    6.
    In late medic. lang., of medicines, to combine:

    aliquid melle,

    Veg. Art. Vet. 6, 27, 1; Scrib. Comp. 88; 227 al.—
    7.
    Of the range of a missile:

    quantum impulsa valet comprehendere lancea nodo,

    Sil. 4, 102.—
    8.
    Of the reach of a surgical instrument:

    si vitium in angusto est, quod comprehendere modiolus possit,

    Cels. 8, 3 init.
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    To comprehend by the sense of sight, to perceive, observe, see (very rare):

    aliquid visu,

    Sil. 3, 408;

    and without visu: comprehendere vix litterarum apices,

    Gell. 13, 30, 10.—
    B.
    To comprehend something intellectually, to receive into one's mind, to grasp, perceive, comprehend; with abl.: si quam opinionem jam mentibus vestris comprehendistis: si eam ratio convellet, si oratio labefactabit, etc., if any opinion has already taken root in your mind (the figure taken from the rooting of plants; v. supra, I. B. 3.), Cic. Clu. 2, 6:

    omnes animo virtutes,

    id. Balb. 1, 3; id. N. D. 3, 25, 64:

    animo haec tenemus comprehensa, non sensibus,

    id. Ac. 2, 7, 21 sq.:

    omnia animis et cogitatione,

    id. Fl. 27, 66; cf. id. de Or. 2, 31, 136:

    aliquid mente,

    id. N. D. 3, 8, 21:

    aliquid memoriā,

    id. Tusc. 5, 41, 121:

    qualis animus sit vacans corpore, intellegere et cogitatione comprehendere,

    id. ib. 1, 22, 50:

    aliquid certis signis,

    Col. 6, 24, 3:

    aliquid experimentis assiduis,

    Pall. 2, 13, 8.—Without abl.:

    esse aliquid, quod conprehendi et percipi posset,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 6, 17; 2, 6, 18:

    virtutum cognitio confirmat percipi et conprehendi multa posse,

    id. ib. 2, 8, 23; 1, 11, 42.—
    C.
    To comprehend or include in words; to comprise in discourse or in writing, to express, describe, recount, narrate, etc.:

    breviter paucis comprendere multa,

    Lucr. 6, 1082; cf.:

    breviter comprehensa sententia,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 7, 20; Quint. 9, 3, 91:

    comprehendam brevi,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 8, 34:

    perinde ac si in hanc formulam omnia judicia conclusa et comprehensa sint,

    id. Rosc. Com. 5, 15:

    (Cato) verbis luculentioribus et pluribus rem eandem comprehenderat,

    id. Att. 12, 21, 1:

    ipsa natura circumscriptione quādam verborum comprehendit concluditque sententiam,

    id. Brut. 8, 34:

    in eā (terrā) enim et lapis et harena et cetera ejus generis sunt in nominando comprehensa,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 9, 1:

    emplastra quoque, quae supra comprehensa sunt,

    Cels. 5, 27, 3; so absol.:

    ad veterum rerum nostrarum memoriam comprehendendam impulsi sumus,

    Cic. Brut. 5, 19:

    aliquid dictis,

    Ov. M. 13, 160:

    quae si comprendere coner,

    id. Tr. 5, 2, 27. —
    2.
    Poet.: aliquid numero, to number, enumerate:

    neque enim numero comprendere refert,

    Verg. G. 2, 104; Ov. A. A. 2, 447; cf.:

    numerum quorum comprendere non est,

    id. Tr. 5, 11, 19.—
    D.
    To comprehend any one in affection, to bind to one's self, to put under obligation, to embrace with kindness (rare;

    mostly in Cic.): multos amicitiā, tueri obsequio, etc.,

    to have many friends, Cic. Cael. 6, 13:

    adulescentem humanitate tuā,

    id. Fam. 13, 15, 3:

    quod omnibus officiis per se, per patrem, per majores suos totam Atinatem praefecturam comprehenderit,

    id. Planc. 19. 47.—
    E.
    To shut in, include (late Lat.):

    spiritum in effigiem,

    Lact. 4, 8, 9:

    elementorum figurae humanā specie comprehensae,

    id. 2, 6, 1.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > conprehendo

  • 20 corona

    cŏrō̆na (in the ante-Aug. per. sometimes written chorona, acc. to Quint. 1, 5, 20; cf. the letter C), ae, f., = korônê, a garland, chaplet, wreath.
    I.
    Lit., of natural or artificial flowers, etc. (very freq. used for personal adornment at festivals, when sacrificing, or as a gift for friends, etc., for ornamenting the images of the gods, edifices, victims, the dead, etc.), Lucr. 5, 1399; Lex XII. Tab. ap. Plin. 21, 3, 5, § 7; Plaut. Men. 3, 1, 16; Cic. Fl. 31, 75; id. Leg. 2, 24, 60; Liv. 23, 11, 5; 38, 14, 5; Curt. 4, 2, 2; 4, 4, 5; Hor. C. 1, 26, 8; id. Ep. 2, 2, 96; Tac. A. 2, 57; 15, 12; 16, 4; id. H. 2, 55 et saep.:

    coronas bibere,

    i. e. to throw into the cup leaves plucked from the garlands, Plin. 21, 3, 9, § 12. Vid. the artt. sacerdotalis, funebris, sepulchralis, convivialis, nuptialis, natalitia, Etrusca, pactilis, plectilis, sutilis, tonsa or tonsilis, radiata, and pampinea.— Poet.:

    perenni fronde corona,

    i. e. immortal, poetic renown, Lucr. 1, 119.—As emblem of royalty, a crown:

    regni corona = diadema,

    Verg. A. 8, 505. —Concerning the different kinds of garlands or crowns given to soldiers as a prize of bravery (castrensis or vallaris, civica, muralis, navalis or rostrata, obsidionalis, triumphalis, oleagina, etc.), v. Gell. 5, 6; Dict. of Antiq.; and the artt. castrensis, civicus, muralis, etc.—
    2.
    Esp.: corona fidei, the crown of martyrdom (eccl. Lat.), Cypr. Ep. 58; 60; Lact. Epit. 72, 23;

    and corona alone,

    Lact. 4, 25, 10; id. Mort. Pers. 16, 11.—
    B.
    Sub coronā vendere, t. t. of the lang. of business, to sell captives as slaves (since they were crowned with chaplets; cf. Caelius Sabinus ap. Gell. 7, 4, 3;

    and corono, I.),

    Caes. B. G. 3, 16; Liv. 42, 63, 12; so,

    sub coronā venire,

    id. 9, 42, 8; 38, 29, 11; 41, 11, 8:

    sub coronā venundari,

    Tac. A. 13, 39; id. H. 1, 68:

    sub coronā emere,

    Varr. R. R. 2, 10, 4.—
    C.
    As a constellation.
    1.
    The northern crown (according to the fable, the crown of Ariadne transferred to heaven;

    v. Ariadna),

    Cic. Arat. 351 sq.; Caes. German. Arat. 71;

    called Gnosia stella Coronae,

    Verg. G. 1, 222:

    Cressa Corona,

    Ov. A. A. 1, 558:

    Ariadnea Corona,

    Manil. 5, 21; cf. also Ov. M. 8, 181; Plin. 18, 26, 60, § 224 al.—
    * 2.
    The southern crown, Caes. German. Arat. 391.—
    II.
    Meton., of objects in the form of a crown.
    A.
    Most freq., a circle of men, an assembly, crowd, multitude (esp. of judicial assemblies), Cic. Fl. 28, 69; id. Phil. 2, 44, 112; id. Mil. 1, 1; id. Fin. 2, 22, 74; Quint. 12, 10, 74; Suet. Aug. 93 al.; Cat. 53, 1; Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 53; Ov. M. 13, 1 al.—Hence,
    2.
    Milit. t. t., the besiegers round a hostile place, the line of siege or circumvallation, Caes. B. G. 7, 72; Liv. 10, 43, 1; 23, 44, 3; Curt. 4, 6, 10 al.—Also, a circle of men for the defence of a place, Liv. 4, 19, 8.—
    B.
    In arch., the cornice, Vitr. 5, 2; Plin. 36, 24, 59, § 183.—
    C.
    In the agrimensores, an elevated ridge of land as a boundary line, Cato, R. R. 6, 3; Front. Col. 114 and 131 Goes.—
    D.
    The hairy crown over the horse's hoof, Col. 6, 29, 3; Veg. Art. Vet. 1, 13, 1.—
    E.
    Montium, a circular ridge of mountains, Plin. 6, 20, 23, [p. 472] § 73.—
    F.
    The halo round the sun (for the Gr. halôs), Sen. Q. N. 1, 2, 1.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > corona

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