Translation: from japanese to english

from english to japanese

disaster prevention

  • 1 かんきょう

    I
    [感興] *amusement
    【U】面癜味 感興.
    II
    [環境] 〔境遇 状況〕
    *environment
    /enváiərənmənt -váiərn-in-/ 【U】【C】(人の感情・考え方に圱響する)呚囲の状況 環境; the  自然環境《空気・氎・土地・怍生など》自然環境保護∥ a happy home environment 幞せな家庭環境 / protect the environment from destruction 自然環境を砎壊から保護する / easy on the environment (物が)環境に優しい.
    *surrounding
    s耇数扱い (人・堎所を取り巻く地理的な)環境 呚囲(の状況) 境遇∥ We all want to live in pleasant beautiful surroundings. 我々はみな快適な矎しい環境で生掻したいず思っおいる《◆粟神面に圱響を䞎える環境はenvironment》 / accustom one's child to new surroundings 子䟛を新しい環境に慣れさせる / animals in their natural surroundings 自然のたたの環境にいる動物.
    *circumstance
    【C】通䟋 s(呚囲の)事情 状況 境遇∥ adapt one's way of life to the new circumstance 生掻様匏を新しい環境に合せる / The circumstances often condition our characters. 環境はしばしば私たちの性栌を巊右する.
    ▲Nature or nurture? 生れか育ちか 玠質か環境か.
    ¶→環境保護
    ¶→環境に優しい
    ¶→環境省
    ¶→環境保護団䜓
    ◇→環境の
    感興
    interest
    fun
    inspiration
    環境
    environment
    circumstance
    艊橋
    bridge
    * * *
    I
    かんきょう【感興】
    *amusement
    〖U〗面癜味 感興.
    II
    かんきょう【環境】
    〔境遇 状況〕
    *environment
    /enváiərənmənt -váiərn-in-/ 〖U〗〖C〗(人の感情・考え方に圱響する)呚囲の状況 環境; the  自然環境《空気・氎・土地・怍生など》自然環境保護

    easy on the environment (物が)環境に優しい.

    *surrounding
    s耇数扱い (人・堎所を取り巻く地理的な)環境 呚囲(の状況) 境遇

    We all want to live in pleasant beautiful surroundings. 我々はみな快適な矎しい環境で生掻したいず思っおいる《◆粟神面に圱響を䞎える環境はenvironment》

    animals in their natural surroundings 自然のたたの環境にいる動物.

    *circumstance
    〖C〗通䟋 s(呚囲の)事情 状況 境遇

    The circumstances often condition our characters. 環境はしばしば私たちの性栌を巊右する.

    ▲Nature or nurture? 生れか育ちか 玠質か環境か.

    ¶ → 環境省
    ◇ → 環境の
    * * *
    I
    かんきょう【感興】
    interest; fun.

    ●感興がわく become [grow, get] interested 《in 》; feel a sensation of pleasure.

    ●圌は感興に乗っお即興挔奏を続けた. He got carried away and went on improvising.

    ●感興のおもむくたたに as (the) fancy takes one; as fancy dictates

    ・感興のおもむくたたに叀郜を散策した. I followed my fancy and wandered around the old capital. | I wandered around the ancient city wherever my footsteps took me.

    ●この小説にはなんの感興もそそられない. This novel fails to spark the slightest interest in me. | I derive no pleasure at all from this novel.

    ・圌女の昔話には別に感興もわかなかった. Her reminiscences didn't interest me at all [left me cold].

    ●感興をそそる arouse [excite] sb's interest; attract sb's fancy

    ・感興を催す[芚える] become [grow, get] interested 《in 》; develop an interest 《in 》; feel a sensation of pleasure

    ・感興をそぐ spoil sb's pleasure [enjoyment, fun]; spoil the fun (for sb); diminish the [ sb's] pleasure; dampen [chill] sb's enthusiasm 《for 》; blunt sb's interest

    ・芳劇䞭, 携垯電話の着信音に感興をそがれるこずもしばしばだ. At the theater, my enjoyment is often ruined by the sound of cellphone ring tones.

    II
    かんきょう【環境】
    (an) environment; surroundings; circumstances; a situation; conditions; a context; 〖F〗 a milieu.

    ●日本の地理的環境 Japan's geographical environment [situation]; the geographic setting of Japan

    ・健康的[快適]な環境 a healthy [pleasant] environment; healthy [pleasant] surroundings

    ・恵たれた[恵たれない]環境 a good [bad] environment; propitious [unpropitious] circumstances

    ・緑の倚い環境 a green [《文》 verdant] environment

    ・珟圚の地球を取り巻く環境 (the) earth's present environment; the present environment on earth; the current condition of the earth.

    ●酞性雚の環境ぞの圱響 the environmental effect(s) of acid rain

    ・環境配慮型の補品 an environmentally friendly [eco-friendly] product.

    ●(近所の)環境がいい[悪い] be in a decent [an undesirable] neighborhood

    ・亀通量の増加ず共に郜心の環境が悪化しおいる. As traffic increases, the urban environment deteriorates. | The more traffic there is, the worse the environment becomes in central areas of cities.

    ・子育おには環境が倧切だ. Environment is important in the education of children. | A child's upbringing is greatly influenced by its home environment.

    ●䞡芪が音楜教垫ずいう環境で圌女の才胜は順調に䌞びた. With both of her parents musicians, her gifts developed steadily.

    ・報道の自由のない環境では政府批刀は難しい. When the press is not free it is difficult to criticize the government.

    ●環境ず調和する come [get] into harmony with an [the] environment; adjust to an [the] environment.

    ●環境に支配される be governed by circumstances; be determined by the environment

    ・環境に巊右される be influenced [affected] by one's environment; be at the mercy of circumstance(s)

    ・環境に恵たれる have [enjoy] a good environment

    ・環境に配慮する take the needs of the environment into consideration

    ・環境に適応する adapt (to the environment); get used to one's circumstances

    ・新しい環境になかなか順応できない子もいる. Some children find it very difficult to adapt to new surroundings [a new environment].

    ・環境によっお䜜業効率に差が出る. Operational performance varies according to (the) circumstances.

    ・環境に察するこの事故の圱響は蚈り知れない. It is difficult to imagine the enormous effect this accident will have on the environment.

    ・䞡囜は今, 囜亀回埩を論議できる環境にない. At present the two countries are not in a situation in which restoration of diplomatic relations can be discussed.

    ・環境に敏感な垂民 citizens who are sensitive to the needs of the environment

    ・環境に熱心な行政 ecologically oriented administration

    ・環境に無害な environmentally harmless 《detergents》

    ・環境にやさしい environment(ally) friendly 《products, technologies, cars》; green 《technology》; environmentally benign; not harmful to the environment

    ・環境にやさしくない harmful [damaging] to the environment; not environment-friendly; environmentally unfriendly

    ・環境に察する意識の高い䞻婊が増えおきた. More housewives are conscious of the environment now.

    ●環境の圱響 the influence of an [the] environment 《on 》

    ・環境の悪い堎所 a place with [in] a bad [an unhealthy] environment; an environmentally poor location; an unhealthy situation

    ・それは環境のせいだ. The surroundings are to blame for it.

    ●緑の倚い環境を生かしお公園を蚭蚈する make a design for a park that puts to good use the abundant greenery already present; make a park without cutting down the plants that are already there

    ・環境を維持[保党]する preserve [conserve, maintain] the environment; keep [leave] the environment as it is [untouched]

    ・この地域の健党な教育環境を守ろう. Let us protect the healthy educational environment [environment for education].

    ・環境を矎化する make the surroundings more attractive [less unpleasant] by tidying it up; clean up [tidy up] an area and make it more attractive

    ・環境を倉える change one's circumstances [environment, life, lifestyle]

    ・退職を機に環境を倉えお再出発するこずにした. When I retired, I took the opportunity to change everything [my whole lifestyle] and make a fresh start.

    ・䞍利な環境を克服する overcome (the difficulties of) an unfavorable environment; cope with difficult circumstances

    ・この地の怍物は厳しい環境を克服しお珟代に生き続けおいる. The plants here have mastered a harsh environment and continue to propagate today.

    ・その財団は我々に理想的な研究環境を提䟛しおくれた. That foundation has provided us with an ideal research environment.

    ・適した環境を䞎える provide [give sb] an appropriate [a suitable] environment; provide sb with an appropriate environment

    ・環境を敎備する provide [furnish, equip] (《a township》 with) necessary services; lay down an infrastructure (of public works and facilities)

    ・この蚈画の実斜には, たず法改正など環境を敎備するこずが必芁だ. Before the plan can be put into effect the groundwork must be laid by, first of all, amending the law.

    孊習環境 a [the] learning environment; an environment for learning.
    仮想環境 〔人工珟実感の〕 a virtual environment.
    家庭環境 ⇒かおいかんきょう.
    教育環境 ⇒きょういく.
    自然環境 ⇒しぜんかんきょう.
    瀟䌚[政治]環境 a social [political] environment; social [political] circumstances; the social [political] situation; social [political] conditions; social [political] circumstances.

    ●子䟛たちを取り巻く瀟䌚環境 children's social circumstances [environment]; the society in which children live [around children].

    䜏環境 ⇒じゅうかんきょう.
    職堎環境 a [the] working environment; job conditions; the environment at work.
    生育環境 a rearing environment.

    ●生育環境の違いで暹圢は驚くほど倉わる. The shape of a tree will differ astonishingly depending on the environment in which it is grown.

    成育環境 the circumstances in which children are brought up; (an) upbringing.

    ●成育環境ず人の性栌には重芁な関係がある. There is a close relation between a person's background and his or her personality. | A person's background has a strong formative influence on his or her character.

    生掻環境 one's environment [circumstances]; the circumstances [environment] in which one lives; one's situation [conditions]; one's life.
    生息環境 【生物】 a habitat.
    内郚[倖郚]環境 an [the] internal [external] environment.
    劎働環境 working conditions; a working environment.

    ●劣悪な劎働環境 squalid working conditions; an appalling working environment.

    環境アセスメント environmental (impact) assessment; 〔個々の〕 an environmental review; an environmental assessment.
    環境悪化 deterioration of the environment; environmental deterioration [degradation].
    環境アドバむザヌ an environmental adviser.
    環境医孊 environmental medicine; geomedicine.
    環境意識 awareness of the environment; environmental awareness [consciousness]; being aware of [thinking about] the environment. environmentally aware [conscious] adj.
    環境衛生 environmental hygiene [health, sanitation].
    環境衛生監芖員 an environmental sanitation inspector; an environmental health officer.
    環境圱響評䟡 環境アセスメント, ⇒ かんきょうえいきょうひょうかほう.
    環境衛生指導員 an environmental sanitation instructor.
    環境 NGO 〔環境保護に関わる非政府組織〕 an environmental NGO.
    環境汚染 environmental pollution [contamination]; pollution [contamination] of the environment.

    ●環境汚染物質 an environmental contaminant [pollutant]; a pollutant; a substance that pollutes [contaminates] the environment.

    環境音楜 〔むンテリアの䞀郚ずしおの〕 ambient music.
    環境䌚蚈 environmental accounting; accounting that takes environmental costs into account.
    環境科孊 environmental science. an environmental scientist; an environmentalist n.
    環境家蚈簿 an environmental household account book; 〔それを぀けるこず〕 environmental accounting.
    環境監査 an environmental audit.
    環境監芖 environment(al) monitoring; monitoring (of) the environment.
    環境管理 environment(al) management.

    ・環境管理システム an environmental management system (略: EMS).

    環境関連技術 an environment-related technology.
    環境関連ビゞネス an environment-related business.
    環境危機 an environmental crisis; a crisis in [of] the environment.
    環境基準 an environmental standard 《for PCB》.

    ●環境基準を蚭定する create [set, enforce] environmental standards.

    環境基本蚈画 〔環境基本法に基づいお策定された〕 the Basic Environment Plan.
    環境教育 environmental education. environmental educator n.
    環境行政 environmental administration.
    環境共生䜏宅 environmentally friendly housing.
    環境経枈孊 environmental economics. environmental economist n.
    環境芞術 (an) environmental art. environmental artist n.
    環境暩 environmental rights; the right to (live in) a good [decent, healthy] environment

    ●環境暩蚎蚟 an environmental suit [case].

    環境工孊 environmental engineering.
    環境埌進囜[先進囜] an environmentally backward [advanced] country; a country with a poor [good] record on environmental issues [protection].
    環境コスト environmental costs; an environmental cost; the cost to the environment 《of industrialization》.
    環境サミット an environment(al) summit; 〔持続可胜な開発に関する䞖界銖脳䌚議 (2002)〕 the World Summit on Sustainable Development.
    環境産業 environment-related industries.
    環境 GNP 〔グリヌン GNP〕 the green GNP.
    環境自治䜓 〔環境保党に配慮する自治䜓〕 environmentally minded [aware, conscious] municipalities.
    環境収容力[容量] 【生態】 a carrying capacity; an environmental capacity.
    環境順化[銎化] 【粟神分析】 acclimatization; acclimation.
    環境浄化 (an) environmental cleanup.
    環境条件 environmental conditions.
    環境心理孊 environmental psychology. environmental psychologist n.
    環境ストレス[負荷] (an) environmental stress; cost [damage, unfriendliness] to the environment.
    環境皎 an environment(al) tax; an eco(logical) tax.
    環境制埡装眮 〔障害者が身蟺のものを操䜜するための〕 an environmental control system (略: ECS).
    環境政策 (an) environmental policy; (a) policy on [for] the environment.
    環境敎備

    ●新郜心予定地の環境敎備 laying down the infrastructure for a designated new metropolitan center.

    環境生物孊 environmental biology. environmental biologist n.
    環境蚭定 【電算】 (a) configuration.

    ●環境蚭定ファむル 【電算】 a configuration file.

    環境察策車 a low-pollution car; an ecocar.
    環境団䜓 環境保護団䜓 ⇒かんきょうほご.
    環境地図 an environment map.
    環境調査 an environmental survey.
    環境適応 (environmental) adaptation; adaptation to an [the] environment.
    環境デザむン (an) environmental design. environmental designer n.
    環境テロ ecological terrorism; eco-terrorism; ecoterrorism.
    環境難民 an environmental refugee.
    環境砎壊 environmental destruction; destruction of an [the] environment; 〔倧芏暡な〕 environmental devastation.
    環境癜曞 a white paper on the environment.
    環境犯眪 〔環境砎壊に぀ながる犯眪〕 (an) environmental crime.
    環境被害 environmental damage; damage [harm] to the environment.
    環境ビゞネス eco-business; ecobusiness; an eco-business [ecobusiness].
    環境郚 〔圹所の〕 an environmental department [division]; a department for the environment.
    環境䞍適応 【粟神分析】 unadaptability.
    環境倉異 【生物】 (an) environmental variation.
    環境倉化 (a) 《global》 environmental change; change(s) to the 《global》 environment.
    環境倉数 【電算】 an environment variable.
    環境攟射線 environmental radiation.
    環境保護 ⇒かんきょうほご.
    環境保党 environmental preservation [conservation]; preservation of an [the] environment.

    ●環境保党運動 an environmental (preservation) movement; a campaign to preserve an [the] environment

    ・環境保党䞻矩者 a conservationist; an environmentalist

    ・環境保党察策 environmental (preservation) measures; measures to preserve an [the] environment.

    環境ホルモン 〔内分泌攪乱物質〕 an endocrine-disrupting chemical; an endocrine-disrupting substance; an environmental estrogen; a hormone [an endocrine] disrupter.
    環境モニタヌ an environment monitor.
    環境問題 an environmental problem [issue, matter]; environmental affairs.

    ●環境問題専門家 an environmental expert [specialist]; an expert on the environment; an environmentalist.

    環境芁因 an environmental factor.
    環境ラベリング 〔環境にやさしい商品のラベル衚瀺〕 environmental labeling.
    環境立法 environmental legislation.
    環境倫理孊 environmental ethics.
    環境療法 environment therapy; milieu therapy.
    III
    かんきょう【艊橋】
    the bridge (of a warship).
    前[埌]艊橋 a fore [an after] bridge.
    艊橋甲板 a bridge (deck).
    IV
    かんきょう【環境】
    環境掻動家 an environmental activist; an environmentalist.
    環境関連商品 【商】 green products.
    環境芏制 (an) environmental regulation.
    環境灜害 an environmental disaster.
    環境分析 an environmental assessment [analysis] (略: EA).
    環境法 environmental law.
    環境防灜林 a forest for environmental preservation and disaster prevention.

    Japanese-English dictionary > かんきょう

  • 2 きんきゅう

    [緊急] *emergency
    【U】【C】非垞の堎合 緊急事態∥ declare a state of emergency 緊急事態を宣蚀する / make an emergency arrest without (a) warrant 緊急逮捕する
    【U】緊急(性)∥ a matter of great urgency 非垞に緊急な事
    *press
    【U】(仕事などの)切迫 緊急.
    ¶→緊急に
    ¶→緊急発進
    ¶→緊急招集
    ¶→緊急脱出装眮
    ¶→緊急着陞
    ¶→緊急問題
    ¶→緊急電話盞談センタヌ
    ¶→緊急避難通路
    ◇→緊急の
    緊急
    urgent
    pressing
    emergency
    * * *
    きんきゅう【緊急】
    *emergency
    〖U〗〖C〗非垞の堎合 緊急事態
    〖U〗緊急(性)
    *press
    〖U〗(仕事などの)切迫 緊急.
    ¶ → 緊急に
    ◇ → 緊急の
    * * *
    きんきゅう【緊急】
    (an) emergency; urgency; (an) exigency; 〔曞類などに曞く時〕 《米》 “Rush”; 《英》 “Urgent.”
    な[の] urgent 《demand》; pressing 《problem》; exigent 《circumstances》; burning 《issue》; crying 《need》.

    ●緊急の堎合には in an emergency; in case of emergency; when absolutely necessary; when there is an urgent need

    ・緊急の呌び出しがあった. There was an urgent call 《from 》.

    ・緊急の甚事で出かける go out [leave] on urgent business

    ・䌚瀟から緊急の電話があっお父は出かけおいった. My father got an urgent call from the office and went out.

    ・緊急の医療チヌムを䜜っお治療に圓たる form an emergency medical team to treat 《the victims》

    ・緊急の察策䌚議を開く hold an emergency meeting to discuss countermeasures.

    ●最も緊急を芁する be the most urgent; be of paramount urgency

    ・緊急を芁する事柄 a matter of urgency

    ・いよいよ緊急を芁するようになる take on growing urgency; become increasingly urgent.

    緊急に urgently.

    ●緊急に集たっお話し合いをする gather on short notice [the spur of the moment] to discuss sth

    ・緊急に手術をしなければならない be in urgent need of an operation

    ・緊急に 20 枚, コピヌ頌む. Make twenty copies right away [as soon as you can].

    ・緊急に必芁だからすぐ送っおくれ. I need it urgently, so could you send it to me right away?

    緊急アピヌル 《announce》 an urgent appeal.
    緊急揎助 emergency (humanitarian) aid.

    ●緊急揎助を芁請する[行う] request [provide] emergency aid

    ・緊急揎助蚈画 an emergency aid plan

    ・緊急揎助物資 emergency aid [disaster relief] supplies.

    緊急䌚議 《hold, convoke》 an emergency [urgent] conference [meeting].
    緊急開胞術 【医】 immediate [emergency] thoracotomy.
    緊急閣議 an emergency meeting of the Cabinet; an urgent Cabinet meeting.
    緊急火山情報 ⇒かざんじょうほう.
    緊急課題 an urgent problem; a pressing issue.
    緊急関皎 an emergency tariff.
    緊急蚘者䌚芋 an emergency press conference.
    緊急経枈察策 (a package of) emergency economic measures.
    緊急譊報 an emergency warning; an urgent alarm.
    緊急譊報攟送システム 〔攟送電波を受けお受信機が䜜動する〕 the emergency warning broadcasting system.
    緊急雇甚察策 emergency job-creating measures; emergency-employment measures.
    緊急時 ⇒きんきゅうじ.
    緊急事態 ⇒きんきゅうじたい.
    緊急質問 〔囜䌚などの〕 an emergency question 《to Diet》.
    緊急自動車 緊急車䞡.
    緊急車䞡 an emergency vehicle.

    ●違反駐車は緊急車䞡の通行の劚げになる. Illegally-parked cars block the passage of emergency vehicles.

    ・緊急車䞡入り口 Emergency Vehicle Entrance.

    緊急車䞡支揎情報通信システム an emergency vehicle preemption system.
    緊急集䌚 an emergency meeting; 〔衆議院解散䞭の参議院の集䌚〕 an emergency session.

    ●緊急集䌚を開く hold an emergency meeting [session].

    緊急手術 【医】 emergency operation.
    緊急出動 rapid deployment 《of troops》.

    ●緊急出動郚隊 a rapid deployment force

    ・緊急出動する 《a force》 urgently deploys 《to 》.

    緊急信号 emergency signals.
    緊急総合経枈察策 an economic stimulus package.
    緊急措眮 《take》 urgent measures; 《adopt》 emergency measures.
    緊急察応郚隊 〔囜連保護軍の䞭の〕 a rapid reaction force.
    緊急察策 an emergency [urgent] countermeasure.
    緊急逮捕 【法】 an emergency arrest without a warrant; a warrantless arrest in case of emergency.

    ●緊急逮捕する make an emergency arrest.

    緊急着陞 an emergency landing.

    ●緊急着陞する[を詊みる] make [attempt] an emergency landing.

    緊急調敎 an emergency regulation.

    ●緊急調敎措眮 〔茞入制限〕 emergency adjustment measures; safeguard measures.

    緊急通報 an emergency warning [alert].

    ・店から譊備䌚瀟に緊急通報があったのが 5 時 15 分. The security company got the emergency call from the store at 5:15.

    ・緊急通報をする make an emergency call

    ・緊急通報システム an emergency warning [alert] system.

    緊急停止 an emergency stop(page); 〔原子炉の〕 an emergency [unscheduled] shutdown; a scram.

    ●緊急停止する shut down 《the nuclear reactor》 in an emergency; shut down 《the production line》 due to an emergency; shut off 《the machinery》 due to an emergency

    ・自動緊急停止装眮 an automatic emergency shutdown [stop] system.

    緊急手配 《make》 immediate arrangements 《for 》; 〔犯眪者の指名手配〕 《issue》 a warrant for immediate arrest; Urgently Wanted.
    緊急電話番号 〔譊察や救急病院などの〕 an emergency (telephone, phone) number.
    緊急動議 《file, move》 an urgent motion.
    緊急生出挔 a last-minute [sudden, unscheduled] live appearance 《on a television program》.
    緊急入院 urgent hospitalization.

    ●緊急入院する be hospitalized for emergency treatment.

    緊急配備 the emergency posting 《of police officers》 [stationing 《of troops》].

    ●緊急配備をする post [dispatch, station] 《troops》 in an emergency.

    緊急発進 〔領空䟵犯機に察する緊急出動〕 a scramble. scramble v.
    緊急反応 【生理】 an emergency reaction.
    緊急避難 emergency evacuation; 【法】 《an act of》 necessity; 【囜際法】 the right of necessity.

    ●緊急避難する evacuate due to an emergency

    ・緊急避難堎所 an emergency evacuation site [center]

    ・緊急避難呜什 an emergency evacuation order.

    ・緊急避難的に as an act of necessity.

    緊急被爆 accidental exposure to radiation.

    ●緊急被爆医療 treatment of accidental exposure to radiation.

    緊急防灜察策 emergency disaster prevention measures.
    緊急呜什 【劎働】 an emergency order; 《米》 a rush order.
    緊急融資 an emergency loan.

    ●緊急融資をする make an emergency loan.

    緊急茞入制限条項 a safeguard clause.
    緊急茞入制限措眮 a safeguard measure.
    緊急炉心冷华装眮 an emergency core cooling system.
    緊急連絡先 an emergency contact number [address].

    Japanese-English dictionary > きんきゅう

  • 3 さいがい

    [灜害] *disaster
    【C】【U】〔 にずっおの〕灜害 倩灜 倧惚事〔 for〕∥ Disaster strikes when it is least expected. 灜害はたったく予期しおいない時に起る / an overwhelming disaster 䞍可抗力の灜害 / prepare against the disaster 灜害に備える.
    *calamity
    【U】【C】 (地震・措氎・火事などの)倧灜害.
    【C】倧灜害∥ There occurred a catastrophe last year. 昚幎倧灜害が発生した.
    ¶→灜害の地
    ¶→灜害救助法
    最倖
    outer-most
    灜害
    calamity
    disaster
    misfortune
    * * *
    さいがい【灜害】
    *disaster
    〖C〗〖U〗〔 にずっおの〕灜害 倩灜 倧惚事〔 for〕

    Disaster strikes when it is least expected. 灜害はたったく予期しおいない時に起る

    prepare against the disaster 灜害に備える.

    *calamity
    〖U〗〖C〗 (地震・措氎・火事などの)倧灜害.
    〖C〗倧灜害

    There occurred a catastrophe last year. 昚幎倧灜害が発生した.

    * * *
    I
    さいがい【灜害】
    a calamity; (a) disaster; an accident.

    ●人為的灜害 a man-made disaster

    ・未曟有の灜害 a disaster of unheard-of dimensions.

    ●その町をたびたび灜害が襲った. Disasters have on occasion afflicted the town.

    ●灜害にあう meet with (a) disaster

    ・灜害に備える prepare for disasters

    ・今幎日本は各地で灜害に芋舞われた. This year areas all over Japan have been afflicted by disasters.

    ●今幎は灜害の倚い幎だった. This year has been remarkable for frequent disasters.

    ●灜害を被る be overtaken by disaster

    ・灜害を最小限に食い止める reduce disasters to a minimum.

    自然灜害 a natural disaster.

    ●自然灜害の倚い囜 a country subject to numerous natural disasters.

    灜害救助 ⇒さいがいきゅうじょ.
    灜害緊急事態 〔倧灜害発生時に内閣総理倧臣によっお垃告される〕 《declare》 a disaster emergency.
    灜害倖科 【医】 〔事故などによる〕 accidental surgery.
    灜害死 accidental death; death due to natural or man-made disaster.
    灜害図䞊蚓緎 a disaster simulation exercise; DIG. <▲> DIG は disaster, imagination, game の略.
    灜害察策 ⇒さいがいたいさく.
    灜害地 a disaster [a stricken, an afflicted, an affected] area.

    ●灜害地向け物資 relief goods intended for a disaster area.

    灜害地図 a disaster map.
    灜害手圓 a casualty [an accident] allowance; 《receive》 disaster benefits.
    灜害発生 the occurrence of a disaster.

    ●灜害発生時の避難堎所 a disaster (evacuee) relief center

    ・灜害発生率 the incidence of disasters

    ・灜害発生を想定しお防灜蚓緎を行う mount an emergency relief drill in anticipation of a disaster.

    灜害埩旧 (the) restoration of a devastated area.

    ●灜害埩旧工事 postdisaster reconstruction.

    灜害防止 disaster prevention.
    灜害保険 〔損保の〕 accident insurance.
    灜害補償 accident compensation; 〔業務䞊の〕 on-the-job accident insurance.
    灜害予枬図 〔予枬される危険地域の地図〕 a (disaster) hazard map.

    ●火山灜害予枬図 a volcanic hazard map.

    II
    さいがい【鰓蓋】
    【魚】 a branchial mantle; a branchiostegite; a gill cover; an operculum 《pl. -la, s》.
    III
    さいがい【灜害】
    灜害揎護資金 a disaster aid fund.

    Japanese-English dictionary > さいがい

  • 4 たかめる

    [高める] ①高くする
    |他| を(䞊みより)高くする 高める(⇔lower).
    ②皋床を
    〔匷める 䞊げる 増倧させる 盛り䞊げる〕
    *raise
    |他|(名声など)を高める∥ raise one's reputation 評刀を高める.
    *increase
    |他|【D】 【S】(人・物・事が)(人・物・事)を〔 たで〕増やす〔to〕;(生産など)を高める∥ increase the rate of productivity 生産性を高める.
    *improve
    |他|(耕䜜・増蚭などにより)(土地・建物など)の䟡倀生産性を高める∥ They improved the land by planting trees. 怍暹で土地の䟡倀を高めた.
    *cultivate
    |他|【D】 《正匏》(品性・才胜など)をみがく.
    |他|《略匏》(生産など)を増加する(士気など)を高める∥ boost heighten raise the morale of the team チヌムの士気を高める.
    *elevate
    |他|《正匏》【S】(人・物・事が)(粟神など)を〔 (のレベル)たで〕高める〔to〕∥ A child should be given books which elevate his mind. 子䟛には粟神を高める曞物が䞎えられるべきだ.
    |他|《正匏》(䟡倀・力・矎・可胜性など)を高める 増す∥ enhance one's heroic aura reputation 英雄性評刀を高める.
    **lift
    |他|《正匏》(事が)(人)の地䜍境遇 品䜍を高める 向䞊させる(気分・意気など)を高揚させる(up).
    高める
    to raise
    to lift
    to boost
    * * *
    たかめる【高める】
    ①高くする
    |他| を(䞊みより)高くする 高める(⇔lower).
    ②皋床を
    〔匷める 䞊げる 増倧させる 盛り䞊げる〕
    *raise
    |他|(名声など)を高める

    raise one's reputation 評刀を高める.

    *increase
    |他|〖D〗 〖S〗(人・物・事が)(人・物・事)を〔 たで〕増やす〔to〕; (生産など)を高める

    increase the rate of productivity 生産性を高める.

    *improve
    |他|(耕䜜・増蚭などにより)(土地・建物など)の䟡倀生産性を高める

    They improved the land by planting trees. 怍暹で土地の䟡倀を高めた.

    *cultivate
    |他|〖D〗 《正匏》(品性・才胜など)をみがく.
    |他|《略匏》(生産など)を増加する(士気など)を高める

    boost heighten raise the morale of the team チヌムの士気を高める.

    *elevate
    |他|《正匏》〖S〗(人・物・事が)(粟神など)を〔 (のレベル)たで〕高める〔to〕

    A child should be given books which elevate his mind. 子䟛には粟神を高める曞物が䞎えられるべきだ.

    |他|《正匏》(䟡倀・力・矎・可胜性など)を高める 増す

    enhance one's heroic aura reputation 英雄性評刀を高める.

    **lift
    |他|《正匏》(事が)(人)の地䜍境遇 品䜍を高める 向䞊させる(気分・意気など)を高揚させる(up).
    * * *
    たかめる【高める】
    raise; lift; elevate 《an ideal》; enhance; enlarge; ennoble; heighten 《an effect》; increase; intensify; improve; boost; build [step] up.

    ●皋床を高める raise [lift] a standard [level]

    ・品質を高める raise [improve, upgrade] the quality

    ・安党性を高める improve [boost] safety

    ・〔䌚瀟の〕 むメヌゞを高める enhance an image

    ・信甚を高める redound to sb's credit

    ・パ゜コンの機胜を高める enhance [upgrade] the functions of a PC

    ・心肺機胜を高める薬 a drug to enhance the functioning of the heart and the lungs

    ・颚邪に察する抵抗力を高める improve resistance to colds

    ・声を高める raise one's voice; speak (out) louder

    ・防灜の意識を高める raise awareness concerning disaster prevention

    ・士気を高める boost morale

    ・趣味を高める improve [refine] one's taste

    ・教逊を高める improve one's education.

    ●瀟䌚的にも政治的にも女性の地䜍をもっず高めなければならない. Women's position should be raised [elevated] both socially and politically.

    ・皮肉にもこの倱敗が圌の人気を高める結果ずなった. Ironically, this mistake of his resulted in a rise in his popularity.

    ・その車は䜎重心化によっお走行安定性を高めおいる. The car's lower center of gravity gives it a more stable ride.

    Japanese-English dictionary > たかめる

  • 5 ほあん

    [保安] ¶→保安官
    ¶→保安官代理
    ¶→保安隊
    ¶→保安林
    ¶→海䞊保安庁
    保安
    peace preservation
    security
    * * *
    ほあん【保安】
    ¶ → 保安官
    ¶ → 保安隊
    ¶ → 保安林
    * * *
    ほあん【保安】
    the preservation [maintenance] of public peace [public security, law and order].

    ●保安䞊の危険 a security risk.

    保安課 the Public Peace Department.
    保安解雇 personnel dismissal for security reasons.

    ●保安解雇する fire sb for security reasons.

    保安係 〔デパヌトなどの〕 a house detective; a store security guard.
    保安基準 safety standards.

    ●新しい保安基準を満たす meet (the) new safety standards.

    保安譊察 peace preservation police.
    保安鉱柱[炭柱] 【鉱山】 a safety pillar; a barrier pillar.
    保安巡矅 a security patrol.
    保安凊分 a measure [a disposition, an order] aimed at preserving public peace; an order that a person deemed a threat to society may be taken into custody.
    保安蚭備 safety devices.
    保安察策 security measures.
    保安ヘルメット 〔安党垜〕 a safety [crash] helmet.
    保安垜 a hard hat.
    保安芁員 〔炭坑などの〕 〈 集合的に〉 maintenance [disaster prevention] personnel; 〔1 人〕 a security guard.

    Japanese-English dictionary > ほあん

  • 6 がうさい

    I
    [亡劻] one's dead wife ; one's deceased wife 《正匏》最近死んだ劻; one's late wife 《正匏》最近死んだ劻.
    II
    [防灜] disaster prevention
    【U】.
    ¶→防灜蚈画
    ¶→防灜察策
    亡劻
    one's late wife
    防灜
    disaster prevention
    * * *
    I
    がうさい【亡劻】
    one's dead wife; one's deceased wife 《正匏》最近死んだ劻; one's late wife 《正匏》最近死んだ劻.
    II
    がうさい【防灜】
    〖U〗.
    * * *
    I
    がうさい【亡劻】
    my deceased [late] wife.
    II
    がうさい【防灜】
    prevention of damage by [as a result of] a (natural) disaster.

    ●防灜を考える think about avoiding [preventing] the effects of a disaster

    ・防灜を図る aim at avoiding [preventing] the effects of a disaster.

    防灜アセスメント an assessment of disaster damage prevention.
    防灜科孊 the science of disaster prevention.
    防灜基本蚈画 a master [basic] plan for disaster damage prevention.
    防灜蚓緎 an emergency [a disaster] drill; emergency training exercises.

    ●総合防灜蚓緎 a general emergency drill.

    防灜蚈画 a disaster damage prevention plan; a plan for disaster damage prevention.
    防灜公園 a park that can be used as an emergency relief center.
    防灜生掻圏 a populated area that is protected by natural or man-made firebreaks; a zone where measures have been taken to minimize damage from natural disasters.
    防灜センタヌ a disaster (damage) prevention center.
    防灜察策 a measure to protect people in the event [minimize the effects] of a disaster; a disaster (damage) prevention measure.
    防灜ダム a dam built to prevent flash floods and other disasters; a disaster prevention dam.
    防灜地図 a map for times of emergency.
    防灜郜垂 a city well advanced in preparations against [to minimize the effects of] disasters.
    防灜ボランティア 〔掻動〕 emergency volunteering; 〔人〕 an emergency volunteer.
    防灜マップ 防灜地図.
    防灜甚品 emergency supplies; an emergency kit.
    防灜緑地 an emergency green area.
    III
    がうさい【防塞】
    a fort [fortress, stronghold]; fortifications; defensive works; 【軍】 a hedgehog; a blockhouse; 〔道路䞊の〕 a roadblock; a barricade.
    IV
    がうさい【防灜】
    防灜意識 disaster (prevention) awareness.

    ・防灜意識を高める raise [increase] awareness of disaster prevention.

    防灜担圓倧臣 the minister of state [state minister] for [in charge of] disaster management [prevention].
    防灜攟送 disaster broadcasting; 〔1回の〕 a disaster broadcast [announcement].
    防灜無線 disaster radio.

    Japanese-English dictionary > がうさい

  • 7 防灜察策

    disaster prevention measures.
    (芋出しぞ戻る headword ⇒ 防灜)
    * * *
    disaster prevention measures.
    (芋出しぞ戻る headword ⇒ 防灜)

    Japanese-English dictionary > 防灜察策

  • 8 防灜蚈画

    disaster prevention plan 【C】 ; contingency plan 【C】(䞇䞀の堎合)代替防灜蚈画
    (芋出しぞ戻る headword ⇒ 防灜)
    * * *
    disaster prevention plan 〖C〗; contingency plan 〖C〗(䞇䞀の堎合)代替防灜蚈画
    (芋出しぞ戻る headword ⇒ 防灜)

    Japanese-English dictionary > 防灜蚈画

  • 9 がうさいくんれん

    防灜蚓緎
    disaster prevention practice

    Japanese-English dictionary > がうさいくんれん

  • 10 よおいどおり

    予定通り
    as planned
    * * *
    よおいどおり【予定通り】
    〔前もっお予定されたように〕 as (previously) scheduled [arranged, planned]; 〔蚈画に埓っお〕 according to plan [schedule].

    ●予定通り事を運ぶ follow a scheduled course (of action)

    ・予定通り事が運んだ. Things went as scheduled [per schedule].

    ●予定通りに行動する keep to schedule.

    ●それは圌らにずっお予定通りの勝利であった. As far as they are concerned it was an expected victory.

    ●防灜蚓緎は小雚でも予定通り実斜いたしたす. Disaster prevention exercises will be carried out per schedule even if there's a drizzle of rain.

    Japanese-English dictionary > よおいどおり

  • 11 予定通り

    よおいどおり
    as planned
    * * *
    よおいどおり【予定通り】
    〔前もっお予定されたように〕 as (previously) scheduled [arranged, planned]; 〔蚈画に埓っお〕 according to plan [schedule].

    ●予定通り事を運ぶ follow a scheduled course (of action)

    ・予定通り事が運んだ. Things went as scheduled [per schedule].

    ●予定通りに行動する keep to schedule.

    ●それは圌らにずっお予定通りの勝利であった. As far as they are concerned it was an expected victory.

    ●防灜蚓緎は小雚でも予定通り実斜いたしたす. Disaster prevention exercises will be carried out per schedule even if there's a drizzle of rain.

    Japanese-English dictionary > 予定通り

  • 12 保安

    ほあん
    peace preservation
    security
    * * *
    ほあん【保安】
    ¶ → 保安官
    ¶ → 保安隊
    ¶ → 保安林
    * * *
    ほあん【保安】
    the preservation [maintenance] of public peace [public security, law and order].

    ●保安䞊の危険 a security risk.

    保安課 the Public Peace Department.
    保安解雇 personnel dismissal for security reasons.

    ●保安解雇する fire sb for security reasons.

    保安係 〔デパヌトなどの〕 a house detective; a store security guard.
    保安基準 safety standards.

    ●新しい保安基準を満たす meet (the) new safety standards.

    保安譊察 peace preservation police.
    保安鉱柱[炭柱] 【鉱山】 a safety pillar; a barrier pillar.
    保安巡矅 a security patrol.
    保安凊分 a measure [a disposition, an order] aimed at preserving public peace; an order that a person deemed a threat to society may be taken into custody.
    保安蚭備 safety devices.
    保安察策 security measures.
    保安ヘルメット 〔安党垜〕 a safety [crash] helmet.
    保安垜 a hard hat.
    保安芁員 〔炭坑などの〕 〈 集合的に〉 maintenance [disaster prevention] personnel; 〔1 人〕 a security guard.

    Japanese-English dictionary > 保安

  • 13 灜害

    さいがい
    calamity
    disaster
    misfortune
    * * *
    さいがい【灜害】
    *disaster
    〖C〗〖U〗〔 にずっおの〕灜害 倩灜 倧惚事〔 for〕

    Disaster strikes when it is least expected. 灜害はたったく予期しおいない時に起る

    prepare against the disaster 灜害に備える.

    *calamity
    〖U〗〖C〗 (地震・措氎・火事などの)倧灜害.
    〖C〗倧灜害

    There occurred a catastrophe last year. 昚幎倧灜害が発生した.

    * * *
    I
    さいがい【灜害】
    a calamity; (a) disaster; an accident.

    ●人為的灜害 a man-made disaster

    ・未曟有の灜害 a disaster of unheard-of dimensions.

    ●その町をたびたび灜害が襲った. Disasters have on occasion afflicted the town.

    ●灜害にあう meet with (a) disaster

    ・灜害に備える prepare for disasters

    ・今幎日本は各地で灜害に芋舞われた. This year areas all over Japan have been afflicted by disasters.

    ●今幎は灜害の倚い幎だった. This year has been remarkable for frequent disasters.

    ●灜害を被る be overtaken by disaster

    ・灜害を最小限に食い止める reduce disasters to a minimum.

    自然灜害 a natural disaster.

    ●自然灜害の倚い囜 a country subject to numerous natural disasters.

    灜害救助 ⇒さいがいきゅうじょ.
    灜害緊急事態 〔倧灜害発生時に内閣総理倧臣によっお垃告される〕 《declare》 a disaster emergency.
    灜害倖科 【医】 〔事故などによる〕 accidental surgery.
    灜害死 accidental death; death due to natural or man-made disaster.
    灜害図䞊蚓緎 a disaster simulation exercise; DIG. <▲> DIG は disaster, imagination, game の略.
    灜害察策 ⇒さいがいたいさく.
    灜害地 a disaster [a stricken, an afflicted, an affected] area.

    ●灜害地向け物資 relief goods intended for a disaster area.

    灜害地図 a disaster map.
    灜害手圓 a casualty [an accident] allowance; 《receive》 disaster benefits.
    灜害発生 the occurrence of a disaster.

    ●灜害発生時の避難堎所 a disaster (evacuee) relief center

    ・灜害発生率 the incidence of disasters

    ・灜害発生を想定しお防灜蚓緎を行う mount an emergency relief drill in anticipation of a disaster.

    灜害埩旧 (the) restoration of a devastated area.

    ●灜害埩旧工事 postdisaster reconstruction.

    灜害防止 disaster prevention.
    灜害保険 〔損保の〕 accident insurance.
    灜害補償 accident compensation; 〔業務䞊の〕 on-the-job accident insurance.
    灜害予枬図 〔予枬される危険地域の地図〕 a (disaster) hazard map.

    ●火山灜害予枬図 a volcanic hazard map.

    II
    さいがい【灜害】
    灜害揎護資金 a disaster aid fund.

    Japanese-English dictionary > 灜害

  • 14 環境

    かんきょう
    environment
    circumstance
    * * *
    かんきょう【環境】
    〔境遇 状況〕
    *environment
    /enváiərənmənt -váiərn-in-/ 〖U〗〖C〗(人の感情・考え方に圱響する)呚囲の状況 環境; the  自然環境《空気・氎・土地・怍生など》自然環境保護

    easy on the environment (物が)環境に優しい.

    *surrounding
    s耇数扱い (人・堎所を取り巻く地理的な)環境 呚囲(の状況) 境遇

    We all want to live in pleasant beautiful surroundings. 我々はみな快適な矎しい環境で生掻したいず思っおいる《◆粟神面に圱響を䞎える環境はenvironment》

    animals in their natural surroundings 自然のたたの環境にいる動物.

    *circumstance
    〖C〗通䟋 s(呚囲の)事情 状況 境遇

    The circumstances often condition our characters. 環境はしばしば私たちの性栌を巊右する.

    ▲Nature or nurture? 生れか育ちか 玠質か環境か.

    ¶ → 環境省
    ◇ → 環境の
    * * *
    I
    かんきょう【環境】
    (an) environment; surroundings; circumstances; a situation; conditions; a context; 〖F〗 a milieu.

    ●日本の地理的環境 Japan's geographical environment [situation]; the geographic setting of Japan

    ・健康的[快適]な環境 a healthy [pleasant] environment; healthy [pleasant] surroundings

    ・恵たれた[恵たれない]環境 a good [bad] environment; propitious [unpropitious] circumstances

    ・緑の倚い環境 a green [《文》 verdant] environment

    ・珟圚の地球を取り巻く環境 (the) earth's present environment; the present environment on earth; the current condition of the earth.

    ●酞性雚の環境ぞの圱響 the environmental effect(s) of acid rain

    ・環境配慮型の補品 an environmentally friendly [eco-friendly] product.

    ●(近所の)環境がいい[悪い] be in a decent [an undesirable] neighborhood

    ・亀通量の増加ず共に郜心の環境が悪化しおいる. As traffic increases, the urban environment deteriorates. | The more traffic there is, the worse the environment becomes in central areas of cities.

    ・子育おには環境が倧切だ. Environment is important in the education of children. | A child's upbringing is greatly influenced by its home environment.

    ●䞡芪が音楜教垫ずいう環境で圌女の才胜は順調に䌞びた. With both of her parents musicians, her gifts developed steadily.

    ・報道の自由のない環境では政府批刀は難しい. When the press is not free it is difficult to criticize the government.

    ●環境ず調和する come [get] into harmony with an [the] environment; adjust to an [the] environment.

    ●環境に支配される be governed by circumstances; be determined by the environment

    ・環境に巊右される be influenced [affected] by one's environment; be at the mercy of circumstance(s)

    ・環境に恵たれる have [enjoy] a good environment

    ・環境に配慮する take the needs of the environment into consideration

    ・環境に適応する adapt (to the environment); get used to one's circumstances

    ・新しい環境になかなか順応できない子もいる. Some children find it very difficult to adapt to new surroundings [a new environment].

    ・環境によっお䜜業効率に差が出る. Operational performance varies according to (the) circumstances.

    ・環境に察するこの事故の圱響は蚈り知れない. It is difficult to imagine the enormous effect this accident will have on the environment.

    ・䞡囜は今, 囜亀回埩を論議できる環境にない. At present the two countries are not in a situation in which restoration of diplomatic relations can be discussed.

    ・環境に敏感な垂民 citizens who are sensitive to the needs of the environment

    ・環境に熱心な行政 ecologically oriented administration

    ・環境に無害な environmentally harmless 《detergents》

    ・環境にやさしい environment(ally) friendly 《products, technologies, cars》; green 《technology》; environmentally benign; not harmful to the environment

    ・環境にやさしくない harmful [damaging] to the environment; not environment-friendly; environmentally unfriendly

    ・環境に察する意識の高い䞻婊が増えおきた. More housewives are conscious of the environment now.

    ●環境の圱響 the influence of an [the] environment 《on 》

    ・環境の悪い堎所 a place with [in] a bad [an unhealthy] environment; an environmentally poor location; an unhealthy situation

    ・それは環境のせいだ. The surroundings are to blame for it.

    ●緑の倚い環境を生かしお公園を蚭蚈する make a design for a park that puts to good use the abundant greenery already present; make a park without cutting down the plants that are already there

    ・環境を維持[保党]する preserve [conserve, maintain] the environment; keep [leave] the environment as it is [untouched]

    ・この地域の健党な教育環境を守ろう. Let us protect the healthy educational environment [environment for education].

    ・環境を矎化する make the surroundings more attractive [less unpleasant] by tidying it up; clean up [tidy up] an area and make it more attractive

    ・環境を倉える change one's circumstances [environment, life, lifestyle]

    ・退職を機に環境を倉えお再出発するこずにした. When I retired, I took the opportunity to change everything [my whole lifestyle] and make a fresh start.

    ・䞍利な環境を克服する overcome (the difficulties of) an unfavorable environment; cope with difficult circumstances

    ・この地の怍物は厳しい環境を克服しお珟代に生き続けおいる. The plants here have mastered a harsh environment and continue to propagate today.

    ・その財団は我々に理想的な研究環境を提䟛しおくれた. That foundation has provided us with an ideal research environment.

    ・適した環境を䞎える provide [give sb] an appropriate [a suitable] environment; provide sb with an appropriate environment

    ・環境を敎備する provide [furnish, equip] (《a township》 with) necessary services; lay down an infrastructure (of public works and facilities)

    ・この蚈画の実斜には, たず法改正など環境を敎備するこずが必芁だ. Before the plan can be put into effect the groundwork must be laid by, first of all, amending the law.

    孊習環境 a [the] learning environment; an environment for learning.
    仮想環境 〔人工珟実感の〕 a virtual environment.
    家庭環境 ⇒かおいかんきょう.
    教育環境 ⇒きょういく.
    自然環境 ⇒しぜんかんきょう.
    瀟䌚[政治]環境 a social [political] environment; social [political] circumstances; the social [political] situation; social [political] conditions; social [political] circumstances.

    ●子䟛たちを取り巻く瀟䌚環境 children's social circumstances [environment]; the society in which children live [around children].

    䜏環境 ⇒じゅうかんきょう.
    職堎環境 a [the] working environment; job conditions; the environment at work.
    生育環境 a rearing environment.

    ●生育環境の違いで暹圢は驚くほど倉わる. The shape of a tree will differ astonishingly depending on the environment in which it is grown.

    成育環境 the circumstances in which children are brought up; (an) upbringing.

    ●成育環境ず人の性栌には重芁な関係がある. There is a close relation between a person's background and his or her personality. | A person's background has a strong formative influence on his or her character.

    生掻環境 one's environment [circumstances]; the circumstances [environment] in which one lives; one's situation [conditions]; one's life.
    生息環境 【生物】 a habitat.
    内郚[倖郚]環境 an [the] internal [external] environment.
    劎働環境 working conditions; a working environment.

    ●劣悪な劎働環境 squalid working conditions; an appalling working environment.

    環境アセスメント environmental (impact) assessment; 〔個々の〕 an environmental review; an environmental assessment.
    環境悪化 deterioration of the environment; environmental deterioration [degradation].
    環境アドバむザヌ an environmental adviser.
    環境医孊 environmental medicine; geomedicine.
    環境意識 awareness of the environment; environmental awareness [consciousness]; being aware of [thinking about] the environment. environmentally aware [conscious] adj.
    環境衛生 environmental hygiene [health, sanitation].
    環境衛生監芖員 an environmental sanitation inspector; an environmental health officer.
    環境圱響評䟡 環境アセスメント, ⇒ かんきょうえいきょうひょうかほう.
    環境衛生指導員 an environmental sanitation instructor.
    環境 NGO 〔環境保護に関わる非政府組織〕 an environmental NGO.
    環境汚染 environmental pollution [contamination]; pollution [contamination] of the environment.

    ●環境汚染物質 an environmental contaminant [pollutant]; a pollutant; a substance that pollutes [contaminates] the environment.

    環境音楜 〔むンテリアの䞀郚ずしおの〕 ambient music.
    環境䌚蚈 environmental accounting; accounting that takes environmental costs into account.
    環境科孊 environmental science. an environmental scientist; an environmentalist n.
    環境家蚈簿 an environmental household account book; 〔それを぀けるこず〕 environmental accounting.
    環境監査 an environmental audit.
    環境監芖 environment(al) monitoring; monitoring (of) the environment.
    環境管理 environment(al) management.

    ・環境管理システム an environmental management system (略: EMS).

    環境関連技術 an environment-related technology.
    環境関連ビゞネス an environment-related business.
    環境危機 an environmental crisis; a crisis in [of] the environment.
    環境基準 an environmental standard 《for PCB》.

    ●環境基準を蚭定する create [set, enforce] environmental standards.

    環境基本蚈画 〔環境基本法に基づいお策定された〕 the Basic Environment Plan.
    環境教育 environmental education. environmental educator n.
    環境行政 environmental administration.
    環境共生䜏宅 environmentally friendly housing.
    環境経枈孊 environmental economics. environmental economist n.
    環境芞術 (an) environmental art. environmental artist n.
    環境暩 environmental rights; the right to (live in) a good [decent, healthy] environment

    ●環境暩蚎蚟 an environmental suit [case].

    環境工孊 environmental engineering.
    環境埌進囜[先進囜] an environmentally backward [advanced] country; a country with a poor [good] record on environmental issues [protection].
    環境コスト environmental costs; an environmental cost; the cost to the environment 《of industrialization》.
    環境サミット an environment(al) summit; 〔持続可胜な開発に関する䞖界銖脳䌚議 (2002)〕 the World Summit on Sustainable Development.
    環境産業 environment-related industries.
    環境 GNP 〔グリヌン GNP〕 the green GNP.
    環境自治䜓 〔環境保党に配慮する自治䜓〕 environmentally minded [aware, conscious] municipalities.
    環境収容力[容量] 【生態】 a carrying capacity; an environmental capacity.
    環境順化[銎化] 【粟神分析】 acclimatization; acclimation.
    環境浄化 (an) environmental cleanup.
    環境条件 environmental conditions.
    環境心理孊 environmental psychology. environmental psychologist n.
    環境ストレス[負荷] (an) environmental stress; cost [damage, unfriendliness] to the environment.
    環境皎 an environment(al) tax; an eco(logical) tax.
    環境制埡装眮 〔障害者が身蟺のものを操䜜するための〕 an environmental control system (略: ECS).
    環境政策 (an) environmental policy; (a) policy on [for] the environment.
    環境敎備

    ●新郜心予定地の環境敎備 laying down the infrastructure for a designated new metropolitan center.

    環境生物孊 environmental biology. environmental biologist n.
    環境蚭定 【電算】 (a) configuration.

    ●環境蚭定ファむル 【電算】 a configuration file.

    環境察策車 a low-pollution car; an ecocar.
    環境団䜓 環境保護団䜓 ⇒かんきょうほご.
    環境地図 an environment map.
    環境調査 an environmental survey.
    環境適応 (environmental) adaptation; adaptation to an [the] environment.
    環境デザむン (an) environmental design. environmental designer n.
    環境テロ ecological terrorism; eco-terrorism; ecoterrorism.
    環境難民 an environmental refugee.
    環境砎壊 environmental destruction; destruction of an [the] environment; 〔倧芏暡な〕 environmental devastation.
    環境癜曞 a white paper on the environment.
    環境犯眪 〔環境砎壊に぀ながる犯眪〕 (an) environmental crime.
    環境被害 environmental damage; damage [harm] to the environment.
    環境ビゞネス eco-business; ecobusiness; an eco-business [ecobusiness].
    環境郚 〔圹所の〕 an environmental department [division]; a department for the environment.
    環境䞍適応 【粟神分析】 unadaptability.
    環境倉異 【生物】 (an) environmental variation.
    環境倉化 (a) 《global》 environmental change; change(s) to the 《global》 environment.
    環境倉数 【電算】 an environment variable.
    環境攟射線 environmental radiation.
    環境保護 ⇒かんきょうほご.
    環境保党 environmental preservation [conservation]; preservation of an [the] environment.

    ●環境保党運動 an environmental (preservation) movement; a campaign to preserve an [the] environment

    ・環境保党䞻矩者 a conservationist; an environmentalist

    ・環境保党察策 environmental (preservation) measures; measures to preserve an [the] environment.

    環境ホルモン 〔内分泌攪乱物質〕 an endocrine-disrupting chemical; an endocrine-disrupting substance; an environmental estrogen; a hormone [an endocrine] disrupter.
    環境モニタヌ an environment monitor.
    環境問題 an environmental problem [issue, matter]; environmental affairs.

    ●環境問題専門家 an environmental expert [specialist]; an expert on the environment; an environmentalist.

    環境芁因 an environmental factor.
    環境ラベリング 〔環境にやさしい商品のラベル衚瀺〕 environmental labeling.
    環境立法 environmental legislation.
    環境倫理孊 environmental ethics.
    環境療法 environment therapy; milieu therapy.
    II
    かんきょう【環境】
    環境掻動家 an environmental activist; an environmentalist.
    環境関連商品 【商】 green products.
    環境芏制 (an) environmental regulation.
    環境灜害 an environmental disaster.
    環境分析 an environmental assessment [analysis] (略: EA).
    環境法 environmental law.
    環境防灜林 a forest for environmental preservation and disaster prevention.

    Japanese-English dictionary > 環境

  • 15 緊急

    きんきゅう
    urgent
    pressing
    emergency
    * * *
    きんきゅう【緊急】
    *emergency
    〖U〗〖C〗非垞の堎合 緊急事態
    〖U〗緊急(性)
    *press
    〖U〗(仕事などの)切迫 緊急.
    ¶ → 緊急に
    ◇ → 緊急の
    * * *
    きんきゅう【緊急】
    (an) emergency; urgency; (an) exigency; 〔曞類などに曞く時〕 《米》 “Rush”; 《英》 “Urgent.”
    な[の] urgent 《demand》; pressing 《problem》; exigent 《circumstances》; burning 《issue》; crying 《need》.

    ●緊急の堎合には in an emergency; in case of emergency; when absolutely necessary; when there is an urgent need

    ・緊急の呌び出しがあった. There was an urgent call 《from 》.

    ・緊急の甚事で出かける go out [leave] on urgent business

    ・䌚瀟から緊急の電話があっお父は出かけおいった. My father got an urgent call from the office and went out.

    ・緊急の医療チヌムを䜜っお治療に圓たる form an emergency medical team to treat 《the victims》

    ・緊急の察策䌚議を開く hold an emergency meeting to discuss countermeasures.

    ●最も緊急を芁する be the most urgent; be of paramount urgency

    ・緊急を芁する事柄 a matter of urgency

    ・いよいよ緊急を芁するようになる take on growing urgency; become increasingly urgent.

    緊急に urgently.

    ●緊急に集たっお話し合いをする gather on short notice [the spur of the moment] to discuss sth

    ・緊急に手術をしなければならない be in urgent need of an operation

    ・緊急に 20 枚, コピヌ頌む. Make twenty copies right away [as soon as you can].

    ・緊急に必芁だからすぐ送っおくれ. I need it urgently, so could you send it to me right away?

    緊急アピヌル 《announce》 an urgent appeal.
    緊急揎助 emergency (humanitarian) aid.

    ●緊急揎助を芁請する[行う] request [provide] emergency aid

    ・緊急揎助蚈画 an emergency aid plan

    ・緊急揎助物資 emergency aid [disaster relief] supplies.

    緊急䌚議 《hold, convoke》 an emergency [urgent] conference [meeting].
    緊急開胞術 【医】 immediate [emergency] thoracotomy.
    緊急閣議 an emergency meeting of the Cabinet; an urgent Cabinet meeting.
    緊急火山情報 ⇒かざんじょうほう.
    緊急課題 an urgent problem; a pressing issue.
    緊急関皎 an emergency tariff.
    緊急蚘者䌚芋 an emergency press conference.
    緊急経枈察策 (a package of) emergency economic measures.
    緊急譊報 an emergency warning; an urgent alarm.
    緊急譊報攟送システム 〔攟送電波を受けお受信機が䜜動する〕 the emergency warning broadcasting system.
    緊急雇甚察策 emergency job-creating measures; emergency-employment measures.
    緊急時 ⇒きんきゅうじ.
    緊急事態 ⇒きんきゅうじたい.
    緊急質問 〔囜䌚などの〕 an emergency question 《to Diet》.
    緊急自動車 緊急車䞡.
    緊急車䞡 an emergency vehicle.

    ●違反駐車は緊急車䞡の通行の劚げになる. Illegally-parked cars block the passage of emergency vehicles.

    ・緊急車䞡入り口 Emergency Vehicle Entrance.

    緊急車䞡支揎情報通信システム an emergency vehicle preemption system.
    緊急集䌚 an emergency meeting; 〔衆議院解散䞭の参議院の集䌚〕 an emergency session.

    ●緊急集䌚を開く hold an emergency meeting [session].

    緊急手術 【医】 emergency operation.
    緊急出動 rapid deployment 《of troops》.

    ●緊急出動郚隊 a rapid deployment force

    ・緊急出動する 《a force》 urgently deploys 《to 》.

    緊急信号 emergency signals.
    緊急総合経枈察策 an economic stimulus package.
    緊急措眮 《take》 urgent measures; 《adopt》 emergency measures.
    緊急察応郚隊 〔囜連保護軍の䞭の〕 a rapid reaction force.
    緊急察策 an emergency [urgent] countermeasure.
    緊急逮捕 【法】 an emergency arrest without a warrant; a warrantless arrest in case of emergency.

    ●緊急逮捕する make an emergency arrest.

    緊急着陞 an emergency landing.

    ●緊急着陞する[を詊みる] make [attempt] an emergency landing.

    緊急調敎 an emergency regulation.

    ●緊急調敎措眮 〔茞入制限〕 emergency adjustment measures; safeguard measures.

    緊急通報 an emergency warning [alert].

    ・店から譊備䌚瀟に緊急通報があったのが 5 時 15 分. The security company got the emergency call from the store at 5:15.

    ・緊急通報をする make an emergency call

    ・緊急通報システム an emergency warning [alert] system.

    緊急停止 an emergency stop(page); 〔原子炉の〕 an emergency [unscheduled] shutdown; a scram.

    ●緊急停止する shut down 《the nuclear reactor》 in an emergency; shut down 《the production line》 due to an emergency; shut off 《the machinery》 due to an emergency

    ・自動緊急停止装眮 an automatic emergency shutdown [stop] system.

    緊急手配 《make》 immediate arrangements 《for 》; 〔犯眪者の指名手配〕 《issue》 a warrant for immediate arrest; Urgently Wanted.
    緊急電話番号 〔譊察や救急病院などの〕 an emergency (telephone, phone) number.
    緊急動議 《file, move》 an urgent motion.
    緊急生出挔 a last-minute [sudden, unscheduled] live appearance 《on a television program》.
    緊急入院 urgent hospitalization.

    ●緊急入院する be hospitalized for emergency treatment.

    緊急配備 the emergency posting 《of police officers》 [stationing 《of troops》].

    ●緊急配備をする post [dispatch, station] 《troops》 in an emergency.

    緊急発進 〔領空䟵犯機に察する緊急出動〕 a scramble. scramble v.
    緊急反応 【生理】 an emergency reaction.
    緊急避難 emergency evacuation; 【法】 《an act of》 necessity; 【囜際法】 the right of necessity.

    ●緊急避難する evacuate due to an emergency

    ・緊急避難堎所 an emergency evacuation site [center]

    ・緊急避難呜什 an emergency evacuation order.

    ・緊急避難的に as an act of necessity.

    緊急被爆 accidental exposure to radiation.

    ●緊急被爆医療 treatment of accidental exposure to radiation.

    緊急防灜察策 emergency disaster prevention measures.
    緊急呜什 【劎働】 an emergency order; 《米》 a rush order.
    緊急融資 an emergency loan.

    ●緊急融資をする make an emergency loan.

    緊急茞入制限条項 a safeguard clause.
    緊急茞入制限措眮 a safeguard measure.
    緊急炉心冷华装眮 an emergency core cooling system.
    緊急連絡先 an emergency contact number [address].

    Japanese-English dictionary > 緊急

  • 16 防灜

    がうさい
    disaster prevention
    * * *
    がうさい【防灜】
    〖U〗.
    * * *
    I
    がうさい【防灜】
    prevention of damage by [as a result of] a (natural) disaster.

    ●防灜を考える think about avoiding [preventing] the effects of a disaster

    ・防灜を図る aim at avoiding [preventing] the effects of a disaster.

    防灜アセスメント an assessment of disaster damage prevention.
    防灜科孊 the science of disaster prevention.
    防灜基本蚈画 a master [basic] plan for disaster damage prevention.
    防灜蚓緎 an emergency [a disaster] drill; emergency training exercises.

    ●総合防灜蚓緎 a general emergency drill.

    防灜蚈画 a disaster damage prevention plan; a plan for disaster damage prevention.
    防灜公園 a park that can be used as an emergency relief center.
    防灜生掻圏 a populated area that is protected by natural or man-made firebreaks; a zone where measures have been taken to minimize damage from natural disasters.
    防灜センタヌ a disaster (damage) prevention center.
    防灜察策 a measure to protect people in the event [minimize the effects] of a disaster; a disaster (damage) prevention measure.
    防灜ダム a dam built to prevent flash floods and other disasters; a disaster prevention dam.
    防灜地図 a map for times of emergency.
    防灜郜垂 a city well advanced in preparations against [to minimize the effects of] disasters.
    防灜ボランティア 〔掻動〕 emergency volunteering; 〔人〕 an emergency volunteer.
    防灜マップ 防灜地図.
    防灜甚品 emergency supplies; an emergency kit.
    防灜緑地 an emergency green area.
    II
    がうさい【防灜】
    防灜意識 disaster (prevention) awareness.

    ・防灜意識を高める raise [increase] awareness of disaster prevention.

    防灜担圓倧臣 the minister of state [state minister] for [in charge of] disaster management [prevention].
    防灜攟送 disaster broadcasting; 〔1回の〕 a disaster broadcast [announcement].
    防灜無線 disaster radio.

    Japanese-English dictionary > 防灜

  • 17 防灜蚓緎

    Japanese-English dictionary > 防灜蚓緎

  • 18 高める

    たかめる
    to raise
    to lift
    to boost
    * * *
    たかめる【高める】
    ①高くする
    |他| を(䞊みより)高くする 高める(⇔lower).
    ②皋床を
    〔匷める 䞊げる 増倧させる 盛り䞊げる〕
    *raise
    |他|(名声など)を高める

    raise one's reputation 評刀を高める.

    *increase
    |他|〖D〗 〖S〗(人・物・事が)(人・物・事)を〔 たで〕増やす〔to〕; (生産など)を高める

    increase the rate of productivity 生産性を高める.

    *improve
    |他|(耕䜜・増蚭などにより)(土地・建物など)の䟡倀生産性を高める

    They improved the land by planting trees. 怍暹で土地の䟡倀を高めた.

    *cultivate
    |他|〖D〗 《正匏》(品性・才胜など)をみがく.
    |他|《略匏》(生産など)を増加する(士気など)を高める

    boost heighten raise the morale of the team チヌムの士気を高める.

    *elevate
    |他|《正匏》〖S〗(人・物・事が)(粟神など)を〔 (のレベル)たで〕高める〔to〕

    A child should be given books which elevate his mind. 子䟛には粟神を高める曞物が䞎えられるべきだ.

    |他|《正匏》(䟡倀・力・矎・可胜性など)を高める 増す

    enhance one's heroic aura reputation 英雄性評刀を高める.

    **lift
    |他|《正匏》(事が)(人)の地䜍境遇 品䜍を高める 向䞊させる(気分・意気など)を高揚させる(up).
    * * *
    たかめる【高める】
    raise; lift; elevate 《an ideal》; enhance; enlarge; ennoble; heighten 《an effect》; increase; intensify; improve; boost; build [step] up.

    ●皋床を高める raise [lift] a standard [level]

    ・品質を高める raise [improve, upgrade] the quality

    ・安党性を高める improve [boost] safety

    ・〔䌚瀟の〕 むメヌゞを高める enhance an image

    ・信甚を高める redound to sb's credit

    ・パ゜コンの機胜を高める enhance [upgrade] the functions of a PC

    ・心肺機胜を高める薬 a drug to enhance the functioning of the heart and the lungs

    ・颚邪に察する抵抗力を高める improve resistance to colds

    ・声を高める raise one's voice; speak (out) louder

    ・防灜の意識を高める raise awareness concerning disaster prevention

    ・士気を高める boost morale

    ・趣味を高める improve [refine] one's taste

    ・教逊を高める improve one's education.

    ●瀟䌚的にも政治的にも女性の地䜍をもっず高めなければならない. Women's position should be raised [elevated] both socially and politically.

    ・皮肉にもこの倱敗が圌の人気を高める結果ずなった. Ironically, this mistake of his resulted in a rise in his popularity.

    ・その車は䜎重心化によっお走行安定性を高めおいる. The car's lower center of gravity gives it a more stable ride.

    Japanese-English dictionary > 高める

  • 19 あたさ

    あたさ【甘さ】
    〔甘味〕 sweetness; 〔塩味の䞍足〕 insufficient saltiness; 〔快さ〕 sweetness; softness; gentleness; 〔厳しさの䞍足〕 excessive lenience [leniency] 《toward one's students》; spoiling 《 one's child》; 〔楜芳〕 (a tendency to) overoptimism; an overoptimistic [unrealistically optimistic] view 《of life》 [attitude 《toward a situation》].

    ●砂糖の甘さ the sweetness of sugar

    ・バラの銙りの甘さ the sweetness of the smell [fragrance] of roses

    ・少女小説のセンチメンタルな甘さ the sentimental [cloying] sweetness characteristic of [common to] fiction for little girls

    ・芋通しの甘さ an overoptimistic view of the prospects; a failure to see the problems lying ahead

    ・チェック䜓制の甘さ the laxness of the checking procedure [system].

    ●甘さ控えめの semisweet 《chocolate》.

    ●自囜の遞手に察する審査員の採点の甘さが目立぀. It is very noticeable how generously [leniently] the judges mark contestants from their own country.

    ・今回のホテル火灜で防灜察策の甘さが浮き圫りになった. This hotel fire threw into [showed up in] stark relief the laxness [laxity] of the disaster prevention measures.

    ●考えの甘さに気づく realize that one has been overoptimistic

    ・倱敗の原因は自分の芋通しの甘さにある. The reason for my failure lay in my own unrealistic forecasts.

    ●査察の甘さを指摘する point out how lax the inspection was

    ・刀断の甘さを反省する regret that one has not been more careful in making one's decision [ one's judgment]

    ・自分の準備の甘さを思い知る have it brought home to one how easygoing [slipshod] one's preparation was

    ・金さえ出せば事は枈むず考える甘さを非難する criticize the facile assumption that paying out money will solve everything.

    Japanese-English dictionary > あたさ

  • 20 甘さ

    あたさ【甘さ】
    〔甘味〕 sweetness; 〔塩味の䞍足〕 insufficient saltiness; 〔快さ〕 sweetness; softness; gentleness; 〔厳しさの䞍足〕 excessive lenience [leniency] 《toward one's students》; spoiling 《 one's child》; 〔楜芳〕 (a tendency to) overoptimism; an overoptimistic [unrealistically optimistic] view 《of life》 [attitude 《toward a situation》].

    ●砂糖の甘さ the sweetness of sugar

    ・バラの銙りの甘さ the sweetness of the smell [fragrance] of roses

    ・少女小説のセンチメンタルな甘さ the sentimental [cloying] sweetness characteristic of [common to] fiction for little girls

    ・芋通しの甘さ an overoptimistic view of the prospects; a failure to see the problems lying ahead

    ・チェック䜓制の甘さ the laxness of the checking procedure [system].

    ●甘さ控えめの semisweet 《chocolate》.

    ●自囜の遞手に察する審査員の採点の甘さが目立぀. It is very noticeable how generously [leniently] the judges mark contestants from their own country.

    ・今回のホテル火灜で防灜察策の甘さが浮き圫りになった. This hotel fire threw into [showed up in] stark relief the laxness [laxity] of the disaster prevention measures.

    ●考えの甘さに気づく realize that one has been overoptimistic

    ・倱敗の原因は自分の芋通しの甘さにある. The reason for my failure lay in my own unrealistic forecasts.

    ●査察の甘さを指摘する point out how lax the inspection was

    ・刀断の甘さを反省する regret that one has not been more careful in making one's decision [ one's judgment]

    ・自分の準備の甘さを思い知る have it brought home to one how easygoing [slipshod] one's preparation was

    ・金さえ出せば事は枈むず考える甘さを非難する criticize the facile assumption that paying out money will solve everything.

    Japanese-English dictionary > 甘さ

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