Translation: from latin to english

from english to latin

deformed

  • 1 dē-fōrmis

        dē-fōrmis e, adj. with comp.    [de + forma], misshapen, deformed: deformem esse natum. — Formless, without shape: animae, O.— Unsightly, ugly, hideous, loathsome: qui senes ac deformes erant: iumenta, Cs.: agmen, L.: harundo, V.: campus Leontinus, desolate: aegrimonia, H.: de formior species civitatis.— Unbecoming, humiliating: oratio sibi, L.: obsequium, Ta.— Plur n. as subst, disgraceful conduct: deformia meditari, Ta.

    Latin-English dictionary > dē-fōrmis

  • 2 distortus

        distortus adj. with comp. and sup.    [P. of distorqueo], distorted, misshapen, deformed, dwarfish: eiectā linguā: crura, H.: si distortissimi (sapientes) sint. — Fig.: nullum (genus enuntiandi) distortius, more perverse.
    * * *
    distorta, distortum ADJ

    Latin-English dictionary > distortus

  • 3 extortus

        extortus adj.    [P. of extorqueo], deformed, puella, Iu.

    Latin-English dictionary > extortus

  • 4 īnfōrmis

        īnfōrmis e, adj.    [2 in+forma], without form, unformed, shapeless: alveus, L.: materia, Ta.— Unshapely, misshapen, deformed, distorted, hideous, horrible: monstrum, V.: hiemes, H.: letum, disfiguring, V.: aggeribus Terra, V.: ossibus ager, H.
    * * *
    informis, informe ADJ
    formless, shapeless; deformed; ugly, hideous

    Latin-English dictionary > īnfōrmis

  • 5 malus

        malus adj.    [MAL-]; it adopts as comp. and sup. pēior, us, gen. ōris, and pessimus PED]; bad, not good: philosophi: leges: mores, S.: consuetudo, improper, H.: opinio de vobis, unfavorable: pugna, unsuccessful, S.: pudor, false, H.: crus, deformed, H.: Laurens (aper), unsavory, H.: via peior, H.: pessima munerum Ferre, H.— Morally bad, wicked, criminal, depraved, mischievous, malicious: mater, Quod nil praeter pretium dulcest, T.: auctor: fures, H.: repudiatus malis suasoribus: libido, L.: malā vitīs incidere falce, V. — Plur m. as subst: regibus boni quam mali suspectiores sunt, S.— Bad, unfortunate, injurious, destructive, pernicious: Peiore rex loco non potis est esse, T.: pestis: mala copia sollicitat stomachum, overloading, H.: virus, V.: cicuta, H.: Iuppiter, i. e. unwholesome, H.: avis, ill-boding, H.—In imprecations: Abin hinc in malam rem? to the mischief, T.: in malam crucem, T.: malarum quas amor curas habet oblivisci (i. e. curarum, quas, etc.), H.—As subst n.: peius victoribus quam victis accidisse, greater evil, Cs.; see also 1 malum. — Neut. sing. As adv.: malum responsare, unacceptably, H.
    * * *
    I
    mala -um, pejor -or -us, - ADJ
    bad, evil, wicked; ugly; unlucky
    II III
    mast; beam; tall pole, upright pole; standard, prop, staff

    Latin-English dictionary > malus

  • 6 prāvus

        prāvus adj.    with comp. and sup, crooked, distorted, misshapen, deformed: si quae in membris prava sunt: talus, H.—Fig., perverse, irregular, improper, wrong, vicious, bad: nihil pravum, perversum: dociles imitandis Turpibus et pravis, Iu. — Plur n. as subst: qui recta prava faciunt, rascality, T.: quo pravius nihil esse possit: pravissima consuetudinis regula: belua (i. e. stulta), H.
    * * *
    prava, pravum ADJ
    crooked; misshapen, deformed; perverse, vicious, corrupt; faulty; bad

    Latin-English dictionary > prāvus

  • 7 turpiculus

        turpiculus adj. dim.    [turpis], rather vile, repulsive, deformed: iocus in (rebus) turpiculis: nasus, Ct.
    * * *
    turpicula, turpiculum ADJ

    Latin-English dictionary > turpiculus

  • 8 deformis

    deforme, deformior -or -us, deformissimus -a -um ADJ
    deformed/illformed/misshapen/disfigured; shameful/degrading/base; ugly/loathsome inappropriate/unseemly/offending good taste; shapeless/lacking definite shape

    Latin-English dictionary > deformis

  • 9 deformus

    deforma -um, deformior -or -us, deformissimus -a -um ADJ
    deformed/illformed/misshapen/disfigured; shameful/degrading/base; ugly/loathsome inappropriate/unseemly/offending good taste; shapeless/lacking definite shape

    Latin-English dictionary > deformus

  • 10 discolus

    discola, discolum ADJ

    Latin-English dictionary > discolus

  • 11 informis

    formless, shapeless / deformed, hideous.

    Latin-English dictionary of medieval > informis

  • 12 Bupalus

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Bupalus

  • 13 deformis

    dē-formis, e ( abl. plur.: deformīs dentibus, Apul. Met. 10, p. 249, 9), adj. [forma; cf. 2. deformo].
    I.
    Departing, either physically or (more freq.) morally, from the right shape, quality, etc.; misshapen, deformed, unsightly, ugly, odious, disgusting; disgraceful, base (for syn. cf.:

    taeter, foedus, turpis—freq. and class.): longus an brevis, formosus an deformis,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 24, 35:

    deformem esse natum,

    id. Cael. 3, 6; cf.:

    calvitio quoque deformis,

    Suet. Dom. 18;

    and, deformissima femina (opp. pulcherrima),

    Gell. 5, 11, 11:

    opus non deforme,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 23, 5:

    nec ulla deformior species est civitatis quam, etc.,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 34; cf.

    patria,

    id. Fam. 4, 9, 3:

    solum patriae belli malis,

    Liv. 5, 49; cf. Suet. Vesp. 8:

    agmen (sc. inerme),

    Liv. 9, 6:

    turba,

    id. 41, 3; cf. Suet. Aug. 35:

    spectaculum,

    Liv. 1, 26, 10; 31, 24; cf.

    aspectus (opp. species honesta),

    Cic. Off. 1, 35, 126:

    motus statusve,

    id. Fin. 5, 12, 35 et saep.:

    oratio non tam honorifica audientibus quam sibi deformis,

    Liv. 45, 44; cf. Quint. 9, 4, 15:

    blanditiae,

    id. 8, 3, 65:

    convicia,

    id. 6, 4, 10:

    libido,

    id. 8, 6, 40:

    haesitatio,

    id. 11, 2, 48:

    obsequium,

    servile, Tac. A. 4, 20:

    aegrimonia,

    Hor. Epod. 13, 18 et saep.:

    deforme et servile est caedi discentes,

    Quint. 1, 3, 14;

    so with a subject-clause,

    id. 9, 4, 72 (opp. foedissimum); id. 11, 3, 81 and 125; Tac. Or. 36 fin. al.; and in the comp., Plin. Ep. 1, 23, 2; id. ib. 8, 24 fin.; Val. Max. 3, 2, 6.— N. plur. as subst.:

    deformia meditari,

    shameful deeds, Tac. A. 14, 15.—
    * Poet.
    with gen.:

    deformis leti,

    Sil. 1, 166.— Adv. (post-Aug.): dēformĭ-ter.
    a.
    Misshapenly: formati, Apul. M. 8, p. 214, 4.—
    b.
    Inelegantly; disgracefully:

    sonat junctura,

    Quint. 8, 3, 45:

    dicet multa,

    id. 11, 1, 82:

    vivo,

    Suet. Ner. 49.— Comp.: deformius errasse, Sulpic. Sev. Dial. 1, 6, 6. —
    * II.
    Shapeless:

    animae,

    Ov. M. 2, 554.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > deformis

  • 14 distorqueo

    dis-torquĕo, rsi, rtum ( supine, distorsum acc. to Prisc. 871 P.), 2, v. a., to turn different ways, to twist, distort (rare but class.).
    I.
    Prop.:

    os,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 4, 3; so,

    ora cachinno,

    Ov. A. A. 3, 287:

    oculos,

    Hor. S. 1, 9, 65:

    labra,

    Quint. 1, 11, 9.—
    II.
    Meton., to torment, torture.
    A.
    Lit., Sen. Ben. 7, 19; Suet. Dom. 10.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    quem repulsa distorqueat (with amore cruciari),

    Sen. Ep. 74:

    cogitationem,

    Petr. 52, 2.—Hence, distortus, a, um, P. a., distorted, misshapen, deformed, dwarfish.
    A.
    Lit.:

    distortus ejecta lingua,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 66, 266; cf. Suet. Aug. 83; Quint. 2, 5, 11:

    vultus,

    id. 6, 3, 29:

    crura,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 47:

    solos sapientes esse, si distortissimi sint, formosos,

    Cic. Mur. 29, 61; cf. Suet. Galb. 21.— Plur. as subst.:

    pumili atque distorti,

    id. Aug. 83.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    nullum (genus enuntiandi) distortius,

    more perverse, unseemly, Cic. Fat. 8 fin.—Adv. does not occur.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > distorqueo

  • 15 infigurabilis

    infĭgūrābĭlis, e, adj. [2. in-figura], shapeless, ill-shaped, deformed:

    fornix,

    Amm. 24, 4, 15.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > infigurabilis

  • 16 informis

    informis, e, adj. [2. in-forma], that has no form or not a proper form, unformed, shapeless.
    I.
    Lit.:

    cum res muta aut informis fit loquens et formata,

    Auct. Her. 4, 53, 66:

    alveus,

    Liv. 21, 26, 9:

    caro,

    Plin. 7, 15, 13, § 63.—
    II.
    Transf., unshapely, misshapen, deformed, hideous, horrid:

    cadaver,

    Verg. A. 8, 264:

    hiemes,

    Hor. C. 2, 10, 15:

    situs,

    id. Ep. 2, 2, 118:

    nota in ore,

    Prop. 1, 5, 16:

    color,

    Tib. 4, 4, 6:

    informes sanguine peltae,

    Stat. Th. 12, 528:

    imbre cruento informis facies,

    Luc. 6, 224:

    exitus,

    Tac. A. 6, 49:

    sors,

    id. ib. 12, 37:

    letum,

    Verg. A. 12, 603:

    nihil est illis (metallis) informius,

    Sen. Ep. 94 med.— Adv.: infor-mĭter, hideously, horridly:

    sonare,

    Aug. Conf. 12, 29.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > informis

  • 17 malus

    1.
    mălus, a, um, adj. [Sanscr. mala, dirt; Gr. melas, black; cf. macula; Germ. mal in Mutter-mal, etc.].— Comp.: pējor, pejus.— Sup.: pessimus, a, um, bad, in the widest sense of the word (opp. bonus), evil, wicked, injurious, destructive, mischievous, hurtful; of personal appearance, ill-looking, ugly, deformed; of weight, bad, light; of fate, evil, unlucky, etc.:

    malus et nequam homo,

    Plaut. Ps. 4, 7, 1:

    pessima puella,

    Cat. 36, 9; 55, 10:

    delituit mala,

    Plaut. Rud. 2, 5, 9:

    philosophi minime mali illi quidem, sed non satis acuti,

    Cic. Off. 3, 9, 23:

    malam opinionem habere de aliquo,

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 24, § 59:

    consuetudo,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 36:

    conscientia,

    Quint. 12, 1, 3:

    mens,

    id. ib.:

    mores,

    Sall. C. 18:

    fures,

    Hor. S. 1, 1, 77:

    Furiae,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 135:

    virus,

    Verg. G. 1, 129:

    cicuta,

    Hor. S. 2, 1, 56:

    libido,

    Liv. 1, 57:

    falx,

    Verg. E. 3, 11:

    gramina,

    id. A. 2, 471: carmen, i. e. an incantation, Leg. XII. Tab. ap. Plin. 28, 2, 4, § 17:

    abi in malam rem,

    go and be hanged! Ter. And. 2, 1, 17:

    pugna,

    unsuccessful, adverse, Cic. Div. 2, 25, 54; Sall. J. 56:

    avis,

    i. e. ill-boding, Hor. C. 1, 15, 5; cf. id. ib. 3, 6, 46:

    ales,

    id. Epod. 10, 1: aetas, burdensome, i. e. senectus, Plaut. Aul. 1, 1, 4:

    haud mala est mulier,

    not badlooking, id. Bacch. 5, 2, 42:

    facies,

    Quint. 6, 3, 32; Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 43:

    crus,

    i. e. deformed, Hor. S. 1, 2, 102:

    pondus,

    i. e. light, deficient, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 156.—Of the sick:

    in malis aeger est,

    in great danger, Cels. 3, 15 fin.:

    tempus a quo omnis aeger pejor fiat,

    id. 3, 5 med.:

    eo tempore fere pessimi sunt qui aegrotant,

    id. ib. —In neutr. sing., as adv.:

    ne gallina malum responset dura palato,

    Hor. S. 2, 4, 18.— Comp.: pejor, worse:

    via,

    Hor. S. 1, 5, 96.—Hence,
    1.
    mă-lum, i, n., any thing bad, an evil, mischief, misfortune, calamity, etc.
    A.
    In gen.:

    orarem, ut ei, quod posses mali facere, faceres,

    Plaut. Bacch. 3, 6, 25:

    quam sit bellum, cavere malum,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 58, 247:

    nihil enim mali accidisse Scipioni puto,

    id. Lael. 3, 10:

    hostes inopinato malo turbati,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 12:

    externum, i. e. bellum,

    Nep. Hamilc. 21:

    ne in cotidianam id malum vertat, i. e. febris,

    Cels. 3, 15:

    hoc malo domitos potius cultores agrorum fore, quam, etc.,

    Liv. 2, 34, 11.—
    B.
    In partic.
    (α).
    Punishment; hurt, harm, severity, injury:

    malo domandam tribuniciam potestatem,

    Liv. 2, 54, 10:

    malo exercitum coërcere,

    Sall. J. 100, 5:

    sine malo,

    Plaut. Rud. 4, 4, 81; so Ter. Eun. 4, 4, 45; Liv. 4, 49, 11:

    vi, malo, plagis adductus est, ut frumenti daret,

    ill-usage, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 23, § 56:

    amanti amoenitas malo est: nobis lucro est,

    is hurtful, injurious, Plaut. Men. 2, 3, 5:

    clementiam illi malo fuisse,

    was injurious, unfortunate, Cic. Att. 14, 22, 1: malo hercle magno suo convivat sine modo, to his own [p. 1105] hurt, Enn. ap. Non. 474, 23 (Sat. v. 1 Vahl.):

    olet homo quidam malo suo,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 165:

    male merenti bona es: at malo cum tuo,

    to your own hurt, id. As. 1, 3, 3.—
    (β).
    Wrong-doing:

    causae, quae numquam malo defuturae sunt, Sen. de Ira, 1, 16, 3: sperans famam exstingui veterum sic posse malorum,

    Verg. A. 6, 527; Anthol. Lat. 1, 178.—
    (γ).
    As a term of abuse, plague, mischief, torment:

    quid tu, malum, me sequere?

    Plaut. Cas. 1, 3:

    qui, malum, alii?

    Ter. Eun. 4, 7, 10:

    quae, malum, est ista tanta audacia?

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 20, § 54; so id. Off. 2, 15, 53; Curt. 8, 14, 41.—
    (δ).
    As an exclamation, alas! misery! Plaut. Capt. 3, 3, 16; id. Men. 2, 3, 37 Brix ad loc.—
    2.
    măle, adv., badly, ill, wrongly, wickedly, unfortunately, erroneously, improperly, etc.: dubitas, quin lubenter tuo ero meus, quod possiet facere, faciat male? will do all the harm to him, etc., Plaut. Poen. 4, 2, 66: si iste Italiam relinquet, faciet omnino male, et, ut ego existimo, alogistôs, will act altogether unwisely, Attic. ap. Cic. Att. 9, 10:

    di isti Segulio male faciant,

    do harm to him, punish him, Cic. Fam. 11, 21, 1:

    o factum male de Alexione!

    id. Att. 15, 1, 1:

    male velle alicui,

    to wish ill, Plaut. As. 5, 1, 13:

    Karthagini male jamdiu cogitanti bellum multo ante denuntio, cogitare de aliquo,

    Cic. Sen. 6, 18:

    male loqui,

    id. Rosc. Am. 48:

    male loqui alicui, for maledicere,

    Ter. Phorm. 2, 3, 25:

    male accipere verbis aliquem,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 54, § 140:

    equitatu agmen adversariorum, male habere,

    to harass, annoy, Caes. B. C. 1, 63:

    hoc male habet virum,

    annoys, vexes him, Ter. And. 2, 6, 5:

    male se habere,

    to feel ill, dejected, low-spirited, id. Eun. 4, 2, 6:

    male est animo,

    it vexes me, id. Ad. 4, 5, 21:

    male est animo,

    I feel unwell, Plaut. Curc. 2, 3, 33:

    male fit animo,

    I am beginning to feel bad, am getting unwell, id. Rud. 2, 6, 26: L. Antonio male sit, si quidem, etc., evil betide him! (a formula of imprecation), Cic. Att. 15, 15, 1:

    quae res tibi vertat male,

    much harm may it do you! Ter. Ad. 2, 1, 37:

    male tibi esse malo quam molliter,

    I would rather you should be unfortunate than effeminate, Sen. Ep. 82, 1:

    proelium male pugnatum,

    unsuccessfully, Sall. J. 54, 7:

    ea quae male empta sunt,

    at a bad bargain, Cic. Att. 2, 4, 1:

    male vendere,

    at a sacrifice, id. Verr. 2, 3, 98, § 227:

    male reprehendunt praemeditationem rerum futurarum,

    id. Tusc. 3, 16, 34:

    male tegere mutationem fortunae,

    Tac. H. 1, 66:

    male sustinere arma,

    unskilfully, Liv. 1, 25, 12: non dubito, quin me male oderit, i. e. very much, intensely, Caes. ap. Cic. Att. 14, 1, 2:

    male metuo, ne, etc.,

    exceedingly, much, Ter. Hec. 3, 2, 2:

    rauci,

    miserably, Hor. S. 1, 4, 66.—

    When attached to an adjective, it freq. gives it the opposite meaning: male sanus = insanus,

    insane, deranged, Cic. Att. 9, 15, 5:

    male sana,

    with mind disturbed, Verg. A. 4, 8:

    gratus,

    i. e. ungrateful, Ov. H. 7, 27:

    male fidas provincias,

    unfaithful, Tac. H. 1, 17:

    statio male fida carinis,

    unsafe, Verg. A. 2, 23.— Comp.:

    oderam multo pejus hunc quam illum ipsum Clodium,

    Cic. Fam. 7, 2, 3; cf.:

    pejusque leto flagitium timet,

    Hor. C. 4, 9, 50; and:

    cane pejus vitabit chlamydem,

    id. Ep. 1, 17, 30.
    2.
    mālus, i, f., Gr. mêlea, an appletree:

    malus bifera,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 7:

    et steriles platani malos gessere valentes,

    Verg. G. 2, 70:

    malus granata,

    the pomegranate, Isid. 17, 7, 6:

    felices arbores putantur esse quercus...malus, etc.,

    Macr. S. 3, 20, 2.
    3.
    mālus, i, m. [by some referred to root mac-; Gr. makros; Lat. magnus; but perh. the same word with 2. malus], an upright mast, pole, or beam.
    I.
    In gen.:

    malos exaequantes altitudinem jugi surrexit,

    Front. Strat. 3, 8, 3.—
    II.
    Esp.
    A.
    A mast of a ship:

    ut si qui gubernatorem in navigando agere nihil dicant, cum alii malos scandant, etc.,

    Cic. Sen. 6, 17:

    malum erigi, vela fieri imperavit,

    id. Verr. 2, 5, 34, § 88:

    attolli malos,

    Verg. A. 5, 829:

    malo suspendit ab alto,

    id. ib. 5, 489:

    saucius,

    injured, Hor. C. 1, 14, 5.—
    B.
    A standard or pole, to which the awnings spread over the theatre were attached, Lucr. 6, 110; Liv. 39, 7, 8.—
    C.
    The beam in the middle of a wine-press, Plin. 18, 31, 74, § 317.—
    D.
    The corner beams of a tower:

    turrium mali,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 22, 4.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > malus

  • 18 morio

    1.
    mōrĭo, ōnis, m., = môros, an arrant fool (post-Aug.):

    quidam tantae sunt fatuitatis, ut non multum a pecoribus differant: quos moriones vulgo vocant,

    Aug. Ep. 26; Plin. Ep. 9, 17, 1 sq.; Mart. 8, 13; 14, 210 in lemm.
    II.
    Transf., a monster, deformed person, Mart. 6, 39, 17.
    2.
    mŏrĭo or mŏrĭon, a false reading for mormorion, Plin. 37, 10, 63, § 173.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > morio

  • 19 pravus

    prāvus, a, um, adj. [cf. Sanscr. prahva, crooked], crooked, not straight, distorted, misshapen, deformed (opp. rectus; class.).
    I.
    Lit.:

    prava, cubantia, prona, supina atque absona tecta,

    Lucr. 4, 517:

    si quae in membris prava, aut debilitata aut imminuta sunt,

    Cic. Fin. 5, 17, 46:

    talus,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 48.— Absol.: in pravum, into crookedness (post-Aug.):

    elapsi in pravum artus,

    Tac. H. 4, 81:

    quae in pravum induruerunt,

    Quint. 1, 3, 12.—
    II.
    Trop., perverse, irregular, improper, wrong, vicious, bad (syn.: improbus, malus, nequam).
    A.
    Of living beings:

    pravus factus est,

    Plaut. Bacch. 3, 3, 8:

    impulsores,

    Tac. H. 4, 68:

    pravissimus homo,

    Vell. 2, 80, 3:

    quae belua ruptis, Cum semel effugit, reddit se prava catenis? i. e. stulta, incauta,

    Hor. S. 2, 7, 71.—
    (β).
    With gen. ( poet.):

    pravus fidei,

    faithless, Sil. 3, 253:

    pravus togae,

    id. 8, 260:

    audendi pravus,

    id. 12, 464.—
    B.
    Of things:

    nihil pravum, perversum,

    Cic. Rosc. Com. 10, 30:

    affectio,

    id. Tusc. 4, 13, 29:

    dociles imitandis Turpibus et pravis omnes sumus,

    Juv. 14, 40:

    a rectis in vitia, a vitiis in prava, a pravis in praecipitia pervenitur,

    Vell. 2, 10, 1:

    ad honesta, seu prava juxta levis,

    Tac. A. 11, 33:

    aemulatio,

    id. H. 4, 48:

    spes,

    id. A. 3, 56.— Comp.: quo pravius nihil esse possit, Cic. Tusc. 3, 33, 80.— Sup.:

    pravissima consuetudinis regula,

    Cic. Brut. 74, 258.— Absol.: in pravum, in perversity:

    frangas citius, quam corrigas, quae in pravum induruerunt,

    Quint. 1, 3, 12.—Hence, adv.: prāvē, crookedly; trop., improperly, wrongly, amiss, ill, badly (opp. recte;

    class.): hoc mihi videtur factum prave,

    Ter. Hec. 4, 4, 24:

    prave (facta), opp. recte facta,

    Cic. Ac. 1, 10, 37:

    ille porro male, prave, nequiter, turpiter cenabat,

    id. Fin. 2, 8, 25:

    prave sectus unguis,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 104:

    sive ego prave, Seu recte hoc volui,

    id. S. 2, 3, 87:

    prave facti versus,

    id. Ep. 2, 1, 266:

    pudens prave,

    id. A. P. 88:

    prave aliquid intellegere,

    Plin. 17, 9, 8, § 57:

    prave detorta verba,

    Tac. A. 6, 5:

    facundus,

    id. ib. 1, 53:

    prave et perperam appellare,

    Gell. 4, 9, 4.— Sup.: pravissume, Sall. Or. Lepidi adv. Sull.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > pravus

  • 20 turpe

    turpis, e, adj. [Sanscr. root tarp-, to be ashamed], ugly, unsightly, unseemly, foul, filthy (class.; esp. freq. in a trop. sense; syn.: taeter, foedus, deformis, obscaenus, immundus).
    I.
    Lit.:

    aspectus deformis atque turpis,

    Cic. Off. 1, 35, 126; Plaut. Poen. 1, 2, 125:

    ornatus,

    id. ib. 1, 2, 94; cf.

    infra, II.: vestitus,

    Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 57:

    colores foedā specie,

    Lucr. 2, 421:

    pes,

    Hor. S. 1, 2, 102:

    podex,

    id. Epod. 8, 5:

    rana,

    id. ib. 5, 19:

    pecus,

    id. S. 1, 3, 100:

    viri morbo,

    deformed, disfigured, id. C. 1, 37, 9:

    macies,

    id. ib. 3, 27, 53:

    scabies,

    Verg. G. 3, 441:

    podagrae,

    id. ib. 3, 299:

    udo membra flmo,

    i. e. befouled, id. A. 5, 358; cf.

    toral,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 5, 22; Mart. 7, 36, 5; 8, 79, 2.— Sup.: simia quam similis turpissima bestia nobis, Enn. ap. Cic. N. D. 1, 35, 97 (Sat. v. 45 Vahl.)—
    II.
    Transf., of sound, disagreeable, cacophonous:

    si etiam abfugit turpe visum est,

    Cic. Or. 47, 158.—
    III.
    Trop., unseemly, shameful, disgraceful, base, infamous, scandalous, dishonorable (syn.:

    inhonestus, impurus, sordidus, indecorus): pulchrum ornatum turpes mores pejus caeno collinunt,

    Plaut. Most. 1, 3, 133:

    verbum,

    Ter. Heaut. 5, 4, 19:

    cum esset proposita aut fuga turpis aut gloriosa mors,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 30, 97:

    mors honesta saepe vitam quoque turpem exornat, at vita turpis saepe ne morti quidem honestae locum relinquit,

    id. Quint. 15, 49:

    adulescentia,

    id. Font. 15, 34:

    causam,

    Auct. Her. 1, 6, 9:

    causa,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 20:

    luxuria cum omni aetati turpis, tum senectuti foedissima est,

    Cic. Off. 1, 34, 123:

    si enim disserunt, nihil esse obscenum, nihil turpe dictu,

    id. Fam. 9, 22, 1:

    neque rogemus res turpes, nec faciamus rogati,

    id. Lael. 12, 40:

    formido mortis,

    id. Rep. 1, 3, 4:

    pars ingentem formidine turpi Scandunt equum,

    Verg. A. 2, 400:

    repulsa,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 43:

    turpem senectam Degere,

    id. C. 1, 31, 19:

    adulter,

    id. ib. 1, 33, 9:

    meretricis amor,

    id. S. 1, 4, 111:

    non turpis ad te, sed miser confugit,

    Cic. Quint. 31, 98; id. Att. 5, 11, 5:

    prodis ex judice Dama Turpis,

    Hor. S. 2, 7, 55:

    sub dominā meretrice turpis,

    id. Ep. 1, 2, 25:

    Egestas,

    Verg. A. 6, 276:

    facta,

    Quint. 1, 2, 2:

    fama,

    Tac. A. 12, 49:

    nihil turpe est, cujus placet pretium,

    Sen. Ep. 95, 33:

    luxus,

    Juv. 6, 298:

    fames,

    Flor. 4, 5, 3:

    foedus,

    Val. Max. 1, 6, 7:

    metus,

    id. 2, 9, 8.— Comp.:

    quid hoc turpius? quid foedius?

    Cic. Phil. 2, 34, 86:

    quid est autem nequius aut turpius effeminato viro?

    id. Tusc. 3, 17, 36:

    nihil est turpius quam cum eo bellum gerere, quocum familiariter vixeris,

    id. Lael. 21, 77; 26, 99; Caes. B. G. 4, 2.— Sup.:

    homo turpissimus atque inhonestissimus,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 18, 50:

    iste omnium turpissimus et sordidissimus,

    id. Att. 9, 9, 3:

    turpissima fuga,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 31: turpissimus calumniae quaestus, Crassus ap. Cic. de Or. 2, 55, 226:

    quod quidem mihi videtur esse turpissimum,

    Cic. Tusc. 2, 4, 12.—
    b.
    As subst.: turpĕ, is, n., a base or shameful thing, a disgrace, shame, reproach:

    nec honesto quicquam honestius, nec turpi turpius,

    Cic. Fin. 4, 27, 75: turpe senex miles, turpe senilis amor. Ov. Am. 1, 9, 4: honesta et turpia virtutis ac malitiae societas efficit, Sen. Ep. 31, 5.— Adv. ( poet.):

    turpe incedere,

    in an unsightly manner, unbecomingly, Cat. 42, 8:

    gemens,

    Stat. Th. 3, 334.—
    c.
    Turpe est, or simply turpe, with a subj.-clause:

    habere quaestui rem publicam, non modo turpe est, sed sceleratum etiam et nefarium,

    Cic. Off. 2, 22, 77:

    quod facere non turpe est, modo, etc.,

    id. ib. 1, 35, 127:

    benevolentiam adsentando colligere turpe est,

    id. Lael. 17, 61:

    quid autem turpius quam illudi?

    id. ib. 26, 99; cf. id. ib. 21, 77:

    turpe erit, ingenium mitius esse feris,

    Ov. Am. 1, 10, 26; cf.:

    turpe ducet cedere pari,

    Quint. 1, 2, 22.— Hence, adv.: turpĭter, in an ugly or unsightly manner.
    1.
    Lit. (so rare):

    ut turpiter atrum Desinat in piscem mulier formosa superne,

    Hor. A. P. 3:

    claudicare,

    Ov. Am. 2, 17, 20.—
    2.
    Trop., in an unseemly manner, basely, shamefully, dishonorably (class.):

    turpiter et nequiter facere aliquid,

    Cic. Tusc. 3, 17, 36;

    unum illud extimescebam, ne quid turpiter facerem,

    id. Att. 9, 7, 1:

    turpiter se in castra recipere,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 20:

    me turpiter hodie hic dabo,

    Ter. Eun. 2, 1, 24; id. Hec. 4, 4, 2; Cic. Att. 6, 3, 9; 7, 2, 7; id. Mil. 4, 9; Caes. B. G. 7, 80; id. B. C. 3, 24; Auct. B. G. 8, 13; Hor. A. P. 284; Ov. M. 4, 187; Phaedr. 1, 25, 2; Val. Max. 2, 7, 15.— Comp., Ov. Tr. 5, 6, 13.— Sup., Cic. N. D. 1, 12, 29; Sen. Ep. 82, 12.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > turpe

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  • deformed — deformed; un·deformed; …   English syllables

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  • deformed — ► ADJECTIVE ▪ misshapen; distorted …   English terms dictionary

  • deformed — [dē fôrmd′, difôrmd′] adj. changed as in form or shape, esp. so as to be misshapen, disfigured, or ugly …   English World dictionary

  • Deformed — Deform De*form , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Deformed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Deforming}.] [L. deformare; de + formare to form, shape, fr. forma: cf. F. d[ e]former. See {Form}.] 1. To spoil the form of; to mar in form; to misshape; to disfigure. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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