Translation: from chinese to english

from english to chinese

cold surge

  • 1 cold

    [kəuld] 1. adj
    1) [+ water, object] 凉的 [liáng de]; [+ weather, room, meat] 冷的 [lěng de]
    2) [+ person] (unemotional) 冷淡的 [lěngdàn de]; (unfriendly) 不友好的 [bùyǒuhǎo de]
    2. n
    1) u (weather)

    * the cold — 寒冷天气 [hánlěng tiānqì]

    2) c (illness) 感冒 [gǎnmào]

    I've got a cold. — 我感冒了。

    * it's cold — 天气寒冷

    * to be or feel cold — [+ person] 感到冷

    * to catch (a) cold — 患感冒

    * in cold blood — [+ kill etc] 残忍地

    * to have/get cold feet (about sth) — (在某事上)临阵畏缩

    ••
    freezing 可用于强调天气很冷,尤其是有霜冻的严冬。夏季如果气温低于平均温度,可以用 cool。通常, cold 表示的温度比 cool 低。 cool 表示温度适宜、凉爽。 A cool breeze swept off the sea; it was pleasant out there. 如果非常 cool,或太 cool,可以用 chilly

    Chinese-English dictionary > cold

  • 2 surge

    [səːdʒ] 1. n; c
    1) [(in demand, interest)] 急剧上升 [jíjù shàngshēng]
    2) [(in flow)] 汹涌 [xiōngyǒng]
    3) [of emotion] 一阵 [yīzhèn]

    * a surge of electricity — 电涌

    2. vi
    1) [+ water] 奔腾 [bēnténg]
    2) [+ people, vehicles] 涌 [yǒng]
    3) [+ level, rate] 急剧上升 [jíjù shàngshēng]
    4) (liter) [+ emotion] 翻腾 [fānténg]
    5) ( ELEC) 突然增加 [tūrán zēngjiā]

    * to surge forward — 蜂拥向前

    Chinese-English dictionary > surge

  • 3 cold sore

    (BRIT: MED); n; c
    唇疮疹 [chúnchuāngzhěn]

    Chinese-English dictionary > cold sore

  • 4 发动机

    engine; motor
    * * *
    engine; motor
    【化】 engine
    * * *
    engine
    * * *
    n. engine, motor
    v. engine
    * * *
    fa1 dong4 ji1
    engine, motor, CL:臺, 台
    * * *
    发动机
    fā dòng jī
    {机} engine; motor
    发动机安定垫 engine stabilizer pad;
    发动机安定架 engine stabilizer bracket;
    发动机安全 engine health;
    发动机安全臂 engine stabilizer arm;
    发动机安全检查 engine health monitoring;
    发动机安装环 motor mount ring;
    发动机安装面 engine mounting face;
    发动机摆动 engine wobble;
    发动机半径杆托架 engine radius rod bracket;
    发动机保温箱 engine heater;
    发动机保养范围 engine maintenance area;
    发动机报警系统 engine alarm system;
    发动机爆燃(击) engine knock;
    发动机爆燃压力 engine pressure;
    发动机爆燃指示器 engine detonation indicator;
    发动机爆震 combustion knock; engine knock;
    发动机变速箱 engine mission;
    发动机变速箱转数表 engine mission gauge;
    发动机变速箱转数计 engine mission meter;
    发动机标牌 engine nameplate; engine-type plate;
    发动机补修机 engine salvage machine;
    发动机不发火 engine misfiring;
    发动机布置 engine configuration;
    发动机部分 engine section;
    发动机部件 engine components;
    发动机参数 engine parameter;
    发动机舱 engine cabin; engine compartment;
    发动机操纵杆 engine control lever;
    发动机操纵机构 engine control;
    发动机操纵台 engine control stand;
    发动机操纵系统 engine control system;
    发动机操作温度 engine operating temperature;
    发动机操作系统 engine control system;
    发动机操作指令 engine operation command;
    发动机测功器试验台架 dynamometer engine test bed;
    发动机拆卸 engine stripping;
    发动机厂 engine works;
    发动机超速开关 engine overspeed switch;
    发动机超速转 engine racing;
    发动机车间 engine plant;
    发动机沉积物 engine deposits;
    发动机成套工具 engine tool kit;
    发动机程序设计 engine programmer;
    发动机持续功率 engine continuous output;
    发动机齿轮箱 engine gearbox;
    发动机齿轮箱组 engine gearbox unit;
    发动机重新启动 engine restart;
    发动机出水软管接头 engine water outlet hose connection;
    发动机传动 engine-drive;
    发动机传动泵 engine-driven pump;
    发动机传动系统 engine driving system;
    发动机喘振 engine surge;
    发动机次序操纵台 engine sequence panel;
    发动机簇 cluster of engines;
    发动机怠速调整螺丝 engine idling speed adjusting screw;
    发动机挡板 engine shroud;
    发动机底壳 engine sump;
    发动机底盘 engine pan; engine underpan;
    发动机电动机控制 Leonard control;
    发动机电动势 voltage generator;
    发动机电子显示器 engine-scope;
    发动机吊舱 {航空} power car; engine car;
    发动机吊钩 engine lifting hook;
    发动机吊架 engine lifting bracket; engine lifting fixture;
    发动机吊索 engine hoisting sling;
    发动机定时 timing of an engine;
    发动机定时齿轮壳 engine timing case;
    发动机定时指针 engine timing pointer;
    发动机动力学 engine dynamics;
    发动机短舱 engine nacelle; gondola;
    发动机额定功率 engine power rating;
    发动机额定推力 thrust level;
    发动机额定转数(速) rated engine speed;
    发动机发热部分探测 hot motor part detection;
    发动机发热速率 engine heating rate;
    发动机发展趋向 engine trends;
    发动机阀 engine valve;
    发动机法 motor method;
    发动机翻新 engine renovation;
    发动机防冰系统 engine anti-icing system;
    发动机防尘盘 engine dust pan;
    发动机防冻剂 engine antifreeze;
    发动机防冻系统 engine winterization system;
    发动机防冻液 engine fluid;
    发动机放气孔 engine louver;
    发动机飞轮 engine flywheel;
    发动机废气流 engine efflux;
    发动机封藏 engine pickling;
    发动机风车速度 engine windmilling speed;
    发动机风扇 engine blower;
    发动机辅助装置 engine accessory;
    发动机盖 hood;
    发动机盖板 engine hood panel;
    发动机盖上侧板 engine hood upper side panel;
    发动机高空低压实验室 engine altitude chamber;
    发动机高温告警开关 engine high temperature alarm switch;
    发动机隔壁 engine bulkhead;
    发动机工作 engine functioning;
    发动机工作不平稳 engine roughness;
    发动机功率 engine power;
    发动机功率定额 engine (power) rating;
    发动机功能 duty of engine;
    发动机供油线路 power supply circuitry;
    发动机故障 engine failure; engine trouble;
    发动机故障分析仪 engine analyzer;
    发动机关闭 tail-off;
    发动机过热 engine overheat;
    发动机号数 engine number;
    发动机合并效率 combined engine efficiency;
    发动机横向传动 engine cross-drive;
    发动机横向传动箱 engine cross-drive casing;
    发动机恒温器壳放泄阀 engine thermostat housing drain valve;
    发动机后支架 engine rear support;
    发动机滑油沉淀器 engine sump well;
    发动机滑油系统 engine oil system;
    发动机环架 engine mounting ring;
    发动机活塞 engine piston;
    发动机活塞冲程 engine stroke;
    发动机活塞卡住 engine sticking;
    发动机活塞销 engine gudgeon pin;
    发动机机房 enginehouse;
    发动机机架 entablature; engine frame; engine-mounting bracket;
    发动机机架结构 engine-mounting construction;engine mounting structure;
    发动机机体 engine body;
    发动机机匣 engine crankcase;
    发动机机油压力表 engine oil pressure gauge;
    发动机技术员 engine mechanic;
    发动机计时器 engine hourmeter;
    发动机加力燃烧系统 engine afterburner system;
    发动机加热延续时间 heating period of the engine;
    发动机加速度 engine acceleration;
    发动机加温 engine warm-up;
    发动机架 sub-frame; engine mount; engine cradle; thrust frame;
    发动机监察器 engine monitor;
    发动机监控仪 engine monitoring instrument;
    发动机监视系统 engine monitor system;
    发动机减振器 engine snubber;
    发动机交叉供油 engine cross-feed;
    发动机交流发电机组 engine alternator set;
    发动机接地片 engine ground strap;
    发动机节流阀 engine throttle;
    发动机进气粗滤器 engine air intake precleaner;
    发动机进气道 engine inlets;
    发动机进气口冲压 engine inlet ram; engine ram;
    发动机开车状态 power-on condition;
    发动机开关 (口) tail-off;
    发动机壳垫 engine case pad;
    发动机壳体 motor body; motor case;
    发动机空气动力学 engine aerodynamics;
    发动机空转 race of engine;
    发动机控制机构 engine control gear; engine controls;
    发动机控制盘 engine control panel;
    发动机控制特性 engine control characteristic;
    发动机冷却 engine cooling;
    发动机冷却套 motor cooling jacket;
    发动机冷却系温度计 engine-cooling thermometer;
    发动机冷却液 engine coolant;
    发动机冷却液加温器 engine coolant heater;
    发动机冷试转设备 engine cold running test installation;
    发动机离合器 engine clutch;
    发动机离合器壳 engine clutch housing;
    发动机力矩 engine moment;
    发动机零件 engine part;
    发动机螺旋桨组 engine propeller unit;
    发动机密封垫 engine gasket;
    发动机灭火 blowout of an engine;
    发动机磨损 engine scuffing; engine wear;
    发动机摩擦力 engine friction;
    发动机排量 engine displacement;
    发动机排气 engine exhaust emission;
    发动机排气侧 exhaust side of engine;
    发动机排气管 exhaust pipe of engine;
    发动机排气岐管 engine exhaust;
    发动机配件 engine fittings;
    发动机喷管 engine jet pipe; motor nozzle; powerplant nozzle;
    发动机喷管喉道直径 motor throat diameter;
    发动机喷口盖 motor end closure;
    发动机平衡 engine balance;
    发动机启动 engine start; engine starting;
    发动机启动机 engine starter; starter; starting motor;
    发动机启动机构 engine starting mechanism;
    发动机启动接触器 engine starting contactor;
    发动机启动开关 engine start switch;
    发动机启动马达 engine cranking motor;
    发动机启动器 engine primer;
    发动机启动燃料 engine priming fuel; engine starting fuel;
    发动机启动手柄 engine starting handle;
    发动机启动特性 motor starting characteristic;
    发动机启动系统 engine starting system;
    发动机启动摇把 engine arm;
    发动机启动注油 engine priming;
    发动机启动装置 engine starting gear;
    发动机起重机 engine hoist;
    发动机汽缸 jug; cylinder; engine cylinder;
    发动机汽缸排量 engine cylinder displacement;
    发动机汽缸油箱 engine cylinder oil tank;
    发动机汽缸直线单行排列 engine cylinders in line arrangement;
    发动机牵引力 engine traction; engine tractive force;
    发动机前端 motor head;
    发动机前面面积 engine front;
    发动机前支架 engine front support; engine front support bracket;
    发动机敲击 engine sp(l)utter;
    发动机清漆 engine varnish;
    发动机清洗 engine wash;
    发动机清洗器 engine cleaner;
    发动机清洗油 engine conditioning oil;
    发动机驱动背负式喷粉机 engine-driven knapsack duster; knapsack duster with engine drive;
    发动机驱动燃料泵 engine-driven fuel pump;
    发动机曲柄 engine crank;
    发动机曲轴 engine crankshaft;
    发动机曲轴负载 engine crankshaft loading;
    发动机曲轴箱支座臂 engine supporting arm;
    发动机曲轴爪 engine jaw;
    发动机燃料 engine fuel;
    发动机燃料启动性 startability of motor fuel;
    发动机燃料组成 motor fuel constituent;
    发动机燃烧室直径 motor chamber diameter;
    发动机热辐射 engine radiation;
    发动机容积效率 engine volume coefficiency;
    发动机容量 engine capacity;
    发动机润滑系统 engine lubrication system;
    发动机润滑油 engine lubricating oil;
    发动机润滑油路 engine oil gallery;
    发动机润滑油滤清器 engine oil filter;
    发动机润滑油稀释系统 engine-oil dilution system;
    发动机塞 engine spigot;
    发动机三点固定 engine three point suspension;
    发动机上软垫总成 engine upper rubber mounting assy;
    发动机时间常数 motor time constant;
    发动机试车 engine test; engine run;
    发动机试车台 engine teststand; engine test-bed;
    发动机试验 engine test;
    发动机试验操纵台 motor console;
    发动机试验车间 engine test cell;
    发动机试验器 engine tester;
    发动机试验设备 engine test facility; engine testing equipment;
    发动机试验室 engine testing room;
    发动机试验台 block testing stand; engine test bed; engine test stand; motor analyser; motor test stand;
    发动机试验台架 thrust stand;
    发动机试验台试验 engine rig test;
    发动机试验台特性 engine test bench characteristic;
    发动机试验装置 engine test plant;
    发动机试运转 motoring run;
    发动机试转 running-in of engine;
    发动机寿命 engine life;
    发动机输出功率 engine output;
    发动机输油路 engine oil supply passage;
    发动机数据 engine data;
    发动机双排汽缸相对平放 engine cylinders opposed arrangement;
    发动机双排汽缸星形排列 engine cylinders radial arrangement;
    发动机台架 engine pedestal;
    发动机太阳油 engine solar oil;
    发动机调节 engine conditioning;
    发动机调节器 engine controller;
    发动机调速 engine governed speed;
    发动机调速器 engine governor;
    发动机调整 engine tuneup; motor tune-up;
    发动机停车 engine cut-off; engine off; motor cuts out;
    发动机停车记时器 engine cut-off timer;
    发动机停车状态 power-off conditions;
    发动机停火 engine shorting-out;
    发动机停机装置 engine shutdown device;
    发动机停止 engine stop;
    发动机通风能力 engine breathing ability;
    发动机凸耳 engine lug;
    发动机图表 engine chart;
    发动机推力 motor power;
    发动机托架 engine bracket;
    发动机万能试验台 universal engine stand;
    发动机维护 engine maintenance;
    发动机尾喷管 nozzle;
    发动机位置 engine location;
    发动机温度传感器 engine temperature sensing unit;
    发动机温度计 engine heat indicator; engine temperature gauge; engine temperature indicator;
    发动机稳定器杆 engine stabilizer bar;
    发动机稳定器弹簧 engine stabilizer spring;
    发动机污脏 engine fouling;
    发动机熄火 engine misses; stalling of engine;
    发动机熄火停转 engine dies;
    发动机洗涤剂 engine cleaning agent;
    发动机系统 engine system;
    发动机箱 engine case;
    发动机详图 engine detail;
    发动机啸声 {航} screeching; screaming;
    发动机效率 engine efficiency;
    发动机型号 engine type;
    发动机性能 engine performance;
    发动机性能试验 engine performance test;
    发动机性能图表 engine performance chart;
    发动机修理 engine overhaul; engine reconditioning;
    发动机修理台 engine repair stand;
    发动机修理组 engine repair section;
    发动机循环 cycle of an engine;
    发动机循环增压比 engine cycle pressure ratio;
    发动机仪表组 engine gauge unit;
    发动机油槽 engine oil sump;
    发动机油面高度指示器 engine oil level indicator;
    发动机油容量 engine oil capacity;
    发动机油箱 engine oil tank;
    发动机油渣 engine oil sludge;
    发动机淤渣 engine sludge;
    发动机预防性保养 engine preventive maintenance;
    发动机预热 engine prewarming;
    发动机运转不稳 roughness of an engine;
    发动机运转中断 engine conk;
    发动机载荷 engine load;
    发动机噪声 engine noise;
    发动机增压器 engine supercharger;
    发动机闸 engine brake;
    发动机真空测试计 engine vacuum checking gauge;
    发动机振动 engine lugging; engine vibration;
    发动机振动频率 rhythm of an engine;
    发动机整流罩 {航空} cowling; engine cowling;
    发动机整流罩架 cowling support;
    发动机支撑 engine strutting;
    发动机支杆 engine support bar;
    发动机支架 engine support; engine support bracket;
    发动机支架垫 engine support cushion;
    发动机支架防油罩 engine support oil shield;
    发动机支架软座 engine support insulator;
    发动机支架弹簧 engine support spring;
    发动机支台 engine pick-ups;
    发动机支座支撑脚 engine bearer foot;
    发动机指示器 engine gage;
    发动机制动 engine braking;
    发动机制造 engine-building;
    发动机制造厂 engine shop;
    发动机重量指标 weight index of engine;
    发动机轴 engine shaft;
    发动机助力阀 servomotor valve;
    发动机转矩 engine torque;
    发动机转数 engine revolution;
    发动机转数表 engine counter; engine revolution counter;
    发动机转数计 {船} engine revolution counter;
    发动机转数增加 run-up of an engine;
    发动机转速 engine speed; speed of an engine;
    发动机转速表 engine speed indicator; engine speed recorder;
    发动机转速调节器 motor speed controller;
    发动机转速自动同步器 automatic engine speed synchronizer;
    发动机装配 engine assembly;
    发动机装配工 engine fitter;
    发动机装置重量 powerplant weight;
    发动机自动启动器 automatic motor starter;
    发动机自动停车 engine stalling;
    发动机自重 engine dry weight;
    发动机阻力 engine drag;
    发动机组件 engine pack;
    发动机最大转速 maximum engine speed;
    发动机座 engine bearer; engine bed; engine seat(ing); engine stand; seating of an engine;
    发动机座板 engine supporting plate
    * * *
    發動機|发动机 [fā dòng jī] engine motor CL:↑ |↑ [tái]

    Chinese-English dictionary > 发动机

  • 5

    swash; surge; dash, arouse; stimulate; excite, fall ill from getting wet, sharp; fierce; violent
    * * *
    arouse; dash; fierce; sharp; stimulate; surge; swash; violent
    【建】 kinase
    * * *
    arouse; dash; fierce; sharp; stimulate; surge; swash; violent
    * * *
    adj. sharp, fierce, violent
    v. arouse, incite, excite, stimulate
    * * *
    ji1
    to arouse, to incite, to excite, to stimulate, sharp, fierce, violent
    * * *
    (水因受到阻碍或震荡而向上涌) swash; surge; dash:
    海水冲击礁石,激起高高的浪花。 Swashing against the rocks, the breakers sent up a fountain of spray.
    一石激起千层浪。 A tossed stone raises a thousand ripples.
    (冷水突然刺激身体使得病) fall ill from getting wet:
    他叫雨激着了。 He caught a chill from getting wet in the rain.
    (方) (用冷水冲或泡食物等使变凉) chill (by putting in ice water, etc.):
    把西瓜放在水里激一激 chill a watermelon in cold water
    (使发作; 使感情冲动) arouse; stimulate; excite:
    激起我们学习科学技术的热情 arouse our enthusiasm for studying science and technology;
    对该议案的否决激起人民的愤慨。 The rejection of this measure aroused the people to indignation.
    我把他激怒了。 I excited him to anger.
    (感情激动) excite; stir:
    不胜感激 be deeply grateful; feel very much indebted;
    激于义愤 be stirred by righteous indignation
    (急剧; 强烈) sharp; fierce; violent:
    激战 fierce fighting;
    过激 too drastic
    (书) (鲜明) bright
    (姓氏) a surname:
    激章 Ji Zhang
    * * *
    激|激 [jī] to arouse to incite to excite to stimulate sharp fierce violent

    Chinese-English dictionary >

  • 6 一时

    a period of time, for a short while; temporary; momentary, (used in pairs) now..., now...; one moment..., the next
    * * *
    a period of time; temporarily
    相关词组: 风靡一时
    苟安一时
    名噪一时
    盛极一时
    * * *
    temporarily
    * * *
    adj. temporary, impermanent; momentary
    adv. for a short time, for a while, for a short while, for the moment; offhand
    * * *
    yi1 shi2
    a period of time, a while, for a short while, temporary, momentary, at the same time
    * * *
    一时
    yī shí
    (短时间) for a short while; temporary; momentary:
    一时的热情 a moment's enthusiasm; on the spur of the moment;
    一时想不起来 can't recall offhand (for the moment);
    一时半会儿 in short while
    (一个时期) a period of time:
    此一时彼一时。 Times have changed.
    这首歌曾风行一时。 The song had a great vogue at one time.
    (时而) now... now...:
    天气一时冷,一时热。 The weather is now cold, now hot.
    * * *
    一時|一时 [yī shí] a period of time a while for a short while temporary momentary at the same time

    Chinese-English dictionary > 一时

  • 7 一暴十寒

    have one day's sun and then ten days' cold —work by fits and starts
    * * *
    yi1 pu4 shi2 han2
    one day's sun, ten days' frost (idiom, from Mencius); fig. to work for a bit then skimp, sporadic effort, short attention span
    * * *
    一暴十寒|一暴十寒 [yī pù shí hán] one day's sun, ten days' frost (idiom, from Mencius); fig. to work for a bit then skimp sporadic effort short attention span

    Chinese-English dictionary > 一暴十寒

  • 8 一曝十寒

    yi1 pu4 shi2 han2
    one day's sun, ten days' frost (idiom, from Mencius); fig. to work for a bit then skimp, sporadic effort, lack of sticking power, short attention span
    * * *
    一曝十寒
    yī pù shí hán
    expose sth. to sunheat for one day and to cold for ten days; One scorch and ten colds.; play fast and loose; study (do) sth. for one day and put it aside for the next ten days; sun one day and rain ten days; work by fits and starts; work (labour) hard for one day and do nothing for ten
    * * *
    一曝十寒|一曝十寒 [yī pù shí hán] one day's sun, ten days' frost (idiom, from Mencius); fig. to work for a bit then skimp sporadic effort lack of sticking power short attention span

    Chinese-English dictionary > 一曝十寒

  • 9 一身

    the whole body; all over the body, a suit, a single person
    * * *
    a suit; all over the body
    相关词组: 一身大汗
    一身是胆
    * * *
    a suit; all over the body
    * * *
    yi1 shen1
    whole body, from head to toe, single person, a suit of clothes
    * * *
    一身
    yī shēn
    (全身) the whole body; all over the body:
    出一身冷汗 break out in (into) a cold sweat;
    一身泥巴 be covered all over with mud
    (一套) a suit:
    穿着一身工作服 wear a boiler suit
    (一个人) all alone; concerning one person only; a single person:
    孑然一身 solitary; all alone;
    一身而二任焉 hold two jobs at the same time; serve two masters
    * * *
    一身|一身 [yī shēn] whole body from head to toe single person a suit of clothes

    Chinese-English dictionary > 一身

  • 10 一阵

    a burst; a fit; a peal; stab; surge; gust; blast; shower; spasm, a period of time; a spell; flurry
    * * *
    a burst; a peal; round; shower; spate
    相关词组: 一阵一阵地
    * * *
    fit; hail; shower; spate
    * * *
    yi1 zhen4
    a burst, a fit, a peal, a spell (period of time)
    * * *
    一阵
    yī zhèn
    a burst; a fit; a puff; a peal:
    一阵狂风 a violent gust of wind;
    一阵猛烈的炮声 a burst of furious shelling; a hail of shells;
    一阵响亮的鼓掌声 a peal of applause;
    经历一阵恐惧 experience a thrill of horror;
    这消息使我感到一阵喜悦。 The news sent a thrill of joy to my heart.
    她听着, 脸色一阵红,一阵白。 Her colour came and went as she listened.
    一阵风 a flatus; a tift;
    一阵狂风 a blast;
    一阵眩晕 a qualm
    * * *
    一陣|一阵 [yī zhèn] a burst a fit a peal a spell (period of time)

    Chinese-English dictionary > 一阵

  • 11 一陣

    a burst; a fit; a peal; stab; surge; gust; blast; shower; spasm, a period of time; a spell; flurry
    * * *
    yi1 zhen4
    a burst, a fit, a peal, a spell (period of time)
    * * *
    一陣|一阵 [yī zhèn] a burst a fit a peal a spell (period of time)

    Chinese-English dictionary > 一陣

  • 12

    (used before a noun) upper (in position or quality); higher; better; superior, most recent; last; former, first (of something divided into two or three parts), come or go up; ascend, get on (a conveyance); mount; board, go to; leave for, forge ahead; go ahead, (used in stage directions) appear on the stage; enter, enter the court or field, fill; supply; serve, place something in position; fix, apply; paint; smear, on, within (a certain area), in (some aspect), at (the age of), formerly, referring to the emperor, (used alone, esp. in contrast to 下) above, (used after a preposition) up; upward, be put on record; be carried (in a publication), wind; screw; tighten, be engaged (in work, study, etc.) at a fixed time; attend, up, indicating the attainment of an objective, indicating that an action has started, indicating an amount, value or extent reached or to be reached, up to; as many as
    * * *
    ascending; go to; go up; previous; submit; superior; upper
    【医】 ept-; hyper-; super-; supra-; sur-
    * * *
    ascending; go to; go up; previous; submit; superior
    * * *
    adj. previous, last, preceding, upper, higher, better, superior, topmost, overhead
    adv. up
    n. first
    pref. over
    prep. on, on top of, upon, above
    v. climb, leave for, submit, send in, present, board, fill, supply, serve, apply, go up, mount
    * * *
    1)
    shang3
    see 上聲, 上声
    2)
    shang4
    on top, upon, above, upper, previous, first (of multiple parts), to climb, to get onto, to go up, to attend (class or university)
    * * *
    1)
    shǎng
    {语} (指上声) falling-rising tone另见 shàng; shang。
    2)
    shang
    (用在动词后, 表示由低处向高处):
    登上山顶 reach the summit;
    爬上河堤 climb up to the top of the dyke;
    踏上非洲的土地 set foot on African soil;
    对敌人的新仇旧恨, 一齐涌上心头。 Hatred of the enemy, for old and new wrongs, welled up in his heart.
    (用在动词后, 表示动作的结果):
    穿上外衣 put on a coat;
    考上大学 be admitted to a college;
    没吃上饭 be too late for the meal;
    茶已经沏上了。 The tea has been made.
    你跟他接上头了吗? Have you got in touch with him?
    他传染上感冒了。 He's caught cold.
    我买上火车票了。 I've got the train ticket.
    (用在动词后, 表示开始并继续):
    她爱上了草原。 She's fallen in love with the grasslands.
    他拿起一把铲就干上了。 He seized a shovel and set to.
    (用在名词后, 表示事物的表面):
    脸上 in the face;
    墙上 on the wall;
    把书放在桌上。 Put the book on the table.
    (用在名词后, 表示在某种事物的范围以内或方面):
    会上 at the meeting;
    报上说的 what is reported in the newspaper;
    世界上 in the world;
    事实上 in fact; in reality; actually;
    理论上 in theory; theoretically;
    由组织上决定 be decided by the Party organization;
    口头上赞成, 实际上反对 agree in words but oppose in deeds;
    这个小镇上有两所中学。 There are two middle schools in this little town.
    这个错误由我们领导上负责。 We of the leadership must accept responsibility for this mistake.
    另见 shǎng; shàng。
    3)
    shàng
    (位置在高处的) upper; up; upward:
    上铺 upper berth;
    上身 the upper part of the body;
    往上看 look up (upward);
    这头朝上 this side up
    (等级或品质高的) higher ; superior; better:
    犯上 go against one's superiors;
    向上反映情况 report the situation to the higher organization;
    中上水平 above the average; better than the average;
    这个词是旧时下对上的称呼。 This word was used in the old days to address one's superiors.
    (次序或时间在前的) first (part); preceding; previous:
    20世纪上半叶 the first half of the twentieth century;
    上半年 the first half of the year;
    上册 the first volume; Volume One; Book One;
    上集 the first part; Part One; Volume One;
    上星期三 last Wednesday;
    上一段 the preceding (above; foregoing) paragraph;
    上一季 the previous quarter
    (旧时指皇帝) the emperor:
    上谕 imperial decree
    {音} (中国民族音乐音节上的一级, 乐谱上用做记音符号, 相当于简谱的“1”) a note of the scale in gongchepu (工尺谱),corresponding to 1 in numbered musical notation
    {语}(上声) falling-rising tone, one of the four tones in classical Chinese and the third tone in modern standard Chinese pronunciation
    (姓氏) a surname:
    上之登 Shang Zhideng
    (由低处到 高处) go up; mount; board; get on:
    上岸 go ashore; go on shore; land;
    上船 go aboard a ship; go on board;
    上飞机 board a plane;
    上公共汽车 get on a bus;
    上楼 go upstairs;
    上坡 go up a slope;
    上山 go up a hill; go uphill;
    上自行车 get on a bike;
    逆流而上 go upstream; go against the current
    (到; 去) go to; leave for:
    上北京 leave for Beijing;
    你上哪儿去? Where are you going?
    我要上医院去看望我的哥哥。 I'm going to the hospital to see my brother.
    (呈递) submit; send in; present:
    李小红谨上 Yours respectfully, Li Xiaohong;
    随函附上20分邮票一张。 Enclosed herewith is a twenty-fen stamp.
    (向前进) forge ahead; go ahead:
    见困难就上, 见荣誉就让 dash forward where there are difficulties to overcome and draw back when honours are to be conferred; take the difficulties for oneself and leave the honours to others;
    快上, 投篮 ! Go ahead. Quick! Shoot!
    {戏} (出场) appear on the stage; enter:
    二战士左上。 Enter left two soldiers.
    {体} (上场) enter the court or field:
    换人: 3号下, 4号上。 Substitution: Player No. 4 for No. 3.
    这后半场你上。 You play this second half.
    (添补; 增加; 摆出) fill; supply; serve:
    给水箱上水 fill the tank with water;
    上货 replenish the stock of goods;
    汤先上。 Soup is first served.
    一连上了好几道菜。 Several courses were served in succession.
    (安装) place sth. in position; set; fix:
    上玻璃 fix the window (door) pane;
    上刀具 fix a cutting tool;
    上梁 set the roof beams in place;
    工件已经上了车床。 The workpiece is already on the lathe.
    麦秸正在上垛。 The wheat stalks are being stacked.
    门没上锁。 The door isn't locked.
    (涂; 搽) apply; paint; smear:
    给机器上油 oil (grease) the machine;
    给门上漆 paint the door;
    上色 paint; apply colour;
    上药膏 apply ointment
    (登载) be put on record; be carried (in a publication):
    她的名字上了报。 Her name has appeared in the newspaper.
    他的先进事迹都上了电视了。 His model deeds have been publicized on TV.
    (拧紧) wind; screw; tighten:
    表该上了。 The watch needs winding.
    螺丝没有上紧。 The screw hasn't been tightened.
    (进行工作或学习) be engaged (in work, study, etc.) at a fixed time:
    上工 (课) go to work (class);
    她的女儿在上大学。 Her daughter is now in college.
    我今天上夜班。 I'm on the night shift today.
    (达到; 够) up to; as many as:
    上百人 up to a hundred people;
    上万 as many as ten thousand
    另见 shǎng; shang。
    * * *
    Ⅰ. 上|上 [shǎng] see ↑ 上聲|↑ 上声 [shǎng shēng]
    Ⅱ. 上|上 [shàng] on top upon above upper previous first (of multiple parts) to climb to get onto to go up to attend (class or university)

    Chinese-English dictionary >

  • 13 上身

    the upper part of the body, upper outer garment; shirt; blouse; jacket, start wearing
    * * *
    n. upper part of the body
    * * *
    shang4 shen1
    upper part of the body
    * * *
    上身
    shàng shēn
    (身体的上半部) the upper part of the body:
    他光着上身。 He was naked to the waist.
    (上衣) upper outer garment; shirt; blouse; jacket:
    姑娘们穿着白上身, 花裙子。 The girls are wearing white blouses and bright-coloured skirts.
    (初次穿在身上) start wearing:
    天冷了, 棉衣该上身了。 It's getting cold. We'd better start wearing our padded jackets.
    上身护罩 jacket;
    上身外套 top
    * * *
    上身|上身 [shàng shēn] upper part of the body

    Chinese-English dictionary > 上身

  • 14 下跌

    (of water level, prices, etc.) fall; drop; sag; sink
    * * *
    fall; plunge
    【经】 decline; dn; down; drop; fall; lower; plunge; weaker
    * * *
    fall; went down
    * * *
    v. fall, descend; decrease; tumble
    * * *
    xia4 die1
    to fall, to tumble
    * * *
    下跌
    xià diē
    fall; slide; drop; plummet:
    价格的下跌 a fall in prices;
    制止英镑下跌 halt the pound's slide;
    股票价格直线下跌。 Stock price plummeted.
    美元最近的重新增值使英镑和法朗下跌到新的低度。 Recent renewed surge of the dollar has helped send the pound and the French franc to new lows.
    * * *
    下跌|下跌 [xià diē] to fall to tumble

    Chinese-English dictionary > 下跌

  • 15 下酒

    go with wine, go well with wine
    * * *
    go with wine
    相关词组: 地下酒吧
    * * *
    go with wine
    * * *
    xia4 jiu3
    to be appropriate to have with alcohol, to down one's drink
    * * *
    下酒
    xià jiǔ
    (就着菜喝酒) go with wine:
    买个冷盘下酒 buy a cold dish to go with the wine
    (适宜和酒一起吃) go well with wine
    下酒菜 a dish that goes with wine
    * * *
    下酒|下酒 [xià jiǔ] to be appropriate to have with alcohol to down one's drink

    Chinese-English dictionary > 下酒

  • 16 不寒而慄

    shiver all over though not cold —tremble with fear; shudder
    * * *
    v. shiver all over though not cold, tremble with fear, shudder
    * * *
    bu4 han2 er2 li4
    shiver all over though not cold, tremble with fear, shudder
    * * *
    不寒而慄|不寒而栗 [bù hán ér lì] shiver all over though not cold tremble with fear shudder

    Chinese-English dictionary > 不寒而慄

  • 17 不寒而栗

    shiver all over though not cold —tremble with fear; shudder
    * * *
    shudder; tremble with fear
    * * *
    shudder; tremble with fear
    * * *
    v. shiver all over though not cold, tremble with fear, shudder
    * * *
    bu4 han2 er2 li4
    shiver all over though not cold, tremble with fear, shudder
    * * *
    不寒而栗
    bù hán ér lì
    shiver all over though not cold; A chill runs down one's back.; cannot help shivering; One's skin begins to tighten up.; shiver but not from cold; shiver without being cold; shudder; tremble with fear; very frightened:
    使人不寒而栗 make sb.'s flesh creep; give sb. the creeps; make sb.'s hair stand on end.
    * * *
    不寒而慄|不寒而栗 [bù hán ér lì] shiver all over though not cold tremble with fear shudder

    Chinese-English dictionary > 不寒而栗

  • 18 不甘寂寞

    hate to be neglected or overlooked
    * * *
    不甘寂寞
    bù gān jì mò
    unwilling to remain out of the limelight; hate to be neglected or overlooked; eager to seek publicity; unwilling to be left in the cold; unwilling to keep oneself mute; unwilling to live in obscurity
    * * *
    不甘寂寞|不甘寂寞 [bù gān jì mò] unwilling to be left out, overlooked

    Chinese-English dictionary > 不甘寂寞

  • 19 不畏

    bu4 wei4
    unafraid, to defy
    * * *
    不畏
    bù wèi
    defy:
    不畏艰难 defy difficulties; not to be afraid of difficulties;
    不畏严寒 defy severe cold
    * * *
    不畏|不畏 [bù wèi] unafraid to defy

    Chinese-English dictionary > 不畏

  • 20 不要紧

    it's not serious; it doesn't matter; never mind, it looks all right, but
    * * *
    never mind; not serious
    * * *
    never mind; not serious
    * * *
    adj. unimportant, not serious
    it looks all right but
    * * *
    bu4 yao4 jin3
    unimportant, not serious, it doesn't matter, never mind, it looks all right, but
    * * *
    不要紧
    bù yào jǐn
    (不成问题) unimportant; not serious:
    有点伤风,不要紧。 Just a slight cold, nothing serious.
    (不碍事) it doesn't matter; never mind:
    路远也不要紧, 我们可以骑车去。 It doesn't matter how far it is; we can go by bike.
    (表面上似乎不妨碍) it looks all right, but:
    你这一嚷不要紧, 把大家都吵醒了。 You may think it's all right for you to shout, but you've woken everybody up.
    * * *
    不要緊|不要紧 [bù yào jǐn] unimportant not serious it doesn't matter never mind it looks all right, but

    Chinese-English dictionary > 不要紧

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