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cervix

  • 1 cervīx

        cervīx īcis, f    [2 CEL- + VI-], a head-joint, neck, nape: rosea, V.: subacta ferre iugum, H.: nudare cervicem, L.: eversae cervices tuae, T.: caput et cervices tutari: parentis Fregisse cervicem, H.: cervices securi subicere, i. e. to commit a capital crime: cervices Roscio dare, i. e. submit to be judicially murdered by R.: praebenda est gladio, Iu. — Fig., the neck, shoulders: Imposuistis in cervicibus nostris dominum: dandae cervices erant crudelitati nefariae, must submit.—The neck, throat, life: a cervicibus nostris est depulsus Antonius: etsi bellum ingens in cervicibus erat, impending, L.: velut in cervicibus habere hostem, L.: qui tantis erunt cervicibus recuperatores, qui audeant? etc., who shall have the fierceness?
    * * *
    neck (sg/pl.), nape; severed neck/head; cervix, neck (bladder/uterus/jar/land)

    Latin-English dictionary > cervīx

  • 2 cervix

    cervix, īcis ( gen. plur. cervicum, Cic. Or. 18, 59; Plin. 23, 2, 33, § 68: cervicium, acc. to Charis. p. 100), f. [cer-vix; cf. Sanscr. s)iras, caput, and vincio, Bopp, Gloss. 348 b], the neck, including the back of the neck, the nape (in ante-Aug. prose usu. in plur.; so always in Cic. and Sall.; acc. to Varr. L. L. 8, § 14; 10, § 78 Müll.; and Quint. 8, 3, 35, Hortensius first used the sing.; it is, however, found even in Ennius and Pacuvius; v. the foll.).
    1.
    Sing.: caput a cervice revolsum, Enn. ap. Serv. ad Verg. A. 10, 396: quadrupes capite brevi, cervice anguinā, Pac. ap. Cic. Div. 2, 64, 133; Lucr. 1, 36; 6, 745; * Cat. 62, 83; * Tib. 3, 4, 27; Prop. 3 (4), 17, 31; Verg. G. 3, 52; 3, 524; 4, 523; id. A. 1, 402; 2, 707; 10, 137; Hor. C. 1, 13, 2; 2, 5, 2; Liv. 8, 7, 21; 22, 51, 7 Fabri ad loc.; 26, 13, 18; 27, 49, 1; 31, 34, 4; 35, 11, 8; Vell. 2, 4, 5; Hortens. ap. Varr. l. l., and Quint. l. l.; id. 1, 11, 9; 11, 3, 82; 11, 3, 83; 4, 2, 39 Spald.; Plin. 11, 37, 67, § 177.—
    2.
    Plur.:

    eversae cervices tuae,

    Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 131 (cf. versa, Ov. H. 16, 231):

    ut gladius impenderet illius beati cervicibus,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 21, 62; id. N. D. 1, 35, 99; 2, 63, 159:

    aliquo praesidio caput et cervices et jugulum tutari,

    id. Sest. 42, 90:

    frangere,

    id. Verr. 2, 5, 42, § 110; 2, 5, 57, § 147; cf. id. Phil. 11, 2, 5; Hor. C. 2, 13, 6:

    cervices crassae longae,

    Varr. R. R. 2, 5, 8; 2, 9, 4:

    altae,

    Verg. A. 2, 219:

    tumor cervicum,

    Plin. 23, 2, 33, § 68; Suet. Galb. 11; id. Vit. 17.—Esp. in several proverbial expressions, as the vital part of a person:

    cervices securi subicere,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 21, 51; cf.:

    offerre cervicem percussoribus,

    Tac. A. 1, 53:

    cervices Roscio dare,

    i. e. to the executioner, Cic. Rosc. Am. 11, 30:

    praebere cervicem gladio,

    Juv. 10, 345. —
    B.
    Trop.
    1.
    (The figure taken from bearing the yoke; cf. Liv. 9, 6, 12.) Imposuistis in cervicibus nostris sempiternum dominum, Cic. N. D. 1, 20, 54; cf. Liv. 42, 50, 6: qui suis cervicibus tanta munia atque rem publicam sustinent, Cic. Sest. 66, 138; so id. Verr. 2, 5, 42, § 108; id. Mil. 28, 77. —Hence, of any great burden or danger:

    dandae cervice erant crudelitati nefariae,

    to submit to, Cic. Phil. 5, 16, 42:

    a cervicibus nostris avertere Antonium,

    id. Ep. ad Brut. 1, 15, 7; id. Phil. 3, 4, 8:

    non facile hanc tantam molem mali a cervicibus vestris depulissem,

    id. Cat. 3, 7, 17:

    legiones in cervicibus nostris conlocare,

    id. Fam. 12, 23, 2:

    in cervicibus alicujus esse, of too great or dangerous proximity: cum in cervicibus sumus (opp. cum procul abessemus),

    Liv. 44, 39, 7: etsi bellum ingens in cervicibus erat, on hand, as an oppressive burden, id. 22, 33, 6:

    sed nec Romani, tametsi Poeni et Hannibal in cervicibus erant,

    Just. 29, 4, 7; cf.:

    rex ratus eam urbem... suis inpositam esse cervicibus,

    Curt. 7, 7, 1.—
    2.
    For boldness:

    qui tantis erunt cervicibus recuperatores, qui audeant, etc.,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 59, § 135.—
    II.
    Transf., of things, the neck:

    amphorae,

    Petr. 34, 6; Mart. 12, 32:

    fistularum,

    Vitr. 10, 13:

    cupressi,

    Stat. Th. 6, 855; cf. Col. 4, 7, 3:

    Peloponnesi, i.e. Isthmus,

    Plin. 4, 3, 4, § 8; cf. id. 6, 29, 34, § 170.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > cervix

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cervix — Schematic frontal view of female anatomy …   Wikipedia

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  • CERVIX — apud Papinium Statium, Theb. l. 2. v. 326. Cervixque recepteo Sanguine magna redit elatus est fortisque animus, qui non aliâ re frequentius Poetis aliisque Auctoribus, velut per paroemiam describitur, quam erectâ, magnâ, sublimi cervice. Claudian …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • cervix — 1741, from L. cervix, lit. the neck, nape of the neck. Applied to various neck like structures of the body, especially that of the uterus. Cervical is attested from 1680s, from Fr. cervical, from L. cervix …   Etymology dictionary

  • Cervix — Cer vix, n.; pl. E. {Cervixes}, L. {Cervices}. [L.] (Anat.) The neck; also, the necklike portion of any part, as of the womb. See Illust. of {Bird}. [1913 Webster] || …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cervix — (lat.), 1) Hals, Nacken; 2) in abgeleiteten Bedeutungen: C. femŏris, Schenkelbeinhals; U. obstĭpa, Schiefer Hals; C. utĕri Gebärmutterhals; C. vesīcae urinariae, Harnblasenhals u. m …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cervix — (lat.), der Nacken; C. uteri, Hals der Gebärmutter …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cervix — (lat.), Nacken, Hals; C. utĕri, Gebärmutterhals …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • cervix — el cuello o parte de algún órgano en forma de cuello, en particular el cuello del útero Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano. 2010 …   Diccionario médico

  • cervix — ► NOUN (pl. cervices) 1) the narrow neck like passage forming the lower end of the womb. 2) technical the neck. ORIGIN Latin …   English terms dictionary

  • cervix — [sʉr′viks΄] n. pl. cervices [sər vī′sēz΄, sʉr′vəsēz] or cervixes [L, the neck] 1. the neck, esp. the back of the neck 2. a necklike part, esp. of the uterus …   English World dictionary

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