Translation: from latin

boldness

  • 1 auctor

        auctor ōris, m, rarely f    [AVG-], a promoter, producer, father, progenitor: auctores generis: mihi Tantalus auctor, O.: auctore ab illo ducit originem, H.: sanguinis, V.—A builder, founder: Troiae, V.: auctor posuisset in oris Moenia, O.— A trustworthy writer, authority: satis certus, L.: valde bonus: iudicia proferre Herodoto auctore: carminis, H.: rerum Romanarum, an historian: auctores citare, L.: sunt qui male pugnatum ab his auctores sint, i. e. who assert, L.—An originator, performer, doer, cause: iniuriae: auctorem odimus, acta defendimus: culpam auctores ad negotia transferunt, S.: nec auctor facinori deerat, L.: volneris, O.: muneris, the giver, O.: quis elegos emiserit auctor, who was the first to produce, H. — A responsible person, authority, narrator, teacher: in philosophiā, Cratippo auctore, versaris, as your teacher: hominibus auctoribus uti, cite as authorities: criminis ficti, O.: auctorem rumorem habere: non sordidus Naturae, H.: de cuius morte Thucydidem auctorem probamus, N.—A voucher, guarantor, security: gravis magnae rei (i. e. testis), L.: non si mihi Iuppiter auctor Spondeat, V.: auctores sumus, tutam ibi maiestatem fore, etc., we vouch for it, L: nubit nullis auctoribus, with no attesting witnesses: quod a malo auctore emisset, i. e. a seller without title: auctor benefici esse, i. e. hold himself responsible for: mulier sine tutore auctore, a guardian as voucher. — An example, model: Latinitatis: dicendi Plato: tui facti, precedent: habeo auctorem, quo facias hoc, H.—A counsellor, adviser, promoter: publici consili, i. e. a statesman: mei reditūs: audendi, who advise boldness, V.: meritorum auctore relictā, deserting the prompter of your exploits, O.: auctor est, ut agere incipiat, advises: mihi ut absim, auctor est: te auctore quod fecisset, under your influence, T.: me duce et auctore, by my influence and advice: idne estis auctores mihi? Do you advise it? T.: Ille populis fuit auctor transferre, etc., O.: regem populus iussit, patres auctores facti, i. e. ratified it, L.: id sic ratum esset, si patres auctores fierent, L.
    * * *
    seller, vendor; originator; historian; authority; proposer, supporter; founder

    Latin-English dictionary > auctor

  • 2 audācia

        audācia ae, f    [audax], daring, courage, valor, bravery, boldness, intrepidity: in bello, S.: audaciae egere, S.: miraculo audaciae obstupefecit hostis, L.: si verbis audacia detur, if I may speak boldly, O.—Daring, audacity, presumption, temerity, insolence. hominis inpudens, T.: Tantā adfectus audaciā, T.: (vir) summā audaciā, Cs.: consilium plenum audaciae: intoleranda, S.: in audaces non est audacia tuta, O.: quantas audacias, daring deeds: non humanae ac tolerandae audaciae (hominum sunt).
    * * *
    boldness, daring, courage, confidence; recklessness, effrontery, audacity

    Latin-English dictionary > audācia

  • 3 audēns

        audēns entis, adj. with comp. and sup.    [P. of audeo], daring, bold, intrepid, courageous: audentes deus ipse iuvat, O.: Tu ne cede malis sed contra audentior ito, V.: audentissimus quisque miles, Ta.
    * * *
    audentis (gen.), audentior -or -us, audentissimus -a -um ADJ
    daring, bold, courageous; characterized by boldness/license of expression

    Latin-English dictionary > audēns

  • 4 audentia

        audentia ae, f    [audens], daring, boldness: privata cuiusque, Ta.
    * * *
    boldness, courage, enterprise; boldness/license of expression

    Latin-English dictionary > audentia

  • 5 ausum

        ausum ī, n    [audeo], a bold deed, reckless act: fortia ausa, V: auso potiri, to succeed in boldness, V.: ausi paenitet, O.
    * * *
    I
    -, -, - V
    intend, be prepared; dare (to go/do), act boldly, risk; (SUB for audeo-kludge)
    II
    daring/bold deed, exploit, venture; attempt; presumptuous act, outrage; crime

    Latin-English dictionary > ausum

  • 6 cōnfīdentia

        cōnfīdentia ae, f    [confidens], confidence, boldness: confidentiam et vocem defuisse.—Assurance, audacity, impudence: ingens, T.: quā confidentiā dicant.
    * * *
    assurance/confidence; boldness, impudence, audacity; firm belief/expectation

    Latin-English dictionary > cōnfīdentia

  • 7 fīdentia

        fīdentia ae, f    [fidens], confidence, boldness, C., Iu.

    Latin-English dictionary > fīdentia

  • 8 fīdūcia

        fīdūcia ae, f    [fidus], trust, confidence, reliance, assurance: fides tua fiduciam commendationi meae tribuit, S.: humanis quae sit fiducia rebus, V.: cuius fiduciā provinciam spoliaret: suarum rerum, in his fortune, Cs.: salutis, assurance, L.: vitae nostrae, O.: voti, Ta.: unde tanta fiducia sui victis, L.: Tu, nostrarum fiducia rerum, prop, O.— Self-confidence, boldness, courage, presumption: fiduciae pleni proficiscuntur, Cs.: hostis, L.: nimia, N.—In law, a deposit, pledge, security, pawn, mortgage: fiduciā acceptā... fiduciam committere alicui: iudicium fiduciae.
    * * *
    trust, confidence; faith, reliance; courage

    Latin-English dictionary > fīdūcia

  • 9 lībertās

        lībertās ātis, f    [1 liber], freedom, liberty, absence of restraint, permission: vitae, Cs.: dare populo eam libertatem, ut, etc.: praecidere sibi libertatem vivendi: fandi, V.: omnium rerum, L. — Civil freedom, liberty: aequa omnibus, T.: servo libertas data est: omnes homines naturā liber<*>ati studere, Cs.— Political freedom, liberty, independence: adeptā libertate quantum civitas creverit, S.: populi R. est propria libertas: in libertate permanere, Cs.: conditor Romanae libertatis, L. — The spirit of liberty, consciousness of freedom: innata: timefacta.— Freedom of speech, frankness, boldness, candor: Hoc mihi libertas, hoc pia lingua dedit, O.: ingeni, S.— License: nimia.—Person., the goddess of Liberty, C., L., O.
    * * *
    freedom, liberty; frankness of speech, outspokenness

    Latin-English dictionary > lībertās

  • 10 licentia

        licentia ae, f    [licens], freedom, liberty, license, leave: nobis nostra Academia magnam licentiam dat, ut, etc.: tantum licentiae dabat gloria: sumpta pudenter, H.— Boldness, presumption, license: (militum) licentiam reprehendere, Cs.: a Democrito omnino haec licentia: iuvenilis quaedam dicendi.— Unrestrained liberty, license, dissoluteness, licentiousness, wantonness: deteriores sumus licentiā, T.: omnium rerum: malle licentiam suam quam aliorum libertatem, L.: militum, N.: magna gladiorum est licentia, i. e. murder is prevalent: inmensa ponti, O.—Person., the goddess of License: templum Licentiae: lasciva, H.
    * * *
    freedom, liberty; license, disorderliness; outspokenness

    Latin-English dictionary > licentia

  • 11 mēns

        mēns mentis, f    [1 MAN-], the mind, disposition, feeling, character, heart, soul: mala, T.: conversae sunt omnium mentes, Cs.: mentis ferox, O.: mollis ad calamitates perferendas, Cs.— The conscience: adhibere testem, id est mentem suam: diri conscia facti, Iu.— The intellectual faculties, mind, understanding, intellect, reason, judgment, discernment, consideration, reflection: animos viventīs mente complecti, comprehend: mens sana in corpore sano, Iu.: mentis suae esse, in his right mind: captus mente, beside himself: mente paululum inminutā, S.: mentem amittere, lose one's mind: male tuta, H.: huic ex tempore dicenti effluit mens, his recollection vanished: quae tantā mente fiunt, intelligence: dictis adice mentem, attention, O.—In the phrase, venire in mentem, to come into mind, be thought of, occur: quotienscumque patria in mentem veniret, L.: numquam ea res tibi tam belle in mentem venire potuisset: ubi venit in mentem eius adventi, bethought himself, T.: ei venit in mentem potestatis: fac tibi legis veniat in mentem: in mentem tibi non venit quid negoti sit?: veniat in mentem, ut defenderimus, etc., L.: quid venit in mentem Callistheni, dicere, etc.? — Mind, thought, plan, purpose, intention, design: senatus unā voce ac mente restiterat: nostram nunc accipe mentem, V.: classem eā mente comparavit, ut, etc.: mentes deorum scrutari in fibris, O.: hac mente laborem ferre, H.— Spirit, boldness, courage: tua, quā arcem recepisti, L.: addere mentem, give courage, H.: demittunt mentes, lose courage, V.— Passion, impulse: dolor quod suaserit et mens, H.: Compesce mentem, H.—Person., the goddess of thought, L., C., O.
    * * *
    mind; reason, intellect, judgement; plan, intention, frame of mind; courage

    Latin-English dictionary > mēns

  • 12 ōs

       ōs ōris (no gen plur.), n     the mouth: ad haec omnia percipienda os est aptissimum: tenerum pueri, H.: os loquentis Opprimere, O.: e foliis natos Ore legunt (apes), V.: Gallica Temperat ora frenis, i. e. controls the horses, H.: nidum sibi construit ore, beak, O.: hostilia Ora canum, jaws, O.— Prov.: equi frenato est auris in ore, H.—The organ of speech, mouth, tongue, lips: in orest omni populo, in everybody's mouth, T.: istius nequitiam in ore volgi esse versatam: Postumius in ore erat, was the common talk, L.: consolatio, quam semper in ore habere debemus, to talk of constantly: poscebatur ore volgi dux Agricola, unanimously, Ta.: uno ore dicere, with one consent, T.: Uno ore auctores fuere, ut, etc., unanimously advised, T.: volito vivus per ora virūm, become famous, Enn. ap. C.: in ora hominum pro ludibrio abire, become a by-word of mockery, L.: quasi pleniore ore laudare, with more zest.—The face, countenance, look, expression, features: figura oris, T.: in ore sunt omnia, i. e. everything depends on the expression: concedas hinc aliquo ab ore eorum aliquantisper, leave them alone, T.: ad tribunum ora convertunt, looks, Cs.: agnoscunt ora parentum, V.: ales cristati cantibus oris, O.: coram in os te laudare, to your face, T.: nulli laedere os, insult to his face, T.: qui hodie usque os praebui, exposed myself to insult, T.: ut esset posteris ante os documentum, etc.: ante ora coniugum omnia pati, L.: Ora corticibus horrenda cavatis, masks, V.—As expressing boldness or modesty, the face, cheek, front, brow<*> os durum! brazen cheek! T.: os durissimum, very bold front: quo redibo ore ad eam, with what face? T.: quo ore ostendi posse? etc., L.: in testimonio nihil praeter vocem et os praestare.—Boldness, effrontery, impudence: quod tandem os est eius patroni, qui, etc.: nostis os hominis.—A voice, speech, expression: ora sono discordia signant, V.: ruit profundo Pindarus ore, H.: falsi ambages oris, O.— A mouth, opening, entrance, aperture, orifice, front: ante os ipsum portūs, L.: ingentem lato dedit ore <*>enestram, V.: os atque aditus portūs: Tiberis, L.: per ora novem, etc., sources, V.: ora navium Rostrata, beaks, H.—Fig., a mouth: ex tot<*>us belli ore ac faucibus.
    * * *
    I
    mouth, speech, expression; face; pronunciation
    II
    bone; (implement, gnawed, dead); kernel (nut); heartwood (tree); stone (fruit)
    III
    bones (pl.); (dead people)

    Latin-English dictionary > ōs

  • 13 animositas

    boldness, courage, spirit; vehemence, impetuosity, ardor; wrath (eccl.)

    Latin-English dictionary > animositas

  • 14 proteruitas

    impudence; boldness

    Latin-English dictionary > proteruitas

  • 15 audentia

    boldness, courage.

    Latin-English dictionary of medieval > audentia

  • 16 animositas

    ănĭmōsĭtas, ātis, f. [animosus] (only post-class.).
    I.
    Boldness, courage, spirit:

    resistendi,

    Amm. 16, 12:

    equi,

    Sid. Ep. 4, 3. —
    II.
    Vehemence, impetuosity, ardor, Macr. Somn. Scip. 1, 6; in plur., * id. ib. 2, 12; Aug. Ep. 162, and Civ. Dei, 14, 2 al.—
    III.
    Wrath, enmity (eccl. Lat.):

    iracundia animositatis illius (Dei) subversio illius est,

    Vulg. Eccli. 1, 28; ib. 2 Cor. 12, 20; ib. Heb. 11, 27.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > animositas

  • 17 audacia

    audācĭa, ae, f. [audax], the quality of being audax, boldness, in a good, but oftener in a bad sense (syn.: fortitudo, audentia, animus, virtus).
    I.
    In a good sense, daring, intrepidity, courage, valor:

    audacia in bello,

    Sall. C. 9, 3:

    audacia pro muro habetur,

    id. ib. 58, 17:

    frangere audaciam,

    Liv. 25, 38, 6:

    ipso miraculo audaciae obstupefecit hostes,

    id. 2, 10:

    nox aliis in audaciam, aliis ad formidinem opportuna,

    Tac. A. 4, 51:

    unam in audaciā spem salutis (esse),

    id. H. 4, 49;

    so Just. praef. 2, 9 al.: in audaces non est audacia tuta,

    Ov. M. 10. [p. 201] 544:

    Quod si deficiant vires, audacia certe Laus erit,

    Prop. 3, 1, 5:

    sumpsisset cor ejus audaciam,

    Vulg. 2 Par. 17, 6 al.—
    II.
    In a bad sense, daring, audacity, presumption, temerity, insolence, impudence:

    O hominis inpudentem audaciam,

    Plaut. Men. 5, 1, 13, and Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 72, Phaedr. 3, 5, 9:

    conpositis mendaciis Advenisti, audaciai columen,

    shamelessness, impudence, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 211:

    Tantāne adfectum quemquam esse hominem audaciā!

    Ter. Phorm. 5, 8, 84:

    audacia non contrarium (fidentiae), sed appositum est ac propinquum et tamen vitium est,

    Cic. Inv. 2, 54, 165:

    animus paratus ad periculum, si suā cupiditate, non utilitate communi inpellitur, audaciae potius nomen habeat quam fortitudinis,

    id. Off. 1, 19, 63:

    incredibili importunitate et audaciā,

    id. Verr. 2, 2, 30:

    audaciā et impudentiā fretus,

    id. Fl. 15; so id. Caecin. 1; id. Phil. 10, 5; 13, 13 fin.; id. Clu. 65; id. Inv. 1, 33 al.; Sall. C. 23, 2; 52, 11; 61, 1; id. J. 7, 5; 14, 11 al.; Liv. 28, 22; 44, 6 al.; Tac. A. 11, 26; id. H. 3, 66; 3, 73 al.; Suet. Vesp. 8; Curt. 6, 11; 8, 13; Vulg. Sap. 12, 17 et saep. —In plur. (abstr. for concr.), daring deeds, = audacter facta:

    quantas audacias, quam incredibiles furores reperietis,

    Cic. Sull. 27 fin.: audacias Cato pluraliter dixit, Paul. ex Fest. p. 27 Müll.; Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 89; id. Cat. 2, 5, 10; id. Att. 9, 7:

    quam (formam vitae) postea celebrem miseriae temporum et audaciae temporum fecerunt,

    Tac. A. 1, 74.—In a milder signif. freedom, boldness:

    licentia vel potius audacia,

    Cic. Lig. 8:

    vitare audaciam in translationibus,

    Suet. Gram. 10 fin.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > audacia

  • 18 audentia

    audentĭa, ae, f. [audens], boldness, courage, spirit, in a good sense (only postAug. and rare; syn.: audacia, animus).
    I.
    Lit.:

    audacia et audentia hoc diversa sunt, quod audacia temeritatis est, audentia fortitudinis,

    Non. p. 431, 6:

    ut quisque audentiae habuisset,

    Tac. A. 15, 53:

    nec defuit audentia Druso Germanico: sed obstitit Oceanus,

    id. G. 34:

    usurpatum raro et privatā cujusque audentiā,

    id. ib. 31.—
    II.
    Trop., freedom in the use of words, license:

    si datur Homero et mollia vocabula et Graeca ad levitatem versus contrahere, extendere, inflectere, cur tibi similis audentia non detur?

    Plin. Ep. 8, 4, 4.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > audentia

  • 19 audeo

    audĕo, ausus, 2, v. a. and n. ( perf. ausi = ausus sum, Cato ap. Prisc. p. 868 P.; hence freq. in the poets, and prose writers modelled after them, subj. sync. ausim, Plaut. Poen. 5, 6, 21; Ter. Eun. 5, 2, 45; 5, 2, 65; Lucr. 2, 178; 5, 196; Verg. E. 3, 32; id. G. 2, 289; Tib. 4, 1, 193; Prop. 2, 5, 24; 3, 12, 21; Ov. Am. 2, 4, 1; Stat. Th. 1, 18; 3, 165; id. Achill. 2, 266; Liv. praef. 1; Plin. Ep. 4, 4 fin.; Tac. Agr. 43: ausis, Att. ap. Non. p. 4, 62; Lucr. 2, 982; 4, 508; 5, 730; 6, 412; cf. Paul. ex Fest. p. 27 Müll.:

    ausit,

    Cat. 61, 65; 61, 70; 61, 75; 66, 28; Ov. M. 6, 466; Stat. Th. 12, 101; id. Achill. 1, 544; Liv. 5, 3 fin.:

    * ausint,

    Stat. Th. 11, 126; cf. Prisc l. l.; Struve, p. 175 sq.; Ramsh. Gr. p. 140; Neue, Formenl. II. pp. 333 sq., 542, 547 sq. al.) [acc. to Pott, for avideo from avidus, pr. to be eager about something, to have spirit or courage for it; v. 1. aveo], to venture, to venture to do, to dare; to be bold, courageous (with the idea of courage, boldness; while conari designates a mere attempt, an undertaking; syn.: conor, molior); constr. with acc., inf., quin, in with acc. or abl., and absol.
    (α).
    With acc. (mostly in poets and histt., esp. in Tac.):

    Quā audaciā tantum facinus audet?

    Ter. Eun. 5, 4, 37; so,

    ut pessimum facinus auderent,

    Tac. H. 1, 28; 2, 85; Suet. Calig. 49: quid domini faciant, audent cum talia furesl Verg. E. 3, 16:

    ausum talia deposcunt,

    Ov. M. 1, 199; 13, 244:

    capitalem fraudem ausi,

    Liv. 23, 14; 3, 2; 26, 40; Vell. 2, 24, 5:

    erant qui id flagitium formidine auderent,

    Tac. A. 1, 69:

    ausuros nocturnam castrorum oppugnationem,

    id. ib. 2, 12; 4, 49; 11, 9; 12, 28; 14, 25; id. H. 1, 48; 2, 25; 2, 69;

    4, 15 al.: ad audendum aliquid concitāsset, nisi etc.,

    Suet. Caes. 8; 19; id. Tib. 37; id. Tit. 8; Just. 5, 9 al.; hence also pass.:

    multa dolo, pleraque per vim audebantur,

    Liv. 39, 8 fin.:

    auderi adversus aliquem dimicare,

    Nep. Milt. 4 fin.:

    agenda res est audendaque,

    Liv. 35, 35, 6; Vell. 2, 56 fin.:

    patroni necem,

    Suet. Dom. 14.—Also ausus, a, um, pass., Tac. A. 3, 67 fin.
    (β).
    With inf. (the usual constr.;

    freq. both in prose and poetry): etiam audes meā revorti gratiā?

    Plaut. Men. 4, 3, 23:

    Ecquid audes de tuo istuc addere?

    do you undertake, venture upon? id. ib. 1, 2, 40:

    commovere me miser non audeo,

    I venture not to stir, id. Truc. 4, 3, 44:

    Neque tibi quicquam dare ausim,

    Ter. Eun. 5, 2, 65:

    nil jam muttire audeo,

    id. And. 3, 2, 25; 3, 5, 7; id. Heaut. 5, 1, 80; id. Phorm. 5, 1, 31:

    hoc ex ipsis caeli rationibus ausim confirmare,

    Lucr. 5, 196:

    auderent credere gentes,

    id. 2, 1036; 1, 68; by poet. license transf. to things: Vitigeni latices in aquaï fontibus audent Misceri, the juice from the vine ventures boldly to intermingle with the water, id. 6, 1072:

    Mithridates tantum victus efficere potuit, quantum incolumis numquam est ausus optare,

    Cic. Imp. Pomp. 9, 25:

    imperatorem deposcere,

    id. ib. 5, 12: ut de Ligarii (facto) non audeam confiteril id. Lig. 3, 8: audeo dicere, I dare say, venture to assert, = tolmô legein, Cic. Fin. 5, 28, 84 et saep.:

    qui pulsi loco cedere ausi erant,

    Sall. C. 9, 4; 20, 3:

    quem tu praeponere no bis Audes,

    Cat. 81, 6:

    refrenare licentiam,

    Hor. C. 3, 24, 28:

    vana contemnere,

    Liv. 9, 17, 9:

    mensuram prodere ausos,

    Plin. 2, 1, 1, § 3 al.:

    non sunt ausi persequi recedentes,

    Vulg. Gen. 35, 5; 44, 26; ib. Job, 29, 22; 37, 24; ib. Matt. 22, 46; ib. Act. 5, 13; ib. Rom. 5, 7 et persaepe.—
    * (γ).
    With quin:

    ut non audeam, quin promam omnia,

    Plaut. As. 1, 1, 11.—
    (δ).
    With in with acc. or abl. (eccl. Lat.): Rogo vos ne praesens audeam in quosdam (Gr. epi tinas), Vulg. 2 Cor. 10, 2: In quo quis audet, audeo et ego (Gr. en ô), ib. 2 Cor. 11, 21.—
    (ε).
    Absol.:

    (Romani) audendo... magni facti,

    Sall. H. Fragm. 4 (n. 12 fin. Gerl.):

    Nec nunc illi, quia audent, sed quia necesse est, pugnaturi sunt,

    Liv. 21, 40, 7:

    in ejus modi consiliis periculosius esse deprehendi quam audere,

    Tac. Agr. 15 fin.:

    duo itinera audendi (esse), seu mallet statim arma, seu etc.,

    id. H. 4, 49:

    auctor ego audendi,

    Verg. A. 12, 159:

    Nam spirat tragicum satis et feliciter audet,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 166.—With an object to be supplied from the context:

    hos vero novos magistros nihil intellegebam posse docere, nisi ut auderent (sc. dicere, orationes habere, etc.),

    Cic. de Or. 3, 24, 94; Quint. 10, 1, 33 Frotsch.; 1, 5, 72: Judaei sub ipsos muros struxere aciem, rebus secundis longius ausuri (sc. progredi, to advance further), Tac. H. 5, 11: 2, 25, cf. Verg. A. 2, 347.— Hence, P. a.,
    1.
    audens, entis, daring, bold, intrepid, courageous; mostly in a good sense ( poet. or in post-Aug prose):

    tu ne cede malis, sed contra audentior ito,

    Verg. A. 6, 95:

    audentes deus ipse juvat,

    Ov. M. 10, 586; so id. A. A. 1, 608; id. F. 2, 782:

    spes audentior,

    Val. Fl. 4, 284:

    nil gravius audenti quam ignavo patiendum esse,

    Tac. A. 14, 58; id. H. 2, 2 audentissimi cujusque procursu. id. Agr. 33; id. Or. 14 al.— Adv.: audenter, boldly, fearlessly, rashly: liceat audenter dicere, — Vulg Act. 2, 29; Dig. 28, 2, 29 fin.Comp.:

    audentius jam onerat Sejanum,

    Tac. A. 4, 68 progressus, id. ib. 13, 40:

    circumsistere,

    id. H. 2, 78:

    inrupere,

    id. ib. 1, 79:

    agere fortius et audentius,

    id. Or 18.— Sup prob not in use.—
    2.
    ausus, a, um, ventured, attempted, undertaken, hence subst.: au-sum, i, n., a daring attempt, a venture, an undertaking, enterprise ( poet. or in postAug. prose; acc. to Serv. ad Verg. A. 12, 351, perh. not before Verg.):

    At tibi pro scelere, exclamat, pro talibus ausis,

    Verg. A. 2, 535; 12, 351:

    fortia ausa,

    id. ib. 9, 281:

    ingentibus annuat ausis,

    Ov. M. 7, 178; 2, 328; 11, 12; 9, 621; 10, 460; 11, 242; id. H. 14, 49 al.; Stat. Th. 4, 368:

    ausum improbum,

    Plin. 2, 108, 112, § 147.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > audeo

  • 20 cervix

    cervix, īcis ( gen. plur. cervicum, Cic. Or. 18, 59; Plin. 23, 2, 33, § 68: cervicium, acc. to Charis. p. 100), f. [cer-vix; cf. Sanscr. s)iras, caput, and vincio, Bopp, Gloss. 348 b], the neck, including the back of the neck, the nape (in ante-Aug. prose usu. in plur.; so always in Cic. and Sall.; acc. to Varr. L. L. 8, § 14; 10, § 78 Müll.; and Quint. 8, 3, 35, Hortensius first used the sing.; it is, however, found even in Ennius and Pacuvius; v. the foll.).
    1.
    Sing.: caput a cervice revolsum, Enn. ap. Serv. ad Verg. A. 10, 396: quadrupes capite brevi, cervice anguinā, Pac. ap. Cic. Div. 2, 64, 133; Lucr. 1, 36; 6, 745; * Cat. 62, 83; * Tib. 3, 4, 27; Prop. 3 (4), 17, 31; Verg. G. 3, 52; 3, 524; 4, 523; id. A. 1, 402; 2, 707; 10, 137; Hor. C. 1, 13, 2; 2, 5, 2; Liv. 8, 7, 21; 22, 51, 7 Fabri ad loc.; 26, 13, 18; 27, 49, 1; 31, 34, 4; 35, 11, 8; Vell. 2, 4, 5; Hortens. ap. Varr. l. l., and Quint. l. l.; id. 1, 11, 9; 11, 3, 82; 11, 3, 83; 4, 2, 39 Spald.; Plin. 11, 37, 67, § 177.—
    2.
    Plur.:

    eversae cervices tuae,

    Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 131 (cf. versa, Ov. H. 16, 231):

    ut gladius impenderet illius beati cervicibus,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 21, 62; id. N. D. 1, 35, 99; 2, 63, 159:

    aliquo praesidio caput et cervices et jugulum tutari,

    id. Sest. 42, 90:

    frangere,

    id. Verr. 2, 5, 42, § 110; 2, 5, 57, § 147; cf. id. Phil. 11, 2, 5; Hor. C. 2, 13, 6:

    cervices crassae longae,

    Varr. R. R. 2, 5, 8; 2, 9, 4:

    altae,

    Verg. A. 2, 219:

    tumor cervicum,

    Plin. 23, 2, 33, § 68; Suet. Galb. 11; id. Vit. 17.—Esp. in several proverbial expressions, as the vital part of a person:

    cervices securi subicere,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 21, 51; cf.:

    offerre cervicem percussoribus,

    Tac. A. 1, 53:

    cervices Roscio dare,

    i. e. to the executioner, Cic. Rosc. Am. 11, 30:

    praebere cervicem gladio,

    Juv. 10, 345. —
    B.
    Trop.
    1.
    (The figure taken from bearing the yoke; cf. Liv. 9, 6, 12.) Imposuistis in cervicibus nostris sempiternum dominum, Cic. N. D. 1, 20, 54; cf. Liv. 42, 50, 6: qui suis cervicibus tanta munia atque rem publicam sustinent, Cic. Sest. 66, 138; so id. Verr. 2, 5, 42, § 108; id. Mil. 28, 77. —Hence, of any great burden or danger:

    dandae cervice erant crudelitati nefariae,

    to submit to, Cic. Phil. 5, 16, 42:

    a cervicibus nostris avertere Antonium,

    id. Ep. ad Brut. 1, 15, 7; id. Phil. 3, 4, 8:

    non facile hanc tantam molem mali a cervicibus vestris depulissem,

    id. Cat. 3, 7, 17:

    legiones in cervicibus nostris conlocare,

    id. Fam. 12, 23, 2:

    in cervicibus alicujus esse, of too great or dangerous proximity: cum in cervicibus sumus (opp. cum procul abessemus),

    Liv. 44, 39, 7: etsi bellum ingens in cervicibus erat, on hand, as an oppressive burden, id. 22, 33, 6:

    sed nec Romani, tametsi Poeni et Hannibal in cervicibus erant,

    Just. 29, 4, 7; cf.:

    rex ratus eam urbem... suis inpositam esse cervicibus,

    Curt. 7, 7, 1.—
    2.
    For boldness:

    qui tantis erunt cervicibus recuperatores, qui audeant, etc.,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 59, § 135.—
    II.
    Transf., of things, the neck:

    amphorae,

    Petr. 34, 6; Mart. 12, 32:

    fistularum,

    Vitr. 10, 13:

    cupressi,

    Stat. Th. 6, 855; cf. Col. 4, 7, 3:

    Peloponnesi, i.e. Isthmus,

    Plin. 4, 3, 4, § 8; cf. id. 6, 29, 34, § 170.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > cervix

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