Translation: from latin

awkwardly

  • 1 dūrē

        dūrē adv. with comp.    [durus], hardly, stiffly, awkwardly: pleraque Dicere, H.: durius incedit, O.: quid fusum durius esset, H.— Harshly, roughly, sternly, rigorously: dicere: suae vitae durius consulere, i. e. kill themselves, Cs.: accipere hoc.

    Latin-English dictionary > dūrē

  • 2 imperītē

        imperītē adv. with comp. and sup.    [imperitus], unskilfully, ignorantly, awkwardly: facit: quid potuit dici imperitius?: imperitissime dictum.

    Latin-English dictionary > imperītē

  • 3 incompositē

        incompositē adv.    [incompositus], without order, disorderly: veniens, L.: fugere, Cu.
    * * *
    in a clumsy/disorganized manner; awkwardly; irregularly

    Latin-English dictionary > incompositē

  • 4 īnscītē

        īnscītē adv.    [inscitus], unskilfully, clumsily, awkwardly: comparari: facta navis, L.: turpem putat lituram, H.

    Latin-English dictionary > īnscītē

  • 5 laevē

        laevē adv.    [laevus], left-handedly, awkwardly: non laeve, cleverly, H.

    Latin-English dictionary > laevē

  • 6 ōvum

        ōvum ī, n    [3 AV-], an egg: ovum parere, to lay: ponere, O.: pullos ex ovis excuderunt, hatched: pisces ova cum genuerunt, spawn: integram famem ad ovum adfero, i. e. the beginning of the meal (when eggs were served): ab ova Usque ad mala, i. e. from the beginning to the end, H.: Nec gemino bellum Troianum orditur ab ovo (alluding to the mythical story of the eggs of Leda), H.: ovo prognatus eodem, i. e. of the same mother, H.: ova ad notas curriculis numerandus (wooden eggs used in the circus as counters, one being removed after each circuit made), L.     pēius and sup. pessimē    [see malus], badly, wrongly, ill, wretchedly: homines male vestiti: animo malest? are you vexed? T.: hoc male habet virum, vexes, T.: L. Antonio male sit, ill betide: audire, be ill-spoken of.—Badly, wickedly, cruelly, maliciously, hurtfully, injuriously: quod mihi re male feceris, T.: male agendi causā: loqui: pessume istuc in illum consulis, T.: Carthagini male iam diu cogitanti bellum denuntio: agmen adversariorum male habere, harass, Cs.— Badly, awkwardly, unskilfully, unsuccessfully, unfortunately, ruinously: male gerendo negotio: res suae male gestae: pugnare, S.: Nec vixit male, qui, etc., failed in life, H.: quae res tibi vortat male, turn out ill, T.: vendendum, too cheap: empta, too dear: cui male si palpere, awkwardly, H.: defendit pampinus uvas, to no purpose, V.: salsus, impertinently, H.: sedula nutrix, unseasonably, O.— Badly, excessively, extremely, greatly, very much: male metuo, ne, etc., <*>.: quo neminem peius oderunt: cane peius Vitabit chlamydem, H.: rauci, miserably, H.: dispar, sadly, H.— Badly, imperfectly, scarcely, not at all: (domum) male tuetur: sanus, deranged: pārens asellus, refractory, H.: male numen amicum, hostile, V.: statio male fida carinis, unsafe, V.: plenae legiunculae, L.: male viva caro est, O.
    * * *

    Latin-English dictionary > ōvum

  • 7 laeve

    left-handedly, awkwardly.

    Latin-English dictionary of medieval > laeve

  • 8 leve

    left-handedly, awkwardly.

    Latin-English dictionary of medieval > leve

  • 9 dura

    dūrus, a, um, adj. [etym. dub.; cf. Sanscr. root dhar, to fix, confirm], hard.
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    Orig. as affecting the sense of feeling:

    et validi silices ac duri robora ferri,

    Lucr. 2, 449; so,

    silex,

    Verg. A. 6, 471:

    ferrum,

    Hor. C. 3, 11, 31:

    cautes,

    Verg. A. 4, 366; Ov. M. 4, 672:

    bipennes,

    Hor. C. 4, 4, 57:

    ligones,

    id. Epod. 5, 30:

    aratrum,

    id. S. 1, 1, 28:

    compes,

    id. Epod. 4, 4:

    pellis,

    Lucr. 6, 1195; Verg. G. 3, 502:

    arva,

    id. ib. 2, 341; cf.

    cutis,

    Ov. M. 8, 805:

    alvus,

    Cels. 6, 18, 9; Hor. S. 2, 4, 27: aqua, hard, i. e. containing much earthy matter, Cels. 2, 30 fin.; cf.

    muria,

    saturated with salt, Col. 6, 30 fin.; 12, 6, 1 et saep., v. muria:

    dumeta,

    i. e. rough, Ov. M. 1, 105 et saep.:

    gallina,

    tough, not yet boiled tender, Hor. S. 2, 4, 18; cf.:

    fungi, qui in coquendo duriores fient,

    Plin. 22, 23, 47, § 99 et saep.— Sup.:

    ladanum durissimum tactu,

    Plin. 26, 8, 30, § 48; cf.:

    durissimus tophus vel carbunculus,

    Col. 3, 11, 7 et saep.—As subst.: dūrum, i, n.
    (α).
    E duro (sc. ligno), of the hardened wood of the vine, Col. 3, 6, 2; 3, 10, 15; 21 et saep.; cf. duramentum.—
    (β).
    Durum cacare, Mart. 3, 89, 2.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    As affecting the sense of taste:

    vinum, opp. suavis,

    hard, harsh, Pall. Oct. 14, 5; cf.:

    sapor Bacchi,

    Verg. G. 4, 102:

    acetum,

    Ser. Samm. 40 and 351.—
    2.
    As affecting the ear:

    vocis genera permulta:... grave acutum, flexibile durum,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 58, 146; cf. Quint. 11, 3, 15 and 32.—Hence, in rhet., hard, rough (cf. asper, II.):

    aspera et dura et dissoluta et hians oratio,

    Quint. 8, 6, 62:

    consonantes,

    id. 11, 3, 35:

    syllabae,

    id. 12, 10, 30:

    verba,

    id. 8, 3, 32 sq.; cf. id. 1, 5, 72:

    compositio,

    id. 9, 4, 142.
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    Opp. to cultivated, rough, rulde, uncultivated:

    Q. Aelius Tubero ut vita sic oratione durus, incultus, horridus,

    Cic. Brut. 31; cf.:

    (Stoici) horridiores evadunt, asperiores, duriores, et oratione et moribus,

    id. Fin. 4, 28, 78; id. Mur. 29:

    Attilius poëta durissimus,

    id. Att. 14, 20, 3:

    C. Marius, qui durior ad haec studia videbatur,

    id. Arch. 9, 19; cf. Quint. 10, 1, 93; 8 prooem. § 26; Hor. S. 1, 4, 8 al.:

    pictor durus in coloribus,

    Plin. 35, 11, 40, § 137; cf. Quint. 12, 10, 7: Fauni, gens duro robore nata, Verg. A. 8, 315; cf.:

    terrea progenies duris caput extulit arvis,

    id. G. 2, 341; cf. also Stat. Th. 4, 276 sq.; Ov. Tr. 3, 11, 8.—
    2.
    But sometimes as a praiseworthy quality, opp. to soft, weakly, hardy, vigorous (esp. freq. in poets):

    fortes et duri Spartiatae,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 43; cf.:

    Ligures, durum in armis genus,

    Liv. 27, 48:

    durum genus experiensque laborum,

    hardy, Ov. M. 1, 414:

    unde homines nati, durum genus,

    Verg. G. 1, 63 (cf. laas and laos, Pind. Ol. 9, 71):

    gens dura atque aspera cultu,

    a hardy race, id. A. 5, 730:

    genus humanum durius, tellus quod dura creāsset,

    Lucr. 5, 926:

    Dardanidae,

    Verg. A. 3, 94:

    Hannibal,

    Hor. C. 2, 12, 2:

    Iberia,

    id. ib. 4, 14, 50:

    vindemiator,

    id. S. 1, 7, 29; cf.:

    ilia messorum,

    id. Epod. 3, 4:

    juvenci,

    Ov. M. 3, 584 et saep. —
    B.
    Opp. to morally mild, gentle, harsh, rough, stern, unyielding, unfeeling, insensible, obstinate:

    quis se tam durum agrestemque praeberet, qui, etc.,

    Cic. Or. 43, 148; cf.:

    quis nostrum animo tam agresti et duro fuit, ut? etc.,

    id. Arch. 8:

    neque sunt audiendi, qui virtutem duram et quasi ferream esse quandam volunt,

    id. Lael. 13 fin.;

    ingenio esse duro atque inexorabili,

    Ter. Ph. 3, 2, 12:

    satis pater durus fui,

    id. Heaut. 3, 1, 30; cf. id. Ad. 1, 1, 39; Cic. Cael. 16; Hor. S. 1, 2, 17:

    Varius qui est habitus judex durior,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 19, 62: cf. Caes. B. C. 3, 20, 4:

    mala vel duri lacrimas motura Catonis,

    Luc. 9, 50: duriorem se praebere alicujus miserae et afflictae fortunae, Anton. ap. Cic. Att. 14, 13 A (cf. opp. at the end of the letter: se placabiliorem praebere):

    duri hominis vel potius vix hominis videtur, periculum capitis inferre multis,

    Cic. Off. 2, 14, 50; Hor. C. 4, 1, 7:

    quid nos dura refugimus aetas?

    id. ib. 1, 35, 34:

    ōs durum,

    shameless, impudent, Ter. Eun. 4, 7, 36 Ruhnk.; Cic. Quint. 24 fin.; Ov. M. 5, 451:

    cor,

    Vulg. Sirach, 3, 27 et saep. Of the austerity of the Stoic mode of living, v. above, A.—
    C.
    Of things, hard, severe, toilsome; troublesome, burdensome, disagreeable; adverse, unfortunate:

    opulento homini hoc servitus dura est,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 12; so,

    servitus,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 44; 2, 25; cf.

    lex,

    Plaut. Merc. 4, 6, 1:

    condicio,

    Cic. Rab. Post. 6 fin.:

    provincia,

    Ter. Ph. 1, 2, 23; cf.

    partes,

    id. Eun. 2, 3, 62; Anton. ap. Cic. Att. 10, 8 A:

    dolor,

    Lucr. 3, 460:

    labor,

    id. 5, 1272:

    subvectiones,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 10, 1:

    venatus,

    Ov. M. 4, 307:

    dura cultu et aspera plaga,

    Liv. 45, 30 fin.:

    durissimo tempore anni,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 8, 2; cf. id. B. C. 3, 25, 3; Hirt. B. G. 8, 5 fin.:

    morbum acrem ac durum,

    Plaut. Men. 5, 2, 119; cf.

    valetudo,

    Hor. S. 2, 2, 88:

    dolores,

    Verg. A. 5, 5:

    frigus,

    Plaut. Men. 5, 6, 10:

    fames,

    Hor. S. 1, 2, 6:

    pauperies,

    id. C. 4, 9, 49:

    causa,

    Lucr. 3, 485; Quint. 4, 1, 25; Hor. S. 1, 10, 26:

    nomen (opp. molle),

    Cic. Off. 1, 12:

    verbum,

    id. Brut. 79, 274:

    propositio,

    Quint. 4, 5, 5 et saep.: De. Etiamne id lex coëgit? Ph. Illud durum, Ter. Ph. 2, 1, 8; so in the neutr. sing., Quint. 11, 1, 85; 12, 1, 36; Hor. S. 1, 9, 42 et saep.; cf.

    ellipt.: non vanae redeat sanguis imagini... Durum: sed levius fit patientia, etc.,

    Hor. C. 1, 24, 19. In plur. subst.: dura, ōrum, n., hardships, difficulties:

    siccis omnia dura deus proposuit,

    Hor. C. 1, 18, 3; id. Ep. 2, 1, 141; Sen. Oedip. 208; Verg. A. 8, 522:

    ego dura tuli,

    Ov. M. 9, 544 al. (In fem. plur. ellipt., sc. partes, Ter. Heaut. 2, 4, 22 very dub.).— Comp.:

    hi, si quid erat durius, concurrebant,

    if any unusual difficulty occurred, Caes. B. G. 1, 48, 6; 5, 29, 6; id. B. C. 3, 94, 6.— Adv. posit. in two forms: dūrĭter and dūre.
    A.
    (Acc. to 1. A.) Hardly:

    juga premunt duriter colla (boum),

    Vitr. 10, 8.— Comp.:

    durius,

    Vitr. 10, 15 fin.
    B.
    (Acc. to II. A.-C.)
    1.
    Hardly, stiffly, awkwardly:

    membra moventes Duriter,

    Lucr. 5, 1401:

    duriter,

    Auct. Her. 4, 10, 15; Gell. 17, 10, 15:

    dure,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 66; Quint. 9, 4, 58; 10, 2, 19; Gell. 18, 11, 2.— Comp., Ov. R. Am. 337; Hor. S. 2, 3, 22; Quint. 8, 6, 24; 9, 4, 15; 117.—
    b.
    Hardily, rigorously, austerely:

    vitam parce ac duriter agebat,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 47; id. Ad. 1, 1, 20; Novius ap. Non. 512.—
    2.
    Harshly, roughly, sternly:

    quam tibi ex ore orationem duriter dictis dedit,

    Enn. Trag. v. 348 Vahl.:

    duriter,

    Afran. Com. v. 251 Rib.; Ter. Ad. 4, 5, 28.— Comp., Cic. Lig. 6; id. Att. 1, 1, 4; id. Fam. 11, 27, 7; Caes. B. C. 1, 22 fin.; Tac. Agr. 16; id. A. 3, 52; Sen. Ep. 8; Vulg. Gen. 42, 7.— Sup., Hadrian. in Dig. 47, 14, 1.—
    3.
    Hardly, unfavorably, unfortunately:

    durius cadentibus rebus,

    Suet. Tib. 14 fin.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > dura

  • 10 durum

    dūrus, a, um, adj. [etym. dub.; cf. Sanscr. root dhar, to fix, confirm], hard.
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    Orig. as affecting the sense of feeling:

    et validi silices ac duri robora ferri,

    Lucr. 2, 449; so,

    silex,

    Verg. A. 6, 471:

    ferrum,

    Hor. C. 3, 11, 31:

    cautes,

    Verg. A. 4, 366; Ov. M. 4, 672:

    bipennes,

    Hor. C. 4, 4, 57:

    ligones,

    id. Epod. 5, 30:

    aratrum,

    id. S. 1, 1, 28:

    compes,

    id. Epod. 4, 4:

    pellis,

    Lucr. 6, 1195; Verg. G. 3, 502:

    arva,

    id. ib. 2, 341; cf.

    cutis,

    Ov. M. 8, 805:

    alvus,

    Cels. 6, 18, 9; Hor. S. 2, 4, 27: aqua, hard, i. e. containing much earthy matter, Cels. 2, 30 fin.; cf.

    muria,

    saturated with salt, Col. 6, 30 fin.; 12, 6, 1 et saep., v. muria:

    dumeta,

    i. e. rough, Ov. M. 1, 105 et saep.:

    gallina,

    tough, not yet boiled tender, Hor. S. 2, 4, 18; cf.:

    fungi, qui in coquendo duriores fient,

    Plin. 22, 23, 47, § 99 et saep.— Sup.:

    ladanum durissimum tactu,

    Plin. 26, 8, 30, § 48; cf.:

    durissimus tophus vel carbunculus,

    Col. 3, 11, 7 et saep.—As subst.: dūrum, i, n.
    (α).
    E duro (sc. ligno), of the hardened wood of the vine, Col. 3, 6, 2; 3, 10, 15; 21 et saep.; cf. duramentum.—
    (β).
    Durum cacare, Mart. 3, 89, 2.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    As affecting the sense of taste:

    vinum, opp. suavis,

    hard, harsh, Pall. Oct. 14, 5; cf.:

    sapor Bacchi,

    Verg. G. 4, 102:

    acetum,

    Ser. Samm. 40 and 351.—
    2.
    As affecting the ear:

    vocis genera permulta:... grave acutum, flexibile durum,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 58, 146; cf. Quint. 11, 3, 15 and 32.—Hence, in rhet., hard, rough (cf. asper, II.):

    aspera et dura et dissoluta et hians oratio,

    Quint. 8, 6, 62:

    consonantes,

    id. 11, 3, 35:

    syllabae,

    id. 12, 10, 30:

    verba,

    id. 8, 3, 32 sq.; cf. id. 1, 5, 72:

    compositio,

    id. 9, 4, 142.
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    Opp. to cultivated, rough, rulde, uncultivated:

    Q. Aelius Tubero ut vita sic oratione durus, incultus, horridus,

    Cic. Brut. 31; cf.:

    (Stoici) horridiores evadunt, asperiores, duriores, et oratione et moribus,

    id. Fin. 4, 28, 78; id. Mur. 29:

    Attilius poëta durissimus,

    id. Att. 14, 20, 3:

    C. Marius, qui durior ad haec studia videbatur,

    id. Arch. 9, 19; cf. Quint. 10, 1, 93; 8 prooem. § 26; Hor. S. 1, 4, 8 al.:

    pictor durus in coloribus,

    Plin. 35, 11, 40, § 137; cf. Quint. 12, 10, 7: Fauni, gens duro robore nata, Verg. A. 8, 315; cf.:

    terrea progenies duris caput extulit arvis,

    id. G. 2, 341; cf. also Stat. Th. 4, 276 sq.; Ov. Tr. 3, 11, 8.—
    2.
    But sometimes as a praiseworthy quality, opp. to soft, weakly, hardy, vigorous (esp. freq. in poets):

    fortes et duri Spartiatae,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 43; cf.:

    Ligures, durum in armis genus,

    Liv. 27, 48:

    durum genus experiensque laborum,

    hardy, Ov. M. 1, 414:

    unde homines nati, durum genus,

    Verg. G. 1, 63 (cf. laas and laos, Pind. Ol. 9, 71):

    gens dura atque aspera cultu,

    a hardy race, id. A. 5, 730:

    genus humanum durius, tellus quod dura creāsset,

    Lucr. 5, 926:

    Dardanidae,

    Verg. A. 3, 94:

    Hannibal,

    Hor. C. 2, 12, 2:

    Iberia,

    id. ib. 4, 14, 50:

    vindemiator,

    id. S. 1, 7, 29; cf.:

    ilia messorum,

    id. Epod. 3, 4:

    juvenci,

    Ov. M. 3, 584 et saep. —
    B.
    Opp. to morally mild, gentle, harsh, rough, stern, unyielding, unfeeling, insensible, obstinate:

    quis se tam durum agrestemque praeberet, qui, etc.,

    Cic. Or. 43, 148; cf.:

    quis nostrum animo tam agresti et duro fuit, ut? etc.,

    id. Arch. 8:

    neque sunt audiendi, qui virtutem duram et quasi ferream esse quandam volunt,

    id. Lael. 13 fin.;

    ingenio esse duro atque inexorabili,

    Ter. Ph. 3, 2, 12:

    satis pater durus fui,

    id. Heaut. 3, 1, 30; cf. id. Ad. 1, 1, 39; Cic. Cael. 16; Hor. S. 1, 2, 17:

    Varius qui est habitus judex durior,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 19, 62: cf. Caes. B. C. 3, 20, 4:

    mala vel duri lacrimas motura Catonis,

    Luc. 9, 50: duriorem se praebere alicujus miserae et afflictae fortunae, Anton. ap. Cic. Att. 14, 13 A (cf. opp. at the end of the letter: se placabiliorem praebere):

    duri hominis vel potius vix hominis videtur, periculum capitis inferre multis,

    Cic. Off. 2, 14, 50; Hor. C. 4, 1, 7:

    quid nos dura refugimus aetas?

    id. ib. 1, 35, 34:

    ōs durum,

    shameless, impudent, Ter. Eun. 4, 7, 36 Ruhnk.; Cic. Quint. 24 fin.; Ov. M. 5, 451:

    cor,

    Vulg. Sirach, 3, 27 et saep. Of the austerity of the Stoic mode of living, v. above, A.—
    C.
    Of things, hard, severe, toilsome; troublesome, burdensome, disagreeable; adverse, unfortunate:

    opulento homini hoc servitus dura est,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 12; so,

    servitus,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 44; 2, 25; cf.

    lex,

    Plaut. Merc. 4, 6, 1:

    condicio,

    Cic. Rab. Post. 6 fin.:

    provincia,

    Ter. Ph. 1, 2, 23; cf.

    partes,

    id. Eun. 2, 3, 62; Anton. ap. Cic. Att. 10, 8 A:

    dolor,

    Lucr. 3, 460:

    labor,

    id. 5, 1272:

    subvectiones,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 10, 1:

    venatus,

    Ov. M. 4, 307:

    dura cultu et aspera plaga,

    Liv. 45, 30 fin.:

    durissimo tempore anni,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 8, 2; cf. id. B. C. 3, 25, 3; Hirt. B. G. 8, 5 fin.:

    morbum acrem ac durum,

    Plaut. Men. 5, 2, 119; cf.

    valetudo,

    Hor. S. 2, 2, 88:

    dolores,

    Verg. A. 5, 5:

    frigus,

    Plaut. Men. 5, 6, 10:

    fames,

    Hor. S. 1, 2, 6:

    pauperies,

    id. C. 4, 9, 49:

    causa,

    Lucr. 3, 485; Quint. 4, 1, 25; Hor. S. 1, 10, 26:

    nomen (opp. molle),

    Cic. Off. 1, 12:

    verbum,

    id. Brut. 79, 274:

    propositio,

    Quint. 4, 5, 5 et saep.: De. Etiamne id lex coëgit? Ph. Illud durum, Ter. Ph. 2, 1, 8; so in the neutr. sing., Quint. 11, 1, 85; 12, 1, 36; Hor. S. 1, 9, 42 et saep.; cf.

    ellipt.: non vanae redeat sanguis imagini... Durum: sed levius fit patientia, etc.,

    Hor. C. 1, 24, 19. In plur. subst.: dura, ōrum, n., hardships, difficulties:

    siccis omnia dura deus proposuit,

    Hor. C. 1, 18, 3; id. Ep. 2, 1, 141; Sen. Oedip. 208; Verg. A. 8, 522:

    ego dura tuli,

    Ov. M. 9, 544 al. (In fem. plur. ellipt., sc. partes, Ter. Heaut. 2, 4, 22 very dub.).— Comp.:

    hi, si quid erat durius, concurrebant,

    if any unusual difficulty occurred, Caes. B. G. 1, 48, 6; 5, 29, 6; id. B. C. 3, 94, 6.— Adv. posit. in two forms: dūrĭter and dūre.
    A.
    (Acc. to 1. A.) Hardly:

    juga premunt duriter colla (boum),

    Vitr. 10, 8.— Comp.:

    durius,

    Vitr. 10, 15 fin.
    B.
    (Acc. to II. A.-C.)
    1.
    Hardly, stiffly, awkwardly:

    membra moventes Duriter,

    Lucr. 5, 1401:

    duriter,

    Auct. Her. 4, 10, 15; Gell. 17, 10, 15:

    dure,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 66; Quint. 9, 4, 58; 10, 2, 19; Gell. 18, 11, 2.— Comp., Ov. R. Am. 337; Hor. S. 2, 3, 22; Quint. 8, 6, 24; 9, 4, 15; 117.—
    b.
    Hardily, rigorously, austerely:

    vitam parce ac duriter agebat,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 47; id. Ad. 1, 1, 20; Novius ap. Non. 512.—
    2.
    Harshly, roughly, sternly:

    quam tibi ex ore orationem duriter dictis dedit,

    Enn. Trag. v. 348 Vahl.:

    duriter,

    Afran. Com. v. 251 Rib.; Ter. Ad. 4, 5, 28.— Comp., Cic. Lig. 6; id. Att. 1, 1, 4; id. Fam. 11, 27, 7; Caes. B. C. 1, 22 fin.; Tac. Agr. 16; id. A. 3, 52; Sen. Ep. 8; Vulg. Gen. 42, 7.— Sup., Hadrian. in Dig. 47, 14, 1.—
    3.
    Hardly, unfavorably, unfortunately:

    durius cadentibus rebus,

    Suet. Tib. 14 fin.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > durum

  • 11 durus

    dūrus, a, um, adj. [etym. dub.; cf. Sanscr. root dhar, to fix, confirm], hard.
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    Orig. as affecting the sense of feeling:

    et validi silices ac duri robora ferri,

    Lucr. 2, 449; so,

    silex,

    Verg. A. 6, 471:

    ferrum,

    Hor. C. 3, 11, 31:

    cautes,

    Verg. A. 4, 366; Ov. M. 4, 672:

    bipennes,

    Hor. C. 4, 4, 57:

    ligones,

    id. Epod. 5, 30:

    aratrum,

    id. S. 1, 1, 28:

    compes,

    id. Epod. 4, 4:

    pellis,

    Lucr. 6, 1195; Verg. G. 3, 502:

    arva,

    id. ib. 2, 341; cf.

    cutis,

    Ov. M. 8, 805:

    alvus,

    Cels. 6, 18, 9; Hor. S. 2, 4, 27: aqua, hard, i. e. containing much earthy matter, Cels. 2, 30 fin.; cf.

    muria,

    saturated with salt, Col. 6, 30 fin.; 12, 6, 1 et saep., v. muria:

    dumeta,

    i. e. rough, Ov. M. 1, 105 et saep.:

    gallina,

    tough, not yet boiled tender, Hor. S. 2, 4, 18; cf.:

    fungi, qui in coquendo duriores fient,

    Plin. 22, 23, 47, § 99 et saep.— Sup.:

    ladanum durissimum tactu,

    Plin. 26, 8, 30, § 48; cf.:

    durissimus tophus vel carbunculus,

    Col. 3, 11, 7 et saep.—As subst.: dūrum, i, n.
    (α).
    E duro (sc. ligno), of the hardened wood of the vine, Col. 3, 6, 2; 3, 10, 15; 21 et saep.; cf. duramentum.—
    (β).
    Durum cacare, Mart. 3, 89, 2.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    As affecting the sense of taste:

    vinum, opp. suavis,

    hard, harsh, Pall. Oct. 14, 5; cf.:

    sapor Bacchi,

    Verg. G. 4, 102:

    acetum,

    Ser. Samm. 40 and 351.—
    2.
    As affecting the ear:

    vocis genera permulta:... grave acutum, flexibile durum,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 58, 146; cf. Quint. 11, 3, 15 and 32.—Hence, in rhet., hard, rough (cf. asper, II.):

    aspera et dura et dissoluta et hians oratio,

    Quint. 8, 6, 62:

    consonantes,

    id. 11, 3, 35:

    syllabae,

    id. 12, 10, 30:

    verba,

    id. 8, 3, 32 sq.; cf. id. 1, 5, 72:

    compositio,

    id. 9, 4, 142.
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    Opp. to cultivated, rough, rulde, uncultivated:

    Q. Aelius Tubero ut vita sic oratione durus, incultus, horridus,

    Cic. Brut. 31; cf.:

    (Stoici) horridiores evadunt, asperiores, duriores, et oratione et moribus,

    id. Fin. 4, 28, 78; id. Mur. 29:

    Attilius poëta durissimus,

    id. Att. 14, 20, 3:

    C. Marius, qui durior ad haec studia videbatur,

    id. Arch. 9, 19; cf. Quint. 10, 1, 93; 8 prooem. § 26; Hor. S. 1, 4, 8 al.:

    pictor durus in coloribus,

    Plin. 35, 11, 40, § 137; cf. Quint. 12, 10, 7: Fauni, gens duro robore nata, Verg. A. 8, 315; cf.:

    terrea progenies duris caput extulit arvis,

    id. G. 2, 341; cf. also Stat. Th. 4, 276 sq.; Ov. Tr. 3, 11, 8.—
    2.
    But sometimes as a praiseworthy quality, opp. to soft, weakly, hardy, vigorous (esp. freq. in poets):

    fortes et duri Spartiatae,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 43; cf.:

    Ligures, durum in armis genus,

    Liv. 27, 48:

    durum genus experiensque laborum,

    hardy, Ov. M. 1, 414:

    unde homines nati, durum genus,

    Verg. G. 1, 63 (cf. laas and laos, Pind. Ol. 9, 71):

    gens dura atque aspera cultu,

    a hardy race, id. A. 5, 730:

    genus humanum durius, tellus quod dura creāsset,

    Lucr. 5, 926:

    Dardanidae,

    Verg. A. 3, 94:

    Hannibal,

    Hor. C. 2, 12, 2:

    Iberia,

    id. ib. 4, 14, 50:

    vindemiator,

    id. S. 1, 7, 29; cf.:

    ilia messorum,

    id. Epod. 3, 4:

    juvenci,

    Ov. M. 3, 584 et saep. —
    B.
    Opp. to morally mild, gentle, harsh, rough, stern, unyielding, unfeeling, insensible, obstinate:

    quis se tam durum agrestemque praeberet, qui, etc.,

    Cic. Or. 43, 148; cf.:

    quis nostrum animo tam agresti et duro fuit, ut? etc.,

    id. Arch. 8:

    neque sunt audiendi, qui virtutem duram et quasi ferream esse quandam volunt,

    id. Lael. 13 fin.;

    ingenio esse duro atque inexorabili,

    Ter. Ph. 3, 2, 12:

    satis pater durus fui,

    id. Heaut. 3, 1, 30; cf. id. Ad. 1, 1, 39; Cic. Cael. 16; Hor. S. 1, 2, 17:

    Varius qui est habitus judex durior,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 19, 62: cf. Caes. B. C. 3, 20, 4:

    mala vel duri lacrimas motura Catonis,

    Luc. 9, 50: duriorem se praebere alicujus miserae et afflictae fortunae, Anton. ap. Cic. Att. 14, 13 A (cf. opp. at the end of the letter: se placabiliorem praebere):

    duri hominis vel potius vix hominis videtur, periculum capitis inferre multis,

    Cic. Off. 2, 14, 50; Hor. C. 4, 1, 7:

    quid nos dura refugimus aetas?

    id. ib. 1, 35, 34:

    ōs durum,

    shameless, impudent, Ter. Eun. 4, 7, 36 Ruhnk.; Cic. Quint. 24 fin.; Ov. M. 5, 451:

    cor,

    Vulg. Sirach, 3, 27 et saep. Of the austerity of the Stoic mode of living, v. above, A.—
    C.
    Of things, hard, severe, toilsome; troublesome, burdensome, disagreeable; adverse, unfortunate:

    opulento homini hoc servitus dura est,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 12; so,

    servitus,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 44; 2, 25; cf.

    lex,

    Plaut. Merc. 4, 6, 1:

    condicio,

    Cic. Rab. Post. 6 fin.:

    provincia,

    Ter. Ph. 1, 2, 23; cf.

    partes,

    id. Eun. 2, 3, 62; Anton. ap. Cic. Att. 10, 8 A:

    dolor,

    Lucr. 3, 460:

    labor,

    id. 5, 1272:

    subvectiones,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 10, 1:

    venatus,

    Ov. M. 4, 307:

    dura cultu et aspera plaga,

    Liv. 45, 30 fin.:

    durissimo tempore anni,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 8, 2; cf. id. B. C. 3, 25, 3; Hirt. B. G. 8, 5 fin.:

    morbum acrem ac durum,

    Plaut. Men. 5, 2, 119; cf.

    valetudo,

    Hor. S. 2, 2, 88:

    dolores,

    Verg. A. 5, 5:

    frigus,

    Plaut. Men. 5, 6, 10:

    fames,

    Hor. S. 1, 2, 6:

    pauperies,

    id. C. 4, 9, 49:

    causa,

    Lucr. 3, 485; Quint. 4, 1, 25; Hor. S. 1, 10, 26:

    nomen (opp. molle),

    Cic. Off. 1, 12:

    verbum,

    id. Brut. 79, 274:

    propositio,

    Quint. 4, 5, 5 et saep.: De. Etiamne id lex coëgit? Ph. Illud durum, Ter. Ph. 2, 1, 8; so in the neutr. sing., Quint. 11, 1, 85; 12, 1, 36; Hor. S. 1, 9, 42 et saep.; cf.

    ellipt.: non vanae redeat sanguis imagini... Durum: sed levius fit patientia, etc.,

    Hor. C. 1, 24, 19. In plur. subst.: dura, ōrum, n., hardships, difficulties:

    siccis omnia dura deus proposuit,

    Hor. C. 1, 18, 3; id. Ep. 2, 1, 141; Sen. Oedip. 208; Verg. A. 8, 522:

    ego dura tuli,

    Ov. M. 9, 544 al. (In fem. plur. ellipt., sc. partes, Ter. Heaut. 2, 4, 22 very dub.).— Comp.:

    hi, si quid erat durius, concurrebant,

    if any unusual difficulty occurred, Caes. B. G. 1, 48, 6; 5, 29, 6; id. B. C. 3, 94, 6.— Adv. posit. in two forms: dūrĭter and dūre.
    A.
    (Acc. to 1. A.) Hardly:

    juga premunt duriter colla (boum),

    Vitr. 10, 8.— Comp.:

    durius,

    Vitr. 10, 15 fin.
    B.
    (Acc. to II. A.-C.)
    1.
    Hardly, stiffly, awkwardly:

    membra moventes Duriter,

    Lucr. 5, 1401:

    duriter,

    Auct. Her. 4, 10, 15; Gell. 17, 10, 15:

    dure,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 66; Quint. 9, 4, 58; 10, 2, 19; Gell. 18, 11, 2.— Comp., Ov. R. Am. 337; Hor. S. 2, 3, 22; Quint. 8, 6, 24; 9, 4, 15; 117.—
    b.
    Hardily, rigorously, austerely:

    vitam parce ac duriter agebat,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 47; id. Ad. 1, 1, 20; Novius ap. Non. 512.—
    2.
    Harshly, roughly, sternly:

    quam tibi ex ore orationem duriter dictis dedit,

    Enn. Trag. v. 348 Vahl.:

    duriter,

    Afran. Com. v. 251 Rib.; Ter. Ad. 4, 5, 28.— Comp., Cic. Lig. 6; id. Att. 1, 1, 4; id. Fam. 11, 27, 7; Caes. B. C. 1, 22 fin.; Tac. Agr. 16; id. A. 3, 52; Sen. Ep. 8; Vulg. Gen. 42, 7.— Sup., Hadrian. in Dig. 47, 14, 1.—
    3.
    Hardly, unfavorably, unfortunately:

    durius cadentibus rebus,

    Suet. Tib. 14 fin.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > durus

  • 12 imperitus

    impĕrītus ( inp-), a, um, adj. [2. inperitus], inexperienced in any thing, not knowing, unacquainted with, unskilled, ignorant, without experience (class.; syn.: ignarus, rudis; opp. prudens, callidus); constr. usually with the gen. or absol., rarely with in.
    (α).
    With gen.:

    homines adulescentulos, inperitos rerum,

    Ter. And. 5, 4, 8:

    summi juris peritissimus, civilis non imperitus,

    Cic. Rep. 5, 3:

    imperitus foederis, rudis exemplorum, ignarus belli,

    id. Balb. 20, 47; cf. id. de Or. 3, 44, 175: homo imperitus morum, agricola et rusticus, with no experience of life, id. Rosc. Am. 49, 143:

    homines barbari et nostrae consuetudinis imperiti,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 22, 1; cf. id. ib. 1, 44, 17:

    conviciorum,

    Auct. Her. 4, 10, 14:

    lyrae,

    Quint. 1, 10, 19:

    poëmatum quoque non imperitus,

    Suet. Aug. 89.—
    (β).
    Absol.:

    homine inperito numquam quicquam injustius,

    Ter. Ad. 1, 2, 18:

    cum in theatro imperiti homines, rerum omnium rudes ignarique consederant,

    Cic. Fl. 7, 16:

    callidum imperitus fraudasse dicitur,

    id. Rosc. Com. 7, 21:

    sin apud indoctos imperitosque dicemus,

    id. Part. 26, 92; cf. id. Rep. 1, 16:

    cum imperiti facile ad credendum impellerentur,

    id. ib. 2, 10:

    uti prudentes cum imperitis manus consererent,

    Sall. J. 49, 2:

    ne quis imperitior existimet, me, etc.,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 46, 135; so,

    imperitiores quidam,

    Quint. 1, 10, 28:

    contio quae ex imperitissimis constat, etc.,

    Cic. Lael. 25, 95:

    multitudo imperita et rudis,

    Liv. 1, 19, 4.—Rarely of things:

    ingenium,

    Plaut. Trin. 3, 2, 39:

    poëma imperito quodam initio fusum,

    Quint. 9, 4, 114.—
    (γ).
    With in:

    in his non imperitus,

    Vitr. 1, 1: in verbis adeo imperitus, Quint 1, 4, 27; 12, 3, 5.— Hence, adv.: impĕrītē, unskilfully, ignorantly, awkwardly:

    imperite absurdeque fictum,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 15:

    dicebat Scipio non imperite,

    id. Brut. 47, 175:

    excerpta,

    Quint. 2, 15, 24.—Ellipt.: hoc imperite ( suppl. factum), Cic. Phil. 2, 32, 81.— Comp.:

    quid potuit dici imperitius?

    Cic. Balb. 8, 20.— Sup.:

    cum est illud imperitissime dictum,

    Cic. Balb. 11, 27.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > imperitus

  • 13 inconcinnus

    in-concinnus, a, um, adj., inelegant, awkward, absurd (rare but class.): qui in aliquo genere inconcinnus aut multus est, is ineptus dicitur, * Cic. de Or. 2, 4, 17:

    personamque feret non inconcinnus utramque,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 17, 29:

    asperitas agrestis et inconcinna gravisque,

    id. ib. 1, 18, 6.— Adv. in two forms (in both post-class.), awkwardly, absurdly.
    1.
    inconcinnē:

    causificare,

    App. M. 10, p. 242, 39.—
    2.
    incon-cinnĭter:

    vertere in aliquam rem,

    Gell. 10, 17, 2.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > inconcinnus

  • 14 ineruditus

    ĭn-ērŭdītus, a, um, adj., uninstructed, unlearned, illiterate, ignorant, awkward (class.):

    non ergo Epicurus ineruditus, sed ii indocti, qui, etc.,

    Cic. Fin. 1, 21, 72:

    ne quis illud tam ineruditum absurdumque respondeat,

    id. Ac. 2, 43, 132:

    judex,

    Quint. 10, 1, 32; cf id. 8 prooem. §

    26.— Of abstr. things: voluptates,

    unrefined, coarse, Quint. 1, 12, 18.— Adv.: ĭnērŭdītē, unlearnedly, ignorantly, awkwardly (post-Aug.):

    non inerudite ad declamandum ficta materia,

    Quint. 1, 10, 33.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > ineruditus

  • 15 inperitus

    impĕrītus ( inp-), a, um, adj. [2. inperitus], inexperienced in any thing, not knowing, unacquainted with, unskilled, ignorant, without experience (class.; syn.: ignarus, rudis; opp. prudens, callidus); constr. usually with the gen. or absol., rarely with in.
    (α).
    With gen.:

    homines adulescentulos, inperitos rerum,

    Ter. And. 5, 4, 8:

    summi juris peritissimus, civilis non imperitus,

    Cic. Rep. 5, 3:

    imperitus foederis, rudis exemplorum, ignarus belli,

    id. Balb. 20, 47; cf. id. de Or. 3, 44, 175: homo imperitus morum, agricola et rusticus, with no experience of life, id. Rosc. Am. 49, 143:

    homines barbari et nostrae consuetudinis imperiti,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 22, 1; cf. id. ib. 1, 44, 17:

    conviciorum,

    Auct. Her. 4, 10, 14:

    lyrae,

    Quint. 1, 10, 19:

    poëmatum quoque non imperitus,

    Suet. Aug. 89.—
    (β).
    Absol.:

    homine inperito numquam quicquam injustius,

    Ter. Ad. 1, 2, 18:

    cum in theatro imperiti homines, rerum omnium rudes ignarique consederant,

    Cic. Fl. 7, 16:

    callidum imperitus fraudasse dicitur,

    id. Rosc. Com. 7, 21:

    sin apud indoctos imperitosque dicemus,

    id. Part. 26, 92; cf. id. Rep. 1, 16:

    cum imperiti facile ad credendum impellerentur,

    id. ib. 2, 10:

    uti prudentes cum imperitis manus consererent,

    Sall. J. 49, 2:

    ne quis imperitior existimet, me, etc.,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 46, 135; so,

    imperitiores quidam,

    Quint. 1, 10, 28:

    contio quae ex imperitissimis constat, etc.,

    Cic. Lael. 25, 95:

    multitudo imperita et rudis,

    Liv. 1, 19, 4.—Rarely of things:

    ingenium,

    Plaut. Trin. 3, 2, 39:

    poëma imperito quodam initio fusum,

    Quint. 9, 4, 114.—
    (γ).
    With in:

    in his non imperitus,

    Vitr. 1, 1: in verbis adeo imperitus, Quint 1, 4, 27; 12, 3, 5.— Hence, adv.: impĕrītē, unskilfully, ignorantly, awkwardly:

    imperite absurdeque fictum,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 15:

    dicebat Scipio non imperite,

    id. Brut. 47, 175:

    excerpta,

    Quint. 2, 15, 24.—Ellipt.: hoc imperite ( suppl. factum), Cic. Phil. 2, 32, 81.— Comp.:

    quid potuit dici imperitius?

    Cic. Balb. 8, 20.— Sup.:

    cum est illud imperitissime dictum,

    Cic. Balb. 11, 27.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > inperitus

  • 16 inscitus

    in-scītus, a, um, adj.
    I.
    Ignorant, inexperienced, unskilful, silly, simple, stupid; freq. coupled with stultus (rare in Cic.;

    a favorite word of Plaut.),

    Plaut. Most. 1, 3, 51:

    inscita atque stulta mulier,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 85; id. Mil. 3, 1, 141.—Of inanim. and abstr. things:

    mirum atque inscitum somniavi somnium,

    Plaut. Rud. 3, 1, 5.— Comp.:

    quid est inscitius,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 13. 36; id. Div. 2, 62.— Sup.:

    inscitissimus,

    Plaut. Most. 5, 2, 14.—
    * II.
    Pass., unknown:

    nescio quid aliud indictum inscitumque dicit,

    Gell. 1, 22, 11.— Adv.: inscītē, unskilfully, clumsily, awkwardly (class.):

    comparari,

    Cic. Fin. 3, 7, 25:

    non inscite nugatur,

    id. Div. 2, 13, 30:

    facta navis,

    Liv. 36, 43, 6.— Sup.: inscitissime petit, Hyg. ap. Gell. 10, 16, 5.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > inscitus

  • 17 laevus

    laevus, a, um, adj. [cf. Gr. laios], left, on the left side (mostly poet.; syn.: sinister, scaevus).
    I.
    Lit.: ut idem nunc sit laevus;

    et e laevo sit mutua dexter,

    Lucr. 4, 301 (325):

    manus,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 47, 145:

    ab laeva manu,

    Plaut. Aul. 4, 3, 1: habeo equidem hercle oculum. Py. At laevom dico, Plaut. Mil. 4, 7, 24:

    latus,

    Ov. M. 12, 415: auris id. ib. 12, 336:

    pes,

    id. ib. 12, 101:

    umerus,

    id. H. 9, 62:

    Pontus,

    lying to the left, id. P. 4, 9, 119:

    iter,

    Verg. A. 5, 170:

    habena,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 15, 12:

    amnis,

    the left bank, Tac. A. 2, 8:

    laevā in parte mamillae,

    Juv. 7, 159. —
    B. 1.
    laeva, ae, f.
    (α).
    (Sc. manus.) The left hand:

    opsecro te hanc per dexteram, perque hanc sororem laevam,

    Plaut. Poen. 3, 1, 9:

    Ilionea petit dextrā, laevāque Serestum,

    Verg. A. 1, 611; id. ib. 2, 552;

    7, 188: cognovi clipeum laevae gestamina nostrae,

    Ov. M. 15, 163; id. ib. 4, 782;

    8, 321: hinc factum est ut usus anulorum exemtus dexterae, in laevam relegaretur,

    Macr. S. 7, 13, 11; so,

    dextera laevaque,

    Juv. 6, 561; 658.—
    (β).
    (Sc. pars.) The left side:

    laevam cuncta cohors remis ventisque petivit,

    Verg. A. 3, 563:

    laevam pete,

    go to the left, Ov. M. 3, 642.—Esp. freq. adv.: laevā, on the left side, on the left:

    dextrā montibus, laevā Tiberi amne saeptus,

    on the left, Liv. 4, 32:

    dextrā laevāque duo maria claudunt,

    id. 21, 43: so, a laevā: Diana facem jacit a laeva, Enn. ap. Cic. Ac. 2, 28, 89 (Trag. Rel. v. 55 Vahl.); Vulg. Exod. 14, 22.—So, ad laevam, in laevam, to the left, on the left: ante, et pone;

    ad laevam, et ad dexteram,

    Cic. Univ. 13:

    si in laevam detorserit,

    Plin. 28, 8, 27, § 93.—
    2.
    In neutr.: laevum, on the left ( poet.):

    intonuit laevum,

    Verg. A. 2, 693; 9, 631:

    laevum extendere comas,

    Juv. 6, 495: in laevum, adverbially, to the left:

    fleximus in laevum cursus,

    Ov. Tr. 1, 10, 17:

    dixit in laevum conversus,

    Juv. 4, 120 (Jahn, in laevam).— Plur.: laeva, ōrum, n., places lying on the left:

    laeva tenent Thetis et Melite,

    Verg. A. 5, 825:

    Thracen et laeva Propontidos intrat,

    Ov. F. 5, 257.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    Awkward, stupid, foolish, silly:

    si mens non laeva fuisset,

    Verg. E. 1, 16; id. A. 2, 54:

    o ego laevus, Qui purgor bilem sub verni temporis horam,

    Hor. A. P. 301.—
    B.
    Of ill omen, unfavorable, inconvenient; unfortunate, unlucky, bad, pernicious:

    Sirius laevo contristat lumine caelum,

    Verg. A. 10, 275:

    peccatum fateor, cum te sic tempore laevo Interpellarim,

    Hor. S. 2, 4, 4:

    teque nec laevus vetat ire picus,

    id. C. 3, 27, 15:

    laevo monitu pueros producit avaros,

    Juv. 14, 228:

    omen,

    Val. Fl. 6, 70:

    ignis,

    i. e. a pestilence, Stat. Th. 1, 634; Claud. Idyll. 2, 92; Sil. 1, 464 Rupert; so,

    numina laeva (opp. dextra or propitia),

    unfavorable gods, hostile deities, Verg. G. 4, 7 Jahn and Forbig. ad loc.:

    impia Cappadocum tellus et numine laevo Visa tibi,

    Mart. 6, 85, 3; Sil. 14, 494; 15, 512; Arn. adv. Gent. 3, 26.—
    C.
    In the language of augurs, fortunate, lucky, propitious (because the Romans, by turning their faces to the south, had the eastern signs on their left hand;

    v. sinister): laeva prospera existimantur, quoniam laevā parte mundi ortus est,

    Plin. 2, 54, 55, § 142; cf. Liv. 1, 18:

    omina,

    Phaedr. 3, 18, 12:

    tonitru dedit omina laevo Juppiter,

    Ov. F. 4, 833; cf. Verg. A. 2, 693; 9, 631 (I. B. 2 supra).—Hence, adv.: laevē, awkwardly, wrongly ( poet.), Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 52.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > laevus

  • 18 rusticatim

    rustĭcātim, adv. [rusticor], rustically, awkwardly: rustice, Non.: ego rusticatim tangam, urbanatim nescio, Pomp. ap. Non. 166, 31.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > rusticatim

  • 19 rusticus

    rustĭcus, a, um, adj. [rus], of or belonging to the country, rural, rustic, country- (very freq. and class.; syn. agrestis; opp. urbanus).
    I.
    Lit.:

    vita,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 1, 1; cf.:

    vita haec rustica, quam tu agrestem vocas,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 27, 75:

    duae vitae hominum, rustica et urbana,

    id. ib. 17, 48:

    Romani (opp. urbani),

    Varr. R. R. 2, praef. § 1; cf. plebes (opp. urbana), Col. praef. § 17;

    praedia,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 15, 42:

    hortus,

    Plin. Ep. 2, 17, 15:

    instrumentum,

    Phaedr. 4, 4, 24:

    opus,

    Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 90:

    res,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 16, 69; 1, 58, 249;

    Col. praef. § 19 sq.: homo (with agricola),

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 49, 143; id. N. D. 3, 5, 11:

    colona,

    Ov. F. 2, 645; cf.

    Phidyle,

    Hor. C. 3, 23, 2:

    mus (opp. urbanus),

    id. S. 2, 6, 80; 115:

    gallinae,

    heathcocks, Varr. R. R. 3, 9, 16; Col. 8, 2, 1 sq. (cf. infra, B. 2. b.):

    numina,

    Ov. M. 1, 192:

    fistula,

    id. ib. 8, 191:

    sedulitas,

    id. F. 6, 534:

    regna,

    id. H. 4, 132:

    opprobria versibus alternis,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 146:

    carcer,

    Juv. 14, 24.—
    B.
    Substt.
    1.
    ru-stĭcus, i, m., a countryman, rustic, peasant; in plur.: rustici, country people, rustics:

    urbani fiunt rustici, etc.,

    Plaut. Mere. 4, 3, 15 sq.:

    omnes urbani, rustici,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 23, 77; cf. id. Or. 24, 81;

    semper occant prius quam sarriunt rustici,

    Plaut. Capt. 3, 5, 5; id. Most. 5, 1, 28; Col. 2, 4, 8; 9, 10 et saep.—In sing., Ov. M. 2, 699; Hor. Epod. 2, 68; id. Ep. 1, 7, 83; 2, 2, 39; Vulg. Sap. 17, 16.—
    2.
    rustĭca, ae, f.
    a.
    A country girl, Ov. M. 5, 583.—
    b.
    (Sc. gallina.) A heath-cock, Mart. 13, 76 (cf. supra, A., and rusticulus, II. B.).—
    II.
    Transf., countrylike, rustic, simple, in a good or (more freq.) in a bad sense, i. e. plain, simple, provincial, rough, coarse, gross, awkward, clownish, etc. (in this sense not freq. till after the Aug. period;

    previously, as in Cic., agrestis was more used): rustica vox et agrestis quosdam delectat, etc.... neque solum rusticam asperitatem, sed etiam peregrinam insolentiam fugere discamus,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 11, 42; 12, 44:

    pro bardā et pro rusticā haberi,

    Plaut. Pers. 2, 1, 2:

    rusticus inlitteratusque litigator,

    Quint. 2, 21, 16:

    manus (with indoctae),

    id. 1, 11, 16; cf.

    with indoctus,

    id. 12, 10, 53;

    with barbarus,

    id. 2, 20, 6;

    (opp. disertus) 7, 1, 43: id vitium sermonis non barbarum esse, sed rusticum,

    Gell. 13, 6, 2:

    Germana illuvies, rusticus, hircus, hara suis, etc.,

    a lout, clown, Plaut. Most. 1, 1, 39 Lorenz ad loc.:

    rusticus es, Corydon,

    Verg. E. 2, 56:

    quid coeptum, rustice, rumpis iter?

    Ov. Am. 3, 6, 88:

    addidit obscenis convicia rustica dictis,

    id. M. 14, 522: sive procax aliqua est;

    capior, quia rustica non est,

    very prudish, id. Am. 2, 4, 13; cf. id. A. A. 1, 607:

    nec tamen est, quamvis agros amet illa feraces, Rustica,

    id. Am. 3, 10, 18.—In a good sense:

    mores,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 27, 75:

    veritas,

    Mart. 10, 72, 11. — Comp.:

    simus hoc titulo rusticiore contenti,

    Sen. Ep. 88, 33.—Hence, adv.: ru-stĭcē (acc. to II.), in a countrified manner, clownishly, boorishly, awkwardly:

    loquinon aspere, non vaste, non rustice,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 12, 45:

    urgere,

    id. Off. 3, 9, 39:

    facere aliquid,

    id. Att. 12, 36, 2:

    cum eo vitio loquentes rustice loqui dictitabant,

    Gell. 13, 6, 2.— Comp.:

    rusticius toga defluit,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 31.— Sup. does not occur.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > rusticus

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