Translation: from latin

author of the

  • 361 Princeps

    1.
    princeps, cĭpis, adj. and subst. comm. [primus-capio], first in time or order (syn. primus).— Lit., in gen.:

    ut quisque in fugā postremus, ita periculo princeps erat,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 34, § 90:

    princeps in proelium ibat, ultimus conserto proelio excedebat,

    Liv. 21, 4:

    princeps Horatius ibat,

    first, in front, in advance, id. 1, 26 Weissenb. ad [p. 1445] loc.:

    princeps fuit ad conatum exercitus comparandi,

    Cic. Phil. 10, 11, 24:

    Firmani principes pecuniae pollicendae fuerunt,

    were the first to promise, id. ib. 7, 8, 23:

    princeps in agendo,

    id. Div. in Caecil. 15, 47; Caes. B. G. 7, 2:

    omnium nationum exterarum princeps Sicilia se ad amicitiam populi Romani applicuit,

    was the first that entered into friendship with the Roman people, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 1, § 2:

    princeps et solus bellum his indixit,

    Nep. Thras. 1, 5:

    princeps in haec verba jurat,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 76:

    ut principes talem nuntium attulisse viderentur,

    to be the first, id. ib. 1, 53:

    qui Formiarum moenia dicitur Princeps tenuisse,

    Hor. C. 3, 17, 7:

    matri Qui dederit princeps oscula,

    Ov. F. 2, 714:

    princeps turmas inducit Asilas,

    Verg. A. 11, 620:

    princeps ante omnes,

    first of all, id. ib. 5, 833.—Of things:

    quoniam exordium princeps omnium esse debet,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 7, 19:

    qualitatum aliae sunt principes, aliae ex lis ortae,

    original, id. Ac. 1, 7, 26:

    mensis Romani anni,

    Col. 11, 2, 3:

    addere principi Limo particulam,

    Hor. C. 1, 16, 13:

    dies imperii princeps, vitae supremus,

    Tac. A. 1, 9.—
    B.
    The first, chief, the most eminent, distinguished, or noble (syn. primores):

    longe omnium gravitate princeps Plato,

    Cic. Or. 19, 62:

    Eudoxus in astrologiā facile princeps,

    id. Div. 2, 42, 87:

    quaedam principes feminae,

    certain noble ladies, Plin. 8, 32, 50, § 119:

    principe loco genitus,

    id. 37, 2, 11, § 40.—Prov.:

    principibus placuisse viris non ultima laus est,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 17, 35. —Rarely of things:

    gemma princeps Sardonychus,

    Juv. 13, 138.—
    II. B.
    Esp., the first, chief, principal, most distinguished person:

    quales in re publicā principes essent, talis reliquos solere esse civis,

    Cic. Fam. 1, 9, 12:

    juventutis,

    one of the noblest of the Roman knights, id. Vatin. 10, 24: trecenti conjuravimus principes juventutis Romanae, i. e. high-born or patrician youths, Liv. 2, 12, 15 (= proceres juventutis, id. 10, 28, 7); 42, 61, 5.—In the time of the emperors this was also a title of honor given to the prince, the heir to the empire, Tac. A. 1, 3:

    sacerdotum,

    the high-priest, Vulg. Act. 4, 6. —
    C.
    A chief, head, author, originator, leader, contriver, etc.:

    princeps atque architectus sceleris,

    Cic. Clu. 22, 60:

    Zeno eorum (Stoicorum) princeps non tam rerum inventor fuit, quam verborum novorum,

    id. Fin. 3, 2, 5:

    princeps Argonautarum,

    i. e. Jason, id. Tusc. 4, 32, 69:

    principes consilii publici, i. e. senatus,

    id. Sest. 45, 97:

    conjurationis,

    id. Cat. 1, 11, 27:

    eorum omnium hic dux est atque princeps,

    id. Har. Resp. 26, 57:

    regendae civitatis dux et sententiae princeps in senatu,

    id. de Or. 3, 17, 63:

    (pueri) aequalium principes,

    first among their playfellows, id. Fin. 5, 22, 61:

    gregis,

    i. e. of players, Suet. Calig. 58:

    principes sententiarum consulares,

    who were first asked for their opinion, Liv. 8, 21:

    hujus consilii principes,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 14:

    belli inferendi,

    first in commencing hostilities, id. ib. 5, 52:

    jam princeps equitum,

    at the head of, Juv. 4, 32.—Of ancestors:

    hinc Dardanus ortus Iasiusque pater, genus a quo principe nostrum,

    Verg. A. 3, 168 (cf., in this sense, principium, Sil. 15, 748; v. principium, II. B. 2.).—
    D.
    A chief, superior, director (ante- and post-class.):

    principes, qui utrique rei praeponuntur,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 2; Lampr. Alex. Sev. 32.—
    E.
    A prince, i. e. a ruler, sovereign, emperor ( poet. and post-Aug.):

    hic ames dici pater atque princeps,

    Hor. C. 1, 2, 50; Ov. P. 1, 2, 123; Tac. A. 1, 1:

    quae non faciet quod principis uxor,

    Juv. 6, 617; 8, 224.—
    F.
    In milit. lang.: princĭpes, um, m., the second line of soldiers, between the hastati and triarii, Liv. 8, 8; 22, 5; 30, 8; 37, 39; cf. Varr. L. L. 5, § 89; Veg. Mil. 1, 20; 2, 15; cf. Ov. F. 3, 129; and Becker, Antiq. 3, 2, p. 249 sq.; p. 269 sq.—Princeps also signifies,
    1.
    A company or division of the principes: signum primi principis, of the first company of the principes, Liv. 26, 6, 1:

    octavum principem duxit,

    was centurion of the eighth maniple, Cic. ad Brut. 1, 8, 2.—
    2.
    A centurion or captain of the principes: princeps prior, the first captain of the principes, Caes. B. C. 3, 64 fin.:

    princeps tertiae legionis,

    Liv. 25, 14; cf. id. 42, 34.—
    3.
    The office of centurion of the principes, the centurionship or captaincy of the principes: mihi primus princeps prioris centuriae est adsignatus, the first captaincy of the principes, Liv. 42, 34, 8.— Comp.:

    omnium priorum principum principiorem, si dici fas est,

    Cassiod. Hist. Eccl. 1, 1.
    2.
    Princeps, cĭpis, m., a celebrated flute-player, Phaedr. 5, 7, 4.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Princeps

  • 362 principes

    1.
    princeps, cĭpis, adj. and subst. comm. [primus-capio], first in time or order (syn. primus).— Lit., in gen.:

    ut quisque in fugā postremus, ita periculo princeps erat,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 34, § 90:

    princeps in proelium ibat, ultimus conserto proelio excedebat,

    Liv. 21, 4:

    princeps Horatius ibat,

    first, in front, in advance, id. 1, 26 Weissenb. ad [p. 1445] loc.:

    princeps fuit ad conatum exercitus comparandi,

    Cic. Phil. 10, 11, 24:

    Firmani principes pecuniae pollicendae fuerunt,

    were the first to promise, id. ib. 7, 8, 23:

    princeps in agendo,

    id. Div. in Caecil. 15, 47; Caes. B. G. 7, 2:

    omnium nationum exterarum princeps Sicilia se ad amicitiam populi Romani applicuit,

    was the first that entered into friendship with the Roman people, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 1, § 2:

    princeps et solus bellum his indixit,

    Nep. Thras. 1, 5:

    princeps in haec verba jurat,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 76:

    ut principes talem nuntium attulisse viderentur,

    to be the first, id. ib. 1, 53:

    qui Formiarum moenia dicitur Princeps tenuisse,

    Hor. C. 3, 17, 7:

    matri Qui dederit princeps oscula,

    Ov. F. 2, 714:

    princeps turmas inducit Asilas,

    Verg. A. 11, 620:

    princeps ante omnes,

    first of all, id. ib. 5, 833.—Of things:

    quoniam exordium princeps omnium esse debet,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 7, 19:

    qualitatum aliae sunt principes, aliae ex lis ortae,

    original, id. Ac. 1, 7, 26:

    mensis Romani anni,

    Col. 11, 2, 3:

    addere principi Limo particulam,

    Hor. C. 1, 16, 13:

    dies imperii princeps, vitae supremus,

    Tac. A. 1, 9.—
    B.
    The first, chief, the most eminent, distinguished, or noble (syn. primores):

    longe omnium gravitate princeps Plato,

    Cic. Or. 19, 62:

    Eudoxus in astrologiā facile princeps,

    id. Div. 2, 42, 87:

    quaedam principes feminae,

    certain noble ladies, Plin. 8, 32, 50, § 119:

    principe loco genitus,

    id. 37, 2, 11, § 40.—Prov.:

    principibus placuisse viris non ultima laus est,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 17, 35. —Rarely of things:

    gemma princeps Sardonychus,

    Juv. 13, 138.—
    II. B.
    Esp., the first, chief, principal, most distinguished person:

    quales in re publicā principes essent, talis reliquos solere esse civis,

    Cic. Fam. 1, 9, 12:

    juventutis,

    one of the noblest of the Roman knights, id. Vatin. 10, 24: trecenti conjuravimus principes juventutis Romanae, i. e. high-born or patrician youths, Liv. 2, 12, 15 (= proceres juventutis, id. 10, 28, 7); 42, 61, 5.—In the time of the emperors this was also a title of honor given to the prince, the heir to the empire, Tac. A. 1, 3:

    sacerdotum,

    the high-priest, Vulg. Act. 4, 6. —
    C.
    A chief, head, author, originator, leader, contriver, etc.:

    princeps atque architectus sceleris,

    Cic. Clu. 22, 60:

    Zeno eorum (Stoicorum) princeps non tam rerum inventor fuit, quam verborum novorum,

    id. Fin. 3, 2, 5:

    princeps Argonautarum,

    i. e. Jason, id. Tusc. 4, 32, 69:

    principes consilii publici, i. e. senatus,

    id. Sest. 45, 97:

    conjurationis,

    id. Cat. 1, 11, 27:

    eorum omnium hic dux est atque princeps,

    id. Har. Resp. 26, 57:

    regendae civitatis dux et sententiae princeps in senatu,

    id. de Or. 3, 17, 63:

    (pueri) aequalium principes,

    first among their playfellows, id. Fin. 5, 22, 61:

    gregis,

    i. e. of players, Suet. Calig. 58:

    principes sententiarum consulares,

    who were first asked for their opinion, Liv. 8, 21:

    hujus consilii principes,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 14:

    belli inferendi,

    first in commencing hostilities, id. ib. 5, 52:

    jam princeps equitum,

    at the head of, Juv. 4, 32.—Of ancestors:

    hinc Dardanus ortus Iasiusque pater, genus a quo principe nostrum,

    Verg. A. 3, 168 (cf., in this sense, principium, Sil. 15, 748; v. principium, II. B. 2.).—
    D.
    A chief, superior, director (ante- and post-class.):

    principes, qui utrique rei praeponuntur,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 2; Lampr. Alex. Sev. 32.—
    E.
    A prince, i. e. a ruler, sovereign, emperor ( poet. and post-Aug.):

    hic ames dici pater atque princeps,

    Hor. C. 1, 2, 50; Ov. P. 1, 2, 123; Tac. A. 1, 1:

    quae non faciet quod principis uxor,

    Juv. 6, 617; 8, 224.—
    F.
    In milit. lang.: princĭpes, um, m., the second line of soldiers, between the hastati and triarii, Liv. 8, 8; 22, 5; 30, 8; 37, 39; cf. Varr. L. L. 5, § 89; Veg. Mil. 1, 20; 2, 15; cf. Ov. F. 3, 129; and Becker, Antiq. 3, 2, p. 249 sq.; p. 269 sq.—Princeps also signifies,
    1.
    A company or division of the principes: signum primi principis, of the first company of the principes, Liv. 26, 6, 1:

    octavum principem duxit,

    was centurion of the eighth maniple, Cic. ad Brut. 1, 8, 2.—
    2.
    A centurion or captain of the principes: princeps prior, the first captain of the principes, Caes. B. C. 3, 64 fin.:

    princeps tertiae legionis,

    Liv. 25, 14; cf. id. 42, 34.—
    3.
    The office of centurion of the principes, the centurionship or captaincy of the principes: mihi primus princeps prioris centuriae est adsignatus, the first captaincy of the principes, Liv. 42, 34, 8.— Comp.:

    omnium priorum principum principiorem, si dici fas est,

    Cassiod. Hist. Eccl. 1, 1.
    2.
    Princeps, cĭpis, m., a celebrated flute-player, Phaedr. 5, 7, 4.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > principes

  • 363 procreator

    prōcrĕātor, ōris, m. [id.], a begetter, producer, creator (class.):

    ille procreator mundi deus,

    author, creator, Cic. Univ. 8, 23:

    a procreatoribus amari,

    by one's parents, id. Fin. 4, 7, 17; 5, 23, 65.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > procreator

  • 364 Prodicius

    Prŏdĭcus, i, m., = Prodikos, a Grecian sophist of Ceos, contemporary with Socrates, [p. 1455] author of the story of The Choice of Hercules, Cic. Brut. 8, 30; id. de Or. 3, 32, 128; Quint. 3, 1, 12.—Hence,
    II.
    Prŏdĭcĭus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to Prodicus:

    Prodicius Hercules,

    Cic. Off. 1, 32, 118.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Prodicius

  • 365 Prodicus

    Prŏdĭcus, i, m., = Prodikos, a Grecian sophist of Ceos, contemporary with Socrates, [p. 1455] author of the story of The Choice of Hercules, Cic. Brut. 8, 30; id. de Or. 3, 32, 128; Quint. 3, 1, 12.—Hence,
    II.
    Prŏdĭcĭus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to Prodicus:

    Prodicius Hercules,

    Cic. Off. 1, 32, 118.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Prodicus

  • 366 recido

    1.
    rĕcĭdo, reccidi (better than recidi; cf. Cic. Rep. 2, 8, 14), cāsum (recasurus, Cic. Att. 4, 16, 12; Suet. Aug. 96; Gai. Inst. 1, 127), 3 (with e long, Lucr. 1, 857; 1063; 5, 280; Prop. 4 (5), 8, 44; Ov. M. 6, 212; 10, 18; 180; id. R. Am. 611; Juv. 12, 54; Phaedr. 3, 18, 15 al.;

    prob., also,

    Plaut. Men. 3, 2, 54, and Ter. Hec. prol. alt. 39; v. the art. re), v. n., to fall back (class., and very freq., esp. in the trop. signif.; but not found in Virg. or Hor.).
    A.
    Lit.: neque posse e terris in loca caeli Recidere inferiora, Lucr. 1, 1063:

    quia et recidant omnia in terras et oriantur e terris,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 26, 66:

    ramulum adductum, ut remissus esset, in oculum suum reccidisse,

    had sprung back, recoiled, id. Div. 1, 54, 123:

    quem (discum) libratum in auras Misit... Recidit in solidam longo post tempore terram Pondus,

    Ov. M. 10, 180:

    etiam si recta recciderat (navis),

    Liv. 24, 34; Prop. 4 (5), 8, 44 et saep.:

    in collum Benjamin,

    Vulg. Gen. 45, 14.— Absol.:

    amictum recidentem,

    Quint. 11, 3, 162.—
    B.
    Trop., to fall back, return:

    in graviorem morbum recidere,

    to relapse, Liv. 24, 29;

    so alone: ab his me remediis noli in istam turbam vocare, ne recidam,

    Cic. Att. 12, 21, 5; cf.:

    (quartanae) ne recidant,

    Plin. 28, 16, 66, § 228:

    post interitum Tatii cum ad eum (sc. Romulum) potentatus omnis reccidisset,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 8, 14:

    praestat in eandem illam recidere fortunam,

    id. Sest. 69, 146; cf.:

    Syracusae in antiquam servitutem recciderunt,

    Liv. 24, 32 fin.:

    quippe celebratam Macedonum fortitudinem ad ludibrium reccidisse verebatur,

    Curt. 9, 7, 23:

    in invidiam,

    Nep. Alcib. 7, 1.—So freq. of an evil, to fall back, recoil upon any one, esp. upon the author of it: omnes in te istaec recident contumeliae, * Plaut. Men. 3, 2, 54:

    ut hujus amentiae poena in ipsum familiamque ejus recidat,

    Cic. Phil. 4, 4, 10:

    suspicionem in vosmet ipsos recidere,

    id. Rosc. Am. 29, 79: hunc casum ad ipsos recidere posse demonstrant, * Caes. B. G. 7, 1:

    quae in adversarios recidunt,

    Quint. 9, 2, 49:

    quod in ipsam recidat,

    Ov. M. 6, 212:

    consilia in ipsorum caput recidentia,

    Liv. 36, 29; cf. Curt. 9, 5, 25:

    periculosa et adversa cuncta in illos recasura,

    Suet. Aug. 96:

    in me haec omnia mala recciderunt,

    Vulg. Gen. 42, 36. —
    II.
    (With the idea of cadere predominating.) To fall somewhere, to light upon, happen, occur, = redigi; constr. with ad, in, or an adv. of direction.
    (α).
    With ad:

    ex laetitiā et voluptate ad ludum et lacrimas,

    Cic. Sull. 32, 91: ex liberatore patriae ad Aquilios se Vitelliosque reccidisse, had sunk to a level with the Aquilii and Vitellii, i. e. had come to be regarded as a traitor, Liv. 2, 7: sinere artem musicam Recidere ad paucos, to fall into the possession of a few, Ter. Hec. prol. alt. 39:

    tantum apparatum ad nihilum recidere,

    to come to naught, Cic. Phil. 7, 9, 27:

    ad nilum,

    Lucr. 1, 857; Cic. Or. 70, 233:

    ad nihil,

    id. Att. 4, 16, 12.—
    (β).
    With in, Lucr. 5, 280:

    quae (tela), si viginti quiessem dies, in aliorum vigiliam consulum reccidissent,

    Cic. Planc. 37, 90; cf. id. Att. 1, 1, 2; id. Phil. 13, 9, 19:

    rex ut in eam fortunam recideret,

    Liv. 44, 31 fin.:

    omnis impensa in cassum recidat,

    Col. 4, 3, 5:

    mundi, In quem reccidimus, quidquid mortale creamur,

    Ov. M. 10, 18.—
    (γ).
    With an adv. of direction:

    huccine tandem omnia recciderunt, ut civis Romanus... in foro virgis caederetur,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 63, § 163:

    eo regiae majestatis imperium,

    Liv. 4, 2:

    eo res,

    Quint. 2, 10, 3:

    illuc, ut, etc.,

    Juv. 12, 54:

    ex quantis opibus quo reccidissent Carthaginiensium res,

    Liv. 30, 42:

    pleraque, quo debuerint, reccidisse,

    id. 25, 31; cf. id. 4, 2:

    quorsum responsum recidat,

    Cic. Rosc. Com. 15, 43.
    2.
    rĕ-cīdo, di, sum, 3, v. a. [caedo], to cut away, cut down, cut off (mostly poet. and in post-Aug. prose).
    I.
    Lit.:

    vepres,

    Cato, R. R. 2, 4; cf.:

    malleolos ad imum articulum,

    Plin. 17, 21, 35, § 160:

    sceptrum imo de stirpe,

    Verg. A. 12, 208;

    for which: laurum imā stirpe,

    Claud. Rapt. Pros. 3, 76 (cf. II.):

    ceras inanes,

    empty cells, Verg. G. 4, 241:

    hirsutam barbam falce,

    Ov. M. 13, 766:

    caput,

    id. ib. 9, 71:

    immedicabile vulnus Ense recidendum est,

    id. ib. 1, 191:

    pollicem alicui,

    Quint. 8, 5, 12:

    comas,

    Mart. 1, 32, 4; cf.

    capillos,

    Plin. Ep. 7, 27 fin.:

    ungues,

    Plin. 10, 35, 52, § 106:

    columnas,

    to hew out, Hor. C. 2, 18, 4:

    fustes,

    id. ib. 3, 6, 40:

    ancile ab omni parte recisum,

    Ov. F. 3, 377:

    mella,

    i. e. to take out, Pall. Jun. 7, 2.—

    Of persons: cuncti simul ense recisi,

    cut down, Luc. 2, 194.— Poet.:

    fulgorem sideribus,

    to rob the stars of their brightness, Stat. Th. 12, 310:

    gramina morsu,

    to devour, Calp. Ecl. 2, 45.—
    II.
    Trop. (borrowed from agriculture), to lop off, cut short, retrench, abridge, diminish:

    perquam multa recidam ex orationibus Ciceronis,

    Quint. 12, 10, 52; cf. id. 12, 10, 55:

    inanem loquacitatem,

    id. 10, 5, 22: ambitiosa [p. 1532] ornamenta, Hor. A. P. 447:

    omne quod ultra Perfectum traheretur,

    id. S. 1, 10, 69: nationes partim recisas, partim repressas, * Cic. Prov. Cons. 12, 31:

    mercedes scaenicorum,

    Suet. Tib. 34 init.:

    armaturas mirmillonum,

    to lessen, id. Calig. 55:

    ornandi potestatem,

    Quint. 2, 16, 4:

    facultatem aliter acquirendi,

    id. 12, 7, 10:

    impedimenta,

    to diminish, obviate, Front. Strat. 4, 1, 7; cf.

    occupationes,

    Sen. Q. N. 3 praef.:

    culpam supplicio,

    Hor. C. 3, 24, 34; cf.:

    cum magnis parva mineris Falce recisurum simili te,

    id. S. 1, 3, 123: vitia a stirpe, Claud. ap. Ruf. 1, 56; and:

    aliquid priscum ad morem,

    i. e. to reduce within the limits of ancient manners, Tac. A. 3, 53.—Hence, rĕcīsus, a, um, P.a., shortened, abridged; short, brief:

    opus,

    Vell. 2, 89, 1:

    ea recisa in unum librum coartasse,

    Plin. Ep. 1, 20, 8.— Comp.:

    tempus recisius (opp. longius),

    Dig. 47, 21, 2.— Sup. and adv. do not occur.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > recido

  • 367 relego

    1.
    rĕ-lēgo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a.
    I.
    To send away or out of the way, to despatch, remove (class.; in class. prose usually with an odious accessory meaning; syn. amando).
    A.
    Lit.
    1.
    In gen.:

    (L. Manlium tribunus plebis) criminabatur, quod Titum filium ab hominibus relegasset et ruri habitare jussisset,

    Cic. Off. 3, 31, 112; Sen. Ben. 3, 37; Val. Max. 6, 9, 1; cf.:

    filium in praedia rustica,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 15, 42:

    rejecti et relegati longe ab ceteris,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 30 fin.:

    procul Europā in ultima orientis relegati senes,

    Curt. 5, 5, 14:

    relegatos in ultimum paene rerum humanarum terminum,

    id. 9, 2, 9:

    cives tam procul ab domo,

    Liv. 9, 26:

    aliquem a republicā sub honorificentissimo ministerii titulo,

    Vell. 2, 45, 4:

    exercitum in aliā insulā,

    Tac. Agr. 15:

    me vel extremos Numidarum in agros Classe releget,

    Hor. C. 3, 11, 48:

    tauros procul atque in sola relegant Pascua,

    Verg. G. 3, 212.— Poet., with dat.:

    terris gens relegata ultimis, Cic. poët. Tusc. 2, 8, 20: Trivia Hippolytum... nymphae Egeriae nemorique relegat,

    consigns him to Egeria, Verg. A. 7, 775. —
    b.
    Transf., of a locality, to place at a distance, remove:

    Taprobane extra orbem a naturā relegata,

    Plin. 6, 22, 24, § 84; cf. Claud. Laud. Stil. 1, 250. —
    2.
    In partic., a publicists' t. t., to send into exile, to banish, relegate; said of banishment by which a person was sent only a certain distance from Rome, and usually for a limited time, without suffering a capitis deminutio (cf. deportatio and exilium):

    relegatus, non exsul, dicor in illo,

    Ov. Tr. 2, 137; 5, 11, 21; 5, 2, 61; id. P. 4, 13, 40: (consul) L. Lamiam... in concione relegavit, edixitque, ut ab urbe abesset millia passuum ducenta, Cic. Sest. 12, 29:

    Marcus Piso in decem annos relegatur,

    Tac. A. 3, 17 fin.; Suet. Tib. 50; id. Aug. 24:

    ipse quosdam novo exemplo relegavit, ut ultra lapidem tertium vetaret egredi ab Urbe,

    id. Claud. 23 fin.:

    nemo eorum relegatus in exilium est,

    Liv. 25, 6; cf.:

    milites relegatos prope in exilium,

    id. 26, 2 fin.:

    ultra Karthaginem,

    id. 40, 41:

    aliquem Circeios in perpetuum,

    Suet. Aug. 16 fin.:

    in decem annos,

    Tac. A. 3, 17:

    in insulam,

    id. 3, 86. —
    B.
    Trop., to send away, put aside, reject:

    apud quem ille sedens Samnitium dona relegaverat,

    had sent back, rejected, Cic. Rep. 3, 28, 32 Moser (for which:

    repudiati Samnites,

    Cic. Sen. 16, 55):

    ambitione relegatā,

    put aside, apart, Hor. S. 1, 10, 84:

    bella,

    Luc. 6, 324 (dimoveam, removeam, Schol.):

    inimicas vitiis artes non odio magis quam reverentia,

    Plin. Pan. 47, 1:

    verba alicujus,

    Ov. P. 2, 2, 7. —
    2.
    In partic., with a specification of the term. ad quem, to refer, attribute, ascribe, impute (post-Aug.):

    nec tamen ego in plerisque eorum obstringam fidem meam potiusque ad auctores relegabo,

    Plin. 7, 1, 1, § 8:

    totamque ad solos audito res relegāsse,

    Quint. 3, 7, 1:

    orationem rectae honestaeque vitae ad philosophos,

    id. 1, prooem. §

    10: mala ad crimen fortunae,

    id. 6, prooem. § 13; cf.:

    culpam in hominem,

    id. 7, 4, 13:

    invidiam in aliquem,

    Vell. 2, 44, 2; 2, 64, 2 Ruhnk.— Poet., with dat.:

    causas alicui,

    to ascribe, Tib. 4, 6, 5.—
    3.
    To refer to a book or an author:

    ad auctores,

    Plin. 7, 1, 1, § 8 (cf. Nep. Cat. 3, 5, delegare).—
    II.
    In jurid. Lat., to bequeath, devise, as an inheritance:

    dotem,

    Dig. 33, 4, 1 sq.; 23, 5, 8:

    usum fructum,

    ib. 23, 2, 23.
    2.
    rĕ-lĕgo, lēgi, lectum, 3, v. a.
    I.
    To gather together or collect again (almost exclusively poet.): janua difficilis filo est inventa relecto, i. e. by the thread (of Ariadne) wound up again, Ov. M. 8, 173:

    (abies) docilis relegi, docilisque relinqui,

    i. e. to be drawn back, Val. Fl. 6, 237:

    menses decem a coactore releget (pecuniam),

    Cato, R. R. 150, 2. —
    2.
    In partic., of localities, to travel over or through again, to traverse or sail over again:

    litora,

    Verg. A. 3, 690:

    Hellespontiacas illa (navis) relegit aquas,

    Ov. Tr. 1, 10, 24:

    egressi relegunt campos,

    Val. Fl. 8, 121:

    vias,

    id. ib. 4, 54:

    iter,

    Stat. Achill. 1, 23; cf. id. S. 5, 3, 29:

    spatia retro,

    Sen. Agam. 572:

    ter caelum (luna),

    Stat. S. 5, 3, 29:

    vestigia cursu,

    Claud. B. G. 529:

    cursum,

    Prud. Apoth. 1004. —

    In prose: relegit Asiam,

    again coasts along, Tac. A. 2, 54:

    rex cum suis dumeta relegens,

    Amm. 30, 1, 15:

    relegens margines lacus Brigantiae,

    id. 15, 4, 1.—
    II.
    To go through or over again in reading, in speech, or in thought, to read or relate again, = retractare (rarely in prose):

    Trojani belli scriptorem Praeneste relegi,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 2:

    scripta,

    Ov. R. Am. 717 sq.:

    alicui librum,

    to read aloud, Col. 4, 1, 1:

    de nostris releges quemcunque libris,

    Mart. 4, 29, 9. — Absol.:

    deinde relegentes inveniunt, ubi posuerint (verba),

    Quint. 11, 2, 23:

    dum relegunt suos sermone labores,

    Ov. M. 4, 569:

    qui omnia, quae ad cultum deorum pertinerent, diligenter retractarent et tamquam relegerent, sunt dicti religiosi ex relegendo, ut elegantes ex eligendo, etc.,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 28, 72.—Acc to this last passage is to be explained: rĕlĭ-gens, entis, P. a., revering the gods, i. e. pious, religious: religentem esse oportet, religiosumst nefas, Poët. ap. Gell. 4, 9, 1.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > relego

  • 368 repertor

    rĕpertor, ōris, m. [id. II. B. 2.], a discoverer, inventor, deviser, author (not in Cic. or Cæs.; cf.

    inventor): vitis,

    i. e. Bacchus, Varr. R. R. 1, 2, 19; Ov. Am. 1, 3, 11:

    mellis,

    id. F. 3, 762:

    carminis et medicae opis, Phoebus,

    id. R. Am. 76:

    poenae,

    id. Tr. 3, 11, 51:

    medicinae,

    i.e. Æsculapius, Verg. A. 7, 772:

    hominum rerumque,

    i.e. Jupiter, id. ib. 12, 829:

    doctrinarum atque leporum,

    Lucr. 3, 1049:

    pallae honestae,

    Hor. A. P. 278:

    legum,

    Quint. 2, 16, 9:

    novi juris,

    Tac. A. 2, 30:

    relationis,

    id. ib. 12, 53:

    facinorum omnium,

    id. ib. 4, 11:

    flagitii ejus,

    id. ib. 4, 71:

    perfidiae,

    Sall. H. 4, 61, 7 Dietsch; Cels. 7, 26, 3; Macr. S. 1, 7, 25:

    orbis,

    Prud. Cath. 4, 9:

    artis rhetoricae,

    App. Flor 4, p. 360, 12 codd. (v. repertio).

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > repertor

  • 369 sator

    sător, ōris, m. [id.].
    I.
    Lit., a sower, planter, Varr. R. R. 1, 45, 3; Lucr. 2, 1168; Cic. N. D. 2, 34; Col. 3, 15, 3; Plin. 15, 1, 1, § 3; Vulg. Jer. 50, 16.—
    B.
    Poet., transf., a begetter, father, creator: caelestum sator, i. e. Jupiter, Cic. poët. Tusc. 2, 9, 21;

    also termed hominum sator atque deorum,

    Verg. A. 1, 254; 11, 725:

    hominum (with deorum genitor),

    Phaedr. 3, 17, 10:

    rerum,

    Sil. 4, 432:

    aevi,

    id. 9, 306:

    verus Alcidae sator,

    Sen. Herc. Fur. 357:

    annorum nitidique mundi,

    i. e. Janus, Mart. 10, 28, 1:

    qui et sator omnium deorum fuit,

    Lact. 1, 23, 5.—
    II.
    Trop., a sower, promoter, author (very rare;

    not in Cic.): sator sartorque scelerum,

    Plaut. Capt. 3, 5, 3:

    litis,

    Liv. 21, 6, 2: turbarum. Sil. 8, 260.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > sator

  • 370 Scribonius

    1.
    C. Scribonius Curio, a friend of Cicero, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 8, 5 and 6, to whom are addressed Cic. Ep. ad Fam. 2, 1-7.—
    2.
    Scribonius Largus Designatianus, a physician in the time of the Emperor Tiberius, author of a work De Compositione medicamentorum.—Also,
    3.
    Scribonia, wife of Augustus, whom he divorced to marry Livia, Suet. Aug. 62; 69; Tac. A. 2, 27.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Scribonius

  • 371 scriptor

    scriptor, ōris, m. [scribo], one who writes.
    I.
    In gen. (acc. to scribo, I.), a writer, scribe, secretary (syn. librarius;

    very rare): addebat etiam, scriptores illos male multatos exisse cum Galbā,

    Cic. Brut. 22, 88; cf.:

    scriptor librarius,

    Hor. A. P. 354:

    ex ejus (Crassi) scriptore et lectore Diphilo suspicari liceret,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 30, 136:

    (Seneca) advocatis scriptoribus pleraque tradidit, quae, etc.,

    Tac. A. 15, 63 fin.; Vulg. Ezech. 9, 2.—
    II.
    In partic. (acc. to scribo, II.).
    A.
    One that composes in writing; a writer, composer, author, reporter, narrator, etc. (the ruling signif. of the word; syn. auctor).
    (α).
    With gen.:

    omnium bonarum artium scriptores atque doctores et legendi et pervolutandi,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 34, 158:

    artis,

    id. ib. 1, 20, 91; id. Inv. 2, 2, 6; Quint. 9, 4, 96:

    artium,

    id. 7, 7, 1; 7, 7, 8, prooem. §

    3: quam multos scriptores rerum suarum magnus ille Alexander secum habuisse dicitur,

    Cic. Arch. 10, 24; so,

    rerum scriptor,

    an historian, Liv. 21, 1;

    for which: historiarum,

    Juv. 7, 99; Plin. 36, 5, 4, § 36:

    temporum, Treb. Poll. Trig. Tyr. 18: carminum,

    Quint. 1, 5, 11:

    tragoediarum,

    id. 1, 5, 21; 10, 1, 97:

    veteris comoediae,

    id. 10, 1, 9:

    iamborum,

    id. 10, 1, 9; 10, 1, 59:

    mimorum,

    id. 1, 10, 17:

    Satyrorum,

    Hor. A. P. 235:

    Trojani belli,

    id. Ep. 1, 2, 1 et saep.:

    tuarum rerum domesticos habes et scriptores et nuntios,

    reporters, Cic. Fam. 2, 4, 1.—
    (β).
    Absol.:

    omne genus scriptorum,

    Quint. 1, 4, 4:

    vetustissimus ille scriptor ac politissimus Lysias,

    Cic. Or. 9, 29;

    so of the same,

    id. Brut. 9, 35:

    quia provenere ibi (sc. Athenis) scriptorum magna ingenia, etc.,

    Sall. C. 8, 3: utriusque linguae, in Latin and Greek, Gell. praef. § 4; so of an historian: in tantā scriptorum turbā, Liv. praef. § 2 sq.; Mart. 3, 20, 4 al.; Quint. 3, 4, 1:

    fere scriptores carmine foedo Splendida facta linunt,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 236;

    so of poets,

    id. ib. 2, 1, 62:

    scriptorum chorus,

    id. ib. 2, 2, 77:

    nobilium scriptorum auditor,

    id. ib. 1, 19, 39; id. A. P. 120; 136; Phaedr. 5, 1, 17 al.—
    B.
    Publicists' and jurid. t. t. (acc. to scribo, II. B.), a drawer up, compiler, draughter of any thing.
    1.
    Legum (Numa), Cic. Rep. 5, 2, 3:

    legis,

    id. Inv. 2, 47, 139.—
    2.
    Alieni testamenti, Suet. Ner. 17.— Absol., Quint. 7, 2, 53; 7, 6, 11.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > scriptor

  • 372 semen

    sēmen, ĭnis, n. [root sa-, sē-; cf.: sero, sevi; Saturnus, sator, etc.].
    I.
    Seed.
    1.
    Of plants, Cato, R. R. 17; 27; 31 fin.; 34; Varr. R. R. 1, 40 sq.:

    semen manu spargere,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 18, 50:

    terra semen excepit,

    id. Sen. 15, 51; id. N. D. 2, 32, 81; Ov. M. 1, 108; 7, 623 et saep.—
    2.
    Of men, animals, etc., Plaut. Am. 5, 2, 9; Varr. R. R. 2, 2, 4; 2, 3, 4; 3, 7, 10 al.; Lucr. 4, 1031; 4, 1034 sq.; Cels. 4, 19; Ov. M. 1, 748; 15, 760 et saep.—
    3.
    Poet., of the elements of other bodies (of fire, water, stones, etc.):

    ignis semina convolvunt e nubibus,

    Lucr. 6, 201 sq.; 6, 444; 6, 507;

    6, 841: quaerit pars semina flammae in venis silicis,

    Verg. A. 6, 6; Ov. M. 11, 144 et saep.:

    in animis quasi virtutum igniculi et semina,

    Cic. Fin. 5, 7, 18; so id. Div. 1, 3, 6:

    alicujus quaestionis,

    Liv. 40, 19.—
    B.
    kat exochên, spelt-seed, spelt, Plin. 18, 8, 19, § 82; 18, 24, 55, § 198; Col. 2, 12, 1; cf. Isid. Orig. 17, 3, 6.—
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    A shoot used for propagating; a graft, scion, set, slip, cutting, Varr. R. R. 1, 40, 5; Verg. G. 2, 354; Col. 3, 3, 4; 3, 4, 1; 5, 10, 1 et saep.—
    2.
    A stock, race (very rare):

    genus ac semen,

    Cic. Agr. 2, 35, 95; so (with genus) id. Phil. 4, 5, 13:

    ipsa regio semine orta,

    Liv. 1, 47:

    videndum, ut boni seminis pecus habeas,

    Varr. R. R. 2, 2, 4.—
    3.
    Posterity, progeny, offspring, child ( poet.):

    non tulit in cineres labi sua Phoebus eosdem Semina, sed natum flammis Eripuit,

    Ov. M. 2, 629; so,

    semina,

    id. ib. 10, 470; 15, 216; id. F. 2, 383; id. Tr. 2, 415; Sen. Herc. Fur. 987; Vulg. Gen. 15, 5 et saep.—
    II.
    Trop., as in all languages, seed, i. e. origin, occasion, ground, cause; of persons, an author, prompter, insligator, etc. (class.).
    (α).
    Sing. (the predom. signif. in Cic.):

    stirps ac semen malorum omnium,

    Cic. Cat. 1, 12, 30:

    bellorum civilium semen et causa,

    id. Off. 2, 8, 29, cf. ut in seminibus est causa arborum et stirpium:

    sic hujus belli semen ut fuisti (for which, just before: causam belli in personā tuā constitisse),

    id. Phil. 2, 22, 55:

    sceleris,

    Plaut. Rud. 2, 2, 21.—
    (β).
    Plur.:

    in animis, quasi virtutum igniculi atque semina,

    Cic. Fin. 5, 7, 18:

    quod et Zeno in suis commentariis quasi semina quaedam sparsisset,

    id. Div. 1, 3, 6:

    si virtutes sunt, ad quas nobis initia quaedam ac semina sunt concessa naturā,

    Quint. 2, 20, 6:

    loquaces, seditiosos, semina discordiarum (tribunos plebis),

    Liv. 3, 19, 5:

    vix tamen illa semina erant futurae luxuriae,

    the small beginnings, id. 39, 6, 9; cf. id. 40, 19, 9:

    discordiae,

    Tac. H. 1, 53; 4, 18 fin.:

    belli,

    id. A. 4, 27; 16, 7:

    rebellionis,

    id. ib. 11, 19:

    motus,

    id. ib. 3, 41. futuri exitii, id. ib. 4, 60:

    ejus facultatis,

    Quint. 2, 20, 6:

    quamquam semina ejus (translationis) quaedam apud Aristotelen reperiuntur,

    id. 3, 6, 60:

    quaedam probationum,

    id. 4, 2, 54:

    veteris eloquentiae,

    Tac. Or. 33; Sen. Ep. 90, 29.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > semen

  • 373 seminator

    sēmĭnātor, ōris, m. [id.], an originator, producer, author (Ciceronian).
    I.
    Lit.:

    seminator et sator et parens omnium rerum (mundus),

    Cic. N. D. 2, 34, 86.—
    II.
    Trop.:

    omnium malorum,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 26, 66:

    tamquam fallaciae seminatores,

    Lact. 5, 2, 17.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > seminator

  • 374 serenum

    1.
    sĕrēnus, a, um, adj. [Sanscr. svar, sky; Gr. Seirios; cf. selas; Lat. sol], clear, fair, bright, serene (class.; esp. freq. in the poets; cf. sudus).
    I.
    Lit.: cum tonuit laevum bene tempestate serenā, Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 2, 39, 82 (Ann. v. 517 Vahl.):

    caelo sereno,

    Lucr. 6, 247; Cic. Fam. 16, 9, 2; Verg. G. 1, 260; 1, 487; id. A. 3, 518; Hor. Epod. 15, 1; id. S. 2, 4, 51; Ov. M. 1, 168; 2, 321 et saep.; cf.:

    de parte caeli,

    Lucr. 6, 99:

    in regione caeli,

    Verg. A. 8, 528.— Comp.:

    caelo perfruitur sereniore,

    Mart. 4, 64, 6; cf.

    also: o nimium caelo et pelago confise sereno,

    Verg. A. 5, 870:

    postquam ex tam turbido die serena et tranquilla lux rediit,

    Liv. 1, 16, 2:

    luce,

    Verg. A. 5, 104:

    lumen (solis),

    Lucr. 2, 150:

    nox,

    id. 1, 142; Cic. Rep. 1, 15, 23; Verg. G. 1, 426:

    sidera,

    Lucr. 4, 212:

    facies diei,

    Phaedr. 4, 16, 5:

    species mundi,

    Lucr. 4, 134:

    aër,

    Plin. 17, 24, 37, § 222:

    ver,

    Verg. G. 1, 340:

    aestas,

    id. A. 6, 707:

    stella,

    Ov. F. 6, 718 et saep.:

    color (opp. nubilus),

    bright, clear, Plin. 9, 35, 54, § 107:

    aqua (with candida),

    Mart. 6, 42, 19:

    vox,

    Pers. 1, 19.— Transf., of a wind that clears the sky, that brings fair weather: hic Favonius serenu'st, istic Auster imbricus, * Plaut. Merc. 5, 2, 35; hence, also, poet.:

    unde serenas Ventus agat nubes,

    Verg. G. 1, 461.—
    2.
    As subst.: sĕrēnum, i, n., a clear, bright, or serene sky, fair weather (not in Cic.):

    ponito pocillum in sereno noctu,

    during a fine night, Cato, R. R. 156, 3;

    more freq. simply sereno: Priverni sereno per diem totum rubrum solem fuisse,

    Liv. 31, 12, 5; 37, 3, 2:

    quare et sereno tonat,

    Sen. Q. N. 2, 18; Plin. 11, 24, 28, § 84 (opp. nubilo), Pall. 1, 30, 3; Luc. 1, 530:

    liquido ac puro sereno,

    Suet. Aug. 95:

    nitido sereno,

    Sil. 5, 58:

    cottidie serenum cum est,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 10, 4:

    laesique fides reditura sereni,

    Stat. S. 3, 1, 81:

    serenum nitidum micat,

    Mart. 6, 42, 8.— Plur.:

    caeli serena Concutiat sonitu,

    Lucr. 2, 1100:

    soles et aperta serena,

    Verg. G. 1, 393:

    nostra,

    Val. Fl. 1, 332.—
    II.
    Trop.
    1.
    Cheerful, glad, joyous, tranquil, serene (syn.:

    laetus, tranquillus, secundus): vita,

    Lucr. 2, 1094 Lachm.:

    horae (with albus dies),

    Sil. 15, 53: rebus serenis servare modum, in propitious or favorable circumstances, in good fortune, id. 8, 546:

    vultus,

    Lucr. 3, 293; Cat. 55, 8; Hor. C. 1, 37, 26; Ov. Tr. 1, 5, 27:

    frons tranquilla et serena,

    Cic. Tusc. 3, 15, 31:

    pectora processu facta serena tuo,

    Ov. Tr. 1, 9, 40:

    animus,

    id. ib. 1, 1, 39:

    oculi,

    Sil. 7, 461:

    Augustus,

    Ov. P. 2, 2, 65:

    laetitia,

    Just. 44, 2, 4:

    imperium,

    Sil. 14, 80:

    res,

    id. 8, 546:

    sereno vitae tempore,

    Auct. Her. 4, 48, 61:

    vita,

    Lucr. 2, 1094:

    temperatus (sanguis) medium quoddam serenum efficit,

    Quint. 11, 3, 78; cf.:

    tandem aliquid, pulsā curarum nube serenum Vidi,

    Ov. P. 2, 1, 5.—
    2.
    SERENVS, an epithet of Jupiter (whose brow was always serene), Inscr. Murat. 1978, 5; cf. Serenator;

    hence, Martial calls Domitian: Jovem serenum,

    Mart. 5, 6, 9; 9, 25, 3.—
    3.
    Serenissimus, a title of the Roman emperors, Cod. Just. 5, 4, 23.
    2.
    Sĕrēnus, i, m.; Sĕrēna, ae, f. [1. serenus], a proper name.
    I.
    Q. Serenus Sammonicus, a physician under Septimius Severus, Spart. Get. 5, 5; Macr. 3, 16, 6.—
    II.
    Q. Serenus Sammonicus, son of the preceding, author of a poem, De Medicina, still extant, Lampr. Alex. 30, 2; cf. Teuffel's Roem. Lit. 379, 4.—
    III.
    Serena, the wife of Stilicho, and mother-in-law of the emperor Honorius, celebrated by Claudian in a special poem (Laus Serenae Reginae).

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > serenum

  • 375 Serenus

    1.
    sĕrēnus, a, um, adj. [Sanscr. svar, sky; Gr. Seirios; cf. selas; Lat. sol], clear, fair, bright, serene (class.; esp. freq. in the poets; cf. sudus).
    I.
    Lit.: cum tonuit laevum bene tempestate serenā, Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 2, 39, 82 (Ann. v. 517 Vahl.):

    caelo sereno,

    Lucr. 6, 247; Cic. Fam. 16, 9, 2; Verg. G. 1, 260; 1, 487; id. A. 3, 518; Hor. Epod. 15, 1; id. S. 2, 4, 51; Ov. M. 1, 168; 2, 321 et saep.; cf.:

    de parte caeli,

    Lucr. 6, 99:

    in regione caeli,

    Verg. A. 8, 528.— Comp.:

    caelo perfruitur sereniore,

    Mart. 4, 64, 6; cf.

    also: o nimium caelo et pelago confise sereno,

    Verg. A. 5, 870:

    postquam ex tam turbido die serena et tranquilla lux rediit,

    Liv. 1, 16, 2:

    luce,

    Verg. A. 5, 104:

    lumen (solis),

    Lucr. 2, 150:

    nox,

    id. 1, 142; Cic. Rep. 1, 15, 23; Verg. G. 1, 426:

    sidera,

    Lucr. 4, 212:

    facies diei,

    Phaedr. 4, 16, 5:

    species mundi,

    Lucr. 4, 134:

    aër,

    Plin. 17, 24, 37, § 222:

    ver,

    Verg. G. 1, 340:

    aestas,

    id. A. 6, 707:

    stella,

    Ov. F. 6, 718 et saep.:

    color (opp. nubilus),

    bright, clear, Plin. 9, 35, 54, § 107:

    aqua (with candida),

    Mart. 6, 42, 19:

    vox,

    Pers. 1, 19.— Transf., of a wind that clears the sky, that brings fair weather: hic Favonius serenu'st, istic Auster imbricus, * Plaut. Merc. 5, 2, 35; hence, also, poet.:

    unde serenas Ventus agat nubes,

    Verg. G. 1, 461.—
    2.
    As subst.: sĕrēnum, i, n., a clear, bright, or serene sky, fair weather (not in Cic.):

    ponito pocillum in sereno noctu,

    during a fine night, Cato, R. R. 156, 3;

    more freq. simply sereno: Priverni sereno per diem totum rubrum solem fuisse,

    Liv. 31, 12, 5; 37, 3, 2:

    quare et sereno tonat,

    Sen. Q. N. 2, 18; Plin. 11, 24, 28, § 84 (opp. nubilo), Pall. 1, 30, 3; Luc. 1, 530:

    liquido ac puro sereno,

    Suet. Aug. 95:

    nitido sereno,

    Sil. 5, 58:

    cottidie serenum cum est,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 10, 4:

    laesique fides reditura sereni,

    Stat. S. 3, 1, 81:

    serenum nitidum micat,

    Mart. 6, 42, 8.— Plur.:

    caeli serena Concutiat sonitu,

    Lucr. 2, 1100:

    soles et aperta serena,

    Verg. G. 1, 393:

    nostra,

    Val. Fl. 1, 332.—
    II.
    Trop.
    1.
    Cheerful, glad, joyous, tranquil, serene (syn.:

    laetus, tranquillus, secundus): vita,

    Lucr. 2, 1094 Lachm.:

    horae (with albus dies),

    Sil. 15, 53: rebus serenis servare modum, in propitious or favorable circumstances, in good fortune, id. 8, 546:

    vultus,

    Lucr. 3, 293; Cat. 55, 8; Hor. C. 1, 37, 26; Ov. Tr. 1, 5, 27:

    frons tranquilla et serena,

    Cic. Tusc. 3, 15, 31:

    pectora processu facta serena tuo,

    Ov. Tr. 1, 9, 40:

    animus,

    id. ib. 1, 1, 39:

    oculi,

    Sil. 7, 461:

    Augustus,

    Ov. P. 2, 2, 65:

    laetitia,

    Just. 44, 2, 4:

    imperium,

    Sil. 14, 80:

    res,

    id. 8, 546:

    sereno vitae tempore,

    Auct. Her. 4, 48, 61:

    vita,

    Lucr. 2, 1094:

    temperatus (sanguis) medium quoddam serenum efficit,

    Quint. 11, 3, 78; cf.:

    tandem aliquid, pulsā curarum nube serenum Vidi,

    Ov. P. 2, 1, 5.—
    2.
    SERENVS, an epithet of Jupiter (whose brow was always serene), Inscr. Murat. 1978, 5; cf. Serenator;

    hence, Martial calls Domitian: Jovem serenum,

    Mart. 5, 6, 9; 9, 25, 3.—
    3.
    Serenissimus, a title of the Roman emperors, Cod. Just. 5, 4, 23.
    2.
    Sĕrēnus, i, m.; Sĕrēna, ae, f. [1. serenus], a proper name.
    I.
    Q. Serenus Sammonicus, a physician under Septimius Severus, Spart. Get. 5, 5; Macr. 3, 16, 6.—
    II.
    Q. Serenus Sammonicus, son of the preceding, author of a poem, De Medicina, still extant, Lampr. Alex. 30, 2; cf. Teuffel's Roem. Lit. 379, 4.—
    III.
    Serena, the wife of Stilicho, and mother-in-law of the emperor Honorius, celebrated by Claudian in a special poem (Laus Serenae Reginae).

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Serenus

  • 376 severum

    1.
    sĕvērus, a, um, adj. [perh. kindr. with serius], serious, grave, strict, austere, stern, severe in aspect, demeanor, conduct, etc. (of persons and things; serius regularly only of things; v. serius; class. and freq.).
    I.
    Of persons:

    nam te omnes saevom severumque commemorant,

    Plaut. Trin. 4, 1, 6:

    quam severus!

    Ter. Heaut. 5, 3, 21; id. Eun. 2, 1, 21:

    civis severus et gravis,

    Cic. Lael. 25, 95; cf.:

    omnium gravissimus et severissimus, etc.,

    id. de Or. 2, 56, 228:

    Tubero (Stoicus) vitā severus,

    id. Brut. 31, 117; cf.:

    Stoicorum secta severissima,

    Quint. 1, 10, 15:

    agricolae,

    hardended by toil, rugged, Lucr. 5, 1357:

    Cures,

    Verg. A. 8, 638:

    Zethus,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 42; cf. in comp.:

    rumores senum severiorum,

    Cat. 5, 2.—Of those who live a sober and temperate life:

    at vos hinc abite, lymphae, Vini pernicies et ad severos Migrate,

    Cat. 27, 6:

    adimam cantare severis,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 10; 1, 5, 13:

    legis custodes,

    Cic. Div. in Caecil. 5, 18: neque severus esse (potest) in judicando, qui [p. 1687] alios in se severos esse judices non vult, id. Imp. Pomp. 13, 38; so,

    judices severi in eos solos,

    id. Clu. 20, 56; cf.:

    severissimos atque integerrimos judices,

    id. Verr. 1, 10, 30:

    ex familiā ad judicandum severissimā,

    id. ib.:

    ubi haec severus te palam laudaveram,

    Hor. Epod. 11, 19:

    auctor e severissimis,

    Plin. 11, 52, 114, § 274:

    Aristolaus e severissimis pictoribus fuit,

    id. 35, 11, 40, § 137 (for which, just before: austerior colore).—
    B.
    In a bad sense, harsh, rough, crabbed, rigid, severe (rare):

    Neptunus saevus severusque,

    Plaut. Trin. 4, 1, 6:

    idem acerbe severus in filium,

    Cic. Off. 3, 31, 112 dub. (a passage bracketed by B. and K.):

    in me severior quam in vos,

    Liv. 7, 40, 7; Plin. Ep. 9, 13, 21:

    Eumenidum turba,

    Prop. 4 (5), 11, 22; cf. II. B.—
    II.
    Of things, grave, serious, severe, austere, etc.:

    severā fronte curas cogitans,

    Plaut. Mil. 2, 2, 46:

    vultus severior et tristior,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 71, 289; cf. Hor. A. P 107:

    frons,

    Ov. Tr. 2, 241: Falernum, rough, sharp, tart (syn. austerum), Hor. C. 1, 27, 9:

    divaeque (Palladis) severas Fronde ligare comas,

    Stat. Achill. 1, 288:

    animus (opp. mitis),

    Quint. 3, 9, 7:

    disciplina maxime severa,

    id. 1, 2, 5:

    imperia severiora,

    Cic. Tusc. 4, 19, 43:

    judicia severa,

    id. Verr. 2, 4, 59, § 133:

    lex,

    Ov. P. 3, 3, 57:

    severiora judicia,

    Quint. 4, 2, 122:

    severiores leges,

    id. 12, 1, 40; cf.:

    Lycurgus severissimarum justissimarumque legum auctor,

    Vell. 1, 6, 3:

    imperii severissimi vir,

    Liv. 4, 26:

    quod ego dixi per jocum, Id eventurum esse et severum et serium,

    Plaut. Poen. 5, 3, 51:

    linque severa,

    Hor. C. 3, 8, 28:

    paulo severior poena,

    Sall. C. 51, 15.—Of style:

    sententiae graves et severae,

    Cic. Brut. 95, 325:

    triste et severum genus dicendi,

    id. ib. 30, 113; so Quint. 2, 4, 6; 6, 3, 102; 9, 4, 63 sq.; 10, 1, 131 al.; cf.:

    severae Musa tragoediae,

    Hor. C. 2, 1, 9:

    fidibus voces crevere severis,

    id. A. P. 216.—
    B.
    Severe, dreadful, gloomy:

    severus Uncus abest,

    Hor. C. 1, 35, 19:

    silentia noctis,

    Lucr. 4, 460:

    heims,

    Quint. Decl. 4, 14:

    amnem Cocyti metuet,

    Verg. G. 3, 37; cf. absol.: Si. Accurrite, Ne se interimat... Me. Hau! voluisti istuc severum facere? this horrible deed, Plaut. Cist. 3, 15 (but in Lucr. 5, 35 the correct read. is pelage sonora; v. Lachm. ad h. l.).—Hence, adv., in three forms, severe (class.), severiter (anteand post-class.), and severum (post-class.).
    A.
    sĕvērē, gravely, seriously, austerely, rigidly, severely, Cic. Fam. 1, 9, 19:

    graviter et severe voluptatem secernit a bono,

    id. Fin. 2, 8, 24:

    vetuit (with graviter),

    Quint. 11, 3, 148:

    uti judicio,

    id. 1, 3, 4:

    aestimatae lites,

    Cic. Mur. 20, 42; 25, 51:

    vindicare Hiempsalis mortem,

    Sall. J. 15, 3:

    dicere,

    Cic. Off. 1, 37, 134; Quint. 6, 3, 101; 8, 3, 40:

    domesticam disciplinam regere,

    Suet. Caes. 48.— Comp.:

    ad aliquem severius scribere,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 25:

    adhibere aliquem,

    Cic. Att. 10, 12, 3:

    coërcere matrimonia,

    Just. 3, 3, 8. — Sup.:

    sunt qui voluptatem severissime contemnant,

    Cic. Off. 1, 21, 71; so,

    exacta aetas,

    id. Rosc. Com. 15, 44:

    dicere jus,

    Suet. Caes. 43.—
    B.
    sĕvērĭter, gravely, seriously, severely: sermonem cum aliquo conferre, Titin. ap. Non. 509, 33; and in Prisc. p. 1010 P.; Plaut., acc. to Prisc. 1. 1.; App. M. 2, p. 126, 33.—
    * C.
    sĕvērum, harshly, austerely:

    nunc severum vivitur,

    Prud. Cath. 2, 33.
    2.
    Sĕvērus, i, m. [1. severus], a proper name.
    A.
    Of several men.
    1.
    Cornelius Severus, a poet in the Augustan age, Quint. 10, 1, 89; Ov. P. 4, 2, 2 sqq.; 4, 16, 9.—
    2.
    Septimius Severus, a Roman emperor, A.D. 193-211.—
    3.
    Alexander Severus, a Roman emperor, A. D. 222-235, Eutr. 8, 10; Spart. Sev. 1 sqq.—
    4.
    T. Cassius Severus, a Roman orator, in the reigns of Augustus and Tiberius, Quint. 10, 1, 116; Tac. Or. 19.—
    5.
    Sulpicius Severus, a bishop in Gaul, author of a Historia Sacra, and of the Vita S. Martini, and several smaller works.
    B.
    Mons Severus, a mountain in the country of the Sabines, Verg. A. 7, 713.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > severum

  • 377 Severus

    1.
    sĕvērus, a, um, adj. [perh. kindr. with serius], serious, grave, strict, austere, stern, severe in aspect, demeanor, conduct, etc. (of persons and things; serius regularly only of things; v. serius; class. and freq.).
    I.
    Of persons:

    nam te omnes saevom severumque commemorant,

    Plaut. Trin. 4, 1, 6:

    quam severus!

    Ter. Heaut. 5, 3, 21; id. Eun. 2, 1, 21:

    civis severus et gravis,

    Cic. Lael. 25, 95; cf.:

    omnium gravissimus et severissimus, etc.,

    id. de Or. 2, 56, 228:

    Tubero (Stoicus) vitā severus,

    id. Brut. 31, 117; cf.:

    Stoicorum secta severissima,

    Quint. 1, 10, 15:

    agricolae,

    hardended by toil, rugged, Lucr. 5, 1357:

    Cures,

    Verg. A. 8, 638:

    Zethus,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 42; cf. in comp.:

    rumores senum severiorum,

    Cat. 5, 2.—Of those who live a sober and temperate life:

    at vos hinc abite, lymphae, Vini pernicies et ad severos Migrate,

    Cat. 27, 6:

    adimam cantare severis,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 10; 1, 5, 13:

    legis custodes,

    Cic. Div. in Caecil. 5, 18: neque severus esse (potest) in judicando, qui [p. 1687] alios in se severos esse judices non vult, id. Imp. Pomp. 13, 38; so,

    judices severi in eos solos,

    id. Clu. 20, 56; cf.:

    severissimos atque integerrimos judices,

    id. Verr. 1, 10, 30:

    ex familiā ad judicandum severissimā,

    id. ib.:

    ubi haec severus te palam laudaveram,

    Hor. Epod. 11, 19:

    auctor e severissimis,

    Plin. 11, 52, 114, § 274:

    Aristolaus e severissimis pictoribus fuit,

    id. 35, 11, 40, § 137 (for which, just before: austerior colore).—
    B.
    In a bad sense, harsh, rough, crabbed, rigid, severe (rare):

    Neptunus saevus severusque,

    Plaut. Trin. 4, 1, 6:

    idem acerbe severus in filium,

    Cic. Off. 3, 31, 112 dub. (a passage bracketed by B. and K.):

    in me severior quam in vos,

    Liv. 7, 40, 7; Plin. Ep. 9, 13, 21:

    Eumenidum turba,

    Prop. 4 (5), 11, 22; cf. II. B.—
    II.
    Of things, grave, serious, severe, austere, etc.:

    severā fronte curas cogitans,

    Plaut. Mil. 2, 2, 46:

    vultus severior et tristior,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 71, 289; cf. Hor. A. P 107:

    frons,

    Ov. Tr. 2, 241: Falernum, rough, sharp, tart (syn. austerum), Hor. C. 1, 27, 9:

    divaeque (Palladis) severas Fronde ligare comas,

    Stat. Achill. 1, 288:

    animus (opp. mitis),

    Quint. 3, 9, 7:

    disciplina maxime severa,

    id. 1, 2, 5:

    imperia severiora,

    Cic. Tusc. 4, 19, 43:

    judicia severa,

    id. Verr. 2, 4, 59, § 133:

    lex,

    Ov. P. 3, 3, 57:

    severiora judicia,

    Quint. 4, 2, 122:

    severiores leges,

    id. 12, 1, 40; cf.:

    Lycurgus severissimarum justissimarumque legum auctor,

    Vell. 1, 6, 3:

    imperii severissimi vir,

    Liv. 4, 26:

    quod ego dixi per jocum, Id eventurum esse et severum et serium,

    Plaut. Poen. 5, 3, 51:

    linque severa,

    Hor. C. 3, 8, 28:

    paulo severior poena,

    Sall. C. 51, 15.—Of style:

    sententiae graves et severae,

    Cic. Brut. 95, 325:

    triste et severum genus dicendi,

    id. ib. 30, 113; so Quint. 2, 4, 6; 6, 3, 102; 9, 4, 63 sq.; 10, 1, 131 al.; cf.:

    severae Musa tragoediae,

    Hor. C. 2, 1, 9:

    fidibus voces crevere severis,

    id. A. P. 216.—
    B.
    Severe, dreadful, gloomy:

    severus Uncus abest,

    Hor. C. 1, 35, 19:

    silentia noctis,

    Lucr. 4, 460:

    heims,

    Quint. Decl. 4, 14:

    amnem Cocyti metuet,

    Verg. G. 3, 37; cf. absol.: Si. Accurrite, Ne se interimat... Me. Hau! voluisti istuc severum facere? this horrible deed, Plaut. Cist. 3, 15 (but in Lucr. 5, 35 the correct read. is pelage sonora; v. Lachm. ad h. l.).—Hence, adv., in three forms, severe (class.), severiter (anteand post-class.), and severum (post-class.).
    A.
    sĕvērē, gravely, seriously, austerely, rigidly, severely, Cic. Fam. 1, 9, 19:

    graviter et severe voluptatem secernit a bono,

    id. Fin. 2, 8, 24:

    vetuit (with graviter),

    Quint. 11, 3, 148:

    uti judicio,

    id. 1, 3, 4:

    aestimatae lites,

    Cic. Mur. 20, 42; 25, 51:

    vindicare Hiempsalis mortem,

    Sall. J. 15, 3:

    dicere,

    Cic. Off. 1, 37, 134; Quint. 6, 3, 101; 8, 3, 40:

    domesticam disciplinam regere,

    Suet. Caes. 48.— Comp.:

    ad aliquem severius scribere,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 25:

    adhibere aliquem,

    Cic. Att. 10, 12, 3:

    coërcere matrimonia,

    Just. 3, 3, 8. — Sup.:

    sunt qui voluptatem severissime contemnant,

    Cic. Off. 1, 21, 71; so,

    exacta aetas,

    id. Rosc. Com. 15, 44:

    dicere jus,

    Suet. Caes. 43.—
    B.
    sĕvērĭter, gravely, seriously, severely: sermonem cum aliquo conferre, Titin. ap. Non. 509, 33; and in Prisc. p. 1010 P.; Plaut., acc. to Prisc. 1. 1.; App. M. 2, p. 126, 33.—
    * C.
    sĕvērum, harshly, austerely:

    nunc severum vivitur,

    Prud. Cath. 2, 33.
    2.
    Sĕvērus, i, m. [1. severus], a proper name.
    A.
    Of several men.
    1.
    Cornelius Severus, a poet in the Augustan age, Quint. 10, 1, 89; Ov. P. 4, 2, 2 sqq.; 4, 16, 9.—
    2.
    Septimius Severus, a Roman emperor, A.D. 193-211.—
    3.
    Alexander Severus, a Roman emperor, A. D. 222-235, Eutr. 8, 10; Spart. Sev. 1 sqq.—
    4.
    T. Cassius Severus, a Roman orator, in the reigns of Augustus and Tiberius, Quint. 10, 1, 116; Tac. Or. 19.—
    5.
    Sulpicius Severus, a bishop in Gaul, author of a Historia Sacra, and of the Vita S. Martini, and several smaller works.
    B.
    Mons Severus, a mountain in the country of the Sabines, Verg. A. 7, 713.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Severus

  • 378 Silius

    1.
    P. Silius Nerva, a proprœtor in Bithynia and Pontus, to whom are addressed the letters Cic. Fam. 13, 47, and 61 sqq.; cf. id. Att. 10, 13, 3.—
    2.
    T. Silius, a military tribune under Cœsar, Caes. B. G. 3, 7 fin.
    3.
    C. Silius Italicus, a celebrated Roman poet in the latter half of the first century of the Christian era, author of a poem still extant, called Punica, Plin. Ep. 3, 7; Mart. 4, 14, 1; v. Bähr, Röm. Lit. 9, § 63 sq.—Hence, Sīlĭānus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to a Silius, Silian:

    villa, negotium,

    Cic. Att. 12, 27; cf. id. ib. 12, 31.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Silius

  • 379 Sisenna

    Sīsenna, ae, m., a Roman surname.
    I.
    L. Cornehus, a celebrated Roman historian, born about A.U.C. 635, author of a Roman history (Historiae). He preceded [p. 1711] Sallust, who took him as a model, Cic. Brut. 64, 228; id. Leg. 1, 2, 7; Sall. J. 95, 2; Ov. Tr. 2, 443; v. the fragments, Krause, Vit. et Fragm. Hist. Rom. p. 303 sq.—
    II.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Sisenna

  • 380 sittybus

    sittybus, i, m., a strip of parchment, attached to a roll or book, bearing the title and the author's name, Cic. Att. 4, 5, 3; 4, 8, a, 2 B. and K. (in some editions sillybus; cf. sillubous, id. ib. 4, 4, b, 1).

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > sittybus

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