Translation: from latin

author of the

  • 261 Davidicus

    Dāvīd, m. indecl., or vīdis ( gen. David, Aus. Ephem. 3, 84:

    Davidis,

    Juvenc. 1, 151; acc. -vīda, Juvenc. 2, 577:

    David,

    Vulg. 2 Reg. 23, 16), the second king of the Jews, and principal author of the Book of Psalms, Tert. adv. Jud. 9 et 12; Vulg. Ruth 4, 17 et saep.—Hence, Dāvīdĭcus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to David:

    urbs,

    Sedul. Carm. 4, 42:

    lyra,

    Cassiod. Var. 2, 20.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Davidicus

  • 262 dedicator

    dēdĭcātor, ōris, m. [id.], one who dedicates; hence, a founder, author (eccles. Lat.):

    damnationis nostrae,

    Tert. Apol. 5; id. Car. Christ. 17.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > dedicator

  • 263 Demetrius

    Dēmētrĭus, ii, m., Dêmêtrios, the name of several Greeks, among whom the most celebrated are,
    I.
    Demetrius Poliorcetes, son of Antigonus, and king of Macedonia, Cic. Off. 2, 7 fin.; Just. 15, 1 sq.; 16, 1 sq.—
    II.
    Demetrius Phalereus, a famous orator, a pupil of Theophrastus, Cic. Brut. 9; id. de Or. 2, 23; id. Or. 27 et saep.—
    III.
    Demetrius Magnes, a contemporary of Cicero, and author of a work, peri homonoias, Cic. Att. 8, 11 fin.
    IV.
    Demetrius Pharius, king of Illyria, Liv. 22, 33, 3.—
    V.
    Demetrius Soter, son of Antiochus the Great, Just. 34, 3, 8.—
    VI.
    The name of a singer, Hor. S. 1, 10, 79.—
    VII.
    A noted cynic, Tac. H. 1, 16; 4, 34; Sen. Ben. 7, 1.—
    VIII.
    A comic actor, Juv. 3, 99; Quint. 11, 3, 138.— Also,
    IX.
    The title of a comedy by Turpilius, Non. 322, 18; v. Rib. Com. Fr. p. 87 sq.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Demetrius

  • 264 demo

    dēmo, mpsi (msi), mptum (mtum), 3, v. a. [contr. from de-emo; cf. adimo and abemito], to take off, take away, to withdraw, subtract, remove (class. and very freq.; for syn. cf.: adimo, eripio, furor, rapio, prehendo, capio, sumo, excipio).
    I.
    Lit.:

    addita demptaque quaedam,

    Lucr. 2, 770; cf.:

    cum aliquid additur aut demitur,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 16:

    si quid ad eas (leges) addi demi mutarive vellet,

    Liv. 31, 11 fin.:

    lubet scire quantum auri erus sibi dempsit,

    Plaut. Bac. 4, 4, 14 (for which, shortly after, sibi novem abstulit):

    aurum sibi,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 1, 13:

    secures de fascibus,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 31; so,

    clipea de columnis,

    Liv. 40, 51: de capite ( from the sum total) medimna DC, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 33; cf. ib. 35 (twice): una dempta uncia deunx, dextans dempto sextante, dodrans dempto quadrante, bes dempto triente, Varr. L. L. 5, § 172 Müll.:

    de stipendio equitum aera,

    Liv. 7, 41:

    non hilum de tempore mortis,

    Lucr. 3, 1100; cf.:

    partem de die,

    Hor. Od. 1, 1, 20; Ov. Tr. 5, 2, 20 et saep.:

    quam minimum ex osse,

    Cels. 8, 4; cf.:

    aliquid ex cibo,

    id. 6, 6, 16:

    fetus ab arbore,

    Ov. H. 20, 9; cf.:

    sucum a vellere,

    id. A. A. 3, 214.—With simple abl.:

    fetus arbore,

    id. M. 14, 689:

    juga equis,

    id. ib. 7, 324; id. F. 2, 74; cf.:

    juga bobus,

    Hor. Od. 3, 6, 42:

    vincla pedibus,

    Ov. M. 3, 168; cf.:

    vincula nobis,

    id. F. 3, 320:

    nubem supercilio,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 94 et saep.:

    soleas (when about to recline at table),

    Plaut. Truc. 2, 4, 16; cf.: Ov. A. A. 2, 212: haec (epistola) casu ad turrim adhaesit... dempta ad Ciceronem defertur, *Caes. B. C. 5, 48, 8:

    odorem vino,

    Cato R. R. 110:

    barbam,

    to shave, Suet. Caes. 67.—
    II.
    Trop.:

    nulla dies nobis maerorem e pectore demet,

    Lucr. 3, 921; so,

    mihi et tibi et illis molestiam,

    Ter. Ad. 5, 3, 33:

    nobis acerbam necessitudinem,

    Sall. J. 102, 5:

    plus dignitatis patribus (with detrahere, and opp. addere),

    Liv. 2, 60:

    silentia furto,

    i. e. to disclose the theft, Ov. M. 2, 700 et saep.—Without a dat.:

    metum omnem,

    Ter. Ad. 4, 7, 18:

    dolorem,

    Lucr. 2, 21:

    sollicitudinem,

    Cic. Att. 11, 15 fin.:

    curas his dictis,

    Verg. A. 2, 775; 3, 153 et saep.:

    ex dignitate populi (opp. adicere),

    Liv. 34, 54; cf.:

    de vi magistratus,

    id. 3, 33 fin.:

    lex ipsa per se dempto auctore,

    even without its author, Liv. 2, 42; cf.:

    dempto fine,

    without end, Ov. Tr. 3, 11, 2:

    addere aut demere ad haec (verba),

    Vulg. 1 Mac. 8, 30.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > demo

  • 265 Dictys

    Dictys, yos, m., Diktus.
    I. II.
    A centaur, slain at the wedding of Pirithoüs, Ov. M. 12, 334 sq.—
    III.
    A fisherman on the island of Seriphos, who saved Perseus from drowning, Stat. S. 2, 1, 95.—
    IV.
    Dictys Cretensis, the traditional author of a mythical history of the Trojan war, in Greek; preserved to us in the Latin translation of L. Septimius, v. Teuffel, Roem. Lit. § 416, 1-4.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Dictys

  • 266 dies

    dĭes (dīes, Liv. Andron. Fragm. Odys. 7), ēi ([etilde]ī, Verg. A. 4, 156; Hor. S. 1, 8, 35 et saep.;

    dissyl.: di-ei,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 7, 31; also gen. dies, die, and dii—dies, as in acies, facies, pernicies, etc., Enn. ap. Gell. 9, 14; Ann. v. 401 Vahl.; Cic. Sest. 12, 28 ap. Gell. l. l.:

    die,

    Prisc. p. 780 P.; even in Verg. G. 1, 208, where Gellius reads dies, v. Wagner ad loc., nearly all MSS. have die; cf. Rib. and Forbig. ad loc.; so,

    die,

    Plaut. Ps. 4, 7, 59; id. Capt. 4, 2, 20; Caes. B. G. 7, 11, 5; id. B. C. 1, 14, 3; 3, 76, 2; Just. 2, 11, 17; cf. Oud. ad B. G. 2, 23, 1. Die appears to be certain in Sall. J. 52, 3; 97, 3. Also in Cic. Sest. 12, 28, Gellius reads dies, where our MSS., except the Cod. Lamb., have diei;

    perh. those words do not belong to Cicero himself. Form dii,

    Verg. A. 1, 636, Rib. and Forbig. after Serv. and Gell. l. l.— Dat., diēī, saep. die, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 120, acc. to Serv. Verg. G. 1, 208; Plaut. Am. 1, 3, 48; id. Capt. 3, 1, 4; id. Trin. 4, 2, 1;

    once dii,

    id. Merc. 1, Prol. 13; cf. Roby, Gram. 1, 121 sq.); m. (in sing. sometimes f., esp. in the signif. no. I. B. 1.) [root Sanscr. dī, gleam: dinas, day; Gr. dios, heavenly; cf. Lat. Jovis (Diovis), Diana, deus, dīvus, etc. Old form, dius (for divus); cf.: nudius, diu, etc. The word also appears in composition in many particles, as pridem, hodie, diu, etc., v. Corss. Auspr. 2, 855 sq.], a day (cf.: tempus, tempestas, aetas, aevum, spatium, intervallum).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen., the civil day of twenty-four hours.
    (α).
    Masc.:

    dies primus est veris in Aquario... dies tertius... dies civiles nostros, etc.,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 28, 1; cf. Plin. 2, 77, 79, § 188; Macr. S. 1, 3; Gell. 3, 2: REBVS IVRE IVDICATIS TRIGINTA DIES IVSTI SVNTO, XII. Tab. ap. Gell. 20, 1, 45; and 15, 13 fin.; for which;

    per dies continuos XXX., etc.,

    Gai. Inst. 3, 78: multa dies in bello conficit unus, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 2 (Ann. v. 297 ed. Vahl.); cf.:

    non uno absolvam die,

    Plaut. Capt. 3, 5, 73:

    hic dies,

    id. Aul. 4, 9, 11:

    hic ille est dies,

    id. Capt. 3, 3, 3:

    ante hunc diem,

    id. ib. 3, 4, 101:

    illo die impransus fui,

    id. Am. 1, 1, 98; cf.:

    eo die,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 22 fin.; 2, 6; 2, 32 fin.; 4, 11, 4; 5, 15 fin. et saep.:

    postero die,

    id. ib. 1, 15, 1; 3, 6, 3 et saep.; Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 17; Sall. J. 29, 5; 38, 9 et saep.:

    in posterum diem,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 41 fin.; id. B. C. 1, 65 fin. et saep.:

    diem scito esse nullum, quo die non dicam pro reo,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 3:

    domi sedet totos dies,

    Plaut. Aul. 1, 1, 34:

    paucos dies ibi morati,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 5, 4:

    dies continuos XXX. sub bruma esse noctem,

    id. ib. 5, 13, 3:

    hosce aliquot dies,

    Ter. Heaut. 4, 5, 4; cf. id. Eun. 1, 2, 71 et saep.:

    festo die si quid prodegeris,

    Plaut. Aul. 2, 8, 10; so,

    festus,

    id. Cas. 1, 49; id. Poen. 3, 5, 13; 4, 2, 26 et saep.—
    (β).
    Fem. (freq. in poetry metri gratiā; rare in prose), postrema, Enn. ap. Gell. 9, 14:

    omnia ademit Una dies,

    Lucr. 3, 912; cf. id. 3, 921; 5, 96 and 998: homines, qui ex media nocte ad proximam mediam noctem in his horis XXIV. nati sunt, una die nati dicuntur, Varr. ap. Gell. 3, 2, 2 (uno die, Macr. S. 1, 3):

    quibus effectis armatisque diebus XXX., a qua die materia caesa est,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 36 fin.:

    Varronem profiteri, se altera die ad colloquium venturum,

    id. ib. 3, 19, 4 (for which, shortly before: quo cum esset postero die ventum); cf.:

    postera die,

    Sall. J. 68, 2 (for which, in the same author, more freq.:

    postero die): pulchra,

    Hor. Od. 1, 36, 10:

    suprema,

    id. ib. 1, 13, 20:

    atra,

    Verg. A. 6, 429:

    tarda,

    Ov. M. 15, 868 et saep.—(But Caes. B. C. 3, 26, 1; 3, 37, 1, read altero, tertio.)—
    b.
    Connections:

    postridie ejus diei, a favorite expression of Caesar,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 23, 1: 1, 47, 2; 1, 48, 2 et saep., v. postridie;

    and cf.: post diem tertium ejus diei,

    Cic. Att. 3, 7; Sulpic. ap. Cic. Fam. 4, 12, 2; Liv. 27, 35:

    diem ex die exspectabam,

    from day to day, id. ib. 7, 26 fin.; cf.:

    diem ex die ducere,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 16, 5; for which also: diem de die prospectans, Liv. 5, 48; and: diem de die differre, id. 25, 25: LIBRAS FARRIS ENDO DIES DATO, for every day, day by day, daily, XII. Tab. ap. Gell. 20, 1, 45; cf.:

    affatim est hominum, in dies qui singulas escas edunt,

    Plaut. Men. 3, 1, 10; so,

    in dies,

    every day, Cic. Top. 16, 62; Caes. B. G. 3, 23, 7; 5, 58, 1; 7, 30, 4; Vell. 2, 52, 2; Liv. 21, 11 Drak.; 34, 11 al.; less freq. in sing.:

    nihil usquam sui videt: in diem rapto vivit,

    Liv. 22, 39; cf.:

    mutabilibus in diem causis (opp. natura perpetua),

    id. 31, 29 (in another signif. v. the foll., no. II. A. 3); and: cui licet in diem ( = singulis diebus, daily) dixisse Vixi, etc., Hor. Od. 3, 29, 42. And still more rarely: ad diem, Treb. Gallien. 17; Vop. Firm. 4:

    ante diem, v. ante.—Die = quotidie or in diem,

    daily, Verg. E. 2, 42; 3, 34:

    quos mille die victor sub Tartara misi,

    id. A. 11, 397:

    paucissimos die composuisse versus,

    Quint. 10, 3, 8:

    saepius die,

    Plin. 15, 6, 6, § 22: die crastini, noni, pristini, quinti, for die crastino, nono, etc., v. h. vv. crastinus, nonus, etc.; and cf. Gell. 10, 24; Macr. S. 1, 4.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    A set day, appointed time, term in the widest sense of the word (for appearing before court, in the army, making a payment, etc.).
    (α).
    Masc.: MORBVS SONTICVS... STATVS DIES CVM HOSTE... QVID HORVM FVIT VNVM IVDICI ARBITROVE REOVE DIES DIFFISVS ESTO, XII. Tab. ap. Cic. Off. 1, 12; Fest. p. 273, 26 Müll.; for which: STATVS CONDICTVSVE DIES CVM HOSTE, acc. to Cincius ap. Gell. 16, 4, 4;

    and with comic reference to the words of this law,

    Plaut. Curc. 1, 1, 5 (found also in Macr. S. 1, 16);

    and freq.: status dies,

    Plin. Ep. 9, 39, 1; Suet. Claud. 1; Flor. 1, 13, 16 et saep.:

    hic nuptiis dictus est dies,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 75; cf.:

    dies colloquio dictus est ex eo die quintus,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 42, 4; so,

    dictus,

    id. ib. 5, 27, 5:

    iis certum diem conveniendi dicit,

    id. ib. 5, 57, 2:

    die certo,

    Sall. J. 79, 4; cf.

    constituto,

    id. ib. 13 fin.:

    decretus colloquio,

    id. ib. 113, 3:

    praestitutus,

    Liv. 3, 22:

    praefinitus,

    Plin. 35, 10, 36, § 109; Gell. 16, 4, 3:

    ascriptus,

    Phaedr. 4, 11, 8 et saep.:

    quoniam advesperascit, dabis diem nobis aliquem, ut contra ista dicamus,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 40; Caes. B. G. 1, 16, 5; id. B. C. 1, 11, 2; Sall. J. 109, 3; Liv. 35, 35 et saep.:

    dies ater,

    an unlucky day, Sen. Vit. Beat. 25.—
    (β).
    Fem. (so commonly in this sense in class. prose, but only in sing., v. Mützell ad Curt. 3, 1, 8):

    ut quasi dies si dicta sit,

    Plaut. As. 5, 1, 11; so,

    dicta,

    Cic. Fam. 16, 10 fin.; cf.:

    edicta ad conveniendum,

    Liv. 41, 10 fin.:

    praestituta,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 140; 2, 2, 28; Ter. Ph. 3, 2, 38; Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 14 fin.; id. Vatin. 15, 37; id. Tusc. 1, 39; Liv. 45, 11 et saep.; cf.

    constituta,

    Cic. Caecin. 11, 32; Caes. B. G. 1, 4, 2; 1, 8, 3: certa eius rei constituta, id. B. C. 3, 33, 1:

    pacta et constituta,

    Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24:

    statuta,

    Liv. 31, 29:

    stata,

    id. 27, 23 fin.:

    certa,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 30, 4, 5, 1, 8; id. B. C. 1, 2, 6; Nep. Chabr. 3 et saep.:

    annua,

    Cic. Fam. 7, 23; id. Att. 12, 3 fin.; cf.

    longa,

    Plaut. Ep. 4, 1, 18:

    die caecā emere, oculatā vendere,

    i. e. to buy on credit and sell for cash, id. Ps. 1, 3, 67, v. caecus, no. II. B.:

    haec dies summa hodie est, mea amica sitne libera, an, etc.,

    id. Pers. 1, 1, 34:

    puto fore istam etiam a praecone diem,

    Cic. Att. 13, 3:

    ubi ea dies venit (preceded by tempore ejus rei constituto),

    Caes. B. G. 7, 3:

    praeterita die, qua suorum auxilia exspectaverant,

    id. ib. 7, 77, 1; cf. id. ib. 6, 33, 4:

    esse in lege, quam ad diem proscriptiones fiant,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 44, 128 et saep.—
    (γ).
    Both genders together:

    diem dicunt, qua die ad ripam Rhodani omnes conveniant: is dies erat a. d. V. Kal. Apr., etc.,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 6 fin.; Cic. Att. 2, 11; id. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 3; Liv. 34, 35 al.—
    b.
    Hence: dicere diem alicui, to impeach, lay an accusation against:

    diem mihi, credo, dixerat,

    Cic. Mil. 14, 36:

    Domitium Silano diem dixisse scimus,

    id. Div. in Caec. 20, 67.—
    2.
    A natural day, a day, as opp. to night: ut vel, quia est aliquid, aliud non sit, ut Dies est, nox non est; vel, quia est aliquid, et aliud sit: Sol est super terram, dies est, Quint. 5, 8, 7: pro di immortales, quis hic illuxit dies, Cic. Fragm. ap. Quint. 9, 4, 76:

    credibile non est, quantum scribam die, quin etiam noctibus,

    in the daytime, id. Att. 13, 26:

    negat ullum esse cibum tam gravem, quin is die et nocte concoquatur,

    in a single day and night, id. N. D. 2, 9, 24; cf.

    in this signif.: die ac nocte,

    Plin. 29, 6, 36, § 113:

    nocte et die,

    Liv. 25, 39;

    and simply die,

    Hor. S. 2, 1, 4; Quint. 10, 3, 8; cf.

    also: currus rogat ille paternos, Inque diem alipedum jus et moderamen equorum,

    Ov. M. 2, 48; and, connected with nox:

    (Themistocles) diem noctemque procul ab insula in salo navem tenuit in ancoris,

    Nep. Them. 8 fin.; cf. Cic. Div. 2, 27, 59; Liv. 22, 1 fin. —But more freq.: diem noctemque, like our day and night, i. q. without ceasing, uninterruptedly; Caes. B. G. 7, 77, 11; 7, 42 fin.; id. B. C. 1, 62;

    for which less freq.: diem et noctem,

    Hirt. B. Hisp. 38, 1;

    diem ac noctem,

    Liv. 27, 4 and 45:

    noctemque diemque,

    Verg. A. 8, 94; cf. Quint. 9, 4, 23:

    continuate nocte ac die itinere,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 11, 1; 3, 36, 8; and in plur.:

    dies noctesque,

    Plaut. Rud. 2, 3, 49; Ter. Eun. 1, 2, 113; Cic. Att. 7, 9 fin.; Nep. Dat. 4, 4 et saep.; also, reversing the order: noctesque diesque, Enn. ap. Cic. de Sen. 1, 1 (Ann. v. 338 ed. Vahl.); Hor. S. 1, 1, 76:

    noctesque et dies,

    Ter. And. 4, 1, 52; id. Eun. 5, 8, 49:

    noctes atque dies,

    Lucr. 2, 12; 3, 62; Cic. Fin. 1, 16, 51; Verg. A. 6, 127 al.:

    noctes diesque,

    id. ib. 9, 488:

    noctes ac dies,

    Cic. Arch. 11, 29:

    noctes et dies,

    id. Brut. 90, 308; id. de Or. 1, 61, 260; id. Tusc. 5, 25 and 39; Ter. Eun. 5, 8, 49; cf.

    also: neque noctem neque diem intermittit,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 38:

    Galli dies... sic observant, ut noctem dies subsequatur,

    id. ib. 6, 18, 2 Herz ad loc. So, too, in gen.:

    qui nocte dieque frequentat Limina,

    Mart. 10, 58, 11:

    cum die,

    at break of day, Ov. M. 13, 677:

    orto die ( = orta luce),

    Tac. A. 1, 20; 1, 68; id. H. 2, 21:

    ante diem ( = ante lucem),

    Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 35:

    dies fit, late Lat. for lucescit,

    Vulg. Luc. 22, 66: de die, in open day, broad day; v. de.—
    3.
    Dies alicujus (like the Heb. ; v. Gesen. Lex. s. h. v.).
    a.
    I. q. dies natalis, a birthday:

    diem meum scis esse III. Non. Jan. Aderis igitur,

    Cic. Att. 13, 42, 2; cf.

    in full: natali die tuo,

    id. ib. 9, 5 al. So the anniversary day of the foundation of a city is, dies natalis urbis, Cic. Div. 2, 47, 98.—
    b.
    I. q. dies mortis, dying-day:

    quandocumque fatalis et meus dies veniet statuarque tumulo,

    Tac. Or. 13 fin. Called, also: supremus dies. Suet. Aug. 99; id. Tib. 67; cf.:

    supremus vitae dies,

    Cic. de Sen. 21, 78; Suet. Aug. 61. Hence:

    diem suum obire,

    to die, Sulp. in Cic. Fam. 4, 12, 2;

    and in the same sense: obire diem supremum,

    Nep. Milt. 7 fin.; id. Dion. 2 fin.; Suet. Claud. 1:

    exigere diem supremum,

    Tac. A. 3, 16:

    explere supremum diem,

    id. ib. 1, 6; 3, 76;

    and simply: obire diem,

    Plin. 2, 109, 112, § 248; Suet. Tib. 4; id. Vesp. 1; id. Gr. 3; cf.

    also: fungi diem,

    Just. 19, 1, 1.—
    c.
    I. q. dies febris, fever-day: etsi Non. Mart., [p. 574] die tuo, ut opinor, exspectabam epistolam a te longiorem, Cic. Att. 9, 2 init.; 7, 8, 2 al.
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    In gen. (from no. I. A.).
    1.
    A day, for that which is done in it (cf. the Hebr., the Gr. eleutheron êmar, etc.):

    is dies honestissimus nobis fuerat in senatu,

    Cic. Fam. 1, 2, 3:

    non tam dirus ille dies Sullanus C. Mario,

    id. Att. 10, 8, 7:

    equites Romanos daturos illius diei poenas,

    id. Sest. 12, 28:

    hic dies et Romanis refecit animos et Persea perculit,

    Liv. 42, 67 Drak.; cf. id. 9, 39 fin.; Vell. 2, 35 Ruhnk.; 2, 86; Just. 9, 3 fin.; Flor. 2, 6, 58 Duker.:

    imponite quinquaginta annis magnum diem,

    Tac. Agr. 34:

    quid pulchrius hac consuetudine excutiendi totum diem?... totum diem mecum scrutor, facta ac dicta mea remetior, etc., Sen. de Ira, 3, 36: dies Alliensis, i. q. pugna Alliensis,

    Liv. 6, 1; Suet. Vit. 11:

    Cannensis,

    Flor. 4, 12, 35 al. And so even of one's state of mind on any particular day:

    qualem diem Tiberius induisset,

    what humor, temper, Tac. A. 6, 20. —
    2.
    A day's journey:

    hanc regionem, dierum plus triginta in longitudinem, decem inter duo maria in latitudinem patentem,

    Liv. 38, 59; Just. 36, 2, 14 al.—
    3.
    In gen. (like, hêmera, and our day, for) time, space of time, period:

    diem tempusque forsitan ipsum leniturum iras,

    Liv. 2, 45;

    so with tempus,

    id. 22, 39; 42, 50: amorem intercapedine ipse lenivit dies, Turp. ap. Non. 522, 7;

    so in the masc. gender: longus,

    Stat. Th. 1, 638; Luc. 3, 139;

    but also longa,

    Plaut. Epid. 4, 1, 18; Plin. Ep. 8, 5 fin.; cf.

    perexigua,

    a brief respite, Cic. Verr. 1, 2 fin.:

    nulla,

    Ov. M. 4, 372 al.:

    ex ea die ad hanc diem quae fecisti, in judicium voco,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 12 fin.:

    ut infringatur hominum improbitas ipsa die, quae debilitat cogitationes, etc.,

    id. Fam. 1, 6; cf. id. ib. 7, 28 fin.; id. Tusc. 3, 22, 53 al.: indutiae inde, non pax facta;

    quarum et dies exierat, et ante diem rebellaverant,

    i. e. the term of the truce, Liv. 4, 30 fin.; 30, 24; 42, 47 fin. (for which: quia tempus indutiarum cum Veienti populo exierat, id. 4, 58).—Prov.:

    dies adimit aegritudinem,

    Ter. Heaut. 3, 1, 13: dies festus, festival-time, festival:—diem festum Dianae per triduum agi, Liv. 25, 23 et saep.:

    die lanam et agnos vendat,

    at the right time, Cato R. R. 150, 2:

    praesens quod fuerat malum, in diem abiit,

    to a future time, Ter. Ph. 5, 2, 16; so in diem, opp. statim, Q. Cic. Pet. cons. 12, 48;

    and simply in diem,

    Plaut. Mil. 3, 2, 48; Ter. Eun. 5, 7, 19; Cic. Cael. 24.—Esp. freq. in diem vivere, to live on from day to day, regardless of the future, Cic. de Or. 2, 40, 169; id. Tusc. 5, 11, 33; Plin. Ep. 5, 5, 4 et saep; cf. the equivoque with de die, under de.—
    B.
    In partic. (acc. to no. I. B. 2— poet., and in postAug. prose).
    1.
    Light of day, daylight:

    contraque diem radiosque micantes Obliquantem oculos,

    Ov. M. 7, 411; 5, 444; 13, 602:

    multis mensibus non cernitur dies,

    Plin. 33, 4, 21, § 70; Plin. Ep. 6, 20, 6; 9, 36, 2 al.; also of the eyesight, Stat. Th. 1, 237;

    and trop. of the conscience: saeva dies animi scelerumque in pectore Dirae,

    id. ib. 1, 52.—
    2.
    For caelum, the sky, the heavens:

    sub quocumque die, quocumque est sidere mundi,

    Luc. 7, 189; 1, 153:

    incendere diem nubes oriente remotae,

    id. 4, 68; 8, 217; Stat. Th. 1, 201.—Hence, like caelum,
    b.
    The weather:

    totumque per annum Durat aprica dies,

    Val. Fl. 1, 845:

    tranquillus,

    Plin. 2, 45, 44, § 115:

    mitis,

    id. 11, 10, 10, § 20:

    pestilens,

    id. 22, 23, 49, § 104.—
    3.
    The air:

    nigrique volumina fumi Infecere diem,

    Ov. M. 13, 600:

    cupio flatu violare diem,

    Claud. in Ruf. 1, 63.
    III.
    Dies personified.
    A.
    I. q. Sol, opp. Luna, Plaut. Bacch. 2, 3, 21;

    coupled with Mensis and Annus,

    Ov. M. 2, 25.—
    B.
    As fem., the daughter of Chaos, and mother of Heaven and Earth, Hyg. Fab. praef.; of the first Venus, Cic. N. D. 3, 23, 59.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > dies

  • 267 Dionysius

    Dĭŏnysĭus, ii, m., = Dionusios, the name of several celebrated Greeks; esp.,
    I.
    The elder Dionysius, tyrant of Syracuse, Nep. Dio, 1; id. Reg. 2; Cic. Tusc. 5, 20 sq.; id. N. D. 3, 33 sq. al.—
    II.
    His son, likewise tyrant of Syracuse, Nep. Dio, 3 sq.; Just. 21, 1 sq.; Cic. Tusc. 3, 12; id. Fam. 9, 18; Val. Max. 6, 9, 6 extr.
    III.
    Heracleotes, a pupil of Zeno of Citium, at first a Stoic, afterwards a Cyrenaic, Cic. Fin. 5, 31; id. Tusc. 2, 25; 3, 9; id. Ac. 2, 22 fin.
    IV.
    A Stoic, contemporary with Cicero, Cic. Tusc. 2, 11.—
    V.
    A musician of Thebes, Nep. Epam. 2, 1.—
    VI.
    Name of a slave, Hor. S. 1, 6, 38.—
    VII.
    Dionysius Cato, author of the Disticha de moribus ad filium, v. Teuffel, Roem. Lit. § 34, 2.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Dionysius

  • 268 Diophanes

    Dĭŏphănes, is, m., = Diophanês.
    I.
    Of Mitylenae, teacher of Tib. Gracchus, Cic. Brut. 27, 104.—
    II.
    Of Nicaea, a Latin author on husbandry, Varr. R. R. 1, 1, 8 al.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Diophanes

  • 269 do

    1.
    do, dĕdi, dătum, dăre (also in a longer form, dănunt = dant, Pac., Naev., and Caecil. ap. Non. 97, 14 sq.; Plaut. Most. 1, 2, 48; id. Ps. 3, 1, 1 et saep.; cf. Paul. ex Fest. p. 68, 12 Müll.— Subj.:

    duim = dem,

    Plaut. Aul. 4, 6, 6; Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 38:

    duis,

    Plaut. Capt. 2, 2, 81; id. Men. 2, 1, 42:

    duas = des,

    id. Merc. 2, 3, 67; id. Rud. 5, 3, 12; an old formula in Liv. 10, 19:

    duit,

    Plaut. As. 2, 4, 54; id. Aul. 1, 1, 23; an old formula in Liv. 22, 10 init.:

    duint,

    Plaut. Most. 3, 1, 126; id. Ps. 4, 1, 25; id. Trin. 2, 4, 35; Ter. And. 4, 1, 43; id. Phorm. 3, 2, 34 al.— Imper.: DVITOR, XII. Tab. ap. Plin. 21, 3, 5 ex conject.—Inf.: DASI = dari, acc. to Paul. ex Fest. p. 68, 13 Müll.:

    dane = dasne,

    Plaut. Truc. 2, 4, 22.—The pres. pass., first pers., dor, does not occur), v. a. [Sanscr. dā, da-dā-mi, give; Gr. di-dô-mi, dôtêr, dosis; cf.: dos, donum, damnum], to give; and hence, with the greatest variety of application, passing over into the senses of its compounds, derivatives, and synonyms (edere, tradere, dedere; reddere, donare, largiri, concedere, exhibere, porrigere, praestare, impertire, suppeditare, ministrare, subministrare, praebere, tribuere, offerre, etc.), as, to give away, grant, concede, allow, permit; give up, yield, resign; bestow, present, confer, furnish, afford; offer, etc. (very freq.).
    I.
    In gen.:

    eam carnem victoribus danunt, Naev. ap. Non. l. l.: ea dona, quae illic Amphitruoni sunt data,

    Plaut. Am. prol. 138; cf.:

    patera, quae dono mi illic data'st,

    id. ib. 1, 3, 36:

    dandis recipiendisque meritis,

    Cic. Lael. 8; cf.:

    ut par sit ratio acceptorum et datorum,

    id. ib. 16, 58: ut obsides accipere non dare consuerint, Caes. B. G. 1, 4 fin.:

    obsides,

    id. ib. 1, 19, 1;

    1, 31, 7 et saep.: patriam (sc. mundum) dii nobis communem secum dederunt,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 13:

    hominibus animus datus est ex illis sempiternis ignibus,

    id. ib. 6, 15; cf. ib. 6, 17:

    ea dant magistratus magis, quae etiamsi nolint, danda sint,

    id. ib. 1, 31; cf.

    imperia,

    id. ib. 1, 44:

    centuria, ad summum usum urbis fabris tignariis data,

    id. ib. 2, 22:

    Lycurgus agros locupletium plebi, ut servitio, colendos dedit,

    id. ib. 3, 9 fin.:

    ei filiam suam in matrimonium dat,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 3, 5:

    litteras ad te numquam habui cui darem, quin dederim,

    Cic. Fam. 12, 19: litteras (ad aliquem), to write to one, saep.; cf. id. Att. 5, 11;

    and in the same signif.: aliquid ad aliquem,

    id. ib. 10, 8 fin.:

    litteras alicui, said of the writer,

    to give one a letter to deliver, id. ib. 5, 15 fin.;

    of the bearer, rarely,

    to deliver a letter to one, id. ib. 5, 4 init.: colloquium dare, to join in a conference, converse ( poet.), Lucr. 4, 598 (Lachm.;

    al. videmus): colloquiumque sua fretus ab urbe dedit,

    parley, challenge, Prop. 5, 10, 32:

    dare poenas,

    to give satisfaction, to suffer punishment, Sall. C. 18:

    alicui poenas dare,

    to make atonement to any one; to suffer for any thing, Ov. M. 6, 544; Sall. C. 51, 31;

    v. poena: decus sibi datum esse justitia regis existimabant,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 41:

    quoniam me quodammodo invitas et tui spem das,

    id. ib. 1, 10:

    dabant hae feriae tibi opportunam sane facultatem ad explicandas tuas litteras,

    id. ib. 1, 9; cf.:

    ansas alicui ad reprehendendum,

    id. Lael. 16, 59:

    multas causas suspicionum offensionumque,

    id. ib. 24:

    facultatem per provinciam itineris faciundi,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 7, 5;

    for which: iter alicui per provinciam,

    id. ib. 1, 8, 3; Liv. 8, 5; 21, 20 al.:

    modicam libertatem populo,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 31:

    consilium,

    id. Lael. 13:

    praecepta,

    id. ib. 4 fin.:

    tempus alicui, ut, etc.,

    id. Rep. 1, 3:

    inter se fidem et jusjurandum,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 3 fin.:

    operam,

    to bestow labor and pains on any thing, Cic. de Or. 1, 55:

    operam virtuti,

    id. Lael. 22, 84;

    also: operam, ne,

    id. ib. 21, 78:

    veniam amicitiae,

    id. ib. 17:

    vela (ventis),

    to set sail, id. de Or. 2, 44, 187:

    dextra vela dare,

    to steer towards the right, Ov. 3, 640:

    me librum L. Cossinio ad te perferendum dedisse,

    Cic. Att. 2, 1:

    sin homo amens diripiendam urbem daturus est,

    id. Fam. 14, 14 et saep.: ita dat se res, so it is circumstanced, so it is, Poëta ap. Cic. N. D. 2, 26; cf.:

    prout tempus ac res se daret,

    Liv. 28, 5 et saep.— Impers.: sic datur, so it goes, such is fate, i. e. you have your reward, Plaut. Truc. 4, 8, 4; id. Ps. 1, 2, 22; id. Men. 4, 2, 40; 64; id. Stich. 5, 6, 5.— Part. perf. sometimes (mostly in poets) subst.: dăta, ōrum, n., gifts, presents, Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 72; Prop. 3, 15, 6 (4, 14, 6 M.); Ov. M. 6, 363 (but not in Cic. Clu. 24, 66, where dona data belong together, as in the archaic formula in Liv. 22, 10 init.:

    DATVM DONVM DVIT, P. R. Q.).— Prov.: dantur opes nulli nunc nisi divitibus,

    Mart. 5, 81, 2; cf.:

    dat census honores,

    Ov. F. 1, 217.—
    (β).
    Poet. with inf.:

    da mihi frui perpetuā virginitate,

    allow me, Ov. M. 1, 486; id. ib. 8, 350:

    di tibi dent captā classem reducere Trojā,

    Hor. S. 2, 3, 191; so id. ib. 1, 4, 39; id. Ep. 1, 16, 61; id. A. P. 323 et saep.—
    (γ).
    With ne:

    da, femina ne sim,

    Ov. M. 12, 202.
    II.
    In partic.
    A.
    In milit. lang.
    1.
    Nomina, to enroll one's self for military service, to enlist, Cic. Phil. 7, 4, 13; Liv. 2, 24; 5, 10; cf.

    transf. beyond the military sphere,

    Plaut. Ps. 4, 6, 38.—
    2.
    Manus (lit., as a prisoner of war, to stretch forth the hands to be fettered; cf. Cic. Lael. 26, 99;

    hence),

    to yield, surrender, Nep. Ham. 1, 4;

    and more freq. transf. beyond the milit. sphere,

    to yield, acquiesce, Plaut. Pers. 5, 2, 72; Cic. Lael. 26, 99; id. Att. 2, 22, 2; Caes. B. G. 5, 31, 3; Ov. H. 4, 14; id. F. 3, 688; Verg. A. 11, 568; Hor. Epod. 17, 1 al.—
    3.
    Terga, for the usual vertere terga; v. tergum.—
    B.
    To grant, consent, permit.
    1.
    Esp. in jurid. lang.: DO, DICO, ADDICO, the words employed by the praetor in the execution of his office; viz. DO in the granting of judges, actions, exceptions, etc.; DICO in pronouncing sentence of judgment; ADDICO in adjudging the property in dispute to one or the other party; cf. Varr. L. L. 6, § 30 Müll.;

    hence called tria verba,

    Ov. F. 1, 47.—
    2.
    Datur, it is permitted, allowed, granted; with subj. clause: quaesitis diu terris, ubi sistere detur, Ov. M. 1, 307:

    interim tamen recedere sensim datur,

    Quint. 11, 3, 127:

    ex quo intellegi datur, etc.,

    Lact. 5, 20, 11.—
    C.
    In philos. lang., to grant a proposition:

    in geometria prima si dederis, danda sunt omnia: dato hoc, dandum erit illud (followed by concede, etc.),

    Cic. Fin. 5, 28, 83; id. Tusc. 1, 11, 25; id. Inv. 1, 31 fin.
    D.
    Designating the limit, to put, place, carry somewhere; and with se, to betake one's self somewhere:

    tum genu ad terram dabo,

    to throw, Plaut. Capt. 4, 2, 17; cf.:

    aliquem ad terram,

    Liv. 31, 37; Flor. 4, 2 fin.:

    me haec deambulatio ad languorem dedit!

    has fatigued me, Ter. Heaut. 4, 6, 3:

    hanc mihi in manum dat,

    id. And. 1, 5, 62:

    praecipitem me in pistrinum dabit,

    id. ib. 1, 3, 9:

    hostes in fugam,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 51 fin.:

    hostem in conspectum,

    to bring to view, Liv. 3, 69 fin.:

    aliquem in vincula,

    to cast into prison, Flor. 3, 10, 18; cf.:

    arma in profluentes,

    id. 4, 12, 9:

    aliquem usque Sicanium fretum,

    Val. Fl. 2, 28:

    aliquem leto,

    to put to death, to kill, Phaedr. 1, 22, 9:

    se in viam,

    to set out on a journey, Cic. Fam. 14, 12:

    sese in fugam,

    id. Verr. 2, 4, 43 fin.; cf.:

    se fugae,

    id. Att. 7, 23, 2:

    Socrates, quam se cumque in partem dedisset, omnium fuit facile princeps,

    id. de Or. 3, 16, 60 et saep.—
    E.
    Designating the effect, to cause, make, bring about, inflict, impose:

    qui dederit damnum aut malum,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 116:

    nec consulto alteri damnum dari sine dolo malo potest,

    Cic. Tull. 14, 34; 16, 39; cf.:

    malum dare,

    id. N. D. 1, 44, 122:

    hoc quī occultari facilius credas dabo,

    Ter. Hec. 5, 4, 29:

    inania duro vulnera dat ferro,

    Ov. M. 3, 84:

    morsus,

    Prop. 5, 5, 39; cf.:

    motus dare,

    to impart motion, Lucr. 1, 819 al. (but motus dare, to make motion, to move, be moved, id. 2, 311):

    stragem,

    id. 1, 288:

    equitum ruinas,

    to overthrow, id. 5, 1329.—With part. fut. pass.:

    pectora tristitiae dissolvenda dedit,

    caused to be delivered from sadness, Tib. 1, 7, 40.—

    Prov.: dant animos vina,

    Ov. M. 12, 242. —
    F.
    Aliquid alicui, to do any thing for the sake of another; to please or humor another; to give up, sacrifice any thing to another (for the more usual condonare): da hoc illi mortuae, da ceteris amicis ac familiaribus, da patriae, Sulp. ap. Cic. Fam. 4, 5 fin.: aliquid auribus alicujus, Trebon. ib. 12, 16:

    Caere hospitio Vestalium cultisque diis,

    Liv. 7, 20:

    plus stomacho quam consilio,

    Quint. 10, 1, 117 et saep.:

    ut concessisti illum senatui, sic da hunc populo,

    i. e. forgive him, for the sake of the people, Cic. Lig. 12, 37:

    dabat et famae, ut, etc.,

    Tac. A. 1, 7.—Hence,
    b.
    Se alicui, to give one's self up wholly, to devote, dedicate one's self to a person or thing, to serve:

    dedit se etiam regibus,

    Cic. Rab. Post. 2, 4; so Ter. Eun. 3, 3, 10; id. Heaut. 4, 3, 10; Poëta ap. Cic. Fam. 2, 8, 2; Cic. Att. 7, 12, 3; Nep. Att. 9; Tac. A. 1, 31:

    mihi si large volantis ungula se det equi,

    Stat. Silv, 2, 2, 38; 1, 1, 42; 5, 3, 71 al.; Aus. Mosel. 5, 448; cf. Ov. H. 16, 161:

    se et hominibus Pythagoreis et studiis illis,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 111:

    se sermonibus vulgi,

    id. ib. 6, 23:

    se jucunditati,

    id. Off. 1, 34 al.:

    se populo ac coronae,

    to present one's self, appear, id. Verr. 2, 3, 19; cf.:

    se convivio,

    Suet. Caes. 31 et saep.:

    si se dant (judices) et sua sponte quo impellimus inclinant,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 44, 187.—
    G.
    Of discourse, to announce, tell, relate, communicate (like accipere, for to learn, to hear, v. accipio, II.; mostly ante-class. and poet.):

    erili filio hanc fabricam dabo,

    Plaut. Bacch. 2, 3, 132:

    quam ob rem has partes didicerim, paucis dabo,

    Ter. Heaut. prol. 10; cf. Verg. E. 1, 19:

    imo etiam dabo, quo magis credas,

    Ter. Phorm. 5, 6, 37:

    da mihi nunc, satisne probas?

    Cic. Ac. 1, 3, 10:

    Thessalici da bella ducis,

    Val. Fl. 5, 219:

    is datus erat locus colloquio,

    appointed, Liv. 33, 13:

    fixa canens... Saepe dedit sedem notas mutantibus urbes,

    i. e. foretold, promised, Luc. 5, 107.—In pass., poet. i. q.: narratur, dicitur, fertur, etc., is said:

    seu pius Aeneas eripuisse datur,

    Ov. F. 6, 434; Stat. Th. 7, 315; Claud. Rapt. Pros. 3, 337.—
    H.
    Fabulam, to exhibit, produce a play (said of the author; cf.:

    docere fabulam, agere fabulam),

    Cic. Brut. 18 fin.; id. Tusc. 1, 1 fin.; Ter. Eun. prol. 9; 23; id. Heaut. prol. 33; id. Hec. prol. 1 Don.;

    and transf.,

    Cic. Clu. 31, 84; cf.

    also: dare foras librum = edere,

    Cic. Att. 13, 22, 3.—
    I.
    Verba (alicui), to give [p. 605] empty words, i. e. to deceive, cheat, Plaut. Capt. 5, 1, 25; id. Ps. 4, 5, 7; id. Rud. 2, 2, 19; Ter. And. 1, 3, 6 Ruhnk.; Quadrig. ap. Gell. 17, 2, 24; Cic. Phil. 13, 16 fin.; id. Att. 15, 16 A.; Hor. S. 1, 3, 22; Pers. 4, 45; Mart. 2, 76 et saep.—
    K.
    Alicui aliquid (laudi, crimini, vitio, etc.), to impute, assign, ascribe, attribute a thing to any one, as a merit, a crime, a fault, etc.:

    nunc quam rem vitio dent, quaeso animum attendite,

    Ter. And. prol. 8:

    hoc vitio datur,

    id. Ad. 3, 3, 64:

    inopiā criminum summam laudem Sex. Roscio vitio et culpae dedisse,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 16, 48; id. Off. 1, 21, 71; 2, 17, 58; id. Div. in Caecil. 10; id. Brut. 80, 277 et saep.—
    L.
    Alicui cenam, epulas, etc., to give one a dinner, entertain at table (freq.):

    qui cenam parasitis dabit,

    Plaut. Capt. 4, 4, 2; 3, 1, 35; id. Stich. 4, 1, 8; Ter. Heaut. 3, 1, 45; Cic. Fam. 9, 20, 2; id. Mur. 36, 75:

    prandium dare,

    id. ib. 32, 67; cf. Sen. Ben. 1, 14, 1; Tac. A. 2, 57 al.—
    M.
    To grant, allow, in gen. (rare, but freq. as impers.; v. B. 2. supra):

    dari sibi diem postulabat,

    a respite, Plin. Ep. 3, 9, 32.
    2.
    - do, -dāre ( obsol., found only in the compounds, abdo, condo, abscondo, indo, etc.), 1, v. a. [Sanscr. root dhā-, da-dhāmi, set, put, place; Gr. the-, tithêmi; Ger. thun, thue, that; Eng. do, deed, etc.]. This root is distinct from 1. do, Sanscr. dā, in most of the Arian langg.; cf. Pott. Etym. Forsch. 2, 484; Corss. Ausspr. 2, 410;

    but in Italy the two seem to have been confounded, at least in compounds,

    Curt. Gr. Etym. p. 254 sq.; cf. Max Müller, Science of Lang. Ser. 2, p. 220, N. Y. ed.; Fick, Vergl. Wört. p. 100.
    3.
    do, acc. of domus, v. domus init.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > do

  • 270 Duris

    Duris, is, m., a Greek author, of Samos, Cic. Att. 6, 1, 18; Plin. 7, 2, 2, § 30 al.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Duris

  • 271 duro

    dūro, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. and n. [durus], to make hard, to harden (mostly ante-class. and post-Aug.; not in Cic.).
    I.
    Lit.
    (α).
    Act.:

    quae nobis durata ac spissa videntur, Haec, etc.,

    Lucr. 2, 444; so in the part. perf.:

    coria (with condurare ferrum),

    id. 6, 970; cf.

    cutis,

    Ov. M. 4, 577:

    caementa calce (opp. interlita luto),

    Liv. 21, 11:

    ova in aqua,

    Plin. 29, 3, 11, § 45:

    pontus frigore,

    Ov. P. 4, 9, 85:

    nives solo,

    Hor. C. 3, 24, 39:

    aqua salibus,

    i. e. strongly saturated, Col. 7, 4 fin., v. durus, I.:

    ungulas (mularum),

    id. 6, 37, 11:

    ferrum ictibus,

    Plin. 34, 15, 43, § 149:

    guttas in grana,

    id. 12, 19, 42, § 94:

    uvam fumo,

    i. e. to dry, preserve, Hor. S. 2, 4, 72.—In medic. lang.: corpus, i. e. to bind, make costive, opp. mollire, Cels. 2, 14; cf. id. 2, 33 fin. —In fullers' lang., to harden, stiffen or full cloth: Art. Non queo durare. Par. Si non didicisti fulloniam, non mirandumst, Plaut. As. 5, 2, 57 (with a punning reference to the meaning II. A. 2.).—
    (β).
    Neutr.:

    tum durare solum et discludere Nerea ponto Coeperit, i. q. durescere,

    Verg. E. 6, 35; so,

    vino minime durante, uva maxime,

    Plin. 14, 3, 4, § 37.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    (Acc. to durus, II. A. 2.).
    1.
    Act., to harden with use or labor, etc.; to make hardy or callous, to inure (class.):

    opere in duro membra manusque,

    Lucr. 5, 1359; cf.:

    membra animumque,

    Hor. S. 1, 4, 119:

    umeros ad vulnera,

    Verg. G. 3, 257: hoc se labore durant homines adolescentes, * Caes. B. G. 6, 28, 3; cf.:

    exercitum crebris expeditionibus, patientiaque periculorum,

    Vell. 2, 78, 2:

    cor,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 6; cf.

    mentem,

    Tac. A. 3, 15 al.:

    ab duratis usu armorum pulsi,

    Liv. 7, 29; so in the part., id. 23, 18; 30, 28:

    durati bellis,

    id. 42, 52:

    vitia durantur,

    grow inveterate, Quint. 1, 1, 37.—
    2.
    Neutr. (so most freq.), to be hardened, inured to troubles, i. e. to be patient, to wait, persevere; to endure, hold out:

    durare nequeo in aedibus,

    Plaut. Am. 3, 2, 1; cf. id. Men. 5, 2, 31; Ter. Ad. 4, 2, 15; Liv. 5, 2, 7; 38, 7 fin.; Quint. 11, 3, 23; Verg. A. 9, 604; Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 82 al.; cf. impers., Liv. 10, 46:

    durate et vosmet rebus servate secundis,

    Verg. A. 1, 207; cf. Suet. Calig. 45; Auct. ap. Quint. 9, 2, 91; Ov. Am. 3, 11, 27 al.:

    nequeo durare, quin, etc.,

    Plaut. Curc. 1, 3, 22:

    durare nequeo quin intro eam,

    id. Mil. 4, 6, 34; Suet. Claud. 26.—
    (β).
    With acc., to bear, endure ( poet. and in post-Aug. prose):

    patior quemvis durare laborem,

    Verg. A. 8, 577:

    quascumque vias,

    Stat. S. 5, 2, 153;

    and of inanimate subjects: sine funibus Vix durare carinae Possunt imperiosius Aequor,

    Hor. C. 1, 14, 7; cf.:

    (vitis genus) quod siccitatem durat et ventos,

    Pall. Febr. 9, 1.—
    (γ).
    With inf.:

    non quis parumper durare opperier,

    Plaut. Truc. 2, 3, 5.—
    b.
    In gen., to hold out, to continue in existence, to last, remain (very freq.): Ar. Ubi illaec (talenta) quae dedi ante? Cl. Abusa. Num si ea durarent mihi, [p. 621] etc., Plaut. As. 1, 3, 44:

    uti quam diutissime durent oleae,

    Cato R. R. 58; 104; Varr. R. R. 1, 59, 3:

    omnem durare per aevom,

    Lucr. 3, 605; cf. id. 3, 812; Verg. G. 2, 100; Suet. Calig. 6 al.:

    neque post mortem durare videtur (corpus),

    Lucr. 3, 339; cf. ib. 561:

    ad posteros virtus durabit,

    Quint. 3, 1, 21; cf. id. 1, 11, 18; 3, 1, 9; 5, 11, 41:

    maneat quaeso duretque gentibus, si non amor nostri, at certe odium sui,

    Tac. G. 33:

    durante originis vi,

    id. Agr. 11; cf. Petr. 96, 3:

    durante bello,

    Tac. A. 14, 39; so with adhuc, Suet. Gramm. 24; cf.:

    munera, quibus donatus est, durant, ostendunturque adhuc Bais,

    are still in existence, id. Tib. 6 et saep.—With inf.:

    ut vivere durent,

    Luc. 4, 519; so Sil. 10, 653; 11, 75; Petr. 41, 2.—In Tacitus sometimes of persons, for vivere, to live:

    narratum ab iis, qui nostram ad juventam duraverunt,

    Tac. A. 3, 16; id. Or. 17; id. Agr. 44. And once in the same author (acc. to the better reading) of extension in space: durant colles (= continuantur, ultra porriguntur; French, s'y prolongent), extend continuously to the frontier, Germ. 30.—
    B.
    (Acc. to durus, II. B.)
    1.
    Act., to render hard, callous, insensible; to dull, to blunt (rare and perh. not ante-Aug.):

    aerea dehinc ferro (Juppiter) duravit saecula,

    Hor. Epod. 16, 65:

    ad plagas durari,

    Quint. 1, 3, 14 (cf. §

    12: quae in pravam induruerunt): ad omne facinus durato,

    Tac. H. 4, 59.—Of the affections, Vulg. Job, 39, 16.— Pass.:

    linguae vitia, inemendabili in posterum pravitate durantur,

    to become confirmed, incurable, Quint. 1, 1, 37.—
    2.
    Neutr., to be hard, stern, callous, insensible (rare and not ante-Aug.):

    ut non durat (pater) ultra poenam abdicationis,

    Quint. 9, 2, 88:

    in nullius umquam suorum necem duravit,

    Tac. A. 1, 6; Petr. 105 fin.; cf.:

    usque ad caedem ejus duratura filii odia,

    Tac. A. 14, 1 fin.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > duro

  • 272 effector

    effector, ōris, m. [id.], an effecter, producer, author (a Ciceronian word), Cic. Univ. 5 fin.; id. Div. 2, 26; id. de Or. 1, 33, 150 (quoted in Quint. 10, 3, 1;

    for which,

    perfector, Cic. de Or. 1, 60 fin.).

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > effector

  • 273 Epicurei

    Epĭcūrus, i, m., = Epikouros, the famous Greek philosopher of Gargettus, in Attica, the author of the Epicurean philosophy, so called after him, which assumed pleasure to be the highest good, Cic. Fin. 1, 9, 29; 2, 2 sq.; id. Ac. 2, 42; id. Tusc. 1, 34; 2, 3, 8 et saep.—Deriv.,
    II.
    Epĭcūrēus, a, um, adj., of Epicurus, Epicurean:

    medicamenta doloris,

    i. e. pleasure, Cic. Fin. 2, 7 fin.:

    secta,

    Suet. Gram. 8.—More freq. subst.: Epĭcūrēi, ōrum, m., the adherents of the Epicurean philosophy, Epicureans, Cic. Fin. 1, 7, 25; 2, 25, 81; id. Tusc. 1, 31, 77; Vulg. Act. 17, 18 et saep.—In sing., Quint. 6, 3, 78; Suet. Gram. 6.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Epicurei

  • 274 Epicureus

    Epĭcūrus, i, m., = Epikouros, the famous Greek philosopher of Gargettus, in Attica, the author of the Epicurean philosophy, so called after him, which assumed pleasure to be the highest good, Cic. Fin. 1, 9, 29; 2, 2 sq.; id. Ac. 2, 42; id. Tusc. 1, 34; 2, 3, 8 et saep.—Deriv.,
    II.
    Epĭcūrēus, a, um, adj., of Epicurus, Epicurean:

    medicamenta doloris,

    i. e. pleasure, Cic. Fin. 2, 7 fin.:

    secta,

    Suet. Gram. 8.—More freq. subst.: Epĭcūrēi, ōrum, m., the adherents of the Epicurean philosophy, Epicureans, Cic. Fin. 1, 7, 25; 2, 25, 81; id. Tusc. 1, 31, 77; Vulg. Act. 17, 18 et saep.—In sing., Quint. 6, 3, 78; Suet. Gram. 6.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Epicureus

  • 275 Epicurus

    Epĭcūrus, i, m., = Epikouros, the famous Greek philosopher of Gargettus, in Attica, the author of the Epicurean philosophy, so called after him, which assumed pleasure to be the highest good, Cic. Fin. 1, 9, 29; 2, 2 sq.; id. Ac. 2, 42; id. Tusc. 1, 34; 2, 3, 8 et saep.—Deriv.,
    II.
    Epĭcūrēus, a, um, adj., of Epicurus, Epicurean:

    medicamenta doloris,

    i. e. pleasure, Cic. Fin. 2, 7 fin.:

    secta,

    Suet. Gram. 8.—More freq. subst.: Epĭcūrēi, ōrum, m., the adherents of the Epicurean philosophy, Epicureans, Cic. Fin. 1, 7, 25; 2, 25, 81; id. Tusc. 1, 31, 77; Vulg. Act. 17, 18 et saep.—In sing., Quint. 6, 3, 78; Suet. Gram. 6.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Epicurus

  • 276 Epigenes

    Epĭgĕnes, is, m., a Greek author, Varr. R. R. 1, 1, 8; cf. Sen. Q. N. 3 al.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Epigenes

  • 277 Eutropius

    Eutrŏpĭus, ii, m., Flavius, a Roman historian in the middle of the fourth century of the Christian era, contemporary with the Emperor Julian, and author of a Breviarium Historiae Romanae, Amm. 29, 1, 36; Greg. Naz. Ep. 137 sq.; Symm. Ep. 3, 46 sqq.; cf. Teuffel, Roem. Liter. 936.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Eutropius

  • 278 Fabiani

    Făbĭus, a, the name of a Roman gens, concerning which see Liv. 2, 48-50; among its distinguished members were,
    1.
    Fabius Pictor, a historian, Cic. de Or. 2, 12.—
    2.
    Q. Fabius Maximus Cunctator, the famous dictator in the second Punic war, Prop. 3, 3, 9; Liv. 22 passim.
    3.
    M. Fabius Quintilianus, author of the rhetorical work Institutiones Oratoriae, Aus. Prof. 1, 7; Mart. 2, 90. —
    4.
    Paulus Fabius Persicus, consul under Tiberius, A.U.C. 786, Sen. Ben. 2, 21, 4; Juv. 8, 14.—
    II.
    Hence,
    A.
    Făbĭus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to a Fabius, Fabian:

    lex, de ambitu and de plagiariis,

    Cic. Mur. 34, 71; id. Rab. Perd. 3, 8; Dig. 48, tit. 15; ib. 17, 2, 51: fornix, a triumphal arch, built by Q. Fabius Maximus Allobrogicus on the Sacra Via, in the neighborhood of the Regia, Cic. Planc. 7, 17;

    called also Fornix Fabii,

    id. de Or. 2, 66, 267;

    and Fornix Fabianus, v. under B.: lupercus,

    Prop. 4 (5), 1, 26; cf.

    under B.: tribus,

    one of the rural tribes, Hor. Ep. 1, 6, 52.—
    B.
    Făbĭānus, a, um, adj., the same:

    fornix, i. q. Fabius fornix (v. above),

    Cic. Verr. 1, 7, 19;

    also called arcus,

    Sen. Const. Sap. 1:

    Fabianae artes,

    i. e. delay, Liv. 22, 34: ‡ Fabiani et ‡ Quintilian appellabantur luperci, a Fabio et Quintilio praepositis suis, Paul. ex Fest. p. 87 Müll. — Subst.: Făbĭāni, ōrum, m., persons of the Fabian tribe, Suet. Aug. 40; also the soldiers of Fabius, Nep. Iphicr. 2, 4.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Fabiani

  • 279 Fabianus

    Făbĭus, a, the name of a Roman gens, concerning which see Liv. 2, 48-50; among its distinguished members were,
    1.
    Fabius Pictor, a historian, Cic. de Or. 2, 12.—
    2.
    Q. Fabius Maximus Cunctator, the famous dictator in the second Punic war, Prop. 3, 3, 9; Liv. 22 passim.
    3.
    M. Fabius Quintilianus, author of the rhetorical work Institutiones Oratoriae, Aus. Prof. 1, 7; Mart. 2, 90. —
    4.
    Paulus Fabius Persicus, consul under Tiberius, A.U.C. 786, Sen. Ben. 2, 21, 4; Juv. 8, 14.—
    II.
    Hence,
    A.
    Făbĭus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to a Fabius, Fabian:

    lex, de ambitu and de plagiariis,

    Cic. Mur. 34, 71; id. Rab. Perd. 3, 8; Dig. 48, tit. 15; ib. 17, 2, 51: fornix, a triumphal arch, built by Q. Fabius Maximus Allobrogicus on the Sacra Via, in the neighborhood of the Regia, Cic. Planc. 7, 17;

    called also Fornix Fabii,

    id. de Or. 2, 66, 267;

    and Fornix Fabianus, v. under B.: lupercus,

    Prop. 4 (5), 1, 26; cf.

    under B.: tribus,

    one of the rural tribes, Hor. Ep. 1, 6, 52.—
    B.
    Făbĭānus, a, um, adj., the same:

    fornix, i. q. Fabius fornix (v. above),

    Cic. Verr. 1, 7, 19;

    also called arcus,

    Sen. Const. Sap. 1:

    Fabianae artes,

    i. e. delay, Liv. 22, 34: ‡ Fabiani et ‡ Quintilian appellabantur luperci, a Fabio et Quintilio praepositis suis, Paul. ex Fest. p. 87 Müll. — Subst.: Făbĭāni, ōrum, m., persons of the Fabian tribe, Suet. Aug. 40; also the soldiers of Fabius, Nep. Iphicr. 2, 4.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Fabianus

  • 280 Fabius

    Făbĭus, a, the name of a Roman gens, concerning which see Liv. 2, 48-50; among its distinguished members were,
    1.
    Fabius Pictor, a historian, Cic. de Or. 2, 12.—
    2.
    Q. Fabius Maximus Cunctator, the famous dictator in the second Punic war, Prop. 3, 3, 9; Liv. 22 passim.
    3.
    M. Fabius Quintilianus, author of the rhetorical work Institutiones Oratoriae, Aus. Prof. 1, 7; Mart. 2, 90. —
    4.
    Paulus Fabius Persicus, consul under Tiberius, A.U.C. 786, Sen. Ben. 2, 21, 4; Juv. 8, 14.—
    II.
    Hence,
    A.
    Făbĭus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to a Fabius, Fabian:

    lex, de ambitu and de plagiariis,

    Cic. Mur. 34, 71; id. Rab. Perd. 3, 8; Dig. 48, tit. 15; ib. 17, 2, 51: fornix, a triumphal arch, built by Q. Fabius Maximus Allobrogicus on the Sacra Via, in the neighborhood of the Regia, Cic. Planc. 7, 17;

    called also Fornix Fabii,

    id. de Or. 2, 66, 267;

    and Fornix Fabianus, v. under B.: lupercus,

    Prop. 4 (5), 1, 26; cf.

    under B.: tribus,

    one of the rural tribes, Hor. Ep. 1, 6, 52.—
    B.
    Făbĭānus, a, um, adj., the same:

    fornix, i. q. Fabius fornix (v. above),

    Cic. Verr. 1, 7, 19;

    also called arcus,

    Sen. Const. Sap. 1:

    Fabianae artes,

    i. e. delay, Liv. 22, 34: ‡ Fabiani et ‡ Quintilian appellabantur luperci, a Fabio et Quintilio praepositis suis, Paul. ex Fest. p. 87 Müll. — Subst.: Făbĭāni, ōrum, m., persons of the Fabian tribe, Suet. Aug. 40; also the soldiers of Fabius, Nep. Iphicr. 2, 4.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Fabius

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