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atomic physics

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  • Atomic physics — (or atom physics) is the field of physics that studies atoms as an isolated system of electrons and an atomic nucleus. It is primarily concerned with the arrangement of electrons around the nucleus and the processes by which these arrangements… …   Wikipedia

  • atomic physics — Scientific study of the structure of the atom, its energy states, and its interaction with other particles and fields. The modern understanding of the atom is that it consists of a heavy nucleus of positive charge surrounded by a cloud of light,… …   Universalium

  • atomic physics — atomo fizika statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. atom physics; atomic physics vok. Atomphysik, f rus. атомная физика, f; физика атома, f pranc. physique atomique, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • atomic physics — noun the branch of physics that studies the internal structure of atomic nuclei (Freq. 1) • Syn: ↑nuclear physics, ↑nucleonics • Members of this Topic: ↑cross section, ↑barn, ↑b • Hypernyms …   Useful english dictionary

  • Proximity effect (atomic physics) — At the atomic level, when two atoms come into proximity, the highest energy, or valence, orbitals of the atoms change substantially and the electrons on the two atoms reorganize. One way to probe a correlated state is through the proximity effect …   Wikipedia

  • Atomic theory — Atomic model redirects here. For the unrelated term in mathematical logic, see Atomic model (mathematical logic). This article is about the historical models of the atom. For a history of the study of how atoms combine to form molecules, see… …   Wikipedia

  • Atomic units — (au) form a system of units convenient for atomic physics, electromagnetism, and quantum electrodynamics, especially when the focus is on the properties of electrons. There are two different kinds of atomic units, which one might name Hartree… …   Wikipedia

  • Atomic and Molecular astrophysics — Atomic astrophysics is concerned with performing atomic physics calculations that will be useful to astronomers and using atomic data to interpret astronomical observations. Atomic physics plays a key role in astrophysics as astronomers only… …   Wikipedia

  • physics — /fiz iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the science that deals with matter, energy, motion, and force. [1580 90; see PHYSIC, ICS] * * * I Science that deals with the structure of matter and the interactions between the fundamental constituents of… …   Universalium

  • Atomic orbital — The shapes of the first five atomic orbitals: 1s, 2s, 2px, 2py, and 2pz. The colors show the wave function phase. These are graphs of ψ(x,y,z) functions which depend on the coordinates of one electron. To see the elongated shape of ψ(x,y,z)2… …   Wikipedia

  • Atomic clock — Nuclear clock redirects here. For the clock as a measure for risk of catastrophic destruction, see Doomsday Clock. For a clock updated by radio signals (commonly but inaccurately called an atomic clock ), see Radio clock. For the album by Zion I …   Wikipedia

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