Translation: from latin

at Praeneste called

  • 1 ciconia

    cĭcōnĭa, ae, f., a stork, Plin. 10, 23, 32, § 63; Hor. S. 2, 2, 49; Ov. M. 6, 97; Juv. 14, 74 al.; at Praeneste called conia, Plaut. Truc. 3, 2, 23.—
    II.
    Meton.
    A.
    A derisory bending of the fingers in the form of a stork ' s bill, Pers. 1, 58; Hier. prol. in Sophon. Ep. 125, n. 18.—
    B. C.
    A transverse pole, moving upon a perpendicular post, for drawing water, etc. (syn. tolleno), Isid. Orig. 20, 15, 3.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > ciconia

  • 2 Praeneste

    Praeneste, is, n., Stadt in Latium, wahrscheinlich Kolonie aus Sullas Zeit (s. Cic. Cat. 1, 8. Gell. 16, 13, 5), berühmt durch die Schönheit der dortigen Rosen u. Nüsse, bes. aber durch den Tempel der Fortuna u. das damit verbundene Orakel, j. Palestrina, Varro LL. 5, 32 u. 6, 4 (wo Abl. e). Cic. Cat. 1, 8; Planc. 63 (wo Abl. e). Prop. 2, 32, 3 (wo Abl. i): wegen seiner hohen Lage altum Pr., Verg. Aen. 7, 682, u. frigidum, Hor. carm. 3, 4, 23. – fem. b. Dicht., wie Verg. Aen. 8, 561. – Dav. Praenestīnus, a, um, pränestinisch, aus Präneste, ager, Liv.: nuces, Cato: rosae, Plin.: urbs, Stadt Präneste, Verg.: sortes, die pränestinischen Orakelsprüche, Cic. u. Suet. – subst., ein Pränestiner, Praenestinum opino (= opinor) esse, ita erat gloriosus, Plaut. fr. bei Non. 474, 32: Plur., Praenestīnī, ōrum, m., die Einw. von Präneste, die Pränestiner, Cic. u.a.

    lateinisch-deutsches > Praeneste

  • 3 Praeneste

    Praeneste, is, n., Stadt in Latium, wahrscheinlich Kolonie aus Sullas Zeit (s. Cic. Cat. 1, 8. Gell. 16, 13, 5), berühmt durch die Schönheit der dortigen Rosen u. Nüsse, bes. aber durch den Tempel der Fortuna u. das damit verbundene Orakel, j. Palestrina, Varro LL. 5, 32 u. 6, 4 (wo Abl. e). Cic. Cat. 1, 8; Planc. 63 (wo Abl. e). Prop. 2, 32, 3 (wo Abl. i): wegen seiner hohen Lage altum Pr., Verg. Aen. 7, 682, u. frigidum, Hor. carm. 3, 4, 23. – fem. b. Dicht., wie Verg. Aen. 8, 561. – Dav. Praenestīnus, a, um, pränestinisch, aus Präneste, ager, Liv.: nuces, Cato: rosae, Plin.: urbs, Stadt Präneste, Verg.: sortes, die pränestinischen Orakelsprüche, Cic. u. Suet. – subst., ein Pränestiner, Praenestinum opino (= opinor) esse, ita erat gloriosus, Plaut. fr. bei Non. 474, 32: Plur., Praenestīnī, ōrum, m., die Einw. von Präneste, die Pränestiner, Cic. u.a.

    Ausführliches Lateinisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch > Praeneste

  • 4 Praeneste

    Praeneste, is, n. and f., = Prainestos or Praineste, one of the most ancient and important cities of Latium, famed for the beauty of its roses, for its nuts, and still more for its temple of Fortune and the oracle connected with it, now Palestrina; abl., Praeneste, Cic. Planc. 26; Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 2:

    Praeneste sub ipsā (sc. urbe),

    Verg. A. 8, 561:

    altum Praeneste,

    id. ib. 7, 682:

    frigidum,

    Hor. C. 3, 4, 22:

    sacrum,

    Stat. S. 4, 4, 15.—Hence,
    II.
    Praenestīnus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to Prœneste, Prœnestine:

    nuces,

    Cato, R. R. 8:

    urbs,

    the town of Prœneste, Verg. A. 7, 678:

    Praenestinae moenia sacra Deae, i. e. Fortunae,

    Ov. F. 6, 62:

    sortes,

    the oracles of Prœneste, Cic. Div. 2, 41, 86:

    ager,

    id. Agr. 2, 28:

    rosae,

    Plin. 21, 4, 10, § 16:

    via,

    from Rome to Prœneste, id. 31, 3, 25, § 42.— Subst.: Prae-nestīni, ōrum, m., the inhabitants of Prœneste, the Prœnestines, Plaut. Truc. 3, 2, 23; id. Trin. 3, 1, 8 Brix ad loc.; Liv. 6, 21 sq.; v. Ritschl, Opusc. 2, 372.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Praeneste

  • 5 Praeneste

    is n. и f.
    Пренеста, древний город в Латии, к вост. от Рима, с храмами Фортуны и Юноны (ныне Palestrina) Vr, C, Prp, V, H

    Латинско-русский словарь > Praeneste

  • 6 forum

        forum ī, n    [1 FOR-], an open space, public place, court, market-place: forum, id est, vestibulum sepulcri: per fora loqui, Ta.: Pars forum celebrant, O.— A market-place, market, enclosure for selling, exchange: fora exstruere, Ta.: rerum venalium, S.: cui fora multa restarent, had many market-places to visit: boarium, the cattle-market (adjoining the circus), L.: holitorium, the vegetable-market, L.: piscatorium, the fish-market, L.— Prov.: Scisti uti foro, i. e. to act for your advantage, T.— A market-place, forum, public square, exchange (in each city, the centre of public life): Nunc forum quem spectat, i. e. all the people, H.: statua eius (Anici) Praeneste in foro statuta, I<*>: mane forum pete, H.—In Rome, esp. Forum Romanum, or Forum, an open space between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos and shops: toto quantum foro spatium est, L.: adripere verba de foro, pick up in the street: caruit foro Pompeius, i. e. was compelled to avoid: filiam in foro suā manu interemere: forumque Litibus orbum, H.: ut primum forum attigerim, i. e. engaged in public affairs: studia fori, Ta.: forum Mandabo siccis, i. e. affairs of state, H.: ut forum et iuris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis, the courts: cedat forum castris: Insanum, V.: forum agere, hold court: fori harena, Iu.: civitates, quae in id forum convenerant, that court-district: extra suum forum vadimonium promittere, jurisdiction: annos iam triginta in foro versaris, in trade: sublata erat de foro fides: hunc in foro non haberemus, i. e. he would have been bankrupt: Cedere foro, become bankrupt, Iu.: Forum Augustum (with an ivory statue of Apollo), O.; called forum, Iu.—As nom propr. of many market and assize towns.—Esp.: Appī, a markettown in Latium, on the Via Appia, C., H.: Aurelium, a small town on the Via Aurelia, C.
    * * *
    market; forum (in Rome); court of justice

    Latin-English dictionary > forum

  • 7 Forocorneliensis

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Forocorneliensis

  • 8 Forojulienses

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Forojulienses

  • 9 Fortunatae Insulae

    fortūno, āvi, ātum, 1 (archaic form of the perf. subj. fortunassint, Afran. ap. Non. 109, 18), v. a. [fortuna, II. A. 1.], to make prosperous or fortunate, to make happy, to prosper, bless: prosperare, omnibus bonis augere, Non. l. l. (class.; most freq. in the P. a.); constr. usually (alicui) aliquid: St. Di fortunabunt vostra consilia! Ph. Ita volo, Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 175:

    tibi patrimonium dei fortunent,

    Cic. Fam. 2, 2:

    eumque honorem tibi deos fortunare volo,

    id. ib. 15, 7; Liv. 34, 4 fin.:

    quod faxitis, deos velim fortunare,

    id. 6, 41, 12: quamcumque deus tibi fortunaverit horam, whatever happy hour Providence has allotted you, Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 22.— Absol.: deos ego omnes, ut fortunassint, precor, Afran. ap. Non. 1. 1.—Hence, fortūnātus, a, um, P. a., prospered, prosperous, lucky, happy, fortunate (syn.: beatus, felix).
    A.
    In gen.:

    salvus atque fortunatus semper sies,

    Plaut. Aul. 2, 2, 5:

    et miser sum et fortunatus,

    id. Capt. 5, 3, 16:

    qui me in terra aeque Fortunatus erit, si illa ad me bitet?

    id. Curc. 1, 2, 52:

    quam est hic fortunatus putandus, cui, etc.,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    nec quicquam insipiente fortunato intolerabilius fieri potest,

    id. Lael. 15, 54:

    laudat senem et fortunatum esse dicit,

    id. Tusc. 3, 24, 57:

    mihi vero Cn. et P. Scipiones comitatu nobilium juvenum fortunati videbantur,

    id. de Sen. 9, 29:

    o hominem fortunatum!

    id. Quint. 25, 80:

    fortunate senex!

    Verg. E. 1, 47:

    fortunatus et ille deos qui novit agrestes,

    id. G. 2, 493:

    c fortunatam rem publicam!

    Cic. Cat. 2, 4, 7; cf.: o fortunatam natam me consule Romam, id. poët Fragm. ap. Quint. 9, 4, 41; 11, 1, 24; cf. also Juv. 10, 122:

    fortunatus illius exitus,

    Cic. Brut. 96, 329:

    vita,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 14:

    ut nobis haec habitatio Bona, fausta, felix fortunataque eveniat,

    Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 3 (v. felix).— Comp.:

    ecquis me hodie vivit fortunatior?

    Ter. Eun. 5, 8, 1:

    Carneades dicere solitus est, nusquam se fortunatiorem quam Praeneste vidisse Fortunam,

    Cic. Div. 2, 41 fin.; Hor. A. P. 295.— Sup.:

    Archelaüs, qui tum fortunatissimus haberetur,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 12, 34:

    fortunatissimo proelio decertare,

    Vell. 2, 12, 5.—
    (β).
    Poet., with gen.:

    fortunatus laborum,

    happy in his sufferings, Verg. A. 11, 416:

    fortunate animi!

    Stat. Th. 1, 638. —
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    (Acc. to fortuna, II. B. 2.) In good circumstances, well off, wealthy, rich:

    gratia fortunati et potentis,

    Cic. Off. 2, 20, 69:

    apud Scopam, fortunatum hominem et nobilem,

    id. de Or. 2, 86, 352:

    quid vos hanc miseram ac tenuem sectamini praedam, quibus licet jam esse fortunatissimis?

    Caes. B. G. 6, 35, 8.—
    2.
    Fortūnātae Insŭlae, Gr. tôn Makarôn niêsoi, the fabulous isles of the Western Ocean, the abodes of the blessed; acc. to some, the Canary Isles, Plin. 4, 22, 36, § 119; 6, 32, 37, § 202;

    also called Fortunatorum insulae,

    Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 148;

    and transf.: amoena virecta fortunatorum nemorum,

    Verg. A. 6, 639.— Adv.: fortūnāte, fortunately, prosperously:

    nunc bene vivo et fortunate atque ut volo,

    Plaut. Mil. 3, 1, 112:

    facile et fortunate evenit,

    id. Ep. 2, 2, 61:

    feliciter, absolute, fortunate vivere,

    Cic. Fin. 3, 7, 26:

    scite aut fortunate gestum,

    Liv. 10, 18, 5.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Fortunatae Insulae

  • 10 fortuno

    fortūno, āvi, ātum, 1 (archaic form of the perf. subj. fortunassint, Afran. ap. Non. 109, 18), v. a. [fortuna, II. A. 1.], to make prosperous or fortunate, to make happy, to prosper, bless: prosperare, omnibus bonis augere, Non. l. l. (class.; most freq. in the P. a.); constr. usually (alicui) aliquid: St. Di fortunabunt vostra consilia! Ph. Ita volo, Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 175:

    tibi patrimonium dei fortunent,

    Cic. Fam. 2, 2:

    eumque honorem tibi deos fortunare volo,

    id. ib. 15, 7; Liv. 34, 4 fin.:

    quod faxitis, deos velim fortunare,

    id. 6, 41, 12: quamcumque deus tibi fortunaverit horam, whatever happy hour Providence has allotted you, Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 22.— Absol.: deos ego omnes, ut fortunassint, precor, Afran. ap. Non. 1. 1.—Hence, fortūnātus, a, um, P. a., prospered, prosperous, lucky, happy, fortunate (syn.: beatus, felix).
    A.
    In gen.:

    salvus atque fortunatus semper sies,

    Plaut. Aul. 2, 2, 5:

    et miser sum et fortunatus,

    id. Capt. 5, 3, 16:

    qui me in terra aeque Fortunatus erit, si illa ad me bitet?

    id. Curc. 1, 2, 52:

    quam est hic fortunatus putandus, cui, etc.,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    nec quicquam insipiente fortunato intolerabilius fieri potest,

    id. Lael. 15, 54:

    laudat senem et fortunatum esse dicit,

    id. Tusc. 3, 24, 57:

    mihi vero Cn. et P. Scipiones comitatu nobilium juvenum fortunati videbantur,

    id. de Sen. 9, 29:

    o hominem fortunatum!

    id. Quint. 25, 80:

    fortunate senex!

    Verg. E. 1, 47:

    fortunatus et ille deos qui novit agrestes,

    id. G. 2, 493:

    c fortunatam rem publicam!

    Cic. Cat. 2, 4, 7; cf.: o fortunatam natam me consule Romam, id. poët Fragm. ap. Quint. 9, 4, 41; 11, 1, 24; cf. also Juv. 10, 122:

    fortunatus illius exitus,

    Cic. Brut. 96, 329:

    vita,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 14:

    ut nobis haec habitatio Bona, fausta, felix fortunataque eveniat,

    Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 3 (v. felix).— Comp.:

    ecquis me hodie vivit fortunatior?

    Ter. Eun. 5, 8, 1:

    Carneades dicere solitus est, nusquam se fortunatiorem quam Praeneste vidisse Fortunam,

    Cic. Div. 2, 41 fin.; Hor. A. P. 295.— Sup.:

    Archelaüs, qui tum fortunatissimus haberetur,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 12, 34:

    fortunatissimo proelio decertare,

    Vell. 2, 12, 5.—
    (β).
    Poet., with gen.:

    fortunatus laborum,

    happy in his sufferings, Verg. A. 11, 416:

    fortunate animi!

    Stat. Th. 1, 638. —
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    (Acc. to fortuna, II. B. 2.) In good circumstances, well off, wealthy, rich:

    gratia fortunati et potentis,

    Cic. Off. 2, 20, 69:

    apud Scopam, fortunatum hominem et nobilem,

    id. de Or. 2, 86, 352:

    quid vos hanc miseram ac tenuem sectamini praedam, quibus licet jam esse fortunatissimis?

    Caes. B. G. 6, 35, 8.—
    2.
    Fortūnātae Insŭlae, Gr. tôn Makarôn niêsoi, the fabulous isles of the Western Ocean, the abodes of the blessed; acc. to some, the Canary Isles, Plin. 4, 22, 36, § 119; 6, 32, 37, § 202;

    also called Fortunatorum insulae,

    Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 148;

    and transf.: amoena virecta fortunatorum nemorum,

    Verg. A. 6, 639.— Adv.: fortūnāte, fortunately, prosperously:

    nunc bene vivo et fortunate atque ut volo,

    Plaut. Mil. 3, 1, 112:

    facile et fortunate evenit,

    id. Ep. 2, 2, 61:

    feliciter, absolute, fortunate vivere,

    Cic. Fin. 3, 7, 26:

    scite aut fortunate gestum,

    Liv. 10, 18, 5.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > fortuno

  • 11 Forum

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Forum

  • 12 Forum Alieni

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Forum Alieni

  • 13 Forum Appii

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Forum Appii

  • 14 Forum Aurelium

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Forum Aurelium

  • 15 forum boarium

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > forum boarium

  • 16 forum coquinum

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > forum coquinum

  • 17 forum cuppedinis

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > forum cuppedinis

  • 18 Forum Gallorum

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Forum Gallorum

  • 19 Forum Julii

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Forum Julii

  • 20 forum olitorium

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > forum olitorium

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