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Worte für Erde

  • 1 ἔδαφος

    Grammatical information: n.
    Meaning: `ground, bottom' (ε 249; s. Richel Worte für Erde 212ff.), also `text' (Gal.) as opposed to the commentary.
    Compounds: ἐδαφο-ποιέω `equalize the bottom' (J.). -
    Derivatives: Late: ἐδάφιον `text' (Arist.); ἐδαφικός `belonging to the bottom' (pap.), ἐδαφιαῖος `id.' (sch., Tz.), ἐδαφίτης (Tz.; s. Redard Les noms grecs en - της 112). - Denomin. verbs: ἐδαφίζω `equalize, give a bottom' (Arist., hell.); ἐδαφόω in ἠδάφωται κατῴκισται H.
    Origin: XX [etym. unknown]
    Etymology: For the nouns in -( α)φος (Chantr. Form. 262ff., Schwyzer 495). To ἕδος?. Acc. to WP. 1, 254 (with Curtius 241, J. Schmidt Pluralbild. 341) hoeever to οὖδας, s. d.
    Page in Frisk: 1,441-442

    Greek-English etymological dictionary (Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά ετυμολογική λεξικό) > ἔδαφος

  • 2 κόσμος

    κόσμος, ου, ὁ (Hom.+)
    that which serves to beautify through decoration, adornment, adorning (Hom.+; Diod S 20, 4, 5 τῶν γυναικῶν τὸν κόσμον; OGI 531, 13; SIG 850, 10; IMaronIsis 41; PEleph 1, 4; PSI 240, 12 γυναικεῖον κόσμον; LXX; TestJud 12:1; JosAs 2:6 al.; Philo, Migr. Abr. 97 γυναικῶν κ.; Jos., Ant. 1, 250; 15, 5; Just., A II, 11, 4f) of women’s attire, etc. ὁ ἔξωθεν … κόσμος external adorning 1 Pt 3:3 (Vi. Hom. 4 of the inward adornment of a woman, beside σωφροσύνη; Crates, Ep. 9; Pythag., Ep. 11, 1; Plut., Mor. 141e; on the topic of external adornment cp. SIG 736, 15–26).
    condition of orderliness, orderly arrangement, order (Hom. et al.; s. HDiller, Die vorphilosophische Gebrauch von κ. und κοσμεῖν: BSnell Festschr., ’56, 47–60) μετὰ κόσμου in order Dg 12:9 (text uncertain; s. μετακόσμιος).
    the sum total of everything here and now, the world, the (orderly) universe, in philosophical usage (so, acc. to Plut., Mor. 886b, as early as Pythagoras; certainly Heraclitus, Fgm. 66; Pla., Gorg. 508a, Phdr. 246c; Chrysipp., Fgm. 527 v. Arnim κόσμος σύστημα ἐξ οὐρανοῦ καὶ γῆς καὶ τῶν ἐν τούτοις περιεχομένων φύσεων. Likew. Posidonius in Diog. L. 7, 138; Ps.-Aristot., De Mundo 2 p. 391b, 9ff; 2 and 4 Macc; Wsd; EpArist 254; Philo, Aet. M. 4; Jos., Ant. 1, 21; Test12Patr; SibOr 7, 123; AssMos Fgm. b Denis [=Tromp p. 272]; Just., A I, 20, 2 al.; Ath. 19, 2 al.; Orig., C. Cels. 4, 68, 14; Did., Gen. 36, 7; 137, 13.—The other philosoph. usage, in which κ. denotes the heaven in contrast to the earth, is prob. without mng. for our lit. [unless perh. Phil 2:15 κ.=‘sky’?]). ἡ ἀέναος τοῦ κ. σύστασις the everlasting constitution of the universe 1 Cl 60:1 (cp. OGI 56, 48 εἰς τὸν ἀέναον κ.). Sustained by four elements Hv 3, 13, 3. πρὸ τοῦ τὸν κ. εἶναι before the world existed J 17:5. ἀπὸ καταβολῆς [κόσμου] from the beginning of the world Mt 13:35; 25:34; Lk 11:50; Hb 4:3; 9:26; Rv 13:8; 17:8. Also ἀπʼ ἀρχῆς κ. Mt 24:21 or ἀπὸ κτίσεως κ. Ro 1:20.—B 5:5 ἀπὸ καταβ. κ. evidently means at the foundation of the world (s. Windisch, Hdb. ad loc.). πρὸ καταβολῆς κ. before the foundation of the world J 17:24; Eph 1:4; 1 Pt 1:20 (on the uses w. καταβολή s. that word, 1). οὐδὲν εἴδωλον ἐν κ. no idol has any real existence in the universe (Twentieth Century NT) 1 Cor 8:4. Of the creation in its entirety 3:22. ὁ κόσμος ὅλος = πᾶσα ἡ κτίσις (Sallust. 21 p. 36, 13; TestSol 5:7; TestJob 33:4) Hs 9, 2, 1; 9, 14, 5. φωστῆρες ἐν κόσμῳ stars in the universe Phil 2:15 (s. above). Esp. of the universe as created by God (Epict 4, 7, 6 ὁ θεὸς πάντα πεποίηκεν, τὰ ἐν τῷ κόσμῳ καὶ αὐτὸν τὸν κόσμον ὅλον; Wsd 9:9; 2 Macc 7:23 ὁ τοῦ κ. κτίστης; 4 Macc 5:25; Just., A I, 59, 1 al.; Ath. 8, 2 al.) ὁ ποιήσας τὸν κ. who has made the world Ac 17:24. ὁ κτίστης τοῦ σύμπαντος κ. 1 Cl 19:2; ὁ κτίσας τὸν κ. Hv 1, 3, 4; cp. m 12, 4, 2. ὁ τοῦ παντὸς κ. κυριεύων B 21:5. οὐδʼ εἶναι τὸν κόσμον θεοῦ ἀλλὰ ἀγγέλων AcPlCor 1:15. Christ is called παντὸς τοῦ κ. κύριος 5:5; and the κ. owes its origin to his agency J 1:10b. The world was created for the sake of the church Hv 2, 4, 1.—The universe, as the greatest space conceivable, is not able to contain someth. (Philo, Ebr. 32) J 21:25.
    the sum total of all beings above the level of the animals, the world, as θέατρον ἐγενήθημεν (i.e. οἱ ἀπόστολοι) τῷ κόσμῳ καὶ ἀγγέλοις καὶ ἀνθρώποις 1 Cor 4:9. Here the world is divided into angels and humans (cp. the Stoic definition of the κόσμος in Stob., Ecl. I p. 184, 8 τὸ ἐκ θεῶν καὶ ἀνθρώπων σύστημα; likew. Epict 1, 9, 4.—Acc. to Ocellus Luc. 37, end, the κ. consists of the sphere of the divine beyond the moon and the sphere of the earthly on this side of the moon).
    planet earth as a place of inhabitation, the world (SIG 814, 31 [67 A.D.] Nero, ὁ τοῦ παντὸς κόσμου κύριος; the meaning of the birthday of Augustus for the world OGI 458, 40 [=IPriene 105]; 2 Macc 3:12; Jos., Ant. 9, 241; 10, 205; Orig., C. Cels. 4, 68)
    gener. Mk 16:15. τὰς βασιλείας τοῦ κ. Mt 4:8; ἐν ὅλῳ τῷ κ. 26:13. Cp. 13:38 (cp. Hs 5, 5, 2); Mk 14:9; Hs 9, 25, 2. τὸ φῶς τοῦ κ. τούτου the light of this world (the sun) J 11:9. In rhetorical exaggeration ἡ πίστις ὑμῶν καταγγέλλεται ἐν ὅλῳ τ. κόσμῳ Ro 1:8 (cp. the Egypt. grave ins APF 5, 1913, 169 no. 24, 8 ὧν ἡ σωφροσύνη κατὰ τὸν κ. λελάληται). Abraham as κληρονόμος κόσμου heir of the world 4:13.—Cp. 1 Cor 14:10; Col 1:6. ἡ ἐν τῷ κ. ἀδελφότης the brotherhood in the (whole) world 1 Pt 5:9. ἐγένετο ἡ βασιλεία τοῦ κ. τοῦ κυρίου ἡμῶν our Lord has assumed the sovereignty of the world Rv 11:15. τὰ ἔθνη τοῦ κ. (not LXX, but prob. rabbinic אֻמּוֹת הָעוֹלָם=humankind apart fr. Israel; Billerb. II 191; Dalman, Worte 144f) the unconverted in the world Lk 12:30. In this line of development, κόσμος alone serves to designate the polytheistic unconverted world Ro 11:12, 15.—Other worlds (lands) beyond the ocean 1 Cl 20:8.—Many of these pass. bear the connotation of
    the world as the habitation of humanity (as SibOr 1, 160). So also Hs 9, 17, 1f. εἰσέρχεσθαι εἰς τὸν κ. of entrance into the world by being born 1 Cl 38:3. ἐκ τοῦ κ. ἐξελθεῖν leave this present world (Philo, Leg. All. 3, 5 ἔξω τ. κόσμου φεύγειν; s. ἐξέρχομαι 5; cp. Hippol., Ref. 5, 16, 7) 1 Cor 5:10b; 2 Cl 8:3. γεννηθῆναι εἰς τὸν κ. be born into the world J 16:21. ἕως ἐσμὲν ἐν τούτῳ τῷ κ. 2 Cl 8:2. οὐδὲν εἰσφέρειν εἰς τὸν κ. (Philo, Spec. Leg. 1, 294 τὸν μηδὲν εἰς τὸν κόσμον εἰσενηνοχότα) 1 Ti 6:7 (Pol 4:1). πολλοὶ πλάνοι ἐξῆλθον εἰς τὸν κ. 2J 7.—ἐν τῷ κόσμω τούτῳ J 12:25 (κ. need not here be understood as an entity hostile to God, but the transition to the nuance in 7b, below, is signalled by the term that follows: ζωὴν αἰώνιον). ἵνα εἰς κόσμον προέλθῃ AcPlCor 2:6.
    earth, world in contrast to heaven (Dio Chrys. 19 [36], 59; Iren., 1, 4, 2 [Harv. I 35, 5]; Orig., C. Cels. 8, 15, 24) ἐν τῷ κόσμῳ τούτῳ 2 Cl 19:3.—Esp. when mention is made of the preexistent Christ, who came fr. another world into the κόσμος. So, above all, in John (Bultmann, index I κόσμος) ἔρχεσθαι εἰς τὸν κ. (τοῦτον) J 6:14; 9:39; 11:27; 16:28a; 18:37; specif. also come into the world as light 12:46; cp. 1:9; 3:19. Sending of Jesus into the world 3:17a; 10:36; 17:18; 1J 4:9. His εἶναι ἐν τῷ κόσμῳ J 1:10a; 9:5a; 17:12 v.l. Leaving the world and returning to the Father 13:1a; 16:28b. Cp. 14:19; 17:11a. His kingship is not ἐκ τοῦ κ. τούτου of this world i.e. not derived from the world or conditioned by its terms and evaluations 18:36ab.—Also Χρ. Ἰησοῦς ἦλθεν εἰς τ. κόσμον 1 Ti 1:15; cp. ἐπιστεύθη ἐν κόσμῳ (opp. ἀνελήμφθη ἐν δόξῃ) 3:16.—εἰσερχόμενος εἰς τὸν κ. Hb 10:5.
    the world outside in contrast to one’s home PtK 3 p. 15, 13; 19.
    humanity in general, the world (TestAbr B 8 p. 113, 11 [Stone p. 74]; ApcEsdr 3:6 p. 27, 14; SibOr 1, 189; Just., A I, 39, 3 al.)
    gener. οὐαὶ τῷ κ. ἀπὸ τῶν σκανδάλων woe to humankind because of the things that cause people to sin Mt 18:7; τὸ φῶς τοῦ κ. the light for humanity 5:14; cp. J 8:12; 9:5. ὁ σωτὴρ τοῦ κ. 4:42; 1J 4:14 (this designation is found in inscriptions, esp. oft. of Hadrian [WWeber, Untersuchungen z. Geschichte des Kaisers Hadrianus 1907, 225; 226; 229]).—J 1:29; 3:17b; 17:6.—κρίνειν τὸν κ. (SibOr 4, 184; TestAbr A 13 p. 92, 11 [Stone p. 32]; ApcMos 37) of God, Christ J 12:47a; Ro 3:6; B 4:12; cp. Ro 3:19. Of believers 1 Cor 6:2ab (cp. Sallust. 21 p. 36, 13 the souls of the virtuous, together w. the gods, will rule the whole κόσμος). Of Noah διʼ ἧς (sc. πίστεως) κατέκρινεν τὸν κ. Hb 11:7. ἡ ἁμαρτία εἰς τὸν κ. εἰσῆλθεν Ro 5:12; likew. θάνατος εἰσῆλθεν εἰς τὸν κ. 1 Cl 3:4 (Wsd 2:24; 14:14). Cp. Ro 5:13; 1 Cor 1:27f. περικαθάρματα τοῦ κ. the refuse of humanity 4:13. Of persons before conversion ἄθεοι ἐν τῷ κ. Eph 2:12.—2 Cor 1:12; 5:19; Js 2:5; 1J 2:2; 4:1, 3. ἀρχαῖος κόσμος the people of the ancient world 2 Pt 2:5a; cp. vs. 5b; 3:6. Of pers. of exceptional merit: ὧν οὐκ ἦν ἄξιος ὁ κ. of whom the world was not worthy Hb 11:38.—ὅλος ὁ κ. all the world, everybody Ac 2:47 D; 1 Cl 5:7; cp. ἐν ὅλῳ τῷ κ. 59:2; εἰς ὅλον τὸν κ. Hs 8, 3, 2. Likew. ὁ κόσμος (cp. Philo, De Prov. in Eus., PE 8, 14, 58) ὁ κ. ὀπίσω αὐτοῦ ἀπῆλθεν J 12:19. ταῦτα λαλῶ εἰς τὸν κ. 8:26; ἐν τῷ κ. 17:13; ἐγὼ παρρησίᾳ λελάληκα τῷ κ. 18:20; cp. 7:4; 14:22. ἵνα γνῷ ὁ κ. 14:31; cp. 17:23; ἵνα ὁ κ. πιστεύῃ 17:21.
    of all humanity, but especially of believers, as the object of God’s love J 3:16, 17c; 6:33, 51; 12:47b.
    the system of human existence in its many aspects, the world
    as scene of earthly joys, possessions, cares, sufferings (cp. 4 Macc 8:23) τὸν κ. ὅλον κερδῆσαι gain the whole world Mt 16:26; Mk 8:36; Lk 9:25; 2 Cl 6:2 (cp. Procop. Soph., Ep. 137 the whole οἰκουμένη is an unimportant possession compared to ἀρετή). τὰ τερπνὰ τοῦ κ. the delightful things in the world IRo 6:1. οἱ χρώμενοι τὸν κ. ὡς μὴ καταχρώμενοι those who use the world as though they had no use of it or those who deal with the world as having made no deals with it 1 Cor 7:31a. ἔχειν τὸν βίον τοῦ κ. possess worldly goods 1J 3:17. τὰ τοῦ κόσμου the affairs of the world 1 Cor 7:33f; cp. 1J 2:15f. The latter pass. forms an easy transition to the large number of exprs. (esp. in Paul and John) in which
    the world, and everything that belongs to it, appears as that which is hostile to God, i.e. lost in sin, wholly at odds w. anything divine, ruined and depraved (Herm. Wr. 6, 4 [the κόσμος is τὸ πλήρωμα τῆς κακίας]; 13, 1 [ἡ τοῦ κ. ἀπάτη], in Stob. p. 428, 24 Sc.; En 48:7; TestIss 4:6; AscIs 3:25; Hdb., exc. on J 1:10; Bultmann ad loc.—cp. Sotades Maronita [III B.C.] 11 Diehl: the κόσμος is unjust and hostile to great men) IMg 5:2; IRo 2:2. ὁ κόσμος οὗτος this world (in contrast to the heavenly realm) J 8:23; 12:25, 31a; 13:1; 16:11; 18:36; 1J 4:17; 1 Cor 3:19; 5:10a; 7:31b; Hv 4, 3, 2ff; D 10:6; 2 Cl 5:1, 5; (opp. ὁ ἅγιος αἰών) B 10:11. ‘This world’ is ruled by the ἄρχων τοῦ κ. τούτου the prince of this world, the devil J 12:31b; 16:11; without τούτου 14:30. Cp. ὁ κ. ὅλος ἐν τῷ πονηρῷ κεῖται the whole world lies in the power of the evil one 1J 5:19; cp. 4:4; also ὁ αἰὼν τοῦ κ. τούτου Eph 2:2 (s. αἰών 4).—Christians must have nothing to do with this world of sin and separation fr. God: instead of desiring it IRo 7:1, one is to ἄσπιλον ἑαυτὸν τηρεῖν ἀπὸ τοῦ κ. keep oneself untainted by the world Js 1:27. ἀποφεύγειν τὰ μιάσματα τοῦ κ. 2 Pt 2:20; cp. 1:4 (s. ἀποφεύγω 1).—Pol 5:3. ἡ φιλία τοῦ κ. ἔχθρα τ. θεοῦ ἐστιν Js 4:4a; cp. vs. 4b. When such an attitude is taken Christians are naturally hated by the world IRo 3:3; J 15:18, 19ad; 17:14a; 1J 3:13, as their Lord was hated J 7:7; 15:18; cp. 1:10c; 14:17; 16:20.—Also in Paul: God and world in opposition τὸ πνεῦμα τοῦ κ. and τὸ πνεῦμα τὸ ἐκ θεοῦ the spirit of the world and the spirit that comes fr. God 1 Cor 2:12; σοφία τοῦ κ. and σοφία τοῦ θεοῦ 1:20f. ἡ κατὰ θεὸν λύπη and ἡ τοῦ κ. λύπη godly grief and worldly grief 2 Cor 7:10. The world is condemned by God 1 Cor 11:32; yet also the object of the divine plan of salvation 2 Cor 5:19; cp. 1 Cl 7:4; 9:4. A Christian is dead as far as this world is concerned: διʼ οὗ (i.e. Ἰ. Χρ.) ἐμοὶ κ. ἐσταύρωται κἀγὼ κόσμῳ through Christ the world has been crucified for me, and I have been (crucified) to the world Gal 6:14; cp. the question τί ὡς ζῶντες ἐν κ. δογματίζεσθε; Col 2:20b. For στοιχεῖα τοῦ κ. Gal 4:3; Col 2:8, 20a s. στοιχεῖον.—The use of κ. in this sense is even further developed in John. The κ. stands in opposition to God 1J 2:15f and hence is incapable of knowing God J 17:25; cp. 1J 4:5, and excluded fr. Christ’s intercession J 17:9; its views refuted by the Paraclete 16:8. Neither Christ himself 17:14c, 16b; 14:27, nor his own 15:19b; 17:14b, 16a; 1J 3:1 belong in any way to the ‘world’. Rather Christ has chosen them ‘out of the world’ J 15:19c, even though for the present they must still live ‘in the world’ 17:11b; cp. 13:1b; 17:15, 18b. All the trouble that they must undergo because of this, 16:33a, means nothing compared w. the victorious conviction that Christ (and the believers w. him) has overcome ‘the world’ vs. 33b; 1J 5:4f, and that it is doomed to pass away 2:17 (TestJob 33:4; Kephal. I 154, 21: the κόσμος τῆς σαρκός will pass away).
    collective aspect of an entity, totality, sum total (SIG 850, 10 τὸν κόσμον τῶν ἔργων (but s. 1 above); Pr 17:6a) ὁ κ. τῆς ἀδικίας ἡ γλῶσσα καθίσταται the tongue becomes (or proves to be) the sum total of iniquity Js 3:6 (so, approx., Meinertz; FHauck.—MDibelius, Windisch and ASchlatter find mng. 7b here, whereas ACarr, Exp. 7th ser., 8, 1909, 318ff thinks of mng. 1). Χρ. τὸν ὑπὲρ τῆς τοῦ παντὸς κόσμου τῶν σῳζομένων σωτηρίας παθόντα Christ, who suffered or died (s. πάσχω 3aα) for the salvation of the sum total of those who are saved MPol 17:2.—FBytomski, D. genet. Entwicklung des Begriffes κόσμος in d. Hl. Schrift: Jahrb. für Philos. und spekul. Theol. 25, 1911, 180–201; 389–413 (only the OT); CSchneider, Pls u. d. Welt: Αγγελος IV ’32, 11–47; EvSchrenck, Der Kosmos-Begriff bei Joh.: Mitteilungen u. Nachrichten f. d. evang. Kirche in Russland 51, 1895, 1–29; RLöwe, Kosmos u. Aion ’35; RBultmann, D. Verständnis v. Welt u. Mensch im NT u. im Griechentum: ThBl 19, ’40, 1–14; GBornkamm, Christus u. die Welt in der urchr. Botschaft: ZTK 47, ’50, 212–26; ALesky, Kosmos ’63; RVölkl, Christ u. Welt nach dem NT ’61; GJohnston, οἰκουμένη and κ. in the NT: NTS 10, ’64, 352–60; NCassem, ibid. 19, ’72/73, 81–91; RBratcher, BT 31, ’80, 430–34.—B. 13; 440. DELG. M-M. EDNT. TW.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > κόσμος

  • 3 Χριστός

    Χριστός, οῦ (as an adj. in Trag. and LXX; TestReub 6:8; Just., D. 141, 3 [the compound νεόχριστος=newly plastered: Diod S, 38 and 39, Fgm. 4, 3; Appian, Bell. Civ. 1. 74 §342]; in our lit. only as a noun; pl. Just., D. 86, 3.—CTorrey, Χριστός: Quantulacumque ’37, 317–24), .
    fulfiller of Israelite expectation of a deliverer, the Anointed One, the Messiah, the Christ, appellative (cp. Ps 2:2; PsSol 17:32; 18:5, 7; TestSol 1:12 D; TestLevi 10:2; ParJer 9:19; Just. A I, 15, 7 al.; Mel., P. 102, 779 al.—ESellin, Die israel-jüd. Heilandserwartung 1909; EBurton, ICC Gal 1920, 395–99; AvGall, Βασιλεία τ. θεοῦ 1926; HGressmann, D. Messias 1929; PVolz, D. Eschatol. der jüd. Gemeinde im ntl. Zeitalter ’34; Dalman, Worte 237–45; Bousset, Rel.3 227, Kyrios Christos2 1921, 3f; Billerb. I 6–11; MZobel, Gottes Gesalbter: D. Messias u. d. mess. Zeit in Talm. u. Midr. ’38; J-JBrierre-Narbonne, Le Messie souffrant dans la littérature rabbinique ’40; HRiesenfeld, Jésus Transfiguré ’47, 54–65; 81–96; TNicklin, Gospel Gleanings ’50, 265–67; WCvUnnik, NTS 8, ’62, 101–16; MdeJonge, The Use of ‘Anointed’ in the Time of Jesus, NovT 8, ’66; TRE XXII 630–35) ἐπυνθάνετο ποῦ ὁ Χριστὸς γεννᾶται he inquired where the Messiah was to be born Mt 2:4. Cp. 16:16, 20; 22:42; 23:8 v.l., 10; 24:5, 23; 26:63; Mk 1:34 v.l.; 8:29; 12:35; 13:21; 14:61; Lk 3:15; 4:41; 20:41; 22:67; 23:2, 35, 39; 24:26, 46; J 1:20, 25; 3:28; 4:29, 42 v.l.; 6:69 v.l.; 7:26f, 31, 41ab, 42; 9:22; 10:24; 11:27; 12:34 (WCvUnnik, NovT 3, ’59, 174–79); 20:31; Ac 2:30 v.l., 31, 36; 9:22; 17:3; 18:5, 28; 26:23; 1J 2:22; 5:1 (OPiper, JBL 66, ’47, 445). J translates Μεσσίας as Χριστός 1:41; 4:25. ὁ Χριστὸς κυρίου Lk 2:26; cp. 9:20; Ac 3:18; 4:26 (Ps 2:2); Rv 11:15; 12:10.—Ἰησοῦς ὁ Χριστός Jesus the Messiah (Mel., P. 10, 68) Ac 5:42 v.l.; 9:34 t.r.; 1 Cor 3:11 v.l.; 1J 5:6 v.l.; 1 Cl 42:1b; IEph 18:2. [Ἰησοῦν] τὸν Χριστὸν [καὶ σωτῆρα] ἡμῶν Jesus the Messiah, our Savior AcPl Ha 8, 28f. ὁ Χριστὸς Ἰησοῦς Ac 5:42; 19:4 v.l. Ἰησοῦς ὁ λεγόμενος Χριστός Jesus, the so-called Messiah Mt 27:17, 22.—The transition to sense 2 is marked by certain passages in which Χριστός does not mean the Messiah in general (even when the ref. is to Jesus), but a very definite Messiah, Jesus, who now is called Christ not as a title but as a name (cp. Jos., Ant. 20, 200 Ἰησοῦ τοῦ λεγομένου Χριστοῦ; Just., D. 32, 1 ὁ ὑμέτερος λεγόμενος Χριστός. On the art. w. Χρ. s. B-D-F §260, 1; Rob. 760f) ἀκούσας τὰ ἔργα τοῦ Χριστοῦ Mt 11:2; cp. Ac 8:5; 9:20 v.l.; Ro 9:3, 5; 1 Cor 1:6, 13, 17; 9:12; 10:4, 16; 2 Cor 2:12; 4:4; Gal 1:7; 6:2; Eph 2:5; 3:17; 5:14; Phil 1:15; Col 1:7; 2:17; 2 Th 3:5; 1 Ti 5:11; Hb 3:14; 9:28; 1 Pt 4:13; 2J 9; Rv 20:4 al.
    the personal name ascribed to Jesus, Christ, which many gentiles must have understood in this way (to them it seemed very much like Χρηστός [even in pronunciation—cp. Alex. of Lycopolis, III A.D., C. Manich. 24 Brinkmann 1905 p. 34, 18f ], a name that is found in lit. [Appian, Mithrid. 10 §32 Σωκράτης …, ὅτῳ Χρηστὸς ἐπώνυμον ἦν; 57 §232 Σωκράτη τὸν Χρηστόν; Diod S 17, 15, 2 Φωκίων ὁ Χρηστός; Chion, Ep. 4, 3; Philostrat., Vi. Soph. 2, 11, 2: a pupil of Herodes Att.; Memnon Hist., I B.C./I A.D.: 434, Fgm. 1, 4, 8; 1, 22, 5 Jac. as surname or epithet of a beneficent ruler], in ins [e.g. fr. Bithynia ed. FDörner ’41 no. 31 a foundation by Chrestos for the Great Mother; Sb 8819, 5] and pap [Preisigke, Namenbuch]; cp. v.l. εἶδος τοῦ Χριστοῦ TestAsh 7:2f for ὕδωρ ἄχρηστον; s. also Suetonius, Claud. 25.—TLL, Suppl. 1, 407f; B-D-F §24 [lit.]; Rob. 192) Ἰησοῦς Χριστός Mt 1:1, 18; Mk 1:1; J 1:17; 17:3; Ac 2:38; 3:6; 4:10; 8:12; 9:34 al. Very oft. in the epistles Ro 1:4, 6, 8; 3:22; 5:15 (see s.v. Ἀδάμ); 1 Cor 2:2; Col 2:19 v.l. (in effect negating the metaph. force of κεφαλή) etc.; Hb 10:10; 13:8, 21; Js 1:1; 2:1; 1 Pt 1:1–3, 7; 2 Pt 1:1ab; 1J 1:3; 2:1; 3:23; 2J 7; Jd 1ab; Rv 1:1, 2, 5; 1 Cl 21:6 (GrBar 4:15); AcPl Ha 8, 24; AcPlCor 2:4 (GrBar 4:15; Ar., Just.; Mel., P. 45, 322).—Χριστὸς Ἰησοῦς (SMcCasland, JBL 65, ’46, 377–83) Ac 24:24; Ro 3:24; 6:3, 11; 8:1f, *11 v.l.; 1 Cor 1:2, 4, 30 etc.; 1 Cl 32:4; 38:1; IEph 1:1; 11:1; 12:2; IMg ins.; ITr 9:2; IRo 1:1; 2:2; IPhld 10:1; 11:2; ISm 8:2; Pol 8:1 (s. Ltzm., Hdb. exc. on Ro 1:1); AcPl Ha (throughout, exc. 8, 24) ; AcPlCor, exc. 2:4 (Just., D. 35, 8; Mel., P. 6, 42).—Χριστός Mk 9:41; Ro 5:6, 8; 6:4, 9; 8:10 etc.; Col 3:16 λόγος τοῦ Χριστοῦ, perh.= the story of Christ; Hb 3:6; 9:11; 1 Pt 2:21; 3:18; AcPlCor 2:10 and 35; AcPl Ha 2, 30 and 33; 8, 9 and 18 (Ar. 15, 10; Just., A I, 4, 7; Mel., P. 65, 465).—On the combination of Χριστός w. κύριος s. κύριος (II) 2bγג. On the formula διὰ Χριστοῦ (Ἰησοῦ) s. διά A 4b; on ἐν Χριστῷ (Ἰησοῦ) s. ἐν 4c (also Goodsp, Probs. 146f); on σὺν Χριστῷ s. σύν 1bβ.—OSchmitz, D. Christusgemeinsch. des Pls im Lichte s. Genetivgebrauchs 1924.—SMowinckel, He that Cometh, tr. GAnderson ’54; HRiesenfeld, The Mythological Background of NT Christology: CHDodd Festschr. ’64, 81–95. θεὸς χριστός Jd 5 P72.—On the question of Jesus’ Messianic consciousness s. the lit. s.v. Ἰησοῦς 3; υἱός 2, esp. d; also J-BFrey, Le conflit entre le Messianisme de Jésus et le Messianisme des Juifs de son temps: Biblica 14, ’33, 133–49; 269–93; KGoetz, Hat sich Jesus selbst für den Messias gehalten u. ausgegeben? StKr 105, ’33, 117–37; GBornkamm, Jesus von Naz. ’56, 155–63 (Engl. transl. JRobinson ’60, 169–78).—LCerfaux, Christ in the Theol. of St. Paul, tr. GWebb and AWalker, ’59; JMorgenstern, VetusT 11, ’61, 406–31; RFuller, The Foundations of NT Christology, ’65; WThüsing, Per Christum in Deum, ’65; HBraun, Qumran u. d. NT II ’66, 75–84; DJones, The Title ‘Christos’ in Lk-Ac, CBQ 32, ’70, 69–76; JKingsbury, Matthew: Structure, Christology, Kingdom ’75; RAC II 1250–62; TRE XXII 617–35; TLL Suppl. 1, 409–15.—DELG s.v. χρίω. M-M. EDNT. TW. Sv.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > Χριστός

  • 4 θαυμαστός

    a of persons.

    Παρρασίῳ στρατῷ θαυμαστὸς ἐὼν φάνη O. 9.96

    ἐκ δ' ἐγένοντο στρατὸς θαυμαστός P. 2.47

    ξείνοις δὲ θαυμαστὸς πατήρ P. 3.71

    Ἀελίου θαυμαστὸς υἱὸς (sc. Αἰήτας) P. 4.241
    b of things. “ θαυμαστὸς ὄνειροςP. 4.163

    ναυσὶ δ' οὔτε πεζὸς ἰών κεν εὕροις ἐς Ὑπερβορέων ἀγῶνα θαυμαστὰν ὁδόν P. 10.30

    ἴστω λαχὼν πρὸς δαιμόνων θαυμαστὸν ὄλβον N. 9.45

    θαυμαστὸν ὕμνον I. 4.21

    καὶ γὰρ ἐριζόμεναι νᾶες θαυμασταὶ πέλονται (“eine der häufigen Umschreibungen für ‘siegen’, Schadewaldt, 271̆{1}) I. 5.6

    Lexicon to Pindar > θαυμαστός

  • 5 ἱλάσκομαι

    1 ask (the gods') blessing for c. dat. νέκταρ χυτὸν ἀεθλοφόροις ἀνδράσιν πέμπων ἱλάσκομαι (“bitte die Götter um ihren Segen für die Sieger” Fränkel, W & F, 359) O. 7.9

    Lexicon to Pindar > ἱλάσκομαι

  • 6 καιρός

    καιρός (-ός, -οῦ, -ῷ, -όν.)
    1 fitting, right time (“u. a. der Sinn für das jeweils den Umständen Angemessene, Geschmack, Takt,” Fränkel, D & P, 509̆{14}: v. Bundy, 1. 18̆{44}; Barrett on Eur., Hipp., 386.)
    a νοῆσαι δὲ καιρὸς ἄριστος i. e. the fitting time is the best (time) to observe O. 13.48

    ὁ γὰρ καιρὸς πρὸς ἀνθρώπων βραχὺ μέτρον ἔχει P. 4.286

    τὺ γὰρ τὸ μαλθακὸν ἔρξαι τε καὶ παθεῖν ὁμῶς ἐπίστασαι καιρῷ σὺν ἀτρεκεῖ i. e. at exactly the right time P. 8.7

    ὁ δὲ καιρὸς ὁμοίως παντὸς ἔχει κορυφάν P. 9.78

    ἀγαπατὰ δὲ καιροῦ μὴ πλαναθέντα πρὸς ἔργον ἕκαστον τῶν ἀρειόνων ἐρώτων ἐπικρατεῖν δύνασθαι N. 8.4

    καιρὸν[ fr. 51f. b. μόχθος ἡσυχίαν φέρει καιρῷ καταβαίνων (“mit richtiger Wahl eingreifend,” Fränkel) Pae. 2.34 c. gen., opportunity, due season, chance for,

    ὁ μὰν πλοῦτος φέρει τῶν τε καὶ τῶν καιρόν O. 2.54

    ὧν ἔραται καιρὸν διδούς P. 1.57

    πολλῶν ἐπέβαν καιρὸν οὐ ψεύδει βαλών ( καιρόν to be understood ἀπὸ κοινοῦ, v. Radt, Mnem., 1966, 152̆{5}) N. 1.18

    Θεαρίων, τὶν δ' ἐοικότα καιρὸν ὄλβου δίδωσι N. 7.58

    in phrases, κατὰ καιρόν, ἐν καιρῷ, opportunely, ( Χεῖρα)

    τὰν Νικόμαχος κατὰ καιρὸν νεῖμ' ἁπάσαις ἁνίαις I. 2.22

    χρῆν μὲν κατὰ καιρὸν ἐρώτων δρέπεσθαι, θυμέ fr. 123. 1. εἴη καὶ ἐρᾶν καὶ ἔρωτι χαρίζεσθαι κατὰ καιρόν fr. 127. 2. κατ]ὰ καιρὸν[ ?fr. 346a. 3. “ἦν διακρῖναι ἰδόντ' λτ;οὐγτ; πολλὸς ἐν καιρῷ χρόνος” fr. 168. 6. also παρὰ καιρόν, inopportunely, ὀρθᾷ διακρίνειν φρενὶ μὴ παρὰ καιρὸν δυσπαλές (“Richtmaß,” Fränkel) O. 8.24

    τὸ καυχᾶσθαι παρὰ καιρὸν μανίαισιν ὑποκρέκει O. 9.38

    τί κομπέω παρὰ καιρόν; P. 10.4
    b = τὰ καίρια, things timely

    καιρὸν εἰ φθέγξαιο P. 1.81

    c frag. ἐν και]ρῷ P. Oxy. 2622. fr. 1. 1 ad ?fr. 346.

    Lexicon to Pindar > καιρός

  • 7 νόμος

    νόμος (-ος, -ῳ, -ον; -ων, -οις.)
    a custom, tradition

    ἔστι δὲ καί τι θανόντεσσιν μέρος κὰν νόμον ἐρδόμενον O. 8.78

    πόλιν Ὑλλίδος στάθμας Ἱέρων ἐν νόμοις ἔκτισσε P. 1.62

    οὔτ' ἐν ἀνδράσι γερασφόρον οὔτ ἐν θεῶν νόμοις (sc. Κένταυρον) P. 2.43 Ἀσκλαπιόν· τὸν φαρμάκων δίδαξε μαλακόχειρα νόμον (v. l. νομόν) N. 3.55 ( ἔνεπεν αὐτόν) γάμον δαίσαντα πὰρ Δὶ Κρονίδᾳ σεμνὸν αἰνήσειν νόμον (νόμον, νομόν Σ: δόμον, γάμον codd.) N. 1.72

    τρὶς μὲν ἐν πόντοιο πύλαισι λαχών, τρὶς δὲ καὶ σεμνοῖς δαπέδοις Ἀδραστείῳ νόμῳ N. 10.28

    ἱπποτροφίας τε νομίζων ἐν Πανελλάνων νόμῳ I. 2.38

    b political tradition, regime

    ἐν πάντα δὲ νόμον εὐθύγλωσσος ἀνὴρ προφέρει, παρὰ τυραννίδι, χὠπόταν ὁ λάβρος στρατός, χὤταν πόλιν οἱ σοφοὶ τηρέωντι P. 2.86

    ἀδελφεοῖσί τ' ἐπαινήσομεν ἐσλοῖς, ὅτι ὑψοῦ φέροντι νόμον Θεσσαλῶν αὔξοντες P. 10.70

    c tune, melody ἐμὲ δὲ στεφανῶσαι κεῖνον ἱππίῳ νόμῳ Αἰοληίδι μολπᾷ χρή (v. [Plut.], περὶ μουσικῆς, § 7) O. 1.101 ἀλλά νιν εὑροῖσ ( Ἀθάνα)

    ἀνδράσι θνατοῖς ἔχειν, ὠνύμασεν κεφαλᾶν πολλᾶν νόμον, εὐκλεᾶ λαοσσόων μναστῆρ' ἀγώνων P. 12.23

    φόρμιγγ' Ἀπόλλων ἑπτάγλωσσον χρυσέῳ πλάκτρῳ διώκων ἁγεῖτο παντοίων νόμων N. 5.25

    νόμων ἀκούοντες θεόδματον κέλαδον fr. 35c.
    2 pro pers., Custom Νόμος ὁ πάντων βασιλεὺς θνατῶν τε καὶ ἀθανάτων (“wenns die Menschen für gerecht erklären, wird auch die Gewalttat gerechtfertigt” Wil., 462: contra, Treu, Rh. M., 1963, 193ff.: v. Ostwald, H. S. C. P., 1965, 109ff.) fr. 169. 1.

    Lexicon to Pindar > νόμος

  • 8 ὑπέρδικος

    ὑπέρδῐκος, -ον
    1 severely just φυγόντες ὑπέρδικον Νέμεσιν (sc. Ὑπερβόρεοι: “höchst gerecht,” Hirzel, Agraphos Nomos, 57̆{2}: “für das Recht eintretend,” Fränkel, D &P, 562̆{15}) P. 10.44

    Lexicon to Pindar > ὑπέρδικος

  • 9 αὐτοφυής

    A self-grown, στρωμνὴ οἰκεία τε καὶ αὐ., of the fur of beasts, Pl.Prt. 321a; self-existent, Critias 19.1 D.
    2 self-grown, of home production,

    ἀγαθά X.Vect.2.1


    ὦπόλι φίλη Κέκροπος, αὐτοφυὲς Ἀττική Ar.Fr. 110

    3 natural, opp. artificial,

    οὐδός Hes.Th. 813


    λιμήν Th.1.93

    ; χρυσὸς αὐ. native gold, D.S.3.45;

    κύανος αὐ. Thphr. Lap.39

    ; αὐ. λόφοι hills in their natural state, not quarried or mined, X.Vect.4.2;

    κορύναν αὐτοφυῆ

    a natural growth,


    ; opp. χειροποίητος, Plb.9.27.4; opp. τὰ διὰ τέχνης, wild, not cultivable, Thphr.CP3.1.1; of a horse, τὸν αὐτοφυῆ (sc. δρόμον) διατροχάζειν to have natural paces, X.Eq.7.11; αὐ. γηρύματα ' native wood-notes wild', of birds, opp. language, Plu.2.973a; of style, natural, simple, D.H.Din.7; αὐ. αἴσθησις, opp. ἐπιστημονική, Phld.Mus.p.11 K., cf. p.63 K.: [comp] Comp. - έστερος more natural, of an explanation, Simp. in Ph.149.18. Adv. -φυῶς, ὅμοιον like by nature, 6opp. μιμητής, Pl. Grg. 513b;

    αὐ. ἀγαθοί Id.Lg. 642c


    τὸ αὐ.

    one's own nature,

    Id.R. 486e

    ; natural state, opp. τὸ ἐπίκτητον, Arist.Rh. 1365a29.
    II [voice] Act., bearing, producing of itself,

    γῆ αὐ. ὧν φέρει Philostr.Im.2.18

    . Adv.

    - φυῶς


    Syrian. in Metaph.123.22


    αὐ. κινούμενοι Plot.6.5.1


    Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό) > αὐτοφυής

  • 10 λάχνη

    A soft woolly hair, down, as of the first beard,

    πρίν σφωϊν.. πυκάσαι γένυς εὐανθέϊ λάχνῃ Od.11.320


    ὅτε λάχναι νιν μέλαν γένειον ἔρεφον Pi.O.1.68

    ; of the thin hair on Thersites' head,

    ψεδνὴ δ' ἐπενήνοθε λ. Il.2.219

    ; of the soft nap or pile on cloth,

    οὔλη δ' ἐπενήνοθε λ. 10.134

    ; of the scanty hairs on the elephant, Luc.Philops.24; of the hair or fur of wild beasts,

    λάχνῃ δέρμα κατάσκιον Hes.Op. 513

    ; of the bear's or polecat's fur, Opp.C.3.140, Nic.Th. 690; of sheep's wool, S.Tr. 690, Opp.C.2.379; of ox's hair, A.R.1.325: in pl., of the hedgehog's quills, Plu.2.98d, Opp.H.2.369.
    II metaph., leafage, Nic.Al. 410, Opp.H.4.167, 380 (pl.).

    Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό) > λάχνη

  • 11 σίμωρ

    A a kind of fur-bearing field-mouse ([place name] Parthian), Hsch. (Cf. Arab. sammur 'mustela scythica'.)

    Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό) > σίμωρ

  • 12 σισυρνώδης

    Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό) > σισυρνώδης

  • 13 στίχος

    στίχος [ῐ], ,
    A row or file of soldiers, X.Lac.11.5,8, Eq.Mag.3.9, v.l. for στοιχ- in Cyr.8.3.9; of trees, Id.Oec.4.21, PFay.111.24 (i A.D.); of numbers, Pl.Phd. 104b; of the cells in a honey-comb, Arist.HA 624a11; course of masonry, SIG247 ii 72 (Delph., iv B.C.).
    2 old name for λόχος, Ascl.Tact.2.2, cf. Ael.Tact.5.2, Arr.Tact.6.1.
    II line of poetry, verse, Ar.Ra. 1239, Arr.Epict. 2.23.42, BGU 1026xxii 18 (iv A.D.), etc.; ἡρωϊκοὶ ς. Pl.Lg. 959a; τὸν βίον ἔθηκας εἰς στίχον, i.e. have described life in one line, Nicostr. Com.28; but used of a couplet, BMus.Inscr. 1074 ([place name] Coptos); defined by Heph.Poëm.1, cf. Sch.Heph.p.262 C.
    b line of prose, of about the same length as the average hexameter verse, viz., about 15 or 16 syllables, used in reckoning the compass of a passage or work, D.H.Th.10,13,19,33, Gal.2.227, 5.656 (cf. 655), 10.781, 15.9, al., Anon. in Tht.3.32, Ath.13.585b, Men.Rh.p.434 S., PLond. in Zentralblatt für Bibliothekswesen Beiheft 61.88 (iii A.D.), PFlor.371.19, 23 (iv A.D.), Cat.18.20; rarely used in citations, κατὰ τοὺς διακοσίους ς. D.L.7.33, cf. 187, 188; ὡς πρὸ σ' στίχων τοῦ τέλους Sch. Orib.4p.532, cf. p.534, al.
    2 chapter of a book, Zos.Alch. p.213B.
    III ἐκτὸς τοῦ ς.,= Lat. extra ordinem, OGI441.64 (Lagina, i B.C.).
    IV Philos.,=

    συστοιχία 11

    , series, order, Plot.5.3.14 (v.l. στοῖχος); causal chain, Id.6.7.6 ( στοῖχος Volkmann).

    Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό) > στίχος

  • 14 ταινία

    A band, fillet, esp. headband, worn in sign of victory,

    θήσω δὲ νικητήριον τρεῖς ταινίας Eub.3

    , cf. Emp.112.6, X.Smp.5.9, Pl. Smp. 212e, Paus.6.20.19, etc.;

    ταινίας πωλεῖν D.57.31

    ; also, the breastband of young girls, etc., Anacreont.22.13, cf. Paus.9.39.8, Poll.7.65; abdominal band, Diocl.Fr.142; bandage, Hp.Art.50 (pl.), IG42(1).121.49,61 (Epid., iv B.C.), Sor.Fasc.25, al.; ribbon, distd. fr. λημνίσκος, PCair.Zen. 696 (iii B.C.).
    2 strip in fur, Opp.C.1.322.
    3 pennon of a ship, D.Chr.74.8, Poll.1.90; of a spear, D.S. 15.52.
    4 = ταινίδιον 111 or IV,

    τ. χρυσῆ, ἐφ' ἧς ἐπιγραφὴ Βασίλισσα Στρατονίκη.. Inscr.Délos 442

    B 33 (ii B.C.); τ. περιηργυρωμένη ib. 29.
    II strip or tongue of land, D.S.1.31, App.Pun. 121, Plu. Alex.26; sandbank, PTeb.5.30, PStrassb.85.20 (both ii B.C.), Plb. 4.41.1, Str.1.3.4.
    2 name of a strip of land near lake Mareotis, Ath.1.33e.
    III in joiner's work, fillet, fascia,

    τὴν τ. ἐπὶ τὸν θρᾶνον τοῦ νεὼ ἐπιθέντι IG11(2).161

    A50 (Delos, iii B.C.), cf. LXX Ez. 27.5, EM749.38; περιθήσει ταινίαν μέλαιναν a black band (round a mosaic floor), PCair.Zen.665.8 (iii B.C.).
    IV tape-worm, Gal.14.755, Gp.12.27.2 (pl.).
    V a long, thin fish, Epich.56, Arist.HA 504b33. [[pron. full] , but [pron. full] metri gr., Emp. l.c., Opp.l.c.]

    Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό) > ταινία

  • 15 τεμενοῦχος

    A holding a τέμενος, epith. of Poseidon (?), Epic. ap. A.D.Synt.138.13 (v. Hermes51.480), Orac. ap. Kern Genethliakon für Robert 100 ([place name] Tralles).

    Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό) > τεμενοῦχος

  • 16 φώρ

    φώρ, , gen. φωρός, dat. pl.

    φωρσί Ael.NA9.45

    :—thief, Hdt.2.174, etc.;

    φώρ τινος Pl.R. 334a


    Ἀργεῖοι φῶρες Ar.Fr.57


    φ. ἄνθρωποι Paus.10.15.5

    ; ἔγνω δὲ φώρ τε φῶρα καὶ λύκος λύκον prov. in Arist. EE 1235a9; τὰ τῶν φ. κρείττω prov. in Hyp.Fr.1: [comp] Sup.


    most thievish,


    II a kind of bee, prob. robber-bee, Arist.HA 553b9, 625a5.
    III φωρῶν λιμήν, a harbour near Athens, a little westward of the Piraeus, used by smugglers, D.35.28,53, Str.9.1.14. (Like Lat. fur, from bher- (root of φέρω), cf. ἄγειν καὶ φέρειν.)

    Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό) > φώρ

  • 17 ἀποτίλλω

    ἀπο-τίλλω, [tense] fut.

    - τῐλῶ Cratin.123

    : [tense] aor.

    ἀπέτῑλα Ar.Fr. 686

    :— pluck, pull out,

    τὰς τρίχας Hdt.3.16

    ; οὐδὲν ἀποτίλας without pulling off any of the fur, Id.1.123.
    II pull the hair off, pluck bare,

    τὰς κεφαλάς Ar.Lys. 578

    , cf. Luc.Gall.28;

    ἀποτιλῶ σε τήμερον Cratin.

    l.c.:—[voice] Pass.,

    ἀποτετιλμένος σκάφιον Ar.Av. 806

    , cf. Ec. 724.

    Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό) > ἀποτίλλω

  • 18 ἀσκέρα

    ἀσκέρα, ας, ,
    A winter shoe with fur lining, Hippon.19, Lyc.855, 1322, Herod.2.32:—[var] Dim. [full] ἀσκερίσκος, , metapl. pl.

    ἀσκερίσκα Hippon. 18


    Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό) > ἀσκέρα

  • 19 ἀ- (2)

    Meaning: (none)
    Origin: PG [a word of Pre-Greek origin]
    Etymology: In Pre-Greek words a `prothetic vowel' occurs, e.g. ἄσταχυς \/ στάχυς. It is no doubt a phonetic process. It is rather frequent, Fur. 368-378. The vowel was ἀ-, with a very few exceptions (Beekes, Pre-Greek.).
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    Greek-English etymological dictionary (Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά ετυμολογική λεξικό) > ἀ- (2)

  • 20 ἀβαλῆ

    Origin: XX [etym. unknown]
    Etymology: By Fur. 167, 348 compared with αβελλον ταπεινόν H., Kyr.; ἄβαλις μοχθηρὰ ἐλαία H. But not to ἀφελής (q.v.).
    Page in Frisk: --

    Greek-English etymological dictionary (Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά ετυμολογική λεξικό) > ἀβαλῆ

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