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United States v. Butler

  • 1 United States v. Butler

    "Соединенные Штаты против Батлера"
    Дело в Верховном суде США [ Supreme Court, U.S.], решение по которому (1936) определило, что Закон о регулировании сельского хозяйства 1933 года [Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933] не соответствует Конституции, так как он означал незаконное делегирование полномочий государства по налогообложению. (Решение было одним из последних в серии акций Суда по противодействию "Новому курсу" [ New Deal]. Позднее конституционность Закона о регулировании сельского хозяйства 1938 года [Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938] была подтверждена Судом в решении (1939) по делу "Малфорд против Смита" [Mulford v. Smith]). Прецедентное значение решения Суда заключается в том, что в нем установлено единственное действующее ныне ограничение на право Конгресса "вводить и взимать налоги... для того, чтобы... обеспечивать... общее благоденствие Соединенных Штатов" (ст. I, разд. 8 Конституции): вводимый налог должен обеспечивать общенациональное благоденствие, а не благоденствие какой-либо одной группы населения.

    English-Russian dictionary of regional studies > United States v. Butler

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