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TARBIZ — TARBIZ, Hebrew quarterly for Judaic studies; published since 1930 by the Hebrew University, Jerusalem. Tarbiz founder and first editor was J.N. Epstein (1930–52), who was assisted by E.Z. Melamed , under whom articles in the general humanities… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
KABBALAH — This entry is arranged according to the following outline: introduction general notes terms used for kabbalah the historical development of the kabbalah the early beginnings of mysticism and esotericism apocalyptic esotericism and merkabah… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
PIYYUT — (Heb. פִּיּוּט; plural: piyyutim; from the Greek ποιητής), a lyrical composition intended to embellish an obligatory prayer or any other religious ceremony, communal or private. In a wider sense, piyyut is the totality of compositions composed in … Encyclopedia of Judaism
MASORAH — This article is arranged according to the following outline: 1. THE TRANSMISSION OF THE BIBLE 1.1. THE SOFERIM 1.2. WRITTEN TRANSMISSION 1.2.1. Methods of Writing 220.127.116.11. THE ORDER OF THE BOOKS 18.104.22.168. SEDARIM AND PARASHIYYOT … Encyclopedia of Judaism
TALMUD, JERUSALEM — (תַּלְמוּד יְרוּשַׁלְמִי), also called the Palestinian Talmud, Talmud di Venei Ma arava (The Talmud of the West), or Talmud de Ereẓ Yisrael. Like its better known eastern counterpart – the Babylonian Talmud (Bavli) – the Yerushalmi is an… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ARAMAIC — ARAMAIC, an ancient northwestern semitic language spoken (to some extent) to this day. The entry is arranged according to the following outline: ancient aramaic and official aramaic sources syria and its neighboring countries iraq and iran egypt… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
GENIZAH, CAIRO — Introduction The term genizah is a word shortened from the rabbinical Hebrew phrase bet genizah (see also genizah ). Its counterpart in late biblical Hebrew is genez (pl. genazim, ginzei) which in Esther evidently means a treasury, as well as the … Encyclopedia of Judaism
KALLIR, ELEAZAR — (Heb. אֶלְעָזָר בִּירְבִּי קְלִיר, and קִילִיר; instead of אֶלְעָזָר, also the Palestinian form לְעָזָר), the greatest and most prolific of the early paytanim, and one of the most influential liturgical poets. He apparently lived in Ereẓ Israel… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
GEONIC LITERATURE — This entry includes the basic books of geonic literature, which were compiled during the geonic period – from the year 600 to 1040, approximately. Geonic literature includes several types of works: 1. Commentaries on the Bible 2. Commentaries on… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
HEBREW LANGUAGE — This entry is arranged according to the following scheme: pre biblical biblical the dead sea scrolls mishnaic medieval modern period A detailed table of contents precedes each section. PRE BIBLICAL nature of the evidence the sources phonology… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ISAAC BEN JACOB HA-KOHEN — (second half of 13th century), Spanish kabbalist. He was born in Soria and was related to shem tov b. abraham ibn gaon . He traveled through Spain and Provence together with his brother jacob and also on his own and collected the traditions of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism