Translation: from latin

SEMONES

  • 1 alternus

    alternus, a, um, adj. [alter], one after the other, by turns, interchangeable, alternate (class. and also poet.).
    I.
    In gen.: ( Sem)VNIS. ALTERNEI. ADVOCAPIT. CONCTOS (i. e. Semones alterni advocate cunctos), Carm. Fr. Arv. 36 (v. advoco fin.): alternā vice inire, Enn. ap. Charis. p. 214 P. (Trag. v. 151 Vahl.):

    alternae arbores,

    Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 138:

    Alterno tenebras et lucem tempore gigni,

    Lucr. 5, 978:

    ex duabus orationibus capita alterna recitare,

    Cic. Clu. 51, 140:

    alternis trabibus ac saxis,

    with beams and stones regularly interchanged, Caes. B. G. 7, 23 Herz.:

    (bibere) alternis diebus modo aquam, modo vinum,

    Cels. 3, 2:

    Alterno terram quatiunt pede,

    Hor. C. 1, 4, 7:

    per alternas vices,

    Ov. P. 4, 2, 6:

    vix hostem, alterni si congrediamur, habemus,

    Verg. A. 12, 233; 6, 121: alternum foedus amicitiae, Cat. 109, 6: alternus metus, mutual or reciprocal fear, Liv. 26, 25; cf. id. 23, 26:

    alternas servant praetoria ripas,

    the opposite, Stat. S. 1, 3, 25:

    aves,

    the eagles which stand opposite to each other, Claud. Mall. Theod. prol. 16 (v. the passage in its connection):

    alternis paene verbis T. Manlii factum laudans,

    with almost every other word, Liv. 8, 30: alternis dicetis;

    amant alterna Camenae,

    responsive song, Verg. E. 3, 59:

    versibus alternis,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 146: alternis aptum sermonibus, alternate discourse, i. e. dialogue, id. A. P. 81. —Of verses: interchanging between hexameter and pentameter, elegiac:

    pedes alternos esse oportebit,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 50, 193:

    epigramma alternis versibus longiusculis,

    id. Arch. 10, 25; Ov. H. 15, 5:

    canere alterno carmine,

    id. F. 2, 121; so id. Tr. 3, 1, 11; 3, 1, 56; 3, 7, 10 (cf.:

    modos impares,

    id. ib. 2, 220).—
    II.
    Esp., in the Roman courts of justice the accused, and afterwards the accuser, could alternately reject all the judges appointed by the prætor;

    hence, alterna consilia or alternos judices reicere,

    to reject by turns, Cic. Vatin. 11, 27; id. Planc. 15, 36:

    cum alternae civitates rejectae sunt,

    id. Verr. 2, 2, 13.— Comp. and sup. are not used. — Advv. (only in posit.).
    a.
    Form alternē, alternately, only in Sen. Q. N. 7, 12 med.
    b.
    Form alternīs ( abl. plur.; sc. vicibus), alternately, by turns ( poet. and prose; freq. in Lucr.;

    not in Cic.),

    Lucr. 1, 524; 1, 768; 1, 1011; 1, 1066; 3, 373; 4, 790; 6, 570; Varr. R. R. 3, 16, 9; Verg. E. 3, 59; id. G. 1, 71; 1, 79; Liv. 2, 2 med.; Sen. Ep. 120 fin.; Plin. Ep. 18, 2.—
    * c.
    Form alternă, neutr. plur., Plin. 11, 37, 51, § 138 Jan; App. M. 10, p. 247, 8 Elm.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > alternus

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