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Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions

  • 1 Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions

    ист
    Резолюции законодательных собраний Кентукки и Вирджинии 1798 и 1799 в ответ на принятие Конгрессом США, который контролировался федералистами [ Federalists], Законов об иностранцах и подстрекательстве к мятежу [ Alien and Sedition Acts]. В резолюции законодателей Кентукки [Kentucky Resolution], составленной Т. Джефферсоном [ Jefferson, Thomas], отмечалось, что деятельность федерального правительства основывается на договоре между штатами [ interstate compact], и если это правительство присваивает себе полномочия, не делегированные ему штатами, то штаты могут объявлять неконституционными его действия, основанные на таких полномочиях. В резолюции Вирджинии [Virginia Resolution], составленной Дж. Мэдисоном [ Madison, James], эта же идея выражена в более дипломатичной форме: она касалась прежде всего прав и свобод личности. Дж. Кэлхун [ Calhoun, John Caldwell] и другие лидеры южных штатов интерпретировали эти резолюции как основу доктрин нуллификации [ Nullification Crisis] и сецессии [ Secession]
    тж Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

    English-Russian dictionary of regional studies > Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions

  • 2 Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions

    ист. резолюции штатов Кентукки и Виргиния, принятые их законодательными собраниями в 1790-е гг. в ответ на федеральные законы об иностранцах и антиправительственной агитации [*Alien and Sedition Acts]. В них ещё раз подтверждались права штатов. «Резолюции Виргинии» были написаны Джеймсом Медисоном [*Madison, James], а «Резолюции Кентукки» — Томасом Джефферсоном [*Jefferson, Thomas]

    США. Лингвострановедческий англо-русский словарь > Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions

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