Translation: from english

Isotope fractionation

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  • Isotope fractionation — There are three types of isotope fractionation: * equilibrium fractionation * kinetic fractionation * mass independent fractionation …   Wikipedia

  • Isotope-ratio mass spectrometry — Isotope ratio mass spectrometer with gas bench in foreground Acronym IRMS Classification mass spectrometry Other techniques …   Wikipedia

  • Isotope ratio mass spectrometry — Infobox chemical analysis name = Isotope ratio mass spectrometry caption =Isotope ratio mass spectrometer with gas bench in foreground acronym = IRMS classification =mass spectrometry analytes = manufacturers = related = Accelerator mass… …   Wikipedia

  • isotope — isotopic /uy seuh top ik/, adj. isotopically, adv. /uy seuh tohp /, n. Chem. any of two or more forms of a chemical element, having the same number of protons in the nucleus, or the same atomic number, but having different numbers of neutrons in… …   Universalium

  • Fractionation — See also: Fractionated spacecraft Fractionation is a separation process in which a certain quantity of a mixture (solid, liquid, solute, suspension or isotope) is divided up in a number of smaller quantities (fractions) in which the composition… …   Wikipedia

  • Stable isotope — Graph of isotopes/nuclides by type of decay. Orange and blue nuclides are unstable, with the black squares between these regions representing stable nuclides. The unbroken line passing below many of the nuclides represents the theoretical… …   Wikipedia

  • Equilibrium fractionation — Equilibrium isotope fractionation is the partial separation of isotopes between two or more substances in chemical equilibrium. Equilibrium fractionation is strongest at low temperatures, and (along with kinetic isotope effects) forms the basis… …   Wikipedia

  • Mass-independent fractionation — Mass independent (isotope) fractionation refers to any chemical or physical process that acts to separate isotopes, where the amount of separation does not scale in proportion with the difference in the masses of the isotopes. Most isotopic… …   Wikipedia

  • Kinetic isotope effect — The kinetic isotope effect (KIE) is the ratio of reaction rates of two different isotopically labeled molecules in a chemical reaction. It is also called isotope fractionation, although this term is somewhat broader in meaning. A KIE involving… …   Wikipedia

  • isotopic fractionation — ▪ chemistry       enrichment of one isotope relative to another in a chemical or physical process. Two isotopes of an element are different in weight but not in gross chemical properties, which are determined by the number of electrons. However,… …   Universalium

  • Kinetic fractionation — is a process that separates stable isotopes from each other by their mass during unidirectional processes.One naturally occurring example of kinetic fractionation is the evaporation of seawater to form clouds. In this instance, isotopically… …   Wikipedia


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