Translation: from english

Islamic orders

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  • Islamic orders — The structure of Islamic orders in the PRC has remained congruent with that of the Republican period (1911–49). The majority of Chinese Muslims belong to the Sunni schools, which include followers of Gedimu, Yihewani, Islamic menhuan, Xidaotang,… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • Islamic menhuan — (Sufi groups) The Sufi descent groups, of which adherents can be found among Hui, Dongxiang, Salar and Baoan ethnic minorities in northwest, northeast and southwest China, are called menhuan (al Tariqah). The provinces of Hebei and Henan have… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • Islamic worship — Lived Muslim praxis emphasizes halal food, daily prayer and ritual highlights, such as saints’ days, naming rites, wedding ceremonies and funeral rites. Festivals common to all Chinese Muslims are Kaizhaijie (Id al Fitr), the Festival of Fast… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • Islamic Brotherhood (Yihewani) — Yihewani (al Ikhwan, Muslim Brotherhood), an Islamic order founded in China at the end of the nineteenth century, is also known as Xinxingpai or Xinpai. Haji (pilgrim) Ma Wanfu, founder of this new school, was influenced by the fundamentalist… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • Islamic tombs — Muslims distinguish five types of burial sites: Gumu, tombs of ancient Islamic scholars and historic figures; Gongbei (qubba in Arabic), the burial chamber of the jiaozhu (founder/leader) of an Islamic menhuan (Sufi order); Mazha, Sufi tombs in… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • Islamic metaphysics — refers to the study of metaphysics within Islamic philosophy.Early Islamic metaphysicsCosmological and ontological argumentsAvicenna s proof for the existence of God was the first ontological argument, which he proposed in the Metaphysics section …   Wikipedia

  • Islamic music — is Muslim religious music, as sung or played in public services or private devotions. The classic heartland of Islam is the Middle East, North Africa, Iran, Central Asia, Horn of Africa and South Asia. Due to Islam being a multi ethnic religion,… …   Wikipedia

  • Islamic arts — Visual, literary, and performing arts of the populations that adopted Islam from the 7th century. Islamic visual arts are decorative, colourful, and, in religious art, nonrepresentational; the characteristic Islamic decoration is the arabesque.… …   Universalium

  • Islamic schools and branches — Overview of the major schools and branches of Islam …   Wikipedia

  • Islamic state — Part of the Politics series on Islamism …   Wikipedia

  • Islāmic world — Introduction  prehistory and history of the Islamic community.       Adherence to Islām is a global phenomenon: Muslims predominate in some 30 to 40 countries, from the Atlantic to the Pacific and along a belt that stretches across northern… …   Universalium

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