Translation: from english

Fourteenth Amendment

  • 1 Fourteenth Amendment

    Fourteenth Amendment the ˌFourteenth Aˈmendment noun [sing.] • a change made to the US Constitution in 1866 that gave all Americans equal rights and allowed former slaves to become citizens • 第十四次修正案(1866 年对美国宪法进行的修正,授予所有美国人平等权利并让此前奴隶成为公民)

    English-Chinese dictionary > Fourteenth Amendment

  • 2 Fourteenth Amendment

    "JURIST's browsable dictionary":
    Among other matters, the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution prohibits states from depriving any person of life, liberty, or property without adequate due process.

    English-Chinese law dictionary (法律英汉双解大词典) > Fourteenth Amendment

  • 3 Fourteenth Amendment

    Сделала возможным вмешательство федеральных органов власти в защиту прав граждан в случае их нарушения штатами. Предложена Конгрессом на ратификацию штатам 13 июня 1866. Ратифицирована 9 июля 1868. Поправка содержит 5 разделов, из которых первый гласит: "Все лица, родившиеся или натурализованные в Соединенных Штатах и подчиненные их юрисдикции, являются гражданами Соединенных Штатов и того штата, где они проживают. Ни один из штатов не должен издавать или применять законы, которые ограничивают привилегии или льготы граждан Соединенных Штатов; в равной степени ни один штат не может лишать какое-либо лицо жизни, свободы или собственности без надлежащей правовой процедуры; не может отказывать какому-либо лицу в пределах своей юрисдикции в равной защите на основе законов" ["All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws"]. Второй раздел устанавливает норму представительства штатов в федеральных органах власти, а также возможность ее уменьшения в случае нарушения избирательных прав граждан. Два последующих раздела связаны с прямыми последствиями Гражданской войны, а последний утверждает право Конгресса обеспечить исполнение поправки посредством принятия соответствующего законодательства. И хотя поправка была принята в период Реконструкции [ Reconstruction] и имела целью обеспечить права негритянского населения южных штатов, она широко использовалась Верховным судом США [ Supreme Court, U.S.] и в последующие (в том числе в 1960-е) годы для защиты граждан США от всех форм дискриминации

    English-Russian dictionary of regional studies > Fourteenth Amendment

Look at other dictionaries:

  • fourteenth amendment — noun due process of law, legal fairness, legal safeguards, protection against deprivations, protection guarantees, protection of deprivation of accepted legal principles associated concepts: procedural due process, right to confront accuser,… …   Law dictionary

  • Fourteenth Amendment — The Fourteenth Amendment may refer to the:*Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution requires states to provide equal protection. *Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland guaranteed the right to distribute information… …   Wikipedia

  • Fourteenth Amendment — noun an amendment to the Constitution of the United States adopted in 1868; extends the guarantees of the Bill of Rights to the states as well as to the federal government • Topics: ↑law, ↑jurisprudence • Instance Hypernyms: ↑amendment • Part… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fourteenth Amendment — The Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution of the United States, ratified in 1868, creates or at least recognizes for the first time a citizenship of the United States, as distinct from that of the states; forbids the making or enforcement by… …   Black's law dictionary

  • Fourteenth Amendment — Fourteenth A|mend|ment, the a part of the US ↑Constitution which gave former ↑slaves the right to be US citizens. It gives all citizens the right to be protected by the law …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Fourteenth Amendment — an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1868, defining national citizenship and forbidding the states to restrict the basic rights of citizens or other persons. * * * …   Universalium

  • Fourteenth Amendment — The amendment to the Constitution of the United States which extends citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, and contains the due process and equal protection clauses …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution — United States of America …   Wikipedia

  • Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland — The Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland specified that the prohibition of abortion would not limit the right to distribute information about abortion services in foreign countries. It was effected by the Fourteenth Amendment of… …   Wikipedia

  • Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan — The Constitution (Fourteenth Amendment) Act, 1997 was an amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan passed in 1997, during the government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, leader of the Pakistan Muslim League party. It subjected Members of… …   Wikipedia

  • Fourteenth Court of Appeals of Texas — The Fourteenth Court of Appeals of Texas, one of the Texas Courts of Appeals that sits in Houston, was created in 1967 by an amendment to the Texas Constitution which created 14 court of appeals districts.The court is composed of a Chief Justice… …   Wikipedia

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