Translation: from english

Chancery, Court of

  • 1 chancery court

    Chan·cery ˈCourt
    n LAW Gericht nt des Lordkanzlers
    * * *
    chancery court s JUR US Gericht, das nach Billigkeitsgrundsätzen urteilt

    English-german dictionary > chancery court

  • 2 Chancery Court

    Юридический термин: канцлерский суд

    Универсальный англо-русский словарь > Chancery Court

  • 3 chancery court

    Англо-русский юридический словарь > chancery court

  • 4 chancery court

    Англо-русский экономический словарь > chancery court

  • 5 chancery\ court

    English-Estonian dictionary > chancery\ court

  • 6 Chancery, Court Of Equity

    "Legal Lexicon":
    CHANCERY, COURT OF EQUITY - The name of a court exercising jurisdiction at law, but mainly in equity.
    It is not easy to determine how courts of equity originally obtained the jurisdiction they now exercise. Their authority, and the extent of it, have been subjects of much question, but time has firmly established them; and the limits of their jurisdiction seem to be in a great degree fixed and ascertained.
    The judge of the court of chancery, often called a court of equity, bears the title of chancellor. The equity jurisdiction in England is vested, principally, in the high court of chancery. This court is distinct from courts of law. American courts of equity are, in some instances, distinct from those of law; in others, the same tribunals exercise the jurisdiction both of courts of law and equity though their forms of proceeding are different in their two capacities. The Supreme Court of the United States and the circuit courts are invested with general equity powers and act either as courts of law or equity, according to the form of the process and the subject of adjudication. In some of the states, as New York, Virginia, and South Carolina, the equity court is a distinct tribunal, having its appropriate judge, or chancellor, and officers. In most of the states, the two jurisdictions centre in the same judicial officers, as in the courts of the United States; and the extent of equity jurisdiction and proceedings is very various in the different states, being very ample in Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Maryland, Virginia, and South Carolina, and more restricted in Maine, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Pennsylvania. But the salutary influence of these powers on the judicial administration generally, by the adaptation of chancery forms and modes of proceeding to many cases in which a court of law affords but an imperfect remedy, or no remedy at all, is producing a gradual extension of them in those states where they have been, heretofore, very limited.
    The jurisdiction of a court of equity differs essentially from that of a court of law. The remedies for wrongs, or for the enforcement of rights, may be distinguished into two classes; those which are administered in courts of law, and those which are administered in courts of equity. The rights secured by the former are called legal; those secured by the latter are called equitable. The former are said to be rights and remedies at common law, because recognized and enforced in courts of common law. The latter are said to be rights and remedies in equity, because they are administered in courts of equity or chancery, or by proceedings in other courts analogous to those in courts of equity or chancery.
    Now, in England and America, courts of common law proceed by certain prescribed forms and give a general judgment for or against the defendant. They entertain jurisdiction only in certain actions and give remedies according to the particular exigency of such actions. But there are many cases in which a simple judgment for either party, without qualifications and conditions, and particular arrangements, will not do entire justice, ex aequo et bono, to either party. Some modification of the rights of both parties is required; some restraints on one side or the other; and some peculiar adjustments, either present or future, temporary or perpetual. Now, in all these cases, courts of common law have no methods of proceeding which can accomplish such objects. Their forms of actions and judgment are not adapted to them. The proper remedy cannot be found or cannot be administered to the full extent of the relative rights of all parties. Such prescribed forms of actions are not confined to our law.
    Go to Chancery, Court Of Equity2

    English-Chinese law dictionary (法律英汉双解大词典) > Chancery, Court Of Equity

  • 7 Chancery, Court Of Equity2

    "Legal Lexicon":
    They were known in the civil law; and the party could apply them only to their original purposes. In other cases he had a special remedy. In such cases where the courts of common law cannot grant the proper remedy or relief, the law of England and of the United States (in those states where equity is administered) authorizes an application to the courts of equity or chancery, which are not confined or limited in their modes of relief by such narrow regulations, but which grant relief to all parties in cases where they have rights, ex aequo et bono, and modify and fashion that relief according to circumstances.
    The most general description of a court of equity is that it has jurisdiction in cases where a plain, adequate and complete remedy cannot be had at law, that is, in common law courts. The remedy must be plain; for if it be doubtful and obscure at law, equity will assert a jurisdiction. So it must be adequate at law; for if it fall short of what the party is entitled to, that founds a jurisdiction in equity. And it must be complete; that is, it must attain its full end at law, must reach the whole mischief and secure the whole right of the party, now and for the future otherwise equity will interpose and give relief.
    The jurisdiction of a court of equity is sometimes concurrent with that of courts of law and sometimes it is exclusive. It exercises concurrent jurisdiction in cases where the rights are purely of a legal nature, but where other and more efficient aid is required than a court of law can afford, to meet the difficulties of the case and ensure full redress. In some of these cases courts of law formerly refused all redress but now will grant it. But the jurisdiction having been once justly acquired at a time when there was no such redress at law, it is not now relinquished. The most common exercise of concurrent jurisdiction is in cases of account, accident, dower, fraud, mistake, partnership and partition. The remedy is here often more complete and effectual than it can be at law. In many cases falling under these heads, and especially in some cases of fraud, mistake and accident, courts of law cannot and do not afford any redress; in others they do, but not always in so perfect a manner.
    A court of equity also is assistant to the jurisdiction of courts of law in many cases where the latter have no like authority. It will remove legal impediments to the fair decision of a question depending at law. It will prevent a party from improperly setting up, at a trial, some title or claim, which would be inequitable. It will compel him to discover, on his own oath, facts which he knows are material to the rights of the other party, but which a court of law cannot compel the party to discover. It will perpetuate the testmony of witnesses to rights and titles which are in danger of being lost, before the matter can be tried. It will provide for the safety of property in dispute pending litigation. It will counteract and control, or set aside, fraudulent judgments. It will exercise, in many cases, an exclusive jurisdiction. This it does in all cases of morely equitable rights, that is, such rights as are not recognized in courts of law. Most cases of trust and confidence fall under this head.
    Go to Chancery, Court Of Equity3

    English-Chinese law dictionary (法律英汉双解大词典) > Chancery, Court Of Equity2

  • 8 Chancery, Court Of Equity3

    "Legal Lexicon":
    Its exclusive jurisdiction is also extensively exercised in granting special relief beyond the reach of the common law. It will grant injunctions to prevent waste, or irreparable injury, or to secure a settled right, or to prevent vexatious litigations, or to compel the restitution of title deeds; it will appoint receivers of property, where it is in danger of misapplication it will compel the surrender of securities improperly obtained; it will prohibit a party from leaving the country in order to avoid a suit it will restrain any undue exercise of a legal right against conscience and equity; it will decree a specific performance of contracts respecting real estates; it will, in many cases, supply the imperfect execution of instruments and reform and alter them according to the real intention of the parties; it will grant relief in cases of lost deeds or securities; and in all cases in which its interference is asked, its general rule is that he who asks equity must do equity. If a party, therefore, should ask to have a bond for a usurious debt given up, equity could not decree it unless he could bring into court the money honestly due without usury.
    This is a very general and imperfect outline of the jurisdiction of a court of equity; in respect to which it has been justly remarked that, in matters within its exclusive jurisdiction, where substantial justice entitles the party to relief, but the positive law is silent, it is impossible to define the boundaries of that jurisdiction, or to enumerate, with precision, its various principles.
    --b--

    English-Chinese law dictionary (法律英汉双解大词典) > Chancery, Court Of Equity3

  • 9 Chancery court of York

    Универсальный англо-русский словарь > Chancery court of York

  • 10 Chancery court of the County Palatine of Durham

    Юридический термин: Даремский канцлерский суд

    Универсальный англо-русский словарь > Chancery court of the County Palatine of Durham

  • 11 Chancery court of the County Palatine of Lancaster

    Универсальный англо-русский словарь > Chancery court of the County Palatine of Lancaster

  • 12 Chancery Court of York

    English-Ukrainian law dictionary > Chancery Court of York

  • 13 Chancery Court of York

    Англо-русский юридический словарь > Chancery Court of York

  • 14 chancery

    chancery chan∙cery noun [sing.] 1. Chancery (law 律) a division of the High Court in Britain • (英国)高等法院的大法官法庭 2. ( especially BrE) an office where public records are kept • 公共档案馆;公共档案室 3. (also ˈchancery court) a court in the US that decides legal cases based on the principle of equity • (美国)衡平法院 4. the offices where the official representative of a country works, in another country • 大使馆(或领事馆)办公处
    * * *
    ['tʃɑ:nsәri]
    n. 大法官法庭

    English-Chinese dictionary > chancery

  • 15 chancery

    n.
    cancillería s.f.
    chancillería s.f.
    tribunal de justicia s.m.
    'tʃænsəri, 'tʃɑːnsəri
    noun (pl - ries) ( in US) tribunal de justicia que conoce de casos no contemplados por el derecho consuetudinario o el escrito
    ['tʃɑːnsǝrɪ]
    N
    1) (Brit) (Jur) (also: Chancery Division) sala del High Court que se ocupa de causas de derecho privado

    ward in chancerypupilo/a bajo la protección del tribunal

    2) (US) = chancellery
    3) (US) (Jur) (also: Court of Chancery) tribunal m de equidad
    * * *
    ['tʃænsəri, 'tʃɑːnsəri]
    noun (pl - ries) ( in US) tribunal de justicia que conoce de casos no contemplados por el derecho consuetudinario o el escrito

    English-spanish dictionary > chancery

  • 16 chancery

    chancery ['tʃɑ:nsərɪ] (pl chanceries)
    the suit is in chancery l'action est en instance;
    Chancery (Division) cour f de la chancellerie (une des trois divisions de la Haute cour de justice en Angleterre);
    ward in chancery pupille mf de l'État
    Court of Chancery cour f d'équité
    (c) Sport (in wrestling) clé f, clef f

    Un panorama unique de l'anglais et du français > chancery

  • 17 Chancery Division

    Chancery Division (BE) Chancery Division f (Abteilung des High Court of Justice, deren Kammern für Billigkeitsrechtsprechung in speziellen Rechtsangelegenheiten, z. B. in handelsrechtlichen, gesellschaftsrechtlichen und patentrechtlichen Angelegenheiten zuständig ist)

    English-german law dictionary > Chancery Division

  • 18 Chancery

    Chancery: Chancery Division of the High Court канцлерское отделение Высокого суда правосудия (Великобритания)

    English-Russian short dictionary > Chancery

  • 19 Chancery

    Chancery: ~ Division of the High Court канцлерское отделение Высокого суда правосудия (Великобритания)

    Большой англо-русский и русско-английский словарь > Chancery

  • 20 chancery

    {'tJainsari}
    1. С. отделение във върховния съд на Англия, разглеждащо дела, необхванати от обичайното право (и Court of C.)
    in CHANCERY в процес на разглеждане (за дело), под опеката на министъра на правосъдието в Англия, сп. за боксъор с глава, заклещена под мишницата на противника, в безизходно положение
    2. ам. съд, в който се разглеждат по съвест дела, необхванати от статутното и обичайното право
    3. канцелария на посолство/консулство и пр
    4. архив
    * * *
    {'tJainsari} n 1. С. отделение във върховния съд на Англия,
    * * *
    канцелария;
    * * *
    1. in chancery в процес на разглеждане (за дело), под опеката на министъра на правосъдието в Англия, сп. за боксъор с глава, заклещена под мишницата на противника, в безизходно положение 2. С. отделение във върховния съд на Англия, разглеждащо дела, необхванати от обичайното право (и court of c.) 3. ам. съд, в който се разглеждат по съвест дела, необхванати от статутното и обичайното право 4. архив 5. канцелария на посолство/консулство и пр
    * * *
    chancery[´tʃa:nsəri] n 1. отдел във върховния съд в Англия за дела, незасегнати от обичайното право (и Court of C.); in \chancery 1) в процес на разглеждане от Court of C.; 2) сп. заклещен (за главата на боксьор под мишницата на противника); 3) в трудно, безизходно положение, на произвола; to put o.'s head in \chancery оставям се на противника си, оставям се на произвола на съдбата; 2. ам. съд, в който делата се разглеждат по съвест (вж equity); 3. ам. архив.

    English-Bulgarian dictionary > chancery

Look at other dictionaries:

  • chancery court — n. 1 The traditional name for a court of equity. 2 Equity or proceedings administered in courts of equity. Also called court of chancery. Webster s New World Law Dictionary. Susan Ellis Wild. 2000 …   Law dictionary

  • Chancery Court — For other uses, see Court of Chancery (disambiguation). Anglicanism portal The Chancery Court of York is an ecclesiastical court for the Province of York of the Church of England. The presiding officer, the Official Princip …   Wikipedia

  • Chancery, Court of — ▪ court       in England, the court of equity under the lord high chancellor that began to develop in the 15th century to provide remedies not obtainable in the courts of common law. Today, the court comprises the Chancery Division of the High… …   Universalium

  • Chancery, court of — The *chancellor began to hear pleas for legal redress which other courts could not deal with during the 14c, such as those against king s officers or the king himself. Its procedures were relatively informal and the chancellor was able to make… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • chancery court — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Chancery Court Hotel — Chancery Court Hotel, London …   Wikipedia

  • Chancery Amendment Act 1858 — Chancery Amendment Act, 1858 Parliament of the United Kingdom Long title An Act to amend the course of procedure in the High Court of Chancery, the Court of Chancery in Ireland, and the Court of Chancery of the county palatine of Lancaster …   Wikipedia

  • chancery — chan·cery / chan sə rē/ n [Middle English chauncery, alteration of chancellerie chancellor s office] 1 cap: the court having equity jurisdiction in England and Wales and presided over by the Lord Chancellor of Great Britain ◇ Formerly a separate… …   Law dictionary

  • Chancery — Chan cer*y, n. [F. chancellerie, LL. cancellaria, from L. cancellarius. See {Chancellor}, and cf. {Chancellery}.] 1. In England, formerly, the highest court of judicature next to the Parliament, exercising jurisdiction at law, but chiefly in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chancery — may refer to: Chancery (diplomacy), the building that houses a diplomatic mission, such as an embassy Chancery (medieval office), a medieval writing office Chancery (village), in Ceredigion, Wales Diocesan chancery, which houses a diocese s curia …   Wikipedia

  • Court of Chancery — Court Court (k[=o]rt), n. [OF. court, curt, cort, F. cour, LL. cortis, fr. L. cohors, cors, chors, gen. cohortis, cortis, chortis, an inclosure, court, thing inclosed, crowd, throng; co + a root akin to Gr. chorto s inclosure, feeding place, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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