## Translation: from chinese to english

from english to chinese

# Boltzmann s constant

• 1 波尔兹曼

【计】 Boltzmann
* * *
波尔兹曼
bō ěr zī màn
Boltzmann (Ludwig, 1844-1906, 奥地利物理学家）
波尔兹曼常数 Boltzmann's constant; Boltzmann constant;
波尔兹曼方程 Boltzmann equation;
波尔兹曼分布函数 Boltzmann distribution function;
波尔兹曼分布律 Boltzman distribution law;
波尔兹曼机 Boltzman machine
• 2 波尔兹曼常数

【计】 Boltzmann constant
• 3 波尔曼常数

【电】 boltzmann constant
• 4 玻耳兹曼常量

【化】 Boltzmann constant
• 5 constant

['kɔnstənt]
1) [+ threat, pressure, pain, reminder etc] 不断的 [bùduàn de]
2) [+ interruptions, demands etc] 重复的 [chóngfù de]
3) [+ temperature, speed etc] 恒定的 [héngdìng de]
••
constant continual continuous 都可以表示某事持续发生或一直存在。 constant 表示某种事情总是发生或从未消失过。He was in constant pain...Jane's constant criticism... continual 表示某事在一段时间内经常发生，尤其指人们不愿看到的情况。...his continual drinking...continual demands to cut costs... continuous 表示某事一直延续而不停止或毫无停止的迹象。...days of continuous rain...a continuous background noise...
• 6 一定

fixed; specified; definite; regular, certainly; surely, given; particular; certain, proper; fair; due
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certainly; surely; all to nothing; by all means; to a certainty
相关词组: 一定的
一定获利
一定之规
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by all means; all to nothing; by the holy poker; to a certainty
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adj. fixed, set firmly in place, steady; certain; sure, definite, particular; special, unusual, firm, not volatile (Chemistry)
adv. surely, of course, for sure; definitely, without a doubt, certainly, necessarily
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yi1 ding4
surely, certainly, necessarily, fixed, a certain (extent etc), given, particular, must
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一定
yī dìng
（规定的， 确定的） fixed; established; regular:
一定的规章制度 established rules and regulations;
一定的生产指标 fixed production quota;
按照一定的规格进行生产 work according to specifications;
学习、 工作都有一定的时间。 There are fixed times for study and for work.
（固定不变的） definite; constant:
每一种弹簧都有一定的弹性。 Every sort of spring has a definite elasticity.
（必定） surely; certainly; be bound to; necessarily:
这一定是他想买的书。 This must be the book he wants to buy.
只要我们做到这一切， 改革就一定能成功。 Provided we do all this, we shall assuredly succeed in our reform.
6点以前， 我一定回家。 I shall definitely be home before six o'clock.
（特定的） certain; specific; given:
在一定程度上 to a certain degree;
在一定条件下 under given conditions;
在一定意义上 in a certain sense;
在一定的时期内 within a certain (definite) period;
金属加热到一定的温度都会熔化。 Metals will melt when heated to a certain temperature.
（相当的） proper; fair; due:
达到一定水平 reach a fairly high level;
给予一定的重视 attach due importance to
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一定|一定 [yī dìng] surely certainly necessarily fixed a certain (extent etc) given particular must
• 7 一成不变

immutable and frozen; invariable; unalterable, monotony
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invariable; unalterable
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invariable; unalterable
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invariable, constant, fixed; unchanging, unchangeable
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yi1 cheng2 bu4 bian4
nothing much changes (idiom); always the same, stuck in a rut
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一成不变
yī chéng bú biàn
immutable and frozen; be immutable; be set in one's ways; changeless; cut and dried; fixed and unchangeable; go into a rut; hard and fast (formula etc,); inflexible; invariable; monotonous; unchangeable; unalterable:
一成不变的东西是没有的。 Nothing is changeless.
世界没有一成不变的东西。 Nothing in the world is immutable.
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一成不變|一成不变 [yī chéng bù biàn] nothing much changes (idiom); always the same stuck in a rut
• 8 一成不變

immutable and frozen; invariable; unalterable, monotony
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invariable, constant, fixed; unchanging, unchangeable
* * *
yi1 cheng2 bu4 bian4
nothing much changes (idiom); always the same, stuck in a rut
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一成不變|一成不变 [yī chéng bù biàn] nothing much changes (idiom); always the same stuck in a rut
• 9 一貫

consistent; persistent; all along
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prep. all along, from the beginning, throughout
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yi1 guan4
consistent, constant, from start to finish, all along, persistent
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一貫|一贯 [yī guàn] consistent constant from start to finish all along persistent
• 10 一贯

consistent; persistent; all along
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all along; persistent
相关词组: 始终一贯的
* * *
all along; persistent
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prep. all along, from the beginning, throughout
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yi1 guan4
consistent, constant, from start to finish, all along, persistent
* * *
一贯
yī guàn
from beginning to end; unswerving; consistent; persistent; all along:
一贯思想 consistent idea;
一贯方针 consistent policy;
一贯原则 consistent principle;
一贯政策 consistent policy
一贯单位制 coherent system of units
* * *
一貫|一贯 [yī guàn] consistent constant from start to finish all along persistent
• 11 三綱五常

the three cardinal guides (i. e. ruler guides subject, father guides son, and husband guides wife) and the five constant virtues (i. e. benevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom and fidelity) as specified in the feudal ethical code
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san1 gang1 wu3 chang2
three principles and five virtues (idiom), the three rules (ruler guides subject, father guides son and husband guides wife) and five constant virtues of Confucianism (benevolence 仁, righteousness 義, 义, propriety 禮, 礼, wisdom 智 and fidelity 信)
* * *
三綱五常|三纲五常 [sān gāng wǔ cháng] three principles and five virtues (idiom) the three rules (ruler guides subject, father guides son and husband guides wife) and five constant virtues of Confucianism (benevolence ↑ , righteousness ↑ |↑ , propriety ↑ |↑ , wisdom ↑ and fidelity ↑ )
• 12 三纲五常

the three cardinal guides (i. e. ruler guides subject, father guides son, and husband guides wife) and the five constant virtues (i. e. benevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom and fidelity) as specified in the feudal ethical code
* * *
san1 gang1 wu3 chang2
three principles and five virtues (idiom), the three rules (ruler guides subject, father guides son and husband guides wife) and five constant virtues of Confucianism (benevolence 仁, righteousness 義, 义, propriety 禮, 礼, wisdom 智 and fidelity 信)
* * *
三纲五常
sān gāng wǔ cháng
the three cardinal guides and the five constant virtues as specified in the feudal ethical code; the Three Cardinal Guides (ruler guides subject, father guides son and husband guides wife) and Five Constant Virtues (benevolence, righteousness, propriety, knowledge and sincerity) -- principle of feudal moral conduct
* * *
三綱五常|三纲五常 [sān gāng wǔ cháng] three principles and five virtues (idiom) the three rules (ruler guides subject, father guides son and husband guides wife) and five constant virtues of Confucianism (benevolence ↑ , righteousness ↑ |↑ , propriety ↑ |↑ , wisdom ↑ and fidelity ↑ )
• 13 上升

ascent; move upward; climb; elevate, rise (to a higher point, degree, rank, etc.); ascend
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ascend; climb; go up; mount up; move up; raise; rise
【医】 elevation
【经】 upswing
相关词组: 上升的
袅袅上升
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ascend; climb; go up; mount up; move up; raise; rise
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n. ascension, ascent
v. rise, go up
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shang4 sheng1
to rise, to go up, to ascend
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上升
shàng shēng
rise; go up; ascend:
气温上升。 The temperature is going up.
他的成绩上升到全班第一名。 He has climbed to the head of his class.
我们的生产稳步上升。 Our production goes steadily up.
这个行动制止了英镑的下跌， 但是未能使比价有很大上升。 The move stopped the pound's decline but failed to bring about a significant rally.
上升岸 rising coast;
上升岸线 {地质} emerged shoreline; negative shoreline; shoreline of emergence;
上升边 rising edge; leading edge; entering edge;
上升滨线 shoreline of elevation;
上升弹道 ascent trajectory;
上升点 rising point;
上升动作 vertical motion;
上升断块 lift faulting;
上升风 updraught; upwind; upwash;
上升功率 ascending power;
上升管 tedge;
上升海岸 elevated coast;
上升花序 ascending inflorescence;
上升记录 uptrace;
上升角 {航空} angle of climb;
上升力 climbing power;
上升流 upwelling; upcurrent; upflow; upwash;
上升螺旋桨 lifting airscrew;
上升盘 {地} upthrown block;
上升平原 uplifted plain;
上升气流 anaflow; up-ward current; upflow; ascending air; up currnet;
上升泉 rising water;
上升三角洲 elevated delta;
上升时间 {控} rise time;
上升时间常数 rise-time constant;
上升时间畸变 rise-time distortion;
上升时间校正 rise-time correction;
上升时间跳动 rise-time jitter;
上升瞬变 building-up transient;
上升瞬态 rising transient;
上升顺序 ascending;
上升速度 rate of climb; rate of upward gradient; ascensional velocity;
上升速度表 rate-of-climb meter;
上升速度指示器 vertical speed indicator;
上升算法 ascent algorithm;
上升通风 ascensional ventilation;
上升推进 ascent propulsion;
上升推进系统 ascent propulsion system;
上升下降延迟 rise-fall delay;
上升斜率 rate of rise;
上升斜坡 acclivity;
上升旋转选线器 step-by-step selector switch;
上升运动 ascending motion;
上升支 ascending branch （光变曲线）;
上升轴 elevating shaft;
上升转弯 {航空} pull-up turn;
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上昇|上升 [shàng shēng] to rise to go up to ascend
• 14 不住

constant; keep doing; without stop or pause
* * *
* * *
bu4 zhu4
repeatedly, continuously, constantly, unable to (resist, conceal etc)
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不住
bù zhù
ceaselessly; continuously
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不住|不住 [bù zhù] repeatedly continuously constantly unable to (resist, conceal etc)
• 15 不变

相关词组: 不变的
不变地
不变化的
不变化地
不变价格
不变量
不变性
不变资本
天律不变论的
天律不变论者
一成不变
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* * *
* * *
bu4 bian4
constant, unvarying, (math.) invariant
* * *
不变(的)
bù biàn
invariant
不变测度 invariant measure;
不变成本 fixed cost; constant cost;
不变点 invariant point;
不变度量 invariant metric;
不变分布 invariant distribution;
不变关系 invariant relation;
不变估计 invariant estimation;
不变函数 invariant function;
不变积分 invariant integral;
不变集合 invariant set;
不变价格 {经济} fixed price; constant price;
不变检验 invariant test;
不变量 invariant;
不变嵌入 invariant imbedding;
不变数 numerical invariant;
不变因子 invariant factor;
不变域 invariant field; field of invariants;
不变运算 invariant operation;
不变值 fixed value;
不变资本 {经济} constant capital;
不变子空间 invariant subspace; stable subspace;
不变子群 invariant subgroup
* * *
不變|不变 [bù biàn] constant unvarying (math.) invariant
• 16 不变价格

fixed price; constant price
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fixed price
【经】 constant price
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fixed price
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n. fixed price, constant price
* * *
bu4 bian4 jia4 ge2
fixed price, constant price
* * *
不變價格|不变价格 [bù biàn jià gé] fixed price constant price
• 17 不变资本

constant capital
* * *
constant capital
【经】 constant capital
* * *
constant capital
* * *
n. constant capital
* * *
bu4 bian4 zi1 ben3
constant capital
* * *
不變資本|不变资本 [bù biàn zī běn] constant capital
• 18 不断

unceasing; uninterrupted; continuous; constant; insistent; relentless, steadily; constantly
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* * *
bu4 duan4
unceasing, uninterrupted, continuous, constant
* * *
不断
bù duàn
（不断的; 连续不间断的） ceaseless; unceasing; uninterrupted; continual; continuous; constant:
不断发展 uninterrupted growth;
不断的抱怨 constant complaints;
不断出现，不断解决 the ceaseless emergence and ceaseless resolution;
（不断地） unceasingly; steadily ceaselessly; incessantly; uninterruptedly; continuously; constantly:
不断前进 march on without cease; march on unceasingly;
先进单位不断涌现。 Advanced units are constantly emerging.
人类社会总是不断进步的。 Human society makes unceasing progress.
不断干咳 hecking cough;
不断革命论 the theory of uninterrupted revolution;
不断摸索 trial-and-error;
不断增加 escalation
* * *
不斷|不断 [bù duàn] unceasing uninterrupted continuous constant
• 19 不斷

unceasing; uninterrupted; continuous; constant; insistent; relentless, steadily; constantly
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* * *
bu4 duan4
unceasing, uninterrupted, continuous, constant
* * *
不斷|不断 [bù duàn] unceasing uninterrupted continuous constant
• 20 不渝

bu4 yu2
constant, unchanging, abiding, faithful
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不渝|不渝 [bù yú] constant unchanging abiding faithful

### Look at other dictionaries:

• Boltzmann's constant — noun Chemistry the ratio of the gas constant to Avogadro s constant, equal to 1.381 × 10 23 joules per kelvin. Origin named after the Austrian physicist L. Boltzmann …   English new terms dictionary

• Boltzmann's constant — /ˌbɒltsmənz ˈkɒnstənt/ (say .boltsmuhnz konstuhnt) noun Physics a fundamental constant equal to the ratio of the gas constant to Avogadro s number or 1.380658 × 10 23 joule per kelvin. Symbol: k {named after Ludwig Boltzmann, 1844–1906, Austrian… …   Australian English dictionary

• Boltzmann's constant — noun constant used in the calculation of the ideal gas constant • Hypernyms: ↑constant …   Useful english dictionary

• Boltzmann constant — [bōlts′mən; ] Ger [ bō̂ltz′män΄] n. [after Ludwig Boltzmann (1844 1906), Austrian physicist] Physics a constant used in equations involving ideal gases, equal to 1.380658 × 10 23 joules per kelvin: symbol, k: also called Boltzmann s constant …   English World dictionary

• Boltzmann constant — For the constant pertaining to energy of black body radiation see Stefan–Boltzmann constant Values of k[1] Units 1.3806488(13)×10−23 J K−1 8.617332 …   Wikipedia

• Boltzmann constant — Physics. the ratio of the universal gas constant to Avogadro s number, equal to 1.3803 × 10 16 erg per degree C. Symbol: k Also, Boltzmann s constant. [1905 10; after L. BOLTZMANN] * * * Ratio of the universal gas constant (see gas laws) to… …   Universalium

• Boltzmann constant — Physics. the ratio of the universal gas constant to Avogadro s number, equal to 1.3803 × 10 16 erg per degree C. Symbol: k Also, Boltzmann s constant. [1905 10; after L. BOLTZMANN] * * * Boltzmann constant /bōltsˈmən konˈstənt/ (physics) noun The …   Useful english dictionary

• Boltzmann , Ludwig Edward — (1844–1906) Austrian theoretical physicist Boltzmann studied at the university in his native city of Vienna, where he received his doctorate in 1866. He held professorships in physics or mathematics at Graz (1869–73; 1876–79), Vienna (1873–76;… …   Scientists

• Boltzmann-Konstante — Die Boltzmann Konstante (Formelzeichen oder ) ist eine Naturkonstante, die in den Grundgleichungen der statistischen Mechanik eine zentrale Rolle spielt. Sie wurde von Max Planck eingeführt und nach dem österreichischen Physiker Ludwig Boltzmann …   Deutsch Wikipedia

• Boltzmann's entropy formula — In statistical thermodynamics, Boltzmann s equation is a probability equation relating the entropy S of an ideal gas to the quantity W , which is the number of microstates corresponding to a given macrostate::S = k log W ! (1)where k is Boltzmann …   Wikipedia

• Boltzmann factor — In physics, the Boltzmann factor is a weighting factor that determines the relative probability of a state i in a multi state system in thermodynamic equilibrium at temperature T.:e^{ frac{E i}{k B,TWhere k B is Boltzmann s constant, and E i is… …   Wikipedia