Translation: from english

BIOS

  • 1 bios

    bios =

    Персональный Сократ > bios

  • 2 bios

    bıos

    English-Turkish new dictionary > bios

  • 3 BIOS

    ['baios] n. shkurtesë nga b asic i nput o utput s ystem ( BIOS) sistemi themelor për hyrje-dalje ( informatikë)
    What is BIOS?
    BIOS is an acronym for Basic Input/Output System. It is the boot firmware program on a PC, and controls the computer from the time you start it up until the operating system takes over. When you turn on a PC, the BIOS first conducts a basic hardware check, called a Power-On Self Test (POST), to determine whether all of the attachments are present and working. Then it loads the operating system into your computer's random access memory, or RAM.
    The BIOS also manages data flow between the computer's operating system and attached devices such as the hard disk, video card, keyboard, mouse, and printer.
    The BIOS stores the date, the time, and your system configuration information in a battery-powered, non-volatile memory chip, called a CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) after its manufacturing process.
    Although the BIOS is standardized and should rarely require updating, some older BIOS chips may not accommodate new hardware devices. Before the early 1990s, you couldn't update the BIOS without removing and replacing its ROM chip. Contemporary BIOS resides on memory chips such as flash chips or EEPROM (Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory), so that you can update the BIOS yourself if necessary.
    For detailed information about BIOS updates, visit:
    What is firmware?
    Firmware consists of programs installed semi-permanently into memory, using various types of programmable ROM chips, such as PROMS, EPROMs, EEPROMs, and flash chips.
    Firmware is non-volatile, and will remain in memory after you turn the system off.
    Often, the term firmware is used to refer specifically to boot firmware, which controls a computer from the time that it is turned on until the primary operating system has taken over. Boot firmware's main function is to initialize the hardware and then to boot (load and execute) the primary operating system. On PCs, the boot firmware is usually referred to as the BIOS.
    What is the difference between memory and disk storage?
    Memory and disk storage both refer to internal storage space in a computer.
    The term memory usually means RAM (Random Access Memory). To refer to hard drive storage, the terms disk space or storage are usually used.
    Typically, computers have much less memory than disk space, because RAM is much more expensive per megabyte than a hard disk. Today, a typical desktop computer might come with 512MB of RAM, and a 40 gigabyte hard disk.
    Virtual memory is disk space that has been designated to act like RAM.
    Computers also contain a small amount of ROM, or read-only memory, containing permanent or semi-permanent (firmware) instructions for checking hardware and starting up the computer. On a PC, this is called the BIOS.
    What is RAM?
    RAM stands for Random Access Memory. RAM provides space for your computer to read and write data to be accessed by the CPU (central processing unit). When people refer to a computer's memory, they usually mean its RAM.
    New computers typically come with at least 256 megabytes (MB) of RAM installed, and can be upgraded to 512MB or even a gigabyte or more.
    If you add more RAM to your computer, you reduce the number of times your CPU must read data from your hard disk. This usually allows your computer to work considerably faster, as RAM is many times faster than a hard disk.
    RAM is volatile, so data stored in RAM stays there only as long as your computer is running. As soon as you turn the computer off, the data stored in RAM disappears.
    When you turn your computer on again, your computer's boot firmware (called BIOS on a PC) uses instructions stored semi-permanently in ROM chips to read your operating system and related files from the disk and load them back into RAM.
    Note: On a PC, different parts of RAM may be more or less easily accessible to programs. For example, cache RAM is made up of very high-speed RAM chips which sit between the CPU and main RAM, storing (i.e., caching) memory accesses by the CPU. Cache RAM helps to alleviate the gap between the speed of a CPU's megahertz rating and the ability of RAM to respond and deliver data. It reduces how often the CPU must wait for data from main memory.
    What is ROM?
    ROM is an acronym for Read-Only Memory. It refers to computer memory chips containing permanent or semi-permanent data. Unlike RAM, ROM is non-volatile; even after you turn off your computer, the contents of ROM will remain.
    Almost every computer comes with a small amount of ROM containing the boot firmware. This consists of a few kilobytes of code that tell the computer what to do when it starts up, e.g., running hardware diagnostics and loading the operating system into RAM. On a PC, the boot firmware is called the BIOS.
    Originally, ROM was actually read-only. To update the programs in ROM, you had to remove and physically replace your ROM chips. Contemporary versions of ROM allow some limited rewriting, so you can usually upgrade firmware such as the BIOS by using installation software. Rewritable ROM chips include PROMs (programmable read-only memory), EPROMs (erasable read-only memory), EEPROMs (electrically erasable programmable read-only memory), and a common variation of EEPROMs called flash memory.
    What is an ACPI BIOS?
    ACPI is an acronym that stands for Advanced Configuration and Power Interface, a power management specification developed by Intel, Microsoft, and Toshiba. ACPI support is built into Windows 98 and later operating systems. ACPI is designed to allow the operating system to control the amount of power provided to each device or peripheral attached to the computer system. This provides much more stable and efficient power management and makes it possible for the operating system to turn off selected devices, such as a monitor or CD-ROM drive, when they are not in use.
    ACPI should help eliminate computer lockup on entering power saving or sleep mode. This will allow for improved power management, especially in portable computer systems where reducing power consumption is critical for extending battery life. ACPI also allows for the computer to be turned on and off by external devices, so that the touch of a mouse or the press of a key will "wake up" the computer. This new feature of ACPI, called OnNow, allows a computer to enter a sleep mode that uses very little power.
    In addition to providing power management, ACPI also evolves the existing Plug and Play BIOS (PnP BIOS) to make adding and configuring new hardware devices easier. This includes support for legacy non-PnP devices and improved support for combining older devices with ACPI hardware, allowing both to work in a more efficient manner in the same computer system. The end result of this is to make the BIOS more PnP compatible.
    What is CMOS?
    CMOS, short for Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor, is a low-power, low-heat semiconductor technology used in contemporary microchips, especially useful for battery-powered devices. The specific technology is explained in detail at:
    http://searchsmb.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid44_gci213860,00.html
    Most commonly, though, the term CMOS is used to refer to small battery-powered configuration chips on system boards of personal computers, where the BIOS stores the date, the time, and system configuration details.
    How do I enter the Setup program in my BIOS?
    Warning: Your BIOS Setup program is very powerful. An incorrect setting could cause your computer not to boot properly. You should make sure you understand what a setting does before you change it.
    You can usually run Setup by pressing a special function key or key combination soon after turning on the computer, during its power-on self test (POST), before the operating system loads (or before the operating system's splash screen shows). During POST, the BIOS usually displays a prompt such as:
    Press F2 to enter Setup
    Many newer computers display a brief screen, usually black and white, with the computer manufacturer's logo during POST.
    Entering the designated keystroke will take you into the BIOS Setup. Common keystrokes to enter the BIOS Setup are F1, F2, F10, and Del.
    On some computers, such as some Gateway or Compaq computers, graphics appear during the POST, and the BIOS information is hidden. You must press Esc to make these graphics disappear. Your monitor will then display the correct keystroke to enter.
    Note: If you press the key too early or too often, the BIOS may display an error message. To avoid this, wait about five seconds after turning the power on, and then press the key once or twice.
    What's the difference between BIOS and CMOS?
    Many people use the terms BIOS (basic input/output system) and CMOS (complementary metal oxide semiconductor) to refer to the same thing. Though they are related, they are distinct and separate components of a computer. The BIOS is the program that starts a computer up, and the CMOS is where the BIOS stores the date, time, and system configuration details it needs to start the computer.
    The BIOS is a small program that controls the computer from the time it powers on until the time the operating system takes over. The BIOS is firmware, which means it cannot store variable data.
    CMOS is a type of memory technology, but most people use the term to refer to the chip that stores variable data for startup. A computer's BIOS will initialize and control components like the floppy and hard drive controllers and the computer's hardware clock, but the specific parameters for startup and initializing components are stored in the CMOS.

    English-Albanian dictionary > BIOS

  • 4 BIOS

    вчт, = basic input/output system
    базовая система ввода-вывода, BIOS
    - additional ROM BIOS
    - AMI BIOS
    - auto-configuration BIOS
    - flash BIOS
    - Phoenix BIOS
    - PnP BIOS
    - plug-and-play BIOS
    - read-only memory BIOS
    - ROM BIOS
    - system BIOS
    - video ROM BIOS

    English-Russian electronics dictionary > BIOS

  • 5 BIOS

    вчт.; сокр. от basic input/output system
    базовая система ввода-вывода, BIOS
    - additional ROM BIOS
    - AMI BIOS
    - auto-configuration BIOS
    - flash BIOS
    - Phoenix BIOS
    - plug-and-play BIOS
    - PnP BIOS
    - read-only memory BIOS
    - ROM BIOS
    - system BIOS
    - video ROM BIOS

    The New English-Russian Dictionary of Radio-electronics > BIOS

  • 6 BIOS

    (Basic Input/Output System) Базовая система ввода-вывода, БСВВ
    (произносится "bye-ose") независимая от операционной системы, записанная во флэш-памяти (или в ППЗУ) программа поддержки аппаратно-зависимых операций с НГМД, НЖД, видеокартой, клавиатурой, последовательными и параллельными портами и другими периферийными устройствами. При включении компьютера BIOS проверяет CMOS-память, инициализирует СБИС (таймер, контроллеры прерываний, клавиатуру, мышь и др.) выполняет (только при холодном старте) начальные тесты (POST), инициализирует контроллеры внешних устройств, проверяет работоспособность видеоадаптера, активирует другие БСВВ (например, платы графического ускорителя), после чего определяет конфигурацию системы, а также с какого устройства следует производить загрузку ОС, и передаёт управление начальному загрузчику. Функции BIOS (BIOS function) доступны операционной системе через набор программных прерываний. В ряде компьютеров BIOS содержит также отладочный монитор, позволяющий выявлять причину зависания системы. Сейчас часто под BIOS подразумевается также код, записанный в ПЗУ на платах расширения, например VGA BIOS. При использовании флэш-памяти для повышения надёжности возможна установка микросхем с двумя BIOS, что позволяет передать управление второму BIOS при повреждении первого (из-за перезаписи или воздействия вируса). Эта технология используется в системных платах фирмы Gigabyte Technology и называется Dual BIOS.

    "The BIOS reads the first sector of the floppy and starts executing it" (Linus Torvalds). — BIOS считывает первый сектор дискеты и передаёт ему управление см. тж. beep codes, cold start, embedded BIOS, firmware, flash BIOS, www. uefi. org

    Англо-русский толковый словарь терминов и сокращений по ВТ, Интернету и программированию. > BIOS

  • 7 BIOS

    "The set of essential software routines that test computer hardware at startup, start the operating system, and support the transfer of information between hardware devices. The BIOS is stored in read-only memory (ROM) so that it can be run when the computer is turned on. Although critical to performance, the BIOS is usually invisible to computer users."

    English-Arabic terms dictionary > BIOS

  • 8 BIOS

    * * *

    BIOS
    krat. Basic Input-Output System
    osnovni ulazno-izlazni sustav

    English-Croatian dictionary > BIOS

  • 9 BIOS

    English-Italian dictionary > BIOS

  • 10 BIOS

    BIOS ['baɪɒs]
    Computing ( abbreviation basic input/output system) BIOS m

    Un panorama unique de l'anglais et du français > BIOS

  • 11 BIOS

    English-Russian dictionary of planing, cross-planing and slotting machines > BIOS

  • 12 BIOS

    BIOSセットアップ, 構成変更セットアップ, システムの設定を変更するためにスタートアップ時に起動可能なセットアップ (コンピュータ) !BIOS (basic input output system)

    English-Japanese new dictionary > BIOS

  • 13 BIOS

    1. базовая система ввода-вывода

     

    базовая система ввода-вывода
    В персональных компьютерах - набор инструкций, хранящихся в определенной области памяти, который позволяет организовать взаимодействие между программными и аппаратными компонентами ПК. BIOS отвечает за реализацию базовых операций обмена данными с периферийными устройствами. 
    [ http://www.lexikon.ru/dict/net/index.html]

    Тематики

    EN

    • basic input/output system
    • BIOS

    Англо-русский словарь нормативно-технической терминологии > BIOS

  • 14 BIOS

    2) Компьютерная техника: Binary Intelligence Override System, базовая система ввода/вывода, необходимая для первоначальной загрузки компьютера, тестирования аппаратных средств и загрузки операционной системы
    4) Шутливое выражение: Big Idiots On Stilts
    5) Вычислительная техника: базовая система ввода-вывода (Пакет программ, "вшитый" в персональный компьютер. Позволяет настроить работу различных устройств системы), Basic Input Output System / Support (PC), микросхема, содержащая BIOS, базовая система ввода-вывода (http://ivb.unact.ru/glossary/biossoft.html)
    6) Сетевые технологии: Binary Interrupt Output Service, basic input/output system
    7) Авиационная медицина: biological investigation of space

    Универсальный англо-русский словарь > BIOS

  • 15 BIOS

    < edp> ■ Basic Input-Output System n (BIOS); grundlegendes Ein-/Ausgabesystem n rar

    English-german technical dictionary > BIOS

  • 16 BIOS

    BIOS ( abbr = Basic Input/Output System) комп. програми, записани в постоянната памет на компютър, които изпълняват основните функции на операционната система.

    English-Bulgarian dictionary > BIOS

  • 17 BIOS

    (in computers) basissysteem voor input/output, in het geheugen van de computer ingebrand programma, dat begint te werken zodra de computer wordt ingeschakeld.
    BIOS (basic input output system)

    English-Dutch dictionary > BIOS

  • 18 BIOS

    elementär input output system, ett program som alltid finns i en dators minne och som startas automatiskt under datorens uppstartning (data)
    BIOS (basic input output system)

    English-Swedish dictionary > BIOS

  • 19 BIOS

    BIOS (Abk. für basic input/output operating system) COMP Basiseingabe/Ausgabesystem n (computer start-up program, usually on a separate chip)

    Englisch-Deutsch Fachwörterbuch der Wirtschaft > BIOS

  • 20 BIOS

    English-German dictionary of Electrical Engineering and Electronics > BIOS

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BIOS — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda BIOS: Basic Input/Output System Phoenix AwardBIOS CMOS (memoria no volátil) Almacenado en: PROM EPROM Memoria Flash Fabrica …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bios — or BIOS may refer to: *Life (in Greek, Polytonic|βίος / Bios ) *Biographies, a genre of literature/media based on accounts of people s lives *BIOS, the Basic Input/Output System of an IBM PC *Biological Innovation for Open Society *The British… …   Wikipedia

  • Bios — (vom altgriechischen βίος für „Leben“) kommt als Lexem in Form von Bio in vielen Lehnwörtern vor, z.B. in: Biografie, Biologie, Biometrie, Bionik, Biophysik, Biorhythmus, Biosphäre, Biotop, Symbiose, Antibiotikum Das Wort Bios oder BIOS steht als …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bios — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. bios (philosophie) est la vie qualifiée, par opposition à la zoé BIOS est l abréviation de Basic Input Output System. BIOS est une initiative du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • BIOS-3 — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Archivo:Bios3.jpg BIOS 3 fue un ecosistema cerrado del Instituto de Biofísica en Krasnoyarsk, Siberia, en lo que fue en su día la Unión Soviética, siendo la respuesta lógica Biosfera 2 de los estadpunidenses en las… …   Wikipedia Español

  • BIOS-3 — was a closed ecosystem at the Institute of Biophysics in Krasnoyarsk, Siberia, in what was then the Soviet Union.Construction began in 1965, and was completed in 1972. BIOS 3 consisted of a 315 cubic metre (11,124 cubic feet) habitat suitable for …   Wikipedia

  • BIOS — Программа, находящаяся в ПЗУ (постоянном запоминающем устройстве) персонального компьютера и исполняющаяся при включении питания. Главная функция BIOS подготовить компьютер к тому, чтобы основное программное обеспечение (в большинстве случаев это …   Словарь бизнес-терминов

  • BIOS — sistema statusas T sritis informatika apibrėžtis Svarbiausių programų rinkinys, nuo kurio prasideda kompiuterio paleidimas. Sistema patikrina aparatinę įrangą, paleidžia operacinę sistemą, tvarko duomenų persiuntimą tarp įtaisų. Ji laikoma… …   Enciklopedinis kompiuterijos žodynas

  • BIOS — sigla ES ingl. Basic Input Output System, sistema base input output, serie di routine software che si attiva con l accensione del computer …   Dizionario italiano

  • BIOS — Abk. für engl. basis input output system »Basis Eingabe Ausgabe System«> Bez. für den Teil des Betriebssystemkerns, der alle standardisierten Grundfunktionen enthält, die für die Ein u. Ausgabe benötigt werden (EDV) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • BIOS — [ baıas ] noun count usually singular COMPUTING basic input/output system: the software that controls the way many basic parts of the computer work, for example the keyboard, screen, and DISK DRIVES …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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