Translation: from latin

APPII Forum

  • 1 Appius

    Appius, ī, m., u. Appia, ae, f., ein röm. Vorname, bes. der Personen aus der gens Claudia, s. 1. Claudius. – Dav.: 1) Appius, a, um, appisch, via Appia u. bl. Appia, vom Zensor App. Klaudius dem Blinden um 312 v. Chr. (s. Liv. 9, 29, 6) erbaut, die große südl. Hauptstraße, die bei der Porta Kapena von Rom begann, in gerader Linie zum Albaner Berggebiete hinauflief, dann durch die Pontinischen Sümpfe bis nach Kapua ging, von wo aus sie später unter dem Kaiser Trajan bis nach Brundisium fortgeführt wurde, via App., Cic. Mil. 15; Phil. 7, 1 u.a. Liv. 22, 1, 12. Corp. inscr. Lat. 6, 9663 u. ö.: via Appi, Hor. ep. 1, 6, 26: Appiae limes, Liv. 22, 15, 11: bl. Appia, Cic. ad Q. fr. 3, 7, 1. Liv. 26, 8, 10; epit 107. Hor. sat. 1, 5, 6. Ov. ex Pont. 2, 7, 44. Aur. Vict. Caes. 9, 8. Frontin. aqu. 5. Schol. Iuven. 1, 7: aqua, die von demselben A. angelegte Wasserleitung (vgl. Liv. 9, 29, 6), Frontin. aqu. 5: Appii Forum, s. forum no. II, B, 2, a. – 2) Appiānus, a, um, zu einem Appius gehörig, des Appius, appianisch, libido, des Dezemvirn App. Klaudius, Liv.: mala (Äpfel), Plin.: subst., Appiānum, ī, n., eine Art schlechter grüner Farbe, Plin. – 3) Appias, adis, f., a) die Statue einer Nymphe am Springbrunnen der aqua Appia, Ov. rem. 660; art. am. 1, 82. – b) Appiades deae, Statuen beim Tempel der Venus, der nicht weit von dem Springbrunnen der via Appia stand, Ov. art. am. 3, 452. Plin. 36, 33. – c) ein Beiname der Minerva, von Cicero aus Schmeichelei gegen Appius ihr gegeben, Cic. ep. 3, 1, 1. – 4) Appietās, ātis, f., der alte Adel des appischen Geschlechts, gleichs. die Appietät, ein von Cicero aus Schmeichelei gegen den Appius gebildetes Wort, Cic. ep. 3, 7, 5.

    lateinisch-deutsches > Appius

  • 2 Appius

    Appius, ī, m., u. Appia, ae, f., ein röm. Vorname, bes. der Personen aus der gens Claudia, s. Claudius. – Dav.: 1) Appius, a, um, appisch, via Appia u. bl. Appia, vom Zensor App. Klaudius dem Blinden um 312 v. Chr. (s. Liv. 9, 29, 6) erbaut, die große südl. Hauptstraße, die bei der Porta Kapena von Rom begann, in gerader Linie zum Albaner Berggebiete hinauflief, dann durch die Pontinischen Sümpfe bis nach Kapua ging, von wo aus sie später unter dem Kaiser Trajan bis nach Brundisium fortgeführt wurde, via App., Cic. Mil. 15; Phil. 7, 1 u.a. Liv. 22, 1, 12. Corp. inscr. Lat. 6, 9663 u. ö.: via Appi, Hor. ep. 1, 6, 26: Appiae limes, Liv. 22, 15, 11: bl. Appia, Cic. ad Q. fr. 3, 7, 1. Liv. 26, 8, 10; epit 107. Hor. sat. 1, 5, 6. Ov. ex Pont. 2, 7, 44. Aur. Vict. Caes. 9, 8. Frontin. aqu. 5. Schol. Iuven. 1, 7: aqua, die von demselben A. angelegte Wasserleitung (vgl. Liv. 9, 29, 6), Frontin. aqu. 5: Appii Forum, s. forum no. II, B, 2, a. – 2) Appiānus, a, um, zu einem Appius gehörig, des Appius, appianisch, libido, des Dezemvirn App. Klaudius, Liv.: mala (Äpfel), Plin.: subst., Appiānum, ī, n., eine Art schlechter grüner Farbe, Plin. – 3) Appias, adis, f., a) die Statue einer Nymphe am Springbrunnen der aqua Appia, Ov. rem. 660; art. am. 1, 82. – b) Appiades deae, Statuen beim Tempel der Venus, der nicht weit von dem Spring-
    ————
    brunnen der via Appia stand, Ov. art. am. 3, 452. Plin. 36, 33. – c) ein Beiname der Minerva, von Cicero aus Schmeichelei gegen Appius ihr gegeben, Cic. ep. 3, 1, 1. – 4) Appietās, ātis, f., der alte Adel des appischen Geschlechts, gleichs. die Appietät, ein von Cicero aus Schmeichelei gegen den Appius gebildetes Wort, Cic. ep. 3, 7, 5.

    Ausführliches Lateinisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch > Appius

  • 3 Appius

    Appĭus, ii, m., and Appĭa, ae, f. (abbrev. App.).
    I.
    A Roman prœnomen, esp. of persons of the gens Claudia; hence,
    II.
    Appĭus, a, um, adj., Appian.
    A.
    Appia via, the Appian Way, a well-known high - road, begun by the censor Appius Claudius Cœcus (about 442 A. U. C.), which began in Rome at the Porta Capena, and passed in a direct line to the Albanian Mountains, and thence through the Pontine Marshes to Capua; later it was continued to Brundisium, perh. by Trajan (the stones were large polygons of basaltic lava;

    parts here and there are yet in existence),

    Cic. Imp. Pomp. 18, 55; id. Mil. 6, 15; id. ad Q. Fr. 1, 1, 6; id. Phil. 7, 1, 1; Liv. 9, 29, 6; Front. Aquaed. 5; Inscr. Orell. 131; cf.

    Müll. Roms Camp. 2, 230.—Called also Appī via,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 6, 26;

    and simply Appia,

    id. Epod. 4, 14, al.; Cic. Att. 2, 12.—
    B.
    Appia aqua, the aqueduct which this same Appius constructed; Front. Aquaed. 5; cf. Liv. 9, 29. —
    C.
    Appii Forum, a small market-town in Latium, founded by the same Appius, on the left side of the Via Appia, in the midst of the Pontine Marshes, now Foro Appio, Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Vulg. Act. 28, 15; cf. Mann. Ital. I. 637 and 638.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Appius

  • 4 Forum Appii

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Forum Appii

  • 5 forum

    forum, ī, n. (verwandt mit foras u. foris), I) übh. ein »länglich viereckiger freier Raum«, u. zwar: 1) als Vorhof des Grabes, XII tabb. bei Cic. de legg. 2, 61; vgl. Paul. ex Fest. 82, 12. – 2) als Teil der Kelter, wohin man die auszupressenden Trauben (Oliven usw.) legte, Varro r. r. 1, 54, 2. Col. 11, 2, 71. – 3) Plur., fora = fori, die Schiffsgänge, Gell. bei Charis. 71, 30.

    II) insbes.: A) ein längliches Viereck als Marktplatz, Markt, wie sie auch bei den Alten fast in jeder Stadt teils zum Verkehr (Kauf u. Verkauf), teils zu öffentlichen Verhandlungen einer od. mehrere angelegt waren, s. Liv. 23, 19, 18 (Forum zu Präneste), Apul. met. 1, 25 (forum cuppedinis = »Naschmarkt« in Hypata in Thessalien). – ad forum ire, Ter.: rectā per forum redire, Phaedr.: statua Praeneste in foro statuta, Liv.

    Von den Fora in Rom selbst werden am häufigsten erwähnt: 1) als Versammlungsorte übh.: a) das älteste, das forum Rōmānum (Plin. 3, 66. Tac. ann. 12, 24) od. magnum od. vetus, gew. κατ᾽ εξ. bl. forum (Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16. Cic. ad Att. 4, 16, 14 u. sonst oft bei diesen u.a.), eine durch Kunst geebnete Tiefe (154 m lang und 52 m breit), nordwestl. vom Fuße des kapitolin., südl. vom Fuße des palatin. Hügels begrenzt, um das schon Tarquinius Priskus Hallen anlegen ließ (Liv. 1, 35 extr.), zwischen denen dann Kaufleute ihre Buden u. Gewölbe (tabernae), bes. die Wechsler ihre Wechselbuden od. -tische (argentariae od. mensae) aufschlugen; später mit einer Menge öffentlicher Gebäude umbaut u. mit unzähligen Statuen geschmückt, Mittelpunkt des öffentlichen Lebens in Rom, wo der vornehme Römer eine bestimmte Zeit des Tages (vor Tische) zubrachte, um Geld- od. Rechtsgeschäfte abzumachen, an den gerichtlichen Verhandlungen teilzunehmen, Neuigkeiten zu hören u. dgl., aber auch der gemeine Römer sich einfand, um sich von den Vornehmen um seine Stimme angehen zu lassen, bes. aber um den müßigen Zuschauer abzugeben, namentlich gegen Abend, wo Wahrsager u. andere Gaukler auf dem Forum ihr Wesen trieben; vgl. Plaut. Curc. 475 sqq. Macr. sat. 2, 12, 14. Hor. sat. 1, 6, 113 sq. – Nahe an diesem, gleichs. als Erweiterung, lagen, bes. zu gerichtl. Verhandlungen dienend, b) forum Caesaris, von Cäsar angelegt, Suet. Caes. 26, 2. Plin. 16, 236. – u. c) forum Augustī, von Augustus erbaut (Suet. Aug. 29, 1) und mit einer herrlichen Elfenbeinstatue des Apollo geschmückt, Plin. 7, 183. Ov. fast. 5, 552. Ov. ex Pont. 4, 15, 16. Ov. trist. 3, 1, 27 (haec sunt fora Caesaris [sc. Augusti]); bl. forum gen. b. Iuven, 1, 128 (wo Apollo wegen der Gerichtsverhandlungen auf diesem F. iuris peritus heißt). – dah. die Anspielung auf diese drei Fora b. Sen. de ira 2, 9, 4. Mart. 3, 38, 4. Stat. silv. 4, 9, 15. – d) forum Traīanī, von Trajan erbaut, forum, quod (Traianus) aedificavit, Eutr. 8, 5.

    2) als bloße Marktplätze, a) forum bovārium od. boārium, der Rindermarkt, zwischen dem Zirkus Maximus u. dem Tiber, mit einem erbeuteten ehernen Stiere geschmückt (vgl. Ov. fast. 6, 478), for. bov., Varro LL. 5, 146 eod. Goth. Cic. Scaur. 23. Liv. 10, 23, 3; 22, 57, 6 (vgl. Drak. Liv. 35, 40, 8): for. boar., Varro LL. 5, 146 M. Liv. 21, 62, 2. Val. Max. 1, 6, 5 u. 2, 4, 7. Plin. 34, 10. Tac. ann. 12, 24. Paul. ex Fest. 30, 5: vulg. forum bobarium, Not. Tir. 56, 87. – b) forum olitōrium ( holitōrium), der Gemüsemarkt, südl. vom Theater des Marcellus, zwischen dem kapitolin. Hügel u. dem Tiber, wo die columna lactaria stand, an der man die Kinder aussetzte, Varro LL. 5, 146. Liv. 21, 62, 2 u. 4. Tac. ann. 2, 49. Paul. ex Fest. 118, 6. – Dort wohl auch das forum coquīnum, wo die Köche (die zu jedem Gastmahl besonders gemietet wurden) ihre Dienste anboten, Plaut. Pseud. 790. – c) forum piscārium od. piscātōrium, der Fischmarkt, zwischen der basilica Porcia (neben der Kirche di S. Tito) u. dem Vestatempel, Varro LL. 5, 146. Plaut. Curc. 474. Liv. 26, 27, 3 u. 40, 51, 5. Col. 8, 17, 15. – d) forum cuppēdinis, der Naschmarkt, bei den Kornelkirschbäumen (ad corneta) zwischen der sacra via u. dem Macellum, Varro LL. 5, 146 (in einer andern Stadt, Apul. met. 1, 24).

    3) vom Forum (bes. vom Forum Romanum) hergenommene Redensarten, u. zwar a) als Mittelpunkt des öffentl. Lebens: scisti uti foro, du hast gelernt, dich in die Welt zu schicken, Ter.: de foro decedere, sich aus dem öffentl. Leben zurückziehen, nicht mehr öffentlich erscheinen, Nep.: verba de foro arripere, die Worte von der Straße aufgreifen (= sich der Worte des gewöhnl. Verkehrs bedienen), Cic. – b) als Geschäfts-, bes. Wechslermarkt: triduum foro operam dare, sich auf dem Forum herumtreiben (Geldgeschäfte halber), Plaut.: iam triginta annos in foro versari, Geschäfte (als Kaufmann od. Wechsler) machen, Cic.: ratio pecuniarum, quae in foro versatur, auf dem Geldmarkt gang u. gäbe ist, Cic.: cedere foro, bankerott werden, Sen.: u. so foro mersus, bankerott, Sen.: fidem de foro tollere, den öffentl. Kredit vernichten, Cic. – c) als Ort für Staatsverhandlungen, bes. Gerichtsgeschäfte: forum attingere, anfangen Staatsgeschäfte zu treiben, bes. als gerichtl. Redner auftreten, Cic.: u. so in foro esse coepisse, Nep.: forum indicit, heißt sie das Forum zum Mittelpunkte ihrer gemeinschaftl. Angelegenheiten (Gerichte u. Verhandlungen) machen, Verg.: fori tabes, die Pest des Forums (d.i. die auf dem F. als Gerichtsort herrschenden niederen Leidenschaften u. dgl.), Tac.: omne forum (Markt = Volk) quem spectat et omne tribunal, Hor. ep. 1, 16, 57. – Sprichw., in alieno foro litigare, weder ein noch aus wissen (wie der, der vor einem fremden Forum prozessiert, dessen Gerichtsgang ihm unbekannt ist), Mart. praef. 12.

    B) übtr.: 1) ein Handelsplatz, Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum, der besuchteste Handels- u. Stapelplatz, Sall. Iug. 47, 1.

    2) die Gerichts- oder Kreisstadt einer Provinz, wo wegen des Zusammenströmens von Menschen Markttage u. Gerichtshöfe waren; dah. (v. Statthalter der Provinz) forum agere, Gerichtstag halten, Recht sprechen, Cic. – u. dav. Name vieler Städte, von denen bei den gelesensten Schriftstellern (sehr viele bei Plin. nat. hist.) vorkommen: a) Forum Appiī, ein vom Zensor Appius Klaudius angelegter Marktflecken in Latium, an der via Appia (s. Appius), nach einigen j. S. Donato, Cic. ad Att. 2, 10. Hor. sat. 1, 5, 3. Plin. 3, 64 u. 14, 60. Anton. itin. 107, 4. Vulg. act. apost. 28, 15. Corp. inscr. Lat. 10, 6824. – b) Forum Aurēlium, tuskischer Flecken an der aurelischen Straße (via Aurelia), von C. Aurelius Kotta kolonisiert, j. Monte Alto, Cic. Catil. 1, 24. – c) Forum Cornēlium, Stadt der Lingones im zispadan. Gallien, vom Diktator Korn. Sulla angelegt. j. Imola, Cic. ep. 12, 5, 2. – d) Forum Gallōrum, Flecken im zispadan. Gallien, j. Casiel Franco, Galba in Cic. ep. 10, 30, 2. e) Forum Iūliī od. Iūlium, Stadt im narbon. Gallien, von Jul. Cäsar kolonisiert, j. Fréjus, Planc. in Cic. ep. 10, 15, 3 u. 17, 1. Tac. ann. 2, 63: dass. oppidum Forōiūliēnse, Tac. ann. 4, 5, u. colōnia Forōiūliēnsis, Tac. hist. 2, 14 u. 3, 42; ebenso Forōiūliēnsium colōnia, Tac. Agr. 4. – f) Forum Vocōniī, Stadt der Salier im narbon. Gallien, j. Le Luc od. Draguignan (in der Provence), Planc. in Cic. ep. 10, 17, 1. Lepid. in Cic. ep. 10, 34, 1.

    lateinisch-deutsches > forum

  • 6 forum

    [ABCU]A - fŏrum, fŏri, n.: [st1]1 [-] espace libre, emplacement.    - forum sepulcri, Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61: vestibule d'un tombeau.    - forum vinarium: bassin du pressoir. [st1]2 [-] place publique, place du marché.    - quid turbae apud forum! Ter.: quel vacarme sur la place!    - forum venalium rerum, Sall.: marché.    - forum boarium (bovarium): marché aux boeufs.    - forum olitorium (holitorium): marché aux légumes.    - forum piscarium (piscatorium): marché aux poissons, halle aux poissons.    - cui multa fora restarent, Cic.: qui avait encore bien des foires à parcourir.    - scisti uti foro, Ter.: tu as su faire tes affaires.    - in foro esse: fréquenter le forum (où se tenaient les audiences judiciaires et les assemblées politiques, où l'on briguait les charges publics). [st1]3 [-] forum (en particulier celui de Rome; un lieu destiné aux assemblées publiques et au règlement des affaires judiciaires ou commerciales); carrière politique, tribunal, cour de justice, barreau, opération de banque.    - in foro turbaque, Cic. Rep. 1, 17: en plein forum, au milieu de la foule.    - in foro dicere, Cic.: faire un discours dans le forum, parler en public.    - verba de foro accipere, Cic.: se servir d'expressions triviales.    - forum attingere, Cic.: se lancer dans les affaires publiques, faire ses débuts au forum.    - forum agere: rendre la justice, tenir audience.    - arripere verba de foro, Cic. Fin. 3, 2, 4: prendre ses mots dans la rue, dans l'usage courant.    - ut forum cum armis conferatis, Cic. Verr. 2: pour que vous compariez les tribunaux et les armes.    - in alieno foro litigare, Mart. 12 praef: plaider devant un tribunal étranger, être désorienté.    - extra suum forum, Cic.: hors de sa juridiction.    - ibi forum agit, Cic.: là, il tient audience.    - in foro versari: s'occuper d'affaires au forum.    - foro decedere, Cic.: ne plus paraître en public, s'éloigner des affaires publiques.    - cedere foro: faire banqueroute.    - provinciae fora: les centres d'assises de la province.    - egomet video rem vorti in meo foro, Plaut. Most.: je vois bien que **ma situation est traitée sur mon propre forum** = que je suis trahi.    - calliditas fori, Tac.: les subtilités de la chicane.    - forum indicere, Virg.: donner des lois, donner une législation.    - foro mersus, Plaut.: abîmé de dettes. [st1]4 [-] bourg indépendant (possédant une juridiction propre). [st1]5 [-] Forum (nom donné à plusieurs villes).    - Forum Alieni, Tac.: ville de la Gaule Transpadane (= Ferrare).    - Forum Appii, Cic.: petite ville du Latium (= S. Donato).    - Forum Aurelium, Cic.: ville située sur la voie Aurélia (= Montalto).    - Forum Julii, Cic.: ville de la Narbonnaise (= Fréjus).    - Forum Cornelii, Cic.: ville de l'Emilie (= Imola).    - Forocorneliensis, e: relatif au Forum Cornelii. [ABCU]B - fŏrum, gén. plur. de foris.
    * * *
    [ABCU]A - fŏrum, fŏri, n.: [st1]1 [-] espace libre, emplacement.    - forum sepulcri, Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61: vestibule d'un tombeau.    - forum vinarium: bassin du pressoir. [st1]2 [-] place publique, place du marché.    - quid turbae apud forum! Ter.: quel vacarme sur la place!    - forum venalium rerum, Sall.: marché.    - forum boarium (bovarium): marché aux boeufs.    - forum olitorium (holitorium): marché aux légumes.    - forum piscarium (piscatorium): marché aux poissons, halle aux poissons.    - cui multa fora restarent, Cic.: qui avait encore bien des foires à parcourir.    - scisti uti foro, Ter.: tu as su faire tes affaires.    - in foro esse: fréquenter le forum (où se tenaient les audiences judiciaires et les assemblées politiques, où l'on briguait les charges publics). [st1]3 [-] forum (en particulier celui de Rome; un lieu destiné aux assemblées publiques et au règlement des affaires judiciaires ou commerciales); carrière politique, tribunal, cour de justice, barreau, opération de banque.    - in foro turbaque, Cic. Rep. 1, 17: en plein forum, au milieu de la foule.    - in foro dicere, Cic.: faire un discours dans le forum, parler en public.    - verba de foro accipere, Cic.: se servir d'expressions triviales.    - forum attingere, Cic.: se lancer dans les affaires publiques, faire ses débuts au forum.    - forum agere: rendre la justice, tenir audience.    - arripere verba de foro, Cic. Fin. 3, 2, 4: prendre ses mots dans la rue, dans l'usage courant.    - ut forum cum armis conferatis, Cic. Verr. 2: pour que vous compariez les tribunaux et les armes.    - in alieno foro litigare, Mart. 12 praef: plaider devant un tribunal étranger, être désorienté.    - extra suum forum, Cic.: hors de sa juridiction.    - ibi forum agit, Cic.: là, il tient audience.    - in foro versari: s'occuper d'affaires au forum.    - foro decedere, Cic.: ne plus paraître en public, s'éloigner des affaires publiques.    - cedere foro: faire banqueroute.    - provinciae fora: les centres d'assises de la province.    - egomet video rem vorti in meo foro, Plaut. Most.: je vois bien que **ma situation est traitée sur mon propre forum** = que je suis trahi.    - calliditas fori, Tac.: les subtilités de la chicane.    - forum indicere, Virg.: donner des lois, donner une législation.    - foro mersus, Plaut.: abîmé de dettes. [st1]4 [-] bourg indépendant (possédant une juridiction propre). [st1]5 [-] Forum (nom donné à plusieurs villes).    - Forum Alieni, Tac.: ville de la Gaule Transpadane (= Ferrare).    - Forum Appii, Cic.: petite ville du Latium (= S. Donato).    - Forum Aurelium, Cic.: ville située sur la voie Aurélia (= Montalto).    - Forum Julii, Cic.: ville de la Narbonnaise (= Fréjus).    - Forum Cornelii, Cic.: ville de l'Emilie (= Imola).    - Forocorneliensis, e: relatif au Forum Cornelii. [ABCU]B - fŏrum, gén. plur. de foris.
    * * *
        Forum, huius fori. Sallust. Cic. Le lieu public où on tient le marché, Le lieu du marché, L'apport.
    \
        Forum boarium. Liu. Le marché aux boeufs.
    \
        Forum piscarium. Varr. Le lieu où on vend le poisson, La poissonnerie.
    \
        Forum suarium. Varr. Le marché aux porceaux.
    \
        Forum vinarium. Varr. Le marché où on vend le vin, L'estappe.
    \
        Foro vti. Terent. Se gouverner selon le temps, Prendre le temps comme il vient, Temporiser, S'accommoder au temps, Selon le marché faire, Se gouverner selon le cours du marché.
    \
        Forum. Quintil. Cic. Le lieu public où on souloit anciennement tenir les plaids. Fore, ou For. Inde Parisiis le For l'evesque, hoc est Forum episcopi.
    \
        Agere forum. Cic. Exercer acte de judicature, Tenir les plaids, Tenir les assises.
    \
        Forum attingere. Cic. Commencer à vouloir entendre le maniement de la chose publique.

    Dictionarium latinogallicum > forum

  • 7 forum

    forum, ī, n. (verwandt mit foras u. foris), I) übh. ein »länglich viereckiger freier Raum«, u. zwar: 1) als Vorhof des Grabes, XII tabb. bei Cic. de legg. 2, 61; vgl. Paul. ex Fest. 82, 12. – 2) als Teil der Kelter, wohin man die auszupressenden Trauben (Oliven usw.) legte, Varro r. r. 1, 54, 2. Col. 11, 2, 71. – 3) Plur., fora = fori, die Schiffsgänge, Gell. bei Charis. 71, 30.
    II) insbes.: A) ein längliches Viereck als Marktplatz, Markt, wie sie auch bei den Alten fast in jeder Stadt teils zum Verkehr (Kauf u. Verkauf), teils zu öffentlichen Verhandlungen einer od. mehrere angelegt waren, s. Liv. 23, 19, 18 (Forum zu Präneste), Apul. met. 1, 25 (forum cuppedinis = »Naschmarkt« in Hypata in Thessalien). – ad forum ire, Ter.: rectā per forum redire, Phaedr.: statua Praeneste in foro statuta, Liv.
    Von den Fora in Rom selbst werden am häufigsten erwähnt: 1) als Versammlungsorte übh.: a) das älteste, das forum Rōmānum (Plin. 3, 66. Tac. ann. 12, 24) od. magnum od. vetus, gew. κατ᾽ εξ. bl. forum (Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16. Cic. ad Att. 4, 16, 14 u. sonst oft bei diesen u.a.), eine durch Kunst geebnete Tiefe (154 m lang und 52 m breit), nordwestl. vom Fuße des kapitolin., südl. vom Fuße des palatin. Hügels begrenzt, um das schon Tarquinius Priskus
    ————
    Hallen anlegen ließ (Liv. 1, 35 extr.), zwischen denen dann Kaufleute ihre Buden u. Gewölbe (tabernae), bes. die Wechsler ihre Wechselbuden od. -tische (argentariae od. mensae) aufschlugen; später mit einer Menge öffentlicher Gebäude umbaut u. mit unzähligen Statuen geschmückt, Mittelpunkt des öffentlichen Lebens in Rom, wo der vornehme Römer eine bestimmte Zeit des Tages (vor Tische) zubrachte, um Geld- od. Rechtsgeschäfte abzumachen, an den gerichtlichen Verhandlungen teilzunehmen, Neuigkeiten zu hören u. dgl., aber auch der gemeine Römer sich einfand, um sich von den Vornehmen um seine Stimme angehen zu lassen, bes. aber um den müßigen Zuschauer abzugeben, namentlich gegen Abend, wo Wahrsager u. andere Gaukler auf dem Forum ihr Wesen trieben; vgl. Plaut. Curc. 475 sqq. Macr. sat. 2, 12, 14. Hor. sat. 1, 6, 113 sq. – Nahe an diesem, gleichs. als Erweiterung, lagen, bes. zu gerichtl. Verhandlungen dienend, b) forum Caesaris, von Cäsar angelegt, Suet. Caes. 26, 2. Plin. 16, 236. – u. c) forum Augustī, von Augustus erbaut (Suet. Aug. 29, 1) und mit einer herrlichen Elfenbeinstatue des Apollo geschmückt, Plin. 7, 183. Ov. fast. 5, 552. Ov. ex Pont. 4, 15, 16. Ov. trist. 3, 1, 27 (haec sunt fora Caesaris [sc. Augusti]); bl. forum gen. b. Iuven, 1, 128 (wo Apollo wegen der Gerichtsverhandlungen auf diesem F. iuris peritus heißt). – dah.
    ————
    die Anspielung auf diese drei Fora b. Sen. de ira 2, 9, 4. Mart. 3, 38, 4. Stat. silv. 4, 9, 15. – d) forum Traīanī, von Trajan erbaut, forum, quod (Traianus) aedificavit, Eutr. 8, 5.
    2) als bloße Marktplätze, a) forum bovārium od. boārium, der Rindermarkt, zwischen dem Zirkus Maximus u. dem Tiber, mit einem erbeuteten ehernen Stiere geschmückt (vgl. Ov. fast. 6, 478), for. bov., Varro LL. 5, 146 eod. Goth. Cic. Scaur. 23. Liv. 10, 23, 3; 22, 57, 6 (vgl. Drak. Liv. 35, 40, 8): for. boar., Varro LL. 5, 146 M. Liv. 21, 62, 2. Val. Max. 1, 6, 5 u. 2, 4, 7. Plin. 34, 10. Tac. ann. 12, 24. Paul. ex Fest. 30, 5: vulg. forum bobarium, Not. Tir. 56, 87. – b) forum olitōrium ( holitōrium), der Gemüsemarkt, südl. vom Theater des Marcellus, zwischen dem kapitolin. Hügel u. dem Tiber, wo die columna lactaria stand, an der man die Kinder aussetzte, Varro LL. 5, 146. Liv. 21, 62, 2 u. 4. Tac. ann. 2, 49. Paul. ex Fest. 118, 6. – Dort wohl auch das forum coquīnum, wo die Köche (die zu jedem Gastmahl besonders gemietet wurden) ihre Dienste anboten, Plaut. Pseud. 790. – c) forum piscārium od. piscātōrium, der Fischmarkt, zwischen der basilica Porcia (neben der Kirche di S. Tito) u. dem Vestatempel, Varro LL. 5, 146. Plaut. Curc. 474. Liv. 26, 27, 3 u. 40, 51, 5. Col. 8, 17, 15. – d) forum cuppēdinis, der Naschmarkt, bei den Kornelkirschbäu-
    ————
    men (ad corneta) zwischen der sacra via u. dem Macellum, Varro LL. 5, 146 (in einer andern Stadt, Apul. met. 1, 24).
    3) vom Forum (bes. vom Forum Romanum) hergenommene Redensarten, u. zwar a) als Mittelpunkt des öffentl. Lebens: scisti uti foro, du hast gelernt, dich in die Welt zu schicken, Ter.: de foro decedere, sich aus dem öffentl. Leben zurückziehen, nicht mehr öffentlich erscheinen, Nep.: verba de foro arripere, die Worte von der Straße aufgreifen (= sich der Worte des gewöhnl. Verkehrs bedienen), Cic. – b) als Geschäfts-, bes. Wechslermarkt: triduum foro operam dare, sich auf dem Forum herumtreiben (Geldgeschäfte halber), Plaut.: iam triginta annos in foro versari, Geschäfte (als Kaufmann od. Wechsler) machen, Cic.: ratio pecuniarum, quae in foro versatur, auf dem Geldmarkt gang u. gäbe ist, Cic.: cedere foro, bankerott werden, Sen.: u. so foro mersus, bankerott, Sen.: fidem de foro tollere, den öffentl. Kredit vernichten, Cic. – c) als Ort für Staatsverhandlungen, bes. Gerichtsgeschäfte: forum attingere, anfangen Staatsgeschäfte zu treiben, bes. als gerichtl. Redner auftreten, Cic.: u. so in foro esse coepisse, Nep.: forum indicit, heißt sie das Forum zum Mittelpunkte ihrer gemeinschaftl. Angelegenheiten (Gerichte u. Verhandlungen) machen, Verg.: fori tabes, die Pest des Forums (d.i. die auf dem F. als Ge-
    ————
    richtsort herrschenden niederen Leidenschaften u. dgl.), Tac.: omne forum (Markt = Volk) quem spectat et omne tribunal, Hor. ep. 1, 16, 57. – Sprichw., in alieno foro litigare, weder ein noch aus wissen (wie der, der vor einem fremden Forum prozessiert, dessen Gerichtsgang ihm unbekannt ist), Mart. praef. 12.
    B) übtr.: 1) ein Handelsplatz, Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum, der besuchteste Handels- u. Stapelplatz, Sall. Iug. 47, 1.
    2) die Gerichts- oder Kreisstadt einer Provinz, wo wegen des Zusammenströmens von Menschen Markttage u. Gerichtshöfe waren; dah. (v. Statthalter der Provinz) forum agere, Gerichtstag halten, Recht sprechen, Cic. – u. dav. Name vieler Städte, von denen bei den gelesensten Schriftstellern (sehr viele bei Plin. nat. hist.) vorkommen: a) Forum Appiī, ein vom Zensor Appius Klaudius angelegter Marktflecken in Latium, an der via Appia (s. Appius), nach einigen j. S. Donato, Cic. ad Att. 2, 10. Hor. sat. 1, 5, 3. Plin. 3, 64 u. 14, 60. Anton. itin. 107, 4. Vulg. act. apost. 28, 15. Corp. inscr. Lat. 10, 6824. – b) Forum Aurēlium, tuskischer Flecken an der aurelischen Straße (via Aurelia), von C. Aurelius Kotta kolonisiert, j. Monte Alto, Cic. Catil. 1, 24. – c) Forum Cornēlium, Stadt der Lingones im zispadan. Gallien, vom Diktator Korn. Sulla angelegt. j.
    ————
    Imola, Cic. ep. 12, 5, 2. – d) Forum Gallōrum, Flecken im zispadan. Gallien, j. Casiel Franco, Galba in Cic. ep. 10, 30, 2. e) Forum Iūliī od. Iūlium, Stadt im narbon. Gallien, von Jul. Cäsar kolonisiert, j. Fréjus, Planc. in Cic. ep. 10, 15, 3 u. 17, 1. Tac. ann. 2, 63: dass. oppidum Forōiūliēnse, Tac. ann. 4, 5, u. colōnia Forōiūliēnsis, Tac. hist. 2, 14 u. 3, 42; ebenso Forōiūliēnsium colōnia, Tac. Agr. 4. – f) Forum Vocōniī, Stadt der Salier im narbon. Gallien, j. Le Luc od. Draguignan (in der Provence), Planc. in Cic. ep. 10, 17, 1. Lepid. in Cic. ep. 10, 34, 1.

    Ausführliches Lateinisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch > forum

  • 8 Forum

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Forum

  • 9 Forum Alieni

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Forum Alieni

  • 10 Forum Aurelium

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Forum Aurelium

  • 11 forum boarium

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > forum boarium

  • 12 forum coquinum

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > forum coquinum

  • 13 forum cuppedinis

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > forum cuppedinis

  • 14 Forum Gallorum

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Forum Gallorum

  • 15 Forum Julii

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Forum Julii

  • 16 forum olitorium

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > forum olitorium

  • 17 forum piscarium

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > forum piscarium

  • 18 forum suarium

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > forum suarium

  • 19 Forum Voconii

    fŏrum, i, (archaic form fŏrus, i, m., to accord with locus, Lucil. ap. Charis. p. 55 P., and ap. Non. 206, 15; Pompon. ib.), n. [etym. dub.; perh. root Sanscr. dhar-, support; dhar-as, mountain, etc.; Lat. forma, fortis, frenum, etc.; lit., a place or space with set bounds, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 149], what is out of doors, an outside space or place; in partic., as opp. the house, a public place, a market-place, market (cf.: macellum, emporium, velabrum): forum sex modis intelligitur. Primo, negotiationis locus, ut forum Flaminium, forum Julium, ab eorum nominibus, qui ea fora constituenda curarunt, quod etiam locis privatis et in viis et in agris fieri solet. Alio, in quo judicia fieri, cum populo agi, contiones haberi solent. Tertio, cum is, qui provinciae praeest, forum agere dicitur, cum civitates vocat et de controversiis eorum cognoscit. Quarto, cum id forum antiqui appellabant, quod nunc vestibulum sepulcri dicari solet. Quinto, locus in navi, sed tum masculini generis est et plurale (v. forus). Sexto, fori significant et Circensia spectacula, ex quibus etiam minores forulos dicimus. Inde et forare, foras dare, et fores, foras et foriculae, id est ostiola dicuntur, [p. 774] Paul. ex Fest. p. 84 Müll.
    I.
    In gen., an open space.
    A.
    The area before a tomb, fore-court:

    quod (lex XII. Tabularum de sepulcris) FORUM, id est, vestibulum sepulcri, BUSTUMVE USUCAPI vetat, tuetur jus sepulcrorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 61.—
    B.
    The part of the wine-press in which the grapes were laid, Varr. R. R. 1, 54, 2; Col. 11, 2, 71; 12, 18, 3.—
    C.
    Plur.: fora = fori, the gangways of a ship, Gell. ap. Charis. 55 P.—
    II.
    In partic., a public place, market-place.
    A.
    A market, as a place for buying and selling:

    quae vendere vellent quo conferrent, forum appellarunt. Ubi quid generatim (i. e. secundum singula genera), additum ab eo cognomen, ut forum boarium, forum olitorium, cupedinis, etc.... Haec omnia posteaquam contracta in unum locum quae ad victum pertinebant et aedificatus locus: appellatum macellum, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 145 sq. Müll.— Esp.
    (α).
    forum boarium, the cattlemarket, between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Paul. ex Fest. p. 30, 5; Liv. 21, 62, 2; Plin. 34, 2, 5, § 10; Tac. A. 12, 24; cf. Ov. F. 6, 477. A part of this was probably the forum suarium, Dig. 1, 12, 1, § 11.—
    (β).
    forum olitorium, the vegetable-market, south of the theatre of Marcellus, between the Tiber and the Capitoline hill;

    here stood the columna lactaria, at which infants were exposed,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Liv. 21, 63, 3; Tac. A. 2, 49; Paul. ex Fest. p. 118, 6. Here was probably the forum coquinum also, in which professional cooks offered their services in preparing special entertainments, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 1.—
    (γ).
    forum piscarium (or piscatorium), the fish-market, between the basilica Porcia and the Temple of Vesta, Varr. L. L. 5, § 146 Müll.; Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 13; Liv. 26, 27, 3; 40, 51, 5; Col. 8, 17, 15.—
    (δ).
    forum cuppedinis, the market for dainties, between the via sacra and the macellum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 186 Müll. Cf. the similar market in another town, App. M. 1, p. 113, 30 (dub. Hildebr. cupidinis).—Of places where markets were held, a market-town, market-place:

    L. Clodius, pharmacopola circumforaneus, qui properaret, cui fora multa restarent, simul atque introductus est, rem confecit,

    Cic. Clu. 14, 40:

    oppidum Numidarum, nomine Vaga, forum rerum venalium totius regni maxime celebratum,

    Sall. J. 47, 1.—Prov.: Scisti uti foro, you knew how to make your market, i. e. how to act for your advantage, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 29; v. Don. ad loc.—
    B.
    The market-place, forum, in each city, as the principal place of meeting, where public affairs were discussed, courts of justice held, money transactions carried on:

    statua ejus (Anicii) Praeneste in foro statuta,

    Liv. 23, 19, 18; hence also, transf., to denote affairs of state, administration of justice, or banking business. In Rome esp. the forum Romanum, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 66; Tac. A. 12, 24; called also forum magnum, vetus, or, oftener, absol., forum, Liv. 1, 12, 8; 9, 40, 16; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14 et saep.; a low, open artificial level, about six hundred and thirty Parisian feet long, and rather more than a hundred wide, between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, surrounded by porticos (basilicae) and the shops of money-changers (argentariae), in later times surrounded with fine buildings, and adorned with numberless statues (cf. on it Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 281 sq., and Dict. of Antiq. p. 451):

    in foro infumo boni homines atque dites ambulant,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 1, 14:

    in foro turbaque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17:

    arripere verba de foro,

    to pick them up in the street, id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    in vulgus et in foro dicere,

    id. Rep. 3, 30 (Fragm. ap. Non. 262, 24):

    cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam in foro sua manu interemisset,

    id. Rep. 2, 37:

    in forum descendere,

    id. ib. 6, 2 (Fragm. ap. Non. 501, 28):

    foro nimium distare Carinas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 48:

    fallacem Circum vespertinumque pererro Saepe forum,

    id. S. 1, 6, 114:

    forumque litibus orbum,

    id. C. 4, 2, 44:

    Hostes in foro ac locis patentioribus cuneatim constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 28, 1:

    gladiatores ad forum producti,

    id. B. C. 1, 14, 4:

    ut primum forum attigerim,

    i. e. engaged in public affairs, Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3:

    studia fori,

    Tac. Agr. 39: forum putealque Libonis Mandabo siccis, adimam cantare severis, i. e. the grave affairs of state, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8.—Of administering justice in the forum: NI PAGVNT, IN COMITIO AVT IN FORO ANTE MERIDIEM CAVSAM CONICITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20:

    ut pacem cum bello, leges cum vi, forum et juris dictionem cum ferro et armis conferatis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 54 fin.:

    quod (tempus) in judiciis ac foro datur,

    Quint. 10, 7, 20:

    nec ferrea jura Insanumque forum aut populi tabularia vidit,

    Verg. G. 2, 502:

    forum agere,

    to hold a court, hold an assize, Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4; cf. id. Fam. 3, 6, 4:

    lenta fori pugnamus harena,

    Juv. 16, 47; cf. vv. sqq.— Poet. transf.:

    indicitque forum et patribus dat jura vocatis,

    Verg. A. 5, 758:

    civitates, quae in id forum convenerant,

    to that court - district, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 38:

    extra suum forum vadimonium promittere,

    beyond his district, id. ib. 2, 3, 15, §

    38.—Prov.: egomet video rem vorti in meo foro,

    is pending in my own court, affects me nearly, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 10:

    in alieno foro litigare,

    i. e. not to know what to do, which way to turn, Mart. 12 praef. —Of the transaction of business in the forum:

    haec fides atque haec ratio pecuniarum, quae Romae, quae in foro versatur,

    Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 7, 19:

    quousque negotiabere? annos jam triginta in foro versaris,

    id. Fl. 29, 70:

    sublata erat de foro fides,

    id. Agr. 2, 3 fin.:

    nisi, etc.... nos hunc Postumum jam pridem in foro non haberemus,

    i. e. he would have been a bankrupt long ago, id. Rab. Post. 15, 41: cedere foro, to quit the market, i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. Ben. 4, 39; Dig. 16, 3, 7, § 2; Juv. 11, 50; cf. Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 16. Justice was administered in Rome not only in the forum Romanum, but also, in the times of the emperors, in the forum (Julii) Caesaris (erected by Julius Caesar, Suet. Caes. 26; Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 103; 16, 44, 86, § 236) and in the forum Augusti (erected by the Emperor Augustus, Suet. Aug. 29, and adorned with a fine ivory statue of Apollo, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 183; Ov. F. 5, 552; id. Tr. 3, 1, 27);

    called simply forum,

    Juv. 1, 128 (where Apollo is called juris peritus, in allusion to the judicial proceedings held here); hence, circumscriptiones, furta, fraudes, quibus trina non sufficiunt fora, Sen. de Ira, 2, 9, 1; so,

    quae (verba) trino juvenis foro tonabas,

    Stat. S. 4, 9, 15; and:

    erit in triplici par mihi nemo foro,

    Mart. 3, 38, 4:

    vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,

    Juv. 6, 68.—
    C.
    Nom. propr. Fŏrum, a name of many market and assize towns, nine of which, in Etruria, are named, Plin. 3, 15, 20, § 116. The most celebrated are,
    1.
    Forum Ăliēni, a town in Gallia Transpadana, now Ferrara, Tac. H. 3, 6.—
    2.
    Forum Appii, a market-town in Latium, on the Via Appia, near Tres Tavernae, now Foro Appio, Cic. Att. 2, 10; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 64; Hor. S. 1, 5, 3; Inscr. Orell. 780 al.—
    3.
    Forum Aurēlium, a small city near Rome, on the Via Aurelia, now Montalto, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24.—
    4.
    Forum Cornēlium, a town in Gallia Cispadana, now Imola, Cic. Fam. 12, 5, 2.—Hence, Forocorneliensis, e, adj.:

    ager,

    Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 120.—
    5.
    Forum Gallōrum, a town in Gallia Cispadana, between Mutina and Bononia, now Castel Franco, Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 2.—
    6.
    Forum Jūlii, a town in Gallia Narbonensis, a colony of the eighth legion, now Frejus, Mel. 2, 5, 3; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 35; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15, 3; 10, 17, 1; Tac. H. 3, 43.—Deriv.: Forojuliensis, e, adj., of or belonging to Forum Julii, Forojulian:

    colonia,

    i. e. Forum Julii, Tac. H. 2, 14; 3, 43.—In plur.: Forojulienses, inhabitants of Forum Julii, Forojulians, Tac. Agr. 4.—
    7.
    Forum Vŏcōnii, 24 miles from Forum Julii, in the Pyrenees, now, acc. to some, Le Canet; acc. to others, Luc, Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; 10, 34, 1; Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Forum Voconii

  • 20 forum

    I ī n. [одного корня с foras и foris ]
    1) арх. преддверие гробницы (« vestibulum sepulcri» C) LXIIT
    3) рыночная площадь, городской рынок (f. bovarium или boarium C, L, olitorium L, coquīnum Pl, piscarium или piscatorium Pl, L, cuppedĭnis Vr)
    4)
    а) торжище, центральная площадь, форум (центр общественной, политической, судебной и деловой жизни города)
    f. Romanum PM, T (тж. Magnum или Vetus C, L etc.) — римский форум (на вост. стороне Капитолийского и северной Палатинского холмов; в сев.-вост. его частиcomitium, место народных собраний; к нему примыкали f. Caesăris Su, PM и f. Augusti O, Su, PM, место судопроизводства)
    б) перен.
    in foro versari Cзаниматься торговыми ( или финансовыми) операциями или быть общепринятым на форуме
    f. attingere C (in foro esse coepisse Nep) — заняться государственными (преим. судебными) делами
    f. agere Cчинить суд
    in alieno foro litigare погов. M — выступать в разбирательстве чужого (и незнакомого) дела, т. е. не понимать в чём дело
    5) центральный город провинции, областной центр (civitates in idem f. convenientes C)
    II Forum, ī n.
    1) F. Alieni, город в Цизальпинской Галлии, к юго-зап. от Вероны T
    2) F. Apii, город в Латии, на via Appia C, H, PM
    3) F. Aurelium, город в Этрурии, на via Aurelia C
    4) F. Cornelii, город в Циспаданской Галлии, на via Aemilia, между Бононией и Фавенцией C
    5) F. Gallorum — там же, между Мутиной и Бононией C
    6) F. Julii ( или Julium), тж. oppidum Forojuliense, colonia Forojuliensis, город в Нарбонской Галлии, к сев.-вост. от Массилии (ныне Frejus) T

    Латинско-русский словарь > forum

Look at other dictionaries:

  • APPII Forum — Hieronym. putat ab Appio quodam Consule appellatum, a quo Via Appia dicta. Oppidum fuit longius a Roma, quam Aricia distans, quod Horat. ostendit Sermon. 1. Sat. 5. v. 1. Egressum magnâ me accepit Aricia Româ. Hospitiô modicô, Rhetor comes… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Appii Forum —    I.e., the market of Appius (Acts 28:15, R.V.), a town on the road, the Appian Way, from Rome to Brundusium. It was 43 miles from Rome. Here Paul was met by some Roman Christians on his way to the capital. It was natural that they should halt… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Forum Appii — an ancient post station on the Via Appia, 43 miles (69 km) southeast of Rome, founded, no doubt, by the original constructor of the road. Horace mentions it as the usual halt at the end of the first days journey from Rome, and describes it as… …   Wikipedia

  • FORUM Appii — Cic. Hor. Ant. Ptol. et al. urbs Latii, olim Episcop. in finibus Volscorum, apud Pontinam Paludem, inter Ariciam, et Feroniam, ac inter tres Tabernas, et Tarracinam, a qua 12. mill. pasl. recedit, Romam versus 48. prorsus excisa. Locus Cale nuove …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Forum [2] — Forum (a. Geogr.), Name vieler Flecken u.[438] römische Niederlassung (vgl. Forum 4) u. 5); die wichtigsten sind: F. Appii, Ortschaft in Latium in den Pontinischen Sümpfen an der Via Appia, von Appius Claudius bei Anlegung der Via Appia… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Forum — (lat.), bei den alten Römern ein für Marktverkehr, Gerichtsverhandlungen und Volksversammlungen bestimmter öffentlicher Platz. Man unterschied Fora civilia für öffentliche Versammlungen und Gerichtsverhandlungen und F. venalia für den… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Vía Apia — Grabado de una vista estilizada de la Via Apia en Roma, Italia Tra …   Wikipedia Español

  • Appian Way — The Appian Way (Latin and Italian: Via Appia) was the most important ancient Roman road. It is also called the the queen road . [cite news |first= |last= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Past Catches Up With the Queen of Roads… …   Wikipedia

  • Albano — • A suburban see, comprising seven towns in the Province of Rome Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Albano     Albano     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Acts 28 — 1 And when they were escaped, then they knew that the island was called Melita. 2 And the barbarous people shewed us no little kindness: for they kindled a fire, and received us every one, because of the present rain, and because of the cold. 3… …   The King James version of the Bible

  • ФОРУМ —    • Forum,     I. вообще место, на котором собирается много народа для суда и расправы или для торговли или же по какой либо другой причине; так, место возле претория в лагере, описанном Полибием (см. Castra, Кастра, 3), палатка обоих легатов… …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

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