Translation: from latin

APERI

  • 1 jam

    adv.
    multi j. anni sunt Cуже много лет
    j. dudum (j. diu, j. pridem) C etc.уже давно (с давних пор)
    j. tum Cуже тогда
    j. ut Pl, Ter (quum j. C) — как только
    j. non Cуже не или нет ещё
    2) ещё (quid est, quod j. amplius exspectes? C)
    3) вот уже, тотчас же, сейчас, немедленно (j. te premet nox H; j. faciam quod vultis H)
    apĕri, j. scies Pt (на вопрос «кто там») — открой, тогда узнаешь
    4) теперь, отныне (metuunt, ne j. haec populus Romanus concēdat C)
    5) при imper. и нетерпеливых вопросах же, ну (quid j.? Pl; j. age V)
    jamne imus? Pl — ну пойдём, что-ли?
    6)
    j. j. (que) — теперь-то, вот теперь (j. j. intellĕgo, quid dicas C); сейчас, тотчас (mihi non dubium erat, quin ille j. jamque foret in Apuliā C)
    7)
    j... j. H, VP, V, O etc. — то... то
    8) при отрицаниях уже не, больше не
    j. nequeo C etc.я больше не могу
    9) при переходе итак, далее, так вот, теперь, впрочем (venio j. ad aliam rem C)
    10) именно, как раз (nunc j. C; tum j. C)

    Латинско-русский словарь > jam

  • 2 aperio

    a-perio, peruī, pertum, īre ( aus *ap-verio, vgl. litauisch àt-veriu, ›öffne, mache auf‹, altind. apavrnōti, ›deckt auf, öffnet‹), zum Vorschein bringen, bloß-, offen machen (Ggstz. operire), I) Verdecktes, Verhülltes sichtbar machen, sehen lassen, aufdecken, entblößen, bloßlegen (Ggstz. operire, tegere, contegere), a) eig.: aperit ramum, qui veste latebat, Verg.: unda dehiscens aperit terram, läßt den Grund sehen, Verg. – Körperteile, durch Enthüllung, corporis partes quasdam, Cic.: caput (auch als Höflichkeitsbezeigung gegen höhere Magistrate), Cic. u.a.: u. caput alci (vor jmd.), Sall. fr.: u. capita aspectu magistratuum, Plin.: aperto pectore, Ov.: apertae pectora matres, die Brust entblößt, Ov. – durch Nebel, Nacht usw. Verhülltes, dispulsa sole nebula aperuit diem, Liv.: liquidior lux aperit hostem, Curt. – u. so refl. se aperire u. medial aperiri, sichtbar werden, sich sehen lassen, zum Vorschein kommen, v. Gestirnen, v. Örtl., die uns näher treten u. dgl. (Ggstz. delitescere, occultari), Cic. – b) übtr., gleichs. Verhülltes, Verborgenes, Unbekanntes an das Licht bringen, -ziehen, an den Tag geben, -bringen, offenbaren, enthüllen (dah. auch verraten), eröffnen, darlegen (Ggstz. occulere, occultare, tegere), α) m. Acc.: istaec tua flagitia, Plaut.: occulta quaedam et quasi involuta, Cic.: involutae rei notitiam definiendo, Cic.: sententiam suam, Cic.: dissidentes suos sensus, Nep.: frontes hominum (Ggstz. tegere mentes), Cic.: errorem, Liv.: causam consilii sui, Sall.: consilium suum, Sall.: coniurationem, Sall.: rem omnem, Sall.: omnia, Liv.: futura, Verg.: casus futuros, Ov.: utriusque naturam et mores, Sall.: socios sceleris, Sall.: lux deinde aperuit bellum ducemque belli, gab Aufschluß über usw., Liv.: quo pacto hoc occipiam (accipiam!), aperi, *Plaut. mil. 1025 Br. – refl. se aperire u. medial aperiri, v. Pers., sich (seine wahre Gesinnung) offenbaren u. sich (wer man ist) verraten, coacti necessario se aperiunt, zeigen sich in ihrem wahren Lichte, Ter.: tum sumus incauti studioque aperimur in ipso, Ov. – u. ap. alqm, jmd. aufspüren, nec uspiam ruris aperitur ille, Apul. met. 7, 26. – v. Lebl., exspectandum (putabant), dum se ipsa res aperiret, an den Tag käme, Nep. Paus. 3, 7. – β) m. de u. Abl.: deinceps de insinuatione aperiendum est, Cornif. rhet. 1, 9; vgl. ibid. 2, 50. – γ) m. folg. Acc. u. Infin.: se non fortunae, sed hominibus solere esse amicum, Nep. – v. Lebl., cum et concitatio remorum directaeque in se prorae hostes appropinquare aperuissent, Liv. – δ) m. folg. indirekt. Fragesatz: aperio, qui sim, Nep.; vgl. memet ipse aperio, quis sim, Liv.: aperio, quid sentiam, Nep.

    II) Verschlossenes, Besetztes sichtbar u. offen u. dah. auch zugänglich machen, öffnen, eröffnen, er schließen, aufmachen, aufbrechen (Ggstz. operire, claudere), a) eig.: α) durch Wegziehen eines Vorhangs, einer Verhüllung, Decke, ostium, fores, Ter. u.a. (u. im Bilde quā commendatione quasi amicitiae fores aperiuntur, Cic.): ianuam, Ov. (vgl. unten no. δ, αα): portam, Caes.: domum, Catull.: tabernas, Liv.: fenestram, Cels. (u. im Bilde hanc fenestram, diesen Weg einschlagen, Suet.): aerarium, Caes. (u. im Bilde nec ita claudenda est res familiaris, ut eam benignitas aperire non possit, Cic.): carceres (in der Rennbahn), Varr.: eas arcas (Särge), Liv.: sepulcrum, Curt.: patinas, Plaut.: vas, Cato: florem, v. Gewächsen, Plin.: os (Mund), Scrib.: fauces, Quint.: oculos, pupulas, Cic.: u. (sprichw.) alci oculos aperire, ut volgo dicitur, M. Caes. b. Fronto ad M. Caes. ep. 3, 18. p. 56, 13 N.: apertas aures praebe ad nomen memoriamque filii tui, Sen. ad Marc. 5, 2. – refl., se aperire, sich öffnen, aufgehen, in templo Herculis valvae clausae repagulis subito se ipsae aperuerunt, Cic.: patris sepulchrum diruptis ianuis se aperuit, Vopisc.: flos numquam se aperit nisi vento spirante, Plin. – β) durch Abnahme eines Bandes, Siegels usw. öffnen, erbrechen, fasciculum litterarum, epistulam, litteras, Cic.: testamentum, Suet. – γ) durch Hauen, Schneiden, Graben, Stechen, Brennen usw. etw. öffnen, bloßlegen, αα) in etwas eine Öffnung machen, parietem, durchbrechen, ICt.: murum ab imo ad summum crebris cubitalibus fere cavis, Liv. – bes. als mediz. t. t., sowohl v. Arzte, cutem, Cels.: cutem latius, Cels.: vulnus latius, Cels.: pustulas acu, Cels.: locum candenti ferro, Cels. – als v. Heilmitteln, omnes vomicas celerius, Scrib.: strumas, Scrib. – u. Passiv aperiri medial = sich öffnen, aufgehen, v. Geschwüren usw., donec ea suppurent et per se aperiantur, Cels.: ubi vel per se vel per medicamenta vel etiam ferro aperta est suppuratio, Cels. – ββ) eine Örtlichkeit öffnen, eröffnen = zugänglich machen, saltum caedendo, Curt.: u. bl. saltum, Liv. – δ) prägn.: αα) eröffnen, = eine Öffnung, einen Durchgang, eine Mündung usw. bilden, sowohl durch Graben, aufgraben, graben, bloßlegen, locum, Cic.: fundamenta templi, Liv.: cavernas, Ov.: viam rectam in cuniculum, Liv.: ianuam in publico, nach der Straße zu durchbrechen, ICt.: puteum, graben, ICt. – als auch durch andere Mittel, iter ferro, mit dem Schwerte einen Weg durch die Reihen der Feinde, Sall. (u. im Bilde ap. viam potentiae, Vell.). – v. Lebl., ventus aperuit incendio viam, Liv.: mare quoque novum in Pamphyliam iter aperuerat, Curt.: aperit os aliud amnis, Curt. – ββ) eröffnen = einen Ausgang, Ausfluß verschaffen, fließen machen, fontium lacus, Varr. fr.: fontes maximos, penitus absconditos, Cornif. rhet. (u. im Bilde fontes philosophiae, eloquentiae, Cic. u. Quint.): novas venas (aquarum), ICt. – u. als mediz. t. t., cataplasmatibus efficere, ut per se pus aperiatur, Cels. – b) übtr.: α) gleichs. Verschlossenes, Unzugängliches eröffnen, erschließen, zugänglich machen, αα) bisher unzugängliche Länder, Völker usw. dem Zutritt, dem Verkehr, der Eroberung usw., Pontum, Cic.: Britanniam tam diu clausam Mela; vgl. quod pace omnis Italia erat aperta, dem freien Verkehr geöffnet war, Liv.: u. ver aperit navigantibus maria, Plin. – incognitum famae orbem terrarum armis, Liv.: reges et gentes, Tac.: Asiam regi, Curt.: mors alcis aperit Syriam, die sichere Rückkehr nach S., Tac. – ββ) bisher nicht erreichbare Zustände usw., toreuticen, anbahnen, Plin.: alci pristinae vitae consuetudinem interclusam, Cic.: alci reditum ad suos, Cic. – occasionem, Liv.: occasionem ad invadendum (v. einem Umstande), Liv.: insidiantibus casum, eine Gelegenheit, eine Blöße geben, Tac.: u. ebenso locum suspicioni aut crimini, Cic. – γγ) eine gleichs. bisher verschlossene Zeit eröffnen, ap. annum, das Jahreröffnen, erschließen, poet. v. Sternbilde Stier (weil beim Eintritt der Sonne in den Stier für den Landmann das neue Jahr begann), Verg. georg. 1, 217; u. zur Kaiserzeit von denen, die zur Benennung des Jahres das Konsulat für den ersten Januar übernahmen, Plin. pan. 58, 4. Stat. silv. 4, 1, 2. – alci vacuos honoris menses, jmdm. freie Monate der Ehre eröffnen, d.i. für jmd. M. offen machen, in denen er als Konsul eintreten kann, Tac. ann. 2, 72. – β) eine Anstalt eröffnen, d.i. allgemeiner Benutzung zugänglich machen, ludum (eine Schule), Cic.: u. so ludum dicendi, Suet.: scholam, Suet.: u. locum... asylum (einen Ort als As.), Liv. – γ) eine Geldsumme jmdm. eroffnen = jmdm. zur freien Verfügung stellen, quod DCCC (800000 Sesterze) aperuisti, Cic. ad Att. 5, 1, 2. – / Archaist. Imperf. aperibat, Ven. Fort. 5, 5, 100: Fut. aperibo, Plaut. truc. 763 ( aber Pompon. com. 173 liest Ribbeck nach Fleckeisens Vermutung a peribo).

    lateinisch-deutsches > aperio

  • 3 denuo [1]

    1. dēnuō, Adv. (zsgzg. aus de novo, das so getrennt nirgends vorkommt; vgl. Oudend. Apul. met. 3, 27. p. 225. Ruhnken Ter. Andr. prol. 26), von neuem, wieder, I) = de integro, von der Wiederherstellung irgend eines vernichteten Gegenstandes, von neuem, von frischem, wieder, aedificantur aedes totae d., Plaut.: urbes terrae motu subversas d. condidit, Suet. – II) = iterum, zum andernmal, zum zweitenmal, noch einmal, wieder, d. dicere, Plaut.: d. rebellare, Liv. – III) = rursus, von dem, was irgend ein-(nicht gerade zum zweiten-)mal wiederholt wird, wieder, abermals, dah. oft bei den mit re zusammengesetzten Verben, etiam d.? schon wieder? Plaut.: recita d., lies nun wieder vor, fahre wieder fort mit Vorlesen, Cic.: d. redire, Plaut.: d. referre, Ter.: auch rursus (rursum) denuo, Plaut. u. Auct. b. Hisp. – IV) wie unser wieder (in »ich gehe wieder« u. dgl.) u. das griech. αὖ zur Bezeichnung des Eintretens einer Tätigkeit an die Stelle der entgegengesetzten od. auch nur verschiedenen gegenwärtigen, aperi...: continuo operito d., und schließe dann wieder zu, Plaut.: fiet tibi puniceum corium, postea atrum d., Plaut.: quae denuo alio membro orationis excipitur, Cornif. rhet.

    lateinisch-deutsches > denuo [1]

  • 4 pauxillulus

    pauxillulus, a, um (Demin. v. pauxillus), ganz wenig, ganz klein, winzig, fames, Plaut.: lembus, Plaut.: poculum; Plaut.: carnes, kleine Fleischklümpchen, Solin. – subst., pauxillulum, ī, n., etwas Weniges, eine Kleinigkeit, reliquum pauxillulum nummorum, der ganz kleine Rest, Ter.: animae pauxillulum, Naev. com. fr.: da quid pauxillulum, Plaut. – adv. = ein wenig, forem hanc pauxillulum aperi, Plaut. Bacch. 833 (Götz pausillulum, wie auch rud. 729). Sidon. epist. 8, 3, 3 u.a. – / In Hdschrn. u. Ausgg. auch pausillulus; vgl. Ritschl opusc. 2, 250 (dagegen Fleckeisen Epist. crit. p. XII).

    lateinisch-deutsches > pauxillulus

  • 5 strenue

    strēnuē, Adv. (strenuus), betriebsam in seinen Geschäften munter, hurtig, hoc facere (Ggstz. otiose), Plaut. u. Cornif. rhet.: mandata sibi impigre et strenue facere, Gell.: arma capere, Cic.: navigare, Cic.: abi prae strenue ac fores aperi, Ter.: quae me absente strenue ac fortiter fecisti, Liv.: ubi quid fortiter ac strenue agendum esset, Liv.: vel mori strenue quam tarde convalescere mihi melius est, Curt. – Superl., strenuissime hercle ivisti, *Plaut. Pseud. 1175 (1158) Lor.: per hos strenuissime omnia bella confecta, Veget. mil. 1, 17.

    lateinisch-deutsches > strenue

  • 6 aperio

    a-perio, peruī, pertum, īre ( aus *ap-verio, vgl. litauisch àt-veriu, ›öffne, mache auf‹, altind. apavrnōti, ›deckt auf, öffnet‹), zum Vorschein bringen, bloß-, offen machen (Ggstz. operire), I) Verdecktes, Verhülltes sichtbar machen, sehen lassen, aufdecken, entblößen, bloßlegen (Ggstz. operire, tegere, contegere), a) eig.: aperit ramum, qui veste latebat, Verg.: unda dehiscens aperit terram, läßt den Grund sehen, Verg. – Körperteile, durch Enthüllung, corporis partes quasdam, Cic.: caput (auch als Höflichkeitsbezeigung gegen höhere Magistrate), Cic. u.a.: u. caput alci (vor jmd.), Sall. fr.: u. capita aspectu magistratuum, Plin.: aperto pectore, Ov.: apertae pectora matres, die Brust entblößt, Ov. – durch Nebel, Nacht usw. Verhülltes, dispulsa sole nebula aperuit diem, Liv.: liquidior lux aperit hostem, Curt. – u. so refl. se aperire u. medial aperiri, sichtbar werden, sich sehen lassen, zum Vorschein kommen, v. Gestirnen, v. Örtl., die uns näher treten u. dgl. (Ggstz. delitescere, occultari), Cic. – b) übtr., gleichs. Verhülltes, Verborgenes, Unbekanntes an das Licht bringen, -ziehen, an den Tag geben, -bringen, offenbaren, enthüllen (dah. auch verraten), eröffnen, darlegen (Ggstz. occulere, occultare, tegere), α) m. Acc.: istaec tua flagitia, Plaut.: occulta quaedam et quasi involuta, Cic.: involutae rei notitiam definiendo, Cic.: sententiam
    ————
    suam, Cic.: dissidentes suos sensus, Nep.: frontes hominum (Ggstz. tegere mentes), Cic.: errorem, Liv.: causam consilii sui, Sall.: consilium suum, Sall.: coniurationem, Sall.: rem omnem, Sall.: omnia, Liv.: futura, Verg.: casus futuros, Ov.: utriusque naturam et mores, Sall.: socios sceleris, Sall.: lux deinde aperuit bellum ducemque belli, gab Aufschluß über usw., Liv.: quo pacto hoc occipiam (accipiam!), aperi, *Plaut. mil. 1025 Br. – refl. se aperire u. medial aperiri, v. Pers., sich (seine wahre Gesinnung) offenbaren u. sich (wer man ist) verraten, coacti necessario se aperiunt, zeigen sich in ihrem wahren Lichte, Ter.: tum sumus incauti studioque aperimur in ipso, Ov. – u. ap. alqm, jmd. aufspüren, nec uspiam ruris aperitur ille, Apul. met. 7, 26. – v. Lebl., exspectandum (putabant), dum se ipsa res aperiret, an den Tag käme, Nep. Paus. 3, 7. – β) m. de u. Abl.: deinceps de insinuatione aperiendum est, Cornif. rhet. 1, 9; vgl. ibid. 2, 50. – γ) m. folg. Acc. u. Infin.: se non fortunae, sed hominibus solere esse amicum, Nep. – v. Lebl., cum et concitatio remorum directaeque in se prorae hostes appropinquare aperuissent, Liv. – δ) m. folg. indirekt. Fragesatz: aperio, qui sim, Nep.; vgl. memet ipse aperio, quis sim, Liv.: aperio, quid sentiam, Nep.
    II) Verschlossenes, Besetztes sichtbar u. offen u. dah. auch zugänglich machen, öffnen, eröffnen, er-
    ————
    schließen, aufmachen, aufbrechen (Ggstz. operire, claudere), a) eig.: α) durch Wegziehen eines Vorhangs, einer Verhüllung, Decke, ostium, fores, Ter. u.a. (u. im Bilde quā commendatione quasi amicitiae fores aperiuntur, Cic.): ianuam, Ov. (vgl. unten no. δ, αα): portam, Caes.: domum, Catull.: tabernas, Liv.: fenestram, Cels. (u. im Bilde hanc fenestram, diesen Weg einschlagen, Suet.): aerarium, Caes. (u. im Bilde nec ita claudenda est res familiaris, ut eam benignitas aperire non possit, Cic.): carceres (in der Rennbahn), Varr.: eas arcas (Särge), Liv.: sepulcrum, Curt.: patinas, Plaut.: vas, Cato: florem, v. Gewächsen, Plin.: os (Mund), Scrib.: fauces, Quint.: oculos, pupulas, Cic.: u. (sprichw.) alci oculos aperire, ut volgo dicitur, M. Caes. b. Fronto ad M. Caes. ep. 3, 18. p. 56, 13 N.: apertas aures praebe ad nomen memoriamque filii tui, Sen. ad Marc. 5, 2. – refl., se aperire, sich öffnen, aufgehen, in templo Herculis valvae clausae repagulis subito se ipsae aperuerunt, Cic.: patris sepulchrum diruptis ianuis se aperuit, Vopisc.: flos numquam se aperit nisi vento spirante, Plin. – β) durch Abnahme eines Bandes, Siegels usw. öffnen, erbrechen, fasciculum litterarum, epistulam, litteras, Cic.: testamentum, Suet. – γ) durch Hauen, Schneiden, Graben, Stechen, Brennen usw. etw. öffnen, bloßlegen, αα) in etwas eine Öffnung machen, parietem, durchbrechen, ICt.: murum ab imo ad summum crebris cubita-
    ————
    libus fere cavis, Liv. – bes. als mediz. t. t., sowohl v. Arzte, cutem, Cels.: cutem latius, Cels.: vulnus latius, Cels.: pustulas acu, Cels.: locum candenti ferro, Cels. – als v. Heilmitteln, omnes vomicas celerius, Scrib.: strumas, Scrib. – u. Passiv aperiri medial = sich öffnen, aufgehen, v. Geschwüren usw., donec ea suppurent et per se aperiantur, Cels.: ubi vel per se vel per medicamenta vel etiam ferro aperta est suppuratio, Cels. – ββ) eine Örtlichkeit öffnen, eröffnen = zugänglich machen, saltum caedendo, Curt.: u. bl. saltum, Liv. – δ) prägn.: αα) eröffnen, = eine Öffnung, einen Durchgang, eine Mündung usw. bilden, sowohl durch Graben, aufgraben, graben, bloßlegen, locum, Cic.: fundamenta templi, Liv.: cavernas, Ov.: viam rectam in cuniculum, Liv.: ianuam in publico, nach der Straße zu durchbrechen, ICt.: puteum, graben, ICt. – als auch durch andere Mittel, iter ferro, mit dem Schwerte einen Weg durch die Reihen der Feinde, Sall. (u. im Bilde ap. viam potentiae, Vell.). – v. Lebl., ventus aperuit incendio viam, Liv.: mare quoque novum in Pamphyliam iter aperuerat, Curt.: aperit os aliud amnis, Curt. – ββ) eröffnen = einen Ausgang, Ausfluß verschaffen, fließen machen, fontium lacus, Varr. fr.: fontes maximos, penitus absconditos, Cornif. rhet. (u. im Bilde fontes philosophiae, eloquentiae, Cic. u. Quint.): novas venas (aquarum), ICt. – u. als mediz. t. t., cataplasmatibus
    ————
    efficere, ut per se pus aperiatur, Cels. – b) übtr.: α) gleichs. Verschlossenes, Unzugängliches eröffnen, erschließen, zugänglich machen, αα) bisher unzugängliche Länder, Völker usw. dem Zutritt, dem Verkehr, der Eroberung usw., Pontum, Cic.: Britanniam tam diu clausam Mela; vgl. quod pace omnis Italia erat aperta, dem freien Verkehr geöffnet war, Liv.: u. ver aperit navigantibus maria, Plin. – incognitum famae orbem terrarum armis, Liv.: reges et gentes, Tac.: Asiam regi, Curt.: mors alcis aperit Syriam, die sichere Rückkehr nach S., Tac. – ββ) bisher nicht erreichbare Zustände usw., toreuticen, anbahnen, Plin.: alci pristinae vitae consuetudinem interclusam, Cic.: alci reditum ad suos, Cic. – occasionem, Liv.: occasionem ad invadendum (v. einem Umstande), Liv.: insidiantibus casum, eine Gelegenheit, eine Blöße geben, Tac.: u. ebenso locum suspicioni aut crimini, Cic. – γγ) eine gleichs. bisher verschlossene Zeit eröffnen, ap. annum, das Jahreröffnen, erschließen, poet. v. Sternbilde Stier (weil beim Eintritt der Sonne in den Stier für den Landmann das neue Jahr begann), Verg. georg. 1, 217; u. zur Kaiserzeit von denen, die zur Benennung des Jahres das Konsulat für den ersten Januar übernahmen, Plin. pan. 58, 4. Stat. silv. 4, 1, 2. – alci vacuos honoris menses, jmdm. freie Monate der Ehre eröffnen, d.i. für jmd. M. offen machen, in denen er als Konsul
    ————
    eintreten kann, Tac. ann. 2, 72. – β) eine Anstalt eröffnen, d.i. allgemeiner Benutzung zugänglich machen, ludum (eine Schule), Cic.: u. so ludum dicendi, Suet.: scholam, Suet.: u. locum... asylum (einen Ort als As.), Liv. – γ) eine Geldsumme jmdm. eroffnen = jmdm. zur freien Verfügung stellen, quod DCCC (800000 Sesterze) aperuisti, Cic. ad Att. 5, 1, 2. – Archaist. Imperf. aperibat, Ven. Fort. 5, 5, 100: Fut. aperibo, Plaut. truc. 763 ( aber Pompon. com. 173 liest Ribbeck nach Fleckeisens Vermutung a peribo).

    Ausführliches Lateinisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch > aperio

  • 7 denuo

    1. dēnuō, Adv. (zsgzg. aus de novo, das so getrennt nirgends vorkommt; vgl. Oudend. Apul. met. 3, 27. p. 225. Ruhnken Ter. Andr. prol. 26), von neuem, wieder, I) = de integro, von der Wiederherstellung irgend eines vernichteten Gegenstandes, von neuem, von frischem, wieder, aedificantur aedes totae d., Plaut.: urbes terrae motu subversas d. condidit, Suet. – II) = iterum, zum andernmal, zum zweitenmal, noch einmal, wieder, d. dicere, Plaut.: d. rebellare, Liv. – III) = rursus, von dem, was irgend ein- (nicht gerade zum zweiten-)mal wiederholt wird, wieder, abermals, dah. oft bei den mit re zusammengesetzten Verben, etiam d.? schon wieder? Plaut.: recita d., lies nun wieder vor, fahre wieder fort mit Vorlesen, Cic.: d. redire, Plaut.: d. referre, Ter.: auch rursus (rursum) denuo, Plaut. u. Auct. b. Hisp. – IV) wie unser wieder (in »ich gehe wieder« u. dgl.) u. das griech. αὖ zur Bezeichnung des Eintretens einer Tätigkeit an die Stelle der entgegengesetzten od. auch nur verschiedenen gegenwärtigen, aperi...: continuo operito d., und schließe dann wieder zu, Plaut.: fiet tibi puniceum corium, postea atrum d., Plaut.: quae denuo alio membro orationis excipitur, Cornif. rhet.
    ————————
    2. dē-nuo, ere, abschlagen, Not. Tir. 78, 6.

    Ausführliches Lateinisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch > denuo

  • 8 pauxillulus

    pauxillulus, a, um (Demin. v. pauxillus), ganz wenig, ganz klein, winzig, fames, Plaut.: lembus, Plaut.: poculum; Plaut.: carnes, kleine Fleischklümpchen, Solin. – subst., pauxillulum, ī, n., etwas Weniges, eine Kleinigkeit, reliquum pauxillulum nummorum, der ganz kleine Rest, Ter.: animae pauxillulum, Naev. com. fr.: da quid pauxillulum, Plaut. – adv. = ein wenig, forem hanc pauxillulum aperi, Plaut. Bacch. 833 (Götz pausillulum, wie auch rud. 729). Sidon. epist. 8, 3, 3 u.a. – In Hdschrn. u. Ausgg. auch pausillulus; vgl. Ritschl opusc. 2, 250 (dagegen Fleckeisen Epist. crit. p. XII).

    Ausführliches Lateinisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch > pauxillulus

  • 9 strenue

    strēnuē, Adv. (strenuus), betriebsam in seinen Geschäften munter, hurtig, hoc facere (Ggstz. otiose), Plaut. u. Cornif. rhet.: mandata sibi impigre et strenue facere, Gell.: arma capere, Cic.: navigare, Cic.: abi prae strenue ac fores aperi, Ter.: quae me absente strenue ac fortiter fecisti, Liv.: ubi quid fortiter ac strenue agendum esset, Liv.: vel mori strenue quam tarde convalescere mihi melius est, Curt. – Superl., strenuissime hercle ivisti, *Plaut. Pseud. 1175 (1158) Lor.: per hos strenuissime omnia bella confecta, Veget. mil. 1, 17.

    Ausführliches Lateinisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch > strenue

  • 10 strēnuē

        strēnuē adv.    [strenuus], briskly, quickly, promptly, actively, strenuously: Abi prae strenue ac forīs aperi, T.: praesto fuit sane strenue: fortiter ac strenue agendum, L.

    Latin-English dictionary > strēnuē

  • 11 aperio

    ăpĕrĭo, ĕrŭi, ertum, 4, v. a. ( fut. aperibo, Plaut. Truc. 4, 2, 50; Pompon. ap. Non. p. 506, 30) [ab-pario, to get from, take away from, i.e. to uncover, like the opp. operio, from obpario, to get for, to put upon, i. e. to cover; this is the old explanation, and is received by Corssen, Ausspr. I. p. 653; II. p. 410, and by Vanicek, p. 503], to uncover, make or lay bare.
    I.
    Lit.:

    patinas,

    Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 51: apertae surae, Turp. ap. Non. p. 236, 16:

    apertis lateribus,

    Sisenn. ib. p. 236, 26:

    capite aperto esse,

    Varr. ib. p. 236, 25;

    p. 236, 28: ut corporis partes quaedam aperiantur,

    Cic. Off. 1, 35, 129:

    caput aperuit,

    id. Phil. 2, 31; Sall. H. Fragm. ap. Non. p. 236, 20:

    capita,

    Plin. 28, 6, 17, § 60:

    aperto pectore,

    Ov. M. 2, 339; and poet. transf. to the person:

    apertae pectora matres,

    id. ib. 13, 688:

    ramum,

    Verg. A. 6, 406 al. — Trop., to make visible, to show, reveal, Liv. 22, 6:

    dispulsā nebulā diem aperuit,

    id. 26, 17 (cf. just before:

    densa nebula campos circa intexit): dies faciem victoriae,

    Tac. Agr. 38:

    lux aperuit bellum ducemque belli,

    Liv. 3, 15:

    novam aciem dies aperuit,

    Tac. H. 4, 29:

    his unda dehiscens Terram aperit,

    opens to view, Verg. A. 1, 107.—From the intermediate idea of making visible,
    II.
    Metaph.
    A.
    1.. To unclose, open: aperto ex ostio Alti Acheruntis, Poët. ap. Cic. Tusc. 1, 16, 37:

    aperite aliquis ostium,

    Ter. Ad. 4, 4, 26; so id. Heaut. 2, 3, 35:

    forem aperi,

    id. Ad. 2, 1, 13:

    fores,

    id. Eun. 2, 2, 52; Ov. M. 10, 457; Suet. Aug. 82:

    januas carceris,

    Vulg. Act. 5, 19:

    fenestram,

    ib. Gen. 8, 6:

    liquidas vias,

    to open the liquid way, Lucr. 1, 373; so Verg. A. 11, 884:

    sucum venis fundere apertis,

    to pour out moisture from its open veins, Lucr. 5, 812:

    saccum,

    Vulg. Gen. 42, 27:

    os,

    ib. ib. 22, 28:

    labia, ib. Job, 11, 5: oculos,

    ib. Act. 9, 8:

    accepi fasciculum, in quo erat epistula Piliae: abstuli, aperui, legi,

    Cic. Att. 5, 11 fin.; so id. ib. 1, 13;

    6, 3: aperire librum,

    Vulg. Apoc. 5, 5; 20, 12:

    testamentum,

    Plin. 7, 52, 53, § 177 (cf.:

    testamentum resignare,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 9); Suet. Caes. 83; id. Aug. 17:

    sigillum aperire,

    to break, Vulg. Apoc. 6, 3 al.:

    ferro iter aperiundum est,

    Sall. C. 58, 7:

    locum... asylum,

    to make it an asylum, Liv. 1, 8:

    subterraneos specus,

    Tac. G. 16:

    navigantibus maria,

    Plin. 2, 47, 47, § 122:

    arbor florem aperit,

    id. 12, 11, 23, § 40 et saep.: aperire parietem, to open a wall, in order to put a door or window in it, Dig. 8, 2, 40: alicui oculos aperire, to give sight to (after the Heb.), Vulg. Joan. 9, 10; 9, 14 al.; so,

    aures aperire,

    to restore hearing to, ib. Marc. 7, 35.—
    2.
    Trop.:

    nec ita claudenda est res familiaris, ut eam benignitas aperire non possit,

    Cic. Off. 2, 15, 54: amicitiae fores. id. Fam. 13, 10:

    multus apertus cursus ad laudem,

    id. Phil. 14, 6 fin.:

    tibi virtus tua reditum ad tuos aperuit,

    id. Fam. 6, 11:

    philosophiae fontes,

    id. Tusc. 1, 3, 6; id. Mil. 31, 85 et saep.: alicujus oculos aperire, to open one's eyes, make him discern (after the Heb.), Vulg. Gen. 3, 5; 3, 7; ib. Act. 26, 18; so,

    alicujus cor aperire,

    ib. ib. 16, 14: ventus [p. 136] incendio viam aperuit, Liv. 6, 2:

    occasionem ad invadendum,

    id. 4, 53; so id. 9, 27: si hanc fenestram aperueritis (i.e. if you enter upon the way of complaint), nihil aliud agi sinetis, Suet. Tib. 28 (cf. Ter. Heaut. 3, 1, 72:

    Quantam fenestram ad nequitiem patefeceris!): quia aperuisset gentibus ostium fidei,

    Vulg. Act. 14, 27; ib. Col. 4, 3.— So of the new year, to open it, i.e. begin:

    annum,

    Verg. G. 1, 217:

    contigit ergo privatis aperire annum (since the consul entered upon his office the first of January),

    Plin. Pan. 58, 4 Gierig and Schaef.—So also of a school, to establish, set up, begin, or open it:

    Dionysius tyrannus Corinthi dicitur ludum aperuisse,

    Cic. Fam. 9, 18; so Suet. Gram. 16; id. Rhet. 4.— Poet.:

    fuste aperire caput,

    i.e. to cleave, split the head, Juv. 9, 98.—
    B.
    Aperire locum (populum, gentes, etc.), to lay open a place, people, etc., i.e. to open an entrance to, render accessible (cf. patefacio);

    most freq. in the histt., esp. in Tacitus: qui aperuerint armis orbem terrarum,

    Liv. 42, 52; 42, 4:

    Syriam,

    Tac. A. 2, 70:

    omnes terras fortibus viris natura aperuit,

    id. H. 4, 64:

    novas gentes,

    id. Agr. 22:

    gentes ac reges,

    id. G. 1:

    Britanniam tamdiu clausam aperit,

    Mel. 3, 6, 4; Luc. 1, 465 Cort.:

    Eoas,

    id. 4, 352:

    pelagus,

    Val. Fl. 1, 169.—
    C.
    Transf. to mental objects, to disclose something unknown, to unveil, reveal, make known, unfold, to prove, demonstrate; or gen. to explain, recount, etc.:

    occulta quaedam et quasi involuta aperiri,

    Cic. Fin. 1, 9, 30:

    explicanda est saepe verbis mens nostra de quāque re atque involutae rei notitia definiendo aperienda est,

    id. Or. 33, 116:

    alicui scripturas aperire,

    Vulg. Luc. 24, 32:

    tua probra aperibo omnia,

    Plaut. Truc. 4, 2, 50: ne exspectetis argumentum fabulae;

    hi partem aperient,

    Ter. Ad. prol. 23:

    non quo aperiret sententiam suam, sed etc.,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 18, 84:

    eo praesente conjurationem aperit,

    Sall. C. 40, 6:

    naturam et mores,

    id. ib. 53 fin.; so id. ib. 45, 1; 47, 1; id. J. 33, 4:

    lux fugam hostium aperuit,

    Liv. 27, 2:

    aperiri error poterat,

    id. 26, 10:

    casus aperire futuros,

    to disclose the future, Ov. M. 15, 559:

    futura aperit,

    Tac. H. 2, 4.—So also, se aperire or aperiri, to reveal one's true disposition, character:

    tum coacti necessario se aperiunt,

    show themselves in their true light, Ter. And. 4, 1, 8:

    studio aperimur in ipso,

    Ov. A. A. 3, 371:

    exspectandum, dum se ipsa res aperiret,

    Nep. Paus. 3, 7; Quint. prooem. § 3.—Sometimes constr. with acc. and inf., a rel.-clause, or de:

    cum jam directae in se prorae hostes appropinquare aperuissent,

    Liv. 44, 28:

    domino navis, quis sit, aperit,

    Nep. Them. 8, 6; so id. Eum. 13, 3: de clementiā, Auct. ad Her. 2, 31.—In a gen. sense (freq. in epistt.) in Cic. Att. 5, 1, 2: de Oppio factum est, ut volui, et maxime, quod DCCC. aperuisti, you promised, i.e. that it should be paid to him (= ostendisti te daturum, Manut.); cf.

    the more definite expression: de Oppio bene curāsti, quod ei DCCC. exposuisti,

    id. ib. 5, 4, 3.—Hence, ăpertus, a, um, P. a.; pr., opened; hence, open, free.
    A.
    Lit.
    1.
    Without covering, open, uncovered (opp. tectus):

    naves apertae,

    without deck, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 40; Liv. 31, 22 fin.; cf. id. 32, 21, 14: centum tectae naves et quinquaginta leviores apertae, et saep.; v. navis.—Also, without covering or defence, unprotected, exposed:

    locus,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 84.— Poet., of the sky, clear, cloudless:

    caelo invectus aperto,

    Verg. A. 1, 155:

    aether,

    id. ib. 1, 587:

    aperta serena prospicere,

    id. G. 1, 393.—
    2.
    Unclosed, open, not shut (opp. clausus):

    Janua cum per se transpectum praebet apertum,

    since this affords an open view through it, Lucr. 4, 272:

    oculi,

    id. 4, 339:

    oculorum lumine aperto,

    id. 4, 1139 et saep.:

    nihil tam clausum, neque tam reconditum, quod non istius cupiditati apertissimum promptissimumque esset,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 20:

    caelum patens atque apertum,

    id. Div. 1, 1 (diff. from 1.); so Ov. M. 6, 693:

    vidit caelos apertos,

    Vulg. Marc. 1, 10:

    apertus et propatulus locus,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 49:

    iter,

    Liv. 31, 2:

    apertior aditus ad moenia,

    id. 9, 28:

    campi,

    id. 38, 3:

    per apertum limitem (viae),

    Tac. H. 3, 21; Ov. M. 1, 285:

    fenestrae,

    Vulg. Dan. 6, 10:

    ostia,

    ib. ib. 13, 39:

    aequor,

    Ov. M. 4, 527; so id. ib. 8, 165; 11, 555 et saep. — Poet., of a battle: nec aperti copia Martis Ulla fuit, an action in the open field, Ov. M. 13, 208.—Very freq. ăpertum, subst., that which is open, free; an open, clear space:

    in aperto,

    Lucr. 3, 604:

    per apertum fugientes,

    Hor. C, 3, 12, 10:

    impetum ex aperto facerent,

    Liv. 35, 5:

    castra in aperto posita,

    id. 1, 33; so id. 22, 4:

    volantem in aperto,

    Plin. 10, 8, 9, § 22:

    in aperta prodeunt,

    id. 8, 32, 50, § 117:

    disjecit naves in aperta Oceani,

    Tac. A. 2, 23.—
    B.
    Trop.
    1.
    a.. Opp. to that which is concealed, covered, dark, open, clear, plain, evident, manifest, unobstructed:

    nam nihil aegrius est quam res secernere apertas ab dubiis,

    nothing is, indeed, more difficult than to separate things that are evident from those that are doubtful, Lucr. 4, 467; so id. 4, 596; 1, 915; 5, 1062:

    cum illum ex occultis insidiis in apertum latrocinium conjecimus,

    Cic. Cat. 2, 1:

    simultates partim obscurae, partim apertae,

    id. Manil. 24:

    quid enim potest esse tam apertum tamque perspicuum?

    id. N. D. 2, 2, 4:

    quid rem apertam suspectam facimus?

    Liv. 41, 24:

    non furtim, sed vi aperta,

    id. 25, 24:

    apertus animi motus,

    Quint. 10, 3, 21:

    invidia in occulto, adulatio in aperto,

    Tac. H. 4, 4 et saep.—So, in rhet., of clear, intelligible discourse:

    multo apertius ad intellegendum est, si, etc.... apertam enim narrationem tam esse oportet quam, etc.,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 80, 328; cf. id. Inv. 1, 20.—Hence,
    b.
    Esp. as subst.: in aperto esse,
    (α).
    To be clear, evident, well known, notorious, en tôi phanerôi einai:

    ad cognoscendum omnia illustria magis magisque in aperto,

    Sall. J. 5, 3.—
    (β).
    To be easily practicable, easy, facile (the figure taken from an open field or space):

    agere memoratu digna pronum magisque in aperto erat,

    there was a greater inclination and a more open way to, Tac. Agr. 1:

    hostes aggredi in aperto foret,

    id. H. 3, 56:

    vota virtusque in aperto omniaque prona victoribus,

    id. Agr. 33.—
    2.
    Of character, without dissimulation, open, frank, candid:

    animus apertus et simplex,

    Cic. Fam. 1, 9; id. Off. 3, 13, 57:

    pectus,

    id. Lael. 26, 97. —Hence, ironically: ut semper fuit apertissimus, as he has always been very open, frank (for impudent, shameless), Cic. Mur. 35.—Hence, ăpertē, adv., openly, clearly, plainly.
    I.
    In gen.:

    tam aperte irridens,

    Ter. Phorm. 5, 8, 62:

    ab illo aperte tecte quicquid est datum, libenter accepi,

    Cic. Att. 1, 14, 4; id. Or. 12, 38; id. Am. 18, 67:

    cum Fidenae aperte descissent,

    Liv. 1, 27:

    aperte quod venale habet ostendit,

    Hor. S. 1, 2, 83:

    aperte revelari,

    Vulg. 1 Reg. 2, 27:

    non jam secretis colloquiis, sed aperte fremere,

    Tac. A. 11, 28:

    aperte adulari,

    Cic. Am. 26, 99:

    aperte mentiri,

    id. Ac. 2, 6, 18:

    aperte pugnare, id. ap. Aquil. Rom. 10: aperte immundus est,

    Vulg. Lev. 13, 26.— Comp.:

    cum ipsum dolorem hic tulit paulo apertius,

    Cic. Planc. 34; id. Att. 16, 3, 5; Curt. 6, 1, 11:

    ab his proconsuli venenum inter epulas datum est apertius quam ut fallerent,

    Tac. A. 13, 1.— Sup.:

    hinc empta apertissime praetura,

    Cic. Verr. 1, 100:

    equite Romano per te apertissime interfecto,

    id. Har. Resp. 30:

    largiri,

    id. ib. 56:

    praedari,

    id. Verr. 1, 130.—
    II.
    Esp. of what is set forth in words or writing, plainly, clearly, freely, without reserve:

    nempe ergo aperte vis quae restant me loqui?

    Ter. And. 1, 2, 24; id. Phorm. 4, 3, 49:

    aperte indicat (lex) posse rationem habere non praesentis,

    Cic. ad Brut. 1, 5, 3:

    Non tu istuc mihi dictura aperte es, quicquid est?

    Ter. Eun. 5, 1, 3:

    narrare,

    id. Heaut. 4, 3, 24:

    scribere,

    Cic. Fam. 5, 7, 3; Quint. 1, 5, 43.— Comp.:

    Planius atque apertius dicam,

    Cic. Rosc. Com. 14, 43:

    distinguere,

    Quint. 3, 6, 45.— Sup.:

    istius injurias quam apertissime vobis planissimeque explicare,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 64, 156:

    aliquid apertissime ostendere,

    Quint. 5, 12, 11.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > aperio

  • 12 aperte

    ăpĕrĭo, ĕrŭi, ertum, 4, v. a. ( fut. aperibo, Plaut. Truc. 4, 2, 50; Pompon. ap. Non. p. 506, 30) [ab-pario, to get from, take away from, i.e. to uncover, like the opp. operio, from obpario, to get for, to put upon, i. e. to cover; this is the old explanation, and is received by Corssen, Ausspr. I. p. 653; II. p. 410, and by Vanicek, p. 503], to uncover, make or lay bare.
    I.
    Lit.:

    patinas,

    Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 51: apertae surae, Turp. ap. Non. p. 236, 16:

    apertis lateribus,

    Sisenn. ib. p. 236, 26:

    capite aperto esse,

    Varr. ib. p. 236, 25;

    p. 236, 28: ut corporis partes quaedam aperiantur,

    Cic. Off. 1, 35, 129:

    caput aperuit,

    id. Phil. 2, 31; Sall. H. Fragm. ap. Non. p. 236, 20:

    capita,

    Plin. 28, 6, 17, § 60:

    aperto pectore,

    Ov. M. 2, 339; and poet. transf. to the person:

    apertae pectora matres,

    id. ib. 13, 688:

    ramum,

    Verg. A. 6, 406 al. — Trop., to make visible, to show, reveal, Liv. 22, 6:

    dispulsā nebulā diem aperuit,

    id. 26, 17 (cf. just before:

    densa nebula campos circa intexit): dies faciem victoriae,

    Tac. Agr. 38:

    lux aperuit bellum ducemque belli,

    Liv. 3, 15:

    novam aciem dies aperuit,

    Tac. H. 4, 29:

    his unda dehiscens Terram aperit,

    opens to view, Verg. A. 1, 107.—From the intermediate idea of making visible,
    II.
    Metaph.
    A.
    1.. To unclose, open: aperto ex ostio Alti Acheruntis, Poët. ap. Cic. Tusc. 1, 16, 37:

    aperite aliquis ostium,

    Ter. Ad. 4, 4, 26; so id. Heaut. 2, 3, 35:

    forem aperi,

    id. Ad. 2, 1, 13:

    fores,

    id. Eun. 2, 2, 52; Ov. M. 10, 457; Suet. Aug. 82:

    januas carceris,

    Vulg. Act. 5, 19:

    fenestram,

    ib. Gen. 8, 6:

    liquidas vias,

    to open the liquid way, Lucr. 1, 373; so Verg. A. 11, 884:

    sucum venis fundere apertis,

    to pour out moisture from its open veins, Lucr. 5, 812:

    saccum,

    Vulg. Gen. 42, 27:

    os,

    ib. ib. 22, 28:

    labia, ib. Job, 11, 5: oculos,

    ib. Act. 9, 8:

    accepi fasciculum, in quo erat epistula Piliae: abstuli, aperui, legi,

    Cic. Att. 5, 11 fin.; so id. ib. 1, 13;

    6, 3: aperire librum,

    Vulg. Apoc. 5, 5; 20, 12:

    testamentum,

    Plin. 7, 52, 53, § 177 (cf.:

    testamentum resignare,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 9); Suet. Caes. 83; id. Aug. 17:

    sigillum aperire,

    to break, Vulg. Apoc. 6, 3 al.:

    ferro iter aperiundum est,

    Sall. C. 58, 7:

    locum... asylum,

    to make it an asylum, Liv. 1, 8:

    subterraneos specus,

    Tac. G. 16:

    navigantibus maria,

    Plin. 2, 47, 47, § 122:

    arbor florem aperit,

    id. 12, 11, 23, § 40 et saep.: aperire parietem, to open a wall, in order to put a door or window in it, Dig. 8, 2, 40: alicui oculos aperire, to give sight to (after the Heb.), Vulg. Joan. 9, 10; 9, 14 al.; so,

    aures aperire,

    to restore hearing to, ib. Marc. 7, 35.—
    2.
    Trop.:

    nec ita claudenda est res familiaris, ut eam benignitas aperire non possit,

    Cic. Off. 2, 15, 54: amicitiae fores. id. Fam. 13, 10:

    multus apertus cursus ad laudem,

    id. Phil. 14, 6 fin.:

    tibi virtus tua reditum ad tuos aperuit,

    id. Fam. 6, 11:

    philosophiae fontes,

    id. Tusc. 1, 3, 6; id. Mil. 31, 85 et saep.: alicujus oculos aperire, to open one's eyes, make him discern (after the Heb.), Vulg. Gen. 3, 5; 3, 7; ib. Act. 26, 18; so,

    alicujus cor aperire,

    ib. ib. 16, 14: ventus [p. 136] incendio viam aperuit, Liv. 6, 2:

    occasionem ad invadendum,

    id. 4, 53; so id. 9, 27: si hanc fenestram aperueritis (i.e. if you enter upon the way of complaint), nihil aliud agi sinetis, Suet. Tib. 28 (cf. Ter. Heaut. 3, 1, 72:

    Quantam fenestram ad nequitiem patefeceris!): quia aperuisset gentibus ostium fidei,

    Vulg. Act. 14, 27; ib. Col. 4, 3.— So of the new year, to open it, i.e. begin:

    annum,

    Verg. G. 1, 217:

    contigit ergo privatis aperire annum (since the consul entered upon his office the first of January),

    Plin. Pan. 58, 4 Gierig and Schaef.—So also of a school, to establish, set up, begin, or open it:

    Dionysius tyrannus Corinthi dicitur ludum aperuisse,

    Cic. Fam. 9, 18; so Suet. Gram. 16; id. Rhet. 4.— Poet.:

    fuste aperire caput,

    i.e. to cleave, split the head, Juv. 9, 98.—
    B.
    Aperire locum (populum, gentes, etc.), to lay open a place, people, etc., i.e. to open an entrance to, render accessible (cf. patefacio);

    most freq. in the histt., esp. in Tacitus: qui aperuerint armis orbem terrarum,

    Liv. 42, 52; 42, 4:

    Syriam,

    Tac. A. 2, 70:

    omnes terras fortibus viris natura aperuit,

    id. H. 4, 64:

    novas gentes,

    id. Agr. 22:

    gentes ac reges,

    id. G. 1:

    Britanniam tamdiu clausam aperit,

    Mel. 3, 6, 4; Luc. 1, 465 Cort.:

    Eoas,

    id. 4, 352:

    pelagus,

    Val. Fl. 1, 169.—
    C.
    Transf. to mental objects, to disclose something unknown, to unveil, reveal, make known, unfold, to prove, demonstrate; or gen. to explain, recount, etc.:

    occulta quaedam et quasi involuta aperiri,

    Cic. Fin. 1, 9, 30:

    explicanda est saepe verbis mens nostra de quāque re atque involutae rei notitia definiendo aperienda est,

    id. Or. 33, 116:

    alicui scripturas aperire,

    Vulg. Luc. 24, 32:

    tua probra aperibo omnia,

    Plaut. Truc. 4, 2, 50: ne exspectetis argumentum fabulae;

    hi partem aperient,

    Ter. Ad. prol. 23:

    non quo aperiret sententiam suam, sed etc.,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 18, 84:

    eo praesente conjurationem aperit,

    Sall. C. 40, 6:

    naturam et mores,

    id. ib. 53 fin.; so id. ib. 45, 1; 47, 1; id. J. 33, 4:

    lux fugam hostium aperuit,

    Liv. 27, 2:

    aperiri error poterat,

    id. 26, 10:

    casus aperire futuros,

    to disclose the future, Ov. M. 15, 559:

    futura aperit,

    Tac. H. 2, 4.—So also, se aperire or aperiri, to reveal one's true disposition, character:

    tum coacti necessario se aperiunt,

    show themselves in their true light, Ter. And. 4, 1, 8:

    studio aperimur in ipso,

    Ov. A. A. 3, 371:

    exspectandum, dum se ipsa res aperiret,

    Nep. Paus. 3, 7; Quint. prooem. § 3.—Sometimes constr. with acc. and inf., a rel.-clause, or de:

    cum jam directae in se prorae hostes appropinquare aperuissent,

    Liv. 44, 28:

    domino navis, quis sit, aperit,

    Nep. Them. 8, 6; so id. Eum. 13, 3: de clementiā, Auct. ad Her. 2, 31.—In a gen. sense (freq. in epistt.) in Cic. Att. 5, 1, 2: de Oppio factum est, ut volui, et maxime, quod DCCC. aperuisti, you promised, i.e. that it should be paid to him (= ostendisti te daturum, Manut.); cf.

    the more definite expression: de Oppio bene curāsti, quod ei DCCC. exposuisti,

    id. ib. 5, 4, 3.—Hence, ăpertus, a, um, P. a.; pr., opened; hence, open, free.
    A.
    Lit.
    1.
    Without covering, open, uncovered (opp. tectus):

    naves apertae,

    without deck, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 40; Liv. 31, 22 fin.; cf. id. 32, 21, 14: centum tectae naves et quinquaginta leviores apertae, et saep.; v. navis.—Also, without covering or defence, unprotected, exposed:

    locus,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 84.— Poet., of the sky, clear, cloudless:

    caelo invectus aperto,

    Verg. A. 1, 155:

    aether,

    id. ib. 1, 587:

    aperta serena prospicere,

    id. G. 1, 393.—
    2.
    Unclosed, open, not shut (opp. clausus):

    Janua cum per se transpectum praebet apertum,

    since this affords an open view through it, Lucr. 4, 272:

    oculi,

    id. 4, 339:

    oculorum lumine aperto,

    id. 4, 1139 et saep.:

    nihil tam clausum, neque tam reconditum, quod non istius cupiditati apertissimum promptissimumque esset,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 20:

    caelum patens atque apertum,

    id. Div. 1, 1 (diff. from 1.); so Ov. M. 6, 693:

    vidit caelos apertos,

    Vulg. Marc. 1, 10:

    apertus et propatulus locus,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 49:

    iter,

    Liv. 31, 2:

    apertior aditus ad moenia,

    id. 9, 28:

    campi,

    id. 38, 3:

    per apertum limitem (viae),

    Tac. H. 3, 21; Ov. M. 1, 285:

    fenestrae,

    Vulg. Dan. 6, 10:

    ostia,

    ib. ib. 13, 39:

    aequor,

    Ov. M. 4, 527; so id. ib. 8, 165; 11, 555 et saep. — Poet., of a battle: nec aperti copia Martis Ulla fuit, an action in the open field, Ov. M. 13, 208.—Very freq. ăpertum, subst., that which is open, free; an open, clear space:

    in aperto,

    Lucr. 3, 604:

    per apertum fugientes,

    Hor. C, 3, 12, 10:

    impetum ex aperto facerent,

    Liv. 35, 5:

    castra in aperto posita,

    id. 1, 33; so id. 22, 4:

    volantem in aperto,

    Plin. 10, 8, 9, § 22:

    in aperta prodeunt,

    id. 8, 32, 50, § 117:

    disjecit naves in aperta Oceani,

    Tac. A. 2, 23.—
    B.
    Trop.
    1.
    a.. Opp. to that which is concealed, covered, dark, open, clear, plain, evident, manifest, unobstructed:

    nam nihil aegrius est quam res secernere apertas ab dubiis,

    nothing is, indeed, more difficult than to separate things that are evident from those that are doubtful, Lucr. 4, 467; so id. 4, 596; 1, 915; 5, 1062:

    cum illum ex occultis insidiis in apertum latrocinium conjecimus,

    Cic. Cat. 2, 1:

    simultates partim obscurae, partim apertae,

    id. Manil. 24:

    quid enim potest esse tam apertum tamque perspicuum?

    id. N. D. 2, 2, 4:

    quid rem apertam suspectam facimus?

    Liv. 41, 24:

    non furtim, sed vi aperta,

    id. 25, 24:

    apertus animi motus,

    Quint. 10, 3, 21:

    invidia in occulto, adulatio in aperto,

    Tac. H. 4, 4 et saep.—So, in rhet., of clear, intelligible discourse:

    multo apertius ad intellegendum est, si, etc.... apertam enim narrationem tam esse oportet quam, etc.,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 80, 328; cf. id. Inv. 1, 20.—Hence,
    b.
    Esp. as subst.: in aperto esse,
    (α).
    To be clear, evident, well known, notorious, en tôi phanerôi einai:

    ad cognoscendum omnia illustria magis magisque in aperto,

    Sall. J. 5, 3.—
    (β).
    To be easily practicable, easy, facile (the figure taken from an open field or space):

    agere memoratu digna pronum magisque in aperto erat,

    there was a greater inclination and a more open way to, Tac. Agr. 1:

    hostes aggredi in aperto foret,

    id. H. 3, 56:

    vota virtusque in aperto omniaque prona victoribus,

    id. Agr. 33.—
    2.
    Of character, without dissimulation, open, frank, candid:

    animus apertus et simplex,

    Cic. Fam. 1, 9; id. Off. 3, 13, 57:

    pectus,

    id. Lael. 26, 97. —Hence, ironically: ut semper fuit apertissimus, as he has always been very open, frank (for impudent, shameless), Cic. Mur. 35.—Hence, ăpertē, adv., openly, clearly, plainly.
    I.
    In gen.:

    tam aperte irridens,

    Ter. Phorm. 5, 8, 62:

    ab illo aperte tecte quicquid est datum, libenter accepi,

    Cic. Att. 1, 14, 4; id. Or. 12, 38; id. Am. 18, 67:

    cum Fidenae aperte descissent,

    Liv. 1, 27:

    aperte quod venale habet ostendit,

    Hor. S. 1, 2, 83:

    aperte revelari,

    Vulg. 1 Reg. 2, 27:

    non jam secretis colloquiis, sed aperte fremere,

    Tac. A. 11, 28:

    aperte adulari,

    Cic. Am. 26, 99:

    aperte mentiri,

    id. Ac. 2, 6, 18:

    aperte pugnare, id. ap. Aquil. Rom. 10: aperte immundus est,

    Vulg. Lev. 13, 26.— Comp.:

    cum ipsum dolorem hic tulit paulo apertius,

    Cic. Planc. 34; id. Att. 16, 3, 5; Curt. 6, 1, 11:

    ab his proconsuli venenum inter epulas datum est apertius quam ut fallerent,

    Tac. A. 13, 1.— Sup.:

    hinc empta apertissime praetura,

    Cic. Verr. 1, 100:

    equite Romano per te apertissime interfecto,

    id. Har. Resp. 30:

    largiri,

    id. ib. 56:

    praedari,

    id. Verr. 1, 130.—
    II.
    Esp. of what is set forth in words or writing, plainly, clearly, freely, without reserve:

    nempe ergo aperte vis quae restant me loqui?

    Ter. And. 1, 2, 24; id. Phorm. 4, 3, 49:

    aperte indicat (lex) posse rationem habere non praesentis,

    Cic. ad Brut. 1, 5, 3:

    Non tu istuc mihi dictura aperte es, quicquid est?

    Ter. Eun. 5, 1, 3:

    narrare,

    id. Heaut. 4, 3, 24:

    scribere,

    Cic. Fam. 5, 7, 3; Quint. 1, 5, 43.— Comp.:

    Planius atque apertius dicam,

    Cic. Rosc. Com. 14, 43:

    distinguere,

    Quint. 3, 6, 45.— Sup.:

    istius injurias quam apertissime vobis planissimeque explicare,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 64, 156:

    aliquid apertissime ostendere,

    Quint. 5, 12, 11.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > aperte

  • 13 denuo

    dēnŭō, adv. [contr. from dē nŏvo, which never occurs; v. Ruhnk. Ter. And. prol. 26; Oud. App. M. 3, p. 225.; cf.: Fr. de nouveau ], anew, afresh, again (most freq. in Plaut. and Ter.; elsewh. rare; not in Caes. or the Aug. poets—for syn. cf.: iterum, rursus, ab integro).
    I.
    Of the restoration of a thing which has been destroyed, = de integro, anew, afresh, ek kainês:

    aedificantur aedes totae denuo,

    Plaut. Most. 1, 2, 36; cf.:

    urbes terrae motu subversas denuo condidit,

    Suet. Aug. 47:

    oportet vos nasci denuo,

    Vulg. Joan. 3, 7. —
    II.
    For iterum, a second time, once more, again:

    si parum intellexti, dicam denuo,

    Plaut. Rud. 4, 4, 59; cf. id. Mil. 3, 3, 3; id. Most. 1, 3, 66:

    jam ego tibi Persam adducam denuo,

    id. Pers. 5, 2, 47:

    in Etruria rebellante denuo,

    Liv. 10, 31:

    denuo in voluntarium exsilium proficiscitur,

    Just. 5, 5 fin.
    III.
    For rursus, of any thing that is repeated (not precisely a second time), once more, again; hence often with verbs compounded with re:

    ecce Apollo denuo, etc.,

    Plaut. Men. 5, 2, 115: So. Amphitruonis ego sum servus Sosia. Me. Etiam denuo? what, again? id. Amph. 1, 1, 238; 1, 1, 139; Ter. Eun. 5, 2, 60:

    Sicilia censa denuo est,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 56:

    recita denuo,

    id. ib. 2, 1, 14.—Pleonast. with redire, Plaut. Capt. 2, 3, 51; cf. id. Truc. 2, 4, 42;

    with redauspicari,

    id. ib. 3, 5, 109;

    with respondere,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 4, 24;

    with referre, id. Hec. prol. alt. 30. And sometimes with rursus (rursum),

    Plaut. Cas. prol. 33; id. Poen. prol. 79. —
    IV.
    Like our again (in, I am going back again), Gr. au, where an action is reversed (mostly colloquial):

    aperi... continuo operito denuo,

    and then cover it up again, Plaut. Trin. 3, 3, 76; cf. id. Merc. 5, 2, 14; Ter. Heaut. 4, 6, 4:

    et nunc quid exspectat, Syre? an dum hinc denuo abeat, etc.,

    id. ib. 3, 2, 32:

    fiet tibi puniceum corium postea atrum denuo,

    and then again back, Plaut. Rud. 4, 3, 61:

    chlamydem sumam denuo,

    id. Merc. 5, 2, 79; Auct. Her. 4, 19, 26; cf. Hand Turs. II. p. 278-280.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > denuo

  • 14 jam

    jam, adv. [for diam, collat. form of diem, cf. pri-dem, du-dum, Corss. Ausspr. I. p. 213; II. p. 850; but acc. to Curt. Gr. Etym. 398, 620; locat. form from pronom. stem ja].
    I.
    Of time, denoting a point or moment of time as coinciding with that of the action, etc., described.
    A.
    Of present time.
    1.
    As opp. to past or future, at this time, now, just now, at present, i. e. while I speak or write this.
    a.
    Jam alone:

    jamne autem, ut soles, deludis?

    Plaut. Aul. 5, 11:

    jam satis credis sobrium esse me,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 4, 36:

    saltus reficit jam roscida luna,

    Verg. G. 3, 337:

    jam tenebris et sole cadente,

    id. ib. 3, 401:

    jamque dies, ni fallor, adest,

    id. A. 5, 49:

    jam advesperascit,

    Ter. And. 3, 4, 2:

    reddere qui voces jam scit puer,

    Hor. A. P. 158: stabat modo consularis, modo septemvir epulonum;

    jam neutrum,

    Plin. Ep. 2, 11, 12:

    jam melior, jam, diva, precor,

    Verg. A. 12, 179:

    Hem, scio jam quod vis dicere,

    Plaut. Mil. 1, 1, 36:

    in ea (consuetudine) quaedam sunt jura ipsa jam certa propter vetustatem,

    Cic. Inv. 2, 22, 67:

    jam tempus agi,

    Verg. A. 5, 638:

    surgere jam tempus,

    Cat. 62, 3.—
    b.
    Strengthened.
    (α).
    By repetition: jam jam, jam jamque (nearly = nunc), at this very time, precisely now:

    jam jam intellego, Crasse, quod dicas,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 24, 90:

    jam jam minime miror te otium perturbare,

    id. Phil. 2, 34, 87:

    jam jam dolet quod egi, jam jamque paenitet,

    Cat. 63, 73:

    jam jam linquo acies,

    Verg. A. 12, 875:

    jam jamque video bellum,

    Cic. Att. 16, 9 fin.:

    at illum ruere nuntiant et jam jamque adesse,

    id. ib. 7, 20, 1; cf.:

    jam mihi, jam possim contentus vivere parvo,

    Tib. 1, 1, 25 (7).—
    (β).
    By nunc: jam nunc, just now, at this very time, as things now are:

    jam nunc irata non es,

    Plaut. Am. 3, 2, 65:

    dux, jam nunc locatus in urbe,

    Liv. 22, 38, 9; Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 127:

    quae cum cogito, jam nunc timeo quidnam, etc.,

    Cic. Div. in Caecil. 13, 42:

    deliberationis ejus tempus ita jam nunc statui posse, etc.,

    Liv. 31, 32, 3:

    ipsa Venus laetos jam nunc migravit in agros,

    Tib. 2, 3, 3:

    nec jam nunc regina loquor,

    Val. Fl. 8, 47; so,

    nunc jam (nunciam): secede huc nunciam,

    Plaut. Capt. 2, 1, 23:

    audi nunciam,

    Ter. And. 2, 1, 29:

    i nunciam,

    id. Ad. 2, 1, 21: nunc jam sum expeditus, Cass. ap. Cic. Fam. 12, 12, 5:

    nunc jam nobis vobisque consulatus patet,

    Liv. 7, 32, 14.—
    (γ).
    By tum:

    jam tum opifices funguntur munere,

    Plin. 11, 21, 24, § 74; Verg. G. 2, 405; id. A. 1, 18.—
    (δ).
    By pridem, v. jampridem.—
    2.
    In contrast with the time at which something was expected.
    a.
    Of that which occurs sooner, already, so soon:

    quies (animos) aut jam exhaustos aut mox exhauriendos, renovavit,

    Liv. 21, 21, 7:

    gravitate valetudinis, qua tamen jam paululum videor levari,

    Cic. Fam. 6, 2, 1; 3, 8, 16:

    jamne ibis,

    are you going so soon, Plaut. Men. 2, 3, 86; id. Rud. 2, 7, 26.—
    b.
    Of that which occurs later, at last, now, only now:

    ohe jam desine deos uxor gratulando obtundere,

    Ter. Heaut. 5, 1, 8:

    postulo, Dave, ut redeat jam in viam,

    id. And. 1, 2, 19:

    jamque sero diei subducit ex acie legionem faciendis castris,

    Tac. A. 2, 21:

    jam sanguinis alti vis sibi fecit iter,

    Luc. 2, 214.—Tandem or aliquando is often added:

    jam tandem ades ilico,

    Plaut. Mil. 4, 2, 39:

    putamus enim utile esse te aliquando jam rem transigere,

    Cic. Att. 1, 4, 1:

    jam tandem Italiae fugientis prendimus oras,

    Verg. A. 6, 61; Liv. 22, 12, 10.—
    3.
    As continued from the past, already, by this time, ere now, till now, hitherto:

    et apud Graecos quidem jam anni prope quadrigenti sunt, etc.,

    Cic. Or. 51, 171:

    obsolevit jam ista oratio,

    id. de Imp. Pomp. 17, 52:

    nondum feminam aequavimus gloriā, et jam nos laudis satietas cepit?

    Curt. 9, 6, 23.—With numerals and words specifying time:

    jam biennium est, cum mecum coepit rem gerere,

    Plaut. Merc. 3, 1, 35; so,

    plus jam anno,

    id. Curc. 1, 1, 14:

    sunt duo menses jam,

    Cic. Rosc. Com. 3, 8:

    qui septingentos jam annos vivunt, etc.,

    id. Fl. 26, 63:

    annum jam tertium et vicesimum regnat,

    id. de Imp. Pomp. 3, 7; id. Fin. 2, 29, 94.—
    4.
    With imperatives, to express haste or impatience, like Engl. now, now, straightway, at once:

    quid miserum, Aenea, laceras? Jam parce sepulto,

    Verg. A. 3, 41:

    sed jam age, carpe viam,

    id. ib. 6, 629:

    et jam tu... illum adspice contra,

    id. ib. 11, 373.—So in impetuous or passionate questions (freq. in Plaut.):

    Jam tu autem nobis praeturam geris?

    Plaut. Ep. 1, 1, 23; cf. id. Aul. 5, 11; id. Bacch. 2, 2, 25.—
    5.
    Jam... jam, at one time... at another, now... now, at this time... at that:

    jamque eadem digitis jam pectine pulsat eburno,

    Verg. A. 647:

    jamque hos cursu, jam praeterit illos,

    id. ib. 4, 157:

    qui jam contento, jam laxo fune laborat,

    Hor. S. 2, 7, 20:

    jam vino quaerens, jam somno fallere curas,

    id. ib. 2, 7, 114:

    jam secundae, jam adversae res, ita erudierant, etc.,

    Liv. 30, 30; Tib. 1, 2, 49; Ov. M. 1, 111.—
    B.
    Of past time.
    1.
    In the time just past, but now, a moment ago, a little while ago, just:

    videamus nunc quam sint praeclare illa his, quae jam posui, consequentia,

    Cic. Fin. 3, 7, 26:

    Arsinoë et jam dicta Memphis,

    Plin. 5, 9, 11, § 61:

    insulae praeter jam dictas,

    id. 3, 26, 30, § 151:

    hiems jam praecipitaverat,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 25, 1:

    domum quam tu jam exaedificatam habebas,

    Cic. Att. 1, 6, 1.—
    2.
    Like English now, by this time, already.
    a.
    Alone:

    jam advesperascebat,

    Liv. 39, 50:

    Hannibalem movisse ex hibernis, et jam Alpes transire,

    id. 27, 39:

    et jam fama volans... domos et moenia complet,

    Verg. A. 11, 139; 12, 582; Caes. B. G. 1, 11; 6, 6:

    jamque rubescebat Aurora,

    Verg. A. 3, 521; 10, 260:

    ut semel inclinavit pugna, jam intolerabilis Romana vis erat,

    Liv. 6, 32:

    cum decimum jam diem graviter ex intestinis laborarem,

    Cic. Fam. 7, 26, 1.—
    b.
    Strengthened.
    (α).
    Jam jamque, Verg. A. 8, 708.—
    (β).
    By tum, as early as that:

    se jam tum gessisse pro cive,

    Cic. Arch. 5, 11; Liv. 29, 1; Verg. 7, 738; Tac. Agr. 45.—
    (γ).
    By tunc (post-Aug.;

    once in Cic.),

    Suet. Aug. 89; id. Ner. 7; Tac. H. 4, 50; Cic. Fam. 3, 12, 3 dub.—
    3.
    Of a time succeeding another time referred to, from that time, thenceforth, thereafter (esp. with a or ab, when it is often = Eng. even, very):

    qui aequom esse censent nos jam a pueris nasci senes,

    Ter. Heaut. 2, 1, 2:

    quae me maxime sicuti jam a prima adolescentia delectarunt,

    Cic. Fam. 1, 9, 67:

    benevolentia quae mihi jam a pueritia tua cognita est,

    id. ib. 4, 7, 1:

    dederas enim jam ab adolescentia documenta,

    id. Mil. 8, 22: jam ab illo tempore, cum, etc., from the very time when, etc., id. Fam. 2, 16, 9; cf.:

    urgerent philosophorum greges jam ab illo fonte et capite Socrate,

    id. de Or. 1, 10, 42. —So with ex:

    jam ex quo ipse accepisset regnum,

    ever since, Liv. 42, 11, 8.—
    C.
    Of future time.
    1.
    In the time immediately approaching, forthwith, straightway, directly, presently:

    occlude sis fores ambobus pessulis: jam ego hic ero,

    Plaut. Aul. 1, 2, 25:

    ille jam hic aderit,

    id. Ep. 2, 2, 72: omitte;

    jam adero,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 6, 26; cf. id. ib. 4, 6, 1; id. And. 1, 2, 9; 4, 4, 38: bono animo es;

    jam argentum ad eam deferes, quod ei es pollicitus,

    id. Heaut. 4, 6, 18:

    facere id ut paratum jam sit,

    Plaut. As. 1, 1, 76:

    jam fuerit, neque post unquam revocare licebit,

    Lucr. 3, 927:

    jam faciam quod voltis,

    Hor. S. 1, 1, 16:

    jam enim aderunt consules ad suas Nonas,

    Cic. Att. 7, 20, 2.—
    2.
    In the time immediately succeeding another time referred to, forthwith, at once, straightway, then:

    nunc ubi me illic non videbit, jam huc recurret,

    Ter. Ad. 4, 1, 10:

    accede ad ignem... jam calesces,

    id. Eun. 1, 2, 5:

    nisi puerum tollis, jam ego hunc in mediam viam provolvam,

    id. And. 4, 4, 38:

    de quibus jam dicendi locus erit, cum de senioribus pauca dixero,

    Cic. Brut. 25, 96:

    agedum, dictatorem creemus. Jam hic centicescet furor,

    Liv. 2, 29, 11:

    aperi, inquit, jam scies,

    Petr. 16, 2; cf. Verg. A. 1, 272.—
    3.
    Representing as present an impending event, now, already, presently (mostly poet.):

    jam te premet nox,

    Hor. C. 1, 4, 16:

    jam veniet mors, jam subrepet iners aetas,

    Tib. 1, 1, 70:

    jam mare turbari trabibus videbis, jam fervere litora flammis,

    Verg. A. 4, 566; 6, 676:

    alius Latio jam partus Achilles,

    id. ib. 6, 89:

    hic magnae jam locus urbis erit,

    Tib. 2, 5, 55.—
    D.
    With negatives, denoting cessation of previous condition: jam non, no more, no longer:

    quem odisse jam non potestis,

    Cic. Clu. 10, 29; Ov. M. 4, 382:

    non jam,

    not any more, Cic. Div. in Caecil. 1, 3:

    nihil jam,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 21.—
    E.
    With comparatives:

    ad mitiora jam ingenia,

    which had become milder, Liv. 27. 39:

    ad ferociores jam gentes,

    which then were less civilized, id. 21, 60:

    una jam potior sententia,

    Stat. Th. 2, 368.
    II.
    In other relations.
    A.
    To denote that something will certainly, properly, or easily occur, under certain circumstances.
    1.
    In a conclusion, to emphasize its relation to the condition, then surely, then:

    si cogites, remittas jam me onerare injuriis,

    Ter. And. 5, 1, 6: si quis voluerit animi sui [p. 1012] notionem evolvere, jam se ipse doceat, eum virum bonum esse, Cic. Off. 3, 19, 76:

    si hoc dixissem, jam mihi consuli jure optimo senatus vim intulisset,

    id. Cat. 1, 8, 21; id. Leg. 1, 12, 34; id. Brut. 17, 68:

    si jubeat eo dirigi, jam in portu fore omnem classem,

    Liv. 29, 27, 8.—
    2.
    In a consequence, to show that it is conceived as immediate, now, then, therefore: satis est tibi in te, satis in legibus;

    jam contemni non poteris,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 26, 84:

    jam hoc non potest in te non honorifice esse dictum,

    id. Fam. 5, 2, 2; id. Leg. 2, 24, 60; id. Clu. 16, 46:

    nec hanc solam Romani meretricem colunt... Jam quanta ista immortalitas putanda est,

    Lact. 1, 20, 5:

    Quae cum ita sint, ego jam hinc praedico,

    Liv. 40, 36, 14: conspecta et ex muris ea multitudo erat;

    jamque etiam legionariae cohortes sequebantur,

    id. 10, 43, 1.—
    B.
    In transitions.
    1.
    To a new subject, now, moreover, again, once more then:

    jam de artificiis et quaestibus... haec fere accepimus,

    Cic. Off. 1, 42, 150; Verg. G. 2, 57:

    jam jura legitima ex legibus cognosci oportebit,

    Cic. Inv. 2, 22, 68:

    jam illud senatus consultum, quod eo die factum est, etc.,

    id. Fam. 5, 2, 4:

    jam Saliare Numae carmen qui laudat,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 86. —So with vero:

    jam vero motus animi, sollicitudines aegritudinesque oblivione leniuntur,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 38, 110:

    jam vero virtuti Cn. Pompei quae potest par oratio inveniri?

    id. de Imp. Pomp. 11, 29; 14, 41; id. Off. 3, 13 init. —With at enim:

    at enim jam dicetis virtutem non posse constitui, si ea, etc.,

    Cic. Fin. 4, 15, 40 init.
    2.
    In enumerations:

    et aures... itemque nares... jam gustatus... tactus autem,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 56, 141.—So sometimes repeatedly, at one time... at another... at another, jam... jam... jam:

    jam medici, jam apparatus cibi, jam in hoc solum importatum instrumentum balinei nullius non succurrit valetudini,

    Vell. 2, 114, 2; cf. Flor. 2, 17, 8, and I. A. 5. supra.—
    C.
    For emphasis.
    1.
    After non modo... sed ( = adeo), now, even, I may say:

    non cum senatu modo, sed jam cum diis bellum gerere,

    Liv. 21, 63, 6.—
    2.
    Pressing the strict sense of a word or clause, now, precisely, indeed:

    (Hieronymum) quem jam cur Peripateticum appellem, nescio,

    Cic. Fin. 5, 5, 14:

    hoc quidem haud molestum est jam, quod collus collari caret,

    Plaut. Capt. 2, 2, 107:

    loquor enim jam non de sapientium, sed de communibus amicitiis,

    Cic. Lael. 21, 77:

    te quoque jam, Thais, ita me di bene ament, amo,

    Ter. Eun. 5, 2, 43:

    imitatio morum alienorum... jam inter leniores affectus numerari potest,

    Quint. 9, 2, 58:

    reliqua jam aequitatis sunt,

    id. 7, 1, 62:

    cetera jam fabulosa,

    Tac. G. 46:

    desine: jam venio moriturus,

    Verg. A. 10, 881.—So esp. with et: et jam (cf. etiam), and indeed, and in fact, et lenitas illa Graecorum et verborum comprehensio, et jam artifex, ut ita dicam, stilus, Cic. Brut. 25, 96:

    pulchriora etiam Polycleti et jam plane perfecta,

    id. ib. 18, 70:

    Pompeium et hortari et orare et jam liberius accusare non desistimus,

    id. Fam. 1, 1, 3; Quint. Decl. 5, 3; Luc. 8, 659; cf.

    jamque,

    Cic. Fam. 4, 6, 9; so,

    jam et: nec deerat Ptolemaeus, jam et sceleris instinctor,

    Tac. H. 1, 23; 1, 22;

    and, ac jam: ac jam, ut omnia contra opinionem acciderent, tamen se plurimum navibus posse,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 9: jam ergo, in very fact:

    jam ergo aliquis condemnavit,

    Cic. Clu. 41, 113.—
    3.
    In climax, even, indeed, really:

    opus Paniceis, opus Placentinis quoque... jam maritumi omnes milites opus sunt mihi,

    Plaut. Capt. 1, 2, 59:

    jam illa quae natura, non litteris, assecuti sunt, neque cum Graecia neque ulla cum gente sunt conferenda,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 1, 2:

    jam in opere quis par Romano miles?

    Liv. 9, 19, 8; Quint. 12, 1, 45; Cic. Rep. 1, 5; Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 83.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > jam

  • 15 pausillulum

    pauxillŭlus ( pausill-), a, um, adj. dim. [pauxillus], very little, very small (anteand post-class.):

    in libello hoc obsignato ad te attuli pauxillulo,

    Plaut. Ps. 2, 4, 16:

    lembus,

    id. Merc. 1, 2, 81:

    pisces,

    id. Rud. 4, 3, 58:

    poculum,

    id. Stich. 1, 3, 115:

    fames,

    id. ib. 1, 3, 9:

    vis,

    id. Rud. 3, 4, 24 Fleck. (al. pauxillulum): admonitiones, Gell. N. A. praef. med.
    (β).
    Subst.: pauxil-lŭlum ( pausill-), n., a little:

    de tuis deliciis,

    Plaut. Truc. 5, 48.— Absol.:

    reliquom pauxillulum nummorum,

    Ter. Phorm. 1, 1, 3.—Hence, adv.: pauxillŭlum ( pausill-), a little:

    hanc forem pausillulum aperi,

    Plaut. Bacch. 4, 7, 35; Sid. Ep. 8, 9; 2, 9.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > pausillulum

  • 16 pauxillulus

    pauxillŭlus ( pausill-), a, um, adj. dim. [pauxillus], very little, very small (anteand post-class.):

    in libello hoc obsignato ad te attuli pauxillulo,

    Plaut. Ps. 2, 4, 16:

    lembus,

    id. Merc. 1, 2, 81:

    pisces,

    id. Rud. 4, 3, 58:

    poculum,

    id. Stich. 1, 3, 115:

    fames,

    id. ib. 1, 3, 9:

    vis,

    id. Rud. 3, 4, 24 Fleck. (al. pauxillulum): admonitiones, Gell. N. A. praef. med.
    (β).
    Subst.: pauxil-lŭlum ( pausill-), n., a little:

    de tuis deliciis,

    Plaut. Truc. 5, 48.— Absol.:

    reliquom pauxillulum nummorum,

    Ter. Phorm. 1, 1, 3.—Hence, adv.: pauxillŭlum ( pausill-), a little:

    hanc forem pausillulum aperi,

    Plaut. Bacch. 4, 7, 35; Sid. Ep. 8, 9; 2, 9.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > pauxillulus

  • 17 prodeo

    prōdĕo, ĭi, ĭtum, īre (lengthened anteclass. form, prodinunt, for prodeunt, Enn. ap. Fest. p. 229 Müll.;

    post-class., prodient, for prodibunt,

    Lact. 7, 16 fin.), v. n. [pro-eo], to go or come forth (class.; cf.: proficiscor, progredior).
    I.
    Lit.:

    prodinunt famuli, Enn. l. l.: prodi atque ostium aperi,

    Plaut. Aul. 2, 6, 1:

    foras,

    to come out of doors, id. Poen. 5, 2, 158; Cic. de Or. 2, 86, 353; Phaedr. 2, 4, 22:

    nemon' huc prodit?

    Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 102:

    in conspectum,

    Plaut. Bacch. 4, 9, 84:

    ex portu,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 7:

    in aciem,

    Cic. Fam. 6, 1, 5:

    ad colloquium,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 26:

    in publicum,

    Cic. Att. 8, 11, 7:

    obviam alicui,

    to go to meet one, id. Mur. 33, 68:

    in contionem,

    Nep. Them. 1, 3:

    in scenam,

    to come upon the stage, make one's appearance, id. ib. praef.; Cic. Off. 1, 35, 129; Suet. Ner. 20.—Of soldiers in battle:

    in proelium,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 86:

    in aciem,

    Hirt. B. G. 8, 8:

    in hostem,

    Luc. 7, 231.—With simple abl.:

    utero matris prodire,

    Ov. F. 1, 33:

    foribus,

    id. Am. 3, 11, 13:

    tumulo,

    id. R. Am. 253.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    Of plants, to come forth, spring or grow up, appear:

    ea seges serius prodit,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 45:

    prodeuntia semina,

    Col. 11, 3, 9; Pall. 1, 6, 18:

    herba,

    Ov. F. 1, 154.—
    2.
    Of elevations, to stand out, project:

    et immodico prodibant tubere tali,

    Ov. M. 8, 808; Plin. 9, 25, 41, § 80.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    To come forth, show itself, appear (class.):

    novae quae prodeunt comoediae,

    Plaut. Cas. prol. 9:

    Juppiter certo prodit in tragoedia,

    id. Am. prol. 93:

    quae si prodierit, atque cum prodierit— scio enim proditurum esse—audiet,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 35, 100:

    si haec consuetudo prodire coeperit,

    id. Div. in Caecil. 21, 68:

    cum tot prodierint colores,

    have come up, become the fashion, Ov. A. A. 3, 171:

    cultus et ornatus variis prodisse capillis Obfuit,

    id. F. 4, 309:

    tu cum, projectis insignibus, prodis ex judice Dama Turpis, etc.,

    become manifest, turn out to be, Hor. S. 2, 7, 54:

    juvenum prodit Publica cura,

    id. C. 2, 8, 7.—
    B.
    To go forwards, advance, proceed (class.):

    est quadam prodire tenus,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 32:

    prodire sumptu extra modum,

    Cic. Off. 1, 39, 140:

    prodeuntibus annis,

    with advancing years, in the course of time, Petr. 25.— Impers. pass.:

    ne ad extremum prodeatur,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 20, 29.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > prodeo

  • 18 strenuus

    strēnuus, a, um, adj. [root in Gr. stereos, firm, hard; cf. sterilis, and Germ. starren], brisk, nimble, quick, prompt, active, vigorous, strenuous.
    I.
    Of persons (freq. and class.; syn.: fortis, alacer, agilis): mercator strenuus, Cato, R. R. praef. § 3; cf.: vilicus strenuior, Lucil. ap. Prisc. p. 601 P. (Sat. 16, 5):

    strenui nimio plus prosunt populi quam arguti et cati,

    Plaut. Truc. 2, 6, 12:

    homo,

    Ter. Phorm. 3, 1, 12:

    multi alii ex Trojā strenui viri,

    Naev. 1, 17:

    strenuior (opp. deterior),

    Plaut. Ep. 3, 4, 10: viri fortissimi et milites strenuissimi, Cato, R. R. praef. § 4; cf. Cic. Phil. 2, 32, 78:

    strenuus et fortis,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 46; Liv. 21, 4, 4:

    imperator in proeliis strenuus et fortis,

    Quint. 12, 3, 5:

    strenui ignavique in victoriā idem audent,

    Tac. H. 2, 14 fin.; so (opp. ignavus) id. ib. 4, 69; (opp. iners) id. ib. 1, 46; Sall. C. 61, 7; 51, 16: noli me tam strenuum putare, ut ad Nonas recurram, Hirt. ap. Cic. Att. 15, 6, 2:

    Graeci, gens linguā magis strenua quam factis,

    Liv. 8, 22, 8; Tac. H. 3, 57:

    quodsi cessas aut strenuus anteis,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 70 et saep.—With gen.:

    strenuus militiae,

    Tac. H. 3, 42.—
    B.
    Restless, turbulent (post-Aug.):

    multi in utroque exercitu, sicut modesti quietique, ita mali et strenui,

    Tac. H. 1, 52:

    strenuus in perfidiā,

    id. ib. 3, 57.—
    II.
    Transf., of things (not in class. prose): operam reipublicae fortem atque strenuam perhibere, Cato ap. Gell. 3, 7, 19; cf. Plaut. ib. 7, 7, 3:

    adulescens strenuā facie,

    id. Rud. 2, 2, 8:

    manus (chirurgi),

    nimble, quick, dexterous, Cels. 7 praef. med.:

    corpus,

    Gell. 3, 1, 12:

    navis,

    Ov. Tr. 1, 10, 34:

    strenua nos exercet inertia,

    busy idleness, Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 28:

    transiliebant in vehicula strenuo saltu,

    Curt. 9, 3, 15:

    toxica,

    quick, speedy, Col. 10, 18:

    remedium,

    Curt. 3, 6, 2:

    causa tam strenuae mortis,

    id. 9, 8, 20.—Hence, adv.: strē-nuē, briskly, quickly, promptly, actively, strenuously:

    strenue quod volumus ostendere factum, celeriuscule dicemus, at aliud otiose, retardabimus,

    Auct. Her. 3, 14, 24:

    aliquid facere,

    Plaut. Mil. 2, 5, 48: converrite scopis, agite strenue, id. Fragm. ap. Charis. p. 195 P.:

    abi prae strenue ac aperi fores,

    Ter. Ad. 2, 1, 13:

    arma capere,

    Cic. Rab. Perd. 10, 30:

    aedificare domum,

    id. Q. Fr. 2, 4, 2:

    praesto fuit sane strenue,

    id. Fam. 14, 5, 1.—Without a verb: Da. Jam hercle ego illum nominabo. Tr. Euge strenue, Plaut. Most. 3, 1, 59; id. Ps. 1, 5, 94.— Sup.:

    per hos strenuissime omnia bella confecta,

    Veg. Mil. 1, 17.— Comp. seems not to occur.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > strenuus

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