Translation: from latin

A country girl

  • 1 rūsticus

        rūsticus adj.    [rus], of the country, rural, rustic, country-: vita haec rustica... iustitiae magistra est: instrumentum, Ph.: opus, T.: homo: colona, O.: mus (opp. urbanus), H.: regna, O.: Versibus alternis opprobria, H.: carcer, Iu.—As subst m., a countryman, rustic, peasant: omnes, urbani rustici, country folk: Rustice, fer opem, O.: ex nitido fit rusticus, H.—As subst f., a country girl: ego rustica, O.— Country-like, rustic, plain, simple, provincial, rough, coarse, gross, awkward, clownish: vox: Rusticus es, Corydon, V.: quid coeptum, rustice, rumpis iter? O.: convicia, O.: capior, quia rustica non est, very prudish, O.: mores, simple.
    * * *
    I
    rustica, rusticum ADJ
    country, rural; plain, homely, rustic
    II
    peasant, farmer

    Latin-English dictionary > rūsticus

  • 2 rusticus

    rustĭcus, a, um, adj. [rus], of or belonging to the country, rural, rustic, country- (very freq. and class.; syn. agrestis; opp. urbanus).
    I.
    Lit.:

    vita,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 1, 1; cf.:

    vita haec rustica, quam tu agrestem vocas,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 27, 75:

    duae vitae hominum, rustica et urbana,

    id. ib. 17, 48:

    Romani (opp. urbani),

    Varr. R. R. 2, praef. § 1; cf. plebes (opp. urbana), Col. praef. § 17;

    praedia,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 15, 42:

    hortus,

    Plin. Ep. 2, 17, 15:

    instrumentum,

    Phaedr. 4, 4, 24:

    opus,

    Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 90:

    res,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 16, 69; 1, 58, 249;

    Col. praef. § 19 sq.: homo (with agricola),

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 49, 143; id. N. D. 3, 5, 11:

    colona,

    Ov. F. 2, 645; cf.

    Phidyle,

    Hor. C. 3, 23, 2:

    mus (opp. urbanus),

    id. S. 2, 6, 80; 115:

    gallinae,

    heathcocks, Varr. R. R. 3, 9, 16; Col. 8, 2, 1 sq. (cf. infra, B. 2. b.):

    numina,

    Ov. M. 1, 192:

    fistula,

    id. ib. 8, 191:

    sedulitas,

    id. F. 6, 534:

    regna,

    id. H. 4, 132:

    opprobria versibus alternis,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 146:

    carcer,

    Juv. 14, 24.—
    B.
    Substt.
    1.
    ru-stĭcus, i, m., a countryman, rustic, peasant; in plur.: rustici, country people, rustics:

    urbani fiunt rustici, etc.,

    Plaut. Mere. 4, 3, 15 sq.:

    omnes urbani, rustici,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 23, 77; cf. id. Or. 24, 81;

    semper occant prius quam sarriunt rustici,

    Plaut. Capt. 3, 5, 5; id. Most. 5, 1, 28; Col. 2, 4, 8; 9, 10 et saep.—In sing., Ov. M. 2, 699; Hor. Epod. 2, 68; id. Ep. 1, 7, 83; 2, 2, 39; Vulg. Sap. 17, 16.—
    2.
    rustĭca, ae, f.
    a.
    A country girl, Ov. M. 5, 583.—
    b.
    (Sc. gallina.) A heath-cock, Mart. 13, 76 (cf. supra, A., and rusticulus, II. B.).—
    II.
    Transf., countrylike, rustic, simple, in a good or (more freq.) in a bad sense, i. e. plain, simple, provincial, rough, coarse, gross, awkward, clownish, etc. (in this sense not freq. till after the Aug. period;

    previously, as in Cic., agrestis was more used): rustica vox et agrestis quosdam delectat, etc.... neque solum rusticam asperitatem, sed etiam peregrinam insolentiam fugere discamus,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 11, 42; 12, 44:

    pro bardā et pro rusticā haberi,

    Plaut. Pers. 2, 1, 2:

    rusticus inlitteratusque litigator,

    Quint. 2, 21, 16:

    manus (with indoctae),

    id. 1, 11, 16; cf.

    with indoctus,

    id. 12, 10, 53;

    with barbarus,

    id. 2, 20, 6;

    (opp. disertus) 7, 1, 43: id vitium sermonis non barbarum esse, sed rusticum,

    Gell. 13, 6, 2:

    Germana illuvies, rusticus, hircus, hara suis, etc.,

    a lout, clown, Plaut. Most. 1, 1, 39 Lorenz ad loc.:

    rusticus es, Corydon,

    Verg. E. 2, 56:

    quid coeptum, rustice, rumpis iter?

    Ov. Am. 3, 6, 88:

    addidit obscenis convicia rustica dictis,

    id. M. 14, 522: sive procax aliqua est;

    capior, quia rustica non est,

    very prudish, id. Am. 2, 4, 13; cf. id. A. A. 1, 607:

    nec tamen est, quamvis agros amet illa feraces, Rustica,

    id. Am. 3, 10, 18.—In a good sense:

    mores,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 27, 75:

    veritas,

    Mart. 10, 72, 11. — Comp.:

    simus hoc titulo rusticiore contenti,

    Sen. Ep. 88, 33.—Hence, adv.: ru-stĭcē (acc. to II.), in a countrified manner, clownishly, boorishly, awkwardly:

    loquinon aspere, non vaste, non rustice,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 12, 45:

    urgere,

    id. Off. 3, 9, 39:

    facere aliquid,

    id. Att. 12, 36, 2:

    cum eo vitio loquentes rustice loqui dictitabant,

    Gell. 13, 6, 2.— Comp.:

    rusticius toga defluit,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 31.— Sup. does not occur.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > rusticus

  • 3 Dores

    Dōres, um, m. (Gr. gen. pl. Dorieon, Vitr. 4, 1, 5), Dôrieis, the Dorians, Cic. Rep. 2, 4, 8; id. Fl. 27, 64; their progenitor, Dōrus, i, m., son of Hellen, Vitr. 4, 1; or of Neptune, acc. to Serv. Verg. A. 2, 27—
    II.
    Derivv.
    A.
    Dōrĭcus, a, um, adj., Doric:

    gens,

    Plin. 6, 2, 2, § 7:

    genus (architecturae),

    Vitr. 4, 6:

    aedes,

    id. ib.:

    symmetria,

    id. ib.:

    castra,

    Prop. 4 (5), 6, 34:

    dicta,

    i. e. in the Doric dialect, Quint. 8, 3, 59 (al. adv. Dōrĭce dicta; so Suet. Tib. 56: Dorice Rhodii loquuntur); hence, also: Dorici, ōrum, m., those who speak Doric, Gell. 2, 26, 10.—
    2.
    Meton. for Grecian, Greek:

    castra,

    Verg. A. 2, 27; 6, 88; Prop. 2, 8, 32 (2, 8, b. 16, M.):

    nox,

    Val. Fl. 2, 573:

    ignes,

    Sen. Agm. 611:

    Ancon,

    Juv. 4, 40.—
    B.
    Dōrĭ-us, a, um, adj., Doric:

    carmen,

    Hor. Epod. 9, 6; cf.

    moduli,

    Plin. 7, 56, 57, § 204:

    phthongus,

    id. 2, 23, 20, § 84; and subst., Dōri-um, ii, n.:

    tibicen Dorium canebat bellicosum,

    App. M. 10, p. 254, 23.—
    C.
    Dōrĭ-enses, ium, m., the Dorians, Just. 2, 6, 16. —
    D.
    Dōris, ĭdis, adj. fem., Doric:

    dialectos,

    Suet. Tib. 56:

    Malea,

    Luc. 9, 36:

    tellus,

    i. e. Sicily, Sen. Herc. Fur. 81.—
    b.
    Subst.
    (α).
    A country in Hellas, Mel. 2, 3, 4; Plin. 4, 7, 13, § 28; in Asia Minor, id. 5, 27, 29, § 103 sq.—
    (β).
    A daughter of Oceanus, wife of Nereus, and mother of fifty seanymphs, Ov. M. 2, 11; 269; Prop. 1, 17, 25;

    Hyg. Fab. praef.—Also,

    wife of Dionysius I., Tyrant of Syracuse, Cic. Tusc. 5, 20, 59; Val. Max. 9, 13, ext. 1.—Also, the name of a Greek girl, Juv. 3, 94; Prop. 4, 7, 72.— Meton., the sea, Verg. E. 10, 5; Ov. F. 4, 678; Stat. Silv. 3, 2, 89.—
    (γ).
    A plant, called also pseudoanchusa and echis, Plin. 22, 20, 24, § 50.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Dores

  • 4 Doricus

    Dōres, um, m. (Gr. gen. pl. Dorieon, Vitr. 4, 1, 5), Dôrieis, the Dorians, Cic. Rep. 2, 4, 8; id. Fl. 27, 64; their progenitor, Dōrus, i, m., son of Hellen, Vitr. 4, 1; or of Neptune, acc. to Serv. Verg. A. 2, 27—
    II.
    Derivv.
    A.
    Dōrĭcus, a, um, adj., Doric:

    gens,

    Plin. 6, 2, 2, § 7:

    genus (architecturae),

    Vitr. 4, 6:

    aedes,

    id. ib.:

    symmetria,

    id. ib.:

    castra,

    Prop. 4 (5), 6, 34:

    dicta,

    i. e. in the Doric dialect, Quint. 8, 3, 59 (al. adv. Dōrĭce dicta; so Suet. Tib. 56: Dorice Rhodii loquuntur); hence, also: Dorici, ōrum, m., those who speak Doric, Gell. 2, 26, 10.—
    2.
    Meton. for Grecian, Greek:

    castra,

    Verg. A. 2, 27; 6, 88; Prop. 2, 8, 32 (2, 8, b. 16, M.):

    nox,

    Val. Fl. 2, 573:

    ignes,

    Sen. Agm. 611:

    Ancon,

    Juv. 4, 40.—
    B.
    Dōrĭ-us, a, um, adj., Doric:

    carmen,

    Hor. Epod. 9, 6; cf.

    moduli,

    Plin. 7, 56, 57, § 204:

    phthongus,

    id. 2, 23, 20, § 84; and subst., Dōri-um, ii, n.:

    tibicen Dorium canebat bellicosum,

    App. M. 10, p. 254, 23.—
    C.
    Dōrĭ-enses, ium, m., the Dorians, Just. 2, 6, 16. —
    D.
    Dōris, ĭdis, adj. fem., Doric:

    dialectos,

    Suet. Tib. 56:

    Malea,

    Luc. 9, 36:

    tellus,

    i. e. Sicily, Sen. Herc. Fur. 81.—
    b.
    Subst.
    (α).
    A country in Hellas, Mel. 2, 3, 4; Plin. 4, 7, 13, § 28; in Asia Minor, id. 5, 27, 29, § 103 sq.—
    (β).
    A daughter of Oceanus, wife of Nereus, and mother of fifty seanymphs, Ov. M. 2, 11; 269; Prop. 1, 17, 25;

    Hyg. Fab. praef.—Also,

    wife of Dionysius I., Tyrant of Syracuse, Cic. Tusc. 5, 20, 59; Val. Max. 9, 13, ext. 1.—Also, the name of a Greek girl, Juv. 3, 94; Prop. 4, 7, 72.— Meton., the sea, Verg. E. 10, 5; Ov. F. 4, 678; Stat. Silv. 3, 2, 89.—
    (γ).
    A plant, called also pseudoanchusa and echis, Plin. 22, 20, 24, § 50.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Doricus

  • 5 Dorienses

    Dōres, um, m. (Gr. gen. pl. Dorieon, Vitr. 4, 1, 5), Dôrieis, the Dorians, Cic. Rep. 2, 4, 8; id. Fl. 27, 64; their progenitor, Dōrus, i, m., son of Hellen, Vitr. 4, 1; or of Neptune, acc. to Serv. Verg. A. 2, 27—
    II.
    Derivv.
    A.
    Dōrĭcus, a, um, adj., Doric:

    gens,

    Plin. 6, 2, 2, § 7:

    genus (architecturae),

    Vitr. 4, 6:

    aedes,

    id. ib.:

    symmetria,

    id. ib.:

    castra,

    Prop. 4 (5), 6, 34:

    dicta,

    i. e. in the Doric dialect, Quint. 8, 3, 59 (al. adv. Dōrĭce dicta; so Suet. Tib. 56: Dorice Rhodii loquuntur); hence, also: Dorici, ōrum, m., those who speak Doric, Gell. 2, 26, 10.—
    2.
    Meton. for Grecian, Greek:

    castra,

    Verg. A. 2, 27; 6, 88; Prop. 2, 8, 32 (2, 8, b. 16, M.):

    nox,

    Val. Fl. 2, 573:

    ignes,

    Sen. Agm. 611:

    Ancon,

    Juv. 4, 40.—
    B.
    Dōrĭ-us, a, um, adj., Doric:

    carmen,

    Hor. Epod. 9, 6; cf.

    moduli,

    Plin. 7, 56, 57, § 204:

    phthongus,

    id. 2, 23, 20, § 84; and subst., Dōri-um, ii, n.:

    tibicen Dorium canebat bellicosum,

    App. M. 10, p. 254, 23.—
    C.
    Dōrĭ-enses, ium, m., the Dorians, Just. 2, 6, 16. —
    D.
    Dōris, ĭdis, adj. fem., Doric:

    dialectos,

    Suet. Tib. 56:

    Malea,

    Luc. 9, 36:

    tellus,

    i. e. Sicily, Sen. Herc. Fur. 81.—
    b.
    Subst.
    (α).
    A country in Hellas, Mel. 2, 3, 4; Plin. 4, 7, 13, § 28; in Asia Minor, id. 5, 27, 29, § 103 sq.—
    (β).
    A daughter of Oceanus, wife of Nereus, and mother of fifty seanymphs, Ov. M. 2, 11; 269; Prop. 1, 17, 25;

    Hyg. Fab. praef.—Also,

    wife of Dionysius I., Tyrant of Syracuse, Cic. Tusc. 5, 20, 59; Val. Max. 9, 13, ext. 1.—Also, the name of a Greek girl, Juv. 3, 94; Prop. 4, 7, 72.— Meton., the sea, Verg. E. 10, 5; Ov. F. 4, 678; Stat. Silv. 3, 2, 89.—
    (γ).
    A plant, called also pseudoanchusa and echis, Plin. 22, 20, 24, § 50.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Dorienses

  • 6 Doris

    Dōres, um, m. (Gr. gen. pl. Dorieon, Vitr. 4, 1, 5), Dôrieis, the Dorians, Cic. Rep. 2, 4, 8; id. Fl. 27, 64; their progenitor, Dōrus, i, m., son of Hellen, Vitr. 4, 1; or of Neptune, acc. to Serv. Verg. A. 2, 27—
    II.
    Derivv.
    A.
    Dōrĭcus, a, um, adj., Doric:

    gens,

    Plin. 6, 2, 2, § 7:

    genus (architecturae),

    Vitr. 4, 6:

    aedes,

    id. ib.:

    symmetria,

    id. ib.:

    castra,

    Prop. 4 (5), 6, 34:

    dicta,

    i. e. in the Doric dialect, Quint. 8, 3, 59 (al. adv. Dōrĭce dicta; so Suet. Tib. 56: Dorice Rhodii loquuntur); hence, also: Dorici, ōrum, m., those who speak Doric, Gell. 2, 26, 10.—
    2.
    Meton. for Grecian, Greek:

    castra,

    Verg. A. 2, 27; 6, 88; Prop. 2, 8, 32 (2, 8, b. 16, M.):

    nox,

    Val. Fl. 2, 573:

    ignes,

    Sen. Agm. 611:

    Ancon,

    Juv. 4, 40.—
    B.
    Dōrĭ-us, a, um, adj., Doric:

    carmen,

    Hor. Epod. 9, 6; cf.

    moduli,

    Plin. 7, 56, 57, § 204:

    phthongus,

    id. 2, 23, 20, § 84; and subst., Dōri-um, ii, n.:

    tibicen Dorium canebat bellicosum,

    App. M. 10, p. 254, 23.—
    C.
    Dōrĭ-enses, ium, m., the Dorians, Just. 2, 6, 16. —
    D.
    Dōris, ĭdis, adj. fem., Doric:

    dialectos,

    Suet. Tib. 56:

    Malea,

    Luc. 9, 36:

    tellus,

    i. e. Sicily, Sen. Herc. Fur. 81.—
    b.
    Subst.
    (α).
    A country in Hellas, Mel. 2, 3, 4; Plin. 4, 7, 13, § 28; in Asia Minor, id. 5, 27, 29, § 103 sq.—
    (β).
    A daughter of Oceanus, wife of Nereus, and mother of fifty seanymphs, Ov. M. 2, 11; 269; Prop. 1, 17, 25;

    Hyg. Fab. praef.—Also,

    wife of Dionysius I., Tyrant of Syracuse, Cic. Tusc. 5, 20, 59; Val. Max. 9, 13, ext. 1.—Also, the name of a Greek girl, Juv. 3, 94; Prop. 4, 7, 72.— Meton., the sea, Verg. E. 10, 5; Ov. F. 4, 678; Stat. Silv. 3, 2, 89.—
    (γ).
    A plant, called also pseudoanchusa and echis, Plin. 22, 20, 24, § 50.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Doris

  • 7 Dorium

    Dōres, um, m. (Gr. gen. pl. Dorieon, Vitr. 4, 1, 5), Dôrieis, the Dorians, Cic. Rep. 2, 4, 8; id. Fl. 27, 64; their progenitor, Dōrus, i, m., son of Hellen, Vitr. 4, 1; or of Neptune, acc. to Serv. Verg. A. 2, 27—
    II.
    Derivv.
    A.
    Dōrĭcus, a, um, adj., Doric:

    gens,

    Plin. 6, 2, 2, § 7:

    genus (architecturae),

    Vitr. 4, 6:

    aedes,

    id. ib.:

    symmetria,

    id. ib.:

    castra,

    Prop. 4 (5), 6, 34:

    dicta,

    i. e. in the Doric dialect, Quint. 8, 3, 59 (al. adv. Dōrĭce dicta; so Suet. Tib. 56: Dorice Rhodii loquuntur); hence, also: Dorici, ōrum, m., those who speak Doric, Gell. 2, 26, 10.—
    2.
    Meton. for Grecian, Greek:

    castra,

    Verg. A. 2, 27; 6, 88; Prop. 2, 8, 32 (2, 8, b. 16, M.):

    nox,

    Val. Fl. 2, 573:

    ignes,

    Sen. Agm. 611:

    Ancon,

    Juv. 4, 40.—
    B.
    Dōrĭ-us, a, um, adj., Doric:

    carmen,

    Hor. Epod. 9, 6; cf.

    moduli,

    Plin. 7, 56, 57, § 204:

    phthongus,

    id. 2, 23, 20, § 84; and subst., Dōri-um, ii, n.:

    tibicen Dorium canebat bellicosum,

    App. M. 10, p. 254, 23.—
    C.
    Dōrĭ-enses, ium, m., the Dorians, Just. 2, 6, 16. —
    D.
    Dōris, ĭdis, adj. fem., Doric:

    dialectos,

    Suet. Tib. 56:

    Malea,

    Luc. 9, 36:

    tellus,

    i. e. Sicily, Sen. Herc. Fur. 81.—
    b.
    Subst.
    (α).
    A country in Hellas, Mel. 2, 3, 4; Plin. 4, 7, 13, § 28; in Asia Minor, id. 5, 27, 29, § 103 sq.—
    (β).
    A daughter of Oceanus, wife of Nereus, and mother of fifty seanymphs, Ov. M. 2, 11; 269; Prop. 1, 17, 25;

    Hyg. Fab. praef.—Also,

    wife of Dionysius I., Tyrant of Syracuse, Cic. Tusc. 5, 20, 59; Val. Max. 9, 13, ext. 1.—Also, the name of a Greek girl, Juv. 3, 94; Prop. 4, 7, 72.— Meton., the sea, Verg. E. 10, 5; Ov. F. 4, 678; Stat. Silv. 3, 2, 89.—
    (γ).
    A plant, called also pseudoanchusa and echis, Plin. 22, 20, 24, § 50.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Dorium

  • 8 Dorius

    Dōres, um, m. (Gr. gen. pl. Dorieon, Vitr. 4, 1, 5), Dôrieis, the Dorians, Cic. Rep. 2, 4, 8; id. Fl. 27, 64; their progenitor, Dōrus, i, m., son of Hellen, Vitr. 4, 1; or of Neptune, acc. to Serv. Verg. A. 2, 27—
    II.
    Derivv.
    A.
    Dōrĭcus, a, um, adj., Doric:

    gens,

    Plin. 6, 2, 2, § 7:

    genus (architecturae),

    Vitr. 4, 6:

    aedes,

    id. ib.:

    symmetria,

    id. ib.:

    castra,

    Prop. 4 (5), 6, 34:

    dicta,

    i. e. in the Doric dialect, Quint. 8, 3, 59 (al. adv. Dōrĭce dicta; so Suet. Tib. 56: Dorice Rhodii loquuntur); hence, also: Dorici, ōrum, m., those who speak Doric, Gell. 2, 26, 10.—
    2.
    Meton. for Grecian, Greek:

    castra,

    Verg. A. 2, 27; 6, 88; Prop. 2, 8, 32 (2, 8, b. 16, M.):

    nox,

    Val. Fl. 2, 573:

    ignes,

    Sen. Agm. 611:

    Ancon,

    Juv. 4, 40.—
    B.
    Dōrĭ-us, a, um, adj., Doric:

    carmen,

    Hor. Epod. 9, 6; cf.

    moduli,

    Plin. 7, 56, 57, § 204:

    phthongus,

    id. 2, 23, 20, § 84; and subst., Dōri-um, ii, n.:

    tibicen Dorium canebat bellicosum,

    App. M. 10, p. 254, 23.—
    C.
    Dōrĭ-enses, ium, m., the Dorians, Just. 2, 6, 16. —
    D.
    Dōris, ĭdis, adj. fem., Doric:

    dialectos,

    Suet. Tib. 56:

    Malea,

    Luc. 9, 36:

    tellus,

    i. e. Sicily, Sen. Herc. Fur. 81.—
    b.
    Subst.
    (α).
    A country in Hellas, Mel. 2, 3, 4; Plin. 4, 7, 13, § 28; in Asia Minor, id. 5, 27, 29, § 103 sq.—
    (β).
    A daughter of Oceanus, wife of Nereus, and mother of fifty seanymphs, Ov. M. 2, 11; 269; Prop. 1, 17, 25;

    Hyg. Fab. praef.—Also,

    wife of Dionysius I., Tyrant of Syracuse, Cic. Tusc. 5, 20, 59; Val. Max. 9, 13, ext. 1.—Also, the name of a Greek girl, Juv. 3, 94; Prop. 4, 7, 72.— Meton., the sea, Verg. E. 10, 5; Ov. F. 4, 678; Stat. Silv. 3, 2, 89.—
    (γ).
    A plant, called also pseudoanchusa and echis, Plin. 22, 20, 24, § 50.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Dorius

  • 9 ā

       ā    (before consonants), ab (before vowels, h, and some consonants, esp. l, n, r, s), abs (usu. only before t and q, esp. freq. before the pron. te), old af, praep. with abl., denoting separation or departure (opp. ad).    I. Lit., in space, from, away from, out of.    A. With motion: ab urbe proficisci, Cs.: a supero mari Flaminia (est via), leads: Nunc quidem paululum, inquit, a sole, a little out of the sun: usque a mari supero Romam proficisci, all the way from; with names of cities and small islands, or with domo, home (for the simple abl; of motion, away from, not out of, a place); hence, of raising a siege, of the march of soldiers, the setting out of a fleet, etc.: oppidum ab Aeneā fugiente a Troiā conditum: ab Alesiā, Cs.: profectus ab Orico cum classe, Cs.; with names of persons or with pronouns: cum a vobis discessero: videat forte hic te a patre aliquis exiens, i. e. from his house, T.; (praegn.): a rege munera repudiare, from, sent by, N.—    B. Without motion.    1. Of separation or distance: abesse a domo paulisper maluit: tum Brutus ab Romā aberat, S.: hic locus aequo fere spatio ab castris Ariovisti et Caesaris aberat, Cs.: a foro longe abesse: procul a castris hostes in collibus constiterunt, Cs.: cum esset bellum tam prope a Siciliā; so with numerals to express distance: ex eo loco ab milibus passuum octo, eight miles distant, Cs.: ab milibus passuum minus duobus castra posuerunt, less than two miles off, Cs.; so rarely with substantives: quod tanta machinatio ab tanto spatio instrueretur, so far away, Cs.—    2. To denote a side or direction, etc., at, on, in: ab sinistrā parte nudatis castris, on the left, Cs.: ab eā parte, quā, etc., on that side, S.: Gallia Celtica attingit ab Sequanis flumen Rhenum, on the side of the Sequani, i. e. their country, Cs.: ab decumanā portā castra munita, at the main entrance, Cs.: crepuit hinc a Glycerio ostium, of the house of G., T.: (cornua) ab labris argento circumcludunt, on the edges, Cs.; hence, a fronte, in the van; a latere, on the flank; a tergo, in the rear, behind; a dextro cornu, on the right wing; a medio spatio, half way.—    II. Fig.    A. Of time.    1. Of a point of time, after: Caesar ab decimae legionis cohortatione ad dextrum cornu profectus, immediately after, Cs.: ab eo magistratu, after this office, S.: recens a volnere Dido, fresh from her wound, V.: in Italiam perventum est quinto mense a Carthagine, i. e. after leaving, L.: ab his, i. e. after these words, hereupon, O.: ab simili <*>ade domo profugus, i. e. after and in consequence of, L.—    2. Of a period of time, from, since, after: ab hora tertiā bibebatur, from the third hour: ab Sullā et Pompeio consulibus, since the consulship of: ab incenso Capitolio illum esse vigesumum annum, since, S.: augures omnes usque ab Romulo, since the time of: iam inde ab infelici pugnā ceciderant animi, from (and in consequence of), L.; hence, ab initio, a principio, a primo, at, in, or from the beginning, at first: ab integro, anew, afresh: ab... ad, from (a time)... to: cum ab horā septimā ad vesperum pugnatum sit, Cs.; with nouns or adjectives denoting a time of life: iam inde a pueritiā, T.: a pueritiā: a pueris: iam inde ab incunabulis, L.: a parvo, from a little child, or childhood, L.: ab parvulis, Cs.—    B. In other relations.    1. To denote separation, deterring, intermitting, distinction, difference, etc., from: quo discessum animi a corpore putent esse mortem: propius abesse ab ortu: alter ab illo, next after him, V.: Aiax, heros ab Achille secundus, next in rank to, H.: impotentia animi a temperantiā dissidens: alieno a te animo fuit, estranged; so with adjj. denoting free, strange, pure, etc.: res familiaris casta a cruore civili: purum ab humano cultu solum, L.: (opoidum) vacuum ab defensoribus, Cs.: alqm pudicum servare ab omni facto, etc., II.; with substt.: impunitas ab iudicio: ab armis quies dabatur, L.; or verbs: haec a custodiis loca vacabant, Cs.—    2. To denote the agent, by: qui (Mars) saepe spoliantem iam evertit et perculit ab abiecto, by the agency of: Laudari me abs te, a laudato viro: si quid ei a Caesare gravius accidisset, at Caesar's hands, Cs.: vetus umor ab igne percaluit solis, under, O.: a populo P. imperia perferre, Cs.: equo lassus ab indomito, H.: volgo occidebantur: per quos et a quibus? by whose hands and upon whose orders? factus ab arte decor, artificial, O.: destitutus ab spe, L.; (for the sake of the metre): correptus ab ignibus, O.; (poet. with abl. of means or instr.): intumuit venter ab undā, O.—Ab with abl. of agent for the dat., to avoid ambiguity, or for emphasis: quibus (civibus) est a vobis consulendum: te a me nostrae consuetudinis monendum esse puto.—    3. To denote source, origin, extraction, from, of: Turnus ab Ariciā, L.: si ego me a M. Tullio esse dicerem: oriundi ab Sabinis, L.: dulces a fontibus undae, V.—With verbs of expecting, fearing, hoping (cf. a parte), from, on the part of: a quo quidem genere, iudices, ego numquam timui: nec ab Romanis vobis ulla est spes, you can expect nothing from the Romans, L.; (ellipt.): haec a servorum bello pericula, threatened by: quem metus a praetore Romano stimulabat, fear of what the praetor might do, L.—With verbs of paying, etc., solvere, persolvere, dare (pecuniam) ab aliquo, to pay through, by a draft on, etc.: se praetor dedit, a quaestore numeravit, quaestor a mensā publicā, by an order on the quaestor: ei legat pecuniam a filio, to be paid by his son: scribe decem (milia) a Nerio, pay by a draft on Nerius, H.; cognoscere ab aliquā re, to know or learn by means of something (but ab aliquo, from some one): id se a Gallicis armis atque insignibus cognovisse, Cs.; in giving an etymology: id ab re... interregnum appellatum, L.—Rarely with verbs of beginning and repeating: coepere a fame mala, L.: a se suisque orsus, Ta.—    4. With verbs of freeing from, defending, protecting, from, against: ut a proeliis quietem habuerant, L.: provincia a calamitate est defendenda: sustinere se a lapsu, L.—    5. With verbs and adjectives, to define the respect in which, in relation to, with regard to, in respect to, on the part of: orba ab optimatibus contio: mons vastus ab naturā et humano cultu, S.: ne ab re sint omissiores, too neglectful of money or property, T.: posse a facundiā, in the matter of eloquence, T.; cf. with laborare, for the simple abl, in, for want of: laborare ab re frumentariā, Cs.—    6. In stating a motive, from, out of, on account of, in consequence of: patres ab honore appellati, L.: inops tum urbs ab longinquā obsidione, L.—    7. Indicating a part of the whole, of, out of: scuto ab novissimis uni militi detracto, Cs.: a quibus (captivis) ad Senatum missus (Regulus).—    8. Marking that to which anything belongs: qui sunt ab eā disciplinā: nostri illi a Platone et Aristotele aiunt.—    9. Of a side or party: vide ne hoc totum sit a me, makes for my view: vir ab innocentiā clementissimus, in favor of.—10. In late prose, of an office: ab epistulis, a secretary, Ta. Note. Ab is not repeated with a following pron interrog. or relat.: Arsinoën, Stratum, Naupactum... fateris ab hostibus esse captas. Quibus autem hostibus? Nempe iis, quos, etc. It is often separated from the word which it governs: a nullius umquam me tempore aut commodo: a minus bono, S.: a satis miti principio, L.—The poets join a and que, making āque; but in good prose que is annexed to the following abl. (a meque, abs teque, etc.): aque Chao, V.: aque mero, O.—In composition, ab- stands before vowels, and h, b, d, i consonant, l, n, r, s; abs- before c, q, t; b is dropped, leaving as- before p; ā- is found in āfuī, āfore ( inf fut. of absum); and au- in auferō, aufugiō.
    * * *
    I
    Ah!; (distress/regret/pity, appeal/entreaty, surprise/joy, objection/contempt)
    II
    by (agent), from (departure, cause, remote origin/time); after (reference)
    III
    ante, abb. a.

    in calendar expression a. d. = ante diem -- before the day

    Latin-English dictionary > ā

  • 10 Acarnānicus

        Acarnānicus adj.,    of Acarnania (a country of western Greece): coniuratio, L.

    Latin-English dictionary > Acarnānicus

  • 11 adulēscēns

        adulēscēns (not adol-), ntis    [P. of adolesco], adj. with comp, growing, near maturity, young, youthful: admodum: adulescentior Academia, younger: homines, Cs.: filia. — As subst, m. and f a youth, young man or woman (between pueritia and senectus): adulescentes bonā indole praediti: optuma, T.: Brutus adulescens, junior, Cs.
    * * *
    I
    young man, youth; youthful person; young woman/girl
    II
    adulescentis (gen.), adulescentior -or -us, adulescentissimus -a -um ADJ
    young, youthful; "minor" (in reference to the younger of two having same name)

    Latin-English dictionary > adulēscēns

  • 12 adulēscentula

        adulēscentula ae, f dim.    [adulescens], a young maiden, little girl, T.
    * * *
    young woman; very young woman; "my child"

    Latin-English dictionary > adulēscentula

  • 13 ager

        ager grī, m    productive land, a field, farm, estate, arable land, pasture: agrum mercari, T.: fertilis, fructuosus: agri solum, the bare ground, Cs.: agros findere sarculo, H.: conserere, V.: agri terminos, of an estate, H.: situs agri, of the farm, H. —A territory, district, domain: Hirpinus: Helvetius, Cs.: his civitas data agerque, L.: Apollinis, the domain of Apollo's temple, V. — Esp.: ager Romanus, the Roman possessions in land: publicus, public domain: privatos agros publicā pecuniā coëmere, private estates.—The fields, the open country, the country: neque agri neque urbis odium, T.: homines ex agris concurrunt: per agros perque vias, O.: domus qui prospicit agros, H.: mille pedes in fronte, trecentos in agrum dare, i. e. in depth, H.—A plain, valley, champaign (opp. montes): campestris, L,: montes agrosque salutat, O.
    * * *
    field, ground; farm, land, estate, park; territory, country; terrain; soil

    Latin-English dictionary > ager

  • 14 agrestis

        agrestis e, adj. with comp.    [ager], of the fields, belonging to the country: palmae, wild: poma, V.: frondes, H.: bestiae: pubes, V.: praeda, from the fields, L.—Subst.
    * * *
    I
    countryman, peasant; rube, rustic, bumpkin
    II
    agrestis, agreste ADJ
    rustic, inhabiting countryside; rude, wild, savage; of/passing through fields

    Latin-English dictionary > agrestis

  • 15 ambūbāia

        ambūbāia ae, f    [Syriac], a Syrian girl, fluteplayer and dancer: ambubaiarum collegia, H.
    * * *
    I
    wild endive; chicory
    II

    Latin-English dictionary > ambūbāia

  • 16 amīca

        amīca ae, f    [1 amicus], a female friend, T., O., Iu.—A mistress, concubine, C., T.
    * * *
    female friend; girl friend, sweetheart; patron; mistress, concubine; courtesan

    Latin-English dictionary > amīca

  • 17 amīcula

        amīcula ae, f dim.    [amica], a loved one, mistress: de amiculā rixatus.
    * * *
    mistress, lady friend, girl friend

    Latin-English dictionary > amīcula

  • 18 ancilla

        ancilla ae, f dim.    [ancula, a female attendant], a maid-servant, handmaid: aere empta, T.: ancillarum comitatus: mulier ancilla, S.
    * * *
    slave girl; maid servant; handmaid; (opprobrious of man); nun (selfdescribed)

    Latin-English dictionary > ancilla

  • 19 ancillula

        ancillula ae, f dim.    [ancilla], a young female slave, handmaid: ex Aethiopiā, T.—Fig.: eloquentiae.
    * * *
    little serving-maid, young female slave; slave girl

    Latin-English dictionary > ancillula

  • 20 angulus

        angulus ī, m    [1 AC-], an angle, corner: ad pares angulos ferri, at right angles: huius lateris alter, Cs.: extremus, the farthest corner, O.: proximus, H. — Meton., a secret place, nook, corner, lurking-place: in angulum aliquo abire, T.: provinciae: Ille terrarum, H.: puellae risus ab angulo, H.: ut de his rebus in angulis disserant.—Of a little country-seat: Angulus iste, H.—Fig.: ad omnīs litterarum angulos revocare, i. e. petty discussions.
    * * *
    angle, apex; corner, nook, niche, recess, out-of-the-way spot

    Latin-English dictionary > angulus

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