Translation: from greek to english


  • 1 διέλκω

    διέλκ-ω, [tense] fut. διελκύσω: [tense] aor.

    - είλκῠσα Ar.Pl. 1036

    , Pl.R. 440a:—tear asunder, open wide, τοὺς ὀφθαλμούς Pl.l.c.;

    τὸ στόμα D.L.7.20

    2 metaph. in [voice] Pass., diverge, vary, of Ms. readings,

    τὸ.. παντὸς διέλκεται κατὰ τὰ ἀντίγραφα Demetr.Lac.1012.23F.

    II pull through,

    διὰ δακτυλίου Ar.


    βρόχῳ Hp.Aff. 5

    2 haul ships across an isthmus, D.S.4.56.
    III of Time, in [voice] Pass., to be protracted, Plb.31.18.4:—[voice] Act., δ. βίον drag on life, Plu.2.1033d; δ. τὸν φόρον postpone payment of a tax, BGU1116.21 (i B. C.), cf. 1120.35 (i B. C.):—[voice] Med., procrastinate, [ per.] 2 dual [tense] aor.

    διηλκύσασθον Hsch.

    IV continue drinking, Ar. Pax 1131 (where others supply τὸν βίον), cf. Fr. 109 (dub.).

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  • 2 τυχηρός

    τῠχ-ηρός, ά, όν,
    A lucky, fortunate, A.Ag. 464 (lyr.), Arist.Pol. 1295a28. Adv.

    - ρῶς Ar.Ach. 250

    , Th. 305.
    2 from or by chance,

    πάθη D.H.7.68

    ; τὰ τ. ἀγαθά the goods of fortune, Plu.2.6a, Alex. Aphr. in Top.147.22;

    τὰ τ. Phld.Vit.p.27J.

    , Plu.2.35a, etc.;

    τὸ τ. Phld.Sign.36

    , Plu.2.23f.
    3 τὰ μικρὰ καὶ τ. ordinary trifles (like τὰ τυχόντα), Zeno Stoic.1.70.

    Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό) > τυχηρός

  • 3 ἐπισπάω

    A draw or drag after one, Hdt.2.121.δ; ἦγ' ἐπισπάσας κόμης by the hair, E.Hel. 116, cf. Tr. 882, Andr. 710:— [voice] Med., X.An.4.7.14:—[voice] Pass., ἐπισπασθῆναι τῇ χειρί with the hand, Th.4.130.
    2. metaph., bring on, cause,

    τοσόνδε πλῆθος πημάτων A.Pers. 477

    4. attract, gain, win,

    πέποιθα τοῦτ' ἐπισπάσειν κλέος S.Aj. 769

    :—freq. in [voice] Med.,

    ἐπισπᾶσθαι κέρδος Hdt.3.72


    εὔνοιαν Plb.3.98.9


    χάριν SIG685.40

    (Magn. Mae., ii B.C.);

    ἔχθραν AP11.340

    (Pall.); welcome, Ph.1.384; ἐπισπᾶσθαι πώγωνα get one a beard, Luc.JTr.16; induce,

    ὕπνον ἐκπώμασιν Lib.Or.56.26

    ; attract,

    σίδηρον Phld.Sign.1

    5. draw on, allure, persuade,

    τὴν ψυχήν Pl.Cra. 420a

    :—[voice] Med.,

    ὁ λόγος.. ἂν ἐπισπάσαιτο Th.3.44

    , cf. 5.111; ἐ. ἡ πέρδιξ [τὸν θηρεύοντα] Arist.HA 613b19; θάτερον παρεμπῖπτον ἐπεσπάσατο.. τὸ ἕτερον ἐπινόημα induced, provoked, Epicur.Nat. 137 G.: c.inf., induce to do, ἐπισπάσασθαι [ἂν] αὐτοὺς ἡγεῖτο προθυμήσεσθαι he thought it would induce, invite them to make the venture, dub. l. in Th.4.9; ἐπισπᾶσθαί τινα ἐμπλησθῆναι

    δακρύων τὰ ὄμματα X.Cyr.5.5.10


    ἐ. τοὺσπολεμίους ἐφ' ἑαυτόν Plu.Phil. 18

    , cf. Mar.11, 21, 26; but τοὺς πολεμίους εἰς τόπους allure, entice, Plb. 3.110.2, etc.:—[voice] Pass., ἐπισπώμενον εἰς τἀναντία πολλάκις ἅμα though often he is being drawn in opposite directionsatonce, Pl.Lg. 863e; φοβοῦμαι μὴ πάντες.. ἐπισπασθῶσιν πέρα τοῦ συμφέροντος [πολεμῆσαι] D. 5.19;

    πολύ τι μᾶλλον ἐπεσπάσμεθα OGI223.18

    (iii B.C.); ἐπεσπάσθην

    φιλονεικεῖν Demetr.Lac.Herc.1055.23F.

    6. [voice] Med., absorb, τὰ σιτία

    - σπᾶται τὴν ὑγρότητα Arist.Pr. 868b30


    τὰ ἐριναστὰ [σῦκα] ἐ. τὸν ὀπόν Thphr.CP2.9.12

    ; quaff, of a drinker, ἀπνευστὶ ἐ. Gal.15.500, cf. Luc. DDeor.5.4; of infants, suck,

    γάλα Sor.1.88

    ; of cupping instruments, Hp.VM22; draw in,

    πνεῦμα Phld.D.3.13

    :—[voice] Pass., of air, to be sucked in, Arist.Pr. 931b22.
    7. [voice] Med., draw in, call in,

    Πύρρον Plb.1.6.5

    ; φυλακὴν καὶ βοήθειαν παρά τινος ib.7.6;

    μάρτυρας -ᾶται τοὺς μουσικούς Phld.Po.5.1425.8

    :—[voice] Pass., to be called in, forced to work,

    εἴς τι PTeb. 27.4

    (ii B.C.).
    8. in [voice] Pass., of the sea, ἐπισπωμένη βιαιότερον returning with a rush after having retired, Th.3.89.
    II. overturn: hence proverb., ὅλην τὴν ἅμαξαν ἐπεσπάσω you have `upset the apple-cart', Luc.Pseudol.32.
    III. [voice] Med., draw the prepuce forward, become as if uncircumcised,

    μὴ ἐπισπάσθω 1 Ep.Cor.7.18

    ; of the nurse, ἐπισπάσθω

    τὴν ἀκροποσθίαν Sor.1.113


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  • 4 βλαγίς

    Grammatical information: ?
    Origin: XX [etym. unknown]
    Etymology: V. Blumenthal, Hesychst. 23f., suggests connecting βλαί\<ς\> βλητή. Λάκωνες H. Unknown. Cf. Pisani, Saggi linguistica storica 1959, 224.
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  • 5 βρί

    βρί ( βρῖ)
    Grammatical information: ?
    Dialectal forms: The interpretation of Myc. piritawo is uncertain.
    Compounds: In e.g. βρι-ήπυος `loud crying' of Ares (Ν 521), with ἠπύω, Βριάρεως s. below, βριηρόν μεγάλως κεχαρισμένον H. (cf. Sommer Nominalkomp. 139, to ἦρα?; against Hoffmann Glotta 28, 23f.). Βρίακχος `Bacchante' (S.) with ἰάχω, Ἴακχος.
    Derivatives: Adj. βριαρός `strong' (Il.) (cf. χαλαρός beside χαλί-φρων). Verb βριάω `be or make strong, mighty' (Hes.; cf. χαλάω) backformation from βριαρός? s. Schwyzer 682f., Bechtel a. a. O; also βριερός. For Βριάρεως, a giant with hundred arms (Il.), in Hes. Ο᾽βριάρεως, the interpretation `who causes much damage (ἀρή)' (Bechtel, Lex.) is most uncertain; much more probably it is a Pre-Gr. name, Fur. 168 n. 103. - With θ: βρί̄θω, (βέβρῑθα, βρῖσαι) `be laden with, full of' (Il); βρῑθύς `heavy(?)' (Il.), βρῖθος n. `weight' (Hp.), βριθοσύνη `id.' (Il.) - Here also βρινδεῖν θυμοῦσθαι, ἐρεθίζειν H. with prenasalization of βριθ-? (for the meaning cf. βριμάομαι). Further βρίμη, βριμάομαι. S. also βρίζω and ὕβρις.
    Origin: PG [a word of Pre-Greek origin]
    Etymology: The idea of an `ablaut' ī\/ia must be given up; such cases have appeared to continue -ih₂-\/-ih₂-e. So βριαρός could be * gʷrih₂-eros. (There can be no derivational system i\/ro in these words; nor is a form *βριαρ probable, as Benveniste supposed, Origines 15.) The connection with βαρύς has also become very doubtful: βαρύς continues * gʷrH-u-, and * gʷrH-iH- would have given *βαρῑ-; possible would be * gʷr-iH-, from a root without laryngeal, but the only evidence for such a root would be Skt. grī-ṣmá- m. `Hochsommer', if *`die Zeit des heftigen, starken Sommers' (Wackernagel KZ 61, 197f., with sámā `(half)year', Av. ham- `summer' - but these derive from * smH-, which would make difficulty), but this analysis is quite uncertain (a meaning `heavy; does not seem appropriate). - (That Lat. (Osc.-Umbr.) brūtus = Latv. grũts `heavy' is a parallel ū-enlargement is even more doubtful.) - The - θ- can be the enlargement indicating a state (Benveniste, Origines 190).- As Fur. (168 n. 104, 174 n. 122, 246f) remarks the words refer more to `big, strong, χαλεπός' than to 'heavy'. The connection to βριμός (s. βρίμη) therefore seems evident. As βρῑμ- is very probable related to ὄβριμος (cf. ὀβριάρεως), we have to do with a Pre-Greek word (Fur. index). S. φριμάσσομαι.
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  • 6 βρῖ

    βρί ( βρῖ)
    Grammatical information: ?
    Dialectal forms: The interpretation of Myc. piritawo is uncertain.
    Compounds: In e.g. βρι-ήπυος `loud crying' of Ares (Ν 521), with ἠπύω, Βριάρεως s. below, βριηρόν μεγάλως κεχαρισμένον H. (cf. Sommer Nominalkomp. 139, to ἦρα?; against Hoffmann Glotta 28, 23f.). Βρίακχος `Bacchante' (S.) with ἰάχω, Ἴακχος.
    Derivatives: Adj. βριαρός `strong' (Il.) (cf. χαλαρός beside χαλί-φρων). Verb βριάω `be or make strong, mighty' (Hes.; cf. χαλάω) backformation from βριαρός? s. Schwyzer 682f., Bechtel a. a. O; also βριερός. For Βριάρεως, a giant with hundred arms (Il.), in Hes. Ο᾽βριάρεως, the interpretation `who causes much damage (ἀρή)' (Bechtel, Lex.) is most uncertain; much more probably it is a Pre-Gr. name, Fur. 168 n. 103. - With θ: βρί̄θω, (βέβρῑθα, βρῖσαι) `be laden with, full of' (Il); βρῑθύς `heavy(?)' (Il.), βρῖθος n. `weight' (Hp.), βριθοσύνη `id.' (Il.) - Here also βρινδεῖν θυμοῦσθαι, ἐρεθίζειν H. with prenasalization of βριθ-? (for the meaning cf. βριμάομαι). Further βρίμη, βριμάομαι. S. also βρίζω and ὕβρις.
    Origin: PG [a word of Pre-Greek origin]
    Etymology: The idea of an `ablaut' ī\/ia must be given up; such cases have appeared to continue -ih₂-\/-ih₂-e. So βριαρός could be * gʷrih₂-eros. (There can be no derivational system i\/ro in these words; nor is a form *βριαρ probable, as Benveniste supposed, Origines 15.) The connection with βαρύς has also become very doubtful: βαρύς continues * gʷrH-u-, and * gʷrH-iH- would have given *βαρῑ-; possible would be * gʷr-iH-, from a root without laryngeal, but the only evidence for such a root would be Skt. grī-ṣmá- m. `Hochsommer', if *`die Zeit des heftigen, starken Sommers' (Wackernagel KZ 61, 197f., with sámā `(half)year', Av. ham- `summer' - but these derive from * smH-, which would make difficulty), but this analysis is quite uncertain (a meaning `heavy; does not seem appropriate). - (That Lat. (Osc.-Umbr.) brūtus = Latv. grũts `heavy' is a parallel ū-enlargement is even more doubtful.) - The - θ- can be the enlargement indicating a state (Benveniste, Origines 190).- As Fur. (168 n. 104, 174 n. 122, 246f) remarks the words refer more to `big, strong, χαλεπός' than to 'heavy'. The connection to βριμός (s. βρίμη) therefore seems evident. As βρῑμ- is very probable related to ὄβριμος (cf. ὀβριάρεως), we have to do with a Pre-Greek word (Fur. index). S. φριμάσσομαι.
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  • 7 γλαυκός

    Grammatical information: adj.
    Meaning: in Hom. (Π 34) of the sea, after Hom. `bluish green or grey' (Il.); see Pötscher, Rh. Mus. 141\/2 (1998) 97-111.
    Dialectal forms: Myc. karauko \/ Glaukos\/.
    Derivatives: γλαῦκος name of a fish (Com.; s. Strömberg Fischnamen 23f.and Thompson Fishes 48); γλαυκία η γλαυκίον βοτάνη τις H. (Plin.); also `juice of the horned poppy' (Dsc.) and name of a duck (Ath.), both after the colour; γλαυκίδανον name of an eyesalve (Gal.). - Denomin. ptc. γλαυκιόων `gleaming?' (Il.) but Pötscher ( Glotta 72, 1994, 105-8) `with the green, brilliant eyes of an owl', γλαυκόομαι `be affected with glaucoma' (Hp.), γλαύκωμα `glaucoma' (Arist.), γλαύσσω `shine' (H.) cf. λευκός: λεύσσω. - Several PN: Γλαῦκος, Γλαύκη (Il.), Γλαύκων, - ίων etc.. - On γλαυκῶπις s. v.
    Origin: PG [a word of Pre-Greek origin]X [probably]
    Etymology: Hardly to γαλήνη, γελάω (s. vv.). - Improbable Leumann Hom. Wörter 148ff. (wrong analsis of γλαυκῶπις; s. Chantr. Mél. Carcopino (1966) 193ff.). - No etymology; hardly IE (* gleh₂u-ko- would be a rather unusual formation); so rather Pre-Greek.
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  • 8 δεῖσα

    Grammatical information: f.
    Meaning: `slime, filth' (pap. IIa, Suid., EM), δείσ-οζος `nach Dreck riechend' (AP).
    Compounds: Comp. ἄδειος ἀκάθαρτος. Κύπριοι H. with loss of the - σ- as regular in Cypr.
    Derivatives: δεισαλέος (Clem. Al., Suid., H.), δεισαλία = ἀκαθαρσία (Thd., H.); cf. Debrunner IF 23, 23f. u. 38.
    Origin: XX [etym. unknown]
    Etymology: Unknown. Solmsen Wortforsch. 236f. (to OCS židъkъ `succosus, ὑδαρός', Russ. židkij `thin, fluid, slim'. S. also Lasso de la Vega Emerita 22, 89.
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  • 9 δίαιτα

    Grammatical information: f.
    Meaning: 1. `mode of life, prescribed way of life, dwelling' (Pi., Ion., also Att.; on the meaning `ornaments' in LXX Del Medico ByzZ 44, 413ff.); 2. `arbitration' (att.).
    Derivatives: διαιτάομαι `feed onself, live somewhere, be somewhere' (Ion.-Att.), - άω `treat as a physician' (Hp.); 2. διαιτάω `distinguish, be arbitrator' (Pi., Att.). - διαίτημα mostly plur. `way of life' (Hp.) with διατηματώδης; διαίτησις `way of life' (Hp.); διαιτητήρια pl. `living room' (X.); διαιτητικός `belonging to the food' (Hp.), and `belonging to the arbitration' (Str.); uncertain διαιτί[α = διαίτησις (epist. Hadr.; Hesperia 3, 41). - διαιτητής `arbiter' (Hdt.), διαιτατε̄́ρ (Olympia VIa) and διαιτήσιμος `belonging to the arbiter' (Is.; after ἐφέσιμος; cf. Arbenz Die Adj. auf - ιμος 69f.); τὸ διαιτητικόν `decision of an arbiter' (pap.). - διαίτωμα (Delph. IIa) = δίαιτα, s. Chantr. Form. 187).
    Origin: GR [a formation built with Greek elements]
    Etymology: Like ἀρτάω from *ἀ(Ϝ)ερτάω beside primary ἀείρω, so δι-αιτάομαι, - άω stands beside primary αἴνυμαι (s. Schwyzer 705f.); so it means `take out, divide', from where `divide food, feed oneself, live', on the other hand, with reference to juirisdiction like αἴτιος (s. v. and αἶσα), `decide'. From the verb retrograde δίαιτα. Only in the medical sense of `treat as physician' is διαιτάω a denominative of δίαιτα. - Diff. διαιτάω, δίαιτα Pisani Ist. Lomb. 73: 2, 23f.
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  • 10 ἔργον

    Grammatical information: n.
    Meaning: `work, labour, work of art' (Il.).
    Dialectal forms: Myc. wekata \/wergatās\/
    Compounds: As 1. member e. g. in ἐργο-λάβος `undertaker'; further PN Έργα-μένης (Bechtel Namenstud. 23f.; cf. ἐργά-της but also Άλκαμένης); very often as 2. member - εργός (or - οργός), e. g. γεωργός (s. γῆ), δημιουργός (s. v.).
    Derivatives: ἐργώδης `laborious, heavy' (Hp., X.). ἐργάτης m. (from plur. ἔργα; Schwyzer 500; cf. ἐργάζομαι) `labourer', esp. `agricultural lab.', `laborious' (Ion.-Att.), f. ἐργάτις, with ἐργατικός `from an ἐργάτης, laborious', ἐργατίνης = ἐργάτης (Theoc.; vgl. Chantraine Formation 203, Schwyzer 490), διεργάτινος (Mytilene), ἐργατήσιος `profitable' (Plu. Cat. Ma. 21; uncertain; cf. Chantraine 42); ἐργασία, to ἐργάζομαι, s. below; denomin. verb ἐργατεύομαι, - εύω `work hard' with ἐργατεία (LXX, pap.). Έργάνη, Delph. Ϝαργάνα surname of Athena (Delphi VI-Va etc.), also = ἐργασία (pap., H.); ἔργανα, Ϝέργανα (written γέργ-) ἐργαλεῖα H. ἐργαλεῖον, usu. pl. - εῖα, Cret. Ϝεργ- `tool, instrument' (Ion.-Att.); there is no *ἔργαλον (cf. Chantraine 60 w. n. 1). denomin. verb ἐργάζομαι (Schwyzer 734 w. n. 7), Cret. Ϝεργάδδομαι `work' (Il.), often with prefix ἀπ-, ἐν- etc.; several derivv.: ἐργαστικός `busy, productive, labourer' (Ion.-Att.); ἐργασία, Cret. Ϝεργ- `(heavy) labour, fieldwork, profession' (Ion.-Att.; cf. Porzig Satzinhalte 215) with ἐργάσιμος `in business, cleared (land)' (also to ἐργάζομαι; cf. Arbenz Die Adj. auf - ιμος 44f.); ἐργαστήρ `fieldlabourer' (X.), ἐργαστής `id.', also `negotiator' (A. D., Rom. inscr.); ἐργαστήριον `workshop' (Ion.-Att.; cf Chantraine 62f.; from there - after vinculum - Lat. ergastulum; after Leumann [lastly Sprache 1, 207 n. 11] from ἔργαστρον) with ἐργαστηριακός `labourer' (Plb.), deminut. ἐργαστηρίδιον (pap.); ἔργαστρα pl. `wages' (pap.; Chantraine 332); cf. Fraenkel Nom. ag. 1, 147 w. n. 3. Desiderat. ptc. ἐργασείων `who wants to do' (S.).
    Origin: IE [Indo-European] [1168] *u̯erǵ- `work'
    Etymology: Ϝέργον (Dor.; from there El. Ϝάργον) is identical with Av. varǝzǝm n., Germ., e. g. OHG werc, ONo. verk n. ` work'; IE *u̯érǵom n.; with sec. o Arm. gorc `id.' (after deverb. gorcem `work'); uncertain Welsh. vergo-bretus `highest official of the Aeduans'. - Primary verbs ἔρδω and ῥέζω; further ὄργανον, ὄργια, ἐόργη, s. vv.
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  • 11 ἠικανός

    Grammatical information: m.
    Origin: IE [Indo-European] [86] * h₂ues- `lighten'
    Etymology: Prop. `early-singer', comp from ἠι- (for *αυσι-, to ἕως, old loc.) and a verb for `to sing' in Lat. canō, NHG Hahn. On the accent Wackernagel Philol. 95, 182f.; on the factual basis Amman Glotta 25, 1ff.; further Wolters FS Lambros 486ff and Kretschmer Glotta 27, 23f. Synonymous formations with cognate elements in Skt. uṣā-kala- and Old- and NewIcel. ār-gali m. `cock' (Lidén Meijerbergs arkiv f. svensk ordforskn. 1 (1939) 84ff. w. useful details).

    Greek-English etymological dictionary (Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά ετυμολογική λεξικό) > ἠικανός

  • 12 μανδραγόρας

    Grammatical information: m.
    Meaning: `mandrake' (Att., Thphr.).
    Derivatives: μαν-δραγορ-ίτης οἶνος (Dsc.; Redard 97), - ῖτις Άφροδίτη H. (as the plant was seen as an Aphrodisiacon); - ικός `from μ.' (Alex. Trall.); - ιζομένη `benumbed with μ. ' (name of a com. of Alexis).
    Origin: XX [etym. unknown]
    Etymology: Unexplained. E. Fraenkel Satura Berolinensis 23f. supposes, that the plant was called after a person (physician). Schrader-Nehring Reallex. 1, 42 remind hesitantly (after Lagarde) of the Persian names of the plant merdum gijā "human plant"; the Mandragora-root is called by an unknown spokesman ἀνθρωπόμορφος, by Columella as semihomo. After Bq this is a folketymological adaptation of a foreign word. - From μανδραγόρας Engl. mandrake, Arm. manragor etc. - On the facts Schrader-Nehring l.c.
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  • 13 ὄρθρος

    Grammatical information: m.
    Meaning: `time before daybreak, the time of cock-crow, first dawn', later `the beginning day, morning' (h. Merc. 98, Hes. Op. 577; on the meaning Wackernagel Unt. 193).
    Compounds: Some compp., e.g. ὀρθρο-βόας m. "morning-caller", denom. of the cock (AP; cf. on ἠϊ-κανός), τὸ περί-ορθρον `dawn' (Th., Hdn.).
    Derivatives: 1. Adj. ὄρθρ-ιος `belonging to ὄ., happening at ὄ.' (h. Merc. 143), Όρθρία f. name of a goddess (Schwenn RhM 86, 298); - ινός `id.' (Arat., LXX, AP, cf. ἑωθ-ινός a.o.), - ίδιος `id.' (AP: ἀΐδιος a.o.); comp. forms ὀρθριαί-τερος, - τατος (Hdn.), adv. also ὀρθρί-τερον (pap.) after πρωΐ-, ὀψί-τερον (Schwyzer 534, Radermacher Festschr. Kretschmer 154ff.). 2. Verbs: a) ὀρθρ-εύω, - ομαι `to be sleepless, awake in the early morning' (E., Theoc.) with the backformation Ὄρθρος m. name of a mythical dog (Hes. Th. 309; Kretschmer Glotta 13, 270), with ἐπ- also `to be up early' (D. Chr., Luc.); b) - ίζω `id.' (LXX, Ev. Luc.) with ( ἑπ-)ορθρισμός m. (Aq, Plu.).
    Origin: IE [Indo-European]X [probably] [cf. 1167]
    Etymology: Already the meaning `time before daybreak, first light of the morning' is not favourable to the old connection to Lat. ( sol) oriens, ortus m. `rise (of a star)'; if Ϝορθ-αγορίσκος stands for *Ϝορθρ- (cf. s.v.), this explanation is definitely impossible. Then ὄρθρος can better be connected with ὀρθός a. cogn., with which esp. the Slavic cognates, e.g. OCS ranъ `ὄρθριος' Russ. ráno `early' are remarkable. The supposed suffixdiff. in ranъ from *u̯rōdh-no- and ὄρθ-ρος has been explained from an old interchange n: r [which does not seem very probable]. Thus ὄρθρος would be prop. "the growing (of the daylight)" after the dark of midnight, what would agree better with the orig. use of ὄρθρος. -- Lit. s. on ὀρθός (after J. Schmidt KZ 33. 456f., Lidén GHÅ 5 [1899] 23f.); Benveniste Origines 19.
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    Greek-English etymological dictionary (Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά ετυμολογική λεξικό) > ὄρθρος

  • 14 σαργάνη

    Grammatical information: f.
    Meaning: `plaited basket' (since IVa).
    Derivatives: σαργαν-ίς f. (Cratin. [coni.]), - ιον, - ίδιον n. (pap.) `id.'. Besides ταργάναι πλοκαί, συνδέσεις, πέδαι H. with τεταργανωμένη = συμπεπλεγ-μένη, συνειλημμένη (H. EM); hyperatticistic? (cf. Schwyzer 319).
    Origin: PG [a word of Pre-Greek origin] (V)
    Etymology: Instrument name without etymology, perh. LW [loanword] (cf. Chantraine Étrennes Benveniste 23f.); formation as πλεκτάνη, ὁρκάνη etc. The traditional connection with σορός (s. v.) a. cogn. (Kögel PBBeitr. 7, 191) leaves the - γ- unexplained. Cf. also on τάρπη. -- The variation is Pre-Greek (s. Furnée 124 s.v. ταργάναι) and points to *tyarg-an-.
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  • 15 σικύα

    Grammatical information: f.
    Meaning: `bottle gourd, Lagenaria vulgaris' (Hp., Arist., Thphr. etc.), metaph. `bleeding cup' (Hp., com., Pl. etc.) with - υάζω `to cup' (Arr.), with - ύασις, - υασ-μός (late).
    Other forms: Ion. - ύη ( σεκούα H.).
    Compounds: As 1. element in σικυ-ήλατον n. `patch of gourds, cucumbers' (Hp.; - ήρατον pap.); to ἐλαύνω (resp. with ρ for λ; Schwyzer 213 w. lit.).
    Derivatives: Besides σίκυος ( σικυός) m. `cucumber or melon, Cueumis (sativus)' (Hp., com., Arist. etc.), also σίκυς f. `id.' (Alc., Dsc., Gal.). -- From this: dimin. σικύ-διον n. (Phryn. Com., pap. II -- IIIp); - ώδης `cucumber-like etc.' (Hp., Thphr.), - ηδόν `like a cucumber' (medic.), - ών m. `cucumber patch', - ώνη f. = σίκυος ἄγριος, also `bleeding cup' (Hdt.; like κροτώνη a. o.), - ωνία f. = κολοκύνθη (Hp., Plu.). Also Σικυών ( Σεκυ-), - ῶνος m. f. "cucumber city", city not far from Corinth (Il.) with - ώνιος, - ωνικός.
    Origin: PG [a word of Pre-Greek origin]
    Etymology: With σίκυς cf. ῥάφυς, κάχρυς a. other plant names; σικύα as οἰσύα, ὀστρύα etc.; cf. also Heubeck Praegraeca 37. In the variation σικ- σικύα σεκ- Specht KZ 61, 277ff. wants to see (s. also Kretschmer Glotta 26, 57) two diff. products of dissimilation of orig. *σύκυς, what can be proven nor disproven because of the unknown origin of the word [but s. bel.] (in spite of Slav. tyky). The partial agreement with κύκυον τὸν σικυόν, κυκύϊζα γλυκεῖα κολόκυντα H., with Lat. cucumis `cucumber' as well as with Slav., e.g. ORuss. tyky `pumpkin', to which also Sem., e.g. Hebr. qiššu'ā `cucumber', has since long been observed, but a convincing etymology has not yet been found. In any case an old LW [loanword]; source unknown. Extensive lit. in W.-Hofmann s. cucumis and Vasmer s. týkva; further Schrader-Nehring Reallex. 1, 652 ff. New hypothesis by Deroy Rev. int. d'onom. 12, 23f.: pregr., from ku in κυέω and strengthening se-, si- (similar with IE means Brugmann IF 39, 140 ff.). -- The variation points clearly to Pre-Greek (e.g. ι\/ε, υ\/ου), Furnée 251, 354, 257, 367.
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  • 16 βασιλεία

    βασιλεία, ας, ἡ (Heraclit. Fgm. 52; Hdt.+) a term relating to royal administration
    gener. kingship, royal power, royal rule (1 Km 15:28; 20:31; Sir 10:8; Jdth 1:1; Esth 3:6; 1 Macc 1:16 al. LXX; En 98:2; TestJob 33:9; Just., Tat., Ath.; οὐ βασιλείαν ἀλλὰ τυράνιδα Mel., P. 49, 354; Orig.) λαβεῖν ἑαυτῷ βασιλείαν obtain royal power (for oneself) Lk 19:12, 15; without dat. Rv 17:12 (cp. Jos., Ant. 13, 220); δοῦναί τινι τὴν β. vs. 17; ἔχειν β. ἐπί τινων vs. 18; ἐποίησεν ἡμᾶς βασιλείαν he gave us royal jurisdiction 1:6; cp. 5:10; royal rule Lk 1:33; 22:29; 23:42 v.l. (ἐν τῇ β. σου in your royal power); Ac 1:6; Hb 1:8 (Ps 44:7); 1 Cor 15:24 (παραδιδόναι as Diod S 1, 43, 6); B 4:4 (Da 7:24). Ps 95:10 (Justin, A I, 41, 4, D. 73: ὁ κύριος ἐβασίλευσεν ἀπὸ τ. ξύλου) is the basis for β. Ἰησοῦ ἐπὶ ξύλου the rule of Jesus on the cross B 8:5 (s. Windisch, Hdb. ad loc.).—Hb 11:33; 1 Cl 61:1.
    esp. of God’s rule the royal reign of God (usually rendered ‘kingdom of God’, and oft. understood as royal realm but with dilution of the primary component of reigning activity), a chiefly eschatological concept, beginning to appear in the prophets, elaborated in apocalyptic passages (Mi 4:7f; Ps 102:19; 144:11–13; Wsd 6:4; 10:10; Da 3:54; 4:3; cp. SibOr 3:47f.—Diod S 5, 71, 1 Zeus takes over the βασιλεία from Cronus; Sextus 311 κοινωνεῖ βασιλείας θεοῦ σοφὸς ἀνήρ) and taught by Jesus. The expressions vary; β. τοῦ θεοῦ and τῶν οὐρανῶν have essentially the same mng., since Israelites used οὐρανός (-οί) as well as other circumlocutions for θεός (cp. Mt 19:23f; s. Bousset, Rel.3 314f); the latter term may also emphasize the heavenly origin and nature of the reign.—Dalman, Worte 75–119; JWeiss, D. Predigt Jesu v. Reiche Gottes2 1900, 1–35; ESellin, D. isr.-jüd. Heilandserwartung 1909, D. alt. Prophetismus 1912, 136ff; BDuhm, D. kommende RG 1910; SMowinckel, Psalmenstudien II 1922, 146ff; LDürr, Ursprung u. Ausbau d. isr. Heilandserwartung 1925; Bousset, Rel3 1926, 213ff; AvGall, βασιλεία τ. θεοῦ 1926; JWissing, Het begrip van het Koningrijk Gods, diss., Leiden 1927; HGressmann, Der Messias 1929; MBuber, Königtum Gottes ’32; PVolz, D. Eschatologie der jüd. Gemeinde im ntl. Zeitalter ’34; Ltzm., D. Weltheiland 1909; TManson, The Teaching of Jesus ’55, 116–284; SAalen, NTS 8, ’61/62, 215–40 (‘house’ or ‘community’ of God); GLadd, JBL 81, ’62, 230–38 (‘realm’); FNötscher, Vom A. zum NT ’62, 226–30 (ethical).
    α. β. τῶν οὐρανῶν mostly in Mt: 3:2; 4:17; 5:3, 10, 19f al.; otherw. (Did., Gen. 52, 11; 60, 28) J 3:5 v.l.; AcPl Ha 8, 31.
    β. β. τοῦ θεοῦ (cp. Orig., C. Cels. 3, 40, 21) Mt 6:33; 12:28; 21:31, 43; Mk 1:15; 4:11, 26, 30 al.; Lk 4:43; 6:20; 7:28; 8:1 al.; Ac 1:3; 8:12; 14:22; 19:8; 28:23, 31; J 3:3, 5; Ro 14:17 (defined as δικαιοσύνη, εἰρήνη, χαρά); 1 Cor 4:20 al.; Ox 1 verso, 7f; Dg 9:1; B 21:1; Pol 2:3; β. θεοῦ 1 Cor 6:10, cp. 9; 15:50; Gal 5:21; Pol 5:3; β. τοῦ Χριστοῦ καὶ θεοῦ Eph 5:5; τοῦ Χριστοῦ 1 Cl 50:3.
    γ. β. τοῦ πατρός Mt 13:43; 26:29.
    δ. β. αὐτοῦ (=τοῦ υἱοῦ τοῦ ἀνθρώπου) Mt 13:41; Lk 24:26 v.l.; cp. Col 1:13.
    ε. β. τοῦ πατρὸς ἡμῶν Δαυίδ Mk 11:10, since the Davidic kgdm. is to be reestablished under the Son of David, the Messiah (cp. Is 9:5f; Jer 23:5f).
    ζ. ἡ β. τοῦ κυρίου B 4:13; ἡ β. αὐτοῦ (=κυρίου) ἡ ἐπουράνιος 2 Ti 4:18; EpilMosq 5; ἡ οὐράνιος β. MPol 22:3; ἡ ἐν οὐρανῷ β. Dg 10:2.
    η. αἰώνιος β. τοῦ κυρίου (cp. Da 4:3; Just.; CIG II, 2715a, 3 ἐπὶ τῆς τῶν κυρίων Ῥωμαίων αἰωνίου ἀρχῆς, Dssm., B 277f) 2 Pt 1:11; cp. MPol 20:2.—The greatest blessings conceivable are found in the β. Mt 13:44f. The foll. expr. refer to obtaining it = participate in its benefits: ἅψασθαι τῆς β. B 7:11; δέχεσθαι Mk 10:15; διδόναι Lk 12:32; εἰσέρχεσθαι εἰς τὴν β. Mt 5:20; 7:21; 18:3; 19:23; Mk 10:23ff; Lk 24:26 P75 (first hand); J 3:5; Ac 14:22; Hs 9, 12, 3f (HWindisch, D. Sprüche v. Eingehen in d. Reich Gs: ZNW 27, 1928, 163–92); εἰσήκειν εἰς τὴν β. 2 Cl 11:7; ἔρχεσθαι εἰς τὴν β. 9:6; ἑτοιμάζειν Mt 25:34; εὔθετον εἶναι τῇ β. Lk 9:62; εὑρεθῆναι εἰς τὴν β. Hs 9, 13, 2; ζητεῖν Mt 6:33; Lk 12:31; καταξιοῦσθαι τῆς β. 2 Th 1:5; κατοικεῖν ἐν τῇ β. Hs 9, 29, 2; κληρονομεῖν Mt 25:34; 1 Cor 6:9f; 15:50; IPhld 3:3; cp. κληρονόμος τῆς β. Js 2:5; μαθητεύεσθαι τῇ β. Mt 13:52; μεθιστάναι εἰς τὴν β. Col 1:13; φθάνει ἡ β. ἐπί τινα Lk 11:20. The phrase ὁρᾶν τὴν β. see the kgdm.=‘realize the fulfillment of God’s promises to Israel’ occurs Mk 9:1; Lk 9:27; J 3:3; Hs 9, 15, 3. The mysteries of the kgdm. can be revealed to those for whom they are intended Mt 13:11; Mk 4:11; διαγγέλλειν Lk 9:60; διαμαρτυρεῖσθαι Ac 28:23; κηρύσσειν καὶ εὐαγγελίζεσθαι Lk 8:1; sim. 16:16; cp. κηρύσσειν τὸ εὐαγγέλιον τῆς β. Mt 4:23; 9:35; 24:14; κηρύσσειν τὴν β. Lk 9:2; Ac 28:31; λαλεῖν περὶ τῆς β. Lk 9:11. Keep fr. entering: κλείειν Mt 23:13; cp. κλεῖδες τῆς β. 16:19 (s. κλεῖς 1); αἴρειν ἀπό τινος 21:43.—Spoken of as present Mt 12:28; Lk 11:20, perh. also 17:20f (see s.v. ἐντός). Viewed as future, but close at hand ἤγγικεν ἡ β. Mt 3:2; 10:7; Mk 1:15; Lk 10:9, 11; perh. Mk 1:15; ἐγγύς ἐστιν Lk 21:31; ἔρχεται Mt 6:10; Mk 11:10; Lk 11:2; 17:20; μέλλει ἀναφαίνεσθαι 19:11; προσδέχεσθαι τὴν β. Mk 15:43; ἐκδέχεσθαι τὴν β. 2 Cl 12:1; μέλλει ἔρχεσθαι 1 Cl 42:3; ἡ μέλλουσα β. 2 Cl 5:5; ἥξει ἡ β. 12:2. Conceived of as a banquet (Billerb. IV 1154ff): ἀνακλιθῆναι ἐν τῇ β. Mt 8:11; sim. 26:29; Mk 14:25; Lk 13:28f; 22:16, 18, 30; cp. the parables 14:15ff; Mt 22:2ff. Participants in it are called υἱοὶ τῆς β. Mt 8:12 (of mere external connection); 13:38. Prerequisite for participation is μετάνοια Mt 4:17; Mk 1:15; the willingness to become like children Mt 18:3f; 19:14; Mk 10:14f; Lk 18:16f. Only uprightness will inherit the β. Mt 5:20. Degrees and grades 5:19; 18:1, 4. The prosperous have difficulty entering 19:23f; Mk 10:23–25; Lk 18:24f (cp. vs. 29), those who persist in sin have no prospects at all Mt 13:24ff, 36ff, 47ff.—Paul thinks of the β. as someth. that effects changes in pers. resulting in righteousness, peace (w. God) and joy Ro 14:17. It manifests itself in deeds, not in words 1 Cor 4:20. Those committed to sin will not inherit it 6:9f; Gal 5:21; Eph 5:5 (cp. 2 Cl 9:6); the latter passages show that for Paul the kgdm. is essentially future, since Christians await the complete victory of the spirit over the flesh. Cp. also 2 Ti 4:1. Flesh and blood will not inherit it, i.e. bodies under the direction of the spirit of Christ are required for entrance 1 Cor 15:50 (JJeremias, NTS 2, ’56, 151–59). None other than God calls people into it 1 Th 2:12.—HJWesterink, Het Koninkrijk Gods bij Pls ’37.—The most important lit. to 1931 in PFeine, Theol. d. NTs7 ’36, 73. Additional lit.: GGloege, Reich Gs u. Kirche im NT 1929; RFrick, D. Gesch. des R.-Gs-Gedankens in d. alten Kirche 1929; EScott, The Kgdm. of God in the NT ’31; H-DWendland, Reichsidee u. Gottesreich ’34; ROtto, Reich Gottes u. Menschensohn ’34 (Eng. tr., The Kgdm. of God and the Son of Man, tr. Filson and Woolf, ’43 and ’51); TW I 562–95; WKümmel, D. Eschatologie der Evangelien ’36, Verheissg. u. Erfüllg. ’45 and ’53; JHéring, Le Royaume de Dieu et sa Venue (Jesus, Paul) ’38 and ’59; JTheissing, D. Lehre Jesu v. d. ew. Seligkeit ’40; FGrant, The Gospel of the Kgdm. ’40; JWellhagen, Anden och Riket ’41 (Lk); WMichaelis, D. Herr verzieht nicht d. Verheissung ’42; RLiechtenhan, D. Kommen des RGs nach dem NT ’44; GKnight, From Moses to Paul, ’49, 173–87; WArndt, CTM 21, ’50, 8–29; JBright, The Kgdm. of God: The Biblical Concept and Its Mng. for the Church ’53; RSchnackenburg, Gottes Herrschaft u. Reich,4 ’65, tr. JMurray,2 ’68; ELadd, Jesus and the Kgdm., ’64; NPerrin, The Kgdm. of God in the Teaching of Jesus, ’66; MWolter, NTS 41, ’95, 541–63 [Lk].—OT background: WSchmidt, Königtum Gottes in Ugarit u. Israel, ’61; KBernhardt, D. Problem der altorientalischen Königs-Ideologie im AT, VetusT Suppl. 8, ’61.—Patristics: GLampe, JTS 49, ’48, 58–73.
    territory ruled by a king, kingdom (Diod S 4, 68, 4; Appian, Mithrid. 105 §496 ἡ βας. ὅλη=the whole kingdom; OGI 383, 25 [I B.C.]; Ps 67:33; 134:11; Bar 2:4; Tob 1:21; 1 Macc 1:6; 3:27; 2 Macc 9:25; 3 Macc 6:24 al. LXX) Mt 12:25f; 24:7; Mk 3:24; 6:23 (Socrat., Ep. 1, 10 τ. βασιλείας μέρος διδόναι); 13:8; Lk 11:17f; 21:10; αἱ β. τοῦ αἰῶνος τούτου IRo 6:1. In the account of the temptation Mt 4:8; Lk 4:5 (in a manner very different from Jesus, Alexander [Diod S 17, 51, 2] asks his father, Zeus Ammon, for τὴν ἁπάσης τῆς γῆς ἀρχήν and finds a hearing).—EDNT. DELG s.v. βασιλεύς. M-M. TW. Spicq. Sv.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > βασιλεία

  • 17 βλέπω

    βλέπω fut. βλέψω; 3 pl. fut. βλέψονται Is 29:18; 1 aor. ἔβλεψα (s. βλέμμα; Pind.+ ‘see’: on the use of βλέπω and ὁράω s. Reinhold 97ff. Esp. oft. in Hermas [70 times]).
    to perceive w. the eye, see
    w. acc. of what is seen: beam, splinter Mt 7:3; Lk 6:41f—Mt 11:4; 13:17; 24:2; Mk 8:23f; Lk 10:23f; Ac 2:33; 9:8f; Rv 1:11f; 5:3f; 22:8. Large buildings Mk 13:2 (cp. Choliamb. in Ps.-Callisth. 1, 46a, 8 lines 4, 8, 19: ὁρᾷς τὰ τείχη ταῦθʼ; … τὰ θεμέλια ταῦτα … ὁρᾷς ἐκείνους τοὺς οἴκους;); a woman Lk 7:44; light (Artem. 5, 20 τὸ φῶς ἔβλεπεν; 5, 77) 8:16, cp. 11:33; Jesus J 1:29; B 5:10; signs Ac 8:6; B 4:14; a vision Ac 12:9; nakedness Rv 16:15; the beast 17:8; smoke 18:9, 18. Seeing contrasted w. hoping Ro 8:24f. Of angels βλέπουσι τὸ πρόσωπον τοῦ πατρός (expr. fr. oriental court life = have access constantly, 2 Km 14:24; cp. 4 Km 25:19) Mt 18:10 (s. πρόσωπον 1bα). Pass. πάντων βλεπομένων since everything is seen 1 Cl 28:1. W. acc. and ptc. instead of a dependent clause (SIG1104, 42; UPZ 68, 6 [152 B.C.] βλέπω Μενέδημον κατατρέχοντά με=that M. runs after me; 1 Macc 12:29; Jos., Ant. 20, 219); τὸν ὄχλον συνθλίβοντά σε that the crowd is pressing around you Mk 5:31. τὸν λίθον ἠρμένον that the stone was taken away J 20:1; cp. Mt 15:31; Lk 24:12; J 20:5; 21:9. τὸν πατέρα ποιοῦντα 5:19; sim. 21:20; Ac 4:14; Hb 2:9. ὑπὲρ ὸ̔ βλέπει με beyond what he sees in me 2 Cor 12:6.
    abs.: Mt 13:16; Ro 11:10 (Ps 68:24); Rv 9:20. τὰ βλεπόμενα (Ael. Aristid. 46 p. 406 D.; Wsd 13:7; 17:6) what can be seen 2 Cor 4:18. Look on, watch (Jos., Bell. 1, 596. Ant. 3, 95 βλεπόντων αὐτῶν while they looked on, before their eyes) Ac 1:9; 1 Cl 25:4.
    w. prep. phrase: ἐν τῷ κρυπτῷ who sees in secret Mt 6:4, 6; cp. vs. 18 (s. 4 Macc 15:18). In imagery διʼ ἐσόπτρου ἐν αἰνίγματι 1 Cor 13:12.
    βλέπων βλέπω see w. open eyes Mt 13:14 (Is 6:9). βλέπων οὐ βλέπει though he looks he does not see 13:13; Lk 8:10 (the theme is transcultural, cp. Aeschyl., Prom. 447f; Soph. O.T. 413; Ps.-Demosth. 25, 89; Polyb. 12, 24, 6; Lucian, D. Mar. 4, 3; Lucretius 2:14 o pectora caeca! qualibus in tenebris vitae ‘O blind hearts! In what darkness of life … ’; s. ἀκούω).
    to have the faculty of sight, be able to see, in contrast to being blind (Trag.; Antiphon 4, 4, 2; X., Mem. 1, 3, 4; Aelian, VH 6, 12; SIG 1168, 78 blind man βλέπων ἀμφοῖν ἐξῆλθε; POxy 39, 9 [52 A.D.] ὀλίγον βλέπων=of weak sight; Ex 4:11; 23:8; 1 Km 3:2; Ps. 113:14; al.) Mt 12:22; 15:31; Lk 7:21; J 9:7, 15, 25; Ac 9:9; Rv 3:18. ὀφθαλμοὶ τοῦ μὴ β. (Ps 68:24, cp. 9:32; Sus 9; B-D-F §400, 2) eyes unable to see Ro 11:8 (Dt 29:3); Hs 6, 2, 1. θεοὶ … δυνάμενοι μήτε βλέψαι μήτε ἀκοῦσαι AcPl Ha 1, 20 (cp. Ps 113:14).—Fig. of grasp of transcendent matters (cp. Diog. L. 6, 53 with reference to Pla.: β. with the eyes of the νοῦς) J 9:39.
    to take in the sight of someth., look at, observe εἰς w. acc. (Anaxandrides Com. [IV B.C.] 34, 9 K. εἰς τοὺς καλούς; Ael. Aristid. 28, 126 K.=49 p. 531f D.; Aelian, VH 14, 42; Herodian 3, 11, 3; Jdth 9:9; Pr 16:25; Sir 40:29; 4 Macc l5:18) Lk 9:62; J 13:22 (εἰς ἀλλήλους as Proverb. Aesopi 49 P.) Ac 1:11 v.l. (Ps.-Apollod., Epit. 5, 22 and PGM 13, 833 εἰς τ. οὐρανὸν β.); 3:4. W. dat. [ὁ δὲ λέων ….ἔβλ]επεν τῷ Παύλῳ| καὶ ὁ Παῦλο[ς τῷ λέοντι] the lion looked at Paul and Paul [at the lion] AcPl Ha 4, 36. W. acc. look at a woman (cp. Synes., Calvitii encomium 23, 86b ὅστις ἀδίκοις ὀφθαλμοῖς ὁρᾷ τὴν τοῦ γείτονος) Mt 5:28 (ὅστις ἄν ἐμβλέψῃ γυναικί Just., A I, 15, 1). See magic rites D 3:4. βιβλίον look into a book Rv 5:3f.
    to pay esp. close attention to someth., notice, mark someth.: w. acc. 2 Cor 10:7 (impv.). W. εἴς τι (Polyb. 3, 64, 10 εἰς τ. παρουσίαν) εἰς πρόσωπον β. look at someone’s face = regard someone’s opinion in the sense of being afraid of what someone might think Mt 22:16; Mk 12:14.
    be ready to learn about someth. that is needed or is hazardous, watch, look to, beware of, Mk 13:9; Phil 3:2 (GKilpatrick, PKahle memorial vol. ’68, 146–48: look at, consider); 2J 8. Followed by μή, μήποτε, μήπως and aor. subj. (Pythag., Ep. 4; Epict. 2, 11, 22; 3, 20, 16; PLond III, 964, 9 p. 212 [II/III A.D.] βλέπε μὴ ἐπιλάθῃ οὐδέν; PLips 106, 17 [I B.C.]) beware, look out Mt 24:4; Mk 13:5; Lk 21:8; Ac 13:40; 1 Cor 8:9; 10:12; Gal 5:15; Hb 12:25, or fut. indic. Col 2:8. W. ἀπό τινος (BGU 1079, 2426 [41 A.D.]=CPJ 152, 24ff βλέπε σατὸν [=σαυτὸν] ἀπὸ τῶν Ἰουδαίων; APF 4, 1908, 568) beware of the leaven of the Pharisees Mk 8:15; of the scribes 12:38.
    to process information by giving thought, direct one’s attention to someth., consider, note (Jos., Bell. 7, 351, Ant. 20, 57).
    abs. βλέπετε keep your eyes open Mk 13:33.
    w. acc. (2 Ch 10:16) 1 Cor 1:26; 10:18; on Phil 3:2 s. 5; Col 2:5; 4:17. βλέπων τ. ἐντολήν w. regard to the commandment B 10:11a.
    w. indir. question foll. Mk 4:24; Lk 8:18; 1 Cor 3:10; Eph 5:15; 1 Cl 56:16; B 10:11b.—W. ἵνα foll. 1 Cor 16:10.
    to develop awareness of someth., perceive, feel
    by the senses: a strong wind Mt 14:30.
    of inner awareness discover, find a law Ro 7:23 (cp. PFay 111, 16 ἐὰν βλέπῃς τὴν τιμὴν [price] παντὸς ἀγόρασον). W. acc. and ptc. 2 Cl 20:1; B 1:3. W. ὅτι foll. (BGU 815, 4; EpArist 113) 2 Cor 7:8; Hb 3:19; Js 2:22.
    to be oriented in a particular direction, looking to, in the direction of, facing (rather freq. and w. var. preps.; w. κατά and acc. Ezk 11:1; 40:6 al.; JosAs 5:2 θυρίδα … βλέπουσαν κατὰ ἀνατολάς ‘a window looking out toward the east’) Ac 27:12 (s. λίψ and s. Field, Notes 144).—FHahn, Sehen u. Glauben im J: OCullmann Festschr., ’72, 125–41; FThordarson, SymbOsl 46, ’71, 108–30.—B. 1042. DELG. M-M. TW. Sv.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > βλέπω

  • 18 δῶρον

    δῶρον, ου, τό (Hom.+; ins, pap, LXX; En 100:12; Test12 Patr; JosAs 7:4; EpArist, Philo; Jos., C. Ap. 2, 207; Just., D. 28, 4.—Philostrat., Vi. Soph. 2, 10, 7 [589] distinguishes betw. δωρεά [special grant or privilege] and δῶρον [material gift]) gift, present. Of gifts in general: προσφέρειν δ. bring gifts (cp. Gen 43:26; Did., Gen. 228, 1 10: αὐτὴν ὡς δῶρον) Mt 2:11; cp. ἐξἐβαλον ἀπὸ τῆς πήρας αὐτῶν δῶρα χρυσόν … they took a gift of gold out of their traveling bag GJs 21:3; δῶρα πέμπειν ἀλλήλοις send gifts to each other Rv 11:10. Of God’s gifts (Hom. et al.; Sotades Lyr. [III B.C.] 9, 7 p. 242 Coll.; oracular saying Diod S 8, 18, 1; Strabo 16, 2, 35; Herm. Wr. 10, 9; EpArist 231; 272; Philo, Congr. Erud. Gr. 38; Did., Gen. 161, 2) 1 Cl 35:1; w. ἐπαγγελίαι Hv 3, 2, 1; καὶ τοῦτο οὐκ ἐξ ὑμῶν, θεοῦ τὸ δ. and you have not done this of your own strength; it is a gift of God Eph 2:8. Of sacrificial gifts and offerings (Pla., Euthphr. 15a; SIG 1141; 1154 Διὶ δ.; OGI 407, 4; Just., D. 28, 4) Hb 11:4; 1 Cl 4:2 (Gen 4:4); GJs 7:1. εἰς τὰ δ. βάλλειν cast into the gifts (i.e. those already in the offering receptacle) Lk 21:4; cp. vs. 1. προσφέρειν τὸ δ. bring one’s offering (Lev. 1:2, 14; 2:1, 4 and oft.; TestIss 5:3) Mt 5:23f; 8:4; Hb 5:1; 8:3f; 9:9 (w. θυσίαι as Lev 21:6; cp. EpArist 234); GJs 1:1f; 5:1; cp. 1 Cl 44:4. ἀφιέναι τὸ δ. leave one’s offering Mt 5:24; δ. as transl. of קָרְבָּן (Jos., Ant. 4, 73, C. Ap. 1, 167) Mk 7:11; cp. Mt 15:5; ἁγιάζειν τὸ δ. sanctify the offering 23:19; cp. vs. 18. Of a child consecrated for temple service προσάξω (αὐτὸ) δῶρον Κυρίῳ τῷ θεῷ μου GJs 4:1 (cp. 1 Km 1:11).—V.l. for λόγον Qua (1).—DELG s.v. δίδωμι B. M-M. TW.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > δῶρον

  • 19 εἰσέρχομαι

    εἰσέρχομαι fut. εἰσελεύσομαι (En 25:6; TestJob 40:4; Just., A I, 35, 10; M. Ant. 10, 8); 2 aor. εἰσῆλθον (also εἰσῆλθα, B-D-F §81, 3; Mlt-H. 208; Mt 7:13; Lk 11:52; impv. εἰσελθάτω Mk 13:15); pf. εἰσελήλυθα LXX; ptc. εἰσεληλυθώς Hs 9, 12, 4; 9, 13, 4; plpf. εἰσεληλύθει 2 Macc 9:2 (Hom.+)
    to move into a space, enter
    of geographical and other types of localities and areas as goal
    α. cities and villages w. specific names (Jos., Ant. 9, 122): into Jerusalem Mt 21:10 (Just., D. 88, 6). εἰς Ἱεροσόλυμα εἰς τὸ ἱερόν into Jerusalem and into the temple Mk 11:11. Caesarea Ac 10:24; 23:33. Capernaum Mt 8:5; Mk 2:1; Lk 7:1.
    β. the world gener. εἰς τὸν κόσμον come into the world (Philo, Op. M. 78) in var. mngs.: of first appearance, of sin and death Ro 5:12; 1 Cl 3:4 (cp. Wsd 2:24); of birth (M. Ant. 6, 56) 1 Cl 38:3; of the incarnation of Christ Hb 10:5.
    γ. structural areas and establishments: into the sanctuary Hb 9:12, 24f; temple (Jos., Ant. 3, 319) Lk 1:9; Rv 15:8; house Mt 10:12; 12:29; 17:25 v.l.; Mk 7:17; Lk 1:40; 8:41; Ac 11:12; 16:15; 21:8; synagogue (unless the sense ‘gathering’ applies in certain pass., s. συναγωγή 4) Mk 1:21; 3:1; Lk 4:16; 6:6; Ac 13:14; 14:1; 18:19; cp. Js 2:2; city Mt 10:11; 27:53; Mk 1:45; Lk 10:8, 10; 22:10; Ac 9:6; 14:20 al.; village Mk 8:26; Lk 9:52; 17:12; barracks Ac 23:16; praetorium J 18:28; 19:9; cp. Ac 25:23; Mt 6:6; J 18:1; Mk 16:5; J 20:6; 10:1; Mt 24:38; Lk 17:27; 1 Cl 9:4. εἰς τ. νεφέλην Lk 9:34 (cp. Ex 24:18).—W. indication of place from which, εἰ. ἔκ τινος: ἐξ ἀγροῦ come in from the field Lk 17:7 (cp. PEleph 13, 6 [223/22 B.C.] οὔπω εἰσελήλυθεν ἐξ ἀγροῦ; Gen 30:16).—W. indication of place through which, διά τινος (2 Ch 23:20; Jo 2:9; Jer 17:25; Jos., Ant. 13, 229 εἰ. διʼ ἄλλης πύλης) Mt 7:13; 19:24 v.l.; Lk 13:24; 18:25a; J 10:1, 2 (ἐρχόμενος P75), 9.—W. ὑπὸ: τὴν στέγην under the roof, i.e., enter the house (Gen 19:8 v.l.) Mt 8:8; Lk 7:6.—W. adv. εἰ. ἔσω go inside (2 Ch 29:18; Bel 19 Theod.) Mt 26:58; AcPl Ha 4, 3. ὧδε come in here (Zech 7:3; Ezk 40:4) 22:12. ὅπου ἐὰν εἰσέλθῃ wherever he goes in Mk 14:14; Hb 6:20.—Without emphasis on the preposition Mt 9:18 v.l. (s. on εἷς 3b; προσέρχομαι 1a).
    δ. Freq. the ‘place to which’ is not mentioned, but can be inferred fr. the context (Tob 5:9; 8:13; Jdth 14:14; 1 Macc 7:36; 2 Macc 1:15 al.; PTebt 418, 6ff): εἰσελθὼν διήρχετο τὴν Ἰεριχώ he entered Jericho and was passing through it Lk 19:1. καὶ ὅτε εἰσῆλθον (sc. εἰς τ. οἶκον) and when they had entered Ac 1:13. μὴ εἰσελθάτω (sc. εἰς τὴν οἰκίαν) Mk 13:15, also εἰσελθοῦσα 7:25 v.l.; εἰσελθών Mt 9:25; cp. Ac 5:7, 10; 10:25; 1 Cor 14:23f; AcPl Ha 3, 13. But the idea of destination can be so unimportant that εἰ. comes to mean simply come, go Lk 18:25a; cp. Mt 19:24 (s. 1aγ above).—Of things go (in, into), come (in, into), enter of food: into the mouth (Ezk 4:14; Da 10:3) Mt 15:11 (cp. Sextus 110; TestJob 38:3 διὰ στόματος τροφὴ εἰσέρχεται); Ac 11:8.
    of being(s) as goal
    α. to come or go to πρός τινα come or go to someone (X., Mem. 3, 10, 1; Cebes, Tab. 29; Jos., Ant. 8, 235; Gen 16:4; Ps 50:2; Jdth 12:13; 15:9) Mk 15:43; J 14:23 v.l.; Ac 10:3; 11:3; 16:40; Rv 3:20; 1 Cl 12:4.
    β. to come or go in among εἴς τινα come or go in among εἰς τὸν δῆμον the crowd Ac 19:30. εἰς ὑμᾶς 20:29. ἐπί τινα come to someone (cp. Ezk 44:25) ἐν παντὶ χρόνῳ ᾧ εἰσῆλθεν καὶ ἐξῆλθεν ἐφʼ ἡμᾶς went in and out among us = associated with us Ac 1:21 (on εἰ. καὶ ἐξέρχ. cp. Eur., Phoen. 534 ἐς οἴκους … εἰσῆλθε κἀξῆλθʼ [καὶ ἐξῆλθε]; Num 27:17; 2 Ch 1:10; J 10:9).
    γ. to enter into persons or animals enter into someone (Wsd 1:4 of wisdom; Jos., Ant. 4, 121 of the divine spirit entering into prophets) esp. of hostile spirits which take possession of someone’s body as their dwelling Mk 9:25; Lk 8:30 (Lucian, Philops. 16: the exorcist asks the spirits ὅθεν [οἱ δαίμονες] εἰσεληλύθασιν εἰς τὸ σῶμα; ApcSed 5:5 [διάβολος] ὡς καπνὸς εἰσέρχεται εἰς τὰς καρδίας τῶν ἀνθρώπων). Of hostile spirits: into the swine Mk 5:12f; Lk 8:32f. Of Satan: into Judas 22:3; J 13:27; into a person Hm 12, 5, 4. For this εἰ. ἔν τινι (s. ἐν 3) εἰσῆλθεν ἐν αὐτοῖς Rv 11:11; cp. Lk 9:46; 1 Cl 48:2 (Ps 117:19).
    to enter into an event or state, of pers.: come into someth. = share in someth., come to enjoy someth. (Jos., C. Ap. 2, 123 εἰς τοὺς ἡμετέρους νόμους) εἰς τὴν βασιλείαν τ. θεοῦ (τ. οὐρανῶν) Mt 5:20; 7:21; 19:24; Mk 9:47; 10:15, 23ff; Lk 18:17, 25; J 3:5; 2 Cl 6:9 al. (cp. Da 11:9). For this εἰς τὴν ζωήν enter into eternal life=attain it Mt 18:8f; 19:17; Mk 9:43, 45. HWindisch, D. Sprüche v. Eingehen in d. Reich Gs.: ZNW 27, 1928, 163–92.—εἰς τὴν κατάπαυσιν enter into rest Hb 3:11, 18; 4:1, 3, 5f, 10f (all Ps 94:11). μέχρι δουλείας εἰσελθεῖν even to the extent of slavery 1 Cl 4:9. Of Christ εἰ. εἰς τ. δόξαν αὐτοῦ into his glory Lk 24:26. Of temptations εἰ. εἰς πειρασμόν come into temptation Mt 26:41; Lk 22:40, 46; εἰς χαράν Mt 25:21, 23; Pol 1:3. εἰς τὸν κόπον τινός enter into someone’s labor, i.e. enjoy the fruit of another’s labor J 4:38 (cp. Pr 23:10).—W. this usage, too (s. 1aδ above), the goal need not be mentioned, but can be implied Mt 7:13; 23:13; Lk 11:52 (cp. 3 Macc 1:12); Ro 11:25.
    to happen, with focus on initial aspect, happen, develop, of thoughts: εἰσῆλθεν δὲ διαλογισμὸς ἐν αὐτοῖς an argument arose among them Lk 9:46. εἰς τὰ ὦτά τινος come to someone’s ears (Ps 17:7) Js 5:4; reach into Hb 6:19.—M-M. TW.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > εἰσέρχομαι

  • 20 εἷς

    εἷς, μία, ἕν, gen. ἑνός, μιᾶς, ἑνός a numerical term, ‘one’ (Hom.+)
    a single pers. or thing, with focus on quantitative aspect, one
    in contrast to more than one
    α. adj. μίλιον ἕν Mt 5:41; cp. 20:12; 25:15, 24; Ac 21:7; 28:13; 2 Pt 3:8. Opp. πάντες Ro 5:12 (εἷς ἄνθρωπος as Hippocr., Ep. 11, 2 [IX p. 326]; SHanson, Unity of the Church in the NT, ’46, 65–73 [lit.]). Opp. the nation J 11:50; 18:14 (cp. Oenom. in Eus., PE 5, 25, 5 μεῖον εἶναι ἕνα ἀντι πάντων πεσεῖν τὸν βασιλέα=it is a lesser evil when one, instead of all the citizens, falls, namely, the king).
    β. noun, Lk 23:16 (17) v.l. w. partitive gen. (Diod S 1, 91, 5 αὐτῶν εἷς; Jos., Vi. 204; Just., A I, 1, 1 al.) Mt 5:19; 6:29; 18:6; Mk 9:42; Lk 12:27; 15:21 v.l.; 17:2, 22; 23:39; J 19:34 or w. ἐκ (Maximus Tyr. 1, 6 ab ἐκ πολλῶν εἷς; Lucian, Somn. 9; Jos., Bell. 7, 47) Mt 18:12; 22:35; 26:21; Mk 14:18; J 1:40; 6:8; Ac 11:28 al. ὁ εἷς τῶν δώδεκα one of the twelve Mk 14:10 is a peculiar expr. (cp. BGU 1145, 25 [18 B.C.] ὁ εἷς αὐτῶν Ταυρῖνος; UPZ 161, 50; 54; PTebt 138; 357, 10).
    in contrast to the parts, of which a whole is made up (Theophr. in Apollon. Paradox. 16 τὰ πολλὰ ἓν γίγνεσθαι; Stephan. Byz. s.v. Ὠκεανός: γίγνεται ἐκ δύο εἰς ἕν; Just., D. 103, 5 ἐξ ἀμφοτέρων … ἓν ὄνομα). ἔσονται οἱ δύο εἰς σάρκα μίαν Mt 19:5; Mk 10:8; 1 Cor 6:16 (all three Gen 2:24). οἱ πολλοὶ ἓν σῶμά ἐσμεν we, though many, form one body Ro 12:5; cp. 1 Cor 12:12, 20; Eph 2:15. πάντες εἷς ἐστε you are all one Gal 3:28. ἕν εἰσιν 1 Cor 3:8; cp. J 10:30; 17:11, 21–23 (cp. 1QS 5, 2; Just., D. 42, 3 ἓν ὄντες πρᾶγμα). Also εἰς τὸ ἕν 1J 5:8 (Appian, Iber. 66 §280 ἐς ἕν=together, as a unity). εἰς ἕν J 11:52 (cp. 1QS 5, 7). ὁ ποιήσας τὰ ἀμφότερα ἕν who has united the two divisions Eph 2:14.—MAppold, The Oneness Motif (John) ’76.
    w. negative foll. εἷς … οὐ (μή), stronger than οὐδείς (Aristoph., Eccl. 153, Thesm. 549; X., An. 5, 6, 12; Demosth. 30, 33 ἡ γυνὴ μίαν ἡμέραν οὐκ ἐχήρευσεν; Dionys. Hal., Comp. Verb. 18) ἓν ἐξ αὐτῶν οὐ πεσεῖται not one of them will fall Mt 10:29 (Lucian, Herm. 28 ἓν ἐξ ἁπάντων); cp. 5:18; Mk 8:14; Lk 11:46; 12:6. The neg. rarely comes first Mt 5:36.
    a single entity, with focus on uniformity or quality, one
    one and the same (Pind., N. 6, 1 ἓν ἀνδρῶν, ἓν θεῶν γένος• ἐκ μιᾶς δὲ πνέομεν ἀμφότεροι; Dio Chrys. 19 [36], 6; Maximus Tyr. 19, 4a; cp. OGI 383, 59 [I B.C., the ruler’s statue is to be made of the type of stone used for statues of the gods]; Gen 11:1; 40:5; Lev 22:28; Wsd 7:6; Ar. 13, 5 μία φύσις τῶν θεῶν) ἐν ἑνὶ οἴκῳ in one and the same house Lk 12:52 (Diod S 14, 43, 1 ἐν ἑνὶ τόπω). Expressing unanimity ἐν ἑνὶ στόματι w. one voice Ro 15:6; τοῦ ἑνὸς ἄρτου one and the same loaf 1 Cor 10:17; εἷς ὁ θεός one and the same God (Amphitheos of Heracleia: 431 Fgm. 1b Jac. Διόνυσος κ. Σαβάζιος εἷς ἐστι θεός; difft. Ath. 10, 2 ἑνὸς ὄντος τοῦ πατρὸς καὶ τοῦ υἱοῦ) Ro 3:30; cp. 9:10; 1 Cor 6:16f; 12:9, 13. εἷς κύριος, μία πίστις, ἓν βάπτισμα• εἷς θεός κτλ. (cp. the three genders of εἷς consecutively in Simonides 97 Diehl2 ἓν πέλαγος, μία ναῦς, εἷς τάφος [of shipwrecked pers.]; Just., D. 63, 5 μιᾷ ψυχῇ … συναγωγῇ … ἐκκλησίᾳ) Eph 4:5f (NJklA 35, 1915, 224ff. The repetition of εἷς is like Herm. Wr. 11, 11; Epict. 3, 24, 10ff).—Rv 9:13; 18:8; Ac 17:26. ἐν ἑνὶ πνεύματι, μιᾷ ψυχῇ Phil 1:27; cp. Ac 4:32 (cp. Aristot., EN 9, 8, 2; Plut., Mor. 478c). τὸ ἓν φρονεῖν be of one mind Phil 2:2. συνάγειν εἰς ἕν unite, bring together (Pla., Phileb. 23e; Dionys. Hal. 2, 45, 3 συνάξειν εἰς ἓν τὰ ἔθνη; POxy 1411, 3 τῶν δημοσίων εἰς ἓν συναχθέντων; TestJob 28:5 τὰ χρήματα ἐὰν συναχθῇ εἰς ἓν ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτό ‘if all [our] valuables were brought together at one place’; Jos., Bell. 3, 518) J 11:52. τὸ ἓν καὶ τὸ αὐτό one and the same 1 Cor 12:11 (cp. Diod S 11, 47, 3; 17, 104, 6; Epict. 1, 11, 28; 1, 19, 15; Just., D. 123, 1 ἑνὸς καὶ τοῦ αὐτοῦ … νόμου); cp. ἓν καὶ αὐτό τινι 11:5.—εἰς ἕνα τόπον in a place by itself (Jos., Ant. 6, 125) J 20:7.
    (a) single, only one (Diod S 16, 11, 2; Appian, Bell. Civ. 2, 44 §180 εἷς ἀνήρ; Maximus Tyr. 11, 6c μαντεῖον ἕν al.; Just., D. 141, 3 τῆν μίαν τοῦ Δαυεὶδ … παράπτωσιν) λόγον ἕνα Mt 21:24 (GrBar 5:1); Gal 5:14. ἕνα ἄρτον Mk 8:14. εἷς ἄρτος 1 Cor 10:17a (εἷς ἄ. is also the symbol of the unity of the Pythagorean fellowship: Diog. L. 8, 35; here Diog. L. adds that οἱ βάρβαροι hold the same view ἔτι καὶ νῦν). πῆχυν ἕνα Mt 6:27 (s. πῆχυς); ἓν μέλος 1 Cor 12:26; ἓν ἔργον J 7:21 (here, following ἕν, καί adds an indication of the greatness of the accomplishment, as Appian, Bell. Civ. 2, 133 §555 ἓν ἐκ τῶν Καίσαρος ἔργων προὔθηκα …, καί). εἷς ἐστιν ὁ ἀγαθός Mt 19:17; ποιῆσαι ἕνα προσήλυτον 23:15; ἕνα εἶχεν υἱὸν ἀγαπητόν he had an only son, whom he loved dearly Mk 12:6 (εἷς υἱ. as Phalaris, Ep. 18). ὁ δὲ θεὸς εἷς ἐστιν Gal 3:20; cp. Mk 12:32; 1 Cor 8:4, 6 (v.l. adds to God the Father and Jesus Christ ἓν πνεῦμα ἅγιον κτλ. Cp. also Maximus Tyr. 11, 5a θεὸς εἷς … κ. πατήρ, κ. θεοὶ πολλοί and as early as Xenophanes, Fgm. 19 Diehl3 εἷς θεὸς ἔν τε θεοῖσι κ. ἀνθρωποῖσι μέγιστος [= Fgm. 23 Diels]); Js 2:19; PtK 3 p. 15, 20 (Herm. Wr. 11, 11; 14 εἷς ὁ θεός; POxy 1382, 20 εἷς Ζεὺς Σάραπις; Sb 159, 1 εἷς θεὸς ὁ βοηθῶν ὑμῶν; Philo, Spec. Leg. 1, 67; Jos., Ant. 5, 97 θεός τε εἷς; 8, 343, C. Ap. 2, 193; SibOr 4, 30 and Fgm. 1, 7; Ath. 6, 1 μονάς ἐστιν ὁ θεός, τοῦτʼ ἔστιν εἷς; 6, 4 ὁ θεὸς εἷς; s. EPeterson, Εἷς Θεός 1926; D. Monotheismus als polit. Problem ’35; additional reff. Horst, Ps.-Phoc. p. 151f). εἷς ἐστιν ὑμῶν ὁ διδάσκαλος Mt 23:8; cp. vs. 9. μιᾶς γυναικὸς ἀνήρ a husband married only once (numerous sepulchral ins celebrate the virtue of a surviving spouse by noting that he or she was married only once, thereby suggesting the virtue of extraordinary fidelity, e.g. CIL VI, 3604; 723; 12405; 14404; cp. Horace, Odes 3, 14, 4; Propertius 4, 11, 36; Valerius Maximus 4, 3, 3; and s. esp. CIL VI, 1527, 31670, 37053=ILS 8393 [text and Eng. tr.: EWistrand, The So-Called Laudatio Thuriae, ’76]; s. GWilliams, JRS 48, ’58 16–29. For the use of μία in ref. to a woman: Ael. Aristid. 46 p. 346 D.: ὑπὲρ μιᾶς γυναικός=for only one woman; μία γυνή quite freq.: Diod S 17, 72, 6; cp. 1, 80, 3, where the phrase γαμοῦσι μίαν simply means that the priests married only once, not that they lead a strictly moral life, a concept for which Greeks never use the expression μιᾶς γυναικὸς ἀνήρ or anything like it; Hippostratus [III B.C.]: 568 Fgm. 1 Jac.; Appian, Bell. Civ. 4, 95 §402; Ath. 33, 2 ἐφʼ ἑνὶ γάμῳ: Ath. terms a second marriage εὐπρεπής μοιχεία veiled adultery) 1 Ti 3:2, 12; Tit 1:6; others render husband of one wife (e.g. RSV in later printings; REB). Correspondingly ἑνὸς ἀνδρὸς γυνή (cp. the exemplary conduct of Hannah [Anna] Lk 2:36; Paus. 7, 25, 13 the priestess of the earth goddess must be a woman who, before she became a priestess, was not πλέον ἢ ἑνὸς ἀνδρὸς ἐς πεῖραν ἀφιγμένη) 1 Ti 5:9.—Abs. 1 Cor 9:24; 2 Cor 5:14. μεσίτης ἑνός an intermediary for one alone Gal 3:20; cp. Js 4:12. οὐδὲ εἷς not even a single (X., Mem. 1, 6, 2, Cyr. 1, 3, 10 et al.; Sir 42:20; 49:14 v.l.; 1 Macc 11:70) Mt 27:14; Ac 4:32. Freq. at the end of a sentence or clause (ref. fr. comedy in ESchwartz, NGG 1908, p. 534, 3. Also Hermocles [IV–III B.C.] p. 174, 17 Coll. Alex.; Dio Chrys. 21 [38], 23; Ael. Aristid. 28, 156 K.=49 p. 542 D.; 53 p. 617 D.; Epict. 2, 18, 26, Enchir. 1, 3; Philonides in Stob. 3, 35, 6 ed. Hense III p. 688; Mitt-Wilck. I/2, 59, 5 [39 A.D.]; Bel 18 Theod.; 1 Macc 7:46) Ro 3:10; οὐδὲ ἕν foll. by ἐὰν μή J 3:27. This is a good reason for placing the period after οὐδὲ ἕν J 1:3 (s. GBergh van Eysinga, PM 13, 1909, 143–50. EHennecke, Congr. d’ Hist. du Christ. I 1928, 207–19; Md’Asbeck, ibid. 220–28; REisler, Revue de Philol. 3 sér. 4, 1930, 350–71; BVawter, CBQ 25, ’63, 401–6; KAland, ZNW 59, ’68, 174–209; Metzger 195f; γίνομαι 2a), but the lack of inner punctuation in the older mss. validates consideration of alternative punctuation. οὐκ ἔστιν ἕως ἑνός there is not even one Ro 3:12 (Ps 13:3; Just., D. 103, 2 οὐδὲ μέχρις ἑνὸς ἀνθρώπου ‘not a single person’). μία εἴσοδος the only entrance Hs 9, 12, 6.—ἕν only one thing: ἔτι ἕν σοι λείπει you still lack only one thing (Jos., Bell. 4, 257) Lk 18:22. ἕν σε ὑστερεῖ you lack only one thing Mk 10:21; cp. Lk 10:42. ἓν οἶδα at least this one thing I know J 9:25. ἓν δὲ τοῦτο this one thing (Porphyr., Vi. Plot. 19; Just., D. 115, 6 ἓν δὲ μικρὸν ὁτιοῦν) 2 Pt 3:8.—ἓν δέ is a short interjectional sentence (like Xenophon Eph. 1, 5, 3 τοσοῦτο δέ•) just one thing! Phil 3:13 (AFridrichsen, ConNeot 9, ’44, 31f).—Gal 5:14 commercial imagery εἷς λόγος (just) one entry, one heading (cp. BGU 831, 13).
    alone (οὐδεὶς) … εἰ μὴ εἷς ὁ θεός Mk 2:7 (in the parallel Lk 5:21 μόνος ὁ θεός, cp. Herm Wr. 11, 11 εἰ μὴ εἷς ὁ θεός … εἰ μὴ μόνῳ τῷ θεῷ); 10:18; 12:29 (Dt 6:4); Mt 23:10; Lk 18:19.—EBishop, ET 49, ’38, 363–66.
    an unspecified entity, some/one=τὶς, whereby εἷς can mean exactly the same thing as the indef. art. (Aristoph. et al. [Av. 1292 εἷς κάπηλος]; Περὶ ὕψους 33, 4 p. 62, 18 V. [the rdg. of cod. Paris], εἷς ἕτερος w. μή ‘for no other reason’; Strabo 5, 3, 2, 230c ἐπηγγείλατο ἕνα ἀγῶνα ἱππικόν; Syntipas p. 29, 3 μία γαλῆ; Appian, Liby. 117 §554 νυκτὸς μιᾶς=one night; Marc. Diac. 27, 5 ἐν μιᾷ ἡμέρᾳ=on a certain day; SIG 1170, 15 [160 A.D.] μιᾷ ἡμέρᾳ; UPZ 162 I, 27 [117 B.C.]; PAmh 30, 28 [II B.C.] Κονδύλου ἑνὸς τῶν ἁλιείων; BGU 1044, 6; Gen 21:15; Jdth 14:6; 1 Esdr 3:5. B-D-F §247, 2; Mlt. 96f; Rob. 674f; Mlt-Turner 195f; EBruhn, RhM 49, 1894, 168–71; JWackernagel, Syntax II2 1928, 151; MBlack, An Aramaic Approach3, ’67, 104–6).
    someone, anyone Mt 18:24; 19:16; Mk 10:17; εἷς ὀνόματι Κλεοπᾶς Lk 24:18. Oft. w. partitive gen. foll. (Alexis 220, 5; Diod S 20, 107, 5 εἷς τῶν φίλων; Epict. 4, 2, 9; Dio Chrys. 71 [21], 15 εἷς τῶν Σπαρτῶν; TestJob 26:6 μίαν τῶν … γυναικῶν; Jos., Ant. 9, 106) ἕνα τῶν προφητῶν (some) one of the prophets Mt 16:14 (a diminishing term? s. Reader, Polemo p. 257). ἕνα τ. συνδούλων 18:28. ἐν μιᾷ τ. πόλεων Lk 5:12. ἐν μιᾷ τ. ἡμερῶν on one of the days vs. 17; cp. 15:19, 26; 22:47.
    as indef. art. (s. at 3 above beg.) εἷς γραμματεύς a scribe Mt 8:19. συκῆν μίαν a fig tree Mt 21:19; cp. 26:69; Mk 12:42. παιδάριον ἕν J 6:9 v.l.; ἑνὸς ἀετοῦ Rv 8:13; cp. 18:21; 19:17; ἄρχων εἷς ἐλθών Mt 9:18. εἷς στέφανος ApcPt 3:10; ἓν σῶμα AcPlCor 2:26.
    used w. τὶς (Pla., Thu., et al.; Jdth 2:13) εἷς τις νεανίσκος a certain young man Mk 14:51 v.l. W. partitive gen. foll. (Trypho Alex. [I B.C.] in Athen. 3, 78a ἕνα τινὰ τ. Τιτάνων; Aesop, Fab. 300 H./30 P. and H-H.; Hierocles 27, 484; IG XII/5, 445, 12 [III B.C.] ἕνα τινὰ αὐτῶν; Ael. Aristid. 29, 14 K.=40 p. 755D.: εἷς τις τ. χορευτῶν) εἷς τις τῶν παρεστηκότων a certain one of the bystanders vs. 47 (on the v.l. without τις s. PDickerson, JBL 116, ’97, 302); also εἷς τις ἐξ αὐτῶν (Jos., Vi. 290) Lk 22:50; J 11:49.
    marker of someth. that is first, the first
    perh. Hebraistic (cp. Num 1:1 ἐν μιᾷ τοῦ μηνὸς τ. δευτέρου; 2 Esdr 10:17; Esth 1:1a; Jos., Ant. 1, 29.—But s. also Lydus, Mens. 3, 4 W. τὴν κεφαλὴν τ. χρόνου οἱ Πυθαγόρειοι οὐχὶ πρώτην ἀλλὰ μίαν ὠνόμασαν; Callim., Fgm. 550 P. [482 Schneider] πρὸ μιῆς ὥρης=before the first hour of the day) is its use w. expressions denoting time instead of the ordinal number εἰς μίαν σαββάτων on the first day of the week Mt 28:1; cp. Lk 24:1; Mk 16:2; J 20:1, 19; Ac 20:7; also κατὰ μίαν σαββάτου 1 Cor 16:2 (cp. Just., D. 41, 4 τῇ μίᾳ τῶν σαββάτων ἡμέρᾳ; 27, 5 [here w. πρό and μετά resp., in accordance with Latin usage]).
    not Semitic (Hdt. 4, 161 μία, ἄλλη, τρίτη; Ael. Aristid. 36, 40 K.=48 p. 453 D.: ἕν, δεύτερον, τρίτον, τέταρτον; JosAs 2:17) εἷς καὶ δεύτερος a first and second Tit 3:10 (cp. Alciphron, Ep. 1, 9, 2; Galen XII 746 K.: ὕδωρ ὄμβριον ἔγχριε μέχρι μιᾶς καὶ δευτέρας ἡμέρας; Maximus Tyr. 28, 2h μίαδευτέρα; EpArist 143; Jos., Ant. 11, 150; 16, 350 πεσόντος ἑνός καὶ δευτέρου). S. also ἡ οὐαὶ ἡ μία Rv 9:12.—ἓν τριάκοντα Mk 4:8, 20 is prob. to be considered an Aramaism thirtyfold (B-D-F §248, 3; EKautzsch, Gramm. d. bibl. Aram. 1884 §66, 2; JHudson, ET 53, ’41/42, 266f).
    special combinations:
    εἷς … εἷς (Hom. et al. εἷς μὲν … εἷς δέ: X., Cyr. 1, 2, 4; Aristot., Rhet. 2, 20, 1393a; pap in Mitt-Wilck. I/2, 50, 11 and 13 [III B.C.] ἓν μὲν … ἓν δέ; II/2, 372 V, 14 [II A.D.] ὁ εἷς … ὁ εἷς; POxy 1153, 14 [I A.D.] ἓν μὲν … καὶ ἕν; 2 Km 12:1; Sir 34:23f εἷς … καὶ εἷς; Esth 10:3g δύο, ἕνα τῷ λαῷ … καὶ ἕνα τ. ἔθνεσιν; TestJob 51:3 μιᾶς ὑποσειμιούσης τῇ μιᾷ) (the) one … the other Mt 20:21; 24:40f; 27:38; J 20:12; Gal 4:22; B 7:6f. εἷς τὸν ἕνα one another (=ἀλλήλους) 1 Th 5:11 (cp. Theocr. 22, 65 εἷς ἑνί; TestJob 27:3 εἷς τόν ἕνα κατέρραξαν ‘threw each other to the ground’).
    εἷς … εἷς … εἷς one … another … a third Mt 17:4 (cp. 1 Km 10:3; 13:17, 18).
    εἷς ἕκαστος every single, strengthening ἕκαστος, adj. Eph 4:16. Mostly subst.; s. ἕκαστος b.
    ὁ εἷς … ὁ ἕτερος the one … the other (Aristot., De Rep. Ath. 37, 1; Hyperid. 5, 14f; UPZ 161, 39; 43; 46 [119 B.C.]; PGen 48, 6ff μίαν μὲν … τὴν δὲ ἑτέραν; BGU 194, 15f; Esth 5:1a; TestAbr A 11 p. 88, 29 [Stone p. 24]; Just. D. 49, 2 al.) Mt 6:24; Lk 7:41; 16:13; 17:34f; 18:10 al.; also ὁ εἷς … ὁ ἄλλος Rv 17:10.
    distrib. (1 Ch 24:6 εἷς εἷς; AscIs 3:27 εἷς καὶ εἷς καὶ εἷς ἐν τόποις καὶ τόποις) καθʼ ἕνα, καθʼ ἕν (Hdt., Pla. et al.; 1 Esdr 1:31; 4 Macc 15:12, 14; Jos., Bell. 4, 240, Ant. 12, 191; Ath. 25, 3 καθʼ ἕνα καὶ κατὰ ἔθνη) ITr 12:2; καθʼ ἕνα πάντες all, one by one 1 Cor 14:31 (cp. Ps.-Xenophon, Cyn. 6, 14). ὑμεῖς οἱ καθʼ ἕνα ἕκαστος each one of you Eph 5:33. καθʼ ἕν one after the other (hence τὸ καθʼ ἕν ‘a detailed list’: PLille 11, 8 [III B.C.]; PTebt 47, 34; 332, 16) J 21:25. Also καθʼ ἓν ἕκαστον (X., Cyr. 1, 6, 22, Ages. 7, 1; EpArist 143) Ac 21:19. ἓν καθʼ ἕν (Aesop, Fab. 274 P.; PLeid II, X 1, 22) each one Rv 4:8. In this pass. the second ἕν could be an undeclined nom. as in εἷς κατὰ εἷς (cp. Lucian, Sol. 9; 3 Macc 5:34. Other exx. in W-S. §26, 9; 11 and Wetstein I 627) one after the other Mk 14:19; J 8:9. τὸ καθʼ εἷς opp. οἱ πολλοί individually Ro 12:5; but κατὰ ἕνα = ἕκαστον Hs 9, 3, 5; 9, 6, 3 (B-D-F §305). ἀνὰ εἷς ἕκαστος each one Rv 21:21.
    ἀπὸ μιᾶς s. ἀπό 6 (as idiom w. noun to be supplied Mitt-Wilck. I/2, 46, 15 [338 A.D.] μίαν ἐκ μιᾶς, i.e. ἡμέραν=day after day).—B. 937; 1007f. DELG. M-M. EDNT. TW. Sv.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > εἷς

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