Translation: from english to chinese

from chinese to english

一蹴可几

  • 1 一种可引起小鼠淋巴性白血病的鼠白血病病毒

    Medical Chinese dictionary (湘雅医学词典) > 一种可引起小鼠淋巴性白血病的鼠白血病病毒

  • 2 十一酸可的松

    Medical Chinese dictionary (湘雅医学词典) > 十一酸可的松

  • 3 better

    better bet∙ter adj. (comparative of good * good 的比较级) 1. of a higher standard or less poor quality; not as bad as sth else • 较好的;更好的:
    »Weˈre hoping for better weather tomorrow.
    我们希望明天天气转好。
    »Her work is getting better and better.
    她的工作干得越来越好了。
    »He is in a much better mood than usual.
    他的情绪比平时好多了。
    »The meal couldnˈt have been better.
    这顿饭再好吃不过了。
    »Thereˈs nothing better than a long soak in a hot bath.
    没有什么比好好地泡个热水澡更舒服的了。
    »If you can only exercise once a week, thatˈs better than nothing (= better than taking no exercise at all).
    即便是一个星期锻炼一次,也比完全不锻炼好。
    2. more able or skilled • 能力更强的;更熟练的:
    »Sheˈs far better at science than her brother.
    她在理科方面比她的弟弟强得多。
    3. more suitable or appropriate • 更合适的;更得体的:
    »Can you think of a better word than ˈniceˈ?
    你能找到一个比 nice 更合适的字眼吗?
    »It would be better for him to talk to his parents about his problems.
    他把自己的问题同父母谈谈会比较好。
    »Youˈd be better going by bus.
    你坐公共汽车去会更好些。
    4. less ill / sick or unhappy • (病势)好转的,见轻的;舒畅些的:
    »Sheˈs a lot better today.
    她今天好多了。
    »His leg was getting better.
    他的腿在渐渐恢复。
    »Youˈll feel all the better for a good nightˈs sleep.
    你晚上睡个好觉就会感觉好得多。
    【IDIOMS】Most idioms containing better are at the entries for the nouns and verbs in the idioms, for example better luck next time is at luck. • 大多数含 better 的习语,都可在该等习语中的名词及动词相关词条找到,如 better luck next time 在词条 luck 下。 little / no better than • almost or just the same as; almost or just as bad as • 同…(几乎)一样;和…(几乎)一样坏:
    »The path was no better than a sheep track.
    那条小路简直就像是给羊群踏出来的。
    thatˈs (much) ˈbetter 1. used to give support to sb who has been upset and is trying to become calmer • (安慰他人时说)很好,这就对了:
    »Dry your eyes now. Thatˈs better.
    把眼泪擦干。这就对了。
    2. used to praise sb who has made an effort to improve • (称赞努力加以改进的人)很好:
    »Thatˈs much better—you played the right notes this time.
    很好——你这次把音弹准了。
    the ˌbigger, ˌsmaller, ˌfaster, ˌslower, etc. the ˈbetter • used to say that sth should be as big, small, etc. as possible • 越大(或小、快、慢等)越好:
    »As far as the hard disk is concerned, the bigger the better.
    就硬盘而言,容量越大越好。
    --› more at discretion, head n., part n., prevention adv. (comparative of well * well 的比较级) 1. in a more excellent or pleasant way; not as badly • 更好;更愉快;不那么差:
    »She sings much better than I do.
    她的歌唱得比我好得多。
    »Sound travels better in water than in air.
    声音在水中比在空气中传播得快。
    »People are better educated now.
    现在人们教育程度更高了。
    2. more; to a greater degree • 更;较大程度地:
    »Youˈll like her when you know her better.
    你对她了解得多一点就会喜欢她。
    »A cup of tea? Thereˈs nothing Iˈd like better!
    来杯茶吗?那最好不过了!
    »Fit people are better able to cope with stress.
    健康的人较能应付压力。
    3. used to suggest that sth would be a suitable or appropriate thing to do • 更妥;更恰当:
    »The money could be better spent on more urgent cases.
    这笔钱用于较紧迫的事情也许会好些。
    »Some things are better left unsaid.
    有些事还是不提为好。
    »Youˈd do better to tell her everything before she finds out from someone else.
    你把一切都告诉她才是上策,免得她从别人口中听到。
    Most idioms containing better are at the entries for the nouns, adjectives and verbs in the idioms, for example better the devil you know is at devil. • 大多数含 better 的习语,都可在该等习语中的名词、形容词及动词相关词条找到,如 better the devil you know 在词条 devil 下。 be better ˈoff • to have more money • 有较多钱;比较宽裕:
    »Families will be better off under the new law.
    新法律会使家庭经济宽裕一些。
    »Her promotion means sheˈs $100 a week better off.
    她的晋升意味着她每星期多挣 100 元。
    【OPP】 be worse off be better off (doing sth) • used to say that sb is / would be happier or more satisfied if they were in a particular position or did a particular thing • (在某情况下)更幸福,更满意:
    »Sheˈs better off without him.
    没有他,她活得更幸福。
    »The weather was so bad weˈd have been better off staying at home.
    天气非常恶劣,我们还不如呆在家里舒服。
    had better / best (do sth) • used to tell sb what you think they should do • (告诉别人应该做的事)应该,最好:
    »Youˈd better go to the doctor about your cough.
    你最好去找医生看看你的咳嗽。
    »Weˈd better leave now or weˈll miss the bus.
    我们最好现在就走,不然就赶不上公共汽车了。
    »Youˈd better not do that again.
    你最好别再这样做了。
    »ˈIˈll give you back the money tomorrow.ˈ ˈYouˈd better!ˈ (= as a threat)
    "我明天会还你钱。" "那样最好!"
    --› note at should noun 1. [sing., U] something that is better • 更好的事物;较好者:
    »the better of the two books
    »I expected better of him (= I thought he would have behaved better).
    我本以为他会表现得好一些。
    2. your betters [pl.] (old-fashioned) people who are more intelligent or more important than you • 更有才智者;更主要的人 for ˌbetter or (for) ˈworse • used to say that sth cannot be changed, whether the result is good or bad • 不论好坏;不管是福是祸;不管怎样 get the better of sb / sth • to defeat sb / sth or gain an advantage • 挫败…;占上风:
    »No one can get the better of her in an argument.
    辩论起来没人能辩过她。
    »She always gets the better of an argument.
    她在争辩中总是占上风。
    »His curiosity got the better of him (= he didnˈt intend to ask questions, but he wanted to know so badly that he did).
    好奇心使得他不禁要问。
    so much the ˈbetter / ˈworse • used to say that sth is even better / worse • 那就更好了/更糟了:
    »We donˈt actually need it on Tuesday, but if it arrives by then, so much the better.
    实际上我们星期二并不需要它,但如果那时能到就更好。
    --› more at change n., elder n., think v. verb [VN] 1. [often passive] to be better or do sth better than sb / sth else • 胜过;超过:
    »The work he produced early in his career has never really been bettered.
    他后来没出过什么作品能真正比得上他的早期作品。
    2. better yourself to improve your social position through education, a better job, etc. • (通过教育、更好的工作等)改进社会地位,上进:
    »Thousands of Victorian workers joined educational associations in an attempt to better themselves.
    维多利亚时代成千上万名工人加入了各种教育协会,以求上进。
    * * *
    ['betә]
    adj. 較好的
    adv. 更好的, 更多的, 更佳的

    English-Chinese dictionary > better

  • 4 COME

    come come verb (came come) ›› TO A PLACE 地方 1. to move to or towards a person or place • 来 ▪ [V, usually +adv. / prep.]
    »He came into the room and shut the door.
    他进了房间,把门关上。
    »She comes to work by bus.
    她乘公共汽车来上班。
    »My son is coming home soon.
    我儿子很快就要回家了。
    »Come here!
    到这儿来!
    »Come and see us soon!
    快点来看我们吧!
    »Here comes Jo (= Jo is coming) !
    乔来啦!
    »Thereˈs a storm coming.
    暴风雨就要来了。
    ▪ [V to inf]
    »Theyˈre coming to stay for a week.
    他们要来待上一星期。
    【HELP】In spoken English come can be used with and plus another verb, instead of with to and the infinitive, to show purpose or to tell sb what to do: When did she last come and see you? Come and have your dinner.The and is sometimes left out, especially in NAmE: Come have your dinner. • 在英语口语中表示目的或告诉某人如何做时,come 可与 and 加上另一动词使用,而不用 to 和动词不定式:When did she last come and see you? / Come and have your dinner. and 有时被省掉,尤其在北美英语中:Come have your dinner. 2. [V] come (to...) to arrive at or reach a place • 来到;到达,抵达(某地):
    »They continued until they came to a river.
    他们继续往前一直来到河边。
    »What time did you come (= to my house) ?
    你什么时候到(我家)的?
    »Spring came late this year.
    今年春天来得晚。
    »Your breakfast is coming soon.
    你的早餐很快就到。
    »Have any letters come for me?
    有给我的来信吗?
    »Help came at last.
    救援终于到了。
    »The CD comes complete with all the words of the songs.
    这张光盘配有歌曲的全部歌词。
    »The time has come (= now is the moment) to act.
    采取行动的时机到了。
    3. come for / about sth | come to do sth to arrive somewhere in order to do sth or get sth • 来做;来取;来拿: ▪ [V]
    »Iˈve come for my book.
    我来拿我的书。
    »Iˈve come about my book.
    我来拿我的书。
    »Iˈve come to get my book.
    我来拿我的书。
    ▪ [V -ing]
    »He came looking for me.
    他来找我。
    4. come (to sth) (with sb) to move or travel, especially with sb else, to a particular place or in order to be present at an event • 来(尤指相聚、往某地,或出席活动): ▪ [V]
    »Iˈve only come for an hour.
    我来了才一个小时。
    »Are you coming to the club with us tonight?
    你今晚和我们一起去俱乐部吗?
    »Thanks for coming (= to my house, party, etc.).
    谢谢光临。
    ▪ [V -ing]
    »Why donˈt you come skating tonight?
    今晚来溜冰好吗?
    ›› RUNNING / HURRYING ETC. 奔跑、匆忙等 5. [V -ing, usually +adv. / prep.] to move in a particular way or while doing sth else • (…地)来;边…边来:
    »The children came running into the room.
    孩子们跑着进屋来了。
    ›› TRAVEL 行进 6. [VN] to travel a particular distance • 行进(某段距离):
    »Weˈve come 50 miles this morning.
    我们今天上午走了 50 英里。
    »(figurative) The company has come a long way (= made a lot of progress) in the last 5 years.
    公司在过去的 5 年里取得了许多进步。
    ›› HAPPEN 发生 7. [V] to happen • 发生:
    »The agreement came after several hours of negotiations.
    协议经过几小时的谈判后才达成。
    »The rains came too late to do any good.
    这场雨来得太晚,什么用也没有。
    »Her death came as a terrible shock to us.
    她的死使我们极为震惊。
    »His resignation came as no surprise.
    他的辞职毫不令人惊讶。
    8. [V to inf] used in questions to talk about how or why sth happened • (用于疑问句,表示怎么或为什么):
    »How did he come to break his leg?
    他怎么把腿弄断的?
    »How do you come to be so late?
    你怎么这么晚才来?
    --› see also how come? ›› TO A POSITION / STATE 位置;状态 9. [V +adv. / prep.] (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to have a particular position • 位于,处于(某位置):
    »That comes a long way down my list of priorities.
    在我非做不可的事情当中,那事较不重要。
    »His family comes first (= is the most important thing in his life).
    他把家庭放在首位。
    »She came second (= received the second highest score) in the exam.
    她这次考试名列第二。
    10. [V] come to / into sth used in many expressions to show that sth has reached a particular state • (用于许多词组表示达到某种状态)达到,进入:
    »At last winter came to an end.
    冬天终于结束了。
    »He came to power in 1959.
    他于 1959 年上台掌权。
    »When will they come to a decision ?
    他们何时会作出决定?
    »The trees are coming into leaf.
    树开始长叶子了。
    11. come (in sth) (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) (of goods, products, etc. 货品、产品等) to be available or to exist in a particular way • 可提供;有(货): ▪ [V]
    »This dress comes in black and red.
    这款连衣裙有黑、红两种颜色。
    ▪ [V-ADJ]
    »(informal) New cars donˈt come cheap (= they are expensive).
    新汽车没有便宜的。
    12. to become • 成为;变成;变得: ▪ [V-ADJ]
    »The buttons had come undone.
    钮扣都松开了。
    »The handle came loose.
    这把手松了。
    »Everything will come right in the end.
    一切到最后都会好起来的。
    ▪ [V to inf]
    »This design came to be known as the Oriental style.
    这种设计后来被称为东方风格。
    13. [V to inf] to reach a point where you realize, understand or believe sth • 达到(认识、理解或相信的程度):
    »In time she came to love him.
    她终于爱上了他。
    »She had come to see the problem in a new light.
    她开始用新的角度来看待这个问题。
    »Iˈve come to expect this kind of behaviour from him.
    对于他的这种举止我渐渐不感到意外了。
    ›› TIME 时间 14. come • [VN] (old-fashioned, informal) when the time mentioned comes • (提及的时间)到来:
    »They would have been married forty years come this June.
    到今年六月他们结婚就有四十年了。
    ›› SEX 性 15. [V] (slang) to have an orgasm • 达到性高潮 【IDIOMS】Most idioms containing come are at the entries for the nouns or adjectives in the idioms, for example come a cropper is at cropper. • 大多数含 come 的习语,都可在该等习语中的名词或形容词相关词条找到,如 come a cropper 在词条 cropper 下。 be as ˌclever, ˌstupid, etc. as they ˈcome •(informal) to be very clever, stupid, etc. • 非常聪明(或愚蠢等) ˌcome aˈgain? • (informal) used to ask sb to repeat sth • (要求重复)再说一遍,你说什么来着:
    »ˈSheˈs an entomologist.ˈ ˈCome again?ˈ ˈAn entomologist—she studies insects.ˈ
    "她是昆虫学家。" "请再说一遍?" "昆虫学家——她是研究昆虫的。"
    ˌcome and ˈgo 1. to arrive and leave; to move freely • 来去;来往;自由走动:
    »They had a party next door—we heard people coming and going all night.
    他们在隔壁聚会,我们整夜都听见有人来来往往的声音。
    2. to be present for a short time and then go away • 时来时去;忽隐忽现:
    »The pain in my leg comes and goes.
    我的腿时而疼时而不疼。
    come ˈeasily, ˈnaturally, etc. to sb (of an activity, a skill, etc. 活动、技能等) • to be easy, natural, etc. for sb to do • (对某人而言)轻而易举(或生来就会等):
    »Acting comes naturally to her.
    她天生就会表演。
    ˌcome over (all) ˈfaint, ˈdizzy, ˈgiddy, etc. •(old-fashioned, BrE, informal) to suddenly feel ill / sick or faint • 突然感到昏眩(或眩晕、头晕) come to ˈnothing | not ˈcome to anything • to be unsuccessful; to have no successful result • 不成功;失败;毫无成果:
    »How sad that all his hard work should come to nothing.
    他的所有辛勤劳动竟全部付诸东流,太让人伤心了。
    »Her plans didnˈt come to anything.
    她的计划全落空了。
    come to ˈthat | if it comes to ˈthat • (informal, especially BrE) used to introduce sth extra that is connected with what has just been said • (引出与刚提及的事物相关的事)说起…来,既然如此,假如那样的话:
    »I donˈt really trust him—nor his wife, come to that.
    我并不真地信任他——说起信任,我也不信任他的妻子。
    ˌcome what ˈmay • despite any problems or difficulties you may have • 不管出现什么问题;无论有什么困难;不管怎样:
    »He promised to support her come what may.
    他答应不管出现什么问题都支持她。
    how come (...)? • used to say you do not understand how sth can happen and would like an explanation • (用以表示不理解情况是如何发生的,希望得到解释)怎么回事,怎么发生的,怎样解释:
    »If she spent five years in Paris, how come her French is so bad?
    既然她在巴黎待了五年,她的法语怎么还会这样糟糕?
    not ˈcome to much • to not be important or successful • 不重要;无关紧要;不成功 to ˈcome (used after a noun 用于名词后) • in the future • 将来;未来的:
    »They may well regret the decision in years to come.
    他们很可能会在以后的年月里要为这个决定而后悔。
    »This will be a problem for some time to come (= for a period of time in the future).
    这将是未来一段时期里的一个问题。
    when it comes to sth / to doing sth • when it is a question of sth • 当涉及某事(或做某事)时:
    »When it comes to getting things done, heˈs useless.
    一涉及到做事,他便不中用了。
    where sb is ˈcoming from •(informal) somebodyˈs ideas, beliefs, personality, etc. that makes them say what they have said • (决定某人言论的)某人的全部背景:
    »I see where youˈre coming from (= I understand what you mean).
    我明白你究竟是什么意思。
    --› more at ear n. 【PHR V】 ˌcome aˈbout (that...) • to happen • 发生:
    »Can you tell me how the accident came about?
    你能告诉我事故是怎样发生的吗?
    ˌcome aˈcross (also ˌcome ˈover) 1. to be understood • 被理解;被弄懂:
    »He spoke for a long time but his meaning didnˈt really come across.
    他讲了很久,但并没有人真正理解他的意思。
    2. to make a particular impression • 给人以…印象;使产生…印象:
    »She comes across well in interviews.
    她在面试中常给人留下很好的印象。
    »He came over as a sympathetic person.
    他给人的印象是一个富有同情心的人。
    ˈcome across sb / sth [no passive] • to meet or find sb / sth by chance • (偶然)遇见,碰见,发现:
    »I came across children sleeping under bridges.
    我偶然发现睡在桥下的孩子。
    »She came across some old photographs in a drawer.
    她在抽屉里偶然发现了一些旧照片。
    ˌcome aˈcross (with sth) [no passive] • to provide or supply sth when you need it • (需要时)提供,供给,给予:
    »I hoped sheˈd come across with some more information.
    我希望她能再提供更多的信息。
    ˌcome ˈafter sb [no passive] • to chase or follow sb • 追赶;追逐;追随 ˌcome aˈlong 1. to arrive; to appear • 到达;抵达;出现:
    »When the right opportunity comes along, sheˈll take it.
    适当的机会来临时,她会抓住的。
    2. to go somewhere with sb • 跟随;跟着来:
    »Iˈm glad you came along.
    有你跟我一起来,我很高兴。
    3. to improve or develop in the way that you want • 进步;进展 【SYN】 progress:
    »Your French has come along a lot recently.
    你的法语最近进步很大。
    4. used in orders to tell sb to hurry, or to try harder • (用于命令)赶快,加把劲:
    »Come along! Weˈre late.
    快点!我们迟到了。
    »Come along! Itˈs easy!
    再加把劲!这很容易!
    ˌcome aˈpart • to break into pieces • 破碎;破裂:
    »The book just came apart in my hands.
    这本书就在我手中散开了。
    »(figurative) My whole life had come apart at the seams.
    我的整个生活都崩溃了。
    ˌcome aˈround / ˈround 1. (also ˌcome ˈto) to become conscious again • 恢复知觉;苏醒:
    »Your mother hasnˈt yet come round from the anaesthetic.
    你的母亲麻醉后还没有苏醒过来。
    2. (of a date or a regular event 日期或有规律的事) to happen again • 再度发生;再次出现:
    »My birthday seems to come around quicker every year.
    我的生日似乎一年比一年来得快。
    ˌcome aˈround / ˈround (to...) • to come to a place, especially sbˈs house, to visit for a short time • 短暂访问(尤指某人的家):
    »Do come around and see us some time.
    务必抽空来看看我们。
    ˌcome aˈround / ˈround (to sth) • to change your mood or your opinion • 改变心态;改变观点:
    »Heˈll never come round to our way of thinking.
    他决不会改变观点与我们的想法一致。
    ˈcome at sb [no passive] • to move towards sb as though you are going to attack them • 扑向(某人):
    »She came at me with a knife.
    她拿着刀子向我扑过来。
    »(figurative) The noise came at us from all sides.
    噪音从四面八方向我们袭来。
    ˈcome at sth • to think about a problem, question, etc. in a particular way • (用某方法)考虑,思考 【SYN】 approach:
    »Weˈre getting nowhere—letˈs come at it from another angle.
    我们这样会毫无进展,还是换个角度考虑一下吧。
    ˌcome aˈway (from sth) • to become separated from sth • 分离;脱离:
    »The plaster had started to come away from the wall.
    灰泥已开始从墙上脱落。
    ˌcome aˈway with sth [no passive] • to leave a place with a particular feeling or impression • (带着某种感觉或印象)离开:
    »We came away with the impression that all was not well with their marriage.
    我们离开时有一种印象:他们的婚姻并不十分美满。
    ˌcome ˈback 1. to return • 回来;返回:
    »You came back (= came home) very late last night.
    你昨晚回来得很晚。
    »The colour was coming back to her cheeks.
    她的双颊又泛起了红晕。
    »(figurative) United came back from being two goals down to win 3–2.
    联队在先失两球的情况下将比分扳回,最终以 3:2 取胜。
    --› note at return 2. to become popular or successful again • 再度流行;再次成功:
    »Long hair for men seems to be coming back in.
    男子留长发好像又在流行了。
    --› related noun comeback (2) ˌcome ˈback (at sb) (with sth) • to reply to sb angrily or with force • 回嘴;顶嘴;反驳:
    »She came back at the speaker with some sharp questions.
    她用一些尖锐的提问来反驳讲话人。
    --› related noun comeback (3) ˌcome ˈback (to sb) • to return to sbˈs memory • 恢复记忆;回想起:
    »Itˈs all coming back to me now.
    现在我全都回想起来了。
    »Once youˈve been in France a few days, your French will soon come back.
    只要在法国待上几天,你的法语就会很快恢复起来。
    ˌcome ˈback to sth [no passive] • to return to a subject, an idea, etc. • 回到(主题、想法等)上来:
    »Letˈs come back to the point at issue.
    咱们还是回到问题的焦点吧。
    »It all comes back to a question of money.
    一切又回到钱的问题上来了。
    ˈcome before sb / sth [no passive] (formal) • to be presented to sb / sth for discussion or a decision • 被提交给…讨论(或作决定):
    »The case comes before the court next week.
    这案件在下周提交给法庭审理。
    ˌcome beˈtween sb and sb [no passive] • to damage a relationship between two people • 损害…之间的关系;离间:
    »Iˈd hate anything to come between us.
    我不喜欢任何有损我们之间关系的事情。
    ˌcome ˈby ( NAmE) • to make a short visit to a place, in order to see sb • (为看望某人)作短暂拜访:
    »She came by the house.
    她来住所看了一下。
    ˈcome by sth 1. to manage to get sth • 设法得到(或获得):
    »Jobs are hard to come by these days.
    如今找工作很难。
    2. to receive sth • 收到;得到:
    »How did you come by that scratch on your cheek?
    你脸颊上的抓伤是怎么来的?
    ˌcome ˈdown 1. to break and fall to the ground • 崩塌;坍塌:
    »The ceiling came down with a terrific crash.
    随着一声可怕的巨响,天花板塌了下来。
    2. (of rain, snow, etc. 雨、雪等) to fall • 落下;降落:
    »The rain came down in torrents.
    大雨滂沱。
    3. (of an aircraft 飞机) to land or fall from the sky • 着陆;降落;从空中坠落:
    »We were forced to come down in a field.
    我们被迫降落在田野里。
    4. if a price, a temperature, a rate, etc. comes down, it gets lower • (价格、温度、比率等)下降,降低:
    »The price of gas is coming down.
    煤气价格在下跌。
    »Gas is coming down in price.
    煤气价格在下跌。
    5. to decide and say publicly that you support or oppose sb • 决定并宣布(支持或反对):
    »The committee came down in support of his application.
    委员会决定并宣布支持他的申请。
    6. to reach as far down as a particular point • 下垂,向下延伸(到某一点):
    »Her hair comes down to her waist.
    她的头发垂至腰部。
    ˌcome ˈdown (from...) ( BrE, formal) • to leave a university, especially Oxford or Cambridge, at the end of a term or after finishing your studies • (在期末或学业结束后)离开大学,大学毕业(尤指牛津或剑桥) 【OPP】 come up (to...) ˌcome ˈdown (from...) (to...) • to come from one place to another, usually from the north of a country to the south, or from a larger place to a smaller one • 从…到…(通常指从一国的北部到南部,或从大地方到小地方) ˌcome ˈdown on sb [no passive] (informal) • to criticize sb severely or punish sb • 斥责;训斥;惩罚:
    »Donˈt come down too hard on her.
    不要太严厉地责备她。
    »The courts are coming down heavily on young offenders.
    法庭对年轻罪犯实行严惩。
    ˌcome ˈdown (to sb) • to have come from a long time in the past • (从很久以前)流传下来:
    »The name has come down from the last century.
    这名称是从上个世纪流传下来的。
    ˌcome ˈdown to sth [no passive] • to be able to be explained by a single important point • 可归结为;可归纳为:
    »What it comes down to is, either I get more money or I leave.
    归结起来就是:不给我加薪,我就辞职。
    ˌcome ˈdown with sth [no passive] • to get an illness that is not very serious • 患,得,染上(小病):
    »I think Iˈm coming down with flu.
    我想我得了流感。
    ˌcome ˈforward • to offer your help, services, etc. • 主动提供(帮助或服务等):
    »Several people came forward with information.
    有几个人自动站出来提供了信息。
    »Police have asked witnesses of the accident to come forward.
    警方呼吁事故的目击者出来提供线索。
    ˈcome from... (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) • to have as your place of birth or the place where you live • 出生于;来自:
    »She comes from London.
    她是伦敦人。
    »Where do you come from?
    你是什么地方的人?
    ˈcome from sth 1. to start in a particular place or be produced from a particular thing • 始于;产自;来自:
    »Much of our butter comes from New Zealand.
    我们的黄油大多产自新西兰。
    »This wool comes from goats, not sheep.
    这种羊毛是山羊毛,不是绵羊毛。
    »This poem comes from his new book.
    这首诗出自他的新书。
    »Where does her attitude come from?
    她的态度因何而起?
    »Whereˈs that smell coming from?
    那种气味是哪里来的?
    »He comes from a family of actors.
    他出身于演员世家。
    »ˈShe doesnˈt try hard enough.ˈ ˈThatˈs rich, coming from you (= you do not try hard either).ˈ
    "她没有竭尽全力。" "你自己也没尽力,还说别人。"
    2. = come of sth ˌcome ˈin 1. when the tide comes in, it moves towards the land • (潮水)上涨;涨潮 【OPP】 go out 2. to finish a race in a particular position • (赛跑等比赛中)取得(名次):
    »My horse came in last.
    我的马跑了最后一名。
    3. to become fashionable • 变时髦;时兴;流行:
    »Long hair for men came in in the sixties.
    男子留长发在 60 年代流行开来。
    【SYN】 go out 4. to become available • 可提供;可利用:
    »Weˈre still waiting for copies of the book to come in.
    我们仍然在等这本书进货。
    5. to have a part in sth • 在…中起作用;参与:
    »I understand the plan perfectly, but I canˈt see where I come in.
    我完全了解这项计划,可是不明白我能起什么作用。
    6. to arrive somewhere; to be received • 到达;被收到:
    »The train is coming in now.
    火车现在已在进站。
    »News is coming in of a serious plane crash in France.
    刚收到的消息说法国发生了一起严重的飞机失事事故。
    »She has over a thousand pounds a month coming in from her investments.
    她每月从自己的投资中得到超过一千英镑的收入。
    7. to take part in a discussion • 参加讨论:
    »Would you like to come in at this point, Susan?
    苏珊,你愿意在此刻发表意见吗?
    8. (of a law or rule 法律或规则) to be introduced; to begin to be used • 被推行;开始被采用 ˌcome ˈin for sth [no passive] • to receive sth, especially sth unpleasant • 遭到;受到:
    »The governmentˈs economic policies have come in for a lot of criticism.
    政府的经济政策遭到了很多批评。
    ˌcome ˈin (on sth) • to become involved in sth • 卷入;陷入:
    »If you want to come in on the deal, you need to decide now.
    如果你要做这笔交易,你得现在作出决定。
    ˌcome ˈinto sth [no passive] 1. to be left money by sb who has died • 继承,得到(遗产):
    »She came into a fortune when her uncle died.
    她在叔叔去世后继承了一大笔财产。
    2. to be important in a particular situation • (在某种情形下)是重要的:
    »Iˈve worked very hard to pass this exam—luck doesnˈt come into it.
    我为通过这次考试下了很大的苦功,运气不是主要的。
    ˈcome of / from sth • to be the result of sth • 是…的结果:
    »I made a few enquiries, but nothing came of it in the end.
    我做过一些查询,但到头来却毫无结果。
    »
    ▪ [+ -ing ]That comes of eating too much! • 那是吃得太多的结果! ˌcome ˈoff 1. to be able to be removed • 能被去掉(或除去):
    »Does this hood come off?
    这风帽能卸下来吗?
    »That mark wonˈt come off.
    那污点去不掉。
    2. (informal) to take place; to happen • 举行;发生:
    »Did the trip to Rome ever come off?
    去罗马的事最后成了吗?
    3. (informal) (of a plan, etc. 计划等) to be successful; to have the intended effect or result • 成功;达到预期效果(或结果):
    »They had wanted it to be a surprise but the plan didnˈt come off.
    他们本想一鸣惊人,然而计划却流产了。
    4. come well, badly, etc. (informal) to be successful / not successful in a fight, contest, etc. • (搏斗、比赛等)成功,不成功:
    »I thought they came off very well in the debate.
    我认为他们在辩论中表现非常出色。
    ˌcome ˈoff (sth) 1. to fall from sth • 从…掉下(或落下):
    »to come off your bicycle / horse
    从自行车/马上跌下
    2. to become separated from sth • 与…分离(或分开):
    »When I tried to lift the jug, the handle came off in my hand.
    我刚想提起水壶,壶把子就掉在我的手中了。
    »A button had come off my coat.
    我的外套掉了一颗钮扣。
    ˌcome ˈoff it (informal) • used to disagree with sb rudely • (粗鲁地表示不同意)别胡扯,别胡说,住口:
    »Come off it! We donˈt have a chance.
    别胡扯了!我们没机会。
    ˌcome ˈoff sth [no passive] • to stop taking medicine, a drug, alcohol, etc. • 停止(服药、吸毒、饮酒等):
    »Iˈve tried to get him to come off the tranquillizers.
    我试图说服他停止服用镇静剂。
    ˌcome ˈon 1. (of an actor 演员) to walk onto the stage • 登台;出场;上场 2. (of a player 运动员) to join a team during a game • (比赛中)上场:
    »Owen came on for Brown ten minutes before the end of the game.
    终场前十分钟,欧文上场替换了布朗。
    3. to improve or develop in the way you want • 改进;改善;发展;完善:
    »The project is coming on fine.
    这项工程进展顺利。
    4. used in orders to tell sb to hurry or to try harder • (用于命令)快,加油,加把劲:
    »Come on! We donˈt have much time.
    快点!我们时间不多了。
    »Come on! Try once more.
    加把劲!再试一次。
    5. used to show that you know what sb has said is not correct • (表示知道某人所说的话不正确)得了吧:
    »Oh, come on—you know that isnˈt true!
    咳,得了吧,你知道那不是真的!
    6. (usually used in the progressive tenses 通常用于进行时) (of an illness or a mood 疾病或某种心情) to begin • 开始:
    »I can feel a cold coming on.
    我觉得要感冒了。
    »I think thereˈs rain coming on.
    我看要下雨了。
    ▪ [+ to inf ]
    »It came on to rain.
    天下起雨来了。
    7. (of a TV programme, etc. 电视节目等) to start • 开始:
    »What time does the news come on?
    新闻报道什么时候开始?
    8. to begin to operate • 开始运转(或运行):
    »Set the oven to come on at six.
    把烤箱设定在六点钟开始烘烤。
    »When does the heating come on?
    什么时间来暖气?
    ˈcome on / upon sb / sth [no passive] (formal) • to meet or find sb / sth by chance • 偶然遇见;偶然发现 ˌcome ˈon to sb (informal) • to behave in a way that shows sb that you want to have a sexual relationship with them • 勾引,勾搭(想与其发生性关系) --› related noun come-on ˌcome ˈon to sth [no passive] • to start talking about a subject • 开始讨论(某一主题):
    »Iˈd like to come on to that question later.
    我想以后再讨论那个问题。
    ˌcome ˈout 1. when the sun, moon or stars come out, they appear • (太阳、月亮或星星)出现,露出:
    »The rain stopped and the sun came out.
    雨停后太阳出来了。
    2. (of flowers 花朵) to open • 盛开;开花:
    »The daffodils came out early this year.
    水仙花今年开得早。
    3. to be produced or published • 出版;发行;发表:
    »When is her new novel coming out?
    她的新小说何时出版?
    4. (of news, the truth, etc. 消息、真相等) to become known • 被获知;为人所知:
    »The full story came out at the trial.
    案情始末在审判时真相大白。
    ▪ [+ that ]
    »It came out that heˈd been telling lies.
    后来才知道他一直在说谎。
    5. if a photograph comes out, it is a clear picture when it is developed and printed • (照片)冲洗(或洗印)清楚:
    »The photos from our trip didnˈt come out.
    我们旅行的照片冲洗的效果不好。
    6. to be shown clearly • 显示;显出:
    »Her best qualities come out in a crisis.
    她的优秀品质在危难之中显示了出来。
    7. when words come out, they are spoken • 说出;讲出:
    »I tried to say ˈI love you,ˈ but the words wouldnˈt come out.
    我想说"我爱你",但这话怎么也说不出口。
    8. to say publicly whether you agree or disagree with sth • 公开表明(同意或不同意):
    »He came out against the plan.
    他公开表示反对这个计划。
    »In her speech, the senator came out in favour of a change in the law.
    这位参议员在她的讲话中公开赞成修改法律。
    9. ( BrE) to stop work and go on strike • 罢工 10. to no longer hide the fact that you are homosexual • 不再隐瞒自己是同性恋者的事实;公开表明自己是同性恋者 11. (of a young upper-class girl, especially in the past 尤指旧时上层社会的少女) to be formally introduced into society • (经正式介绍)初入社交界 ˌcome ˈout (of sth) 1. (of an object 物体) to be removed from a place where it is fixed • (从固定处)除掉,去掉:
    »This nail wonˈt come out.
    这颗钉子拔不出来。
    2. (of dirt, a mark, etc. 污垢、污迹等) to be removed from sth by washing or cleaning • 洗掉;清除:
    »These ink stains wonˈt come out of my dress.
    我衣服上的这些墨水斑点洗不掉。
    »Will the colour come out (= become faint or disappear) if I wash it?
    我若用水洗,它会掉色吗?
    ˌcome ˈout at sth [no passive] • to add up to a particular cost or sum • 总共;共计:
    »The total bill comes out at £500.
    账单金额总计为 500 英镑。
    ˌcome ˈout in sth [no passive] (of a person 人) • to become covered in spots, etc. on the skin • (皮肤上)布满(斑点等):
    »Hot weather makes her come out in a rash.
    炎热的天气使她起了皮疹。
    ˌcome ˈout of yourself • to relax and become more confident and friendly with other people • 精神放松、更加自信和友好地与他人交往:
    »It was when she started drama classes that she really came out of herself.
    她是在开始学习戏剧课程时才真地不再害羞。
    ˌcome ˈout of sth [no passive] • to develop from sth • 由…产生(或形成):
    »The book came out of his experiences in India.
    这本书取材于他在印度的经历。
    »Rock music came out of the blues.
    摇滚乐起源于布鲁斯。
    ˌcome ˈout with sth [no passive] • to say sth, especially sth surprising or rude • 说出(尤指令人吃惊或粗鲁的话):
    »He came out with a stream of abuse.
    他讲了一连串的脏话。
    »She sometimes comes out with the most extraordinary remarks.
    她有时说起话来语惊四座。
    ˌcome ˈover 1. ( BrE, informal) to suddenly feel sth • 突然感到 ▪ [+ adj ]
    »I suddenly came over all shy.
    我突然感到非常害羞。
    2. = come across (2):
    »He came over well in the interview.
    他在面试中给人留下了很好的印象。
    ˌcome ˈover (to...) • to come to a place, especially sbˈs house, to visit for a short time • (尤指到某人家中)短暂造访 ˌcome ˈover (to...) (from...) • to travel from one place to another, usually over a long distance • (通常远距离地)从…到,从…来:
    »Why donˈt you come over to England in the summer?
    你为何不在夏天来英国呢?
    »Her grandparents came over from Ireland during the famine.
    她的祖父母是在饥荒时期从爱尔兰迁移过来的。
    ˌcome ˈover (to sth) • to change from one side, opinion, etc. to another • 改变立场(或看法等) ˌcome ˈover sb [no passive] • to affect sb • 影响某人:
    »A fit of dizziness came over her.
    她感到一阵头晕目眩。
    »I canˈt think what came over me (= I do not know what caused me to behave in that way).
    我不知道我是怎么了。
    ˌcome ˈround | ˌcome ˈround (to sth) ( BrE) = come around ˌcome ˈthrough (of news or a message 消息或信息) • to arrive by telephone, radio, etc. or through an official organization • (用电话、无线电等或由官方机构)传来:
    »A message is just coming through.
    有消息刚传来。
    ˌcome ˈthrough (sth) • to get better after a serious illness or to avoid serious injury • (重病后)康复;避免受严重伤害 【SYN】 survive:
    »With such a weak heart she was lucky to come through the operation.
    她的心脏很弱,手术后能活下来真是幸运。
    ˌcome ˈthrough (with sth) • to successfully do or complete sth that you have promised to do • (成功地)履行诺言,实现诺言:
    »We were worried she wouldnˈt be able to handle it, but she came through in the end.
    我们担心她没有能力处理那件事,然而她最终说到做到了。
    »The bank finally came through with the money.
    这家银行终于兑现了那笔钱。
    ˌcome ˈto = come around (1) ˌcome to yourˈself (old-fashioned) • to return to your normal state • 恢复常态 ˈcome to sb [no passive] (of an idea 主意) • to enter your mind • 被想出:
    »The idea came to me in the bath.
    我洗澡时想出了这个主意。
    ▪ [+ that ]
    »It suddenly came to her that she had been wrong all along.
    她突然想到她从开始就错了。
    ˈcome to sth [no passive] 1. to add up to sth • 合计;共计;总共:
    »The bill came to $30.
    账单金额总计为 30 元。
    »I never expected those few items to come to so much.
    我根本没想到就那么几件东西合计起来竟要花这么多钱。
    2. to reach a particular situation, especially a bad one • 达到(某状况,尤指坏的局面):
    »The doctors will operate if necessary—but it may not come to that.
    必要时医生会施行手术,但也许还不致如此。
    »Whoˈd have thought things would come to this (= become so bad) ?
    谁会想到事情竟会变成这个样子?
    ˌcome toˈgether • if two or more different people or things come together, they form a united group • 合成一体;结合;联合:
    »Three colleges have come together to create a new university.
    三所学院合并成了一所新的大学。
    »Bits and pieces of things heˈd read and heard were coming together, and he began to understand.
    他把读到和听到的片段综合起来,便逐渐明白了。
    ˈcome under sth [no passive] 1. to be included in a particular group • 归入;归类:
    »What heading does this come under?
    这该归入哪一个类目?
    2. to be a person that others are attacking or criticizing • 成为(攻击或批评的)目标:
    »The head teacher came under a lot of criticism from the parents.
    校长受到了家长的很多批评。
    3. to be controlled or influenced by sth • 被…控制;受…影响:
    »All her students came under her spell.
    她所有的学生都被她迷住了。
    ˌcome ˈup 1. (of plants 植物) to appear above the soil • 长出地面;破土而出:
    »The daffodils are just beginning to come up.
    那些水仙花刚开始破土发芽。
    2. (of the sun 太阳) to rise • 升起:
    »We watched the sun come up.
    我们观看了日出。
    3. to happen • 发生:
    »Iˈm afraid something urgent has come up.
    恐怕有紧急事情发生。
    »Weˈll let you know if any vacancies come up.
    一有空缺,我们就会通知你。
    4. to be mentioned or discussed • 被提及;被讨论:
    »The subject came up in conversation.
    谈话中提到了这个话题。
    »The question is bound to come up at the meeting.
    会上一定会讨论这个问题。
    5. (of an event or a time 事情或时间) to be going to happen very soon • 即将发生(或出现、到来):
    »Her birthday is coming up soon.
    她的生日即将来临。
    6. to be dealt with by a court • (由法院)审理:
    »Her divorce case comes up next month.
    她的离婚案在下月审理。
    7. if your number, name, ticket, etc. comes up in a betting game, it is chosen and you win sth • (在博彩游戏中指号码、名字、奖券等)被抽中,中奖 8. (informal) (usually used in the progressive tenses 通常用于进行时) to arrive; to be ready soon • 来到;马上备妥:
    »ˈIs lunch ready?ˈ ˈComing up!ˈ
    "午餐准备好了吗?" "马上就好!"
    ˌcome ˈup (to...) ( BrE, formal) • to arrive at a university, especially Oxford or Cambridge, at the beginning of a term or in order to begin your studies • (尤指在牛津或剑桥学期开学时)到校上学 【OPP】 come down (from...) ˌcome ˈup (to...) (from...) • to come from one place to another, especially from the south of a country to the north or from a smaller place to a larger one • (从…)上到(通常指从一国的南部到北部,或从小地方到大地方):
    »Why donˈt you come up to Scotland for a few days?
    你为何不上苏格兰来住几天?
    ˌcome ˈup (to sb) • to move towards sb, in order to talk to them • (为攀谈而)走到跟前,走近:
    »He came up to me and asked for a light.
    他走到我跟前来借火。
    ˌcome ˈup against sb / sth [no passive] • to be faced with or opposed by sb / sth • 面对;遭到…的反对:
    »We expect to come up against a lot of opposition to the plan.
    我们预料这个计划会遭到很多人的反对。
    ˌcome ˈup for sth [no passive] 1. to be considered for a job, an important position, etc. • 被考虑为…的候选人:
    »She comes up for re-election next year.
    她明年将再度参加竞选。
    2. to be reaching the time when sth must be done • 接近(期限):
    »His contract is coming up for renewal.
    他的合同快到续订期了。
    ˌcome ˈup to sth [no passive] 1. to reach as far as a particular point • 达到(某点):
    »The water came up to my neck.
    水淹到了我的脖子。
    2. to reach an acceptable level or standard • 达到(认可的水平或标准):
    »His performance didnˈt really come up to his usual high standard.
    他的表现没有真正达到他往常的高水平。
    »Their trip to France didnˈt come up to expectations.
    他们的法国之行未尽如人意。
    ˌcome ˈup with sth [no passive] • to find or produce an answer, a sum of money, etc. • 找到(答案);拿出(一笔钱等):
    »She came up with a new idea for increasing sales.
    她想出了增加销售量的新主意。
    »How soon can you come up with the money?
    你什么时候能拿出这笔钱?
    ˈcome upon sb / sth = come on sb / sth exclamation (old-fashioned) • used when encouraging sb to be sensible or reasonable, or when showing slight disapproval • (鼓励某人要有理智或通情达理,或表示不太赞同)嗨,得啦,好啦:
    »Oh come now, things arenˈt as bad as all that.
    哦,好啦,情况并不是那么糟。
    »Come, come, Miss Jones, you know perfectly well what I mean.
    得啦,得啦,琼斯小姐,你完全知道我的意思。
    noun • (slang) [u]semen • 精液;精子
    * * *
    =Computer Output Microfilm Equipment 計算機縮微膠卷輸出機

    English-Chinese dictionary > COME

  • 5 come

    come come verb (came come) ›› TO A PLACE 地方 1. to move to or towards a person or place • 来 ▪ [V, usually +adv. / prep.]
    »He came into the room and shut the door.
    他进了房间,把门关上。
    »She comes to work by bus.
    她乘公共汽车来上班。
    »My son is coming home soon.
    我儿子很快就要回家了。
    »Come here!
    到这儿来!
    »Come and see us soon!
    快点来看我们吧!
    »Here comes Jo (= Jo is coming) !
    乔来啦!
    »Thereˈs a storm coming.
    暴风雨就要来了。
    ▪ [V to inf]
    »Theyˈre coming to stay for a week.
    他们要来待上一星期。
    【HELP】In spoken English come can be used with and plus another verb, instead of with to and the infinitive, to show purpose or to tell sb what to do: When did she last come and see you? Come and have your dinner.The and is sometimes left out, especially in NAmE: Come have your dinner. • 在英语口语中表示目的或告诉某人如何做时,come 可与 and 加上另一动词使用,而不用 to 和动词不定式:When did she last come and see you? / Come and have your dinner. and 有时被省掉,尤其在北美英语中:Come have your dinner. 2. [V] come (to...) to arrive at or reach a place • 来到;到达,抵达(某地):
    »They continued until they came to a river.
    他们继续往前一直来到河边。
    »What time did you come (= to my house) ?
    你什么时候到(我家)的?
    »Spring came late this year.
    今年春天来得晚。
    »Your breakfast is coming soon.
    你的早餐很快就到。
    »Have any letters come for me?
    有给我的来信吗?
    »Help came at last.
    救援终于到了。
    »The CD comes complete with all the words of the songs.
    这张光盘配有歌曲的全部歌词。
    »The time has come (= now is the moment) to act.
    采取行动的时机到了。
    3. come for / about sth | come to do sth to arrive somewhere in order to do sth or get sth • 来做;来取;来拿: ▪ [V]
    »Iˈve come for my book.
    我来拿我的书。
    »Iˈve come about my book.
    我来拿我的书。
    »Iˈve come to get my book.
    我来拿我的书。
    ▪ [V -ing]
    »He came looking for me.
    他来找我。
    4. come (to sth) (with sb) to move or travel, especially with sb else, to a particular place or in order to be present at an event • 来(尤指相聚、往某地,或出席活动): ▪ [V]
    »Iˈve only come for an hour.
    我来了才一个小时。
    »Are you coming to the club with us tonight?
    你今晚和我们一起去俱乐部吗?
    »Thanks for coming (= to my house, party, etc.).
    谢谢光临。
    ▪ [V -ing]
    »Why donˈt you come skating tonight?
    今晚来溜冰好吗?
    ›› RUNNING / HURRYING ETC. 奔跑、匆忙等 5. [V -ing, usually +adv. / prep.] to move in a particular way or while doing sth else • (…地)来;边…边来:
    »The children came running into the room.
    孩子们跑着进屋来了。
    ›› TRAVEL 行进 6. [VN] to travel a particular distance • 行进(某段距离):
    »Weˈve come 50 miles this morning.
    我们今天上午走了 50 英里。
    »(figurative) The company has come a long way (= made a lot of progress) in the last 5 years.
    公司在过去的 5 年里取得了许多进步。
    ›› HAPPEN 发生 7. [V] to happen • 发生:
    »The agreement came after several hours of negotiations.
    协议经过几小时的谈判后才达成。
    »The rains came too late to do any good.
    这场雨来得太晚,什么用也没有。
    »Her death came as a terrible shock to us.
    她的死使我们极为震惊。
    »His resignation came as no surprise.
    他的辞职毫不令人惊讶。
    8. [V to inf] used in questions to talk about how or why sth happened • (用于疑问句,表示怎么或为什么):
    »How did he come to break his leg?
    他怎么把腿弄断的?
    »How do you come to be so late?
    你怎么这么晚才来?
    --› see also how come? ›› TO A POSITION / STATE 位置;状态 9. [V +adv. / prep.] (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to have a particular position • 位于,处于(某位置):
    »That comes a long way down my list of priorities.
    在我非做不可的事情当中,那事较不重要。
    »His family comes first (= is the most important thing in his life).
    他把家庭放在首位。
    »She came second (= received the second highest score) in the exam.
    她这次考试名列第二。
    10. [V] come to / into sth used in many expressions to show that sth has reached a particular state • (用于许多词组表示达到某种状态)达到,进入:
    »At last winter came to an end.
    冬天终于结束了。
    »He came to power in 1959.
    他于 1959 年上台掌权。
    »When will they come to a decision ?
    他们何时会作出决定?
    »The trees are coming into leaf.
    树开始长叶子了。
    11. come (in sth) (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) (of goods, products, etc. 货品、产品等) to be available or to exist in a particular way • 可提供;有(货): ▪ [V]
    »This dress comes in black and red.
    这款连衣裙有黑、红两种颜色。
    ▪ [V-ADJ]
    »(informal) New cars donˈt come cheap (= they are expensive).
    新汽车没有便宜的。
    12. to become • 成为;变成;变得: ▪ [V-ADJ]
    »The buttons had come undone.
    钮扣都松开了。
    »The handle came loose.
    这把手松了。
    »Everything will come right in the end.
    一切到最后都会好起来的。
    ▪ [V to inf]
    »This design came to be known as the Oriental style.
    这种设计后来被称为东方风格。
    13. [V to inf] to reach a point where you realize, understand or believe sth • 达到(认识、理解或相信的程度):
    »In time she came to love him.
    她终于爱上了他。
    »She had come to see the problem in a new light.
    她开始用新的角度来看待这个问题。
    »Iˈve come to expect this kind of behaviour from him.
    对于他的这种举止我渐渐不感到意外了。
    ›› TIME 时间 14. come • [VN] (old-fashioned, informal) when the time mentioned comes • (提及的时间)到来:
    »They would have been married forty years come this June.
    到今年六月他们结婚就有四十年了。
    ›› SEX 性 15. [V] (slang) to have an orgasm • 达到性高潮 【IDIOMS】Most idioms containing come are at the entries for the nouns or adjectives in the idioms, for example come a cropper is at cropper. • 大多数含 come 的习语,都可在该等习语中的名词或形容词相关词条找到,如 come a cropper 在词条 cropper 下。 be as ˌclever, ˌstupid, etc. as they ˈcome •(informal) to be very clever, stupid, etc. • 非常聪明(或愚蠢等) ˌcome aˈgain? • (informal) used to ask sb to repeat sth • (要求重复)再说一遍,你说什么来着:
    »ˈSheˈs an entomologist.ˈ ˈCome again?ˈ ˈAn entomologist—she studies insects.ˈ
    "她是昆虫学家。" "请再说一遍?" "昆虫学家——她是研究昆虫的。"
    ˌcome and ˈgo 1. to arrive and leave; to move freely • 来去;来往;自由走动:
    »They had a party next door—we heard people coming and going all night.
    他们在隔壁聚会,我们整夜都听见有人来来往往的声音。
    2. to be present for a short time and then go away • 时来时去;忽隐忽现:
    »The pain in my leg comes and goes.
    我的腿时而疼时而不疼。
    come ˈeasily, ˈnaturally, etc. to sb (of an activity, a skill, etc. 活动、技能等) • to be easy, natural, etc. for sb to do • (对某人而言)轻而易举(或生来就会等):
    »Acting comes naturally to her.
    她天生就会表演。
    ˌcome over (all) ˈfaint, ˈdizzy, ˈgiddy, etc. •(old-fashioned, BrE, informal) to suddenly feel ill / sick or faint • 突然感到昏眩(或眩晕、头晕) come to ˈnothing | not ˈcome to anything • to be unsuccessful; to have no successful result • 不成功;失败;毫无成果:
    »How sad that all his hard work should come to nothing.
    他的所有辛勤劳动竟全部付诸东流,太让人伤心了。
    »Her plans didnˈt come to anything.
    她的计划全落空了。
    come to ˈthat | if it comes to ˈthat • (informal, especially BrE) used to introduce sth extra that is connected with what has just been said • (引出与刚提及的事物相关的事)说起…来,既然如此,假如那样的话:
    »I donˈt really trust him—nor his wife, come to that.
    我并不真地信任他——说起信任,我也不信任他的妻子。
    ˌcome what ˈmay • despite any problems or difficulties you may have • 不管出现什么问题;无论有什么困难;不管怎样:
    »He promised to support her come what may.
    他答应不管出现什么问题都支持她。
    how come (...)? • used to say you do not understand how sth can happen and would like an explanation • (用以表示不理解情况是如何发生的,希望得到解释)怎么回事,怎么发生的,怎样解释:
    »If she spent five years in Paris, how come her French is so bad?
    既然她在巴黎待了五年,她的法语怎么还会这样糟糕?
    not ˈcome to much • to not be important or successful • 不重要;无关紧要;不成功 to ˈcome (used after a noun 用于名词后) • in the future • 将来;未来的:
    »They may well regret the decision in years to come.
    他们很可能会在以后的年月里要为这个决定而后悔。
    »This will be a problem for some time to come (= for a period of time in the future).
    这将是未来一段时期里的一个问题。
    when it comes to sth / to doing sth • when it is a question of sth • 当涉及某事(或做某事)时:
    »When it comes to getting things done, heˈs useless.
    一涉及到做事,他便不中用了。
    where sb is ˈcoming from •(informal) somebodyˈs ideas, beliefs, personality, etc. that makes them say what they have said • (决定某人言论的)某人的全部背景:
    »I see where youˈre coming from (= I understand what you mean).
    我明白你究竟是什么意思。
    --› more at ear n. 【PHR V】 ˌcome aˈbout (that...) • to happen • 发生:
    »Can you tell me how the accident came about?
    你能告诉我事故是怎样发生的吗?
    ˌcome aˈcross (also ˌcome ˈover) 1. to be understood • 被理解;被弄懂:
    »He spoke for a long time but his meaning didnˈt really come across.
    他讲了很久,但并没有人真正理解他的意思。
    2. to make a particular impression • 给人以…印象;使产生…印象:
    »She comes across well in interviews.
    她在面试中常给人留下很好的印象。
    »He came over as a sympathetic person.
    他给人的印象是一个富有同情心的人。
    ˈcome across sb / sth [no passive] • to meet or find sb / sth by chance • (偶然)遇见,碰见,发现:
    »I came across children sleeping under bridges.
    我偶然发现睡在桥下的孩子。
    »She came across some old photographs in a drawer.
    她在抽屉里偶然发现了一些旧照片。
    ˌcome aˈcross (with sth) [no passive] • to provide or supply sth when you need it • (需要时)提供,供给,给予:
    »I hoped sheˈd come across with some more information.
    我希望她能再提供更多的信息。
    ˌcome ˈafter sb [no passive] • to chase or follow sb • 追赶;追逐;追随 ˌcome aˈlong 1. to arrive; to appear • 到达;抵达;出现:
    »When the right opportunity comes along, sheˈll take it.
    适当的机会来临时,她会抓住的。
    2. to go somewhere with sb • 跟随;跟着来:
    »Iˈm glad you came along.
    有你跟我一起来,我很高兴。
    3. to improve or develop in the way that you want • 进步;进展 【SYN】 progress:
    »Your French has come along a lot recently.
    你的法语最近进步很大。
    4. used in orders to tell sb to hurry, or to try harder • (用于命令)赶快,加把劲:
    »Come along! Weˈre late.
    快点!我们迟到了。
    »Come along! Itˈs easy!
    再加把劲!这很容易!
    ˌcome aˈpart • to break into pieces • 破碎;破裂:
    »The book just came apart in my hands.
    这本书就在我手中散开了。
    »(figurative) My whole life had come apart at the seams.
    我的整个生活都崩溃了。
    ˌcome aˈround / ˈround 1. (also ˌcome ˈto) to become conscious again • 恢复知觉;苏醒:
    »Your mother hasnˈt yet come round from the anaesthetic.
    你的母亲麻醉后还没有苏醒过来。
    2. (of a date or a regular event 日期或有规律的事) to happen again • 再度发生;再次出现:
    »My birthday seems to come around quicker every year.
    我的生日似乎一年比一年来得快。
    ˌcome aˈround / ˈround (to...) • to come to a place, especially sbˈs house, to visit for a short time • 短暂访问(尤指某人的家):
    »Do come around and see us some time.
    务必抽空来看看我们。
    ˌcome aˈround / ˈround (to sth) • to change your mood or your opinion • 改变心态;改变观点:
    »Heˈll never come round to our way of thinking.
    他决不会改变观点与我们的想法一致。
    ˈcome at sb [no passive] • to move towards sb as though you are going to attack them • 扑向(某人):
    »She came at me with a knife.
    她拿着刀子向我扑过来。
    »(figurative) The noise came at us from all sides.
    噪音从四面八方向我们袭来。
    ˈcome at sth • to think about a problem, question, etc. in a particular way • (用某方法)考虑,思考 【SYN】 approach:
    »Weˈre getting nowhere—letˈs come at it from another angle.
    我们这样会毫无进展,还是换个角度考虑一下吧。
    ˌcome aˈway (from sth) • to become separated from sth • 分离;脱离:
    »The plaster had started to come away from the wall.
    灰泥已开始从墙上脱落。
    ˌcome aˈway with sth [no passive] • to leave a place with a particular feeling or impression • (带着某种感觉或印象)离开:
    »We came away with the impression that all was not well with their marriage.
    我们离开时有一种印象:他们的婚姻并不十分美满。
    ˌcome ˈback 1. to return • 回来;返回:
    »You came back (= came home) very late last night.
    你昨晚回来得很晚。
    »The colour was coming back to her cheeks.
    她的双颊又泛起了红晕。
    »(figurative) United came back from being two goals down to win 3–2.
    联队在先失两球的情况下将比分扳回,最终以 3:2 取胜。
    --› note at return 2. to become popular or successful again • 再度流行;再次成功:
    »Long hair for men seems to be coming back in.
    男子留长发好像又在流行了。
    --› related noun comeback (2) ˌcome ˈback (at sb) (with sth) • to reply to sb angrily or with force • 回嘴;顶嘴;反驳:
    »She came back at the speaker with some sharp questions.
    她用一些尖锐的提问来反驳讲话人。
    --› related noun comeback (3) ˌcome ˈback (to sb) • to return to sbˈs memory • 恢复记忆;回想起:
    »Itˈs all coming back to me now.
    现在我全都回想起来了。
    »Once youˈve been in France a few days, your French will soon come back.
    只要在法国待上几天,你的法语就会很快恢复起来。
    ˌcome ˈback to sth [no passive] • to return to a subject, an idea, etc. • 回到(主题、想法等)上来:
    »Letˈs come back to the point at issue.
    咱们还是回到问题的焦点吧。
    »It all comes back to a question of money.
    一切又回到钱的问题上来了。
    ˈcome before sb / sth [no passive] (formal) • to be presented to sb / sth for discussion or a decision • 被提交给…讨论(或作决定):
    »The case comes before the court next week.
    这案件在下周提交给法庭审理。
    ˌcome beˈtween sb and sb [no passive] • to damage a relationship between two people • 损害…之间的关系;离间:
    »Iˈd hate anything to come between us.
    我不喜欢任何有损我们之间关系的事情。
    ˌcome ˈby ( NAmE) • to make a short visit to a place, in order to see sb • (为看望某人)作短暂拜访:
    »She came by the house.
    她来住所看了一下。
    ˈcome by sth 1. to manage to get sth • 设法得到(或获得):
    »Jobs are hard to come by these days.
    如今找工作很难。
    2. to receive sth • 收到;得到:
    »How did you come by that scratch on your cheek?
    你脸颊上的抓伤是怎么来的?
    ˌcome ˈdown 1. to break and fall to the ground • 崩塌;坍塌:
    »The ceiling came down with a terrific crash.
    随着一声可怕的巨响,天花板塌了下来。
    2. (of rain, snow, etc. 雨、雪等) to fall • 落下;降落:
    »The rain came down in torrents.
    大雨滂沱。
    3. (of an aircraft 飞机) to land or fall from the sky • 着陆;降落;从空中坠落:
    »We were forced to come down in a field.
    我们被迫降落在田野里。
    4. if a price, a temperature, a rate, etc. comes down, it gets lower • (价格、温度、比率等)下降,降低:
    »The price of gas is coming down.
    煤气价格在下跌。
    »Gas is coming down in price.
    煤气价格在下跌。
    5. to decide and say publicly that you support or oppose sb • 决定并宣布(支持或反对):
    »The committee came down in support of his application.
    委员会决定并宣布支持他的申请。
    6. to reach as far down as a particular point • 下垂,向下延伸(到某一点):
    »Her hair comes down to her waist.
    她的头发垂至腰部。
    ˌcome ˈdown (from...) ( BrE, formal) • to leave a university, especially Oxford or Cambridge, at the end of a term or after finishing your studies • (在期末或学业结束后)离开大学,大学毕业(尤指牛津或剑桥) 【OPP】 come up (to...) ˌcome ˈdown (from...) (to...) • to come from one place to another, usually from the north of a country to the south, or from a larger place to a smaller one • 从…到…(通常指从一国的北部到南部,或从大地方到小地方) ˌcome ˈdown on sb [no passive] (informal) • to criticize sb severely or punish sb • 斥责;训斥;惩罚:
    »Donˈt come down too hard on her.
    不要太严厉地责备她。
    »The courts are coming down heavily on young offenders.
    法庭对年轻罪犯实行严惩。
    ˌcome ˈdown (to sb) • to have come from a long time in the past • (从很久以前)流传下来:
    »The name has come down from the last century.
    这名称是从上个世纪流传下来的。
    ˌcome ˈdown to sth [no passive] • to be able to be explained by a single important point • 可归结为;可归纳为:
    »What it comes down to is, either I get more money or I leave.
    归结起来就是:不给我加薪,我就辞职。
    ˌcome ˈdown with sth [no passive] • to get an illness that is not very serious • 患,得,染上(小病):
    »I think Iˈm coming down with flu.
    我想我得了流感。
    ˌcome ˈforward • to offer your help, services, etc. • 主动提供(帮助或服务等):
    »Several people came forward with information.
    有几个人自动站出来提供了信息。
    »Police have asked witnesses of the accident to come forward.
    警方呼吁事故的目击者出来提供线索。
    ˈcome from... (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) • to have as your place of birth or the place where you live • 出生于;来自:
    »She comes from London.
    她是伦敦人。
    »Where do you come from?
    你是什么地方的人?
    ˈcome from sth 1. to start in a particular place or be produced from a particular thing • 始于;产自;来自:
    »Much of our butter comes from New Zealand.
    我们的黄油大多产自新西兰。
    »This wool comes from goats, not sheep.
    这种羊毛是山羊毛,不是绵羊毛。
    »This poem comes from his new book.
    这首诗出自他的新书。
    »Where does her attitude come from?
    她的态度因何而起?
    »Whereˈs that smell coming from?
    那种气味是哪里来的?
    »He comes from a family of actors.
    他出身于演员世家。
    »ˈShe doesnˈt try hard enough.ˈ ˈThatˈs rich, coming from you (= you do not try hard either).ˈ
    "她没有竭尽全力。" "你自己也没尽力,还说别人。"
    2. = come of sth ˌcome ˈin 1. when the tide comes in, it moves towards the land • (潮水)上涨;涨潮 【OPP】 go out 2. to finish a race in a particular position • (赛跑等比赛中)取得(名次):
    »My horse came in last.
    我的马跑了最后一名。
    3. to become fashionable • 变时髦;时兴;流行:
    »Long hair for men came in in the sixties.
    男子留长发在 60 年代流行开来。
    【SYN】 go out 4. to become available • 可提供;可利用:
    »Weˈre still waiting for copies of the book to come in.
    我们仍然在等这本书进货。
    5. to have a part in sth • 在…中起作用;参与:
    »I understand the plan perfectly, but I canˈt see where I come in.
    我完全了解这项计划,可是不明白我能起什么作用。
    6. to arrive somewhere; to be received • 到达;被收到:
    »The train is coming in now.
    火车现在已在进站。
    »News is coming in of a serious plane crash in France.
    刚收到的消息说法国发生了一起严重的飞机失事事故。
    »She has over a thousand pounds a month coming in from her investments.
    她每月从自己的投资中得到超过一千英镑的收入。
    7. to take part in a discussion • 参加讨论:
    »Would you like to come in at this point, Susan?
    苏珊,你愿意在此刻发表意见吗?
    8. (of a law or rule 法律或规则) to be introduced; to begin to be used • 被推行;开始被采用 ˌcome ˈin for sth [no passive] • to receive sth, especially sth unpleasant • 遭到;受到:
    »The governmentˈs economic policies have come in for a lot of criticism.
    政府的经济政策遭到了很多批评。
    ˌcome ˈin (on sth) • to become involved in sth • 卷入;陷入:
    »If you want to come in on the deal, you need to decide now.
    如果你要做这笔交易,你得现在作出决定。
    ˌcome ˈinto sth [no passive] 1. to be left money by sb who has died • 继承,得到(遗产):
    »She came into a fortune when her uncle died.
    她在叔叔去世后继承了一大笔财产。
    2. to be important in a particular situation • (在某种情形下)是重要的:
    »Iˈve worked very hard to pass this exam—luck doesnˈt come into it.
    我为通过这次考试下了很大的苦功,运气不是主要的。
    ˈcome of / from sth • to be the result of sth • 是…的结果:
    »I made a few enquiries, but nothing came of it in the end.
    我做过一些查询,但到头来却毫无结果。
    »
    ▪ [+ -ing ]That comes of eating too much! • 那是吃得太多的结果! ˌcome ˈoff 1. to be able to be removed • 能被去掉(或除去):
    »Does this hood come off?
    这风帽能卸下来吗?
    »That mark wonˈt come off.
    那污点去不掉。
    2. (informal) to take place; to happen • 举行;发生:
    »Did the trip to Rome ever come off?
    去罗马的事最后成了吗?
    3. (informal) (of a plan, etc. 计划等) to be successful; to have the intended effect or result • 成功;达到预期效果(或结果):
    »They had wanted it to be a surprise but the plan didnˈt come off.
    他们本想一鸣惊人,然而计划却流产了。
    4. come well, badly, etc. (informal) to be successful / not successful in a fight, contest, etc. • (搏斗、比赛等)成功,不成功:
    »I thought they came off very well in the debate.
    我认为他们在辩论中表现非常出色。
    ˌcome ˈoff (sth) 1. to fall from sth • 从…掉下(或落下):
    »to come off your bicycle / horse
    从自行车/马上跌下
    2. to become separated from sth • 与…分离(或分开):
    »When I tried to lift the jug, the handle came off in my hand.
    我刚想提起水壶,壶把子就掉在我的手中了。
    »A button had come off my coat.
    我的外套掉了一颗钮扣。
    ˌcome ˈoff it (informal) • used to disagree with sb rudely • (粗鲁地表示不同意)别胡扯,别胡说,住口:
    »Come off it! We donˈt have a chance.
    别胡扯了!我们没机会。
    ˌcome ˈoff sth [no passive] • to stop taking medicine, a drug, alcohol, etc. • 停止(服药、吸毒、饮酒等):
    »Iˈve tried to get him to come off the tranquillizers.
    我试图说服他停止服用镇静剂。
    ˌcome ˈon 1. (of an actor 演员) to walk onto the stage • 登台;出场;上场 2. (of a player 运动员) to join a team during a game • (比赛中)上场:
    »Owen came on for Brown ten minutes before the end of the game.
    终场前十分钟,欧文上场替换了布朗。
    3. to improve or develop in the way you want • 改进;改善;发展;完善:
    »The project is coming on fine.
    这项工程进展顺利。
    4. used in orders to tell sb to hurry or to try harder • (用于命令)快,加油,加把劲:
    »Come on! We donˈt have much time.
    快点!我们时间不多了。
    »Come on! Try once more.
    加把劲!再试一次。
    5. used to show that you know what sb has said is not correct • (表示知道某人所说的话不正确)得了吧:
    »Oh, come on—you know that isnˈt true!
    咳,得了吧,你知道那不是真的!
    6. (usually used in the progressive tenses 通常用于进行时) (of an illness or a mood 疾病或某种心情) to begin • 开始:
    »I can feel a cold coming on.
    我觉得要感冒了。
    »I think thereˈs rain coming on.
    我看要下雨了。
    ▪ [+ to inf ]
    »It came on to rain.
    天下起雨来了。
    7. (of a TV programme, etc. 电视节目等) to start • 开始:
    »What time does the news come on?
    新闻报道什么时候开始?
    8. to begin to operate • 开始运转(或运行):
    »Set the oven to come on at six.
    把烤箱设定在六点钟开始烘烤。
    »When does the heating come on?
    什么时间来暖气?
    ˈcome on / upon sb / sth [no passive] (formal) • to meet or find sb / sth by chance • 偶然遇见;偶然发现 ˌcome ˈon to sb (informal) • to behave in a way that shows sb that you want to have a sexual relationship with them • 勾引,勾搭(想与其发生性关系) --› related noun come-on ˌcome ˈon to sth [no passive] • to start talking about a subject • 开始讨论(某一主题):
    »Iˈd like to come on to that question later.
    我想以后再讨论那个问题。
    ˌcome ˈout 1. when the sun, moon or stars come out, they appear • (太阳、月亮或星星)出现,露出:
    »The rain stopped and the sun came out.
    雨停后太阳出来了。
    2. (of flowers 花朵) to open • 盛开;开花:
    »The daffodils came out early this year.
    水仙花今年开得早。
    3. to be produced or published • 出版;发行;发表:
    »When is her new novel coming out?
    她的新小说何时出版?
    4. (of news, the truth, etc. 消息、真相等) to become known • 被获知;为人所知:
    »The full story came out at the trial.
    案情始末在审判时真相大白。
    ▪ [+ that ]
    »It came out that heˈd been telling lies.
    后来才知道他一直在说谎。
    5. if a photograph comes out, it is a clear picture when it is developed and printed • (照片)冲洗(或洗印)清楚:
    »The photos from our trip didnˈt come out.
    我们旅行的照片冲洗的效果不好。
    6. to be shown clearly • 显示;显出:
    »Her best qualities come out in a crisis.
    她的优秀品质在危难之中显示了出来。
    7. when words come out, they are spoken • 说出;讲出:
    »I tried to say ˈI love you,ˈ but the words wouldnˈt come out.
    我想说"我爱你",但这话怎么也说不出口。
    8. to say publicly whether you agree or disagree with sth • 公开表明(同意或不同意):
    »He came out against the plan.
    他公开表示反对这个计划。
    »In her speech, the senator came out in favour of a change in the law.
    这位参议员在她的讲话中公开赞成修改法律。
    9. ( BrE) to stop work and go on strike • 罢工 10. to no longer hide the fact that you are homosexual • 不再隐瞒自己是同性恋者的事实;公开表明自己是同性恋者 11. (of a young upper-class girl, especially in the past 尤指旧时上层社会的少女) to be formally introduced into society • (经正式介绍)初入社交界 ˌcome ˈout (of sth) 1. (of an object 物体) to be removed from a place where it is fixed • (从固定处)除掉,去掉:
    »This nail wonˈt come out.
    这颗钉子拔不出来。
    2. (of dirt, a mark, etc. 污垢、污迹等) to be removed from sth by washing or cleaning • 洗掉;清除:
    »These ink stains wonˈt come out of my dress.
    我衣服上的这些墨水斑点洗不掉。
    »Will the colour come out (= become faint or disappear) if I wash it?
    我若用水洗,它会掉色吗?
    ˌcome ˈout at sth [no passive] • to add up to a particular cost or sum • 总共;共计:
    »The total bill comes out at £500.
    账单金额总计为 500 英镑。
    ˌcome ˈout in sth [no passive] (of a person 人) • to become covered in spots, etc. on the skin • (皮肤上)布满(斑点等):
    »Hot weather makes her come out in a rash.
    炎热的天气使她起了皮疹。
    ˌcome ˈout of yourself • to relax and become more confident and friendly with other people • 精神放松、更加自信和友好地与他人交往:
    »It was when she started drama classes that she really came out of herself.
    她是在开始学习戏剧课程时才真地不再害羞。
    ˌcome ˈout of sth [no passive] • to develop from sth • 由…产生(或形成):
    »The book came out of his experiences in India.
    这本书取材于他在印度的经历。
    »Rock music came out of the blues.
    摇滚乐起源于布鲁斯。
    ˌcome ˈout with sth [no passive] • to say sth, especially sth surprising or rude • 说出(尤指令人吃惊或粗鲁的话):
    »He came out with a stream of abuse.
    他讲了一连串的脏话。
    »She sometimes comes out with the most extraordinary remarks.
    她有时说起话来语惊四座。
    ˌcome ˈover 1. ( BrE, informal) to suddenly feel sth • 突然感到 ▪ [+ adj ]
    »I suddenly came over all shy.
    我突然感到非常害羞。
    2. = come across (2):
    »He came over well in the interview.
    他在面试中给人留下了很好的印象。
    ˌcome ˈover (to...) • to come to a place, especially sbˈs house, to visit for a short time • (尤指到某人家中)短暂造访 ˌcome ˈover (to...) (from...) • to travel from one place to another, usually over a long distance • (通常远距离地)从…到,从…来:
    »Why donˈt you come over to England in the summer?
    你为何不在夏天来英国呢?
    »Her grandparents came over from Ireland during the famine.
    她的祖父母是在饥荒时期从爱尔兰迁移过来的。
    ˌcome ˈover (to sth) • to change from one side, opinion, etc. to another • 改变立场(或看法等) ˌcome ˈover sb [no passive] • to affect sb • 影响某人:
    »A fit of dizziness came over her.
    她感到一阵头晕目眩。
    »I canˈt think what came over me (= I do not know what caused me to behave in that way).
    我不知道我是怎么了。
    ˌcome ˈround | ˌcome ˈround (to sth) ( BrE) = come around ˌcome ˈthrough (of news or a message 消息或信息) • to arrive by telephone, radio, etc. or through an official organization • (用电话、无线电等或由官方机构)传来:
    »A message is just coming through.
    有消息刚传来。
    ˌcome ˈthrough (sth) • to get better after a serious illness or to avoid serious injury • (重病后)康复;避免受严重伤害 【SYN】 survive:
    »With such a weak heart she was lucky to come through the operation.
    她的心脏很弱,手术后能活下来真是幸运。
    ˌcome ˈthrough (with sth) • to successfully do or complete sth that you have promised to do • (成功地)履行诺言,实现诺言:
    »We were worried she wouldnˈt be able to handle it, but she came through in the end.
    我们担心她没有能力处理那件事,然而她最终说到做到了。
    »The bank finally came through with the money.
    这家银行终于兑现了那笔钱。
    ˌcome ˈto = come around (1) ˌcome to yourˈself (old-fashioned) • to return to your normal state • 恢复常态 ˈcome to sb [no passive] (of an idea 主意) • to enter your mind • 被想出:
    »The idea came to me in the bath.
    我洗澡时想出了这个主意。
    ▪ [+ that ]
    »It suddenly came to her that she had been wrong all along.
    她突然想到她从开始就错了。
    ˈcome to sth [no passive] 1. to add up to sth • 合计;共计;总共:
    »The bill came to $30.
    账单金额总计为 30 元。
    »I never expected those few items to come to so much.
    我根本没想到就那么几件东西合计起来竟要花这么多钱。
    2. to reach a particular situation, especially a bad one • 达到(某状况,尤指坏的局面):
    »The doctors will operate if necessary—but it may not come to that.
    必要时医生会施行手术,但也许还不致如此。
    »Whoˈd have thought things would come to this (= become so bad) ?
    谁会想到事情竟会变成这个样子?
    ˌcome toˈgether • if two or more different people or things come together, they form a united group • 合成一体;结合;联合:
    »Three colleges have come together to create a new university.
    三所学院合并成了一所新的大学。
    »Bits and pieces of things heˈd read and heard were coming together, and he began to understand.
    他把读到和听到的片段综合起来,便逐渐明白了。
    ˈcome under sth [no passive] 1. to be included in a particular group • 归入;归类:
    »What heading does this come under?
    这该归入哪一个类目?
    2. to be a person that others are attacking or criticizing • 成为(攻击或批评的)目标:
    »The head teacher came under a lot of criticism from the parents.
    校长受到了家长的很多批评。
    3. to be controlled or influenced by sth • 被…控制;受…影响:
    »All her students came under her spell.
    她所有的学生都被她迷住了。
    ˌcome ˈup 1. (of plants 植物) to appear above the soil • 长出地面;破土而出:
    »The daffodils are just beginning to come up.
    那些水仙花刚开始破土发芽。
    2. (of the sun 太阳) to rise • 升起:
    »We watched the sun come up.
    我们观看了日出。
    3. to happen • 发生:
    »Iˈm afraid something urgent has come up.
    恐怕有紧急事情发生。
    »Weˈll let you know if any vacancies come up.
    一有空缺,我们就会通知你。
    4. to be mentioned or discussed • 被提及;被讨论:
    »The subject came up in conversation.
    谈话中提到了这个话题。
    »The question is bound to come up at the meeting.
    会上一定会讨论这个问题。
    5. (of an event or a time 事情或时间) to be going to happen very soon • 即将发生(或出现、到来):
    »Her birthday is coming up soon.
    她的生日即将来临。
    6. to be dealt with by a court • (由法院)审理:
    »Her divorce case comes up next month.
    她的离婚案在下月审理。
    7. if your number, name, ticket, etc. comes up in a betting game, it is chosen and you win sth • (在博彩游戏中指号码、名字、奖券等)被抽中,中奖 8. (informal) (usually used in the progressive tenses 通常用于进行时) to arrive; to be ready soon • 来到;马上备妥:
    »ˈIs lunch ready?ˈ ˈComing up!ˈ
    "午餐准备好了吗?" "马上就好!"
    ˌcome ˈup (to...) ( BrE, formal) • to arrive at a university, especially Oxford or Cambridge, at the beginning of a term or in order to begin your studies • (尤指在牛津或剑桥学期开学时)到校上学 【OPP】 come down (from...) ˌcome ˈup (to...) (from...) • to come from one place to another, especially from the south of a country to the north or from a smaller place to a larger one • (从…)上到(通常指从一国的南部到北部,或从小地方到大地方):
    »Why donˈt you come up to Scotland for a few days?
    你为何不上苏格兰来住几天?
    ˌcome ˈup (to sb) • to move towards sb, in order to talk to them • (为攀谈而)走到跟前,走近:
    »He came up to me and asked for a light.
    他走到我跟前来借火。
    ˌcome ˈup against sb / sth [no passive] • to be faced with or opposed by sb / sth • 面对;遭到…的反对:
    »We expect to come up against a lot of opposition to the plan.
    我们预料这个计划会遭到很多人的反对。
    ˌcome ˈup for sth [no passive] 1. to be considered for a job, an important position, etc. • 被考虑为…的候选人:
    »She comes up for re-election next year.
    她明年将再度参加竞选。
    2. to be reaching the time when sth must be done • 接近(期限):
    »His contract is coming up for renewal.
    他的合同快到续订期了。
    ˌcome ˈup to sth [no passive] 1. to reach as far as a particular point • 达到(某点):
    »The water came up to my neck.
    水淹到了我的脖子。
    2. to reach an acceptable level or standard • 达到(认可的水平或标准):
    »His performance didnˈt really come up to his usual high standard.
    他的表现没有真正达到他往常的高水平。
    »Their trip to France didnˈt come up to expectations.
    他们的法国之行未尽如人意。
    ˌcome ˈup with sth [no passive] • to find or produce an answer, a sum of money, etc. • 找到(答案);拿出(一笔钱等):
    »She came up with a new idea for increasing sales.
    她想出了增加销售量的新主意。
    »How soon can you come up with the money?
    你什么时候能拿出这笔钱?
    ˈcome upon sb / sth = come on sb / sth exclamation (old-fashioned) • used when encouraging sb to be sensible or reasonable, or when showing slight disapproval • (鼓励某人要有理智或通情达理,或表示不太赞同)嗨,得啦,好啦:
    »Oh come now, things arenˈt as bad as all that.
    哦,好啦,情况并不是那么糟。
    »Come, come, Miss Jones, you know perfectly well what I mean.
    得啦,得啦,琼斯小姐,你完全知道我的意思。
    noun • (slang) [u]semen • 精液;精子
    * * *
    [kʌm]
    vi. 來, 來臨, 到達, 出現, 來(自), 出生(于), 開始
    int. 嗨!
    vbl. 來, 到達, 合計為

    English-Chinese dictionary > come

  • 6 else

    else else adv. (used in questions or after nothing, nobody, something, anything, etc. 用于疑问句或 nothing、nobody、something、anything 等之后) 1. in addition to sth already mentioned • 其他的;别的:
    »What else did he say?
    他还说了些什么?
    »I donˈt want anything else, thanks.
    我不要别的东西了,谢谢。
    »Iˈm taking a few clothes and some books, not much else.
    我带了几件衣服和一些书,别的就不多了。
    2. different • 另外的;不同的:
    »Ask somebody else to help you.
    另请个人来帮帮你吧。
    »Havenˈt you got anything else to wear?
    你没有其他穿的了吗?
    »Why didnˈt you come? Everybody else was there.
    你为什么没来呢?其他所有的人都来了。
    »Yes I did give it to her. What else could I do?
    是的,我的确给她了。我还能怎么办呢?
    【IDIOMS】 or else 1. if not • 要不然;否则 SYN otherwise:
    »Hurry up or else youˈll be late.
    快点,否则你就要迟到了。
    »They canˈt be coming or else theyˈd have called.
    他们不会来,不然他们就打电话了。
    2. used to introduce the second of two possibilities • (表示另一种可能)或者,也许:
    »He either forgot or else decided not to come.
    他或许忘了,或许决定不来。
    3. (informal) used to threaten or warn sb • (威胁或警告)否则的话,要不然的话:
    »Just shut up, or else!
    住口,不然的话,哼!
    * * *
    [els]
    adj. 別的, 其他的
    adv. 另外, 其他

    English-Chinese dictionary > else

  • 7 eye

    eye eye noun ›› PART OF BODY 身体部位 1. either of the ten organs on the face that you see with • 眼睛:
    »The suspect has dark hair and green eyes.
    嫌疑犯有着一头黑发和一双绿眼睛。
    »to close / open your eyes
    闭上/睁开眼睛
    »to drop / lower your eyes (= to look down)
    »There were tears in his eyes.
    他眼里噙着泪水。
    »I have something in my eye.
    我的眼睛里有点什么东西。
    »to make / avoid eye contact with sb (= to look / avoid looking at them at the same time as they look at you)
    与/避免与某人目光接触
    »All eyes were on him (= everyone was looking at him) as he walked on to the stage.
    他走上台时所有的目光都注视着他。
    --› see also black eye, compound eye, lazy eye, shut-eye 2. -eyed (in adjectives 构成形容词) having the type or number of eyes mentioned • 有…眼睛的;有…只眼的:
    »a blue-eyed blonde
    »a one-eyed monster
    ›› ABILITY TO SEE 视力 3. [sing.] the ability to see • 视力;眼力:
    »A surgeon needs a good eye and a steady hand.
    做外科医生眼要准,手要稳。
    --› see also eagle eye ›› WAY OF SEEING 眼光 4. [C, usually sing.] a particular way of seeing sth • 眼光;视角:
    »He looked at the design with the eye of an engineer.
    他以工程师的眼光看这个设计。
    »She viewed the findings with a critical eye.
    她以批评的眼光看待这些研究结果。
    »To my eye, the windows seem out of proportion.
    在我看来,这些窗子似乎不成比例。
    ›› OF NEEDLE 针 5. the hole in the end of a needle that you put the thread through • 针鼻儿;针眼 ›› ON CLOTHES 衣服 6. a small thin piece of metal curved round, that a small hook fits into, used for fastening clothes • 风纪扣扣眼;金属环眼:
    »It fastens with a hook and eye.
    它是用风纪扣扣上的。
    ›› OF STORM 风暴 7. [sing.] a / the eye of a / the storm, tornado, hurricane, etc. a calm area at the centre of a storm, etc. • 风眼(风暴等的中心平静区) ›› ON POTATO 马铃薯 8. a dark mark on a potato from which another plant will grow • 芽眼 --› see also bullseye, Catseye, evil eye, fisheye lens, red-eye 【IDIOMS】 be all ˈeyes • to be watching sb / sth carefully and with a lot of interest • 极注意地看;留神地看;全神贯注地看;目不转睛 before / in front of sbˈs (very) eyes • in sbˈs presence; in front of sb • 当着某人的面;就在某人的眼皮底下:
    »He had seen his lifeˈs work destroyed before his very eyes.
    他曾看到他毕生的劳动成果就在自己的眼前毁于一旦。
    be up to your eyes in sth • to have a lot of sth to deal with • 忙于;埋头于;深陷于:
    »Weˈre up to our eyes in work.
    我们工作忙得不可开交。
    cast / run an eye / your eyes over sth • to look at or examine sth quickly • 用眼光瞥(或扫);匆匆查看;粗略地看一看:
    »Could you just run your eyes over this report?
    你就粗略地看一下这报告可以吗?
    clap / lay / set eyes on sb / sth •(informal) (usually used in negative sentences 通常用于否定句) to see sb / sth • 看见;注意到:
    »I havenˈt clapped eyes on them for weeks.
    我几周没见到他们了。
    »I hope I never set eyes on this place again!
    我希望永远不再见到这个地方!
    an ˌeye for an ˈeye (and a ˌtooth for a ˈtooth) • (saying) used to say that you should punish sb by doing to them what they have done to you or to sb else • 以眼还眼;以牙还牙 sbˈs eyes are bigger than their ˈstomach • used to say that sb has been greedy by taking more food than they can eat • (表示贪吃)眼大肚皮小,眼馋肚饱 for sbˈs eyes ˈonly • to be seen only by a particular person • 只供某人读(或看):
    »Iˈll lend you the letters but theyˈre for your eyes only.
    我愿把这些信借给你,但只准你一个人看。
    get your ˈeye in ( BrE) (in ball games 球类运动) • to practise so that you are able to judge more clearly how fast and where the ball is going • 能进行准确判断(球的速度和方向) have an eye for sth • to be able to judge if things look attractive, valuable, etc. • 对…有鉴赏力(或识别力、眼力):
    »Iˈve never had much of an eye for fashion.
    我对时装从来没多少鉴赏力。
    »She has an eye for a bargain.
    她善识便宜货。
    have eyes in the back of your ˈhead • to be aware of everything that is happening around you, even things that seem difficult or impossible to see • 脑后长眼;眼光敏锐;什么都能觉察到 have (got) eyes like a ˈhawk • to be able to notice or see everything • 洞察一切;眼尖:
    »Sheˈs bound to notice that chipped glass. The woman has eyes like a hawk!
    她一定会注意到那个破损的玻璃杯。这个女人的眼睛可尖呢。
    have six eye / half an eye on sth • to look at or watch sth while doing sth else, especially in a secret way so that other people do not notice • 做另一件事的同时(悄悄)注意:
    »During his talk, most of the delegates had six eye on the clock.
    他讲话时大部份代表边听边悄悄看钟。
    have your ˈeye on sb 1. to be watching sb carefully, especially to check that they do not do anything wrong • 密切注视;盯住;监视 2. to be thinking about asking sb out, offering sb a job, etc. because you think they are attractive, good at their job, etc. • 看中;看上:
    »Heˈs got his eye on the new girl in your class.
    他看中了你们班上新来的那个女孩。
    have your ˈeye on sth • to be thinking about buying sth • 想得到;想买到 in the eyes of the ˈlaw, ˈworld, etc. • according to the law, most people in the world, etc. • 从(法律、世人等)的观点看;就…而言 in ˈsbˈs eyes ( BrE also to ˈsbˈs eyes) • in sbˈs opinion or according to the way that they see the situation • 按某人的意见;在某人眼里;依某人看:
    »She can do no wrong in her fatherˈs eyes.
    在她父亲看来,她不可能做坏事。
    keep an eye on sb / sth • to take care of sb / sth and make sure that they are not harmed, damaged, etc. • 照看;留神;留意:
    »Weˈve asked the neighbours to keep an eye on the house for us while we are away.
    我们已请邻居在我们离开时帮我们照看一下房子。
    keep an eye open / out (for sb / sth) • to look for sb / sth while you are doing other things • 密切注意;提防;警觉:
    »Police have asked residents to keep an eye out for anything suspicious.
    警方要求居民密切注意一切可疑的情况。
    keep your eye on the ˈball • to continue to give your attention to what is most important • 眼睛盯着大事;密切注意关键问题 keep your ˈeyes peeled / skinned (for sb / sth) • to look carefully for sb / sth • 留心;注意;仔细查找:
    »We kept our eyes peeled for any signs of life.
    我们注意寻找任何生命的迹象。
    look sb in the ˈeye(s)/ˈface (usually used in negative sentences and questions 通常用于否定句和疑问句) • to look straight at sb without feeling embarrassed or ashamed • (坦然或问心无愧地)直视某人,正视某人:
    »Can you look me in the eye and tell me youˈre not lying?
    你能问心无愧地看着我说你没撒谎吗?
    »Iˈll never be able to look her in the face again!
    我再也不能坦然地面对她了!
    make ˈeyes at sb | give sb the ˈeye • to look at sb in a way that shows that you find them sexually attractive • 向某人送秋波;向某人抛媚眼:
    »Heˈs definitely giving you the eye!
    他肯定是在向你眉目传情!
    ˌmy ˈeye! • ( BrE, old-fashioned, informal) used to show that you do not believe sb / sth • (表示不相信):
    »ˈItˈs an antique.ˈ ˈAn antique, my eye!ˈ
    "这是件文物。" "文物,胡说八道!"
    not see eye to ˈeye with sb (on sth) • to not share the same views as sb about sth • 与某人看法不一致(或意见不尽相同);与…不敢苟同 not (be able to) take your ˈeyes off sb / sth • to find sb / sth so interesting, attractive, etc. that you watch them all the time • 目不转睛地盯着;始终注视着 six in the eye (for sb / sth) •(informal) a result, action, etc. that represents a defeat or disappointment for sb / sth • 失败;挫折;失望:
    »The appointment of a woman was six in the eye for male domination.
    任命女性担任这个职位是对男权统治的严重打击。
    only have eyes for / have eyes only for sb • to be in love with only six particular person • 只钟情于某人;只爱某人:
    »Heˈs only ever had eyes for his wife.
    他始终只爱自己的妻子。
    see, look at, etc. sth through sbˈs eyes • to think about or see sth the way that another person sees it • 从别人的角度看:
    »Try looking at it through her eyes for a change.
    设身处地站在她的角度想想这事吧。
    shut / close your eyes to sth • to pretend that you have not noticed sth so that you do not have to deal with it • (对…)视而不见,熟视无睹,置若罔闻 take your eye off the ˈball • to stop giving your attention to what is most important • 不再关注重要问题 under the (watchful) eye of sb • being watched carefully by sb • 在某人的密切注视下;在某人的监视下:
    »The children played under the watchful eye of their father.
    孩子们在父亲悉心看护下玩耍。
    what the eye doesnˈt ˈsee (the heart doesnˈt ˈgrieve over) •(saying) if a person does not know about sth that they would normally disapprove of, then it cannot hurt them • 眼不见(心不烦);眼不见为净:
    »What does it matter if I use his flat while heˈs away? What the eye doesnˈt see...!
    我趁他外出时用他的公寓有什么关系呢?反正他又看不见!
    with an eye for / on / to the main chance ( BrE, usually disapproving) • with the hope of using a particular situation in order to gain some advantage for yourself • 瞅机会捞一把 with an eye to sth / to doing sth • with the intention of doing sth • 着眼于;目的在于;试图:
    »He bought the warehouse with an eye to converting it into a hotel.
    他买这个仓库是为了将它改建成一个旅馆。
    with your eyes ˈopen • fully aware of the possible problems or results of a particular course of action • 明知后果如何;明知有问题;心中有数:
    »I went into this with my eyes open so I guess I only have myself to blame.
    我是明明知道做这事的后果的,所以我想只能责怪我自己。
    with your eyes ˈshut / ˈclosed • having enough experience to be able to do sth easily • 轻而易举;毫不费力:
    »Iˈve made this trip so often, I could do it with my eyes shut.
    我经常走这条路,闭着眼睛都能找到。
    --› more at apple, bat v., beauty, believe, bird, blind adj., blink n., catch v., close ² adj., cock v., corner n., dry adj., easy adj., far adv., feast v., hit v., meet v., mind n., naked, open adj., open v., please v., public adj., pull v., roving, sight n., twinkling, weather n. verb (eye∙ing or eying, eyed, eyed) • [VN] to look at sb / sth carefully, especially because you want sth or you are suspicious of sth • 注视;审视;细看:
    »to eye sb suspiciously
    »He couldnˈt help eyeing the cakes hungrily.
    他饥不可耐地盯着蛋糕。
    »They eyed us with alarm.
    他们警觉地注视着我们。
    【PHR V】 ˌeye sb∽ˈup (informal) • to look at sb in a way that shows you have a special interest in them, especially a sexual interest • 色迷迷地打量着某人
    * * *
    [ai]
    n. 眼睛, 視力, 眼光, 觀點, 見解, 眼狀物, 風吹來的方向, [氣]風眼
    vt. 看, 注視, 在...上打眼

    English-Chinese dictionary > eye

  • 8 flat

    flat flat adj. (flat∙ter, flat∙test) ›› LEVEL 平 1. having a level surface, not curved or sloping • 水平的;平坦的:
    »low buildings with flat roofs
    »People used to think the earth was flat.
    人们曾经认为地球是平的。
    »Exercise is the only way to get a flat stomach after having a baby.
    产后只有通过锻炼才能使腹部收平。
    »The sails hung limply in the flat calm (= conditions at sea when there is no wind and the water is completely level).
    风平浪静,风帆无力地垂挂着。
    2. (of land 土地) without any slopes or hills • 平坦的:
    »The road stretched ahead across the flat landscape.
    公路向前延伸,经过一片平坦的地。
    3. (of surfaces 表面) smooth and even; without lumps or holes • 平滑的:
    »I need a flat surface to write on.
    我需要一个平面在上面写字。
    »We found a large flat rock to sit on.
    我们找了一块可以坐的大而平滑的石头。
    ›› NOT HIGH 不高 4. broad but not very high • 扁平的:
    »Chapattis are a kind of flat Indian bread.
    * chapatti 是一种印度薄饼。
    »flat shoes (= with no heels or very low ones)
    平跟鞋;平底鞋
    ›› DULL 枯燥 5. dull; lacking interest or enthusiasm • 枯燥的;无趣的;缺乏热情的:
    »He felt very flat after his friends had gone home.
    他的朋友们回家后,他感到兴味索然。
    ›› VOICE 嗓音 6. not showing much emotion; not changing much in tone • 平淡的;单调的:
    »Her voice was flat and expressionless.
    她的声音平淡而呆板。
    ›› COLOURS / PICTURES 颜色;图画 7. very smooth, with no contrast between light and dark, and giving no impression of depth • 色彩单调的;无反差的;无景深的:
    »Acrylic paints can be used to create large, flat blocks of colour.
    丙烯颜料可用来创作单一色调的大幅图块。
    ›› BUSINESS 商业 8. not very successful because very little is being sold • 不景气的;萧条的;生意清淡的:
    »The housing market has been flat for months.
    房屋市场已有好几个月处于低迷状态。
    ›› REFUSAL / DENIAL 拒绝;否认 9. [only before noun] not allowing discussion or argument; definite • 断然的;绝对的:
    »Her request was met with a flat refusal.
    她的请求被断然拒绝。
    »He gave a flat ˈNo!ˈ to one reporterˈs question.
    他对一名记者提问直截了当地答覆"不!"
    ›› IN MUSIC 音乐 10. used after the name of a note to mean a note a semitone / half tone lower • 降音的;降半音的:
    »That note should be B flat, not B.
    那个音应该是降 B 音,而不是 B 音。
    【OPP】 sharp --› compare natural adj. (9) 11. below the correct pitch (= how high or low a note sounds) • 低于标准音高的;偏低的:
    »The high notes were slightly flat.
    这些高音略为偏低。
    【OPP】 sharp ›› DRINK 饮料 12. no longer having bubbles in it; not fresh • 走了气的;不新鲜的:
    »The soda was warm and had gone flat.
    这汽水是温的,已走了气。
    ›› BATTERY 电池 13. ( BrE) unable to supply any more electricity • 电用完了的 ›› TYRE 轮胎 14. not containing enough air, usually because of a hole • 瘪了的;撒了气的 ›› FEET 足 15. with no natural raised curves underneath • 扁平的;足弓平坦的 --› see also flat-footed flat∙ness noun 【IDIOMS】 and ˌthatˈs ˈflat! ( BrE, informal) • that is my final decision and I will not change my mind • 这就是最后决定:
    »You canˈt go and thatˈs flat!
    你不能去,就这样!
    as ˌflat as a ˈpancake • completely flat • 完全平的 --› more at [u]back
    n., spin n. noun ›› ROOMS 房间 1. ( BrE) a set of rooms for living in, including a kitchen, usually on one floor of a building • 一套房间;公寓;单元房:
    »Do you live in a flat or a house?
    你住的是一层公寓还是一座房子?
    »Theyˈre renting a furnished flat on the third floor.
    他们租了四楼的一层带家具的公寓。
    »a ground-floor flat
    »a new block of flats
    »Many large old houses have been converted into flats.
    许多大的老房子已改建成单元房。
    »Children from the flats (= the block of flats) across the street were playing outside.
    街对面公寓楼里的儿童正在户外玩耍。
    --› compare apartment ›› LEVEL PART 平面部份 2. [sing.] the flat of sth the flat level part of sth • (某物的)平面部份:
    »He beat on the door with the flat of his hand.
    他用手掌打门。
    »the flat of a sword
    ›› LAND 土地 3. [C, usually pl.] an area of low flat land, especially near water • (尤指水边的)平地;低洼地:
    »salt flats
    --› see also mudflat ›› HORSE RACING 赛马 4. the flat the Flat [sing.] ( BrE) the season for racing horses on flat ground with no jumps • 无障碍平地赛马季节 ›› IN MUSIC 音乐 5. a note played a semitone / half tone lower than the note that is named. The written symbol is (). • 降半音;降音;降号:
    »There are no sharps or flats in the key of C major.
    * C 大调中没有升半音和降半音。
    【OPP】 sharp --› compare natural n. (2) ›› TYRE 轮胎 6. ( especially NAmE) a tyre that has lost air, usually because of a hole • 瘪了的轮胎;撒了气的轮胎:
    »We got a flat on the way home.
    我们在回家的路上有一个轮胎漏气瘪了。
    »We had to stop to fix a flat.
    我们得停车修一下撒了气的轮胎。
    ›› IN THEATRE 剧院 7. (technical 术语) a vertical section of scenery used on a theatre stage • 平面布景;布景屏 ›› SHOES 鞋 8. flats [pl.] = flatties on the ˈflat ( BrE) • on level ground, without hills or jumps (= for example in horse racing) • 在平地上 adv. (comparative flat∙ter no superlative ) ›› LEVEL 水平地 1. spread out in a level, straight position, especially against another surface • (尤指贴着另一表面)平直地,平躺地:
    »Lie flat and breathe deeply.
    平躺做深呼吸。
    »They pressed themselves flat against the tunnel wall as the train approached.
    火车接近时他们身体紧贴着隧道壁。
    ›› REFUSING / DENYING 拒绝;否认 2. ( BrE) ( NAmE ˌflat ˈout) (informal) in a definite and direct way • 断然;直截了当地:
    »She told me flat she would not speak to me again.
    她直截了当地跟我说她再不会理我了。
    »I made them a reasonable offer but they turned it down flat.
    我向他们提出一个合理建议,但是他们断然拒绝了。
    ›› IN MUSIC 音乐 3. lower than the correct pitch (= how high or low a note sounds) • 低于标准音高:
    »He sings flat all the time.
    他总是唱低了音。
    【OPP】 sharp fall ˈflat • if a joke, a story, or an event falls flat, it completely fails to amuse people or to have the effect that was intended • (笑话、故事、事件等)完全失败,根本未达到预期效果 fall flat on your ˈface 1. to fall so that you are lying on your front • 趴倒在地 2. to fail completely, usually causing embarrassment • (颜面丢尽地)彻底失败:
    »His next television venture fell flat on its face.
    他的下一个电视项目丢人现眼,彻底失败了。
    flat ˈbroke ( BrE also stony ˈbroke) (informal) • completely broke • 穷得一个子儿也没有;一贫如洗;穷得叮当响 flat ˈout (informal) 1. as fast or as hard as possible • 全速;全力以赴:
    »Workers are working flat out to meet the rise in demand for new cars.
    为满足对新轿车需求的增加,工人正全力以赴地工作。
    2. ( especially NAmE) in a definite and direct way; completely • 直截了当;断然:
    »I told him flat out ˈNoˈ.
    我斩钉截铁地告诉他"不"。
    »Itˈs a 30-year mortgage we just flat out canˈt handle.
    这是一宗我们根本无法处理的 30 年按揭贷款业务。
    in... ˈflat • (informal) used with an expression of time to say that sth happened or was done very quickly, in no more than the time stated • (与表达时间的词语连用,表示发生或做得很快)才…,只用了…,整:
    »They changed the wheel in three minutes flat (= in exactly three minutes).
    他们仅用三分钟就换了轮胎。
    verb (-tt-) [V] • ( AustralE, NZE) to live in or share a flat / apartment • 住公寓;伙住公寓:
    »My sister Zoe flats in Auckland.
    我妹妹佐伊住在奥克兰的一栋公寓里。
    * * *
    [flæt]
    adj. 平坦的, 扁平的, 單調的, 倒下的, 淺的, 乾脆的, 無聊的, 無力的
    adv. 平直地, 仰臥地, 恰恰, 正好, 斷然地
    n. 平面, 平地, 一層, 公寓
    v. (使)變平, (使)降半音

    English-Chinese dictionary > flat

  • 9 GO

    go go verb (goes went gone) 【HELP】Been is used as the past participle of go when sb has gone somewhere and come back. • 表示去过某地并已回来时,用 been 作 go 的过去分词。 ›› MOVE / TRAVEL 移动;旅行 1. to move or travel from one place to another • 去;走 ▪ [V +adv. / prep.]
    »She went into her room and shut the door behind her.
    她走进自己的房间随手把门关上。
    »He goes to work by bus.
    他乘公共汽车去上班。
    »I have to go to Rome on business.
    我得去罗马出差。
    »She has gone to China (= is now in China or is on her way there).
    她到中国去了。
    »She has been to China (= she went to China and has now returned).
    她去过中国。
    »I think you should go to the doctorˈs.
    我认为你该去看看医生。
    »Are you going home for Christmas?
    你打算回家过圣诞节吗?
    ▪ [V to inf]
    »She has gone to see her sister this weekend.
    她本周末看她姐姐去了。
    【HELP】In spoken English go can be used with and plus another verb to show purpose or to tell sb what to do: Iˈll go and answer the door. Go and get me a drink!The and is sometimes left out, especially in NAmE: Go ask your mom! • 英语口语中,go 可与 and 连用加上另一动词,表示目的或让某人做某事:Iˈll go and answer the door. / Go and get me a drink! and 有时可省略,尤其是北美英语:Go ask your mom! 2. [V] go (to sth) (with sb) to move or travel, especially with sb else, to a particular place or in order to be present at an event • (尤指与某人)去(某处或出席某项活动):
    »Are you going to Daveˈs party?
    你要去参加戴夫的聚会吗?
    »Who else is going?
    还有谁要去?
    »His dog goes everywhere with him.
    他的狗总是跟着他。
    3. [+adv. / prep.] to move or travel in a particular way or over a particular distance • 移动,旅行,行走(指方式或距离): ▪ [V]
    »Heˈs going too fast.
    他走得太快。
    ▪ [VN]
    »We had gone about fifty miles when the car broke down.
    我们行驶了约莫五十英里,汽车突然抛锚了。
    4. [V -ing, usually +adv. / prep.] go flying, singing, etc. to move in a particular way or while doing sth else • (以某种方式)移动;在移动中做:
    »The car went skidding off the road into a ditch.
    汽车打滑冲出公路跌进沟里。
    »She went sobbing up the stairs.
    她呜咽着上楼去了。
    »She crashed into a waiter and his tray of drinks went flying.
    她一下子撞到侍者身上,弄得他托盘里的饮料四处飞溅。
    ›› LEAVE 离去 5. [V] to leave one place in order to reach another • 离开;离去;出发 【SYN】 depart:
    »I must be going now.
    我现在得走了。
    »They came at six and went at nine.
    他们是六点钟来的,九点钟走的。
    »Has she gone yet?
    她走了吗?
    »Heˈs been gone an hour (= he left an hour ago).
    他离开一小时了。
    »When does the train go?
    火车什么时候开?
    6. [V] go on sth to leave a place and do sth different • 去做(某事):
    »to go on a journey / a tour / a trip / a cruise
    去旅行/观光游览/短途旅行/乘船旅游
    »Richard has gone on leave for two weeks.
    理查德休假两周了。
    ›› VISIT / ATTEND 访问;出席 7. [V] go to sth to visit or attend a place for a particular purpose • (为某目的)去(某处):
    »( BrE) I have to go to hospital for an operation.
    我得去医院动手术。
    »( NAmE) I have to go to the hospital.
    我得到医院去。
    »to go to prison (= to be sent there as punishment for a crime)
    »Do you go to church (= regularly attend church services) ?
    你去教堂吗?
    ›› SWIMMING / FISHING / JOGGING, ETC. 游泳、钓鱼、慢跑等 8. go for sth to leave a place or travel to a place in order to take part in an activity or a sport • 去参加,去从事(某项活动或运动):
    »to go for a walk / drive / swim / run
    去散步/驱车兜风/游泳/跑步
    »Shall we go for a drink (= at a pub or bar) after work?
    我们下班后去(酒吧)喝一杯好吗?
    »I have to go shopping this afternoon.
    我今天下午得去商店买东西。
    »Weˈre going sailing on Saturday.
    我们打算星期六乘帆船出游。
    ›› BE SENT 被发送 9. [V, usually +adv. / prep.] to be sent or passed somewhere • 被发送;被传递:
    »I want this memo to go to all managers.
    我想让这份备忘录送交到所有经理手中。
    ›› LEAD 通向 10. [V +adv. / prep.] go (from...) to... to lead or extend from one place to another • (从…)通向,延伸到:
    »I want a rope that will go from the top window to the ground.
    我想要一根可从顶楼窗户垂到地面的绳子。
    »Where does this road go?
    这条路通到哪里?
    ›› PLACE / SPACE 地方;空处 11. [V +adv. / prep.] to have as a usual or correct position; to be placed • 被放置,被置于,被安放(在通常或合适的位置):
    »This dictionary goes on the top shelf.
    这部词典放在书架最上层。
    »Where do you want the piano to go (= be put) ?
    你想把钢琴放在什么地方?
    12. [V] will / would not go (in / into sth) used to say that sth does / did not fit into a particular place or space • (不)适合;放(不)进:
    »My clothes wonˈt all go in that one suitcase.
    一个箱子装不下我所有的衣服。
    »He tried to push his hand through the gap but it wouldnˈt go.
    他试着把手伸进豁口,可就是伸不进去。
    ›› NUMBERS 数字 13. go (into sth) if a number will go into another number, it is contained in that number an exact number of times • 除尽;除 ▪ [V-N]
    »3 into 12 goes 4.
    * 3 除 12 得 4。
    ▪ [V]
    »7 into 15 wonˈt go.
    * 7 除 15 除不尽。
    »( NAmE) 7 into 15 doesnˈt go.
    * 7 除 15 除不尽。
    »7 wonˈt go into 15.
    * 7 除不尽 15。
    ›› PROGRESS 进展 14. [V +adv. / prep.] used to talk about how well or badly sth makes progress or succeeds • (事情)进展,进行:
    »ˈHow did your interview go?ˈ ˈIt went very well, thank you.ˈ
    "你面试的情况如何?" "非常顺利,谢谢。"
    »Did everything go smoothly?
    一切进行得都顺利吗?
    »Howˈs it going (= is your life enjoyable, successful, etc. at the moment) ?
    近况可好?
    »The way things are going the company will be bankrupt by the end of the year.
    从事态发展的情况看,到年底公司就得破产。
    ›› STATE / CONDITION 状态;状况 15. [V] go to / into sth | go out of sth used in many expressions to show that sb / sth has reached a particular state / is no longer in a particular state • 进入…状态;处于…状况;脱离…状态:
    »She went to sleep.
    她睡着了。
    »That colour has gone out of fashion.
    那种颜色已不时兴了。
    16. linking verb • [V-ADJ] to become different in a particular way, especially a bad way • 变成,变为,变得(尤指朝坏的方面):
    »to go bald / blind / mad / bankrupt, etc.
    谢顶、失明、发疯、破产等
    »Her hair is going grey.
    她的头发日渐花白。
    »This milk has gone sour.
    这牛奶馊了。
    »The children went wild with excitement.
    孩子们欣喜若狂。
    --› note at become 17. [V-ADJ] to live or move around in a particular state • (在某种状态下)生活,过活,移动:
    »to go naked / barefoot
    光着身子;赤着脚
    »She cannot bear the thought of children going hungry.
    想到孩子们捱饿她就受不了。
    18. [V-ADJ] go unnoticed, unreported, etc. to not be noticed, reported, etc. • 未被(注意到、报告等):
    »Police are worried that many crimes go unreported.
    警方感到不安的是许多罪行发生后无人报案。
    ›› SONG / STORY 歌曲;故事 19. used to talk about what tune or words a song or poem has or what happens in a story • (诗或歌中词、调)唱,说;(故事)发生情况如何 ▪ [V +adv. / prep.]
    »How does that song go?
    那首歌怎么唱?
    »I forget how the next line goes.
    我忘记下一行怎么说了。
    ▪ [V that]
    »The story goes that sheˈs been married five times.
    据传她结过五次婚。
    ›› SOUND / MOVEMENT 声音;动作 20. to make a particular sound or movement • 发出(某种声音);做(某种动作): ▪ [V-N]
    »The gun went ˈbangˈ.
    枪"砰"的一声响了。
    ▪ [V +adv. / prep.]
    »She went like this with her hand.
    她用手这样比画着。
    21. [V] to be sounded as a signal or warning • 发出信号(或警告):
    »The whistle went for the end of the game.
    比赛结束的哨声响了。
    ›› SAY 说 22. [V speech] (informal) (used when telling a story 讲故事时说) to say • 说:
    »I asked ˈHow much?ˈ and he goes, ˈFiftyˈ and I go, ˈFifty? You must be joking!ˈ
    我问:"多少钱?"他回答说:"五十。"我又说:"五十?你是在开玩笑吧!"
    ›› START 开始 23. [V] to start an activity • 开始(活动):
    »Iˈll say ˈOne, two, three, go!ˈ as a signal for you to start.
    我喊"一、二、三,开始!"作为你开始的信号。
    »As soon as he gets here weˈre ready to go.
    他一到我们就可以开始。
    ›› MACHINE 机器 24. [V] if a machine goes, it works • 运行;运转;工作:
    »This clock doesnˈt go.
    这钟不走了。
    ›› DISAPPEAR 消失 25. [V] to stop existing; to be lost or stolen • 不复存在;不见了;丢失;失窃 【SYN】 disappear:
    »Has your headache gone yet?
    你还头痛吗?
    »I left my bike outside the library and when I came out again it had gone.
    我把自行车放在图书馆外面,出来时它就不翼而飞了。
    ›› BE THROWN OUT 被扔掉 26. [V] sb / sth must / has to / can go used to talk about wanting to get rid of sb / sth • (得或可)辞掉(或扔掉、废弃):
    »The old sofa will have to go.
    那旧沙发该扔掉了。
    »Heˈs useless—heˈll have to go.
    他毫无用处——得辞掉他。
    ›› NOT WORK 不起作用 27. [V] to get worse; to become damaged or stop working correctly • 变坏;损坏;不起作用:
    »Her sight is beginning to go.
    她的视力开始下降。
    »His mind is going (= he is losing his mental powers).
    他心智日衰。
    »I was driving home when my brakes went.
    我正开车回家,突然刹车失灵了。
    ›› DIE 死 28. [V] to die. People say ˈgoˈ to avoid saying ˈdieˈ. • 走(委婉说法,与 die 同义):
    »You canˈt take your money with you when you go.
    你不可能把钱带进棺材。
    ›› MONEY 钱 29. [V] go (on sth) when money goes, it is spent or used for sth • 用于;花掉:
    »I donˈt know where the money goes!
    我不知道钱都花到什么地方去了!
    »Most of my salary goes on the rent.
    我大部份工资都花在房租上了。
    »The money will go to finance a new community centre.
    这笔钱将用于新的社区活动中心。
    30. [V] go (to sb) (for sth) to be sold • 被卖掉;被出售:
    »We wonˈt let the house go for less than $200 000.
    这房子低于 20 万元我们是不会卖的。
    »There was usually some bread going cheap (= being sold cheaply) at the end of the day.
    在收市前常常有些麪包降价出售。
    31. [V +adv. / prep.] to be willing to pay a particular amount of money for sth • 愿出价购买:
    »Heˈs offered £3 000 for the car and I donˈt think heˈll go any higher.
    他出价 3 000 英镑买这辆汽车,我看他不会愿意再多付了。
    »Iˈll go to $1 000 but thatˈs my limit.
    我愿意出 1 000 元,这可是最大限度了。
    ›› HELP 有助于 32. [V to inf] to help; to play a part in doing sth • 有助于;促成;起作用:
    »This all goes to prove my theory.
    这一切都有助于证明我的说法是对的。
    »It (= what has just happened) just goes to show you canˈt always tell how people are going to react.
    这正好说明你不可能总是知道人们会如何反应。
    ›› BE AVAILABLE 可得到 33. be going • [V] (informal) to be available • 可得到;可买到;现成可用:
    »There just arenˈt any jobs going in this area.
    此地几乎没有工作可找。
    ›› TIME 时间 34. [V +adv. / prep.] used to talk about how quickly or slowly time seems to pass • 流逝;消逝;过去:
    »Hasnˈt the time gone quickly?
    时光过得真快,是不是?
    ›› USE TOILET 用厕所 35. [V] (informal) to use a toilet • 用厕所;上厕所:
    »Do you need to go, Billy?
    你要上厕所吗,比利?
    【IDIOMS】Most idioms containing go are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example go it alone is at alone. • 大多数含 go 的习语,都可在该等习语中的名词及形容词相关词条找到,如 go it alone 在词条 alone 下。 anything goes •(informal) anything that sb says or does is accepted or allowed, however shocking or unusual it may be • 无奇不有;什么事都不新鲜:
    »Almost anything goes these days.
    这个年月几乎是无奇不有。
    as people, things, etc. go • in comparison with the average person, thing, etc. • 和一般人(或事物等)相比:
    »As teachers go, heˈs not bad.
    和一般教师相比,他是不错的。
    be going on (for) sth ( BrE) • to be nearly a particular age, time or number • 接近(或将近、快到)某一年龄(或时间、数字):
    »It was going on (for) midnight.
    快半夜了。
    be going to do sth 1. used to show what sb intends to do in the future • 打算做某事:
    »Weˈre going to buy a house when weˈve saved enough money.
    我们打算攒够钱后买所房子。
    2. used to show that sth is likely to happen very soon or in the future • 快要发生某事;某事将要发生:
    »I think Iˈm going to faint.
    我看我快昏倒了。
    »If the drought continues thereˈs going to be a famine.
    如果旱灾继续下去很可能要发生饥荒。
    donˈt go doing sth • (informal) used to tell or warn sb not to do sth • (告诉或警告某人)别做某事:
    »Donˈt go getting yourself into trouble.
    别自惹麻烦。
    enough / something to be going ˈon with ( BrE) • something that is enough for a short time • 暂且够用;足以应付一时:
    ȣ50 should be enough to be going on with.
    * 50 英镑该够应付一时半会儿的了。
    go all ˈout for sth | go all out to ˈdo sth • to make a very great effort to get sth or do sth • 竭力获取某物;全力以赴做某事;鼓足干劲做某事 go and do sth • used to show that you are angry or annoyed that sb has done sth stupid • (对某人做了蠢事感到愤怒或烦恼)竟然干出某事,居然干出某事:
    »Trust him to go and mess things up!
    就知道他会把事情弄得一团糟!
    »Why did you have to go and upset your mother like that?
    你干吗非得让你母亲那样伤心呢?
    »Youˈve really gone and done it (= done sth very stupid) now!
    你竟然干出这样的事来!
    go ˈoff on one • ( BrE, informal) to suddenly become very angry • 突然大怒;暴跳如雷 go ˈon (with you) • (old-fashioned) used to express the fact that you do not believe sth, or that you disapprove of sth • (表示不相信或不赞同)去你的,我才不信呢 (have) a lot, nothing, etc. ˈgoing for you • (to have) many / not many advantages • 有(或没有)很多有利条件:
    »Youˈre young, intelligent, attractive—you have a lot going for you!
    你年轻、聪明、漂亮——有利条件可多啦!
    ˌno ˈgo •(informal) not possible or allowed • 不可能;不行;不允许:
    »If the bank wonˈt lend us the money itˈs no go, Iˈm afraid.
    如果银行不愿贷款给我们,这恐怕就行不通了。
    --› see also no-go area not (even) ˈgo there • (informal) used to say that you do not want to talk about sth in any more detail because you do not even want to think about it • 不想细谈;甚至不愿想起:
    »Donˈt ask me to choose. I donˈt want to go there.
    别让我挑选。我连想都不愿想。
    »ˈThere was a problem with his parents, wasnˈt there?ˈ ˈDonˈt even go there!ˈ
    "他的父母有问题,是不是?" "别往下说了。"
    to ˈgo 1. remaining; still left • 剩下的;还有的:
    »I only have one exam to go.
    我只剩一门考试了。
    2. ( NAmE, informal) if you buy cooked food to go in a restaurant or shop / store, you buy it to take away and eat somewhere else • (食品)外卖的;带出餐馆(或商店)吃的:
    »Two pizzas to go.
    来两份比萨饼,带走。
    what ˌgoes around ˈcomes around (saying) 1. the way sb behaves towards other people will affect the way those people behave towards them in the future • 你怎么待人,人就怎么待你 2. something that is not fashionable now will become fashionable again in the future • 现在过时的还会再时兴起来;三十年河东,三十年河西 ˌwhere does sb ˌgo from ˈhere? • used to ask what action sb should take, especially in order to improve the difficult situation that they are in • (尤指询问为了改变困境)下一步该怎么办,往下怎么做呢 ˌwho goes ˈthere? • used by a soldier who is guarding a place to order sb to say who they are • (哨兵喝问对方身分用语)谁,什么人:
    »Halt, who goes there?
    站住,什么人?
    【PHR V】 ˌgo aˈbout ( BrE) = go around (3) ˈgo about sth • to continue to do sth; to keep busy with sth • 继续做某事;忙于某事:
    »Despite the threat of war, people went about their business as usual.
    虽然战争在即,人们照常忙着自己的事。
    ˌgo aˈbout sth • to start working on sth • 着手做某事;开始做某事 【SYN】 tackle:
    »Youˈre not going about the job in the right way.
    你做这事的方法不对。
    ▪ [+ -ing ]
    »How should I go about finding a job?
    我该怎样着手找工作呢?
    ˌgo ˈafter sb • to chase or follow sb • 追赶某人;跟在某人后面:
    »He went after the burglars.
    他追赶那些窃贼。
    »She left the room in tears so I went after her.
    她流着泪离开了房间,所以我随后追了出去。
    ˌgo ˈafter sb / sth • to try to get sb / sth • 追求某人;谋求某事(或某物):
    »Weˈre both going after the same job.
    我们俩都在谋求同一份工作。
    ˌgo aˈgainst sb • to not be in sbˈs favour or not to their advantage • 对某人不利;不利于某人:
    »The juryˈs verdict went against him.
    陪审团的裁定对他不利。
    ˌgo aˈgainst sb / sth • to resist or oppose sb / sth • 反抗(或反对)某人(或某事);与…相背:
    »He would not go against his parentsˈ wishes.
    他不会违背父母的意愿。
    ˌgo aˈgainst sth • to be opposed to sth; to not fit or agree with sth • 违反;与…不符(或相反):
    »Paying for hospital treatment goes against her principles.
    拿钱到医院治病有违她的原则。
    »His thinking goes against all logic.
    他的想法完全不合情理。
    ˌgo aˈhead 1. to travel in front of other people in your group and arrive before them • 走在前面;先走:
    »Iˈll go ahead and tell them youˈre on the way.
    我要先走一步,告诉他们你在路上。
    2. to happen; to be done • 发生;进行 【SYN】 proceed:
    »The building of the new bridge will go ahead as planned.
    新桥的修建将按计划进行。
    --› related noun go-ahead ˌgo aˈhead (with sth) • to begin to do sth, especially when sb has given permission or has expressed doubts or opposition • (尤指经某人允许,或有人表示怀疑或反对后)开始做,着手干:
    »ˈMay I start now?ˈ ˈYes, go ahead.ˈ
    "我现在可以开始了吗?" "可以,开始吧。"
    »The government intends to go ahead with its tax cutting plans.
    政府拟开始实施减税计划。
    --› related noun go-ahead ˌgo aˈlong 1. to continue with an activity • 继续:
    »He made up the story as he went along.
    这个故事是他现编现讲的。
    2. to make progress; to develop • 进展;发展:
    »Things are going along nicely.
    情况进展良好。
    ˌgo aˈlong with sb / sth • to agree with sb / sth • 赞同某事;和某人观点一致:
    »I donˈt go along with her views on private medicine.
    在私人行医的问题上,我不敢苟同她的观点。
    ˌgo aˈround / ˈround 1. to spin or turn • 旋转;转动:
    »to go round in a circle
    2. to be enough for everyone to have one or some • 足够分给每个人;够每人一份:
    »There arenˈt enough chairs to go around.
    椅子不够坐。
    3. ( BrE also ˌgo aˈbout) to often be in a particular state or behave in a particular way • (常处于某种状态或以某种方式行动)习惯于:
    »She often goes around barefoot.
    她常常光着脚到处跑。
    ▪ [+ -ing ]
    »Itˈs unprofessional to go round criticizing your colleagues.
    总是指责同事,这不符合职业道德。
    4. to spread from person to person • 流传;传播:
    »Thereˈs a rumour going around that theyˈre having an affair.
    谣传他们之间关系暧昧。
    ˌgo aˈround / ˈround (to...) • to visit sb or a place that is near • 拜访(某人);访问,参观(附近某处):
    »I went round to the post office.
    我到邮局去了一趟。
    »Iˈm going around to my sisterˈs (= her house) later.
    我打算不久后到姐姐家去看看。
    ˈgo at sb • to attack sb • 攻击某人:
    »They went at each other furiously.
    他们相互猛烈攻击。
    ˈgo at sth • to make great efforts to do sth; to work hard at sth • 拚命干;卖力干:
    »They went at the job as if their lives depended on it.
    他们干起活来好像性命攸关似的。
    ˌgo aˈway 1. to leave a person or place • 走开;离开:
    »Just go away!
    走开!
    »Go away and think about it, then let me know.
    到一边去想一想,然后再告诉我。
    2. to leave home for a period of time, especially for a holiday / vacation • 离家外出(尤指度假):
    »Theyˈve gone away for a few days.
    他们已外出几天了。
    »Iˈm going away on business.
    我要出趟差。
    3. to disappear • 消失:
    »The smell still hasnˈt gone away.
    气味还没散尽。
    ˌgo ˈback • if two people go back a period of time (usually a long time), they have known each other for that time • 相识,已认识(一段时间):
    »Dave and I go back twenty years.
    我和戴夫相识有二十年了。
    ˌgo ˈback (to...) • to return to a place • 回到,返回(某地):
    »She doesnˈt want to go back to her husband (= to live with him again).
    她不想回到丈夫的身边了。
    »This toaster will have to go back (= be taken back to the shop / store where it was bought) —itˈs faulty.
    这烤箱得退回去——它有毛病。
    »Of course we want to go back some day—itˈs our country, our real home.
    我们当然希望有一天能回去——那是我们的祖国,我们真正的家。
    --› note at return ˌgo ˈback (to sth) 1. to consider sth that happened or was said at an earlier time • 回忆起;回到(原来的话题):
    »Can I go back to what you said at the beginning of the meeting?
    我想回到你在会议开始时所提的话题,行吗?
    »Once you have made this decision, there will be no going back (= you will not be able to change your mind).
    你一旦作出这个决定就不能改变。
    2. to have existed since a particular time or for a particular period • 追溯到;回溯到:
    »Their family goes back to the time of the Pilgrim Fathers.
    他们家族的渊源可追溯到清教徒前辈移民时代。
    ˌgo ˈback on sth • to fail to keep a promise; to change your mind about sth • 违约;食言;改变主意:
    »He never goes back on his word (= never fails to do what he has said he will do).
    他从不食言。
    ˌgo ˈback to sth • to start doing sth again that you had stopped doing • 重新开始;重操旧业:
    »The kids go back to school next week.
    孩子们下周开学。
    ▪ [+ -ing ]
    »Sheˈs decided to go back to teaching.
    她已决定重新执教。
    ˌgo beˈfore • to exist or happen in an earlier time • 居先;先前存在;以往发生:
    »The present crisis is worse than any that have gone before.
    目前的危机比以往任何一次危机都严重。
    ˈgo before sb / sth • to be presented to sb / sth for discussion, decision or judgement • 提交给…讨论(或决定、裁决):
    »My application goes before the planning committee next week.
    我的申请下周提交计划委员会审批。
    ˌgo beˈyond sth • to be more than sth • 超过(或超出)某事 【SYN】 exceed:
    »This yearˈs sales figures go beyond all our expectations (= are much better than we thought they would be).
    今年的销售额大大超过我们的预计。
    ˌgo ˈby (of time 时间) • to pass • 流逝;过去:
    »Things will get easier as time goes by.
    随着时间的推移情况会有所改善。
    »The weeks went slowly by.
    时间一周周慢慢地过去了。
    ˈgo by sth • to be guided by sth; to form an opinion from sth • 遵循(或依照)某事;以某事来判断:
    »Thatˈs a good rule to go by.
    那是要遵守的好规则。
    »If past experience is anything to go by, theyˈll be late.
    凭以往的经验看,他们会迟到的。
    ˌgo ˈdown 1. to fall to the ground • 倒下;落下;倒在地上:
    »She tripped and went down with a bump.
    她绊了一下,重重地倒在地上。
    2. if a ship, etc. goes down, it disappears below the water • (船等)下沉,沉没 【SYN】 sink 3. when the sun or moon goes down, it disappears below the horizon • (日、月)落到地平线下,落下 【SYN】 set 4. if food or drink will / will not go down, it is difficult / easy to swallow • (将食物、饮料)吞下,咽下,喝下:
    »A glass of wine would go down very nicely (= I would very much like one).
    喝一杯葡萄酒就太痛快了。
    5. if the price of sth, the temperature, etc. goes down, it becomes lower • (物价等)下跌;(温度等)下降 【SYN】 fall:
    »The price of oil is going down.
    油价正在下跌。
    »Oil is going down in price.
    石油正在跌价。
    【OPP】 go up 6. (informal) to get worse in quality • (质量)下降:
    »The neighbourhood has gone down a lot recently.
    近来这一带地方已远不如从前了。
    7. (computing 计) to stop working temporarily • 暂停作业;暂停运行:
    »The system is going down in ten minutes.
    这个系统十分钟后要暂停运行。
    8. ( NAmE, informal) to happen • 发生:
    »You really donˈt know whatˈs going down?
    你真的不知道发生了什么事?
    ˌgo ˈdown (from...) ( BrE, formal) • to leave a university, especially Oxford or Cambridge, at the end of a term or after finishing your studies • (大学学期结束或毕业时)离校(尤指牛津或剑桥) 【OPP】 go up (to...) ˌgo ˈdown (in sth) • to be written in sth; to be recorded or remembered in sth • 被写下;被记下;载入:
    »It all goes down (= she writes it all) in her notebook.
    那些东西全记在她的笔记本上。
    »He will go down in history as a great statesman.
    他作为伟大的政治家将名垂青史。
    ˌgo ˈdown (on sb) (slang) • to perform oral sex on sb (= to use the mouth to give sb sexual pleasure) • (对某人)进行口交 ˌgo ˈdown (to sb) • to be defeated by sb, especially in a game or competition • (尤指游戏或比赛中)被击败:
    »Italy went down to Brazil by three goals to one.
    意大利队以一比三输给了巴西队。
    ˌgo ˈdown (to...) (from...) • to go from one place to another, especially further south or from a city or large town to a smaller place • (从一处)到(另一处)(尤指南下或从城市、大城镇到小地方):
    »Theyˈve gone down to Brighton for a couple of days.
    他们已南下到布赖顿去呆几天。
    【OPP】 go up ˌgo ˈdown (with sb) • to be received in a particular way by sb • 受到(某人的…)对待;被接受:
    »The suggestion didnˈt go down very well with her boss.
    她的老板对这个建议不太感兴趣。
    ˌgo ˈdown with sth ( especially BrE) • to become ill / sick with sth • 患…病;感染上…病 【SYN】 catch:
    »Our youngest boy has gone down with chickenpox.
    我们的小儿子染上了水痘。
    ˈgo for sb • to attack sb • 袭击某人;抨击(或攻击)某人:
    »She went for him with a knife.
    她手持尖刀向他刺去。
    ˈgo for sb / sth 1. to apply to sb / sth • 适用于某人(或某事物):
    »What I said about Peter goes for you, too.
    我说的关于彼得的话也适用于你。
    »They have a high level of unemployment—but the same goes for many other countries.
    他们的失业率很高——不过,其他许多国家也是如此。
    2. to go to a place and bring sb / sth back • 去带回某人;去取回某物:
    »Sheˈs gone for some milk.
    她买牛奶去了。
    3. to be attracted by sb / sth; to like or prefer sb / sth • 被…所吸引;(更)喜欢某人(或某事物):
    »She goes for tall slim men.
    她喜欢瘦高个子的男人。
    »I donˈt really go for modern art.
    我并不是很喜欢现代艺术。
    ˈgo for sth 1. to choose sth • 选择某物:
    »I think Iˈll go for the fruit salad.
    我想要水果色拉。
    --› note at choose 2. to put a lot of effort into sth, so that you get or achieve sth • 努力争取某事物:
    »Go for it, John! You know you can beat him.
    努力争取吧,约翰!你知道你是可以打败他的。
    »It sounds a great idea. Go for it !
    这听起来是个极好的主意。努力去实现吧!
    ˌgo ˈin 1. to enter a room, house, etc. • 进入室内;进去:
    »Letˈs go in, itˈs getting cold.
    我们进屋去吧,天冷了。
    2. if the sun or moon goes in, it disappears behind a cloud • (日、月)被乌云遮住 ˌgo ˈin for sth 1. ( BrE) to take an exam or enter a competition • 参加考试(或竞赛):
    »Sheˈs going in for the Cambridge First Certificate.
    她打算参加剑桥初级证书考试。
    2. to have sth as an interest or a hobby • 对某事物有兴趣;爱好:
    »She doesnˈt go in for team games.
    她对团体比赛不感兴趣。
    ˌgo ˈin with sb • to join sb in starting a business • 与某人合伙;与某人联合办企业:
    »My brothers are opening a garage and they want me to go in with them.
    我的几个兄弟要开办一个汽车修理厂,想让我与他们合伙干。
    ˌgo ˈinto sth 1. (of a vehicle 交通工具) to hit sth violently • 猛烈地撞上某物:
    »The car skidded and went into a tree.
    汽车打滑,猛地撞到树上。
    2. (of a vehicle or driver 交通工具或驾驶员) to start moving in a particular way • 开始某种动作:
    »The plane went into a nosedive.
    飞机开始俯冲。
    3. to join an organization, especially in order to have a career in it • 加入某组织;从事某职业:
    »to go into the Army / the Church / Parliament
    参军;加入教会;当议会议员
    »to go into teaching
    4. to begin to do sth or behave in a particular way • (以某种方式)开始做某事;开始某种表现:
    »He went into a long explanation of the affair.
    他开始长篇大论地解释起那件事来。
    5. to examine sth carefully • 详细调查(或研究)某事:
    »We need to go into the question of costs.
    我们需要研究一下费用问题。
    6. (of money, time, effort, etc. 金钱、时间、精力等) to be spent on sth or used to do sth • 投入某事;用于某事:
    »More government money needs to go into the project.
    政府需对此工程投入更多的资金。
    ▪ [+ -ing ]
    »Years of work went into researching the book.
    多年的功夫全花在对这本书的研究上了。
    ˌgo ˈoff 1. to leave a place, especially in order to do sth • 离开(尤指去做某事):
    »She went off to get a drink.
    她拿饮料去了。
    2. to be fired; to explode • 开火;爆炸:
    »The gun went off by accident.
    枪走火了。
    »The bomb went off in a crowded street.
    炸弹在挤满人群的大街上爆炸了。
    --› note at explode 3. if an alarm, etc. goes off, it makes a sudden loud noise • (警报器等)突然发出巨响 4. if a light, the electricity, etc. goes off, it stops working • (电灯)熄灭;(电)中断;停止运行:
    »Suddenly the lights went off.
    灯突然熄灭了。
    »The heating goes off at night.
    暖气夜间停止供热。
    【OPP】 go on 5. ( BrE, informal) to fall asleep • 入睡;睡着:
    »Hasnˈt the baby gone off yet?
    孩子还没睡着吗?
    6. ( BrE) if food or drink goes off, it becomes bad and not fit to eat or drink • (食物、饮料)变质,变坏 7. ( BrE) to get worse in quality • (质量)下降:
    »Her books have gone off in recent years.
    她近年写的书质量下降了。
    8. to happen in a particular way • (以某种方式)发生:
    »The meeting went off well.
    会议进行得很好。
    ˌgo ˈoff (on sb) ( NAmE, informal) • to suddenly become angry with sb • 突然生(某人的)气 ˌgo ˈoff sb / sth ( BrE, informal) • to stop liking sb / sth or lose interest in them • 不再喜欢某人(或某事物);失去对…的兴趣:
    »Jane seems to be going off Paul.
    简好像不再喜欢保罗了。
    »Iˈve gone off beer.
    我对啤酒已不感兴趣。
    ˌgo ˈoff with sb • to leave your husband, wife, partner, etc. in order to have a relationship with sb else • 抛弃原有伴侣等而与另外的某人相好;与某人私奔:
    »He went off with his best friendˈs wife.
    他和最要好的朋友的妻子走了。
    ˌgo ˈoff with sth • to take away from a place sth that does not belong to you • 携他人之物而去:
    »He went off with $10 000 of the companyˈs money.
    他卷走了公司 1 万元钱。
    ˌgo ˈon 1. when a performer goes on, they begin their performance • (演员)上场,出场:
    »She doesnˈt go on until Act 2.
    她要到第 2 幕才出场。
    2. (in sport 体育运动) to join a team as a substitute during a game • (比赛中)以替补队员身分上场:
    »Cole went on in place of Beckham just before half-time.
    就在上半场结束前科尔上场替换了贝克汉姆。
    3. when a light, the electricity, etc. goes on, it starts to work • (灯)亮;通(电);开始运行:
    »Suddenly all the lights went on.
    突然所有的灯都亮了。
    【OPP】 go off 4. (of time 时间) to pass • 流逝;过去:
    »She became more and more talkative as the evening went on.
    夜渐深,她的话越来越多。
    5. (usually be going on) to happen • 发生:
    »Whatˈs going on here?
    这儿出了什么事?
    6. if a situation goes on, it continues without changing • (情况、形势)继续下去,持续:
    »This cannot be allowed to go on.
    决不允许这种情况继续下去。
    »How much longer will this hot weather go on for?
    这样炎热的天气还会持续多久?
    »We canˈt go on like this —we seem to be always arguing.
    我们不能这样继续下去——我们似乎老是争吵不休。
    7. to continue speaking, after a short pause • (短暂停顿后)继续说:
    »She hesitated for a moment and then went on.
    她犹豫了一会儿,然后继续往下说。
    ▪ [+ speech ]
    »ˈYou know,ˈ he went on, ˈI think my brother could help you.ˈ
    "嗯,"他接着说,"我想我哥哥可以帮助你。"
    8. used to encourage sb to do sth • (用于鼓励)来吧:
    »Go on! Have another drink!
    来吧!再喝一杯!
    »Go on—jump!
    来呀——跳吧!
    ˌgo ˈon (ahead) • to travel in front of sb else • 先走一步;先行:
    »You go on ahead—Iˈll catch you up in a few minutes.
    你先走一步,我一会儿就赶上来。
    ˈgo on sth (used in negative sentences and questions 用于否定句和疑问句) • to base an opinion or a judgement on sth • 以…为依据;根据…来判断:
    »The police donˈt have much to go on.
    警方没多少依据。
    ˌgo ˈon (about sb / sth) • to talk about sb / sth for a long time, especially in a boring or complaining way • 唠叨;没完没了地抱怨:
    »He went on and on about how poor he was.
    他没完没了地哭穷。
    »She does go on sometimes!
    她有时就是唠叨个没完!
    ˌgo ˈon (at sb) ( especially BrE) • to complain to sb about their behaviour, work, etc. • 唠叨;数落;指责 【SYN】 criticize:
    »She goes on at him continually.
    她老是责备他。
    ˌgo ˈon (with sth) • to continue an activity, especially after a pause or break • (尤指停顿或中断之后)继续做(某事):
    »Thatˈs enough for now—letˈs go on with it tomorrow.
    现在就到这里——咱们明天再继续吧。
    ˌgo ˈon doing sth • to continue an activity without stopping • 不停地做某事:
    »He said nothing but just went on working.
    他什么都不说只是不停地干活。
    ˌgo ˈon to sth • to pass from one item to the next • 进而转入另外一件事;接着开始另一个项目:
    »Letˈs go on to the next item on the agenda.
    咱们接着进行下一项议程吧。
    ˌgo ˈon to do sth • to do sth after completing sth else • (完成某事后)接着做另一事:
    »The book goes on to describe his experiences in the army.
    本书继而描述了他在部队的经历。
    ˌgo ˈout 1. to leave your house to go to a social event • 出门参加社交活动;外出交际;外出娱乐:
    »She goes out a lot.
    她经常外出参加社交活动。
    ▪ [+ -ing ]
    »He goes out drinking most evenings.
    他晚上多半在外喝酒。
    2. when the tide goes out, it moves away from the land • 退潮;落潮 【SYN】 ebb 【OPP】 come in 3. to be sent • 送出;发出;派出:
    »Have the invitations gone out yet?
    请柬发出去了吗?
    4. ( BrE) when a radio or television programme goes out, it is broadcast • (广播或电视节目)播放,播出 5. when news or information goes out, it is announced or published • (新闻或消息)发布,公布,发表 ▪ [+ that ]
    »Word went out that the director had resigned.
    局长已经辞职的消息公开了。
    6. if a fire or light goes out, it stops burning or shining • (火或灯光)熄灭 ˌgo ˈout (of sth) 1. to fail to reach the next stage of a competition, etc. • (竞赛等中)被淘汰,出局:
    »She went out of the tournament in the first round.
    她在锦标赛的第一轮比赛中就被淘汰了。
    2. to be no longer fashionable or generally used • 过时;不再流行:
    »Those skirts went out years ago.
    那些裙子多年前就不时兴了。
    ˌgo ˈout of sb / sth (of a quality or a feeling 品质或情感) • to be no longer present in sb / sth; to disappear from sb / sth • 在…中不复存在;从…中消失:
    »All the fight seemed to go out of him.
    他身上的所有斗志似乎都已丧失殆尽。
    ˌgo ˈout to sb • if your thoughts, etc. go out to sb, you think about them in a kind way and hope that the difficult situation that they are in will get better • 对某人产生同情(及良好的祝愿) go ˈout with sb | ˌgo ˈout (together) (especially of young people 尤指年轻人) • to spend time with sb and have a romantic or sexual relationship with them • 与某人谈恋爱(或有性关系):
    »Tom has been going out with Lucy for six weeks.
    汤姆与露西相恋六周了。
    »How long have Tom and Lucy been going out together?
    汤姆和露西相恋多久了?
    ˌgo ˈover sth 1. to examine or check sth carefully • 仔细检查(或审查、查阅)某事:
    »Go over your work before you hand it in.
    把作业仔细检查后再交。
    --› note at check 2. to study sth carefully, especially by repeating it • 反复研究;仔细琢磨:
    »He went over the events of the day in his mind (= thought about them carefully).
    他心里反复琢磨白天发生的事。
    ˌgo ˈover (to...) • to move from one place to another, especially when this means crossing sth such as a room, town or city • 从一处到(另一处):
    »He went over and shook hands with his guests.
    他走过去与客人们握手。
    »Many Irish people went over to America during the famine.
    许多爱尔兰人在饥荒时期迁徙到美国。
    ˌgo ˈover to sb / sth (in broadcasting 广播) • to change to a different person or place for the next part of a broadcast • 切换到另一人物(或地点):
    »We are now going over to the news desk for an important announcement.
    我们现在转换到新闻部宣布一则重要消息。
    ˌgo ˈover to sth • to change from one side, opinion, habit, etc. to another • 转向另一立场(或见解、习惯等):
    »Two Conservative MPs have gone over to the Liberal Democrats.
    两名保守党议员已转向自由民主党人一边。
    ˌgo ˈover (with sb) ( NAmE) • to be received in a particular way by sb • 受到(某人的…)对待:
    »The news of her promotion went over well with her colleagues.
    她晋升的消息一传开,同事都为她高兴。
    ˌgo ˈround = go around ˌgo ˈround (to...) = go around (to...) ˌgo ˈthrough • if a law, contract, etc. goes through, it is officially accepted or completed • (法律、合同等正式)通过,接受,达成:
    »The deal did not go through.
    这笔交易未谈成。
    go through sth 1. to look at or examine sth carefully, especially in order to find sth • 仔细察看某事物;检查某事物;审查某事物:
    »I always start the day by going through my email.
    我每天第一件事就是要看电子邮件。
    »She went through the companyˈs accounts, looking for evidence of fraud.
    她仔细审查公司的账目,寻找诈骗的证据。
    2. to study or consider sth in detail, especially by repeating it • (尤指反复地)详细研究,仔细琢磨:
    »Letˈs go through the arguments again.
    咱们再详细研究一下这些论据吧。
    »Could we go through (= practise) Act 2 once more?
    我们把第 2 幕戏再串一次好吗?
    3. to perform a series of actions; to follow a method or procedure • 执行某行动;实行某方法;履行某程序:
    »Certain formalities have to be gone through before you can emigrate.
    必须办理一定的手续方能移居他国。
    4. to experience or suffer sth • 经历;遭受:
    »Sheˈs been going through a bad patch recently.
    她最近很不走运。
    »Heˈs amazingly cheerful considering all heˈs had to go through.
    经历了种种磨难,他还那么乐观,令人惊叹。
    5. to use up or finish sth completely • 用完;耗尽:
    »The boys went through two whole loaves of bread.
    这些男孩把整整两条麪包吃得精光。
    ˌgo ˈthrough with sth • to do what is necessary to complete a course of action, especially one that is difficult or unpleasant • 完成(或做完)艰难(或令人不快)的事:
    »She decided not to go through with (= not to have) the operation.
    她决定不动手术。
    ˈgo to sb / sth • to be given to sb / sth • 由…得到;被授予某人:
    »Proceeds from the concert will go to charity.
    音乐会的收入将捐赠给慈善事业。
    »All her property went to her eldest son (= when she died).
    (她死后)全部财产由她的长子继承了。
    ˌgo toˈgether(3), (4) = go with sth ˈgo towards sth • to be used as part of the payment for sth • 用于支付…的部份款项;作为对…的部份付款:
    »The money will go towards a new car.
    这笔钱将用于支付新车的部份款项。
    ▪ [+ -ing ]
    »Part of my pay cheque went towards buying a CD player.
    我的部份工资花在买激光唱片机上。
    ˌgo ˈunder 1. (of sth that floats 漂浮的东西) to sink below the surface • 沉下去;沉没 2. (informal) to become bankrupt (= be unable to pay what you owe) • 破产:
    »The firm will go under unless business improves.
    生意若无起色,这家公司将会倒闭。
    ˌgo ˈup 1. to be built • 被兴建;被建造:
    »New offices buildings are going up everywhere.
    到处都在兴建新办公楼。
    2. when the curtain across the stage in a theatre goes up, it is raised or opened • (幕布)升起 3. to be destroyed by fire or an explosion • 被烧毁;被炸毁:
    »The whole building went up in flames.
    整座楼房在大火中焚毁。
    4. if the price of sth, the temperature, etc. goes up, it becomes higher • (价格、温度等)上涨,上升 【SYN】 rise:
    »The price of cigarettes is going up.
    香烟价格在上涨。
    »Cigarettes are going up in price.
    香烟在涨价。
    【OPP】 go down ˌgo ˈup (to...) ( BrE, formal) • to arrive at a university, especially Oxford or Cambridge, at the beginning of a term or in order to begin your studies • 上大学(尤指牛津和剑桥), go down (from...) ˌgo ˈup (to...) (from...) • to go from one place to another, especially further north or to a city or large town from a smaller place • (从一处)到(另一处)(尤指北上或从小地方到城市或大城镇):
    »When are you next going up to Scotland?
    你下次什么时候北上苏格兰?
    »We went up to London last weekend.
    我们上周末上伦敦去了。
    【OPP】 go down ˈgo with sb 1. (old-fashioned, informal) to have a sexual or romantic relationship with sb • 与某人有性关系;与某人谈恋爱 2. (informal) to have sex with sb • 与某人性交 ˈgo with sth 1. to be included with or as part of sth • 是…的一部份;附属于:
    »A car goes with the job.
    这份工作配有一辆汽车。
    2. to agree to accept sth, for example a plan or an offer • 同意;接受(某事物):
    »Youˈre offering £500? I think we can go with that.
    你出价 500 英镑?我想我们可以接受。
    3. (also go (together)) to combine well with sth • 与某物相配(或协调、和谐) 【SYN】 match:
    »Does this jacket go with this skirt?
    这件上衣与这条裙子相配吗?
    »Those colours donˈt really go (together).
    那些颜色并不十分协调。
    4. (also ˌgo toˈgether) to exist at the same time or in the same place as sth; to be found together • 与某事同时(或同地)存在;与某事相伴而生:
    »Disease often goes with poverty.
    疾病与贫穷常常相伴而生。
    »Disease and poverty often go together.
    疾病与贫穷常常相伴而生。
    ˌgo wiˈthout (sth) • to manage without sth that you usually have or need • 没有…而勉强应付;没有…也行:
    »There wasnˈt time for breakfast, so I had to go without.
    没有时间吃早饭,我也只好不吃了。
    »How long can a human being go (= survive) without sleep?
    人不睡觉能活多久?
    ▪ [+ -ing ]
    »She went without eating for three days.
    她三天没吃东西。
    noun (pl. goes) 1. ( BrE) (also turn NAmE, BrE) a personˈs turn to move or play in a game or an activity • (游戏或活动中)轮到的机会:
    »Whose go is it?
    轮到谁了?
    »Itˈs your go.
    轮到你啦。
    »ˈHow much is it to play?ˈ ˈItˈs 50p a go.ˈ
    "玩这游戏多少钱?" " 50 便士一回。"
    »Can I have a go on your new bike?
    我能骑骑你的新自行车吗?
    2. ( BrE) (also try NAmE, BrE) an attempt at doing sth • (做某事的)尝试,一番努力:
    »It took three goes to get it right.
    试了三次才把它弄好。
    »I doubt if heˈll listen to advice from me, but Iˈll give it a go (= Iˈll try but I donˈt think I will succeed).
    我怀疑他是不是会听我劝,不过我想试试看。
    3. ( BrE) energy and enthusiasm • 精力;活力;热情;干劲:
    »Maryˈs always got plenty of go.
    玛丽总是精力充沛。
    --› see also [u]get-up-and-go
    4. a Japanese game played on a board • 围棋 at one ˈgo ( BrE) • in one single attempt or try • 一下子;一举;一口气:
    »She blew out the candles at one go.
    她一口气把蜡烛全吹灭了。
    be a ˈgo ( NAmE, informal) • to be planned and possible or allowed • 可行;得到允许:
    »Iˈm not sure if Fridayˈs trip is a go.
    我说不准星期五是否能成行。
    be all ˈgo ( BrE, informal) • to be very busy or full of activity • 忙得要命;事儿特别多;手忙脚乱:
    »It was all go in the office today.
    今天办公室里忙得要死。
    be on the ˈgo (also be on the ˈmove) (informal) • to be very active and busy • 十分活跃;非常忙碌:
    »Iˈve been on the go all day.
    我一整天忙得马不停蹄。
    »Having four children keeps her on the go.
    她那四个孩子把她忙得不可开交。
    first, second, etc. ˈgo ( BrE) • at the first, second, etc. attempt • 第一次(或第二次等)尝试:
    »I passed my driving test first go.
    我考驾照一次就通过了。
    have a ˈgo •(informal, especially BrE) to attack sb physically • (对身体)攻击,袭击:
    »There were about seven of them standing round him, all waiting to have a go.
    他们大约有七个人把他围起来,个个都等着下手。
    have a ˈgo (at sth / at doing sth) • to make an attempt to do sth • 尝试,试图(做某事):
    »ˈI canˈt start the engine.ˈ ˈLet me have a go.ˈ
    "这发动机我发动不起来了。" "让我来试试。"
    »Iˈll have a go at fixing it tonight.
    我今晚来试修一下。
    have a ˈgo at sb •(informal, BrE) to criticize sb or complain about sb • 指责,克(某人):
    »The boss had a go at me for being late for work.
    我上班迟到,老板克了我一顿。
    have sth on the ˈgo ( BrE, informal) • to be in the middle of an activity or a project • 正忙于(活动或计划):
    »The award-winning novelist often has three or four books on the go at once.
    那位获奖小说家经常是三四部小说同时写的。
    in one ˈgo •(informal) all together on one occasion • 一举;一下子:
    »Iˈd rather do the journey in one go, and not stop on the way.
    我宁愿一次走完全程,中途不停。
    »They ate the packet of biscuits all in one go.
    他们一下子把那包饼干全吃光了。
    make a ˈgo of sth •(informal) to be successful in sth • 在…方面成功(或有所成就):
    »Weˈve had a few problems in our marriage, but weˈre both determined to make a go of it.
    我们的婚姻有过一些问题,但现在我们俩都决心好好过日子。
    --› more at [u]leave
    v., let v.
    * * *
    =General Office 總部, 總局

    English-Chinese dictionary > GO

  • 10 go

    go go verb (goes went gone) 【HELP】Been is used as the past participle of go when sb has gone somewhere and come back. • 表示去过某地并已回来时,用 been 作 go 的过去分词。 ›› MOVE / TRAVEL 移动;旅行 1. to move or travel from one place to another • 去;走 ▪ [V +adv. / prep.]
    »She went into her room and shut the door behind her.
    她走进自己的房间随手把门关上。
    »He goes to work by bus.
    他乘公共汽车去上班。
    »I have to go to Rome on business.
    我得去罗马出差。
    »She has gone to China (= is now in China or is on her way there).
    她到中国去了。
    »She has been to China (= she went to China and has now returned).
    她去过中国。
    »I think you should go to the doctorˈs.
    我认为你该去看看医生。
    »Are you going home for Christmas?
    你打算回家过圣诞节吗?
    ▪ [V to inf]
    »She has gone to see her sister this weekend.
    她本周末看她姐姐去了。
    【HELP】In spoken English go can be used with and plus another verb to show purpose or to tell sb what to do: Iˈll go and answer the door. Go and get me a drink!The and is sometimes left out, especially in NAmE: Go ask your mom! • 英语口语中,go 可与 and 连用加上另一动词,表示目的或让某人做某事:Iˈll go and answer the door. / Go and get me a drink! and 有时可省略,尤其是北美英语:Go ask your mom! 2. [V] go (to sth) (with sb) to move or travel, especially with sb else, to a particular place or in order to be present at an event • (尤指与某人)去(某处或出席某项活动):
    »Are you going to Daveˈs party?
    你要去参加戴夫的聚会吗?
    »Who else is going?
    还有谁要去?
    »His dog goes everywhere with him.
    他的狗总是跟着他。
    3. [+adv. / prep.] to move or travel in a particular way or over a particular distance • 移动,旅行,行走(指方式或距离): ▪ [V]
    »Heˈs going too fast.
    他走得太快。
    ▪ [VN]
    »We had gone about fifty miles when the car broke down.
    我们行驶了约莫五十英里,汽车突然抛锚了。
    4. [V -ing, usually +adv. / prep.] go flying, singing, etc. to move in a particular way or while doing sth else • (以某种方式)移动;在移动中做:
    »The car went skidding off the road into a ditch.
    汽车打滑冲出公路跌进沟里。
    »She went sobbing up the stairs.
    她呜咽着上楼去了。
    »She crashed into a waiter and his tray of drinks went flying.
    她一下子撞到侍者身上,弄得他托盘里的饮料四处飞溅。
    ›› LEAVE 离去 5. [V] to leave one place in order to reach another • 离开;离去;出发 【SYN】 depart:
    »I must be going now.
    我现在得走了。
    »They came at six and went at nine.
    他们是六点钟来的,九点钟走的。
    »Has she gone yet?
    她走了吗?
    »Heˈs been gone an hour (= he left an hour ago).
    他离开一小时了。
    »When does the train go?
    火车什么时候开?
    6. [V] go on sth to leave a place and do sth different • 去做(某事):
    »to go on a journey / a tour / a trip / a cruise
    去旅行/观光游览/短途旅行/乘船旅游
    »Richard has gone on leave for two weeks.
    理查德休假两周了。
    ›› VISIT / ATTEND 访问;出席 7. [V] go to sth to visit or attend a place for a particular purpose • (为某目的)去(某处):
    »( BrE) I have to go to hospital for an operation.
    我得去医院动手术。
    »( NAmE) I have to go to the hospital.
    我得到医院去。
    »to go to prison (= to be sent there as punishment for a crime)
    »Do you go to church (= regularly attend church services) ?
    你去教堂吗?
    ›› SWIMMING / FISHING / JOGGING, ETC. 游泳、钓鱼、慢跑等 8. go for sth to leave a place or travel to a place in order to take part in an activity or a sport • 去参加,去从事(某项活动或运动):
    »to go for a walk / drive / swim / run
    去散步/驱车兜风/游泳/跑步
    »Shall we go for a drink (= at a pub or bar) after work?
    我们下班后去(酒吧)喝一杯好吗?
    »I have to go shopping this afternoon.
    我今天下午得去商店买东西。
    »Weˈre going sailing on Saturday.
    我们打算星期六乘帆船出游。
    ›› BE SENT 被发送 9. [V, usually +adv. / prep.] to be sent or passed somewhere • 被发送;被传递:
    »I want this memo to go to all managers.
    我想让这份备忘录送交到所有经理手中。
    ›› LEAD 通向 10. [V +adv. / prep.] go (from...) to... to lead or extend from one place to another • (从…)通向,延伸到:
    »I want a rope that will go from the top window to the ground.
    我想要一根可从顶楼窗户垂到地面的绳子。
    »Where does this road go?
    这条路通到哪里?
    ›› PLACE / SPACE 地方;空处 11. [V +adv. / prep.] to have as a usual or correct position; to be placed • 被放置,被置于,被安放(在通常或合适的位置):
    »This dictionary goes on the top shelf.
    这部词典放在书架最上层。
    »Where do you want the piano to go (= be put) ?
    你想把钢琴放在什么地方?
    12. [V] will / would not go (in / into sth) used to say that sth does / did not fit into a particular place or space • (不)适合;放(不)进:
    »My clothes wonˈt all go in that one suitcase.
    一个箱子装不下我所有的衣服。
    »He tried to push his hand through the gap but it wouldnˈt go.
    他试着把手伸进豁口,可就是伸不进去。
    ›› NUMBERS 数字 13. go (into sth) if a number will go into another number, it is contained in that number an exact number of times • 除尽;除 ▪ [V-N]
    »3 into 12 goes 4.
    * 3 除 12 得 4。
    ▪ [V]
    »7 into 15 wonˈt go.
    * 7 除 15 除不尽。
    »( NAmE) 7 into 15 doesnˈt go.
    * 7 除 15 除不尽。
    »7 wonˈt go into 15.
    * 7 除不尽 15。
    ›› PROGRESS 进展 14. [V +adv. / prep.] used to talk about how well or badly sth makes progress or succeeds • (事情)进展,进行:
    »ˈHow did your interview go?ˈ ˈIt went very well, thank you.ˈ
    "你面试的情况如何?" "非常顺利,谢谢。"
    »Did everything go smoothly?
    一切进行得都顺利吗?
    »Howˈs it going (= is your life enjoyable, successful, etc. at the moment) ?
    近况可好?
    »The way things are going the company will be bankrupt by the end of the year.
    从事态发展的情况看,到年底公司就得破产。
    ›› STATE / CONDITION 状态;状况 15. [V] go to / into sth | go out of sth used in many expressions to show that sb / sth has reached a particular state / is no longer in a particular state • 进入…状态;处于…状况;脱离…状态:
    »She went to sleep.
    她睡着了。
    »That colour has gone out of fashion.
    那种颜色已不时兴了。
    16. linking verb • [V-ADJ] to become different in a particular way, especially a bad way • 变成,变为,变得(尤指朝坏的方面):
    »to go bald / blind / mad / bankrupt, etc.
    谢顶、失明、发疯、破产等
    »Her hair is going grey.
    她的头发日渐花白。
    »This milk has gone sour.
    这牛奶馊了。
    »The children went wild with excitement.
    孩子们欣喜若狂。
    --› note at become 17. [V-ADJ] to live or move around in a particular state • (在某种状态下)生活,过活,移动:
    »to go naked / barefoot
    光着身子;赤着脚
    »She cannot bear the thought of children going hungry.
    想到孩子们捱饿她就受不了。
    18. [V-ADJ] go unnoticed, unreported, etc. to not be noticed, reported, etc. • 未被(注意到、报告等):
    »Police are worried that many crimes go unreported.
    警方感到不安的是许多罪行发生后无人报案。
    ›› SONG / STORY 歌曲;故事 19. used to talk about what tune or words a song or poem has or what happens in a story • (诗或歌中词、调)唱,说;(故事)发生情况如何 ▪ [V +adv. / prep.]
    »How does that song go?
    那首歌怎么唱?
    »I forget how the next line goes.
    我忘记下一行怎么说了。
    ▪ [V that]
    »The story goes that sheˈs been married five times.
    据传她结过五次婚。
    ›› SOUND / MOVEMENT 声音;动作 20. to make a particular sound or movement • 发出(某种声音);做(某种动作): ▪ [V-N]
    »The gun went ˈbangˈ.
    枪"砰"的一声响了。
    ▪ [V +adv. / prep.]
    »She went like this with her hand.
    她用手这样比画着。
    21. [V] to be sounded as a signal or warning • 发出信号(或警告):
    »The whistle went for the end of the game.
    比赛结束的哨声响了。
    ›› SAY 说 22. [V speech] (informal) (used when telling a story 讲故事时说) to say • 说:
    »I asked ˈHow much?ˈ and he goes, ˈFiftyˈ and I go, ˈFifty? You must be joking!ˈ
    我问:"多少钱?"他回答说:"五十。"我又说:"五十?你是在开玩笑吧!"
    ›› START 开始 23. [V] to start an activity • 开始(活动):
    »Iˈll say ˈOne, two, three, go!ˈ as a signal for you to start.
    我喊"一、二、三,开始!"作为你开始的信号。
    »As soon as he gets here weˈre ready to go.
    他一到我们就可以开始。
    ›› MACHINE 机器 24. [V] if a machine goes, it works • 运行;运转;工作:
    »This clock doesnˈt go.
    这钟不走了。
    ›› DISAPPEAR 消失 25. [V] to stop existing; to be lost or stolen • 不复存在;不见了;丢失;失窃 【SYN】 disappear:
    »Has your headache gone yet?
    你还头痛吗?
    »I left my bike outside the library and when I came out again it had gone.
    我把自行车放在图书馆外面,出来时它就不翼而飞了。
    ›› BE THROWN OUT 被扔掉 26. [V] sb / sth must / has to / can go used to talk about wanting to get rid of sb / sth • (得或可)辞掉(或扔掉、废弃):
    »The old sofa will have to go.
    那旧沙发该扔掉了。
    »Heˈs useless—heˈll have to go.
    他毫无用处——得辞掉他。
    ›› NOT WORK 不起作用 27. [V] to get worse; to become damaged or stop working correctly • 变坏;损坏;不起作用:
    »Her sight is beginning to go.
    她的视力开始下降。
    »His mind is going (= he is losing his mental powers).
    他心智日衰。
    »I was driving home when my brakes went.
    我正开车回家,突然刹车失灵了。
    ›› DIE 死 28. [V] to die. People say ˈgoˈ to avoid saying ˈdieˈ. • 走(委婉说法,与 die 同义):
    »You canˈt take your money with you when you go.
    你不可能把钱带进棺材。
    ›› MONEY 钱 29. [V] go (on sth) when money goes, it is spent or used for sth • 用于;花掉:
    »I donˈt know where the money goes!
    我不知道钱都花到什么地方去了!
    »Most of my salary goes on the rent.
    我大部份工资都花在房租上了。
    »The money will go to finance a new community centre.
    这笔钱将用于新的社区活动中心。
    30. [V] go (to sb) (for sth) to be sold • 被卖掉;被出售:
    »We wonˈt let the house go for less than $200 000.
    这房子低于 20 万元我们是不会卖的。
    »There was usually some bread going cheap (= being sold cheaply) at the end of the day.
    在收市前常常有些麪包降价出售。
    31. [V +adv. / prep.] to be willing to pay a particular amount of money for sth • 愿出价购买:
    »Heˈs offered £3 000 for the car and I donˈt think heˈll go any higher.
    他出价 3 000 英镑买这辆汽车,我看他不会愿意再多付了。
    »Iˈll go to $1 000 but thatˈs my limit.
    我愿意出 1 000 元,这可是最大限度了。
    ›› HELP 有助于 32. [V to inf] to help; to play a part in doing sth • 有助于;促成;起作用:
    »This all goes to prove my theory.
    这一切都有助于证明我的说法是对的。
    »It (= what has just happened) just goes to show you canˈt always tell how people are going to react.
    这正好说明你不可能总是知道人们会如何反应。
    ›› BE AVAILABLE 可得到 33. be going • [V] (informal) to be available • 可得到;可买到;现成可用:
    »There just arenˈt any jobs going in this area.
    此地几乎没有工作可找。
    ›› TIME 时间 34. [V +adv. / prep.] used to talk about how quickly or slowly time seems to pass • 流逝;消逝;过去:
    »Hasnˈt the time gone quickly?
    时光过得真快,是不是?
    ›› USE TOILET 用厕所 35. [V] (informal) to use a toilet • 用厕所;上厕所:
    »Do you need to go, Billy?
    你要上厕所吗,比利?
    【IDIOMS】Most idioms containing go are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example go it alone is at alone. • 大多数含 go 的习语,都可在该等习语中的名词及形容词相关词条找到,如 go it alone 在词条 alone 下。 anything goes •(informal) anything that sb says or does is accepted or allowed, however shocking or unusual it may be • 无奇不有;什么事都不新鲜:
    »Almost anything goes these days.
    这个年月几乎是无奇不有。
    as people, things, etc. go • in comparison with the average person, thing, etc. • 和一般人(或事物等)相比:
    »As teachers go, heˈs not bad.
    和一般教师相比,他是不错的。
    be going on (for) sth ( BrE) • to be nearly a particular age, time or number • 接近(或将近、快到)某一年龄(或时间、数字):
    »It was going on (for) midnight.
    快半夜了。
    be going to do sth 1. used to show what sb intends to do in the future • 打算做某事:
    »Weˈre going to buy a house when weˈve saved enough money.
    我们打算攒够钱后买所房子。
    2. used to show that sth is likely to happen very soon or in the future • 快要发生某事;某事将要发生:
    »I think Iˈm going to faint.
    我看我快昏倒了。
    »If the drought continues thereˈs going to be a famine.
    如果旱灾继续下去很可能要发生饥荒。
    donˈt go doing sth • (informal) used to tell or warn sb not to do sth • (告诉或警告某人)别做某事:
    »Donˈt go getting yourself into trouble.
    别自惹麻烦。
    enough / something to be going ˈon with ( BrE) • something that is enough for a short time • 暂且够用;足以应付一时:
    ȣ50 should be enough to be going on with.
    * 50 英镑该够应付一时半会儿的了。
    go all ˈout for sth | go all out to ˈdo sth • to make a very great effort to get sth or do sth • 竭力获取某物;全力以赴做某事;鼓足干劲做某事 go and do sth • used to show that you are angry or annoyed that sb has done sth stupid • (对某人做了蠢事感到愤怒或烦恼)竟然干出某事,居然干出某事:
    »Trust him to go and mess things up!
    就知道他会把事情弄得一团糟!
    »Why did you have to go and upset your mother like that?
    你干吗非得让你母亲那样伤心呢?
    »Youˈve really gone and done it (= done sth very stupid) now!
    你竟然干出这样的事来!
    go ˈoff on one • ( BrE, informal) to suddenly become very angry • 突然大怒;暴跳如雷 go ˈon (with you) • (old-fashioned) used to express the fact that you do not believe sth, or that you disapprove of sth • (表示不相信或不赞同)去你的,我才不信呢 (have) a lot, nothing, etc. ˈgoing for you • (to have) many / not many advantages • 有(或没有)很多有利条件:
    »Youˈre young, intelligent, attractive—you have a lot going for you!
    你年轻、聪明、漂亮——有利条件可多啦!
    ˌno ˈgo •(informal) not possible or allowed • 不可能;不行;不允许:
    »If the bank wonˈt lend us the money itˈs no go, Iˈm afraid.
    如果银行不愿贷款给我们,这恐怕就行不通了。
    --› see also no-go area not (even) ˈgo there • (informal) used to say that you do not want to talk about sth in any more detail because you do not even want to think about it • 不想细谈;甚至不愿想起:
    »Donˈt ask me to choose. I donˈt want to go there.
    别让我挑选。我连想都不愿想。
    »ˈThere was a problem with his parents, wasnˈt there?ˈ ˈDonˈt even go there!ˈ
    "他的父母有问题,是不是?" "别往下说了。"
    to ˈgo 1. remaining; still left • 剩下的;还有的:
    »I only have one exam to go.
    我只剩一门考试了。
    2. ( NAmE, informal) if you buy cooked food to go in a restaurant or shop / store, you buy it to take away and eat somewhere else • (食品)外卖的;带出餐馆(或商店)吃的:
    »Two pizzas to go.
    来两份比萨饼,带走。
    what ˌgoes around ˈcomes around (saying) 1. the way sb behaves towards other people will affect the way those people behave towards them in the future • 你怎么待人,人就怎么待你 2. something that is not fashionable now will become fashionable again in the future • 现在过时的还会再时兴起来;三十年河东,三十年河西 ˌwhere does sb ˌgo from ˈhere? • used to ask what action sb should take, especially in order to improve the difficult situation that they are in • (尤指询问为了改变困境)下一步该怎么办,往下怎么做呢 ˌwho goes ˈthere? • used by a soldier who is guarding a place to order sb to say who they are • (哨兵喝问对方身分用语)谁,什么人:
    »Halt, who goes there?
    站住,什么人?
    【PHR V】 ˌgo aˈbout ( BrE) = go around (3) ˈgo about sth • to continue to do sth; to keep busy with sth • 继续做某事;忙于某事:
    »Despite the threat of war, people went about their business as usual.
    虽然战争在即,人们照常忙着自己的事。
    ˌgo aˈbout sth • to start working on sth • 着手做某事;开始做某事 【SYN】 tackle:
    »Youˈre not going about the job in the right way.
    你做这事的方法不对。
    ▪ [+ -ing ]
    »How should I go about finding a job?
    我该怎样着手找工作呢?
    ˌgo ˈafter sb • to chase or follow sb • 追赶某人;跟在某人后面:
    »He went after the burglars.
    他追赶那些窃贼。
    »She left the room in tears so I went after her.
    她流着泪离开了房间,所以我随后追了出去。
    ˌgo ˈafter sb / sth • to try to get sb / sth • 追求某人;谋求某事(或某物):
    »Weˈre both going after the same job.
    我们俩都在谋求同一份工作。
    ˌgo aˈgainst sb • to not be in sbˈs favour or not to their advantage • 对某人不利;不利于某人:
    »The juryˈs verdict went against him.
    陪审团的裁定对他不利。
    ˌgo aˈgainst sb / sth • to resist or oppose sb / sth • 反抗(或反对)某人(或某事);与…相背:
    »He would not go against his parentsˈ wishes.
    他不会违背父母的意愿。
    ˌgo aˈgainst sth • to be opposed to sth; to not fit or agree with sth • 违反;与…不符(或相反):
    »Paying for hospital treatment goes against her principles.
    拿钱到医院治病有违她的原则。
    »His thinking goes against all logic.
    他的想法完全不合情理。
    ˌgo aˈhead 1. to travel in front of other people in your group and arrive before them • 走在前面;先走:
    »Iˈll go ahead and tell them youˈre on the way.
    我要先走一步,告诉他们你在路上。
    2. to happen; to be done • 发生;进行 【SYN】 proceed:
    »The building of the new bridge will go ahead as planned.
    新桥的修建将按计划进行。
    --› related noun go-ahead ˌgo aˈhead (with sth) • to begin to do sth, especially when sb has given permission or has expressed doubts or opposition • (尤指经某人允许,或有人表示怀疑或反对后)开始做,着手干:
    »ˈMay I start now?ˈ ˈYes, go ahead.ˈ
    "我现在可以开始了吗?" "可以,开始吧。"
    »The government intends to go ahead with its tax cutting plans.
    政府拟开始实施减税计划。
    --› related noun go-ahead ˌgo aˈlong 1. to continue with an activity • 继续:
    »He made up the story as he went along.
    这个故事是他现编现讲的。
    2. to make progress; to develop • 进展;发展:
    »Things are going along nicely.
    情况进展良好。
    ˌgo aˈlong with sb / sth • to agree with sb / sth • 赞同某事;和某人观点一致:
    »I donˈt go along with her views on private medicine.
    在私人行医的问题上,我不敢苟同她的观点。
    ˌgo aˈround / ˈround 1. to spin or turn • 旋转;转动:
    »to go round in a circle
    2. to be enough for everyone to have one or some • 足够分给每个人;够每人一份:
    »There arenˈt enough chairs to go around.
    椅子不够坐。
    3. ( BrE also ˌgo aˈbout) to often be in a particular state or behave in a particular way • (常处于某种状态或以某种方式行动)习惯于:
    »She often goes around barefoot.
    她常常光着脚到处跑。
    ▪ [+ -ing ]
    »Itˈs unprofessional to go round criticizing your colleagues.
    总是指责同事,这不符合职业道德。
    4. to spread from person to person • 流传;传播:
    »Thereˈs a rumour going around that theyˈre having an affair.
    谣传他们之间关系暧昧。
    ˌgo aˈround / ˈround (to...) • to visit sb or a place that is near • 拜访(某人);访问,参观(附近某处):
    »I went round to the post office.
    我到邮局去了一趟。
    »Iˈm going around to my sisterˈs (= her house) later.
    我打算不久后到姐姐家去看看。
    ˈgo at sb • to attack sb • 攻击某人:
    »They went at each other furiously.
    他们相互猛烈攻击。
    ˈgo at sth • to make great efforts to do sth; to work hard at sth • 拚命干;卖力干:
    »They went at the job as if their lives depended on it.
    他们干起活来好像性命攸关似的。
    ˌgo aˈway 1. to leave a person or place • 走开;离开:
    »Just go away!
    走开!
    »Go away and think about it, then let me know.
    到一边去想一想,然后再告诉我。
    2. to leave home for a period of time, especially for a holiday / vacation • 离家外出(尤指度假):
    »Theyˈve gone away for a few days.
    他们已外出几天了。
    »Iˈm going away on business.
    我要出趟差。
    3. to disappear • 消失:
    »The smell still hasnˈt gone away.
    气味还没散尽。
    ˌgo ˈback • if two people go back a period of time (usually a long time), they have known each other for that time • 相识,已认识(一段时间):
    »Dave and I go back twenty years.
    我和戴夫相识有二十年了。
    ˌgo ˈback (to...) • to return to a place • 回到,返回(某地):
    »She doesnˈt want to go back to her husband (= to live with him again).
    她不想回到丈夫的身边了。
    »This toaster will have to go back (= be taken back to the shop / store where it was bought) —itˈs faulty.
    这烤箱得退回去——它有毛病。
    »Of course we want to go back some day—itˈs our country, our real home.
    我们当然希望有一天能回去——那是我们的祖国,我们真正的家。
    --› note at return ˌgo ˈback (to sth) 1. to consider sth that happened or was said at an earlier time • 回忆起;回到(原来的话题):
    »Can I go back to what you said at the beginning of the meeting?
    我想回到你在会议开始时所提的话题,行吗?
    »Once you have made this decision, there will be no going back (= you will not be able to change your mind).
    你一旦作出这个决定就不能改变。
    2. to have existed since a particular time or for a particular period • 追溯到;回溯到:
    »Their family goes back to the time of the Pilgrim Fathers.
    他们家族的渊源可追溯到清教徒前辈移民时代。
    ˌgo ˈback on sth • to fail to keep a promise; to change your mind about sth • 违约;食言;改变主意:
    »He never goes back on his word (= never fails to do what he has said he will do).
    他从不食言。
    ˌgo ˈback to sth • to start doing sth again that you had stopped doing • 重新开始;重操旧业:
    »The kids go back to school next week.
    孩子们下周开学。
    ▪ [+ -ing ]
    »Sheˈs decided to go back to teaching.
    她已决定重新执教。
    ˌgo beˈfore • to exist or happen in an earlier time • 居先;先前存在;以往发生:
    »The present crisis is worse than any that have gone before.
    目前的危机比以往任何一次危机都严重。
    ˈgo before sb / sth • to be presented to sb / sth for discussion, decision or judgement • 提交给…讨论(或决定、裁决):
    »My application goes before the planning committee next week.
    我的申请下周提交计划委员会审批。
    ˌgo beˈyond sth • to be more than sth • 超过(或超出)某事 【SYN】 exceed:
    »This yearˈs sales figures go beyond all our expectations (= are much better than we thought they would be).
    今年的销售额大大超过我们的预计。
    ˌgo ˈby (of time 时间) • to pass • 流逝;过去:
    »Things will get easier as time goes by.
    随着时间的推移情况会有所改善。
    »The weeks went slowly by.
    时间一周周慢慢地过去了。
    ˈgo by sth • to be guided by sth; to form an opinion from sth • 遵循(或依照)某事;以某事来判断:
    »Thatˈs a good rule to go by.
    那是要遵守的好规则。
    »If past experience is anything to go by, theyˈll be late.
    凭以往的经验看,他们会迟到的。
    ˌgo ˈdown 1. to fall to the ground • 倒下;落下;倒在地上:
    »She tripped and went down with a bump.
    她绊了一下,重重地倒在地上。
    2. if a ship, etc. goes down, it disappears below the water • (船等)下沉,沉没 【SYN】 sink 3. when the sun or moon goes down, it disappears below the horizon • (日、月)落到地平线下,落下 【SYN】 set 4. if food or drink will / will not go down, it is difficult / easy to swallow • (将食物、饮料)吞下,咽下,喝下:
    »A glass of wine would go down very nicely (= I would very much like one).
    喝一杯葡萄酒就太痛快了。
    5. if the price of sth, the temperature, etc. goes down, it becomes lower • (物价等)下跌;(温度等)下降 【SYN】 fall:
    »The price of oil is going down.
    油价正在下跌。
    »Oil is going down in price.
    石油正在跌价。
    【OPP】 go up 6. (informal) to get worse in quality • (质量)下降:
    »The neighbourhood has gone down a lot recently.
    近来这一带地方已远不如从前了。
    7. (computing 计) to stop working temporarily • 暂停作业;暂停运行:
    »The system is going down in ten minutes.
    这个系统十分钟后要暂停运行。
    8. ( NAmE, informal) to happen • 发生:
    »You really donˈt know whatˈs going down?
    你真的不知道发生了什么事?
    ˌgo ˈdown (from...) ( BrE, formal) • to leave a university, especially Oxford or Cambridge, at the end of a term or after finishing your studies • (大学学期结束或毕业时)离校(尤指牛津或剑桥) 【OPP】 go up (to...) ˌgo ˈdown (in sth) • to be written in sth; to be recorded or remembered in sth • 被写下;被记下;载入:
    »It all goes down (= she writes it all) in her notebook.
    那些东西全记在她的笔记本上。
    »He will go down in history as a great statesman.
    他作为伟大的政治家将名垂青史。
    ˌgo ˈdown (on sb) (slang) • to perform oral sex on sb (= to use the mouth to give sb sexual pleasure) • (对某人)进行口交 ˌgo ˈdown (to sb) • to be defeated by sb, especially in a game or competition • (尤指游戏或比赛中)被击败:
    »Italy went down to Brazil by three goals to one.
    意大利队以一比三输给了巴西队。
    ˌgo ˈdown (to...) (from...) • to go from one place to another, especially further south or from a city or large town to a smaller place • (从一处)到(另一处)(尤指南下或从城市、大城镇到小地方):
    »Theyˈve gone down to Brighton for a couple of days.
    他们已南下到布赖顿去呆几天。
    【OPP】 go up ˌgo ˈdown (with sb) • to be received in a particular way by sb • 受到(某人的…)对待;被接受:
    »The suggestion didnˈt go down very well with her boss.
    她的老板对这个建议不太感兴趣。
    ˌgo ˈdown with sth ( especially BrE) • to become ill / sick with sth • 患…病;感染上…病 【SYN】 catch:
    »Our youngest boy has gone down with chickenpox.
    我们的小儿子染上了水痘。
    ˈgo for sb • to attack sb • 袭击某人;抨击(或攻击)某人:
    »She went for him with a knife.
    她手持尖刀向他刺去。
    ˈgo for sb / sth 1. to apply to sb / sth • 适用于某人(或某事物):
    »What I said about Peter goes for you, too.
    我说的关于彼得的话也适用于你。
    »They have a high level of unemployment—but the same goes for many other countries.
    他们的失业率很高——不过,其他许多国家也是如此。
    2. to go to a place and bring sb / sth back • 去带回某人;去取回某物:
    »Sheˈs gone for some milk.
    她买牛奶去了。
    3. to be attracted by sb / sth; to like or prefer sb / sth • 被…所吸引;(更)喜欢某人(或某事物):
    »She goes for tall slim men.
    她喜欢瘦高个子的男人。
    »I donˈt really go for modern art.
    我并不是很喜欢现代艺术。
    ˈgo for sth 1. to choose sth • 选择某物:
    »I think Iˈll go for the fruit salad.
    我想要水果色拉。
    --› note at choose 2. to put a lot of effort into sth, so that you get or achieve sth • 努力争取某事物:
    »Go for it, John! You know you can beat him.
    努力争取吧,约翰!你知道你是可以打败他的。
    »It sounds a great idea. Go for it !
    这听起来是个极好的主意。努力去实现吧!
    ˌgo ˈin 1. to enter a room, house, etc. • 进入室内;进去:
    »Letˈs go in, itˈs getting cold.
    我们进屋去吧,天冷了。
    2. if the sun or moon goes in, it disappears behind a cloud • (日、月)被乌云遮住 ˌgo ˈin for sth 1. ( BrE) to take an exam or enter a competition • 参加考试(或竞赛):
    »Sheˈs going in for the Cambridge First Certificate.
    她打算参加剑桥初级证书考试。
    2. to have sth as an interest or a hobby • 对某事物有兴趣;爱好:
    »She doesnˈt go in for team games.
    她对团体比赛不感兴趣。
    ˌgo ˈin with sb • to join sb in starting a business • 与某人合伙;与某人联合办企业:
    »My brothers are opening a garage and they want me to go in with them.
    我的几个兄弟要开办一个汽车修理厂,想让我与他们合伙干。
    ˌgo ˈinto sth 1. (of a vehicle 交通工具) to hit sth violently • 猛烈地撞上某物:
    »The car skidded and went into a tree.
    汽车打滑,猛地撞到树上。
    2. (of a vehicle or driver 交通工具或驾驶员) to start moving in a particular way • 开始某种动作:
    »The plane went into a nosedive.
    飞机开始俯冲。
    3. to join an organization, especially in order to have a career in it • 加入某组织;从事某职业:
    »to go into the Army / the Church / Parliament
    参军;加入教会;当议会议员
    »to go into teaching
    4. to begin to do sth or behave in a particular way • (以某种方式)开始做某事;开始某种表现:
    »He went into a long explanation of the affair.
    他开始长篇大论地解释起那件事来。
    5. to examine sth carefully • 详细调查(或研究)某事:
    »We need to go into the question of costs.
    我们需要研究一下费用问题。
    6. (of money, time, effort, etc. 金钱、时间、精力等) to be spent on sth or used to do sth • 投入某事;用于某事:
    »More government money needs to go into the project.
    政府需对此工程投入更多的资金。
    ▪ [+ -ing ]
    »Years of work went into researching the book.
    多年的功夫全花在对这本书的研究上了。
    ˌgo ˈoff 1. to leave a place, especially in order to do sth • 离开(尤指去做某事):
    »She went off to get a drink.
    她拿饮料去了。
    2. to be fired; to explode • 开火;爆炸:
    »The gun went off by accident.
    枪走火了。
    »The bomb went off in a crowded street.
    炸弹在挤满人群的大街上爆炸了。
    --› note at explode 3. if an alarm, etc. goes off, it makes a sudden loud noise • (警报器等)突然发出巨响 4. if a light, the electricity, etc. goes off, it stops working • (电灯)熄灭;(电)中断;停止运行:
    »Suddenly the lights went off.
    灯突然熄灭了。
    »The heating goes off at night.
    暖气夜间停止供热。
    【OPP】 go on 5. ( BrE, informal) to fall asleep • 入睡;睡着:
    »Hasnˈt the baby gone off yet?
    孩子还没睡着吗?
    6. ( BrE) if food or drink goes off, it becomes bad and not fit to eat or drink • (食物、饮料)变质,变坏 7. ( BrE) to get worse in quality • (质量)下降:
    »Her books have gone off in recent years.
    她近年写的书质量下降了。
    8. to happen in a particular way • (以某种方式)发生:
    »The meeting went off well.
    会议进行得很好。
    ˌgo ˈoff (on sb) ( NAmE, informal) • to suddenly become angry with sb • 突然生(某人的)气 ˌgo ˈoff sb / sth ( BrE, informal) • to stop liking sb / sth or lose interest in them • 不再喜欢某人(或某事物);失去对…的兴趣:
    »Jane seems to be going off Paul.
    简好像不再喜欢保罗了。
    »Iˈve gone off beer.
    我对啤酒已不感兴趣。
    ˌgo ˈoff with sb • to leave your husband, wife, partner, etc. in order to have a relationship with sb else • 抛弃原有伴侣等而与另外的某人相好;与某人私奔:
    »He went off with his best friendˈs wife.
    他和最要好的朋友的妻子走了。
    ˌgo ˈoff with sth • to take away from a place sth that does not belong to you • 携他人之物而去:
    »He went off with $10 000 of the companyˈs money.
    他卷走了公司 1 万元钱。
    ˌgo ˈon 1. when a performer goes on, they begin their performance • (演员)上场,出场:
    »She doesnˈt go on until Act 2.
    她要到第 2 幕才出场。
    2. (in sport 体育运动) to join a team as a substitute during a game • (比赛中)以替补队员身分上场:
    »Cole went on in place of Beckham just before half-time.
    就在上半场结束前科尔上场替换了贝克汉姆。
    3. when a light, the electricity, etc. goes on, it starts to work • (灯)亮;通(电);开始运行:
    »Suddenly all the lights went on.
    突然所有的灯都亮了。
    【OPP】 go off 4. (of time 时间) to pass • 流逝;过去:
    »She became more and more talkative as the evening went on.
    夜渐深,她的话越来越多。
    5. (usually be going on) to happen • 发生:
    »Whatˈs going on here?
    这儿出了什么事?
    6. if a situation goes on, it continues without changing • (情况、形势)继续下去,持续:
    »This cannot be allowed to go on.
    决不允许这种情况继续下去。
    »How much longer will this hot weather go on for?
    这样炎热的天气还会持续多久?
    »We canˈt go on like this —we seem to be always arguing.
    我们不能这样继续下去——我们似乎老是争吵不休。
    7. to continue speaking, after a short pause • (短暂停顿后)继续说:
    »She hesitated for a moment and then went on.
    她犹豫了一会儿,然后继续往下说。
    ▪ [+ speech ]
    »ˈYou know,ˈ he went on, ˈI think my brother could help you.ˈ
    "嗯,"他接着说,"我想我哥哥可以帮助你。"
    8. used to encourage sb to do sth • (用于鼓励)来吧:
    »Go on! Have another drink!
    来吧!再喝一杯!
    »Go on—jump!
    来呀——跳吧!
    ˌgo ˈon (ahead) • to travel in front of sb else • 先走一步;先行:
    »You go on ahead—Iˈll catch you up in a few minutes.
    你先走一步,我一会儿就赶上来。
    ˈgo on sth (used in negative sentences and questions 用于否定句和疑问句) • to base an opinion or a judgement on sth • 以…为依据;根据…来判断:
    »The police donˈt have much to go on.
    警方没多少依据。
    ˌgo ˈon (about sb / sth) • to talk about sb / sth for a long time, especially in a boring or complaining way • 唠叨;没完没了地抱怨:
    »He went on and on about how poor he was.
    他没完没了地哭穷。
    »She does go on sometimes!
    她有时就是唠叨个没完!
    ˌgo ˈon (at sb) ( especially BrE) • to complain to sb about their behaviour, work, etc. • 唠叨;数落;指责 【SYN】 criticize:
    »She goes on at him continually.
    她老是责备他。
    ˌgo ˈon (with sth) • to continue an activity, especially after a pause or break • (尤指停顿或中断之后)继续做(某事):
    »Thatˈs enough for now—letˈs go on with it tomorrow.
    现在就到这里——咱们明天再继续吧。
    ˌgo ˈon doing sth • to continue an activity without stopping • 不停地做某事:
    »He said nothing but just went on working.
    他什么都不说只是不停地干活。
    ˌgo ˈon to sth • to pass from one item to the next • 进而转入另外一件事;接着开始另一个项目:
    »Letˈs go on to the next item on the agenda.
    咱们接着进行下一项议程吧。
    ˌgo ˈon to do sth • to do sth after completing sth else • (完成某事后)接着做另一事:
    »The book goes on to describe his experiences in the army.
    本书继而描述了他在部队的经历。
    ˌgo ˈout 1. to leave your house to go to a social event • 出门参加社交活动;外出交际;外出娱乐:
    »She goes out a lot.
    她经常外出参加社交活动。
    ▪ [+ -ing ]
    »He goes out drinking most evenings.
    他晚上多半在外喝酒。
    2. when the tide goes out, it moves away from the land • 退潮;落潮 【SYN】 ebb 【OPP】 come in 3. to be sent • 送出;发出;派出:
    »Have the invitations gone out yet?
    请柬发出去了吗?
    4. ( BrE) when a radio or television programme goes out, it is broadcast • (广播或电视节目)播放,播出 5. when news or information goes out, it is announced or published • (新闻或消息)发布,公布,发表 ▪ [+ that ]
    »Word went out that the director had resigned.
    局长已经辞职的消息公开了。
    6. if a fire or light goes out, it stops burning or shining • (火或灯光)熄灭 ˌgo ˈout (of sth) 1. to fail to reach the next stage of a competition, etc. • (竞赛等中)被淘汰,出局:
    »She went out of the tournament in the first round.
    她在锦标赛的第一轮比赛中就被淘汰了。
    2. to be no longer fashionable or generally used • 过时;不再流行:
    »Those skirts went out years ago.
    那些裙子多年前就不时兴了。
    ˌgo ˈout of sb / sth (of a quality or a feeling 品质或情感) • to be no longer present in sb / sth; to disappear from sb / sth • 在…中不复存在;从…中消失:
    »All the fight seemed to go out of him.
    他身上的所有斗志似乎都已丧失殆尽。
    ˌgo ˈout to sb • if your thoughts, etc. go out to sb, you think about them in a kind way and hope that the difficult situation that they are in will get better • 对某人产生同情(及良好的祝愿) go ˈout with sb | ˌgo ˈout (together) (especially of young people 尤指年轻人) • to spend time with sb and have a romantic or sexual relationship with them • 与某人谈恋爱(或有性关系):
    »Tom has been going out with Lucy for six weeks.
    汤姆与露西相恋六周了。
    »How long have Tom and Lucy been going out together?
    汤姆和露西相恋多久了?
    ˌgo ˈover sth 1. to examine or check sth carefully • 仔细检查(或审查、查阅)某事:
    »Go over your work before you hand it in.
    把作业仔细检查后再交。
    --› note at check 2. to study sth carefully, especially by repeating it • 反复研究;仔细琢磨:
    »He went over the events of the day in his mind (= thought about them carefully).
    他心里反复琢磨白天发生的事。
    ˌgo ˈover (to...) • to move from one place to another, especially when this means crossing sth such as a room, town or city • 从一处到(另一处):
    »He went over and shook hands with his guests.
    他走过去与客人们握手。
    »Many Irish people went over to America during the famine.
    许多爱尔兰人在饥荒时期迁徙到美国。
    ˌgo ˈover to sb / sth (in broadcasting 广播) • to change to a different person or place for the next part of a broadcast • 切换到另一人物(或地点):
    »We are now going over to the news desk for an important announcement.
    我们现在转换到新闻部宣布一则重要消息。
    ˌgo ˈover to sth • to change from one side, opinion, habit, etc. to another • 转向另一立场(或见解、习惯等):
    »Two Conservative MPs have gone over to the Liberal Democrats.
    两名保守党议员已转向自由民主党人一边。
    ˌgo ˈover (with sb) ( NAmE) • to be received in a particular way by sb • 受到(某人的…)对待:
    »The news of her promotion went over well with her colleagues.
    她晋升的消息一传开,同事都为她高兴。
    ˌgo ˈround = go around ˌgo ˈround (to...) = go around (to...) ˌgo ˈthrough • if a law, contract, etc. goes through, it is officially accepted or completed • (法律、合同等正式)通过,接受,达成:
    »The deal did not go through.
    这笔交易未谈成。
    go through sth 1. to look at or examine sth carefully, especially in order to find sth • 仔细察看某事物;检查某事物;审查某事物:
    »I always start the day by going through my email.
    我每天第一件事就是要看电子邮件。
    »She went through the companyˈs accounts, looking for evidence of fraud.
    她仔细审查公司的账目,寻找诈骗的证据。
    2. to study or consider sth in detail, especially by repeating it • (尤指反复地)详细研究,仔细琢磨:
    »Letˈs go through the arguments again.
    咱们再详细研究一下这些论据吧。
    »Could we go through (= practise) Act 2 once more?
    我们把第 2 幕戏再串一次好吗?
    3. to perform a series of actions; to follow a method or procedure • 执行某行动;实行某方法;履行某程序:
    »Certain formalities have to be gone through before you can emigrate.
    必须办理一定的手续方能移居他国。
    4. to experience or suffer sth • 经历;遭受:
    »Sheˈs been going through a bad patch recently.
    她最近很不走运。
    »Heˈs amazingly cheerful considering all heˈs had to go through.
    经历了种种磨难,他还那么乐观,令人惊叹。
    5. to use up or finish sth completely • 用完;耗尽:
    »The boys went through two whole loaves of bread.
    这些男孩把整整两条麪包吃得精光。
    ˌgo ˈthrough with sth • to do what is necessary to complete a course of action, especially one that is difficult or unpleasant • 完成(或做完)艰难(或令人不快)的事:
    »She decided not to go through with (= not to have) the operation.
    她决定不动手术。
    ˈgo to sb / sth • to be given to sb / sth • 由…得到;被授予某人:
    »Proceeds from the concert will go to charity.
    音乐会的收入将捐赠给慈善事业。
    »All her property went to her eldest son (= when she died).
    (她死后)全部财产由她的长子继承了。
    ˌgo toˈgether(3), (4) = go with sth ˈgo towards sth • to be used as part of the payment for sth • 用于支付…的部份款项;作为对…的部份付款:
    »The money will go towards a new car.
    这笔钱将用于支付新车的部份款项。
    ▪ [+ -ing ]
    »Part of my pay cheque went towards buying a CD player.
    我的部份工资花在买激光唱片机上。
    ˌgo ˈunder 1. (of sth that floats 漂浮的东西) to sink below the surface • 沉下去;沉没 2. (informal) to become bankrupt (= be unable to pay what you owe) • 破产:
    »The firm will go under unless business improves.
    生意若无起色,这家公司将会倒闭。
    ˌgo ˈup 1. to be built • 被兴建;被建造:
    »New offices buildings are going up everywhere.
    到处都在兴建新办公楼。
    2. when the curtain across the stage in a theatre goes up, it is raised or opened • (幕布)升起 3. to be destroyed by fire or an explosion • 被烧毁;被炸毁:
    »The whole building went up in flames.
    整座楼房在大火中焚毁。
    4. if the price of sth, the temperature, etc. goes up, it becomes higher • (价格、温度等)上涨,上升 【SYN】 rise:
    »The price of cigarettes is going up.
    香烟价格在上涨。
    »Cigarettes are going up in price.
    香烟在涨价。
    【OPP】 go down ˌgo ˈup (to...) ( BrE, formal) • to arrive at a university, especially Oxford or Cambridge, at the beginning of a term or in order to begin your studies • 上大学(尤指牛津和剑桥), go down (from...) ˌgo ˈup (to...) (from...) • to go from one place to another, especially further north or to a city or large town from a smaller place • (从一处)到(另一处)(尤指北上或从小地方到城市或大城镇):
    »When are you next going up to Scotland?
    你下次什么时候北上苏格兰?
    »We went up to London last weekend.
    我们上周末上伦敦去了。
    【OPP】 go down ˈgo with sb 1. (old-fashioned, informal) to have a sexual or romantic relationship with sb • 与某人有性关系;与某人谈恋爱 2. (informal) to have sex with sb • 与某人性交 ˈgo with sth 1. to be included with or as part of sth • 是…的一部份;附属于:
    »A car goes with the job.
    这份工作配有一辆汽车。
    2. to agree to accept sth, for example a plan or an offer • 同意;接受(某事物):
    »Youˈre offering £500? I think we can go with that.
    你出价 500 英镑?我想我们可以接受。
    3. (also go (together)) to combine well with sth • 与某物相配(或协调、和谐) 【SYN】 match:
    »Does this jacket go with this skirt?
    这件上衣与这条裙子相配吗?
    »Those colours donˈt really go (together).
    那些颜色并不十分协调。
    4. (also ˌgo toˈgether) to exist at the same time or in the same place as sth; to be found together • 与某事同时(或同地)存在;与某事相伴而生:
    »Disease often goes with poverty.
    疾病与贫穷常常相伴而生。
    »Disease and poverty often go together.
    疾病与贫穷常常相伴而生。
    ˌgo wiˈthout (sth) • to manage without sth that you usually have or need • 没有…而勉强应付;没有…也行:
    »There wasnˈt time for breakfast, so I had to go without.
    没有时间吃早饭,我也只好不吃了。
    »How long can a human being go (= survive) without sleep?
    人不睡觉能活多久?
    ▪ [+ -ing ]
    »She went without eating for three days.
    她三天没吃东西。
    noun (pl. goes) 1. ( BrE) (also turn NAmE, BrE) a personˈs turn to move or play in a game or an activity • (游戏或活动中)轮到的机会:
    »Whose go is it?
    轮到谁了?
    »Itˈs your go.
    轮到你啦。
    »ˈHow much is it to play?ˈ ˈItˈs 50p a go.ˈ
    "玩这游戏多少钱?" " 50 便士一回。"
    »Can I have a go on your new bike?
    我能骑骑你的新自行车吗?
    2. ( BrE) (also try NAmE, BrE) an attempt at doing sth • (做某事的)尝试,一番努力:
    »It took three goes to get it right.
    试了三次才把它弄好。
    »I doubt if heˈll listen to advice from me, but Iˈll give it a go (= Iˈll try but I donˈt think I will succeed).
    我怀疑他是不是会听我劝,不过我想试试看。
    3. ( BrE) energy and enthusiasm • 精力;活力;热情;干劲:
    »Maryˈs always got plenty of go.
    玛丽总是精力充沛。
    --› see also [u]get-up-and-go
    4. a Japanese game played on a board • 围棋 at one ˈgo ( BrE) • in one single attempt or try • 一下子;一举;一口气:
    »She blew out the candles at one go.
    她一口气把蜡烛全吹灭了。
    be a ˈgo ( NAmE, informal) • to be planned and possible or allowed • 可行;得到允许:
    »Iˈm not sure if Fridayˈs trip is a go.
    我说不准星期五是否能成行。
    be all ˈgo ( BrE, informal) • to be very busy or full of activity • 忙得要命;事儿特别多;手忙脚乱:
    »It was all go in the office today.
    今天办公室里忙得要死。
    be on the ˈgo (also be on the ˈmove) (informal) • to be very active and busy • 十分活跃;非常忙碌:
    »Iˈve been on the go all day.
    我一整天忙得马不停蹄。
    »Having four children keeps her on the go.
    她那四个孩子把她忙得不可开交。
    first, second, etc. ˈgo ( BrE) • at the first, second, etc. attempt • 第一次(或第二次等)尝试:
    »I passed my driving test first go.
    我考驾照一次就通过了。
    have a ˈgo •(informal, especially BrE) to attack sb physically • (对身体)攻击,袭击:
    »There were about seven of them standing round him, all waiting to have a go.
    他们大约有七个人把他围起来,个个都等着下手。
    have a ˈgo (at sth / at doing sth) • to make an attempt to do sth • 尝试,试图(做某事):
    »ˈI canˈt start the engine.ˈ ˈLet me have a go.ˈ
    "这发动机我发动不起来了。" "让我来试试。"
    »Iˈll have a go at fixing it tonight.
    我今晚来试修一下。
    have a ˈgo at sb •(informal, BrE) to criticize sb or complain about sb • 指责,克(某人):
    »The boss had a go at me for being late for work.
    我上班迟到,老板克了我一顿。
    have sth on the ˈgo ( BrE, informal) • to be in the middle of an activity or a project • 正忙于(活动或计划):
    »The award-winning novelist often has three or four books on the go at once.
    那位获奖小说家经常是三四部小说同时写的。
    in one ˈgo •(informal) all together on one occasion • 一举;一下子:
    »Iˈd rather do the journey in one go, and not stop on the way.
    我宁愿一次走完全程,中途不停。
    »They ate the packet of biscuits all in one go.
    他们一下子把那包饼干全吃光了。
    make a ˈgo of sth •(informal) to be successful in sth • 在…方面成功(或有所成就):
    »Weˈve had a few problems in our marriage, but weˈre both determined to make a go of it.
    我们的婚姻有过一些问题,但现在我们俩都决心好好过日子。
    --› more at [u]leave
    v., let v.
    * * *
    [gәu]
    vi. 離去, 走, 進行, 變成, 趨於, 達到, 求助于, 訴諸
    vt. 以...打賭, 忍受, 出產
    n. 去, 進行

    English-Chinese dictionary > go

  • 11 have

    have have --› see irregular verbs verb (In some senses have got is also used, especially in British English. 作某些意义时也用 have got,尤其是英国英语。) ›› OWN / HOLD 拥有;持有 1. (also have got) • [VN] (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to own, hold or possess sth • 有;持有;占有:
    »He had a new car and a boat.
    他有一辆新车和一条船。
    »Have you got a job yet?
    你有工作了吗?
    »I donˈt have that much money on me.
    我身上没带那么多钱。
    »Sheˈs got a BA in English.
    她有英语学士学位。
    ›› CONSIST OF 由…组成 2. (also have got) • [VN] (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) be made up of • 由…组成:
    »In 1999 the party had 10 000 members.
    这个党在 1999 年时拥有 1 万名党员。
    ›› QUALITY / FEATURE 性质;特征 3. (also have got) (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to show a quality or feature • 显示出,带有(性质、特征): ▪ [VN]
    »The ham had a smoky flavour.
    这火腿散发着一种烟熏的香味。
    »The house has gas-fired central heating.
    这所房子有燃气中央供暖系统。
    »They have a lot of courage.
    他们勇气十足。
    ▪ [VN-ADJ]
    »Heˈs got a front tooth missing.
    他有一颗门牙掉了。
    4. (also have got) • [VN to inf] (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to show a particular quality by your actions • (通过行动)表现出(品质):
    »Surely she didnˈt have the nerve to say that to him?
    她一定没有胆量跟他这样说吧?
    ›› RELATIONSHIP 关系 5. (also have got) ▪ [VN] (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) • used to show a particular relationship • (表示关系)有:
    »Heˈs got seven children.
    他有三个孩子。
    »Do you have a client named Peters?
    你们有一位名叫彼得斯的客户吗?
    ›› STH AVAILABLE 可利用 6. (also have got) • [VN] (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to be able to make use of sth because it is available • 能用:
    »Have you got time to call him?
    你有时间给他打电话吗?
    »We have no choice in the matter.
    我们在这件事上别无选择。
    ›› SHOULD / MUST 应该;必须 7. (also have got) • [VN] (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to be in a position where you ought to do sth • 有责任(或义务):
    »We have a duty to care for the refugees.
    我们有义务关怀这些难民。
    8. (also have got) (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to be in a position of needing to do sth • 须要,有必要(做某事): ▪ [VN]
    »Iˈve got a lot of homework tonight.
    我今晚有很多家庭作业要做。
    ▪ [VN to inf]
    »I must go—I have a bus to catch.
    我必须走了——我得去赶公共汽车。
    ›› HOLD 抓住 9. (also have got) • [VN +adv. / prep.] (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to hold sb / sth in the way mentioned • 抓住;握着;支承:
    »Sheˈd got him by the collar.
    她抓住了他的衣领。
    »He had his head in his hands.
    他双手抱着脑袋。
    ›› PUT / KEEP IN A POSITION 放/保持在某位置 10. (also have got) • [VN +adv. / prep.] (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to place or keep sth in a particular position • 使放在;使保持(在):
    »Mary had her back to me.
    玛丽背对着我。
    »I soon had the fish in a net.
    我不一会就网住了那条鱼。
    ›› FEELING / THOUGHT 感觉;思想 11. (also have got) • [VN] (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to let a feeling or thought come into your mind • 感到;想到:
    »He had the strong impression that someone was watching him.
    他强烈地感觉到有人在监视他。
    »Weˈve got a few ideas for the title.
    关于名称,我们有几种想法。
    »(informal) Iˈve got it! Weˈll call it ˈWord Magicˈ.
    我想到了!我们就叫它"文字魔术"吧。
    ›› ILLNESS 病 12. (also have got) • [VN] (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to suffer from an illness or a disease • 患病;得病;染病:
    »Iˈve got a headache.
    我头痛。
    ›› EXPERIENCE 经历 13. [VN] to experience sth • 经受;经历;经验:
    »I went to a few parties and had a good time.
    我参加了几次聚会,过得很愉快。
    »I was having difficulty in staying awake.
    我正困得睁不开眼。
    »Sheˈll have an accident six day.
    她总有一天会出事的。
    ›› EVENT 活动 14. [VN] to organize or hold an event • 组织;举办:
    »Letˈs have a party.
    我们来一次聚会吧。
    ›› EAT / DRINK / SMOKE 饮食;吸烟 15. [VN] to eat, drink or smoke sth • 吃;喝;吸(烟等):
    »to have breakfast / lunch / dinner
    吃早饭/午饭/正餐
    »Iˈll have the salmon (= for example, in a restaurant).
    我要一份鲑鱼。
    »I had a cigarette while I was waiting.
    我等候时抽了一支烟。
    ›› DO STH 做某事 16. [VN] to perform a particular action • 进行(活动):
    »I had a swim to cool down.
    我游了泳,凉快凉快。
    »( BrE) to have a wash / shower / bath
    洗一下;冲淋浴;洗澡
    ›› GIVE BIRTH 生 17. [VN] to give birth to sb / sth • 生;生产:
    »Sheˈs going to have a baby.
    她快生孩子了。
    ›› EFFECT 效果 18. [VN] to produce a particular effect • 产生(效果):
    »His paintings had a strong influence on me as a student.
    我当学生时,他的画对我产生过强烈的影响。
    »The colour green has a restful effect.
    绿色使人感到宁静。
    ›› RECEIVE 接收 19. [VN] (not usually used in the progressive tenses 通常不用于进行时) to receive sth from sb • 收到;接到:
    »I had a letter from my brother this morning.
    我今天早晨收到了弟弟的一封信。
    »Can I have the bill, please?
    请给我账单。
    20. [VN] to be given sth; to have sth done to you • 得到;接受;受到:
    »Iˈm having treatment for my back problem.
    我正接受背部疾患的治疗。
    »How many driving lessons have you had so far?
    你到目前为止上过多少节驾驶课了?
    21. (also have got) • [VN -ing] (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to experience the effects of sbˈs actions • 接受(某人行为的效果):
    »We have orders coming in from all over the world.
    我们接到来自世界各地的订单。
    ›› HAVE STH DONE 让某事做成 22. [VN] (used with a past participle 与过去分词连用) have sth done to suffer the effects of what sb else does to you • 蒙受(他人所为的后果):
    »She had her bag stolen.
    她的包被偷了。
    23. [VN] (used with a past participle 与过去分词连用) have sth done to cause sth to be done for you by sb else • 让(他人)为你做(某事):
    »Youˈve had your hair cut!
    你理发了!
    »Weˈre having our car repaired.
    我们的车正在修理。
    24. to tell or arrange for sb to do sth for you • 要(或安排)(某人)做(某事): ▪ [VN inf]
    »He had the bouncers throw them out of the club.
    他叫保安人员把他们轰出了俱乐部。
    »(informal) Iˈll have you know (= Iˈm telling you) Iˈm a black belt in judo.
    你听着,我是柔道黑腰带级高手。
    ▪ [VN +adv. / prep.]
    »Sheˈs always having the builders in to do something or other.
    她总是让建筑工人到家里来干这干那。
    ›› ALLOW 允许 25. (used in negative sentences, especially after will not, cannot, etc. 用于否定句,尤置于 will not、cannot 等之后) to allow sth; to accept sth without complaining • 允许;容忍: ▪ [VN]
    »Iˈm sick of your rudeness—I wonˈt have it any longer!
    你的无礼我已经受够了——我不会再容忍下去了!
    ▪ [VN -ing]
    »We canˈt have people arriving late all the time.
    我们不能允许有人总是迟到。
    ›› PUT SB / STH IN A CONDITION 使处于某状况 26. to cause sb / sth to be in a particular state; to make sb react in a particular way • 使处于(某状态);使作出(某种反应): ▪ [VN-ADJ]
    »I want to have everything ready in good time.
    我要求一切都得准时备妥。
    ▪ [VN -ing]
    »He had his audience listening attentively.
    他抓住了听众的注意力。
    ›› IN ARGUMENT 辩论 27. (also have got) • [VN] (informal) (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to put sb at a disadvantage in an argument • 辩过;胜过:
    »Youˈve got me there. I hadnˈt thought of that.
    你把我问住了。我没想过这个。
    ›› SEX 性 28. [VN] (slang) to have sex with sb • 同(某人)性交:
    »He had her in his office.
    他在办公室和她发生了性关系。
    ›› TRICK 欺骗 29. [VN] [usually passive] (informal) to trick or cheat sb • 欺骗;蒙骗:
    »Iˈm afraid youˈve been had.
    恐怕你上当了。
    ›› GUESTS 客人 30. [VN] [no passive] to take care of sb / sth in your home, especially for a limited period • (尤指短期在自己家中)照料,照看:
    »Weˈre having the kids for the weekend.
    这个周末孩子们要到我们家来由我们照料。
    31. [VN +adv. / prep.] [no passive] to entertain sb in your home • (在家中)招待,款待:
    »We had some friends to dinner last night.
    我们昨晚请了几位朋友来家里吃饭了。
    ›› BE WITH 在一起 32. (also have got) • [VN] have sb with you (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to be with sb • 同(某人)在一起:
    »She had some friends with her.
    她和几个朋友在一起。
    ›› FOR A JOB 工作 33. [VN] [no passive] have sb as sth to take or accept sb for a particular role • 让,接受(某人承担任务):
    »Who can we have as treasurer?
    我们让谁来主管财务?
    【IDIOMS】Most idioms containing have are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example have your eye on sb is at eye n. • 大多数含 have 的习语,都可在该等习语中的名词及形容词相关词条找到,如 have your eye on sb 在词条 eye 的名词部份。 have ˈdone with sth ( especially BrE) • to finish sth unpleasant so that it does not continue • 结束(不愉快的事):
    »Letˈs have done with this silly argument.
    我们结束这场无聊的争辩吧。
    have ˈhad it (informal) 1. to be in a very bad condition; to be unable to be repaired • 情形很糟;不能修复:
    »The car had had it.
    这辆车无法修复了。
    2. to be extremely tired • 极度疲乏:
    »Iˈve had it! Iˈm going to bed.
    我太困了!我要去睡觉了。
    3. to have lost all chance of surviving sth • 毫无幸存机会;完蛋:
    »When the truck smashed into me, I thought Iˈd had it.
    那辆卡车撞上我时,我想这下完了。
    4. to be going to experience sth unpleasant • 将吃苦头:
    »Dad saw you scratch the car—youˈve had it now!
    爸爸看见你把车身划了——这下可有你好受的了!
    5. to be unable to accept a situation any longer • 无法继续容忍:
    »Iˈve had it (up to here) with him —heˈs done it once too often.
    我受够他了——他这一次太过分了。
    have it ˈoff / aˈway (with sb) ( BrE, slang) • to have sex with sb • 同(某人)性交 ˈhave it (that...) • to claim that it is a fact that... • 称…属实;说…是真的:
    »Rumour has it that weˈll have a new manager soon.
    据传我们即将有一位新经理。
    have (got) it / that ˈcoming (to you) • to be likely to suffer the unpleasant effects of your actions and to deserve to do so • 活该;罪有应得:
    »It was no surprise when she left him—everyone knew he had it coming to him.
    她离开了他,这丝毫不奇怪——大家都知道是他自己造成的。
    have it ˈin for sb •(informal) to not like sb and be unpleasant to them • 跟某人过不去 have it ˈin you (to do sth) •(informal) to be capable of doing sth • 有能力(做某事):
    »Everyone thinks he has it in him to produce a literary classic.
    大家都认为他有能力写出一部文学名着。
    »You were great. I didnˈt know you had it in you.
    你真了不起。我不知道你有这本事。
    have (got) ˈnothing on sb / sth •(informal) to be not nearly as good as sb / sth • 不如;比不上 --› see also have sth on sb at have v. not ˈhaving any •(informal) not willing to listen to or believe sth • 不愿听,不愿相信(某事):
    »I tried to persuade her to wait but she wasnˈt having any.
    我竭力劝她等一下,可她不肯听。
    what ˈhave you •(informal) other things, people, etc. of the same kind • 诸如此类的事物(或人等):
    »Thereˈs room in the cellar to store old furniture and what have you.
    地下室有地方存放旧家具之类的东西。
    【PHR V】 ˌhave (got) sth aˈgainst sb / sth (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) • to dislike sb / sth for a particular reason • 因…而讨厌某人/某事:
    »What have you got against Ruth? Sheˈs always been good to you.
    你为什么不喜欢鲁思?她一直对你很好。
    ˌhave sb∽ˈback • to allow a husband, wife or partner that you are separated from to return • 允许分手的丈夫(或妻子、伴侣)回头;愿与某人重修旧好 ˌhave sth ˈback • to receive sth that sb has borrowed or taken from you • 收回被借走(或拿走)的东西:
    »You can have your files back after weˈve checked them.
    我们核对完你的文件之后就还给你。
    ˌhave (got) sth ˈin (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) • to have a supply of sth in your home, etc. • 存有某物:
    »Have we got enough food in?
    我们家里存有足够的食物吗?
    ˌhave sb ˈon (informal) • to try to make sb believe sth that is not true, usually as a joke • 哄骗,欺骗(通常作为玩笑):
    »You didnˈt really, did you? Youˈre not having me on, are you?
    你真的没有干吧?你不是在哄我吧?
    ˌhave (got) sth ˈon (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) 1. to be wearing sth • 穿着;戴着:
    »She had a red jacket on.
    她穿着件红夹克。
    »He had nothing (= no clothes) on.
    他没穿衣服。
    2. to leave a piece of equipment working • 让设备运转着:
    »She has her TV on all day.
    她一整天都开着电视机。
    3. to have arranged to do sth • 安排(做某事):
    »I canˈt see you this week—Iˈve got a lot on.
    我这个星期不能见你——我安排得很满。
    ˌhave (got) sth ˈon sb [no passive] (informal) (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) • to know sth bad about sb, especially sth that connects them with a crime • 有某人的把柄,掌握某人的证据(尤指与犯罪有关的):
    »Iˈm not worried—theyˈve got nothing on me.
    我不担心——他们没抓住我什么把柄。
    ˌhave sth ˈout • to cause sth, especially a part of your body, to be removed • 去除,切除(身体部位等):
    »I had to have my appendix out.
    我只好把盲肠切除了。
    ˌhave sth ˈout (with sb) • to try to settle a disagreement by discussing or arguing about it openly • (与某人)辩论出个结果,把某事讲个明白:
    »I need to have it out with her once and for all.
    我有必要跟她公开彻底地把话说清楚。
    ˌhave sb ˈup (for sth) ( BrE, informal) [usually passive] • to cause sb to be accused of sth in court • (为某事)把某人告上法庭:
    »He was had up for manslaughter.
    他因误杀罪被送上法庭。
    auxiliary verb • used with the past participle to form perfect tenses • (与过去分词连用构成完成时):
    »Iˈve finished my work.
    我干完我的活儿了。
    »Heˈs gone home, hasnˈt he?
    他回家去了,对吗?
    »ˈHave you seen it?ˈ ˈYes, I have / No, I havenˈt.ˈ
    "你看见了吗?" "是的,看见了/没有,没看见。"
    »Sheˈll have had the results by now.
    她现在应该知道结果了。
    »Had they left before you got there?
    你到那里时他们已经离开了吗?
    »If I hadnˈt seen it with my own eyes I wouldnˈt have believed it.
    要不是亲眼看见了,我不会相信的。
    »(formal) Had I known that (= if I had known that) I would never have come.
    要是早知道,我绝不会来的。
    * * *
    [hæv]
    vt. 有, 持有, 拿, 從事(某事)
    aux.
    已經

    English-Chinese dictionary > have

  • 12 join

    join join verb ›› CONNECT 连接 1. join A to B | join A and B (together / up) to fix or connect two or more things together • 连接;接合;联结: ▪ [VN]
    »Join one section of pipe to the next.
    将一段管子与相邻的管子连接起来。
    »Join the two sections of pipe together.
    将这两段管子连接在一起。
    »The island is joined to the mainland by a bridge.
    这个岛有一座桥与大陆相连。
    »Draw a line joining (up) all the crosses.
    画条线将所有的十字连接起来。
    ▪ [V]
    »How do these two pieces join?
    这两件东西怎样接合呢?
    ›› BECOME ONE 合二为一 2. if two things or groups join, or if one thing or group joins another, they come together to form one thing or group • 结合;联合;汇合 ▪ [V]
    »the place where the two paths join
    ▪ [VN]
    »The path joins the road near the trees.
    这条小路在树林旁与公路汇合。
    ›› CLUB / COMPANY 俱乐部;公司 3. to become a member of an organization, a company, a club, etc. • 成为…的一员;参加;加入: ▪ [VN]
    »Iˈve joined an aerobics class.
    我参加了有氧健身班。
    »She joined the company three months ago.
    她三个月前进了这家公司。
    »(figurative) to join the ranks of the unemployed
    ▪ [V]
    »It costs £20 to join.
    需交 20 英镑才可参加。
    ›› DO STH WITH SB ELSE 参与 4. [VN] to take part in sth that sb else is doing or to go somewhere with them • 参与;加入到…之中;与…一道去:
    »Will you join us for lunch?
    和我们一起吃午饭好吗?
    »Do you mind if I join you?
    我和你们在一起,可以吗?
    »Over 200 members of staff joined the strike.
    * 200 多名雇员参加了罢工。
    »Members of the public joined the search for the missing boy.
    许多民众加入了搜寻失踪男孩的行动。
    »Iˈm sure youˈll all join me in wishing Ted and Laura a very happy marriage.
    我相信大家会愿意与我一起共祝特德和劳拉喜结良缘。
    ›› TRAIN / PLANE 火车;飞机 5. [VN] ( BrE) if you join a train, plane, etc. you get on it • 上(火车、飞机等) ›› ROAD / PATH / LINE 道路;小径;行列 6. [VN] if you join a road or a line of people, you start to travel along it, or move into it • 上(路);加入(行列) 【IDIOMS】 join ˈbattle (with sb) •(formal) to begin fighting sb • 开始(与某人)交战: (figurative)
    »Local residents have joined battle with the council over the lack of parking facilities.
    当地居民就缺少停车设施一事与政务委员会展开了斗争。
    join the ˈclub • (informal) used when sth bad that has happened to sb else has also happened to you • 同样倒霉;别人也一样倒运;彼此彼此:
    »So you didnˈt get a job either? Join the club!
    那么你也没找到工作?咱们彼此彼此!
    join ˈhands (with sb) 1. if two people join hands, they hold each otherˈs hands • (与某人)拉起手,挽手 2. to work together in doing sth • 携手合作;联合;合伙:
    »Education has been reluctant to join hands with business.
    教育一向不肯与企业联手发展。
    --› more at beat v., force n. 【PHR V】 ˌjoin ˈin (sth / doing sth) | ˌjoin ˈin (with sb / sth) • to take part in an activity with other people • 参加,加入(活动):
    »She listens but she never joins in.
    她只是听,但从来不发表意见。
    »I wish he would join in with the other children.
    但愿他能跟别的孩子一块玩。
    ˌjoin ˈup ( BrE) • to become a member of the armed forces • 入伍;参军 【SYN】 enlist ˌjoin ˈup (with sb) • to combine with sb else to do sth • (与某人)联合,会合:
    »Weˈll join up with the other groups later.
    我们以后再与其他小组会合。
    noun • ›› CONNECTION 连接 a place where two things are fixed together • 连接处;接合点:
    »The two pieces were stuck together so well that you could hardly see the join.
    这两块粘合得太好了,几乎看不出接缝。
    * * *
    [dʒɔin]
    vi. 參加, 結合, 加入
    vt. 連接, 結合, 參加, 加入
    n. 連接, 結合, 接合點
    [計] 用子目錄名取代驅動器符

    English-Chinese dictionary > join

  • 13 live

    live live¹ verb --› see also live ² ›› IN A PLACE 在某地 1. [V +adv. / prep.] to have your home in a particular place • 住;居住:
    »to live in a house
    »Where do you live?
    你住在什么地方?
    »She needs to find somewhere to live.
    她需要找个住的地方。
    »We used to live in London.
    我们过去住在伦敦。
    »Both her children still live at home.
    她的两个孩子仍住在家里。
    ( BrE, informal)
    »Where do these plates live (= where are they usually kept) ?
    这些盘子通常放哪儿?
    ›› BE ALIVE 活着 2. to remain alive • 生存;活着: ▪ [V]
    »The doctors said he only had six months to live.
    医生说他只能活六个月了。
    »Spiders can live for several days without food.
    蜘蛛几天不吃食依然可存活。
    ▪ [V to inf]
    »She lived to see her first grandchild.
    她一直活到抱上第一个孙子。
    3. [V] to be alive, especially at a particular time • (尤指在某时期)活着:
    »When did Handel live?
    韩德尔是什么时期的人?
    »Heˈs the greatest player who ever lived.
    他是世上最出色的运动员。
    ›› TYPE OF LIFE 生活方式 4. to spend your life in a particular way • (以某种方式)生活,过日子: ▪ [VN]
    »She lived a very peaceful life.
    她过着十分宁静的生活。
    ▪ [V]
    »He lived in poverty most of his life.
    他大半辈子过的都是穷日子。
    ▪ [V-N]
    »She lived and died a single woman.
    她过了一辈子的独身生活。
    ›› BE REMEMBERED 记住 5. [V] to continue to exist or be remembered • 继续存在;留存;铭记 【SYN】 remain:
    »This moment will live in our memory for many years to come.
    这一时刻将在我们的记忆中留存许多年。
    »Her words have lived with me all my life.
    她的话我一辈子都铭记着。
    ›› HAVE EXCITEMENT 兴奋 6. [V] to have a full and exciting life • 享受充实而令人兴奋的生活:
    »I donˈt want to be stuck in an office all my life—I want to live!
    我不想一辈子都憋在办公室里——我要享受人生乐趣!
    【IDIOMS】 ˌlive and ˈbreathe sth • to be very enthusiastic about sth • 热衷于(某事):
    »He just lives and breathes football.
    他非常热衷于足球。
    live and ˈlet live • (saying) used to say that you should accept other peopleˈs opinions and behaviour even though they are different from your own • 自己活也让别人活;宽以待人;互相宽容 live by your ˈwits • to earn money by clever or sometimes dishonest means • 靠耍小聪明赚钱;(有时)靠玩花招捞钱 live (from) ˌhand to ˈmouth • to spend all the money you earn on basic needs such as food without being able to save any money • 仅够餬口度日 live in the ˈpast • to behave as though society, etc. has not changed, when in fact it has • 彷佛生活在过去的社会中;落伍 live in ˈsin •(old-fashioned or humorous) to live together and have a sexual relationship without being married • 未婚同居;姘居 live it ˈup •(informal) to enjoy yourself in an exciting way, usually spending a lot of money • 尽情欢乐;狂欢;纵情挥霍享乐 live a ˈlie • to keep sth important about yourself a secret from other people, so that they do not know what you really think, what you are really like, etc. • 过两面人的生活;过骗人的生活;为人虚伪 live off the fat of the ˈland • to have enough money to be able to afford expensive things, food, drink, etc. • 过奢侈的生活;锦衣玉食 live off the ˈland • to eat whatever food you can grow, kill or find yourself • 靠地里的东西为生 ˌlive to fight another ˈday • (saying) used to say that although you have failed or had a bad experience, you will continue • (虽已失败或经历很糟但仍要)改日再战,卷土重来 you havenˈt ˈlived • used to tell sb that if they have not had a particular experience their life is not complete • (表示若没有某种经历生活便不完整)你白活了:
    »Youˈve never been to New York? You havenˈt lived!
    你从未去过纽约?你真是白活了!
    you live and ˈlearn • used to express surprise at sth new or unexpected you have been told • (对得知的事物感到惊讶或意外)真是得活到老学到老,真想不到 --› more at borrow, clover, half n., land n., long adv., people n., pocket n., rough adv. 【PHR V】 ˈlive by sth • to follow a particular belief or set of principles • 按照(某信念或原则)生活:
    »Thatˈs a philosophy I could live by.
    那就是我所信奉的人生哲学。
    ˈlive by doing sth • to earn money or to get the things you need by doing a particular thing • 靠做某事赚钱为生(或获取所需):
    »a community that lives by fishing
    ˌlive sth∽ˈdown • to be able to make people forget about sth embarrassing you have done • 能使人忘却(你做过的令人尴尬的事):
    »She felt so stupid. Sheˈd never be able to live it down.
    她觉得自己做了傻事,恐怕永远无法挽回自己的面子了。
    ˈlive for sb / sth • to think that sb / sth is the main purpose of or the most important thing in your life • 以…为主要生活目的;为…而活着:
    »She lives for her work.
    她活着是为了工作。
    »After his wife died, he had nothing to live for.
    妻子去世后,他便没有了生活目标。
    ˌlive ˈin • to live at the place where you work or study • 住在工作(或学习)的地方:
    »They have an au pair living in.
    他们有个换工姑娘住在家里。
    --› see also live-in (1) ˈlive off sb / sth (often disapproving) • to receive the money you need to live from sb / sth because you do not have any yourself • 靠…过活;依赖…生活:
    »Sheˈs still living off her parents.
    她还在靠父母养活。
    »to live off welfare
    ˈlive off sth • to have one particular type of food as the main thing you eat in order to live • 以食…为生:
    »He seems to live off junk food.
    他好像靠吃垃圾食品为生。
    ˌlive ˈon • to continue to live or exist • 继续活着;继续存在:
    »She died ten years ago but her memory lives on.
    她十年前就去世了,但她却留在人们的记忆中。
    ˈlive on sth 1. to eat a particular type of food to live • 以食…为生:
    »Small birds live mainly on insects.
    小鸟主要靠食昆虫为生。
    2. (often disapproving) to eat only or a lot of a particular type of food • 仅以(一种或几种食物)为主要食物:
    »She lives on burgers.
    她只喜欢吃汉堡包。
    3. to have enough money for the basic things you need to live • 靠(…钱)生活:
    »You canˈt live on forty pounds a week.
    你靠每周四十英镑没法过活。
    ˌlive ˈout • to live away from the place where you work or study • 不住在工作(或学习)的地方:
    »Some college students will have to live out.
    有些大学生将不得不住在校外。
    ˌlive ˈout sth 1. to actually do what you have only thought about doing before • 实践(以前想要做的事):
    »to live out your fantasies
    2. to spend the rest of your life in a particular way • (以某种方式)度过余生:
    »He lived out his days alone.
    他独自度过余生。
    ˌlive ˈthrough sth • to experience a disaster or other unpleasant situation and survive it • 经历(灾难或其他困境)而幸存:
    »He has lived through two world wars.
    他经历了两次世界大战。
    ˈlive together (also ˈlive with sb) 1. to live in the same house • 在一起生活 2. to share a home and have a sexual relationship without being married • 未婚同居;姘居 【SYN】 cohabit ˌlive ˈup to sth • to do as well as or be as good as other people expect you to • 达到,符合,不辜负(他人的期望):
    »He failed to live up to his parentsˈ expectations.
    他辜负了父母的期望。
    »The team called ˈThe No-Hopersˈ certainly lived up to its name.
    叫做"无望者"的球队果真名副其实。
    ˈlive with sb = live together ˈlive with sth • to accept sth unpleasant • 忍受,容忍(不快的事):
    »I just had to learn to live with the pain.
    我不得不学会忍受痛苦。
    live² adj. --› see also live ¹ [usually before noun] ›› NOT DEAD 活的 1. living; not dead • 活的:
    »live animals
    »the number of live births (= babies born alive)
    »We saw a real live rattlesnake!
    我们看见了一条活生生的响尾蛇!
    ›› NOT RECORDED 非录制 2. (of a broadcast 广播) sent out while the event is actually happening, not recorded first and broadcast later • 现场直播的;实况转播的:
    »live coverage of the World Cup
    3. (of a performance 表演) given or made when people are watching, not recorded • 现场演出的:
    »The club has live music most nights.
    这俱乐部大多数晚上有现场演奏的音乐。
    »a live recording made at Wembley Arena
    »the bandˈs new live album
    »It was the first interview Iˈd done in front of a live audience (= with people watching).
    那是我首次在观众面前做现场采访。
    ›› ELECTRICITY 电 4. (of a wire or device 电线或装置) connected to a source of electrical power • 连着电源的;通电的:
    »That terminal is live.
    那个端子有电。
    ›› BULLETS / MATCHES 子弹;火柴 5. still able to explode or light; ready for use • 仍可爆炸的;仍可点燃的;随时可用的:
    »live ammunition
    ›› COALS 煤块 6. live coals are burning or are still hot and red • 燃烧着的;仍灼热发红的 ›› YOGURT 酸奶 7. live yogurt still contains the bacteria needed to turn milk into yogurt • 含乳酸菌的 ›› QUESTION / SUBJECT 问题;话题 8. of interest or importance at the present time • 当前所关心的;时下重大的:
    »Pollution is still very much a live issue.
    污染仍然是目前非常让人关注的问题。
    ›› INTERNET 互联网 9. (of an electronic link 电子链接) functioning correctly, so that it is connected to another document or page on the Internet • 有效的;功能正常的;活的:
    »Here are some live links to other aviation-related web pages.
    这是另外一些与航空有关网页的有效链接。
    【IDIOMS】 a live ˈwire • a person who is lively and full of energy • 活跃而精力充沛的人;生龙活虎的人 live² adv. --› see also live ¹ • broadcast at the time of an actual event; played or recorded at an actual performance • 在现场直播;在现场表演(或录制):
    »The show is going out live.
    这场演出正在实况直播。
    【IDIOMS】 go ˈlive (computing 计) (of a computer system 计算机系统) • to become operational (= ready to be used) • 随时可用
    * * *
    [liv]
    adj. 活的, 生動的, 精力充沛的, 實況轉播的, 點燃的
    vi. 活著, 生活, 居住, 流在人們記憶中
    vt. 過著, 度過, 經歷
    adv. 以實況地

    English-Chinese dictionary > live

  • 14 once

    once once adv. 1. on one occasion only; one time • 仅一次;一次:
    »Iˈve only been there once.
    我只去过那里一次。
    »He cleans his car once a week.
    他每周洗一次汽车。
    »She only sees her parents once every six months.
    她每半年才探望一次父母。
    »(informal) He only did it the once.
    这种事儿他仅仅干过一次。
    2. at some time in the past • 曾;曾经:
    »I once met your mother.
    我曾经见过你母亲。
    »He once lived in Zambia.
    他曾在赞比亚生活过。
    »This book was famous once, but nobody reads it today.
    这本书曾名噪一时,但现在却无人问津。
    3. used in negative sentences and questions, and after if to mean ˈeverˈ or ˈat allˈ • (用于否定句、疑问句和 if 后)曾,根本:
    »He never once offered to help.
    他从没有主动提出过帮忙。
    »If she once decides to do something, you wonˈt change her mind.
    她一旦决定干什么,谁也改变不了她的主意。
    【IDIOMS】 ˌall at ˈonce 1. suddenly • 突然;骤然;忽然:
    »All at once she lost her temper.
    她突然大发脾气。
    2. all together; at the same time • 一起;同时 【SYN】 simultaneously:
    »I canˈt do everything all at once—youˈll have to be patient.
    我不能万事一把抓呀。你可急不得。
    at ˈonce 1. immediately; without delay • 立即;马上:
    »Come here at once!
    马上到这里来!
    2. at the same time • 同时 【SYN】 simultaneously:
    »Donˈt all speak at once!
    不要大家同时讲!
    »I canˈt do two things at once.
    我不能同时做两件事。
    (just) for ˈonce | just this ˈonce •(informal) on this occasion (which is in contrast to what happens usually) • 仅此一次(与通常情况对比而言):
    »Just for once he arrived on time.
    只有这一次他按时到了。
    »Canˈt you be nice to each other just this once?
    难道你们就不能彼此客气哪怕一次?
    going ˈonce, going ˈtwice, ˈsold ( especially NAmE) = going, going, gone at gone once aˈgain | once ˈmore • one more time; another time • 再一次;再次:
    »Once again the train was late.
    火车又一次晚点了。
    »Let me hear it just once more.
    让我再听一遍。
    once a..., always a... • used to say that sb cannot change • (表示一个人不能改变) 一次为…便永远是…:
    »Once an actor, always an actor.
    一朝从艺,永为艺人。
    once and for ˈall • now and for the last time; finally or completely • 最终地;最后地;彻底地;一次了结地:
    »We need to settle this once and for all.
    我们需要把这事一次解决。
    ˌonce ˈbitten, ˌtwice ˈshy •(saying) after an unpleasant experience you are careful to avoid sth similar • 一朝被蛇咬,十年怕井绳 once in a blue ˈmoon •(informal) very rarely • 极少地;难得地;破天荒地 (every) ˌonce in a ˈwhile • occasionally • 偶尔地;间或 ˌonce or ˈtwice • a few times • 一两次;几次:
    »I donˈt know her well, Iˈve only met her once or twice.
    我跟她不很熟;我只见过她一两次。
    ˌonce too ˈoften • used to say that sb has done sth wrong or stupid again, and this time they will suffer because of it • 侥幸难再:
    »Youˈve tried that trick once too often.
    你故伎重施,可这次再逃不脱了。
    ˌonce upon a ˈtime • used, especially at the beginning of stories, to mean ˈa long time in the pastˈ • (用于故事的开头)从前,很久以前:
    »Once upon a time there was a beautiful princess.
    从前,有一位美丽的公主。
    conj. • as soon as; when • 一…就;一旦;当…时候:
    »We didnˈt know how we would cope once the money had gone.
    一旦钱花光了,我们就不知道该怎么办了。
    »The water is fine once youˈre in!
    你一旦下了水,就会觉得水里挺舒适。
    * * *
    [wʌns]
    n. adv.一次, 從前, 曾經
    conj.
    一旦

    English-Chinese dictionary > once

  • 15 rank

    rank rank noun ›› POSITION IN ORGANIZATION / ARMY, ETC. 头衔 1. [U, C] the position, especially a high position, that sb has in a particular organization, society, etc. • (尤指较高的)地位,级别:
    »She was not used to mixing with people of high social rank.
    她不习惯和社会地位很高的人搅和在一起。
    »He rose through the ranks to become managing director.
    他级级攀升,当上了常务董事。
    »Within months she was elevated to ministerial rank.
    不出几个月,她就被提升至部级。
    --› see also ranking 2. [C, U] the position that sb has in the army, navy, police, etc. • 军衔;军阶;警衔:
    »He was soon promoted to the rank of captain.
    他很快被提升至上尉军阶。
    »officers of junior / senior rank
    有低级/高级军阶的军官
    »a campaign to attract more women into the military ranks
    »officers, and other ranks (= people who are not officers)
    »The colonel was stripped of his rank (= was given a lower position, especially as a punishment).
    那名上校被降职了。
    3. the ranks [pl.] the position of ordinary soldiers rather than officers • 普通士兵:
    »He served in the ranks for most of the war.
    战争期间,他大部份时间都在部队服役。
    »He rose from the ranks (= from being an ordinary soldier) to become a warrant officer.
    他从普通士兵升至准尉。
    ›› QUALITY 质量 4. [sing.] the degree to which sb / sth is of high quality • 等级;级别:
    »a painter of the first rank
    »Britain is no longer in the front rank of world powers.
    英国再也不是位于前列的世界强国。
    »The findings are arranged in rank order according to performance.
    这些研究结果是根据性能等级排列的。
    ›› MEMBERS OF GROUP 成员 5. the ranks [pl.] the members of a particular group or organization • (团体或组织的)成员:
    »We have a number of international players in our ranks.
    我们的队员中有好几个国际选手。
    »At 50, he was forced to join the ranks of the unemployed.
    他 50 岁时被迫加入了失业行列。
    »There were serious divisions within the partyˈs own ranks.
    这个党内部存在着严重对立的派别。
    ›› LINE / ROW 行;列 6. a line or row of soldiers, police, etc. standing next to each other • (警察、士兵等的)队列,行列:
    »They watched as ranks of marching infantry passed the window.
    他们看着步兵列队从窗前走过。
    7. a line or row of people or things • 排;行;列:
    »massed ranks of spectators
    »The trees grew in serried ranks (= very closely together).
    树木一排靠一排地生长。
    --› see also taxi rank 【IDIOMS】 break ˈranks 1. (of soldiers, police, etc. 士兵、警察等) to fail to remain in line • 掉队;未保持队形 2. (of the members of a group 成员) to refuse to support the group or the organization of which they are members • 不支持所属团体(或组织) --› more at close ¹ v., pull v. verb (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) ›› GIVE POSITION 分等级 1. rank (sb) (as sth) to give sb / sth a particular position on a scale according to quality, importance, success, etc.; to have a position of this kind • 把…分等级;属于某等级: ▪ [VN]
    »The tasks have been ranked in order of difficulty.
    按照困难程度对工作进行了分类。
    »She is currently the highest ranked player in the world.
    她是目前居全球榜首的运动员。
    »top-ranked players
    ▪ [VN-ADJ]
    »Last year, he was ranked second in his age group.
    他去年在他的年龄段排名第二。
    ▪ [V-ADJ]
    »At the height of her career she ranked second in the world.
    在她事业的顶峰时期,她排名世界第二位。
    ▪ [VN-N]
    »The university is ranked number six in the country for engineering.
    在工程学领域上,这所大学位居本国第一。
    ▪ [V, often +adv. / prep.]
    »The restaurant ranks among the finest in town.
    这家饭店属于城里最好的。
    »It certainly doesnˈt rank as his greatest win.
    这肯定算不上他最大的胜利。
    »This must rank with (= be as good as) the greatest movies ever made.
    这部影片一定可与史上最优秀的影片相媲美。
    ▪ [V]
    »( NAmE) You just donˈt rank (= youˈre not good enough).
    你还不够等级。
    ›› PUT IN LINE / ROW 排列;排成行 2. [VN] [usually passive] to arrange objects in a line or row • 排列;使排成行 adj. 1. having a strong unpleasant smell • 难闻的;恶臭的:
    »The house was full of the rank smell of urine.
    这屋子里到处有一股尿的臊味。
    2. [only before noun] used to emphasize a particular quality, state, etc. • (强调质量、状况等)极端的,糟糕的:
    »an example of rank stupidity
    »The winning horse was a rank outsider.
    获胜的这匹马,本来谁也没指望它能获胜。
    3. (of plants, etc. 植物) growing too thickly • 疯长的
    * * *
    [ræŋk]
    n. 等級, 橫列, 階級
    adj. 繁茂的, 惡臭的, 討厭的, 下流的
    vt. 排列, 歸類于, 把...分等
    vi. 列為, 列隊
    n. [數] 秩

    English-Chinese dictionary > rank

  • 16 Short

    short short adj. (short∙er, short∙est) ›› LENGTH / DISTANCE 长度;距离 1. measuring or covering a small length or distance, or a smaller length or distance than usual • 短的:
    »He had short curly hair.
    他有一头短鬈发。
    »a short walk
    »a short skirt
    【OPP】 long ›› HEIGHT 高度 2. (of a person 人) small in height • 个子矮的:
    »She was short and dumpy.
    她又矮又胖。
    【OPP】 tall ›› TIME 时间 3. lasting or taking a small amount of time or less time than usual • 短的;短期的;短暂的:
    »Iˈm going to France for a short break.
    我打算去法国度个短假。
    »Which is the shortest day of the year?
    一年中哪一天最短?
    »a short book (= taking a short time to read, because it does not have many pages)
    »She has a very short memory (= remembers only things that have happened recently).
    她的记性很短暂。
    »(informal) Lifeˈs too short to sit around moping.
    人生很短,不能整天坐在那儿自寻烦闷。
    »It was all over in a relatively short space of time.
    不一会儿工夫就完全结束了。
    【OPP】 long 4. [only before noun] (of a period of time 一段时间) seeming to have passed very quickly • 短短的:
    »Just ten short years ago he was the best player in the country.
    就在两年前,他还是全国最优秀的运动员呢。
    【OPP】 long ›› NOT ENOUGH 不足 5. [not before noun] short (of sth) not having enough of sth; lacking sth • 不足;短缺:
    »Iˈm afraid Iˈm a little short (= of money) this month.
    这个月我恐怕手头有点紧。
    »She is not short of excuses when things go wrong.
    事情出了差错,她老有藉口。
    6. short on sth (informal) lacking or not having enough of a particular quality • 缺乏,缺少(某种品质):
    »He was a big strapping guy but short on brains.
    他五大三粗,但头脑简单。
    7. [not before noun] not easily available; not supplying as much as you need • 紧俏;紧缺:
    »Money was short at that time.
    那时候,钱紧缺。
    8. [not before noun] short (of sth) less than the number, amount or distance mentioned or needed • 少于;缺少;未达到:
    »Her last throw was only seven centimetres short of the world record.
    她的最后一掷距世界纪录只差三厘米。
    »The team was nine players short.
    球队还缺五名球员。
    »She was just short of her 90th birthday when she died.
    她去世时就快过 90 岁生日了。
    ›› OF BREATH 呼吸 9. short of breath having difficulty breathing, for example because of illness • (呼吸)短促,困难;(气)急 ›› NAME / WORD 名称;单词 10. short for sth being a shorter form of a name or word • 简略的;缩写的:
    »Call me Jo—itˈs short for Joanna.
    叫我乔好了——这是乔安娜的简称。
    »file transfer protocol or FTP for short
    * file transfer protocol (文件传输协议)或简称 FTP
    ›› RUDE 无礼 11. [not before noun] short (with sb) (of a person 人) speaking to sb using few words in a way that seems rude • 简单粗暴;简慢无礼:
    »Iˈm sorry I was short with you earlier—I had other things on my mind.
    对不起,我刚才对你简慢了——我脑子里在想别的事。
    ›› VOWEL 元音 12. (phonetics 语音) a short vowel is pronounced for a shorter time than other vowels • 短音的:
    »Compare the short vowel in ˈfullˈ and the long vowel in ˈfoolˈ.
    比较 full 中的短元音和 fool 中的长元音。
    【OPP】 long --› see also shortly short∙ness noun :
    »She suffered from shortness of breath.
    她患有气急的毛病。
    【IDIOMS】 a ˌbrick short of a ˈload, ten ˌsandwiches short of a ˈpicnic, etc. •(informal) (of a person 人) stupid; not very intelligent • 冒傻气的;不大聪明的 get the short end of the ˈstick ( NAmE) = [u]draw the short straw
    at draw v. give sb / sth / get short ˈshrift • to give sb / get little attention or sympathy • 不重视(或同情);不受重视(或同情) have / be on a short ˈfuse • to have a tendency to get angry quickly and easily • 动辄发火;性情暴躁;脾气不好:
    »You may find your temper on a short fuse when confronting your teenager.
    对付十几岁的半大孩子,你可能动不动就会生气。
    in ˌshort ˈorder • quickly and without trouble • 麻利;简单省事 in the ˈshort run • concerning the immediate future • 从短期来看;眼下:
    »In the short run, unemployment may fall.
    从短期来看,失业率可能降低。
    in ˌshort supˈply • not existing in large enough quantities to satisfy demand • 不充裕;短缺;紧缺:
    »Basic foodstuffs were in short supply.
    基本食物紧缺。
    »Sunshine will be in short supply for the west coast.
    西海岸将不会有充足的阳光。
    little / nothing short of ˈsth • used when you are saying that sth is almost true, or is equal to sth • 可以说是;无异于;近乎:
    »Last yearˈs figures were little short of disastrous.
    去年的数字简直是灾难。
    »The transformation has been nothing short of a miracle.
    这种变化堪称奇迹。
    make short ˈwork of sth / sb • to defeat, deal with sth / sb quickly • 干净利落地打败(或处理);三下五除二就打垮(或解决):
    »Liverpool made short work of the opposition (= in a football / soccer game).
    利物浦队干净利落地击败了对手。
    »He made short work of his lunch (= ate it quickly).
    他三下两下吃完午饭。
    ˌshort and ˈsweet •(informal) pleasant but not lasting a long time • 短暂而美好;简明扼要;紧凑:
    »We havenˈt much time so Iˈll keep it short and sweet.
    我们时间不多,我就长话短说吧。
    --› more at draw v., life n., long adj., measure n., notice n., term n., thick adj. adv. (short∙er, short∙est) 1. if you go short of or run short of sth, you do not have enough of it • 缺少;不足:
    »Iˈd never let you go short of anything.
    我什么都不会让你缺的。
    »Mothers regularly go short of food to ensure their children have enough.
    为了保证自己的孩子吃饱饭,做母亲的经常忍饥捱饿。
    »They had run short of (= used most of their supply of) fuel.
    他们燃料不够用了。
    2. not as far as you need or expect • 未达到;不及:
    »All too often you pitch the ball short.
    你投球老是距离不够。
    3. before the time expected or arranged; before the natural time • 中间(打断);过早地(终止):
    »a career tragically cut short by illness
    »Iˈm afraid Iˈm going to have to stop you short there, as time is running out.
    时间快到了,恐怕我得就此打断你了。
    be caught ˈshort ( BrE also be taken ˈshort) 1. ( BrE, informal) to suddenly feel an urgent need to go to the toilet / bathroom • 突然感觉要上厕所;内急 2. to be put at a disadvantage • 被置于不利地位 come ˈshort ( SAfrE, informal) • to have an accident; to get into trouble • 出事故;遇到麻烦 fall ˈshort of sth • to fail to reach the standard that you expected or need • 未达到;不符合:
    »The hotel fell far short of their expectations.
    旅馆远没有他们预期的那么好。
    short of (doing) sth • without sth; without doing sth; unless sth happens • 没有;如果不;除非:
    »Short of a miracle, weˈre certain to lose.
    除非发生奇迹,否则我们输定了。
    »Short of asking her to leave (= and we donˈt want to do that) thereˈs not a lot we can do about the situation.
    要是不请她走,我们也就没有多少办法应付这种局面了。
    pull, bring, etc. sb up ˈshort • to make sb suddenly stop what they are doing • 使某人突然停止:
    »I was brought up short by a terrible thought.
    一个可怕的念头闪过,我一下子愣住了。
    --› more at sell v., stop v. noun (informal) --› see also shorts 1. ( BrE) a small strong alcoholic drink, for example of whisky • 少量烈酒 2. a short film / movie, especially six that is shown before the main film • (尤指在正片前放映的)电影短片 3. = short circuit in ˈshort • in a few words • 总之;简言之:
    »His novels belong to a great but vanished age. They are, in short, old-fashioned.
    他的小说属于一个辉煌但已逝去的时代。一句话,已经过时了。
    --› more at long adj. verb [V VN] • short (sth) (out) (informal) = short-circuit
    * * *
    [ʃɔ:t]
    肖特(姓氏)

    English-Chinese dictionary > Short

  • 17 short

    short short adj. (short∙er, short∙est) ›› LENGTH / DISTANCE 长度;距离 1. measuring or covering a small length or distance, or a smaller length or distance than usual • 短的:
    »He had short curly hair.
    他有一头短鬈发。
    »a short walk
    »a short skirt
    【OPP】 long ›› HEIGHT 高度 2. (of a person 人) small in height • 个子矮的:
    »She was short and dumpy.
    她又矮又胖。
    【OPP】 tall ›› TIME 时间 3. lasting or taking a small amount of time or less time than usual • 短的;短期的;短暂的:
    »Iˈm going to France for a short break.
    我打算去法国度个短假。
    »Which is the shortest day of the year?
    一年中哪一天最短?
    »a short book (= taking a short time to read, because it does not have many pages)
    »She has a very short memory (= remembers only things that have happened recently).
    她的记性很短暂。
    »(informal) Lifeˈs too short to sit around moping.
    人生很短,不能整天坐在那儿自寻烦闷。
    »It was all over in a relatively short space of time.
    不一会儿工夫就完全结束了。
    【OPP】 long 4. [only before noun] (of a period of time 一段时间) seeming to have passed very quickly • 短短的:
    »Just ten short years ago he was the best player in the country.
    就在两年前,他还是全国最优秀的运动员呢。
    【OPP】 long ›› NOT ENOUGH 不足 5. [not before noun] short (of sth) not having enough of sth; lacking sth • 不足;短缺:
    »Iˈm afraid Iˈm a little short (= of money) this month.
    这个月我恐怕手头有点紧。
    »She is not short of excuses when things go wrong.
    事情出了差错,她老有藉口。
    6. short on sth (informal) lacking or not having enough of a particular quality • 缺乏,缺少(某种品质):
    »He was a big strapping guy but short on brains.
    他五大三粗,但头脑简单。
    7. [not before noun] not easily available; not supplying as much as you need • 紧俏;紧缺:
    »Money was short at that time.
    那时候,钱紧缺。
    8. [not before noun] short (of sth) less than the number, amount or distance mentioned or needed • 少于;缺少;未达到:
    »Her last throw was only seven centimetres short of the world record.
    她的最后一掷距世界纪录只差三厘米。
    »The team was nine players short.
    球队还缺五名球员。
    »She was just short of her 90th birthday when she died.
    她去世时就快过 90 岁生日了。
    ›› OF BREATH 呼吸 9. short of breath having difficulty breathing, for example because of illness • (呼吸)短促,困难;(气)急 ›› NAME / WORD 名称;单词 10. short for sth being a shorter form of a name or word • 简略的;缩写的:
    »Call me Jo—itˈs short for Joanna.
    叫我乔好了——这是乔安娜的简称。
    »file transfer protocol or FTP for short
    * file transfer protocol (文件传输协议)或简称 FTP
    ›› RUDE 无礼 11. [not before noun] short (with sb) (of a person 人) speaking to sb using few words in a way that seems rude • 简单粗暴;简慢无礼:
    »Iˈm sorry I was short with you earlier—I had other things on my mind.
    对不起,我刚才对你简慢了——我脑子里在想别的事。
    ›› VOWEL 元音 12. (phonetics 语音) a short vowel is pronounced for a shorter time than other vowels • 短音的:
    »Compare the short vowel in ˈfullˈ and the long vowel in ˈfoolˈ.
    比较 full 中的短元音和 fool 中的长元音。
    【OPP】 long --› see also shortly short∙ness noun :
    »She suffered from shortness of breath.
    她患有气急的毛病。
    【IDIOMS】 a ˌbrick short of a ˈload, ten ˌsandwiches short of a ˈpicnic, etc. •(informal) (of a person 人) stupid; not very intelligent • 冒傻气的;不大聪明的 get the short end of the ˈstick ( NAmE) = [u]draw the short straw
    at draw v. give sb / sth / get short ˈshrift • to give sb / get little attention or sympathy • 不重视(或同情);不受重视(或同情) have / be on a short ˈfuse • to have a tendency to get angry quickly and easily • 动辄发火;性情暴躁;脾气不好:
    »You may find your temper on a short fuse when confronting your teenager.
    对付十几岁的半大孩子,你可能动不动就会生气。
    in ˌshort ˈorder • quickly and without trouble • 麻利;简单省事 in the ˈshort run • concerning the immediate future • 从短期来看;眼下:
    »In the short run, unemployment may fall.
    从短期来看,失业率可能降低。
    in ˌshort supˈply • not existing in large enough quantities to satisfy demand • 不充裕;短缺;紧缺:
    »Basic foodstuffs were in short supply.
    基本食物紧缺。
    »Sunshine will be in short supply for the west coast.
    西海岸将不会有充足的阳光。
    little / nothing short of ˈsth • used when you are saying that sth is almost true, or is equal to sth • 可以说是;无异于;近乎:
    »Last yearˈs figures were little short of disastrous.
    去年的数字简直是灾难。
    »The transformation has been nothing short of a miracle.
    这种变化堪称奇迹。
    make short ˈwork of sth / sb • to defeat, deal with sth / sb quickly • 干净利落地打败(或处理);三下五除二就打垮(或解决):
    »Liverpool made short work of the opposition (= in a football / soccer game).
    利物浦队干净利落地击败了对手。
    »He made short work of his lunch (= ate it quickly).
    他三下两下吃完午饭。
    ˌshort and ˈsweet •(informal) pleasant but not lasting a long time • 短暂而美好;简明扼要;紧凑:
    »We havenˈt much time so Iˈll keep it short and sweet.
    我们时间不多,我就长话短说吧。
    --› more at draw v., life n., long adj., measure n., notice n., term n., thick adj. adv. (short∙er, short∙est) 1. if you go short of or run short of sth, you do not have enough of it • 缺少;不足:
    »Iˈd never let you go short of anything.
    我什么都不会让你缺的。
    »Mothers regularly go short of food to ensure their children have enough.
    为了保证自己的孩子吃饱饭,做母亲的经常忍饥捱饿。
    »They had run short of (= used most of their supply of) fuel.
    他们燃料不够用了。
    2. not as far as you need or expect • 未达到;不及:
    »All too often you pitch the ball short.
    你投球老是距离不够。
    3. before the time expected or arranged; before the natural time • 中间(打断);过早地(终止):
    »a career tragically cut short by illness
    »Iˈm afraid Iˈm going to have to stop you short there, as time is running out.
    时间快到了,恐怕我得就此打断你了。
    be caught ˈshort ( BrE also be taken ˈshort) 1. ( BrE, informal) to suddenly feel an urgent need to go to the toilet / bathroom • 突然感觉要上厕所;内急 2. to be put at a disadvantage • 被置于不利地位 come ˈshort ( SAfrE, informal) • to have an accident; to get into trouble • 出事故;遇到麻烦 fall ˈshort of sth • to fail to reach the standard that you expected or need • 未达到;不符合:
    »The hotel fell far short of their expectations.
    旅馆远没有他们预期的那么好。
    short of (doing) sth • without sth; without doing sth; unless sth happens • 没有;如果不;除非:
    »Short of a miracle, weˈre certain to lose.
    除非发生奇迹,否则我们输定了。
    »Short of asking her to leave (= and we donˈt want to do that) thereˈs not a lot we can do about the situation.
    要是不请她走,我们也就没有多少办法应付这种局面了。
    pull, bring, etc. sb up ˈshort • to make sb suddenly stop what they are doing • 使某人突然停止:
    »I was brought up short by a terrible thought.
    一个可怕的念头闪过,我一下子愣住了。
    --› more at sell v., stop v. noun (informal) --› see also shorts 1. ( BrE) a small strong alcoholic drink, for example of whisky • 少量烈酒 2. a short film / movie, especially six that is shown before the main film • (尤指在正片前放映的)电影短片 3. = short circuit in ˈshort • in a few words • 总之;简言之:
    »His novels belong to a great but vanished age. They are, in short, old-fashioned.
    他的小说属于一个辉煌但已逝去的时代。一句话,已经过时了。
    --› more at long adj. verb [V VN] • short (sth) (out) (informal) = short-circuit
    * * *
    [ʃɔ:t]
    n. 簡略, 短路, 短褲
    adj. 短的, 矮的, 不足的, 不夠的, (智力等)弱的, 淺薄的, 鬆脆的, 簡短
    adv. 突然, 缺乏, 不足

    English-Chinese dictionary > short

  • 18 SO

    so so adv. 1. so... (that)... | so... as to do sth • to such a great degree • (表示程度)这么,这样,那么,那样,如此:
    »Donˈt look so angry.
    别那样怒气冲冲的。
    »Thereˈs no need to worry so.
    没必要这样着急。
    »She spoke so quietly (that) I could hardly hear her.
    她说话轻得我几乎听不见。
    »Iˈm not so stupid as to believe that.
    我还不至于傻得连那样的话都相信。
    »(formal, especially BrE) Would you be so kind as to lock the door when you leave?
    请您出来时把门锁上好吗?
    2. very; extremely • 很;极:
    »Iˈm so glad to see you.
    见到你真高兴。
    »We have so much to do.
    我们有很多事要做。
    »Their attitude is so very English.
    他们的态度是十足的英国人的态度。
    »The article was just so much (= nothing but) nonsense.
    那篇文章纯粹是胡说八道。
    »( BrE) He sat there ever so quietly.
    他静悄悄地坐在那儿。
    »( BrE) I do love it so.
    我实在是太喜欢它了。
    3. not so... (as...) (used in comparisons 用于比较) not to the same degree • 不如…(这么…);不像…(那样…):
    »I havenˈt enjoyed myself so much for a long time.
    我好长时间没有这么快活了。
    »It wasnˈt so good as last time.
    这次不如上次好。
    »Itˈs not so easy as youˈd think.
    不像你想的那么容易。
    »He was not so quick a learner as his brother.
    他学东西不像他哥哥那么快。
    »Itˈs not so much a hobby as a career (= more like a career than a hobby).
    这与其说是消遣,不如说是职业。
    »(disapproving) Off she went without so much as (= without even) a ˈgoodbyeˈ.
    她连声"再见"都没说就走了。
    4. used to show the size, amount or number of sth • (表示大小或数量)这么,那么:
    »The fish was about so big (= said when using your hands to show the size).
    那条鱼差不多有这么长。
    »There are only so many (= only a limited number of) hours in a day.
    一天不过这么几个小时。
    5. used to refer back to sth that has already been mentioned • (指刚说过的事物)这样,如此:
    »ˈIs he coming?ˈ ˈ I hope so.ˈ
    "他来吗?" "我希望他来。"
    »ˈDid they mind?ˈ ˈI donˈt think so.ˈ
    "他们有没有介意?" "我想没有。"
    »If she notices, she never says so.
    就算她留意到,她也从来不说。
    »I might be away next week. If so, I wonˈt be able to see you.
    下星期我可能外出。要是那样,我就见不到你了。
    »We are very busy— so much so that we wonˈt be able to take time off this year.
    我们很忙——忙得今年都没时间休假了。
    »Programs are expensive, and even more so if you have to keep altering them.
    买软件很贵,要是老得更换,那就更贵了。
    »I hear that youˈre a writer— is that so (= is that true) ?
    听说你是作家——是吗?
    »He thinks I dislike him but that just isnˈt so.
    他以为我讨厌他,其实不是那么回事。
    »George is going to help me, or so he says (= that is what he says).
    乔治会帮我——他是这么说的。
    »They asked me to call them and I did so (= I called).
    他们要我叫他们,于是我就叫了。
    6. also • 也:
    »Times have changed and so have I.
    时代变了,我也变了。
    »ˈI prefer the first version.ˈ ˈ So do we.ˈ
    "我喜欢第一稿。" "我们也是。"
    【HELP】You cannot use so with negative verbs. Use neither or either: ˈIˈm not hungry.ˈ ˈ Neither am I / Iˈm not very hungry either.ˈ • * so 不与动词的否定式连用。否定中用 neither 或 either:ˈIˈm not hungry.ˈ ˈNeither am I / Iˈm not very hungry either 7. used to agree that sth is true, especially when you are surprised • (尤指感到惊讶时表示同意)的确如此:
    »ˈYou were there, too.ˈ ˈ So I was —Iˈd forgotten.ˈ
    "当时你也在那儿。" "是啊——我给忘了。"
    »ˈThereˈs another one.ˈ ˈ So there is.ˈ
    "还有一个。" "可不是吗。"
    8. (informal) used, often with a negative, before adjectives and noun phrases to emphasize sth that you are saying • (常与否定词连用,置于形容词和名词短语前以加强语气):
    »He is so not the right person for you.
    他这个人绝对不适合你。
    »That is so not cool.
    那实在不怎么样。
    9. (informal) used, especially by children, to say that what sb says is not the case and the opposite is true • (儿童常用以反驳对方)偏偏,就:
    »ˈYouˈre not telling the truth, are you?ˈ ˈI am, so!ˈ
    "你说的不是实话,对不对?" "就是实话,就是!"
    10. used when you are showing sb how to do sth or telling them how sth happened • (演示或描述事由)这样:
    »Stand with your arms out, so.
    两臂伸开站着,像这样。
    »(literary) So it was that he finally returned home.
    就这样,他终于回到了家。
    【IDIOMS】 and ˈso forth | and ˈso on (and ˈso forth) • used at the end of a list to show that it continues in the same way • …等等:
    »We discussed everything—when to go, what to see and so on.
    我们什么都商量过了——什么时候走、看什么等等。
    ... or so • used after a number, an amount, etc. to show that it is not exact • …左右;…上下:
    »There were twenty or so (= about twenty) people there.
    那儿有差不多二十个人。
    »We stayed for an hour or so.
    我们待了一个小时左右。
    so as to do sth • with the intention of doing sth • 为了做某事;以便做某事:
    »We went early so as to get good seats.
    为了占到好座位,我们早早就去了。
    so ˈbe it • (formal) used to show that you accept sth and will not try to change it or cannot change it • (表示完全接受)就那样好了:
    »If he doesnˈt want to be involved, then so be it.
    要是他不想参与,那就随他的便好了。
    ˌso much for ˈsth 1. used to show that you have finished talking about sth • (表示就某事讲完了)关于…就讲这么多,…到此为止:
    »So much for the situation in Germany. Now we turn our attention to France.
    德国的形势就讲到这里。现在我们来看看法国的情况。
    2. (informal) used to suggest that sth has not been successful or useful • (表示行不通或没用)作罢好了,快别提了:
    »So much for that idea!
    快别提那个主意了!
    so... that •(formal) in such a way that • 这样…为的是;如此…以至:
    »The programme has been so organized that none of the talks overlap.
    日程做了精心安排,以使每一讲都没有重复内容。
    (all) the ˈmore so because... • used to give an important extra reason why sth is true • (表示另外的重要原因)尤其因为:
    »His achievement is remarkable; all the more so because he had no help at all.
    他的成就是非同一般;由于他没有得到过任何帮助,更显不凡。
    conj. 1. used to show the reason for sth • (表示因果关系)因此,所以:
    »It was still painful so I went to see a doctor.
    那地方还疼,因此我去看了医生。
    2. so (that...) used to show the result of sth • (引出结果)因此,所以:
    »Nothing more was heard from him so that we began to wonder if he was dead.
    此后再没收到他的消息,于是我们开始怀疑他是不是死了。
    3. so (that...) used to show the purpose of sth • (表示目的)为了,以便:
    »But I gave you a map so you wouldnˈt get lost!
    但我怕你迷路,给过你一张地图!
    »She worked hard so that everything would be ready in time.
    她努力工作,为的是及时做好各项准备。
    4. used to introduce the next part of a story • (引出下文):
    »So after shouting and screaming for an hour she walked out in tears.
    就这样,又嚷又叫了一个小时后,她流着泪走了出来。
    5. (informal) used to show that you think sth is not important, especially after sb has criticized you for it • (认为某事无关紧要,尤用于反驳他人的指责时):
    »So I had a couple of drinks on the way home. Whatˈs wrong with that?
    我不过是在回家的路上喝了两杯。这怎么啦?
    »ˈYouˈve been smoking again.ˈ ˈSo?ˈ
    "你近来又抽烟了。" "抽又怎么啦?"
    6. (informal) used to introduce a comment or a question • (引出评论或问题):
    »So, letˈs see. What do we need to take?
    那么,大家想想,我们需要带什么?
    »So, what have you been doing today?
    那你今天都干什么了?
    7. (informal) used when you are making a final statement • (引出结束语):
    »So, thatˈs it for today.
    好,今天就讲到这里。
    8. (informal) used in questions to refer to sth that has just been said • (在问句中代指刚谈论的事):
    »So thereˈs nothing we can do about it?
    这么说,我们就一点办法没有了?
    »ˈIˈve just got back from a trip to Rome.ˈ ˈSo, how was it?ˈ
    "我去了一趟罗马,刚回来。" "是吗?怎么样?"
    9. used when stating that ten events, situations, etc. are similar • (指出两种情况等相类似):
    »Just as large companies are having to cut back, so small businesses are being forced to close.
    大公司不得不紧缩,小企业则被迫关闭。
    so ˈwhat? • (informal) used to show that you think sth is not important, especially after sb has criticized you for it • (认为某事无关紧要,尤用于反驳他人的指责时):
    »ˈHeˈs fifteen years younger than you!ˈ ˈSo what?ˈ
    "他比你小十五岁呢!" "那又怎么啦?"
    »So what if nobody else agrees with me?
    就算没有一个人赞成我的意见,那又怎么样?
    noun = soh
    * * *
    =Sales Order 銷售定單

    English-Chinese dictionary > SO

  • 19 so

    so so adv. 1. so... (that)... | so... as to do sth • to such a great degree • (表示程度)这么,这样,那么,那样,如此:
    »Donˈt look so angry.
    别那样怒气冲冲的。
    »Thereˈs no need to worry so.
    没必要这样着急。
    »She spoke so quietly (that) I could hardly hear her.
    她说话轻得我几乎听不见。
    »Iˈm not so stupid as to believe that.
    我还不至于傻得连那样的话都相信。
    »(formal, especially BrE) Would you be so kind as to lock the door when you leave?
    请您出来时把门锁上好吗?
    2. very; extremely • 很;极:
    »Iˈm so glad to see you.
    见到你真高兴。
    »We have so much to do.
    我们有很多事要做。
    »Their attitude is so very English.
    他们的态度是十足的英国人的态度。
    »The article was just so much (= nothing but) nonsense.
    那篇文章纯粹是胡说八道。
    »( BrE) He sat there ever so quietly.
    他静悄悄地坐在那儿。
    »( BrE) I do love it so.
    我实在是太喜欢它了。
    3. not so... (as...) (used in comparisons 用于比较) not to the same degree • 不如…(这么…);不像…(那样…):
    »I havenˈt enjoyed myself so much for a long time.
    我好长时间没有这么快活了。
    »It wasnˈt so good as last time.
    这次不如上次好。
    »Itˈs not so easy as youˈd think.
    不像你想的那么容易。
    »He was not so quick a learner as his brother.
    他学东西不像他哥哥那么快。
    »Itˈs not so much a hobby as a career (= more like a career than a hobby).
    这与其说是消遣,不如说是职业。
    »(disapproving) Off she went without so much as (= without even) a ˈgoodbyeˈ.
    她连声"再见"都没说就走了。
    4. used to show the size, amount or number of sth • (表示大小或数量)这么,那么:
    »The fish was about so big (= said when using your hands to show the size).
    那条鱼差不多有这么长。
    »There are only so many (= only a limited number of) hours in a day.
    一天不过这么几个小时。
    5. used to refer back to sth that has already been mentioned • (指刚说过的事物)这样,如此:
    »ˈIs he coming?ˈ ˈ I hope so.ˈ
    "他来吗?" "我希望他来。"
    »ˈDid they mind?ˈ ˈI donˈt think so.ˈ
    "他们有没有介意?" "我想没有。"
    »If she notices, she never says so.
    就算她留意到,她也从来不说。
    »I might be away next week. If so, I wonˈt be able to see you.
    下星期我可能外出。要是那样,我就见不到你了。
    »We are very busy— so much so that we wonˈt be able to take time off this year.
    我们很忙——忙得今年都没时间休假了。
    »Programs are expensive, and even more so if you have to keep altering them.
    买软件很贵,要是老得更换,那就更贵了。
    »I hear that youˈre a writer— is that so (= is that true) ?
    听说你是作家——是吗?
    »He thinks I dislike him but that just isnˈt so.
    他以为我讨厌他,其实不是那么回事。
    »George is going to help me, or so he says (= that is what he says).
    乔治会帮我——他是这么说的。
    »They asked me to call them and I did so (= I called).
    他们要我叫他们,于是我就叫了。
    6. also • 也:
    »Times have changed and so have I.
    时代变了,我也变了。
    »ˈI prefer the first version.ˈ ˈ So do we.ˈ
    "我喜欢第一稿。" "我们也是。"
    【HELP】You cannot use so with negative verbs. Use neither or either: ˈIˈm not hungry.ˈ ˈ Neither am I / Iˈm not very hungry either.ˈ • * so 不与动词的否定式连用。否定中用 neither 或 either:ˈIˈm not hungry.ˈ ˈNeither am I / Iˈm not very hungry either 7. used to agree that sth is true, especially when you are surprised • (尤指感到惊讶时表示同意)的确如此:
    »ˈYou were there, too.ˈ ˈ So I was —Iˈd forgotten.ˈ
    "当时你也在那儿。" "是啊——我给忘了。"
    »ˈThereˈs another one.ˈ ˈ So there is.ˈ
    "还有一个。" "可不是吗。"
    8. (informal) used, often with a negative, before adjectives and noun phrases to emphasize sth that you are saying • (常与否定词连用,置于形容词和名词短语前以加强语气):
    »He is so not the right person for you.
    他这个人绝对不适合你。
    »That is so not cool.
    那实在不怎么样。
    9. (informal) used, especially by children, to say that what sb says is not the case and the opposite is true • (儿童常用以反驳对方)偏偏,就:
    »ˈYouˈre not telling the truth, are you?ˈ ˈI am, so!ˈ
    "你说的不是实话,对不对?" "就是实话,就是!"
    10. used when you are showing sb how to do sth or telling them how sth happened • (演示或描述事由)这样:
    »Stand with your arms out, so.
    两臂伸开站着,像这样。
    »(literary) So it was that he finally returned home.
    就这样,他终于回到了家。
    【IDIOMS】 and ˈso forth | and ˈso on (and ˈso forth) • used at the end of a list to show that it continues in the same way • …等等:
    »We discussed everything—when to go, what to see and so on.
    我们什么都商量过了——什么时候走、看什么等等。
    ... or so • used after a number, an amount, etc. to show that it is not exact • …左右;…上下:
    »There were twenty or so (= about twenty) people there.
    那儿有差不多二十个人。
    »We stayed for an hour or so.
    我们待了一个小时左右。
    so as to do sth • with the intention of doing sth • 为了做某事;以便做某事:
    »We went early so as to get good seats.
    为了占到好座位,我们早早就去了。
    so ˈbe it • (formal) used to show that you accept sth and will not try to change it or cannot change it • (表示完全接受)就那样好了:
    »If he doesnˈt want to be involved, then so be it.
    要是他不想参与,那就随他的便好了。
    ˌso much for ˈsth 1. used to show that you have finished talking about sth • (表示就某事讲完了)关于…就讲这么多,…到此为止:
    »So much for the situation in Germany. Now we turn our attention to France.
    德国的形势就讲到这里。现在我们来看看法国的情况。
    2. (informal) used to suggest that sth has not been successful or useful • (表示行不通或没用)作罢好了,快别提了:
    »So much for that idea!
    快别提那个主意了!
    so... that •(formal) in such a way that • 这样…为的是;如此…以至:
    »The programme has been so organized that none of the talks overlap.
    日程做了精心安排,以使每一讲都没有重复内容。
    (all) the ˈmore so because... • used to give an important extra reason why sth is true • (表示另外的重要原因)尤其因为:
    »His achievement is remarkable; all the more so because he had no help at all.
    他的成就是非同一般;由于他没有得到过任何帮助,更显不凡。
    conj. 1. used to show the reason for sth • (表示因果关系)因此,所以:
    »It was still painful so I went to see a doctor.
    那地方还疼,因此我去看了医生。
    2. so (that...) used to show the result of sth • (引出结果)因此,所以:
    »Nothing more was heard from him so that we began to wonder if he was dead.
    此后再没收到他的消息,于是我们开始怀疑他是不是死了。
    3. so (that...) used to show the purpose of sth • (表示目的)为了,以便:
    »But I gave you a map so you wouldnˈt get lost!
    但我怕你迷路,给过你一张地图!
    »She worked hard so that everything would be ready in time.
    她努力工作,为的是及时做好各项准备。
    4. used to introduce the next part of a story • (引出下文):
    »So after shouting and screaming for an hour she walked out in tears.
    就这样,又嚷又叫了一个小时后,她流着泪走了出来。
    5. (informal) used to show that you think sth is not important, especially after sb has criticized you for it • (认为某事无关紧要,尤用于反驳他人的指责时):
    »So I had a couple of drinks on the way home. Whatˈs wrong with that?
    我不过是在回家的路上喝了两杯。这怎么啦?
    »ˈYouˈve been smoking again.ˈ ˈSo?ˈ
    "你近来又抽烟了。" "抽又怎么啦?"
    6. (informal) used to introduce a comment or a question • (引出评论或问题):
    »So, letˈs see. What do we need to take?
    那么,大家想想,我们需要带什么?
    »So, what have you been doing today?
    那你今天都干什么了?
    7. (informal) used when you are making a final statement • (引出结束语):
    »So, thatˈs it for today.
    好,今天就讲到这里。
    8. (informal) used in questions to refer to sth that has just been said • (在问句中代指刚谈论的事):
    »So thereˈs nothing we can do about it?
    这么说,我们就一点办法没有了?
    »ˈIˈve just got back from a trip to Rome.ˈ ˈSo, how was it?ˈ
    "我去了一趟罗马,刚回来。" "是吗?怎么样?"
    9. used when stating that ten events, situations, etc. are similar • (指出两种情况等相类似):
    »Just as large companies are having to cut back, so small businesses are being forced to close.
    大公司不得不紧缩,小企业则被迫关闭。
    so ˈwhat? • (informal) used to show that you think sth is not important, especially after sb has criticized you for it • (认为某事无关紧要,尤用于反驳他人的指责时):
    »ˈHeˈs fifteen years younger than you!ˈ ˈSo what?ˈ
    "他比你小十五岁呢!" "那又怎么啦?"
    »So what if nobody else agrees with me?
    就算没有一个人赞成我的意见,那又怎么样?
    noun = soh
    * * *
    [sәu; sә]
    conj.
    因而, 所以, 那麼, 這樣看來
    adv. [表示程度] 如此, 那麼, 非常, 很, [表示方式] 這樣, 那樣, 如此, 因此
    [域] Somalia, 索馬裡

    English-Chinese dictionary > so

  • 20 spare

    spare spare adj. ›› NOT USED / NEEDED 用不着 1. [usually before noun] that is not being used or is not needed at the present time • 不用的;闲置的:
    »Weˈve got a spare bedroom, if youˈd like to stay.
    要是愿意你就住下,我们空着一间卧室。
    »Iˈm afraid I havenˈt got any spare cash.
    恐怕我手头没有闲钱。
    »Are there any tickets going spare (= are there any available, not being used by sb else) ?
    有多余的票吗?
    ›› EXTRA 外加 2. [only before noun] kept in case you need to replace the one you usually use; extra • 备用的;外加的:
    »a spare key / tyre
    备用钥匙/轮胎
    »Take some spare clothes in case you get wet.
    多带几件衣服,以备身上弄湿了好穿。
    ›› TIME 时间 3. available to do what you want with rather than work • 空闲的;空余的:
    »Heˈs studying music in his spare time.
    他在空闲时间学音乐。
    »I havenˈt had a spare moment this morning.
    我一上午一会儿也没闲着。
    ›› PERSON 人 4. thin, and usually quite tall • 瘦的;瘦高的 【IDIOMS】 go ˈspare ( BrE, informal) • to become very angry or upset • 气急败坏;焦虑万分 verb ›› TIME / MONEY / ROOM / THOUGHT, ETC. 时间、钱、房间、心思等 1. spare sth / sb (for sb / sth) | spare (sb) sth to make sth such as time or money available to sb or for sth, especially when it requires an effort for you to do this • 抽出;拨出;留出;匀出: ▪ [VN]
    »Iˈd love to have a break, but I canˈt spare the time just now.
    我是想休息一下,可眼下找不出时间。
    »We can only spare one room for you.
    我们只能给你腾出一个房间。
    »Could you spare one of your staff to help us out?
    你能不能从你手下抽一个人过来帮帮我们?
    »You should spare a thought for (= think about) the person who cleans up after you.
    你应该为随后打扫的人着想啊。
    ▪ [VNN]
    »Surely you can spare me a few minutes?
    你应该能为我空出几分钟时间吧?
    ›› SAVE SB PAIN / TROUBLE 免得痛苦/麻烦 2. spare sb / yourself (from) sth to save sb / yourself from having to go through an unpleasant experience • 省得;免去: ▪ [VNN]
    »He wanted to spare his mother any anxiety.
    他不想让母亲有丝毫的担忧。
    »Please spare me (= do not tell me) the gruesome details.
    那些让人毛骨悚然的细节就请你不要讲了。
    »You could have spared yourself an unnecessary trip by phoning in advance.
    你要是先打个电话就用不着跑这一趟了。
    ▪ [VN]
    »She was spared from the ordeal of appearing in court.
    她无须出庭受折磨了。
    ›› NOT HARM / DAMAGE 不伤害/损坏 3. [usually passive] spare sb / sth (from sth) (formal) to allow sb / sth to escape harm, damage or death, especially when others do not escape it • 饶恕;赦免;放过;使逃脱: ▪ [VN]
    »They killed the men but spared the children.
    他们杀了大人,但留下了孩子。
    »During the bombing only one house was spared (= was not hit by a bomb).
    在轰炸中,只有一座房子幸免。
    ▪ [also VNN] ›› NO EFFORT / EXPENSE, ETC. 尽力、破费等 4. [VN] to do everything possible to achieve sth or to do sth well without trying to limit the time or money involved • 不吝惜(时间、金钱):
    »He spared no effort to make her happy again.
    为使她重新快乐起来,他想尽了办法。
    »No expense was spared in furnishing the new office.
    装潢新办公室不惜工本。
    ›› WORK HARD 努力工作 5. [VN] not spare yourself to work as hard as possible • 不遗余力 spare sbˈs ˈblushes ( BrE) • to save sb from an embarrassing situation • 不让某人难堪;免得某人丢面子 spare sbˈs ˈfeelings • to be careful not to do or say anything that might upset sb • 不惹某人难受;避免触及某人的痛处 to ˈspare • if you have time, money, etc. to spare, you have more than you need • 多余;富余:
    »Iˈve got absolutely no money to spare this month.
    我这个月一点儿富余钱都没有。
    »We arrived at the airport with five minutes to spare.
    我们赶到机场时还剩五分钟。
    noun 1. an extra thing that you keep in case you need to replace the one you usually use (used especially about a tyre of a car) • 备用品;备用轮胎:
    »to get the spare out of the boot / trunk
    »Iˈve lost my key and I havenˈt got a spare.
    我把钥匙丢了,还没有备用的。
    2. spares [pl.] ( especially BrE) = spare parts:
    »It can be difficult to get spares for some older makes of car.
    有些旧型号汽车可能不好买配件。
    * * *
    [spєә]
    adj. 多餘的, 剩下的, 高而瘦的人的, 少量的, 貧乏的, 備用的
    v. 節約, 節省, 不傷害, 寬恕, 分讓, 提供給某人

    English-Chinese dictionary > spare

Look at other dictionaries:

  • 一蹴可几 — (一蹴可幾, 一蹴可几) 同“一蹴而就”。 幾, 近, 及。 梁啟超 《中國學術思想變遷之大勢》第四章第二節: “天下事非一蹴可幾者。” 鄒韜奮 《對人對境和對己的態度》: “我們必須向着改善現實的動向努力, 但是我們同時也須明瞭這並不是一蹴可幾。” 董必武 《我國抗戰四周年之民主政治》: “過去蹉跎復蹉跎地過了二十九年有半, 現在即令迎頭趕上, 也恐非一蹴可幾。” …   Big Chineese Encyclopedy

  • 一蹴可几 — 拼音: yi cu4 ke3 ji 解释: 一举脚就可以到达。 比喻一下子就能成功。 如: “学习外国语言并不是一蹴可几, 必须不断的学习。 ” …   Taiwan national language dictionary

  • 一蹴可幾 — (一蹴可幾, 一蹴可几) 同“一蹴而就”。 幾, 近, 及。 梁啟超 《中國學術思想變遷之大勢》第四章第二節: “天下事非一蹴可幾者。” 鄒韜奮 《對人對境和對己的態度》: “我們必須向着改善現實的動向努力, 但是我們同時也須明瞭這並不是一蹴可幾。” 董必武 《我國抗戰四周年之民主政治》: “過去蹉跎復蹉跎地過了二十九年有半, 現在即令迎頭趕上, 也恐非一蹴可幾。” …   Big Chineese Encyclopedy

  • — I jī (1) (象形。 本义: 古人席地而坐时有靠背的坐具) (2) 同本义 [a long narrow table; bench] 几, 坐所以凭也。 《说文》 掌五几五席之名物。 《周礼·司几筵》。 注: 五几: 左右玉雕彤漆素。 室中度以几, 堂上度以筵。 《考工记·匠人》 几杖, 所以扶助衰也。 《白虎通·致仕》 必操几杖以从之。 《礼记·曲礼》 有司以几筵舍奠于墓左。 《礼 …   Advanced Chinese dictionary

  • 罗马不是一天造成的 — 拼音: luo2 ma3 bu4 shi4 yi tian zao4 cheng2 de 解释: (谚语)比喻凡事都是逐渐累积、 集聚而成, 并非一蹴可成的。 如: “罗马不是一天造成的, 成功也不是一蹴可几的。 ” …   Taiwan national language dictionary

  • — (幾, 几) I jī ㄐ〡 〔《廣韻》居依切, 平微, 見。 〕 〔《廣韻》渠希切, 平微, 群。 〕 〔《廣韻》其既切, 去未, 群。 〕 亦作“ ”。 1.隱微。 多指事物的跡象、先兆。 《易‧繫辭下》: “幾者, 動之微, 吉之先見者也。” 韓康伯 注: “幾者, 去無入有, 理而無形, 不可以名尋, 不可以形靚者也。” 孔穎達 疏: “幾, 微也, 是已動之微。 動, 謂心動、事動, 初動之時, 其理未著, 唯纖微而已。” …   Big Chineese Encyclopedy

  • — jiāng ㄐ〡ㄤ 〔《廣韻》居良切, 平陽, 見。 〕 1.倒下。 《呂氏春秋‧貴卒》: “ 管仲 扞弓射公子 小白 , 中鉤, 鮑叔 御公子 小白 僵。” 高誘 注: “僵, 猶偃也。” 《文選‧張衡〈西京賦〉》: “睚眥躉芥, 屍僵路隅。” 薛綜 注: “僵, 仆也。” 唐 韓愈 《此日足可惜贈張籍》詩: “日西入軍門, 羸馬顛且僵。” 章炳麟 《記政聞社員大會破壞狀》: “ 張繼 馳詣壇上, 政聞社員持几格之。 …   Big Chineese Encyclopedy

  • — àn ㄢˋ 〔《廣韻》烏旰切, 去翰, 影。 〕 1.用手向下壓。 《說文‧手部》: “按, 下也。” 段玉裁 注: “以手抑之使下也。” 唐 韓愈 《故太學博士李君墓志銘》: “其法以鉛滿一鼎, 按中為空, 實以水銀, 蓋封四際, 燒為丹沙云。” 清 洪昇 《長生殿‧合圍》: “雙手把紫韁輕挽, 騙上馬, 將盔纓低按。” 巴金 《家》七: “ 覺新 又按鈴叫人泡了兩碗茶來。” 2.止;抑制。 《詩‧大雅‧皇矣》: “爰整其旅, 以按徂旅。” …   Big Chineese Encyclopedy

  • Unicode-Block Vereinheitlichte CJK-Ideogramme — CJK Ideogramm 次 in Kurzzeichen, Langzeichen, Kanji und Hanja Der Unicode Block CJK Unified Ideographs (Vereinheitlichte CJK Ideogramme) (4E00 9FFF) enthält die grundlegenden chinesischen Schriftzeichen, die nicht nur in der chinesischen Schrift… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • 踢球 — 拼音: ti qiu2 解释: 一种古代的踢球游戏。 见“蹴鞠”条。 红楼梦·第二十八回: “可巧门上小厮在甬路底下踢球。 ”   踢球 拼音: ti qiu2 解释: 1. 作足球运动。 如: “每逢星期假日, 我们几个好朋友总是约在足球场上踢球。 ” 2. 大陆地区指互相推诿责任。 …   Taiwan national language dictionary

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