Translation: from english to chinese

from chinese to english

一拨儿

  • 1 一次一点儿地

    Medical Chinese dictionary (湘雅医学词典) > 一次一点儿地

  • 2 一点儿

    jot

    Medical Chinese dictionary (湘雅医学词典) > 一点儿

  • 3 一种儿科X线诊断仪

    Medical Chinese dictionary (湘雅医学词典) > 一种儿科X线诊断仪

  • 4 胎儿出血到双胎的另一胎儿

    Medical Chinese dictionary (湘雅医学词典) > 胎儿出血到双胎的另一胎儿

  • 5 break

    break break verb (broke broken) ›› IN PIECES 破碎 1. break (sth) (in / into sth) to be damaged and separated into two or more parts, as a result of force; to damage sth in this way • (使)破,裂,碎: ▪ [V]
    »All the windows broke with the force of the blast.
    爆炸的巨大力量震碎了所有的窗户。
    »She dropped the plate and it broke into pieces.
    她把盘子掉在地上打碎了。
    ▪ [VN]
    »to break a cup / window
    打破杯子/窗户
    »She fell off a ladder and broke her arm.
    她从梯子上掉下来,摔断了胳膊。
    »He broke the chocolate in two.
    他把那块巧克力一分为二。
    ›› STOP WORKING 停止运转 2. to stop working as a result of being damaged; to damage sth and stop it from working • 弄坏;损坏;坏掉: ▪ [V]
    »My watch has broken.
    我的表坏了。
    ▪ [VN]
    »I think Iˈve broken the washing machine.
    我想我把洗衣机弄坏了。
    ›› SKIN 皮肤 3. [VN] to cut the surface of the skin and make it bleed • 弄破;使流血:
    »The dog bit me but didnˈt break the skin.
    那条狗咬了我,但没咬破皮肤。
    ›› LAW / PROMISE 法律;承诺 4. [VN] to do sth that is against the law; to not keep a promise, etc. • 违犯;背弃:
    »to break the law / rules / conditions
    违反法律/规章/所定条件
    »to break an agreement / a contract / a promise / your word
    违反协议/合同/允诺;食言
    »to break an appointment (= not to come to it)
    »He was breaking the speed limit (= travelling faster than the law allows).
    他违章超速驾驶。
    ›› STOP FOR SHORT TIME 暂停 5. break (for sth) to stop doing sth for a while, especially when it is time to eat or have a drink • 稍停;暂停: ▪ [V]
    »Letˈs break for lunch.
    我们休息一会儿,吃午饭。
    ▪ [VN]
    »a broken nightˈs sleep (= a night during which you often wake up)
    »( especially BrE) We broke our journey in Oxford (= stopped in Oxford on the way to the place we were going to).
    我们途中在牛津停留了一下。
    ›› END STH 中断 6. [VN] to interrupt sth so that it ends suddenly • 打断;中断:
    »She broke the silence by coughing.
    她的咳嗽声打破了寂静。
    »A tree broke his fall (= stopped him as he was falling).
    他坠落时一棵树挡住了他。
    »The phone rang and broke my train of thought.
    电话铃响起来,打断了我的思路。
    7. [VN] to make sth end by using force or strong action • 强行终止;破坏:
    »an attempt to break the year-long siege
    »Management has not succeeded in breaking the strike.
    资方未能使罢工中止。
    8. [VN] to end a connection with sth or a relationship with sb • 终止,断绝(关系、联系):
    »He broke all links with the Communist party.
    他断绝了同共产党的一切联系。
    ›› ESCAPE 逃跑 9. [V +adv. / prep.] break free (from sb / sth) (of a person or an object 人或物体) to get away from or out of a position in which they are stuck or trapped • 逃脱;挣脱:
    »He finally managed to break free from his attacker.
    他终于设法逃脱了袭击他的人。
    ›› DESTROY, BE DESTROYED 毁坏;被毁坏 10. to destroy sth or make sb / sth weaker; to become weak or be destroyed • (被)摧毁,削弱: ▪ [VN]
    »to break sbˈs morale / resistance / resolve / spirit
    瓦解某人的士气/抵抗力/决心/精神
    »The government was determined to break the power of the trade unions.
    政府决心削弱工会的力量。
    »The scandal broke him (= ruined his reputation and destroyed his confidence).
    这桩丑闻把他毁了。
    ▪ [V]
    »She broke under questioning (= was no longer able to bear it) and confessed to everything.
    她经不住盘问,招认了一切。
    ›› MAKE SB FEEL BAD 使难过 11. [VN] to make sb feel so sad, lonely, etc. that they cannot live a normal life • 使心碎;使十分悲伤;使孤寂:
    »The death of his wife broke him completely.
    妻子的死使他悲痛欲绝。
    ›› OF WEATHER 天气 12. [V] to change suddenly, usually after a period when it has been fine • (常指好天气)突变 ›› SHOW OPENING 露出缝隙 13. [V] to show an opening • 露出缝隙;散开:
    »The clouds broke and the sun came out.
    云开日出。
    ›› OF DAY / DAWN / STORM 白天;黎明;风暴 14. [V] when the day or dawn or a storm breaks, it begins • 开始;(风暴)发作:
    »Dawn was breaking when they finally left.
    他们终于离开时正是破晓时分。
    --› see also daybreak ›› OF NEWS 消息 15. [V] if a piece of news breaks, it becomes known • 透露;传开:
    »There was a public outcry when the scandal broke.
    丑闻一传开,舆论一片譁然。
    »breaking news (= news that is arriving about events that have just happened)
    16. [VN] break it / the news to sb to be the first to tell sb some bad news • (第一个将坏消息向某人)公布,透露,说出:
    »Whoˈs going to break it to her?
    由谁来把这事告诉她呢?
    »Iˈm sorry to be the one to break the news to you.
    我很难过,这消息得由我来告诉你。
    ›› OF VOICE 嗓音 17. [V] if sbˈs voice breaks, it changes its tone because of emotion • (因激动)变调:
    »Her voice broke as she told us the dreadful news.
    她告诉我们这可怕的消息时,声音都变了。
    18. [V] when a boyˈs voice breaks, it becomes permanently deeper at about the age of 13 or 14 • (指男孩在 13 或 14 岁时嗓音)变粗,变粗浑 ›› A RECORD 纪录 19. [VN] to do sth better, faster, etc. than anyone has ever done it before • 打破(纪录):
    »She had broken the world 100 metres record.
    她打破了 100 米世界纪录。
    »The movie broke all box-office records.
    这部影片打破了所有的票房纪录。
    ›› OF WAVES 波浪 20. [V] when waves break, they fall and are dissolved into foam, usually near land • 拍岸;迸溅:
    »the sound of waves breaking on the beach
    »The sea was breaking over the wrecked ship.
    海浪冲刷着破船的残骸。
    ›› STH SECRET 秘密 21. [VN] to find the meaning of sth secret • 破译;破解:
    »to break a code
    ›› MONEY 钱 22. [VN] ( especially NAmE) to change a banknote for coins • 换成零钱;找开:
    »Can you break a twenty-dollar bill?
    可以给我找开二十元的钞票吗?
    【IDIOMS】Idioms containing break are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example break sbˈs heart is at heart. • 含 break 的习语,都可在该等习语中的名词及形容词相关词条找到,如 break sbˈs heart 在词条 heart 下。 【PHR V】 ˌbreak aˈway (from sb / sth) 1. to escape suddenly from sb who is holding you or keeping you prisoner • 突然挣脱;逃脱:
    »The prisoner broke away from his guards.
    犯人挣脱了看守。
    2. to leave a political party, state, etc., especially to form a new one • 脱离,背叛(政党、国家等,尤指再组建新的):
    »The people of the province wished to break away and form a new state.
    该省人民希望分离成立一个新国家。
    --› related noun breakaway (1) 3. to move away from a crowd or group, especially in a race • (尤指赛跑)抢跑,甩掉:
    »She broke away from the pack and opened up a two-second lead.
    她甩开所有其他赛跑者,以两秒领先。
    ˌbreak ˈdown 1. (of a machine or vehicle 机器或车辆) to stop working because of a fault • 出故障;坏掉:
    »The telephone system has broken down.
    电话系统瘫痪了。
    »We (= the car) broke down on the freeway.
    我们的车在高速公路上抛锚了。
    --› related noun breakdown (1) 2. to fail • 失败:
    »Negotiations between the two sides have broken down.
    双方谈判失败了。
    --› related noun breakdown (2) 3. to become very bad • 被搞垮;垮掉:
    »Her health broke down under the pressure of work.
    她因工作压力身体垮掉了。
    --› see also nervous breakdown 4. to lose control of your feelings and start crying • 情不自禁地哭起来:
    »He broke down and wept when he heard the news.
    听到这个消息,他不禁失声痛哭。
    5. to divide into parts to be analysed • 划分(以便分析):
    »Expenditure on the project breaks down as follows: wages $10m, plant $4m, raw materials $5m.
    这项工程的支出费用分项列明如下:工资 1 000 万元,设备 400 万元,原料 500 万元。
    --› related noun breakdown (3) ˌbreak sth∽ˈdown 1. to make sth fall down, open, etc. by hitting it hard • 打倒,砸破(某物):
    »Firefighters had to break the door down to reach the people trapped inside.
    消防队员不得不破门而入,解救困在里面的人。
    2. to destroy sth or make it disappear, especially a particular feeling or attitude that sb has • 破坏,消除(尤指某种感情或态度):
    »to break down resistance / opposition
    瓦解抵抗/反对
    »to break down sbˈs reserve / shyness
    驱除某人的矜持/胆怯
    »Attempts must be made to break down the barriers of fear and hostility which divide the two communities.
    必须设法消除造成这两个社区不和的恐惧和敌意。
    3. to divide sth into parts in order to analyse it or make it easier to do • 把…分类;划分:
    »Break your expenditure down into bills, food and other.
    把支出费用按账单、食物及其他分类列明。
    »Each lesson is broken down into several units.
    每一课都分成几部份。
    --› related noun breakdown (3) 4. to make a substance separate into parts or change into a different form in a chemical process • 使分解(为);使变化(成):
    »Sugar and starch are broken down in the stomach.
    糖和淀粉在胃里被分解。
    --› related noun breakdown (4) ˈbreak for sth • to suddenly run towards sth when you are trying to escape • (试图逃脱)突然冲向;向…挣脱:
    »She had to hold him back as he tried to break for the door.
    他试图向门口逃去,她只好拉住他。
    ˌbreak ˈin • to enter a building by force • 强行进入;破门而入:
    »Burglars had broken in while we were away.
    我们不在家时,窃贼闯进屋里了。
    --› related noun break-in ˌbreak sb / sth ˈin 1. to train sb / sth in sth new that they must do • 训练某人/某物;培训:
    »to break in new recruits
    »The young horse was not yet broken in (= trained to carry a rider).
    那匹刚成长的马还没被驯服。
    2. to wear sth, especially new shoes, until they become comfortable • 把…穿得合身,使舒适自如(尤指新鞋) ˌbreak ˈin (on sth) • to interrupt or disturb sth • 打断;搅扰:
    »She longed to break in on their conversation but didnˈt want to appear rude.
    她很想打断他们的谈话,但又不愿显得粗鲁。
    ▪ [+ speech ]
    »ˈI didnˈt do it!ˈ she broke in.
    "不是我干的!"她插嘴说。
    ˌbreak ˈinto sth 1. to enter a building by force; to open a car, etc. by force • 强行闯入;撬开(汽车等):
    »We had our car broken into last week.
    我们的车上周被撬了。
    --› related noun break-in 2. to begin laughing, singing, etc. suddenly • 突然开始(笑、唱等):
    »As the Presidentˈs car drew up, the crowd broke into loud applause.
    总统的座车停下时,人群中爆发出热烈的掌声。
    3. to suddenly start running; to start running faster than before • 突然开始(跑);开始快跑:
    »He broke into a run when he saw the police.
    他看见警察,撒腿就跑。
    »Her horse broke into a trot.
    她的马突然开始加速小跑。
    4. ( BrE) to use a banknote of high value to buy sth that costs less • 找开(大面值钞票买小额商品):
    »I had to break into a £20 to pay the bus fare.
    我只好找开一张 20 英镑的钞票买车票。
    5. to open and use sth that has been kept for an emergency • 启用(应急备用品):
    »They had to break into the emergency food supplies.
    他们不得不动用应急食物。
    6. to be successful when you get involved in sth • 成功参与;顺利打入:
    »The company is having difficulty breaking into new markets.
    该公司在打入新市场时遇到困难。
    ˌbreak ˈoff 1. to become separated from sth as a result of force • 断开;折断:
    »The back section of the plane had broken off.
    飞机尾部脱落了。
    2. to stop speaking or stop doing sth for a time • 停顿;中断:
    »He broke off in the middle of a sentence.
    他一句话说了一半就停住口。
    ˌbreak sth∽ˈoff 1. to separate sth, using force • 使折断:
    »She broke off a piece of chocolate and gave it to me.
    她掰了一块巧克力给我。
    2. to end sth suddenly • 突然终止:
    »Britain threatened to break off diplomatic relations.
    英国威胁说要断绝外交关系。
    »Theyˈve broken off their engagement.
    他们突然解除了婚约。
    ˌbreak ˈout (of war, fighting or other unpleasant events 战争、打斗等不愉快事件) • to start suddenly • 突然开始;爆发:
    »They had escaped to America shortly before war broke out in 1939.
    * 1939 年战争爆发前不久他们逃到了美国。
    »Fighting had broken out between rival groups of fans.
    双方球迷发生了打斗。
    »Fire broke out during the night.
    夜间突然发生了火灾。
    --› related noun outbreak ˌbreak ˈout (of sth) • to escape from a place or situation • 逃离(某地);摆脱(某状况):
    »Several prisoners broke out of the jail.
    几名囚犯越狱了。
    »She needed to break out of her daily routine and do something exciting.
    她需要从日常事务中解脱出来,找点有意思的事做。
    --› related noun breakout ˌbreak ˈout in sth • to suddenly become covered in sth • 突然布满某物:
    »Her face broke out in a rash.
    她脸上突然长出一片红疹。
    »He broke out in a cold sweat (= for example, through fear).
    他突然冒出一身冷汗。
    ˌbreak ˈthrough • to make new and important discoveries • 作出新的重大发现;突破:
    »Scientists think they are beginning to break through in the fight against cancer.
    科学家认为他们在对抗癌症的研究中开始有所突破。
    --› related noun breakthrough ˌbreak ˈthrough | ˌbreak ˈthrough sth 1. to make a way through sth using force • 冲破;突破:
    »Demonstrators broke through the police cordon.
    示威群众冲破了警方的警戒线。
    2. (of the sun or moon 太阳或月亮) to appear from behind clouds • 从云层后露出:
    »The sun broke through at last in the afternoon.
    下午太阳终于拨云而出。
    ˌbreak ˈthrough sth • to succeed in dealing with an attitude that sb has and the difficulties it creates • 克服;战胜 【SYN】 overcome:
    »He had finally managed to break through her reserve.
    他终于设法消除了她的拘谨。
    ˌbreak ˈup 1. to separate into smaller pieces • 粉碎;破碎:
    »The ship broke up on the rocks.
    船触礁撞碎了。
    2. to come to an end • 结束:
    »Their marriage has broken up.
    他们的婚姻已经破裂。
    --› related noun break-up 3. to go away in different directions • 散开;解散:
    »The meeting broke up at eleven oˈclock.
    会议在十一点散会。
    4. ( especially BrE) to begin the holidays when school closes at the end of a term • (学校)期终放假:
    »When do you break up for Christmas?
    你们什么时候放假过圣诞节?
    5. ( BrE) to become very weak • 变得虚弱;垮掉:
    »He was breaking up under the strain.
    过度的劳累使他快要垮了。
    6. ( NAmE) to laugh very hard • 捧腹大笑:
    »Woody Allen makes me just break up.
    伍迪 · 艾伦令我几乎笑破肚皮。
    7. when a person who is talking on a mobile phone / cellphone breaks up, you can no longer hear them clearly because the signal has been interrupted • (打移动电话的人)声音不清(因信号受干扰) ˌbreak sth∽ˈup 1. to make sth separate into smaller pieces; to divide sth into smaller parts • 拆开;打散:
    »The ship was broken up for scrap metal.
    船被拆解成为废铁。
    »Sentences can be broken up into clauses.
    句子可以分成从句。
    2. to end a relationship, a company, etc. • 结束(关系);关闭(公司):
    »They decided to break up the partnership.
    他们决定拆伙。
    --› related noun break-up 3. to make people leave sth or stop doing sth, especially by using force • (尤指用武力)迫使放弃(某事):
    »Police were called in to break up the fight.
    有人叫来了警察制止打斗。
    ˌbreak ˈup (with sb) • to end a relationship with sb • (同某人)绝交:
    »Sheˈs just broken up with her boyfriend.
    她刚刚和男朋友分手。
    --› related noun break-up ˈbreak with sth • to end a connection with sth • 和某事终止关联;破除:
    »to break with tradition / old habits / the past
    破除传统/旧习惯/过去的东西
    noun ›› SHORT STOP / PAUSE 暂停;间歇 1. a short period of time when you stop what you are doing and rest, eat, etc. • 间歇;休息:
    »a coffee / lunch / tea break
    用咖啡/午饭/茶的休息时间
    »Letˈs take a break.
    咱们休息会儿吧。
    »a break for lunch
    »She worked all day without a break.
    她接连工作了一整天。
    2. (also ˈbreak time) (both BrE) ( NAmE re∙cess) a period of time between lessons at school • 课间休息:
    »Come and see me at break.
    课间休息时来见我。
    3. a pause or period of time when sth stops before starting again • 间断;暂停:
    »a break in my daily routine
    »She wanted to take a career break in order to have children.
    她想暂时放下工作,去生孩子。
    4. a pause for advertisements in the middle of a television or radio programme • (电视或电台节目的)插播广告的间隙:
    »More news after the break.
    广告后继续报道新闻。
    ›› HOLIDAY / VACATION 假期 5. a short holiday / vacation • 短期休假:
    »We had a weekend break in New York.
    我们在纽约度过了一个周末假日。
    »a well-earned break
    ›› CHANGE IN SITUATION 状况改变 6. [sing.] break (in sth) | break (with sb / sth) the moment when a situation that has existed for a time changes, ends or is interrupted • (持续一段时间的状况的)改变,终止,中断:
    »He needed to make a complete break with the past.
    他得与过去彻底告别。
    »a break with tradition / convention (= a change from what is accepted, in sth such as art, behaviour, etc.)
    突破传统;破除习俗
    »a break in the weather (= a change from one type of weather to a different one)
    »a break in diplomatic relations
    ›› OPENING / SPACE 缝隙;空间 7. break (in sth) a space or an opening between two or more things • 间隔;缝隙:
    »We could see the moon through a break in the clouds.
    我们能从云缝里看到月亮。
    ›› OPPORTUNITY 机遇 8. (informal) an opportunity to do sth, usually to get sth that you want or to achieve success • 机会;机遇:
    »I got my lucky break when I won a ˈYoung Journalist of the Yearˈ competition.
    我时来运转,在"年度最佳青年记者"竞赛中取胜。
    »Weˈve had a few bad breaks (= pieces of bad luck) along the way.
    我们一路上遭遇了几次厄运。
    ›› OF BONE 骨骼 9. a place where sth, especially a bone in your body, has broken • 破裂;骨折:
    »The X-ray showed there was no break in his leg.
    * X 光照片显示他的腿没有骨折。
    ›› IN TENNIS 网球 10. (also break of ˈserve) a win in a game in which your opponent is [u]serving
    • 接发球得分:
    »It was her second break in the set.
    这是本盘比赛中她第二次接发球得分。
    »break point (= a situation in which, if you win the next point, you win the game)
    ›› IN BILLIARDS / SNOOKER 枱球;斯诺克 11. a series of successful shots by one player; the number of points scored in a series of successful shots • 接连击中;接连击中所得的分数:
    »Heˈs put together a magnificent break.
    他总共得了很多分。
    »a 147 break (= the highest possible break in snooker)
    break of ˈday / ˈdawn •(literary) the moment in the early hours of the morning when it begins to get light • 破晓;黎明 give me a ˈbreak! • (informal) used when sb wants sb else to stop doing or saying sth that is annoying, or to stop saying sth that is not true • 别烦我了;别胡说了 give sb a ˈbreak • to give sb a chance; to not judge sb too severely • 给某人一次机会;不苛求某人:
    »Give the lad a break—itˈs only his second day on the job.
    给这小伙子一次机会——他上工才第二天。
    make a ˈbreak for sth / for it • to run towards sth in order to try and escape • 向某处逃窜;试图逃跑:
    »He suddenly leapt up and made a break for the door.
    他突然一跃而起,向门口逃窜。
    »They decided to make a break for it (= to try and escape) that night.
    他们决定那天晚上逃跑。
    --› more at clean adj.
    * * *
    [breik]
    n. 休息, 暫停, 破裂, 突變
    v. 打破, 違犯, 折斷, 削弱, 超過, 突變

    English-Chinese dictionary > break

  • 6 cover

    cover cover verb ›› HIDE / PROTECT 隐藏;保护 1. [VN] cover sth (with sth) to place sth over or in front of sth in order to hide or protect it • 掩蔽;遮盖:
    »Cover the chicken loosely with foil.
    用锡箔把鸡肉松松地盖起来。
    »She covered her face with her hands.
    她双手掩面。
    »(figurative) He laughed to cover (= hide) his nervousness.
    他哈哈大笑以掩饰他紧张的心情。
    --› note at hide ›› SPREAD OVER SURFACE 覆盖 2. [VN] to lie or spread over the surface of sth • 盖;覆盖:
    »Snow covered the ground.
    大雪覆盖了大地。
    »Much of the country is covered by forest.
    森林覆盖着这个国家的大片土地。
    3. [VN] cover sb / sth in / with sth to put or spread a layer of liquid, dust, etc. on sb / sth • 撒上,洒上,溅上(一层液体、尘土等):
    »The players were soon covered in mud.
    那些运动员很快就浑身溅满了泥。
    »The wind blew in from the desert and covered everything with sand.
    风从沙漠那边吹来把一切都蒙上了一层沙子。
    ›› INCLUDE 包括 4. [VN] to include sth; to deal with sth • 包括;包含;涉及;处理:
    »The survey covers all aspects of the business.
    调查包括这家企业的各个方面。
    »The lectures covered a lot of ground (= a lot of material, subjects, etc.).
    这些讲座涉及的内容极为广泛丰富。
    »the sales team covering the northern part of the country (= selling to people in that area)
    »Do the rules cover (= do they apply to) a case like this?
    这些规则适用于这样一种情况吗?
    ›› MONEY 钱币 5. [VN] to be or provide enough money for sth • 足以支付;够付:
    »$100 should cover your expenses.
    * 100 元该足够支付你的费用了。
    »Your parents will have to cover your tuition fees.
    你的父母得支付你的学费。
    »The show barely covered its costs.
    这场演出勉强够本。
    ›› DISTANCE / AREA 距离;面积 6. [VN] to travel the distance mentioned • 行走(一段路程):
    »By sunset we had covered thirty miles.
    到日落时我们已走了三十英里。
    »They walked for a long time and covered a good deal of ground.
    他们步行了很长时间,走了好长的一段路。
    7. [VN] to spread over the area mentioned • 占(一片面积):
    »The reserve covers an area of some 1 140 square kilometres.
    保护区占地面积大约 1 140 平方公里。
    ›› REPORT NEWS 报道新闻 8. [VN] to report on an event for television, a newspaper, etc.; to show an event on television • 报道;电视报道:
    »Sheˈs covering the partyˈs annual conference.
    她正在报道这个政党的年会新闻。
    »The BBC will cover all the major games of the tournament.
    英国广播公司将报道这次锦标赛的所有重要赛事。
    ›› FOR SB 代替某人 9. [V] cover for sb to do sbˈs work or duties while they are away • 代替,顶替,替补(某人工作或履行职责):
    »Iˈm covering for Jane while sheˈs on leave.
    简休假时我来顶替她工作。
    10. [V] cover for sb to invent a lie or an excuse that will stop sb from getting into trouble • (为免他人陷入麻烦而用谎话或藉口)遮掩,掩盖,敷衍:
    »I have to go out for a minute—will you cover for me if anyone asks where I am?
    我得出去一会儿,假如有人问起我在哪里你能为我搪塞一下吗?
    ›› WITH INSURANCE 保险 11. cover sb / sth (against / for sth) to protect sb against loss, injury, etc. by insurance • 给…保险: ▪ [VN]
    »Are you fully covered for fire and theft?
    你是否充分地保了火险和盗窃险?
    ▪ [VN to inf]
    »Does this policy cover my husband to drive?
    这份保险单是否保我丈夫的驾车险?
    ›› AGAINST BLAME 防遭指责 12. [VN] cover yourself (against sth) to take action in order to protect yourself against being blamed for sth • 采取行动(以使自己免遭责备):
    »One reason doctors take temperatures is to cover themselves against negligence claims.
    医生测量体温的一个原因是免得因玩忽职守而遭受索赔。
    ›› WITH GUN 用枪 13. [VN] to protect sb by threatening to shoot at anyone who tries to attack them • 掩护:
    »Cover me while I move forward.
    掩护我前进。
    14. [VN] to aim a gun at a place or person so that nobody can escape or shoot • 用枪瞄准(以致无人可逃跑或开枪):
    »The police covered the exits to the building.
    警方用枪封锁了那栋大楼的出口。
    »Donˈt move—weˈve got you covered !
    不许动!我们的枪口正对着你们!
    ›› SONG 歌曲 15. [VN] to record a new version of a song that was originally recorded by another band or singer • 翻唱(原来由另一乐队或歌手演唱的歌曲):
    »Theyˈve covered an old Rolling Stones number.
    他们翻唱了滚石乐队的一首老歌。
    【IDIOMS】 cover all the ˈbases • to consider and deal with all the things that could happen or could be needed when you are arranging sth • 考虑周全;面面俱到 cover your ˈback •(informal) ( NAmE also cover your ˈass taboo slang) to realize that you may be blamed or criticized for sth later and take action to avoid this • 粉饰污点;防止可预见的指摘:
    »Get everything in writing in order to cover your back.
    一切都要立字为据,以绝后患。
    cover your ˈtracks • to try and hide what you have done, because you do not want other people to find out about it • 掩盖自己的行径:
    »He had attempted to cover his tracks by making her death appear like suicide.
    他使她的死亡看起来像是自杀,企图以此掩盖自己的罪行。
    --› more at multitude 【PHR V】 ˌcover sth∽ˈin • to put a covering or roof over an open space • (给露天场地)装顶盖,加顶 ˌcover sth∽ˈover • to cover sth completely so that it cannot be seen • (完全)盖住,遮住 【SYN】 conceal:
    »The Roman remains are now covered over by office buildings.
    这些罗马遗址现已被栋栋办公大楼完全遮住。
    ˌcover ˈup | ˌcover yourself ˈup • to put on more clothes • 加(或多)穿衣服;穿暖和 ˌcover sth∽ˈup 1. to cover sth completely so that it cannot be seen • (完全)盖住,遮住:
    »He covered up the body with a sheet.
    他用一条布单把尸体盖上了。
    2. (disapproving) to try to stop people from knowing the truth about a mistake, a crime, etc. • 掩盖(错误、罪行等的)真相 --› related noun cover-up noun ›› PROTECTION / SHELTER 保护;遮蔽物 1. a thing that is put over or on another thing, usually to protect it or to decorate it • 覆盖物;掩蔽物;套子;罩子:
    »a cushion cover
    »a plastic waterproof cover for the stroller
    --› see also dust cover, loose cover 2. a place that provides shelter from bad weather or protection from an attack • 躲避处;避难所;庇护所:
    »Everyone ran for cover when it started to rain.
    雨下起来时,大家都跑着找地方避雨。
    »The climbers took cover from the storm in a cave.
    登山运动员在山洞里躲避暴风雨。
    »After the explosion the street was full of people running for cover.
    爆炸发生以后,满街的人都奔跑躲避。
    ›› OF BOOK 书 3. the outside of a book or a magazine • (书刊的)封面,封皮:
    »the front / back cover
    封面/底
    »Her face was on the cover (= the front cover) of every magazine.
    各种杂志的封面都有她的头像。
    »He always reads the paper from cover to cover (= everything in it).
    他总是把报纸从头到尾全看一遍。
    ›› INSURANCE 保险 4. ( BrE) ( NAmE cov∙er∙age) [U] cover (against sth) protection that an insurance company provides by promising to pay you money if a particular event happens • (保险公司的)保险:
    »accident cover
    »cover against accidental damage
    ›› WITH WEAPONS 武器 5. [U] support and protection that is provided when sb is attacking or in danger of being attacked • 掩护;防护:
    »The ships needed air cover (= protection by military planes) once they reached enemy waters.
    一到达敌方的水域,船只就需要空中掩护。
    ›› TREES / PLANTS 树木;植物 6. [U] trees and plants that grow on an area of land • (生长在一个地区的)树木植物,自然植被:
    »The total forest cover of the earth is decreasing.
    地球上森林覆盖的总面积正在减少。
    ›› CLOUD / SNOW 云;雪 7. [U] the fact of the sky being covered with cloud or the ground with snow • (云层的)遮盖;(雪的)覆盖:
    »Fog and low cloud cover are expected this afternoon.
    预计今天下午有雾和低空云层。
    »In this area there is snow cover for six months of the year.
    这个地区一年中有六个月被积雪覆盖。
    ›› ON BED 牀上 8. the covers [pl.] the sheets, [u]blankets
    , etc. on a bed • 牀单;牀罩;毯子;被子:
    »She threw back the covers and leapt out of bed.
    她掀开被子跳下牀来。
    ›› SONG 歌曲 9. = cover version ›› HIDING STH 隐藏 10. [C, usually sing.] cover (for sth) activities or behaviour that seem honest or true but that hide sbˈs real identity or feelings, or that hide sth illegal • (对身分、感情或违法事情的)掩盖,掩饰:
    »His work as a civil servant was a cover for his activities as a spy.
    他以公务员的工作作为搞间谍活动的掩护。
    »Her over-confident attitude was a cover for her nervousness.
    她以过分自信的态度来掩饰她紧张的心情。
    »It would only take one phone call to blow their cover (= make known their true identities and what they were really doing).
    只要拨打一个电话就可揭穿他们的伪装。
    ›› FOR SBˈS WORK 代替某人工作 11. the fact of sb doing another personˈs job when they are away or when there are not enough staff • 代替工作;代劳;替补:
    »Itˈs the managerˈs job to organize cover for staff who are absent.
    安排他人顶替缺席的员工是经理的工作。
    »Ambulance drivers provided only emergency cover during the dispute.
    纠纷期间救护车司机只提供急救替班。
    break ˈcover • to leave a place that you have been hiding in, usually at a high speed • 匆匆离开隐蔽处;冲出躲藏处 under ˈcover 1. pretending to be sb else in order to do sth secretly • (为秘密活动)伪装着,装扮着,冒名顶替:
    »a police officer working under cover
    2. under a structure that gives protection from the weather • 在…下(避风雨) under (the) cover of sth • hidden or protected by sth • 在…的掩护(或保护)下:
    »Later, under cover of darkness, they crept into the house.
    后来他们在夜幕的掩护下溜进了房子。
    under separate ˈcover (business 商) • in a separate envelope • 另函:
    »The information you requested is being forwarded to you under separate cover.
    现另函寄上所要资料。
    --› more at [u]judge
    v.
    * * *
    ['kʌvә]
    n. 蓋子, 封面, 藉口
    vt. 覆蓋, 鋪, 掩飾, 保護, 掩護, 包括, 包含, 適用
    vi. 覆蓋, 涂, 代替

    English-Chinese dictionary > cover

  • 7 event

    event event noun 1. a thing that happens, especially sth important • 发生的事情;(尤指)重要事情,大事:
    »The election was the main event of 2004.
    那次选举是 2004 年的主要大事。
    »In the light of later events the decision was proved right.
    从后来发生的事看,这一决定证明是正确的。
    »The decisions we take now may influence the course of events (= the way things happen) in the future.
    我们现在作出的决定可能会对未来事情的发展产生影响。
    »Everyone was frightened by the strange sequence of events.
    人人都因接二连三发生的怪事感到惊恐。
    »In the normal course of events (= if things had happened as expected) she would have gone with him.
    要是事情发展顺利的话,她已同他一块儿走了。
    2. a planned public or social occasion • 公开活动;社交场合:
    »a fund-raising event
    »the social event of the year
    3. one of the races or competitions in a sports programme • (体育运动的)比赛项目:
    »The 800 metres is the fourth event of the afternoon.
    * 800 米赛是下午的第四项比赛。
    --› see also field event, track event 【IDIOMS】 after the eˈvent ( BrE) • after sth has happened • 事情发生后;事后:
    »Anyone can be wise after the event.
    事后聪明谁都会。
    in ˈany event | at ˈall events • used to emphasize or show that sth is true or will happen in spite of other circumstances • 不管怎样;无论如何 【SYN】 in any case:
    »I think sheˈll agree to do it but in any event, all she can say is ˈnoˈ.
    我想她会同意做的,但无论怎样,她只能说"不"。
    in the eˈvent • when the situation actually happened • 结果;到头来:
    »I got very nervous about the exam, but in the event, I neednˈt have worried; it was really easy.
    我对考试提心吊胆,但其实我本不必担心,这次考试的确很容易。
    in the event of sth | in the event that sth happens • if sth happens • 如果…发生;万一;倘若:
    »In the event of an accident, call this number.
    万一发生事故就拨这个号码。
    »Sheila will inherit everything in the event of his death.
    他一旦故去,所有财产都由希拉继承。
    in ˈthat event • if that happens • 如果是那样的话;如果那种事情发生:
    »In that event, we will have to reconsider our offer.
    如果是那样的话,我们就得重新考虑我们的建议。
    --› more at happy, wise adj.
    * * *
    [i'vent]
    n. 事件, 事變, 結果, 活動, 精力, 競賽

    English-Chinese dictionary > event

  • 8 on

    on on prep. 【HELP】For the special uses of on in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example turn on sb is in the phrasal verb section at turn. • * on 在短语动词中的特殊用法见有关动词词条。如 turn on sb 在词条 turn 的短语动词部份。 1. in or into a position covering, touching or forming part of a surface • (覆盖、附着)在…上(意指接触物体表面或构成物体表面的一部份):
    »a picture on a wall
    »Thereˈs a mark on your skirt.
    你裙子上有一块斑。
    »the diagram on page 5
    »Put it down on the table.
    把它放在桌子上。
    »He had been hit on the head.
    他被打中了脑袋。
    »She climbed on to the bed.
    她爬上了牀。
    【HELP】This could also be written: onto the bed • 此句亦可写作:onto the bed 2. supported by sb / sth • 由…支撑着:
    »She was standing on one foot.
    她单脚站立着。
    »Try lying on your back.
    试着仰卧。
    »Hang your coat on that hook.
    把衣服挂在衣鈎上。
    3. used to show a means of transport • 在(运输工具)上:
    »He was on the plane from New York.
    他在纽约来的飞机上。
    »to travel on the bus / tube / coach
    乘公共汽车/地铁/长途汽车
    »I came on my bike.
    我骑自行车来的。
    »a woman on horseback
    4. used to show a day or date • 在(某一天):
    »He came on Sunday.
    他是星期天来的。
    »We meet on Tuesdays.
    我们每星期二见面。
    »on May the first / the first of May
    »on the evening of May the first
    »on one occasion
    »on your birthday
    5. immediately after sth • 就在…之后;一…就:
    »On arriving home I discovered they had gone.
    我一到家就发现他们已经离开了。
    »Please report to reception on arrival.
    到达后请立即到接待处报到。
    »There was a letter waiting for him on his return.
    他一回来就有一封信在等着他看。
    6. about sth / sb • 关于(事或人):
    »a book on South Africa
    »She tested us on irregular verbs.
    她考了我们的不规则动词。
    7. being carried by sb; in the possession of sb • (身上)带着;有:
    »Have you got any money on you?
    你带钱了没有?
    8. used to show that sb belongs to a group or an organization • 为(某团体或组织)的一员:
    »to be on the committee / staff / jury / panel
    为委员会/全体职员/陪审团/评判小组的成员
    »Whose side are you on (= which of two or more different views do you support) ?
    你支持哪一方的观点?
    9. eating or drinking sth; using a drug or a medicine regularly • 吃;喝;按时服用(药物):
    »He lived on a diet of junk food.
    他把垃圾食品当饭吃。
    »The doctor put me on antibiotics.
    医生要我服用抗生素。
    10. used to show direction • (表示方向)在,向,对:
    »on the left / right
    在左边/右边
    »He turned his back on us.
    他转过身去背对着我们。
    11. at or near a place • 在,接近(某地):
    »a town on the coast
    »a house on the Thames
    »We lived on an estate.
    我们住在一处庄园上。
    12. used to show the basis or reason for sth • 根据;由于:
    »a story based on fact
    »On their advice I applied for the job.
    我听从他们的建议申请了这份工作。
    13. paid for by sth • 以…支付;由…支付:
    »to live on a pension / a student grant
    靠养老金/助学金生活
    »to be on a low wage
    »You canˈt feed a family on £50 a week.
    你无法靠每周 50 英镑养活一家人。
    »Drinks are on me (= I am paying).
    饮料钱由我付。
    14. by means of sth; using sth • 通过;使用;借助于:
    »She played a tune on her guitar.
    她用她的吉他弹了一支曲子。
    »The information is available on the Internet.
    从互联网上可得到这个信息。
    »We spoke on the phone.
    我们通过电话谈了谈。
    »Whatˈs on TV?
    电视上有什么节目?
    »The programmeˈs on Channel 4.
    这个节目在 4 频道。
    15. used with some nouns or adjectives to say who or what is affected by sth • (与某些名词或形容词连用,表示影响到):
    »a ban on smoking
    »Heˈs hard on his kids.
    他对自己的孩子很严厉。
    »Go easy on the mayo! (= do not give me too much)
    少来一点蛋黄酱!
    16. compared with sb / sth • 与…相比:
    »Sales are up on last year.
    销售量比去年增长了。
    17. used to describe an activity or a state • (用于说明活动或状态):
    »to be on business / holiday / vacation
    在工作/度假中
    »The book is currently on loan.
    该书已借出。
    18. used when giving a telephone number • (用于电话号码前):
    »You can get me on 0181 530 3906.
    你找我可以拨打 0181 530 3906。
    »Sheˈs on extension 2401.
    她的分机号是 2401。
    adv. 【HELP】For the special uses of on in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example get on is in the phrasal verb section at get. • * on 在短语动词中的特殊用法见有关动词词条。如 get on 在词条 get 的短语动词部份。 1. used to show that sth continues • (表示持续性):
    »He worked on without a break.
    他毫不停歇地继续工作。
    »If you like a good story, read on.
    欲知故事的趣味所在,请往下读。
    2. used to show that sb / sth moves or is sent forward • 向前(移动):
    »She stopped for a moment, then walked on.
    她停了一会儿,然后又向前走。
    »Keep straight on for the beach.
    一直向前走到海滩。
    »From then on he never trusted her again.
    从那时起,他再也不信任她了。
    »Please send the letter on to my new address.
    请把信件转寄到我的新地址。
    3. on sbˈs body; being worn • 穿在身上;穿着;戴着:
    »Put your coat on.
    把外衣穿上。
    »I didnˈt have my glasses on.
    我没戴眼镜。
    »What did she have on (= what was she wearing) ?
    她穿着什么衣服?
    4. covering, touching or forming part of sth • (表示覆盖、接触某物或成为某物的一部份):
    »Make sure the lid is on.
    要注意盖上盖子。
    5. connected or operating; being used • (表示已连接、处于工作状态或使用中):
    »The lights were all on.
    灯都亮着。
    »The TV is always on in their house.
    他们家的电视总是开着。
    »We were without electricity for three hours but itˈs on again now.
    我们停电三个小时了,不过现在又来电了。
    6. happening • (表示发生):
    »There was a war on at the time.
    当时正值战争。
    »Whatˈs on at the movies?
    电影院在上演什么片子?
    »The band are on (= performing) in ten minutes.
    乐队再过十分钟开始演奏。
    7. planned to take place in the future • (预先安排的事)将发生:
    »The game is still on (= it has not been cancelled).
    比赛仍将举行。
    »I donˈt think weˈve got anything on this weekend.
    我想这个周末我们没安排活动。
    »Iˈm sorry we canˈt come—weˈve got a lot on.
    很抱歉我们去不了——我们安排得太满了。
    8. on duty; working • 值班;执行任务中:
    »Iˈm on now till 8 tomorrow morning.
    我正在值班,要值到明早 8 点钟。
    9. in or into a vehicle • 登上(车辆):
    »The bus stopped and four people got on.
    公共汽车停下来,四个人上了车。
    »They hurried on to the plane.
    他们匆忙登上了飞机。
    --› see also onto 【IDIOMS】 be ˈon about sth •(informal) to talk about sth; to mean sth • 谈论(某事);有…的意思:
    »I didnˈt know what he was on about. It didnˈt make sense.
    我不知道他说的什么。他说的没什么意义。
    be / go / keep ˈon about sth •(informal, disapproving) to talk in a boring or complaining way about sth • 抱怨;唠叨;发牢骚:
    »Stop keeping on about it!
    别再唠叨那件事了!
    be / go / keep ˈon at sb (to do sth) •(informal, disapproving) to keep asking or telling sb sth so that they become annoyed or tired • (对某人)絮叨;说(或问)得令人生厌:
    »He was on at me again to lend him money.
    他又来缠着我借钱给他。
    be ˈon for sth •(informal) to want to do sth • 想要做某事:
    »Is anyone on for a drink after work?
    有人想下班后喝一杯吗?
    it isnˈt ˈon • (informal) used to say that sth is not acceptable • 不行;没门儿 ˌon and ˈon • without stopping; continuously • 连续不停地;持续地:
    »She went on and on about her trip.
    她没完没了地谈她的旅行。
    what are you, etc. ˈon? • (informal) used when you are very surprised at sbˈs behaviour and are suggesting that they are acting in a similar way to sb using drugs • 你鬼迷心窍了吧;你吃错药了吧 youˈre ˈon • (informal) used when you are accepting a bet • (用于接受打赌时)赌就赌吧 --› more at off adv.
    * * *
    [ɔn]
    prep.
    在...之上, 依附于, 臨近, 靠近, 向, 在...時候, 關於, 涉及
    adv. 在上, 向前, 行動中, 作用中

    English-Chinese dictionary > on

  • 9 phone

    phone phone noun 1. [U, C] a system for talking to sb else over long distances using wires or radio; a machine used for this; a telephone • 电话;电话系统;电话机:
    »I have to make a phone call.
    我得打个电话。
    »The phone rang and Pat answered it.
    电话一响帕特便接了。
    »They like to do business by phone / over the phone.
    他们喜欢用电话/在电话上谈生意。
    »His phone must be switched off.
    他的电话一定是关机了。
    »I hadnˈt got my phone with me.
    我没有带手机。
    »a phone bill
    --› see also car phone, cellphone, cellular phone, Entryphone, mobile phone, payphone, telephone n. (1) 2. the part of a phone that you hold in your hand and speak into; a telephone • 电话听筒;电话:
    »to pick up the phone
    »to put the phone down
    »He left the phone off the hook as he didnˈt want to be disturbed.
    他不想被电话打扰,就把电话听筒摘下来了。
    --› see also answerphone, telephone n. (2) 3. -phone (in nouns 构成名词) an instrument that uses or makes sound • (发声或使用声音的)工具,仪器:
    »dictaphone
    »xylophone
    4. -phone (in adjectives and nouns 构成形容词和名词) speaking a particular language; a person who does this • 说某种语言的;讲某种语言的人:
    »anglophone
    »francophone
    5. (phonetics 语音) a sound made in speech, especially when not considered as part of the sound system of a particular language • 音子;音素 --› compare phoneme 【IDIOMS】 be on the ˈphone 1. to be using the telephone • 在打电话中:
    »Heˈs been on the phone to Kate for more than an hour.
    他给凯特打电话讲了一个多小时了。
    2. ( BrE) to have a telephone in your home or place of work • (在家中或工作单位)有电话,安了电话:
    »Theyˈre not on the phone at the holiday cottage.
    他们的度假别墅没装电话。
    verb • ( especially BrE) ( BrE also ˌphone ˈup) to make a telephone call to sb • 打电话 【SYN】 call: ▪ [V]
    »I was just phoning up for a chat.
    我只是打电话聊聊天。
    »He phoned to invite me out for dinner.
    他打电话请我外出吃饭。
    »Someone phone for an ambulance!
    找人打电话叫救护车!
    »Could you phone back later?
    您过一会儿再打电话来好吗?
    »He phoned home, but there was no reply.
    他往家里打电话,但没有人接。
    ▪ [VN]
    »Donˈt forget to phone New York.
    别忘了往纽约打电话。
    »For reservations, phone 0171 281 3964.
    预订请拨打 0171 281 3964。
    »Phone them up and find out when they are coming.
    给他们打个电话,问问他们什么时候来。
    【PHR V】 ˌphone ˈin ( especially BrE) 1. to make a telephone call to the place where you work • 往工作单位打电话 ▪ [+ adj ]
    »Three people have phoned in sick already this morning.
    今天上午已有三个人打电话来请病假。
    2. to make a telephone call to a radio or television station • 往(电台或电视台)打电话;打热线电话:
    »Listeners are invited to phone in with their comments.
    欢迎听众拨打热线电话发表意见。
    --› related noun phone-in ˌphone sth∽ˈin ( especially BrE) • to make a telephone call to the place where you work in order to give sb some information • 往单位打电话通报某事:
    »I need you to phone the story in before five.
    我要你在五点钟前把整件事电告单位。
    * * *
    [fәun]
    n. 電話, 電話機
    v. (給...)打電話

    English-Chinese dictionary > phone

  • 10 spare

    spare spare adj. ›› NOT USED / NEEDED 用不着 1. [usually before noun] that is not being used or is not needed at the present time • 不用的;闲置的:
    »Weˈve got a spare bedroom, if youˈd like to stay.
    要是愿意你就住下,我们空着一间卧室。
    »Iˈm afraid I havenˈt got any spare cash.
    恐怕我手头没有闲钱。
    »Are there any tickets going spare (= are there any available, not being used by sb else) ?
    有多余的票吗?
    ›› EXTRA 外加 2. [only before noun] kept in case you need to replace the one you usually use; extra • 备用的;外加的:
    »a spare key / tyre
    备用钥匙/轮胎
    »Take some spare clothes in case you get wet.
    多带几件衣服,以备身上弄湿了好穿。
    ›› TIME 时间 3. available to do what you want with rather than work • 空闲的;空余的:
    »Heˈs studying music in his spare time.
    他在空闲时间学音乐。
    »I havenˈt had a spare moment this morning.
    我一上午一会儿也没闲着。
    ›› PERSON 人 4. thin, and usually quite tall • 瘦的;瘦高的 【IDIOMS】 go ˈspare ( BrE, informal) • to become very angry or upset • 气急败坏;焦虑万分 verb ›› TIME / MONEY / ROOM / THOUGHT, ETC. 时间、钱、房间、心思等 1. spare sth / sb (for sb / sth) | spare (sb) sth to make sth such as time or money available to sb or for sth, especially when it requires an effort for you to do this • 抽出;拨出;留出;匀出: ▪ [VN]
    »Iˈd love to have a break, but I canˈt spare the time just now.
    我是想休息一下,可眼下找不出时间。
    »We can only spare one room for you.
    我们只能给你腾出一个房间。
    »Could you spare one of your staff to help us out?
    你能不能从你手下抽一个人过来帮帮我们?
    »You should spare a thought for (= think about) the person who cleans up after you.
    你应该为随后打扫的人着想啊。
    ▪ [VNN]
    »Surely you can spare me a few minutes?
    你应该能为我空出几分钟时间吧?
    ›› SAVE SB PAIN / TROUBLE 免得痛苦/麻烦 2. spare sb / yourself (from) sth to save sb / yourself from having to go through an unpleasant experience • 省得;免去: ▪ [VNN]
    »He wanted to spare his mother any anxiety.
    他不想让母亲有丝毫的担忧。
    »Please spare me (= do not tell me) the gruesome details.
    那些让人毛骨悚然的细节就请你不要讲了。
    »You could have spared yourself an unnecessary trip by phoning in advance.
    你要是先打个电话就用不着跑这一趟了。
    ▪ [VN]
    »She was spared from the ordeal of appearing in court.
    她无须出庭受折磨了。
    ›› NOT HARM / DAMAGE 不伤害/损坏 3. [usually passive] spare sb / sth (from sth) (formal) to allow sb / sth to escape harm, damage or death, especially when others do not escape it • 饶恕;赦免;放过;使逃脱: ▪ [VN]
    »They killed the men but spared the children.
    他们杀了大人,但留下了孩子。
    »During the bombing only one house was spared (= was not hit by a bomb).
    在轰炸中,只有一座房子幸免。
    ▪ [also VNN] ›› NO EFFORT / EXPENSE, ETC. 尽力、破费等 4. [VN] to do everything possible to achieve sth or to do sth well without trying to limit the time or money involved • 不吝惜(时间、金钱):
    »He spared no effort to make her happy again.
    为使她重新快乐起来,他想尽了办法。
    »No expense was spared in furnishing the new office.
    装潢新办公室不惜工本。
    ›› WORK HARD 努力工作 5. [VN] not spare yourself to work as hard as possible • 不遗余力 spare sbˈs ˈblushes ( BrE) • to save sb from an embarrassing situation • 不让某人难堪;免得某人丢面子 spare sbˈs ˈfeelings • to be careful not to do or say anything that might upset sb • 不惹某人难受;避免触及某人的痛处 to ˈspare • if you have time, money, etc. to spare, you have more than you need • 多余;富余:
    »Iˈve got absolutely no money to spare this month.
    我这个月一点儿富余钱都没有。
    »We arrived at the airport with five minutes to spare.
    我们赶到机场时还剩五分钟。
    noun 1. an extra thing that you keep in case you need to replace the one you usually use (used especially about a tyre of a car) • 备用品;备用轮胎:
    »to get the spare out of the boot / trunk
    »Iˈve lost my key and I havenˈt got a spare.
    我把钥匙丢了,还没有备用的。
    2. spares [pl.] ( especially BrE) = spare parts:
    »It can be difficult to get spares for some older makes of car.
    有些旧型号汽车可能不好买配件。
    * * *
    [spєә]
    adj. 多餘的, 剩下的, 高而瘦的人的, 少量的, 貧乏的, 備用的
    v. 節約, 節省, 不傷害, 寬恕, 分讓, 提供給某人

    English-Chinese dictionary > spare

  • 11 ACE

    ace ace noun 1. a playing card with a large single symbol on it, which has either the highest or the lowest value in a particular card game • * A 纸牌(亦称"爱司"):
    »the ace of spades / hearts / diamonds / clubs
    黑桃/红心/方块/梅花 A
    2. (informal) a person who is very good at doing sth • 擅长…的人;精于…的人:
    »a soccer / flying ace
    足球/飞行顶尖高手
    »an ace marksman
    3. (in tennis 网球) a serve (= the first hit) that is so good that your opponent cannot reach the ball • 发球得分;爱司球:
    »He served 20 aces in the match.
    他在这场比赛中发了 20 个爱司球。
    【IDIOMS】 an ace up your ˈsleeve ( BrE) ( NAmE an ace in the ˈhole) (informal) • a secret advantage, for example a piece of information or a skill, that you are ready to use if you need to • 秘藏的王牌;应急的妙计;锦囊妙计 hold all the aces • to have all the advantages in a situation • 占尽天时地利人和 play your ˈace • to use your best argument, etc. in order to get an advantage in a situation • 打出王牌;使出绝招 within an ace of sth / of doing sth ( BrE) • very close to sth • 差一点儿;几乎:
    »We came within an ace of victory.
    我们差一点儿就要胜利了。
    adj. • (informal) very good • 第一流的;极好的:
    »We had an ace time.
    我们过得真痛快。
    * * *
    =Advisory Centre for Education 教育咨詢中心[英]

    English-Chinese dictionary > ACE

  • 12 ace

    ace ace noun 1. a playing card with a large single symbol on it, which has either the highest or the lowest value in a particular card game • * A 纸牌(亦称"爱司"):
    »the ace of spades / hearts / diamonds / clubs
    黑桃/红心/方块/梅花 A
    2. (informal) a person who is very good at doing sth • 擅长…的人;精于…的人:
    »a soccer / flying ace
    足球/飞行顶尖高手
    »an ace marksman
    3. (in tennis 网球) a serve (= the first hit) that is so good that your opponent cannot reach the ball • 发球得分;爱司球:
    »He served 20 aces in the match.
    他在这场比赛中发了 20 个爱司球。
    【IDIOMS】 an ace up your ˈsleeve ( BrE) ( NAmE an ace in the ˈhole) (informal) • a secret advantage, for example a piece of information or a skill, that you are ready to use if you need to • 秘藏的王牌;应急的妙计;锦囊妙计 hold all the aces • to have all the advantages in a situation • 占尽天时地利人和 play your ˈace • to use your best argument, etc. in order to get an advantage in a situation • 打出王牌;使出绝招 within an ace of sth / of doing sth ( BrE) • very close to sth • 差一点儿;几乎:
    »We came within an ace of victory.
    我们差一点儿就要胜利了。
    adj. • (informal) very good • 第一流的;极好的:
    »We had an ace time.
    我们过得真痛快。
    * * *
    [eis]
    n. (紙牌或骰子)g點, 王牌飛行員(擊落敵機五架以上者)
    adj. 一流的
    abbr. [軍] Allied Command Europe, 歐洲盟軍司令部

    English-Chinese dictionary > ace

  • 13 adjust

    adjust ad∙just verb 1. [VN] adjust sth (to sth) to change sth slightly to make it more suitable for a new set of conditions or to make it work better • 调整;调节:
    »Watch out for sharp bends and adjust your speed accordingly.
    当心急转弯并相应调整车速。
    »This button is for adjusting the volume.
    这个按钮是调节音量的。
    »Adjust your language to the age of your audience.
    要根据听众的年龄使用相应的语言。
    2. adjust (to sth / to doing sth) | adjust (yourself to sth) to get used to a new situation by changing the way you behave and / or think • 适应;习惯 【SYN】 adapt: ▪ [V]
    »It took her a while to adjust to living alone.
    她过了一段时间才适应独自生活。
    »After a while his eyes adjusted to the dark.
    过了一会儿他的眼睛习惯了黑暗。
    ▪ [VN]
    »Youˈll quickly adjust yourself to student life.
    你将很快适应学生生活。
    3. [VN] to move sth slightly so that it looks neater or feels more comfortable • 整理:
    »He smoothed his hair and adjusted his tie.
    他捋平头发,整了整领带。
    --› see also well adjusted
    * * *
    [ә'dʒʌst]
    vt. 調整, 調節, 校準, 使適合

    English-Chinese dictionary > adjust

  • 14 afternoon

    afternoon after∙noon noun [U, C] • the part of the day from 12 midday until about 6 oˈclock • 下午(中午 12 点至 6 点左右):
    »this / yesterday / tomorrow afternoon
    今天/昨天/明天下午
    »In the afternoon they went shopping.
    他们下午去购物了。
    »She studies art ten afternoons a week.
    她每周两个下午学习艺术。
    »Are you ready for this afternoonˈs meeting?
    今天下午的会议你准备好了没有?
    »The baby always has an afternoon nap.
    婴儿午后总要睡一会儿。
    »Come over on Sunday afternoon.
    星期天下午过来。
    »Where were you on the afternoon of May 21?
    * 5 月 21 日下午你在哪里?
    --› see also good afternoon
    * * *
    ['ɑ:ftә'nu:n]
    n. 午後, 下午
    adv. 下午的, 晚期

    English-Chinese dictionary > afternoon

  • 15 along

    along along prep. 1. from six end to or towards the other end of sth • 沿着;顺着:
    »They walked slowly along the road.
    他们沿公路慢慢走。
    »I looked along the shelves for the book I needed.
    我在书架上一格一格地找我需要的那本书。
    2. in a line that follows the side of sth long • 靠着…边:
    »Houses had been built along both sides of the river.
    沿河两岸已盖起了房屋。
    3. at a particular point on or beside sth long • 沿着…的某处(或旁边):
    »Youˈll find his office just along the corridor.
    沿着走廊你就可以找到他的办公室。
    adv. 【HELP】For the special uses of along in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example get along with sb is in the phrasal verb section at get. • * along 在短语动词中的特殊用法见有关动词词条。如 get along with sb 在词条 get 的短语动词部份。 1. forward • 向前:
    »I was just walking along singing to myself.
    我独自唱着歌向前走去。
    »He pointed out various landmarks as we drove along.
    我们驱车前行时,他指出各种各样的地标。
    2. with sb • (与某人)一道,一起:
    »Weˈre going for a swim. Why donˈt you come along?
    我们要去游泳。你干吗不一起去?
    »Iˈll be along (= Iˈll join you) in a few minutes.
    过一会儿我就来。
    3. towards a better state or position • 越来越(好):
    »The bookˈs coming along nicely.
    这本书愈来愈好看了。
    【IDIOMS】 along with sb / sth • in addition to sb / sth; in the same way as sb / sth • 除…以外(还);与…同样地:
    »She lost her job when the factory closed, along with hundreds of others.
    工厂倒闭时,她和成百上千的其他人一样失去了工作。
    * * *
    [ә'lɔŋ]
    adv. 往前, 向前
    prep.
    順著, 沿著

    English-Chinese dictionary > along

  • 16 alternate

    alternate al∙ter∙nate adj. [usually before noun] 1. (of ten things 两事物) happening or following six after the other regularly • 交替的;轮流的:
    »alternate layers of fruit and cream
    2. if sth happens on alternate days, nights, etc. it happens on six day, etc. but not on the next • 间隔的;每隔(…天等)的:
    »John has to work on alternate Sundays.
    约翰每隔一周就有一个星期日得上班。
    3. ( especially NAmE) = alternative al∙ter∙nate∙ly adv.:
    »He felt alternately hot and cold.
    他感到忽冷忽热。
    verb 1. [VN] alternate A and B | alternate A with B to make things or people follow six after the other in a repeated pattern • 使交替;使轮流:
    »Alternate cubes of meat and slices of red pepper.
    交替放置肉丁和红辣椒片。
    »Alternate cubes of meat with slices of red pepper.
    交替放置肉丁和红辣椒片。
    2. [V] alternate (with sth) (of things or people 事物或人) to follow six after the other in a repeated pattern • 交替;轮流:
    »alternating dark and pale stripes
    »Dark stripes alternate with pale ones.
    深浅条纹相间。
    3. [V] alternate between A and B to keep changing from six thing to another and back again • 交替:
    »Her mood alternated between happiness and despair.
    她的心情一会儿高兴一会儿绝望。
    al∙ter∙na∙tion noun [U, C]:
    »the alternation of day and night
    noun • ( NAmE) a person who does a job for sb who is away • 代替者;代理人;候补者
    * * *
    [ɔ:l'tә:nit]
    adj. 交替的, 輪流的, 預備的
    v. 交替, 輪流, 改變

    English-Chinese dictionary > alternate

  • 17 any

    any any det. 1. used with uncountable or plural nouns in negative sentences and questions, after if or whether, and after some verbs such as prevent, ban, forbid, etc. to refer to an amount or a number of sth, however large or small • (与不可数或复数名词连用,用于否定句和疑问句,也用于 if 或 whether 之后,或紧接某些动词如 prevent、ban、forbid 等)任何的,任一的:
    »I didnˈt eat any meat.
    我一点儿肉也没吃。
    »Are there any stamps?
    有邮票吗?
    »Iˈve got hardly any money.
    我几乎不名一文。
    »You canˈt go out without any shoes.
    你不穿鞋不能出门。
    »He forbids any talking in class.
    他严禁课堂上讲话。
    »She asked if we had any questions.
    她问我们有没有问题。
    【HELP】In positive sentences some is usually used instead of any: Iˈve got some paper if you want it.It is also used in questions that expect a positive answer: Would you like some milk in your tea? • 在肯定句中通常用 some 不用 any:Iˈve got some paper if you want it. some 还用于预期得到肯定回答的问句中:Would you like some milk in your tea? 2. used with singular countable nouns to refer to one of a number of things or people, when it does not matter which one • (与单数可数名词连用)任一:
    »Take any book you like.
    你喜欢哪本书就拿哪本。
    »Any colour will do.
    什么颜色都行。
    »Any teacher will tell you that students learn at different rates.
    任何老师都知道学生学习有快有慢。
    --› see also in any case at case n., in any event at event, at any rate at rate n. 3. not just any used to show that sb / sth is special • 非一般的;不寻常的:
    »It isnˈt just any day—itˈs my birthday!
    今天不是一般的日子——是我的生日!
    pron. 1. used in negative sentences and in questions and after if or whether to refer to an amount or a number, however large or small • (用于否定句和疑问句中或 if、whether 后)任何数量,任一数额:
    »We need some more paint; there isnˈt any left.
    我们还需要一些油漆,已经用光了。
    »I need some stamps. Are there any in your bag?
    我需要一些邮票。你包里有吗?
    »Please let me know how many are coming, if any.
    请告诉我,如果有人要来的话,有多少?
    »She spent hardly any of the money.
    这钱她几乎一点儿都没花。
    »He returned home without any of the others.
    仅他一人回到了家。
    【HELP】In positive sentences some is usually used instead of any. It is also used in questions that expect a positive reply: Iˈve got plenty of paper—would you like some? • 在肯定句中通常用 some 而非 any。some 还用于预期得到肯定回答的问句中:Iˈve got plenty of paper—would you like some? 2. one or more of a number of people or things, especially when it does not matter which • 任一;任何一些:
    »Iˈll take any you donˈt want.
    你不要的我随便拿一个。
    »ˈWhich colour do you want?ˈ ˈAny of them will do.ˈ
    "你要哪种颜色?" "随便哪种都行。"
    【IDIOMS】 sb isnˈt having any (of it) •(informal) somebody is not interested or does not agree • 某人不感兴趣;某人不同意:
    »I suggested sharing the cost, but he wasnˈt having any of it.
    我提议分担费用,可是他不同意。
    adv. 1. used to emphasize an adjective or adverb in negative sentences or questions, meaning ˈat allˈ • (用于否定句或疑问句中,加强形容词或副词的语气)一点儿也(不),完全(不),丝毫:
    »He wasnˈt any good at French.
    他的法语糟透了。
    »I canˈt run any faster.
    我不能跑得更快了。
    »Is your father feeling any better?
    你的父亲身体好些了吗?
    »I donˈt want any more.
    我不再要了。
    »If you donˈt tell them, nobody will be any the wiser.
    如果你不告诉他们,谁也不会察觉。
    2. ( NAmE, informal) used at the end of a negative sentence to mean ˈat allˈ • (用于否定句末)根本(不):
    »That wonˈt hurt you any.
    那根本不会伤害你。
    * * *
    ['eni]
    adj. 任何的, 任何一種, 所有的
    pron. 無論那一個, 任何

    English-Chinese dictionary > any

  • 18 awhile

    awhile awhile adv. • (formal or literary)for a short time • 片刻;一会儿
    * * *
    [ә'wail]
    adv. 片刻, 一會兒

    English-Chinese dictionary > awhile

  • 19 beyond

    beyond be∙yond prep. 1. on or to the further side of sth • 在(或向)…较远的一边:
    »The road continues beyond the village up into the hills.
    那条路经过村子后又往上延伸到群山中。
    2. later than a particular time • 晚于;迟于:
    »It wonˈt go on beyond midnight.
    这事不会延续到午夜以后。
    »I know what Iˈll be doing for the next three weeks but I havenˈt thought beyond that.
    我知道我未来三周要干什么,但再往后我还没有想过。
    3. more than sth • 超出;除…之外:
    »Our success was far beyond what we thought possible.
    我们的成功远远超出了我们的估计范围。
    »Sheˈs got nothing beyond her state pension.
    除了政府发的养老金外,她就什么都没有领取。
    4. used to say that sth is not possible • (表示不可能):
    »The bicycle was beyond repair (= is too badly damaged to repair).
    自行车已损坏得无法修理。
    »The situation is beyond our control.
    我们已无法控制这一局面。
    5. too far or too advanced for sb / sth • 超出…之外;非…所能及:
    »The handle was just beyond my reach.
    我差一点儿才够得着把手。
    »The exercise was beyond the abilities of most of the class.
    这个练习超出了班上大多数学生的能力。
    【IDIOMS】 be beyond sb •(informal) to be impossible for sb to imagine, understand or do • 使人无法想像(或理解、做等):
    »Itˈs beyond me why she wants to marry Jeff.
    我无法理解她为什么要嫁给杰夫。
    adv. • on the other side; further on • 在另一边;在(或向)更远处;以远:
    »Snowdon and the mountains beyond were covered in snow.
    斯诺登山及其以远的山脉都被积雪覆盖着。
    »The immediate future is clear, but itˈs hard to tell what lies beyond.
    最近的将来已经明朗,但更往后就很难说了。
    »the year 2005 and beyond
    * 2005 年及以后
    --› more at back n., doubt n.
    * * *
    [bi'jɔnd]
    prep.
    在(到)...較遠的一邊, 超過, 那一邊
    adv. 在遠處
    n. 遠處

    English-Chinese dictionary > beyond

  • 20 bone

    bone bone noun 1. any of the hard parts that form the skeleton of the body of a human or an animal • 骨头;骨:
    »He survived the accident with no broken bones.
    他在事故中幸免于难,没有骨折。
    »This fish has a lot of bones in it.
    这种鱼多刺。
    2. the hard substance that bones are made of • 骨质:
    »knives with bone handles
    3. -boned (in adjectives 构成形容词) having bones of the type mentioned • 有…样的骨头的:
    »fine-boned
    【IDIOMS】 a bone of conˈtention • a subject which causes disagreement and arguments between people • 争执所在 close to the ˈbone ( BrE, informal) (of a remark, joke, story, etc. 话语、玩笑、故事等) • so honest or clearly expressed that it is likely to cause offence to some people • 过于直率 cut, pare, etc. sth to the ˈbone • to reduce sth, such as costs, as much as you possibly can • 尽量削减(开支等) have a ˈbone to pick with sb •(informal) to be angry with sb about sth and want to discuss it with them • 对某人生气,想与之解决;有理由反对(或恼恨)某人 make no bones about (doing) sth • to be honest and open about sth; to not hesitate to do sth • 开诚布公;坦率直言:
    »She made no bones about telling him exactly what she thought of him.
    她毫无保留地把对他的看法照直告诉了他。
    not have a... bone in your body • to have none of the quality mentioned • 毫无…的素质:
    »She was honest and hard-working, and didnˈt have an unkind bone in her body.
    她诚实勤劳,身上没有一点儿不好的气质。
    throw sb a ˈbone • to give sb a small part of what they want as a way of showing that you want to help them, without offering them the main thing they want • 施以小惠(以示助人,却不满足主要的要求);丢给某人一块骨头 to the ˈbone • affecting you very strongly • 影响极强地;深刻地:
    »His threats chilled her to the bone.
    他的威胁使她不寒而栗。
    --› more at [u]bag
    n., bare adj., feel v., finger n., flesh n., skin n. verb [VN] • to take the bones out of fish or meat • 挑鱼刺;剔骨头 【PHR V】 ˌbone ˈup on sth (informal) • to try to learn about sth or to remind yourself of what you already know about it • 钻研学习;复习:
    »She had boned up on the cityˈs history before the visit.
    她在访问前对这座城市的历史先研究了一番。
    * * *
    [bәun]
    n.
    v. 剔除

    English-Chinese dictionary > bone

Look at other dictionaries:

  • 一拨儿 — yībōr [a group of people] 一群; 一批; 一次 没赶上这一拨儿 …   Advanced Chinese dictionary

  • 黑母鸹一窝儿 — 拼音: hei mu3 gua yi woer 解释: (谚语)比喻和人分彼此, 自异于人。 红楼梦·第六十五回: “或有了不好事, 或他自己错了, 他便一缩头, 推到别人身上来, 他还在旁边拨火儿。 如今连他正经婆婆大太太都嫌了他, 说他“雀儿拣着旺处飞, 黑母鸹一窝儿。 ”” …   Taiwan national language dictionary

  • — I 撥 bō (1) (形声。 从手, 发声。 本义: 治理) (2) 同本义 [administer] 撥, 治也。 《说文》 玄王桓拨。 《诗·商颂·长发》 拨乱世, 反诸正, 莫近诸《春秋》。 《公羊传·哀公十四年》 (3) 又如: 拨烦(治理烦杂的事务); 拨乱(治理乱政; 平定祸乱); 拨畦(整治田畦); 拨通(开导; 启发) (4) 拨动东西; 分开; 拨开 [stir; poke] 香炉风雪拨帘看。 唐·白居 …   Advanced Chinese dictionary

  • — 拼音: bo 解释: 1. 横向推开或排除。 如: “拨草”、 “拨云见日”。 2. 用手转动、 挑动或拉动。 如: “拨钟”、 “拨弦”、 “拨转马头”。 3. 扭转。 公羊传·哀公十四年: “拨乱世, 反诸正。 ” 4. 提出部分发放。 如: “拨一笔基金给孤儿院。 ” 5. 碰触撞击。 唐·岑参·走马川行奉送封大夫出师西征诗: “将军金甲夜不脱, 半夜军行戈相拨。 ”   1. 挑动、 弹动弦索乐器的用具。 唐·白居易·琵琶行: “曲终收拨当心画, 四弦一声如裂帛。 ” 2.… …   Taiwan national language dictionary

  • 拨弗倒 — 拼音: bo fu2 dao3 解释: 1. 古人在席间用以劝酒的道具。 刻木为人, 末端削尖, 置于盘中, 左右欹侧如舞, 视传筹所至或倒时指向, 以决定应当饮酒的人。 古代称为“酒胡”。 2. 一种儿童玩具。 即不倒翁。 土风录·卷三·拨弗倒: “吴梅村有戏咏不倒翁诗, 按即今儿童嬉戏之拨弗倒也。 ” …   Taiwan national language dictionary

  • 拨甩 — 拼音: bo shuai3 解释: 用力一转。 儿女英雄传·第五回: “那驴子护疼, 把脑袋一拨甩, 就把骑着的人揪了下来。 ” …   Taiwan national language dictionary

  • 拨浪鼓 — 拼音: bo lang4 gu3 解释: 一种儿童玩具。 两旁各栓有一颗坠子, 用手摇动会发出声音的小鼓。 亦作“波浪鼓”。 …   Taiwan national language dictionary

  • 拨阮 — 拼音: bo ruan3 解释: 阮, 一种弹拨乐器。 拨阮指弹奏月琴。 金瓶梅·第四十四回: “当下四个喝的, 李桂姐弹琵琶, 吴银儿弹筝, 韩玉钏拨阮, 董娇儿打着紧急鼓子, 一递一个唱十段锦、 二十八半截儿。 ” …   Taiwan national language dictionary

  • 拨瞪儿 — 拼音: bo deng4er 解释: 眼睛眨动的样子。 儿女英雄传·第十七回: “所以姑娘起先听着邓九公、 褚一官合那庄客三人说话, 还不在意, 不过睁着两只小眼睛儿, 拨瞪儿拨瞪儿的在一旁听热闹儿。 ” …   Taiwan national language dictionary

  • 拨鱼儿 — 拼音: bo yu2er (变)bo yue2er 解释: 一种面食。 用水将面和稀后, 用筷子一块块拨入沸汤内煮食。 因形状像鱼, 故称为“拨鱼儿”。 其制作方法与面疙瘩相似。 …   Taiwan national language dictionary

  • 拨无第八识及一切法不应道理 — ★成唯识论三卷十七页云:有执大乘遣相空理为究竟者。 依似比量,拨无此识及一切法。 彼特违害前所引经。 智断证修,染净因果,皆执非实;成大邪见。 外道毁谤染净因果,亦不谓全无;但执非实故。 若一切法皆非实有;菩萨不应为舍生死,精勤修集菩提资粮。 谁有智者,为除幻敌,求石女儿,用为军旅。 故应信有能持种心。 依之建立染净因果。 彼心即是此第八识。 …   Chinese law dictionary (法律词典)

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

Wir verwenden Cookies für die beste Präsentation unserer Website. Wenn Sie diese Website weiterhin nutzen, stimmen Sie dem zu.