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τὸν μὲν ἀλευάμενον τὸν δὲ κτάμενον

  • 1 ἀλέομαι

    ἀλέομαι [pron. full] [ᾰλ], [var] contr. [full] ἀλεῦμαι Thgn.575, [tense] pres.part.

    ἀλευόμενοι Hes. Op. 535

    (v. l.),

    ἀλευμένη Semon.7.61

    : [tense] impf. ἀλέοντο ([etym.] ἐξ-) Il.18.586:— chiefly used by Hom. in [tense] aor. ἀλευάμην, v. infr.; inf. ἀλέασθαι, -εύασθαι, Hes. Op. 734, 505; subj.

    ἀλεύεται Od.14.400

    ; part.

    ἀλευάμενος 9.277

    , Thgn.400. (Perh. from same Root as ἄλη, ἀλάομαι: ἀλεϝ- as [tense] aor. shows):—avoid, shun, c. acc. rei,

    ἔγχεα δ' ἀλλήλων ἀλεώμεθα Il. 6.226

    , cf. 13.184;

    ἐμὸν ἔγχος ἄλευαι 22.285


    ἀλεύατο κῆρα μέλαιναν 3.360


    Διὸς δ' ἀλεώμεθα μῆνιν 5.34


    ὄφρα τὸ κῆτος.. ἀλέαιτο 20.147


    κακὸν.. τό κεν οὔτις.. ἀλέαιτο Od.20.368


    μύσους μὲν ὑπερφιάλους ἀλέασθε 4.774

    : rarely c. acc. pers.,

    θεοὺς ἢ δειδίμεν ἢ ἀλέασθαι 9.274

    : c. inf., avoid doing,

    λίθου δ' ἀλέασθαι ἐπαυρεῖν Il.23.340

    ; ἀλεύεται ([dialect] Ep. subj.)

    ἠπεροπεύειν Od.14.400

    2 abs., flee for one's life,

    τὸν μὲν ἀλευάμενον τὸν δὲ κτάμενον Il.5.28


    οὔτε.. φυγέειν δύνατ' οὔτ' ἀλέασθαι 13.436


    μή πως ἀλέηται Od.4.396


    Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό) > ἀλέομαι

  • 2

    , [full] , τό, is, when thus written,
    A demonstr. Pronoun.
    B in [dialect] Att., definite or prepositive Article.
    C in [dialect] Ep., the so-called postpositive Article, = relative Pronoun, ὅς, ἥ, ὅ.—The nom. masc. and fem. sg. and pl., , , οἱ, αἱ, have no accent in codd. and most printed books, exc. when used as the relative ; but , , οἱ, αἱ differ only in writing from ὃ, ἣ, οἳ, αἳ ; the nom. forms of the article are said by Hdn.Gr.1.474 to be oxytone, and by A.D.Pron.8.7 not to be enclitic. The forms τῶν, τοῖς, ταῖς were barytone (i. e. τὼν, τοὶς, ταὶς ) in [dialect] Aeol. acc. to Aristarch. ap. A.D.Synt.51.26. For οἱ, αἱ some dialects (not Cypr., cf. Inscr.Cypr.135.30H., nor Cret., cf.Leg.Gort. 5.28, nor Lesbian, cf. Alc.81, Sapph.Supp.5.1 ) and Hom. have τοί, ταί (though οἱ, αἱ are also found in Hom.): other Homeric forms are gen. sg. τοῖο, gen. and dat. dual

    τοῖιν Od.18.34

    , al.: gen. pl. fem. τάων [pron. full] [ᾱ], dat. τοῖσι, τῇς and τῇσι, never ταῖσι or ταῖς in Hom.— In [dialect] Dor. and all other dialects exc. [dialect] Att. and [dialect] Ion. the fem. forms preserve the old [pron. full] instead of changing it to η, hence [dialect] Dor. etc. ἁ, τάν, τᾶς ; the gen. pl. τάων contracts in many dialects to τᾶν ; the gen. sg. is in many places τῶ, acc. pl. τώς, but Cret., etc., τόνς (Leg.Gort.7.7, al.) or τός (ib.3.50, al.) ; in Lesbian [dialect] Aeol. the acc. pl. forms are τοὶς, ταὶς, IG12(2).645 A13, B62 ; dat. pl. τοῖς, ταῖς (or τοὶς, ταὶς, v. supr.), ib.645 A8, ib.1.6 ; ταῖσι as demonstr., Sapph. 16. The [dialect] Att. Poets also used the [dialect] Ion. and [dialect] Ep. forms τοῖσι, ταῖσι ; and in Trag. we find τοὶ μέν.., τοὶ δέ.., for οἱ μέν.., οἱ δέ.., not only in lyr., as A.Pers. 584, Th. 295, 298 ;

    οἱ μέν.. τοὶ δ' S.Aj. 1404

    (anap.) ; but even in a trimeter, A.Pers. 424. In [dialect] Att. the dual has usu. only one gender, τὼ θεώ (for τὰ θεά) And.1.113 sq. ; τὼ πόλεε Foed. ap. Th.5.23 ;

    τὼ ἡμέρα X.Cyr.1.2.11


    τὼ χεῖρε Id.Mem.2.3.18


    τοῖν χεροῖν Pl.Tht. 155e


    τοῖν γενεσέοιν Id.Phd. 71e


    τοῖν πολέοιν Isoc.4.75

    (τά S.Ant. 769, Ar.Eq. 424, 484,

    ταῖν Lys.19.17

    , Is.5.16, etc. have been corrected) ; in Arc. the form τοῖς functions as gen. dual fem.,

    μεσακόθεν τοῖς κράναιυν Schwyzer664.8

    (Orchom., iv B.C.):—in Elean and [dialect] Boeot. , ἡ (ἁ), τό, with the addition of -ί, = ὅδε, ἥδε, τόδε, masc. τυΐ the following men, Schwyzer485.14 (Thespiae, iii B.C.), al., cf. infr. VIII. 5. (With , ἁ, cf. Skt. demonstr. pron. sa, sā, Goth. sa, sō, ONorse sá, sú, Old Lat. acc. sum, sam (Enn.): —with τό [from Τόδ] cf. Skt. tat (tad), Lat. is-tud, Goth. pata: —with τοί cf. Skt. te, Lith. tĩe, OE. pá, etc.:—with τάων cf. Skt. tāsām, Lat. is-tarum:— the origin of the relative ὅς, ἥ, ὅ (q. v.) is different.)
    A , , τό, DEMONSTR. PRONOUN, that, the oldest and in Hom. the commonest sense: freq. also in Hdt. (1.86,5.35,al.), and sts. in Trag. (mostly in lyr., A.Supp. 1047, etc.; in trimeters, Id.Th. 197, Ag.7, Eu. 174 ; τῶν γάρ.., τῆς γάρ.., Id.Supp. 358, S.OT 1082 ; seldom in [dialect] Att. Prose, exc. in special phrases, v. infr. VI, VII):
    I joined with a Subst., to call attention to it, ὁ Τυδεΐδης he—Tydeus' famous son, Il. 11.660; τὸν Χρύσην that venerable man Chryses, I.II: and so with Appellat., Νέστωρ ὁ γέρων N.— thataged man, 7.324 ; αἰετοῦ.. τοῦ θηρητῆρος the eagle, that which is called hunter, 21.252, al. ; also to define and give emphasis, τιμῆς τῆς Πριάμου for honour, namely that of Priam, 20.181 ; οἴχετ' ἀνὴρ ὤριστος a man is gone, and he the best, 11.288, cf. 13.433, al.: sts. with words between the Pron. and Noun,

    αὐτὰρ ὁ αὖτε Πέλοψ 2.105


    τὸν Ἕκτορι μῦθον ἐνίσπες 11.186

    , cf. 703, al.:—different from this are cases like Il.1.409 αἴ κέν πως ἐθέλῃσιν ἐπὶ Τρώεσσιν ἀρῆξαι, τοὺς δὲ κατὰ πρύμνας τε καὶ ἀμφ' ἅλα ἔλσαι Ἀχαιούς if he would help the Trojans, but drive those back to the ships— I mean the Achaeans, where Ἀχ. is only added to explain τούς, cf. 1.472, 4.20, 329, al.
    II freq. without a Subst., he, she, it,

    ὁ γὰρ ἦλθε Il.1.12

    , al.
    III placed after its Noun, before the Relat. Prons., ἐφάμην σὲ περὶ φρένας ἔμμεναι ἄλλων, τῶν ὅσσοι Λυκίην ναιετάουσι far above the rest, above those to wit who, etc., Il.17.172 ; οἷ' οὔ πώ τιν' ἀκούομεν οὐδὲ παλαιῶν, τάων αἳ πάρος ἦσαν.. Ἀχαιαί such as we have not heard tell of yet even among the women of old, those women to wit who.., Od.2.119, cf. Il.5.332 ;

    θάλαμον τὸν ἀφίκετο, τόν ποτε τέκτων ξέσσεν Od.21.43

    , cf. 1.116, 10.74 :—for the [dialect] Att. usage v. infr.
    IV before a Possessive Pron. its demonstr. force is sts. very manifest, φθίσει σε τὸ σὸν μένος that spirit of thine, Il.6.407, cf. 11.608 ; but in 15.58, 16.40, and elsewh. it is merely the Art.
    V for cases in which the Homeric usage approaches most nearly to the Attic, v. infr. B. init.
    VI ὁ μέν.., ὁ δέ.. without a Subst., in all cases, genders, and numbers, Hom., etc.: sts. in Opposition, where ὁ μέν prop. refers to the former, ὁ δέ to the latter ; more rarely ὁ μέν the latter,

    ὁ δέ

    the former,

    Pl.Prt. 359e

    , Isoc.2.32,34: sts. in Partition, the one.., the other.., etc.—The Noun with it is regularly in gen. pl., being divided by the ὁ μέν.., ὁ δέ.., into parts,

    ἠΐθεοι καὶ παρθένοι.., τῶν δ' αἱ μὲν λεπτὰς ὀθόνας ἔχον, οἱ δὲ χιτῶνας εἵατο Il.18.595


    τῶν πόλεων αἱ μὲν τυραννοῦνται, αἱ δὲ δημοκρατοῦνται, αἱ δὲ ἀριστοκρατοῦνται Pl.R. 338d

    , etc.: but freq. the Noun is in the same case, by a kind of apposition,

    ἴδον υἷε Δάρητος, τὸν μὲν ἀλευάμενον τὸν δὲ κτάμενον Il.5.28

    , cf. Od.12.73, etc.: so in Trag. and [dialect] Att., S.Ant. 22, etc. ;

    πηγὴ ἡ μὲν εἰς αὐτὸν ἔδυ, ἡ δὲ ἔξω ἀπορρεῖ Pl.Phdr. 255c

    ; if the Noun be collective, it is in the gen. sg.,

    ὁ μὲν πεπραμένος ἦν τοῦ σίτου, ὁ δὲ ἔνδον ἀποκείμενος D.42.6

    : sts. a Noun is added in apposition with ὁ μέν or

    ὁ δέ, ὁ μὲν οὔτασ' Ἀτύμνιον ὀξέϊ δουρὶ Ἀντίλοχος.., Μάρις δὲ.. Il.16.317

    -19, cf. 116 ;

    τοὺς μὲν τὰ δίκαια ποιεῖν ἠνάγκασα, τοὺς πλουσίους, τοὺς δὲ πένητας κτλ. D.18.102

    , cf. Pl.Grg. 501a, etc.
    2 when a neg. accompanies ὁ δέ, it follows δέ, e.g.

    τὰς γοῦν Ἀθήνας οἶδα τὸν δὲ χῶρον οὔ S.OC24


    τὸν φιλόσοφον σοφίας ἐπιθυμητὴν εἶναι, οὐ τῆς μὲν τῆς δ' οὔ, ἀλλὰ πάσης Pl.R. 475b


    οὐ πάσας χρὴ τὰς δόξας τιμᾶν, ἀλλὰ τὰς μὲν τὰς δ' οὔ· οὐδὲ πάντων, ἀλλὰ τῶν μὲν τῶν δ' οὔ Id.Cri. 47a

    , etc.
    3 ὁ μέν τις.., ὁ δέ τις.. is used in Prose, when the Noun to which refers is left indefinite,

    ἔλεγον ὁ μέν τις τὴν σοφίαν, ὁ δὲ τὴν καρτερίαν.., ὁ δέ τις καὶ τὸ κάλλος X.Cyr.3.1.41


    νόμους.. τοὺς μὲν ὀρθῶς τιθέασιν τοὺς δέ τινας οὐκ ὀρθῶς Pl.R. 339c

    , cf. Phlb. 13c.
    4 on τὸ μέν.., τὸ δέ.., or τὰ μέν.., τὰ δέ.., v. infr. VIII.4.
    5 ὁ μέν is freq. used without a corresponding

    ὁ δέ, οἱ μὲν ἄρ' ἐσκίδναντο.., Μυρμιδόνας δ' οὐκ εἴα ἀποσκίδνασθαι Il.23.3

    , cf. 24.722, Th.8.12, etc.: also folld. by

    ἀλλά, ἡ μὲν γάρ μ' ἐκέλευε.., ἀλλ' ἐγὼ οὐκ ἔθελον Od.7.304

    ; by ἄλλος δέ, Il.6.147, etc. ;

    τὸν μὲν.., ἕτερον δέ Ar.Av. 843

    , etc. ;

    ὁ μέν.., ὃς δέ.. Thgn.205

    (v.l. οὐδέ): less freq. ὁ δέ in the latter clause without ὁ μέν preceding, τῇ ῥα παραδραμέτην φεύγων, ὁ δ' ὄπισθε διώκων (for ὁ μὲν φεύγων) Il.22.157 ;

    σφραγῖδε.. χρυσοῦν ἔχουσα τὸν δακτύλιον, ἡ δ' ἑτέρα ἀργυροῦν IG22.1388.45

    , cf.

    μέν D.

    III ;

    γεωργὸς μὲν εἷς, ὁ δὲ οἰκοδόμος, ἄλλος δέ τις ὑφαντής Pl.R. 369d

    , cf. Tht. 181d.
    6 ὁ δέ following μέν sts. refers to the subject of the preceding clause,

    τοῦ μὲν ἅμαρθ', ὁ δὲ Λεῦκον.. βεβλήκει Il. 4.491


    τὴν μὲν γενομένην αὐτοῖσι αἰτίην οὐ μάλα ἐξέφαινε, ὁ δὲ ἔλεγέ σφι Hdt.6.3

    , cf. 1.66,6.9, 133,7.6 : rare in [dialect] Att. Prose,

    ἐπεψήφιζεν αὐτὸς ἔφορος ὤν· ὁ δὲ οὐκ ἔφη διαγιγνώσκειν τὴν βοήν Th.1.87


    ἔμενον ὡς κατέχοντες τὸ ἄκρον· οἱ δ' οὐ κατεῖχον X.An.4.2.6

    : this is different from ὁ δέ in apodosi, v. infr. 7 ; also from passages in which both clauses have a common verb, v. ὅ γε 11.
    7 ὁ δέ is freq. used simply in continuing a narrative, Il.1.43, etc.; also used by Hom. in apodosi after a relat., v. ὅδε 111.3.
    VII the following usages prevailed in [dialect] Att. Prose,
    1 in dialogue, after καί, it was usual to say in nom. sg. masc. καὶ ὅς ; in the other cases the usual forms of the Art. were used (v.

    ὅς A.

    II.I and cf. Skt. sas, alternat. form of sa) ; so, in acc.,

    καὶ τὸν εἰπεῖν Pl.Smp. 174a

    , cf. X.Cyr.1.3.9, etc.; also in Hdt.,

    καὶ τὴν φράσαι 6.61

    , al.
    2 ὁ καὶ ὁ such and such,

    τῇ καὶ τῇ ἀτιμίᾳ Pl.Lg. 721b

    : but mostly in acc.,

    καί μοι κάλει τὸν καὶ τόν Lys.1.23

    , cf. Pl.Lg. 784d ;

    τὰ καὶ τὰ πεπονθώς D.21.141

    , cf. 9.68 ;

    τὸ καὶ τό Id.18.243

    ; ἀνάγκη ἄρα τὸ καὶ τό it must then be so and so, Arist.Rh. 1401a4, cf. 1413a22 ; but τὰ καὶ τά now one thing, now another, of good and bad,

    τὸν δ' ἀγαθὸν τολμᾶν χρὴ τά τε καὶ τὰ φέρειν Thgn.398

    , cf. Pi.P.5.55,7.20, al.;

    τῶν τε καὶ τῶν καιρόν Id.O. 2.53

    ; so πάντα τοῦ μετρίου μεταβαλλόμενα ἐπὶ τὰ καὶ ἐπὶ τά, of excess and defect, Hp.Acut.46 ; cf. A. VI.8.
    VIII abs. usages of single cases,
    1 fem. dat. τῇ, of Place, there, on that spot, here, this way, that way, Il.5.752, 858, al.: folld. by ᾗ, 13.52, etc.: also in Prose,

    τὸ μὲν τῇ, τὸ δὲ τῇ X.Ath.2.12

    b with a notion of motion towards, that way, in that direction, Il.10.531,11.149, 12.124 ;

    τῇ ἴμεν ᾗ.. 15.46


    δελφῖνες τῇ καὶ τῇ ἐθύνεον ἰχθυάοντες Hes.Sc. 210

    :—only poet.
    c of Manner,

    τῇ περ τελευτήσεσθαι ἔμελλεν

    in this way, thus,


    d repeated, τῇ μέν.., τῇ δέ.., in one way.., in another.., or partly.., partly.., E.Or. 356, Pl.Smp. 211a, etc.: without

    μέν, τῇ μᾶλλον, τῇ δ' ἧσσον Parm.8.48

    e relat., where, by which way, only [dialect] Ep., as Il.12.118, Od.4.229.
    2 neut. dat. τῷ, therefore, on this account, freq. in Hom., Il.1.418, 2.254, al. (v. infr.): also in Trag., A.Pr. 239, S.OT 510 (lyr.) ; in Prose,

    τῷ τοι.. Pl.Tht. 179d

    , Sph. 230b.
    b thus, so, Il.2.373, 13.57, etc.: it may also, esp. when εἰ precedes, be translated, then, if this be so, on this condition, Od.1.239,3.224, 258,al., Theoc.29.11.—In Hom. the true form is prob. τῶ, as in cod. A, or τώ, cf. A.D.Adv.199.2.
    3 neut. acc. τό, wherefore, Il.3.176, Od.8.332, al., S.Ph. 142(lyr.) ; also τὸ δέ abs., but the fact is.., Pl.Ap. 23a, Men. 97c, Phd. 109d, Tht. 157b, R. 340d, Lg. 967a ; even when the τό refers to what precedes, the contrast may lie not in the thing referred to, but in another part of the sentence (cf. supr. VI. 6),

    τὸ δ' ἐπὶ κακουργίᾳ.. ἐπετήδευσαν Th.1.37


    τὸ δὲ.. ἡμῖν μᾶλλον περιέσται Id.2.89

    ; φασὶ δέ τινες αὐτὸν καὶ τῶν ἑπτὰ σοφῶν γεγονέναι· τὸ δὲ οὐκ ἦν but he was not, Nic.Dam.58J.
    4 τὸ μέν.., τὸ δέ.., partly.., partly.., or on the one hand.., on the other.., Th.7.36, etc., cf.Od.2.46 ; more freq. τὰ μέν.., τὰ δέ.., Hdt.1.173, S.Tr. 534, etc.; also

    τὰ μέν τι.., τὰ δέ τι.. X.An.4.1.14


    τὸ μέν τι.., τὸ δέ τι.. Luc.Macr.14


    τὰ μέν.., τὸ δὲ πλέον.. Th.1.90

    : sts. without τὸ μέν.. in the first clause,

    τὸ δέ τι Id.1.107

    ,7.48 : rarely of Time, τὰ μὲν πολλὰ.., τέλος δέ several times.. and finally, Hdt.3.85.
    5 of Time, sts. that time, sts. this (present) time, συνμαχία κ' ἔα ἑκατὸν ϝέτεα, ἄρχοι δέ κα τοΐ (where it is possible, but not necessary, to supply ϝέτος) SIG9.3 (Olympia, vi B.C.): so with Preps., ἐκ τοῦ, [dialect] Ep. τοῖο, from that time, Il.1.493,15.601.
    b πρὸ τοῦ, sts. written προτοῦ, before this, aforetime, Hdt.1.103, 122,5.55, A.Ag. 1204, Ar.Nu.5, etc.;

    ἐν τῷ πρὸ τοῦ χρόνῳ Th.1.32

    , cf. A.Eu. 462 ;

    τὸ πρὸ τοῦ D.S.20.59

    6 ἐν τοῖς is freq. used in Prose with Superlatives, ἐν τοῖσι θειότατον a most marvellous thing, Hdt.7.137 ; ἐν τοῖς πρῶτοι the very first, Th.1.6, etc.; ἐν τοῖσι πρῶτος ( πρώτοις codd.) Pherecr.145.4 ; [Ζεὺς] Ἔρωτά τε καὶ Ἀνάγκην ἐν τοῖς πρῶτα ἐγέννησεν first of all, Aristid. Or.43(1).16, cf. 37(2).2: when used with fem. Nouns, ἐν τοῖς remained without change of gender, ἐν τοῖς πλεῖσται δὴ νῆες the greatest number of ships, Th.3.17; ἐν τοῖς πρώτη ἐγένετο (sc. ἡ στάσις) ib.82 : also with Advbs.,

    ἐν τοῖς μάλιστα Id.8.90

    , Pl.Cri. 52a, Plu.2.74e, 421d, 723e, Brut.6, 11,al., Paus.1.16.3, etc.;

    ἐν τοῖς χαλεπώτατα Th.7.71


    τὴν Αἴγυπτον ἐν τοῖς μάλιστα μελάγγειον οὖσαν Plu.2.364c

    : in late Prose, also with Positives,

    ἐν τοῖς παράδοξον Aristid.Or.48(24).47

    codd.; with

    πάνυ, ἐν τοῖς πάνυ D.H.1.19

    , cf. 66 ( ἐν ταῖς πάνυ f.l. 4.14,15).
    B , , τό, THE DEFINITE ARTICLE, the, to specify individuals: rare in this signf. in the earliest Gr., becoming commoner later. In Hom. the demonstr. force can generally be traced, v. supr. A. I, but the definite Art. must be recognized in places like Il.1.167,7.412, 9.309, 12.289, Od.19.372 : also when joined to an Adj. to make it a Subst.,

    αἰὲν ἀποκτείνων τὸν ὀπίστατον

    the hindmost man,



    τὸν ἄριστον 17.80


    τὸν δύστηνον 22.59


    τὸν προὔχοντα 23.325

    ; τῷ πρώτῳ.., τῷ δευτέρῳ.., etc., ib. 265sq. ; also in

    τῶν ἄλλων 2.674

    , al.: with Advs.,

    τὸ πρίν 24.543

    , al.;

    τὸ πάρος περ 17.720


    τὸ πρόσθεν 23.583

    ; also τὸ τρίτον ib. 733 ;

    τὰ πρῶτα 1.6

    ,al.; τὸ μὲν ἄλλο for the rest, 23.454 ;

    ἀνδρῶν τῶν τότε 9.559

    .—The true Art., however, is first fully established in fifth-cent. [dialect] Att., whilst the demonstr. usage disappears, exc. in a few cases, V. A. VI-VIII.—Chief usages, esp. in [dialect] Att.
    I not only with common Appellats., Adjs., and Parts., to specify them as present to sense or mind, but also freq. where we use the Possessive Pron.,

    τὸ κέαρ ηὐφράνθην Ar.Ach.5

    ; τὴν κεφαλὴν κατεάγην my head was broken, And.1.61, etc. ; τοὺς φίλους ποιούμεθα we make our friends, S.Ant. 190 ; τὰς πόλεις ἔκτιζον they began founding their cities, Th.1.12;

    οὐχ ὑπὲρ τὴν οὐσίαν ποιούμενοι τοὺς παῖδας Pl.R. 372b

    b omitted with pr.nn.and freq. with Appellats. which require no specification, as θεός, βασιλεύς, v. θεός 1.1, βασιλεύς III ; ἐμ πόλει in the Acropolis, IG12.4.1, al.: but added to pr. nn., when attention is to be called to the previous mention of the person, as Th. (3.70 ) speaks first of Πειθίας and then refers to him repeatedly as ὁ Π.; cf. Θράσυλος in Id.8.104, with ὁ Θ. ib. 105 ; or when the person spoken of is to be specially distinguished, Ζεύς, ὅστις ὁ Ζεύς whoever this Zeus is, E.Fr. 480 ; and therefore properly omitted when a special designation follows, as Σωκράτης ὁ φιλόσοφος: seldom in Trag. with pr. nn., save to give pecul. emphasis, like Lat. ille, ὁ Λάϊος, ὁ Φοῖβος, S.OT 729, El.35, etc.: later, however, the usage became very common (the Homeric usage of with a pr. n. is different, v. A.I).
    c Aristotle says Σωκράτης meaning the historical Socrates, as in SE183b7, PA642a28, al., but ὁ Σωκράτης when he means the Platonic Socrates, as Pol.1261a6, al.: so with other pr.nn., EN1145a21, 1146a21, al.
    d for Σαῦλος ὁ καὶ Παῦλος, etc., v. καί B.2.
    2 in a generic sense, where the individual is treated as a type,

    οἷς ὁ γέρων μετέῃσιν.. λεύσσει Il.3.109


    πονηρὸν ὁ συκοφάντης D.18.242

    , etc.
    b freq. with abstract Nouns,

    ἥ τε ἐλπὶς καὶ ὁ ἔρως Th.3.45

    , etc.
    3 of outstanding members of a class, ὁ γεωγράφος, ὁ κωμικός, ὁ ποιητής, ὁ τεχνικός, v. γεωγράφος, κωμικός, ποιητής, τεχνικός.
    4 with infs., which thereby become Substs., τὸ εἴργειν prevention, Pl.Grg. 505b ; τὸ φρονεῖν good sense, S.Ant. 1348(anap.), etc.: when the subject is expressed it is put between the Art.and the inf., τὸ θεοὺς εἶναι the existence of gods, Pl.Phd. 62b ; τὸ μηδένα εἶναι ὄλβιον the fact or statement that no one is happy, Hdt.1.86.
    5 in neut. before any word or expression which itself is made the object of thought, τὸ ἄνθρωπος the word or notion man ; τὸ λέγω the word λέγω ; τὸ μηδὲν ἄγαν the sentiment 'ne quid nimis', E.Hipp. 265(lyr.); τὸ τῇ αὐτῇ the phrase τῇ αὐτῇ, Pl.Men. 72e : and so before whole clauses, ἡ δόξα.. περὶ τοῦ οὕστινας δεῖ ἄρχειν the opinion about the question 'who ought to rule', Id.R. 431e ; τὸ ἐὰν μένητε παρ' ἐμοί, ἀποδώσω the phrase 'I will give back, if.. ', X.Cyr. 5.1.21, cf. Pl.R. 327c, etc.;

    τοὺς τοῦ τί πρακτέον λογισμούς D.23.148

    ; τὸ ὀλίγοι the term few, Arist.Pol. 1283b11.
    6 before relat. clauses, when the Art. serves to combine the whole relat. clause into one notion, τῇ ᾗ φὴς σὺ σκληρότητι the harshness you speak of, Pl.Cra. 435a ; τὸν ἥμερον καρπόν.., καὶ τὸν ὅσος ξύλινος (i.e. καὶ τὸν καρπὸν ὅσος ἂν ᾖ ξύλινος) Id.Criti. 115b ;

    τῶν ὅσοι ἂν.. ἀγαθοὶ κριθῶσιν Id.R. 469b


    ἐκ γῆς καὶ πυρὸς μείξαντες καὶ τῶν ὅσα πυρὶ καὶ γῇ κεράννυται Id.Prt. 320d

    , cf. Hyp.Lyc.2 ;

    ταύτην τε τὴν αἰτίαν καὶ τὴν ὅθεν ἡ κίνησις Arist.Metaph. 987a8


    τὸν ὃς ἔφη Lys.23.8

    : hence the relat., by attraction, freq. follows the case of the Art., τοῖς οἵοις ἡμῖν τε καὶ ὑμῖν, i.e. τοῖς οὖσιν οἷοι ἡμεῖς καὶ ὑμεῖς, X.HG2.3.25, etc.
    7 before Prons.,
    a before the pers. Prons., giving them greater emphasis, but only in acc.,

    τὸν ἐμέ Pl.Tht. 166a

    ,Phlb. 20b ; τὸν.. σὲ καὶ ἐμέ ib. 59b ;

    τὸν αὑτόν Id.Phdr. 258a

    ; on ὁ αὐτός, v. αὐτός 111.
    b before the interrog. Pron. (both τίς and ποῖος), referring to something before, which needs to be more distinctly specified, A.Pr. 251, Ar. Pax 696 ; also τὰ τί; because οἷα went before, ib. 693. Of τίς only the neut. is thus used (v.supr.): ποῖος is thus used not only in neut. pl., τὰ ποῖα; E.Ph. 707 ; but also in the other genders, ὁ ποῖος; ib. 1704 ; τῆς ποίας μερίδος; D.18.64 ; τοῖς ποίοις.. ; Arist.Ph. 227b1.
    c with τοιοῦτος, τοιόσδε, τηλικοῦτος, etc., the Art. either makes the Pron. into a Subst.,

    ὁ τοιοῦτος

    that sort of person,


    , etc.; or subjoins it to a Subst. which already has an Art.,

    τὴν ἀπολογίαν τὴν τοιαύτην D.41.13

    8 before ἅπας, Pi.N.1.69, Hdt.3.64, 7.153 (s.v.l.), S.OC 1224 (lyr.), D.18.231, etc.; also τὸν ἕνα, τὸν ἕνα τοῦτον, Arist.Pol. 1287b8, 1288a19 : on its usage with ἕκαστος, v. sub voc.; and on οἱ ἄλλοι, οἱ πολλοί, etc., v. ἄλλος 11.6,

    πολύς 11.3

    , etc.
    9 the Art. with the [comp] Comp. is rare, if follows, S.Ant. 313, OC 796.
    II elliptic expressions:
    1 before the gen. of a pr.<*>., to express descent, son or daughter, Θουκυδίδης ὁ Ὀλόρου (sc. υἱός) Th.4.104 ; Ἑλένη ἡ τοῦ Διός (sc. θυγάτηρ) E.Hel. 470 : also to denote other relationships, e.g. brother, Lys.32.24, Alciphr.2.2.10 ; ἡ Σμικυθίωνος Μελιστίχη M. the wife of S., Ar.Ec.46 ; Κλέαρχος καὶ οἱ ἐκείνου Cl. and his men, X.An.1.2.15 ; ὁ τοῦ Ἀντιγένεος the slave of A., Hp.Hum.20.
    2 generally, before a gen. it indicates a wider relation, as τὸ τῶν νεῶν, τὸ τῶν Ἑρμῶν, the matter of the ships, the affair of the Hermae, Th.4.23,6.60 ; τὰ τοῦ Ἀρριβαίου πράσσειν to promote the interests of Arrhibaeus, Id.4.83, cf. 6.89, etc.; τὸ τῆς τύχης,=ἡ τύχη, Id.4.18 ; τὰ τῆς τύχης accidents, chance events, ib.55 ; τὰ γὰρ φθιτῶν τοῖς ὁρῶσι κόσμος performance of the rites due to the dead befits the living, E.Supp.78(lyr.); τὰ τῶν θεῶν that which is destined by the gods, S.Tr. 498(lyr.): hence with neut. of Possessive Pron., τὸ ἐμόν, τὸ σόν, what regards me or thee, my or thy business or interests, S.Aj. 124, El. 251, etc.: and with gen. of 3 pers.,

    τὸ τῆσδε E.Hipp.48

    . But τό τινος is freq. also, a man's word or saying, as

    τὸ τοῦ Σόλωνος Hdt.1.86

    ; τὸ τοῦ Ὁμήρου as Homer says, Pl.Tht. 183e ; also τά τινος so-and-so's house, Ar.V. 1432, D.54.7, Theoc.2.76, Herod.5.52, Ev.Luc.2.49.
    3 very freq. with cases governed by Preps.. αἱ ἐκ τῆς Ζακύνθου νῆες the ships from Zacynthus, Th.4.13 ; οἱ ἀμφί τινα, οἱ περί τινα, such an one and his followers, v. ἀμφί c.1.3, περί c.1.2 ; also τὰ ἐπὶ Θρᾴκης the Thrace-ward district, Th.1.59, al.; τὰ ἀπὸ τοῦ καταστρώματος matters on deck, Id.7.70 ; τὰ ἀπ' Ἀλκιβιάδου the proposals of Alcibiades, Id.8.48 ; τὰ ἀπὸ τῆς τύχης the incidents of fortune, Id.2.87, etc.
    4 on μὰ τόν, μὰ τήν, etc., v. μά IV.
    5 in elliptical phrases, ἐπορευόμην τὴν ἔξω τείχους (sc. ὁδόν) Pl.Ly. 203a ; ἡ ἐπὶ θανάτῳ (sc. στολή, δέσις), v. θάνατος; κατὰ τὴν ἐμήν (sc. γνώμην), v. ἐμός 11.4 ; ἡ αὔριον (sc. ἡμέρα), v. αὔριον; ἡ Λυδιστί (sc. ἁρμονία) Arist.Pol. 1342b32, etc.: freq. with Advs., which thus take an adj. sense, as , , τὸ νῦν;

    ὁ οἴκαδε πλοῦς Th.1.52

    ; οἱ τότε, οἱ ἔπειτα (sc. ἄνθρωποι), ib.9,10, etc. ; but τό stands abs. with Advs. of time and place, when one cannot (as in the preceding instances) supply a Subst., as

    κἀκεῖσε καὶ τὸ δεῦρο E.Ph. 266

    , cf.[315] (lyr.);

    ὁ μὲν τὸ κεῖθεν, ὁ δὲ τὸ κεῖθεν Id.Or. 1412

    (lyr.): rarely abs. in gen., ἰέναι τοῦ πρόσω to go forward, X.An.1.3.1 ;

    τοῦ προσωτάτω δραμεῖν S.Aj. 731

    C as RELATIVE PRONOUN in many dialects ; both in nom. sg. masc. ὅ, as

    κλῦθί μοι, ὃ χθιζὸς θεὸς ἤλυθες Od.2.262

    , cf. 1.300, al. ;

    Ἔρως, ὃ κατ' ὀμμάτων στάζεις πόθον E.Hipp. 526


    Ἄδωνις, ὃ κἠν Ἀχέροντι φιλεῖται Theoc.15.86

    ; ὃ ἐξορύξη he who banishes him, Schwyzer679.12,25 ([place name] Cyprus) ; and in the forms beginning with τ, esp. in Hom. (Od.4.160, al.), Hdt.1.7, al.: also in [dialect] Ion. Poets,

    ἐν τῷ κάθημαι Archil.87.3

    , cf. Semon.7.3, Anacr.86 (prob.), Herod.2.64, al.: freq. in Trag.,

    τῆς S.OC 1258

    , Tr. 381, 728, E.Alc. 883 (anap.);

    τῷ S.Ph.14


    τήν Id.OC 747

    , Tr.47, El. 1144 ; τό Id.OT 1427 ; τῶν ib. 1379, Ant. 1086.—Never in Com. or [dialect] Att. Prose:—[dialect] Ep. gen. sg.

    τεῦ Il.18.192

    a [dialect] Att. , , τό, with [pron. full] make , as ἁνήρ, ἁλήθεια, τἀγαθόν, τᾄτιον; so οἱ, αἱ, τά, as ἅνδρες, τἀγαθά; also τοῦ, τῷ, as τἀγαθοῦ, τἀγαθῷ: , τό, οἱ, before e gives ου, οὑξ, οὑπί, οὑμός, τοὔργον, οὑπιχώριοι, etc.; also τοῦ, as τοὐμοῦ, τοὐπιόντος; but ἅτερος, θάτερον ([pron. full] ¯ ?ὁX?ὁX), [dialect] Ion. οὕτερος, τοὔτερον (v. ἕτερος), [dialect] Att. fem. ἡτέρα, dat. θητέρᾳ (v. ἕτερος); τῷ loses the iota, τὠμῷ, τὠπιόντι: , τό, before ο gives ου, as Οὁδυσσεύς, Οὑλύμπιος, τοὔνομα: , τό, etc., before αυ gives ᾱυ, αὑτός, ταὐτό, ταὐτῷ (freq. written ἁτός, etc. in Inscrr. and Pap.); so τὰ αὐτά=ταὐτά, αἱ αὐταί= αὑταί: before εὐ gives ηὑ, as ηὑλάβεια: τῇ before gives θη, as θἠμέρᾳ: τὸ before gives θου, as θοὔδωρ for τὸ ὕδωρ.
    b other dialects: in their treatment of crasis these follow the local laws of contraction, hence, e.g., [dialect] Dor. ὡξ from

    ὁ ἐξ Theoc.1.65

    , ὥλαφος from ὁ ἔλαφος ib. 135 ; [dialect] Ion. ᾡσυμνήτης from ὁ αἰς- SIG57.45 (Milet., v B.C.) ; ὡυτή from

    ἡ αὐτή Heraclit.60

    , etc.

    Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό) >

  • 3 ἀκόνῑτον

    Grammatical information: n.
    Meaning: poisonous plant, `Aconitum' but also others André, Lex. (Thphr.).
    Origin: PG [a word of Pre-Greek origin]
    Etymology: By the ancients derived from ἀκονιτί `without dust', i.e. without struggle \/ fight ( ἀκόνιτος Q. S.), i.e. `invincible', because of its deadly effect. Semantically improbable. Cf. Jüthner Glotta 29, 73ff., Strömberg Pflanzennamen 150 A. 1. - Wrong Lagercrantz Eranos 35, 35f. S. also Kretschmer REIE 1, 171ff. - Fur. 121 connects κονή, κῶνος. A substr. word is anyhow prob.
    Page in Frisk: 1,55

    Greek-English etymological dictionary (Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά ετυμολογική λεξικό) > ἀκόνῑτον

  • 4 λήϊτον

    Meaning: `townhall'
    See also: s. λαός.
    Page in Frisk: 2,115

    Greek-English etymological dictionary (Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά ετυμολογική λεξικό) > λήϊτον

  • 5 'τον

    ἄτον, ἆτος
    insatiate: masc /fem acc sg
    ἄτον, ἆτος
    insatiate: neut nom /voc /acc sg

    Morphologia Graeca > 'τον

  • 6 τόν

    lentil: masc acc sg

    Morphologia Graeca > τόν

  • 7 τον


    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά νέο λεξικό (Greek-English new dictionary) > τον

  • 8 μέν

    1 where μέν is merely an emphatic particle, and is not balanced by δέ or another particle.
    a emphasising a demonstrative, not in nom., which refers back to a word in (esp. subject of) a preceding sentence.

    ὁ δ' αὐτῷ πὰρ ποδὶ σχεδὸν φάνη· τῷ μὲν εἶπε O. 1.75

    οὐδ' ἀκράντοις ἐφάψατο ἔπεσι· τὸν μὲν ἀγάλλων θεὸς ἔδωκεν O. 1.86


    δ' ἐς θεὸν ἐλθών. τῷ μὲν ὁ Χρυσοκόμας εἶπε O. 7.32

    Γλαῦκον τρόμεον Δαναοί. τοῖσι μὲν ἐξεύχετ O. 13.60

    ( ὄρος)

    τοῦ μὲν ἐπωνυμίαν κλεινὸς οἰκιστὴρ ἐκύδανεν πόλιν γείτονα P. 1.30

    πατήρ. τῷ μὲν εἰ κατέβαν ὑγίειαν ἄγων P. 3.72

    δεσπόταν· τὸν μὲν Φοῖβος ἀμνάσει P. 4.53

    ὣς φάτο· τὸν μὲν ἔγνον ὀφθαλμοὶ πατρός P. 4.120

    ( δοιοὶ δ' ὑψιχαῖται ἀνέρες).

    τῶν μὲν κλέος P. 4.174

    Κυράναν· ἁ μὲν οὔθ' ἱστῶν παλιμβάμους ἐφίλησεν ὁδούς P. 9.18

    γαμβρὸς Ἥρας. τῷ μὲν δαῖτα πορσύνοντες ἀστοὶ I. 4.61

    ( Αἰακὸν)

    τοῦ μὲν ἀντίθεοι ἀρίστευον υἱέες I. 8.24

    ( Ἀχιλεύς)

    τὸν μὲν οὐδὲ θανόντ' ἀοιδαὶ ἔλιπον I. 8.56

    ( καὶ κεῖνος)

    τὸν μὲν οὐ κατελέγχει κριτοῦ γενεὰ πατραδελφεοῦ I. 8.65

    Ὕλλου τε καὶ Αἰγιμιοῦ · τῶν (Hermann: τὰ cod.)

    μὲν ὑπὸ στάθμᾳ νέμονται I. 9.4

    cf. fr. 140b. 16.
    b emphasising adv., esp. temporal.

    νῦν μὲν αὐτῷ γέρας Ἀλκιμέδων O. 8.65

    μελέων, τὰ παρ' εὐκλέι Δίρκᾳ χρόνῳ μὲν φάνεν O. 10.85

    σάμερον μὲν χρή P. 4.1

    αἱ δὲ πρώτιστον μὲν ὕμνησαν Διὸς ἀρχόμεναι σεμνὰν Θέτιν N. 5.25

    ὃς τότε μὲν βασιλεύων κεῖθι N. 9.11

    ( Διόσκουροι)

    μάλα μὲν ἀνδρῶν δικαίων περικαδόμενοι N. 10.54

    adv. phrase, “τὸ μὲν ἐμόν, Πηλέι γέρας θεόμορον ὀπάσσαι γάμου ΑἰακίδᾳI. 8.38
    c emphasising verb.

    ἐπέγνω μὲν Κυράνα P. 4.279

    d where the balancing thought is,
    I suppressed.

    παῖδας, ὧν εἷς μὲν Κάμιρον πρεσβύτατόν τε Ἰάλυσον ἔτεκεν Λίνδον τε O. 7.73

    τὰ μὲν ἐν ἅρμασι καλλίνικοι πάλαι (v. also μέν τε) P. 11.46

    ξανθὸς δ' Αχιλεὺς τὰ μὲν μένων Φιλύρας ἐν δόμοις, παῖς ἐὼν ἄθυρε μεγάλα ἔργα N. 3.43

    πρῶτον μὲν fr. 30. 1.
    II not expressed in coordinated clause.

    ἤδη γὰρ αὐτῷ, πατρὶ μὲν βωμῶν ἁγισθέντων, διχόμηνις ἀντέφλεξε Μήνα O. 3.19

    τοὺς μὲν ὦν P. 3.47

    τὰ μὲν ὦν οὐ δύνανται νήπιοι κόσμῷ φέρειν ἀλλ' ἀγαθοί, τὰ καλὰ τρέψαντες ἔξω P. 3.83

    e contrasting with what precedes, not what follows. ἄγγελος ἔβαν πέμπτον ἐπὶ εἴκοσι τοῦτο γαρύων εὖχος ἀγώνων ἄπο. δύο μὲν Κρονίου πὰρ τεμένει, παῖ, σέ τ' ἐνόσφισε καὶ Πολυτιμίδαν κλᾶρος προπετὴς ἄνθἐ Ὀλυμπιάδος ( μὰν coni. Wil.) N. 6.61 esp.,

    ἀλλὰ μέν, ἀλλ' ἐπεύξασθαι μὲν ἐγὼν ἐθέλω Ματρί P. 3.77

    ἀλλὰ καὶ σκᾶπτον μόναρχον καὶ θρόνος τὰ μὲν ἄνευ ξυνᾶς ἀνίας λῦσονP. 4.154
    f dub. & fragg. [ ἀγαθοῖς μὲν (Schr.: ἀγαθοῖσιν codd.) N. 11.17]

    ἐγὼ μὲν ὑπὲρ χθονὸς Pae. 8.14

    ]ἔνθεν μὲν αρ[ Πα. 13a. 22. ]

    α μὲν γὰρ εὔχομαι[ Pae. 16.3

    ἔνθεν μὲν fr. 59. 11. πρόσθα μὲν fr. 70. 1. πρὶν μὲν ἕρπε Δ. 2. 1. μὲν στάσις[ Δ. 3. 3. ]φθίτο μὲν γα[ Δ. 4e. 8. τὰν λιπαρὰν μὲν Αἴγυπτον fr. 82. κείνῳ μὲν fr. 92. Λάκαινα μὲν fr. 112. δελφῖνος, τὸν μὲν ἐκίνησ' ἐρατὸν μέλος fr. 140b. 16. οἱ μὲν κατωκάρα δεσμοῖσι δέδενται fr. 161. φθέγμα μὲν πάγκοινον ἔγνωκας fr. 188. πανδείματοι μὲν fr. 189. ἴσον μὲν fr. 224. ἁ μὲν πόλις Αἰακιδᾶν fr. 242. ] υν μὲν θεο[ ?fr. 337. 11. στῆναι μὲν οὐ θέμις οὐδὲ παύσασθαι φορᾶς ?fr. 358.
    g γε μέν, v. 4.
    a where sentences are opposed.

    ἐμοὶ μὲν τὺ δὲ O. 1.84

    θανόντων μὲν ἐνθάδ' τὰ δ ἐν τᾷδε Διὸς ἀρχᾷ O. 2.57

    παρὰ μὲν τιμίοις τοὶ δὲ O. 2.65

    τὸν μὲν λεῖπε χαμαί· δύο δὲ ἐθρέψαντο δράκοντες O. 6.44

    τὰ μὲν ἐκ θεοῦ δ O. 11.8

    κελαδέοντι μὲν σὲ δ P. 2.15


    νεότατι μὲν βουλαὶ δὲ πρεσβύτεραι P. 2.63


    τόδε μὲν μέλος ὑπὲρ πολιᾶς ἁλὸς πέμπεται· τὸ Καστόρειον δ' θέλων ἄθρησον P. 2.67

    τῷ μὲν Ἀπόλλων · ἀπὸ δ' αὐτὸν ἐγὼ P. 4.66

    τὸν μὲν οὐ γίνωσκον· ὀπιζομένων δ' ἔμπας τις εἶπεν P. 4.86

    ἀλλὰ τούτων μὲν κεφάλαια λόγων ἴστε. λευκίππων δὲ δόμους πατέρων φράσσατέ μοιP. 4.116

    μάκαρ μὲν ἀνδρῶν μέτα ἔναιεν, ἥρως δ' ἔπειτα λαοσεβής P. 5.95

    μάλιστα μὲν Κρονίδαν θεῶν σέβεσθαι· ταύτας δὲ μή ποτε τιμᾶς ἀμείρειν γονέων βίον πεπρωμένον P. 6.23

    ὁ μὲν που τεοῖς τε μήδεσι τοῦτ' ἔπραξεν, τὸ δὲ συγγενὲς ἐμβέβακεν ἴχνεσιν πατρὸς (contra Wil., 467.) P. 10.11—2.

    οἱ μὲν πάλαι, νῦν δ I. 2.1


    ἀλλ' ὀνοτὸς μὲν ἰδέσθαι, συμπεσεῖν δ ἀκμᾷ βαρύς I. 4.50


    ἀλλ' ἐμοὶ δεῖμα μὲν παροιχόμενον καρτερὰν ἔπαυσε μέριμναν. τὸ δὲ πρὸ ποδὸς ἄρειον ἀεὶ βλέπειν χρῆμα πάν I. 8.11

    ἀλλὰ τὰ μὲν παύσατε· βροτέων δὲ λεχέων τυχοῖσα υἱὸν εἰσιδέτω θανόντ' ἐν πολέμῳI. 8.35 καλῶν μὲν ὦν μοῖράν τε τερπνῶν ἐς μέσον χρὴ παντὶ λαῷ δεικνύναι· εἰ δέ τις ἀνθρώποισι θεόσδοτος ἀτληκηκοτας προστύχῃ, ταύταν σκότει κρύπτειν ἔοικεν fr. 42. 3—5. ἀλλὰ [ βαρεῖα μὲν] ἐπέπεσε μοῖρα· τλάντων δ' ἔπειτα Πα. 2.. ταῦτα θεοῖσι μὲν πιθεῖν σοφοὺς δυνατόν, βροτοῖσιν δ ἀμάχανον εὑρέμεν Πα... τὸν μὲν Ὑπερβορ[έοις] ἄνεμος ζαμενὴς ἔμειξ[ ] ὦ Μοῖσαι, τοῦ δὲ παντεχ[ ] τίς ὁ ῥυθμὸς ἐφαίνετο; Πα... χάλκεοι μὲν τοῖχοι χρύσεαι δ ἓξ ὑπὲρ αἰετοῦ ἄειδον κηληδόνες Πα... Κρῆτα μὲν καλέοντι τρόπον, τὸ δ ὄργανον Μολοσσόν *fr. 107b. 2.* σῶμα μὲν πάντων ἕπεται θανάτῳ περισθενεῖ, ζωὸν δ' ἔτι λείπεται αἰῶνος εἴδωλον fr. 131b. 1.
    b where sentences are joined.

    ζώει μὲν ἐν Ὀλυμπίοις Σεμέλα. λέγοντι δ' ἐν καὶ θαλάσσᾳ βίοτον ἄφθιτον Ἰνοῖ τετάχθαι O. 2.25

    — 30.

    Ὀλυμπίᾳ μὲν γὰρ Πυθῶνι δ O. 2.48


    τᾷ μὲν ὁ Χρυσοκόμας πραύμητίν τ' Ἐλείθυιαν παρέστασέν τε Μοίρας. ἧλθεν δ ὑπὸ σπλάγχνων Ἴαμος O. 6.41

    κείνοισι μὲν ( κείνοις ὁ μὲν coni. Mingarelli) —.

    αὐτὰ δὲ O. 7.49


    Ἄλτιν μὲν ὅγ' ἐν καθαρῷ διέκρινε, τὸ δὲ κύκλῳ πέδον ἔθηκε δόρπου λύσιν O. 10.45


    εἰ γὰρ ὁ πᾶς χρόνος ὄλβον μὲν οὕτω καὶ κτεάνων δόσιν εὐθύνοι, καμάτων δ' ἐπίλασιν παράσχοι P. 1.46

    τοὶ μὲν ἀλλάλοισιν ἀμειβόμενοι γάρυον τοιαῦτ· ἀνὰ δ' ἡμιόνοις Πελίας ἵκετο P. 4.93


    ὀρφανίζει μὲν, ἔμαθε δ P. 4.283

    —4. τὸ μὲν ἔχει συγγενὴς ὀφθαλμὸς

    αἰδοιότατον γέρας. μάκαρ δὲ καὶ νῦν P. 5.15


    πολλοῖσι μὲν γὰρ ἀείδεται νικαφόροις ἐν ἀέθλοις. τὰ δὲ καὶ ἀνδράσιν ἐμπρέπει P. 8.25


    τοιαῦτα μὲν ἐφθέγξατ' Ἀμφιάρηος. χαίρων δὲ καὶ αὐτὸς Ἀλκμᾶνα στεφάνοισι βάλλω P. 8.55


    τὸ μὲν μέγιστον τόθι χαρμάτων ὤπασας, οἴκοι δὲ πρόσθεν ἁρπαλέαν δόσιν ἐπάγαγες P. 8.64

    ποτὶ γραμμᾷ μέν αὐτὰν στᾶσε κοσμήσαις τέλος ἔμμεν ἄκρον, εἶπε δ P. 9.118

    —9. θάνεν μὲν αὐτὸς ἥρως Ἀτρείδας. ὁ δ' ἄρα γέροντα ξένον Στροφίον ἐξίκετο (others join μέν with τ v. 33) P. 11.31—4.

    ὁ δ' ὀρθὸν μὲν ἄντεινεν κάρα, πειρᾶτο δὲ πρῶτον μάχας N. 1.43

    ἐν Τροίᾳ μὲν Ἕκτωρ Αἴαντος ἄκουσεν. ὦ Τιμόδημε, σὲ δ' ἀλκὰ παγκρατίου τλάθυμος ἀέξει N. 2.14

    ἁ Νεμέα μὲν ἄραρεν μείς τ' ἐπιχώριος. ἅλικας δ ἐλθόντας οἴκοι τ ἐκράτει Νίσου τ ἐν εὐαγκεῖ λόφῳ N. 5.44


    καὶ ταῦτα μὲν παλαιότεροι ὁδὸν ἀμαξιτὸν εὗρον. ἕπομαι δὲ καὶ αὐτός N. 6.53


    χρεῖαι δὲ παντοῖαι φίλων ἀνδρῶν. τὰ μὲν ἀμφὶ πόνοις ὑπερώτατα, μαστεύει δὲ καὶ τέρψις ἐν ὄμμασι θέσθαι πιστόν N. 8.42

    πεῖραν μὲν ἀγάνορα Φοινικοστόλων ἐγχέων ἀναβάλλομαι ὡς πόρσιστα, μοῖραν δ' εὔνομον αἰτέω N. 9.28


    τὰν μέν ᾤκισσεν ἁγεμόνα. σὲ δ' ἐς νᾶσον Οἰνοπίαν ἐνεγκὼν κοιμᾶτο I. 8.19

    —21. καὶ τὸ μὲν διδότω θεός. [ὁ δ]ἐχθρὰ νοήσαις ἤδη φθόνος οἴχεται Πα. 2.. χρῆν μὲν κατὰ καιρὸν ἐρώτων δρέπεσθαι, τὰς δὲ Θεοξένου ἀκτῖνας δρακείς, ὃς μὴ ποθῷ κυμαίνεται, κεχάλκευται (Hermann: με codd.) fr. 123. 1. ὃς μὲν ἀχρήμων, ἀφνεὸς τότε, τοὶ δ' αὖ πλουτέοντες fr. 124. 8. ἀπὸ μὲν λευκὸν γάλα χερσὶ τραπεζᾶν ὤθεον, αὐτόματοι δ' ἐπλάζοντο fr. 166. 3.
    c where subordinate clauses are joined.

    εἰ δ' ἀριστεύει μὲν ὕδωρ, κτεάνων δὲ χρυσὸς αἰδοιέστατος O. 3.42

    ἐκέλευσεν δ' αὐτίκα χρυσάμπυκα μὲν Λάχεσιν χεῖρας ἀντεῖναι θεῶν δ ὅρκον μέγαν μὴ παρφάμεν O. 7.64

    —5. ( φόρμιγξ) τᾶς ἀκούει μὲν βάσις, πείθονται δ

    ἀοιδοὶ σάμασιν P. 1.2


    τᾶς ἐρεύγονται μὲν ἀπλάτου πυρὸς ἁγνόταται ἐκ μυχῶν παγαί. ποταμοὶ δὲ P. 1.21


    τῶ σε μὴ λαθέτω, Κυράνα, παντὶ μὲν θεὸν αἴτιον ὑπερτιθέμεν, φιλεῖν δὲ Κάρρωτον P. 5.25

    —6. ( πάρφασις)

    ἃ τὸ μὲν λαμπρὸν βιᾶται, τῶν δ' ἀφάντων κῦδος ἀντείνει σαθρόν N. 8.34

    d where parts of sentences are opposed or joined.

    ὃς σε μὲν Νεμέᾳ πρόφατον, Ἀλκιμέδοντα δὲ πὰρ Κρόνου λόφῳ θῆκεν Ὀλυμπιονίκαν O. 8.16

    αἴνει δὲ παλαιὸν μὲν οἶνον, ἄνθεα δ' ὕμνων νεωτέρων O. 9.48


    τέρας μὲν θαυμάσιον προσιδέσθαι, θαῦμα δὲ καὶ παρεόντων ἀκοῦσαι P. 1.26

    πράσσει γὰρ ἔργῳ μὲν σθένος, βουλαῖσι δὲ φρήν N. 1.26

    ὅσσους μὲν ἐν χέρσῳ κτανών, ὅσσους δὲ πόντῳ θῆρας ἀιδροδίκας N. 1.62

    οἶον αἰνέων κε Μελησίαν ἔριδα στρέφοι ῥήματα πλέκων, ἀπάλαιστος ἐν λόγῳ ἕλκειν, μαλακὰ μὲν φρονέων ἐσλοῖς, τραχὺς δὲ παλιγκότοις ἔφεδρος N. 4.95


    Αἰακόν, ἐμᾷ μὲν πολίαρχον εὐωνύμῳ πάτρᾳ, Ἡράκλεες, σέο δὲ προπράον' ἔμμεν ξεῖνον ἀδελφεόν τ N. 7.85

    ὥρα πότνια τὸν μὲν ἡμέροις ἀνάγκας χερσὶ βαστάζεις, ἕτερον δὲ ἑτέραις N. 8.3

    τρὶς μὲν, τρὶς δὲ N. 10.27

    —8. “ ἥμισυ μὲν ἥμισυ δN. 10.87—8.

    ἀνὰ δ' ἔλυσεν μὲν ὀφθαλμόν, ἔπειτα δὲ φωνὰν χαλκομίτρα Κάστορος N. 10.90

    ἀλλ' ἐπέρα ποτὶ μὲν Φᾶσιν θερείαις, ἐν δὲ χειμῶνι πλέων Νείλου πρὸς ἀκτάν I. 2.41

    κατὰ μὲν φίλα τέκν' ἔπεφνεν, αὐτὸν δὲ τρίτον fr. 171. πολλοῖς μὲν ἐνάλου ὀρείου δὲ πολλοῖς ἄγρας ἀκροθινίοις ( δὲ πολλοῖς Duebner: πολλάκις codd.) ?fr. 357.
    e explicative, distributive.

    ἄνθεμα δὲ χρυσοῦ φλέγει, τὰ μὲν χερσόθεν ὕδωρ δ' ἄλλα φέρβει O. 2.72

    γλαυκοὶ δὲ δράκοντες τρεῖς, οἱ δύο μὲν κάπετον, εἷς δ O. 8.38

    , cf. O. 13.58, P. 2.48

    διδύμους υἱοὺς τὸν μὲν Ἐχίονα, κεχλάδοντας ἥβᾳ, τὸν δ' Ἔρυτον P. 4.179

    Κάδμου κόραι, Σεμέλα μὲν Ὀλυμπιάδων ἀγυιᾶτις, Ἰνὼ δὲ Λευκοθέα P. 11.1

    φυᾷ δ' ἕκαστος διαφέρομεν βιοτὰν

    λαχόντες, ὁ μὲν τά, τὰ δ' ἄλλοι N. 7.55

    ἀλλ' ἄγε τῶνδέ τοι ἔμπαν αἵρεσιν παρδίδωμ· εἰ μὲν, εἰ δὲ N. 10.83


    ῥεέθροισί τε Δίρκας ἔφανεν καὶ παρ' Εὐρώτᾳ πέλας, Ἰφικλέος μὲν παῖς Τυνδαρίδας δὲ I. 1.30

    I μέν δέ δέ — (δέ..) στάδιον μὲν ἀρίστευσεν. ὁ δὲ πάλᾳ κυδαίνων Ἔχεμος Τεγέαν. Δόρυκλος δὲ. ἂν ἵπποισι δὲ. μᾶκος δὲ. ἐν δO. 10.64

    ἐγγὺς μὲν Φέρης. ἐκ δὲ Μεσσάνας Ἀμυθάν. ταχέως δ' Ἄδματος ἶκεν καὶ Μέλαμπος P. 4.125

    —6. κρέσσονα μὲν ἁλικίας νόον φέρβεται γλῶσσάν τε· θάρσος δὲ (δὲ Schneidewin: τε codd.)—.

    ἀγωνίας δ P. 5.109


    ἄγοντι δέ με πέντε μὲν Ἰσθμοῖ νῖκαι, μία δ'. δύο δ P. 7.13


    ἡσυχία δὲ φιλεῖ μὲν συμπόσιον· νεοθαλὴς δ' αὔξεται μαλθακᾷ νικαφορία σὺν ἀοιδᾷ· θαρσαλέα δὲ παρὰ κρατῆρα φωνὰ γίνεται N. 9.48

    μακρὰ μὲν. πολλὰ δ'. οὐδ Ὑπερμήστρα. Διομήδεα δ. γαῖα δ N. 10.4

    τοὶ μὲν ὦν Θήβαισι. ὅσσα δ'. ἀνορέαις δ I. 4.7


    ἐν μὲν Αἰτωλῶν θυσίαισι φαενναῖς Οἰνείδαι κρατεροί, ἐν δὲ Θήβαις ἱπποσόας Ἰόλαος γέρας ἔχει, Περσεὺς δ' ἐν Ἄργει Κάστορος δ αἰχμὰ Πολυδεύκεός τ ἐπ Ἐὐρώτα ῥεέθροις. ἀλλ ἐν Οἰνώνᾳ I. 5.30


    τὸν μὲν ἄνδωκε δ'. ὁ δ I. 6.37


    ἵπποι μὲν ἀθάναται Ποσειδᾶνος ἄγοντ' Αἰακ[ ] Νηρεὺς δ ὁ γέρων ἕπετα[ι ] πατὴρ δὲ Κρονίων μολ[ Pae. 15.2

    σεμνᾷ μὲν κατάρχει. ἐν δὲ κέχλαδεν. ἐν δὲ Ναίδων. ἐν δ Δ. 2.. τοῖσι λάμπει μὲν μένος ἀελίου, φοινικορόδοις δ ἐνὶ λειμώνεσσι (δ supp. Bergk: τ Boeckh) Θρ.. 1. τεῖρε δὲ στερεῶς ἄλλαν μὲν σκέλος, ἄλλαν δὲ πᾶχυν, τὰν δὲ αὐχένα φέροισαν fr. 169. 30—2. ἀελλοπόδων μέν τιν' εὐφραίνοισιν ἵππων τιμαὶ καὶ στέφανοι τοὺς δ ἐν πολυχρύσοις θαλάμοις βιότα. τέρπεται δὲ καί τις fr. 221.
    II in paratactic climax. ἄριστον μὲν ὕδωρ, ὁ δὲ χρυσὸς, εἰ δ' ἄεθλα (cf. O. 3.45) O. 1.1—3.

    ἐμοὶ μὲν ὦν, ἐπ' ἄλλοισι δὲ, τὸ δ ἔσχατον O. 1.111


    Πίσα μὲν Διός. Ὀλυμπιάδα δὲ. Θήρωνα δὲ O. 2.3

    πολλὰ μὲν, πολλὰ δ'. ἅπαν δ εὑρόντος ἔργον O. 13.14

    ἀρέομαι πὰρ μὲν Σαλαμῖνος, ἐν Σπάρτᾳ δ', παρὰ δὲ τὰν εὔυδρον ἀκτὰν Ἱμέρα P. 1.76

    πολ]λὰ μὲν τὰ πάροιθ[ ]δαιδάλλοισ' ἔπεσιν, τὰ δ α[ ] Ζεὺς οἶδ, ἐμὲ δὲ πρέπει Παρθ. 2. 31. ἀπὸ Ταυγέτοιο μὲν. Σκύριαι δ. ὅπλα δ ἀπ Ἄργεος, ἅρμα Θηβαῖον, ἀλλ ἀπὸ Σικελίας fr. 106. ἁ μὲν ἀχέταν Λίνον αἴλινον ὕμνει, ἁ δ' Ὑμέναιον. ἁ δ Ἰάλεμον υἱὸν Οἰάγρου λτ;δὲγτ; Ὀρφέα (δὲ supp. Wil.) *qr. 3. 6.—10
    IIIμέν. νῦν αὖτε δὲ. ἐν Νεμέᾳ μὲν πρῶτον νῦν αὖτε Ἰσθμοῦ. εἴη δὲ τρίτον σωτῆρι πορσαίνοντας Ὀλυμπίῳ I. 6.3—7.
    g ὁ μέν ὁ δέ — ( ὁ δέ).

    ἀλλ' ὁ μὲν Πυθῶνάδ ᾤχετ ἰὼν. ἁ δὲ τίκτε θεόφρονα κοῦρον O. 6.37


    τὸ μὲν γὰρ πατρόθεν τὸ δ' ματρόθεν O. 7.23

    ἐδόκησαν ἐπ' ἀμφότερα μαχᾶν τάμνειν τέλος, τοὶ μὲν γένει φίλῳ σὺν Ἀτρέος Ἑλέναν κομίζοντες, οἱ δ ἀπὸ πάμπαν εἴργοντες O. 13.58

    ἀμφοτέροις ὁμοῖοι τοκεῦσι, τὰ ματρόθεν μὲν κάτω, τὰ δ' ὕπερθε πατρός P. 2.48

    δόξαν εὑρεῖν τὰ μὲν ἐν ἱπποσόαισιν ἄνδρεσσι μαρνάμενον, τὰ δ' ἐν πεζομάχαισι P. 2.65

    τὸν μὲν ἁ δ P. 3.8


    ἄλλον ἀλλοίων ἀχέων ἔξαγεν τοὺς μὲν μαλακαῖς ἐπαοιδαῖς ἀμφέπων, τοὺς δὲ προσανέα πίνοντας ἢ γυίοις περάπτων παντόθεν φάρμακα, τοὺς δὲ τομαῖς ἔστασεν ὀρθούς P. 3.51

    τὸν μὲν τοῦ δὲ P. 3.97


    τὰ μὲν παρίκει· τῶν νῦν δὲ P. 6.43

    Κάστορος βίαν σέ τε, ἄναξ Πολύδευκες, υἱοὶ θεῶν, τὸ μὲν παρ' ἆμαρ ἕδραισι Θεράπνας, τὸ δ οἰκέοντας ἔνδον Ὀλύμπου P. 11.63

    ἀλλ' ἔσται χρόνος οὗτος, ὃ καί τιν ἀελπτίᾳ βαλὼν ἔμπαλιν γνώμας τὸ μὲν δώσει, τὸ δ οὔπω P. 12.32

    τοὶ μὲν ὁ δ N. 1.41

    διείργει δὲ πᾶσα κεκριμένα δύναμις, ὡς τὸ μὲν οὐδὲν, ὁ δὲ χάλκεος ἀσφαλὲς αἰὲν ἕδος μένει οὐρανός N. 6.3

    ἁμέραν τὰν μὲν παρὰ πατρὶ φίλῳ Δὶ νέμονται τὰν δ' ὑπὸ κεύθεσι γαίας N. 10.55


    βροτῶν τὸν μὲν κενεόφρονες αὖχαι ἐξ ἀγαθῶν ἔβαλον. τὸν δ' αὖ παρέσφαλεν καλῶν θυμὸς ἄτολμος ἐών N. 11.29

    ἁ μὲν ἁ δ' ἁ δ Θρ. 3.. καὶ τοὶ μὲν ἵπποις γυμνασίοισι λτ;τεγτ;, τοὶ δὲ πεσσοῖς, τοὶ δὲ φορμίγγεσσι τέρπονται, παρὰ δέ σφισιν εὐανθὴς ἅπας τέθαλεν ὄλβος Θρ. 7. 6—7. irregularly coordinated,

    τὰ δ' ἄλλαις ἁμέραις πολλὰ μὲν ἐν κονίᾳ χέρσῳ, τὰ δὲ γείτονι πόντῳ φάσομαι N. 9.43

    , cf. P. 3.51
    h with anaphora.

    πολλὰ μὲν πολλὰ δὲ O. 13.14

    πολλὰ μὲν πολλὰ δὲ (Boeckh: μιν codd.) P. 9.123

    ὅσσους μὲν ὅσσους δὲ N. 1.62

    ἀλλ' ἀνὰ μὲν βρομίαν φόρμιγγ, ἀνὰ δ αὐλὸν ἐπ αὐτὰν ὄρσομεν ἱππίων ἀέθλων κορυφάν N. 9.8

    τρὶς μὲν τρὶς δὲ N. 10.27

    ἥμισυ μὲν ἥμισυ δὲ N. 10.87

    εὖ μὲν Ἀρισταγόραν δέξαι εὖ δ' ἑταίρους N. 11.3


    πολλὰ μὲν πολλὰ δὲ N. 11.6


    χρὴ μὲν ὑμνῆσαι τὸν ἐσλόν, χρὴ δὲ κωμάζοντ' ἀγαναῖς χαρίτεσσιν βαστάσαι I. 3.7


    ἀγαπᾶται, μέτρα μὲν γνώμᾳ διώκων, μέτρα δὲ καὶ κατέχων I. 6.71

    διαγινώσκομαι μὲν, γινώσκομαι δὲ καὶ Pae. 4.22

    ἐντὶ μὲν. ἐντὶ [δὲ καὶ] (supp. Wil.) Θρ. 3. 1. οἶδε μὲν βίου τελευτάν, οἶδεν δὲ διόσδοτον ἀρχάν fr. 137. 1.
    i where the μέν cl. has concessive force.

    σοφίαι μὲν αἰπειναί· τοῦτο δὲ προσφέρων O. 9.107

    κώμῳ μὲν ἁδυμελεῖ Δίκα παρέστακε· θεῶν δ' ὄπιν ἄφθονον αἰτέω P. 8.70

    ἦ τιν' ἄγλωσσον μέν, ἦτορ δ ἄλκιμον, λάθα κατέχει ἐν λυγρῷ νείκει N. 8.24


    μὲν ἀλλά P. 4.139

    ; P. 6.23
    k indicating comparison.

    λέγεται μὰν Ἕκτορι μὲν κλέος ἀνθῆσαι Σκαμάνδρου χεύμασιν ἀγχοῦ, βαθυκρήμνοισι δ' ἀμφ ἀκταῖς Ἑλώρου δέδορκεν παιδὶ τοῦθ Ἁγησιδάμου φέγγος ἐν ἁλικίᾳ πρώτᾳ N. 9.39

    l where μέν and δὲ clauses are irregularly balanced.

    Ἱέρωνος ὃς ἀμφέπει σκᾶπτον δρέπων μὲν κορυφὰς ἀρετᾶν ἄπο πασᾶν, ἀγλαίζεται δὲ καὶ μουσικᾶς ἐν ἀώτῳ O. 1.13

    οἱ ὤπασε θησαυρὸν δίδυμον μαντοσύνας, τόκα μὲν

    φωνὰν ἀκούειν, εὖτ' ἂν δὲ Ἡρακλέης κτίσῃ, τότ αὖ χρηστήριον θέσθαι κέλευσεν O. 6.66

    ὃς τύχᾳ μὲν δαίμονος, ἀνορέας δ' οὐκ ἀμπλακὼν O. 8.67

    πολλὰ δ' ἀνθρώποις παρὰ γνώμαν ἔπεσεν ἔμπαλιν μὲν τέρψιος, οἱ δὲ O. 12.11

    οὐ ψεύσομ' ἀμφὶ Κορίνθῳ, Σίσυφον μὲν πυκνότατον παλάμαις ὡς θεόν, καὶ τὰν Μήδειαν. τὰ δὲ καί ποτ ἐν ἀλκᾷ ἐδόκησαν ἐπ ἀμφότερα μαχᾶν τάμνειν τέλος O. 13.52

    —5. πρύτανι κύριε πολλᾶν μὲν εὐστεφάνων ἀγυιᾶν καὶ στρατοῦ. εἰ δέ τις (v. G. P., 374) P. 2.58

    διψῇ δὲ πρᾶγος ἄλλο μὲν ἄλλου, ἀεθλονικία δὲ μάλιστ' ἀοιδὰν φιλεῖ N. 3.6


    ὁ δ' ἀποπλέων Σκύρου μὲν ἅμαρτε πλαγχθέντες δ εἰς Ἐφύραν ἵκοντο N. 7.37

    χαίρω δὲ πρόσφορον ἐν μὲν ἔργῳ κόμπον ἱείς, ἐπαοιδαῖς δ' ἀνὴρ νώδυνον καί τις κάματον θῆκεν N. 8.48

    —9 cf. N. 9.48

    ἄνδρα δ' ἐγὼ μακαρίζω μὲν πατέῤ Ἀρκεσίλαν. εἰ δέ τις N. 11.11

    λίσσομαι παῖδα θρασὺν ἐξ Ἐριβοίας ἀνδρὶ τῷδε τελέσαι, τὸν μὲν ἄρρηκτον φυάν, θυμὸς δ' ἑπέσθωI. 6.47—9.

    μάτρωί θ' χάλκασπις ᾧ πότμον μὲν Ἄρης ἔμειξεν, τιμὰ δ ἀγαθοῖσιν ἀντίκειται I. 7.25

    —6. σὲ δ' ἐγὼ παρά μιν αἰνέω μέν, Γηρυόνα, τὸ δὲ μὴ Δὶ φίλτερον σιγῷμι πάμπαν fr. 81 ad Δ. 2. πόλιν ἀμφινέμονται, πλεῖστα μὲν δῶρ' ἀθανάτοις ἀνέχοντες, ἕσπετο δ αἰενάου πλούτου νέφος fr. 119. 3.
    m μέν δέ combined with other particles.

    μὲν ὦν δέ. ἀρούραισιν, αἵτ ἀμειβόμεναι τόκα μὲν ὦν βίον ἀνδράσιν ἐπηετανὸν ἐκ πεδίων ἔδοσαν, τόκα δ αὖτ ἀναπαυσάμεναι σθένος ἔμαρψαν N. 6.10

    cf. O. 1.111
    II γε μὲνδέ, opposing two connected thoughts to what precedes; v. 4. infra. (Fortune, you guide ships and wars and councils).

    αἵ γε μὲν ἀνδρῶν πόλλ' ἄνω, τὰ δ αὖ κάτω ψεύδη μεταμώνια τάμνοισαι κυλίνδοντ ἐλπίδες. σύμβολον δ οὔ πώ τις ἐπιχθονίων πιστὸν εὗρεν θεόθεν O. 12.5

    ὕπατον δ' ἔσχεν Πίσα Ἡρακλέος τεθμόν. ἁδεῖαί γε μὲν ἀμβολάδαν ἐν τελεταῖς δὶς Ἀθαναίων μιν ὀμφαὶ κώ-

    μασαν· γαίᾳ δὲ καυθείσᾳ πυρὶ καρπὸς ἐλαίας ἔμολεν N. 10.33

    n fragg. τὶν μὲν [πά]ρ μιν[ ] ἐμὶν δὲ πὰ[ρ] κείνοι[ς Πα. 1. 1. λίγεια μὲν Μοῖσ' ἀφα [ ] μνάσει δὲ καί τινα Πα. 14. 32—5.
    3 μέν balanced with particles other than δέ.
    a μέν ἀλλά lang=greek>

    τὸ μὲν Ἀρχιλόχου μέλος, φωνᾶεν Ὀλυμπίᾳ ἄρκεσε. ἀλλὰ νῦν O. 9.1

    λέγοντι μὰν χθόνα μὲν κατακλύσαι μέλαιναν ὕδατος σθένος, ἀλλὰ ἀνάπωτιν ἐξαίφνας ἄντλον ἑλεῖν O. 9.50

    ποταμοὶ δ' ἁμέραισιν μὲν προχέοντι ῥόον καπνοῦ αἴθων· ἀλλ ἐν ὄρφναισιν P. 1.22

    ἀσθενεῖ μὲν χρωτὶ βαίνων, ἀλλὰ μοιρίδιον ἦν P. 1.55

    ἐντὶ μὲν θνατῶν φρένες ὠκύτεραι κέρδος αἰνῆσαι ἀλλ' ἐμὲ χρὴ καὶ σὲP. 4.139

    ῥᾴδιον μὲν γὰρ πόλιν σεῖσαι ἀλλ' ἐπὶ χώρας αὖτις ἕσσαι δυσπαλὲς δὴ γίνεται P. 4.272

    πολλὰ μὲν ἀρτιεπὴς γλῶσσά μοι τοξεύματ' ἔχει. ἀλλ ὅμως καύχαμα κατάβρεχε σιγᾷ I. 5.46

    —52, cf. fr. 106.
    II μέν ἀλλά δέ δέ, in enumeration.

    παρὰ μὲν ὑψιμέδοντι Παρνασσῷ τέσσαρας ἐξ ἀέθλων νίκας ἐκόμιξαν, ἀλλὰ Κορινθίων ὑπὸ φωτῶν ἐν ἐσλοῦ Πέλοπος πτυχαῖς ὀκτὼ στεφάνοις ἔμιχθεν ἤδη, ἑπτὰ δ' ἐν Νεμέᾳ, τὰ δ οἴκοι μάσσον ἀριθμοῦ, Διὸς ἀγῶνι N. 2.19

    b μέν τε.

    χαίταισι μέν ζευχθέντες ἔπι στέφανοι πράσσοντί με τοῦτο χρέος, ἅ τε Πίσα O. 3.6

    ὄτρυνον νῦν ἑταίρους, Αἰνέα, πρῶτον μὲν κελαδῆσαι, γνῶναί τ' ἔπειτ O. 6.88

    ἁδυμελεῖ θαμὰ μὲν φόρμιγγι παμφώνοισί τ' ἐν ἔντεσιν αὐλῶν O. 7.12

    βλάστε μὲν ἐξ ἁλὸς ὑγρᾶς νᾶσος, ἔχει τέ μιν ὀξειᾶν ὁ γενέθλιος ἀκτίνων πατήρ O. 7.69

    τίμα μὲν δίδοι τε O. 7.88

    παρέσταν μὲν ἄρα Μοῖραι σχεδὸν ὅ τ' ἐξελέγχων χρόνος O. 10.52

    αἱ δύο δ' ἀμπλακίαι φερέπονοι τελέθοντι· τὸ μέν ὅτι, ὅτι τε P. 2.31

    ὁ θεῖος ἀνὴρ πρίατο μὲν θανάτοιο κομιδὰν πατρός, ἐδόκησέν τε P. 6.39

    ὀφείλει δ' ἔτι θαμὰ μὲν Ἰσθμιάδων δρέπεσθαι κάλλιστον ἄωτον ἐν Πυθίοισί τε νικᾶν Τιμονόου παῖδ N. 2.9

    ἦ μὰν ἀνόμοιά γε

    δᾴοισι ἕλκεα ῥῆξαν τὰ μὲν ἀμφ' Ἀχιλεῖ νεοκτόνῳ, ἄλλων τε μόχθων ἐν πολυφθόροις ἁμέραις N. 8.30

    —1. τὸ μὲν ἔλευσεν· ἴδον τ' ἄποπτα[ Δ.. 3. γόνον ὑπάτων μὲν πατέρων μελπόμενοι γυναικῶν τε Καδμειᾶν fr. 75. 11.
    II μέν τε — ( και/τε.), in enumeration.

    μιν αἰνέω μάλα μὲν τροφαῖς ἑτοῖμον ἵππων χαίροντά τε καὶ πρὸς ἡσυχίαν τετραμμένον O. 4.14


    εἰ δ' εἴη μὲν Ὀλυμπιονίκας βωμῷ τε ταμίας συνοικιστήρ τε, τίνα κεν φύγοι ὕμνον O. 6.4

    κτεῖνε μὲν κλέψεν τε ἔν τ P. 4.249

    III irregularly coordinated.

    ἀλλ' ἐγὼ Ἡροδότῳ τεύχων τὸ μὲν ἅρματι τεθρίππῳ γέρας, ἁνία τ ἀλλοτρίαις οὐ χερσὶ νωμάσαντ ἐθέλω ἐναρμόξαι μιν ὕμνῳ I. 1.14

    αἰδοῖος μὲν ἧν ἀστοῖς ὁμιλεῖν, ἱπποτροφίας τε νομίζων ἐν Πανελλάνων νόμῳ. καὶ θεῶν δαῖτας προσέπτυκτο πάσας I. 2.37

    ἐμὲ δὲ πρέπει παρθενήια μὲν φρονεῖν γλώσσᾳ τε λέγεσθαι *parq. 2. 34.
    d uncertain exx. ἀείδει μὲν ἄλσος ἁγνὸν τὸ τεὸν ποταμόν τε ὤανον ἐγχωρίαν τε λίμναν καὶ σεμνοὺς ὀχετούς, Ἵππαρις οἶσιν ἄρδει στρατόν, κολλᾷ τε σταδίων θαλάμων ταχέως ὑψίγυιον ἄλσος ( κολλᾷ τε cum ἄρδει, Σ; cum ἀείδει μὲν Hermann) O. 5.10—2. [ μὲν — (coni. Hartung: μιν codd.: ὔμμιν de Jongh) τε (v. l. δέ) O. 11.17—9.] [κρέσσονα μὲν. θάρσος τε — (codd.: δὲ Schneidewin),

    ἀγωνίας δ P. 5.109

    —13.] [ θάνεν μὲν μάντιν τ ( θάνεν μὲν cum ὁ δ' ἄρα v. 34, edd. vulg.) P. 11.31—33.] [τὰ μὲν ἐν ἅρμασι καλλίνικοι πάλαι Ὀλυμπίᾳ ἀγώνων πολυφάτων ἔσχον θοὰν ἀκτῖνα σὺν ἵπποις, Πυθοῖ τε ἤλεγξαν Ἑλλανίδα στρατιὰν ὠκύτατι ( Ὀλυμπίᾳ τ codd., edd.: τ del. Pauw: Ὀλυμπίαθ Maas) P. 11.46] [ μὲν (codd.: ἔμμεν Turyn) N. 7.86] [ μὲν τε (v. l. δ.) Θρ. 7. 1—5.]

    μὲν γε μάν. νῦν δ' ἔλπομαι μέν, ἐν θεῷ γε μὰν τέλος O. 13.104

    d μὲν αὖτε. ( θεός)

    ὃς ἀνέχει τότε μὲν τὰ κείνων, τότ' αὖθ ἑτέροις ἔδωκεν μέγα κῦδος P. 2.89

    , cf. I. 6.3—7.

    μέν ἀτάρ. οἱ μὲν κρίθεν· ἀτὰρ Ἰάσων αὐτὸς P. 4.168

    Ἀπόλλωνι μὲν θ[εῶν] ἀτὰρ ἀνδρῶν Ἐχεκ[ρά]τει ?fr. 333a. 4.
    f μέν καί καί. cf. 1. b supra. πρῶτον μὲν Ἀλκμήνας σὺν υἱῷ Τρώιον ἂμ πεδίον, καὶ μετὰ ζωστῆρας Ἀμαζόνος ἦλθεν καὶ εἷλε Μήδειαν fr. 172. 3—6.
    4 γε μέν, yet cf. 2. m. β supra. “ νῦν γε μὲν” (byz.: μάν codd.) P. 4.50 τίν γε μέν (cf. G. P., 387) N. 3.83

    Lexicon to Pindar > μέν

  • 9 μέν

    μέν, Particle, used partly to express certainty on the part of the speaker or writer; partly, and more commonly, to point out that the word or clause with which it stands is correlative to another word or clause that is to follow, the latter word or clause being introduced by δέ.
    I μέν used absolutely to express certainty, not followed by correlative δέ, indeed, of a truth, synonymous with μήν, as appears from the [dialect] Ep. and [dialect] Ion. form ἦ μέν in protestations and oaths (where [dialect] Att. used ἦ μήν)

    , καί μοι ὄμοσσον, ἦ μ. μοι πρόφρων ἔπεσιν καὶ χερσὶν ἀρήξειν Il.1.77

    , cf. 14.275;

    ἦ μέν τοι τάδε πάντα τελείεται Od.14.160

    , cf. Il.24.416;

    τοῦτον ἐξορκοῖ, ἦ μέν οἱ διηκονήσειν Hdt.4.154

    , cf. 5.93, etc.: with neg.,

    οὐ μὲν γάρ τι κακὸν βασιλευέμεν Od.1.392

    , etc.;

    ὤμοσα, μὴ μὲν.. ἀναφῆναι 4.254

    , cf. Hdt.2.118, 179;

    ἔξαρνος ἦν, μὴ μὲν ἀποκτεῖναι Id.3.67

    , cf. 99: without neg.,

    ἀνδρὸς μὲν τόδε σῆμα πάλαι κατατεθνηῶτος Il.7.89

    : also in Trag.,

    ἀκτὴ μὲν ἥδε τῆς περιρρύτου χθονός S.Ph.1

    , cf. 159 (anap.), OC44, E.Med. 676, 1129, etc.;

    καὶ μέν Il.1.269

    , 9.632, etc.; οὐδὲ μὲν οὐδὲ .. 2.703, 12.212; γε μέν, cf. γε 1.5.
    2 an answering clause with δέ is sts. implied, τὴν μὲν ἐγὼ σπουδῇ δάμνημ' ἐπέεσσι her can I hardly subdue, [ but all others easily], Il.5.893; ὡς μὲν λέγουσι as indeed they say, [ but as I believe not], E.Or. 8; καὶ πρῶτον μὲν ἦν αὐτῷ πόλεμος (with no ἔπειτα δέ to follow), X. An.1.9.14; so νῦν μέν σ' ἀφήσω I will let you go this time, Herod.5.81: to give force to assertions made by a person respecting himself, wherein opposition to other persons is implied,

    ὡς μὲν ἐμῷ θυμῷ δοκεῖ Od. 13.154

    ; δοκεῖν μέν μοι ἥξει τήμερον [τὸ πλοῖον] Pl.Cri. 43d: hence with the pers. Pron.,

    ἐγὼ μέν νυν θεοῖσι ἔχω χάριν Hdt.1.71

    ; ἐγὼ μὲν οὐδέν (sc. θέλω) S.Ant. 498;

    ἐμοῦ μὲν οὐχ ἑκόντος Id.Aj. 455


    ἐγὼ μὲν οὐκ οἶδα X.Cyr.1.4.12

    , cf. 4.2.45, etc.: with the demonstr. Pron.,

    τούτου μὲν τοῦ ἀνθρώπου ἐγὼ σοφώτερός εἰμι Pl.Ap. 21d

    : generally, to emphasize the preceding word, πολλὴ μὲν ἡ μεταβολή μοι γέγονεν great indeed has been the change, Is.1.1, cf. Simon.5.1, etc.
    3 μέν is used alone in questions, when the answer is assumed, I take it, θέμις μὲν ἡμᾶς χρησμὸν εἰδέναι θεοῦ; E.Med. 676, cf. Ion 520 (troch.), Hipp. 316, S.Ant. 634, Ar.Av. 1214; Ἕλλην μέν ἐστι καὶ Ἑλληνίζει; Pl.Men. 82b.
    II μέν folld. by δέ in the correlative clause or clauses, on the one hand, on the other hand; commonly in Classical Gr., less freq. in later Gr. (rare in NT):
    1 μέν.., δέ .. (or when the correlative clause is neg., μέν.., οὐδέ .., Il.1.318, 536), to mark opposition, Hom., etc.—The opposed clauses commonly stand together, but are freq. separated by clauses, parenthetic or explanatory; e.g. μέν in Il.2.494 is answered by δέ in 511, 527 sq.; in X.An.1.9.2, πρῶτον μέν is answered by ἐπεὶ δέ in <*> 6; in Id.Mem.1.1.2, πρῶτον μέν is answered by θαυμαστὸν δέ in 1.2.1.
    2 to connect a series of clauses containing different matter, though with no opposition, Il.1.18sq., 306 sq. (five δέ-clauses), 433 sq. (eight δέ-clauses), cf. X.An. 1.3.14,7.10sq.: freq. when the members of a group or class are distinctly specified, παῖδες δύο, πρεσβύτερος μὲν Ἀρταξέρξης, νεώτερος δὲ Κῦρος ib.1.1.1; τάφρος.., τὸ μὲν εὖρος ὀργυιαὶ πέντε, τὸ δὲ βάθος ὀργυιαὶ τρεῖς ib.1.7.14; πρῶτος μέν.., δεύτερος δέ.., τρίτος δέ .. ib.5.6.9; τότε μέν.., τότε δέ .., at one time.., at another.., ib.6.1.9, etc.: esp. with the Art. used as a Pron., ὁ μέν.., ὁ δέ.. ; τὸ μέν.., τὸ δέ .., etc.
    3 the principal word is freq. repeated,

    οἳ περὶ μὲν βουλὴν Δαναῶν, περὶ δ' ἐστὲ μάχεσθαι Il.1.258

    , cf. 288, Od.15.70;

    ἔνι μὲν φιλότης, ἐν δ' ἵμερος, ἐν δ' ὀαριστύς Il.14.216


    Ξέρξης μὲν ἄγαγεν.., Ξέρξης δ' ἀπώλεσεν A.Pers. 550

    , cf. 560, 694, 700 (all lyr.);

    χαλεπαίνει μὲν πρῳρεύς, χαλεπαίνει δὲ κυβερνήτης X.An.5.8.20

    4 one of the correlative clauses is sts. independent, while the other takes the part. or some other dependent form, ἐβλασφήμει κατ' ἐμοῦ.., μάρτυρα μὲν.. οὐδένα παρασχόμενος.., παρεκελεύετο δέ .. D.57.11;

    οἱ ἀμφὶ βασιλέα, πεζοὶ μὲν οὐκέτι, τῶν δὲ ἱππέων ὁ λόφος ἐνεπλήσθη X.An.1.10.12

    , cf. 2.1.7, 5.6.29;

    ὧν ἐπιμεμφομένα σ' ἁδεῖα μὲν ἀντία δ' οἴσω S.Tr. 123

    , cf. OC 522 (bothlyr.);

    χωρὶς μὲν τοῦ ἐστερῆσθαι.., ἔτι δὲ καὶ.. δόξω ἀμελῆσαι Pl.Cri.44

    5 μέν and δέ freq. oppose two clauses, whereof one is subordinate to the other in meaning or emphasis, ἀλλ' ἐκεῖνο θαυμάζω, εἰ Λακεδαιμονίοις μέν ποτε.. ἀντήρατε,.. νυνὶ δὲ ὀκνεῖτ' ἐξιέναι (for εἰ.. ἀντάραντες νυνὶ ὀκνεῖτε) D.2.24, cf. E.IT 116, Lys.34.11, X.Mem.2.7.11, etc.: so in an anacoluthon, τρία μὲν ὄντα.. ναυτικά.., τούτων δ' εἰ περιόψεσθε τὰ δύο, κτλ., Th.1.36.
    6 μέν is not always answered by δέ, but freq. by other equiv. Particles, as ἀλλά, Il.1.22 sq., 2.703 sq., Pi.O.9.1, A.Pers. 176, X.An.1.7.17:—by μέντοι, Hdt.1.36, S.Ph. 350, D.21.189, etc.:—by ἀτάρ, Il.6.84, 124, A.Pr. 342, S.OT 1051sq., Pl. Tht. 172c, etc. (so μέν.., αὐτάρ in [dialect] Ep., Il.1.50, Od.19.513, etc.):— by αὖ, Il.11.108, Od.4.210:—by αὖθις, S.Ant. 165:—by αὖτε, Il.1.234, Od.22.5:—by temporal Particles, πρῶτα μέν.., εἶτα .. S.El. 261; πρῶτον μέν.., μετὰ τοῦτο .. X.An.6.1.5-7; μάλιστα μὲν δὴ.., ἔπειτα μέντοι .. S.Ph. 350, cf. OT 647:—rarely by μήν with neg.,

    οὐδὲν μὴν κωλύει Pl.Phdr. 268e


    οὐ μὴν αὐταί γε Id.Phlb. 12d

    b when the opposition is emphatic, δέ is sts. strengthd., as ὅμως δέ .. S.OT 785, Ph. 473, 1074, etc. (so

    ἀλλ' ὅμως El. 450

    ); δ' αὖ .. Il.4.415, X.An.1.10.5; δ' ἔμπης .. Il.1.561-2.
    c μέν is sts. answered by a copul. Particle, κάρτιστοι μὲν ἔσαν καὶ καρτίστοις ἐμάχοντο ib. 267, cf. 459, Od. 22.475, S.Aj.1, Tr. 689, E.Med. 125 (anap.), etc.: rarely in Prose,

    τρία μὲν ἔτη ἀντεῖχον.., καὶ οὐ πρότερον ἐνέδοσαν Th.2.65

    B μέν before other Particles:
    I where each Particle retains its force,
    1 μὲν ἄρα, in Hom. μέν ῥα, Il.2.1, 6.312, Od.1.127, Pl. Phdr. 258d, R. 467d, etc.

    μὲν γάρ S.OT62

    , Th.1.142, etc.:— in Hom. there is freq. no second clause, Od.1.173, 392, cf. S.OT 1062, etc.;

    μὲν γὰρ δή Il.11.825


    μὲν γάρ τε 17.727

    3 μέν γε, when a general statement is explained in detail,

    Κορινθίοις μέν γε ἔνσπονδοί ἐστε Th.1.40

    , cf. 70, 6.86, Hdt.6.46, Antipho 5.14, Lys. 13.27, Is.4.8, Ar.Nu. 1382, V. 564, E.Fr.909.4.

    μὲν δή Il.1.514

    , Hdt.1.32, etc.: freq. used to express positive certainty,

    ἀλλ' οἶσθα μὲν δή S. Tr. 627

    , cf. OT 294;

    τὰ μὲν δὴ τόξ' ἔχεις Id.Ph. 1308

    ; esp. as a conclusion,

    τοῦτο μὲν δὴ.. ὁμολογεῖται Pl.Grg. 470b

    , cf. X.Cyr.1.1.6, etc.: in closing a statement,

    τοιαῦτα μὲν δὴ ταῦτα A.Pr. 500

    , etc.: used in answers to convey full assent, ἦ μὲν δή (cf. supr. A) Il.9.348, Od.4.33;

    καὶ μὲν δή.. γε Pl.R. 409b

    ; οὐ μὲν δή, to deny positively, Il.8.238, X.Cyr.1.6.9, Pl.Tht. 148e, etc.;

    οὐ μὲν δή.. γε X.An.2.2.3

    , 3.2.14; ἀλλ' οὔ τι μὲν δή .. Pl.Tht. 187a.
    5 μὲν οὖν, v. infr.11.2.
    II where the Particles combine so as to form a new sense,
    1 μέν γε at all events, at any rate (not in Trag.),

    τοῦτο μέν γ' ἤδη σαφές Ar.Ach. 154

    , cf. Nu. 1172, Lys. 1165, Ra.80, Th.3.39;

    μέν γέ που Pl.R. 559b

    , Tht. 147a.
    2 μὲν οὖν is freq. used with a corresponding δέ, so that each Particle retains its force, Od.4.780, Pi.O.1.111, S.OT 244, 843; Ph. 359, D.2.5, etc.: but freq. also abs., so then, S.Ant.65;

    ταῦτα μὲν οὖν παραλείψω D.2.3

    ; esp. in replies, sts. in strong affirmation,

    παντάπασι μὲν οὖν Pl.Tht. 158d

    ; κομιδῇ μὲν οὖν ib. 159e; πάνυ μὲν οὖν ib. 159b; ἀνάγκη μὲν οὖν ib. 189e; also to substitute a new statement so as to correct a preceding statement, nay rather, κακοδαίμων; Answ. βαρυδαίμων μὲν οὖν! Ar.Ec. 1102; μου πρὸς τὴν κεφαλὴν ἀποψῶ wipe your nose on my head: Answ. ἐμοῦ μὲν οὖν .. nay on mine, Id.Eq. 911, cf. A.Pers. 1032 (lyr.), Ag. 1090 (lyr.), 1396, S.Aj. 1363, El. 1503, OT 705, Ar.Ra. 241, Pl.Cri. 44b, Grg. 466a, 470b, Prt. 309d, etc.; also

    μὲν οὖν δή S.Tr. 153


    καὶ δὴ μὲν οὖν Id.OC31

    ; cf. οὐμενοῦν: in NT μενοῦν and μενοῦνγε, to begin a sentence, yea rather, Ev.Luc.11.28, Ep.Rom.9.20, etc., cf. Phryn.322, Hsch.—In [dialect] Ion., μέν νυν is used for μὲν οὖν, Hdt.1.18, 4.145, etc.
    3 by μέν τε, if δέ τε follows, the two clauses are more closely combined than by τε.., τε .., Il.5.139, al.; μέν τε is freq. answered by δέ alone, 16.28, al.; by ἀλλά, αὐτάρ, 17.727, Od.1.215, al.; perh. by ἠδέ, Il.4.341:— Hom. also uses μέν τε abs., when τε loses its force, as after ἦ, τίς, etc., Il.2.145, al.
    4 μέν τοι in Hom. always occurs in speeches, where τοι can be regarded as the dat. of the Pron.: later, μέντοι is written as a single word, and is used:
    a with a conj. force, yet, nevertheless, A.Pr. 320, 1054 (anap.), S.Tr. 413, etc.; and sts. stands for δέ, answering to μέν, v. supr. A.11.6 a.
    b as an Adv., in strong protestations, οὐ μέντοι μὰ Δία .. D.4.49; in eager or positive assent, of course, φαμέν τι εἶναι .. ; Answ.

    φαμὲν μέντοι νὴ Δία Pl.Phd. 65d

    , al.: with a neg. to give emphasis to a question, οὐ σὺ μέντοι .. ; why, are you not.. ? Id.Prt. 309a, cf. Phdr. 229b, R. 339b, etc.: sts. to express impatience, ὄμνυμι γάρ σοι—τίνα μέντοι, τίνα θεῶν; Id.Phdr. 236d; τί μ. πρῶτον ἦν, τί πρῶτον ἦν; nay what was the first? Ar.Nu. 787;

    οὗτος, σὲ λέγω μ. Id.Ra. 171

    ; σὺ μέντοι .. Luc.Alex.44: with imper., to enforce the command, τουτὶ μ. σὺ φυλάττου only take heed.., Ar. Pax 1100, cf.Av. 661, X.An.1.4.8: in answers, γελοῖον μέντἂν εἴη nay it would be absurd, Pl.Tht. 158e; summing up a long temporal clause, And.1.130.

    μέντοι γε X.Cyr.5.5.24

    , etc.;

    οὐ μ. γε Diog.Apoll.5

    : in later Gr. μέντοιγε stands first in the sentence,

    μ. οὐ θέλω PLond.3.897.13

    (i A.D.); also

    γε μέντοι A.Ag. 938

    , S.OT 778, 1292, E.Hec. 600;

    ὅμως γε μ. Ar.Ra.61

    d καὶ μ. καί is used to add a point to be noted, Heraclit.28, Pl.R. 331d; also καί.. μ., νῦν σοι καιρός ἐστιν ἐπιδείξασθαι τὴν παιδείαν, καὶ φυλάξασθαι μέντοι .. and of course to take care.., X.An.4.6.15 (v.l.), cf. 1.8.20, Pl.Prt. 339c, Tht. 143a.
    e ἀλλὰ μέντοι well, if it comes to that, X.An.4.6.16; well, of course, Pl.R. 331e, etc.; cf. μέντον.
    C for μέν after other Particles, see each Particle.
    D Position of μέν. Like δέ, it usu. stands as the second word in a sentence. But when a sentence begins with words common to its subordinate clauses, μέν stands second in the first of these clauses, as

    ἥδε γὰρ γυνὴ δούλη μέν, εἴρηκεν δ' ἐλεύθερον λόγον S.Tr.63

    ; οἱ Ἀθηναῖοι ἐτάξαντο μέν.., ἡσύχαζον δέ .. Th.4.73, cf. 113, etc. It also attaches itself to words which mark opposition, as πρῶτον μέν, τότε μέν, ἐγὼ μέν, even when these do not stand first: sts. however it precedes them,

    ὡς μὲν ἐγὼ οἶμαι Pl.Phdr. 228b


    ὡς μέν τινες ἔφασαν X.Cyr.5.2.28

    . It generally stands between the Art. and Noun, or the Prep. and its Case: but if special stress is laid on the Noun, this is sts. neglected, as

    οἱ Τεγεᾶται μὲν ἐπηυλίσαντο, Μαντινῆς δὲ ἀπεχώρησαν Th.4.134

    ; ἀνὰ τὸ σκοτεινὸν μέν .. Id.3.22; also

    τῇ σῇ μὲν εὐδαιμονίῃ, τῇ ἐμεωυτοῦ δὲ κακοδαιμονίῃ Hdt. 1.87

    II μέν is freq. repeated:
    1 when, besides the opposition of two main clauses, a subordinate opposition is introduced into the first, ὁ μὲν ἀνὴρ τοιαῦτα μὲν πεποίηκε τοιαῦτα δὲ λέγει, ὑμῶν δέ .. X.An.1.6.9, cf. 5.8.24, Th.8.104, D.18.214, 23.208.
    2 in apodosi with the demonstr. Pron. or Adv., τὸν μὲν καλέουσι θέρος, τοῦτον μὲν προσκυνέουσι, τὸν δὲ χειμῶνα .. Hdt.2.121; ὅσοι μὲν δὴ νομοῦ τοῦ Θηβαίου εἰσί, οὗτοι μέν [νυν].. αἶγας θύουσι· ὅσοι δὲ.. νομοῦ τοῦ Μενδησίου εἰσί, οὗτοι δὲ.. ὄϊς θύουσι ib.42, cf.3.108, al.; ὅτε μέν με οἱ ἄρχοντες ἔταττον.., τότε μὲν ἔμενον.., τοῦ δὲ θεοῦ τάττοντος,.. ἐνταῦθα δέ .. Pl.Ap. 28e, cf. Grg. 512a.
    3 μέν used absolutely is freq. folld. by a correlative

    μέν, εἰ μὲν οὖν ἡμεῖς μὲν.. ποιοῦμεν Id.R. 421a

    III μέν is sts. omitted (esp. in Poetry) where it is implied in the following

    δέ, φεύγων, ὁ δ' ὄπισθε διώκων Il.22.157


    ἐλευθεροῦτε πατρίδ', ἐλευθεροῦτε δὲ παῖδας A. Pers. 403


    σφραγῖδε.. χρυσοῦν ἔχουσα τὸν δακτύλιον, ἡ δ' ἑτέρα ἀργυροῦν IG22.1388.45

    , cf. Ar.Nu. 396, Pl.Sph. 221e, Arist.Po. 1447b14, etc.

    Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό) > μέν

  • 10 μέν

    μέν affirmative particle, a weakened form of μήν (Hom.+). One of the commonest particles in Hom., Hdt. et al., but its usage declines sharply in later times. Found only 180 times in the NT. In seven of these places the editions vary (Mk 9:12; Ac 23:8; Ro 7:25; 16:19; 1 Cor 2:15; 12:20: in Ro 16:19; Gal 4:23 W-H. bracket the word). The mss. show an even greater variation. In Rv, 2 Th, 1 Ti, Tit, Phlm, 2 Pt, 1, 2, 3J it does not occur at all; Eph, Col, 1 Th, Js have only one occurrence each. It is also quite rare in 1, 2 Cl, Ign, GPt, but is common in Ac, Hb, B and esp. in Dg. It never begins a clause. Cp. Kühner-G. II p. 264ff; Schwyzer II 569f; Denniston 359–97; B-D-F §447; Rob. 1150–53; Mlt-Turner 331f.
    marker of correlation, w. other particles
    introducing a concessive clause, followed by another clause w. an adversative particle: to be sure … but, on the one hand … on the other hand, though in many cases an equivalence translation will not fit this scheme; rather, the contrast is to be emphasized in the second clause, often with but.
    α. μὲν … δέ: ἐγὼ μὲν ὑμᾶς βαπτίζω … ὁ δὲ ὀπίσω μου ἐρχόμενος Mt 3:11. ὁ μὲν θερισμὸς … οἱ δὲ ἐργάται 9:37. τὸ μὲν ποτήριόν μου πίεσθε … τὸ δὲ καθίσαι 20:23. ὁ μὲν υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου … οὐαὶ δὲ τῷ ἀνθρώπῳ ἐκείνῳ Mk 14:21. τοῦ μὲν πρώτου κατέαξαν τὰ σκέλη … ἐπὶ δὲ τὸν Ἰησοῦν ἐλθόντες J 19:32 and oft. Cp. Mt 22:8; Ac 21:39; Ro 6:11; 1 Cor 9:24; 11:14; 12:20; 2 Cor 10:10; Hb 3:5; 1 Pt 1:20.—In combination w. conjunctions: εἰ μὲν … εἰ δέ if … but if Dg 3:2 (TestJob 23:5; Ar. 13:7). εἰ μὲν οὖν … εἰ δέ if then … but if Ac 19:38; cp. 25:11. εἰ μὲν … νῦν δέ if … but now Hb 11:15. μὲν οὖν … δέ ( now) indeed … but J 19:24; 20:30; Ac 8:4; 12:5; 1 Cor 9:25. μὲν γὰρ … δέ/ἀλλά for indeed … but (Wsd 7:30; Job 28:2; 2 Macc 6:4; 7:36; 4 Macc 9:8f, 31f) Ac 13:36f; 23:8; 28:22; Ro 2:25; 1 Cor 5:3; 11:7; 2 Cor 9:1–3; 11:4; Hb 7:18, 20f; 12:10; Ac 28:22 (in reverse order): also ἀλλά for δέ in apodosis 4:16f (as 3 Macc 2:15f), s. β. κἂν μὲν …, εἰ δὲ μήγε if … but if not Lk 13:9. ἐὰν μὲν …, ἐὰν δὲ μή Mt 10:13. W. prep. εἰς μὲν … εἰς δέ Hb 9:6.
    β. μὲν … ἀλλά to be sure … but (Thu. 3, 2, 1; X., Oec. 3, 6; Tetr. Iamb. 1, 2, 3; TestJob 4:1; Ath. 16, 1) Mk 9:12 (v.l. without μέν). πάντα μὲν καθαρὰ ἀλλὰ κακὸν τῷ ἀνθρώπῳ to be sure everything is clean, but … Ro 14:20. σὺ μὲν γὰρ καλῶς … ἀλλʼ ὁ ἕτερος 1 Cor 14:17. Cp. Ac 4:16 (s. α).
    γ. μὲν … πλήν indeed … but (Galen, Inst. Log. c. 8, 2 Kalbfl. [1896]) Lk 22:22.
    without any real concessive sense on the part of μέν, but adversative force in δέ, so that μέν need not be translated at all: αὐτοὶ μὲν … ὑμεῖς δέ Lk 11:48; cp. Ac 13:36. ἐγὼ μὲν … ἐγὼ δέ 1 Cor 1:12. τοῖς μὲν ἀπολλυμένοις … τοῖς δὲ σῳζομένοις vs. 18. Ἰουδαίοις μὲν … ἔθνεσι δέ vs. 23. ἐμοὶ μὲν … ὑμῖν δέ Phil 3:1. εἰ μὲν … εἰ δέ Ac 18:14; Dg 2:8.
    Somet. the combination μὲν … δέ does not emphasize a contrast, but separates one thought from another in a series, so that they may be easily distinguished: πρῶτον μὲν … ἔπειτα δέ in the first place … then Hb 7:2. ὸ̔ μὲν … ὸ̔ δέ the one … the other Mt 13:8, 23 (cp. Lucian, Hermot. 66 ὁ μὲν ἑπτά, ὁ δὲ πέντε, ὁ δὲ τριάκοντα; Just., D. 35, 6; 39, 2; cp. TestAbr A 10 p. 87, 21 [Stone p. 22] ἄλλους μὲν … ἑτέρους); Ro 9:21. ὸ̔ς μὲν … ὸ̔ς δέ the one … the other Mt 21:35; 25:15; Lk 23:33; Ac 27:44; Ro 14:5; 1 Cor 11:21; Jd 22. ἃ μὲν … ἃ δέ some … others 2 Ti 2:20. ὁ μὲν … ὁ δέ the one … the other, but pl. some … others Ac 14:4; 17:32; Gal 4:23; Eph 4:11; Phil 1:16; Dg 2:2f. ἕκαστος …, ὁ μὲν οὕτως ὁ δὲ οὕτως each one …, one in one way, one in another 1 Cor 7:7. ὸ̔ς μὲν πιστεύει φαγεῖν πάντα, ὁ δὲ ἀσθενῶν the one is confident about eating anything, but the weak person Ro 14:2. τινὲς μὲν … τινὲς δέ some … but still others Phil 1:15. ἄλλη μὲν …, ἄλλη δὲ …, ἄλλη δέ … 1 Cor 15:39. ἑτέρα μὲν …, ἑτέρα δέ vs. 40. οἱ μὲν …, ἄλλοι δὲ …, ἕτεροι δέ Mt 16:14. ᾧ μὲν γὰρ …, ἄλλῳ δὲ …, ἑτέρῳ 1 Cor 12:8ff. ἃ μὲν …, ἄλλα δὲ …, ἄλλα δέ Mt 13:4ff. τοῦτο μὲν …, τοῦτο δέ in part … in part (Hdt. 3, 106; Isocr. 4, 21; 22) Hb 10:33 (μέν followed by more than one δέ: two, Libanius, Or. 18, p. 251, 3f; Or. 59 p. 240, 13; four, Or. 64 p. 469, 14).
    marker of contrast or continuation without express correlation and frequently in anacolutha
    when the contrast can be supplied fr. the context, and therefore can be omitted as obvious: λόγον μὲν ἔχοντα σοφίας (sc. ὄντα δὲ ἄλογα or someth. sim.) they have the reputation of being wise (but are foolish) Col 2:23 (difft. BHollenbach, NTS 25, ’79, 254–61: a subordinate clause embedded in its main clause). τὰ μὲν σημεῖα τοῦ ἀποστόλου κατειργάσθη ἐν ὑμῖν the signs that mark a true apostle were performed among you (but you paid no attention) 2 Cor 12:12. ἤδη μὲν οὖν ἥττημα indeed it is already a defeat for you (but you make it still worse) 1 Cor 6:7.—μέν serves to emphasize the subject in clauses which contain a report made by the speaker’s personal state of being, esp. intellectual or emotional; so ἐγὼ μ. Παῦλος 1 Th 2:18. ἡ μ. εὐδοκία τῆς ἐμῆς καρδίας Ro 10:1.
    Somet. the contrast is actually expressed, but not in adversative form (Diod S 12, 70, 6 Ἀθηναῖοι μὲν οὖν ἐπιβουλεύσαντες τοῖς Βοιωτοῖς τοιαύτῃ συμφορᾷ περιέπεσον=so the Ath., one can see, after plotting against the B., had their fortunes reversed in such a disaster; Polyaenus with dramatic effect: 4, 3, 20 οἱ μὲν …, Ἀλέξανδρος … ; 2, 3, 2) τότε μὲν … ἔπειτα (here we expect δέ) J 11:6f. ἐφʼ ὅσον μὲν οὖν εἰμι ἐγὼ ἐθνῶν ἀπόστολος in so far, then, as I am an apostle to the nations Ro 11:13 (the contrast follows in vs. 14); cp. 7:12 and 13ff.
    We notice anacoluthon in enumerations, either if they are broken off or if they are continued in some manner that is irregular in form: πρῶτον μέν in the first place Ro 1:8; 3:2; 1 Cor 11:18. πρῶτον μὲν … ἔπειτα (X., Cyr. 7, 5, 1) Js 3:17. In the prologue to Ac (s. λόγος 1b) the clause w. δέ corresponding to τὸν μὲν πρῶτον λόγον 1:1 (Diod S 11, 1, 1 ῾Η μὲν οὖν πρὸ ταύτης βίβλος … τὸ τέλος ἔσχε τῶν πράξεων … ἐν ταύτῃ δέ … The preceding book … contained … ; in this one, on the other hand …) may have been omitted through editorial activity acc. to Norden, Agn. Th. 311ff; 397.
    μέν followed by καί is not customary (Ael. Aristid. 31, 19 K.=11 p. 133 D.; IAsMinSW 325, 10ff μὲν … καί; POxy 1153, 14 [I A.D.] two armbands ἓν μὲν σανδύκινον καὶ ἓν πορφυροῦν; TestJob 40:7f; ApcMos 15) Mk 4:4ff; Lk 8:5ff; MPol 2:4.
    μὲν οὖν denotes continuation (TestJob 40:14; Just., A I, 7, 3; s. B-D-F §451, 1; Kühner-G. II 157f, but note Denniston’s caution, p. 473, n. 1; Mayser II/3, 152f; Rob. 1151; 1191) so, then Lk 3:18. Esp. in Ac: 1:6, 18; 2:41; 5:41; 8:25; 9:31; 11:19; 13:4; 14:3 (DSharp, ET 44, ’33, 528); 15:3, 30; 16:5; 17:12, 17, 30; 19:32; 23:18, 22, 31; 25:4; 26:4, 9; 28:5. Also 1 Cor 6:4 (B-D-F §450, 4); Hb 9:1; Papias (2:16). εἰ μὲν οὖν now if Hb 7:11; 8:4.
    μενοῦν, οὐμενοῦν, and μενοῦνγε s. under these entries.—JLee, Some Features of the Speech of Jesus in Mark’s Gospel: NovT 27, ’85, 1–26.—DELG s.v. 1 μήν. M-M.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > μέν

  • 11 αλευάμενον

    avoid: aor part mid masc acc sg (epic)
    avoid: aor part mid neut nom /voc /acc sg (epic)

    Morphologia Graeca > αλευάμενον

  • 12 μέν

    indeed: indeclform (particle)

    Morphologia Graeca > μέν

  • 13 μέν

    + С 19-3-4-31-165=222 Gn 18,12; 27,22; 38,23; 43,4.14
    expresses certainty, or points out that the word or cl. with which it stands is correlated to another contrastive word or cl. that follows, the latter word or cl. being introduced by δέ
    μὲν... δὲ... on the one hand, on the other hand Gn 27,22; μὲν γὰρ... δὲ... for indeed... but... Jb 28,2;
    μὲν οὖν then Gn 43,4
    Cf. LEE, J. 1985, 1-11

    Lust (λαγνεία) > μέν

  • 14 οὐ μέν

    οὐ μέν, without δέ after it,
    A no truly, nay verily, Od.3.14,al.

    Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό) > οὐ μέν

  • 15 οὐ μὲν οὖν

    A on the contrary.. not.., introducing a neg. statement in contradiction or correction of a preceding statement or suggestion, Ar.Pl. 870, Ra. 556, 1188

    οὐδενὸς μὲν οὖν ἄξιον Pl.Euthd. 305a

    ; ἐγώ σοι οὐκ ἂν δυναίμην ἀντιλέγειν; Answ. οὐ μὲν οὖν τῇ ἀληθείᾳ δύνασαι ἀντιλέγειν nay it is not me, but rather truth, that you cannot gainsay, Id.Smp. 201c, cf. D.18.140:—so [full] οὐμενοῦν.. γε, Paus.1.20.1; v. μέν B. 11.2.

    Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό) > οὐ μὲν οὖν

  • 16 μέν

    μέν ( μήν): (1) the same as μήν, in truth, indeed, certainly, Il. 7.89, Il. 1.267, Od. 3.351; sometimes might be written μήν, as the scansion shows, Il. 7.389, Il. 22.482; freq. to emphasize a pronoun or another particle, and of course not always translatable, τοῦ μέν, ἦ μέν, καὶ μέν, οὐ μέν, οὐδὲ μὲν οὐδέ, ζ 13, Il. 2.703. — (2) in correlation, μέν without losing the force above described calls attention to what follows, the following statement being introduced by δέ, αὐτάρ, or some other adversative word. μέν in correlation may sometimes be translated to be sure (quidem), although, but oftener does not admit of translation. It should be remembered that μέν is never a connective, that it always looks forward, never backward. Its combinations with other particles are various.

    A Homeric dictionary (Greek-English) (Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά ομηρικό λεξικό) > μέν

  • 17 μέν

    Meaning: stressing particle
    See also: s. 1. μήν.
    Page in Frisk: 2,207

    Greek-English etymological dictionary (Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά ετυμολογική λεξικό) > μέν

  • 18 κτάμενον

    κτά̱μενον, κτάομαι
    procure for oneself: pres part mp masc acc sg (doric aeolic)
    κτά̱μενον, κτάομαι
    procure for oneself: pres part mp neut nom /voc /acc sg (doric aeolic)
    kill: aor part mid masc acc sg
    kill: aor part mid neut nom /voc /acc sg

    Morphologia Graeca > κτάμενον

  • 19 μέν'

    μένε, μένω
    stay: pres imperat act 2nd sg
    μένε, μένω
    stay: imperf ind act 3rd sg (homeric ionic)

    Morphologia Graeca > μέν'

  • 20 ἀγαθός

    ᾰγᾰθός (-ῷ, -όν; -οί, -ῶν, -οῖσι, -οῖς, -οῖσιν: - άν: -ῷ, -όν; -ῶν)
    1 of persons, noble, good
    a adj., distinguished

    πατέρων ὀρθαὶ φρένες ἐξ ἀγαθῶν O. 7.91

    esp. in physical prowess,

    ἀγαθοὶ δὲ καὶ σοφοὶ κατὰ δαίμον' ἄνδρες ἐγένοντ O. 9.28

    Πηλεῖ τε κἀγαθῷ Τελαμῶνι P. 8.100


    θαῦμα σφίσιν ἐγγενὲς ἔμμεν ἀεθληταῖς ἀγαθοῖσιν N. 10.51

    καὶ γὰρ ἡρώων ἀγαθοὶ πολεμισταὶ λόγον ἐκέρδαναν I. 5.26

    b m. subs., the noble, esp. of those distinguished by social position and athletic prowess.

    ἀδύνατα δἔπος ἐκβαλεῖν κραταιὸν ἐν ἀγαθοῖς δόλιον ἀστόν P. 2.81

    ἁδόντα δεἴη με τοῖς ἀγαθοῖς ὁμιλεῖν P. 2.96

    οὐ φθονέων ἀγαθοῖς P. 3.71

    τὰ μὲν ὦν οὐ δύνανται νήπιοι κόσμῳ φέρειν, ἀλλ' ἀγαθοί P. 3.83

    οὐκ ἐρίζων ἀντία τοῖς ἀγαθοῖς P. 4.285

    ἐν δἀγαθοῖσι κεῖται πατρώιαι κεδναὶ πολίων κυβερνάσιες P. 10.71

    ποτίφορος δ' ἀγαθοῖσι μισθὸς οὗτος N. 7.63

    τί φίλτερον κεδνῶν τοκέων ἀγαθοῖς; I. 1.5

    τιμὰ δ' ἀγαθοῖσιν ἀντίκειται I. 7.26

    τὸν αἰνεῖν ἀγαθῷ παρέχει I. 8.69

    2 of things, honourable, of honour

    ὁ δ' ὄλβιος, ὃν φᾶμαι κατέχωντ' ἀγαθαί O. 7.10

    ὕμνος δὲ τῶν ἀγαθῶν ἐργμάτων βασιλεῦσιν ἰσοδαίμονα τεύχει φῶτα N. 4.83

    ἐν λόγοις δ' ἀστῶν ἀγαθοῖσιν ἐπαινεῖσθαι χρεών (Schr.: ἀγαθοῖς μὲν αἰνεῖσθαι codd.: ἀγαθοῖσί μιν αἰνεῖσθαι Mingarelli.) N. 11.17

    ἀντὶ μόχθων παντοδαπῶν ἔπος εἰπόντ' ἀγαθὸν ξυνὸν ὀρθῶσαι καλόν I. 1.46

    χρὴ δ' ἀγαθὰν ἐλπίδ ἀνδρὶ μέλειν I. 8.15

    3 add. inf., good ἀγαθαὶ δὲ πέλοντ' ἐν χειμερίᾳ νυκτὶ θοᾶς ἐκ ναὸς ἀπεσκίμφθαι δὔ ἄγκυραι i. e. “useful” O. 6.100ποθέω στρατιᾶς ὀφθαλμὸν ἐμᾶς, ἀμφότερον μάντιν τ' ἀγαθὸν καὶ δουρὶ μάρνασθαι.” O. 6.17
    4 n. subs., good, good fortune

    ἀτειρεῖ σὺν ἀγαθῷ O. 2.33

    esp. in pl.,

    πένθος δὲ πίτνει βαρὺ κρεσσόνων πρὸς ἀγαθῶν O. 2.24

    ἄλλα δ' ἐπ ἄλλον ἔβαν ἀγαθῶν O. 8.13

    ἀλλὰ βροτῶν τὸν μὲν κενεόφρονες αὗχαι ἐξ ἀγαθῶν ἔβαλον N. 11.30

    5 dub. ex. [ ἀγαθὰ σωτῆρας (codd. Clem. Alex: ἀλαθέας ὥρας ex Hesych. Boeckh.) fr. 30. 6.]

    Lexicon to Pindar > ἀγαθός

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