Translation: from greek to english

from english to greek

καὶ...γε

  • 1 καί

    καί particle,
    1 and, also, even A copulative.
    1 joining finite verbs,
    a with change of subject.

    ἦ θαύματα πολλά, καί πού τι καὶ ἐξαπατῶντι μῦθοι O. 1.28

    , O. 3.21, O. 9.38, O. 10.41, O. 10.72, P. 1.5, P. 1.42, P. 3.35, P. 3.93, P. 3.94, P. 4.124, P. 4.164, P. 4.220, P. 4.247, P. 4.254, P. 4.257, P. 6.53, P. 9.40, P. 9.52, N. 5.18, N. 5.21, N. 6.53, N. 7.65, N. 10.10, N. 11.8, I. 3.17, I. 4.13, I. 4.34, I. 4.67, I. 5.48, I. 6.53, I. 8.47, fr. 51b. Pae. 2.53
    b with no change of subject.

    διεδάσαντο καὶ φάγον O. 1.51

    , O. 5.8, O. 7.46, O. 10.49, O. 13.27, O. 13.69, O. 13.112, P. 3.15, P. 3.68, P. 4.254, P. 4.298, P. 9.12, P. 10.46, N. 1.64, N. 3.26, N. 3.38, N. 4.61, N. 5.39, N. 6.19, N. 6.49, N. 9.18, N. 10.22, N. 10.74, N. 10.80, I. 2.19, I. 5.63, I. 6.70, Πα. 2. 1, Εὔ]βοιαν ἕλον καὶ ἔνασσαν καὶ ἔκτισαν νάσους Πα.. 3. Πα. 8A. 13. Δ. 2. 30, fr. 169. 23, fr. 169. 47.
    c in subord. cl.,

    ὡς ἂν κτίσαιεν βωμὸν ἐναργέα καὶ ἰάναιεν O. 7.42

    πρὶν μίχθη καὶ ἔνεικεν O. 9.59

    κατέφρασεν ὁπᾷ ἔθυε καὶ ὅπως ἄρα ἔστασεν O. 10.57

    ὃς ἂν ἐγκύρσῃ καὶ ἕλῃ P. 1.100

    θεός, ὃ καὶ κίχε καὶ παραμείβεται καὶ ἔκαμψε P. 2.50

    εἰ δὲ σώφρων ἄντρον ἔναἰ ἔτι Χίρων, καί τί οἱ φίλτρον ἐν θυμῷ μελιγάρυες ὕμνοι ἁμέτεροι τίθεν P. 3.63

    P. 9.46—9.

    ὃς ἂν ἕλῃ καὶ ἴδῃ P. 10.25

    , N. 3.34

    ὄφρα προσμένοι καὶ πάξαιθ N. 3.61

    αἰδέομαι μέγα εἰπεῖν πῶς δὴ λίπον εὐκλέα νᾶσον, καὶ τίς ἄνδρας ἀλκίμους δαίμων ἀπ' Οἰνώνας ἔλασεν N. 5.15

    Pae. 6.50 irregularly coordinated;

    φάνη Ζηνὸς ἀμφὶ πανάγυριν Λυκαίου καὶ ὁπότ' Πελλάνᾳ φέρε O. 9.97

    εὐθύ-

    γλωσσος ἀνὴρ προφέρει παρὰ τυραννίδι χὠπόταν ὁ λάβρος στρατός, χὤταν πόλιν οἱ σοφοὶ τηρέωντι P. 2.87

    —8.

    νᾶσον ὡς ἤδη λιπὼν κτίσσειεν εὐάρματον πόλιν καὶ τὸ Μηδείας ἔπος ἀγκομίσαι P. 4.9

    πύκταν τέ νιν καὶ παγκρατίῳ φθέγξαι ἑλεῖν N. 5.52

    d introducing question.

    ἐπεὶ ψάμμος ἀριθμὸν περιπέφευγεν, καὶ κεῖνος ὅσα χάρματ' ἄλλοις ἔθηκεν, τίς ἂν φράσαι δύναιτο O. 2.99

    καὶ τίς ἀνθρώπων σε ἐξανῆκεν γαστρός;” P. 4.98
    2 joining grammatically similar words.
    a two nouns.

    Παλλὰς καὶ Ζεὺς O. 2.27

    ὅρμοισι τῶν χέρας ἀναπλέκοντι καὶ στεφάνους O. 2.74

    κρίσιν καὶ πενταετηρίδ O. 3.21

    Ἀρκαδίας ἀπὸ δειρᾶν καὶ πολυγνάμπτων μυχῶν O. 3.27

    χεῖρες δὲ καὶ ἦτορ O. 4.25

    ἀρετᾶν καὶ στεφάνων O. 5.1

    Ἄκρων' ἐκάρυξε καὶ τὰν νέοικον ἕδραν O. 5.8

    Οἰνομάου καὶ Πέλοπος O. 5.9

    Ποσειδᾶν' καὶ τοξοφόρον σκοπόν O. 6.59

    παρ' Ἀλφειῷ καὶ παρὰ Κασταλίᾳ O. 7.17

    Οὐρανὸς καὶ Γαῖα μάτηρ O. 7.38

    ἀρετὰν καὶ χάρματ O. 7.44

    τά τ' ἐν Ἀρκαδίᾳ ἔργα καὶ Θήβαις O. 7.84

    κῶμον καὶ στεφαναφορίαν O. 8.10

    ἓ καὶ υἱὸν O. 9.14

    κορᾶν καὶ φερτάτων Κρονιδᾶν O. 9.56

    τόλμα δὲ καὶ ἀμφιλαφὴς δύναμις O. 9.82

    σὺ καὶ θυγάτηρ O. 10.3

    Καλλιόπα καὶ χάλκεος Ἄρης O. 10.15

    βροντὰν καὶ πυρπάλαμον βέλος O. 10.80

    ἀρχὰ λόγων καὶ πιστὸν ὅρκιον O. 11.6

    Ὀλυμπίᾳ στεφανωσάμενος καὶ δὶς ἐκ Πυθῶνος Ἰσθμοῖ τε O. 12.18

    κασίγνηταί τε Δίκα καὶ ὁμότροφος Εἰρήνα O. 13.7

    Σίσυφον καὶ τὰν Μήδειαν O. 13.53

    ναὶ καὶ προπόλοις O. 13.54

    παρ' ὅρκον καὶ παρὰ ἐλπίδα O. 13.83

    αἰδῶ δίδοι καὶ τύχαν O. 13.115

    Ἀπόλλωνος καὶ Μοισᾶν P. 1.1

    κορυφαῖς καὶ πέδῳ P. 1.28

    ὄλβον καὶ κτεάνων δόσιν P. 1.46

    ἀστοῖς καὶ βασιλεῦσιν P. 1.68

    κύριε πολλᾶν μὲν εὐστεφάνων ἀγυιᾶν καὶ στρατοῦ P. 2.58

    ἐν ὄρει καὶ ἐν ἑπταπύλοις Θήβαις P. 3.90

    Νέστορα καὶ

    Λύκιον Σαρπηδόν P. 3.112

    ἀπὸ δ' αὐτὸν ἐγὼ Μοίσαισι δώσω καὶ τὸ πάγχρυσον νάκος κριοῦ P. 4.68

    Ἰφιμεδείας παῖδας, ὦτον καὶ σέP. 4.89 πὰρ Χαρικλοῦς καὶ ΦιλύραςP. 4.103 λαγέτᾳ Αἰόλῳ καὶ παισὶP. 4.108

    Ἄδματος καὶ Μέλαμπος P. 4.126

    ὀρνίχεσσι καὶ κλάροισι P. 4.190

    ἀγέλα ταύρων ὑπᾶρχεν καὶ νεόκτιστον θέναρ P. 4.206

    ἄροτρον καὶ βόας P. 4.225

    Κυράνα καὶ τὸ κλεεννότατον μέγαρον Βάττου P. 4.280

    πεδίον καὶ πατρωίαν πόλιν P. 5.53

    ἄνδρεσσι καὶ γυναιξὶ P. 5.64

    νικαφόροις ἐν ἀέθλοις καὶ θοαῖς ἐν μάχαις P. 8.26

    γείτων καὶ κτεάνων φύλαξ ἐμῶν P. 8.58

    λαμπρὸν φέγγος καὶ μείλιχος αἰών P. 8.97

    θυμὸν γυναικὸς καὶ μεγάλαν δύνασινP. 9.30 τέλος οἶσθα καὶ πάσας κελεύθουςP. 9.45 ἐν θαλάσσᾳ καὶ ποταμοῖςP. 9.47 ὥραισι καὶ ΓαίᾳP. 9.60 νέκταρ καὶ ἀμβροσίανP. 9.63 Ζῆνα καὶ ἁγνὸν Ἀπόλλων' Ἀγρέα καὶ ΝόμιονP. 9.64—5.

    οἱ καὶ Ζηνὶ P. 9.84

    νιν καὶ Ἰφικλέα P. 9.88

    δίκον φύλλ' ἔπι καὶ στεφάνους P. 9.124

    πόνων δὲ καὶ μαχᾶν ἄτερ P. 10.42

    χαλκοῦ θαμὰ καὶ δονάκων P. 12.25

    οἱ φράζε καὶ παντὶ στρατῷ N. 1.61

    Ἰάσον' καὶ ἔπειτεν Ἀσκλαπιόν N. 3.54

    τάνδε νᾶσον καὶ σεμνὸν Θεάριον N. 3.69

    δῶρα καὶ κράτος N. 4.68

    ἐκ δὲ Κρόνου καὶ Ζηνὸς ἥρωας αἰχματὰς φυτευθέντας καὶ ἀπὸ χρυσεᾶν Νηρηίδων N. 5.7

    υἱοὶ καὶ βία Φώκου N. 5.12

    ἀοιδαὶ καὶ λόγοι N. 6.30

    αὐχένα καὶ σθένος (v. Dornseiff, Stil, 26) N. 7.73

    χειρὶ καὶ βουλαῖς N. 8.8

    Δείνιος δισσῶν σταδίων καὶ πατρὸς Μέγα Νεμεαῖον ἄγαλμα N. 8.16

    ματέρι καὶ διδύμοις παίδεσσιν N. 9.4

    φεῦγε γὰρ Ἀμφιαρῆ ποτε θρασυμήδεα καὶ δεινὰν στάσιν N. 9.13

    χερσὶ καὶ ψυχᾷ N. 9.39

    Κάστορος καὶ κασιγνήτου Πολυδεύκεος N. 10.50

    Ἑρμᾷ καὶ σὺν Ἡρακλεῖ N. 10.53

    Ζηνὸς ὑψίστου κασιγνήτα καὶ ὁμοθρόνου Ἥρας N. 11.2

    λύρα καὶ ἀοιδά N. 11.7

    πάλᾳ καὶ

    μεγαυχεῖ παγκρατίῳ N. 11.21

    ἐν Πυθῶνι καὶ Ὀλυμπίᾳ N. 11.23

    παρὰ Κασταλίᾳ καὶ παρ' εὐδένδρῳ ὄχθῳ Κρόνου N. 11.25

    πολιατᾶν καὶ ξένων I. 1.51

    Ὀγχηστὸν καὶ γέφυραν I. 4.20

    χρυσέων οἴκων ἄναξ καὶ γαμβρὸς Ἥρας I. 4.60

    δαῖτα καὶ νεόδματα στεφανώματα βωμῶν I. 4.62

    νᾶες ἐν πόντῳ καὶ λτ;ὑφγτ;ἅρμασιν ἵπποι I. 5.5

    ἑσπόμενοι Ἡρακλῆι πρότερον καὶ σὺν Ἀτρείδαις I. 5.38

    Ἕκτορα καὶ στράταρχον Μέμνονα I. 5.40

    Αἴαντος Τελαμωνιάδα καὶ πατρός I. 6.27

    Μερόπων ἔθνεα καὶ τὸν βουβόταν Ἀλκυονῆ I. 6.32

    χθόνα καὶ στρατὸν ἀθρόον Pae. 4.42

    ἐμὰν ματέραλιπόντες καὶ ὅλον οἶκον Pae. 4.45

    στεφάνων καὶ θαλιᾶν Pae. 6.14

    νέφεσσι δ' ἐν χρυσέοις Ὀλύμποιο καὶ κορυφαῖσινἵζων Pae. 6.93

    ναυπρύτανιν δαίμονα καὶ τὰν θεμίξενον ἀρετάν Pae. 6.131

    Ἁφαίστου παλάμαις καὶ Ἀθά[νας] Pae. 8.66

    Κάδμου στρατὸν καὶ Ζεάθου πόλιν (Π: ἂν pro καὶ coni. Wil. metr. gr.) Πα... φυγόντα νιν καὶ μέλαν ἕρκος ἅλμας[ Δ. 1. 1. ἐπ' Αἰολάδᾳ καὶ γένει (G-H: τε καὶ Π.) Παρθ. 1. 13. ὦ Πάν, Ἀρκαδίας μεδέων καὶ σεμνῶν ἀδύτων φύλαξ fr. 95. 2. θυμὸν καὶ φωνὰν fr. 124d. βασιλῆες ἀγαυοὶ καὶ ἄνδρες fr. 133. 4. ]ἀοιδ[ὰν κ]αὶ ἁρμονίαν fr. 140b. 2. θεῶν καὶ κατ' ἀνθρώπων ἀγυιάς fr. 194. 6. τιμαὶ καὶ στέφανοι fr. 221. 2. Ζηνὸς υἱοὶ καὶ κλυτοπώλου Ποσειδάωνος fr. 243.
    b two adjs.

    ξανθαῖσι καὶ παμπορφύροις ἀκτῖσι βεβρεγμένος O. 6.55

    πολύβοσκον γαῖαν ἀνθρώποισι καὶ εὔφρονα μήλοις O. 7.63

    ἀγαθοὶ δὲ καὶ σοφοὶ O. 9.28

    ὡραῖος ἐὼν καὶ καλὸς O. 9.94

    [ ἀκρόσοφον δὲ καὶ αἰχματὰν (v. l. τε καὶ) O. 11.19]

    κλυτὰν καὶ ὀνυμαστάν P. 1.38

    πολυμήλου καὶ πολυκαρποτάτας χθονὸς P. 9.7

    εὐδαίμων δὲ καὶ ὑμνητὸς P. 10.22

    γέρας τό περ νῦν καὶ ἄρειον ὄπιθεν N. 7.101

    ἄνιππός εἰμι καὶ βουνομίας ἀδαέστερος Pae. 4.27

    esp., two numerals,

    πρώτοις καὶ τερτάτοις O. 8.46

    ἑβδόμᾳ καὶ σὺν δεκάτᾳ γενεᾷ P. 4.10

    τεσσαράκοντα καὶ

    ὀκτὼ παρθένοισι P. 9.113

    τρεῖς καὶ δέκ' ἄνδρας fr. 135.
    c two participles.

    ἐξαρκέων κτεάτεσσι καὶ εὐλογίαν προστιθείς O. 5.24

    ἀποπέμπων καὶ ἐποψόμενος O. 8.52

    δεξάμενον καὶ δαίσαντα N. 1.71

    θνατὰ μεμνάσθω περιστέλλων μέλη καὶ γᾶν ἐπιεσσόμενος N. 11.16

    cf. O. 6.20
    d two infinitives. “ μοναρχεῖν καὶ βασιλευέμενP. 4.166 χέρα οἱ προσενεγκεῖν ἦρα καὶ ἐκ λεχέων κεῖραι μελιαδέα ποίαν;” P. 9.37.

    ἐπαινεῖσθαι χρεών, καὶ μελιζέμεν N. 11.18

    κελαδῆσαι καὶ προσειπεῖν I. 1.55

    e two pronouns. “ ἐμὲ καὶ σὲP. 4.141

    ὄλβος ἔμπαν τὰ καὶ τὰ νέμων P. 5.55

    εὐδαιμονίαν τὰ καὶ τὰ φέρεσθαι P. 7.21

    f two adverbs.

    πολὺ καὶ πολλᾷ O. 8.23

    3 in enumeration.
    a A καὶ B καὶ C ( καί...)

    λτ;γτ;άνθον ἤπειγεν καὶ Ἀμαζόνας εὐίππους καὶ ἐς Ἴστρον ἐλαύνων O. 8.47

    νόστον ἔχθιστον καὶ ἀτιμότεραν γλῶσσαν καὶ ἐπίκρυφον οἶμον O. 8.69

    πατρὸς ἀρχὰν καὶ βαθὺν κλᾶρον ἔμμεν καὶ μέγαρον O. 13.62

    γυναικεῖον στρατὸν καὶ Χίμαιραν καὶ Σολύμους ἔπεφνεν O. 13.90

    Τροίαν κραταιὸς Τελαμὼν πόρθησε καὶ Μέροπας καὶ τὸν μέγαν Ἀλκυονῆ N. 4.25

    —7.

    χαλκὸν ὅν τε Κλείτωρ καὶ Τεγέα καὶ Ἀχαιῶν ὑψίβατοι πόλιες καὶ Λύκαιον πὰρ Διὸς θῆκε δρόμῳ N. 10.47

    —8.

    ἐξικέσθαν καὶ μέγα ἔργον ἐμήσαντ' ὠκέως καὶ πάθον N. 10.64

    ἐπῇεν καὶ ἔστα καὶ μυχοὺς διζάσατο fr. 51a. 3. τὸ δ' οἴκοθεν ἄστυ κα[ὶ ] καὶ συγγένεἰ Πα.. 32. ὦ ταὶ λιπαραὶ καὶ ἰοστέφανοι καὶ ἀοίδιμοι Ἀθᾶναι fr. 76. 1. φοινικορόδοις δ' ἐνὶ λειμώνεσσι προάστιον αὐτῶν καὶ λιβάνῳ σκιαρὰν καὶ χρυσοκάρποισιν βέβριθε λτ;δενδρέοιςγτ; καὶ τοὶ μὲν Θρ.. 3. ἔνθα βουλαὶ γερόντων καὶ νέων ἀνδρῶν ἀριστεύοισιν αἰχμαί, καὶ χοροὶ καὶ Μοῖσα καὶ Ἀγλαία fr. 199.
    b A καὶ B C τε ( καί...)

    Λύκιε καὶ Δάλοἰ ἀνάσσων, Φοῖβε, Παρνασσοῦ τε κράναν Κασταλίαν φιλέων P. 1.39

    καὶ σοφοὶ καὶ χερσὶ βιαταὶ περίγλωσσοί τ' ἔφυν P. 1.42

    Ἰόλαον καὶ Κάστορος βίαν, σέ τε, ἄναξ Πολύδευκες P. 11.61

    ἄνδρα δ' ἐγὼ μακαρίζω μὲν πατέῤ Ἀρκεσίλαν καὶ τὸ θαητὸν δέμας ἀτρεμίαν τε σύγγονον N. 11.12

    τριπόδεσσιν ἐκόσμησαν δόμον καὶ λεβήτεσσιν φιάλαισί τε χρυσοῦ I. 1.18

    πόλιν τάνδε κόμιζε Δὶ καὶ κρέοντι σὺν Αἰακῷ Πηλεῖ τε κἀγαθῷ Τελαμῶνι σύν τ' Ἀχιλλεῖ P. 8.99

    —100.
    4 καί καί, bothand

    καὶ ποτ' ἀστῶν καὶ ποτὶ ξείνων O. 7.90

    καὶ ἀγάνορος ἵππου θᾶσσον καὶ ναὸς ὑποπτέρου O. 9.23

    καὶ λογίοις καὶ ἀοιδοῖς P. 1.94

    ἀλλὰ καὶ σκᾶπτον μόναρχον καὶ θρόνοςP. 4.152

    κόρον δ' ἔχει καὶ μέλι καὶ τὰ τέρπν ἄνθἐ Ἀφροδίσια N. 7.53

    καὶ τὸν ἀκερσεκόμαν Φοῖβον χορεύων καὶ τὰν ἁλιερκέα Ἰσθμοῦ δειράδ I. 1.7

    καὶ πάγκαρπον ἐπὶ χθόνα καὶ διὰ πόντον βέβακεν ἐργμάτων ἀκτὶς I. 1.41

    μυρίαι δ' ἔργων καλῶν τέτμανθ κέλευθοι καὶ πέραν Νείλοιο παγᾶν καὶ δἰ Ὑπερβορέους I. 6.23

    εἴη καὶ ἐρᾶν καὶ ἔρωτι χαρίζεσθαι κατὰ καιρόν fr. 127. 1. with irregular coordination,

    καὶ τὰν παρ' ὅρκον καὶ παρὰ ἐλπίδα κούφαν κτίσιν O. 13.83

    καὶ τὸν Ἰσθμοῖ καὶ Νεμέᾳ στέφανον (sc. ἐκράτησε) N. 10.26 in comparison,

    πειρῶντι δὲ καὶ χρυσὸς ἐν βασάνῳ πρέπει καὶ νόος ὀρθός P. 10.67

    5 with intensifying force.

    οὔτε δύσηρις ἐὼν οὔτ' ὦν φιλόνικος ἄγαν, καὶ μέγαν ὅρκον ὀμόσσαις, τοῦτό γέ οἱ μαρτυρήσω O. 6.20

    τέκεν γόνον ὑπερφίαλον μόνα καὶ μόνον P. 2.43

    τοῦτον ἄεθλον ἑκὼν τέλεσον· καί τοι μοναρχεῖν καὶ βασιλευέμεν ὄμνυμι προήσειν” conditional parataxis P. 4.165
    6 v. E infra for exx. of καὶ irregularly placed. B copulative, combined with τε, where τε is superfluous.
    1

    Πίσας τε καὶ Φερενίκου χάρις O. 1.18

    τρεῖς τε καὶ δέκ' ἄνδρας O. 1.79

    ἐν δίκᾳ τε καὶ παρὰ δίκαν O. 2.16

    εὐθυμιᾶν τε μέτα καὶ πόνων O. 2.34

    πλοῦτόν τε καὶ χάριν ἄγων O. 2.10

    τῶν τε καὶ τῶν καιρὸν O. 2.53

    Πηλεύς τε καὶ Κάδμος O. 2.78

    ἀνδρῶν τ' ἀρετᾶς πέρι καὶ διφρηλασίας O. 3.37

    αὐτόν τέ νιν καὶ φαιδίμας ἵππους O. 6.14

    Συρακοσσᾶν τε καὶ Ὀρτυγίας O. 6.93

    Ζεύς τε καὶ ἀθάνατοι O. 7.55

    μήλων τε κνισάεσσα πομπὰ καὶ κρίσις O. 7.80

    αὐτούς τ' ἀέξοι καὶ πόλιν O. 8.88

    μορφᾷ τε καὶ ἔργοισι O. 9.65

    τά λτ;τεγτ; τερπνὰ καὶ τὰ γλυκέα (supp. Hermann, met. gr.: om. codd., Schr.) O. 14.5

    γᾶν τε καὶ πόντον κατ' ἀμαιμάκετον P. 1.14

    κτεάτεσσί τε καὶ περὶ τιμᾷ P. 2.59

    παῖδες ὑπερθύμων τε φωτῶν καὶ θεῶνP. 4.13 Κρηθεῖ τε μάτηρ καὶ ΣαλμωνεῖP. 4.142

    ἀνέρες ἔκ τε Πύλου καὶ ἀπ' ἄκρας Ταινάρου P. 4.174

    θεός τέ οἱ τὸ νῦν τε πρόφρων τελεῖ δύνασιν καὶ τὸ λοιπὸν P. 5.117

    βουλᾶν τε καὶ πολέμων P. 8.3

    ἔρξαι τε καὶ παθεῖν ὁμῶς P. 8.6

    λύρᾳ τε καὶ φθέγματι μαλθακῷ P. 8.31

    πολλάν τε καὶ ἡσύχιον εἰρήναν P. 9.22

    ἔν τε θεοῖς κἀνθρώποιςP. 9.40

    τόλμᾳ τε καὶ σθένει P. 10.24

    εὐφροσύνα τε καὶ δόξ' ἐπιφλέγει P. 11.45

    τῶν τε καὶ τῶν χρήσιες N. 1.30

    εὖ τε παθεῖν καὶ ἀκοῦσαι N. 1.32

    λῆμά τε καὶ δύναμιν N. 1.57

    Ἄρτεμίς τε καὶ θρασεἶ Ἀθάνα N. 3.50

    Κλεωναίου τ' ἀπ ἀγῶνος καὶ λιπαρῶν εὐωνύμων ἀπ Ἀθανᾶν N. 4.18

    Οἰνώνᾳ τε καὶ Κύπρῳ N. 4.46

    εὔανδρόν τε καὶ ναυσικλυτὰν N. 5.9

    ἐπί τε χθόνα καὶ διὰ θαλάσσας N. 6.48

    σέ τ' καὶ Πολυτιμίδαν N. 6.62

    χειρῶν τε καὶ ἰσχύος ἁνίοχον N. 6.66

    φίλιπποί τ' αὐτόθι καὶ κτεάνων ψυχὰς ἔχοντες κρέσσονας ἄνδρες N. 9.32

    γνώτ' ἀείδω θεῷ τε καὶ ὅστις ἁμιλλᾶται N. 10.31

    Χαρίτεσσί τε καὶ σὺν Τυνδαρίδαις N. 10.38

    Κορίνθου τ' ἐν μυχοῖς, καὶ Κλεωναίων πρὸς ἀνδρῶν τετράκις (loc. susp.) N. 10.42

    θάνατόν τε φυγὼν καὶ γῆρας ἀπεχθόμενον N. 10.83

    ῥεέθροισί τε Δίρκας ἔφανεν καὶ παρ' Εὐρώτᾳ πέλας I. 1.29

    κτεάνων θ' ἅμα λειφθεὶς καὶ φίλων I. 2.11

    τῶν τε γὰρ καὶ τῶν διδοῖ I. 4.51

    γαίας τε πάσας καὶ βαθύκρημνον πολιᾶς ἁλὸς ἐξευρὼν θέναρ I. 4.55

    Ζεὺς τά τε καὶ τὰ νέμει I.5. 52.

    δαπάνᾳ τε χαρεὶς καὶ πόνῳ I. 6.10

    ἀγλαοὶ παῖδές τε καὶ μάτρως I. 6.62

    Ὕλλου τε καὶ Αἰγιμιοῦ I. 9.2

    ὁ δ' ἐθέλων τε καὶ δυνάμενος fr. 2. 1. γᾶν τε καὶ θάλασσαν fr. 51a. 2.

    γαῖαν ἀμπελόεσσάν τε καὶ εὔκαρπον Pae. 2.25

    τὸ δ' εὐβουλίᾳ τε καὶ αἰδοῖ ἐγκείμενον Pae. 2.51

    Χαρίτεσσίν τε καὶ Ἀφροδίτᾳ Pae. 6.4

    ὁ πάντα τοι τά τε καὶ τὰ τεύχων Pae. 6.132

    μαντευμάτων τε θεσπεσίων δοτῆρα καὶ τελεσσιε[πῆ] θεοῦ ἄδυτον Pae. 7.2

    σέ τε καὶ ῥαδ[ Πα. 7. d. 2.

    τά τ' ἐόντα τε κα[ὶ ] πρόσθεν γεγενημένα Pae. 8.83

    ἔθηκας ἀμάχανον ἰσχύν τ ἀνδράσι καὶ σοφίας ὁδόν (Blass: πτανὸν ἀνδράσι codd. Dion. Hal.)

    Πα... Ἐλείθυιά τε καὶ Λάχεσις Pae. 12.17

    τ]ριπόδεσσί τε καὶ θυσίαις fr. 59. 11. πρὶν μὲν ἕρπε σχοινοτένειά τ' ἀοιδὰ διθυράμβων καὶ τὸ σὰν κίβδηλον Δ. 2. 2. βαθύζωνόν τε Λατὼ καὶ θοᾶν ἵππων ἐλάτειραν fr. 89a. 2. Πειθώ τ' ἔναιεν καὶ Χάρις fr. 123. 14. Ἀπόλλωνί τε καὶ[ fr. 140b. 10. ] ραί τε καὶ υ[ fr. 215. 9. τόλμα τέ μιν ζαμενὴς καὶ σύνεσις fr. 231. emphasised, bothand, ξένον μή τιν' ἀμφότερα καλῶν τε ἴδριν ἅμα καὶ δύναμιν κυριώτερον ( ἀλλὰ coni. Hermann) O. 1.104

    ἀμφότερον μάντιν τ' ἀγαθὸν καὶ δουρὶ μάρνασθαι O. 6.17

    ἀμφότερον δαπάναις τε καὶ πόνοις I. 1.42

    once joining finite verbs,

    ἔν τ' ἀέθλοισι θίγον πλείστων ἀγώνων, καὶ τριπόδεσσιν ἐκόσμησαν δόμον I. 1.19

    —20. irregularly coordinated,

    ἄγοντι δέ με νῖκαι, ὦ Μεγάκλεες, ὑμαί τε καὶ προγόνων P. 7.18

    συμβαλεῖν μὰν εὐμαρὲς ἦν τό τε Πεισάνδρου πάλαι αἶμ' ἀπὸ Σπάρτας καὶ παῤ Ἰσμηνοῦ ῥοᾶν κεκραμένον ἐκ Μελανίπποιο μάτρωος N. 11.33

    —6.

    οἶά τε χερσὶν ἀκοντίζοντες αἰχμαῖς καὶ λιθίνοις ὁπότ' ἐν δίσκοις ἵεν I. 1.24

    —5.

    ζώων τ' ἀπὸ καὶ θάνων I. 7.30

    Κλεάνδρῳ τις ἀνεγειρέτω κῶμον, Ἰσθμιάδος τε νίκας ἄποινα, καὶ Νεμέᾳ ἀέθλων ὅτι κράτος ἐξεῦρε I. 8.4

    [ἀνατεί τε] καὶ ἀπριάτας ἔλασεν (H. J. Mette: ἀναιρεῖται καὶ codd. Aristidis contra metr.) fr. 169. 8. explicative / appositional, ἐγγυάσομαι ὔμμιν, ὦ Μοῖσαι, φυγόξεινον στρατὸν μήδ' ἀπείρατον καλῶν ἀκρόσοφόν τε καὶ αἰχματὰν ἀφίξεσθαι ( δὲ καὶ v. l.) O. 11.19 Νόμος ὁ πάντων βασιλεὺς θνατῶν τε καὶ ἀθανάτων fr. 169. 2. cf. P. 9.45
    2 in enumeration.
    a A τε καὶ B C

    τε φόρμιγγά τε ποικιλόγαρυν καὶ βοὰν αὐλῶν ἐπέων τε θέσιν O. 3.8

    μῆλά τε γάρ τοι ἐγὼ καὶ βοῶν ξανθὰς ἀγέλας ἀφίημ' ἀγρούς τε πάνταςP. 4.148

    ἐν Ὀλυμπίοισί τε καὶ βαθυκόλπου Γᾶς ἀέθλοις ἔν τε καὶ πᾶσιν ἐπιχωρίοις P. 9.101

    —2.

    ἀλλά με Πυθώ τε καὶ τὸ Πελινναῖον ἀπύει Ἀλεύα τε παῖδες P. 10.4

    ἀλαλὰν Λυκίων τε προσμένοι καὶ Φρυγῶν Δαρδάνων τε N. 3.60

    —1.

    τό μοι θέμεν Κρονίδᾳ τε Δὶ καὶ Νεμέᾳ Τιμασάρχου τε πάλᾳ ὕμνου προκώμιον εἴη N. 4.9

    Οὐλυμπίᾳ τε καὶ Ἰσθμοῖ Νεμέᾳ τε N. 4.75

    κεῖνοι γάρ τ' ἄνοσοι καὶ ἀγήραοι πόνων τ ἄπειροι fr. 143.
    b A τε καὶ B καὶ C ( καὶ...) “ὅσσα τε χθὼν ἠρινὰ φύλλ' ἀναπέμπει, χὠπόσαι ψάμαθοι κλονέονται χὤ τι μέλλει, χὠπόθεν ἔσσεται, εὖ καθορᾷςP. 9.45 ἐν ξυνῷ κεν εἴη συμπόταισιν τε γλυκερὸν καὶ Διωνύσοιο καρπῷ καὶ κυλίκεσσιν Ἀθαναίαισι κέντρον fr. 124. 3. ἄστρα τε καὶ ποταμοὶ καὶ κύματα πόντου fr. 136.
    c μέν τε καί, v.

    μέν τε O. 4.14

    C emphatic, non-copulative, v. also D. 1. infra.
    1 καί means even.

    καὶ ἄπιστον ἐμήσατο πιστὸν ἔμμεναι O. 1.31

    ἴδε καὶ κείναν χθόνα O. 3.31

    [ θαμὰ καὶ ( θαμάκι v. l.) O. 4.27]

    ἠὺ δ' ἔχοντες σοφοὶ καὶ πολίταις ἔδοξαν ἔμμεν O. 5.16

    ὄφρα ἵκωμαι πρὸς ἀνδρῶν καὶ γένος O. 6.25

    αἱ δὲ φρενῶν ταραχαὶ παρέπλαγξαν καὶ σοφόν O. 7.31

    τεθμὸς δέ τις ἀθανάτων καὶ τάνδ' ἁλιερκέα χώραν παντοδαποῖσιν ὑπέστασε ξένοις O. 8.25

    τράπε δὲ Κύκνεια μάχα καὶ ὑπέρβιον Ἡρακλέα O. 10.15

    δάμασε καὶ κείνους. (Boeckh: κἀκείνους codd.) O. 10.30 ἤτοι καὶ τεά κεν ἀκλεὴς τιμὰ κατεφυλλορόησεν ποδῶν O. 12. 13.

    ἤτοι καὶ ὁ καρτερὸς ὁρμαίνων ἕλε Βελλεροφόντας O. 13.84

    σὺν δὲ κείνῳ καί ποτ' Ἀμαζονίδων βάλλων γυναικεῖον στρατὸν O. 13.87

    σὺν δ' ἀνάγκᾳ μιν φίλον καί τις ἐὼν μεγαλάνωρ ἔσανεν P. 1.52

    εἴ τι καὶ φλαῦρον παραιθύσσει P. 1.87

    ἀλλὰ κέρδει καὶ σοφία δέδεται P. 3.54

    ἔτραπεν καὶ κεῖνον (Boeckh: κἀκεῖνον codd.) P. 3.55

    ἐπὶ καὶ θανάτῳ P. 4.186

    καὶ φθινόκαρπος ἐοῖσα διδοῖ ψᾶφον P. 4.265

    ῥᾴδιον μὲν γὰρ πόλιν δεῖσαι καὶ ἀφαυροτέροις P. 4.272

    αὔξεται καὶ Μοῖσα δἰ ἀγγελίας ὀρθᾶς P. 4.279

    κεῖνόν γε καὶ βαρύκομποι λέοντες περὶ δείματι φύγον P. 5.57

    κεῖνος αἰνεῖν καὶ τὸν ἐχθρὸν ἔννεπεν P. 9.95

    ἔτι καὶ μᾶλλον P. 10.57

    ἔμπα καἴπερ ἔχει βαθεῖα ποντιὰς ἅλμα μέσσον, ἀντίτειν' ἐπιβουλίᾳ (Christ: καίπερ codd.) N. 4.36

    κεῖνος καὶ Τελαμῶνος δάψεν υἱὸν N. 8.23

    ἐπαοιδαῖς δ' ἀνὴρ νώδυνον καί τις κάματον θῆκεν where καί emphasizes

    κάματον N. 8.50

    ἦν γε μὰν ἐπικώμιος ὕμνος δὴ πάλαι, καὶ πρὶν γενέσθαι τὰν Ἀδράστου τάν τε Καδμείων ἔριν N. 8.51

    ἐν γὰρ δαιμονίοισι φόβοις φεύγοντι καὶ παῖδες θεῶν N. 9.27

    καὶ θνατὸν οὕτως ἔθνος ἄγει μοῖρα N. 11.42

    τὸ τεόν, χρύσασπι Θήβα, πρᾶγμα καὶ ἀσχολίας ὑπέρτερον θήσομαι I. 1.2

    ἔστιν δ' ἀφάνεια τύχας καὶ μαρναμένων I. 4.31

    ἰατὰ δ' ἐστὶ βροτοῖς σύν γ ἐλευθερίᾳ καὶ τά I. 8.15

    ἐσλόν γε φῶτα καὶ φθίμενον ὕμνοις θεᾶν διδόμεν I. 8.60

    ἤτοι καὶ ἐγὼ σκόπελον ναίων Pae. 4.21

    εἰ καί τι Διωνύσου ἄρουρα φέρει, ἄνιππός εἰμι though Pae. 4.25
    2 where καί means also.

    ἐν καὶ θαλάσσᾳ O. 2.28

    Μοῖρ' θεόρτῳ σὺν ὄλβῳ ἐπί τι καὶ πῆμ ἄγει O. 2.37

    ἐπὶ μὰν βαίνει τι καὶ λάθας ἀτέκμαρτα νέφος O. 7.45

    Ἐρατιδᾶν τοι σὺν χαρίτεσσιν ἔχει θαλίας καὶ πόλις O. 7.94

    ἐοικότα γὰρ καὶ τελευτᾷ φερτέρου νόστου τυχεῖν (v. l. ἐν καὶ: κἀν Mosch.) P. 1.35

    Μοῖσα, καὶ πὰρ Δεινομένει κελαδῆσαι πίθεό μοι P. 1.58

    ποτὶ καὶ τὸν ἵκοντ P. 2.36

    ὅθεν φαμὶ καὶ δὲ τὰν ἀπείρονα δόξαν εὑρεῖν P. 2.64

    σοφοὶ δέ τοι κάλλιον φέροντι καὶ τὰν θεόσδοτον δύναμιν P. 5.13

    ἔγεντο καὶ πρότερον Ἀντίλοχος P. 6.28

    ἔν τε καὶ πᾶσιν ἐπιχωρίοις P. 9.102

    ἔθηκε καὶ βαθυλείμων ἀγὼν κρατησίποδα Φρικίαν P. 10.15

    ἕποιτο μοῖρα καὶ ὑστέραισιν ἐν ἁμέραις P. 10.17

    ῥέζοντά τι καὶ παθεῖν ἔοικεν N. 4.32

    σὺν δὲ τὶν καὶ παῖς ὁ Θεαρίωνος ἀρετᾷ κλιθεὶς εὔδοξος ἀείδεται N. 7.7

    ἐχθρὰ δ' ἄρα πάρφασις ἦν καὶ πάλαι N. 8.32

    καὶ ἐμοὶ θάνατον σὺν τῷδ' ἐπίτειλον, ἄναξN. 10.77

    ὁ πονήσαις δὲ νόῳ καὶ προμάθειαν φέρει I. 1.40

    ἦ μὰν πολλάκι καὶ τὸ σεσωπαμένον εὐθυμίαν μείζω φέρει I. 1.63

    ἔτι καὶ Πυθῶθεν I. 1.65

    κεῖνον ἅψαι πυρσὸν ὕμνων καὶ Μελίσσῳ I. 4.44

    ἐν δ' ἐρατεινῷ μέλιτι καὶ τοιαίδε τιμαὶ καλλίνικον χάρμ ἀγαπάζοντι I. 5.54

    πόρε, Λοξία, τεαῖσιν ἁμίλλαισιν εὐανθέα καὶ Πυθόι στέφανον I. 7.51

    ἔδοξ' ἦρα καὶ ἀθανάτοις ἐσλόν γε φῶτα καὶ φθίμενον ὕμνοις θεᾶν διδόμεν sc. as well as to men I. 8.59

    ἐπεὶ περικτίονας ἐνίκασε δή ποτε καὶ κεῖνος I. 8.65

    θεὸς ὁ πάντα τεύχων βροτοῖς καὶ χάριν ἀοιδᾷ φυτεύει fr. 141.
    3 emphatic, where neither of the two previous meanings seems applicable.
    a emphasizing subs., adj.

    καί πού τι καὶ βροτῶν φάτις O. 1.28

    σέο ἕκατι καὶ μεγασθενῆ νόμισαν χρυσὸν ἄνθρωποι περιώσιον ἄλλων I. 5.2

    φαντὶ γὰρ ξύν' ἀλέγειν καὶ γάμον Θέτιος ἄνακτας (others interpr. καὶ as copulative) I. 8.47

    ταῦτα καὶ μακάρων ἐμέμναντ' ἀγοραί I. 8.26

    ἀπὸ καὶ πατρός Πα. 7C. 9. ὁ δὲ κηλεῖται χορευοίσαισι κα[ὶ θη]ρῶν ἀγέλαις (supp. Housman) Δ. 2. 22. esp. subs. prop.,

    ἦλθε καὶ Γανυμήδης O. 1.44

    ἀνταγόρευσεν καὶ Πελίας P. 4.156

    ἔγνον ποτὲ καὶ Ἰόλαον P. 9.79

    λαὸν θαμὰ δὴ καὶ Ὀλυμπιάδων φύλλοις ἐλαιᾶν χρυσέοις μιχθέντα N. 1.17

    αἰνέω καὶ Πυθέαν I. 5.59

    κώμαζ' ἔπειτεν ἁδυμελεῖ σὺν ὕμνῳ καὶ Στρεψιάδᾳ I. 7.21

    other exx. under c. α. infra.
    b preceding demonstrative.

    εἶπεν καὶ τόδε P. 4.86

    καὶ

    τόδε συνθέμενος ῥῆμα P. 4.277

    ἐξύφαινε, γλυκεῖα, καὶ τόδ' αὐτίκα, φόρμιγξ, Λυδίᾳ σὺν ἁρμονίᾳ μέλος N. 4.44

    I relative.

    Ἄργει δ' ὅσσα καὶ ἐν Θήβαις O. 13.107

    θεός, ὃ καὶ πτερόεντ' αἰετὸν κίχε P. 2.50

    οἶα καὶ πολλοὶ πάθον P. 3.20

    οἵτε καὶ P. 3.89

    ἔνθα καὶ P. 4.253

    ὃ καὶ P. 5.63

    [ τῷ καὶ (codd.: καὶ del. Pauw.) P. 5.69]

    ἀλλ' ἔσται χρόνος οὗτος, ὃ καί τιν ἀελπτίᾳ βαλὼν ἔμπαλιν γνώμας P. 12.31

    ὅθεν περ καὶ Ὁμηρίδαι N. 2.1

    ὃς καὶ Ἰαολκὸν εἷλε N. 3.34

    τᾷ καὶ Δαναοὶ πόνησαν N. 7.36

    οἷοι καὶ Διὸς Αἰγίνας τε λέκτρον ἀμφεπόλησαν N. 8.6

    ὅσπερ καὶ Κινύραν ἔβρισε πλούτῳ N. 8.18

    πατρίδι ἐν ᾇ καὶ τὸν ἀδείμαντον Ἀλκμήνα τέκεν παῖδα I. 1.12

    ὅν τε καὶ κάρυκες ὡρᾶν ἀνέγνον I. 2.23

    ἅ τε κἀν γουνοῖς Ἀθανᾶν ἅρμα καρύξαισα νικᾶν (Boeckh: κεἰν, κἠν codd.) I. 4.25

    τοὶ καὶ σὺν μάχαις δὶς πόλιν Τρώων πράθον I. 5.35

    ὃ καὶ δαιμόνεσσι δίκας ἐπείραινε I. 8.23

    ὃ καὶ Μύσιον ἀμπελόεν αἵμαξε πεδίον I. 8.49

    ὃς καὶ τυπεὶς ἁγνῷ πελέκει τέκετο ξανθὰν Ἀθάναν fr. 34.
    II demonstrative.

    τὸ καὶ ἀνδρὶ πάρεστι Συρακοσίῳ O. 6.17

    τὸ καὶ κατεφάμιξεν O. 6.56

    τῶ καὶ ἐγὼ καίπερ ἀχνύμενος θυμόν I. 8.5

    τὸ καὶ νῦν φέρει λόγον I. 8.61

    cf. I. 8.26
    d with temporal adv.

    τότε καὶ φαυσίμβροτος δαίμων Ὑπεριονίδας O. 7.39

    καὶ τότε γνοὺς P. 3.31

    μετὰ καὶ νῦν P. 4.64

    cf. I. 8.61

    καὶ νῦν N. 5.43

    [ καὶ νῦν (v. l. καί νυν) N. 6.8] ἐνῆκεν καὶ ἔπειτ[ Παρθ. 2.. καὶ τότ' ἐγὼ fr. 168. 4. v. also νῦν
    e emphasizing prepositional phrases, cf. E infra.

    ὃς ἔχεις καὶ πεδὰ μέγαν κάματον λόγων φερτάτων μναμήἰ P. 5.47

    εἰ δὲ χρὴ καὶ πὰρ σοφὸν ἀντιφερίξαι, ἐρέωP. 9.50

    πλεῖστα νικάσαντά δε καὶ τελεταῖς ὡρίαις ἐν Παλλάδος εἶδον P. 9.97

    γλυκύ τι δαμωσόμεθα καὶ μετὰ πόνον I. 8.8

    οἶαν Βρομίου [τελε]τὰν καὶ παρὰ σκᾶ[πτ]ον Διὸς Οὐρανίδαι ἐν μεγάροις ἵσταντι Δ. 2. 7.
    f with dependent infinitive phrase.

    γλυκεῖα δὲ φρὴν καὶ συμπόταισιν ὁμιλεῖν P. 6.53

    πράσσει χρέος, αὖτις ἐγεῖραι καὶ παλαιὰν δόξαν ἑῶν προγόνων P. 9.105

    ἐγὼ δ' ἀστοῖς ἁδὼν καὶ χθονὶ γυῖα καλύψαι (sc. εὔχομαι) N. 8.38
    4 in comparisons.
    a

    ὡς εἰ καί, ὥτε καί. φιάλαν ὡς εἴ τις δωρήσεται νεανίᾳ γαμβρῷ, καὶ ἐγὼ νέκταρ χυτόν ἀνδράσιν πέμπων ἱλάσκομαι O. 7.7

    ἀλλ' ὥτε παῖς, καὶ ὅταν O. 10.91

    b

    οὕτω καί. ἐν δ' ὀλίγῳ βροτῶν τὸ τερπνὸν αὔξεται· οὕτω δὲ καὶ πίτνει χαμαί P. 8.93

    καὶ θνατὸν οὕτως ἔθνος ἄγει N. 11.42

    c

    οἷος καί. ἤρατο τῶν ἀπεόντων· οἶα καὶ πολλοὶ πάθον P. 3.20

    τῶν ἀρειόνων ἐρώτων. οἷοι καὶ Διὸς Αἰγίνας τε λέκτρον ποιμένες ἀμφεπόλησαν N. 8.6

    d ἐπεὶ ψάμμος ἀριθμὸν περιπέφευγεν, καὶ κεῖνος ὅσα χάρματ' ἄλλοις ἔθηκεν, τίς ἂν φράσαι δύναιτο; O. 2.99

    ὅθεν περ καὶ Ὁμηρίδαι ῥαπτῶν ἐπέων τὰ πόλλ' ἀοιδοὶ ἄρχονται, καὶ ὅδ ἀνὴρ N. 2.3

    , cf. P. 10.67 D in combination with other particles.
    a where καί means even

    φύονται δὲ καὶ νέοις ἐν ἀνδράσιν πολιαί P. 4.25

    κῆλα δὲ καὶ δαιμόνων θέλγει φρένας P. 1.12

    βία δὲ καὶ μεγάλαυχον ἔσφαλεν ἐν χρόνῳ P. 8.15

    θανόντων δὲ καὶ φίλοι προδόται (Bergk: λόγοι φίλοι codd.) fr. 160.
    b where καί means also

    ἀγλαίζεται δὲ καὶ μουσικᾶς ἐν ἀώτῳ O. 1.14

    δαέντι δὲ καὶ σοφία μείζων ἄδολος τελέθει O. 7.53

    ἔστι δὲ καί τι θανόντεσσιν μέρος O. 8.77

    οἱ δ' Ἀρκάδες, οἱ δὲ καὶ Πισᾶται O. 9.68

    ἄλλαι δὲ δὔ χάρμαι, τὰ δὲ καὶ Νεμέας κατὰ κόλπον O. 9.87

    τὰ δὲ καί ποτ' ἐν ἀλκᾷ O. 13.55

    τέρας μὲν θαυμάσιον προσιδέσθαι, θαῦμα δὲ καὶ παρεόντων ἀκοῦσαι P. 1.26

    μάκαρ δὲ καὶ νῦν P. 5.20

    τὰ δὲ καὶ ἀνδράσιν ἐμπρέπει P. 8.28

    χαίρων δὲ καὶ αὐτὸς Ἀλκμᾶνα στεφάνοισι βάλλω, ῥαίνω δὲ καὶ ὕμνῳ bis. P. 8.56—7.

    πολλοὶ ἀριστῆες, πολλοὶ δὲ καὶ ξείνων P. 9.

    108.

    ἐλᾷ δὲ καὶ τέσσαρας ἀρετὰς ὁ θνατὸς αἰών N. 3.74

    πρόφρων δὲ καὶ κείνοις ἄειδ' ἐν Παλίῳ Μοισᾶν ὁ κάλλιστος χορός N. 5.22

    ἕπομαι δὲ καὶ αὐτὸς ἔχων μελέταν N. 6.54

    μαστεύει δὲ καὶ τέρψις ἐν ὄμμασι θέσθαι πιστόν N. 8.43

    ἔστι δὲ καὶ κόρος ἀνθρώπων N. 10.20

    ἐκράτησε δὲ καί ποθ' Ἕλλανα στρατὸν Πυθῶνι N. 10.25

    τρὶς μὲν τρὶς δὲ καὶ σεμνοῖς δαπέδοις ἐν Ἀδραστείῳ νόμῳ N. 10.28

    ἐν Ἰσθμῷ Νεμέᾳ δὲ καὶ ἀμφοῖν I. 5.18

    μέτρα μὲν γνώμᾳ διώκων μέτρα δὲ καὶ κατέχων I. 6.71

    αἰνέων Μελέαγρον, αἰνέων δὲ καὶ Ἕκτορα Ἀμφιάρηόν τε I. 7.32

    κλεινὸς Αἰακοῦ λόγος, κλεινὰ δὲ καὶ ναυσικλυτὸς Αἴγινα I. 9.1

    διαγινώσκομαι μὲν γινώσκομαι δὲ καὶ μοῖσαν παρέχων ἅλις Pae. 4.23

    μνάσει δὲ καί τινα Pae. 14.35

    τέρπεται δὲ καί τις ἐπ' οἶδμ ἅλιον ναὶ θοᾷ διαστείβων fr. 221. 4. N. B. anaphora O. 9.68, P. 9.108, N. 10.28, I. 6.71, I. 7.32, I. 9.1
    c where καί is generally emphatic. τῶν νῦν δὲ καὶ Θρασύβουλος πατρῴαν μάλιστα πρὸς στάθμαν ἔβα (= αὖ, Gr. Part., 305 P. 6.44 ἔστι δὲ καὶ διδύμων ἀέθλων Μελίσσῳ μοῖρα and two are the victories that M. has I. 3.9 ἐν δ' ἄρα καὶ Τενέδῳ Πειθώ τ ἔναιεν ( précisement van Groningen) fr. 123. 13. σοφοὶ δὲ καὶ τὸ μηδὲν ἄγαν ἔπος αἴνησαν περισσῶς fr. 35b. where δὲ is separated from

    καί; εἰ δ' αὐτὸ καὶ θεὸς ἀνέχοι N. 7.89

    2 combined with particles other particles than δέ. a. καί ῥα v. ῥα. b. καί νυν v. νυν. c. καὶ γάρ v. γάρ. d. καὶ μάν v. μά ν. e. καίτοι v. τοι f. καίπερ v. καίπερ [g. καί τε is not a genuine combination of particles, in spite of apparent exx. I. 2.19 coni., I. 2.23, I. 4.25—6, I. 7.32—3.] E position of καί: 1. the position of emphatic καὶ is sometimes between prep. and subs., cf. C. 3. e supra:

    ἐν καὶ θαλάσσᾳ O. 2.28

    ἐπὶ καὶ θανάτῳ P. 4.186

    ἐν Ὀλυμπίοισί τε καὶ βαθυκόλπου Γᾶς ἀέθλοις ἔν τε καὶ πᾶσιν ἐπιχωρίοις P. 9.102

    ἀπὸ καὶ πατρός Πα. 7C. 9. cf. fr. 123. 13. This usage is irregularly applied to copulative καί:

    ἐν καὶ τελευτᾷ O. 7.26

    θαητὸν ἐν ἅλιξι θησέμεν ἐν καὶ παλαιτέροις (Tricl.: ἔν τε, ἔν τε καὶ codd.) P. 10.58 πέσε δ (sc. κῦμ' Ἀίδα)

    ἀδόκητον ἐν καὶ δοκέοντα N. 7.31

    ζώων τ' ἀπὸ καὶ θανών I. 7.30

    2 irregular position of καί. dub. exx.
    a copulative. ὄνυχας ὀξυτάτους ἀκμὰν / καὶ δεινοτάτων σχάσαις ὀδόντων ( καί coni. Ahlwardt: τε codd.: ὀξ. σχ. καὶ δειν. coni. Wil.) N. 4.64 [ καὶ coni. Ahlwardt, τ codd. P. 10.69]
    b emphatic. δελφῖνι καὶ τάχος δἰ ἅλμας ἶσον κ' εἴποιμι Μελησίαν (Schr. e Σ: κεν codd.: κ add. Wil., om. codd: “nicht ein umgestelltes “und” sondern “auch” wie die Σ auch verstehen.” Wil.) N. 6.64 F in crasis.

    κἀσόφοις O. 3.45

    κἀγοραὶ O. 12.5

    χὠπόταν χὤταν P. 2.87

    —8.

    κοὔ P. 4.151

    τε κἀγαθῷ P. 8.100

    κἀνθρώποις P. 9.40

    χὠπόσαι χὤ τι χὠπόθεν P. 9.46

    —8. καἴπερ (coni. Christ: καίπερ codd.) N. 4.36 κἀν (Boeckh: κεἰν, κἠν codd.) I. 4.25 εἰρήσεταί που κἀν βραχίστοις (Heyne: που κἐν, πα κ' ἐν codd.) I. 6.59 κεἴ fr. 4. κἀγχερριθ[ Πα. 22. i. 3. G fragg.

    καὶ θυόε[ντα Pae. 3.8

    ]καί ποτε[ Pae. 6.73

    ]σεκαι[ Πα. 7B. 2. ]

    καὶ χ[ Pae. 10.2

    ]καὶ χρυσο[ Pae. 10.10

    καὶ τα[Πα. 13d. 8. ]

    τε καὶ ἁνίκα ναύλοχοι[ Pae. 18.9

    ]καί νιν ορει[ Πα. 22a. 1. ]αμα καὶ στρατιὰ[ Δ. 3. 11. ]τηρκαιε[ Δ. 4. d. 3. καὶ λιπαρῷ fr. 204. ] σκαιλυ[ fr. 215b. col. 2. 4.

    Lexicon to Pindar > καί

  • 2 καί

    καί conjunction (Hom.+), found most frequently by far of all Gk. particles in the NT; since it is not only used much more commonly here than in other Gk. lit. but oft. in a different sense, or rather in different circumstances, it contributes greatly to some of the distinctive coloring of the NT style.—HMcArthur, ΚΑΙ Frequency in Greek Letters, NTS 15, ’68/69, 339–49. The vivacious versatility of κ. (for earlier Gk. s. Denniston 289–327) can easily be depressed by the tr. ‘and’, whose repetition in a brief area of text lacks the support of arresting aspects of Gk. syntax.
    marker of connections, and
    single words
    α. gener. Ἰάκωβος καὶ Ἰωσὴφ καὶ Σίμων καὶ Ἰούδας Mt 13:55. χρυσὸν καὶ λίβανον καὶ σμύρναν 2:11. ἡ ἐντολὴ ἁγία καὶ δικαία καὶ ἀγαθή Ro 7:12. πολυμερῶς κ. πολυτρόπως Hb 1:1. ὁ θεὸς κ. πατήρ God, who is also the Father 1 Cor 15:24; cp. 2 Cor 1:3; 11:31; Eph 1:3; Js 1:27; 3:9 al.—Connects two occurrences of the same word for emphasis (OGI 90, 19 [196 B.C.] Ἑρμῆς ὁ μέγας κ. μέγας; pap in Mayser II/1, 54) μείζων κ. μείζων greater and greater Hv 4, 1, 6. ἔτι κ. ἔτι again and again B 21:4; Hs 2, 6 (B-D-F §493, 1; 2; s. Rob. 1200).
    β. w. numerals, w. the larger number first δέκα καὶ ὁκτώ Lk 13:16. τεσσεράκοντα κ. ἕξ J 2:20. τετρακόσιοι κ. πεντήκοντα Ac 13:20.—The καί in 2 Cor 13:1 ἐπὶ στόματος δύο μαρτύρων καὶ τριῶν σταθήσεται πᾶν ῥῆμα=‘or’ ([v.l. ἢ τριῶν for καὶ τριῶν as it reads Mt 18:16]; cp. Js 4:13 v.l. σήμερον καὶ αὔριον=‘today or tomorrow’, but s. above all Thu. 1, 82, 2; Pla., Phd. 63e; X., De Re Equ. 4, 4 ἁμάξας τέτταρας καὶ πέντε; Heraclides, Pol. 58 τρεῖς καὶ τέσσαρας; Polyb. 3, 51, 12 ἐπὶ δυεῖν καὶ τρισὶν ἡμέραις; 5, 90, 6; Diod S 34 + 35 Fgm. 2, 28 εἷς καὶ δύο=one or two; schol. on Apollon. Rhod. 4, 1091 p. 305, 22 W. τριέτης καὶ τετραέτης) by the statement of two or three witnesses every charge must be sustained, as explained by Dt 19:15.
    γ. adding the whole to the part and in general (Aristoph., Nub. 1239 τὸν Δία καὶ τοὺς θεούς; Thu. 1, 116, 3; 7, 65, 1) Πέτρος καὶ οἱ ἀπόστολοι Peter and the rest of the apostles Ac 5:29. οἱ ἀρχιερεῖς κ. τὸ συνέδριον ὅλον the high priest and all the rest of the council Mt 26:59. Vice versa, adding a (specially important) part to the whole and especially (πᾶς Ἰουδὰ καὶ Ἰερουσαλήμ 2 Ch 35:24; cp. 32, 33; 1 Macc 2:6) τοῖς μαθηταῖς κ. τῷ Πέτρῳ Mk 16:7. σὺν γυναιξὶ κ. Μαριάμ Ac 1:14.
    δ. The expr. connected by καί can be united in the form of a hendiadys (Alcaeus 117, 9f D.2 χρόνος καὶ καρπός=time of fruit; Soph., Aj. 144; 749; Polyb. 6, 9, 4; 6, 57, 5 ὑπεροχὴ καὶ δυναστεία=1, 2, 7; 5, 45, 1 ὑπεροχὴ τῆς δυναστείας; Diod S 5, 67, 3 πρὸς ἀνανέωσιν καὶ μνήμην=renewal of remembrance; 15, 63, 2 ἀνάγκη καὶ τύχη=compulsion of fate; 16, 93, 2 ἐπιβουλὴ κ. θάνατος=a fatal plot; Jos., Ant. 12, 98 μετὰ χαρᾶς κ. βοῆς=w. a joyful cry; 17, 82 ἀκρίβεια κ. φυλακή) ἐξίσταντο ἐπὶ τῇ συνέσει καὶ ταῖς ἀποκρίσεσιν αὐτοῦ they were amazed at his intelligent answers Lk 2:47. δώσω ὑμῖν στόμα κ. σοφίαν I will give you wise utterance 21:15. τροφὴ κ. εὐφροσύνη joy concerning (your) food Ac 14:17. ἐλπὶς κ. ἀνάστασις hope of a resurrection 23:6 (2 Macc 3:29 ἐλπὶς καὶ σωτηρία; s. OLagercrantz, ZNW 31, ’32, 86f; GBjörck, ConNeot 4, ’40, 1–4).
    ε. A colloquial feature is the coordination of two verbs, one of which should be a ptc. (s. B-D-F §471; Rob. 1135f) ἀποτολμᾷ κ. λέγει = ἀποτολμῶν λέγει he is so bold as to say Ro 10:20. ἔσκαψεν κ. ἐβάθυνεν (=βαθύνας) Lk 6:48. ἐκρύβη κ. ἐξῆλθεν (=ἐξελθών) J 8:59. Sim. χαίρων κ. βλέπων I am glad to see Col 2:5. Linking of subordinate clause and ptc. Μαριὰμ ὡς ἦλθεν … καὶ ἰδοῦσα J 11:32 v.l. Cp. παραλαβών … καὶ ἀνέβη Lk 9:28 v.l.
    clauses and sentences
    α. gener.: ἐν γαστρὶ ἕξει κ. τέξεται υἱόν Mt 1:23 (Is 7:14). εἰσῆλθον … κ. ἐδίδασκον Ac 5:21. διακαθαριεῖ τὴν ἅλωνα αὐτοῦ κ. συνάξει τὸν σῖτον Mt 3:12. κεκένωται ἡ πίστις καὶ κατήργηται ἡ ἐπαγγελία Ro 4:14 and very oft. Connecting two questions Mt 21:23, or quotations (e.g. Ac 1:20), and dialogue (Lk 21:8), or alternate possibilities (13:18).
    β. Another common feature is the practice, drawn fr. Hebrew or fr. the speech of everyday life, of using κ. as a connective where more discriminating usage would call for other particles: καὶ εἶδον καὶ (for ὅτι) σεισμὸς ἐγένετο Rv 6:12. καὶ ἤκουσεν ὁ βασιλεὺς … καὶ (for ὅτι) ἔλεγον and the king learned that they were saying Mk 6:14 (s. HLjungvik, ZNW 33, ’34, 90–92; on this JBlinzler, Philol. 96, ’43/44, 119–31). τέξεται υἱὸν καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ (for οὗ τὸ ὄνομα καλ.) Mt 1:21; cp. Lk 6:6; 11:44. καλόν ἐστιν ἡμᾶς ὧδε εἶναι καὶ ποιήσωμεν σκηνάς Mk 9:5. Esp. freq. is the formula in historical narrative καὶ ἐγένετο … καὶ (like וַ … וַיְהִי) and it happened or came about … that Mt 9:10; Mk 2:15; Lk 5:1 v.l. (for ἐγένετο δὲ … καὶ; so also the text of 6:12), 12, 17; 14:1; 17:11 al. (Gen 7:10 al.; JosAs 11:1; 22:1). S. MJohannessohn, Das bibl. Καὶ ἐγένετο u. seine Geschichte, 1926 (fr. ZVS 35, 1925, 161–212); KBeyer, Semitische Syntax im NT I, 1 ’62, 29–62; Mlt-Turner 334f; ÉDelebecque, Études Grecques sur L’Évangile de Luc ’76, 123–65; JVoelz, The Language of the NT: ANRW II/25/2, 893–977, esp. 959–64.—As in popular speech, κ. is used in rapid succession Mt 14:9ff; Mk 1:12ff; Lk 18:32ff; J 2:13ff; 1 Cor 12:5f; Rv 6:12ff; 9:1ff. On this kind of colloquial speech, which joins independent clauses rather than subordinating one to the other (parataxis rather than hypotaxis) s. B-D-F §458; Rdm.2 p. 222; Rob. 426; Dssm., LO 105ff (LAE 129ff), w. many references and parallels fr. secular sources. This is a favorite, e.g., in Polyaenus 2, 3, 2–4; 2, 4, 3; 3, 9, 10; 3, 10, 2; 4, 6, 1; 7, 36 al.
    γ. It is also coordination rather than subordination when κ. connects an expr. of time with that which occurs in the time (Od. 5, 362; Hdt. 7, 217; Thu. 1, 50, 5; Pla., Symp. 220c; Aeschin. 3, 71 νὺξ ἐν μέσῳ καὶ παρῆμεν; s. B-D-F §442, 4; KBrugmann4-AThumb, Griechische Gramm. 1913, 640*): ἤγγικεν ἡ ὥρα κ. παραδίδοται the time has come when he is to be given up Mt 26:45. κ. ἐσταύρωσαν αὐτόν when they crucified him Mk 15:25. κ. ἀνέβη εἰς Ἰεροσόλυμα when he went up to Jerusalem J 2:13. κ. συντελέσω when I will make Hb 8:8 (Jer 38:31); cp. J 4:35; 7:33; Lk 19:43; 23:44; Ac 5:7.
    δ. καί introducing an apodosis is really due to Hebr./LXX infl. (B-D-F §442, 7; Abel §78a, 6 p. 341; Mlt-H. 422; KBeyer, Semitische Syntax im NT I, 1 ’62, 66–72; but not offensive to ears trained in good Gk.: s. Il. 1, 478; Hdt. 1, 79, 2; sim.Thu. 2, 93, 4 ὡς ἔδοξεν αὐτοῖς, καὶ ἐχώρουν εὐθύς; 8, 27, 5; Herm. Wr. 13, 1 …, καὶ ἔφης; Delebecque [s. above in β] 130–32) καὶ ὅτε ἐπλήσθησαν ἡμέραι ὀκτὼ …, κ. ἐκλήθη τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ Lk 2:21; cp. Rv 3:20. Also κ. ἰδού in an apodosis Lk 7:12; Ac 1:10.
    ε. connecting negative and affirmative clauses Lk 3:14. οὔτε ἄντλημα ἔχεις κ. τὸ φρέαρ ἐστὶ βαθύ you have no bucket, and the well is deep J 4:11; cp. 3J 10 (οὔτε … καί Eur., Iph. Taur. 591f; Longus, Past. 1, 17; 4, 28; Aelian, NA 1, 57; 11, 9; Lucian, Dial. Meretr. 2, 4 οὔτε πάντα ἡ Λεσβία, Δωρί, πρὸς σὲ ἐψεύσατο καὶ σὺ τἀληθῆ ἀπήγγελκας Μυρτίῳ ‘It wasn’t all lies that Lesbia told you, Doris; and you certainly reported the truth to Myrtium’). After a negative clause, which influences the clause beginning w. καί: μήποτε καταπατήσουσιν … κ. στραφέντες ῥήξωσιν ὑμᾶς Mt 7:6; cp. 5:25; 10:38; 13:15 (Is 6:10); 27:64; Lk 12:58; 21:34; J 6:53; 12:40 (Is 6:10); Ac 28:27 (Is 6:10); 1 Th 3:5; Hb 12:15; Rv 16:15.
    ζ. to introduce a result that comes fr. what precedes: and then, and so Mt 5:15; 23:32; Mk 8:34; 2 Cor 11:9; Hb 3:19; 1J 3:19. καὶ ἔχομεν and so we have 2 Pt 1:19. Esp. after the impv., or expr. of an imperatival nature (Soph., Oed. Col. 1410ff θέσθε … καὶ … οἴσει, El. 1207; Sir 2:6; 3:17) δεῦτε ὀπίσω μου καὶ ποιήσω and then I will make Mt 4:19. εἰπὲ λόγῳ, κ. ἰαθήσεται ὁ παῖς μου speak the word, and then my servant will be cured Mt 8:8; Lk 7:7; cp. Mt 7:7; Mk 6:22; Lk 10:28; J 14:16; Js 4:7, 10; Rv 4:1.—καί introduces a short clause that confirms the existence of someth. that ought to be: ἵνα τέκνα θεοῦ κληθῶμεν, καὶ ἐσμέν that we should be called children of God; and so we really are (καλέω 1d) 1J 3:1 (Appian, Bell. Civ. 2, 40 §161 they were to conquer Sardinia, καὶ κατέλαβον=and they really took it; 4, 127 §531 one day would decide [κρίνειν] the fate of Rome, καὶ ἐκρίθη).
    η. emphasizing a fact as surprising or unexpected or noteworthy: and yet, and in spite of that, nevertheless (Eur., Herc. Fur. 509; Philostrat., Her. 11 [II 184, 29 Kayser] ῥητορικώτατον καὶ δεινόν; Longus, Past. 4, 17 βουκόλος ἦν Ἀγχίσης καὶ ἔσχεν αὐτὸν Ἀφροδίτη) κ. σὺ ἔρχῃ πρὸς μέ; and yet you come to me? Mt 3:14; cp. 6:26; 10:29; Mk 12:12; J 1:5, 10; 3:11, 32; 5:40; 6:70; 7:28; 1 Cor 5:2; 2 Cor 6:9; Hb 3:9 (Ps 94:9); Rv 3:1. So also, connecting what is unexpected or otherw. noteworthy with an attempt of some kind (JBlomqvist, Das sogennante και adversativum ’79): but ζητεῖ κ. οὐχ εὑρίσκει but he finds none (no resting place) Mt 12:43. ἐπεθύμησαν ἰδεῖν κ. οὐχ εἶδαν but did not see (it) 13:17; cp. 26:60; Lk 13:7; 1 Th 2:18. Cp. GJs 18:3 (not pap). Perhaps Mk 5:20. Introducing a contrasting response καὶ ἀποδώσεις μοι Hv 2, 1, 3.
    θ. to introduce an abrupt question, which may often express wonder, ill-will, incredulity, etc. (B-D-F §442, 8. For older lit. exx. of this usage s. Kühner-G. II p. 247f; for later times EColwell, The Gk. of the Fourth Gospel ’31, 87f): κ. πόθεν μοι τοῦτο; how have I deserved this? Lk 1:43. κ. τίς; who then? Mk 10:26; Lk 10:29; J 9:36. καὶ τί γέγονεν ὅτι … ; how does it happen that … ? 14:22. καὶ πῶς σὺ λέγεις … ; how is it, then, that you say … J 14:9 v.l. W. a protasis εἰ γὰρ ἐγὼ λυπῶ ὑμᾶς, κ. τίς ὁ εὐφραίνων με; for if I make you sad, who then will cheer me up? 2 Cor 2:2 (cp. Ps.-Clem., Hom. 2, 43; 44 εἰ [ὁ θεὸς] ψεύδεται, καὶ τίς ἀληθεύει;). Thus Phil 1:22 is prob. to be punctuated as follows (s. ADebrunner, GGA 1926, 151): εἰ δὲ τὸ ζῆν ἐν σαρκί, τοῦτο μοι καρπὸς ἔργου, καὶ τί αἱρήσομαι; οὐ γνωρίζω but if living on here means further productive work, then which shall I choose? I really don’t know. καὶ πῶς αὐτοῦ υἱός ἐστιν; how, then, is he his son? Lk 20:44 (cp. Gen 39:9).
    ι. to introduce a parenthesis (Eur., Orest. 4, Hel. 393; X., Equ. 11, 2.—B-D-F §465, 1; Rob. 1182) κ. ἐκωλύθην ἄρχι τοῦ δεῦρο but so far I have been prevented Ro 1:13.
    oft. explicative; i.e., a word or clause is connected by means of καί w. another word or clause, for the purpose of explaining what goes before it and so, that is, namely (PPetr II, 18 [1], 9 πληγὰς … καὶ πλείους=blows … indeed many of them.—Kühner-G. II 247; B-D-F §442, 9; Rob. 1181; Mlt-Turner 335) χάριν κ. ἀποστολήν grace, that is, the office of an apostle Ro 1:5. ἀπήγγειλαν πάντα καὶ τὰ τ. δαιμονιζομένων they told everything, namely what had happened to those who were possessed Mt 8:33. καὶ χάριν ἀντὶ χάριτος that is, grace upon grace J 1:16. Cp. 1 Cor 3:5; 15:38.—Mt 21:5.—Other explicative uses are καὶ οὗτος, καὶ τοῦτο, καὶ ταῦτα (the first and last are in earlier Gk.: Hdt., X. et al.; s. Kühner-G. I 647; II 247) and, also ascensive and indeed, and at that Ἰ. Χρ., καὶ τοῦτον ἐσταυρωμένον J. Chr., (and) indeed him on the cross 1 Cor 2:2. καὶ τοῦτο Ro 13:11; 1 Cor 6:6, 8; Eph 2:8. καὶ ταῦτα w. ptc. and to be sure Hb 11:12. See B-D-F §290, 5; 425, 1; 442, 9.—The ascensive force of καί is also plain in Ῥωμαῖον καὶ ἀκατάκριτον a Roman citizen, and uncondemned at that Ac 22:25. ἔρχεται ὥρα καὶ νῦν ἐστιν an hour is coming, indeed it is already here J 5:25. προσέθηκεν καὶ τοῦτο ἐπὶ πᾶσιν καὶ κατέκλεισεν τὸν Ἰωάννην ἐν φυλακῇ added this on top of everything else, namely to put John in prison Lk 3:20.
    After πολύς and before a second adj. καί is pleonastic fr. the viewpoint of modern lang. (earlier Gk.: Hom. et al. [Kühner-G. II 252, 1]; cp. Cebes 1, 1 πολλὰ καὶ ἄλλα ἀναθήματα; 2, 3; B-D-F §442, 11) πολλὰ … κ. ἄλλα σημεῖα many other signs J 20:30 (cp. Jos., Ant. 3, 318). πολλὰ κ. βαρέα αἰτιώματα many severe charges Ac 25:7. πολλὰ … καὶ ἕτερα Lk 3:18 (cp. Himerius, Or. 40 [=Or. 6], 6 πολλὰ καὶ ἄλλα). πολλοὶ καὶ ἀνυπότακτοι Tit 1:10.
    introducing someth. new, w. loose connection: Mt 4:23; 8:14, 23, 28; 9:1, 9, 27, 35; 10:1; 12:27; Mk 5:1, 21; Lk 8:26; J 1:19 and oft.
    καί … καί both … and, not only …, but also (Synes., Dreams 10 p. 141b καὶ ἀπιστεῖν ἔξεστι καὶ πιστεύειν.—B-D-F §444, 3; Rob. 1182; Mlt-Turner 335) connecting single expressions Mt 10:28; Mk 4:41; Ro 11:33; Phil 2:13; 4:12. κ. ἐν ὀλίγῳ κ. ἐν μεγάλῳ Ac 26:29. κ. ἅπαξ κ. δίς (s. ἅπαξ 1) Phil 4:16; 1 Th 2:18. Connecting whole clauses or sentences: Mk 9:13; J 7:28; 9:37; 12:28; 1 Cor 1:22. Introducing contrasts: although … yet (Anthol. VII, 676 Δοῦλος Ἐπίκτητος γενόμην καὶ σῶμʼ ἀνάπηρος καὶ πενίην ῏Ιρος καὶ φίλος ἀθανάτοις ‘I was Epictetus, a slave; crippled in body and an Iros [a beggar in Hom., Od.] in poverty, but dear to the Immortals’) J 15:24; Ac 23:3. καὶ … κ. οὐ Lk 5:36; J 6:36. καὶ οὐ … καί 17:25; κ. … κ. now … now Mk 9:22. On τὲ … καί s. τέ 2c. Somet. w. ἤ q.v. 1aβ.—HCadbury, Superfluous καί in the Lord’s Prayer (i.e. Mt 6:12) and Elsewhere: Munera Studiosa (=WHatch Festschr.) ’46.
    marker to indicate an additive relation that is not coordinate to connect clauses and sentences, also, likewise, funct. as an adv.
    simply κ. τὴν ἄλλην the other one also Mt 5:39; cp. vs. 40; 6:21; 12:45; Mk 1:38; 2:26; 8:7 and oft. Freq. used w. pronouns κἀγώ (q.v.). καὶ σύ Mt 26:73. κ. ὑμεῖς 20:4, 7; Lk 21:31; J 7:47 and oft. κ. αὐτός (s. αὐτός 1f).
    intensive: even Mt 5:46f; 10:30; Mk 1:27; Lk 10:17; J 14:9 v.l.; Ac 5:39; 22:28; Ro 9:24 (ἀλλὰ καί); 1 Cor 2:10; 2 Cor 1:8; Gal 2:17; Eph 5:12; Phlm 21; Hb 7:25; 1 Pt 4:19 (but s. d below); Jd 23; Hs 5, 2, 10; 7:1; ἔτι καὶ νῦν Dg 2:3. CBlackman, JBL 87, ’68, 203f would transl. Ro 3:26b: even in the act of declaring righteous (cp. the gen. abs. Polemon Soph. B 14 Reader καὶ Δάτιδος ἀποπλέοντος=even though Datis was sailing away). In formulas expressing a wish: ὄφελον καί if only, would that Gal 5:12. In connection w. a comparative: κ. περισσότερον προφήτου one who is even more than a prophet Mt 11:9. κ. μείζονα ποιήσει J 14:12.
    In sentences denoting a contrast καί appears in var. ways, somet. in both members of the comparison, and oft. pleonastically, to our way of thinking καθάπερ …, οὕτως καί as …, thus also 2 Cor 8:11. ὥσπερ …, οὕτως καί (Hyperid. 1, 2, 5–8) Ro 5:19; 11:30f; 1 Cor 11:12; 15:22; Gal 4:29. ὡς …, οὕτως καί Ro 5:15, 18. ὸ̔ν τρόπον …, οὕτως καί 2 Ti 3:8.—οὕτως καί thus also Ro 6:11. ὡσαύτως καί in the same way also 1 Cor 11:25. ὁμοίως καί (Jos., Bell. 2, 575) J 6:11; Jd 8. ὡς καί Ac 11:17; 1 Cor 7:7; 9:5. καθὼς καί Ro 15:7; 1 Cor 13:12; 2 Cor 1:14; Eph 4:17. καθάπερ καί Ro 4:6; 2 Cor 1:14.—καί can also stand alone in the second member w. the mng. so also, so. ὡς … καί Mt 6:10; Ac 7:51; Gal 1:9; Phil 1:20. καθὼς … καί Lk 6:31 v.l.; J 6:57; 13:15; 1 Cor 15:49.—οἷος …, τοιοῦτος καί 1 Cor 15:48. After a comp. ὅσῳ καί by so much also Hb 8:6. καί is found in both members of the comparison (s. Kühner-G. II 256; 2 Macc 2:10; 6:14) Ro 1:13; 1 Th 2:14. καθὼς καὶ … οὕτως καί Col 3:13 (cp. Hyperid. 1, 40, 20–25 ὥσπερ καὶ … οὕτω καί; 3, 38).
    w. expressions that introduce cause or result, here also pleonastic to a considerable degree διὰ τοῦτο καί for this reason (also) Lk 11:49; J 12:18. διὸ καί Lk 1:35; Ac 10:29; Ro 4:22; Hb 13:12. εἰς τοῦτο καί 2 Cor 2:9. ὥστε καί 1 Pt 4:19 (but this pass. may well fit in b). ὅθεν καί Hb 7:25; 11:19.
    after an interrogative (as Thu., X., et al.; s. Kühner-G. II 255. S. also B-D-F §442, 14) at all, still ἱνατί καὶ τ. γῆν καταργεῖ; Lk 13:7. τί καί; (Hyperid. 3, 14 τί καὶ ἀδικεῖ; what kind of wrong, then, is he committing?) τί καὶ ἐλπίζει; why does he still (need to) hope? Ro 8:24. v.l. τί καὶ βαπτίζονται; why are they baptized (at all)? 1 Cor 15:29; cp. vs. 30.
    used w. a relative, it oft. gives greater independence to the foll. relative clause: Mk 3:14; Lk 10:30; J 11:2 v.l.; Ac 1:3, 11; 7:45; 10:39; 11:30; 12:4; 13:22; 28:10; Ro 9:24; 1 Cor 11:23; Gal 2:10; Col 1:29 al.
    used pleonastically w. prep.
    α. μετά (BGU 412, 6 μετὰ καὶ τ. υἱοῦ) Phil 4:3.
    β. σύν (ins in PASA III 612; PFay 108; BGU 179, 19; 515, 17) 1 Cl 65:1.—Dssm., NB 93 (BS 265f).
    w. double names ὁ καί who is also called … (the earliest ex. in a fragment of Ctesias: 688 Fgm. 15, 51 p. 469, 23 Jac. ῏Ωχος καὶ Δαρειαῖος [s. Hatch 141]; OGI 565; 574; 583; 589; 603; 604; 620; 623; 636; POxy 45; 46; 54; 101; 485; 1279; PFay 30; BGU 22, 25; 36, 4; Jos., Ant. 1, 240; 5, 85; 12, 285; 13, 320; 18, 35. Further material in WSchmid, Der Atticismus III 1893, 338; Dssm., B 181ff [BS 313–17]. Lit. in B-D-F §268, 1) Σαῦλος, ὁ καὶ Παῦλος Ac 13:9. Ἰγνάτιος, ὁ καὶ Θεοφόρος ins of all the letters of Ign.
    with other particles
    α. καὶ γάρ for (s. γάρ 1b).—καὶ γὰρ … ἀλλά (or granted that … but) 2 Cor 13:4; Phil 2:27.—καὶ γὰρ οὐ(κ): neither 1 Cor 11:9; for even … not 2 Cor 3:10.
    β. καί γε (without intervening word [opp. earlier Gk, e.g. Pla., Phd. 58d; Rep. 7, 531a]: Hippocr., Septim. 9, VII 450 Littré; Cornutus p. 40, 12; Περὶ ὕψους 13, 2; Rhetor Apsines [III A.D.] p. 332, 17 Hammer; TestReub 4:4 al.; for גָּם always in Theod. [DBarthélemy, Les devanciers d’Aquila ’63, 31ff]), weakened force: (if) only or at least Lk 19:42 v.l.; intensive: indeed (Jos. Ant 29, 19) Ac 2:18 (J 3:2 v.l.; Mel., P. 30, 207); Hm 8:5; 9:9. καί γε οὐ μακράν= and indeed God is not far Ac 17:27.—Kühner-G. II 176b; Schwyzer II 561; B-D-F §439, 2; Rdm.2 35–37.
    γ. καὶ … δέ and also, but also (s. δέ 5b).
    δ. καίτοι (Il. 13, 267 et al., ins, pap; 4 Macc 2:6; 5:18; 7:13; Ath. 8, 1 al.; Mel., P. 58, 422) particle (B-D-F §425, 1; 450, 3; Rob. 1129 and 1154) w. finite verb (Chion, Ep. 3, 1; Jos. Ant. 5, 78) yet, on the other hand Ac 14:17. W. gen. abs. foll. (BGU 850, 4 [76 A.D.] καίτοι ἐμοῦ σε πολλὰ ἐρωτήσαντος; 898, 26; Philo, Vi. Mos. 1, 20; Jos., Ant. 2, 321; Ath. 19, 2; 25, 2) Hb 4:3.—καίτοι γε or καί τοι γε (since Aristoph., Ach. 611; but esp. in later Gk. [cp. Schwyzer II 561; MMeister, De Aiocho dial., Breslau diss. 1915 p. 31, 5]; Ps.-Pla., Axioch. 364b; Jos., Bell. 1, 7, Ant. 5, 36; Epict. 3, 24, 90; Just., A II, 11, 2; D. 7, 3; Ath. 3, 1; 22, 7; SIG 685, 76 and 82 [139 B.C.]) although J 4:2; Ac 14:17 v.l.; Dg 8:3. W. part. foll. (Jos., C. Ap. 1, 230; Mel., P. 58, 422) AcPt Ox 849, 18.—Kühner-G. II 151f; B-D-F §439, 1; 450, 3.—For ἀλλὰ κ., δὲ και, ἐὰν κ., εἰ κ., ἢ κ. s. ἀλλά, δέ, ἐάν, εἰ, ἤ.—ERobson, KAI-Configurations in the Gk. NT, 3 vols. diss. Syracuse ’79. LfgrE s.v. καί col. 1273f (lit.). DELG. M-M. EDNT.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > καί

  • 3 καί

    καί, Conj., copulative, joining words and sentences,
    A and; also Adv., even, also, just, freq. expressing emphatic assertion or assent, corresponding as positive to the negative οὐ ([etym.] μή ) or οὐδέ ([etym.] μηδέ).
    A copulative, and,
    I joining words or sentences to those preceding,

    ἦ, καὶ κυανέῃσιν ἐπ' ὀφρύσινεῦσε Κρονίων Il.1.528

    , etc.: repeated with two or more Nouns,

    αἱ δὲ ἔλαφοι κ. δορκάδες κ. οἱ ἄγριοι οἶες κ. οἱ ὄνοι οἱ ἄγριοι X.Cyr.1.4.7

    ; joining only the last pair, Cleom.2.1 (p.168.5 Z.), Phlp.in APr.239.30, etc., v. l. in Arist.Po. 1451a20; ὁ ὄχλος πλείων κ. πλείων ἐπέρρει more and more, X.Cyr.7.5.39; to add epithets after

    πολύς, πολλὰ κ. ἐσθλά Il.9.330

    ;

    πολλὰ κ. μεγάλα D.28.1

    , etc.
    2 to addalimiting or defining expression, πρὸς μακρὸν ὄρος κ. Κύνθιον ὄχθον to the mountain and specially to.., h.Ap. 17, cf. A.Ag. 63 (anap.), S.Tr. 1277 (anap.) (sts. in reverse order,

    πρὸς δῶμα Διὸς κ. μακρὸν Ὄλυμπον Il.5.398

    ); to add by way of climax, θεῶν.. κ. Ποσειδῶνος all the gods, and above all.., A.Pers. 750, etc.;

    ἐχθροὶ κ. ἔχθιστοι Th.7.68

    ;

    τινὲς κ. συχνοί Pl.Grg. 455c

    ; freq. ἄλλοι τε καί.., ἄλλως τε καί.. , v. ἄλλος 11.6,

    ἄλλως 1.3

    ; ὀλίγου τινὸς ἄξια κ. οὐδενός little or nothing, Id.Ap. 23a: joined with the demonstr. Pron. οὗτος (q. v.),

    εἶναι.. δούλοισι, κ. τούτοισι ὡς δρηπέτῃσι Hdt.6.11

    , cf. 1.147; κ. ταῦτα and this too..,

    γελᾶν ἀναπείθειν, κ. ταῦθ' οὕτω πολέμιον ὄντα τῷ γέλωτι X.Cyr.2.2.16

    , etc.
    II at the beginning of a sentence,
    1 in appeals or requests,

    καί μοι δὸς τὴν Χεῖρα Il.23.75

    ; καί μοι λέγε.., καί μοι ἀπόκριναι.. , Pl.Euthphr.3a, Grg. 462b; freq. in Oratt., καί μοι λέγε.. τὸ ψήφισμα, καί μοι ἀνάγνωθι.. , D.18.105, Lys.14.8, etc.
    2 in questions, to introduce an objection or express surprise, κ. τίς τόδ' ἐξίκοιτ' ἂν ἀγγέλων τάχος; A.Ag. 280; κ. πῶς.. ; pray how..? E. Ph. 1348; κ. δὴ τί.. ; but then what..? Id.Hel. 101; κ. ποῖον.. ; S.Aj. 462; κ. τίς εἶδε πώποτε βοῦς κριβανίτας; Ar.Ach.86; κἄπειτ' ἔκανες; E.Med. 1398 (anap.); κ. τίς πώποτε Χαριζόμενος ἑτέρῳ τοῦτο εἰργάσατο; Antipho 5.57, cf. Is.1.20, Isoc.12.23, Pl. Tht. 163d,al.
    3 = καίτοι, and yet, Ar.Eq. 1245, E.HF 509.
    4 at the beginning of a speech, Lys.Fr. 36a.
    III after words implying sameness or like ness, as, γνώμῃσι ἐχρέωντο ὁμοίῃσι κ. σύ they had the same opinion as you, Hdt.7.50, cf. 84; ἴσον or ἴσα κ... , S.OT 611, E.El. 994; ἐν ἴσῳ (sc. ἐστὶ)

    κ. εἰ.. Th.2.60

    , etc.
    2 after words implying comparison or opposition,

    αἱ δαπάναι οὐχ ὁμοίως κ. πρίν Id.7.28

    ;

    πᾶν τοὐναντίον ἔχει νῦν τε κ. ὅτε.. Pl.Lg. 967a

    .
    3 to express simultaneity,

    ἦν ἦμαρ δεύτερον.., κἀγὼ κατηγόμην S.Ph. 355

    , cf. Th.1.50; παρέρχονταί τε μέσαι νύκτες κ. ψύχεται [ τὸ ὕδωρ] Hdt.4.181, cf. 3.108; [ οἱ Λακεδαιμόνιοι]

    οὐκ ἔφθασαν τὴν ἀρχὴν κατασχόντες κ. Θηβαίοις εὐθὺς ἐπεβούλευσαν Isoc.8.98

    .
    IV joining an affirm. clause with a neg.,

    ἀλλ' ὥς τι δράσων εἷρπε κοὐ θανούμενος S.Tr. 160

    , etc.
    V καί.., καί.. correlative, not only.., but also.., κ. ἀεὶ κ. νῦν, κ. τότε κ. νῦν, Pl.Grg. 523a, Phlb. 60b;

    κ. κατὰ γῆν κ. κατὰ θάλατταν X.An.1.1.7

    .
    VI by anacoluthon, ὣς φαμένη κ. κερδοσύνῃ ἡγήσατ' Ἀθήνη, for ὣς ἔφη κ... , Il.22.247; ἔρχεται δὲ αὐτή τε.. κ. τὸν υἱὸν ἔχουσα, for κ. ὁ υἱός, X.Cyr.1.3.1;

    ἄλλας τε κατηγεόμενοί σφι ὁδούς, κ. τέλος ἐγίνοντο Hdt.9.104

    ;

    τοιοῦτος ὤν, κᾆτ' ἀνὴρ ἔδοξεν εἶναι Ar.Eq. 392

    , cf. Nu. 624.
    B even, also, just,
    1 τάχα κεν κ. ἀναίτιον αἰτιόῳτο even the innocent, Il.11.654, cf. 4.161, etc.; δόμεναι κ. μεῖζον ἄεθλον an even greater prize, 23.551, cf. 10.556, 5.362: with numerals, κ. πέντε full five, 23.833;

    γενομένης κ. δὶς ἐκκλησίας Th.1.44

    , cf. Hdt.2.44,60, 68, al. (but ἐτῶν δύο κ. τριῶν two or three, Th.1.82, cf. X.Eq.4.4).
    2 also, κ. ἐγώ I also, Il.4.40; κ. αὐτοί they also, X.An.3.4.44, etc.; Ἀγίας καὶ Σωκράτης κ. τούτω ἀπεθανέτην likewise died, ib. 2.6.30; in adding surnames, etc.,

    Ὦχος ὁ κ. Δαρειαῖος Ctes.Fr.29.49

    (sed Photii est): Ptol. Papyri have nom. ὃς κ., gen. τοῦ κ. etc.,

    Πανίσκος ὃς κ. Πετεμῖνις PLond.2.219

    (b) 2 (ii B.C.); dat. τῷ κ. ib.(a) v2, PRein.26.5 (ii B. C.); nom. ὁ κ. first in PTeb.110.1 (i B. C.), freq. later, BGU22.25 (ii A. D.), etc.;

    Ἰούδας ὁ κ. Μακκαβαῖος J.AJ12.6.4

    ;

    Σαῦλος ὁ κ. Παῦλος Act.Ap.13.9

    : with

    ἄλλος, λαβέτω δὲ κ. ἄλλος Od.21.152

    ; εἴπερ τι κ. ἄλλο, ὥς τις κ. ἄλλος, X.Mem.3.6.2, An.1.3.15, cf. Pl. Phd. 59a, Ar.Nu. 356: freq. in antithetic phrases, οὐ μόνον.., ἀλλὰ καὶ.. , not only.., but also.., v. μόνος; οὐδὲν μᾶλλον.. ἢ οὐ καὶ.. Hdt.5.94, al.
    b freq. used both in the anteced. and relat. clause, where we put also in the anteced. only,

    εἰ μὲν κ. σὺ εἶ τῶν ἀνθρώπων ὧνπερ κ. ἐγώ Pl.Grg. 458a

    , cf. Il.6.476, X.An.2.1.21.
    3 freq. in apodosi, after temporal Conjs.,

    ἀλλ' ὅτε δή ῥα.., κ. τότε δή.. Il.1.494

    , cf. 8.69, Od. 14.112; also after εἰ, Il.5.897: in Prose,

    ὡς δὲ ἔδοξεν, κ. ἐχώρουν Th.2.93

    : as a Hebraism,

    κ. ἐγένετο.. κ... LXX Ge.24.30

    , al., Ev.Luc.1.59, etc.
    4 with Advs., to give emphasis,

    κ. κάρτα Hdt.6.125

    ; κ. λίην full surely, Il.19.408, Od.1.46;

    κ. μᾶλλον Il.8.470

    , cf. E.Heracl. 386; κ. πάλαι, κ. πάνυ, S.OC 1252, Pl. Chrm. 154e; κ. μάλα, κ. σφόδρα, in answers, Ar.Nu. 1326, Pl.La. 191e.
    5 with words expressing a minimum, even so much as, were it but, just,

    ἱέμενος κ. καπνὸν ἀποθρῴσκοντα νοῆσαι Od.1.58

    ; οἷς

    ἡδὺ κ. λέγειν Ar.Nu. 528

    ; τίς δὲ κ. προσβλέψεται; who will so much as look at you? E.IA 1192, cf. Ar.Ra. 614, Pl.Ap. 28b, 35b.
    6 just, τοῦτ' αὐτὸ κ. νοσοῦμεν 'tis just that that ails me, E.Andr. 906, cf. Ba. 616, S.Tr. 490, Ar. Pax 892, Ra.73, Pl.Grg. 456a, Tht. 166d: freq. with a relat.,

    τὸ κ. κλαίουσα τέτηκα Il.3.176

    ;

    διὸ δὴ καὶ.. Th.1.128

    , etc.: also in interrogations (usu. to be rendered by emphasis in intonation), ποίου Χρόνου δὲ καὶ πεπόρθηται πόλις; and how long ago was the city sacked? A.Ag. 278; ποῦ καί σφε θάπτει; where is he burying her? E.Alc. 834, cf. S.Aj. 1290, al., X.An.5.8.2, Ar. Pax 1289, Pl. Euthphr.6b, D.4.46, etc.
    7 even, just, implying assent, ἔπειτά με κ. λίποι αἰών thereafter let life e'en leave me, Il.5.685, cf. 17.647, 21.274, Od.7.224.
    8 κ. εἰ even if, of a whole condition represented as an extreme case, opp. εἰ κ. although, notwithstanding that, of a condition represented as immaterial even if fulfilled, cf. Il.4.347, 5.351, Od.13.292, 16.98 with Il.5.410, Od.6.312, 8.139, etc.; εἰ κ. ἠπιστάμην if I had been able, Pl.Phd. 108d, cf. Lg. 663d. (This remark does not apply to cases where εἰ and καί each exert their force separtely, as

    εἴ περ ἀδειής τ' ἐστί, καὶ εἰ..

    and if..

    Il.7.117

    , cf. Hdt.5.78, etc.)
    9 before a Participle, to represent either καὶ εἰ.. , or εἰ καί.. , although, albeit, Ἕκτορα κ. μεμαῶτα μάχης σχήσεσθαι ὀΐω, for ἢν κ. μεμάῃ, how much soever he rage, although he rage, Il.9.655; τί σὺ ταῦτα, κ. ἐσθλὸς ἐών, ἀγορεύεις; (for εἰ κ. ἐσθλὸς εἶ) 16.627, cf. 13.787, Od.2.343, etc.;

    κ. τύραννος ὢν ὅμως S.OC 851

    .
    C Position: καί and, is by Poets sts. put after another word, ἔγνωκα, τοῖσδε κοὐδὲν ἀντειπεῖν ἔχω, for

    καὶ τοῖσδε οὐδέν A.Pr.51

    , cf. Euph.51.7, etc.
    2 καί also, sts. goes between a Prep. and its case,

    ἐν κ. θαλάσσᾳ Pi.O.2.28

    .
    3 very seldom at the end of a verse, S.Ph. 312, Ar.V. 1193.
    D crasis: with [pron. full] , as κἄν, κἀγαθοί, etc.; with ε, as κἀγώ, κἄπειτα, etc., [dialect] Dor. κἠγώ, κἤπειτα, etc.; with η, as Χἠ, Χἠμέρη, Χἠμεῖς, etc.; with [pron. full] in Χἰκετεύετε, Χἰλαρή; with ο, as Χὠ, Χὤστις, etc.; with υ in Χὐμεῖς, Χὐποχείριον, etc.; with ω in the pron. ᾧ, Χᾦ; with αι, as κᾀσχρῶν; with αυ, as καὐτός; with ει, as κεἰ, κεἰς (but also κἀς) , κᾆτα; with εὐ-, as κεὐγένεια, κεὐσταλής; with οι in Χοἰ (

    Χᾠ EM816.34

    ); with ου in Χοὖτος, κοὐ, κοὐδέ, and the like .

    Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό) > καί

  • 4 καί

    καί: and, also, too, even; the purely copulative use needs no illustration, but the word is idiomatically employed in many ways that call for insight and feeling rather than translation; ( Νέστωρ) ἀνόρουσε, λιγὺς Πυλίων ἀγορητής, | τοῦ καὶ ἀπὸ γλώσσης μέλιτος γλυκίων ῥέεν αὐδή, ‘even from whose tongue, etc.’ (comparing γλυκίων with λιγύς), Il. 1.249; this comparing καί may appear in both members of the statement, δότε δὴ καὶ τόνδε γενέσθαι | παῖδ' ἐμόν, ὡς καὶ ἐγώ περ, ἀριπρεπέα Τρώεσσι, Il. 6.476; καί introducing an apodosis institutes a comparison between dependent clause and main clause, Il. 1.478 . καί appears in Greek often where we employ a disjunctive word, ἕνα καὶ δύο, ‘one or two,’ Il. 2.346. Combined w. other particles, καὶ εἰ, εἰ καί (see εἰ), καὶ δέ (δέ the connective), καὶ δή, καὶ μήν, καί ῥα, καί τε, καὶ.. πέρ (see πέρ), etc. καί sometimes suffers elision, κ' ἔτι, Il. 23.526; freq. in crasis, χἡμεῖς ( καὶ ἡμεῖς), κἆγώ, etc.

    A Homeric dictionary (Greek-English) (Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά ομηρικό λεξικό) > καί

  • 5 καὶ...γε

    καὶ...γε, v. γε 11.1. καὶ δέ,
    A v. δέ 11.2b. [full] καὶ.δή, καὶ δὴ καί, v. δή IV.4. [full] καὶ.εἰ, by crasis [full] κεἰ, v. καί B. 8, D.

    Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό) > καὶ...γε

  • 6 καί

    Grammatical information: conj.
    Meaning: `also, even; and' (Il.).
    Dialectal forms: Arc. Cypr. κας (secondarily κα)
    Origin: IE [Indo-European] [613] *ḱm̥t- `along, downwards'
    Etymology: From *κατι (cf. Hitt. kat(t)i) \> *κασι \> κάς, καὶ Ruijgh, Etudes $ 293. Also in κασί-γνητος (s.v.).
    Page in Frisk: 1,753

    Greek-English etymological dictionary (Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά ετυμολογική λεξικό) > καί

  • 7 καί

    αἴ, αἴ
    epic doric (indeclform exclam)
    αἴ, εἰ
    epic doric (proclitic indeclform conj)

    Morphologia Graeca > καί

  • 8 καί'

    καῖε, καίω
    kindle: pres imperat act 2nd sg
    καῖε, καίω
    kindle: imperf ind act 3rd sg (homeric ionic)

    Morphologia Graeca > καί'

  • 9 και

    αἰ, εἰ
    epic doric (proclitic indeclform conj)

    Morphologia Graeca > και

  • 10 καί

    καί
    and: indeclform (conj)

    Morphologia Graeca > καί

  • 11 καί νύ

    καί νύ ( [full] κε),
    A and now,

    κ. νύ κεν.. ἄσπετον ἤρατο κῦδος, εἰ μὴ.. Il. 3.373

    , cf. 8.90, Od.24.50; so

    κ. νύ κε δή Il.17.530

    : also folld. by εἰ without μή, Od.11.317; by ἀλλά, ib. 630: with no protasis,

    κ. νύ κεν ἐς δεκάτην γενεὴν ἕτερόν γ ἔτι βόσκοι 14.325

    .

    Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό) > καί νύ

  • 12 καί ῥα

    καί ῥα, [dialect] Ep., to make a transition,
    A and so, Il.1.360, 569, etc.

    Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό) > καί ῥα

  • 13 καί

    + С 11704-20358-10700-8608-10870=62240 Gn 1,1.2(tris).3
    and Gn 1,1; id. (stereotypical rendition of copulative-ו where δέ is expected) Gn 1,3; and especially 2 Chr 35,24(septimo); and then, and so Sir 2,6(primo); and yet, and in spite of that, nevertheless Ps 94(95),9; also, likewise Hab 2,16; but Ct
    1,5; or Dt 19,15(tertio)
    ἐλπίδος καὶ σωτηρίας hope of life (ex-pressing hendiadys) 2 Mc 3,29; τε... καὶ... as well... as..., both... and... Gn 34,28
    Cf. AEJMELAEUS 1982, 1-198; BLOMQVIST 1974 170-178; 1979 46; DORIVAL 1994, 52; HARLÉ 1988, 56-
    57; MARSHALL 1954, 182-183

    Lust (λαγνεία) > καί

  • 14 και

    1) also
    2) and

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά νέο λεξικό (Greek-English new dictionary) > και

  • 15 καί τοι

    A and indeed, and further, freq. in Hom. with one or more words between, Il.1.426, al.;

    καὶ σύ τοι E.Med. 344

    ; [full] καὶ

    τἆλλά τοι X.Cyr.7.3.10

    : once in Hom. as one word, Il.13.267.
    II after Hom. usu., and yet, to mark an objection introduced by the speaker himself, freq. in Rhetorical questions, καίτοι τί φημι; A.Pr. 101; κ. τί φωνῶ; S.OC 1132, cf. Isoc.4.99, etc.: without a question,

    κ. φύγοιμ' ἄν E.Cyc. 480

    ;

    κ. καὶ τοῦτο.. D.4.12

    , 18.122: strengthd., καίτοι γ' Ar.Ach. 611, E.Fr.953.10, X.Mem.1.2.3, Ph.1.274, etc.: mostly separated,

    καίτοι.. γε E.Or.77

    , Ar.Ra.43, X.Mem.3.12.7, etc. ( καίτοι is f.l. in A.Eu. 849); so καίτοι περ v.l. in Hdt.8.53.
    III with a participle, much like καίπερ, Simon.5.9, Ar.Ec. 159, Pl.R. 511d, Plb.22.8.13, Phld.Ir.p.22 W., Luc.Alex.3: once in the [dialect] Att. Oratt., Lys.31.34; also

    καίτοι γε διαχλευάζων Pl.Ax. 364b

    .

    Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό) > καί τοι

  • 16 καὶ.γάρ

    καὶ.γάρ,
    A for also, for in fact, combining καί (in various senses) with γάρ, Il.3.188, Od.18.261, Hdt.3.15, etc.; also, for else, Arist.Pol. 1280a36: with strengthening Particles, κ. γ. δή for of a surety, Il. 16.810; in [dialect] Ep.,

    κ. γ. ῥα 1.113

    ; in [dialect] Att., κ. γ. καί, κ. γ. οὖν, Pl.Prt. 317c, X.An.1.9.8, etc.

    Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό) > καὶ.γάρ

  • 17 καὶ νῦν

    A so now, Hom., mostly to confirm a general statement by an example, e. g. Il.1.109; ὡς κ. ν. Od.1.35;

    κ. ν. ἦ τοι 4.151

    .

    Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό) > καὶ νῦν

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